After 12 years of pre-university education, a student wishing to enter college should be able to

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A. 1. 2. 3. 4. B. Inquiry Formulate or define a problem or argument. Locate information from varied sources relevant to the problem or task at hand. Use maps and atlases to find locations and other geographical information. Apply technological tools to seek out sources of information. Analysis and interpretation of data 1. Read and interpret data presented in tables and graphs. 2. Apply statistical or mathematical methods to analyze quantitative data and economic phenomena. 3. Read critically, taking sources in their historical context, accepting that authors have motives, perspectives, premises and positions. 4. Critically evaluate the credibility of sources. 5. Appraise information by identifying any bias and/or perspective of the author(s). 6. Differentiate between fact and opinion, supported and unsupported generalizations, evidence/data and judgment/conclusion. 7. Assess the quality of information by using prior knowledge and comparing/corroborating information from related or relevant sources. 8. Infer from data or evidence. 9. Appreciate the significance of events, processes, institutions, and human actors. 10. Link events, movements, institutions or structures, the environment, and human actors, and understand these within their historical context. 11. Understand and establish causal relationships. 12. Understand the nature, distribution and migration patterns of human populations on the earth’s surface. 13. Understand the role and impact of geography in environmental and human change. 14. Interpret different (and conflicting) explanations of the same event or phenomenon. C. Research 1. Support one’s thesis or argument with appropriate evidence. 2. Consider contrary evidence and possible objections to one’s argument. 3. Organize, summarize, and synthesize research findings in a coherent way. 4. Complete a problem or assignment requiring some two weeks of independent research. 5. Apply technological devices in research, analysis of data sets (including numerical data), writing papers, and preparing presentations. D. Communication 1. Integrate information from a fairly wide range of appropriate sources. 2. Logically introduce and incorporate quotations. 3. Synthesize information into a logical sequence. 4. Present a concise, clear introduction and conclusion when making an argument. 5. Write a three to five-page essay built on a clear historical argument, substantiated by proof, applying a coherent line of reasoning, and incorporating references from several credible sources, citing each of them appropriately.

Be conscious of her/his biases or personal preferences while abiding by the standards of scholarship. Be aware of and steer clear of the pitfalls of research. 4. etc. Be generous in acknowledging the authors of ideas. . Understand her/his rights and obligations as a citizen so that s/he can participate meaningfully in the life of the community. Respect and appreciate the diversity of peoples. the evidence presented. Avoid plagiarism (direct and indirect). and refine or revise her/his position in the light of evidence/data.E. creators of images. 8. such as taking the author’s words out of context. or biological factor but on the quality of research. 3. cultures and faiths. races. and human rights. 5. and world. abbreviating quotations that change the meaning of the text. photographs. ethnic. and the clarity of reasoning. 2. Concede to ideas superior to her/his own. Accept that scholarliness does not rest on any social. nation. 9. Ethical Standards 1. Treat those who think differently with fairness and respect even if s/he might not agree with their ideas or positions. citing sources improperly. and other information used in the course of research and cited in the paper or presentation. 6. 7.

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