Hindu Rashtra Darshan

V D Savarkar
















Maharashtra Prantik Hindusabha, Poona
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Hindu Rashtra Darshan

1 Presidential Address - Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha .... 3
1.1 19
th
Session - at Karnavati - 1937........................................................ 3
1.2 20
th
Session Nagpur - 1938................................................................. 15
1.3 21
st
Session Calcutta-1939 ................................................................. 37
1.4 22
nd
Session Madura – 1940............................................................... 66
1.5 23
rd
Session Bhagalpur—1941 ........................................................... 93
1.6 24
th
Session Cawnpore - 1942.......................................................... 105
Appendix.................................................................................... 128
Statement on Resignation........................................................................... 128
Long Live The Hindu Mahasabha! ‘Long Live Hindudom !!’ .................. 129
Telegraphic message dated 1-8-1944 sent by Veer Savarkar .................... 130
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1 PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS - AKHIL BHARATIYA HINDU
MAHASABHA
1.1 19
th
Session - at Karnavati - 1937
(* Karnavat i = Ahmedabad)

Ladies and Gent lemen,

I t hank you most cordially for t he t rust you have placed in me in calling upon me t o
preside on t his 19t h Session of t he Hindu Mahasabha, I don't t ake it so much as an honour
best owed upon me by my nat ion for service rendered in t he past as a command t o dedicat e
what ever st rengt h us st ill left in me t o t he Sacred Cause of defending Hindudom and
Hindust an-
our common Mot herland and our common Holyland, and pressing on t he fight for our
Nat ional Freedom. So far as t he Hindus are concerned t here can be no dist inct ion nor
conflict in t he least bet ween our Communal and Nat ional dut ies, as t he best int erest s of t he
Hindudom are simply ident ified wit h best int erest s of Hindust an as a whole. Hindudom
cannot advance or fulfil it s lifemission unless and unt il our Mot herland is set free and
consolidat ed int o an I ndian St at e in which all our count rymen t o what ever religion or sect or
race t hey belong are t reat ed wit h perfect equalit y and none allowed t o dominat e ot hers or is
deprived of his j ust and equal right s of free
cit izenship as long as everyone discharges t he common obligat ions and dut ies which one
owes t o t he I ndian Nat ion as a whole. The t ruer a Hindu is t o himself as a Hindu he must
inevit ably grow a t ruer Nat ional as well. I shall subst ant iat e t his point lat er on as I proceed.

Wit h t his convict ion and from t his point of view, I shall deal in t his my president ial
address wit h some fundament al aspect s of t he Hindu Sanghat an Movement as expounded by
t his Mahasabha or as I underst and t hem and leave det ailed and passing quest ions, t o be
deliberat ed upon and decided, t o t he represent at ives assembled in t his Session.

Homage t o t he I ndependent Hindu
Kingdom of Nepal

But before proceeding furt her I feel it my bounden dut y t o send fort h on behalf of all
Hindus our loyal and loving greet ings t o His Maj est y t he King of Nepal, His Highness Shree
Yuddhsamasher Ranaj ee-t he Prime Minist er of Nepal and all of our co-religionist s and
count rymen t here who have even in t he darkest hour of our hist ory, been successful in
holding out as Hindu Power and in keeping a flag of Hindu I ndependence flying unsullied on
t he summit s of t he Himalayas. The Kingdom of Nepal st ands out t oday as t he only Hindu
Kingdom in t he world whose independence os recognised by England, France, I t aly and ot her
great powers. Amongst some t went yfive crores of our Hindus in t his generat ion, His Maj est y
t he King of Nepal is t he first and foremost and t he only Hindu t oday who can ent er in t he
assemblage of King, Emperors and President s of all t he independent nat ions in t he world,
wit h head erect and unbent , as an equal
amongst equals. I n spit e of t he passing polit ical aspect of t he quest ion, Nepal is bound t o
Hindudom as a whole by t he dearest t ies of a common race and religion and language and
cult ure, inherit ing wit h us t his our common Mot herland and our common Holyland. Our life is
one. What ever cont ribut es t o t he st rengt h of Hindudom as a whole, must st rengt hen Nepal
and what ever progress t he lat t er records is bound t o elevat e t he first . Hence all
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r

Sanghat anist Hindus long t o see t hat t he only I ndependent Hindu Kingdom is rapidly brought
t o an up-t o-dat e efficiency, polit ical social, and above all milit ary and aerial so as t o enable
Her t o hold out Her own in t he Nat ional st ruggle for exist ence t hat is going on all around us
and march on and fulfil t he great and glorious dest iny t hat await s Her ahead.

Message of Sympat hy t o t he Hindus in t he
Great er Hindust han

Nor can t his session of t he Hindu Mahasabha forget t o send fort h it s message of
sympat hy and loving remembrances t o t hose of our co-religionist s and count rymen abroad
who have been building a great er Hindust han wit hout t he noise of drums and t rumpet s in
Africa, America, Maurit iusand such ot her part s of t he world and also t o t hose who as in t he
island of Bali are st ill holding out as remnant s of t he ancient world Empire of our Hindu Race.
Their fort une t oo are inext ricably bound up wit h t he freedom and st rengt h and great ness of
Bharat avarsha which is t he 'Pit rubhoo' and 'Punyabhoo'-t he Fat herland and t he Holyland of
Hindudom as a whole.

Hindust han must ever remain
one and indivisible
Nor can t he Hindu Mahasabha afford t o be forget ful of t he Hindus who reside in t he
so-called 'French I ndia' and 'Port uguese I ndia' in I ndia ! The very words sound prepost erous
and insult ing t o us. Apart from t he art ificial and enforced polit ical divisions of t oday we are
indissolubly bound t oget her by t he enduring t ies of blood and religion and count ry. We must
declare, as an ideal at any rat e, t hat Hindust han of t omorrow must be one and indivisible not
only a unit ed but a unit arian nat ion, from Kashmir t o Rameshwar, from Sindh t o Assam. I
hope t hat not only t he Mahasabha but even t he Congress and such ot her nat ional bodies in
Hindust han will not fight shy of claiming.Gomant ak, Pondicherry, and such ot her part s of
Hindust han as part s as inalienable and int egral of our Nat ion as is Maharasht ra or Bengal or
Punj ab.

The definit ion of t he wo d 'Hindu'
As a whole superst ruct ure of t he mission and t he funct ion of t he Hindu Mahasabha
rest s on t he correct definit ion of t he word 'Hindu,' we must first of all make it clear what
'Hindut va' really means. Once t he scope and t he meaning of t he world is defined and
underst ood, a number of misgivings in our own camp are easily removed, a number of
misunderst andings and obj ect ions raised against us from t he camp of our opponent s are met
and silenced. Fort unat ely for us, aft er a lot of wandering in wilderness, a definit ion of t he
word Hindu which is not only hist orically and logically as sound as is possible in t he cases of
such comprehensive t erms, but is also eminent ly workable is already hit upon when
'Hindut va' was defined as : -

।। आिसंधूिसंधूपय ता यःय भारतभूिमका ।।
।। Íपतृ भूःपुÞयभूयै°ै व स वै Íहं दÍरितःमृ तः ु ।।

'Everyone who regards and claims t his Bharat bhoomi from, t he I ndus t o t he Seas as
his Fat herland and Holyland is a Hindu. Here I must point out t hat it is rat her loose t o say
t hat any person professing any religion of I ndian origin is a Hindu. Because t hat is only one
aspect of Hindut va. The second and equally essent ial const it uent of t he concept of Hindut va
cannot be ignored if we want t o save t he definit ion from get t ing overlapping and unreal. I t is
not enough t hat a person should profess any religion of I ndian origin, i.e., Hindust han as his
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r
पुÞयभू his Holyland, but he must also recognise it as his Íपतृ भू t oo, his Fat herland as well.
As t his is no place for going int o t he whole discussion of t he pros and cons of t he quest ion,
all I can do here is t o refer t o my book 'Hindut va' in which I have set fort h all argument s and
expounded t he proposit ion at great lengt h. I shall cont ent myself at present by st at ing t hat
Hindudom is bound and marked out as a
people and a nat ion by t hemselves not by t he only t ie of a common Holyland in which t heir
religion t ook birt h but by t he t ies of a common cult ure, a common language, a common
hist ory and essent ially of a common fat herland as well. I t is t hese t wo const it uent s t aken
t oget her t hat const it ut e our Hindut va and dist inguish us form any ot her people in t he world.
That is why t he Japanese and t he Chinese, for example, do not and cannot regard
t hemselves as fully ident ified wit h t he Hindus. Bot h of t hem regard our Hindust han as t heir
Holyland, t he land which was t he cradle of t heir religion, but t hey do not and cannot look
upon Hindust han as t heir fat herland t oo. They are our co-religionist s; but are not and
cannot be our count rymen t oo. We Hindus are not only co-religionist s, but even count rymen
of each ot her. The Japanese and t he Chinese have a different ancest ry, language, cult ure,
hist ory and count ry of t heir own, which are not so int egrally bound up wit h us as t o
const it ut e a common nat ional life. I n a religious assembly of t he Hindus, in any Hindu
Dharma-Mahasabha t hey can j oin wit h us as our brot hers-in-fait h having a common
Holyland. But t hey will not and cannot t ake a common part or have a common int erest in a
Hindu Mahasabha which unit es Hindus t oget her and represent t heir nat ional life. A
definit ion must in t he main respond t o realit y. Just as by t he first const it uent of Hindut va,
t he possession if a common Holyland-t he I ndian Mahommedans, Jews, Christ ians, Parsees,
et c. are excluded from claiming t hemselves as Hindus which in realit y also t hey do not ,-in
spit e of t heir recognising Hindust han as t heir fat herland, so also on t he ot her hand t he
second const it uent of t he definit ion t hat of possessing a common fat herland exclude t he
Japanese, t he Chinese and ot hers from t he Hindu fold in spit e of t he fact of t heir having a
Holyland in common wit h us. The above definit ion had already been adopt ed by number of
prominent Hindu-sabhas such as t he Nagpur, Poona, Rat nagiri Hindu-sabhas, and ot hers.
The Hindu Mahasabha also had in view t his very definit ion when t he word Hindu was rat her
loosely explained in it s present const it ut ion as ' one who profess any religion of I ndian
origin.' I submit t hat t he t ime has come when we should be more accurat e and replace t hat
part ial descript ion by regular definit ion and incorporat e in t he const it ut ion t he full verse it self
t ranslat ing it in t he precise t erms as rendered above.

Avoid t he loose and ha mful misuse
of t he word 'Hindu'

From t his correct definit ion of Hindut va it necessarily follows t hat we should t ake all
possible care t o rest rict t he use of t he word 'Hindu' t o it s defined and definit e general
meaning only and avoid misusing it in any sect arian sense. I n common parlance even our
est eemed leaders and writ ers who on t he one hand are very part icular in emphasizing t hat
our non-Vedic religious schools are also included in t he common Hindu brot herhood, commit
on t he ot her hand, t he serious mist ake if using such expressions as 'Hindus and Sikhs',
'Hindus and Jains' denot ing t hereby unconsciously t hat t he Vaidiks or t he Sanat anist s only
are Hindus and t hus quit e unawares inculcat e t he deadly virus of separat ion in t he minds of
t he different coust it uent s of our religious brot herhood, defeat ing our own eager desire t o
consolidat e t hem all int o a harmonious and organic whole. Confusion in words leads t o
confusion in t hought s. I f we t ake good care not t o ident ify t he t erm ' Hindu ' wit h t he maj or
Vedic sect ion of our people alone, our non-Vedic bret hren such as t he Sikhs, t he Jains and
ot hers will find no j ust reason t o resent t he applicat ion of t he word ' Hindu ' in t heir case
also. Those who hold t o t he opinion t hat Sikhis, Jainism and such ot her religion t hat go t o
form our Hindu brot herhood are neit her t he branches of nor originat ed from t he Vedas but
are independent religions by t hemselves need not cherish any fear or suspicion of losing t heir
independence as a religious
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school by being called Hindus if t hat applicat ion is right ly used only t o denot e all t hose who
won I ndia, t his Bharat bhoomi, as t heir Holyland and fat herland. Whenever we want t o
discriminat e t he const it uent s of Hindudom as a whole we should designat e t hem as 'Vaidiks
and Sikhs', 'Vaidiks and Jains' et c. But t o say 'Hindus and Sikhs', 'Hindus and Jains' is as self-
cont radict ory and misleading as t o say 'Hindus and Brahmins' or 'Jains and Digambers' or
'Sikhs and Akalees.' Such a harmful misuse of t he word Hindu should be carefully avoided
especially in t he speeches, resolut ions and records of our Hindu Mahasabha.

The word 'Hindu' is of Vaidic origin.

We may ment ion here in passing t hat t he word 'Hindu' is not a denominat ion which
t he foreigners applied t o us in cont empt ot herwise but is derived from our Vedic appellat ion
of सBिसंधू (Sapt asindhus) a fact which is fully dealt wit h in my book on Hindut va and is borne
out by t he name of one of our provinces and peoples bordering on t he I ndus who are being
called down t o t his day as िसंध and िसंधी.

The Hindu Mahasabha is in t he main
not a religious but a nat ional body

From t his above discussion it necessarily follows t hat t he concept of t he t erm
'Hindut va'-Hinduness-is more comprehensive t han t he word 'Hinduism'. I t was t o draw a
point ed at t ent ion t o t his dist inct ion t hat I had coined t he words 'Hindut va', 'Pan Hindu' and
'Hindudom' when I framed t he
definit ion of t he word 'Hindu'. Hinduism concerns wit h t he religious syst ems of t he Hinds,
t heir t heology and dogma. But t his is precisely a mat t er which t his Hindu Mahasabha leaves
ent irely t o individual or group conscience and fait h. The Mahasabha t akes it s st and on no
dogma, no book or school of philosophy whet her pant heist , monot heist or at heist . All t hat it
is concerned wit h, so far as 'ism' is concerned, is t he common charact erist ic, which a Hindu,
by t he very fact of professing allegiance t o a religion or fait h of I ndian origin necessarily
possesses in regarding I ndia as his Holyland, as his पुÞयभूिम-t he cradle and t he t emple of his
fait h.

Thus while only indirect ly concerned wit h Hinduism which is only one of t he many aspect s of
Hindut va result ing from t he second const it uent of possessing a common Fat herland. The
Mahasabha is not in t he main a Hindu-Dharma-Sabha but it is pre-eminent ly a Hindu-
Rasht ra-Sabha and is a Pan-Hindu organizat ion shaping t he dest iny of t he Hindu Nat ion in all
it s social, polit ical and cult ural aspect s. Those who commit t he serious mist ake of t aking t he
Hindu Mahasabha for only a religious body would do well t o keep t hise dist inct ion in mind.

The Hindus are a Nat ion by t hemselves

Some cavil at t he posit ion I have t aken t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha as I underst and it s
mission, is pre-eminent ly a nat ional body and challenge me-'How t he Hindus who differ so-
much amongst t hemselves in every det ail of life could at all be called a nat ion as such ?' To
t hem my reply is t hat no people on t he eart h are so homogenous as t o present perfect
uniformit y in language, cult ure, race and religion. A people is marked out a nat ion by
t hemselves not so much by t he absence of any het erogeneous differences amongst
t hemselves as by t he fact of t heir differing from ot her peoples more markedly t han t hey
differ amongst t hemselves. Even t hose who deny t he fact t hat t he Hindus could be called a
nat ion by t hemselves, do recognise Great Brit ain, t he Unit ed St at es, Russia, Germany and
ot her peoples as nat ions. What is t he t est by which t hose peoples are called nat ions by
t hemselves ? Take Great Brit ain as an example. There are at any rat e t hree different
languages t here; t hey have fought amongst t hemselves dreadfully in t he past , t here are t o
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be found t he t races of different seeds and bloods and race. I f you say t hat in spit e of it all
t hey are a nat ion because t hey possess a common count ry, a common language, a common
cult ure and common Holyland t hen t he Hindus t oo possess a common count ry so well
marked out as Hindust han, a common language t he Sanskrit from which all t heir current
languages are derived or are nourished and which forms even t oday t he common language
of t heir Script ures and lit erat ure and which is held in est eem as t he sacred reservoir of
ancient script ures and t he t ongue of t heir forefat hers. By 'Anuloma' and 'Prat iloma'
marriages t heir seed and blood cont inued t o get commingled even since t he days of Manu.
Their social fest ivals and cult ural forms are not less common t han t hose we find in England.
They possess a common Holyland. The Vedic Rishis are t heir common pride, t heir
Grammarians Panini and Pat anj ali, t heir Poet s Bhavabhoot i and Kalidas, t heir heroes Shri
Ram and Shri Krishna, Shivaj i and Prat ap, Guru Govind and Banda are a source of common
inspirat ion. Their Prophet s Buddha and Mahaveer, Kanad and Shankar, are held in common
est eem. Like t heir ancient and sacred language-t he Sanskrit -t heir script s also are fashioned
on t he same basis and t he Nagari script has been t he common vehicle of t heir sacred
writ ings since cent uries in t he past . Their ancient and modern hist ory is common. They
have friends and enemies in common. They have faced common dangers and won vict ories
in common. One in nat ional glory and one in nat ional disast ers, one in nat ional despairs and
one in nat ional hope and Hindus are welded t oget her during aeons of a common life and a
common habit at . Above all t he Hindus are bound t oget her by t he dearest , most sacred and
most enduring bonds of a common Fat herland and a common Holyland, and t hese t wo being
ident ified wit h one and t he same count ry our Bharat bhumi, our I ndia, t he Nat ional Oneness
and homogenit y of t he Hindus have been doubly sure. I f t he Unit ed St at es wit h t he warring
crowds of Negroes, Germans and Anglo-saxons, wit h a common past not exceeding four or
five cent uries put t oget her can be called a nat ion-t hen t he Hindus must be ent it led t o be
recognized as a nat ion par excellence. Verily t he Hindus as a people differ most markedly
from any ot her people in t he world t han t hey differ amongst t hemselves. All t est s what sover
of a common count ry, race, religion, and language t hat go t o ent it le a people t o form a
nat ion, ent it le t he Hindus wit h great er emphasis t o t hat claim. And what ever differences
divide t he Hindus amongst t hemselves are rapidly disappearing owing t o t heir awakening of
t he nat ional consciousness and t he Sanghat an and t he social reform movement s of t oday.
Therefore t he Hindu Mahasabha t hat has, as formulat ed in it s current const it ut ion, set before
it self t he t ask of 't he maint enance, prot ect ion and promot ion of t he Hindu race, cult ure and
civilizat ion for t he advancement and glory of "Hindu Rasht ra' is pre-eminent ly a nat ional body
represent t he Hindu Nat ion as a whole.

I s t his mission of t he Mahasabha narrow, ant i-I ndian
and Parochial aim ?
Some of our well meaning but unt hinking sect ion of I ndian pat riot s who look down
upon t he Mahasabha as a communal, narrow and ant i-I ndian body only because it represent s
Hindudom and t ries t o prot ect it s j ust right s, forget t he fact t hat communal and parochial are
only relat ive t erms and do not by t hemselves imply a condemnat ion or curse. Are not t hey
t hemselves who swear by t he name of I ndian Nat ionalism in season and out of season liable
t o t he same charge of parochialness ? I f t he Mahasabha represent s t he Hindu nat ion only,
t hey claim t o represent t he I ndian nat ion alone. But is not t he concept of an I ndian Nat ion
it self a parochial concept ion in elat ion t o Human St at e ? I n fact t he Eart h is our mot herland
and Humanit y our Nat ion. Nay, t he Vedant ist goes furt her and claims t his Universe for his
count ry and all manifest at ion from t he st ars t o t he st one his own self. 'आमचा ःवदे श ।
भुवनऽयामºये वास ।।' says Tukaram ! Why t hen t ake t he Himalayas
t o cut us off from t he rest of mankind, deem ourselves as separat e Nat ion as I ndians and
fight wit h every ot her count ry and t he English in part icular who aft er all are our brot hers-in-
Humanit y ! Why not sacrifice I ndian int erest s t o t hose of t he Brit ish Empire which is a larger
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polit ical synt hesis ? The fact is t hat all Pat riot ism is more or less parochial and communal
and is responsible for dreadful wars t hroughout human hist ory. Thus t he I ndian Pat riot s who
inst ead of st art ing and j oining some movement of a universal st at e, st op short of it , j oin an
I ndian Movement and yet cont inue t o mock at t he Hindu Sanghat an as narrow and
communal and parochial succeed only in mocking at t hemselves.

But if it is said j ust ificat ion of I ndian Pat riot ism t hat t he people who populat e I ndia
are more akin t o each ot her bound by t ies of a common ancest ry, language, cult ure, hist ory,
et c. t han t hey are t o any ot her people out side I ndia and t herefore we I ndians feel it our first
dut y t o prot ect our Nat ion from our polit ical dominat ion and aggression of ot her non-I ndian
nat ions t hen, t he same reason could be adduced t o j ust ify t he Hindu Sanghat an Movement
as well.

When nat ional, communal, or parochial movement s
are harmful t o Humanit y ?

No movement is condemnable simply because it is sect ional. So long as it t ries t o defend t he
j ust and fundament al right s of a part icular nat ion or people or communit y against t he unj ust
and overbearing aggression of ot her human aggregat es and does not infringe on an equal
j ust right and libert ies of ot hers, it cannot be condemned or looked down simply because t he
nat ion or communit y is a smaller aggregat e in it self. But when a nat ion or communit y t reads
upon t he right s of sist er nat ions or communit ies and aggressively st ands in t he way of
forming larger associat ions and aggregat es of mankind, it s nat ionalism or communalism
becomes condemnable from a human point of view. This is t he acid t est of dist inguishing a
j ust ifiable nat ionalism or communalism from an unj ust and harmful one. The Hindu
Sanghat an movement , call it nat ional, communal or parochial as you like st ands as much
j ust ified by t his real t est as our I ndian Pat riot ism can be.

The Hindu Mahasabha is perfect ly Nat ional
in it s Out look

For what does t he Hindu Mahasabha aim at ? As t he nat ional represent at ive body of
Hindudom it aims at t he allround regenerat ion of t he Hindu people. But t he absolut e polit ical
independence of Hindust han is a sine qua non for t hat allround regenerat ion of Hindudom.
The fort unes of t he Hindus are more inext ricably and more closely bound up wit h I ndia t han
t hat of any ot her non-Hindu sect ions of our count rymen. Aft er all t he Hindus are t he
bedrock on which an I ndian independent st at e could be built .

What ever may happen some cent uries hence, t he solid fact of t oday cannot be
ignored t hat religion wields might y influence on t he minds of men in Hindust han and in t he
case of Mohammedans especially t heir religious zeal, more oft en t han not , borders on
fanat ism ! Their love t owards I ndia as t heir mot herland is but an handmaid t o t heir love for
t heir Holyland out side I ndia. Their faces are ever t urned t owards Mecca and Madina. But t o
t he Hindus Hindust han being t heir Fat herland as well as t heir Holyland, t he love t hey bear t o
Hindust han is undivided and absolut e. They not only form t he overwhelming maj orit y of
I ndian populat ion but have on t he whole been t he
t rust ed champions of Her cause. A Mohammedan is oft en found t o cherish an ext ra-
t errit orial allegiance, is moved more by event s in Palest ine t han what concerns I ndia as a
Nat ion, worries himself more about t he well-being of t he Arabs t han t he well-being of his
Hindu neighbours and count rymen in I ndia. Thousands of Mohammedans could be found
conspiring wit h t he Turkish Khilaphat ist s and Afghans wit h an obj ect t o bring about a foreign
invasion of I ndia if but a Mohammedan rule could t hus be est ablished in t his land. But t o a
Hindu, I ndia is all in all of his Nat ional being. That is t he reason why t he Hindus
predominat e in t he st ruggle t hat is going on for t he overt hrow of t he polit ical dominat ion of
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t
England over t his count ry. I t is t he Hindus who went t o t he gallows, faced t ransporat ion t o
t he Andamans by hundreds and got imprisoned by t housands in t he fight for t he liberat ion of
Hindust han. Even t he I ndian Nat ional Congress owes it s incept ion t o Hindu brain, it s growt h
t o Hindu sacrifice, it s present posit ion t o Hindu labours in t he main. A Hindu Pat riot wort h
t he name cannot but be an I ndian pat riot as well. I n t his sense t he consolidat ion and t he
independence of Hindu Nat ion is but anot her name for t he independence of t he I ndian
Nat ion as a whole. For, t he Hindu Sanghat anist s know full well t hat no regenerat ion of
Hindudom could be brought about and no honour and equal place could be secured for t he
Hindu Nat ion amongst t he Nat ions of t he world unless swaraj ya and swat ant rya are won for
Hindust han, t heir Fat herland and Holyland.

But wha does t his I ndependence of I ndia
-t his ःवरा7य or ःवातं¯य mean ?

I n common parlance ःवरा7य is underst ood as t he polit ical Freedom of our count ry, of
our land, t he independence of t he geographical unit called I ndia. But t he t ime has come
when t hese expressions must be fully analysed and underst ood. A count ry or a geographical
unit does not in it self const it ut e a nat ion. Our count ry is endeared t o us because it has been
t he abode of our race, our people, our dearest and nearest relat ions and as such is only
met aphorically referred t o, t o express our nat ional being. The independence of I ndia means,
t herefore, t he independence of our people, our race, our nat ion. Therefore I ndian swaraj ya
or I ndian swat ant rya means, as far as t he Hindu Nat ion is concerned, t he polit ical
independence of t he Hindus, t he freedom which would enable t hem t o grow t o t heir full
height .

Only geographically speaking I ndia as a land and a st at e was absolut ely independent
of any ot her non-I ndian powers when an Allauddin Khilaj ee or an Aurangzeb ruled over her.
But t hat kind of independence of I ndia proved a verit able deat h-warrant t o t he Hindu Nat ion.
That is why Sanga and Prat ap, Guru Govind Singh and Bir Banda, Shivaj i and Baj irao fought
and fell and won in t he end and est ablished a Hindu Empire under t he Marat has, t he Raj put s,
t he Sikhs, The Gurkhas t hroughout our Mot herland and saved our Hindudom from t he
clut ches of t he non-Hindu aggression. Does it not prove t o a hilt t hat merely t he
geographical independence or swaraj ya of I ndia does not mean t he independence of Hindu
Nat ion-nay, may at t imes prove a posit ive curse t o t heir Race ?

I ndia is dear t o us because it has been and is t he home of our Hindu Race, t he land which
has been t he cradle of our prophet s and heroes and gods and godmen. Ot herwise land for
land t here may be many a count ry as rich in gold and silver on t he face of t he eart h. River
for river t he Mississipi us nearly as good as t he Ganges and it s wat ers are not alt oget her
bit t er. The st ones and t rees and greens in Hindust han are j ust as good or bad st ones and
t rees and greens of t he respect ive species elsewhere. Hindust han is a Fat herland and
Holyland t o us not because it is a land ent irely unlike any ot her land in t he world but because
it is associat ed wit h our hist ory, has been t he home of our forefat hers, wherein our mot hers
gave us t he first suckle at t heir breast and our fat hers cradled us on t heir knees from
generat ion t o generat ion.

The cot t age wherein our beloved dwell, grows dearer t o our eyes t han a palace
elsewhere. But let t he dear faces disappear from it and go t o dwell elsewhere and t he
cot t age shrinks suddenly t o t he wret ched hut t hat it was. We discard it and follow our
beloved t o t heir new abode. So wit h t he nat ions also. Look at t he Jews or t he Parsees !
When t he Arabians invaded
t hem and only a choice was left t o t hem bet ween t heir land and t heir racial and cult ural
ident it y and wit h t heir book and cult ural went away in search of a more congenial abode.
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t

They refused t o bart er away t heir racial soul for a mere mess of pot t age, a mere bit of
lifeless eart h !

The real meaning of swaraj ya t hen, is not merely t he geographical independence of
t he bit of eart h called I ndia. To t he Hindus independence of Hindust han can only be wort h
having if t hat ensures t heir Hindut va-t heir religious, racial and cult ural ident it y. We are not
out t o fight and die for a 'swaraj ya' which could only be had at t he cost of our 'swat va' our
Hindut va it self !

A unit ed I ndian St a e and t he Co-operat ion of
t he Minorit ies
So far as ःवरा7य in t his right sense is concerned, t he Hindus have ever been in t he
forefront in t he movement and st ruggle for I ndian independence and for founding a unit ed
I ndian St at e. I t is t hey who first dreamt of a unit ed I ndian St at e. I t is t he Hindus again who
have by t heir sacrifices and st ruggle brought it wit hin t he scope of pract ical polit ics of t oday.
Taking int o account t heir present st rengt h and weakness t he Hindus have ever been willing
t o secure t he co-operat ion of all non-Hindu sect ions of t heir count rymen in t his common
st ruggle wit h a view t o est ablish a common and unit ed I ndian St at e. I n spit e of t heir
overwhelming maj orit y in I ndia, in spit e of t he consciousness t hat it is t hey who have borne
t he brunt of t he fight , st ruggled single-handed down t o t his day while t he ot her non-Hindu
sect ions and especially t he Mohammedans who are nowhere t o be found while t he nat ional
st ruggle goes on and are everywhere t o be found in t he forefront at t he t ime of reaping t he
fruit s of t hat st ruggle-in spit e of all t his t he Hindus are willing t o form a common unit ed
I ndian Nat ion and do not advance any special claims, privileges or right s reserved only for
t hemselves over and above t he non-Hindu sect ion in Hindust han

Let t he I ndian St at e be purely I ndian. Let it not recognise any invidious dist inct ions
what soever as regards t he franchise, public services, offices, t axat ion on t he grounds of
religion and race. Let no cognizance be t aken what soever of man's being Hindu or
Mohammedan, Christ ian or Jew. Let all cit izens of t hat I ndian St at e be t reat ed according t o
t heir individual wort h irrespect ive of t heir religious or racial percent age in t he general
populat ion. Let t hat language and script be t he nat ional language and script of t hat I ndian
st at e which are underst ood by t he overwhelming maj ort y of t he people as happens in every
ot her st at e in t he world, i.e., in England or t he Unit ed St at es of America and let no raligious
bias be allowed t o t amper wit h t hat language and script wit h an enforced and perverse
hybridism what soever. Let 'one man one vot e' be t he general rule irrespect ive of cast e or
creed, race or religion. I f such an I ndian St at e is kept in view t he Hindu
Sanghat anist s will, in t he int erest of t he Hindu Sanghat an it self, be t he first t o offer t heir
wholeheart ed loyalt y t o it . I for one and t housands of t he Mahasabhait es like me have set
t his ideal of an I ndian St at e as our polit ical goal ever since t he beginning of our polit ical
career and shall cont inue t o work for it s consummat ion t o t he end of our life. Can any
at t it ude t owards an I ndian St at e be more nat ional t han t hat ?

Just ice demands t hat I must plainly proclaim t hat t he mission and policy of t he Hindu
Mahasabha wit h ragard t o an I ndian st at e have been more nat ional t han t he present -day
policy of I ndian Nat ional Congress it self.

The Hindus ask not hing more t han what is t heir due as I ndian cit izens on t he special
plea t hat t hey are Hindus or t hat t hey from t he maj orit y of t he I ndian populat ion, over and
above t he ot her non-Hindu sect ions of t heir count rymen. Are t he Mohammedans ready t o
j oin such a t ruly nat ional I ndian St at e wit hout asking any special privilege, prot ect ion or
weight age on t he fanat ical ground t hat a special merit at t aches t o t hem of being
Mohammedans and not Hindus ?
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The ant i-nat ional designs of t he Mohammedans

Fort unat ely for t he Hindus Mr. Jinnah and t he Moslem Leaguers have deliberat ely
disclosed t heir real int ent ions t his year at t he Lucknow session of t he Moslem League more
aut horit at ively, more frankly and even more blat ant ly t han t hey used t o do before. I t hank
t hem for it . An open enemy is safer t han a suspicious friend in dealing wit h him. Their
resolut ions at Lucknow are in fact no news t o us. But upt o t his t ime t he onus of proving t he
exist ence of t he Moslem ant i-nat ional at t it ude and t heir Pan-I slamic ambit ions more or less
lay on t he Hindus. But now we need do no more t han point out t o t he aut horit at ive
speeches and resolut ions of t he League delivered and passed at t hat Lucknow Session t o
explain t he ant i-Hindu, ant i-I ndian and ext ra-t errit orial designs of t he Moslems. They want
t he unalloyed Urdu t o be raised t o t he posit ion of t he nat ional t ongue of t he I ndian st at e,
alt hough it is not spoken as a mot her-t ongue by more t han a couple of crores of Moslems
t hemselves and is not underst ood by some t went y crores of people in I ndia, Moslems
included; in spit e of t he fact t hat it can claim no more lit erary merit t han Hindi which is t he
mot her t ongue of some seven crores of people and is easily underst oood by some t en crores
more ! While t he Arabian language it self, on which Urdu is fed is deemed out landish by
Kemal and t he Turks in t he land of t he Khaliphas it self, t he Moslems expect some t went y-five
crores of Hindus t o learn it and t o adopt it as t heir nat ional t ongue ! As t o t he nat ional
script , t he Moslems insist on adopt ing t he Urdu script and would have not hing t o do, at any
rat e so far as t hey are concerned, wit h t he Nagari ! Why ? Kemal may have discarded t he
Arabian script it self as unsut ied t o t he present day needs, t he Nagari may be more scient ific,
more amenable t o print ing, more easy t o learn, may already be current amongst or known t o
t went y crores of people in Hindust han, yet t he Urdu script must be t he st at e script and t he
Urdu t he st at e language for t he only merit t hat at t aches t o t hem of being recognised by t he
Mohammedans as t heir cult ural asset and t herefore, t o make room for it , t he cult ures of t he
Hindus and ot her non-Moslem sect ions in Hindust han must go t o dogs ! The Moslems will
not t olerat e t he 'Vande Mat aram' song. The poor unit y-hankers amongst t he Hindus
hast ened t o cut it short . But t he Moslem would not t olerat e even t he piece of it cut t o order.
Drop t he whole song and you will find t hat t he Moslems would demand t hat t he very words
'Vande Mat aram' are a st anding insult t o t hem ! Get a new song composed even by an over-
generous Ravindra, Moslems would have not hing t o do wit h it because Ravindra being a
Hindu could not but commit t he heinous offence of using some Sanskrit words as 'Jat i'
inst ead of 'Kaum,' 'Bharat ' or "Hindust han' inst ead of 'Pakist an' ! ! They cannot be sat isfied
unless a nat ional song is composed by an I qbal or Jinnah himself in unalloyed Urdu, hailing
Hindust han as a Pakist an-t he land dedicat ed t o Moslem dominat ion !

When will our unit y-hankers underst and t hat t he real quest ion at t he root of t his
Moslem displeasure is not a word here or a song t here ! We would have sacrificed a dozen
songs or a hundred words of our own free will if t hereby we could really cont ribut e t o t he
unit y and solidarit y of Hindust han. But we know t he quest ion is not so simple as t hat . I t is
t he st rife of different cult ures and races and nat ions and t hese t rifles are but t he passing and
out ward sympt oms of t his malady deep seat ed in t he Moslem mind. They want t o brand t he
forehead of Hindudom and ot her non-Moslem sect ions in Hindust han wit h t he st amp of self-
humiliat iom and Moslem dominat ion and we Hindus are not going t o t olerat e it any longer
not only in t he int erest s of Hindudom alone but even in t he int erest of I ndian Nat ion as well.

But if we do not t olerat e t his t he Hon. Mr. Fuzlul Huq t old t here and t hen at Lucknow
what would happen t o us ! From t he high alt it ude of a Prime Minist er's gaddi he promised t o
'sat ana' t he Hindus in Bengal (म Íहं दओं को ु सताउं गा) if ot her Hindus proved recalcit rant
elsewhere t o t he orders of t he Moslem League. Now t he gaddi of t he Prime Minist er in
Bengal was t he out come of t he reforms which were wrest ed out from t he English hands by
t he mart yrdom and sacrifice of t he Hindu Pat riot s in Bengal. The Moslems t here as
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everywhere did not claim a special represent at ion or weight age in t hose sufferings and
sacrifices. But as soon as t he reforms came, who could occupy and deserve t he gaddi of a
Prime Minist er but t he Hon. Mr. Fuzlul Huq ! And now he t hreat ens t he very Hindus in
Bengal who st ruggled most and suffered most t o whose sufferings alone Mr. Huq owes his
gaddi t hat he will 'sat ana' (सताये गा) t hem, in all shades of t he meaning of t hat word from
t easing t o oppressing ! I should like t o assure t he Nonourable Mr. Fuzlul Huq t hat t he Bengal
Hindus are a hard nut t o crack. They have at t imes forced some of t he prancing roconsuls of
even t he powerful Brit ish Empire like Lord Curzon t o climb down ! But if he ever does
persecut e our Bengal Hindus t hen let him not forget t hat we Hindus also can in Maharahst ra
and elsewhere deal out t o his comrades t he same t reat ment , measure for measure, full t o
t he brim and well shaken !

I need not refer t o t he at t it ude of t he Moslem as regards t he Communal Award and
t he Federat ion in which case also t hey want t o humiliat e t he Hindus and Shylock-like insist
on having t heir pound of flesh ! I don't want t o t ire you out wit h a plet hora of figures which
you all know by heart . I t is only enough t o remind you of t he audacious proposal openly
debat ed in t he League regarding t he Moslem demand t o cut up t he body polit ic of our
Mot herland right in t wo part s-t he Mohammedan I ndia and t he Hindu I ndia,-aiming t o form a
separat e Moslem count ry-Pakist an-comprising of t he provinces of Kashmir, Punj ab, Peshawar
and Sind !

Hands off, sir, hands off ! I f you aim t hus t o reduce t he Hindus t o t he posit ion of
helot s in t heir own land, you should do well t o remember t hat a seccession of Aurangazebs
when t hey wielded an I mperial power here had failed t o perform t hat feat and in t heir
at t empt t o carry out t hat design only succeeded in digging t heir own graves ! Surely,
Jinnahs and Huqs cannot accomplish what Aurangazebs failed t o achieve !

Real Unit y can only come when
t he Mohammedans need it !

Let t he Hindus remember t hat t he real cause of t his mischief is not hing else but t he
hankering of t he Hindus aft er t he Willow-t he-Wisp of a Hindu-Moslem, unit y. The day we
gave t he Mohammedans t o underst and t hat Swaraj could not be won unless and unt il t he
Mohammedans obliged t he Hindus by making a common cause wit h t hem, t hat day we
rendered an honourable unit y impossible. When an overwhelming maj orit y in a count ry goes
on it s knees before a minorit y so ant agonist ic as t he Mohammedans, imploring t hem t o lend
a helping hand and assures it t hat ot herwise t he maj or communit y is doomed t o deat h, it
would be a wonder if t hat minor communit y does not sell t heir assist ance at t he higher
bidder possible, does not hast en t he doom of t he maj or communit y and aim t o est ablish t heir
own polit ical suzeraignt y in t he land. The only t hreat t hat t he Mohammedans always hold
before t he Hindus is t o t he effect t hat t hey would not j oin t he Hindus in t he st ruggle for
I ndian freedom unless t heir ant i-nat ional and fanat ical demands are grant ed on t he spot . Let
t he Hindus silence t he t hreat once for all t elling point blank : 'Friends ! We want ed and do
want only t hat kind of unit y which will go t o creat e an I ndian st at e in which all cit izens
irrespect ive of cast e and creed, race and religion are t reat ed all alike on t he principle of one
man one vot e. We, t hough we form t he overwhelming maj orit y in t he land, do not want any
special privileges for our Hindudom; nay more, we are even willing t o guarant ee special
prot ect ion for t he language, cult ure and religion of t he Mohammedans as a minorit y if t hey
also promise not t o infringe on t he equal libert y of ot her communit ies in I ndia t o follow t heir
own ways wit hin t heir own respect ive houses and not t o t ry t o dominat e and humiliat e t he
Hindus. But knowing full well t he ant i-I ndian designs of t he pan-I slamic movement , wit h a
link of Moslem nat ions from Arabia t o Afganist han bound by t heir recent offensive and
defensive alliances and t he ferocious t endencies of t he front ier t ribes t o oppress t he Hindus
out of religious and racial hat red, we Hindus are not going t o t rust you any longer wit h any
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more blank cheques. We are out t o win Swaraj ya in which our ःवcव along wit h t he ःवcव of
all ot her const it uent s will be safe. We are not out t o fight wit h England only t o find a change
of mast ers but we Hindus aim t o be mast ers in our own house. A Swaraj ya t hat could only
be had at t he humiliat ion and cost of Hindut va it self is for us Hindus as good as suicide. I f
I ndia is not freed from foreign dominat ion t he I ndian Moslems cannot but be slaves
t hsmselves. I f t hey feel it t o be t rue, if and when t hey feel t hey cannot do wit hout t he
assist ance and t he good will of t he Hindus let t hem come t hen t o ask for unit y and t hat also
not t o oblige t he Hindus but t o oblige t hemselves.' A Hindu Moslem unit y which is effect ed
t hus is wort h having. The Hindus have realised t o t heir cost t hat in t his case seeking unit y is
losing it . Hencefort h t he Hindu formula for Hindu-Moslem unit y is only t his-'if you come, wit h
you; if you don't wit hout you; and if you oppose, in spit e of you-t he Hindus will cont inue t o
fight for t heir Nat ional Freedom as best as t hey can' !

Non-Moslem Minorit ies in I ndia
So far as ot her minorit ies in I ndia are concerned, t here cannot be much difficult y in
arriving at an I ndian Nat ional consolidt ion. The Parsees have ever been working shoulder t o
shoulder wit h t he Hindus against t he English dominat ion. They are no fanat ics. From t he
great Dadabhai Nowroj i t o t he renowned revolut ionary lady Madam Kama t he Parsees have
cont ribut ed t heir quot a of t rue I ndian pat riot s, nor have t hey ever displayed any but goodwill
t owards t he Hindu Nat ion which t o t hem had proved a verit able saviour of t heir race.
Cult urally t oo t hey are most closely akin t o us. I n a lesser degree t he same t hing could be
said about t he I ndian Christ ians.
Alt hough t hey have yet done but lit t le t o cont ribut e any help t o t he nat ional st ruggle yet t hey
have not act ed like a millst one round our neck. They are less fanat ical and are more
amenable t o polit ical reason t han t he Moslems. The Jews are few in number and not
ant agonist ic t o our nat ional aspirat ions. All t hese minorit ies of our count rymen are sure t o
behave as honest and pat riot ic cit izens in an I ndian St at e.

Those who accuse t he Hindus and t he Mahasabha of being communal should ponder
well on t he fact t hat Hindus have never been found want ing in reciprocat ing feelings of
amicabilit y t owards t hese non-Moslem minorit ies, nor ever have t hey grudged t o let t hem
have what is j ust ly due t o t hem-t heir count rymen.

So far as t he Anglo-I ndians are concerned t heir present arrogance and t he lion's
share t hey got in t he Franchise under t he present Reforms Act would vanish in a minut e as
soon as England goes out . Their sound polit ical inst inct will soon bring t hem in a line wit h
ot her I ndian cit izens; ot herwise t hey could easily be brought t o t heir senses.

But wit h t he Mohammedans t he case is quit e different . I warn t he Hindus t hat t he
Mohammedans are likely t o prove dangerous t o our Hindu nat ion and t he exist ence of a
common I ndian St at e even if and when England goes out . Let us not be st one blind t o t he
fact t hat t hey as a communit y st ill cont inue t o cherish fanat ical designs t o est ablish a Moslem
rule in I ndia. Let us work for harmony, let us hope for t he best , but let us be on our guard !
Two ant agonist ic Nat ions living in I ndia
side by side

As it is, t here are t wo ant agonist ic nat ions living side by side in I ndia several infant ile
polit icians commit t he serious mist ake in supposing t hat I ndia is already welded int o a
harmonious nat ion, or t hat it could be welded t hus for t he mere wish t o do so. These our
well-meaning but unt hinking friends t ake t heir dreams for realit ies. That is why t hey are
impat ient of communal t angles and at t ribut e t hem t o communal organizat ions. But t he solid
fact is t hat t he so-called communal quest ions are but a legacy handed down t o us by
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t
cent uries of a cult ural, religious and nat ional ant agonism bet ween t he Hindus and t he
Moslems. When t ime is ripe you can solve t hem; but you cannot suppress t hem by merely
refusing recognit ion of t hem. I t is safer t o diagnose and t reat deep-seat ed disease t han t o
ignore it . Let us bravely face unpleasant fact s as t hey are. I ndia cannot be assumed t oday
t o be a unit arian and homogeneous nat ion, but on t he cont rary t here are t wo nat ions in t he
main; t he Hindus and t he Moslems, in I ndia. And as it has happened in many count ries
under similar sit uat ion in t he world t he ut most t hat we can do under t he circumst ances is t o
form an I ndian St at e in which none is allowed any special weight age of represent at ion and
none is paid an ext ra-price t o buy his loyalt y t o t he St at e. Mercenaries are paid and bought
off, not sons of t he Mot herland t o fight in her defence. The Hindus as a nat ion are willing t o
discharge t heir dut y t o a common I ndian St at e on equal foot ing. But if our Moslem
count rymen t hrust on a communal st rife on t he Hindus and cherish ant i-I ndian and ext ra
t errit orial designs of est ablishing a
Mohammedan Rule or supremacy in I ndia t hen let t he Hindus look t o t hemselves and st and
on t heir own legs and fight singlehanded as best as t hey can for t he liberat ion of I ndia from
any non-Hindu yoke, be it English or Moslem or ot herwise.
Vot e only for t hose who pledge o defend Hindut va
and are t ried Sanghat anist s

Wit h t his end in view I exhort you all t o asset yourselves as t he Hindus ! Down wit h
t he apologet ic at t it ude t hat makes some of us feel shy t o proclaim t hemselves as Hindus, as
if it was somet hing unnat ional, somet hing like a disgrace t o be born of t he line of Shri Ram
and Shri Krishna - Shivaj i and Prat ap and Govind Singh ! We Hindus must have a count ry of
our own in t he Solar Syst em and must cout inue t o flourish t here as Hindus-descendant s of a
might y people. Then up wit h t he Shuddi which has not a religious menaing alone but a
polit ical side as well ! Up wit h Sanghat an for t he consummat ion of which it is simply
imperat ive for non Hindus t o capt ure what ever polit ical power has been wrung out by our
effort s in t he past under t he present Reforms Act . The Mohammedans only vot e for t hose
who openly and boldly pledge t o guard and aggressively secure right s for t he Mohammedan
people. But we Hindus commit t he suicidal blunder of vot ing for t hose who openly declare
t hat t hey are neit her Hindus nor Mohammedans and yet are never t ired of recognising
Mohammedan organizat ions and dealing wit h t hem and of adj ust ing compromises in t he
name of t he Hindus, ever against Hindu int erest s and t o unbearable humiliat ion of t he
Hindus. You must hencefort h vot e for t hose who are not ashamed t hemselves of being
Hindus, openly st and for t he Hindus and pledge t hemselves not t o keep burning incense,
always at t he cost of t he Hindus before t he fet ish of a dishonourable unit y-cult . Let t he
Varnashram Swaraj ya Sang, t he Hindu Mahasabha, Shiromani Sikh Sabhas, t he Arya
Samaj ist s, t he polit ical organizat ions like t he Democrat ic Swaraj ya Part y in Maharasht ra t hat
st and for an honourable unit y and a t ruly nat ional I ndians St at e and t he great Ashrams,
Sanghas and Jat eeya Sabhas, t hat t ake t heir st and on Hindut va from a unit ed Hindu part y in
t he legislat ures and let no Hindu vot e for a man who is not a Sanghat anist s and you will find
t hen t hat your own minist ries will be championing t he j ust cause of our but even t he I ndian
St at e t o come. For t ruly Hindus are and cannot but be t he main st ay of our I ndian St at e !

We shall ever guarant ee prot ect ion t o t he religion, cult ure and language of t he
minorit ies for t hemselves, but we shall no longer t olerat e any aggression on t heir part on t he
equal libert y of t heHindus t o guard t heir religion, cult ure and language as well. I f t he non-
Hindu minorit ies are t o be prot ect ed t hen surely t he Hindu maj orit y also must be prot ect ed
against any aggressive minorit y in I ndia !

Now in t he end I assure you, Oh Hindus, t hat if but you do not lose self-confidence in
yourselves and are up and doing in t ime, all t hat is lost may yet be regained. There is some
such virilit y and st aying power inherent in your race as find a few parallels in t he annals of
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t he world. Let alone t he Dait yas and Asuras you vanquished in your myt hological and t he
pre-hist orical period of your annals-but your very hist ory dat es from some t wo t housand
years B.C. ! Amidst t he t errible st ruggle for exist ence which is incessant ly going on in
creat ion, survival of t he fit t est is t he rule. The nat ions of t he might y I nkas and Pharaohs and
Nebuchadnezars were swept away and no t race left behind. But you survived t hose nat ional
cat aclysms because you were found t he fit t est t o survive. There are ups and downs in t he
life of every nat ion. This very England which rules t oday over an Empire had oft en fallen an
easy prey t o t he Romans and t he Danes, t he Dut ch and t he Normans as well. We t oo had t o
face great nat ional disast ers. But each t ime we rose and t ided t hem over. The Greeks under
Alexander t he Great came conquering t he world but t hey could not conquer Hindust han.
Chandra Gupt a rose and we drove t he Greeks back inflict ing crushing defeat s on t hem
milit ary and cult ural. Three cent uries aft er t he Huns came on us like an avalanche. All
Europe and half Asia lay at t heir feet , t hey smashed t he Roman Empire t o pieces. But aft er
some t wo cent uries of a life-t o-deat h st ruggle against t hem we vanquished t hem in t he end
under our Vikramadit ya t he great ! The Shakas also fared no bet t er. The might y hands of
Shalivahan and Yashodharman beat t hem t o a chip. Where are t hose of our enemies-t he
Huns and t he Part hians and t he Shakas t oday ? The very names are forgot t en ! Gone,
effaced from t he face of I ndia and t he world as well. The virilit y and t he st aying out power
of our race t riumphed over t hem all.

Then cent uries aft er, t he Mohammedans invaded I ndia and carried everyt hing before
t hem. Their Kingdoms and Empires seemed t o reign supreme. But we rallied again and ever
since t he day t hat Shivaj i was born t he God of War sided wit h us. Bat t le aft er bat t le we beat
t he Moslems in a hundred fields; t heir Kingdoms and Empires, t heir Nababs and Shahas and
Badashahas were brought t o t heir knees by our warriors t ill at last Bhausaheb t he
Commander-in-Chief of t he Hindus, as if smybolically raised his hammer and lit erally
smashed t he very I mperial t hrone of t he Moghals at Delhi t o pieces, Mahadj i Shinde held t he
imbecile Moghal Emperors as prisoners and pensioners in his cust ody and Hindu supremacy
was once more re-east ablished all over t he land.

I n t he meanwhile before we could recover from t he st ruggle of cent uries wit h
Moslems, t he English faced us and won on all point s. We do not grudge t heir vict ory.
Because t hough we have been vanquished in t he field yest erday, yet enough fight is st ill left
in us t oday, we have not given up t he st ruggle for lost nay, have already ret urned t o t he
charge.

Who knows t hat some fut ure and more fort unat e President of t his our Hindu
Mahasabha may not be able t o rise here, if not in t his generat ion yet in t he generat ion of our
sons and proclaim t he t riumphant news t o t hat session t o come t hat as happened in t he case
of t he Huns and t he Greeks and t he Shakas in t he past t here is not a t race left behind t o t he
Brit ish dominat ion in our land ! The banner of Hindudom flies supreme on t he summit s of
t he Himalayas, Hindust han is free again and Hindudom t riumphant ! !

* * * * * * *
1.2 20
th
Session Nagpur - 1938
Ladies and Gent lemen,

I great fully acknowldge t he confidence you have placed in me in calling upon me t o
preside over t his Twent iet h Session of t he All-I ndia Hindu Mahasabha. I promise you in all
sincerit y t hat I will t ry my best t o deserve t he t rust you have t hus placed in me, by exert ing
in full t he limit ed st rengt h which an individual like me can possess. But you will excuse me if
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I call upon you in all humilit y t o bear in mind t hat t he only way of j ust ifying yourselves in
placing t hat t rust in me can be no ot her t han exert ing yourselves in full in st riving and
fight ing heroically t o defend and consolidat e Hindudom in such wise as t o compel Near
Fut ure t o herald t he resurrect ion of a Hindu Nat ion rising out and of t he t omb of t he Present
and grown even great er and might ier more resplendent t han it ever had been in t he past in
t he days of a Chandra Gupt a or a Vikramadit ya or t he Peshwas at Poona. I t is not hing short
of a polit ical miracle t hat we Hindus of t his generat ion are called upon t o work out , and no
individual howsoever great , can accomplish t he t ask unless and unt il t he whole Hindudom
rises like one man t o dare and t o do and t o march on unvanquished t hrough t he unavoidable
valleys of bit t er disappoint ment and valorous deat h- t hrough which alone lies t he pat h t o t he
ult imat e t riumph of such great causes of Nat ions' resurrect ions. I f we quail we are all lost
beyond redempt ion; if we but dare we are sure t o win; for, even t oday we posses t he power,
t he volcanic fire wit hin us. We only know it not . Rouse it confident ly-and it shall burst fort h
like int o t he column of t he sacrificial Fire which led t he Aryan Pat riarchs of our Hindu Race
from vict ory t o vict ory.

