THE LAND OF ISRAEL IN BAYIT SHENI LITERATURE

For MATAN summer learning program – 5773 by R Yaakov Beasley

QUESTIONS: 1. What is the fundamental tension in the following two portrayals of the importance of the land of Israel? A. FROM BEREISHIT
,‫רם‬ ָ ְ‫ַאב‬-‫יד וַה' ָאמַ ר אֶ ל‬ ,ֹ‫לוֹט מֵ עִ לו‬-‫רד‬ ֶ ָ‫הפ‬ ִ ‫רי‬ ֵ ֲ‫ַאח‬ -‫מן‬ ִ ,‫וראֵ ה‬ ְ ‫שא נָא עֵ ינֶיָך‬ ָ --‫שם‬ ָ ‫תה‬ ָ ַ‫א‬-‫שר‬ ֶ ֲ‫לקוֹם א‬ ָ ַ‫ה‬ ‫ק ְדמָ ה‬ ֵ ָ‫ ו‬,‫צָ פֹ נָה וָ נֶגְ בָ ה‬ .‫ָלה‬ ָ ‫וָ י‬ 14 And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him: 'Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art, northward and southward and eastward and westward;

‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬-‫ךָ ל‬-‫ טו ךִ י אֶ ת‬15 for all the land which thou ‫ לְ ָך‬,‫תה רֹאֶ ה‬ ָ‫א‬ ַ -‫שר‬ ֶ ֲ‫ א‬seest, to thee will I give it, and to -‫ עַ ד‬,‫ ולְ זַ ְרעֲָך‬,‫נםָה‬ ֶ‫ת‬ ְ‫א‬ ֶ thy seed for ever. .‫ולָם‬ ֹ‫ע‬ ,‫זַ ְרעֲָך‬-‫תי אֶ ת‬ ִ‫מ‬ ְ‫ש‬ ַ ְ‫טז ו‬ -‫אם‬ ִ ‫שר‬ ֶ ֲ‫ א‬:‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫ךַ עֲפַ ר ה‬ -‫מנוֹת אֶ ת‬ ְ ִ‫ ל‬,‫איש‬ ִ ‫יוכַ ל‬ ,‫זַ ְרעֲָך‬-‫גַם‬--‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫עֲפַ ר ה‬ .‫לנֶה‬ ָ ִ‫י‬ 16 And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth; so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered.

B. FROM VAYIKRA
‫ֹלא‬--‫בזֹאת‬ ְ -‫אם‬ ִ ְ‫ כז ו‬27 And if ye will not for all this ,‫לי‬ ִ ִ‫תם ע‬ ֶ ְ‫ לִ י; וַהֲ לַכ‬,‫מעו‬ ְ‫ש‬ ְ‫ת‬ ִ hearken unto Me, but walk .‫ק ִרי‬ ֶ‫ב‬ ְ contrary unto Me; -‫ אֶ ת‬,‫ֹתי אֲ נִי‬ ִ ‫של‬ ִ ֲ‫ לב וַה‬32 And I will bring the land into ָ‫ממו עָ לֶיה‬ ְ‫ש‬ ָ ְ‫ָארץ; ו‬ ֶ ָ‫ ה‬desolation; and your enemies .‫ֹשבִ ים בָ ה‬ ְ ‫ הַ ט‬,‫ אֹיְ בֵ יכֶ ם‬that dwell therein shall be astonished at it. ,‫רה בַ גוֹיִ ם‬ ֶ ָ‫תכֶ ם אֱ ז‬ ְ‫א‬ ֶ ְ‫ לג ו‬33 And you will I scatter among ;‫רב‬ ֶ ָ‫ריכֶ ם ח‬ ֵ ֲ‫ֹתי ַאח‬ ִ ‫ וַהֲ ִריק‬the nations, and I will draw out ,‫שמָ מָ ה‬ ְ ‫צכֶ ם‬ ְ ‫ַאר‬ ְ ‫תה‬ ָ ְ‫ וְ הָ י‬the sword after you; and your .‫יִהיו חָ ְרבָ ה‬ ְ ‫ריכֶ ם‬ ֵ ָ‫וְ ע‬ land shall be a desolation, and your cities shall be a waste. -‫ָארץ אֶ ת‬ ֶ ָ‫ת ְרצֶ ה ה‬ ִ ‫לד ָאז‬ ,‫ ךֹל יְמֵ י הָ שַ לָ ה‬, ָ‫תיה‬ ֶ ֹ‫בת‬ ְ‫ש‬ ַ ‫רץ אֹיְ בֵ יכֶ ם; ָאז‬ ֶ‫א‬ ֶ‫ב‬ ְ ,‫תם‬ ֶ‫א‬ ַ ְ‫ו‬ -‫ה ְרצָ ת אֶ ת‬ ִ ְ‫ ו‬,‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫שבַ ת ה‬ ְ‫ת‬ ִ . ָ‫תיה‬ ֶ ֹ‫בת‬ ְ‫ש‬ ַ 34 Then shall the land be paid her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye are in your enemies' land; even then shall the land rest, and repay her sabbaths.

