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Types of Male Genital Mutilation

Type I

Excision or injury of part or all of the skin and specialized mucosal tissues of the pe- nis including the prepuce and frenulum (circumcision, dorsal slit without closure).

Type II

Excision or injury to the glans (glandectomy) and/or penis shaft, (penectomy) along with Type I MGM. Any procedure that interferes with reproduc- tive or sexual function in the adult male.

Type III

Excision or destruction of the testes (castration, orchidectomy) with or without Type II MGM.

Type IV

Unclassified: includes pricking, piercing or incision of the prepuce, glans, scrotum or other genital tissue; cutting and suturing of the prepuce over the glans (infibulation); slitting open the urethra along the ventral surface of the penis (subincision); slitting open the foreskin along its dorsal surface (superincision); sev- ering the frenulum; stripping the skin from the shaft of the penis; introducing corro- sive or scalding substances onto the geni- tal area; any other procedure which falls under the definition of MGM given above.

Source:Source:Source:Source: International Coalition for Genital Integrity http://www.icgi.org/hgm_classification.htm

Genital mutilation of children is a human rights violation, regardless of gender.

www.mgmbill.org

Male Genital

Circumcision

Mutilation

Superincision

Subincision Castration

Mutilation Superincision Subincision • Castration ALL are forced upon children ALL damage sexual

ALL are forced upon children ALL damage sexual function ALL are medically unnecessary ALL violate human rights

Male Genital Mutilation: A Global Problem

North America

Mutilation: A Global Problem North America Europe Male Genital Mutilation prevalent Male Genital

Europe

Male Genital Mutilation prevalent Male Genital Mutilation uncommon

Asia

South America

Male Genital Mutilation uncommon Asia South America Africa Australia Antarctica 650 million living males are
Africa
Africa
Male Genital Mutilation uncommon Asia South America Africa Australia Antarctica 650 million living males are victims
Male Genital Mutilation uncommon Asia South America Africa Australia Antarctica 650 million living males are victims
Male Genital Mutilation uncommon Asia South America Africa Australia Antarctica 650 million living males are victims
Male Genital Mutilation uncommon Asia South America Africa Australia Antarctica 650 million living males are victims
Male Genital Mutilation uncommon Asia South America Africa Australia Antarctica 650 million living males are victims

Australia

Mutilation uncommon Asia South America Africa Australia Antarctica 650 million living males are victims of genital

Antarctica

uncommon Asia South America Africa Australia Antarctica 650 million living males are victims of genital mutilation

650 million living males are victims of genital mutilation

Source:Source:Source:Source: NOHARMM, http://www.noharmm.org/geography.htm & Intactivism Pages, http://www.circumstitions.com/Maps.html