2. When I said t hat it is out of t he t omb of t he present t hat we have t o resurrect
Hindudom I said it deliberat ely; so t hat I may not be guilt y of belit t ling t he overwhelming
difficult ies we have t o face t oday. The present is indeed a verit able sepulchre int o which
t hey have buried our Hindu Nat ion aft er crucifying it on t he charge of commit t ing t he crime
of claiming t o be a nat ion by it self. I t is needless for me t o depict t o you, brot hers and
sist ers, who have at t ened t his session, t o depict t he ghast ly pict ure in det ails of t he dreadful
calamit ies which t he Hindus from Peshawar t o Rameshwar have t o face from day t o day.
The Session of t he Hindu Mahasabha is about t he last
place t oday where mere sight seers or j ob-hunt ers can find anyt hing at t ract ive enough t o
at t end it here. All avenues t o power, pelf, popularit y lead but elsewhere. To be a Hindu
Sanghat anist s t oday is not a paying concern. To be a willing delegat e t o t he Hindu
Mahasabha Session t oday is t o incur t he wrat h of powers t hat be, t o invit e t he dagger of a
non-Hindu assassin-some 'brot her' Abdul Rushid t o be slaught ered by some 'brave mopla
pat riot s' and what is more poignant and unbearable t han even t he dagger of a non-Hindu
assassin,-t o be hunt ed and ost racized by millions of one's own Hindu kit h and kin for no
ot her fault but of daring t o love and defend t he Hindu cause and t he Hindu people as
devot edly and as humanly as t he English do t he English Race, as t he Germans do t he
German cause, or t he Japanese love t he Japanese self, t he Moslems do t he Moslem religion
and communit y. To raise aloft t he Hindu banner has become t oday an act of high t reason in
Hindust han-in t he land of t he Hindus t hemselves, t o assert one's self as a Hindu is being
dubbed as mean by millions of Hindus t hemselves. The very fact t hat under such condit ions
you all have gat hered t oget her here as delegat es t o t his session of t he Hindu Mahasabha and
dared t o rally round t his pan-Hindu benner proves it t o t he hilt t hat you could not have done
so unless impelled by an overwhelming sense of dut y, fully conscious of and t ouched t o t he
quick by t he unbearable humiliat ions t o which our Hindu race is subj ect ed t o from day t o day
and fully prepared t o dafy t he int olerable demands of t he so-called I ndian Pat riot ism seeking
t o smot her unt o deat h our very exist ence as Hindus, as a nat ion unt o ourselves.

3. I shall not , t herefore, go int o any current and det ailed grievances or local
quest ions affect ing Hindu int erest s t oday but leave t hem t o be dealt wit h severally in t he
resolut ions and speeches on t hem t o be passed and delivered in t his session lat er on. I shall
rest rict myself t o t he t wo out st anding quest ions : 'What is t he root cause t hat has landed t he
Hindus in t his present predicament st riking t he life-growt h of our Hindu Nat ion wit h a sudden
at rophy, and t he immediat e remedy t hat is sure t o rescue t he Hindu cause even yet from
being lost beyond recovery !

4. Nevert heless inasmuch as t his address is meant for t hose millions of Hindus also
who st ill remain out side t he pale of t he Hindu Mahasabha and who in spit e of t heir devot ed
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allegiance t o Hindut vain general are but imperfect ly aware of t he dangers t hat beset it t oday
on all sides and wonder, t herefore, why t he Hindusabhait s should make so much ado about
not hing or lit t le t hings here and t here. I feel it incumbent upon me j ust t o denot e a few
point s in passing t o acquaint t hem wit h t he real gravit y of t he sit uat ion at least sufficient ly
enough t o set t hem t hinking and in a mood t o realize t he import of what I have t o say lat er
on during t he course of t he address. Let us j ust t ake t he const it ut ion in force t oday. The
Brit ish have deliberat ely deprived t he Hindus of t he polit ical predominance which was t heir
due as t he overwhelming maj orit y in I ndia by danying t hem represent at ion in proport ion t o
t heir populat ion on t he one hand and on t he ot her loaded t he Moslems, Christ ians,
Europeans wit h weight ages, preferences, securit ies and what not , so as t o invest t hem wit h
polit ical power immeasurably more t han what was t heir due. They broke up t he Hindu
elect orat e int o wat ert ight compart ment s wit h a view t o prevent t he growt h of t heir polit ical
solidarit y amongst t hemselves, why, t he very recognit ion of t he Hindus as an elect oral unit
by t hemselves is alt oget her and deliberat ely denied in t he elect oral scheme of our count ry.
Spacious apart ment s, well furnished and honourably named, are reserved for t he minorit ies.
The maj orit y, t he Hindu, t he host is crowded int o t he lumber-room, t he general elect orat e,
unnamed and unrecognized. Wit h a set purpose t o st arve out mart ial qualit ies in t he Hindus
t he Brit ish Government have been curt ailing t heir recruit ment in t he army and in t he police
wit h t he effect t hat t he Moslem minorit y preponderat es in t hose t wo vit al forces of t he
nat ion. I n t he Punj ab and some ot her provinces measures like Land alienat ion Act seek t o
crush t he Hindus economically while in Bengal an unabashed Act is passed t o reserve some
sixt y per cent of post s for t he Moslems in Government Services. I n t he Moslem st at es of
Hyderabad, Bhopal and ot hers t he religious and racial presecut ion of t he Hindus is carried on
so relent lessly as t o remind one of t he days of Aurangazeb and Allaudin. I n cit ies and
villages all over I ndia t heir civil and religious right s are daily t rampled under foot t o allay t he
fury of Moslem mobs. The bloody orgies t o which t he Hindus were subj ect ed by Moslem
fanat ics in Malabar and kohat are enact ed on t his scale or t hat even in t he presidency t owns
all over I ndia every now and t hen. The Front ier Moslem t ribes carry out raids and perpet rat e
unnamable at rocit ies on t he Hindu people t here wit h a set purpose of ext erminat ing t he Kafir
in t hat region. Only t he Hindu Merchant s are loot ed, only t he Hindus are massacred and only
t he Hindu women and children are kidnapped and held t o rensom or convert ed perforce t o
I slam. On t he t op of it all comes in t he Psuedo-Nat ionalism of t he Congressit es who
pract ically condone and explain away t hese Moslem at rocit ies by invent ing such lying excuses
: 'There is not hing ant i-Hindu in t hese Moslem raids ! I t is only economical and sexual
st ravat ion of t he t ribes t hat goads t hem on t o t hese crimes. Let us feed t hose st arved souls
and t hey will be good cit izens ! ' But it is curious t hat t hese st arved poor raiders leave t he rich
Moslems in t he Front ier t owns unloot ed, find no young Moslem damsels t o kidnap, burn no
Moslem houses and go about assuring t he Moslem by beat of drums t hat t hey shall not hurt
a hair of any Moslem provided he shelt ers not a Hindu Kafir ! Wit ness only t he lat est case in
t he Dadu dist rict in Sind. The Moslem raiders at t acked on
absolut ely unoffending archaeological part y under Mr. Muzumdar. They askes each one :
'Are you a Hindu ?' I f he said Aye, he was fort hwit h shot dead. One Hindu pret ended t o be
a Moslem and he was let go alive and unmolest ed. This case is only a t ypical one illust rat ing
t housands of such dreadful happenings all over I ndia and is t he order of t he day during all
Moslem riot s and raids from Malalbar t o Peshawar, from Sindh t o Assam and year in and year
out . Add t o t his t he act ivit ies of t he all-I ndia organizat ions of t he Christ ian missionaries and
t he Moslem organizat ions from t he Agakhanis, Hasan Nizamis, Peera Mot amiyas t o t he very
village Moslem goondas, all seeking and succeeeding in convert ing millions of Hindus t o
foreign fait hs by peaceful or fraudulent forcef ul means t hroughout t he lengt h and breadt h of
I ndia undermining t he religious, racial, cult ural and
polit ical act ivit ies of t he Moslem Leaguers, and t he Moslem St at es t hat have already
culminat ed int o open resolut ions first t o divide I ndia int o a Moslem Federat ion and a Hindu
Federat ion and t hen t o st rike down t he lat t er by invit ing invasions from out side I ndia by
some alien Moslem powers. Such is t he present st at e of t he Hindus in Hindust han, t heir own
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land ! And yet t he worst fact or remains t o be t old. For, even t o refer t o t hese calamit ies t o
which t he Hindus have fallen a prey is damned as a nat ional sin by t hat new cult which calls
it self 'I ndian Nat ionalist s' and leads at present t he I ndian Nat ional Congress. Offering a
blank cheque t o t he Moslem by one hand t hey deliver ult imat um t o t he Hindus by t he ot her.
'Get loot ed but don't report , get st abbed but don't shriek, get repressed as Hindus but don't
organize t o resist it as Hindus; or else you will be damned as t rait ors t o t he cause of our
I ndian Nat ionalism ! ! ! '

5. I n t he face of t hese fact s who else but a fool or a foe can accuse t he Hindu
Mahasabha of making much ado about not hing or fancying grievances where none exist s or
dealing only wit h some superst it ious and empt y cont ent s of religious of racial slogans ?

Again, in t he face of t hese fact s what wonder is t here t hat leaving aside t hose who
cont inue t o be count ed amongst Hindus but whose heart s have ceased t o respond t o t heir
Hinduness or who openly disown any allegiance t o Hindudom, we find crores of Hindus all
over I ndia every fibre of whose life vibrat es wit h t he racial, religious or cult ural consciousness
of being Hindus, sorely afflict ed t o see our Hindu race beset by all t hese calamit ies and
subj ect ed t o such unbearable humiliat ions. On all sides t oday t he anxious quest ion is asked
by crores of Hindus : 'How are we t o remedy t his evil ? How is t hat we fell ? How are we
Hindus t o rise again as Hindus and recover our posit ion as a Nat ion great amongst t he
nat ions in t he world ?' This recent searching of heart is one of t he most encouraging signs t o
show t hat t he soul of our Hindu race is roused again from t he deadly swoon of self-
forget fulness. I t is nat ural t hat on it s ret urn t o self-consciousness it should raise t hese
bewildering quest ions as t o it s whereabout s.

Alt hough it is not possible t o deal exhaust ively wit h t hese anxious quest ions t hat are
daily pouring on us from all sides wit hin t he limit ed compass of an address like t his, yet I feel
t hat if but I can succeed in point ing out t he root cause which has landed us on t his sad plight
and t he immediat e st ep which we must and fort unat ely we also can t ake wit h a view t o come
out of it , my address will serve it s purpose fairly well.

6. I n order t o find out t he root cause, t he first init ial error which is leading us int o a
series of all derivat ive errors rendered us Hindus insensible t o t he very fact t hat we had a
Nat ional being at all, we must first have a hurried peep int o our racial hist ory.

A peep int o our Hist ory

I t is at least some 5,000 years ago, t o t he Vaidic age t hat t he beginning of our Hindu
Nat ion could be hist orically and undeniably t raced. Our Nat ional ancest ors lived and
flourished t hen on t he banks of t he seven Sindhus and were laying foundat ions of a Nat ion
t hat was dest ined t o grow lat er on int o a might y Hindu Nat ion. Racially and cult urally t hey
were called Aryans; t errit orially t hey bore t he name of t he Sapt a Sindhus or Sindhus. One
of our provinces and it s people on t he banks of t he Sindhu River bear t he very same name
down t o t his day and are called Sindh and Sindhus respect ively. They crossed t he Ganges,
t he Vindhyas t he Godavari in t heir vigorous and valorous course of colonizat ion and conquest
t ill t hey reached t he Sout hern and t he East ern and West ern limit s of I ndia. By an admirable
process of assimilat ion, eliminat ion and consolidat ion, polit ical, racial and cult ural, t hey
welded all ot her non-Aryan peoples whom t hey came in cont act wit h or conflict wit h t hrough
t his process of t heir expansion in t his land from t he I ndus t o t he East ern sea and from t he
Himalayas t o t he Sout hern sea int o a nat ional unit . Polit ics and religion vied wit h each ot her
wit h a conscious policy of ult imat ely unit ing t hem all int o a nat ional being bound t oget her by
t he t ies of a common religion, common language, common cult ure, a common Fat herland
and a common Holyland. Wit ness for example t he four धाम-t he religious holy out post s
roughly marking t he four limit s of our Holyland-Badrikedar, Dwarka, Rameshwar and
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Jagannat h, ident ifying t hem as demarcat ingly as it was t hen possible wit h t he limit s of our
Fat herland as well. Leaving myt hological period alone even in t he period of our definit e
hist ory t he might y cent ralised empires of Chandra Gupt a Maurya, Ghandra Gupt a t he Second,
Vikramadit ya, Yashovardhan, Pulkeshi, Shri Harsha and such ot her great Samrat s and
Chakravart is added t o t his consolidat ion of our people and made t hem vibrat e wit h t he
st irrings of a common polit ical and nat ional being, Powerful invasions of t he Greeks, Shakas,
Huns and such ot her foreign races which t hreat ened our people wit h a common danger and
t he might y conflict s t hey had t o wage t o overcome t hat danger by present ing a common
front t o it last ing somet imes for cent uries vest ed all t he more t heir consciousness of cult ural,
polit ical, racial and religious oneness marking t hem out as a nat ional unit by t hemselves, in
spit e of t heir int ernal differences in relat ion t o ot her non-I ndian Nat ional unit s. The long
period of peace unmolest ed by ext ernal polit ical danger wort h t he name-t hat int ervened
bet ween t he ult imat e t riumph of t he Hindus over t he Huns and t he invasion of I ndia by t he
Moslems was pre-eminent ly devot ed t o t he furt her consolidat ion of our people and t heir
religious, cult ural, racial and polit ical oneness grew so pronounced, definit e and conscious
t hat by t he t ime t he Moslems came in t hey found I ndia full grown int o a homogeneous Hindu
people.

Under t he pressure of t he Moslem invasions and t heir consolidat ion int o a powerful
Moslem Empire at Delhi polit ical unit y of t he Hindus from Kashmir t o Rameshwar and Sindh
t o Bengal int ensified st ill more and t he name Hindu derived form t he Vaidic Sapt a Sindhus
had already become t he honoured and beloved common appellat ion of our race cent uries
before t he days of Prit hviraj . Thousands of our mart yrs embraced deat h as 'Hindus' t o
vindicat e t he honour of Hindu religion. Thousands upon t housands, princes and peasant s
alike, revolt ed and rose as Hindus under Hindu flags and fought and fell in fight ing against
t heir non-Hindu foes. Till at last Shivaj i was born, t he hour of Hindu t riumph was st ruck, t he
day of Moslem supremacy set . Under one common name 'The Hindus', under one common
banner, t he Hindu banner, under one common Hindu leadership, wit h one common ideal of
t he est ablishment of 'Hindu-Pad-Padashahi' (The Hindu Empire), wit h one common aim, t he
polit ical liberat ion of 'Hindust han', t he emancipat ion of t heir common Mot herland and
Holyland, t he Hindus rose from province t o province t ill at last t he Marat ha confederacy
succeeded in beat ing t o a chip t he Moslem Nababs and Nizams, Badashas and Padashas in a
hundred bat t lefields. The Marat has advanced vict orious East , West , Nort h and Sout h,
dropping t heir secondary capit als at Tanj ore, at Gunt i, at Kolhapur, at Baroda, at Dhar, at
Gwalior, at I ndore, at Jhansi, t ill t hey reached t he “ अटक” . They ruled at Delhi and held t he
Moslem Moghul Emperors as prisoners, pensioners and paupers in t heir camp. The Sikh
Hindus ruled in Punj ab, t he Gurkha Hindus in Nepal, t he Raj put Hindus in Raj put ana, t he
Marat ha Hindus form Delhi t o Tanj ore, Dwarka t o Jagnnat h. Thus at last t he Vaidic Sindhus
had grown int o a might y Hindu people, a Hindu nat ion, a Hindu-Pada-Padashahi which is a
word used by Baj irao himself. I f you wish t o realise fully how t he might y movement was
surcharged wit h t he int ense consciousness of Hindut va, how are mart yrs, heroes, vict ors
from Prit hviraj , Prat ap, Shivaj i, Guru Govind, Banda, down t o t he days of Nana Fadanavis
and Mahadj i Shinde owned and gloried in t heir Nat ional and Religious oneness as Hindus,
and were proud of t heir nat ional appellat ion as Hindus ! ! , you may do well t o read, for want
of a bet t er book, my hist orical work named 'Hindu-Pad-Padashahi'. Here owing t o limit ed
space I quot e only a st anza from out of a let t er, by way of illust rat ion writ t en so lat e as in
1793 t o Nana Fadanavis by Govindrao Kale, t he Marat ha Ambassador t o t he Nizam, so t hat
you may list en t o t heir t hought s in t heir own words : - 'अटक नद|चे अलीकडे दÍHण समुिा-पावे तो
Íहं दं चे ु ःथान, तुक ःथान न¯हे । हे आपली सीमा पां डवां पासून ÍवबमाÍदcयापावे त| cयां नी राखू न उपभोग
घे तला. पे श¯यां चे पुÞयूताप िन महादजी िशं ²ां चे बुZ| िन तलवार|चे पराबम सव घरास आल .
7यां नीं 7यां नीं Íहं दःथानां त ु िशर उचललीं cयां ची िशं ²ां नी फोडलीं . यां त साव भौमcव हातीं लागण , यश,
क|ित यां चे नगारे वाजण इत4या गोPी आहे त. 'From t he river At t uck t o t he I ndian ocean
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- f
t

ext ends t he land of Hindus, Hindust han, not Turkast han. These have been our front iers form
t he t imes of Pandavas t o Vikramadit ya. They preserved t hem and enj oyed Empires. Aft er
t hem came effet e rulers and t he Moslems conquered our Kingdom but now everyt hing has
been rest ored t o us and rewon under t he Peshvas and by t he valorous sword of Mahadj i
Shinde ! The Hindu Empire is est ablished, t he fame of our vict ory goes resounding all round
! '

The Hindu Nat ion is an organic growt h and no
Paper make Makeshi t

7. I t will be clear from t his hurried peep int o our hist ory t hat ever since t he Vaidic
ages, for some 5,000 years at least , in t he past our forefat hers had been shaping t he
format ion of our people int o a religious, racial, cult ural and polit ical unit . As a consequence
of it all, growing organically t he Sindhus of t he Vaidic t ime have grown t oday int o Hindu
Nat ion, ext ending over I ndia and holding I ndia in common as t heir Fat herland and t heir
Holyland. No ot her Nat ion in t he world, except ing perhapes t he Chinese, can claim a
cont inuit y of life and growt h so unbroken as our Hindu Nat ion does. The Hindu Nat ion is not
a mushroom growt h. I t is not a t reat y nat ion. I t is not paper-made t oy. I t was not cut t o
order. I t is not an out landish makeshift . I t has grown out of t his soil and has it s root s st ruck
deep and wide in it . I t is not a fict ion invent ed t o spit e t he Moslems or anybody in t he world.
But it is a fact as st upendous and solid as t he Himalayas t hat border our Nort h.

I t mat t ers not t hat it had and it has sect s and sect ions, dissimilarit ies and differences
wit hin it s fold-what Nat ion is free from t hem ? A Nat ion is not marked out as a separat e unit
because it s people have no subdivisions and diversit ies amongst t hemselves but because
t hey as a whole present a more homogeneous unit y amongst t hemselves t han t hey have in
common wit h all ot her alien nat ional unit s; because t hey differ definit ely and immensely
more from all ot her peoples in t he world t han t hey differ amongst t hemselves from each
ot her. This is t he only t est t hat marks out nat ion in t he world. The hindus having a common
Fat herland and a common Holyland and bot h ident ified wit h each ot her have made t heir
nat ionalit y doubly sure and st and t his t est doubly well. As t he running out line of our hist ory
sket ched above unmist akably reveals, for t housands of years our Hindu people had been
definit ely conscious of t heir religious and cult ural, polit ical and pat riot ic homogenit y as a
people by t hemselves, as a Nat ion unt o t hemselves. What is t o be specially not ed here for
t he argument in hand is t he fact t hat down t o t he fall of t he Marat ha Empire our people,
princes, pat riot s, poet s, preachers and st at esmen, all and alt oget her st rove consciously and
cont inuously t o develop and int ensify t he concept ion of Hindu nat ionalit y and exert ed t heir
might t o it s best t o est ablish a 'Hindu-Pad-Padashahi,' a Hindu Empire in I ndia, which t hey
called Hindust han, t he land of t he Hindus.

I shall leave t he t hread of t his argument here t o be resumed lat er on when I shall
have t o point out it s special significance in relat ion t o t he problems we have t o face t oday.

The Rise of t he Concep of an I ndian Nat ion
8. We have t raced t he organic growt h and development of our Hindu Nat ion t o t he
fall of t he Marat ha Empire in 1818 and t he consequent advent of t he Brit ish rule in I ndia.
The fall of our Sikh Hindu kingdom also in Punj ab enabled t he Brit ish t o est ablish an
unchallenged supremacy t hroughout our count ry. The Brit ish had found t hat all t he bloody
wars t hey had t o fight in t he course of t heir I ndian conquest were wit h Hindu powers. The
Moslem as a polit ical fact or was nowhere t o be faced. The Moslem as a polit ical power was
already smashed by t he Marat has. The only fight t he Brit ish had t o face single-handed wit h
t he Moslems was at Plassey. But it was such an easy affair t hat t hey say t he Brit ish
Commander won it while he was asleep ! Consequent ly, t he first anxiet y of t he Brit ish was
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t o see t hat t he Hindu Nat ion must be undermined, t heir solidarit y as a religious and polit ical
unit must be broken. The Moslems came in t he pict ure as mere handy t ool in t he hands of
t he Brit ish t o compass t heir design. The Brit ish even t ried t he obvious means of convert ing
t he Hindus t o Christ ianit y by lending polit ical support of t he St at e t o Christ ian Missions in
I ndia. But t he Revolut ionary Rising of 1857 led most ly by Hindu leaders opened t he eyes of
t he Brit ish t o t he dangers involved in any open at t ack against t he religion of t he Hindus and
Moslems alike and t he Brit ish St at e ceased t o lend any open support t o t he Christ ian Church.
Then t hey init iat ed a policy t o undermine t he very concept of a Hindu nat ion amongst t he
rising generat ion of t he Hindu yout hs by int roducing a de-nat ionalising scheme of West ern
educat ion in I ndia. We have t he word of Macaulay himself for t hat . He point s out in one of
his privat e let t ers t o his son-in-law t hat if his scheme of West ern educat ion is put int o force,
Hindu yout hs would of t hemselves love t o get convert ed t o Christ ianit y, t o get West ernized
and consequent ly affiliat ed and at t ached t o t he Brit ish people. Unfort unat ely for t he Hindus
his expect at ions did not alt oget her miscarry and t he first generat ions of t he Hindu yout hs
who t ook t o West ern educat ion wit h avidit y were on t he whole cut off from t heir old
moorings of Hinduness, of Hindut va. They knew next t o not hing of Hindu hist ory, Hindu
religion, Hindu cult ure and all t hat t heyknew of Hindut va were only it s weak point s which
were deliberat ely represent ed t o t hem as it s essence in such wise as t o make t hem ashamed
of being Hindus at all. The Moslems on t he cont rary kept at a hand's dist ance from t his
educat ion and consequent ly it could not undermine t heir communal solidarit y at all.

But t he int roduct ion of t he West ern educat ion in I ndia did not prove an unmixed evil.
Cont rary t o t he expect at ion of it s init iat ors it soon brought in new forces int o act ion which
were dest ined t o defeat t he purpose it was meant t o serve and add t o t he st rengt h of t he
Hindus in t he long run. But here we are dealing wit h it s immediat e effect s only.

And t he immediat e effect of t he West ern educat ion was t hat t he t wo first generat ions
of Hindus who were influenced by it were t ot ally carried off t heir feet , t hey fell in love wit h
everyt hing West ern. They looked upon t he Brit it sh rule as a Godsend. They prayed for it s
permanence. Fed on t he West ern lit erat ure and hist ory and cut off from any cont act wit h
Hindu t hought s and Hindu policy, t hey nat urally came t o t he easy conclusion t hat if but t hey
imit at ed t he West and especially England in every det ail of individual and collect ive life t hey
and t heir count ry would be benefit ed and saved.

Not t hat t hey were not public-spirit ed or int ellect ual men. On t he cont rary t hese first
bat ches of English educat ed Hindus were allowed t o rise very high in t he social and official
scale by England and were deliberat ely t aken t o be t he spokesmen of I ndian people-of t he
'Nat ives'. They got every facilit y t o wield t remendous influence over t heir own people so t hat
t hey might impart t heir admirat ion about t he Brit it sh people and t heir loyalt y t o t he Brit ish
rule t o t heir 'Nat ive Communit y'. They, t oo, wit h best of int ent ions want ed t o do good t o
t heir people and t heir nat ion. But t heir idea
of doing good and even of what was t heir nat ion were ent irely out landish-Brit ish-having no
relat ion wit h t he realit ies obt aining in I ndia.

That was t he reason why t hey nat urally t hought t hat t heir nat ion meant t heir count ry.
Like all ot her ideas and sent iment s, t heir not ion of pat riot ism also was borrowed ready-made
from England. They found t hat t he English meant by pat riot ism love t o t heir count ry,-t he
geographical unit England, which t hey inhabit ed. All t hose who lived in England were unit ed
int o a nat ion irrespect ive of religion, race, cult ure, and t hat was t he reason why England had
become so consolidat ed and powerful a nat ion. The analogy was as simple as at t ract ive. I f
t hey t oo could unit e I ndia irrespect ive of race, religion, cult ure, cast e, creed, t heir people t oo
might grow int o a consolidat ed and powerful I ndian Nat ion. They found t hat in Europe of
t heir days a nat ional unit meant a t errit orial unit . All t hose who inhabit ed t he t errit orial unit
France were French, Germany were Germans, Spain were Spanish, England were English and
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each respect ively a Unit ary nat ion by it self. So t hey t hought or rat her believed, wit hout
t hinking at all, t hat t he only bond of a t errit orial unit y, t he only fact of residing in a common
geographical unit was by it self t he most efficient , nay, t he only efficient fact or t o mark out a
people int o a nat ion by t hemselves.

Well, t hen, all people in I ndia : Hindus, Moslems, Christ ians, Parsees and ot hers, had
been inhabit ing t he t errit orial unit called I ndia for cent uries t oget her. Therefore, all t hese
people must be a nat ion by t hemselves. What if t hey differed so much in religion, language,
cult ure, race and hist orical development ? Those t hings had not hing t o do wit h a common
nat ionalit y. Territ orial unit must be a nat ional unit . Look at England, France, America.' Thus
t hey argued.

The corollary derived from t his assumpt ion was also inevit able. I f I ndia, becuase it
was a t errit orial unit and called a count ry must be a nat ional unit as well, t hen all of us must
also be I ndians only and cease t o be Hindus or Moslems, Christ ians or Parsees. So t hey, t he
leaders of t hose first generat ions of English educat ed people, being almost all Hindus, t ried
t heir best t o cease t hemselves t o be Hindus and t hought it below t heir dignit y t o t ake any
cognizance of t he divisions as Hindus and Moslems and became t ransformed overnight int o
I ndian pat riot s alone.

I t was also very easy for t hem t o cease t o be Hindus. The West ern educat ion had
t aught t hem and t hey had no ot her educat ion, t hat Hindut va meant not hing else but
Hinduism which t o t hem meant a verit able bundle of superst it ions. They had no occasion t o
st op and t hink of t he ot her and most fundament al concept s of Hindut va, of Hinduness, in all
it s racial, cult ural and hist orical bearing.

As t hey found it so easy for t hem t o renounce t hir Hinduness and merge t hemselves
at a t hought int o being I ndian and I ndians alone t hey expect ed t hat it would be as easy for
t he Moslems t oo t o forget t hat t hey were Moslems and t o merge t hemselves ent irely and
t ot ally int o t he I ndian people, t he I ndian Nat ion, which t o t hose 'I ndian' Pat riot s seemed
already a fact as t angible as t he t errit orial unit I ndia.

I t must be emphasized here t hat all t hese our remarks are t rue in t heir collect ive
sense only. I t is not possible t o deal wit h det ails and except ions eit her individual or act ional
in such a short address as t his.

As t he West ern educat ion went on spreading rapidly amongst Hindus t he idea of an
I ndian Nat ionalit y also cont inued t o find a larger and larger following; inversely, t he solidarit y
of t he Hindus as Hindus, as a polit ical unit , as a nat ion by t hemselves, grew feebler and
feebler and at last grew unconscious of it self t hrough sheer st arvat ion.

The Brit ish rej oiced at t he t urn event s had t aken. They knew t hat under t hose
circumst ances t he only danger t o t heir polit ical supremacy in Hindust han could come from
t he revival of t he polit ical consciousness of t he Hindu Nat ion and t he re-emergence of t he
ideal of a Hindu Sovereignt y. I t is a fact t hat even aft er 1857 a Hindu polit ically proud of his
being a Hindu was a suspect . For he brooded over t he loss of his Hindu Kingdom and was
wat ched as an incipient revolut ionist . The armed rising of Ramsing Kooka in t he Punj ab and
Vasudeo Balwant Phadke in Maharasht ra even aft er t he defeat of t he revolut ionary war in
1857, wit h a view t o drive t he Brit ish out and recover t he lost Hindu Kingdom, only confirmed
t he Brit ish in t heir suspicious.

The Birt h of I ndian Nat ional Congress

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9. I t was j ust aft er t he suppression of t he rising of Vasudeo Balwant Phadke of
Poona who aspired t o revive an independent Hindu Kingdom even as Shivaj i did, t hat t he
birt h of I ndian Nat ional Congress t ook place. I t is t o be not ed t hat t he Brit ish Government
favoured t he movement and it was a Viceroy who sponsored it ! Many a prominent Brit ish
civilian like Mr. Hume, Wedderburn and ot hers led it for a long t ime. Great Hindu leaders
from t he most public-spirit ed mot ives nursed it and it became t he organised and aut horit at ive
spokesman of t he new cult of I ndian Pat riot ism.

The Brit ish, t oo, while t hey favoured t his I ndian movement as an ant idot e t o any
possible revival of Hindu Nat ionalism, t ook good care t o see t hat t he Moslem solidarit y as
Moslems did not suffer in any way by cat ching t he cont agion of t his new I ndian Nat ionalist
cult . For t he Brit ish knew t hat if t he Moslems also j oined t hat cult as wholeheart edly as t he
Hindus did, t hen t here would really be a unit ed I ndian Nat ion-a cont ingency likely t o prove
perhaps more dangerous t o Brit ish supremacy in I ndia t han a Hindu revival could single-
handedly prove t o be. The Brit ish dreaded and hat ed any real genuine and fruit ful rise of
I ndian Nat ionalism as much-if not more-as t hey did any revival of Hindu Nat ionalism. So
t hey on t he one hand encouraged and helped surrept it ously t he fanat ical hat red, enmit y and
dist rust , which t he Moslems ever bore t o t he Hindu Nat ion, t hus rendering any efficient
I ndian nat ional unit y as delusive as a mirage and on t he ot her hand encouraged t he Hindus,
at least in t he beginning t o pursue t hat mirage of an I ndian Nat ionalism wit h avidit y so t hat
t he rise of a Homogeneous Hindu Nat ion might be ruled out of pract ical polit ics. Of course it
is anot her mat t er t hat t he result of t his Brit ish policy of encouraging I ndian Nat ionalism in
t he beginning did not alt oget her fulfil t heir expect at ions and t hey had t o change it lat er on.
But t hat does not belie t he fact I have referred t o above.

The I deal of I ndian Nat ionalism was in fact a Noble one

10. The Hindus found not hing obj ect ionable in t he ideal of unit ing all I ndia int o a
consolidat ed polit ical unit and very nat urally so. For it suit ed well wit h t he Hindu ment alit y
wit h it s synt het ic t rend, always prone t o philosophies wit h a universal urge. I t is also t rue
t hat t he I deal of Polit ics it self ought t o be a Human st at e, all mankind for it s cit izen, t he
eart h for it s mot herland. I f all I ndia wit h one-fift h of t he human race could be unit ed
irrespect ive of religious, racial and cult ural diversit ies, merging t hem all int o a homogeneous
whole, it would be but a gigant ic st ride t aken by mankind t owards t he realizat ion of t hat
human polit ical I deal. So far as t he ideal language and pict ure of t his concept ion went it
could not but be at t ract ive t o a people like t he Hindus wit h a religious and cult ural ideology
preaching 'सव खÍ~वदं ॄN' all t his is but one and indivisible Brahma. But Brahma, even in it s
polit ical aspect , like it s philosophical one, has for it s count erpart a माया t he principal of
division ! And t his fact t hose Hindu Pat riot s overlooked in t heir ent husiasm for t he ideal-if
I ndia was unit ed ! -Yes, but t he 'I f' was what mat t ered most . The new concept of an I ndian
Nat ionalit y was founded on t he only common bond of a t errit orial unit y of I ndia; t he Hindus
for one found not hing revolt ing even in t hat assumpt ion t o t heir deepest religious or cult ural
or racial sent iment s. Because t heir nat ional being had already been ident ified wit h t hat
t errit orial unit , I ndia, which t o t hem was not only a land of soj ourn but a home, t heir
Fat herland, t heir Mot herland, t heir Holyland and all in one ! I ndian Pat riot ism t o t hem was
but a synonym of Hindu Pat riot ism. Even t he t errit orial unit was as int imat ely ident ified wit h
t heir racial, religious and cult ural unit t hat an I ndian Nat ion was but a t errit orial appellat ion
of t he Hindu Nat ion. I f Hindust han was called I ndia but cont inut e t o be a Hindust han, it
made no differences in essent ials and for pract ical purposes might be overlooked.

11. That is t he reason why, lat er on, even t hose Hindu leaders who in spit e of t heir
being highly educat ed in t he West ern lore were also deeply imbued wit h Hinduness, were
proud of being Hindus by religion, by race, by cult ure and j oined t he I ndian Nat ional
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Movement for polit ical purposes and worked wholeheart edly wit h t he Congress and even led
it so long as it cont inued t o be a purely polit ical body, st riving assiduously t o wrest polit ical
power out of t he hands of t he Brit ish Government wit h a view t o eat ablish a real I ndian
commonwealt h, t o be held in common wit h ot her non-Hindu minorit ies in I ndia on equit able
foot ing and in honourable company.

12. But alt hough t he Hindus on t he whole rallied round t he I ndian Nat ional Congress
wit h unsuspect ing ent husiasm and lent t heir honest devot ion t o t he principle of a Territ orial
nat ionalit y t hat underlay it , t hat principle seemed t o fail miserably in appealing t o t he
Moslems in I ndia. As a communit y t hey held back from t he very beginning and by and by
began t o resent it alt oget her. The more insist ent t he Congress demand grew in calling upon
all I ndians t o merge t heir racial and religious individualit y int o an I ndian Nat ion at any rat e
for forming t hemselves int o a polit ical unit , t he more dist rust ful and enraged t he Moslems
grew. For t hey inst inct ively felt t hat I ndian Pat riot ism as defined by t he Congress was sure
t o deal a deat h blow t o Moslem pat riot ism which was t o be all and end all of t heir racial,
religious and cult ural ambit ions. The Brit ish Government for t heir own end encouraged t hem
in t his t heir ant i-Congress at t it ude. The higher t he Congress rose in polit ical import ance
t hrough t he st renuous effort s of our Hindu Pat riot s and t he more insist ing grew it s demands
and st ronger it s power t o back t hem up, t he more out spoken and det ermined became t he
Moslem opposit ion t o it , and t he more assiduous grew t he encouragement and surrept it ious
assist ance t o it on t he part of t he Brit ish Government who came t o realize t o t heir
discomfit ure t hat t heir policy of bringing int o being t he I ndian Nat ional Congress movement
had in t he long end miscarried t heir expect at ions in a large measure.

13. I am t he last man t o ignore t he benefit s t hat even we Hindus reaped from t he
I ndian Nat ional Congress movement even from t he Hindu point of view. I t had t hough only
consequent ially and wit hout t hat special end in view, cont ribut ed immensely t o t he
consolidat ion of Hindudom as a whole by rubbing off t heir provincial, linguist ic and sect ional
angularit ies, divisions and diversit ies, provided t hem wit h a consciousness of a common
polit ical plat form and animat ed t hem wit h t he consciousness of a common Nat ional being
wit h a definit e common goal of a unit ed and cent ral st at e. Errors t hat crept in may be
rect ified but t he good t hat came out need not be disowned. Nor do I decry t he int roduct ion
of West ern educat ion in I ndia. I n spit e of t he quest ionable int ent ions of t he Brit ish in it s
incept ion we Hindus have succeeded in t urning t he t ables in t he long run and are now in t he
posit ion t o give a good and profit able account of our cont act wit h t he West .

14. But t he point t o be specially emphasized here is t he fact t hat j ust as t he benefit
we Hindus reaped out of our cont act wit h t he West or t he receiving English educat ion
t hrough t he Government universit ies, was in spit e of t he evil int ent ions of t he Brit ish
Government , even so t he good t hat accured t o us Hindus cont ribut ing t o t he furt her
consolidat ion of our Hindu Nat ion was not in virt ue of t he new cult of I ndian Nat ionalit y or
t he proclaimed int ent ions of t he I ndian Nat ional Congress but in spit e of it s effort s direct or
implied t o suppress our racial and religious consciousness as Hindus. The t errit orial pat riot s
want ed us t o cease t o be Hindus at least as a
nat ional and polit ical unit . Some of t hem act ually gloried in disowning t hemselves as Hindus
at all ! They were merely I ndians, t hinking t hat t hey had set a very pat riot ic example in t hat
which t hey fancied would persuade t he Moslems t oo t o renounce t heir communal being and
also merge t hemselves in t hat t errit orial I ndian Nat ion beyond recognit ion !

15. But t he Moslems remained Moslems first , Moslems last and I ndians never ! They
sat on t he fence as long as t he deluded Hindus kept st ruggling wit h t he Brit ish t o wrest
polit ical right s for all I ndians alike, going t o t he prisons in lakhs, t o t he Andamans in
t housands, t o t he gallows in hundreds. And as soon as t he unarmed agit at ion carried on by
t he Congressit e Hindus on t he one hand and t he more dreadful and more effect ive life and
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deat h st ruggle carried on by t he armed Hindu revolut ionist s out side t he Congress on t he
ot her, brought sufficient pressure on t he Brit ish Government and compelled t hem t o hand
over some subst ant ial polit ical power t o t he I ndians, t he Moslems j umped down t he fence
and claimed 't hey also were I ndians, t hey must have t heir pound of flesh ! ! ' Till at last t hings
came t o such a pass t hat t he proposal t o divide I ndia it self int o t wo part s-t he Moslem I ndia
and t he Hindu I ndia was blat ant ly put forward and t heir readiness t o ally t hemselves wit h
non-I ndian Moslem nat ion against t he Hindus was avowed by no less a represent at ive
Moslem body t han t he Moslem League. This was t he sorry fat e which t he hopes of t hese
Hindu pat riot s who from t he best of mot ives but wit h a t hought less belief and t he blindest of
policies persist ed in t heir effort s of consolidat ing all I ndians int o one undivided and indivisible
I ndian Nat ion, irrespect ive of religions, races and cult ures based only on t he common bond
of a t errit orial unit y !

Territ orial Unit y is not t he only Const it uent of
a Common Nat ionalit y
16. What was t hen t he root cause which brought about t his miserable failure of t he
effort s of t he Congress during t he last full fift y years t o placat e t he Moslems t o allow
t hemselves t o be merged int o a unit ed I ndian Nat ion ? To persuade t hem t o be, at any rat e,
I ndians first and Moslems aft erwards ? Not t hat t he Moslems do not like t o form a unit ed
I ndian Nat ion; but t heir concept ion of unit y, nat ional unit y of I ndia is not based on her
t errit orial unit y at all. I f any Moslem had given out his mind in t he most int elligible t erms
possible, it was Ali Musaliar, t he leader of t he Mopla rebellion. I n j ust ificat ion of his at rocious
campaign of forcibly convert ing t housands of Hindus or put t ing t hem t o sword-women, men,
children-at a st roke, he proclaimed t hat I ndia must be unit ed int o a Nat ion and t he only way
t o bring about last ing Hindu Moslem unit y could not be ot her t han t hat all Hindus should
become Moslems ! Those Hindus who refused t o do so were t rait ors t o t he cause of I ndian
unit y and deserved deat h ! ! Thus t he unsophist icat ed Ali Musaliar spoke blunt ly in his
mot her-t ongue. Polished Moslems like Mohamed Ali and ot hers speak in elegant Lat in and
Greek, but t he purport is t he same. Not t errit orial unit y but it is t he religious, racial and
cult ural unit y t hat count s most in t he format ion of a Nat ional unit . Congress failed t o realise
t his and t his was t he root cause of it s failure in t his mat t er.

Congress commit t ed t he serious mist ake at it s very st art of overlooking t his
fundament al, social and polit ical principle t hat in t he f ormat ion of Nat ions, religious, racial,
cult ural and hist orical affinit ies count immensely more t han t heir t errit orial unit y, t he fact of
having a common habit at . That also is one of t he fact ors but in almost all cases cannot be
t he only fact or. The example of England and some ot her European nat ional unit s which put
t he Hindu founders of t he I ndian Nat ional Cogress on t he wrong t rack as we have explained
above in sect ion eight of t his address, was not right ly underst ood. England has not grown
int o such a homogeneous nat ional unit only because it is a clear-cut t errit orial unit . Their
t errit orial Pat riot ism is not t he cause but a consequence of t heir ot her social and polit ical
affinit ies. England, for example, was as a clear-cut t errit orial unit in days gone by. But when
t heir religious, suscept ibilit ies were highly irrit able, t he English Cat holics and Prot est ant s felt
t hemselves drawn more t o t heir respect ive co-religionist s out side England t han t heir own
count rymen inside it . The English Cat holics cared more for t he Pope in Rome t han t heir
Prot est ant English Sovereigns in England. The English Prot est ant invit ed William from
Holland t o rule over t hem inst ead of and English King of Roman Cat holic persuasion. Take
again t he case of Holland. The Hollanders, in spit e of t heir t errit orial unit y, during t he
Religious phase of t heir hist ory could not be unit ed int o a homogeneous nat ion. The Cat holic
Hollanders j oined Spain against t heir own Prot est ant Prince William of Orange. Take t he
case of Aust ria-Hungary. There was not hing not able t o divide t hem t errit orially. They were
welded t oget her int o an imperial unit and cont inued t o be a polit ical unit under a common
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st at e for cent uries. But here t here were no racial, cult ural, linguist ic or hist orical affinit ies t o
draw t hem t owards each ot her as t o be a nat ion in heart . So t hey
seperat ed as nat ional and polit ical unit s as soon as a favourable opport unit y arose.

Nor could it be said 'Oh ! t his your racial and religious boss is already a t hing of t he
past . The world is grown wiser since. No up-t o-dat e man cares a fig for t hem t oday,' To
t his commonplace exclamat ion we rej oin. Are t he Hindu Moslem I ndians more up-t o-dat e
t han t he Germans or t he I rish of t oday ? Are not t he lat t er amongst t he most advanced,
educat ed and up-t o-dat e nat ions of t he world ? But do you find t hat t errit orial unit y count s
wit h t he Germans or t he I rish more even t oday t han t he affinit ies of a common race,
language, cult ure or hist ory ?

The lat est cases of t he Sudet an Germans
and Ulst erit es

The Sudet an Germans and say t he Prussian Germans knew no common polit ical
nat ionalit y for a long period. They were not a common people as a St at e. When t he
enemies of Germany hit her hard t hey cut her int o pieces and creat ed a pat chwork of a
'Nat ion' and compassed it int o a t errit orial unit called Czechoslovakia making a mess of t he
Sudet an Germans, Poles, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, et c. Did t hey form a Nat ion ?
Sudet an Germans longed t o be one wit h t he Prussian Germans in spit e of t heir being mapped
out of it as a t errit orial unit and revolt ed against t he Czechs who were t heir next -door
neighbours in spit e of t heir being mapped t oght her int o a t errit orial and polit ical unit and
went over t o t he Prussians even at t he risk of t heir life-why ? Not because Sudet an Germans
had a more definit e t errit orial affinit y wit h t he Prussian Germans t han t hey had wit h t he
Czechs or Slovaks but because t hey had linguist ic, cult ural, racial and hist orical affinit ies wit h
t he Germans in Germany and gloried in being a part and parcel of t he German people. Not e,
on t he ot here hand, t hat t he German-Jews had been not only inhabit ing t he German land for
cent uries t oget her wit h Germans, bound t oget her wit h t he Germans by t he common bond of
a t errit orial unit , but had been act ually incorporat ed int o a common St at e, were act ually
Germans in polit ical parlance, exercised equal right s as cit izens of Germany-nay dominat ed
t he German St at e, as members of t he Nat ional German legislat ure and execut ive.

Take again t he I rish case. I reland and England were polit ical unit and cont inued t o
have a common st at e and common Parliament for cent uries t oget her. The English lived in
I reland for generat ions int er-marrying, int er-dining, speaking t he same t ongue 'English'. The
Ulst erit e English and I rish have t he common bond of t errit orial unit y and a dist inct ly marked
out I reland as a common count ry. Their religion t oo is common. Nor is I reland a very big
cont inent al t errit orial unit . I t is hardly as big as a presidency in I ndia. But did all t hese
common fact ors, a common and so closed a habit at as I reland t he English t he I rish mould
int o a common nat ion ? No ! t he I rish revolt ed, despised t he imperial advant ages t hey had
in common wit h England, revived t heir own I rish t ongue which was well nigh dead and
organized a separat e I rish Nat ional St at e. The Ulst erit e English on t he cont rary refused t o
have any Nat ional relat ion wit h her next -door I rishman wit h whom he has lived for cent uries
and pines for his union wit h his English brot hren whose face he might have never seen and
who reside seas apart from him. Why ? Because bet ween t he I rish and t he English t he want
of common racial , cult ural and hist orical affinit ies repulses each ot her more t han a mere
t errit orial unit y can at t ract .

I t is not only a polit ical fact but
a Human one

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17. These few illust rat ions even of up-t o-dat e Nat ions will show t hat in almost all
cases a common t errit orial unit , a common habit at , cannot by it self weld peoples differing in
religious, racial, cult ural and such ot her affinit ies int o a nat ional unit . I t is not only a polit ical
fact but a human one t hat religious, racial, cult ural, linguist ic or hist orical affinit ies make men
feel more akin t o each ot her t han t he only fact of t heir residing in a common habit at unless
t hat is an addit ion t o t hese common t ies. This t endency of people having t hese affinit ies t o
form t hemselves int o a group or int o a Nat ion and not by t he mere fact of bing mapped
t oget her, has it s root s deep down in human or even animal nat ure. But we are not called
upon here t o go int o any psychology of it . Suffice it t o say t hat t he efficient fact or t hat
const it ut es people int o an organic nat ion is t heir will t o be one homogeneous nat ional unit .
And t his will is induced by such of t hose affinit ies as we have indicat ed above far more
eminent ly and int ensely t han by t he mere fact of t heir residing in a common count ry.

Have t he I ndian Moslems, t hen, t hat will :
t o be one wit h t he Hindus.

18. That is t he quest ion of quest ions and t he Congressit e Hindus at t he beginning of
t he I ndian Nat ional Movement never wait ed a minut e t o ponder over it not do t hey even
t oday t ake it int o t heir head even during t he int erval when t hey adj ourn t he Nat ional
Congress for hours in deference t o t he Moslem prayer t imes. I t is useless simply t o declare
t he Moslem League
communal. That is no news. The fact is t hat t he whole Moslem communit y is communal
including t he Congressit e Moslems. The quest ion t hat ought t o be underst ood is why are
t hey so communal ? The Congressit e Hindus from t he vary beginning simply dared not st udy
t hat quest ion. Because t hey feared t hat such a st udy would compel t heir fad of a t errit orial
Nat ionalit y of I ndian unit y in t he sense t hey underst and it , t o give up t he ghost !
'Fanat icism-Folly' you exclaim ? But Fanat icism or Folly-it is t o t he Moslems a solid fact . And
you cannot get over it by calling it names but must face it as it st ands. To my mind for
reasons alluded t o above, it is quit e human for t he Moslem t o bear inst inct ive apat hy t o t he
idea of a t errit orial nat ionalit y, as envisaged by t he Congressit es who in general are t ot ally
ignorant of Moslem hist ory, t heology and polit ical t rend of mind. This ant ipat hy of t he I ndian
Moslems can be seen t hrough right perspect ive if you bear at least t he following fact s in
mind-

(a) The Moslems in general and I ndian Moslems in part icular have not as yet grown
out of t he hist orical st age, of int ense religiosit y and t he t heological concept of st at e.

(b) Their t heology and t heocrat ical polit ics divide t he human world int o t wo groups
only; The Moslem land and t he enemy land. All lands which are eit her ent irely inhabit ed by
t he Moslems or are ruled over by t he Moslems are Moslem lands. All lands which are most ly
inhabit ed by non-Moslem power are enemy lands and no fait hful Moslem is allowed t o bear
any loyalt y t o t hem and is called upon t o do everyt hing in his power by policy or force or
fraud t o convert t he non-Moslem t here t o Moslem fait h, t o bring about it s polit ical conquest
by a Moslem power. I t is no good quot ing
sent ences here or t here from Moslem t heological books t o prove t he cont rary. Read t he
whole book t o know it s t rend. And again it is not wit h books t hat we are concerned here but
wit h t he followers of t he book and how t hey t ranslat e t hem in pract ice. You will t hen see
t hat t he whole Moslem hist ory and t heir daily act ions are framed on t he design I have
out lined above. Consequent ly, a t errit orial pat riot ism is a word unknown t o t he Moslem-nay
is t abooed, unless in connect ion wit h a Moslem t errit ory. Afghans can be pat riot s for
Afghanist han is a Moslem t errit ory t oday. But an I ndian Moslem if he is a real Moslem-and
t hey are int ensely religious as a people-cannot fait hfully bear loyalt y t o I ndia as a count ry, as
a nat ion, as a St at e, because it is t oday 'an Enemy Land' and doubly lost ; for non-Moslems
are in a maj orit y here and t o boot it is not ruled by any Moslem power, Moslem sovereign.
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(c) Add t o t his t hat of all non-Moslems t he Hindus are looked upon as t he most
damned by Moslem t heologians. For Christ ians and Jews are aft er all 'Kit abis,' having t he
holy books part ially in common. But t he Hindus are t ot ally 'Kafirs' as a consequence t heir
land 'Hindust han' is pre-eminent ly an 'enemy' and as long as it is not ruled by Moslems or all
Hindus do not embrace I slam. This is t he religious ment alit y of t he I ndian Moslems who st ill
live and move and have t heir being in religiosit y. There are some of t hem like Mohamed Ali
and ot hers who in t heir individual capacit y are not so religious minded but who nevert heless,
encourage t his ment alit y in t heir masses as a very suit able, polit ical, racial and cult ural
weapon. What wonder t hen t hat t he Moslem League should openly declare it s int ent ion t o
j oin hands wit h non-I ndian alien Moslem count ries rat her t han wit h I ndian Hindus in forming
a Moslem Federat ion ? They could not be accused from t heir point of view of being t rait ors
t o Hindust han. Their conscience was clear. They never looked upon our t oday's
'Hindust han' as t heir count ry, nat ion. I t is t o t hem already an alien land, and enemy land-'a
Dar-ul-Harb' and not a 'Dar-ul-I slam! ! '

(d) This is t he religious and living ment alit y t o t he Moslems. Consequent ly, t heir
polit ical and cult ural ment alit y also is essent ially ant i-Hindu and is bound t o do so as long as
t hey cont inue t o be Moslems and 't he fait hfuls.' They are vividly conscious of t he fact t hat
t hey ent ered I ndia as conquerors and subj ect ed t he Hindus t o t heir rule. They are also
gift ed wit h a curious memory t hat is supremely oblivious of all event s which remind t hem of
t heir defeat s and discomfit ures. They will never remember t hat t he Hindus beat t hem like a
clip in a hundred bat t lefields in I ndia and had in t he long run freed all I ndia from t he Moslem
yoke and re-est ablished Hindu-Pad-Padashahi' as indicat ed above in sect ion six of t his
address. They know, t hat t hey form a powerful minorit y in I ndia. Their populat ion is
growing in every successive census report . What is t o be especially not ed by our Hindu
Sanghat anist part y is t he fact t hat some of our Hindu superst it ious and suicidal social
cust oms like t he unt ouchabilit y, t he ban on shuddhi, on widow remarriages, et c., et c., offer
t hem a fert ile field for Moslem proselyt isat ion and convert ion. So under t he present
circumst ances t hey right ly hope t o increase t heir populat ion and decrease t he Hindus wit h
equal rapidit y. They know t hat t he Brit ish are sure for a long t ime t o come, t o offer t hem
every facilit y and help t o st rengt hen t he Moslem posit ion against t he Hindus whose rise and
polit ical ambit ions t he Brit ish wholeheardedly dread. They are also sure t hat t he Congressit e
Hindus in t heir persuit of t he silly fad of bringing about a Hindu Moslem unit y in I ndia based
on t he impossible common bond of a t errit orial unit y only, are cert ain t o yield t o Moslem
demands wit h an amount of Moslem browbeat ing as regards weight ages, special and larger
represent at ion, et c. and especially in suppressing t he Hindu Sanghat an movemnet t hat is at
present t he only t horn in t heir sides. They realise t hat in t he I ndian army and t he armed
police, t hey t he Moslems in spit e of t heir being in minorit y are already t he predominant fact or
holding some 60% j obs. Wit h all t hese fact ors in t heir favour t hey are fully confident , wisely
or unwisely, t hat in case t he Brit ish are overpowered in some big world war, t he Moslems
wit h t he help of t he non-I ndian Moslem powers bordering our count ry may snat ch out t he
polit ical sovereignt y of I ndia out of t he Brit ish hands and re-est ablish a Moslem Empire here.
Then alone t hey can and will love I ndia as t heir own count ry as a 'Moslem land' and sing
wholeheart edly by t hemselves 'Bharat Hamara Desh Hai ! ! ' or 'Hindust han Hamara Desh Hai.'
But t ill t hen it must
remain 'an enemy land' t o t he Moslem-t o t he fait hful. I wish t he Brit ish also t o t ake a serious
not e of t he fact indicat ed at t he close of t his last paragraph and curt ail t heir policy of
encouraging Moslems t oo much in t heir ant i-Hindu act ivit ies. I n view of t he open
declarat ion of t he Moslem league t o divide I ndia int o t wo part s, invit ing t he alien Moslem
nat ions from out side I ndia t o form Moslem Federat ion and raise an I ndependent Moslem
Kingdom in I ndia, t he Brit ish also should t hink t wice before t hey t rust t heir 'Favoured wife'
t oo much j ust t o spit e t he Hindus. The harem int rigues in Moslem hist ory are well known
and t he Brit ish may find in t he end t hat in t heir at t empt t o encourage t his t heir 'Favoured
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wife' j ust t o spit e t he Hindus t he Brit ish have but succeeded in split ing t hemselves.
Nevert heless t hat concerns t he Brit ish and t hey can t ake care of t hemselves. What concerns
us Hindus is t he fact t hat we get det ermined not t o play t he part of a handmaid eit her t o t he
Brit ish or t o t he Moslems but are mast ers in our own house, Hindust han, t he land of t he
Hindus.