that it was very good. thou and thy sons will fall in the land … Cursed art thou. his father. which his three sons were to take in possession. they and their children. she bare him son.' … And for this reason that land is named Canaan.' … And he knew that the Garden of Eden is the holy of holies. and cursed shalt thou be beyond all the sons of Noah. I will separate unto Myself a people from among all the peoples. (10:29-34) WHAT BIBLICAL PARALLELS ARE BEING APPLIED HERE? WHAT MORAL ISSUES ARE SUBTLY BEING REMOVED? . and the dwelling of the Lord. and they shall be My people and I will be their God. (Jub.and have sanctified him unto Myself for ever and ever. even so will I bless them. and he went not into the land of his inheritance to the west (that is to) the sea.A. that they may keep Sabbath thereon from all work. And I have chosen the seed of Jacob from amongst all that I have seen. and they reached forth their hands. THE BOOK OF JUBILEES (‫)ספר היובלים‬ THE SHABBAT AND ISRAEL And He said unto us: 'Behold. and these shall keep the Sabbath day.M.] thereof. their father. for in the days when he was born the children of Noah began to divide the earth amongst themselves … they drew nigh to him. and he called his name Peleg. and he divided the earth into the lots. for if thou dost do so. and will bless them. and in the presence of Noah our father. and have written him down as My first-born son. and it extends in a straight line till it reaches the west of the tongue which looks towards the south: for this sea is named the tongue of the Egyptian Sea. and which did not fall to us by lot: do not do so. and Cush and Mizraim his brothers said unto him: 'Thou hast settled in a land which is not thine. (8:6-14) And Canaan saw the land of Lebanon to the river of Egypt. … And Ham. by the curse by which we bound ourselves by an oath in the presence of the holy judge. and I will teach them the Sabbath day. and Mount Sinai the centre of the desert. and took the writing out of the bosom of Noah. And there came forth on the writing as Shem's lot the middle of the earth which he should take as an inheritance for himself and for his sons for the generations of eternity … And his portion extends along the great sea. and Mount Zion -the centre of the navel of the earth: these three were created as holy places facing each other. 2:1920) By placing the selection of Am Yisrael inside the creation of the Shabbat. … 'Blessed be the Lord God of Shem And may the Lord dwell in the dwelling of Shem. … And Noah rejoiced that this portion came forth for Shem and for his sons. how does Jubilees differ from the Torah? THE CLAIM TO THE LAND And in the sixth year [1567 A. as I have sanctified the Sabbath day and do sanctify (it) unto Myself. and I will sanctify them unto Myself as My people.