Wit h t his end in view what should be our
I mmediat e Programme

19. Knowing it t hen for cert ain t hat t he I ndian Moslem, for reasons some of which
are referred t o above, are about t he last people t o j oin t he Hindus in forming any common
polit ical Nat ion on equal foot ing in I ndia based on t he only common bond of our t errit orial
unit y, out of a merely t errit orial I ndian. Pat riot ism, let us-Hindu Sanghat anist -first correct
t he original mist ake, t he original polit ical sin which our Hindu Congressit es most unwillingly
commit t ed at t he beginning of t he I ndian Nat ional Congress movement and are persist ent ly
commit t ing st ill of running aft er t he mirage of a t errit orial I ndian Nat ion and of seeking t o kill
as an impediment in t hat fruit less pursuit t he lifegrowt h of an organic Hindu Nat ion. Let us –
Hindus- resume t he t hread of our nat ional life where, as I have shown in sect ion seven of
t his address, our grandfat hers left it at t he fall of our Marat ha and Sikh Hindu Empires. The
live and organic growt h of t he self-conscious Hindu Nat ion t hat was suddenly st ruck wit h an
at rophy of self-forget fulness must again be revived, resurrect ed. Let us, t herefore, boldly
reproclaim even in t he words of Govindrao Kale who wrot e t hem so early as 1793 in his let t er
quot ed in sect ion six above t hat t he land which ext ends form t he I ndus t o t he Sout hern seas
in Hindust han-t he land of t he Hindu and we Hindus are t he Nat ion t hat owns it . I f you call it
an I ndian Nat ion it is merely an English Synonym for t he Hindu Nat ion. To us Hindus,
Hindust han and I ndia mean one and t he same t hing. We are I ndians because we are Hindus
and vice versa.

Yes, we Hindus are a Nat ion by ourselves. Because religious, racial, cult ural and
hist orical affinit ies bind us int emat ely int o a homogeneous nat ion and added t o it we are
most pre-eminent ly gift ed wit h a t errit orial unit y as well. Our racial being is ident ified wit h
I ndia-our beloved Fat herland and our Holyland above all and irrespect ive of it all we Hindus
will t o be a Nat ion and, t herefore, we are a Nat ion. None has a right t o challenge or demand
a proof of our common nat ionalit y when some t hirt y crores of us Hindus are wit h it .

I t is absurd t o call us a communit y in I ndia. The Germans are t he Nat ion in Germany
and t he Jews a Communit y. The Turks are t he Nat ion in Turky and Arab or t he Armenian
minorit y a communit y. Even so t he Hindus are t he Nat ion in I ndia-in Hindust han, and t he
Moslem minorit y a communit y.

Referring t o t he Sudet an Germans t he leaders of t he Moslem League t hreat ened us
t he ot her day at t heir Karachi session t hat if t heir demands in overriding t he Hindus are not
grant ed in I ndia t hey would play t he part of t he Sudet an Germans and call in t heir Moslems
co-religionist s power across t he border inside I ndia t o t heir help as t he Sudet an Germans
called t he Germans in Sudet an land. To t hat t hreat I ret ort t hat our friends in t he Moslem
League should not cry t ill t hey are out of t he woods. They should remember t hat t heir
illust rat ion cut s bot h ways. I f t hey grow st ronger t hey can play t he part of t he Sudet an
Germans alright . But if we Hindus in I ndia grow st ronger in t ime t hese Moslem friends of t he
league t ype will have t o play t he part of German-Jews inst ead. We Hindus have t aught t he
Shakas and t he Huns already t o play t hat part pret t y well. So it is no use bandying words t ill
t he t est comes. The t est of t he pudding is in it s eat ing.

I ndian Nat ionalism also is Communalism
in relat ion t o Humanit y
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t

20. I f t o such an out spoken at t it ude of being a Hindu Nat ionalist on your part , an
I ndian Nat ionalist of t he Congress t ype raises t he obj ect ion. 'Oh, but do you not see how
narrow minded it is t o t hink of Hindus and Moslems, t his race or religion and t hat in sect arian
mood ? Man t o man we all are one. Let us t hink of universal brot herhood alone.

Then inquire of him in ret urn 'Brot her, universal brot herhood we Hindus adore even
t o a fault . But will you t ell us, Oh I ndian Nat ionalist , why you t hink of t his nat ion and t hat ,
why t hink of an I ndian Nat ionalit y in a sect arian sense ?' I s it because I ndia is a t errit orial
unit ? But t hen t here are ot her t errit orial unit s in t he world. Why are you an I ndian pat riot
and not an Abyssinian one and go t here and fight for t heir freedom ? I t is precisely because
by company and educat ion you feel yourselves more akin t o t he I ndian people in virt ue of
racial or religious or cult ural affinit ies t han you feel at home wit h ot her nat ionalit ies-alt hough
you may not be aware of t his reason. Verily you worship a God you know not . Nor you
know t hat I ndian or any pat riot ism cannot but be communal in relat ion t o huminit y; for
nat ionalit y is as st rong a principle of human division as is a racial or religious or cult ural
communit y.

Hindu Nat ionalist s should not a all be apologet ic
t o being called Hindu Communalist s !

21. The fact is t hat Nat ionalism and Communalism are in t hemselves eit her equally
j ust ifiable and humane or not . Nat ionalism when it is aggressive is as immoral in human
relat ion as is Communalism when it t ries t o suppress t he equit able right s of ot her
communit ies and t ries t o usurp all t o it self. But when Communalism is only defensive, it is as
j ust ifiable and humane as an equit able Nat ionalism it self. The Hindu nat ionalist s do not aim
t o usurp what belongs t o ot hers. Therefore, even if t hey be called Hindu communalist s t hey
are j ust ifiably so and are about t he only real I ndian Nat ionalist . For, a real and j ust ifiable
I ndian Nat ionalism must be equit able t o all communit ies t hat compose t he I ndian Nat ion.
But for t he same reason t he Moslems alone are communalist s in an unj ust ifiable, ant i-
nat ional and t reacherous sense of t he t erm. For it is t hey who want t o usurp t o t hemselves
all t hat belongs t o ot heres. The I ndial Nat ional Congress only condemns it self as an ant i-
nat ional body when it calls in t he same breat h t he Hindau Mahasabha and t he Moslem
League as bodies equally communal in t he reprehensible on t reacherous sense of t hat t erm.
Consequent ly if t o defend t he j ust an equit able right s of Hindus in t heir own land is
communalism t hen we are communalist s par excellence and glory in being t he most devot ed
Hindu communalist s which t o us means being t he t ruest and t he most equiat ble I ndian
Nat ionalist s !

22. Having det ermined t hen once for all t o revive t he concept of an Organic Hindu
Nat ion and regenerat e it s life growt h as t he first it em of our immediat e programme t he
second and consequent it em must be t o review every act ion and every event in public life
form t he only st and point of Hindu I nt erest s wit hout mincing mat t ers at all. From t he local
det ails of t he music and t he mosque quest ions right up t o t he quest ion of I ndian Fedrat ion
and from t he int ernal I ndian polit ical policy t o our foreign and int ernat ional policy and
relat ions we shall openly and separat ely t ake up a st and as Hindus and support , oppose or
t ake every st ep in t he int erest s of Hindudom alone. Our polit ics hencefort h will be purely
Hindu polit ics fashioned and t est ed in Hindu t erms only, in such wise as will help t he
consolidat ion, freedom and life growt h of our Hindu Nat ion.

23. The t hird it em in our immediat e programme will be a re-declarat ion of our
at t it ude t o t he quest ion of I ndian unit y even in it s t errit orial aspect . I n it s own int erest s t he
Hindu Nat ion does not shut t he door t o any possibilit y of a unit ed I ndian Nat ion provided it is
based on an equit able and equal foot ing. The Hindus will ever be ready t o grant equal right s
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and represent at ion t o all minor communit ies in I ndia in legislat ures and services, civil and
polit ical life in proport ion t o populat ion and merit . The Hindus alt hough t hey are in
overwhelming maj orit y will st ill waive t heir right of claiming any preferent ial t reat ment , and
special prerogat ives which in fact in every ot her nat ion are due t o t he maj or communit y. But
t he Hindus will never t olerat e t he absurd and t he unheard of claim of t he minorit ies t o have
any preferent ial t reat ment , weight ages or special favours over and above what t he maj or
communit y obt ains. The Hindu nat ion will go so far as t o accept t he equit able nat ional
principle of 'one man one vot e' irrespect ive of religion or race or cult ure in t he format ion of a
common I ndian St at e; but it shall knock on t he head any polit ical demand t hat claims, 'One
Moslem t hree vot es' and 't hree Hindus one vot e ! ' or any cult ural demand t hat ant agonises or
insult s or suppresses Hindu cult ure in it s hist orical, linguist ic, religious or racial aspect . The
minorit ies will be free t o follow t heir religion, speak t heir language, develop t heir cult ure
amongst t hemselves provided it does not infringe on t he equal right s of ot hers or is not
opposed t o public peace and moralit y. I f t he Moslem j oin us on t hese equit able condit ions
and bear undivided loyalt y t o t he I ndian St at e and t he I ndian St at e alone well and good.
Ot herwise our formula holds good, 'I f you come wit h you, if you don't , wit hout you; but if
you oppose in spit e of you, we Hindus will fight out t he good bat t le of achieving t he
independence of I ndia and herald t he rebirt h of a free and might y Hindu Nat ion in
near
fut ure ! '

24. Our foreign policy also will be guided from an out spoken and unalloyed Hindu
point of view. All t hose nat ions who are friendly or likely t o be helpful t o Hindu Nat ion will be
our friends and allies. All t hose who will opose t he Hindu Nat ion or are likely t o endanger
Hindu int erest s will be opposed by us. All t hose who do neit her, we will observe a policy of
neut ralit y t owards t hem, irrespect ive of any polit ical ism t hey choose t o follow for
t hemselves. No academic and empt y slogans of democracy or Nazim or Fascism can be t he
guiding principle of our foreign policy. Hindu int erest s alone will be our t est . No more
'Khilafat s or Palest ine afat s' can dupe us int o suicidal sympat hies and complicat ions. Our
relat ions wit h England also will be guided by t he same Hindu policy, having t he absolut e
polit ical independence of t he Hindu Nat ion in view.

25. Towards t he minorit ies our at t it ude under t he present circumst ances must be
different ial. The Hindus will assure t hem all t hat we hat e none, neit her t he Moslem nor t he
Christ ians nor t he I ndian Europeans but hencefort h we shall t ake good care t o see t hat none
of t hem dares t o hat e or belit t le t he Hindus also. Amongst t he minorit ies : -

The Parsees are by race, religion, language and cult ure most akin t o us. They have
great fully been loyal t o I ndia and have made her t heir only home. They have produced
some of t he best I ndian pat riot s and revolut ionist s like Dada Bhai and Madam Cama. They
will have t o be and t herefore, shall be incorporat ed int o t he common I ndian St at e wit h
perfect ly equal right s and t rust .

The Christ ian minorit y is civil, has no ext ra-t errit orial polit ical designs against I ndia, is
not linguist ically and cult urally averse t o t he Hindus and t herefore, can be polit ically
assimilat ed wit h us. Only in religion t hey differ from us and are a proselyt ising church. So in
t hat mat t er alone t he Hindus must be on t heir guard and give t he missionaries no blind
lat it ude t o carry on t heir act ivit ies beyond volunt ary and legit imat e bases. I t is only in our
Travancore St at e t hat t he Christ ian seem t o cherish some polit ical design against t he Hindu
St at e and it is only t here t hat we shall have t o t reat t hem wit h some polit ical dist rust by not
allowing t hem t oo much lat it ude in t he St at e affairs and offices, t ill t hey t oo cease t o be
polit ical suspect s t o t he Hindus as t he Christ ians in ot her part s of I ndia have ceased t o be.

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As t o t he JEWS in I ndia, t hey are t oo few, have given us no polit ical or cult ural
t roubles and are not in t he main a proselyt ising people, t hey will t o be friendly t owards t o
Hindus who have shelt ered t hem when homeless and can be easily assimilat ed in a common
I ndian St at e. But t his fact must not land us again int o t he suicidal generosit y our forefat hers
had been guilt y of in ot her cases of invit ing colonies of non-Hindus t o I ndia. Wit h every
sympat hy wit h t he Jews out side I ndia, t he Hindus must t herefore, oppose t he present
Congressit e proposal of invit ing or allowing any new Jewish colony t o set t le in I ndia. I ndia
must be a Hindu land, reserved for t he Hindus. While our own Hindu overpopulat ion in some
part s of I ndia is hard pressed t o find land for ext ent ion, how absurd it is t o invit e non-Hindu
colonies t o set t le in our t hinly populat ed part s ! How ridiculous it is t o find some
Congressit es preaching birt h-cont rol t o rest rict our own populat ion in order t o avoid
overcrowding and st art st raight away t o invit e Jewish colonies t o set t le in I ndia. We must
exhort our est eemed Divan of Cochin in part icular t o t ake a leaf out of t he hist ory of
Travancore and set his face st ernly against any proposal or out side pressure t o allow t he
alien Jews t o colonize t he lands of Cochin.

So far as t he Moslem minorit y is concerned, I have already dealt wit h it at lengt h. I n
short we must wat ch it in all it s act ions wit h t he great est dist rust possible. Grant ing t hem on
t he one hand every equit able t reat ment which an I ndian cit izen can claim on an equalit y of
foot ing wit h anot her, we must st ernly refuse t hem any t he least preferent ial t reat ment in any
sphere of life-religious, cult ural or polit ical. Not only while we are engaged in our st ruggle
for liberat ing I ndia but even aft er I ndia is free we must look upon t hem as suspicious friends
and t ake great care t o see t hat t he Nort hern Front iers of I ndia are well guarded by st aunch
and powerful Hindu forces t o avoid t he possible danger of t he I ndian Moslem going over t o
t he alien Moslem nat ions across t he I ndus and bet raying our Hindust han t o our non-Hindu
foes.

But , how t o bell t he Cat ?
26. While list ening t o all t his and agreeing wit h me as t o t he efficacy of t his Hindu
policy in fut ure, every Hindu Sanghat anist here must have been weighed down wit h one
single quest ion. 'But how are we t o bell t he Cat ? How t o raise ways and means t o put t his
policy int o pract ice ? How are we t o enable ourselves t o be in so st rong a posit ion as t o
shape event s t o our liking in face of t he overwhelming predicament s and powerlessness in
which t he Hindu Sanghat anist movement is st ruck t oday ?' I t ell you don't be down-heart ed.
The most efficient weapon is already lying close at hand, only st ret ch out your hand in t he
right direct ion and you grasp it . Let us j ust
begin at t he beginning and-

Capt ure t he Polit ical Power t hat obt ains
in I ndia t oday

27. I f but t he Hindu Sanghat anist s capt ure t he seat s t hat are allot t ed t o t he Hindus
under t he present const it ut ion in Municipalit ies, Boards and Legislat ures you will find t hat a
sudden lift is given t o t he Hindu movement so as t o raise it t o an incredible power in relat ion
t o your present all-round helplessness. 'I t is a bigger order st ill.' You may explain. 'How are
we t o capt ure even t hat polit ical power which is allot t ed t o t he Hindus t oday ? I n a fit of
self-forget fulness it is we Hindus who resigned t hat power int o t he hands of t he
Congressit es. I t is t rue t hat we Hindus made t he Congress what it is ! But it has now
suddenly t urned against us who raised it t o a posit ion of power over some seven provinces in
I ndia ! Now t he very concept of a Hindu Nat ion st inks in it s nost rils, it has already declared
t he Hindu Mahasabha a communal and reprehensible body and ordered millions of
Congressit e Hindus not t o have anyt hing t o do wit h it . I t may be t hat one of t hose days it
may proclaim t he Hindu Sanghat an movement it self as an act of high t reason against t he
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Congress fad of an I ndian t errit orial Pat riot ism. But it is now grown t oo st rong for us t o
dislodge it from it s posit ion and compel it t o yield back t he polit ical power which as of right
was due t o us Hindus alone.'

I know t hat t his difficult y st ares every Hindu Sanghat anist in t he fact all over I ndia. I t
is t rue t hat t he Cogress looks t oday like a verit able ant i-Hindu t ower of st rengt h-but I assure
you it is a paint ed one ! Approach and t ouch t he canvas and you will find it ! !

Let t he Hindu Sanghat anist s boycot t t he Congress
and it will come t o it s senses in no t ime ! !
28. Before we proceed t o indicat e t he easiest remedy t o capt ure t he polit ical power
and disable t he Congress from doing any pract ical harm t o t he Hindu Sanghat an movement
let us declare in unmist akable t erms t hat we are not out t o spit e t he Congress I nst it ut ion
it self, nor t he leaders and followers t hereof. Mr. Jinnah is quit e correct in st at ing t hat t he
Congress has been since it s incept ion down t o t his day a Hindu body manned most ly by t he
Hindu brains, Hindu money, and Hindu sacrifice. Even t oday some of t hem are noble
pat riot s. They are erring but cannot be wicked and almost all of t hem are our own kit h and
kin. The few Moslems t here, alt hough t hey are allowed t o boss t he Congress policy at t imes
t hrough t he suicidal folly of t he Hindu leaders, are but nonent it ies, are kept t here merely as
figureheads t o run t he poor show of a 'Unit ed I ndian Nat ion.' We are out not t o spit e t he
Congress as an inst it ut ion but t o chast ise it s ant i-Hindu policy, t o cure it of t he int olerable
hypocracy which is all t he more harmful for it s st rut t ing about under t he mask of Trut h,
Trut h absolut e and not hing but Trut h, wit h it s lat hi charges and English bayonet s going
merrily hand in hand wit h non-violence, non-violence absolut e and not hing but non-violence
in t hought , word and deed ! !

So under t he present circumst ances t he Congress has compelled us t o disown it and
divest it of all power t o represent t he Hindus in any aspect or capacit y what soever. They
have foolishly challenged t he Hindu Communit y and t he Hindu Mahasabha and we must t ake
up t he challenge.

Just t hink, Oh Hindu Sanghat anist s, on what meat does t his Congress feed t hat it has
grown so great ? Only remember t hat t he Congress draws all it s supplies-men, money and
vot es, from t he Hindus. Then cut off t hose supplies and t he posit ion which t he Congress has
t aken against t he Hindus and which seems t o be so impregnable will be unt enable in no
t ime.

All t he nat ional import ance and polit ical power t hat t he Congress has come t o wield
t oday in I ndia and t he minist ries and maj orit ies it holds in legislat ures are but derived from
t he Hindu Elect orat e. The Congressit e Hindu cannot get a single Mohammedan vot e, for t he
const it ut ion it self is communal. The Mohammedan can vot e only for a Mohammedan, t he
Christ ians for a Christ ian and so on. Congressit e-and t hey are most ly Hindus-can but get
t hem elect ed t o t he legislat ure, boards and municipalit ies, on t he st rengt h of t he Hindu
vot es. I f t he Hindus make it a point not t o vot e for a Congress t icket , t hen ? Not a single
Congressman can be ret urned t o eit her a local body or a legislat ure ! They st and on Hindu
shoulders as Hindu candidat es and as soon as t hey raise t hemselves t o t hose high places
t hey kick t he Hindus back, disown t he Hindus, call Hindu organizat ions as communal and,
t herefore, reprehensibly bet ray Hindu int erest sat every t urn but keep dancing at t endance on
t he Moslem League. But if you wit hdraw t hat your shoulder, t hat your support , t hen ? You
will find t hat polit ical power and public import ance of t he Congress as dead as
a door-nail. They call t hemselves I ndian Nat ionalist s ! But every st ep t hey t ake is communal
. They have guarant eed special prot ect ion t o minorit ies-Moslems, Christ ians, Europeans, et c.
I s t hat I ndian Nat ionalism ? A t rue I ndian Nat ionalist must know not hing of Moslems and
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Hindus, minorit ies and maj orit ies. To him all must be I ndians only. Why do t hey t hen t ake
cognisance of communit ies, religious or racial, in I ndia ? And if t hey can t ake cognisance of
t he communal minorit ies t hen why do t hey fight so shy t o t ake cognisance of t he maj or
communit y, t he Hindus, or call t hose who do so as reprehensible communalist s ? Nay more,
a t rue I ndian Nat ionalist s, if honest , will never go abegging for vot es from a const it uency
which is openly t abulat ed as general t hat means non-Moslem, non-Christ ian, et c. That is an
elect orat e which is not nat ional. A t ruly I ndian Nat ional elect orat e must be only an 'I ndian'
elect orat e pure and simple wit hout t he least ment ion of t he unnat ional and unreasonable
differences of race or religion. I f our Congressit es are t rue and conscient ious I ndian
Nat ionalist t hey ought t o refuse fort hwit h t o st and as candidat es t o elect ion under t his
communal elect oral roll and resign and run t hat ordeal ? None, none ! Next elect ion when
t hey come t o your Hindu doors t o beg for vot es t ell t hem in all honest y and humilit y 'Sirs
Congressmen you are I ndian Nat ionalist s; but I am a Hindu and t his is a Hindu Elect orat e ?
Then how can you accept a vot e so t aint ed by communalism ? Please go t o a t ruly 'I ndian
Nat ionalist elect orat e', t o beg for vot es wherever you may find it ; and if you find it nowhere
in t he world t oday please wait t ill a pure and simple and t ruly 'I ndian elect orat e,' comes int o
being ! ' Do you t hink you will find a dozen congress candidat es honest enough t o do so ?
None, none !

Then again every candidat e under t he present const it ut ion has t o writ e his religion
and even cast e. Then only can he be draft ed out t o separat e elect orat es, Hindus, Moslems,
Christ ians, et c. These Congress candidat es in t he elect ion season quiet ly writ e down t heir
communit y as Hindus ! They mark down Hindu homes even according t o cast es-Brahmins,
Marat has, Bhangis, et c. and t hen allot t heir candidat es according t o t heir cast es t o t he cast e
vot ers so t hat he may pool up larger vot es. They appeal even t o cast e pride and cast e
hat red. I n t he elect ional season t hey are communalist s of t he worst t ype. But as soon as
t he elect ion season is over t he Congress candidat e dons on again his I ndian Nat ional robes
and hit s back t he very Hindu who paid him his vot e as a Hindu t hat it is a shame for a Hindu
t o call himself a Hindu, and t o be a member of t he Hindu Mahasabha !

But if you once make it quit e clear t hat you as Hindus are not going t o vot e for any
such seasonal Hindu but only for a Hindu who is born and bred and means t o cont inue t o be
t rue t o his Hindu race even aft er t he elect ion season is over and if once t hese gent lemen
know for cert ain t hat t hey can never be elect ed on Hindu vot es unless t hey are members of
t he Hindu Mahasabha-what do you t hink will happen ? I assure you t hat 75 per cent of
t hese I ndian Nat ionalist s will vie wit h each ot her t o regist er t hemselves as members of t he
Hindu Mahasabha overnight and vow t o be Hindus even fanat ically t hroughout t heir life
rat her t han lose a chance of being members and minist ers and somebodies in t he
Government Secret ariat s !

Then t he only way which is also unbelievably easy, not only t o chast ise Congress
Nat ionalist fad but even t o raise Hindudom t o incalculably powerful posit ion in t he land at a
st roke is under t he present circumst ances t his,-

(1) Boycot t t he Congress; (2) Don't vot e for t he Congress t icket ; and (3) Vot e only for
a confirmed and merit ed Hindu Nat ionalist .

29. Let no Hindu Sanghat anist pay a single fart hing or lend a single member or
regist er a single vot e for t he Congress t icket . We know by experience t hat even a st aunch
Hindu has t o act against Hindu int erest s as soon as he is t aint ed by a Congress t icket under
t he Congress discipline and for t he selfish fear t hat he would ot herwise lose his j ob. When
once t he Congressit es know t hat t he Congress cap or t icket is at a serious discount in t he
Hindu market , is no royal road t o t he councils or local bodies you will find t hat t he Hindu
caps will sell like hot cakes and Hindu Sabha t icket s will rise in an unsupplyable demand !
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30. I n a nut shell t he posit ion is t his : t here is a Moselm elect orat e t o prot ect t he
Moslem int erest s. There is a Hindu elect orat e in fact , t hough it is named t o spit e t he Hindus
as 'general' which we can use t o prot ect Hindu int erest s. The Moslems being in maj orit y in
some t hree provinces t hey t ook good care t o see t hat only t hose Moslems were elect ed on
t heir vot es who pledged openly t o save Moslems int erest s alone. We Hindus are in maj orit y
in some seven provinces; we sillily handed over our vot es t o t hose some of whom blat ant ly
proclaimed t hey were not Hindus at all and all of whom promised t hat t hey were not going t o
safeguard t he special int erest s of Hindus, not even t he j ust and equit able int erest s of Hindus,
as Hindus. The result is t hat even in t hose seven provinces where we are in a maj orit y and
of course in t hose t hree provinces where Moslems dominat e-we Hindus are reduced t o be
verit able Zelot s t hroughout our land. I n some cases as in Bengal and t he Front ier our very
life and propert y st and in hourly danger, t he honour of womenhood insecure. Thus we
Hindus have t hrown away t o t he winds what ever had not an unsubst ant ial polit ical power
was won by hard st ruggle carried on and sacrifies undergone by our Hindu Pat riot s and by
ourselves amongst t hem, for t he last fift y years and more. While t he Moslem minist ers are
openly members of t he Moslem League, t hey lead it , t hey avow t o be t he advocat es of
Moslem int erest s, even t hreat en t o 'sat av' t he Hindus, frame t hemselves and get passed
Government bills t o reserve 60% services for Moslems in Bengal, what do t he Congressit e
Minist ers and members whom Hindu elect orat e sent t o t he Councils t o represent Hindu
int erest s do ? I n Bengal t he Congress M.L.As pract ically support ed t his at rocious Moslem
reservat ion, t hey have acquiesced all over I ndia in t he pro-Moslem communal award-and
denounce t he Hindu Mahasabha also for carrying on an agit at ion against it ! ! I n every case
when Hindu int erest s are t hreat ened by Moslems t hey have leaned t owards t he Moslems j ust
t o parade t hat t hey were I ndian pat riot s. Wit ness t he Congress at t it ude wit h regard t o t he
Shahid Ganj affair, Delhi t emple st ruggle, t he Nizam and t he Bhopal quest ions. But is not
such an ant i-nat ional pro-Moslem at t it ude also an act of communalism ? I t is worst on t he
part of a Congressit e who got himself elect ed on Hindu vot es, it is downright t reachery !

Form a Solid Hindu Nat ionalist Front
31. The only way t o chast ise t his ant i-Hindu and ant i-Nat ional policy of t he Congress,
t he best and easiest remedy under t he circumst ances lies in t he fact of forming a Hindu
Nat ionalist Front ! Let all over Sadhus, Sanat anist s, Aryasamaj ist s and Sanghat anist
organizat ions all over I ndia make it a point never t o vot e for a Congress candidat e but vot e
for a Hindu nat ionalist candidat e alone. Even t o day t he st rengt h of all t hese fait hful Hindu
part ies put t oght her cannot but be count ed in millions. We shall and must secceed in
forming maj orit ies in almost all provinces where Hindus are in maj orit y. Even if we fail in
some cases t hrough t he folly of a number of Hindu renegades it is st ill quit e possible t o beign
wit h, t o ret urn a sufficient ly st rong minorit y of Hindu Nat ionalist t o t he councils in Provinces
and t he Cent re t o make it impossible for any Government t o funct ion wit hout gaining t he
support of our Hindu Nat ionalist Part y. I f you do t his,-you will have real Hindu Minist ries-
Hindu Nat ional Minist ries openly vowed t o safeguard Hindu int erest s in seven provinces at a
st roke ! That will raise t he Hindu cause and t he Hindu Nat ion immediat ely t o be t he great est
polit ical power in t he land. You will find as if by a t ransfer scene t hat Hindudom has come
home, t he Hindu Mahasabha suddenly lift ed out if it s present st at e of being a persecut ed and
neglect ed body and raised t o t he posit ion of dict at orship in shaping t he polit ical dest iny of
I ndia. Every Hindu will raise his head high and erect , conscious of his import ance and
assured of t he Government backing he is sure t o get in t he defence and assert ion of all his
legit imat e right s-religious, racial, cult ural. I f a Hindu girl is molest ed in any part of t he land
by a Moslem gunda such a condign punishment will prompt ly be inflict ed on him as t o render
all Moslem fundas t remble t o t ouch any ot her Hindu girl as in t he case of molest ing an
English girl. I f any riot on t he part of t he Moslem fanat ics seeks t o force t he Hindus t o
forego t heir civil right s, t he armed police and t he milit ary forces will be so prompt ly and
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vigorously made t o funct ion against t he aggressive part y t hat Moslem riot s will be a t hing of
t he past and t hey will learn t o t olerat e Hindu music by t he public t horoughfare as kindly as
t hey do now t he Government and English bands and processions. The peasant s and t he
labourers will get what is due t o t hem as t he very foundat ion of nat ional life and indust ry and
commerce. Hindu language will be safe. Hindu script will be safe, Hindu religion will be
safe, no illegit imat e or forceful conversion of a Hindu t o non-Hindu fait hs, will be t olerat ed
for a minut e. No Hindu advances will be made begging on knees before t he Moslems for
unit y. For confident in our own Hindu st rengt h t o achieve I ndian I ndependence t hrough our
own sacrifice and st ruggle even as we did in t he past , our Hindu nat ionalist s will be prepared
t o fight any non-Hindu power t hat st ands in t he way of our onward march t owards t he
achievement of t he independence of Hindust han and it s maint enance against all non-Hindu
invasions. The very concept and ideal and right of a powerful Hindu Nat ion will bring out all
t hat is best and bravest in t he Hindu spirit t o t he forefront as not hing else can do. I f t he
Moslems pass an Act , e.g. in Bengal t o reserve 60% services for Moslems, our Hindu nat ional
minist ries will at once get an Act passed in Hindu maj orit y provinces t o reserve 90% services
for Hindus even where we are only 80% in populat ion, as a ret ribut ory measure wit hout
making any t he least apology for it . When we will be in a posit ion t o ret aliat e t hus in t his
wise and do ret aliat e t he Moslems will come t o t heir senses in a day, we shall not only save
Hindu right s and honour in t he Hindu provinces but even in provinces where we Hindus are
in minorit y. Knowing t hat every at t empt t o t yrannise t he Hindus is sure t o recoil on
t hemselves and react for t he worse on Moslem int erest s in all I ndia-t he Moslems will learn t o
behave as good boys and it is t hen t hey who will be anxious t o open unit y t alks and knowing
t hey are in a hopeless minorit y in I ndia and no more dreams of mass conversions of Hindus
by force and fraud and by kidnapping Hindu children in sight -t he Moslems will inevit ably and
soon be in a frame of mind t o acquiesce in equit able Hindu Moslems unit y pact s.

We shall, in Punj ab and t he Front ier, have an allied part y wit h our Sikh Hindu flank.
Our Sikh Hindus t hough t hey have a separat e elect orat e and right ly so under t he present
circumst ances are st rong enough t o defend Sikh cult ure and honour and int erest s which are
but our own cult ure and honour and int erest s and we will work hand in hand against all non-
Hindu aggressions from out side t he Front ier. I n t he Cent ral legislat ure also t he Hindu
Nat ionalist will compel t he Government , if you only ret urn st aunch Hindu Nat ionalist
members in maj orit y, t o t ake drast ic milit ary st eps against t he Front ier Moslem t ribes, beat
t hem like a chip in no t ime and render our Hindu life and propert y t here as safe as t hat of
t he handful of Europeans cont inue t o be. I n Maharasht ra our Hindu Nat ional Part y shall ally
it self wit h t he Democrat s of t he present day under t hat redoubt able champion of equit able
and t ruly Nat ional policy-Jamnadas Meht a, t he eminent leader of opposit ion, Dr. Ambedkar
and in all ot her provinces wit h every part y and every one who st ands for and in so far as he
st ands for safeguarding t he j ust and nat ional and equit able int erest s of int erest s of Hindus in
common wit h all ot her cit izens of I ndia irrespect ive of race or religion.

32. Nor need t here be any fear of breaking up t he so-called unit ed front against t he
Brit ish I mperialism. The present Congress unit ed front is a feigned show, a house of cards.
The Hindu Nat ional unit ed fornt will be a realist ic, homogeneous, t he living front . We shall
not only be able t o advance t he j ust int erest s of t he Hindu Nat ion but side by side will be in a
posit ion wit h our equit able and t ruly I ndian Nat ional policy as I have out lined in sect ion 23 of
t his address,-even t o advance t he int erest of t he I ndian Nat ion even in it s t errit orial sense
also far more rapidly and solidly and vigorously t han t his present Quixot ic Congress policy
wit h it s proposals of doing away wit h armed milit ary and guarding t he front iers wit h girl
volunt eers wit h Charkhas in t heir hands can never do ! Down wit h all t hat nonsense for ever
and up wit h t he mat t er-of-fact I ndian polit ics and t he consequent Hindu Nat ionalist front .

Remember, Oh Hindus, t hat in raising t he st andard of t his Hindu Nat ionalist Front ,
you are exercising but your legit imat e const it ut ional right s and can give unj ust ifiable affront
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t o none. Every Hindu is required by t he const it ut ion t o vot e for whomsoever he likes. So
long as bayonet s do not ext ort your vot es against your own will for an ant i-Hindu candidat e,
so long it is t he easiest and legit imat e t hing for you t o vot e for a Hindu Nat ionalist . I f but
every Hindu does t hat easy dut y for his race Hindudom is saved. And if t he Hindus do not do
even t hat much and det ermine t o commit a cult ural and polit ical and racial suicide by vot ing
for an ant i-Hindu and ant i-Nat ional organizat ion as t he Congress has grown t oday int o one-
not even Brahmadeva can save you.

Then begin, at least you Hindu Sanghat anist s who are det ermined t o see t hat
Hindudom assert s it self, begin at once at t he beginning, from a unit ed Hindu Nat ional front
under an unalloyed Hindu Nat ional Flag and cat pure t he polit ical power t hat even t oday
obt ains by vot ing only for Hindu Nat ionalist and you will see t hat t he larger part of your
present local and det ailed grievances dissipat e like mist at t he very sight of Hindu Nat ionalist
minist eries formed in seven provinces in I ndia and at t he Cent re. When you have t his much
more shall be added unt o you-and one of t hese days you shall have heralded an independent
and st rong and might y Hindu Nat ion which is but t ant amount wit h a might y I ndian Nat ion
based on perfect equalit y of cit izenship for all loyal and fait hful I ndian cit izens irrespect ive of
race and religion from I ndus t o t he Seas. Remember 't hose who have more will be added
unt o t hem but t hose who have not even t hat will be t aken away from t hem which t hey have
! ' This is t he inexpungeable law in t his mat t er-of-fact world ! Capt ure and have t hen first
t he polit ical power t hat exist s ! Raise t he st andard of a Hindu Nat ion ! See t o it t hat I ndia
must remain a Hindust han forever: never a Pakist an ! -an Anglist han never never ! ! ! And let
all I ndia resound wit h

HI NDU DHARMAKI JAY ! HI NDU RASHTRAKI JAY ! ! VANDE MATARAM ! ! !

* * * * * * *
1.3 21
st
Session Calcutta-1939
Delegat es t o and Members of t he Hindu Mahasabha,

I great fully acknowledge your appreciat ion of what ever services I have been able t o
render t o t he Hindu cause during t he past t wo years of my t enure of t his President ial office,
which has presuaded you in calling upon me t o preside over t his Session also for t he t hird
t ime in an unbroken succession. The keen consciousness of t he overwhelming cont rast
bet ween t he st upendous amount of t he work which ought t o be done if we want t o realise
our noble aspirat ions in full and t he relat ively scant y out put of work act ually done by us all,
weighs so heavily on my mind t hat you all know how I wished and t ried t o t ransfer t he t ask
of leading t he Hindu movement t o some might ier Herculian shoulders and re-ent er t he rank
of sodiers as a fight ing unit . But first ly because t he commander also is a soldier in part and
must obey t he common will and secondly because t he very fact t hat t he act ual out put of
work falls far short of t he enormous requirement makes it incumbent upon us all not t o cease
from doing even t hat lit t le which we can do st anding by our post s against all odds under t he
most adverse circumst ances which t his our generat ion has t o face and t hirdly on account of
t he encouraging fact t hat t housands of eminent brave and devot ed new workers have
ent ered t he field and assure me t hat t hey shall see t o it in t he spirit of a Prat ap t hat t he
Hindu cause t riumphs before t his generat ion passes away and have act ually given j ust a
glimpse in fact of t his t heir grim resolve during t he Nizam Civil Resist ance St ruggle-do I yield
t o your kind and almost compelling pressure t o accept t he office of t he President of t he
Hindu Mahasabha for t he t hird t ime in spit e of my failing healt h.

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Wit hin t he limit ed space of a President ial Address like t his it is hardly possible t o t ake
even a cursory not ice of t he t housand and one event s and problems which Hindudom had t o
face during t his year locally, provincially and generally from Sindh t o Assam. The bloody
orgies in which t he Moslem mobs indulged only recent ly in t he ant i-Hindu riot s at Sukkur and
ot her places in Sindh, t he cont inuous campaign of raids commit t ed by t he Moslem t ribes on
t he Nort h-West ern Front ier Province rendering Hindu life and propert y in daily danger; t he
loot ing of t owns and villages by Moslem gangs proclaiming all along wit h drum-beat ing, 'No
Moslem need be dist rubed, only Hindus will we loot '; hundreds of ant i-Hindu riot s and
out rages commit t ed by t he Moslem fanat ics at various places in t he U.P., Bihar and Bengal; -
t his Moslem Gundaism on t he one hand and t he polished and parliament ary Moslem League
on t he ot her,-which, t reat ing Hindu minorit y wit h t he gent le civilit ies indicat ed above in
Sindh, Punj ab and Bengal complain wit h right eous indignat ion t hat t he Moslem minorit y is
t he only suffering saint t hroughout t he World; t hen t he Congress-League-Government
negot iat ions which t hreat en t o prove damaging t o Hindu int erest s in a far more alarming
degree t han even t he not orious Communal Decision has proved t o be and above all t he war
sit uat ion which has given a handle t o t he Government t o rest ore aut ocracy in all it s prist ine
glory put t ing t he hands of t he clock of const it ut ional progress in I ndia full fift y years back; -all
t hese and several ot her event s require t o be dealt wit h in det ail. But I must leave t hem t o
be t reat ed t hus by t he several resolut ions which will have t o be proposed in special
connect ion wit h t hem and t o t he leading speakers who in case may deal wit h t hem more
aut horit at ively eit her owing t o t heir local acquaint ance wit h t he det ails or t heir expert st udy
of t he special quest ions in hand. So t hat t he lit t le space at my disposal may be bet t er
ut ilized in dealing wit h t hose basic principles, policy and programme which should guide our
movement s in general and on which we must now concent rat e our at t ent ion and effort s for
at least a couple of years t o come. Nevert heless while dealing wit h t hese, I shall of course
have occasion t o t reat wit h some of t hose out st anding current event s t oo, but only by way of
illust rat ing t heir cent ral message and bearing on t he Hindu Movement in general.

I I
The Nizam Civil Resist ance Movement

Of all t hese event s which t ook place during t he current year t he most out st anding one
form t he Hindu Sanghat anist point of view and one which has an abiding message for our
fut ure policy and programme is of course t he campaign of Civil Resist ance which we had t o
carry on against t he ant i-Hindu policy of t he Nizam Government for full six mont hs during
t his year. I t was a verit able crusade, as right eous as heroic. Our Arya Samaj i bret hren had
t o bear t he brunt of t he fight : not less t han t en t housand Aryas j oined t he fight and fought
so bravely as t o demonst rat e t hat t he sacrificial fire light ed up by Maharshi Dayanand
Swamij i, t he first and foremost Hindu Sanghat anist of our age, burns bright er and bright er as
days pass by and his mission has not fallen int o undeserving hands. Not less t han five
t housand Civil Resist ers defied t he ant i-Hindu bans of t he Nizam Government and kept up
t he fight wit h unflinching courage and admirable t act on t he Hindu Mahasabha flank. But
what is more encouraging t o not e from t he Pan-Hindu point of view is t he fact t hat it was not
only t he Arya Samaj and 'The Hindu Mahasabha, t hough t hese t wo in t he main led t he
st ruggle, but it was t he whole Hindu brot herhood in general which j oined hands and
part icipat ed in t he movement so wholeheart edly and wit h such fervour under t he Hindu flag
t hat wit hout t his pan-Hindu co-operat ion, sympat hy and sacrifice t hroughout I ndia we could
not have carried on t he st ruggle t o such a successful t erminat ion. This fact t o my mind
const it ut es t he really abiding achievement we could record,-apart from t he det ailed demands
which t he Hindu Sanghanist s had compelled t he Nizam Government t o grant . For, t his
Dharma Yuddha, t his fight for t he right eous Hindu cause proved t o demonst rat e t hat in spit e
of cast es and creeds, sect s and sect ions, Hindudom as a whole does st ill pulsat e wit h a
common Nat ional Being. Behold, t he t housands and t housands of Hindus leaving t heir
heart hs and homes, t heir nearest and dearest marching on even at t he risk of t heir lives t o
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t he rescue of t heir co-religionist s and compat riot s in t he Nizam's St at e whom t hey had per
chance never seen or known personally : t he Punj abees and Sindhis, Bengalis and Beharis,
Marat has and Madrasis, Brahmins and Bhangis, Sant anist s, Arya Samaj ist s, Sikhs, Jains,
Lingait s, t he rich and poor-every one who was proud of being a Hindu marched on under a
common Hindu banner for t he vindicat ion of Hindu Honour and faced unt old miseries,
out rageous riot s, bayonet s and lat hi charges, hunger and t hirst and even deat h but kept
assert ing t o his last breat h 'Hindu Dharma ki j ay, Hindust han Hinduonka.'

Take for example t he case of Sj t . Reddy or some of t hose Hindu Sanghat anist s who
were ordered t o be flogged or lat hied for raising shout s of 'Vande Mat aram and Hindust han
Hinduonka.' Many a brave son died under t ort ure. Amongst t hem was mast er Sadashiv
Pat hak, a Marat ha boy under sixt een years of age who had t o carry daily heavy st ones on his
head in spit e of his bit t er complaint s t hat he suffered keen pangs in his chest , but he would
not apologise and had t o lay down his life in consequence. You will read such numerous
examples of heroic devot ion t o t he Hindu cause in t he aut hent icat ed hist ories of t his
movement which are going t o be published short ly bot h by t he Arya Samaj and t he Hindu
Mahasabha. Why, t here are present in t his very Pandal here leaders and gent lemen of
unimpeachable int egrit y who had t hemselves passed t hrough such ordeals while t hey were
under imprisonment in t he Nizam Jails as leaders or soldiers fight ing out t his Dharma
Yuddha, t his Crusade in vindicat ion of Hindu Fait h, Hindu Freedom and Hindu Honour.

These crusaders received no pay nor were t heir families promised pensions. Many of
t hem had resigned t heir services and professions earning in cases t housands a mont h. All of
t hem knew t hey were unarmed, ,marching against an armed force and from t he fat e which
t hose who preceded t hem t hey knew t hey will be t ort ured, st arved, lat hied and bayonet ed
t oo and yet t hey marched fort h volunt arily, for t here was no conscript ion but moral. You will
be surprised t o know t hat aft er t he news of t he out rageous lat hi charge at Aurangabad on
t he Hindu Sanghanist s prisoners,-volunt eers came in larger numbers t o our Shibirs t o regist er
t heir names and some who had t hen only recent ly ret urned aft er serving t heir first t erm in
t he Nizam j ails as Civil Resist ers, insist ed on being sent again t o defy t he ant i-Hindu bans in
t he Nizam St at e. The fact t hat such a Hindu Force consist ing of fourt een t o fift een t housand
Civil Resist ers could be raised at t he very first blare of t he t rumpet call by t he Hindu
Sanghanist s part y t oday is a lesson for us and for all t hose who dare t o t reat our demands
light ly. These fift een t housand Hindu Sanghanist s const it ut ed a force superior t o t hose
English or German forces who are now fight ing in Europe, for t heir respect ive Nat ions in
moral courage and had it not been only a Civil Resist ance Movement and had we been in a
posit ion t o face our opponent s' bayonet for bayonet and rifle for rifle, chances are t hey would
have proved superior t o t hem in an armed resist ance t oo. But even if we let chances alone
what is act ual is also enough t o encourage our Hindu Sanghanist s Part y in I ndia wit h a self-
confidence, wit h t he bracing up consciousness of having won a Moral Vict ory and on t he
ot her hand t o warm all ant i-Hindu Forces t hat t hey should hencefort h t hink t wice before t hey
t reat t he resolut ions of t he Hindu
Mahasabha as light ly as t hey were wont t o do. What we resolved in heroic words at Nagpur
or Sholapur last year has been t ranslat ed int o heroic deeds before we re-assemble at
Calcut t a on t he eve of t his ensuing year.

One more aspect of t his st ruggle deserves a special emphasis in as much as it is sure
t o exercise a liberat ing influence on t he fut ure of t he Hindu movement in general. The
Nizam Civil Resist ance Campaign has broken t he demoralizing spell which weighed like an
incubus on t he Hindu mind for some t went y years in t he past t hat no cause howsoever
right eous it may be in it self from t he Hindu point of view should be deemed right eous unless
t he Congress was pleased t o cert ify it as 'Nat ional' which word in ninet ynine cases out of a
hundred proved t o be t ant amount wit h t he word 'ant i-Hindu' and t hat no movement on an
all-I ndia scale should be or could be carried out successfully unless it was sponsored and led
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on by t he Congress Flag. Even in t he case of t he murderous Moslem riot s at Kohat or t he
general massacres of Hindus perpet rat ed by t he Moplas from village t o village in Malabar, t he
Hindus did not even dare t o condemn t he Moslem fanat icism on a pan-Hindu scale all over
I ndia, because t he st ep was not cert ified by t he Congress as 'Nat ional'. The Congress
want ed t o play t he same game even in t his case and dict at orially anat hemat ised t he Nizam
Civil Resist ance Movement as 'Communal,' as 'ant i-Nat ional.' But t his t ime t he Hindu
Sanghanist s part y had an ideology of it s own concept ion of what is really Nat ional or
ot herwise int erpret ed in t he light of reason t hat had freed it self from t he blind and
unquest ioning subservience t o any inner voices which on t heir own admission were sure
passport s t o Himalayan errors or new light s which scarcely made darkness visible and
subservience t o any Papal bulls issued by t he Congress Church and marched on t o t he rescue
of t heir Hindu co-religionist s and compat riot s in t he Nizam St at e led on by t he Hindu Flag.
The movement rapidly spread t hroughout t he lengt h and breadt h of t he count ry from
Peshawar t o Madras. On t hat one single evening for example, of t he 'Nizam Nishedh day' as
well as 'Hindu Nat ion Day' not less t han a crore of Hindus were found gat hered under t he
Hindu Flag in capit al cit ies and t owns t hroughout I ndia in pursuance of t he mandat e t o t he
Hindu Sanghat anist Part y t o back up t he Hindu movement which seemed only t o flourish t he
more, t he more t he Congress an at hemat ised and opposed it as communal and ant i-Nat ional.

Why did t he Congress oppose it ? The Congress want ed t o reform t he St at es : well,
was not Hyderabad t he biggest and yet t he worst ruled aut ocrat ic St at e in I ndia ? I t was at
least as wort hwhile t o int roduce const it ut ional reforms and rest ore civil libert ies in t he Nizam
St at e as in t he
t iny Taluka-like St at e of Raj kot . Did not Gandhij i want us t o believe t hat t he Reform
movement of t hat pet t y Raj kot had assumed t he magnit ude of an all-I ndia quest ion, t hat t he
whole I ndian Ocean was set on fire in t he t iny t ea cup of Mr. Veerawala ? And yet t he
quest ion of demanding const it ut ional reforms for nearly a crore of subj ect s in t he Nizam
St at e which t he Hindu Mahasabha had undert aken and was fight ing for, seemed t o him so
remot e and unconnect ed wit h t he I ndian quest ion t hat he could not spare even as much
sympat hy or int erest as he would for t he Abyssinians in Africa, for t he Spanish or t he Czechs
in Europe. Not only Gandhij i but no Congressit e, neit her t he backward nor t he forward nor
t he inward block or t heir heads, st epped out t o condemn t he Nizam Government even aft er
t he inhuman lat hi charges on t he Hindu Civil Resist ers at Aurangabad j ail or t he bloody riot s
at Hyderabad. Then again, did not t he Congress pat ronize civil libert ies ? Was is not a fact
t hat under Nizam Government even t he life and propert y of millions of Hindus was held in
daily danger, no freedom eit her of speech or worship or associat ion wort h t he name exist ed
? Then why did not t he Congress j oin hands wit h Hindu Sanghanist s who were engaged in a
life and deat h st ruggle t o secure t hese civil libert ies in t he St at e or at least pass a resolut ion
t o support t he j ust ice of t heir demands ? Was it because t he Hindu Sanghanist s went t o t he
field as Hindus inst ed of us I ndians ? Well, it may be a sin for a Hindu t o do even a good
t hing as a Hindu-except ON t he elect ion day when he has t o vot e for a Congressit e who has
t o st at e himself as a Hindu, as a unit in t he Hindu elect orat e ! -But when t he Moslem in
Kashmere rose wit h t he help of out side Moslems in an armed revolt , a gainst t he Hindu King,
demanding represent at ion for Moslems as Moslems,-did not Gandhij i writ e as a born
Democrat , t hat if t he Hindu King of Kashmere could not sat isfy and allay t he discont ent of
t he Moslems who formed 85% of his subj ect s he had no moral right t o rule but should
fort hwit h abdicat e and ret ire t o Kashi ? Well more t han 85% of t he subj ect s of t he Nizam
are Hindus, t hey had only resort ed t o unarmed Civil Resist ance t o t he int olerable religious,
cult ural and polit ical persecut ions wit h t he help of t heir co-religionist s out side t he St at e : but
did Gandhij i, t he born Democrat , advise t he Nizam t oo t o abdicat e and ret ire t o Mecca ? No,
on t he cont rary he wrot e in so many words t hat he was overwhelming concerned t hroughout
t he Civil Resist ance Movement 'not t o embarrass His Exalt ed Highness t he Nizam.'

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I can recount a hundred and one pet t y mischiefs also which Congressit e of t he
'Nat ional' brand were busy playing t o defeat t his Hindu Sanghanist s Movement against t he
ant i-Hindu policy of t he Nizam Government , but t hat is not what I int end t o deal wit h here.
Suffice it t o say t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha could secure t he sympat hy even of some English
M.P.s in England and persuade t hem t o prot est against t he horrible oppression at t he
Aurangabad j ail and during t he Hyderabad riot s t he Hindus had t o undergo-but no Congress
Minist ers in all t he seven provinces t ouched t he subj ect even wit h a pair of t ongs, init iat ed
not even a discussion in t he Congress or I ndian Legislat ures not ut t ered a word in defence of
t he Hindus against t he Nizam Government : alt hough in t he case of t he pet t iest Raj kot affair.

The moral is plain and must be plainly t old. So long as t he Congress cont inues t o hug
t o t he 'Pseudo-Nat ional' ideology as it does t oday, it s policy is bound t o be ant i-Hindu, is
bound t o bet ray Hindu int erest s, howsoever j ust and legit imat e t hey may be. Just t hink; if
t he Hindu Elect orat e had vot ed for t he Hindu Sanghat anist s Represent at ive and t hus had
Hindu Mahasabha Minist eries in Bombay, Madras and ot her part s-could t hey have remained
so callously indifferent t o t he oppression t he Hindus had t o undergo in Hyderabad ? What
t remendous pressure t hey could have brought t o bear on t he Nizam Government in st aying
it s hand from out -Heroding-Herod !

I t was essent ially t o emphasize t his point t hat whenever t he Hindus are oppressed as
Hindus and especially at t he hands of t he Moslems t he Congress simply will not raise a finger
in t heir defence, t hat t he Hindu Sanghanist s must t ake up t he t ask of defending t hemselves
on t heir own shoulders and if t hey mean t o do so t hey can do it in spit e of t he Congress
indifferences or even opposit ion, t hat t he Nizam Civil Resist ance Movement was launched by
t he Hindu Sanghanist s leaders independent ly of t he Congress under a Hindu Flag. The
st ruggle was a t est case t o begin wit h t he prospect ive Pan-Hindu Movement and we Hindu
Sanghanist s were not only not Raj kot ed at Hyderabad but on t he cont rary came out wit h
flying colours out of t his t est ing ordeal insamuch as we have recovered and act ualised
t hrough t his st ruggle our Racial and Cult ural homogenit y, our real Nat ional self which under a
swoon of self-forget fulness during t he last hundred years or so was all but oblit erat ed.

One word about t he polit ical Reforms announced by t he Nizam Government and t he
undert aking it has given t o grant t he Hindus civil, cult ural and religious libert ies in
considerat ion of which t he Civil Resist ance Movement was SUSPENDED BY THE HI NDU
MAHASABHA in t he spirit of responsive co-operat ion and accommodat ion for which H.E.H.
t he Nizam had graciously pleaded in t his announcement . The Hindu Mahasabha t hanks t he
Nizam Government for t he general amnest y of all Hindu Civil Resist ers. I t was a st ep in t he
right direct ion. But since t hen t he Nizam Government has not moved as quickly as it ought
t o have done in int roducing t he Reforms in t hemselves inadequat e and halt ing in pract ical
operat ion. The Mahasabha is ext remely anxious t o open out some way t o peaceful
const it ut ional progress and rest ore last ing amit y bet ween t he Hindus and Moslems in t hat
St at e and t herefore, it begs t o draw t he point ed at t ent ion of t he Nizam t o t he fact t hat any
unreasonable delay in put t ing t he Reforms in act ual operat ion cannot but prove dangerous
and give rise t o discont ent which is perfect ly avoidable if t he Nizam Government t akes t ime
by his forelock before it is t oo lat e. And t he second t hing t hat is most urgent is t he fact t he
Nizam Government should hold some of t he fanat ical local Moslem officials in leash who
count ing on an ult imat e support from t he Cent al Government are st ill harassing t he Hindus
every now and t hen.

I f t he local fanat ical Moslem rabble and such officials are st rict ly dealt wit h by t he
Government in some cases, t he Moslem zealot s will soon come t o t heir senses all over t he
St at e. I hope t hese warnings will be t aken by t he Nizam Government in t he amicable spirit
which prompt s me in sounding t hem.

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r
The Shiva Mandir Sat yagraha at Delhi
The splendid and sust ained st ruggle t he Hindus have carried on at Delhi in connect ion
wit h t he Shiva Mandir affair deserves also an all I ndia homage. I t t oo sounds t he same
warning t hat t he Congress does not and will not and cannot defend a Hindu cause against an
ant i-Hindu aggression. But in spit e of it all t he overwhelming suffering and sacrifice in men
and money in connect ion wit h t he Shiva Mandir at Delhi shall not go in vain if but only t hose
Hindus who pledge t o safeguard Hindu int erest s and are not enslaved t o t he Congress t icket ,
are sent by t he Hindus on a Hindu Sanghanist s t icket t o represent t hem t o t he corporat ion.
The pan-Hindu spirit which t his st ruggle has lit up will prove t he real Shiva. On t he sit e
where st ood t he t iny mudhut which has been so highhandedly dest oryed, I already see rising
before my mind's eye a magnificent Temple of Shiva and t housands of pilgrims crowding t o
worship at it before a decade passes away. The successful resist ance t he Hindus offered in
defence of t heir legit imat e right s at Khamgaon, Mahad, Bhagalpur and several ot her places
during t his year are also full of significance and t est ify t o t he fact t hat t he spirit of self-
assert ion is consolidat ing t he Hindus under t he Hindu Mahasabha's lead. But I must not lose
myself in t he labyrint hs of det ailed event s any longer and address myself t o t he chief t ask I
have set before me in t his address of out lining t he fundament al basis and general policy and
programme on which I wish we all concent rat e our at t ent ion for at least a couple of years t o
come.

I I I
Some of t he Basic p inciples and Tenet s of t he
Hindu Movement

I t is encouraging t o not e t hat t housands of t hose who were brought up from t heir
early days under t he influence of t he Pseudo Nat ionalist ic ideology current in t he Congress
camp and were consequent ly so t horoughly prej udiced against anyt hing t hat was connect ed
wit h Hindut va t hat t hey milit at ed against t he very word Hindu as somet hing superst it ious,
out -of-dat e unwort hy of a progressive pat riot t o own, should now be evincing a genuine
desire t o know all about t he Hindu Mahasabha, it s policy and immediat e programme. The
case of no less a personalit y t han Mr. Tairsee whose sad deat h all Bombay lament ed only a
couple of mont hs ago can serve as a case in point . He was reput ed t o be one amongst t he
first t en cit izens of Bombay, a Rat ionalist of Rat ionalist s, one of t he foremost Congressit es.
Yet aft er I had casually explained t o him t he Hindu Sanghanist s I deology as expounded in
my Nagpur speech, t he publicly confessed t hat t he Rat ionalism which made him shun t he
word Hindu or Hindu Sanghat an as a crass superst it ion was it self t he crassest of
superst it ions. He not only j oin our part y but proudly accept ed t he President ship of t he
Bombay Provincial Hindu Sabha. Throughout my ext ensive t ours I have come across
t housands of t he int ellect ual class who simply milit at ed against t he Hindu idea at it s first
ment ion, when cogent ly explained rubbed t heir eyes in a doubt ing mood at it s second
ment ion and half of t hem pressed for a closer acquaint ance wit h it while t he ot her half simply
capit ulat ed at it s t hird ment ion. There has grown of lat e enormous curiosit y t hroughout
I ndia t o know somet hing of t he Hindu Mahasabha, it s aims and as t o what is it s programme
and t his demand at t imes comes from foreign count ries as well. That is t he reason why I
wish t o devot e t his address mainly t o enumerat e cat egorically t he leading principles and
t enet s on which t he Hindu movement is based and t o out line it s general policy and some
out st anding det ails of it s immediat e programme. I t will serve as a cogent st at ement of our
case and may be ut ilized as a basis for a manifest o in fut ure t o an organized Hindu part y in
t he Legislat ures as well as a handy guide t o our workers and propagandist s in t he press and
plat form.
I t may involve some repet it ion. But endless repet it ion of a t rut h as also of a falsehood is
about t he only means t o cast t he ment alit y of a whole people int o a required mould. As long
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as falsehood holds t he propagandist ic field t rut h must speak out t o silence it as many t imes
as t he former repeat s a lie.

The following are some of t he basic t enet s and aspect s of t he Hindu movement .

(a) Every person is a Hindu who regards and owns t his Bharat Bhumi, t his land from
t he I ndus t o t he Seas, as his Fat herland as well as his Holyland; -i.e. t he land of t he origin of
his religion, t he cradle of his Fait h.
The followers t herefore of Vaidicism, Sanat anism, Jainism, Buddism, Lingait ism,
Shikhism, t he Arya Samaj i, t he Brahmasamaj , t he Devasamaj , t he Prart hana Samaj i and such
ot her religions of I ndian origin are Hindus and const it ut e Hindudom, i.e., t he Hindu people as
a whole.

Consequent ly t he so-called aboriginal or hill t ribes also are Hindus : because I ndia is
t heir Fat herland as well as t heir Holyland of what ever form of religion or worship t hey follow.

This definit ion, t herefore, should be recognized by t he Government and made t he t est
of Hindut va in enumerat ing t he populat ion of Hindus in t he Government census t o come.
The definit ion rendered in Sanskrit st ands t hus : -
।। आिसंधू िसंधूपय ता यःय भारतभूिमका ।।
।। Íपतृ भूः पुÞयभू°ै व स वै Íहं दÍरितःमृ तः ु ।।1।।

(b) The word Hindu is not of a foreign origin nor it is connect ed wit h t he advent of
t he Moslems in I ndia, as was erroneously suspect ed for a t ime under t he mischievous
influence of some alien scribes. Our land and our people were at t imes called Sapt a Sindhus
(सBिसंधू) or Sindhus (िसंधू) even by our Vaidic Rishis. The following verse, for example,
from t he Rigweda it self will conclusively t est ify t o t his fact : -

।। आ ऋHादहं सोमुचदयो वाया सB िसं धुषु ।।
।। वधदा सःय तु Íवनु¹ण नीनमः ।।2।।
-(Rigweda 6-8-24)

Thousands of years before Mohmed, t he Moslem prophet was born, t he ancient
Babilonians knew us as 'Sindhus' and t he ancient Zenda Avest a refers t o us as Hindus. One
of our provinces on t his side of t he I ndus has ret ained t his ancient appellat ion of our land
and people down t o t his day as 'Sindhu Desh' and it s people as 'Sindhus' (Sindh) . I n our
modern Prakrit s t he Sanskrit 'स' is oft en t ransformed int o 'ह' j ust as t he word 'के सर|' in
Sanskrit or 'कृ ंण' has been t ransformed int o Hindu Prakrit as 'के हर|' and 'का=हा' even so t he
word 'िसंधु' has been t ransformed int o modern Prakrit s as 'Íहं दु '. Those who want t o have t his
point exhaust ively and conclusively t reat ed may read my book 'Hindut va'.

(c) Hinduism, Hindut va and Hindudom : - I n expounding t he ideology of t he Hindu
movement , it is absolut ely necessary t o have a correct grasp of t he meaning at t ached t o
t hese t hree t erms. From t he word 'Hindu' has been coined t he word 'Hinduism' in English. I t
means t he school or syst em of religions t he Hindus follow. The second word 'Hindut va' is far
more comprehensive and refers not only t o t he religious aspect of t he Hindu people as t he
word 'Hinduism' does but comprehends even t heir cult ural, linguist ic, social and polit ical
aspect s as well. I t is more of less akin t o 'Hindu polit y' and it s nearly exact t ranslat ion would
be 'Hinduness'. The t hird word 'Hindudom'means t he Hindu people spoken of collect ively. I t
is a collect ive name for t he Hindu world, j ust as I slam denot es t he Moslem world or
Christ iandom denot es t he Christ ian world.
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(d) We Hindus are a Nat ion by ourselves : - I n my President ial speech at Nagpur I
had, for t he first t ime in t he hist ory of our recent polit ics, point ed out in bold relief t hat t he
whole Congress ideology was vit iat ed init io by it s unwit t ed assumpt ion t hat t he t errit orial
unit y, a common habit at , was t he only fact or t hat const it ut ed and ought t o and must
const it ut e a Nat ion. This concept ion of a Territ orial Nat ionalit y has since t hen received a
rude shock in Europe it self from which it was import ed wholesale t o I ndia and t he present
War has j ust ified my assert ion by exploding t he myt h alt oget her. All Nat ions carved out t o
order on t he Territ orial design wit hout any ot her common bond t o mould each of t hem int o a
nat ional being have gone t o rack and ruin, t umbled down like a house of cards. Poland and
Czechoslovakia will ever serve as a st ern warning against any such effort s t o frame
het erogenious peoples int o such hot ch-pot ch Nat ions, based only on t he shift ing sands of t he
concept ion of Territ orial Nat ionalit y, not cement ed by any cult ural, racial or hist orical
affinit ies and consequent ly having no common will t o incorporat e t hemselves int o a Nat ion.
These t reat y-Nat ions
broke up at t he first opport unit y t hey got : t he German part of t hem went over t o Germany,
The Russian t o Russia, Czechs t o Czechoslovakia and Poles t o Poland. The cult ural, linguist ic,
hist orial and such ot her organic affinit ies proved st ronger t han t he t errit orial one. Only t hose
Nat ions have persist ed in maint aining t heir Nat ional unit y and ident it y during t he last t hree t o
four cent uries in Europe which had developed racial, linguist ic, cult ural and such ot her
organic affinit ies in addit ion t o t heir Territ orial unit y or even at t imes in spit e of it and
consequent ly willed t o be homogeneous Nat ional unit s-such as England, France, Germany,
I t aly, Port ugal et c.

Judged by any and all of t hese t est s which go severally and collect ively t o from such a
homogeneous and organic Nat ion, in I ndia we Hindus are marked out as an abiding Nat ion
by ourselves. Not only we own a common Fat herland, a Territ orial unit y, but what is scarely
found anywhere else in t he world we have a common holyland which is ident ified wit h our
common Fat herland. This Bharat Bhumi, t his Hindust han, I ndia is bot h our Íपतृ भू and पुÞयभू.
Our pat riot ism, t herefore, is doubly sure. Then we have common affinit ies, cult ural,
religious, hist orical, linguist ic and racial which t hrough t he process of count less cent uries of
associat ion and assimilat ion moulded us int o a homogeneous and organic Nat ion and above
all induced a will t o lead a corporat e and common Nat ional Life. The Hindus are no t reat y
Nat ion-but an organic Nat ional Being.

One more pert inent point must be met as it oft en misleads our Congressit e Hindu
bret hren in part icular. The homogenit y t hat wields a people int o a Nat ional Being does not
only imply t he t ot al absence of all int ernal differences, religious, racial or linguist ic of sect s
and sect ions amongst t hemselves. I t only means t hat t hey differ more from ot her people as
a Nat ional unit t han t hey differ among t hemselves. Even t he most unit arian Nat ions of
t oday-say t he Brit ish or t he French cannot be free from any religious, linguist ic, cult ural,
racial or ot her different sect s or sect ions or even some ant ipat hies exist ing amongst
t hemselves. Nat ional homogenit y connot es oneness of a people in relat ion t o t he cont rast
t hey present t o any ot her people as a whole.

We Hindus, in spit e of t housand and one differences wit hin our fold or bound by such
religious, cult ural, hist orical, racial, linguist ic and ot her affinit ies in common as t o st and out
as a definit ely homogeneous people as soon as we are placed in cont rast wit h any ot her non-
Hindu people-say t he English or Japanese or even t he I ndian Moslems. That is t he reason
why t oday we t he Hindus from Kashmere t o Madras and Sindh t o Assam will t o be a Nat ion
by ourselves-while t he I ndian Moslems are on t he whole more inclined t o ident ify t hemselves
and t heir int erest s wit h Moslems out side I ndia t han Hindus who lived next door, like t he Jews
in Germany.

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Some well-meaning but simple-minded Hindus amuse t hemselves wit h t he t hought
and hope against hope t hat in as much as t he maj orit y of I ndian Moslems also are in fact
allied t o us by race and language and in cases had gone over t o t he Moslem fold in living
memory of t his very generat ion, t hey could easily be persuaded t o acknowledge t his
homogenit y and even blood relat ion wit h t he Hindus and merge t hemselves int o a common
Nat ional Being if but we only remind t hem of t hese affinit ies and appeal t o t hem in t heir
name. These innocent souls are really t o be pit ied.
As if t he Moslems do not know of it all ! ! The fact is t hat t he Moslems know of t hese affinit ies
all but t oo well : t he only difference t o be t aken int o account being t hat while t he Hindus love
t hese affinit ies which bind t he Hindu t o a Hindu and t o dwell on t hem wit h pride-t he Moslems
hat e t he very ment ion of t hem and are t rying t o eradicat e t he very memory of it all. Some of
t hem fabricat e hist ories and genealogies t o connect t heir origin wit h Arabians or Turks; t hey
are t rying t o carve out a separat e language for t hemselves and graft it as best as t hey can
on t he Arabian st ock; t hey are carrying on a campaign against t he Hindu family names such
as 'Tambe' and 'Modak' which in part s like t he Konkan convert -Moslems st ill bear and replace
t hem by Arabian ones and are bent on widenning t he cleavage deeper and broader by
removing every t race which may remind t hem of having once somet hing in common wit h t he
Hindu st ock. Their religious and t heocrat ic t radit ions j oin hands in impressing upon t heir
mind t hat Hindust han is not and cannot be a Dar-Ul-I slam, t heir count ry which t hey may love
unt il and unless t he Hindus-t he kafars- are eit her convert ed I slam or are reduced t o
helot age paying t he Zizia t o some would-be Moslem Sovereignt y over t his land. The very
word 'Hindust han' st inks in t heir nost rils. I am not referring t o t hese it ems here in any spirit
of eit her condemnat ion or j ust ificat ion. I am t elling t he simple fact which no Moslem can
honest ly cont est t hat I slam as a whole want s on a deliberat e design t o assert it self in I ndia
as a Nat ion alt oget her het erogenous wit h t he Hindus and having not hing in common wit h
t hem. Consequent ly it ought t o be clear even t o t hese well-meaning Hindu simplet ons t hat
t his refusal of t he I ndian Moslems t o merge in a common Nat ional unit leaves t he Hindus,
negat ively t oo, as a Nat ion by t hemselves.

(e) Swaraj ya t o t he Hindus must mean only t hat 'Raj ya' in which t heir 'Swat va', t heir
'Hindut va' can assert it self wit hout being overlorded by any non-Hindu people, whet her t hey
be I ndian Territ orials or ext ra-t errit orials : -Some Englishmen are and may cont inue t o be
Territ orially born I ndians. Can, t herefore, t he overlordship of t hese Anglo-I ndians be a
'Swaraj ya' t o t he Hindus ? Aurangzeb or Tippu were heredit ary I ndians, nay, were t he sons
of convert ed Hindu mot hers. Did t hat mean t hat t he rule of Aurangzeb or Tippu was a
'Swaraj ya' t o t he Hindus ? No ! Alt hough t hey were t errit orially I ndians t hey proved t o be
t he worst enemies of Hindudom and t herefore, a Shivaj i, a Gobindsingh, a Prat ap or t he
Peshwas had t o fight against t he Moslems dominat ion and est ablish a real Hindu Swaraj ya.

Consequent ly, under t he present circumst ances t oo all t hat an I ndian Nat ional St at e
can mean is t hat t he Moslem minorit y in I ndia will have t he right t o be t reat ed as equal
cit izens, enj oying equal prot ect ion and civic right s in proport ion t o t heir populat ion. The
Hindu maj orit y will not encroach on t he legit imat e right s of any non-Hindu minorit y. But in
no case can t he Hindu maj orit y resign it s right which as a maj orit y it is ent it led t o exercise
under any Democrat ic and legit imat e const it ut ion. The Moslem minorit y in part icular has not
obliged t he Hindus by remaining in minorit y and t herefore, t hey must remain sat isfied wit h
t he st at us t hey occupy and wit h t he legit imat e share of civic and polit ical right s t hat is t heir
proport ionat e due. I t would be simply prepost erous t o endow t he Moslem minorit y wit h t he
right exercising a pract ical vet o on t he legit imat e right s and privileges of t he maj orit y and call
it a 'Swaraj ya'. The Hindus do not want a change of mast ers, are not going t o st ruggle and
fight and die only t o replace an Edward by an Aurangzeb simply because t he lat t er happens
t o be born wit hin I ndian borders, but t hey want hencefort h t o be mast ers t hemselves in t heir
own house, in t heir own Land.

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(f) Consequent ly, t he name 'Hindust han' must cont inue t o be t he appellat ion of our
Count ry : - Such ot her names as I ndia, Hind, et c. being derived from t he same original word
Sindhu may be used but only t o signify t he same sense-t he land of t he Hindus-a count ry
which is t he abode of t he Hindu Nat ion. Aryavart a, Bharat -Bhumi and such ot her names are
of course t he ancient and t he most cherished epit het s of our Mot herland and will cont inue t o
appeal t o t he cult ured elit e. I n t his insist ence t hat t he Mot herland of t he Hindus must be
called but 'Hindust han', no encroachment
or humilit iat ion is implied in connect ion wit h any of our non-Hindu count rymen. Our Parsee
and Christ ian count rymen are already t oo akin t o us cult urally and are t oo pat riot ic and t he
anglo-I ndians t oo sensible t o refuse t o fall in line wit h us Hindus on so legit imat e a ground.
So far as our Moslem count rymen are concerned it is useless t o conceal t he fact t hat some of
t hem are already inclined t o look upon t his molehill also as an inseperable mount ain in t heir
way t o Hindu-Moslem unit y. But t hey should remember t hat t he Moslems do not dwell only
in I ndia nor are t he I ndian Moslems t he only heroic remnant s of t he Fait hful in I slam. China
has crores of Moslems, Greece, Palest ine and even Hungary and Poland have t housands of
Moslems amongst t heir Nat ionals. But being t here a minorit y, only a communit y, t heir
exist ence in t hese count ries has never been advanced as a ground' t o change t he ancient
names of t hese count ries which indicat e t he abode of t hose races whose overwhelming
maj orit y own t he land. The count ry of t he Poles cont inues t o be Poland and of t he Grecians
as Greece. The Moslems t here did not or dared not dist ort t hem but are quit e cont ent t o
dist inguish t hemselves as Polish-Moslems or Grecian-Moslems or Chinese-Moslems when
occasion arises. So also our Moslem count rymen may dist inguish t hemselves Nat ionally or
t errit orially whenever t hey want , as 'Hindust hanee-Moslems' wit hout compromising in t he
least t heir separat eness as a religious or cult ural ent it y. Nay t he Moslems have been calling
t hemselves as ; Hindust hanis' ever since t heir advent in I ndia, of t heir own accord.

But if in spit e of it all some irrat ional Moslem sect ions amongst our count rymen obj ect
even t o t his name of our Count ry t hat is no reason why we should play t owards t o our own
conscience. We Hindus must not bet ray or break us t he cont inuit y of our Nat ion from t he
Sindhus in Rigvedic days t o t he Hindus of our own generat ion which is implied in 'Hindust han'
t he accept ed appellat ion of our Mot herland. Just as t he land of t he Germans in Germany, of
t he English England, of t he Turks Turkist han, of t he Afghans Afghanist han-even so we must
have it indelibly impressed on t he map of t he eart h for all t imes t o come a 'Hindust han'-t he
land of t he Hindus.

(g) The Pan-Hindu Flag : - The 'कुं डिलनी कृ पाणां Íकत' Gerua Flag shall be t he Flag of t he
Hindu Nat ion. Wit h it s OM, t he Swast ik and t he Sword, it appeals t o sent iment s cherished by
our race ever since t he Vaidic days. Those who like t o realise t he inner spirit and know t he
raison d'et re of it s design and t he symbols would do well t o read t he special t ract I have
writ t en st yled 't he Pan Hindu Dhwaj .'

I t must be emphasized in t his connect ion t hat all t hose Hindu flags ot her t han t his
which are current amongst t he Hindus as t he colours of t he different const it uent s which go
t o form our
Pan-Hindu Spirit .

Nor should it be supposed t hat t he Hindu Flag implies any inherent ant agonism t o t he
several colours of our non-Hindu count rymen. The Moslems are welcome t o have t heir own
religious colours t o represent t heir own communit y. I n short we shall respect any Flag which
any sect ion of our count rymen adopt s whet her religious or polit ical, whet her it is t he Moslem
League Flag or t he Congress Tri-colours or t he Red one,-so long as it cont inues t o respect in
ret urn t he pan-Hindu Flag and does not ant agonise it but cont inues as allied colours. But
Hindudom as a whole will be represent ed by t he pan-Hindu Flag alone.

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(h) The Sanskrit shall be our 'दे वभाषा' our sacred language and t he 'Sanskrit Nisht ha'
Hindi, t he Hindi which is derived from Sanskrit and draws it s nourishment from t he lat t er, is
our 'राPभाषा', our current Nat ional language: - Besides being t he richest and t he most cult ured
of t he ancient languages of t he world, t o us Hindus t he Sanskrit is t he holiest t ongue of
t ongues. Our script ures, hist ory, philosophy and cult ure have t heir root s so deeply embeded
in t he Sanskrit lit erat ure t hat it forms verit ably t he brain of our Race. Mot her of t he maj orit y
of our mot hert ongues, she has suckled t he
rest of t hem at her breast . All Hindu languages current t oday whet her derived from Sanskrit
or graft ed on t o it can only grow and flourish on t he sap of life t hey imbibe from t he Sanskrit .
The Sanskrit language, t herefore, must ever be an indispensible const it uent of t he classical
course for
Hindu yout hs.

I n adopt ing Hindu as t he Nat ional t ongue of Hindudom no humiliat ion or any invidious
dist inct ion is implied as regards ot her provincial t ongues. We are all as at t ached t o our
provincial t ongues as t o Hindi and t hey will all grow and flourish in t heir respect ive spheres.
I n fact , some of t hem are t oday more progressive and richer in lit erat ure. But nevert heless,
t aken all in all, Hindi can serve t he purpose of a Nat ional Pan-Hindu Language best . I t must
also be remembered t hat Hindi is not made a Nat ional Language t o order. The fact is t hat
long before eit her t he English or even t he Moslems st epped int o india, Hindi in it s general
form had already come t o occupy t he posit ion of a Nat ional t ongue t hroughout Hindust han.
The Hindu pilgrim, t he t radesman, t he t ourist , soldier, t he pandit t ravelled up and down from
Bengal t o Sindh and Kashmere t o Rameshwar by making himself underst ood from localit y t o
localit y t hrough Hindi. Just as t he Sanskrit was t he Nat ional language of t he Hindu
int ellect ual world even so Hindi has been for at least a t housand years in t he past t he
Nat ional I ndian t ongue of t he Hindu people. Added t o t hat and as consequence of t hat we
find even t oday t hat it is underst ood and even spoken as a mot her-t ongue by a far larger
number of people t han is t he case wit h any ot her Hindu language. Consequent ly, it must be
made compulsory for every Hindu st udent t hrough secondary schools at any rat e t o learn
Hindi as his Pan-Hindu Nat ional language wit hout neglect ing in t he least his t raining in his
provincial mot her-t ongue.

By Hindi we if course mean t he pure 'Sankrit Nisht ha' Hindi, as we find it for example
in t he 'Sat yart ha Prakash' writ t en by Maharshi Dayanand Saraswat i. How simple and
unt ained wit h a single unnecessary foreign word is t hat Hindi and how expressive wit hal. I t
may be ment ioned in passing t hat Swami Dayanandj i was about t he first Hindu leader who
gave conscious and definit e expression t o t he view t hat Hindi should be t he Pan-Hindi
Nat ional language of I ndia. 'This Sanskrit Nisht ha' Hindi has not hing t o do wit h t hat hybrid,
t he so-called Hindust hani which is being hat ched up by t he Wardha scheme. I t is not hing
short of a linguist ic monst rosit y and must be rut hlessly
suppressed. Not only t hat but it is our bounden dut y t o oust out rut hlessly all unnecessary
alien words whet her Arabian or English, from every Hindu t ongue-whet her provincial or
dilect ical. We are not against t he English or any ot her language; nay, we insist on t he st udy
of t he English as an indispensible necessit y and a profit able passport t o world lit erat ure. But
we must not allow t he influx of alien words int o our language wit hout checking t heir pass
and t est ing t heir necessit y. Our Hindu bret hren in Bengal are especially t o be congrat ulat ed
upon in t his connect ion because t he Bengali lit erat ure is admirably free from any such
unclean admixt ure of unnecessary alien words which cannot be said regarding our ot her
Provincial t ongues and lit erat ure.

(i) The Nogari shall be t he Nat ional Script of Hindudom : - Our Sanskrit alphabet ical
order is phonet ically about t he most perfect which t he word has yet devised and almost all
our current I ndian script s already follow it . The Nagari Script t oo follows t his order. Like t he
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Hindi language t he Nagari script t oo has already been current for cent uries all over I ndia
amongst t he Hindu lit erary circles for some t wo t housand years at any rat e in t he past and
was even popularly nick-named as t he 'Shast ri-Lipi', t he script of our Hindu Script ures. Wit h
a lit t le t ouch here and t here it could be reformed so as t o render it as suit able t o modern
mechanical print ing as t he Roman script . Such a reform movement was set on foot in
Maharasht ra about some fort y years ago by Mr. Vaidya and ot hers. An organized movement
lat er on under my lead met wit h an account of pract ical success and has already popularised
it . I st rongly recommend t hat as an immediat e st ep t o popularise Nagari as our Nat ional
Script , all our Hindu papers in different provinces should begin t o publish at least a couple of
columns of t heir provincial languages in Nagari script . I t is a mat t er of common knowledge
t hat if Bengali or Guj arat i is print ed in Nagari it is more or less underst ood by readers in
several ot her provinces. To have only one common language t hroughout Hindust han at a
st roke is imprat icable and unwise. But t o have t he Nagari script as t he only common script
t hroughout Hindudom is much more feasible. Nevert heless, it should be borne in mind t hat
t he different Hindu script s current in our different provinces have a fut ure of t heir own and
may flourish side by side wit h t he Nagari. All t hat is immediat ely done as indispensable in
t he common int erest of Hindudom as a
whole is t hat t he Nagari script must be made a compulsory subj ect along wit h t he Hindi
language in every school in t he case of Hindu st udent s.

I t is int erest ing t o remind you here how t wo prominent Congress President s proposed
t o solve t his problem of a Nat ional t ongue and a Nat ional Script . Pandit Nehru t hinks, leaving
even Maulana Abul Kalam Azad far behind who only proposes Hindust hani which he assures
us is t ant amount t o Urdu,-t hat t he highly Arabianised Urdu of t he Aligarh School or t he
Osmania Universit y School is best fit t ed t o be t he Nat ional Language of I ndia I ncluding of
course some t went y-eight crores of Hindus. While Desha Gaurav Subhash Babu improving
upon t he sit uat ion beat even Pandit j is ingenuit y hollow by proposing from t he President ial
chair of t he I ndian Nat ional Congress t hat Roman Script would suit I ndia as t he best Nat ional
Script . That is how t he Congress ideology approaches t hings Nat ional ! Roman script t o be
t he Nat ional Script of I ndia ! How imminent ly pract icable, t o say t he least ! Your Basumat i,
Ananda Bazar Pat rika and all Bengali papers t o appear every day in Roman script ! The
Bande Mat aram Song t o be print ed in t his new Nat ional st yle as 't omari Prat ima ghadibe
Mandire Mandire' and t he Git a t o begin wit h in t his following at t ract ive set t ing
as-

'Dharma Kshet t re Kurukshet t re Sama-vet ah yuyut savah' ans ao on and so on. I t is
t rue as Subhas Babu says t hat Kemal Pasha abolished t he Arabian Script as unsuit ed t o print
and t ook t o Roman script . But t his fact has a lesson for our Mahommedan zealot s who want
t he Urdu Script , t hat is t his very Arabian st yle, t o t hrust even on t he Hindus as an up-t o-dat e
Nat ional Script and it has no connect ion wit h t he Hindus. Kemal Pasha t ook t o t he Roman
script because t he Turks had not hing bet t er of t heir own t o fall back upon. The Andamanees
pick up Kauris and make a necklace of t hem,-but is t hat t he reason why t he Kuber also
should do t he same ? We Hindus should rat her call upon Arabia and Europe t o adopt t he
Nagari Script and Hindi language; such a proposal should not sound very impract icable t o
such invet erat e opt imist s at any rat e who seriously advance it as a very pract ical proposal t o
make Urdu t he Nat ional language of t he Marat has and t o expect all our Arya Samaj Gurukuls
t o st udy t he Vedas in Roman script ?

(j ) The Hindu Mahasabha is a Nat ional Organizat ion of Hindudom : - I t has come t o
my not ice t hat a very large sect ion of t he English educat ed Hindus hold back from j oining t he
Hindu Mahasabha and Polit ical Circles in I ndia and out side in general feel t hemselves t ot ally
unconcerned about it under t he erroneous idea t hat it is an exclusively religious
organizat ion,-somet hing like a Christ ian Mission. Not hing could be far from t he t rut h. The
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Hindu Mahasabha is not a Hindu Mission I t leaves religious quest ions regarding t heism,
monot heism, pant heism or even at heism t o be
discussed and det ermined by t he different Hindu schools of religious persuasions. I t is not a
Hindu-Dharma Mahasabha,-but a Hindu Nat ional Mahasabha. Consequent ly, by it s very
const it ut ion it is debarred t o associat e it self exclusively as a part isan wit h any part icular
religious school or sect even wit hin t he Hindu fold. As a nat ional Hindu body it will of course
propagat e and defend t he Nat ional Hindu Church comprising each and all religious of
Hindust hani origin against any non-Hindu at t ack or encroachment . But t he sphere of it s
act ivit y is far more comprehensive t han t hat of an exclusively religious body. The Hindu
Mahasabha ident ifies it self wit h t he Nat ional life of Hindudom in all it s ent irely, in all it s
social, economical, cult ural and above all polit ical aspect s and is pledged t o prot ect
and promot e all t hat cont ribut es t o t he freedom, st rengt h and glory of t he Hindu Nat ion; and
as an indispensible means t o t hat end t o at t ain Purna Swaraj ya, absolut e polit ical
I ndependence of Hindust han by all legit imat e and proper means.

(k) The Hindu Mahasabha must cont inue it s mission even aft er Hindust han is
polit ically free : - Many a superficial crit ic seems t o fancy t hat t he Mahasabha was only
cont rived t o serve as a make-weight , as a re-act ion checkmat ing t he Moslem League or t he
ant i-Hindu policy of t he present leaders of t he Congress and will be out of court or cease
aut omat ically t o funct ion as soon as it is shorn of t his spurious excuse t o exist . But if t he
aims and obj ect s of t he Mahasabha mean anyt hing it is clear t hat it was not t he out come of
any frot hy effusion, any fussy agit at ion t o remove a grievance here or oppose a seasonal
part y t here. The fact is t hat every organism whet her individual or social which is living and
deserves t o survive t hrows out offensive and defensive organs as soon as it is brought t o
face adversely changing environment s. The Hindu Nat ion t oo as soon as it recovered and
freed it self from t he suffocat iong grip of t he pseudo Nat ionalist ic ideology of t he Congress
brand developed a new organ t o bat t le in t he st ruggle for exist ence under t he changed
condit ions of modern
age. This was t he Hindu Mahasabha. I t grew up of a fundament al necessit y of Nat ional lif e
and not of any ephemeral incident . The const ruct ive side of it s aims and obj ect s make it
emply clear t hat it s mission is as abiding as t he life of t he Nat ion it self. But t hat apart , even
t he day-t o-day necessit y of adapt ing it s policy t o t he everchanging polit ical current s makes it
incubment on Hindudom t o have an exclusively Hindu organizat ion independent of any moral
or int ellect ual servilit y or subservience t o any non-Hindu or j oint ly represent at ive inst it ut ion,
t o guard Hindu int erest s and save t hem from being
j eopardised. I t is not so only under t he present polit ical subj ect ion of Hindust han but it will
be all t he more necessary t o have some such exclusively Hindu organizat ion, some such
Hindu Mahasabha in subst ance whet her it is ident ical wit h t his present organizat ion or
ot herwise t o serve as a wat ch-t ower at t he gat es of Hindudom for at least a couple of
cent uries t o come, even aft er Hindust han is part ially or wholly-free and a Nat ional Parliament
cont rols it s polit ical dest iny.

Because, unless somet hing alt oget her cat aclysmic in nat ure upset s t he whole polit ical
order of t hings in t he world which pract ical polit ics cannot envisage t oday, all t hat can be
reasonably expect ed in t he immediat e fut ure is t hat we Hindus may prevail over England and
compel her t o recognise I ndia as a self-governing unit wit h t he st at us cont emplat ed in t he
West minist er St at ut e. Now a Nat ional Parliament in such a self-governing I ndia can only
reflect t he elect orat e as it is, t he Hindus and t he Moslems as we find t hem, t heir relat ions a
bit bet t ered, perhaps a bit worsened. No realist can be blind t o t he probabilit y t hat t he
ext ra-t errit orial designs and t he secret urge goading on t he Moslems t o t ransform I ndia int o
a Moslem St at e may at any t ime t ime confront t he Hindust hani St at e even under self-
government eit her wit h a Civil War or t reacherous overt ures t o alien invaders
by t he Moslems. Then again t here is every likelihood t hat t here will ever cont inue at least for
a cent uary t o come a danger of fanat ical riot s, t he scramble for services, Legislat ive seat s,
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t
weight ages out of proport ion t o t heir populat ion on t he part of t he Moslem Minorit y and
consequent ly a const ant
danger t hreat ening int ernal peace. To checkmat e t his probabilit y which if we are wise we
must always keep in view even aft er Hindust han at t ains t he st at us of a self-governing
count ry, a powerful and exclusive organizat ion of Hindudom like t he Hindu Mahasabha will
always prove a sure and devot ed source of st rengt h, a reserve force for t he Hindus t o fall
back upon t o voice t heir grievances more effect ively t han t he j oint Parliament can do, t o
scent danger ahead, t o warn t he Hindus in t ime against it and t o fight out if needs be any
t reacherous design t o which t he j oint St at e it self may unwit t ingly fall a vict im.

The Hist ory of Canada, of Palest ine, of t he movement of t he young Turks will show
you t hat in every St at e where t wo or more such conflict ing element s as t he Hindus and
Moslems in I ndia happen t o exist as const it uent s, t he wiser of t hem has t o keep it s exclusive
organizat ion int act , st rong and wat chful t o defeat any at t empt at bet rayal or capt ure of t he
Nat ional St at e by t he opposit e part y; especially so if t hat part y has ext ra-t errit orial affinit ies,
religious or cult ural, wit h alien bordering St at es. This t ussle bet ween such const it uent s of
such a St at e must cont inue t ill slowly if ever t hey all learn t o get t hemselves merged, by
developing a spirit of corporat e pat riot ism, int o a consolidat ed Nat ion. I f t he Hindus t ake t his
realist ic t rut h t o heart t hey will t ry t heir ut most t o consolidat e and st rengt hen t he pan-Hindu
organizat ion which is already gat hering force and has st ruck it s root s deep in t he Hindu
soil. The nearer you are t o Swaraj ya t he more indispensable grows t he necessit y of a st rong
and consolidat ed Pan-Hindu organizat ion or rat her t he st ronger grows t he Pan-Hindu
organizat ion t he nearer it t akes you t o real 'Swa' - Raj ya.

I V
The Prac ical Policy of t he Hindu Movement

I have so far dealt wit h some of t he basic principles and t enet s and set out t he
Nat ional and Polit ical ideals of t he Hindu Sanghat an movement as I perceive t hem. But t he
very fact t hat we have st ill t o frame, emphasize and propagat e t he very ideals and ideology
of t he Hindu movement added t o t he fact t hat t hey imply an ent ire re-orient at ion of t he
public act ivit ies of t he Hindu people so as t o revolut ionise t he concept ion of t he I ndian St at e
and it s format ion as we find it t oday, shows how we have hardly t aken a st ep ahead and
how st renuous and sust ained a st ruggle we have yet t o undergo before we are able t o realise
t he goal, t he creat ion of an I ndependence Hindust han as we define it . Once t he ideal is
fixed, it is t his st ruggle t hat mat t ers most . And we must t herefore, chalk out as urgent ly as
possible, t he lines on which our st ruggle can be carried on wit h t he great est effect and if
possible wit h t he least resist ance.
I t must be not ed also t hat alt hough t he ideal remains fixed t he st ruggle t o realise it
can scarcely be on a st raight line. We have now t o confront , now t o compromise; now t o
fight on, now t o fall back and keep marking t ime. At t imes we shall have t o ally ourselves on
a given point wit h one of our opponent s and t hen t o oppose t he former ally. This very
inconsist ency in det ail resort ed t o in a long-drawn and life and deat h st ruggle t o reach a goal
is consist ent enough if but it leads us on t he whole irresist ibly onward and onward t o t he
great ideal we aim t o realise. The policy I am going t o out line should also be viewed from
t his t act ical perspect ive. I t is only relat ed t o our present circumst ances and should not be
t aken as final. As our movement goes on gat hering st rengt h we may soon arrive at a point
when it may march on wit h t he irresist ible st rides of a giant and may grow powerful enough
t o demand and dict at e t hings wit h a reckless heroism, which t he puny beginnings t oday can
hardly conceive or dare t o express.

I should also make it clear t hat in out lining t his pract ical policy I am only expressing
my personal views. They cannot bind t he Hindu Mahasabha unless t hey are sanct ioned by
it s corporat e resolut ions.
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(a) Our first and foremost aim in our polit ical act ivit ies must always be t o guard t he
int egrit y of Hindust han int act . Hindust han t o us does not only mean t he so-called Brit ish
I ndia but comprises even t hose part s which are under t he French and t he Port uguese
possessions, Gomant ak and Pondicherry are as int egral part s of our Mot herland as
Maharasht ra or Bengal. From t he I ndus t o t he Himalayas, from t he Himalayas t o Tibet , from
Tibet t o Burma and from Burma t o t he Sout hern and West ern seas run t he lines of t he
boundaries of our Land. The whole t errit ory including Kashmere and Nepal, Gomant ak,
Pondicherry and ot her French possessions const it ut es our Nat ional and t errit orial unit and
must be consolidat ed in a free and cent ralised St at e. I t must ever remain undivided and
indivisible. Any at t empt t o divide t his Territ orial and Nat ional unit y of Hindust han so as for
example, t o break it up int o Hindu and Moslem Zones, must be opposed t oot h and nail and
chast ised as an act of t reason and t reachery.

(b) Towards our neighbouring St at es of Burma and Tibet on t he East ern and Nort h-
East en front front iers our policy will always be, so far as possible, of wholeheart ed friendship
and if t hey choose, even of a polit ical alliance. They are our co-religionist s and our polit ical
int erest s t oo are not inherent ly ant agonist ic. Nay, we will only find, in general, our mut ual
polit ical st rengt h augment ed if we cont inue t o be polit ical allies.
(c) But t owards t hose Moslem St at es and t ribes which border our Nort h-West ern
front ier our policy cannot but be a guarded one. Their t endency for cent uries in t he past had
been fanat ically inimical t owards t he Hindus and is likely t o continue t o be so far at least a
cent ury t o come. The
Hindu Sanghat anist part y must always see t hat t his Front ier is garrisoned wit h overwhelming
Hindu t roops and is never ent rust ed t o Moslem ones. We will always be ready t o est ablish
friendly cont act wit h t hose bordering St at es and shall give no cause for unnecessary st rife
but should keep our forces t here always in a st at e of war and vigilant t o resist any sudden
aggressive erupt ion on t he part of t hose Moslem t ribes or any t hreat ened invasion t hrough
t he passes by any ant i-Hindu alien army.

(d) To t he I ndependent Hindu Kingdom of Nepal all Hindudom feels it self most loyally
at t ached and would ever st rive t o st rain every nerve in defending it s honour and int egrit y. I t
is t he only part of our Mot herland which cont inues down t o t his day as a Dharma Keshet ra
unsullied by t he humiliat ing shadow of an alien non-Hindu Flag. The independence of t he
Hindu kingdom of Nepal, t he home of a heroic Hindu Race, const it ut es at once t he pride and
t he cent re of Hindu hope. Every at om of st rengt h added t o Nepal elevat es and st rengt hens
t he prest ige and t he posit ion of Hindudom
all round. On t he ot her hand anyt hing t hat weakens or humiliat es Hindudom in any ot he
part of Hindust han must seaken t he st rengt h of Nepal in t he long run. The danger of t he
Moslem upheaval on t he Nort h-West ern Front ier, for example, cannot but be a st anding
menace t o t he independence of t he Hindu kingdom in Nepal t oo. I f Hindu hist ory has not
endowed us even wit h t his much foresight t hen it must be said t hat all t he lessons which t he
invasions of Gaznis and Ghoris were meant by dest iny t o t each us are lost on us.

Nevert heless, it will be foolish on our part t o do anyt hing do drag Nepal int o t he
muddled and slogan-ridden polit ics which disfigures t he Brit ish I ndian t errit ory. The polit ics
of a subj ect race can be no guide t o t he exigencies of an I ndependent Kingdom sit uat ed as
Nepal. I , t herefore, feel no hesit at ion what soever in j ust ifying t he present policy of t he Nepal
Government t o maint ain friendly relat ions wit h t he Brit ish Government and t o cont inue an
informal Polit ical alliance wit h t he Brit ish wit h a view t o guard against any ot her non-Hindu
aggression on I ndia. Consequent ly, it is also a very wise policy on t he part of Nepal t o
supply as many Napalee recruit s t o t he I ndian forces as it is possible t o do in conformit y wit h
it s own securit y and st rengt h. The polit ical complicat ions in Europe and t he Far East are
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almost sure t o persuade t he Brit ish Government t oo t o depend more and more on Nepal's
friendship and milit ary help t o secure I ndian defence.

I n t his connect ion it must be emphasized t hat t he Brit ish Government should also
rest ore some of t hose t errit ories on t he borders of Nepal which t he Brit ish had wrest ed from
her in t he past , back t o t he King of Nepal. Such a st ep will cement t he friendship bet ween
t he t wo Nat ions as not hing else can do.

Nepal has doubt less a great fut ure before her if but she t akes t ime by t he forclock
and has t he Prophet ic vision which a rising Nat ion must necessarily possess. She must bring
up her milit ary st rengt h t o an up-t o-dat e European efficiency and must be able t o defend
herself not only on land but against any aerial aggression t oo by equipping herself wit h a
powerful aerial force. Her st rengt h being t he st rengt h of an ally, t he Brit ish Government t oo
is not likely under t he present circumst ances t o hamper her in t his at t empt wit h any feeling
of uneasiness but would rat her wish her t o hast en on t his proj ect . The influence which Nepal
is likely t o exercise on I ndian polit ics in
near fut ure will be bet t er point ed out in t he words of Mr.Perceval Langdon t he well-known
aut hor of t he voluminous work on Nepal.

Says Mr.Langdon, 'I t invest s Nepal wit h an import ance which it would be foolish t o
overlook. Englishmen should at t empt t o underst and a lit t le more t horoughly t he high
posit ion which Nepal holds in t he general Sout hern Asiat ic balance and t he great and growing
import ance t hat she will posses in t he fut ure in t he solut ion of t he problems which beset t he
present st at e of I ndia. Nepal st ands t oday on t he t hreshold of a new light . Her fut ure calls
her in one direct ion and one only. I n all t he varied t heat res of I ndian polit ics t here is not hing
which surpasses in int erest t he ult imat e dest iny of Nepal. I nevit ably she will become of
great er and great er import ance if we persist in our present policy of lessening Brit ish
influence in I ndia. I t is not impossible t hat Nepal may even be called upon t o cont rol
t he dest iny of I ndia it self'.

(e) The Nat ional Const it ut ion of Hindust han : - The Hindu Sanghanist s Part y aims t o
base t he fut ure const it ut ion of Hindust han on t he broad principle t hat all cit izens should have
equal right s and obligat ions irrespect ive of cast e or creed, race or religion,-provided t hey
avow and owe an exclusive and devot ed allegiance t o t he Hindust hani St at e. The
fundament al right s of libert y of speech, libert y of conscience, of worship, of associat ion et c.
will be enj oyed by all cit izens alike. What ever rest rict ions will be imposed on t hem in t he
int erest of t he public peace and order of Nat ional emergency will not be based on any
religious or racial considerat ions alone but on common Nat ional grounds.

No at t it ude can be more Nat ional even in t he t errit orial sense t han t his and it is t his
at t it ude in general which is expressed in subst ance by t he curt formula 'one man one vot e'.
This will make it clear t hat t he concept ion of a Hindu Nat ion, is in no way inconsist ent wit h
t he development of a common I ndian Nat ion, a unit ed Hindust hani St at e in which all sect s
and sect ions, races and religiouns, cast es and creeds, Hindus, Moslems, Christ ians, Anglo-
I ndians, et c. could be harmoniously welded t oget her int o a polit ical St at e on t erms of perfect
equalit y.

This at t it ude which t he Hindu Mahasabha t akes up wit h regard t o t he Nat ional
Hindust hani Const it ut ion is in fact more definit ely and expressively Nat ional t han eit her t he
League or even t he Congress which calls it self I ndian Nat ional has as yet dared t o t ake up
uncompromisingly and yet it is t he Hindu Mahasabha and t he concept ion of t he Hindu Nat ion
which is t abood by t he Congress and t he League as most dangerously ant i-Nat ional and
uncompromisingly communal ! The fact is t hat t he Nat ional Congress it self is not only
communal in it s legit imat e sense but perversely communal : in as much as it recognize a
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maj orit y and a minorit y, t he Hindus and t he Moslems and on t he t op of it all forces t he
maj orit y t o forgo it s j ust share in t he franchise, in t he public services, in cult ural right s and
offers t hem t o a minorit y based on religion t o buy it s pat riot ism and at t achment t o t he
common Nat ional St at e. On t he ot her hand by asking for t he Moslem as a religious ent it y
want on advant ages over and above what t hey are ent it led t o on a Nat ional basis at t he cost
of t he Hindus at t he point of a dagger, wit h a t hreat t o secede and j oin hands wit h an alien
power, t he Moslem League t akes up a posit ion which is ant i-Nat ional t o t he point of
t reachery. I n demanding t hree vot es for one Moslem, t he Moslem League is out rageously
communal : while in calling upon t he Hindus t o yield t o t his demand and acceed t o t he
proposal of one vot e for t hree Hindus, t he Congress is cowardly communal ! And yet it is
precisely t hese t wo bodies, t he Pesudo-Nat ional Congress and t he confessedly ant i-Nat ional
League which have t he t emerit y t o accuse t he Hindu Sanghanist s part y as communalist ic and
ant i-Nat ional simply because t hey are not ready t o bet ray t heir birt hright for a mess of
pot t age,-t o play t he second fiddle t o t he Moslems or care for a wort hless cert ificat e from t he
Congressit es of being 'Nat ionalist ic ! ! '
(f) The Right s of non-Hindu Minorit ies : -When once t he Hindu Mahasabha not only
accept s but maint ains t he principles of 'one man one vot e' and t he public services t o go by
merit alone added t o t he fundament al right s and obligat ions t o be shared by all cit izens alike
irrespect ive of any dist inct ion of race or religion..............any furt her ment ion of minorit y
right s is on principle not only unnecessary but self-cont radict ory, because it again int roduces
a consciousness of maj orit y and minorit y on communal basis. But as pract ical polit ics require
it and as t he Hindu Sanghanist s want t o relieve our non-Hindu count rymen of even a ghost
of suspicion, we are prepared t o emphasize t hat t he legit imat e right s of minorit ies wit h
regard t o t heir religion, cult ure and language will be expressly guarant eed : on one condit ion
only t hat t he equal right s of t he maj orit y also must not in any case be encroached upon or
abrogat ed. Every minorit y may have separat e schools t o t rain up t heir children in t heir own
t ongue, t heir own religious or cult ural inst it utions and can receive Government help also for
t hese,-but always in proport ion t o t he t axes t hey pay int o t he common Exchequer. The
same principle must of course hold good in case of t he maj orit y t oo.

Over and above t his, in case t he const it ut ion is not based on j oint elect orat es and on
t he unalloyed Nat ional principle of one man one vot e, but is based on t he communal basis,
t hen t hose minorit ies who wish t o have separat e elect orat e or reserve seat s will be allowed
t o have t hem,-but always in proport ion t o t heir populat ion and provided t hat it does not
deprive t he maj orit y also of an equal right in proport ion t o it s populat ion t oo.

I believe t hat our Christ ian, Parsee, t he Jewish and ot her minorit ies, -except t he
Moslems, will be perfect ly sat isfied wit h t he const it ut ion based on t hese principles as broadly
out lined above. Because t he Christ ian, t he Jews and most eminent ly t he Parsees are t oo
allied t o us in cult ure and t oo pat riot ic, while t he Anglo-I ndians t oo sensible, t o fail t o see
t hat no const it ut ion if it has t o keep t he int egrit y, sovereignt y and st rengt h of t he Nat ional
St at e safe, can go any furt her and t hat it is all t hat is really required t o safeguard any
genuine special int erest s of t he monorit ies as dist inguished
from t hose of t he maj orit y. Only t hat minorit y will insist t o have st ill more and yet more t o
t he last pound of flesh which in fact cherishes secret designs t o disint egrat e t he St at e, t o
creat e a St at e wit hin a St at e or alt oget her t o subvert t he Nat ional St at e and hold all ot hers
under it s subj ect ion. Fort unat ely no sect ion of our count rymen belonging t o t he non-Moslem
minorit ies ment ioned above harbours t his t reasonable design. I t is only wit h regard t o t he
Moselm minorit y t hat t his cannot be assert ed wit h confidence; and t herefore, I shall deal
separat ely wit h it lat er on.

I n t his connect ion a point of far-reaching import ance and one which has a very
serious bearing on t he polit ical, religious and cult ural int erest of t he Christ ian, Jew and
Parsee count rymen of ours in part icular, must be ment ioned in bold relief. The ant i-Nat ional
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and aggressive designs on t he part of t he Moslem minorit y const it iut e a danger t o all non-
Moslem I ndians in I ndia and not only t o t he Hindus alone. I t is t oo clear a point t o require
any furt her elucidat ion here. I t is t he ant i-Nat ional at t it ude of t he Moslem minorit y alone
which is giving a handle t o t he Brit ish Government t o obst ruct furt her polit ical and
const it ut ional progress in Hindust han. But in order t o camouflage t heir own special
responsibilit y for t his guilt , t he Moslems always t ry t o drag in ot her minorit ies also in support
of t heir at t it ude and want t he world t o believe t hat all non-Hindu minorit ies are as
det erminedly uncompromising in t he ant i-Nat ional demands advanced by t he Moslem
League. The League always want s t o pose as t he champion of all non-Hindu minorit ies. But
t he fact is t hat t he relat ions of Christ ians, Jews and above all our Parsee brot hren have been
for cent uries most cordial wit h us Hindus and t hese non-Moslem minorit ies have never
advanced any ant i-Nat ional or unreasonable claims or had never indulged in polit ical
hooliganism or fanat ical riot s as a silly means t o impress t heir polit ical import ance. My
earnest suggest ion, t herefore, t o our Christ ians, Jews, Parsees and such ot her non-Moslem
minorit ies would be t hat t hey should openly and definit ely disown t he league deisgns prot est
against being bracket ed wit h t he Moslems under t he misleading and mischievous common
t erm 'minorit ies', call upon t he Moslem League not t o speak in general on t heir behalf and
above all should definit ely declare t hrough t heir respect ive polit ical organizat ions t hat t hey
are perfect ly willing and cont ent ed t o form a common Nat ional front wit h t he Hindus under
t he condit ions referred t o above. I f, but , t he Christ ians, t he Jews, t he Parsees and all non-
Moslem minorit ies and t he Hindus present s a common underst anding and a common front at
any would-be Round Table Conference or const it ut ional Assembly t he Moslems will find
t hemselves singularly isolat ed and will be forced t o cease t o speak in t he name of 't he
minorit y problem' but will have t o shoulder by t hemselves t he responsibilit y of t heir ant i-
Nat ional and fanat ical claims. These supercilious pret ensions of Moslems of being a chosen
minorit y and t he bluff claiming polit ical import ance and hist orical t radit ions invest ing t hem
wit h an incomparable superiorit y t o t he I ndian people in general, const it ut es a challenge and
an insult t o our Christ ians, Jews, Parsees and ot her count rymen t oo.