‫ ךִ י‬:‫יְ הוָ ה‬ 16 and said: 'By Myself have I sworn.‫מפְ נֵיכֶ ם‬ ִ ַ‫שכֵח‬ ַ ‫מ‬ ְ from before you.‫טי‬ ַ ָ‫שפ‬ ְ‫מ‬ ִ -‫את‬ ֶ ְ‫ֹתי ו‬ ַ ‫חֺ ק‬ ‫מךֹל‬ ִ . in the midst of which I dwell.‫שר לִ פְ נֵיכֶ ם‬ ֶ ֲ‫א‬ B. for an uncleanness. Nor shall there be left to him any seed or descendants living under heaven. 34 And thou shalt not defile the land which ye inhabit. ו‬ ֶ ֲ‫ א‬before you.‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫קא ה‬ ִ‫ת‬ ָ ַ‫ו‬ . and whoso eats the blood of any flesh. that were . ָ‫ֹשבֶ יה‬ ְ‫י‬ -‫את‬ ֶ .‫ֹתה‬ ָ ‫טלַ אֲ כֶ ם א‬ ַ‫ב‬ ְ .‫בתוֹכְ כֶ ם‬ ְ 25 And the land was defiled.‫לאו‬ ְ‫ח‬ ַ‫ת‬ ִ -‫ כד ַאל‬24 Defile not ye yourselves in any of ‫אכֶה‬ ֵ -‫בכָ ל‬ ְ ‫ ךִ י‬:‫אכֶה‬ ֵ these things. for I the LORD dwell in the midst of the children of Israel.‫ ךִ י‬:‫בתוֹכָה‬ ְ }‫ {פ‬.‫דם‬ ָ ַ‫ה‬ . for in all these the ‫אֲ נִי‬-‫שר‬ ֶ ֲ‫ א‬.‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬ -‫ הוא יַחֲ נִיף אֶ ת‬.‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬ ‫ שֹכֵ ן‬.‫בָ ה‬-‫שר שֺ פַ ְך‬ ֶ ֲ‫ַדם א‬ ָ‫ל‬ . And there shall not be left any man that eats blood. therefore I did visit the iniquity thereof upon it. (33:19-20) ‫הַ תוֹעֵ בֹת‬-‫ךָ ל‬-‫את‬ ֶ ‫ כז ךִ י‬27 for all these abominations have the ‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬-‫ְשי‬ ֵ ‫ עָ שו ַאנ‬. and not be destroyed and rooted out of the land.‫הַ גוֹי‬-‫את‬ ֶ ‫קָאה‬ ָ ‫שר‬ ֶ ֲ‫ ךַ א‬out the nation that was before you. And there is no greater sin than the fornication which they commit on earth.‫מא‬ ָ‫ט‬ ְ ‫ַת‬ ִ ‫שר לִ פְ נֵיכֶ ם.‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫טמָ א ה‬ ְ‫ת‬ ִ ַ‫כה ו‬ .' {P} DISCUSSING THE SIN OF REUBEN AND BILHAH – who is affected according to Jubilees? WHAT IS AFFECTED BY SIN ACCORDING TO THE TORAH? -‫בכָ ל‬ ְ . when ye defile it.‫אל‬ ֵ‫ר‬ ָ‫ש‬ ְ ִ‫בנֵי י‬ ְ ‫בתוְֹך‬ ְ 33 So ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye are.‫אל‬ ֵ ָ‫ ה‬men of the land done.ֹ‫דם שֹפְ כו‬ ַ‫ב‬ ְ .‫מאו הַ גוֹיִם‬ ְ ‫ִט‬ ְ ‫ נ‬nations are defiled. THE TESTAMENT OF MOSES (‫)צוואת משה‬ A. ָ‫‍ֹנָה עָ לֶיה‬ ‫אפְ קֹד עֲו‬ ֶ ָ‫ו‬ -‫ אֶ ת‬. וְ ל‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬ -‫ ךִ י‬.. … And tell them these words of the covenant.‫רח‬ ָ ְ‫אז‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬ . or that sheds the blood of man on the earth. that he might be the minister of the people and of the How does this compare to the Torah – when is the land of Israel given by a covenant and an oath? -‫תי נְאֺ ם‬ ִ ְ‫ִשבַ ע‬ ְ ‫ בִ י נ‬. and there shall no such uncleanness appear in the midst of the holy nation. and the land is defiled-. and be on their guard with respect to them. . for Israel is a holy nation unto the Lord its God. . it polluteth the land. and a contamination. that they may hear and observe. and a nation of inheritance. THE CONNECTION TO THE LAND … and he called to him Joshua the son of Nun.