(g) The Hindu Mahasabha and t he Congress : - I have no space here nor t he
inclinat ion t o frame a charge-sheet against t he Congress, enumerat ing t he grievous errors it
has been commit t ing under t he dict at orship of Gandhij i and t he leaders of his persuasion
ever since t he Khilafat agit at ion; set t ing at not even t he prot est s of such eminent Hindu
Pat riot s as Lokmanya Tilak, Lala Laj pat Rai, Swami Shradhanand and ot hers, which errors
have weakened and humiliat ed Hindudom at every st ep. I have no inclinat ion t o do so or
condemn t hem even in such harsh t erms as t he gravit y of t he errors in fact demand.
Because I know t hat some of t hem have rendered eminent services t o our mot herland and
many of t hem meant well. Alt hough t he Congress as a body has been ungrat eful t o a degree
in failing t o appreciat e t he pat riot ic sacrifice and service t he Hindu Mahasabhait s have
rendered equally wit h and in cases even far more int ensely t han t he Congressit es in t he fight
for t he Freedom of Hindust han, yet let every Hindu Sanghanist s be j ust and generous in
brot herly appreciat ion of t he pat riot ic mot ives of t hose of t he Congressit es who had been
highly selfless and sacrificing. I t is not t heir mot ive but t heir j udgement and in a couple of
cases a monomaniac incompet ence which were responsible for t he erroneous policy t hey
persist ed in which has done incalculable harm t o t he Hindu cause and which if not
checkmat ed is likely t o j eopardise not only t he legit imat e int erest s of Hindudom far more
dangerously t han in t he past but even t he vit al int erest s of t he 'I ndian Nat ion' t oo as t he
Congress it self underst ands it and loves so well.

I t is not , t herefore, t o rake up fruit lessly t he sad memories of t he most grievous
errors which t he Congressit es commit t ed in t heir indent ificat ion wit h t he Khilafat agit at ion but
t o warn against t he imminent dangers of a similar t ype t hat I must refer t o a few fact s
regarding t he at t it ude of t he Gandhist polit icians in t hat ill-fat ed movement . I n spit e of t he
warnings of t he Great Tilak, Gandhij i commit t ed t he Congress t o t he purely communal,
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religious and ext ra-t errit orial Khilafat agit at ion t o placat e t he Moslems and himself went t o
t he lengt h of insist ing on t he point t hat t he quest ion of Swaraj it self should be subordinat ed
t o t he Khilafat issue; -nay, he said it was t he religious dut y of t he Hindus t o help t he Kalipha !
And yet t he same Congress leaders forbade t he Congress even t o t ouch t he Nizam Civil
Resist ance movement as a t hing unclean and denounced it as communal because it
demanded t he religious and cult ural right s of Hindus ! Not only t hat but t rue t o t heir words
t hese Congressit e Hindu leaders did not subordinat e Swaraj t o t he Khilafat quest ion only in
it s figurat ive aspect but were hand in golve wit h t he Moslem leaders who inst igat ed Amir
Amanullakhan t o invade I ndia as he act ually did. We have t he word of Swami Shradhanandj i
for it . The Swamij i publicly wrot e t o t hat effect in prot est in t his 'Liberat or' and produced
some document ary evidence and a draft t elegram in Gandhij i's handwrit ing t o t he Amir which
Maulana Mahomad Ali had shown t o Swamij i. I n his own Young I ndia, Gandhij i admit t ed t hat
t he Afghans if successful were sure t o est ablish t heir kingdom in I ndia (see Young I ndia 1-6-
21)-and yet t hese Congressit e Hindu leaders did not dissociat e t hemselves from t he Moslem
leaders in t heir open and secret act ivit ies t o peg on t he Afghan I nvasion, but on t he cont rary
promised support t o t his t reacherous move. Gandhij i writ es in his Young I ndia (4-5-21) 'I
would in a sense cert ainly assist t he Amir of Afghanist han if he waged war against t he
Brit ish Government -by openly t elling my count rymen t hat it would be a crime t o help t he
Government , et c.' I f you like t o see t he lengt h t hese gent lemen had gone in t his affair you
may read a useful t ract recent ly published by Mr.Karandikar of Poona which is full of original
ext ract s from t he speeches and writ ings of t he t hen Congress leaders and Gandhij i's Young
I ndia. What is most surprising t o not e is t he fact t hat t hese Hindu leaders out bid even t he
Ali Brot hers, t he 'Nat ional' Maulana Azad and other Moslem leaders in maint aining t hat if t he
Amir succeeded in capt uring Delhi, we would have won Swaraj ! -for, t hey definit ely st at ed
t hat t he rule of t he Afghans was in it self a Swaraj ,-'we Hindu Moslems are one,- an indivisible
Nat ion.' I vividly remember conversat ions I had wit h t hese Hindu leaders of Gandhist
persuasion when t hey used t o meet me t hen in prison. How expect ant ly t hey wait ed for t he
invading armies of t he Amir t o capt ure Lahore ! Well, aft er all t he Khilaphat was guillot ined
by t he Turks t hemselves and t he Amir Amanullah inst ead of being an Emperor at Delhi was
det hroned by a Bachha Saku in Kabul it self; and all t hat I ndia reaped from t he Khilaphat
agit at ion was t he int ensified Pan-I slamic fanat icism roused by t hat movement amongst t he
I ndians Moslems all over I ndia, aided and abet t ed by t he Hindus t hemselves who paid dearly
for t his t heir folly t here and t hen in Malabar, Kohat , Punj ab, Bengal-and will have yet t o pay
unless t hey learn t o react .

While t he Khilaphat was on his brain, in a reply he gave t o t he correspondent of t he
Daily Express, London, Gandhij i disclosed his plan of convert ing t he Afghans from fanat ical
t urbulance int o a peaceful cit izenship t hus, 'I would int roduce t he spinning wheel amongst
t he Afghan t ribes also and t hen t hat will prevent t hem from at t acking I ndian t errit ory. I feel
t he t ribesmen are in t heir own way God-fearing people.'

Yes, 'in t heir own way' : That is t he t rouble. For, we can clearly discern t heir own
way of God fearingness in t he ghast ly light of Hindu habit at ions set on fire t hroughout t he
front ier line from Sindh t o Kashmere. Only Hindus loot ed, only Hindus killed, only Hindu
women and men kidnapped ! ! I s not t he Fakir of I pi also a God-fearing man in his own way !
And t he spinning wheel t o persuade t hem from at t acking I ndia ! How many cent uries aft er,
Sir ? And what are we Hindus t o do in t he meanwhile ?

To garrison t he front iers wit h host s of Hindu damsels wit h t he charm of t he spinning
wheel in t heir hands-as Gandhij i has suggest ed quit e seriously at one of t he sit t ings of t he
Round Table Conference ?

Well, gent lemen, I am not referring t o t hese few det ails in any light mood. I want
you t o realise t he ment alit y and t he ideology of t hese Hindu leaders who st ill happen t o be at
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t he helm of t he Congress. Neit her Gandhij i or Pandit Nehru, nay, not even Subhas Babu or
Mr.Ray, who, alt hough t hey do not cont ribut e in any way t o some of t he above vagaries of
t he Gandhist school, are st ill vot aries-I call it vict ims-of t he school of t hought which says in
so many words. 'Give t o t he Moslems so much t hat t hey could not wish t o ask for anyt hing
more.' They may sincerely believe t hat t o be t he crux of Nat ionalism and wisdom. But do
you, who do not wish t o see Hindudom humiliat ed and browbeat en int o servilit y, believe it t o
be so ? I f not , are you going t o aut horise t hese very gent lemen by elect ing and ret urning
t hem as represent at ives who can speak in t he name of t he Hindus once again at any Round
Table Conference t o come, t o ent er int o any new pact wit h t he Moslems on behalf of t he
Hindus or ent rust t he dest iny of t he Nort h-West ern Front iers int o t he hands of t he Khan
brot hers who are t he Congress Plenipot ent iaries and Gandhij i; s cert ified lieut enant s t here-as
once t he Ali brot hers were ? I call upon t hose t housands of Hindus also who have not ceased
t o be Hindus but who st ill follow t he Congress wit h a blind habit ual t rait t o ponder as
seriously as possible on t hese quest ions.

Aft er t he Khilaphat , came t he Blank cheques; t hen t he Communal Award or Decision,-
'lapses of memory,' make t he Congress leaders call it somet imes t his way somet imes t hat ,
but which always remains definit ely unrej ect ed and in fact accept ed and worked out by
t hem. Then rushed in t he flood of circulars issued by Congress minist ers in all provinces,
Mr.Pant , for example, assuring t he Moslems, amongst ot her t hings. I quot e his words, 'At
Barabanki t he Congress Government st opped Hindus from doing Art i in t heir own t emples
and blowing conch-shells during t he whole period of Moharrum and at several places during
t he Holi, t he Hindus were prevent ed from sprinkling colour-wat er even on Hindus amongst
t hemselves. At Jaunpur t he Dist rict Magist rat e was at t acked by Moslems but t he accused
were released on t he recommendat ion of t he Secret ary of t he Moslem League. The Congress
Government has given represent at ion t o t he Moslems out of all proport ion t o t heir numerical
st rengt h which came upt o only 14%. But out of four Collect ors appoint ed by t he Congress
Government t hree were Moslems and out of 13 Deput y Collect ors eight were Moslems'. So
on and so on. Every Hindu should read t his whole circular issued by t he U.P. Congress
Government . I t is a mast erpiece of self-condemnat ion. I t was secret ly circulat ed only
amongst t he Moslems, but t he Hindu-sabhait s, t hose cursed 'communalist ' t rait ors got hold of
some copies of t his our 'Nat ional' confession and broadcast ed it s reprint s. Space forbids me
from quot ing from ot her circulars issued by Provincial Congress Government in C.P., Madras,
et c. all fashioned aft er t he same pat t ern pleading in subst ance before t he Tribunal of t he
Moslem League : 'Sir, we have deprived t he Hindus everywhere of what is due t o t hem and
given Moslems overwhelmingly more t han was due, oppressed t he Hindus as best as we
could wherever t he Moslems were pleased t o demand it : So let t he League be pleased,
t herefore, Sir, t o cert ify t hat t he Congress Minist ries were t ruly impart ial and perfect ly
Nat ional ! ! ! '

And t he Moslem League has cert ified at last by observing t he Day of Deliverance from
t he Congress Tyranny under which t he Moslems groaned for t he past t wo long long enduring
years. I n a way it was a t ryanny : for in all t hose provinces where t he Moslems were only 7
t o 12 % in numerical st rengt h t he Congress gave t hem post s in t he st ingy proport ion of 40 t o
75 % only in t he Educat ional, Police and ot her Administ rat ive depart ment s where t hey ought
t o have got cent per cent in considerat ion of t heir 'hist orical import ance', for t heir being t he
direct communal descendant s of t he Moghul Emperors ! Has not even Lord Zet land referred
t o t he warlike qualit ies of t he Moslems only t his mont h, and reminded t he Congressit e Hindus
t hat t he Moslem Emperors ruled over I ndia for a t ime, implying t hereby t hat t he Moslems
were, t herefore, some superior beings t o t he Hindus ! I t was fort unat e t hat His Lordship was
never sent in his early yout h t o any primary Marat ha school. Ot herwise he would have been
deprived of t he advant age of t hat argument by a lit t le more knowledge of t he fat e of t hat
Moslem Empire, how t he avenging host s of Hindus had beat en t o a chip t he forces of t hese
'Warlike Moslems' in a hundred bat t lefields, smashed t o pieces t his self-same Moghul Empire,
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rearing up an I ndependent Hindu Empire on t he ashes of Moslems Pride and power and held
t he Moghul Emperors as prisoners and pensioners in t heir hands.

But it is no use now on t he part of our Congress friends t o fulminat e against t his
lat est move of t he Moslem League. The Deliverance Day of t oday is but t he inevit able logical
consequence of t he Khilaphat Day so gaily observed by t he Congress yest erday. I t is you
whohave init iat ed t he Moslems int o t he belief t hat t he more t hey demand t he more you yield,
t he more t hey frown t he more you placat e, t he more t hey pocket t he more you offer, t he
more t hankless t hey grow t he more afflict ed you are wit h craving for t heir t hanks. Did you
not offer t hem blank cheques ? Why t hen get st art led, now t hat t hey begin t o fill t hem up
wit h what ever ransom t hey are pleased t o demand ! Dr. Munj e, Bhai Paramanand and ot her
leaders of t he Hindu Mahasabha prot est ed against t he Khilaphat Policy, against your blank
cheques, against your meaningless 'neit her accept nor rej ect vagaries',-but you t hen
denounced t hem all as wicked communalist s, looked down even upon Shivaj i and Prat ap as
misguided Pat riot s, because t hey conquered by t he Sword and you gave yourself out as new
messiahs who have come t o conquer by t he love alone, as world guides in direct
communicat ions wit h t he inner voice. And now how pit iable it is t o find you so sorely
afflict ed for want of guidance for yourselves t o find out a way t o appease and win over by
love alone a single individual, t he President of t he League, t hat you should st and imploring at
t he gat es of all t he Brit ish Governors and t he Viceroys t o lend you a helping hand.

Then again, whenever it happened t hat some Brit ish Aut horit ies or leaders referred t o
t he Policy of t he Hindu Mahasabha on a point here or t here wit h a t inge of appreciat ion our
Congress Nat ionalist s used t o exclaim in right eous indignat ion, 'There ! what more proof is
required t o expose t he ant i-Nat ional guilt of t hese Hindu Mahasabhait e communalist s t han
t he fact t hat t he Brit ish people should appreciat e t heir Policy on t his or t hat point . And now
t here is a regular scramble amongst t hese Nat ionalist Congress leaders t o secure and flourish
in t he face of t he world cert ificat es of appreciat ion from t he Brit ish Governors and t he
Viceroys t o prove t hat t he Congress Minist ries were aft er all not so bad and had served under
t he Brit ish Government t o it s sat isfact ion. Moreover, it is also very funny t o observe t hat
t hose very Congress leaders who blamed t he Hindu Sanghanist s
whenever t hey claimed a legit imat e prot ect ion from t he Brit ish Government against t he
Moselm out rages on t he Front ier or in Malabar or in Bengal, should now be vying wit h each
ot her in calling upon Governors and t he Viceroy t o arbit rat e as t he best j udges and save t he
Congress prest ige by declaring it not guilt y in t he very serious case framed against t hem by
t he Moslem League. I s it not now ant i-Nat ional t o appeal t o t he Brit ish-t he t hird part y-t he
out siders t o st ep in t o set t le our int ernal diferences which we may have wit h 'our Moslem
count rymen ?'

I t is also inst ruct ive and t herefore, necessary t o point out here t hat t his t heory of 't he
t hird part y' also const it ut ed a Congress superst it ion which was responsible for so many of it s
errors. They always used t o fancy t hat t he Moslems, if left t o t hemselves would never have
indulged in any ant i-nat ional, ult erior, ant i-Hindudesigns. The Moslems-including Messrs.
Jinnah, Huq, and Hayat Khan,-were very simple-minded folk incpable of any polit ical
subt erfuges and as devot es of I slam-peace and goodwill, had no aggressive polit ical aims of
t heir own against t he Hindus. Nay, even t he Front ier t ribes, t he 'brave brot hers Moplas,' t he
Moslem populat ions in Bengal or Sindh who indulge in such horrible out rages against Hindus
have no t ast e for it all, nursed wit hin t hemselves-but were almost compelled t o rise and
revolt against t he Hindus by 't he t hird part y' t he Brit ishers. When t he Brit ish did not st ep in
we Hindus and Moslems lived t oget her in perfect amit y and brot herly concord and Hindu-
Moslem riot s was a t hing simply unheard of.

Thousands of Congressit e Hindus are observed t o have been duped in t o t his silliest
of polit ical superst it ions. As if Mahamad Kasim, Gazanis, Ghoris, Allauddins, Aurangzebs
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f

were all inst igat ed by t he Brit ish, by t his t hird part y, t o invade and lay wast e Hindu I ndia wit h
a mad fanat ical fury. As if t he hist ory of t he last t en cent uries of perpet ual war bet ween t he
Hindus and Moslems was an int erpolat ion and a myt h. As if t he Alis or Mr. Jinnah or Sir
Shikandar were mere school children t o be spoiled wit h t he offer of sugar pills by t he Brit ish
vagabonds in t he class and persuaded t o t hrow st ones at t he house of t heir neighbours.
They say, 'before t he Brit ish came, Hindu-Moslem riot s were a t hing unheard of.' Yes, but
because inst ead of riot s Hindus-Moslems wars was t he order of t he day.

But supposing for a while what t he Gandhist s maint ain t hat it is t his t hird part y, t he
Brit ish, who are solely responsible for hypnot ising, Moslems int o ant i-Hindu and ant i-Nat ional
t endencies, how is it t hat Gandhij i and his Congressit e Leiut enant s are invoking t he very
'Third part y'-t he Brit ish Governors and t he Viceroys t o act as arbit rat ors, t o j udge whet her
t he Congress was really guilt y of t he accusat ions levelled by t he Moslem League against it ?
I s t he leading abet t er t he best person t o arbit rat e ? To request him whom you accuse as t he
leading inst igat or t o invest igat e int o t he crime ? I f t he Congress superst it ion was t rue t hen
t he Brit ish are sure t o adj udge t he Award in a way t o int ensify t he ill-will and dist rust
bet ween t he Congressit e and t he League so as t o undermine yet furt her any chances of
Hindu-Moslem underst anding and concord. So t hen eit her your t hird part y
t heory was wrong and superst it ious or you have obviously bungled in approaching t he very
mischief-making t hird part y t o arbit rat e.

The simple fact which t he Congressit e Hindus would do well t o t ake a not e of even
now and which would spare t hem from a series of such inconsist ent and bungling st eps is
t hat t he Moslem religion, t heocrat ic t radit ions and hist ory all imbue t hem wit h inherent
ambit ion of I slamic polit ical sovereignt y. The Brit ish policy at t imes when it suit s Brit ish
int erest does of course act as a mat ch-but t he explosive magazine is genuinely Moslem. I T
COULD BE HELD I N CHECK, but woe t o him who overlooks it s exist ence and dupes himself
int o t he belief t hat t he mat ch it self was t he magazine. I f not t he Brit ish-make, any ot her
mat ch may serve t he same purpose. Nay, spont aneous combust ion is also it s peculiar
charact erist ic. Secondly, t he Moslems are pract ical polit icians t o a fault . So t hey, in general,
yield t o and ally inst inct ively wit h t he st ronger, even if he be t heir worse opponent ,- and
cont inue t o bully t he weaker. Has not England reduced t hem t o a subj ect race in I ndia and
elsewhere ? But t oday England is t he st ronger of t he t wo. So t hey will fawn on England and
cont inue t o aggrandise against t he Hindus. I f t omorrow t he Hindus grow st ronger t hey will
be yielding t o Hindus t oo and behave as brot hers as t hey did in Maharasht ra and Punj ab in
t he days of t he Peshwas or Ranj it Singh. That is why 'Hindu-Moslem riot s were a t hing
unheard of in days gone by' t o quot e t he Congressit e Slogan.

The best way t o count eract t he League's Day of
Deliverance is, for t he Congress t o observe
t he Day of Rect i icat ion
I n all sincerit y I request my Congressit e brot hers t hat in st ead of fuminat ing against
t he move of t he League or what is more likely especially in t he case of t he Gandhist group
inst ead of being yet more browbeat en, t he best way would be t o t ake it as an effect ive eye-
opener and arrest t heir st eps once for all on t he dangerous pat h t hey were t reading. They
should simply refuse t o have any furt her dealing wit h t he Moslems as Moslems. Let t he
I ndian Nat ional Congress rect ify t hat fundament al mist ake and be once more t he real I ndian
Nat ional Congress as it claims t o be. Let it be absolut ely consist ent wit h it s own ideal of a
t errit orial Nat ionalism, and begin wit h a clean slat e.

Let it proclaim once for all t hat it st ands by t hese principles alone; First ly, it
recognizes no Moslem as a Moslem, or Christ ian as a Christ ian, or Hindu as a Hindu; but look
upon t hem all and deal wit h t hem all as I ndians only; and, t herefore, will have not hing t o do
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wit h any special, communal, religious or racial int erest s as apart from t he fundament al
int erest s guarant eed t o all cit izens alike. Secondly, it does not acknowledge any ot her
const it ut ional principle wit h regard t o elect orat es t han t he rule 'one man one vot e' and public
services t o go by merit alone. Only one alt ernat ive it may condescend t o subscribe in view of
t he peculiar sit uat ion in I ndia t o t he effect t hat if communal represent at ion is t o be resort ed
t o at all t hen it must st rict ly be in relat ion t o t he numerical st rengt h of t he const it uent s and
in t he public services t oo t hat relat ion may be observed-but only in so far as it is consist ent
wit h merit .

Thirdly, and above all, so long as such a Nat ional and j ust const it ut ion could not be
had, let t he Congress resist t he t empt at ion of part icipat ing in any elect ion what soever under
a const it ut ion which is deliberat ely meant t o divide t he int egrit y of t he I ndian people and is
not only used on communal divisions but is most unj ust ly harmful t o t he maj orit y communit y
and const it ut es a st anding inst igat ion t o t he Moslem minorit y t o act against t he Nat ion as a
whole as t he present const it ut ion aims t o do. So long as t here are separat e elect orat es t he
Moslems and t he gnenral, which in fact means t he Hindu one, t hen let t he Moslem League
and t he Hindu Mahasabha part icipat e in t he elect ions and let t he Congredd st and supremely
aloof as a t ruly I ndian Nat ional body which can never condescend t o ident ify it self wit h any
part icular communal elect orat e.

I f but t he Congress t akes courage in bot h hands, rect ifies it s past ant i-Hindu and ant i-
Nat ional at t it ude and t akes up t he st and I have suggest ed above, t he prest ige of t he
Congress as a t ruly Nat ional Organizat ion will immediat ely be enhanced. I n t hat case it will
regain in general t he whole-heart ed confidence of t he Hindu Mahasabha at any rat e.
But it can on no account cont inue t o play t he doublefaced game of get t ing elect ed on
behalf of t he Hindu elect orat e as Hindus and bet ray t he legit imat e int erest s of t he Hindus as
Nat ionalist s. I t can no longer hunt wit h t he hound and run wit h t he hare. Ot herwise t he
Moslems bound t o cont inue and right ly so t o look upon it as a Hindu body while t he Hindus
will look upon it and right ly t oo as a pseudo-Nat ionalist ic nuisance dangerous t o t he Hindu
cause as well as t he I ndian Nat ional one.

May I hope t hat t he Congress will open it s eyes ? I f it does even now it is not yet t oo
lat e ! As my friend Mr.Ket kar proposses in t he Marat ha of Poona let t he Congress observe a
Day of Rect ificat ion t o count eract t he League's day of Deliverance, proclaim t he t ruly
Nat ional orient at ion suggest ed above and writ e t o t he League t he last word closing all furt her
correspondence-'Sirs, if you come, wit h you; if you do not , wit hout you; and if you oppose, in
spit e of you'-we shall cont inue t he good fight t o free our Hindust han as best as we can.

And in case our Moslem friends want t o have a royal commission t o define t heir right s
let t he Congress t ell t hem uncompromisingly, 'if you want t o have a resort t o any
independent arbit rat ion, well, t hen t he highest t ribunal of t hat nat ure can be but t he League
of Nat ions which has already framed a public Law wit h regard t o t he right s of minorit ies all
over t he world. The case of I ndian minorit ies also should be referred t o t he League'. I n fact ,
had t he Congress t aken up t his st and as uncompromisingly as possible and as Dr. Munj e had
already suggest ed t hen at t he Round Table Conference, t hings could never have drift ed in
t his wild way.

(h) The Hindu Mahasabha will have t o frame a det ailed programmme of it s economic
policy in t he near fut ure when it issues it s elect oral manifest o. All t hat I can do now is t o
suggest a few broad principles, as space forbids dilat ion. First ly, it must be remembered t hat
man is not alt oget her an economical being. I t has been well said by Christ t hat man does
not live by bread alone. As it is spirit ually t rue it is also t rue in t he racial, cult ural, nat ional
and several ot her aspect s t hat go t o const it ut e t he human nat ure. Therefore, t he at t empt t o
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int erpret all human hist ory and human act ivit ies in economical t erms alone is alt oget her
onesided and amount s t o maint aining t hat man has no ot her urge in him t o live but hunger.

Besides hunger, t he problem of bread, man has ot her appet it es as fundament al as
t hat , sensual, int ellect ual, sent iment al, some nat ural, some acquired, some personal, some
social and his being is a complex one; so also is his hist ory. Man has a st omach but t he
st omach is not man. Therefore, t he solut ion t hat is somet imes suggest ed t o t he effect t hat
t he economical communit y of int erest provides t he only and t he best solvent of all religious,
racial, nat ional and ot her ant ipat hies t hat divide mankind in t he world is as superficial as
simple. The fact t hat in Europe t he very races and nat ions wherein t he prophet s of t his
school arose and preached and where giant effort s were made t o revolut ionise all human
inst it ut ions and recast t hem int o t his economical mould alone, religious, racial, and nat ional
differences have been assuming formidable proport ions and have been persist ing t o assert
t hemselves in Germany, I t aly, France, Poland, England, Spain, et c. in spit e of cent uries of
t he most int ense propaganda t o insist on economical communit y of int erest , is enough t o
prove t hat you cannot alt oget her eliminat e all religious or racial or nat ional fact ors at a
st roke, at a t hought . Those who advance t he easy argument : ‘I f but you persuade all t o
unit e on t he economical plane and t o forget every ot her superst it ious difference as racial,
cult ural, et c.’ forget t hemselves t hat t he very ‘but ’ in t heir argument rebut s t he pract ical
ut ilit y at any rat e, apart from it s t heoret ical soundness. Consequent ly t he Hindu
Sanghat anist s must in no case delude t hemselves wit h t he belief t hat t he economical
programme alone will ever suffice t o solve all cult ural, racial, and nat ional dangers t hat
t hreat en t hem t hroughout I ndia.

Secondly, t hey should remember t hat economical quest ions t oo are inext ricably
bound up under t he circumst ances obt aining in I ndia wit h religious and racial complicat ions.
There are t housands of examples which t he workers in t he Hindu Sanghat anist field know
t hrough experience t hat if a Hindu t akes t o a part icular t rade which happens t o be t he
monopoly of t he Moslems he is persecut ed. A new Hindu Pinj ari or Tangewala is t hreat ened
at several places wit h deat h. Wit ness t he fact t hat Moslem dacoit s who at t ack cit ies and
villages on t he Front iers and loot t hem proclaim at drum-beat s ‘we will only loot Hindus, no
Moslems shopkeepers or money-lenders will we t ouch.’ Hundreds and hundreds of cases of
t his t ype could be cit ed. Now, how are you t o afford immediat e relief t o t hese Hindus unless
by organizing t hem as Hindus ? Moslem police, as Moslems, defend t hem not . I t is clearly a
religious, reacial and cult ural plague and only t he pat ent economical pills can afford no cure.
To preach t o t hese millions of fanat ics, for example t he riot ers in Sukkur Dist rict , t hat t heir
economical int erest s are one wit h t he Hindus and t hus convert t hem int o human brot herhood
? Well, let t hem t ry it who like ! – but how many cent uries will it t ake ? and what are t he
Hindus t o do in t he meanwhile ? I t is j ust t o mat ch t he monomaniac remedy of Gandhij i-t he
spinning wheel, by which he want s t o convert t he whole world int o Ahimsa and make it
resort t o et ernal disarmament ! Yet , let t he wise mouse himself be asked t o put int o pract ice
his excellent suggest ion t o bell t he cat and let all ot hers in t he meanwhile t ake t o ot her
pract ical cont rivances and st eps t o save t hemselves !

Consequent ly, leaving aside t he doct rinaire solut ion of a human economical front or
t he airy hopes t hat if but we insist on t he economical communit y of int erest of all alike and
unit e all I ndians at any rat e, on t he economical plane alone all religious, racial, nat ional and
cult ural animosit ies will vanish like a mist , we Hindu Sanghat anist s should as pract ical
polit icians rest rict our immediat e economical programme t o t he economical advance of t he
Hindu Nat ion alone.

Taking int o considerat ion t he special circumst ances obt aining in I ndia and t he st age
of social progress, t he only school of economics which will suit our requirement s in t he
immediat e fut ure is t he school of Nat ionalist ic economy. To express all t he leading fact ors of
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our economical policy in a suit able formula I should like t o st yle it as t he policy of ‘Nat ional
co-ordinat ion of class int erest s’. This is t he economical flank of t he Hindu Sanghat anist
plat form.
Our immediat e Economical Policy – t he
Nat ional Co-ordinat ion of Class I nt erest s
(a) We shall first of all welcome t he machine. This is a Machine age. The handcraft s
will of course have t heir due place and encouragement . But Nat ional product ion will be on
t he biggest possible machine scale. (b) The peasant ry and t he working class form lit erally
t he chief source of Nat ional wealt h, healt h and st rengt h as well; for, a st alwart army also has
for it s recruit depot t o depend chiefly on t hese very classes which supply t he Nat ion wit h t he
first t wo requisit es. Therefore, every effort will be made t o revigorat e t hem and t he villages
which are t heir cradle. Peasant s and labourers must be enabled t o have t heir share in t he
dist ribut ion of wealt h t o
such an ext ent as t o enable t hem not only wit h a bare margin of exist ence but t he average
scale of a comfort able life. Nevert heless it must be remembered t hat t hey t oo being a part
and parcel of t he Nat ion as a whole must share obligat ions and responsibilit ies and t herefore,
can only receive t heir share in such a way as is consist ent wit h t he general development and
securit y of t he Nat ional I ndust ry, manufact ure and wealt h in general. (c) As t he Nat ional
capit al is under t he present circumst ances mainly individual and indispensable for t he
development of Nat ional I ndust ry and manufact ure, it also will receive due encouragement
and recompense. (d) But t he int erest s of bot h t he capit al and labour will be subordinat ed t o
t he requirement of t he Nat ion as a whole. (e) I f an I ndust ry is flourishing, t he profit s will be
shared in a large port ion by t he labourers. But on t he cont rary if it is a losing concern, not
only t he Capit alist but t o a cert ain ext ent even t he Labourer will have t o be sat isfied wit h
diminishing ret urns so t hat t he Nat ional I ndust ry, as such may not alt oget her be undermined
by t he overbearing at t it ude of t he selfish class int erest of eit her t he capit alist s or labourit es.
I n short t he claims of t he capit al and labour will be so co-ordinat ed from t ime t o t ime as t o
enable t he Nat ion as a whole t o develop it s Nat ional I ndust ry and manufact ure and make
it self self-sufficient . (f) I n cases some of t he key indust ries or manufact ures and such ot her
it ems may be alt oget her nat ionalized if t he Nat ional Government can afford t o do so and can
conduct t hem more efficient ly t han privat e ent erprise can do. (g) The same principle applies
t o cult ivat ion of land. We should so co-ordinat e t he int erest of t he landlord and t he peasant
t hat t he Nat ional agricult ural product ion may on t he whole be developed and does not suffer
owing t o any selfish t ussle bet ween t he class int erest s of t he landowner or t he t enent s or t he
t iller. (h) I n some cases t he Government may t ake over t he land and int roduce St at e
cult ivat ion if it can serve t o t rain up t he peasant class as a whole wit h t he use of big
machines and agricult ure on a large and scient ific scale. (i) All st rikes or lockout s which are
obviously meant or inevit ably t end t o undermine and cripple Nat ional I ndust ry or product ion
in general or are calculat ed t o weaken t he economic st rengt h of t he Nat ion as a whole must
be referred t o St at e arbit rat ion and get set t led or in serious cases quelled. ( j ) Privat e
propert y must in general be held inviolat e. (k) And in no case t here should be on t he part of
t he St at e any expropriat ion of such propert y wit hout reasonable recompense. (l) Every st ep
must be t aken by t he St at e t o prot ect Nat ional I ndust ries against foreign compet it ion.

I have hurriedly lined out above it ems t o serve as illust rat ions only. The Nat ional
economical st rengt h must grow and t he Nat ion must be made economically self-sufficient ;
t hese t wo form t he pivot of t he Policy.

A special feat ure of no less import ance of t his Hindu Sanghat anist s economics must
of course be t o safeguard t he economical int erest s of t he Hindus wherever and whenever
t hey may be t hreat ened by t he economical aggression of t he non-Hindus as happens t oday
of a set policy in t he Nizam St at e, in t he Punj ab, in Bhopal, in Assam and in several ot her
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part s of I ndia. Hindu Sabhas in all localit ies should make it a point t o see t hat t he Hindu
peasant s, t he Hindu t raders, t he Hindu labourers do not suffer at t he hands of non-Hindu
aggression while t he conflict ing class int erest s amongst t he Hindus t hemselves should be
solved in t he light of t he above general principle.
V
Our immediat e Programme for t he next t wo years.

The European WAR : - The t wo explicit resolut ions passed by t he Working Commit t ee
regarding our Policy t owards t he War in Europe leave not hing more t o be said on t hat
subj ect , as no new event has happened t o demand a change. I exhort t he Brit ish
Government once more t hat a definit e and immediat e declarat ion of grant ing t he Dominion
St at us as cont emplat ed in t he West minst er St at ut e t o I ndia, at t he end of t he War at t he
lat est is t he only means t o secure a whole-heart ed sympat hy of t he Hindu people wit h
England in t his present st ruggle and t o ensure t he willingness even of an I ndependent I ndia
in fut ure t o cont inue a co-part nership in t he commonwealt h on equal t erms. Any delay in
grant ing t he Dominion St at us as an immediat e st ep t o enable I ndia t o t read on t he pat h of
evolut ionary progress t owards her ult imat e polit ical dest iny would prove dangerous even t o
t he solidarit y of t he Brit ish commonwealt h. The rise and rapid advance of Japan in t he East ,
of Russia, I t aly and Germany in t he west are event s port ent ous and a cont ent ed and
selfgoverning I ndia cannot but be a might y fact or in st rengt hening t he Brit ish posit ion in
facing any ant i-Brit ish combinat ion. But no amount of polit ical sophist ry can disarm I ndian
discont ent and make her t olerat e t he humiliat ion of cont inuing as a Brit ish dependency. Do
you expect any longer t o dupe her int o t he belief t hat it is only t he want of an underst anding
bet ween t he I ndian maj orit y and minorit y, t he Hindus and Moslems wit h regard t o such
det ails as t he percent age in represent at ion, et c. t hat j ust ifies England in delaying t he grant
of Dominion St at us fort hwit h ? The Brit ish St at esmen have recent ly st at ed t hat t heir
conscience forbids t o t hrust an underst anding on t he minorit y, t he Moslems, in I ndia, against
t heir will and would not move an inch t ill t he Hindus and Moslems have produced a willing
compromise and a common demand for a progressive const it ut ion. I t was really a news t o
learn t hat English St at esmen have grown so god-fearing and Democrat ical almost overnight
as not t o be willing t o t hrust on any people anyt hing against t heir own will ! But may it be
asked t hat when you t hrust your unmit igat ed polit ical aut ocracy on I ndia, was t heir any
plebiscit e t aken t o a cert ain I ndian opinion ? Or did you t ake a plebiscit e or receive a unit ed
request form t he minorit y and t he maj orit y when only a couple of mont hs ago you scrapped
up t he provincial aut onomy at a st roke and invest ed Governors wit h powers t o conduct t he
Government at t heir own discret ion and in t heir own j udgement ? And if you could t hrust
undilut ed aut ocracy, a vassalage on I ndia and hold her as a dependency, can you not t hrust
a Dominion St at us on her in spit e of t he will of a Monorit y and especially so when t he
maj orit y has unanimously demanded it ? You can t hrust curses-can you not t hrust blessings
? The sooner t he Brit ish people cease t o have a resort t o t hese t ransparent polit ical
subt erfuges and t o ut ilize t he Moslem minorit y t o camouflage t heir own unwillingness t o
grant Hindust han her birt hright , her Swaraj ya, while she is st ill t reading on an evolut ionary
pat h of polit ical progress t he bet t er for England, t he bet t er for I ndia. I f t he evolut ionary pat h
is t hus alt oget her closed t o t he Hindus in part icular by empowering t he Moslems wit h a
definit e vet o on all equit able progress a deadlock may ensue, but only for a while. Because
nat ure hat es vacuum : and if evolut ionary progress is denied, t he gat hering forces of Time
Spirit cannot but t ake t he ot her and more dangerous t urn.

Next t wo years’ Const ruct ive Programme for t he Hindu Sabhait s : - Unless indeed
somet hing unexpect ed and a far more imminent and urgent dut y faces us in t he meanwhile I
call upon all Hindusabhas whet her local, provincial or cent ral, t o concent rat e t heir effort s on
t he following t hreefold const ruct ive programme in t he main.

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t
t


t .

We have numberless t asks before us, all useful, all pressing, in t heir own way. But it
is always bet t er t o begin wit h t he beginning. I nst ead of get t ing lost in det ails or t rying t o do
all at once and ending in leaving everyt hing undone or ill-done or bungled, carried away by
anyt hing and everyt hing t hat comes in t he way, it is always wiser t o choose relat ively what is
most fundament al. Most effect ive and at t he same t ime wit hin t he reach of our present
resources and abilit y and hit upon a plan t o int ensify our effort s on t hose it ems only in t he
main.
We should also remember t hat unless we gat her st rengt h we cannot and should not
always be aft er precipit at ing st ruggles only for t he sake of demonst rat ion and excit ement at
t he risk of court ing an inevit able failure, when it is uncalled for. Navigat ors abide by t he t ide.
Even lions lie in wait . Great dread-naught s are built in silent and hidden quart ers of t he
port s before t hey are called out in act ion and can wit h t heir mult i-t hroat ed roar and t he rout e
t heir opponent s.

I have not select ed t he following it ems at random. All t he above fact ors are t aken
int o considerat ion in t heir select ion. These t hree it ems are t he most fundament al, t he most
urgent and yet quit e wit hin t he reach of almost every Hindu Sanghat anist who means t o do
t he really needful at t he hour which, t hough it may not be quit e excit ing t o begin wit h, is yet
quit e sure t o enable t he forces of Hindudom t o face a right eous fight in defence of it s
honour and freedom when t he hour is st ruck. Those who can undert ake ot her it ems of t he
Sanghat an work along wit h t hese may of course do so. But our first and foremost at t ent ion
must be concent rat ed on t hese t hree it ems for t he next t wo years t o begin wit h. What ever
we will be able t o accomplish in t his direct ion wit h t hese t wo years will put us in a posit ion of
vant age t o solve ot her quest ions far more effect ively t han it can be done if we t ake t hem up
now. Therefore,-

I nt ensify your effort s on conduct ing a whirlwind campaign at every village and t own
and cit y t o,-

(1) Remove Unt ouchabilit y.
(2) Compel all universit ies, colleges and schools t o make milit ary t raining compulsory t o
st udent s and secure ent ry int o t he Naval, Aerial and Milit ary forces and inst it ut ions for
your you hs in any and every way.
(3) Prepare t he Hindu Elect orat e t o t he ut most measure possible t o vo e only for t hose
Hindu Sanghat anist s who openly pledge t o safeguard Hindu int erest s; -and not t o vot e
for t he Congress Candidat es, who can never serve Hindu int erest s wit h full freedom
and boldness even if t hey wish or promise t o do so, so long as t hey are bound by t he
Congress discipline and t ied t o t he Congress t icke

The first of t hese it ems will enable you t o consolidat e at lest a couple of crores of
your own bret hren who are religiously, cult urally, nat ionally and in every ot her way as much
a part and parcel of Hindudom as any of us can claim t o be. Every local Hindusabha must see
t o it in it s own localit y t hat t hese our so-called unt ouchable bret hren are immediat ely
elevat ed t o t he level of t he so-called t ouchables by securing t o t hem all fundament al right s
which every cit izen, even non-Hindus are ent it led t o exercise in public life. We should
persuade our t ouchable brot hers, in cases wherever unt ouchable brot hers are oppressed in
any way on t he only ground of unt ouchabilit y based on birt h alone t o fight t heir cause out if
need be by resort ing t o Law Court s. Of course we should on no account molest or disrespect
t he sent iment s of our Sanat ani brot hers so far as t heir personal freedom is concerned. But
in public schools, conveyances, post s, services and in every aspect of public life no Hindu
should be permit t ed t o deprive ot her Hindus of t heir public right s on ground of cast e
unt ouchabilit y alone. What ever social equalit y we Hindus allow t o Moslems and ot her non-
Hindus must as of right belong t o our Hindu brot hers of what ever cast e t hey be. To act
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t
t
t lf . i ,
rt

t t
t


ot herwise is in realit y an insult t o our common Hinduness. I t must be plainly ment ioned here
t hat even t hose who are at present bracket ed as unt ouchables are t hemselves guilt y of t his
sin j ust like t hose who are bracket ed as t ouchable Hindus. For, every un ouchable cast e
t reat s some ot her cas e supposed t o be inferior t o it as unt ouchable as rut hlessly as it is
t rea ed it se by ot hers The s n is common t o all of us and t herefore let us all j oin hands
t oget her and be det ermined t o remove t his curse wit h a supreme effo . I n t he meanwhile
our Sanat ani brot hers may rest assured t hat barring t he fundament al right s which every
cit izen is ent it led t o in public life, t he Hindu Mahasabha will always refrain from having any
recourse t o law t o t hrust any religious reform on any sect wit hin t he Hindu fold even in t he
case of unt ouchabilit y. But t hose Hindu Sanghatanist s who are convinced of t he incalculable
harm unt ouchabilit y has done and is doing should also be free t o act up according t o t heir
own conscience in t heir own dealings. The lines on which I call upon t he Hindu
Sanghat anist s t o carry on an int ense campaign of removing unt ouchabilit y would be made
clear from t ime t o t ime as t he work proceeds. I may ment ion here even at t he risk of a
personal reference t hat t hose who can should make it a point t o read t he report of t he t en
years’ work done by t he Rat nagiri Hindusabha under my lead in conduct ing such an int ense
campaign against unt ouchabilit y which was at t ended wit h not able success. I t will also make
it clear t hat t he approach of t he Hindu Sabha t o t he quest ion of t he removal of unt ouchabilit y
differs at t he root from t he approach of t he Gandhist a empt t o remove it . Therefore,
alt hough we may co-operat e yet we should not ident ify our movement wit h t he Gandhist
Movemen .
I n t he next t wo year’s t ime we Hindusabhait s must do more in removing
unt ouchabilit y t han t wo hundred years could do in t he past .

So far as t he second it em is concerned t he plans will be out lined in t he All-I ndia
Commit t ee and t he sit t ings of t he Working Commit t ee from t ime t o t ime.

The t hird it em const it ut es of course t he very key st one of t he whole programme.
Unless and unt il t he Hindu elect orat e does not ret urn only t he
Hindu Sanghat anist s t o t he Legislat ures and local bodies but allows t he Congress t he right t o
represent t he Hindu Elect orat e in t he eyes of t he Government , t he Hindus must cont inue t o
remain as polit ical orphans in Hindust han, in t heir own count ry. The Hindus may fight and
win Polit ical right s as t hey have done t o a great ext ent in t he past . But so long as t hey have
not cured t hemselves of t his suicidal folly of resigning t hose right s in t he hands of t he
Congress at t he polls, t hey can never expect t o st rengt hen t he legit imat e posit ion of
Hindudom in I ndia. But on t he cont rary will find t hemselves as non-ent it ies and t he Moslems
alone more profit ed by t hose very right s which t he Hindus have won and consequent ly in a
posit ion t o suppress t he Hindus wit h all t he great er impact .

Remember also t hat a new Round Table Conference or a sort of a Const it uent
Assembly may be called in t he near fut ure. So long as t he Hindus ret urn as t heir
represent at ives t he Congressit es alone t he Government is bound and j ust ified t o look upon
t he Congress t o represent t he Hindu view, even if t he Congress prot est s against it . And t hey
will not recognize t he Congress as represent ing t he Moslems or t he Nat ion as a whole even if
t he Congress claims t hat posit ion; because t he Moslems refuse t o ret urn any Moslem on t he
Congress t icket as a rule. Even Dr. Kichlu was defeat ed at t he Moslem polls because he
st ood on t he Congress t icket . Under such circumst ances t here is grave and a sure danger of
furt her surrender of Hindu right s t o Moslem demands which are already claiming equalit y of
st at us even in t he Hindu provinces. There will be no use of any prot est from t he Hindu
Sanghat anist s Part y or of t he secret bickerings or fulminat ions of t hose Hindus in t he
Congress camp it self who personally hat e t his at t it ude on t he part of t he Congress as an
organizat ion-for, t here will be no part y wit h credent ials from t he Hindu elect orat e t o
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r
represent t hem, who can advocat e at t he Conference t he legit imat e Hindu right s as freely
and boldly and uncompromisingly as t he Moslem League represent at ives can do t heirs.

But if t he Hindu elect orat e does ever come t o it s senses, refuses t o ret urn t he
Congressit e candidat es and ret urns only t he Hindu Sanghat anist s in maj orit y, t he Hindus can
have Hindu Sanghat anist s Government in at least seven provinces as t he Moslems have in
t he Punj ab, Bengal, et c. and t he Hindus can capt ure enough polit ical power so as t o be in a
posit ion t o remove at least 75 % of t he grievances under which t hey are groaning now even
in provinces like U.P. where t hey form t he maj orit y and t he Congress ruled. The provincial
police and t he public service will be under t he command of Hindu Sanghat anist s
Government s and will not dare t o t rample on or neglect Hindu right s. Nay, t he Moslems of
t hemselves, will neit her dare t o encroach upon Hindu right s nor put forward such int olerable
ant i-Hindu or ant i-Nat ional demands. As we have no grudge against t he Moslem minorit y in
so far as t heir legit imat e right s a e concerned and as t he Hindu Sanghat anist s are ever
willing t o live in an honourable friendship and amit y wit h t heir Moslem count rymen in
Hindust han, t he Moslem minorit y t oo will have every prot ect ion in t he exercise of it s
legit imat e right s.

Therefore, all our effort s must be int ensely concent rat ed during t he next t wo or t hree
years in persuading t he Hindu elect orat e t o vot e for t he Hindu Sanghat anist s alone………and
not t o vot e for t he Congressit es in any fut ure elect ions. This will require a daily press
devot ed t o t he Hindu Sanghat anist s cause and a cent ral Fund. Above all, we shall have t o
form a Hindu Part y-including Sanat anist s, Aryasamaj ist s and all such ot her Hindu bodies,
sect s and sect ions, who have not as yet any formal connect ion wit h t he Hindu Mahasabha as
an organizat ion but are as devot ed Hindu Sanghat anist s as t he Hindusabhait s t hemselves.
The ways and means of effect ing it all is a mat t er of det ail and ought t o be at t ended t o by
t he local, provincial and t he cent ral Hindu Mahasabha organizat ions and above all by all
Hindu Sanghat anist s whet her t hey be formal members of t he Hindu Sabha or not .

But if in spit e of our effort s t he Hindus elect orat e persist s in it s suicidal folly and vot es
for t he Congress and we do not secure a maj orit y at t he Polls ?-Never mind. Our effort s are
sure t o succeed in securing a minorit y : as we already find in Maharasht ra and some ot her
places t hat Hindu Sanghat anist candidat es are not only elect ed in some hot ly cont est ed
elect ions against t he Congress but in cases have t opped t he polls. And even t he presence of
a minorit y of devot ed Hindu Sanghat anist s in legislat ures and local bodies act s as an effect ive
check on t he waywardness of t he maj orit y, gives a t ongue unt o Hindu grievances and paves
a way t o furt her progress and power.

But if we are complet ely out vot ed at t he elect ions and do not secure a single seat ?
Never mind st ill. We shall acknowledge t he defeat and share t he humiliat ion in general. But
we can proudly claim for ourselves individually t hat we did not bet ray our conscience in spit e
of overwhelming odds. The responsibilit y of t he elect orat e in general and not on him who
cast s his own vot e at any rat e on t he Hindu side. Moreover t he very risk of a cont est in
elect ions against t he Congress on such a right eous issue is bound t o compel t he Congress t o
be more and more afraid of sacrificing Hindu int erest s on t he alt ar of t he fet t ish of a pseudo-
Nat ionalism.

To j oin t he Nat ional fight when and while t he forces are winning, is pat riot ic enough.
But when t he fight for a right eous cause is almost lost , t o persist st ill in rallying round it s
banner and refuse t o bet ray one’s conscience t o t he last , in spit e of a general defeat and
humiliat ion,-is simply heroic ! , and all t hat an honest soldier can individually do ! I f he
cannot share t he j oy of a general vict ory, not hing can deprive him of t he supreme
sat isfact ion of having done his dut y well. This should be t he fait h wit h which t he Hindu
Sanghat anist s should cont inue t heir cont est under t he present circumst ances. Let us
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det ermine, even if t he worst comes t o t he worst , t o be t he last of t he devot ed bat ch of t he
Hindu Sanghat anist s t han t o be t he first of t he Hindu t rait ors!

* * * * * * *
1.4 22
nd
Session Madura – 1940
Delegat es t o and Members of t he Hindu Mahasabha,

I really cannot find words adequat e enough t o express my cordial and grat eful
appreciat ion of t he t rust which you have placed in me in elect ing me t his year also, for t he
fourt h t ime in an unbroken succession, t o t he President ship of t he Akhil Bharat iya Hindu
Mahasabha. During t he last t hree years I always felt confident whenever I was called upon
by you t o preside t hat I would so acquit myself of t he responsibilit y it involved as t o j ust ify
your choice t o your own sat isfact ion as well as t o t he sat isfact ion of my own conscience. But
t his year I felt so uneasy when I learnt of my elect ion t o t he President ship for t he fourt h t ime
while I cont inued bed-ridden owing t o a long drawn illness wit h no speedy recovery in sight
t hat I immediat ely wrot e t o our est eemed leader Dr.P.Varadaraj ulu Naidu informing him of
my int ent ion t o resign t elegraphically t he high office, as I was painfully conscious of my
inabilit y t o discharge it s dut ies wit h t hat unt iring act ivit y and zeal wit h which I t ried t o do it
t hroughout my t enure as t he President of t he Hindu Mahasabha. But Dr. Varadaraj ulu Naidu
wired back t o me not t o t ake such a st ep all of a sudden as t hat would t ell disast rously on
t he success of t he Session t o come. Several of our est eemed leaders and comrades also
wired t o me t o t he same effect and urged upon me t he necessit y of accept ing t he
President ship in t he best int erest of t he Hindu cause. I n deference t o t his public will and
especially due t o my unwillingness t o cause any addit ional worry at t he elevent h hour t o Dr.
Varadaraj ulu Naidu, t he band of Hindu Sanghat anist workers and t he est eemed Chairman
and t he members of t he Recept ion Commit t ee who had undergone such st renuous effort s t o
hold t his first Hindu Mahasabha Session in Tamil Nad, I yielded t o t he public pressure and
agreed t o preside over t his Session at any rat e.

Now, if my healt h improves, I shall of course set t o t he work you have ent rust ed t o
me wit h unsparing and unt iring zeal and effort and t ry t o lead t he movement t o t he best of
my abilit y t hrough t hick and t hin, t hrough sunshine and shower. But if my ailing healt h
improves not , inst ead of playing false t o my conscience in st icking t o t he high post wit hout
t he required st rengt h t o discharge it s dut ies as st renuously as it should be done, I should be
allowed t o resign t he President ship and shift it s onerous responsibilit ies t o some st ronger
and wort hier shoulders. Of course, it goes wit hout saying t hat even if I cease t o be t he
President of t he Mahasabha, I cannot but cont inue t o work and fight as a soldier in your
ranks who has dedicat ed his life once and for all t o t he sacred Hindu cause.

The Mahasabha Movemen marches ahead
Wit h long and rapid st rides
I t is encouraging t o not e t hat t he Hindu movement has been advancing wit h long and
rapid st rides t hroughout t his year under t he auspices of t he Mahasabha. Even a passing
reference t o some leading it ems in t he report of t he work of t he Mahasabha during t his year
will be sufficient t o bear out t his fact .

First ly, we have brought t his year anot her great Presidency wit hin t he sphere of
influence of our ideological realm. Only a year ago t here was hardly even a dist rict
Hindusabha wort h t he name t hroughout t his Madras presidency. Wit h t he except ion of t he
pat riarchal personalit y of Syt . Vij ayaraghavacharior of Salem and a handful of leading men
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t t
here and t here who realised t he urgency and import ance of t he Hindu Sanghat an movement ,
t he millions and millions of Hindus in t his presidency knew next t o not hing about t he Hindu
movement or t he Hindu Mahasabha which led it . While t hat polit ical sect ion amongst t he
Hindus who knew of it , knew it only eit her t o pooh-pooh it or t o hat e it . But fort unat ely for
t he Hindu cause, a vet eran leader who was t horoughly well versed in conduct ing mass
movement s and held a high posit ion in t he polit ical life of t his presidency for decades in t he
past came forward at t he beginning of t his year t o espouse t he casue of t he Hindu
Mahasabha and organize t he Hindu communit y under t he Hindu flag in t his Presidency also.
He was Dr.P.Varadaraj ulu Naidu. Very soon a band of ent husiast ic pioneers gat hered round
him and several men of posit ion offered t heir co-operat ion in t he sacred mission. The result
is t hat wit hin some t en mont hs’ t ime t he whole Presidency of Madras from Trivandrum t o
Raj ahmundry has not only become alive t o t he growing prest ige and power of t he Hindu
Mahasabha but millions of Hindus in it have been capt ivat ed by t he ideology of Hindu
Sanghat an. Consequent ly, t he Mahasabha has already become a force t o be count ed wit hin
t he polit ical and social life of t his presidency also.

Nay, furt her, t his Session in t he very heart of t he Tamil Nad furnishes a visual proof
of t he great Pan-Hindu awakening t hat has come over t he Hindu mind not only t he st reams
of all I ndian rivers, t he Sindhu and Saraswat i, t he Jamna and Ganga, t he Krishna and Kaveri
t hat have met in confluence at Madura as t hey did t his morning when wat ers from all t he
Teert has were t aken out in procession, but it is also t he All-I ndia st reams of Hindu Life t hat
have met here t oday in a Pan-Hindu confluence. Every pulse t hat beat s in every Hindu
individual here in t his vast concourse is pulsat ing wit h t he Oneness of our racial, religious,
polit ical and nat ional being and t he Pan-Hindu flag t hat is waving on t his Mandap does but
symbolise t he flame t hat has set some t went y crores of Hindu heart s aflame wit h t he glad
t idings t hat a resurrect ed Hindu Nat ion is soon t o rise resplendent out of it s grave of a self-
forget ful swoon.

Anot her it em which deserves t o be not ed in reviewing t his year’s work is t he
remarkable increase in t he well checked and regularly regist ered membership of t he Hindu
Mahasabha t hroughout I ndia. I n t his connect ion t he Maharasht ra Provincial Hindusabha and
t he Bengal Provincial Hindusabha deserve a special ment ion. Some five years ago t he
Mahasabha count ed it s members in t housands. This year we are in a posit ion t o count t hem
in lakhs and if but we all work wit h unabat ed and unt iring energy for some five years more,
we shall doubt less be able t o count our membership in millions. I n t he addit ion t o t his
remarkable increase in membership t he Hindu Mahasabha organizat ion has also t hrown out
it s branches t his year in large numbers in places where t hey did not exist before, Then again
in addit ion t o t he Hindusabhas which are formally affiliat ed wit h t he Mahasabha t here have
grown up Hindusabha organizat ions in t he St at es which are for all purposes ident ical and
allied wit h t he Hindu Mahasabha organizat ion but which for reasons of policy and
convenience are not regularly affiliat ed wit h it . As prominent amongst t hese may be
ment ioned : - The Travancore St at e Hindusabha and t he Shuddhisabha; t he Kolhapur St at e
Hindusabha and t he Shuddhisabha; t he Bhopal St at e Hindusabha; t he Nizam St at e Hindu
Mandal; t he Gwalior St at e Hindusabha; t he Cut ch-Kat hia-war St at e Hindusabha and such
ot hers. The maj orit y of t hese have been st art ed very recent ly and all of t hem have recorded
a commendable progress t his year. I t is also encouraging t o not e t hat t he Hindusabhas are
being organized out side I ndia, t oo, in Africa, Japan, Trinidad and some ot her count ries.
Report s show t hat t he Trinidad Hindusabha is making good progress.

Of t he St at e Hindusabhas t he Nizam Hindu Mandal deserves a special at t ent ion on
account of t he fact t hat not only it s ext ensive act ivit ies but even it s very exist ence t est ify t o
t he fact how t he Nizam Civil Resist ance movement had morally and mat erially st rengt hened
t he posit ion of t he Hindus in t hat S a e and how on t he whole t he civil and religious libert ies
t hat were denied t o t hem before t he Civil Resist ance movement began, can now be exercised
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I f r
t
at least t o such ext ent as t o enable t he Hindus t o forge ahead and gat her sufficient st rengt h
t o win furt her libert ies and t o get st rong enough t o defend t hemselves against t he out rages
of Moslem fanat icism which even t oday cont inue t o disfigure t he St at e. The Hindu Mandal
has already est ablished it s branches in import ant cent res in t he St at e and is rapidly
consolidat ing t he Hindus t here. The awakening t hat came over t he Hindus in t hat St at e
during t he excit ing and inspiring days of t he Civil Resist ance movement has doubt less come
t o st ay and has already made t he
Hindus in t hat St at e more self confident and mainly enough t o defend t hemselves as has
been demonst rat ed in a number of cases t his year in which t he Hindus count er-at t acked and
brought t he Moslem gundas t o t heir knees when t he lat t er t ook t o riot ing or loot ing as t hey
were wont t o do wit h impunit y in days gone by. There have been some organized and
out rageous ant i-Hindu riot s even t his year in t hat St at e s for example at Nanded wherein t he
very St at e police and aut horit ies, most ly Moslems, did not hesit at e t o molest t he Hindus; - but
t hen such incident s were relat ively few t his year when compared t o t he st at e of t hings
prevailing a few years ago. We must also remember t hat even in t he so-called Brit ish I ndia
such fanat ical out burst s on t he part of t he Moslems are not quit e unknown. The new fact or
t hat is t o be not ed, so far as t he St at e is concerned, is t he increasing resist ance and even
t he spirit of count er-at t acking t o checkmat e aggression which are being displayed by t he
Hindus in t he St at e in an everincreasing measure. but t his spirit cont inues t o g ow and t he
Hindus in t he Hyderabad St at e get consolidat ed int o a Hindu front vot ing for t hose
represent at ives who are pledged t o t he Hindu cause t hey would cert ainly be able before long
t o bring sufficient pressure on t he Nizam Government t o yield as many const it ut ional right s
t o t he Hindus in t hat St at e as t heir populat ion st rengt h demands and as t he Moslems in t he
Kashmere St at e have already acquired on t he same plea of being a maj or communit y.

The propagandist ic act ivit ies of t he Mahasabha were also carried on, on a more
ext ensive scale t hroughout t his year t han it could be done in t he past . Our grat eful t hanks
are specially due in t his respect t o our vet eran leader Dharmaveer Dr. Moonj e who in spit e
of his advanced age kept himself const ant ly on t he run from province t o province t hroughout
t he year. Most influent ial leaders like Sir M.N. Mookerj i, Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerj i,
Dharamaveer Bhpat kar, as well as hundreds of provincial leaders and organizers kept
working night and day wit h t he selfless devot ion of a religious missionary or a Tapaswi and
t oured from place t o place t o propagat e t he cause. During t his year, t here were held not
less t han a hundred provincial, dist rict and even t aluka conferences; local meet ings were held
in t housands; while cart -loads of Sanghat an lit erat ure were being freely dist ribut ed from all
import ant cent res of t he Mahasabha organizat ion t hroughout I ndia.

I n t he elec oral field also we have secured t his year some not able successes which
proved t hat at least t he int elligent part of t he Hindu elect orat e has unmist akably begun t o
realise t hat t heir best int erest s as Hindus could only be served by vot ing for t he Sanghat anist
represent at ives and t hat it is suicidal for Hindus t o vot e for a Congress candidat e so long as
he is bound t o t he Congress ideology. As a case in point , we may ment ion t he hot ly
cont est ed elect ion t o t he Calcut t a Corporat ion. The Bengal Hindusabha came out wit h flying
colours at several polling st at ions in spit e of t he fact t hat it was t he first t ime when Hindu
Mahasabha openly challenged t he long and firmly est ablished monopoly of t he Congress at
t he Hindu polls, and t he consequence was t hat t he Congress could not form a maj orit y part y
in t he corporat ion on t heir own t icket . At some ot her places, as for example in Sindh,
Mahad, et c. we inflict ed almost cent per cent defeat on t he Congressit es and got a clear
maj orit y. Of course, it is no wonder t hat at some places t he Hindusabha suffered reverses
also. But we shall have t o st art in every elect ion for at least five years t o come fully
prepared t o face such elect oral reverses. The Hindu elect orat e cannot so quickly learn t o
unlearn t he lesson t hat has been branded on t heir mind t hat it s elect oral dut y consist s in
not hing else but t o vot e for t he Congress wit h eyes closed, t ongues t ied and brains held in
abeyance. Nevert heless, t he moral of t hese reverses also should be carefully not ed by us.
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As an illust rat ion of t his let us t ake Municipal elect ion at Karnavat i (Ahmedabad) which t ook
place t his very mont h where t he Hindusabha lost all t he seat s it compet ed for.

I n t his case of Karnavat i (Ahmedabad) also t his was t he first t ime when t he Congress
monopoly was challenged by t he Hindu Mahasabha at t he polls. The Congress alt hough it
calls it self ‘Nat ional’ had set up no candidat e in Moslem wards. On t he elect ion day all t he
Congressit es sought only Hindu vot es and proclaimed even t hemselves as Hindus. Their
nat ionalism on t hat day did not fight shy of insist ing upon t he fact t hat t hey were Hindus, an
act which is branded by t hem as below t heir dignit y as ‘Nat ionalist s’ t hroughout t he period t ill
t he day of any elect ion dawns. The opposit ion of t he Hindu Mahasabha was also so t ough
t hat it t axed t he resources of t he Congressit e part y t o it s ut most capacit y. The arrest of
pat riot Vallabhai Pat el was deliberat ely st aged at t hat cit y j ust on t he eve of t he elect ion and
aft er his arrest a message was broadcast ed as his last word t o t he cit izens t hat no vot er
should vot e for t he Hindu Mahasabha. As if t hat was t he real issue for which pat riot Pat el
court ed arrest as if not t o vot e for t he Hindu Mahasabha was such a pat riot ic virt ue t hat it
should const it ut e t he only t heme for t he Congress Sat yagrahi on which t he Hindus required
t o be inst ruct ed if I ndia was t o be saved. Nevert heless t he elect ion campaign served as t he
best occasion for t he Hindusabhait s t oo t o preach t heir ideology t o t he public and t he more
t he Congress grew excit ed t he larger was t he audience t hat at t ended t he Hindusabha
meet ings t o know t he ot her side of t he quest ion. Some of t he meet ings addressed by such
popular Hindu Mahasabha orat ors as Syt . Chandregupt a Vedalankar and Prof. Deshpande
were more largely at t ended t han any meet ing held by t he Congress. So at long last came in
t he last argument which t he Congressit es are wont t o use during every elect ion campaign,
t he argument of gundaism. Hindusabha meet ings were dist urbed and free fight s became t he
order of t he day. At t he polls also Hindusabha vot ers were molest ed t o cause panic and as
t he crowning rit e of t he Ahimsak Dharma, t he Congressit e gundas at t acked t he Cent ral
Hindusabha office in t he cit y, on t he last day of polling, causing serious bloodshed, inj uring a
number of Hindusabha volunt eers so seriously t hat t hey had t o be removed t o t he hospit al,
t ill at last t he police st epped in, t ook t he Hindu-sabha office under t heir prot ect ion and kept
pat rolling t he st reet for a day or so even aft er t he elect ions were over.

I have referred at some lengt h t o t his incident because for t he Hindusabhait s it has a
moral of it s own. The Congress at present is resort ing t o Sat yagraha in order, as some of
t hem say, t o vindicat e t he right of free speech denied by t he Brit ish Government or as some
ot her Congressit es say t o proclaim t he regime of absolut e non-violence in t he whole world.
I n t he light of t he above incident s at Karnavat i (Ahmedabad) during t hese very weeks of
Sat yagrah we are t empt ed t o ask, does t he Congress want t o secure t he right of free speech
from t he Brit ish for t he Congress alone so t hat t hey may be left freer t o gag t he mout h of
t heir own count rymen kit h and kin? And does t hat regime of absolut e non-violence mean t he
ban on all ot her lat his and weapons but t hose which are t o be freely used against
Hindusabha offices and meet ings ? And in t hat case does not linguist ic honest y at any rat e
require t hat t his Congress campaign be bet t er st yled as ‘Asat yagrah’ inst ead of ‘Sat yagraha’ ?
But what ever reflect ions we may pass on Congress gundaism in elect oral campaigns, we
must not commit t he mist ake of at t ribut ing t he Congress success at t he polls t o gundaism
alone. We must remember t hat a large sect ion of t he Hindu elect orat e it self is likely t o
persist volunt arily and knowingly for some t ime t o come in t he suicidal folly of vot ing for t he
Congress sheerly out of t he vicious habit of a long st anding. Consequent ly, wit hout being
discouraged by reverse as at Karnavat i (Ahmedabad) or on t he cont rary wit hout get t ing
cocksure by elect oral successes as in Sindh or at Calcut t a, Delhi, Mahad and such ot her
places, we Hindusabhait s must cont inue t o cont est t he elect ions not caring much, for t he
t ime being for t he result s. The result s in an elect ion generally depend on t he folly or t he
wisdom of t he elect orat e and you can never correct t he elect orat e unless you cont inue t o
cont est elect ions and ut ilise t hat opport unit y for propagat ing your principles. Even t he most
powerful part ies of t oday, t he Nazis or t he Facist s or t he Bolshevist s or t he Democrat s did
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not sweep t he polls at a bound. They t oo had t o face reverses in t heir init ial st ages. I f but
we t ake caut ious st eps, st udy t he t echnique of elect oral campaigns at big cent res and t hen
ent er t he cont est , we are sure even under t he present circumst ances t o secure an influent ial
minorit y in represent at ion t o t he Legislat ures and local bodies and even t he presence of a
minorit y of devot ed Hindu Sanghat anist s is sure t o act as a check on t he Congressit e
maj orit ies, t o give a t ongue unt o Hindu grievances and pave a way t o furt her polit ical power.
Nay, even if we fail t o secure a single seat in an elect ion, even t hen t he cont est it self will
repay t he t rouble and checkmat e t he Congressit e waywardness. The consciousness t hat it is
not a walkover now in winning seat s as it used t o be, will force t he Congressit es t o prove t o
t he Hindu elect orat e t hat t hey t oo do not disregard Hindu int erest s as t he Hindu
Sanghat anist s rival candidat es in t he elect ions allege and will make t he Congressit es more
and more afraid of sacrificing Hindu int erest s t o t he fet t ish of t heir Pseudo-Nat ionalism. I f
t he Hindu part y persist s in cont est ing elect ions, a day will come when t he Congressit e Hindus
shall have t o go t o t he polls wit h a conspicuous ‘Gandham’ be smeared on t heir foreheads
and t he ‘Tulsi’ rosari in t heir hands t o prove t o t he Hindu elect orat e t hat it was t hey, t he
Congressit es, who were Hindus of a purer ray serene t han t he Hindu Sanghat anist heret ics.

That is why I t ake t his opport unit y of rendering special t hanks t o t he Hindusabha of
Karnavat i (Ahmedabad) for having cont est ed so t oughly in spit e of all odds inst ead of playing
false t o t heir conscience and let go t he elect ion uncont est ed for fear of defeat . They have
done t heir dut y well. I t is t hat part of t he Hindu elect orat e which vot ed for t he Congress
which is responsible for bet raying Hindu int erest s and will soon pay t he bill. Curiously
enough t he very elect ion week at Karnavat i (Ahmedabad) demonst rat ed t he fact how t his bill
will have t o be paid and how Hindus will be made t o suffer humiliat ion at t he hands of t he
Congressit es. I t is a st raw but it shows how t he wind blows. I n a big educat ional inst it ut ion
at Karnavat i (Ahmedabad) wherein t here are some eleven hundred Hindu st udent s and some
eight y Moslem st udent s, t here was a programme wherein only t he first st anza of ‘Vande
Mat aram’ which was cert ified by t he Congress it self as quit e harmless even from it s t imid
point of view was t o be sung. But t he Moslem st udent s obj ect ed t o t hat t oo, t o t he song
it self. The school aut horit ies t ook out of t heir file a circular which was issued when t he
Congress was in power and which laid it down t hat t he ‘Vande Mat aram’ song or any part of
it should not be sung if t he Moslems obj ect ed and in accordance wit h it t he song was
alt oget her omit t ed from t he programme t o t he great resent ment of t he Hindu st udent s.
Thus t he sent iment s of eight y (80) Moslem st udent s weighed more t han and out vot ed t he
sent iment s of eleven hundred (1100) Hindu st udent s. This is Congress Democracy !

The Hindu Mahasabha has been doing all it can
t o defend t he Hindu casue in Sindh
While we are passing t he last year’s report of t he Hindu movement , under review, of
all t he Hindusabhas t he Sindh Provincial Hindusabha and in fact t he Sanghat anist part y in
general in Sindh including t he Hindu Panchayat s and Dharma Sabhas t here, must be specially
congrat ulat ed upon t he unflinching devot ion t o t heir Dharma wit h which t hey faced daily
myrt yrdom t hroughout t his year during t he lat est rising of t he murderous Moslem fanat ics, in
Sindh. You all know how keenly we feel our helplessness in ext ending more efficient help t o
our Sindh brot hers t han we could do. But it may safely be st at ed t hat short of armed
ret aliat ion t he Hindu Mahasabha or rat her t he Hindu Sanghat anist part y in general has been
doing all t hat could be done under t he circumst ances t o safeguard and defend t he Hindu
cause in Sindh. Only a couple of years ago I had been t o Hyderabad, Karachi, Sukkur,
Shikarpur, Rohri and st udied t he sit uat ion on t he spot and presided over t he Hindu
Conference at Sukkur held under t he auspices of t he Sindh Provincial Hindusabha. I t was at
t hat conference t hat t he Hindus det ermined definit ely t o oppose t he Moslem aggression on
t he Manzalgah t o formulat e t heir grievances and t o form a Hindu front which would oppose
t oot h and nail any at t empt on t he part of t he Congress t o sacrifice t he Hindu int erest s in
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Sindh by handing over t he province ent irely t o Moslem dominat ion. The Provincial
Hindusabha organizat ion war overhauled and t he Sanat an Sabhas, t he Sikhs, t he Arya-samaj
and ot her Hindu Sanghat anist part ies were persuaded t o work hand in hand and merge
t hemselves int o a common Hindu front . Thereupon t he Sindh Provincial Hindusabha
repudiat ed openly t he pret ensions of t he Congress part y t o represent t he Hindus and began
t o cont est elect ions on Hindu t icket s t o Legislat ures and local bodies. At several places t hey
succeeded in inflict ing defeat s on t he Congress candidat es and t oday represent at ives of t he
Hindu Sanghat anist part y form so influent ial a minorit y in t he provincial legislat ures and
some of t he local bodies as t o be able very oft en t o hold t he balance so as t o influence t he
format ion of t he Moslem Minist ries t hemselves. I n addit ion t o t hat , t here are t wo t o t hree
Hindu Minist ers in t he Minist ry it self who are pledged t o t he Hindu t icket . When t he Hindus
were get t ing t hus more and more consolidat ed and t heir opposit ion t o t he Manzalgah
quest ion grew serious, t he Moslems broke out in open riot s here and t here and t he Hindu life
and propert y were seriously t hreat ened. Even t hen t he Congressit e part y did not dare t o
t ake up t he cause of t he Hindu minorit y in hand and t he All I ndia Congress t ook no not ice
what soever of t he violent campaign which t he Moslems who were in overwhelming maj orit y
in t hat province had set on foot t o clear out at any rat e some dist rict s of Sindh of Hindu
populat ion and render Sindh a verit able Pakist an. When t he posit ion in Sindh grew so
serious and t he Moslem Part ies fight ing wit h each ot her could form no st able Government Dr.
Moonj e Mahashay paid a visit t o t hat province on t he eve of t his year and presided over t he
second Hindu Conference at Sukkur. The Hindus once more declared t heir firm
det erminat ion t o defend t heir right s and not t o sign volunt arily any humiliat ing surrender not
only in connect ion wit h t he Manzalgah affair but in case of any quest ion which t ouched Hindu
honour. The Hindu Sanghat anist discarded t he Congressit e advice of evacuat ing Sindh
alt oget her. They were and are det ermined t o defend t heir ancient heart hs and homes and
keep t he flag of Hindudom flying on t he banks of t he I ndus even t hough and so long as t he
Hindus cont inue t o be in t he minorit y of one ! j ust a couple of days aft er t his conference, t he
Sukkur riot s broke out as t he Moslems were driven out of t he Manzalgah under Hindu
pressure and t he murderous Moslem rising spread from village t o village. The Sindh
Provincial Hindusabhait s t aking t heir own lives in t he hollow of t heir hands st rained every
nerve t o defend t he Hindus as best as t hey could. Hindusabhait s, t he leaders and t he
followers were prosecut ed, persecut ed, ext erned, int erned, st abbed, t hreat ened and had t o
work every hour at t he imminent risk of t heir life. St ill on t he whole t hey st ood bravely by
t heir post s and short of an armed ret aliat ion did everyt hing t o oppose and quell t he Moslem
rising and t o succour and relieve t he Hindus. The Hindusabhas in ot her provinces also
ext ended every sympat hy t o t heir co-religionist s in Sindh. There had been hundreds of
meet ings all over I nida held by t he Hindusabhas. Resolut ions were passed, funds were
raised and sent t o relieve t he Hindu sufferers. Deput at ions were sent and represent at ions
made t o t he Government . I myself urged upon t he Viceroy and t he Governor of Sindh t hat
t he Moslem Minist ry and t he Provincial Aut onomy should be scrapped, t hat t he Governor
himself should t ake over t he administ rat ion in his hands t o begin wit h and lat er on t he
Government re-annex Sindh t o t he Bombay Presidency. I put it t o t he Viceroy in writ ing,
‘Had so many Europeans, men and women, been but chered or out raged in Sindh as has
been t he case wit h t he Hinuds would t he Government have looked on wit h folded hands as
t hey are doing now ? Would t hey not have raised t o t he ground t he villages and resort s of
murderous Moslem conspirat ors as an act of j ust reprisals ?’ I t is amusing t o see t hat some
people from t ime t o t ime should quest ion, why t he
Hindu Mahasabha does not publish a full report of t he Moslem at rocit ies in Sindh ? The fact
is t hat t he Sindh Hindusabha, t he very men on t he spot have held invest igat ions from t ime t o
t ime and published regular report s wit h names, st at ement s, amount of loss of t he Hindu
sufferers. A couple of t he report s had even been proscribed by t he Government s. The
Hindu Sanghat anist press had t o furnish securit y for print ing t hat . Almost all Hindu
Sanghat anist papers in I ndia have print ed all t hose det ails again and again. I n fact it is only
due t o t he Hindu Mahasabha act ivit ies and t he Hindu Sanghat anist press t hat t he
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grievances and calamit ies of t he Hindus in Sindh could at all be known all over I ndia.
Moreover, it is only due t o t he pressure which t he Hindu Mahasabhait s brought t o bear on
t he Government t hat t he Governor had at last forced t he hands of t he Moslem Minist ry and
t ook such st ringent st eps t hat at least some of t he leading mischief-makers were brought t o
book, some effect ive prot ect ion afforded t o t he Hindus in t he villages, some t error st ruck in
t he heart s of t he malefact ors and consequent ly t here could be at least a t emporary lull in t he
ant i-Hindu act ivit ies of t he Moslem fanat ics in Sindh. I n view of t he above fact , I feel no
hesit at ion in st at ing again t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha t hrough it s provincial and local
branches and wit h t he help of t he Hindu Sanghat anist public in general all over I ndia
have done what ever it could do under t he circumst ances t o ext end relief t o t he Hindu
sufferers in Sindh short of armed reprisals or ret aliat ion. But t he lat t er means cannot fall
wit hin t he sphere of our discussion here as here we must concern ourselves only wit h a
legit imat e and const it ut ional means. We wish we could do more t han what is done and if t he
sit uat ion in Sindh does not improve soon more st ringent st eps shall be t aken as
circumst ances permit .

I t is t he Congress which is primarily responsible for
t he calamit ies which have befallen t he
Hindus in Sindh

When we find t hat in spit e of all t hese fact s it is precisely t he Congressit es who
accuse t he Hindu Mahasabha for having done not hing for, t he Hindus in Sindh t hat t he
necessit y arises of reminding t he Congressit es t hat , was it not t he Congress which insist ed
on and brought about t he separat ion of Sindh from t he Bombay Presidency ? And was not
t hat t he original sin ? The Hindu Mahasabha fought t oot h and nail against t he separat ion of
Sindh warning t he Congressit e Hindus t hat such a st ep would only lead t o unt old miseries of
t he Hindus : t hat it was a part of t he Moslem conspiracy t o separat e Sindh so as t o lay t he
foundat ion-st one of t heir pet Pakist an scheme : t hat wild, fanat ical and murderous gangs of
Moslems who always prowled about t he borders of Sindh would pounce upon t he Hindu
minorit y and even t he most polished Moslems t hroughout I ndia would not raise a finger t o
save t he lat t er but would wait for t he moment when t he Hindus were eit her wiped off or
evacuat e Sindh en masse leaving it a pure Dar-ul-I slam a Moslem t errit ory. But in spit e of
t his opposit ion of t he Mahasabha t he Congressit e Hindus vot ed for t he separat ion of Sindh
j ust t o please t he Moslems ! And now it is t he Congressit es who are demanding from t he
Hindu Mahasabha t he explanat ion of what it was doing for t he Hindus in Sindh ! ! The
incendiary who first set t he village on fire is now demanding from t he cit izens an explanat ion
of t he fact why t hey could not exert t hemselves more in put t ing down t he fire ! The Working
Commit t ee of t he Congress, while everyday brought harrowing news of ant i-Hindu out rages
in Sindh did not ut t er a single word in condemnat ion of it . Nor was a single meet ing held
t hroughout I ndia by t he Congress t o prot est against it . I t was only when t he Hindu
Mahasabha act ivit ies brought sufficient pressure upon t he Government t o t ake st ringent
measures and pressed t he Government t o scrap up t he Moslem Aut onomy t hat Maulana Azad
was hurriedly dispat ched by Gandhij i t o Sindh. But wit h what leading obj ect ives in view ?

But Maulana Azad’s Mission was not so much t o
Safeguard t he Hindus as t o st abilise t he
Moslem Minist ry
He did not formulat e any scheme t o recompense of safeguard t he Hindus nor did he
issue any condemnat ion or frame any charge-sheet of t he Moslem at rocit ies. His whole
anxiet y under Gandhij i’s inst ruct ions was t o exhort t he Moslems t o form a st able Government
so as not t o give any excuse t o t he Hindu Mahasabha t o force t he hands of t he Government
t o re-annex Sindh t o Bombay or empower t he Governor t o resume t he administ rat ion in his
own hands. I f t he Moslems fail t o form a st able Government in Sindh how were t hey going
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t

t o prove t o t he Brit ish Government t hat t hey would be able t o rule t heir would-be Pakist an
as efficient ly as t he Brit ish ? That seemed t o be t he anxiet y which drove Maulana Azad t o
Sindh. For, one fails t o underst and how a st able Government of t hose very Moslem part ies
who have been responsible for t he plight of t he Hindus upt o t his t ime could improve t he
condit ion and safeguard t he life and propert y of t he Hindu minorit y t here. A st able
Government of t hese Moslem part ies may as well prove more dangerous t o t he Hindus t han
ot herwise. The t emporary cessat ion of crime in Sindh is t he result of t he direct pressure
exercised by t he Governor and t he consequent hunt of t he Moslem criminals which had
already been init iat ed before Maulana Azad st epped int o Sindh. Not a st able Moslem Minist ry
or any ot her measure serving only as an eye-wash can ever be an effect ive way of prot ect ing
t he legit imat e right s of t he Hindu minorit y in Sindh or ensure peace and order. The annulling
of t he Moslem aut onomy in Sindh and t he re-annexat ion of it t o t he presidency of Bombay
can alone secure t hat obj ect ive.

The Pan-Hindu movement anima es t he
Hindu Princes t oo
I t is encouraging t o not e anot her fact or, while we are reviewing t his year’s work, t hat
a lively int erest is being evinced by t he Hindu Princes in t he Mahasabha act ivit ies. The Pan-
Hindu ideology was sure t o st ir up, sooner or lat er, t he ,lat ent fire in t he blood of our hist oric
forefat hers which flows in t he veins of our Hindu Princes and make t hem realize t hat t heir
dut y required t hem not only t o sympat hize wit h but t o lead t he Hindu movement . The far-
sight ed amongst t hem have begun t o realise t hat t heir present and fut ure int erest s as well
are, in fact , ident ified wit h t he Pan-Hindu movement now growing st ronger from day t o day.
I f, upt o t his t ime, t he Hindu Princes failed t o lead t he Hindu movement or help it wit h t hat
fervour, courage and religious devot ion wit h which t he Moslem Princes in I ndia ident ify
t hemselves wit h t he Moslem polit ical part ies in I ndia and share in t he Pan-I slamic ambit ion,
t he fault does not alt oget her lie on t he side of t he Hindu Princes alone. The Hindu public, in
general, and not ably t he Congressit e Hindus, in part icular, never ext ended any t he least
sympat hy wit h t he Hindu St at es or realised t heir import ance; but on t he cont rary, arrogat ed
t o t hemselves t he monopoly of pat riot ism and looked down on t he Hindu St at es as an
impediment in t he pat h of I ndia’s progress, which, t he sooner it was removed, t he bet t er it
would be for t he Nat ion. But t he Moslem public, on t he ot her hand wit h a t ruer insight int o
polit ical realit ies had ever been int ensely proud of t he few Moslem St at es in I ndia, looked
upon t hem as organized cent res of Moslem st rengt h and even t ried t o augment t he power
and prest ige of t heir Nizams and Nababs. Consequent ly, t he Moslem Princes t oo ever felt
t hat not only t heir present int erest s but even t heir fut ure great ness and fut ure glory
depended on t he progress and st rengt h of t he Pan-I slamic movement , led by t he Moslem
polit icians in I ndia. I f but t he Hindu Sanghat anist s possess an insight int o polit ical realit ies
t hey would soon find t hat t he Hindu St at es are, in fact , nearly t he only cent res of t he
organized, milit ary, administ rat ive and polit ical Hindu st rengt h and are bound t o play a more
act ive and more decisive part in t he near fut ure in moulding t he dest iny of t he Hindu Nat ion
t han any ot her fact or wit hin our present reach. Even as it is, what part y of our chat t er-box
polit icians and slogan-ridden ideologues had succeeded in effect ing act ually social or
indust rial or milit ary progress on such an ext ent as, say for example, t he Hindu St at es of
Baroda, Mysore, Travancore or Gwalior have recorded ? For want of space and inclinat ion, I
do not deal wit h t his quest ion here at any great er lengt h. All t hat I like t o emphasize here
and want t he Hindu Sanghat anist t hroughout I ndia t o not e is t he fact t hat t hey should
welcome t he response which t he Pan-Hindu ideology is evoking in t he heart s of our Hindu
Princes and t o realise t hat t he st ronger t he Hindu St at es grow, t he lesser will be t he danger
of any ant i-Hindu aggression in any problemat ical danger of int ernal anarchy and ant i-Hindu
aggression. Of all t he fact ors t hat t he likely, under t he present circumst ances, t o cont ribut e
t o t he resurgence and rej uvenat ion of a consolidat ed Hindu Nat ion, t he Hindu St at es
const it ut e t he most efficient one.
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The Moslem wit h only t wo or t hree import ant Moslem St at es t o depend upon, are
hopeful enough, -and in t he absence of any count ercheck on t he part of t he Hindus are
right ly hopeful of ut ilising t he organized Moslem power in t hose St at es as a pivot for t heir
plans of Moslem dominat ion. But we Hindus have never t aken it int o our head what
powerful resources we have in t he exist ence of some fift y Hindu St at es wit h armies,
organized police forces, t reasuries, government al machineries all relat ively at least as
efficient as t he Moslem St at es have and some of t hem as large as independent count ries in
Europe. When we hear t hat t he Khaksars and t he Front ier Pat hans are plot t ing t o rally round
t he banner of t he Nizam and raise him t o t he pedest al of an independent Moslem King, we
are st art led, get overawed and are at a loss t o know how t o meet t his impending danger.
But it never occurs t o us t hat while t he Moslems are building cast les in t he air for t heir
independent Nizam t o lodge, t here is already in fact an independent Hindu Kingdom of Nepal
wit h a hundred t housand seasoned Hindu soldiers shouldering up-t o-dat e rifles in defence of
t he Hindu cause !

I t is not want of resources Oh Hindus, which forces you t o be so helpless and
hopeless but it is t he want of pract ical insight in polit ical realit ies t o know your resources;
and t he t act t o use t hem. You have lost t he polit ical eye alt oget her. Think of t he fact t hat
t housands of Congressit e Hindus are openly maint aining t hat t he Nepali Hindus are
foreigners t o us, I ndians, while at t he same t ime, t hey are simply dying t o hug t he Moslem
Pat hans even from beyond t he Front ier as I ndian Nat ionals and it is only t he ot her day t hat
Gandhij i himself st at ed t hat if t he Nizam became an independent Emperor of I ndia even wit h
t he help of t he Pat hans from beyond t he Front ier, t hat rule would be a cent per cent ‘Home
Rule’, a cent per cent ‘Swaraj ya’. So t hen, even t he help of t he Moslem Pat hans from
beyond does not vit iat e t he Congress Nat ionalism. But t he help of t he Hindu Gurkhas vit iat es
it ; - t he Gurkhas who are t he direct descendant s of Raj put s and went t o Nepal only some
t hree cent uries ago ! I t is t his polit ical lunacy which has affect ed t he Congressit e Hindu mind
t hat const it ut es t he real cause of our present helplessness and t he only cure lies in t he Pan-
Hindu ideology which will at once give t he correct orient at ion t o all our movement s and revel
t o us what inexhaust ible resources lie even now at our disposal and make you realise t hat
organized power of t he Hindu St at es const it ut es t he most effect ive and powerful of t hem.
Hence it is t hat I lay so much st ore by t hat fact or and am glad t o not e t hat some of t he
Hindu Princes also have come t o realise t hat not only t heir dut y but even t heir int erest s
demand t hat t he Hindu movement in general should grow from st rengt h t o st rengt h. I f
Hindudom is uproot ed t he Hindu St at es also must fall down and wit her as inevit ably as t he
limbs of a body t hat ceases t o live.

The Hindu Mahasabha capt ures t he polit ical st age
I t was but a mat t er of course t hat t he progress which t he Hindu Mahasabha had
recorded in it s act ivit ies as det ailed out above and t he rapid st rides wit h which t he Hindu
movement forged ahead t hroughout t he last t wo years should have impressed t he I ndian as
well as t he Brit ish Government t oo t o some ext ent or t he ot her. I t cannot be denied t hat t he
unequivocal recognit ion by t he Government t his year of t he Hindu Mahasabha as t he
polit ical power which must be consult ed on a foot ing of equalit y wit h t he Congress and t he
League in mat t ers affect ing all-I ndia polit ics const it ut es t he out st anding event in t he hist ory
of t he Hindu Mahasabha movement . Upon t his t ime, t he Congress and t he League were
looked upon by t he Government as t he only t wo represent at ive bodies, whose opinion was
t ant amount t o I ndian opinion. The Government seem t o have framed an equat ion and learnt
it by heart t hat t he Congress and t he League was equal t o I ndis as a whole. Of t hese t wo,
t he League was right ly t aken t o express t he Moslem opinion in general. Because t he Leauge
openly avows t hat it is t here t o safeguard and promot e t he Moslem int erest s. But t he
Government seem t o have t aken t he Congress t o represent t he Hindu opinion only because
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out of t he t wo bodies, t he Congress and t he League, which t o t he Government t hought
represent ed t he sum t ot al of I ndian opinion, t hat is, t he opinion of Hindus and Moslems, if
t he League represent ed t he Moslem opinion t hen t he Congress must of necessit y be t aken t o
represent t he Hindu opinion and int erest s. Alt hough t he Congress it self openly resent ed t he
charge t hat t hey represent ed Hindus and proved t heir cont ent ion t o t he hilt by act ually
bet raying Hindu int erest s a hundred t imes over, as for example, in t he quest ion of Sindh
separat ion, t he Communal Award, t he Front ier policy, t he Hindust hani Language, et c., et c.
st ill t he Government persist ed in believing t hat t he Congress and t he League were equivalent
as a sum t ot al of Hindu-Moslem represent at ion. Thus, t he Hindu view cont inued t o be
ascert ained by t he Government t hrough t he opinion of t hat very body which indignant ly
repudiat ed t he advocacy of t he Hindu cause. Consequent ly, t he Hindus as Hindus not only
cont inued t o be unrepresent ed but were posit ively misrepresent ed in all Government
Const it ut ional deliberat ions, All-I ndia Round Table Conferences, et c., et c. But t he growing
prest ige, influence and effect ive act ivit ies of t he Hindu Mahasabha did at last impress t he
Government wit h t he fact t hat it was no longer possible t o look upon t he Congress as a
represent at ive Hindu body or t o refuse t o recognise t he Hindu Mahasabha as t he real
represent at ive Hindu body and as such t he t hird indispensable polit ical fact or which must be
t aken int o considerat ion in gauging t he I ndian opinion in it s ent iret y. The I ndian
Government have t hus unlearnt t he old equat ion, ‘Congress + League = I ndian people’ and
had t o learn t he new equat ion, ‘The Hindu Mahasabha, t he League and t he Congress = t he
sum of t ot al of I ndian represent at ion’. This new equat ion does really respond t o t he present
polit ical sit uat ion in I ndia and I t hank H.E. t he Viceroy for having deliberat ely and decisively
recognised t he posit ion of t he Hindu Mahasabha as, at any rat e, t he most out st anding
represent at ive Hindu body, if not t he only one. The Moslem League represent s t he Moslem
int erest s, t he Hindu Mahasabha t he Hindu int erest s and t he Congress,-even if it is in maj orit y
t oday represent s none else but a hot ch-pot ch polit ical part y, of t he Congressit e persuasion.
But alt hough t he I ndian Government have grasped t his sit uat ion quit e definit ely, yet it seems
t hat t he Brit ish Government has not yet been able t o learn t he new equat ion or realise it s full
import ; t hat is why t he Secret ary of St at e for I ndia does st ill repeat t he old phrase, t he
Congress and t he League or t he League and t he Congress t o express t he sum t ot al of t he
I ndian public and when, of lat e, he did t ry t o use t he correct ed version and in his speech in
t he Parliament last November, did use t he new equat ion ‘The Congress, t he League and t he
Hindu Mahasabha’ he creat ed an unconscious humour by t rying t o enlight en his
Parliament ary audience by acquaint ing t hem wit h what t his new st ranger Hindu Mahasabha
act ually meant . The Secret ary of St at e knew it t hat t he League represent ed t he Moslems
and t he Congress represent ed t he Hindus and so very nat urally was at a loss t o explain t o
himself and t o ot hers whom t his Hindu Mahasabha could represent ! So t he nearest
explanat ion, he very nat urally found, was t o t he effect t hat t he Congress represent ed t he
Reformed Hindus in general and t he Hindu Mahasabha must consequent ly be ‘a body of t he
ort hodox Hindus in part icular’ and he int roduced t he Hindu Mahasabha for t he first t ime t o
t he Brit ish Parliament as ‘The Ort hodox Hindu body’. Mr. Amery will himself feel amused if
he learns t hat t he very President of t he Hindu Mahasabha for t he last t hree years has been a
not orious Reformer who,being a born Brahmin, int erdines freely wit h t he so-called
unt ouchables in his individual capacit y. The second t ime when Mr. Amery made a reference
t o t he Hindu Mahasabha in a speech t his mont h advocat ing t he principle ‘I ndia first ’ he
referred t o it correct ly. I t is also our dut y, t o some ext ent , t o acquaint t he Brit ish public wit h
t he t rue nat ure and ideology of t he Hindu Mahasabha movement by est ablishing a well-
organized and permanent cent re of Hindu propaganda in London. The Brit ish public as well
as t he Government must be made t o realise t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha is neit her Ort hodox
nor Het erodox. I n fact , it has very lit t le t o do wit h any ‘Doxy’ at all. I t is not primarily a
Hindu Dharma Sabha, a religious body. The Hindu Mahasabha is t he Hindu Rasht ra Sabha, a
body aiming t o represent t he Hindu Nat ion as a whole and includes all sect ions of Hindudom
whet her Ort hodox or Het erodox.

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This recognit ion by t he Government of t he Hindu Mahasabha as t he most out st anding
represent at ive of t he Hindu view and t he consequent consult at ions which t he Viceroy held
wit h it s President , is an event which is cert ain t o have far-reaching consequences on t he
Hindu movement in general. Because it implies t he recognit ion by t he Government of t he
fact t hat t he Congress does not represent t he Hindus as Hindus and t hat j ust as t o ascert ain
t he Moslem opinion t hey have t o consult t he Moslem League or any ot her such Moslem
inst it ut ion which is independent of t he Congress, so also t he real Hindu int erest s, right s and
claims could only be ascert ained by consult ing a represent at ive Hindu body which is
independent of and apart from t he Congress. Once t his principle is admit t ed as now it is
done by t he Government it self and Hindudom shakes of t he grip t hat t he Congress has
t ight ened round it s neck in virt ue of no ot her right but t hat of an unchallenged usage, t he
polit ical, social, religious and cult ural int erest s of t he Hindus as Hindus could no longer be
bet rayed by t he Congress or go undefended by default . Hencefort h in any conference
whet her a Round Table one or all part ies one or a Const it uent one t hat is called t o det ermine
const it ut ional quest ions regarding I ndia as a whole, t he Hindu Mahasabha is bound t o be a
part y t o it on an equal foot ing wit h t he League and t he Congress and unless and unt il t his
represent at ive body of t he Hindus does not sanct ion any st ep t aken affect ing Hindu int erest s
t he consent of t he Congress alone can never be t aken as t he consent of Hindudom and can
never be binding on t he Hindus. Any Congress-League pact can no longer sell, mort gage or
bart er away Hindu right s unless and unt il t he Hindu Mahasabha is a willing part y t o it .

I t is t o be not ed in t his connect ion t hat we must admit and emphasize in our own
int erest s t hat t he I ndian as well as t he Brit ish Government have not only recognised t he right
of t he Hindu Mahasabha t o represent t he Hindu view independent ly of t he Congress but has
t ried t o meet t he wishes of t he Mahasabha, at least on one of t he vit al point s affect ing t he
Hindu int erest s. I t cannot be gainsaid t hat t he import ant speech which t he Secret ary of
St at e delivered t his mont h dealing wit h t he quest ion of t he polit ical and Nat ional int egrit y of
I ndia was chiefly t he result of t he pressure brought t o bear by t he Hindu Mahasabha and t he
Sikh organizat ions on t he Government t o declare in unambiguous accent s t hat t he Brit ish
Government , at any rat e, did not encourage or even cont ribut e t acit ly t o t he mischievous
Moslem movement t o vivisect t he int egrit y of t he I ndian Nat ion, count ry and St at e as t he
Pakist an proposal demanded. The Moslem League had of course Godfat hered t he Pakist an
scheme. The Congressit e leaders of not e, including all t heir Raj aj is and Pradhanj is, had
made it clear t hat t hey would not oppose it if t he Moslems insist ed on it . I n fact , t he
Congressit e Hindus had expressed t heir acquiescence in t he Pakist an proposal wit h such an
unabashed hast e and obsequiousness as were never evinced by t he Brit ish people or
Government even t hough t hey at first did not like t o vet o it alt oget her. Even Mr. Amery in
his speech only a mont h ago did not deliberat ely say anyt hing t o discourage t he Moslems
and had said many t hings t o encourat e t hem t acit ly in connect ion wit h t heir proposal t o
divide I ndia int o Hindu and Moslem Zones. Whence came t hen t he pressure under which t he
Secret ary of St at e t hought it bet t er t o posit ively lay it down t hat t he int egrit y of I ndia must
be inviolat e in t he int erest s of all and formed t he first principle on which alone any solut ion of
t he I ndian const it ut ional framing can be graft ed ? I t was due t o t he Hindu Mahasabha, t he
Sikh organizat ions, t he Sanat ani Mandals, et c.-in short t o t he Hindu Sanghat anist part y alone
which agit at ed against t he Pakist an scheme and demanded t hat t he Government should
make a clear declarat ion washing t heir hands clean of t he Pakist an proposal. The Congress
had of course ut t ered no word in t he resolut ions eit her of it s Session or Working Commit t ees
against t he Pakist an scheme. But t he Hindu Mahasabha had emphat ically made it a
condit ion for it s part icipat ion in t he war effort s t hat t he Government should declare it s
int ent ion t o st and by t he indivisibilit y and int egrit y of t he I ndian Nat ion and t he I ndian St at e.
Of course it must have been in response t o t his demand of t he Hindu Mahasabha and t he
Hindu Sanghat anist part y in general t hat Mr. Amery had t o change his ambiguous and
dubious at t it ude which he had t aken in his speech in November when he addressed t he
Parliament and t o make t his relat ively very clear declarat ion in his speech t his mont h
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I t
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preaching almost a religious sermon on ‘I ndia first .’ n any case I have no hesist a ion in
expressing my sincere appreciat ion of t he clear at t it ude which Mr. Amery has t aken on t he
quest ion of I ndian int egrit y and indivisibilit y as well as of t he firmness wit h which t he Viceroy
t urned down a number of t he ant i-Hindu and aggressive demands which t he League had
advanced during t he recent negot iat ions in connect ion wit h t he war commit t ee and t he
ext ension of t he Execut ive Council That also could not but be t he result of t he negot iat ions
carried on, on behalf of and t he most legit imat e and reasoned-out at t it ude t aken up by t he
Mahasabha in opposing t hose aggressive Moslem demands. The Congress had said not hing
t o denounce t hem and but for t he opposit ion of t he Hindu Mahasabha, in all probabilit ies t he
Moslems could have secured a very large port ion of t he ground which t hey aggressively
claimed t o be t heir own.

The Hindus must get t hemselves cured of t he malady
of vot ing for t he Congress at t he polls if t hey want
t o safeguard t heir right s
Nevert heless, I must again cat egorically warn t he Hindus t hat in spit e of t he fact t hat
t he Hindu Mahasabha has succeeded t his year in capt uring t he polit ical st age and st ands
t here t oday on equal foot ing wit h t he Congress and t he League as t he most out st anding
represent at ive of t he Hindus, it would not be able t o safeguard and promot e Hindu int erest s
t o t he fullest ext ent unless and unt il t he Hindu elect orat e empowers it beyond cavil or
crit icism t o funct ion as t he part y in maj orit y in t he legislat ures ret urned by t he Hindu
elect orat e on a Hindu t icket . So long as t he Hindu elect orat e persist s in t he habit ual act of
polit ical lunacy of vot ing for t he Congress t icket s t he Government cannot but accept t he
Congress t o a very large ext ent as represent ing Hindu opinion. But t he Congress const it ut ed
as it is will never and can never represent even t he legit imat e Hindu int erest s so boldly and
wit h such whole-heart ed devot ion t o t he Hindu cause as t he Hindu represent at ives, who are
definit ely pledged t o t he Hindu t icket , can do. I f but t he Hindu elect orat e ret urns t he Hindu
Sanghat anist candidat es in an overwhelming maj orit y at t he polls t o represent t he Hindu
cause t o t he legislat ures and t he local bodies, t he Government shall have t o recognise t he
Hindu Mahasabha or any consolidat ed Hindu Sanghat anist part y as t he only represent at ive
of t he Hindus wit hout any furt her necessit y of endless argument s. The Congress will
aut omat ically get deprived of any claim or power t o play ducks and drakes wit h Hindu
int erest s or even t o speak in t he name of t he Hindus as Hindus. I n fact , it can hardly have a
chance of represent ing any part of t he elect orat es at all so long as t hey are communally
grouped which arrangement is inevit ably cert ain t o cont inue for at least a score of years t o
come. The Moslems will never elect a Moslem who is not pledged t o a purely Moslem
organizat ion and in part icular are sure t o rej ect a Moslem who st ands on a Congress t icket .
Their int erest s, t herefore, will never be j eopardised. I f t he Hindus also elect only t hose
Hindus who are pledged t o a Hindu t icket , t here will be no elect orat e left wort h t he name t o
vot e for t he Congress t icket . Even as it is t he Congress Minist ries and maj orit y st and on t he
shoulder of t he Hindu elect orat e alone.

A large sect ion of t he Congressit e Hindus is also get t ing
anxious of lat e t o see t he Hindu Mahasabha grow
int o t he st rongest polit ical organizat ion in I ndia

Throughout t his year hundreds of Hindu Congressit es of not e have personally
congrat ulat ed me as t he President of t he Hindu Mahasabha on t he fact t hat t he Mahasabha
should have been able t o influence t he Government in several det ails some of which are
indicat ed above, and made t hem t hink t wice before t hey allowed t hemselves t o play int o t he
hands of t he Moslem League and at t imes t o t urn down t heir aggressively ant i-Hindu
demands. Why t hese Congressit e gent lemen, who are Hindus t o t he core, denounce in t heir
heart of heart s t he const ant bet rayal by t he Congress of Hindu int erest s and feel t hankful
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r

-

t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha should have grown st rong enough t o checkmat e t his Congress
policy, do nevert heless cont inue t o be under t he t humb of t he Congress and do not fort hwit h
j oin t he Hindu Mahasabha and add t he weight of t heir influence and effort s t o it ,-is a
quest ion which must nat urally rise in your mind. I may t ell you t hat t he only obst acle which
st ops t hem, at present , from leaving t he Congress camp and going over t o t he Hindu
Mahasabha fold is a wall, which t hough it is but an inch in height , proves st ill most
effect ively insurmount able t o t hem. This inch-high but t o t hem an insurmount able wall is but
t he Congress t icket ! -which affords t hem t he t he guarant ee of being elect ed at any polls
whet her t o t he local bodies or t he legislat ures or assures t hem of some post or profit here or
t here. This again emphasizes t he fact t hat if but t he Hindu elect orat e is cured of t he suicidal
malady, grown int o a habit wit h t hem, of vot ing blindly for t he Congress t icket at t he poll and
realises t hat it s int erest s demand it s vot ing for t he Hindu t icket , t housands of t hese our
halt ing and hesit at ing Hindu brot hers, who are now in t he Congress, would pick up t he
courage of j oining openly t he ranks of t he Hindu Mahasabha and leave t he Congress,-a st ep
which t hey feel it t heir dut y t o t ake but which t heir int erest s forbid t hem t o t ake at a st roke.
Of course, I should appeal t o t he conscience of t housands of t hese of our Hindu brot hers
t hat t hey t hemselves should set t he example of placing t heir dut y t owards t heir racial,
religious and nat ional Being as Hindus far, far above t he wret ched considerat ion of self,
power or popularit y. What ever be t he result of t his my appeal I cannot but t hank t his large
number of our Hindu brot hers who have t his year come t o sympat hise wit h t he Hindu
Mahasabha and are now willing t o ext end what ever help t hey can render t o increase it s
prest ige and power in spit e of t heir cont inuing in t he Congress camp. Well begun is half
done.

Thus it will be clear from t he passing review of some of t he leading event s during t he
last year in connect ion wit h t he Hindu Mahasabha movement and some of t he det ails of it s
work during t he last year, t hat on t he whole t he Hindu movement is forging ahead. But
while we should know precisely where our st rengt h lies and t he point t o which we have been
able t o progress we should also never lose sight of t he defect s and deficiencies we have yet
t o face. But in spit e of t his dict um, I have not delibert ely made much of t hese defect s and
deficiencies and sad plight in which we Hindus find ourselves enmeshed on all sides for t he
simple reason t hat t he dark side of t he sit uat ion has been so pat ent and so persist ent ly
dinned int o our ears even t o t he point of unbearable exaggerat ion by friends and foes alike
t hat t he Hindus have already come t o suffer from an almost incurable inferiorit y complex.
Therefore, for t he t ime being our mot t o should rat her be t hus t hat -
We should neit her under at e our progress and st rengt h
nor should we exaggerat e our weakness
We should surely face our difficult ies, organizat ional deificencies, selfishness, want of
cohesion and even of capacit y of which we are already keenly conscious and st aring t hem full
in t he face, shall t ry our best t o overcome t hem can only come from t he correct est imat ion of
t hose fact ors which are in our facour, of our real asset s and resources which also are
fort unat ely inexhaust ible t hough as yet unrealised and unt apped. That is why I have dealt
wit h t hese lat t er in part icular and placed t hem in bold relief.

Every Hindu must st udy at least t he following books
t o know t he real springs of t he Pan Hindu movement
Before I proceed t o deal wit h ot her import ant point s aft er closing t his passing review
of t he last year’s report , I feel it my dut y t o exhort my Hindu bret hren in general and t hose
belonging t o t his Madras presidency in part icular, t o st udy at least t he following books before
t hey form any opinion regarding t he Pan-Sanghat an movement . The ideology of Hindu
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Sanghat an is now fort unat ely propagat ed on scale wide enough in Maharasht ra, Bengal and
some provinces in t he Nort h, t o enable t he Hindus t here t o underst and and appraise correct ly
much t hat I have said in t he foregoing part of my address. But t he Madras presidency has
only recent ly come int o cont act wit h t he Sanghat an movement . Consequent ly, a st udy of t he
fundament al principles and ideology on which t he movement is based is an imperat ive
necessit y especially in t he case of all t hose Hindus belonging t o t his presidency who wish t o
see t he Sanghat an movement st rongly ent renched in t he Sout h as well and also in t he case
of t hose, t oo, who t hough t hey have not yet enlist ed on it s side, yet wish t o assess it as a
powerful current of polit ical t hought and act ivit y which is bound t o affect t he fut ure hist ory
of I ndia whet her one likes it or not . Wit h t hat end in view I recommend t o all Hindus, even
at t he risk of a personal reference, t he st udy of t he following books t o begin wit h : -

(1) ‘Hindut va’ by V.D. Savarkar. (2) ‘Hindu Sanghat an’ (it s ideology and immediat e
programme) published by Syt . N.V. Damle. (3) ‘Hist ory of t he Hindu Mahasabha’ by Syt .
I ndraprakash. (4) ‘Hindu-Pad-Padashahi’ by V.D. Savarkar. (5) ‘Hist ory of t he Bhaganagar
St ruggle’ (Nizam Civil Resist ance Movement ) by Syt . S. R. Dat e.