‫יְ כֺפַ ר‬-‫ָָארץ ֹלא‬ ֶ ‫ָארץ.‫שֹכֵ ן‬--‫ אֲ נִי ָה‬.‫תם בָ ה‬ ֶ ַ‫שר א‬ ֶ ֲ‫ א‬. and no expiation can be made for the land for the blood that is shed therein. a man approved of the Lord. and an abomination. 26 Ye therefore shall keep My statutes and Mine ordinances. and shall not do any of these abominations. (7:28-29) Compare to Bemidbar 35 – how does Jubilees differ? -‫תחֲ נִיפו אֶ ת‬ ַ -‫לג וְ ֹלא‬ ‫ ךִ י‬.‫אם‬ ִ -‫את‬ ֶ ‫טלֵ א‬ ַ‫ת‬ ְ ‫לד וְ ֹלא‬ ‫בים‬ ִ ‫ֹש‬ ְ ‫תם י‬ ֶ ַ‫שר א‬ ֶ ֲ‫ א‬.‫תכֶ ם‬ ְ‫א‬ ֶ also. and a pollution are all they who commit it on the earth before our God.‫תם‬ ֶ‫א‬ ַ ‫תם‬ ֶ ‫מ ְר‬ ַ ‫וש‬ ְ ‫כו‬ .‫תעֲשו‬ ַ ‫וְ ֹלא‬ :‫אכֶה‬ ֵ ָ‫הַ תוֹעֵ בֹת ה‬ ‫ וְ הַ גֵר הַ גָר‬. .‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬ ‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫קיא ה‬ ִ‫ת‬ ָ -‫ כח וְ ֹלא‬28 that the land vomit not you out . as it vomited . shall all be destroyed from the earth.‫שר אֲ נִי‬ ֶ ֲ‫א‬--‫בָ ה‬ .THE PUNISHMENT FOR MURDER For whoso sheds man's blood. and a priestly and royal nation and for (His own) possession. for blood. which I cast out .‫טז וַ טֹאמֶ ר‬ ָ‫שית‬ ִ ָ‫ יַעַ ן אֲ שֶ ר ע‬. and the land vomited out her inhabitants. but by the blood of him that shed it.

For what nation or what region or what people of those who are impious towards the Lord. and hast not withheld thy son.‫תי‬ ִ ‫ָאמ ְר‬ ַ .‫הַ דָ בָ ר הַ זֶ ה‬-‫אֶ ת‬ . then (indeed) You didst will that You should be called their God. who having seven sons shall speak to them exhorting (them): 'Observe. which I have set before thee.ֹ‫בקֹלו‬ ְ ‫ת‬ ָ ְ‫מע‬ ַ‫ש‬ ָ ְ‫ו‬ . WHAT IS THE MESSAGE OF THIS EPISODE? Then in that day there shall be a man of the tribe of Levi.‫לה‬ ָ‫ש‬ ָ C.‫עלָם‬ ֹ ְ‫ ל‬.‫קב‬ ֶ ֵ‫ ע‬. and he shall spread forth his hands.‫שב‬ ָ ְ‫מָך. whose name shall be Taxo.' B.‫ידָך‬ ֶ ‫ח‬ ִ ְ‫י‬-‫בִ נְָך אֶ ת‬-‫אֶ ת‬ saith the LORD.‫רכְ ָך‬ ֶ ָ‫רְך אֲ ב‬ ֵ ָ‫ב‬-‫יז ךִ י‬ ‫זַ ְרעֲָך ךְ כוֹכְ בֵ י‬-‫ַארבֶ ה אֶ ת‬ ְ -‫ אֲ שֶ ר עַ ל‬.‫לה‬ ָ‫ש‬ ָ ‫אֱ ֹלקיָך‬ . to whom Thou didst swear by Thine own self. and with all thy soul.‫הַ שָ מַ יִ ם‬ ‫ אֵ ת‬. and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies. and they shall inherit it for ever.‫לָהֶ ם בָ ְך‬ ‫זַ ְרעֲכֶ ם‬-‫את‬ ֶ ‫ַארבֶ ה‬ ְ -‫מיִ ם. and He will manifest His compassion in those times also. THE RETURN TO THE LAND Here is the prayer found in the Test. and saidst unto them: I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven. . and around the gates of strange peoples and where there is great vanity.‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬ .‫שָך‬ ֶ ְ‫נַפ‬-‫ובכָ ל‬ ְ ‫בָך‬ ְ ָ‫לְ ב‬-‫בכָ ל‬ ְ 1 And it shall come to pass.‫לים‬ ִ ַ‫הָ ע‬-‫מךָ ל‬ ִ ‫צָך‬ ְ ֶ‫קב‬ ִ ְ‫ו‬ . ו‬ ְ . who have done many abominations. 2 and shalt return unto the LORD thy God. my sons.