Ot her import ant t opics will be dealt wit h in separat e
resolut ion t o be passed at t his session

Want of space and t ime compels me now t o leave even some pressing quest ions such
as t he grievances of our Hindu bret hren in Bengal, t he Pakist an scheme, t he Census, et c.,
et c. t o be dealt wit h in t he separat e resolut ions which are t o be t aken up by t his Session,
especially in view of t he fact t hat t hey will be bet t er discussed and decided by t hose leaders
who, having made a special st udy of t hem are int imat ely acquaint ed wit h t he det ails in
connect ion wit h t hem, and t o proceed t o deal wit h t he foremost of t opical quest ions : of how
best we can respond t o t he war sit uat ion under t he circumst ances we are placed in : what
should be our immediat e policy and programme under t he war condit ions, so as t o enable us
t o safeguard and even promot e Hindu int erest s.

I want t o make it clear before I deal wit h t his quest ion t hat t he views, I shall express
in connect ion wit h it , should be looked upon as my personal views even t hough I happen t o
express t hem from t he President ial chair. The delegat es t o t his Session should not t ake
t hose views as any aut horit at ive announcement s or recommendat ions, much less, as any
dict at ion from t heir President . Alt hough t he President of such an organizat ion as t he
Mahasabha is expect ed t o recommend and at t imes even t o dict at e t he policy or programme
t o be adopt ed and in general t o lead t he Assembly he presides over, st ill t he out st anding
funct ion of such a President is, unless ot herwise provided for, t o act as t he highest execut ive
officer responsible t o carry out t he corporat e decisions of t he delegat es and represent at ives
composing t he deliberat ive body of t hat organizat ion. Wit h t his concept ion of my dut y as t he
President , I shall ever t ry my humble best t o carry out your corporat e decisions especially on
t his quest ion even t hough t hey may differ widely from t he views I personally hold and
express and shall never look upon t his difference as in any way involving t he quest ion of t he
President ial prest ige; and my sincere request t o you all is also t o t he same effect t hat you
should consider t he views I express on t his quest ion as t he views of one of t he members
rat her t han t he views of t he President of t he Hindu Mahasabha.

The war sit uat ion and what should be our immediat e
policy and programme in response t o it
Before I frame an act ual programme I wish t o draw your at t ent ion t o some of t he
leading considerat ions which seem t o me as best calculat ed t o clear our vision and help t o
chalk out our line of act ion in t his respect : -

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(a)The first point t o be not ed is t he fact t hat we are in no way morally bound t o help
any of t he belligerent s in t his worldwide war whet her it be England or Germany or Japan or
Russia or China or any ot her count ry involved in t he war, from only alt ruist ic point of view as
has been demanded from us not only by Great Brit ain and America but curiously enough by
some of t he Congressit e leaders t hemselves and some ot her sect ions of t he I ndian public.
The Hindu Mahasabha has already made it s posit ion clear on t his point in a resolut ion passed
by it s Working Commit t ee in Sept ember 1939, j ust wit hin a mont h aft er t he breaking out of
t he war, when Gandhij i, t he de fact o dict at or of t he Congress, was proclaiming in a flat t ering
mood t o t he effect t hat he was not t hinking of I ndian independence t hen but was chiefly
concerned wit h t he safet y of England and France and proposed t o offer t hem uncondit ional
help in t his t heir crusade t o save democracy in t he world, when even Pandit Nehru was
calling upon I ndia t o support t hese Brit ish and French democracies in t he holy war t hey were
carrying on against t he I mperialist ic German aggression on Poland and ot her free nat ions
and while t he leader of t he Forward Block, t he Communist s, t he Royist s and ot her part ies t oo
were swearing by t he ant i-I mperialist ic innocence free from all polit ical greed on t he part of
Poland and Russia, t he Hindu Mahasabha was about t he only organized and out st anding
polit ical body in I ndia which was firm and far-signt ed enough t o give t he correct lead t o t he
count ry and t o t he Congress it self in ascert aining t he real mot ives and obj ect ives of t he
belligerent s by assert ing t hat none of t he belligerent powers in Europe whet her England,
Germany, Poland, France or Russia, et c. had been act uat ed by any moral, democrat ic or
alt ruist ic considerat ions apart form it s own self-int erest and self-agrandisement . The Viceroy
and t he Secret ary of St at e for I ndia have more t han once want ed us t o believe in t heir
various speeches t hat t he only obj ect ive which had act uat ed Brit ain t o cont inue t he war had
been ‘t o resist aggression whet her against England or ot hers, t o defend great democrat ic
ideals and wit hout seeking any mat erial advant age t o lay t he foundat ion of a bet t er
int ernat ional syst em and t o secure a real and last ing peace.’ No bet t er proof can be aduced
t o disprove t hese declarat ions as t o t he alt ruist ic obj ect ives of Great Brit ain in going t o t he
war t han t he fact t hat t hey provided an occasion for Hit ler t o ret ort when he was asked by
Chamberlain t o free Poland t hat he would do so as soon as Great Brit ain freed I ndia. Verily
does t he adage say,’t hieves alone can t race t he foot st eps of t hieves best .’

(b)Consequent ly, t he demand of t he Congressit e leaders like Pandit Nehru calling
upon Great Brit ain t o t ell t heir general obj ect ives ingoing t o t he war seems t o me alt oget her
idle. First ly because Brit ain has been repeat ing t hose general obj ect ives in t he above st rain
ad nauseam and secondly, because t he declarat ion of any general pious obj ect ives cannot be
wort h a brass fart hing unless t hey were immediat ely t ranslat ed int o act ions wherever it was
possible t o do so, as England could have done it in t he case of I ndia by grant ing her a
democrat ic and free const it ut uion. But she did not hing of t he sort . I t is cryst al clear t hat t he
general obj ect ives of every one of t hose count ries engaged in t he war or in fact every nat ion
in t he world t oday cannot be any ot her t han t o serve, safeguard and promot e it s own
int erest s and ext end it s dominat ion on as large a part of t he world as it is able t o do, I f
Hit ler or Mussolini is out t o win a new Empire because t he want s more room on t he globe for
his people and power t o expand. Churchill and St alin and Roosevelt want t o secure and
maint ain t heir mast ery over t he Empires t hey already possess. The labels masking t hat
mast ery may be different . They may call it an Empire or a democrat ic republic or a Soviet
republic but t hey all are out t o t hrust t he will and t he dominat ion of t heir nat ions by force
upon ot her people and t heir t errit ories against t heir own will. I s not France a democrat ic
republic ? But it has robbed t he freedom of so many count ries in t he world including our
Pondicherry and Chandra Nagar as t o st and only second t o England in t he ext ent of colonial
possessions. Russia also is a republic and a Soviet republic t o boot but ext ends it s mast ery
almost over a cont inent conquered by force and has swallowed Poland and ot her small
nat ions as greedily as Germany did.
(c)The same t hing could be said about t he ‘I sms’ each of t hem follow. Under
what ever label t heir principles are t rot t ed out whet her as Bolshevism or Nazim or Facism or
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r
t
Repulicanism or Parliament arianism t heir armed dominat ion over ot her peoples t hey have
conquered or wish t o conquer does not and cannot savour of anyt hing else but aut ocrat ic
t yranny. Under such circumst ances it would be but a suicidal folly for I ndia t o be t aken in by
t he slogans or by t he labels on t heir principles and policies which all of t hem use wit h t he
holy purpose t o camouflage t heir real int ent ions. We should neit her hat e nor love Nazist s or
Bolshecist s or Democrat s simply on t he ground of any t heoret ical or bookish reasons. There
is no reason t o suppose t hat Hit ler must be a human monst er because he passes off as a
Nazi or Churchill is a demi-God because he calls himself a Democrat . Nazism proved
undeniably t he saviour of Germany under t he set of circumst ances Germany was placed in,
Bolshevism might have suit ed Russia very well and we know what t he English Democracy has
cost us.
Polit ical science and hist ory bot h carry out t he fact t hat no const it ut ion or social
syst em can be beneficial under all circumst ances and for all alike. No people are so at t ached
t o democracy and t o individual libert y as t he Brit ish so far as t heir own Nat ion is concerned.
But under war condit ions did t hey not t hrow t he democrat ical concept ion and const it ut ion
overboard in a day and vot e for almost an undilut ed dict at orship ? I s not Mr. Churchill t oday
t o England what Herr Hit ler is t o Germany, whose word is nearly t he only law of t he land ?
Only t he last mail from England brought a leading paper in which a Brit ish poet sang t he
dirge of libert y in t he following wailing not es, asking,

‘We know t he war court is int act
But what of t he Habeas Corpus Act
The Freedom’s isle t hey could not save
Till it was Magna Chart a’s grave.’
Consequent ly, t here is no meaning in calling upon I ndians t hat it is t heir dut y t o fight
Germany simply because t hey are Tot alit arians and Nazis or t o love t he French or t he English
or t he Americans simply because t hey are Democrat s or Republicans. The sanest policy for
us which pract ical polit ics demand is t o befriend t hose who are likely t o serve ou count ry’s
int eres s in spit e of any ‘ism’ t hey follow for t hemselves and t o befriend only so long as it
serves our purpose. The Nazis and t he Bolshevist s were t he most deadly enemies t o each
ot her on t heoret ical grounds but when on t he given quest ion of Poland and t he general
int erest s in t his war t hey t hought an alliance would serve t he purpose of t heir nat ions bet t er,
t hey j oined hands overnight in mut ual friendship. Had England herself gone t o war say wit h
Russia and had Hit ler t aken t he English side, can anyone doubt t hat England would have
landed t his very Nazi Germany as ent husiast ically as t hey did t he I mperialist ic Germany in
t he days of Bismark when he invaded and crushed t hese very French people wit h whom
England happened t hen t o be inimical ever since t he rise of t he Republic Revolut ion in France
t o t he fall of Napolean I I I ? Were not t hese very Americans alt hough her own kit h and kin,
held up by England before t he world as t he most fait hless and t reacherous t ype of humanit y
in spit e of t he fact t hat t hey were republicans when t hey revolt ed against England and
secured t heir independence ? And yet now t hat a close alliance wit h America is almost t he
last refuge guarant eeing any cert aint y of saving England from a disast rous defeat , what
desperat e love has locked John Bull and Uncle Sam int o an unseparable embrace ! Nay, is
not England already cast ing a wist ful eye t o woo t he very Bolshevist Russia whom she cursed
all along and if but t he lat t er accept s England’s hand and breaks off wit h Germany can t here
be any doubt t hat England would immediat ely begin t o bless t he Bolshevist Government as
‘our noble ally ?’
(d) Nor should t he bogey of t he German’s conquering I ndia wit h which t he
English t ry t o frignt en us out of our wit s be t aken t oo seriously int o considerat ion in framing
our immediat e policy in response t o t he war sit uat ion. As t hings st and it is not very likely,
nay it is alt oget her improbable t hat in t his war England will be defeat ed so disast rously as t o
get compelled t o hand over her I ndian Empire, lock, st ock and barrel int o German hands.
When Columbus, t hey say, was on t he point of effect ing his first landing in America t he
nat ives showed fight . Thereupon Columbus who knew t hat an eclipse of t he Sun was
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t r
t

t t t t
.

t
imminent , posed as a deput y sent by God and informed t he nat ives t hat if t hey did not
welcome him and help him in landing he would remove t he Sun from t he skies and an
et ernal darkness would set in. Very soon t he unsubmit t ing nat ives found t o t heir ut t er
const ernat ion t hat t he Sun was really get t ing removed from t he skies and darkness set t ing
in. So t hey hurried on wit h fruit s, flowers and gift s t o t he shore and welcomed and helped
him t o land. The t hreat which t he English hold before t he I ndian eyes ‘Help us or Hit ler will
set in’ sounds as unreal, ridiculous and craft y as t he ult imat um which Columbus delivered t o
t he nat ives ‘Help me or et ernal darkness will set in.’ On t he one hand t he English are
assuring t he whole world t hat t hey are sure t o crush Hit ler in t he long run while in t he same
breat h t ell us ‘Help us or t he Germans are sure t o conquer I ndia ! ’ The fact is t hat if ever t he
English really come t o feel so helpless t hat wit hou ou help t hey were sure t o lose I ndia t hey
would offer us of t hemselves not only t he Dominion St a us but some of t heir colonies and
possessions as t hey are doing t oday in t he case of America.
Again, even if we t ake for grant ed for t he sake of argument t hat t he war t akes such a
t urn as t o enable t he Germans t o invade I ndia t here is no reason why we should only t ake
t hat probabilit y as cert aint y t hat t he wit hdrawal of t he Brit ish from I ndia must only mean t he
occupat ion of her by Germany. I n such world-eart hquakes when Empires t ot t er t o pieces,
hist ory abounds wit h examples showing t hat subj ect nat ions oft en find t heir effect ive
opport unit y of achieving independence by playing one might y enemy against t he ot her t o t he
annihilat ion of t he aggressive might of bot h of t hem. Secondly, if t he war causes t he sudden
wit hdrawal of t he Brit ish from I ndia wit hout enabling t he Germans or any ot her great power
t o occupy I ndia at a st roke and brings us Hindus face t o face wit h only an int ernal anarchy
and a consequent civil war wit h t he Moslems which argument some people t ry t o use as an
alt ernat e t hreat t o fright en us int o uncondit ional submission, t here would ne every chance
t hat t he Hindus will prove vict orious in such a civil war and remain t he undisput ed mast ers in
t heir own house.

I n short , none of t hese pseudo-moral hypot het ical or problemat ical reasons t rot t ed
out mainly t o dupe or fright en us wit h a view t o exact uncondit ional and willing co-operat ion
Brit ish war effort s should be allowed t o form t he only ground on which our war policy and
programme can be based. We shall of course t ake t hese reasons also int o considerat ion but
only in so far as t hey are likely t o really affect our own nat ional int erest s in a mat t er-of-fact
way. I n framing our programme so far as it lies in our power our only considerat ion should
be how best can we ake advan age of t he war sit uat ion t o promo e our own int eres s, how
best can we help ourselves in safeguarding and if possible even in promot ing t he Hindu
cause
I n doing so we should t ake great care not t o indulge in any idle, useless and even
harmful bombast by making light of our overwhelming weakness on t he one hand as well as
not t o underrat e on t he ot her hand what ever st rengt h we even now possess or are likely t o
possess as t he war sit uat ion develops from day t o day. Wit hin t hese limit at ions let us
examine some of t he leading courses of act ion which are eit her likely t o present t hemselves
for considerat ion or are act ually suggest ed or act ed upon by t he different polit ical part ies in
I ndia.

An Armed Revol on a Nat ional Scale : - The first and t he foremost effect ive course
t hat would have present ed it self t o any subj ect ed people as best calculat ed t o asset it s
independence while it s adversary was ent angled int o serious war wit h some of it s powerful
foes, would have nat urally been t o rise in arms t o assert it s own freedom. But first ly,
disarmed, disorganized and disunit ed as we are, an armed revolt against England on a
Nat ional scale is ent irely ruled out under our present circumst ances. And, secondly, t he
quest ion of any armed resist ence cannot even form a sunj ect of discussion on an open
plat form of such inst it ut ions as t he Hindu Mahasabha or t he Congress or any ot her public and
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-


open bodies in I ndia under t heir present const it ut ions and wit hin t he sphere of act ion t hey
have chalked out for t hemselves under t heir present aims and obj ect s. Consequent ly, not on
any moral grounds but on t he grounds of pract ical polit ics we are compelled not t o concern
ourselves on behalf of t he Hindu Mahasabha organizat ion wit h any programme involving any
armed resist ance, under t he present circumst ances.

The Gandhij ist ‘Sat yagraha’ Based on Absolut e Non Violence : -
On t he ot her hand no programme based on t he monomaniacal principle of absolut e non-
violence is wort h a moment ’s considerat ion. I f t he first ext reme remedy of an armed rising
on a Nat ional scale is ruled out on grounds of pract ical polit ics, t his ot her ext reme of absolut e
non-violence condemning all armed resist ence even t o an incorrigible aggression must be
ruled out not only on pract ical grounds alone but even on moral grounds.

Wit hout going int o deep wat ers for want of space and t ime t o ascert ain what
const it ut es t he crit erion of a moral act ion, whet her moralit y derives it s sanct ion from
I nt uit ion or Revelat ion or Exigency, t he most pract ical fact or and one which ought t o be
common t o all of t hese schools of moral t hought and which alone can pract ically serve t o
dist inguish a moral act from an immoral one, a virt ue from a vice, t he good from t he bad is
t he ut ilit arian principle t hat everyt hing t hat cont ribut es under a given set of circumst ances t o
human good is moral, a virt ue and t he opposit e is immoral, a vice under t hose given
circumst ances; t hat all mort alit y is essent ially human. Judged from t his most pract ial and yet
fundament al t est , t he principle of absolut e non-violence condemning all armed resist ence
even t o incorrigible aggression can not but be ruled out as absolut ely impract icable, ant i
human and t herefore posit ively immoral. I f a serpent finds it s way slyly int o a pack of
children sleeping soundly or a mad dog rushes all of a sudden foaming wit h insane
exasperat ion int o a crowded fair and you do not kill it t here and t hen even if you can, on
principle of absolut e non-violence, you abet t he murderous violence which t he serpent or t he
mad dog commit s by bit ing innocent human beings t o deat h, you are criminally doubly guilt y
in refusing t o save t he life of human beings t o spare t he life of a serpent or a dog and leave
it free t o t ake more human lives at leisure as occasion arises. On t he cont rary if you kill t he
serpent and t he dog t here and t hen you are st ill guilt y of violence from t he point of your own
principle of absolut e non-violence killing no living being. Even t his one illust rat ion is enough
t o prove t hat t he principle of absolut e non-violence is not only absolut ely impract icable but
ant i-human and t herefore absolut ely immoral. What holds good in t hese individual cases
does also hold good in mat t ers affect ing nat ion. I t must be not ed in t his connect ion t hat
even t hose religions which put t he virt ue of non-violence, Ahimsa above all virt ues had t o
admit except ions and did not or could not assert t ha absolut e non-violence condemning all
armed resist ance what sover even t o incorrigible aggression const it ut ed a virt ue.

Relat ive अÍ ं सा is a virt ue; but absolut e
अÍहं सा a crime !
Of course, relat ive non-violence on t he whole is doubt less a virt ue so pre-eminent ly
cont ribut ing t o human good as t o form one of t he fundament als on which human life
whet her individual or social can t ake it s st and and evolve all social amenit it es. But absolut e
non-violence t hat is non-violence under all circumst ances and even when inst ead of helping
human life whet her individual or nat ional it causes an incalculable harm t o humanit y as a
whole ought t o be condemned as a moral perversit y and is on t he whole condemned likewise
by t hose very religious and moral schools which lauded relat ive non-violence as t he first and
foremost human virt ue.

The ahimsa of t he Jains and Buddist s is opposed
t o t his Gandhist Doct rine of ahimsa
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f

I t should be not ed in part icular t hat t he ahimsa preached by t he Buddhist or t he Jain
religion is direct ly opposed t o t he absolut e Ahimsa or t he absolut e non-violence as Gandhij i
int erpret s it condemning all armed resist ence under all circumst ances. The very fact t hat
t he Jains reared up kingdoms, produced heroes and heroines who fought armed bat t les and
Jain Commanders-in-chief leading Jain armies wit hout being ost racized by t he Jain Acharyas
prove t his point t o t he hilt t hat t he Ahimsa of t he Jains cannot be t he rabid Ahimsa of t he
Gandhist school. Nay, t he Jain script ures openly assert t hat armed resist ance t o incorrigible
aggression is not only j ust ifiable but imperat ive. To save a saint from being murdered
out right by a violent and armed sinner, Ahimsa it self requires t hat t he sinner should be killed
t here and t hen if t hat act alone could save t he life of t he saint . Such a Himsa is in it self an
act of Ahimsa and t he Jain script ures defend it , almost in t he words used by Manu himself t o
defend it , t hat t he sin of killing in such a case recoils on t he murderer himself whose act was
responsible for t he react ion, ‘म=युःत=म=युमह ित ! ’ Bhagwan Buddha also gave t he same ruling
when quest ioned by t he leaders of a clan as t o whet her t hey should t ake t o armed resist ance
as soldiers against t he armed aggression, of anot her clan. ‘Soldiers may fight against armed
aggression,’ said Bhagwan Buddha, ‘wit hout commit t ing a sin if but t hey fight wit h arms in
defence of a right eous cause.’

The de ensive sword was t he first saviour of man!
Call it a law of nat ure or t he will of God as you like, t he iron fact remains t hat t here is
no room for absolut e non-violence in nat ure. Man could not have saved himself from ut t er
ext inct ion nor could have but led t he precarious and wret ched life of a coward and a worm
had he not succeeded in adding t he st rengt h of art ificial Arms t o his nat ural arm. I n t hose
Geological periods when he evolved t o manhood he was surrounded by such ferocious brut e
and serpent ine order t hat he found himself, individual t o individual, t he weakest being;
physically t he most unfit t o survive in cont est during t he st ruggle for exist ence t hat was
reging round in t he formidable primit ive j ungles which was his first home. He had neit her
poisonous fangs not t usks nor horns nor blood-t hirst y claws. We call t he cow as physically
and by nat ure t he most harmless and t he most incapable of self-defence. But even a cow
could have cowed down a man in a naked physical combat and even killed him by piercing
her point ed horns in his st omach as none of his nat ural organs were a mat ch for t hem. I t
was only his capacit y t o invent art ificial weapons t o add t o t he st rengt h of his nat ural limbs,
which t he beast s and t he brut es failed t o develop t hat man could cope wit h t igers and lions
and wolves and serpent s and crocodiles and could snat ch t he mast ery of t he eart h and wat er
from his wild enemies. Throughout t he paleolet hic periods, t he bronze age and t he iron age
man could maint ain himself, mult iply and mast er t his eart h chiefly t hrough t his his armed
st rengt h. Verily t he Defensive Sword was t he first Saviour of man !

The belief in absolut e non-violence condemning all
armed resist ance even t o aggression evinces no
mahat maic saint liness but a monomaniacal
senselessness !

What held good in man’s st ruggle wit h t he brut e world cont inued t o be t rue
t hroughout his social, t he st ruggle of clan against clan, race against race, nat ion against
nat ion. The lesson is branded on every page of human hist ory down t o t he lat est page t hat
nat ions which, ot her t hings equal, are superior in milit ary st rengt h are bound t o survive,
flourish and dominat e while t hose which are milit arily weak shall be polit ically subj ect ed or
cease t o exist at all. I t is idle t o say, we shall and a new chapt er t o hist ory but you cannot
add t o or t ake away a syllable from t he iron law of Nat ure it self. Even t oday if man hand
over a blank cheque t o t he wolf and t he t iger t o be filled in, wit h a human pledge of absolut e
non-violence, no killing of a living being, no armed force t o be used, t hen t he wolves and t he
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t igers will lay wast e all your mandirs and mosques, cult ure and cult ivat ion, Aramas and
Ashrams-finish man Saint and sinner alike before a dozen years pass by ! I n face of such an
iron law of nat ure can anyt hing be more immoral and sinful t han t o preach a principle so
ant i-human as t hat of absolut e non-violence condemning all armed resist ance even t o
aggression ?

And yet it is curious t o find t hat even t hose who condemn t his doct rine of absolut e
non-violence as impract icable seem st ill t o believe t hat t hough impract icable for us worldly
men, t his doct rine is nevert heless highly moral and evince some Mahat maic excellence, some
superhuman sanct it y. This apologet ic t one must be fort hwit h changed, I t raises t hese
prophet s of t his eccent ric doct rine in t heir own est imat ion and makes t hem feel t hey had
really invent ed some moral law raising human polit ics t o some divine level. Seeing t hat even
t heir opponent s on pract ical grounds at t ribut e t o t hem a superhuman saint liness owing t o t he
very eccent ricit y of t heir doct rine, t hey grow, perhaps unconsciously all t he more eccent ric
and have t he insane t emerit y t o preach in all seriousness t o t he I ndian public t hat ‘even t he
t aking up of lat hi is sinful. The best means of freeing I ndia from t he foreign yoke is t he
spinning-wheel. Not only t hat but even aft er I ndia becomes imdependent t here would not be
any necessit y of maint aining a single armed sodier or a single warship t o prot ect her
front iers. I f but I ndia believes and act s in t he spirit of such absolut e non-violence
maint aining no army, no navy or no air force, no nat ion in t he world shall invade her and
even if some armed nat ions did invade her t hey could be easily persuaded t o fall back as
soon as t hey are confront ed by t he unarmed army of our Desha Sevikas singing t o t he t une
of t he spinning-wheel musical appeals t o t he conscience of t he invading forces.’ When t hings
have come t o such a pass t hat such quixot ic souls are sent as accredit ed spokesmen by t he
credulous crowd t o t he round t able conference and even in foreign lands such senseless
proposals are seriously advanced by t hem in t he name of t he I ndian Nat ion it self in so many
words t o t he great merriment of t he foreign st at esmen and t he general public in Europe and
America-t he t ime has surely come t o t ake t his doct rinal plague quit e seriously and t o
count eract it as quickly as possible. We must t ell t hem in no apologet ic language but in firm
accent s t hat your doct rine of absolut e non-violence is not only absolut ely impract icable but
absolut ely immoral. I t is not an out come of any saint liness but of insanit y. I t requires no
ingenuit y on your part t o t ell us t hat if but all men observe absolut e non-violence, t here will
be no war in t he world and no necessit y of any armed forces. Just as it requires no
ext raordinary insight t o maint ain t hat if but men learn t o live forever mankind will be free
from deat h. We denounce you doct rine of absolut e non-violence not because we are less
saint ly but because we are more sensible t han you are. Relat ive non-violence is our creed
and t herefore, we worship t he defensive sword as t he first saviour of man. I t was in t his
fait h t hat Hindus worship t he arms as t he Symbols of t he Shakt i, t he Kali, and Guru
Govindsingh sang his hymn t o t he Sword. सुखसंताकरणम् दम ितहरणम ु ् खलदलदलनम् जयते गम्
।।And we also j oin wit h t he great Guru in t he refrain and sing wit h him, ‘Hail Thee, Sword.’

I t is in t his spirit t hat I want all Hindus t o get t hemselves re-animat ed and re-born
int o a mart ial race. Manu and Shri Krishna are our law givers and Shri Rama t he Commander
of our forces. Let us re-learn t he manly lessons t hey t aught us and our Hindu Nat ion shall
prove again as unconquerable and conquering a race as we proved once when t hey led us :
conquering t hose who dared t o be aggressive against us and refraining ourselves, not out of
weakness but out of magnanimit y, from any unj ust ifiable designs of aggression against t he
unoffending.

I t goes t hen wit hout saying t hat t he Hindu Sanghat anist act uat ed by such a fait h can
never associat e wit h t he Gandhist ‘Sat yagraha’ which demands freedom t o preach t his
immoral principle of absolut e non-violence condemning all armed resist ance even t o alien
aggression, as it is highly det riment al t o our Hindu int erest s in part icular. I t is indeed more
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t

harmful t o Hindu int erest s t han it can ever be t o t he int erest of t he Government . Craft y as
t he Brit ish policy has ever been, t hey like t o some ext ent t hat some one should always be
preaching t o t he Hindus t hat t he spinning qualit ies are more spirit ual t han t he fight ing ones
and t hat t he highest human virt ue consist s in get t ing killed by any invading aggressors t han
killing t hem in self-defence. I t pays t he Brit ish t o some ext ent . I shall not be surprised if t he
Government allow t he Gandhist s t o preach t he doct rine of absolut e non-violence provided
t hey do not say a word against t he present war. I n fact some such compromise was
suggest ed by t he Government and may be accept ed by t he Gandhist s lat er on j ust t o flourish
it in t he face of t he public as a t rophy won by t heir Sat yagraha. But even if t he Government
allow t he preaching of t his doct rine denouncing all armed st rengt h, t hen in t hat case it will
be t he dut y of t he Hindu Sanghat anist s t hemselves t o offer all legit imat e opposit ion t o t his
vicious principle in t heir own int erest s and on t heir own account from t he Sanghat anist
plat form. We must whip up milit ary ent husiasm amongst t he Hindus. That is t he most
crying need of t oday and must form t he chief plank of t he Hindu Sanghat anist plat form.

The milit arizat ion and indust rializat ion of t he Hindus
must const it ut e our immediat e obj ect ive under t he
war condi ions
Thus aft er t aking st ock of all ot her courses and fact ors for and against us, I feel no hesit at ion
in proposing t hat t he best way of ut ilizing t he opport unit ies which t he war has afforded t o us
cannot be any ot her t han t o part icipat e in all war effort s which t he Government are
compelled by circumst ances t o put fort h in so far as t hey help in bringing about t he
milit arizat ion and indust rializat ion of our people. Fort unat ely for us facilit ies are t hrown open
t o us in t his direct ion wit hin a single year in consequence of t he war which we could not find
during t he last fift y years and could not have hoped t o secure in ordinary course by empt y
prot est s and demands for t he next fifry years t o come. Owing t o t he Gandhist lead t he
Congress had neglect ed t he quest ion of fost ering milit ary st rengt h of our people, t o such an
ext ent t hat even t he wordy resolut ions which t he Congress used t o pass while it was under
t he lead of t hose who were called Moderat es but who in t his part icular respect were more
Ext remist s and far-signt ed t han t his spineless school of Gandhist non-resist ers, used t o pass
demanding t he repeal of t he Arms Act and I ndianizat ion of t he Army, were t abooed for t he
last t went y years under Gandhij i’s pressure on t he Congress plat form. Even when t he
Congress was in power it did not t ake a single st ep t o promot e or even t o safeguard t he
milit ary int erest s of our people. But t hroughout t he last t went y years t he Moslems, who
cared a fig for any non-violent , non-resist ing, non co-operat ion nonsense in which t he
Congress kept indulging under Gandhij i’s pressure, almost monopolised recruit ment int o t he
army and armed police. I t was only a few Hindu Mahasabhait leaders like our revered Dr.
Moonj e and Bhai Paramanand who were t rying t heir best t o count eract t he senseless policy
of t he Congress owing t o which t he Hindus alone had t o suffer and lose what ever numerical
st rengt h t hey had in t he army. Not only t hat t he sophist ical t eaching of t he so-called
Sat yagraha creed sought t o kill t he very mart ial inst inct of t he Hindu race and had succeeded
t o an alarming ext ent in doing so. That was t he reason why t hroughout my t ours as t he
President of t he Hindu Mahasabha I made it my dut y t o put t his point above all ot hers and
t ried my best t o give a fillip t o milit ary awakening amongst t he Hindus by addressing
t housands and t housands of Hindu yout hs from Punj ab t o Madras wit h no negligible success.
But I was always at a loss t o know how we Hindu Sanghat anist s can find immediat e ways
and means t o impart t o our young Hindu generat ion t he pract ical and up-t o-dat e milit ary
t raining. Just t hen t he war broke out and t he Brit ish Government , t o serve t heir own
int erest s, were compelled t o raise new milit ary forces in I ndia on a large scale. Nat urally, t he
Hindu Mahasabha wit h a t rue insight int o pract ical polit ics decided t o part icipat e in all war
effort s of t he Brit ish Government in so far as t hey concerned direct ly wit h t he quest ion of t he
I ndian defence and raising new milit ary forces in I ndia. I emphat ically maint ain t hat t he
result s of t hat policy even wit hin a year of it s t rial are posit ively encouraging.
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f t f
t t t
t t



Result s in part icipat ing in war effort s sat isfact ory
I n examining t hese result s we must bear in mind t hat t he Brit ish are raising t hese
Milit ary forces and encouraging indust rial development so far as it helps t heir war effort s wit h
no alt ruist ic mot ives of helping t he I ndians. They are doing what ever t hey have t o do t o help
t hemselves. We are also part icipat ing in t hese war effort s or at any rat e are not out t o
oppose t hem, wit h no int ent ion of helping t he Brit ish but of helping ourselves. I have put t he
sit uat ion almost blunt ly in t he above manner t o disarm t he polit ical folly int o which t he I ndian
public is accust omed t o indulge in t hinking t hat because I ndian int erest s are opposed t o t he
Brit ish int erest s in general, any st ep in which we j oin hands wit h t he Brit ish Government
must necessarily be an act of surrender, ant i-nat ional, of playing int o t he Brit ish hands and
t hat co-operat ion wit h t he Brit ish Government in any case and under all circumst ances is
unpat riot ic and condemnable. I t is all t he more amusing t o find t hat t his spirit of silly
bravado is more rampant amongst t hose very Congressit es who did not hesit at e t o serve t he
Brit ish Government by conduct ing t heir Provincial Minist ries swearing loyalt y and allegiance
t o t he Brit ish Dominat ion in t he oat h of allegiance which t hey had t o t ake; who wept over t he
fancied dest ruct ion of West minst er Abbey, only t he ot her day and had served t he Brit ish
Government as t heir recruit ing officers during t he last war and are even now promising full
co-operat ion t o t he Brit ish, if but t hey get some of t heir fadist demands sat isfied and assure
t he Brit ish t hat t hey would do not hing even as it is t o embarrass t he Brit ish. But t he Hindu
Sanghat anist s at any rat e must realise t he difference bet ween a scnseless bravado and real
act of bravery. As I have explained above in para ( c) how in pract ical polit ics, alliances are
t o be based on any point of common int erest s in spit e of t he fact of t he conflict in all ot her
int erest s bet ween t he allied part ies. Who can say t hat Hit ler or St alin can be want ing in
bravery or can be silly enough t o play int o t he ot her’s hand and yet did not bot h of t hem j oin
in alliance, in spit e of t heir opposing int erest s on all ot her point s, as soon as t hey found t hat
t heir mut ual int erest s coalesced on some point s during t his war ? One who is always afraid
of being duped by ot hers must be a simplet on indeed deserving t o be duped all round. The
Hindu Sanghat anist s are so conscious of t heir polit ical wisdom and so self-confident t hat t hey
can t ake good care o hemselves against being duped even by t he craft y st at esmanship o
Great Brit ain and t herefore feel no hesit at ion and ought t o feel no hesit at ion in ext ending a
whole-heart ed part icipat ion in he war effort s of Great Bri ain if but i serves t heir own
purpose be er t hen any ot her course.
Examining from t his point of view t he result s of t he Hindu Mahasabha’s policy of
part icipat ing in t he war effort s so far as t he militarizat ion of t he Hindus is concerned, we not e
t hat during t he last year one hundred t housand new recruit s were enlist ed in t he I ndian
Army. While in t he old army t he proport ion of t he Moslems had risen in some part s even t o
75% we find amongst t hese new recruit s, t here are nearly sixt y t housand Hindus and t hirt y
t housand Moalems. The st rengt h of t he air force also is t eribly increased and is being daily
increased. I t is very encouraging a fact t hat t he Hindus are evincing a special int erest and
abilit y in t he aircraft and are get t ing t hemselves enlist ed in large numbers in t he air forces
and many of t hem are already serving on t he war front and part aking in act ual air fight s
against t he seasoned air forces of Germany. I n t he naval forces, it is regret t able t o not e t hat
t he Hindus count ed for not hing upt o t his t ime. I n t he very small number of I ndians which
was somehow connect ed wit h t he navy, more t han 75% were Moslems. Consequent ly,
st rong represent at ions were made by t he Hindu Mahasabha during t his year against t his
part ialit y of t he Government . The sea-faring and sea-fight ing Hindu cast es on t he Konkan
coast in part icular who dist inguished t hemselves so valourously in t he days of t he Marat ha
Empire as t o inflict several serious defeat s on t he English sea-forces but who have been
neglect ed of lat e by England perhaps owing t o t he self-same old grudge t he English bear t o
t hem, were roused form t heir let hargy and were made t o demand ent ry int o t he naval forces.
Hundreds of meet ings were organized by t he Hindu Mahasabha t his year in t he villages and
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t owns which were at t ended by very large numbers of t hese cast es; t he Agris, t he Bhandaris,
t he Kolis and ot hers; and pet it ions signed by t housands of t hem were submit t ed t o t he
Government demanding ent ry int o t he naval forces and t he opening of shipyards and naval
bases on t he Konkan coast . I n response t o t his agit at ion on t he part of t he Hindu
Mahasabhait s on t his point t hroughout I ndia, t he Government have promised t o recruit
Hindus in naval service wit hout any dist inct ion and have also admit t ed t he fact t hat t he
Hindus are showing more inclinat ion t o t ake t o t hat line t han t hey were doing formerly. I n
order t o meet t he large demand for t echnicians t o work t he new fact ories st art ed on a very
large scale t o manufact ure milit ary equipment , rifles and even t anks, t he Government has
already made arrangement s for fift een t housand I ndian candidat es t o be t rained immediat ely
as t echnicians. All expert s t o t rain t hem who were available in I ndia are called upon t o t ake
up t he work and in addit ion t o t hem, t echnical expert s in up-t o-dat e war craft s are
requisit ioned by t he I ndian Government from England as well. Besides, t his large number
of I ndian workers and t echnical hands are t o be sent t o England t o receive t he t raining in up-
t o-dat e met hods. They will all st ay t oget her wit h t he Brit ish t echnical hands and labourers,
will receive pay on t he same scale and will be t reat ed on an equal foot ing. The cost of it all
will also be borne by t he Brit ish Government . As t he raising, equipping and t raining of t he
new army of lakh of I ndian soldiers is already subst ant ially complet e, t he Government has
only, recent ly announced t he expansion of t he I ndian Army t o half a million men of all arms.
Thus nearly t wo lakhs of I ndians would be immediat ely recruit ed and t he ever increasing
necessit y under war pressure is sure sure t o compel t he Government t o recruit some five
lakhs of I ndian soldiers before long bringing up t he t ot al st rengt h of t he I ndian Army t o a
million soldiers properly t rained, equipped and even mechanised t o bring t hem up t o an up-
t o-dat e efficiency. Then again we must t ake int o considerat ion t he large increase in t he
armies of t he different Hindu st at es t hat has been sanct ioned by t he Government under war
pressure. Not less t han fort y bat t alions have already been sent t o t he different front s of t he
war and are t aking t heir lessons in act ual fight ing on modern lines. The old rust y out look of
t he forces of t he Hindu st at es has already been t ransformed as t o present a smart well
armed and well equipped front .

The sudden increase in t he army from some t wo lakhs t o t en lakhs of I ndian soldiers
was bound t o creat e an enormous demand for commissioned officers. So t he old policy of
army I ndianizat ion by t he int roduct ion of special I ndianised unit s has been scrapped and all
unit s have been opened t o I ndian officers recruit ment . The Viceroy’s commissioned officers
t oo have been reint roduced in t he I ndianised unit s and t hus all unit s are placed on t he same
foot ing. There is consequent ly an enormous field opened out for I ndians t o serve as officers
in t he army in all capacit ies and on equal footing wit h t he Brit ish officers who upt o t his t ime
enj oyed a sort of monopoly in officering t he army. Besides t his expansion of t he rank, file
and officers in t he regular army t o a million men, t he I ndian t errit orial forces also are soon
t o be re-t ouched, more efficient ly equipped and expanded.

So far as t he quest ion of t he compulsory milit ary educat ion t o be int roduced int o t he
high schools and colleges is concerned t he I ndian Government is st ill following obst ruct ive
t act ics. But it must be not ed t hat t he Senat es of almost all leading Universit ies in I ndia have
demanded during t his year t hat compulsory milit ary t raining must fort hwit h be int roduced
and are already knocking at t he gat es of Government which as t he war pressure goes on
increasing are sure t o yield and get t hrown open.

Only a year ago t he I ndian Government used t o t rot out t he excuse t hat it would t ake
at least fift y years t o t rain up t he I ndians who had lost all t heir milit ary inst inct t o form
efficient army officers by t heir own men on such a large scale as t hat . But now t hey have
suddenly discovered t hat I ndians like ot her human beings in Europe could be t rained as
efficient soldiers and officers in lakhs wit hin a few mont hs and could fight on equal t erms
wit h Eut opean armies on t he European fields. Verily necessit y is t he mot her of invent ion and
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as t he necessit y grows more pressing under t he int ernat ional polit ical complicat ions, England
shall have t o learn t hat not only a million I ndians but a billion I ndians are capable of being
t rained as soldiers and officers as efficient as t he European ones wit hin a couple of years t o
come.

The manufact ure of war mat erials on an enormous scale is also being int roduced in
I ndia which has already afforded and is sure t o affort as days pass by an opport unit y for
t housands of our art isans, craft smen, workers and t echnicians t o get specialised in t urning
out up-t o-dat e rifles, t anks, ammunit ion and even machines required in connect ion wit h
t hem.

Then, again, what ever be t heir reluct ance, t he I ndian Government has at last been
compelled t o permit Shet h Walchand Hirachand who must be specially congrat ulat ed on his
unt iring effort s and able lead in t his respect m t o open a shipyard at Bezwada financed by
I ndian capit al, worked by I ndian labour under I ndian management . Permission for opening a
fact ory t o manufact ure aeroplanes on a large scale has also been grant ed t o Shet h Walchand
Hirachand who has already select ed a sight at Bangalore and is sure t o set it going at full
speed wit h his charact erist ic prompt ness and efficiency. The Government has already lodged
an order for a crore of rupees of planes.

Wit h regard t o large I ndust ries ot her t han t he war indust ries it suffices t o say t hat
t his year has given a fillip t o many a chemical indust ry, t he paper indust ry et c., et c. Wit hin a
couple of years if but t he war pressure is cont inued we are sure t o record an indust rial
progress which ot herwise even a dozen years would not have enabled us t o do as t he
Government st ood always in our way t o economical self-sufficiency. But not t hat milit ary
exigencies have forced England t o raise I ndia t o a self-sufficient economical and milit ary
unit ,-a cent re commanding t he defences of t he whole East ern part of t heir Empire from
Egypt t o Aust ralia, t hey are compelled t o see t hat t he key indust ries and even indust ries in
general are st art ed and flourish in t his count ry t o such a wide ext ent t hat if ever t he
connect ion of t he East ern part of t heir Empire is at least t emporarily cut off from t he West ern
Empire, t hey may be able t o depend for all t he sinews of war chiefly on I ndia which abounds
in t he resources of men and mat erials.

A serious quest ion
Now I ask you all whet her you could have ever been able t o bring about such rapid
milit arizat ion and indust rializat ion of t he count ry wit hin a year out of your own sources ?
Could have t he Hindu Mahasabha or t he Congress or any such public organizat ion ever been
able t o recruit , t rain and equip half a million of our men and send t hem t o learn real fight ing
on t he field on t he st rengt h of it s own resourses ? And even if you had aimed t o do so,
would t he Brit ish Government have ever allowed you t o do so ? We could not have
conduct ed even lat hi clubs on such a large scale. Even last year were we not as alive ot t he
urgency of milit arizat ion of our Hindu people ? But were we not unable even last year even
t o run half a dozen inst it ut ions t o impart milit ary educat ion even t o a few hundred Hindu
yout hs ? And now t hat t he war has opened out an opport unit y for us t o send hundreds of
t housands of Hindus t o t he army, t he navy, t he air services and t o get t hem fully t rained,
equipped and armed as up-t o-dat e soldiers and commanding officers and for building
shipyards, aeroplane fact ories, gun fact ories, ammunit ion fact ories and get t housands of our
mechanics t rained int o war t echnical expert s,-hall we t urn our back on all t hese facilit ies,
refuse t o j oin t he army or t o decline t o part icipat e in t he manufact ure of our mat erials simply
because some fools will call it a co-operat ion wit h t he Government or some booby will curse
it as an act of violence ? I f we do so we shall but deserve even ourselves t o be bracket ed
wit h t he fool and t he booby.

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Let us not e also t hat t hese half a million or million of men who are finding
employment in t he army and t he t housand s of workers and art isans and t echnicians and
specialist s who will get work and secure post s in t he war mat erial fact ories and t he indust ries
made possible by t he war will bring food and clot hing and necessaries of life, t o at least fift y
lakhs of persons belonging t o t he very class who are at present suffering most on account of
chronic unemployment ? Will it not lessen t he unbearable burden t hat at present falls on our
agricult ural classes who have t o depend on t he proceeds of land in spit e of it s daily
diminishing ret urns ?

The advent of Japan near our Front iers must
compel England t o depend on I ndia for milit ary
help t o an ever-increasing ext ent
The most import ant point t hat I want you t o bear in mind in t his connect ion is t o t he
effect t hat t he Brit ish Government has not init iat ed t his policy of milit arizing our Nat ion t o do
which we all know how deadly opposed t hey were t ill only t he last year, wit h t he only view of
helping t hemselves in t he present war in Europe. So long as only European wars were
concerned t he Brit ish knew t hat t hey could not depend much on I ndia. Nor did t hey ever
want t o do so. Their policy in t he European wars had for t he last t wo hundred years or so
been simple. They used t o get a group of European nat ions on t heir side, make it fight wit h
t he ot her group of European nat ions opposed t o t hem. Even if t hey want ed t o get help from
I ndia in men and mat erials it would have been impossible and would not have also paid t o
t ransfer millions of men and enormous war mat erials t o boot , t o Europe. That was t he
reason why England did not run t he risk of milit arizing I ndia whom she nat urally did not like
t o t rust , on such a large permanent scale as she is t rying t o do now. But t he longish shadow
of t he dwarfish Jap t hat has of lat e fallen on t he very Bay of Bengal const it ut es a new
menace t o t he English supremacy in I ndia which requires a new milit ary policy quit e opposit e
in some respect s t o t he one which England followed upt o t his t ime as denot ed above. The
ever-advancing forces of Japan wit h a declared obj ect ive of freeing Asia from European
influence has nat urally scared England and made her realize in all seriousness t hat a war wit h
Japan in t he near fut ure is in all probabilit y inevit able. The Brit ish st at esmanship, far-sight ed
as it usually is, realized t his also t hat if ever war broke out wit h Japan, I ndia it self must be
t he cent re of gravit y of all war preparat ions, t he cent ral depot of war resources inmen and
ammunit ions. I f t here was an impossibilit y of t ransferring large armies from I ndia t o England
in t he cases of t he European wars, t he difficult y now was exact ly t he opposit e t o it . Nay,
England could not under present circumst ances afford t o send any subst ant ial number of
Brit ish forces or quant it y of war mat erial t o I ndia while such respect able foes as Hit ler,
Mussolini or St alin were wait ing t o pounce on England herself. I f Japan is t o be fought out
t hen t he millions of men required for t hat fight must be raised and all t he war mat erial must
be manufact ured in I ndia it self. This new fact or, t herefore, is bound t o render England more
and more dependent on I ndian milit ary help and t herein lies t he guarant ee for us also t hat
t he milit arizat ion of our nat ion will cont inue on a far larger scale as years pass by and Great
Brit ain is sure t o ext end all possible facilit ies for developing our milit ary capacit y, if but we
also ext end an ent husiast ic part icipat ion in her war effort s. Chances are t hat an army wit h
t he st rengt h of a couple of millions shall have t o be raised, manned by I ndians under I ndian
officers as rapidly as Japan succeds in advancing near our Front iers.

Now again, I ask you, shall we lose t his golden opport unit y t o acquire t his milit ary
st rengt h which our int erest s also demand and Brit ish int erest s compel Brit ain t o help us in
t hat t ask simply because some fadist s call it an act of violence or some fools condemn it as
co-operat ion wit h I mperialism ? Or shall we t ake t he wisest st ep, of allying ourselves wit h
Brit ain on t his point alone and t o t he ext ent t o which it serves Hindu int erest s and flood t he
new army t o be raised wit h Hindu Sanghat anist s and re-animat e our race wit h mart ial spirit
and regain t he milit ary st rengt h and st at us we had lost ?
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f






Of all courses open t o us at present , I emphat ically recommend t o you t his course :
t hat t he Hindus can best ut ilise t he war sit uat ion by helping on t heir part t he milit arizat ion
and indust rializat ion of I ndia which t he Brit ish on t heir side are also eager t o effect for t heir
own int erest s. And again, j ust t hink of t he fact , t hat even if you Hindus refuse t o j oin t he
army or t he navy or t he air force or t he fact ories of war mat erials, t he only immediat e result
will be t hat t he Moslems will get int o t he saddle and inst ead of weakening t he Brit ish
Government you will find t hat you have st rengt hened a second enemy who is no less bent
upon subj ect ing you t o helot age in your own land.

The so-called Sat yagraha o t he Congress can only
serve as a st unt for t he elect ions at best
Again, what is t he alt ernat e programme t o one adopt ed by t he Hindu Mahasabha ?
Shout ing some slogans and going int o t he j ail ? I appreciat e t he mot ive of t hose pat riot ic
men in t he Congress; I sympat hise wit h t heir sufferings. But I must plainly st at e, t hat t hey
have made a mess of all polit ical movement s and t he Sat yagraha t hey have now launched
can bring no subat ant ial good t o t he count ry. I t is t o some ext ent useful and was perhaps
meant t o serve as a st unt for t he next elect ions. Are t he Hindu Sanghat anist s going t o adopt
a count er-st unt ? We would have been j ust ified in doing t hat t oo. But t he Hindu Mahasabha
as an organizat ion cannot do t he t wo t hings at one and t he same t ime. I f it part icipat es in
t he war effort s wit h a view t o reap t he most subat ant ial benefit s in milit arizing t he Hindus,
and allies it self wit h t he Government t o t hat ext ent , it cannot as an organizat ion t ake t o any
civil resist ance t o t he Government , which act will direct ly prove det riment al t o our first and
great er obj ect ive. You cannot bot h eat and have t he cake. Of course, t he Hindu Mahasabha
can resort t o Civil Resist ance, if t he issue is more profit able t han t he t wo great obj ect ive
which it seeks t o gain, viz. milit arizat ion and indust rializat ion.

The Hindusabhait s are full of fight
I have consult ed almost all leading workers and branches of t he Mahasabha and it
was very encouraging t o find t hat t he Mahasabhait s and especially t he yout hful workers were
ext remely anxious t o launch a fight ing programme, but only in view of t he fact t hat t he
Congress has adopt ed one. Their chief anxiet y seems t o be t o t ake t o civil resist ance as a
count er-st unt t o defeat t he purpose of t he Congress t o win t he next elect ions by t he cheap
met hod of court ing j ail under t he A and B classes. But we should consider first , why do we
Hindusabhait s want t o win t he elect ions ? Of course, t o serve t he Hindu int erest s best . Now
nobody realises t he import ance of winning t he elect ion more t han I do. But , if t he Hindu
int erest s are likely t o suffer more by running aft er t he elect ions, is it not our dut y t o discard
t hem rat her t han sacrifice Hindu int erest s ? I f t he programme, most beneficial under t he
present circumst ances of part icipat ing in t he war effort s wit h t he t wo obj ect ives ment ioned
above, is likely t o suffer by civil resist ance on issues which do not serve t he Hindu int erest s in
any subst ant ial manner and if t he elect ions could only be won by any such harmful means, it
is our clear dut y t o lose t he elect ions rat her t han t ry t o win t hem by pandering t o t he follies
of t he elect orat e t o t he det riment of t he Hindu cause. The Nizam Civil Resist ance movement
affords a sufficient and t he lat est proof t o convince any sensible elect orat e t hat t he Hindu
Mahasabhait s are even braver t han t he Congressit es even if going t o j ail is t o be t aken as t he
only t est of bravery and pat riot ism. The t housands of Hindu Sanghat anist s who braved ‘Lat hi
Mars’ in t he Nizam j ails can surely st and t he ‘Laddu Mar’ in t he A, B, and even t he C class in
t he Brit ish j ails st anding shoulder t o shoulder wit h t heir Congressit e co-sufferrers. I f t he
Hindu Sanghat anist s were only out t o win elect ions wit h a view t o form minist ries and gain
pelf and power, t hey could have very easily done it by changing a cap as so many ot her
people have odne it . But , we chose deliberat ely t o st and by Hindu int erest s even at t he risk
of power, pelf of popularit y. As I am convinced t hat t he great facilit ies which we have
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f


t
t
secured and are sure t o secure on a larger and larger scale for milit arizat ion and
indust rializat ion of Hindudom by part icipat ing in t he war effort s of t he Government are
overwhelmingly more beneficial t o t he Hindus t han any issue we can win by any slogan
shout ing civil resist ance, I am quit e prepared t o lose t he next elect ion also. I t is more
pat riot ic t o lose an elect ion in t rying t o lead t he elect orat e on a right pat h t han t o win it by
pandering t o t heir prej udices and follies.