‫תה ובָ נֶיָך‬ ָ‫א‬ ַ :‫הַ טוֹם‬ . and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven. and hearken to His voice according to all that I command thee this day. when all these things are come upon thee. according to the covenant which You didst make with their fathers. ו‬ ֶ ֲ‫ וְ ִרח‬. (4:1-3) ACCORDING TO THE TORAH – what is supposed to precede the return to the Land? ‫יבֹאו עָ לֶיָך‬ ָ -‫א וְ הָ יָה כִ י‬ . And He will put it into the mind of a king to have compassion on them. and kneel upon his knees and pray on their behalf saying: 'Lord of all. King on the lofty throne. and he shall send them off to their land and country. O Lord of heaven. have suffered as WHAT PARALLELS DO YOU RECOGNIZE TO THIS STORY? .‫ וְ כַחוֹל‬. and as the sand which is upon the seashore. and Israel.‫אכֶה‬ ֵ ָ‫הַ ְדבָ ִרים ה‬-‫ךָ ל‬ ‫שר‬ ֶ ֲ‫ א‬.‫ה אֱ ֹלהֶ יָך‬-‫ת עַ ד‬ ָ‫ב‬ ְ‫ש‬ ַ ְ‫ב ו‬ ‫ ךְ כֹל‬.‫מצַ וְ ָך‬ ְ ‫ָאנֹכִ י‬-‫שר‬ ֶ ֲ‫א‬ . who rules the world.‫בְ קֹלִי‬ ‫רהָ ם‬ ָ ‫ַאב‬ ְ ְ‫יג זְ כֹר ל‬ ‫אל‬ ֵ‫ר‬ ָ‫ש‬ ְ ִ‫צחָ ק ולְ י‬ ְ ִ‫לְ י‬ ‫ת‬ ָ ְ‫ִשבַ ע‬ ְ ‫שר נ‬ ֶ ֲ‫ א‬.‫קיָך‬ ֶ ‫יצָך ה אֱ ֹל‬ ְ ִ‫שר הֱ פ‬ ֶ ֲ‫א‬ .‫וְ נָחֲ לו‬ 13 Remember Abraham. -‫את‬ ֶ ‫קיָך‬ ֶ ‫שב ה אֱ ֹל‬ ָ ְ‫ג ו‬ . 17 that in blessing I will bless thee. Thy servants.‫הַ גוֹיִ ם‬-‫בכָ ל‬ ְ .‫שַ עַ ר אֹיְ בָ יו‬ ‫ויֵי‬ ֹ ‫ ךֹל ג‬. and will return and gather thee from all the peoples. and have compassion upon thee.‫תן לְ זַ ְרעֲכֶ ם‬ ֵ ֶ‫ א‬.' ‫ וְ הַ ְרבָ ה‬. 3 that then the LORD thy God will turn thy captivity. the blessing and the curse. thou and thy children.‫ַרעֲָך‬ ְ ‫תבָ ְרכו בְ ז‬ ְ‫ה‬ ִ ְ‫יח ו‬ ‫ת‬ ָ ְ‫ אֲ שֶ ר שָ מַ ע‬.tabernacle of the testimony with all its holy things. whither the LORD thy God hath scattered thee. and thou shalt bethink thyself among all the nations. because thou hast hearkened to My voice.‫דבֵ ר אֲ לֵהֶ ם‬ ַ‫ת‬ ְ ַ‫ ו‬. with all thy heart. וְ כָל‬ ָ‫ש‬ ָ ַ‫ךְ כוֹכְ בֵ י ה‬ ‫שר‬ ֶ ֲ‫ָארץ הַ זֹאת א‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬ .‫לְ בָ בֶ ָך‬-‫אל‬ ֶ ‫ה ִדיחֲ ָך יְ הוָה‬ ִ ‫שר‬ ֶ ֲ‫א‬ . 18 and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed.‫דיָך‬ ֶ ָ‫עֲב‬ . and that he might bring the people into the land given to their fathers. and a punishment merciless and far exceeding the first. whither the LORD thy God hath driven thee. behold a second ruthless (and) unclean visitation has come upon the people. Of Moses … Then there shall enter one who is over them. וַה‬.' Then God will remember them on account of the covenant which He made with their fathers. that it should be given to them according to the covenant and the oath (1:9). And yet they have gone in captivity in another land with their wives and their children.‫זַרעֲָך‬ ְ ‫יִרש‬ ַ ְ‫שפַ ת הַ טָם. because thou hast done this thing.‫ֹת‬ ָ ‫שב‬ ֵ ֲ‫ לְ פָ נֶיָך.‫ללָה‬ ָ‫ק‬ ְ ַ‫רכָ ה וְ ה‬ ָ‫ב‬ ְ ַ‫ה‬ . thine only son. and did will that this people should be Your elect people.‫ת‬ ָ ְ‫ וְ ֹלא חָ שַ כ‬.‫תי‬ ִ ‫ָת‬ ַ‫נ‬ .‫בותָך‬ ְ ‫ש‬ ְ . Regard and have compassion on them. Isaac. and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed.

‫ךְ נַעַ ן‬ . and lead him into the land which mine eye hath looked upon from the beginning when all the dwellers upon earth sinned before my face.‫רם‬ ָ ְ‫ַאב‬ ‫תָך‬ ְ ‫ַד‬ ְ ‫ול‬ ֹ ‫ומל‬ ִ ‫צָך‬ ְ ‫ַאר‬ ְ ֵ‫מ‬ -‫ אֶ ל‬. all the land of Canaan. and Sarai thy wife shall be called Sara. and she conceived and bare Isaac.‫יתי בֵ ינִי ובֵ ינֶָך‬ ִ ‫בְ ִר‬ ‫ריָך‬ ֶ ֲ‫ובֵ ין זַ ְרעֲָך ַאח‬ ‫לִ בְ ִרית‬--‫דרֹתָ ם‬ ֹ ְ‫ל‬ ‫היוֹת לְ ָך‬ ְ ִ‫ ל‬:‫ולָם‬ ֹ‫ע‬ ‫ ולְ זַ ְרעֲָך‬. AND NOW – the real sleight of hand … And God appeared unto Abraham saying: Unto thy seed will I give this land. … And before all of them will I choose my servant Abram. unto the land that I will show you. THE BIBLICAL ANTIQUITIES (pseudo-Philo – ‫)קדמוניות המקרא‬ A. to be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee. 8 And I will give unto thee. the land of thy sojournings. For if we do this and die. so as to transgress His commands.‫יתי לָהֶ ם‬ ִ ִ‫ולָם. that the people of the land turned not from their evil thoughts … and said: The people shall not be overcome for ever: and now let us come together and build us a city and a tower which shall never be removed.‫ֺריָך‬ ֶ ‫מג‬ ְ .‫ לַאֲ חֺ זַ ת‬. and thus we will do. for an everlasting possession. (8:2) What is the text doing to the Torah? -‫ֹתי אֶ ת‬ ִ ‫קמ‬ ִ ֲ‫ז וַ ה‬ . hear me: for observe and know that neither did the fathers nor their forefathers tempt God. And Abraham knew Sara his wife. and thy name shall be called Abraham. neither did the water of my destruction come down upon it. and I brought on them the water of the flood: and then I destroyed not that land. and to thy seed after thee. and I will make my covenant with him. and will be called his God for ever.great calamities as have befallen us Now. For there will I make my servant Abram to dwell.‫קים‬ ִ ‫לֵאֹל‬ . and I will be their God. And you know that this is our strength. the God of our fathers. WHY AVRAHAM? And it came to pass after these things. and bless his seed. Ana I will give thee of her an eternal seed and make my covenant with you. my sons.‫ריָך‬ ֶ ֲ‫ַאח‬ ‫תי לְ ָך ולְ זַ ְרעֲָך‬ ִ ַ‫ח וְ נָת‬ ‫רץ‬ ֶ‫א‬ ֶ ‫ריָך אֵ ת‬ ֶ ֲ‫ַאח‬ ‫רץ‬ ֶ ֶ‫א‬-‫ אֵ ת ךָל‬. Therefore the fountains of my wrath did not break forth therein. (7:3) Compare with the Torah’s presentation … -‫א וַ טֹאמֶ ר ה אֶ ל‬ ‫לְ ָך‬-‫ לְֶך‬.‫ָארץ‬ ֶ ָ‫ה‬ 1 Now the LORD said unto Abram: 'Get you out of your country.‫קים‬ ִ ‫לֵאֹל‬ 7 And I will establish My covenant between Me and thee and thy seed after thee throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant. but preserved it. Let us fast for the space of three days and on the fourth let us go into a cave which is in the field. our blood shall be avenged before the Lord. and I will bring him out from their land. and let us die rather than transgress the commands of the Lord of Lords. therefore. (9) C.ָ‫ַאראֶ י‬ ְ ‫ אֲ שֶ ר‬. וְ הָ י‬ ֹ‫ע‬ . B.‫ומבֵ ית ָאבִ יָך‬ ִ . and from your father's house.' . and from your kindred.

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