The Government has in act met t he demands put
forward by t he Hindu Mahasabha at t he out break
of t he war in a subst ant ial measure
I must make it clear here t hat t he demands forwarded by t he Hindu Mahasabha were
not slight ed by t he Government . We asked t hem t o make a declarat ion t hat wit hin one
year’s t ime aft er t he cessat ion of t he war Dominion St at us should be grant ed. Now, t he
Viceroy and t he Secret ary of St at e have bot h made it clear so far as words can make it clear,
t hat I ndia shall be raised t o t he posit ion of a self governing unit of t he commonweal h which
t hey call Bri ish but I claim must be called I ndo-Brit ish, on equal foot ing even wit h Great
Brit ain herself immediat ely aft er t he war at t he short est int erval possible. We want ed a word
and t hey have given us a word. We know t hat t he t ast e of t he pudding is in it s eat ing. But ,
t hen t he quest ion can arise when t he promise is t o be t ranslat ed int o act ion. Secondly, we
want ed a declarat ion from t he Government t hat t hey would not encourage t he scheme of
breaking up t he int egrit y of t he I ndian St at e. As I have shown above under t he pressure of
t he Hindu Mahasabha alone, Mr.Amery has made a clear declarat ion t o t hat effect in his
speech on ‘I ndia first ’. So far as our milit ary demands were concerned, t hey are almost all
being act ed upon in a large measure at least up t ill now. The milit ary service is t hrown open
t o all cast es and creeds alike and ot her facilit ies. We have got are already dealt wit h in ot her
part s of my speech. The Hindu Mahasabha is already recognized by t he Government as t he
foremost represent at ive body of t he Hindus. The only point on which t he Government is st ill
harping is t he fact t hat t hey are t hrowing t he responsibilit y of framing a const it ut ion on t he
I ndians and insist ing wit h t heir t ongue in t heir cheeks ‘unless you all I ndian part ies, t he
minorit y and t he maj orit y, produce a compromise unanimously vot ed for, we cannot t hrust
any const it ut ion on you of our framing.’ But we shall fight out t his spacious argument in
right t ime. Nay, t here is every likelihood t hat on t his point t oo, t he Government will have t o
yield t o t he most reasonable demands of t he Hindu Mahasabha. I n short , I find no det ail or
issue import ant enough t o compel us t o resort t o civil resist ance at t he sacrifice of t he
import ant facilit ies we have gained and t he opport unit y t hat has present ed it self t o us
enabling us t o effect t he milit arizat ion of t he Hindu people.

Consequent ly, I , for one, recommend emphat ically t he following programme on which
all Hindu Sanghat anist s should concent rat e t heir energy. Of course, I put it forward as my
personal view and leave you ent irely free t o come t o any corporat e decision you choose,
which decision I shall t ry my best t o carry out as your chief execut ive officer, whet her t he
decision coincides wit h my programme or not . I need not ment ion t hat t his programme
was already adopt ed by t he Working Commit t ee held on t he 21
st
of November last .

I also make it clear t hat alt hough I wish t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha as an
organizat ion, should st ick t o t his programme as it s immediat e line of act ion, yet if some
Hindu Sanghat anist s find out a more effect ive way of fight ing on t heir own account for t he
Hindu cause, no one shall be gladder t han myself. The Hindu Mahasabha also cannot but
wish t hat t he younger generat ion should prove braver t han t he present one. But it should
prove wiser t oo.

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This programme which I recommend for your adopt ion in my personal capacit y is , of
course, meant t o be an immediat e one. I f some new fact or arises demanding a new
solut ion, we t oo shall prompt ly chalk out a different line of act ion in response t o it .


I mmediat e programme

This immediat e programme could be roughly out lined t hus : -

(a) To secure ent ry for as many Hindu recruit s as possible int o t he army, navy and
t he air forces.
(b) To ut ilise all facilit ies t hat are being t hrown open t o get our people t rained int o
milit ary and mechanical manufact ure of up-t o-dat e war mat erials.
(c) To t ry t o make milit ary t aining compulsory in colleges and high schools.
(d) To int ensify t he organizat ion of t he Ram Sena.
(e) To j oin t he civic guard movement wit h a view t o enable t o defend our own people
against foreign invasion or int ernal anarchy, provided always t hat t he civic
guards are not used against any pat riot ic polit ical movement s in I ndia or in any
act ivit ies det riment al t o t he legit imat e int erest s of t he Hindus.
(f) To st art new indust ries on large scales t o capt ure t he market where foreign
art icles t o defeat t he ent ry of new foreign compet it ors.
(g) To boycot t foreign art icles t o defeat t he ent ry of new foreign compet it ors.
(h) To set on foot an all-I ndia movement t o secure t he correct regist rat ion, in t he
coming Census, of t he popular st rengt h of t he Hindus including Tribal Hindus such
as Sant hals, Gonds, Bhils, et c., and t o secure t heir enlist ment as Hindus inst ead
of as Animist s or Hill Tribes and by t aking every ot her st ep necessary t o secure
t he obj ect in view.

These few it ems will suffice t o illust rat e t he lines on which t he Hindu Sanghat anist s all
over I ndia should concent rat e t heir at t ent ion in t he near fut ure.

* * * * * * *
1.5 23
rd
Session Bhagalpur—1941
Comrades in t he Hindu Cause,

I acknowledge grat efully t he honour you have done t o me and t he t rust you have
placed in me in offering t he President ship of t he All-I ndia
Hindu Mahasabha t his year for t he fift h t ime in an unbroken succession. I had even last year
t endered my resignat ion of t his high post t wice and request ed you all in view of my failing
healt h and in t he int erest of t he Hindu cause t o spare me and t o ent rust t he lead of t he
Hindu Mahasabha in some wort hier and st ronger hands. But owing t o t he most cordial
pressure of my comrades all over I ndia and t he behest of t he All-I ndia Commit t ee of t he
Hindu Mahasabha. I cont inued t o shoulder t he responsibilit y of t he President ial office and
t ried my individual best t o j ust ify and deserve t he overwhelming confidence and love which
t he Hindu Sanghat anist world all over I ndia and even out side cont inued t o cherish t owards
me. I t is a mat t er of public knowledge t hat t his year also when t he t ime for elect ing t he
President for t he next year drew near, I had made it clear t o almost all provincial leaders
and workers t hat t his t ime at any rat e I should be allowed t o wit hdraw from t he President ial
panel. I was even det ermined t o resign aft er t he elect ion,- but j ust t hen t he Government
made it clear t hat t hey were not prepared t o raise t he ban on t he Annual Session of t he
Hindu Mahasabha at Bhagalpur. This Government ban compelled me also t o banish
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alt oget her from my mind t he t hought of resigning t he President ial office. This ban
const it ut ed such an int olerable, uncalled for and unj ust ifiable humiliat ion t o t he Hindu houour
as t o render it imperat ive on t he part of every Hindu Sanghat anist s t o t ry his level best t o get
it removed by all legit imat e means wit hin his or her reach. My dut y also as t he elect ed
President for t he very session at Bhagalpur was clear. I t was t o st ick t o my guns. I have,
consequent ly, consent ed even willingly t o shoulder t he responsibilit y of t he President ship and
t he leadership of t he All I ndia Hindu Mahasabha for t he fift h t ime for t he ensuing year. May
I be able t o serve t he Hindu cause t o t he best of my abilit ies and so unsparingly as t o
deserve t he honour you have all done t o me and t he confidence you have all placed in me by
calling upon me once again t o lead t he Hindu Movement .

The case of t his unj ust , humiliat ing and even
illegal Government ban

When at Madura t he last session of t he Hindu Mahasabha decided t o hold t he Session
in Bihar and when aft er surveying different places in Bihar, t he Recept ion Commit t ee decided
t o hold t he Session at Bhagalpur, even t he Government must admit t hat t here could not have
been any t he least int ent ion on t he part of t he Mahasabha t o dist urb t he communal peace of
t he part icular sect ion of Moslems residing at Bhagalpur during t he Bakr-I d fest ival. The Bakr-
I d is observed all over I ndia by t he Moslems and t here could be not any reason why t he
Hindusabhait s should have a special spit e against t he Moslems residing comparat ively
insignificant t own of Bhagalpur of all places in I ndia. But nevert heless aft er t he venue was
set t led in t he ordinary course of t hings and in view of ot her considerat ions and conveniences
at Bhagalpur t he Government of Bihar came out all of a sudden wit h a communiqué banning
t he Session and ordering t hat it must not be held in a number of dist rict s in Bihar including
t he t own of Bhagalpur from t he 1
st
of December next t o t he 10
t h
of January 1942.

The Government of Bihar argued t hat t hey would find it very difficult t o maint ain
peace and order at Bhagalpur owing t o t he paucit y of police forces at t heir disposal in case
communal dist urbances broke out during t he Bakr-I d, if t he Session and t he Bakr-I d
coincided.

So far as t he quest ion of coincidence was concerned, t he Working Commit t ee of t he
Hindu Mahasabha having no int ent ion what soever t o give any j ust ifiable excuse even t o t he
aggressive sect ion among t he Moslems, decided in an accommodat ing spirit not t o hold t he
Session on t he dat es during which t he Bakr-I d was cust omarily observed at Bhagalpur and
resolved t hat t he Session should be held on t he 24
t h
t he 27
t h
December next during t he
X’mas holidays as had been t he ususal cust om wit h t he Hindu Mahasabha t o do for years in
t he past . This arrangement would have enabled t he Mahasabha t o end t he Session a couple
of days before t he Bakr-I d began and let t he Moslems alone t o celebrat e it in any fashion
t hey chose. But t he Bihar Government st ill refused t o raise t he ban on t he ground t hat t he
holding of t he Session even before t he Bakr-I d and even if it was held on dat es not
coinciding wit h Bakr-I d was quit e likely t o inflame t he communal t ension and passions at
Bhagalpur and prevent t he peaceful celebrat ion of t he Bakr-I d fest ival ! But t hey did not
seem t o mind it much t hat t here was more likelihood of communal passions being inflamed
and of communal riot s breaking out if t he Bakr-I d was allowed t o precede t he Mahasabha
Session and t hus endanger again it s being held j ust aft er t he Bakr-I d. As a mat t er of fact it
cannot be denied t hat it is t he Bakr-I d which more oft en t han not is not oriously associat ed
t hroughout I ndia wit h communal dist urbances and Moslem fanat icism running riot . The
Sessions of t he Hindu Mahasabha on t he cont rary are as undeniably not ed for t heir peaceful
and orderly celebrat ions. But even t he lat est press communique issued by t he Government
of Bihar which modified t he ban t o t he ext ent t hat it allowed t he Session t o be held j ust aft er
t he Bakr-I d aft er t he 3
rd
of January 1942, inst ead of t he 10
t h
of January 1942, did not make it
clear whet her t he Government would not renew t he ban on t he Session even if it was held
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t
t


on t he 4
t h
of January, in case some communal dist urbances were st aged during t he Bakr-I d
j ust t o spit e t he Mahasabha Session t o come. Consequent ly, whet her t he Session was held
before t he Bakr-I d or aft er t he Bakr-I d, t he necessit y of facing t he ban like t he sword of
Damocles was kept hanging on it s head.

So far as t he second reason which was set fort h by t he Government t o j ust ify it s
at t it ude as t o t he paucit y of t he police forces at t he command of t he Bihar Government , it is
enough t o point out t hat t he Government has more t han once emphasized t hat in case an
at t empt t o hold t he Session was made in spit e of t he ban, t he Bihar Government would put it
down wit h all t he resources at t heir command. Now if t he Government is t hus on it s own
admission so powerful,-and it is no doubt so powerful as t o command sufficient forces t o
suppress an All-I ndia Session of t he Hindu Mahasabha which is likely t o be at t ended by t ens
of t housands of Hindus along wit h t he most out st anding Hindu Leaders form all part s of
I ndia,-can it ever be said t hat t hose very forces would not have enabled t he Government t o
hold in check t hat aggressive sect ion of Moslems at Bhagalpur, if t here be any, which was
likely t o get inflamed and t o t hreat en criminal dist urbances if t he Hindus were allowed t o
exercise t heir legit imat e right of free associat ion by holding t he Session of t he Hindu
Mahasabha at Bhagalpur ?

When t he All-I ndia Session of t he Moslem League was held at Madras t his year, t he
Government prevent ed t he Hindus under Session 144 from holding meet ings, carrying let hal
weapons or assembling in more t han five persons so t hat t he Session of t he League might
pass of well in spit e of t he fact t hat rabid and ant i-Hindu speeches and resolut ions were
delivered and passed in it . Now at Bhagalpur when t he All-I ndia Session of t he Hindu
Mahasabha is t o be held, t he Government inst ead of calling upon t he Moslems t o keep
t hemselves wit hin t he bounds of law and order have put a ban on t he Hindu Mahasabha
Session it self making it criminal on t he part of t he Hindus t o exercise t heir fundament al right s
of cit izenship !
Throught I ndia t he same discriminat ing, part ial and ant i-Hindu policy is adhered t o
and Hindu processions, immersion of image and conferences are held up t o placat e t he
fanat ical goondiasm on t he part of t he aggressive Moslem sect ions.

The reason t rot t ed out for t his ant i-Hindu policy is also uniform : t hat it is t he dut y of
t he Government t o maint ain peace and order.

But t he peace or order which is t o be maint ained as a dut y on t he part of t he
Government is t hat which enables t he law-obiding t o exercise t heir legit imat e right s and no
t hat peace or order which could only be maint ained by compelling t he law-abiding t o forgo
t heir right s o placare t he aggressive and t he criminal.
The underlying idea which makes t he Government resort t o t his policy t hroughout
I ndia cannot be any ot her t han t he not ion t hat t he Hindus as a people being gent ly and law-
abiding are more amenable even t o such humiliat ing and unj ust rest rict ions on t heir libert y
t han t he chanvinist ic Moslems fanat ics.

The civic and even t he religious fest ivit ies of Hindus, Christ ians and Parsees pass off
so peacefully as t o provide occasions for general rej oicing t o people of all communit ies alike
t hroughout I ndia. But t he Moslem fest ivals, whet her civic or religious, like t he Bakr-I d or t he
Mohurrum are almost always associat ed wit h bloody orgies and fanat ical ant i-Hindu riot s.
Not only t he Hindus but all non-Moslem communit ies in I ndia find t hem a source of const ant
and dangerous nuisance t o life and propert y. The responsibilit y for t his sit uat ion must be
shared not only by t he riot ous. Moslem fanat icism but by t he insane policy of t he
Government t oo, which almost always seeks t o maint ain peace and order on t hese occasions
not by chast ising Moslem fanat icism running riot but by calling upon t he Hindu t o forgo t he
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exercise of t heir legit imat e right s of cit izenship and t hus by put t ing a premium on fanat ical
goondaism.

The ban placed on t he Hindu Mahasabha Session at Bhagalpur is also j ust ified by t he
Government wit h unabashed frankness by st at ing t hat t hey had t o do so for no ot her urgent
or j ust ifiable reason, but t o enable t he Bakr-I d fest ivit ies of a handful of Moslems in a solit ary
t own like Bhagalpur t o pass off well. I f t he Session of t he All-I ndia Hindu Mahasabha is held
before t he Bakr-I d, t he Government cont ent ion is t hat even t his legit imat e exercise of t he
right of associat ion by t he Hindus may inflame communal passions of t he Moslems ! I f t he
Govenrment suspect ed such a cont ingency, it was t heir dut y t o t ake every precaut ion t o hold
in check and chast ise t his aggressive and int olerant fanat icism t hat get s inflamed at t he sight
of t he exercise by ot her communit ies of t heir legit imat e right s. The Christ ians who are t o
celebrat e t heir X’mas during t hose very days, never get inflamed at t he sight of a number of
All-I ndia Conferences held by t he Hindus and ot her communit ies t hroughout I ndia. But on
t he cont rary t hese Christ ian holidays like t he Hindu holidays provide special facilit y for such
All-I ndia Sessions. I t is only t he insane policy of t he Government t o placat e Moslem
goondaism t hat has rendered t he Moslem fanat ics so irascible and int olerant . At Nellore, for
example, t he very Government law court s have openly confessed t heir inabilit y t o compel t he
execut ive t o abide by and carry out t heir legal orders in connect ion wit h Hindu right s. A
Government whose execut ive refuses t o carry out t he decisions of it s own law court s and
will not prot ect t he civic right s of t he Hindus held valid by t he law court s when t hey are
opposed t o t he fanat ical whims of t he Moslems for t he only reason t hat ot herwise t hat
fanat icism would break out in riot ous orgies must be said t o have lost all legit imat e and
moral right t o govern at all.

I n addit ion t o t his unj ust ifiable nat ure of t he ban it s legalit y also is seriously
quest ionable. What ever powers are t o be exercised by t he Provincial Government s in order
t o maint ain public safet y and order under t he Defence of I ndia Act are t o be exercised, ‘For
t he purpose of securing t he Defence of Brit ish I ndia’ and in case ‘such exercise is called for,
for t he efficient prosecut ion of war.’ Now, by no st ret ch of imaginat ion can t he Government
maint ain t hat t he Session of t he All I ndia Hindu Mahasabha is likely t o dist urb public order or
endanger public safet y wit h a view or in a manner of st anding in a way of t he efficient
prosecut ion of war or t he securing t he Defence of Brit ish I ndia. Add t o t his fact t hat of all
out st anding All-I ndia organizat ions, t he Hindu Mahasabha alone has been t he foremost
advocat e of ext ending responsive co-operat ion t o t he Brit ish Government as t his war in so far
as t he quest ion of I ndian defence is concerned. Almost all of it s prominent leaders and
workers have been t ouring round t hroughout t he count ry calling upon t he Hindus t o j oin t he
milit ary forces of all arms and t housands of it e members have already secured ent ry in t he
Army, Navy and t he Aerial Forces wit h a genuine desire of co-operat ing wit h t he Brit ish Force
in a responsive spirit in as much as t he Hindu int erest s t oo under t he present circumst ances
dict at e such co-operat ion. Their could not be, t herefore, cannot be said t o be covered by t he
Defence of I ndia Act and consequent ly t he ban t hat is placed on t his Session under t his Act is
ab init io illegal. This legal view t aken by some of t he foremost lawyers in t he land proves
t hat t he Government of Bihar has not only commit t ed a polit ical blunder, but even a legal
one.

The Mahasabha has consequent ly resolved t o hold it s Session at Bhagalpur it self on
t he scheduled dat es in spit e of t his unj ust , humiliat ing and illegal Government ban, in
assert ion of t he civic right s of cit izenship in general and of Hindus in part icular. The t ime has
come when t he Hindus must correct t he erring not ion under which t he Government lahours
t hat Hindus can be made t o t olerat e any aggression on t heir civic and religious right s and can
t ake all kicking more kindly t han t he chauvinist ic Moslem fanat icism and t hat t his is t he
cheaper way of maint aining t he so-called peace and order. The Hindus must now learn t o
record pract ical prot est against any such ant i-Hindu policy on t he part of t he Government or
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t


on t he part of any one else whenever and wherever such cases humiliat ing t o Hindu honour
crop up, by all legit imat e means wit hin t heir reach even if in t his t heir at t empt t o exercise
t heir legit imat e and fundament al right s of cit izenship, t he Government at t imes t hreat ens
most unj ust ly and illegit imat ely t o cow down t he Hindus by flourishing t he police budgeon in
t heir face.

We go t o Bhagalpur not t o Challenge t he Government
but t o asser our legit imat e right s
Nevert heless, I must make it clear t hat t he Mahasabhait s are going t o Bhagalpur t o
hold t his Session-even if t he ban is not raised in t ime,-not wit h any t he least desire t o t hrow
a challenge t o t he Government or t o flout t he legit imat e aut horit y in any want on manner.
We shall all rally round t he pan-Hindu flag raised at Bhagalpur wit h t he only obj ect of
assert ing our civic right s of free associat ion. We shall give no j ust ifiable reason wharsoever
t o inflame any communal passions or do anyt hing beyond assert ing our inalienable civic
right s wit hout t respassing on t hose of ot her communit ies in t he int erest s of peace and order
which when int erpret ed in an impart ial and const it ut ional sense, t he Hindu Mahasabhait s are
as anxious as t he Government t o maint ain. Even if we are banned and opposed by physical
force on t he part of t he Government , we are all det ermined t o offer ourselves t o get arrest ed
or t o face t he worst wit hout any show or use of physical resist ance t o t he Government
aut horit ies on our part , beyond t he civil resist ence implied by our assert ion again and again
of our legit imat e right t o cont inue t he Sessional act ivit ies.

I earnest ly hope t hat in as much as t he cause t he Hindu Mahasabha is going t o fight
out at Bhagalpur, is essent ially t he cause of civic libert y so far as t he quest ion of resist ing,
wit h all legit imat e means, t his ban is concerned-not only all Hindus irrespect ive of part y
affiliat ions but even our Christ ian, Parsee and Jewish count rymen, in fact every I ndian cit izen
who values t he casue of t he fundament al right of cit izenship of free associat ion and realises
t hat t he Government policy of bribing fanat ical goondaism at t he cost of legit imat e right s of
honest and law-abiding cit izens const it ut es a common danger t o all cit izens alike, will ext end
t heir sympat hy and co-operat ion and st rengt hen t he hands of t he Hindu Mahasabhait s in
t his t heir st ruggle t o assert t he fundament al right s of cit izenship on an issue which is of
common int erest t o all I ndian cit izens alike.

I have no doubt t hat if but t he Hindu Sanghat anist must er st rong at Bhagalpur from
all part s of I ndia and fight out t his campaign of civil resist ence wit hin t he legit imat e bounds
indicat ed above wit h a heroic det erminat ion count ing no imprisonment , lat hi charges or any
sacrifice what soever as t oo high a price t o pay for maint aining t he houour of t he Pan-Hindu
Flag and wit hout giving any t he least illegit imat e cause on t heir part for any breach of
honourable peace, genuine civic order or malicious communal t ension,-t his 23
rd
Session of
t he Hindu Mahasabha is bound t o prove t he most successful Session of all t he Sessions in t he
past .

I I

As it seems more likely t han not , t hat t his speech will not be formally read in a
formally assembled Session at Bhagalpur and also because t here is no t ime now left t o writ e
it at full lengt h I mean t o t ouch only a few cat egorical point s t o serve as finger post s at cross
roads t o guide t he Hindu Movement in t he near fut ure.

Loyal Homage t o His Maj est y t he King of Nepal

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I t ender on behalf of Hindudom as a whole our most loyal homage t o his Maj est y t he
King of Nepal as a defender of t he Hindu Fait h, t he Sovereign of t he only I ndependent Hindu
Kingdom t oday, t he foremost represent at ive of t he glorious Hindu Past and t he Hope of st ill
more glorious Hindu Fut ure. Fort unat ely, for t he Hindus, t he Government of Nepal has t oday
at it s helm a personalit y in whose hands t he Hindu int erest s are bound t o be safe. His
Highness t he Maharaj a Yudhasamsher Jang Bahadur, t he present Prime Minist er of Nepal
realizes more t han any one else t hat t he fut ure of t he Hindu Kingdom of Nepal is indissolubly
bound up wit h t he fut ure of Hindudom as a whole. Hindus in fact are a Nat ional unit and it is
given t o Nepal t oday t o shape it s dest iny. The war opend out immense possibilit ies before us
even if it t hreat ens t o surround us on all sides wit h imminent dangers. Keeping t he ult imat e
goal of Hindu regenerat ion full in view, it was no doubt wise under t he present circumst ances
t hat t he Hindu Kingdom of Nepal should have chosen t o ally herself wit h t he Brit ish
Government during t his war and sent our brave Goorkha armies t o prot ect I ndian Front iers
and t o some ot her t heat res of war t o check new alien invasions. The Brit ish Government t oo
would do well t o recompense for t his effect ive assist ance t hey receive at t he hands of His
Maj est y t he King of Nepal by rest oring t o Nepal at least t hose dist rict in Bihar and on t he
borders of t he Punj ab which were a part of t he Kingdom of Nepal only a cent ury ago and
were t hen annexed by t he Brit ish.

I t is encouraging t o not e t hat t he land-forces of Nepal are already so efficient and up-
t o-dat e as t o mat ch t he forces of any Nat ion in t he world in warlike qualit ies and dogged
resist ance. But we are anxiously wait ing for t he day when even t he aerial forces of Nepal
will be as efficient , up-t o-dat e and powerful enough t o prot ect not only herself but even
Hindudom as a whole. Nepal is exposed t o aerial at t acks as seriously as any of t he East ern
provinces of I ndia. The war which has already t ouched t he I ndian shores const it ut es at once
a danger and an opport unit y and I am confident t hat t he virile and far-signt ed Prime Minist er
of Nepal will t ake t ime by t he forelock and equip Nepal wit h a powerful aerial force at no
dist ant dat e.

The second point t o which I want t o at t ract t he at t ent ion of t he Government of Nepal
may seem comparat ively less urgent but is nevert heless far from being negligible. From
sources which are more or less reliable it seems t hat t he Moslems are t rying t o make t heir
influence felt and numbers increased in Nepal by adopt ing t heir usual t act ies of st ealt hy and
t reacherous advances. Mosques are mult ipling rapidly in Nepal and t he numbers of unwary
Hindu girls and lads are being kidnapped or duped in surrounding t ribal dist rict s and
ult imat ely convert ed t o Mohammedanism. There are more ways t han oneby which a well-
planned scheme of increasing t he numerical st rengt h of t he Moslems in and about t he Hindu
Kingdom is long being worked out . I urge t he Government of Nepal t o be as alert as possible
and not t o minimize t his danger t o t he st rengt h and st abilit y of Hindus in t he Kingdom.
Mosques are first built as houses of prayer but t hey soon develop, as we have found in so
many cases all over I ndia, int o hot -beds of ant i-Hindu fanat icism. The campaign of
kidnapping and abduct ion does on t he face of it seem a st ray out burst of individual crime.
But t hen if hist ory has anyt hing t o t each us Hindus, it t eaches us t hat it was by t hese means,
howsoever despicable t hey may seem, t hat t he Moslems cont inued and are even now
cont inuing t o increase t heir numerical st rengt h and st rengt hen t heir hold in I ndia. I f a Hindu
King allowed Mosques t o be built he was first flat t ered as a magnanimous soul who loved all
religious and races alike. But t he t ime has come t hat we Hindus should despire t his species
of magnanimit y as not hing short of suicidal madness. I t was owing t o t his malady of
magnanimit y t hat our ancient Hindu Kings allowed foreigners from all part s of t he world int o
Hindust han and even t reat ed t hem as our own kit h and kin and grant ed t hem prot ect ion and
st at us equal wit h our own Hindu bret hren. And now t he st aggering result s st are us in t he
face. The erst while guest s are t hreat ening t o oust t he mast er of t he house himself, out of it .
Consequent ly, t he Government of Nepal should make it clear t o all concerned t hat no ant i-
Hindu act ivit y or designs would be t olerat ed in Nepal and should wat ch ceaselessly so as not
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t
t o allow any non-Hindu sect ion and especially t he Moslems t o grow in numerical st rengt h in
Nepal beyond what it recorded a cent ury ago.

The Hindu Mahasabha Movemen advancing wit h
st rides of a Giant

Taking st ock of event s during t he last year it can be incont rovert ibly assert ed t hat t he
Hindu Movement led by t he Mahasabha has progressed t hroughout I ndia. The Shuddhi
work, t he effect ive and successful effort s t o remove unt ouchabilit y, t he census campaign it
conduct ed t hroughout I ndia, t he defending of t he civic and religious right s of Hindus at
hundreds of localit ies, facing and even foiling t he wave of armed aggression on t he part of
t he Moslems int heir campaign of t he so-called Pakist an riot s t hrough a larger part of I ndia
and proving it t o t hose ant i-Hindu forces t hat even t heir bloody orgies cost t hemselves
dearer and could never succeed in browbeat ing t he Hindu movement , t he successes in
scores of elect oral cont ent s t o t he Cent ral Assembly and t o t he local Municipalit ies or boards
which t he Mahasabhait s won in Maharasht ra, Assam, Bengal, and in several ot her part s of
I ndia and even t he couple of elect oral defeat s t he Mahasabha had t o undergo as t he one in
Berar,-do all of t hem point out incont rovert ibly t hat t he Mahasabha is rapidly growing int o a
power t hat could no longer be underrat ed wit h impunit y and t hat it has already grown
formidable enough t o hold in check t he ant i-Hindu forces t hat had been let loose on I ndia
and ran riot unchallenged during t he last fift y years or so. But t he crosning achievement of
t he Mahasabha movement has been, more t han t hese direct and det ailed event s, t he indirect
influence which it s ideology and propaganda exercised on t he Hindu mind t o such an
amazing ext ent as could only be fit ly described as a ment al revolut ion. The unparalleled
ent husiasm displayed by crores of Hindus, classes and masses t oget her wit h which t hey
welcomed t he President of t he Hindu Mahasabha and several of it s vet eran leaders in all
quart ers of t he count ry and which ent husiasm found it s fit t est expression, rending t he air day
in and day out , in t hat million-million t hroat ed ‘Hindu-Dharam ki Jay; Hindust han Hinduonka
! ! ’ proved t o demonst rat e t hat t he Hindus as a people have shed t hat inferiorit y complex
which had been t heir great est curse inflict ed by t hemselves upom t hemselves and t hat t hey
have ret urned t o t heir Nat ional self-consciousness as Hindus. This ment al revolut ion could
not have found a bet t er expression t o voice fort h it s significance t han t hat ‘Hindust han
Hinduonka ! ! ’

This awakening of t he Hindu spirit which t he Mahasabha movement brought about
has already been able t o effect breeches even in Congress cit adel from wit hin and t housands
of t hose Congressit e Hindus who had alt oget her forgot t en t hat t hey were Hindus under t he
baneful influence of t he Pseudo-Nat ionalist ic opiat es of t he Gandhist school of t hought are
already searching t heir heart s and are blessing t he Mahasabha in t heir innermost heart s for
fight ing for t he Hindu casue and are sooner or lat er dest ined t o fall as willing capt ives int o
our hands. This inndirect effect of t he Mahasabhait s propaganda has already compelled
t hose very Congressit es who blamed t he Hindusabhait s for calling upon t he Hindu elect orat es
t o vot e for t hose who pledged t o safeguard Hindu int erest s and for t hus rendering t he
elect ions t aint ed wit h communalism,-t o assure t he Hindu elect orat es t hat alt hough t hey
st ood on Congress t icket , yet t hey were nevert heless Hindus of Hindus and would not yield
t o t he Hindu Mahasabhait s candidat e is safeguarding Hindu int erest s ! ! No compliment t o
t he efficacy of t he Hindu movement can be more convincing t han t hese appeals by Congress
candidat es t o t he Hindu elect orat e; even if t hey be for t he t ime being meant only t o capt ure
Hindu vot es.

The t ime is fast approaching when t he Congress will eit her be but a plank of t he
Hindu Mahasabha or get compelled t o shut it s shop alt oget her which deals in wholesale
represent at ion, by foregoing t he right t o represent t he Hindus direct ly or indirect ly.

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The Moslems must get sat isfied wit h represent at ion
in proport ion t o t heir populat ion only

The t hird out st anding achievement of t he Hindu Mahasabha has been t hat it has
already proved t o be a formidable opponent t o t he inordinat e ambit ions of t he Moslems in
general and t he Moslem League in part icular.

Whet her it be t he quest ion of t he ext ension of t he Execut ive Council or t he format ion
of t he Nat ional Defence Council or t he Defence Advisory Commit t ee, t he Moslem Leaguers
have t hemselves admit t ed t hat t hey have been discomfit ed and t heir swollen headed claims
left unheeded. Mr. Jinnah resent s t hat Mr. Amery should have bet rayed him in not keeping
up t he Government ‘Promise’ of not t urning down t he full-fledged Pakist an scheme and
should have even gone t o t he lengt h of delivering Sermons on ‘I ndia First .’ I n Bengal Mr.
Huq who only last year kept roaring like a ‘t iger’ t hat he would ‘Sat aenga’ t he Hindus is
already so cowed and chast ened as t o t alk sense and prefer t o j oin hands wit h t he Hindu
Mahasabha even at t he risk of get t ing a divorce from t he Moslem League. Nor did Sir
Sadullah Khan fare bet t er in assam and was compelled t o resign his Premiership overnight .
The so-called League Government s in t hese provinces having t umbled down like a house of
cards it was but nat ural t hat t he Moslem League should have found himself left in t he lurch
and it s bolat ed ambit ion fallen flat t o t he ground.

I t cannot be denied t hat it was largely due t o t he formidable opposit ion of t he
Hindusabhait s t hat t he League t hus finds it self t oday discomfit ed and foiled on all sides. Nor
does t he fut ure hold out any more hopeful prospect before it in view of t he fact t hat t he
Hindus are every day get t ing influenced more and more by t he ideology of t he Hindu
Mahasabha and are consequent ly bound t o get more and more consolidat ed and powerful t o
present a unit ed Hindu front t o all ant i-Hindu aggression.

The war also has belied t he hopes of t he I ndian Pan-I slamit e. Only in last April when
t he Moslem League held it s Session at Madras, Mr. Jinnah warned t he Government and t he
Hindus t hat if t hey did not do what he want ed t hem t o do ‘ot hers would come t o I ndia and
do it and break up Hindust han int o a conglomerat ion of Pakist ans’. Ot her ‘not able Moslem
leaders t oo assert ed in cont inuat ion of t he t hreat t hat t heir great Moslem Nat ions across t he
border of I ndia were t here and t hus would not hesit at e t o j oin hands wit h t hem as t he I ndian
Moslems looked upon t hem as t heir dest ined deliverers from t he yoke of t he Hindus in I ndia.
But unfort unat ely out of t hese ‘ot hers’ or t hese ‘Our great Moslem Nat ions beyond t he
borders of I ndia’ none now can be found at t he st at ion. During t he last war t he Ex-Amir
Amanullakhan was t o play t he part of t he dest ined deliverer of I slam in I ndia and wit h t he
t reacherous connivance of Gandhij i, t he t wo great ‘Nat ionalist s’ leaders t he Ali brot hers
conspired t o bring him t o Delhi as t he would-be annoint ed Emperor of I ndia. But
unfort unat ely a Baccha-i-Saku, a son of wat er carrier finished t he Ex-Amir and t he would-be
Emperor of I ndia. I f t his t ime our Moslem leaders at Madras meant by t he ‘ot hers’ Raza
Shaha of I ran who was t hen hand in glove wit h t he Nazis and expect ed him t o play t he part
of t he next best Deliverer of our I ndian Moslems from t he maj orit y t yranny of t he Hindus,
t hen now his address also is not quit e known and inst ead of booking for I ndia he seems t o
have t aken a wrong t rain t o Maurit ius. I nst ead of playing t he part of t he Deliverer of I slam
in I ndia, poor Persia is desperat ely searching now for a deliverer for her own sake. The
Turks are but lit erally sandwit ched bet ween t he German and t he Brit ish forces and t hey
t hemselves do not know what would be t heir fat e t omorrow and have only a Hobson’s choice
before t hem,-t o surrender t o one of t hese advancing forces. St ill if of t hose ‘ot hers’ who
were t o do for t he Moslems what t he Hindus refused t o do and cut up I ndia t o order aft er
t he Pakist an fashion, any Moslem deliverer is yet willing and able ot do t he t ask,-we shall be
glad t o be enlight ened by t he League as regards his present dest inat ion and address. Can it
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be t hat His Exalt ed Highness t he Nizam of Hyderabad is t he next aspirant t o t hat high office ?
I f so, t hen all t hat we can do is t o exclaim, ‘I f t hese be t hy Gods, Oh I srael ! ! ’
On t he whole t he t ime has come when our Moslem count rymen should realize t hat
even in t heir own int erest s t hey should accept t he inevit able and should cease amusing
t hemselves wit h airy not hings. They must count wit h realit ies, t hey must know t hat t hey are
in a minorit y and t hat t here is not t he slight est chance now left for t hem t o reduce t he
present maj orit y of t he Hindus in any appreciable measure. The Suddhi movement and t he
virile awakening t hat has come over t he Hindus have disarmed forcible or fraudulent
conversion t o I slam in I ndia once and for all. Even if an Allauddin or an Aurangzeb comes
down again, he would not be able t o convert permanent ly and from generat ion t o generat ion
a dozen Hindus by force or fraud. Take t he lat est case of such forcible conversions in Bengal
during t he Dacca riot s t his year. I n a number of villages hundreds of Hindu families were
forcibly ‘convert ed’ t o I slam and t he Moslem riot ers fancied t hat t hose villages were t hen
permanent ly annexed t o Pakist an as used t o be t he case in realit y some t wo cent uries ago.
But t hen no sooner were t he riot s put down t han did t he Moslems find t o t heir ut t er dismay
t hat all t he ‘convert ed’ Hindus were shuddified in no t ime and went t o t heir Hindu fold more
int ensely Hinduised and more bit t erly opposed t o I slamit e persuasion and pract ices. I f but
t his fact or is once clearly and definit ely realized, it follows inevit ably t hat t he Moslems in
I ndia cannot but cont inue a minorit y and must frame t heir polit ical programme accordingly.
They cannot expect a single seat more eit her in t he Legislat ure or in Government Cabinet s
t han what t heir populat ion st rengt h t oday ent it les t hem t o have and so far as t heir claim of
cut t ing off t he Punj ab and ot her provinces from I ndia t o form t hem int o Pakist an is
concerned, well, t hey should t ake it as feasible or ot herwise as t he claim of t he Hindus of
annexing Afganist han t o Hindust han once again so as t o ext end t he boundaries of Hindudom
right up t o t he Hindukush ! ! !

I I I

Our immediat e Programme

Wit hout t ouching t he day-t o-day act ivit ies in hundred and one direct ions which t he
Hindu Mahasabha branches have t o carry on all over t he count ry in connect ion wit h Shuddhi,
removal of unt ouchabilit y, meet ing t he local needs and suppression of t he local grievances of
t he Hindus at every t own and village, t he rout ine of propagandist ic work, t he conference,
meet ings, t ours, and such all ot her organizat ional and Sanghat anist act ivit ies, I want t o
emphasize here cat egorically t he only t wo most out st anding and urgent it ems on which for t he
next few years all Hindu Sanghat anist s must concent rat e t heir at t ent ion and t heir energy. The
first of t hese it ems const it ut es t he elect oral plank of t he Hindusabha plat form and t he second
t he milit arizing one.

The Hindu elect orat e must vot e for t hose Hindus who st and openly on a Hindu Mahasabha
t icket under t he Hindu Flag and pledge t o guard Hindu int erest s. Thereby alone t hey will
invest t he Hindu Mahasabha wit h an undeniable st at us as t he first and t he foremost
represent at ive body of t he Hindus and t he Hindus would be able t o capt ure what ever polit ical
power t here exist s t oday and is bound t o be secured in fut ure in t he legislat ures. I nless and
unt il t he Congress is not deprived of t he right of represent ing t he Hindus in t he Legislat ures, it
is dead cert ain t hat t he special int erest s of t he Hindus and t he Hindus must go t o t he wall in
t he long run.

There is Pan-Hindu I ssue involved in every
elect oral cont est
So long as t he elect orat es are based on communal dist inct ion t he Hindus can never
have t heir special int erest s and aspirat ions represent ed in t he Legislat ures unless and unt il
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t hey elect only t hose candidat es who st and on a clear-cut Hindu Mahasabha t icket , who owe
no allegiance t o any organizat ion which is not pledged wholly and solely t o safeguard and
promot e t he special int erest s of t he Hindudom as a whole. To t he Hindus all over I ndia, t here
can be no dist inct ion bet ween t he so-called nat ional int erest and t he Hindu int erest . Because
what is aft er all t he ideology t he Hindu Mahasabha represent s ?

I ndependence of I ndia, indivisibilit y of I ndia, represent at ion in proport ion t o t he populat ion
st rengt h, public services t o go by merit alone and t he fundament al right s of freedom of
worship, language, script , et c., guarant eed t o all cit izens alike are some of t he basic principles
on which t he Hindu Mahasabha t akes it s st and. I t realizes t hat t he best int erest s of t he Hindus
t hemselves demand under t he present circumst ances t hat t he I ndian Nat ion and t he I ndian
St at e should be based on t hese fundament al foundat ions.

The concept ion of any genuine Nat ionalit y also, t hat t akes no account s of any
communal or creedal super-arrogat ions int o considerat ion, can go no furt her. That is why t he
Hindu Mahasabha claims t hat t here can be no conflict or clash bet ween Hindu int erest s and
int erest s of t he I ndian Nat ion as a whole.

The Hindu Mahasabha seeks not an inch more t han what is legit imat ely due t o it or
t han what it is willing t o concede t o all non- Hindu minorit ies in I ndia in st rict proport ion t o
t heir populat ion st rengt h. But it follows from t his very j ust and legit imat e concept ion of t rue
Nat ionalism t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha should not yield an inch of what is legit imat ely due t o
t he Hindus on ground of Nat ional equit y t o t he Moslems or anyone else simply because t hey do
not happen t o be Hindus. But t he Congress, t he Forward Bloc and all such organizat ions in
I ndia have sinned against t his concept ion of real Nat ionalit y under false not ion of geographical
Nat ionalit y. They have a set ideology and policy which raise bet rayal of Hindu right s t o t he
pedest al of pat riot ic virt ue ! To prove t hat t hey are above communal level t he Hindu leaders
and followers belonging t o t hese organizat ions hesit at e even t o claim t hemselves as
represent at ives of Hindus !

But perversely enough t hey do not hesit at e t o seek elect ions at t he hands of
communal elect orat es ! They t hereby bet ray bot h t heir Nat ional labels as well as t he int erest s
of t he Hindu elect orat ed who elect t hem t o represent and guard t he special right s of Hindus.

I f t he Congress or t he Forward Bloc do not want t o call t hemselves as represent at ive
bodies of t he Hindus alone and claim t o represent t he I ndian Nat ion as a whole, t he only
logical and honest policy for t hem would be not t o seek elect ion on behalf of t he Hindu
elect orat e alone as t hey invariably do at present . So long as t he elect orat es are divided
communally, t hese bodies who call t hemselves Nat ional should refuse t o st and for elect ion on
behalf of any of t hose communal elect orat es. They should wait t ill a real Nat ional elect orat e is
ushered int o being.

But t his double dealing and misguided policy on t he part of t he Congress or t he
Forward Bloc or any of t hese so-called Nat ional bodies have done an incalculable harm bot h t o
t he Hindu int erest s and t he Nat ional int erest s as well. The result of t his Pseudo-Nat ionalist ic
error on t he part of t he Hindu Congressit es wit h all it s blocs and t heir heads left t he Hindus
ent irely unrepresent ed as Hindus all around.

On t he ot her hand, t he Moslem represent at ives in t he Assembly, in t he Board, at t he
Round Table Conferences and at all such vit al cent res get represent ed by t he Moslem Leaguers
or by t hose Moslems who are pledged t o Moslem elect orat es openly and whole-heart edly t o
safeguard and promot e Moslem int erest s even t o an overwhelmingly aggressive degree.

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And on t he ot her hand t he Congressit es and t he Forward Blocist s and all such bodies
duped by t he Pseudo-Nat ionalist ic ment alit y get t hemselves elect ed on behalf of t he Hindu
elect orat e as it s represent at ives but when in t he Legislat ure or in t he Round Table Conferences
or even in t he day-t o-day polit ics, et c., whenever quest ions of Hindu int erest s arise, t hey
refuse t o advocat e t he Hindu cause and even feel t hemselves insult ed if t he Government t akes
t hem as t he represent at ives of t he Hindu elect orat e. I n t he case of t he part it ion of Sindh, t he
Communal Award, down t o t he quest ion of Census t his year when Mr. Kripalani declared t hat
t he Census being a communal quest ion, t he Congress had t o do not hing wit h it , t he Hindu
int erest s were act ually bet rayed in hundreds and hundreds of cases by t hese Pseudo-
Nat ionalist ic organizat ions in spit e of t he fact t hat t hey got t hemselves elect ed on behalf of t he
Hindu elect orat es. I know it personally t hat some of t he foremost leaders of t he Forward Bloc
were eager only last year t o placat e t he Muslim League at a larger sacrifice of t he Hindu
int erest s t hen even t he official sect ion of t he Congress did, so t hat anyhow t hey must
represent t o t he Government a Hindu Muslim pact . The mot ives of t he leaders of t hese
Pseudo-Nat ionalist ic organizat ions were above any personal int erest s and were even pat riot ic
but pat riot s can also be befooled and bet rayed int o a suicidal policy. But whet her t heir policy
or t heir ideology be t he cause, t he result s are what mat t ers most t o t he Hindus who have been
vict imised and will cont inue t o get vict imized so long as t he Hindu elect orat e persist s in t he
suicidal folly of elect ing t he dandidat es who have pledged t o t he ideology and discipline of
t hese Pseudo-Nat ionalist ic bodies.

I t is not enough t hat some individual candidat e on t he Congress or Forward Bloc
t icket , promises t o safeguard Hindu int erest s, if he is elect ed by t he Hindu elect orat e for t he
simple reason t hat he can never be in a posit ion t o do t hat in spit e of himself so long as he is
bound t o t he wheel of t he Pseudo-Nat ionalist ic I deology and Policy and Discipline of his part y
whet her it be t he Congress or t he Forward Bloc.

I affirm t hat under t hese circumst ances t he most effect ive and t he easiest way for
t hose Hindus who feel t hat Hindudom has a right t o be free, flourishing and powerful in t his
t heir own Fat herland and Holyland must elect only t hose represent at ives on behalf of t he
Hindu elect orat e who st and on t he Hindu Mahasabha t icket and are consequent ly pledged and
bound upcompromisingly t o safeguard and promot e Hindu int erest s under t he lead of t he
Hindu Mahasabha.

As shown above, t he ideology and policy of t he Hindu Mahasabha is genuinely
nat ional. Consequent ly, in elect ing t he candidat e on t he Hindu Mahasabha t icket t he Hindu
elect orat e can serve and safeguard bot h t heir Nat ional int erest s in general as well as t heir
special int erest s as Hindus in part icular. I n fact for a Hindu owning t he Hindu Mahasabha
ideology, t here can be no dist inct ion what soever bet ween his Hindu int erest s and his Nat ional
int erest s.
But , in elect ing a candidat e who is bound t o t he t icket of any of t he Pseudo-
Nat ionalist ic bodies like t he Congress or t he Forward Bloc, t he Hindu elect orat e is sure t o run
t he risk of having t he special int erest s of t he Hindus knowingly or unknowingly bet rayed and
even t he genuinely I ndian Nat ional int erest s hazarded.

I , t herefore, call upon all Hindus t o follow det erminedly t he only policy t hat can save
t hem as effect ively as possible under t he present circumst ances-t he policy of elect ing as t heir
represent at ives only t hose candidat es who st and on t he Hindu Mahasabha t icket or are backed
by it . Thereby alone t he Government will be compelled t o recognise t he Hindu Mahasabha as
t he only represent at ive body of Hindudom as a whole and t he Congress will be deprived of
any legal or legit imat e right t o speak on behalf of t he Hindus.

The Government maint ains t hat t he Congress cannot represent t he Moslems on t he
unchallengeable ground t hat t he Moslem elect orat e never vot es for a Congress candidat e but
H I N D U RA S H T R A D A R S H A N


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vot es unfailingly for a Moslem who is pledged openly t o guard Moslem int erest and owes no
allegiance t o any Pseudo-Nat ionalist ic body. Consequent ly, if t he Hindu elect orat e which
makes it a point never t o vot e for any candidat e who st ands on t he Congress t icket or t he
Forward Bloc t icket or t he t icket of any Pseudo-Nat ionalist ic body, t he claim of t he Hindu
Mahasabha t o represent Hindu int erest s will be legally and legit imat ely est ablished. These
elect ions are a challenge t hrown by t he Government t o t he Hindu elect orat e t o prove t hat
Hindu Mahasabha represent s t hem and t he Congress can no longer sign any pact s like t he
Communal Award or t he Pakist an t hat is t hreat ening t o come int o being t o t he det riment of t he
Hindus. Conferences t o frame t he fut ure const it ut ion of I ndia will soon be summoned. I f t he
Hindu Mahasabha can pass t he acid t est at t he polls all over I ndia and has it s candidat es
ret urned by t he Hindus as t heir accredit ed represent at ives, t he Government will be compelled
t o recognise t he posit ion of t he Hindu Mahasabha on par wit h t he Moslem League in t hese
conferences. Then no Blank Cheques, no Communal Awards, no Pakist an Scheme, no
weight ages can be binding on t he Hindus simply because t he Congress signs t hem. The
religious, t he polit ical and t he economical int erest s, t he cult ure, t he language, t he script , t he
honour and t he whole fut ure of t he Hindu race and t he Hindu Nat ion will be safe in t he hands
of t he Hindu Mahasabha and no const it ut ion or law or underst anding can be binding on t he
Hindus unless and unt il it is signed by t he Hindu Mahasabha.

I f but t he Hindu elect orat e ret urns only t he Hindu Mahasabhait represent at ives t o t he
Legislat ures, t here will be in almost all provinces Hindu Sanghat anist s Minist ries formed,
pledged t o safeguard and promot e Hindu int erest s openly and uncompromisingly and even in
t he Hindu minorit y provinces powerful Hindu Sanghat anist s opposit ion part ies in t he
Legislat ures will be in a posit ion t o exercise an effect ive check on t he Moslem Minist ries t o
defeat t heir ant i- Hindu aggressions. Consequent ly, I call upon t he Hindus all over I ndia t o
realise t he significance of t his Pan- Hindu aspect in all fut ure elect oral campaigns.

The second most import ant and urgent it em on which t he Hindu Sanghat anist s all
over I ndia must bend all t heir energies and act ivit ies is t he programme for t he milit arizat ion of
Hindus. The war which has now reached our shores direct ly const it ut es at once a danger and
an opport unit y which bot h render it imperat ive t hat t he milit arizat ion movement must be
int ensified and every branch of t he Hindu Mahasabha in every t own and village must act ively
engage it self in rousing t he Hindu people t o j oin t he army, navy, t he aerial forces and t he
different war-craft manufact ories.

Japan’s ent ry int o t he war against Brit ain and t he Unit ed St at es need not cause any
change in t he at t it ude t aken by t he Hindu Mahasabha t owards war effort calculat ed t o
cont ribut e t o I ndian defence. The Hindu Mahasabha holds fast t o t he belief t hat , j ust as
Brit ain, Germany, I t aly, America or even Russia have gone t o war wit h no alt ruist ic aim but
only in pursuance of t heir own nat ional int erest s, Japan t oo proves no except ion so far as t he
mot ive which drove her t o t he war is concerned.

When every nat ion in t he world is following t he policy of self-int erest and self
affrandisement , I ndia t oo must adopt a policy dict at ed solely by t he int erest of promot ing her
own int erest , present and fut ure. From t his point of view, sit uat ed as we Hindus are at
present , our best nat ional int erest demands t hat so far as I ndia’s defence is concerned,
Hindudom must ally unhesit at ingly in a spirit of responsive co-operat ion wit h t he war effort of
t he I ndian Government in so far as it is consist ent wit h Hindu int erest s, by j oining t he Army,
Navy and t he Aerial forces in as large a number as possible and by securing an ent ry int o all
ordnance, ammunit ion and war-craft fact ories.

Milit arizat ion and indust rialisat ion of our Hindu nat ion ought t o be t he first t wo
immediat e obj ect ives which we must pursue and secure t o t he best of our power, if we want t o
ut ilise t he war sit uat ion in t he world as effect ively as possible t o defend t he Hindu int erest .
H I N D U RA S H T R A D A R S H A N


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Again it must be not ed t hat Japan’s ent ry int o t he war has exposed us direct ly and
immediat ely t o t he at t ack by Brit ain’s enemies. Consequent ly, whet her we like it or not , we
shall have t o defend our own heart h and home against t he ravages of t he war and t his can
only be done by int ensifying t he Government ’s war effort t o defend I ndia. Hindu Mahasabhait s
must , t herefore, ruse Hindus especially in t he provinces of Bengal and Assam as effect ively as
possible t o ent er t he milit ary forces of all arms wit hout losing a single minut e.

I V

I f but you act up according t o t hese inst ruct ions, I guarant ee Oh Hindus, t hat t he
fut ure of our Hindu race, our religion and of our nat ion cannot fail t o be even more glorious
t han our ancient past had been. These t wo st eps which I have emphasized above : namely,
by vot ing at t he polls for t he Hindu t icket alone and by not cast ing a single Hindu vot e for t he
Congress t o capt ure t he polit ical power and t he Government machinery in t he land t hat exist
t oday and secondly t o flood t he army, t he navy and t he aerial forces wit h millions of Hindu
warriors wit h Hindu Sanghat anist s heart s-t hese t wo st eps are but t he first t wo st eps and yet
t hey shall give you such an immediat e and high lift t hat at t he end of t he next five years you
will find t he polit ical sit uat ion in I ndia inevit ably dominat ed by t he Hindu t hought , led by t he
Hindu hand, and more or less dict at ed by t he Hindu will.

The great war t oday has dwarfed all ot her issues and no one can say wit h cert aint y
who will emerge successful out of t his world chaos. But one t hing can st ill be said as t he most
probable t o happen t hat if but t he Hindus st ick t o t his immediat e programme and t ake
advant age t o t he fullest ext ent possible of t he war sit uat ion wit h t he Hindu Sanghat anist ideal
full in view, pressing on t he movement for t he milit arizat ion of t he Hindu race, t hen our Hindu
nat ion is bound t o emerge far more powerful, consolidat ed and sit uat ed in an incomparably
more advant ageous posit ion t o face issues aft er t he war,-whet her it be an int ernal ant i-Hindu
Civil War or a const it ut ional crisis or an armed revolut ion.

What ever, again, be t he posit ion and t he fat e of Nat ions aft er t he war, t oday under
t he present circumst ances t aking all t hings t oget her, t he only feasible and relat ively beneficial
at t it ude which t he Hindu Sanghat anist s can t ake up is doubt less t o ally ourselves act ively wit h
t he Brit ish Government on t he point of I ndian Defence, provided always t hat we can do so
wit hout being compelled t o bet ray t he Hindu cause.

I f ever t he saying was t rue t hat t he darkest hour of t he night is nearer t he golden rise
of t he morn, it holds good t oday. The war t hat has approached our shores from t he East and
may t hreat en us in due course even from t he West is a danger which may prove unparalleled
in it s magnit ude, ravages and result s. But it is also bound t o break int o a new day for t he
world and t here are no signs want ing t o show us t hat not only a newer but a bet t er Order may
ensue out of t his world chaos. Those who have lost all may gain much in t he end. Let us also
bide our t ime and pray and act for t he best .


* * * * * * *
1.6 24
th
Session Cawnpore - 1942
Delegat es t o and Members of t he Hindu Mahasabha,

H I N D U RA S H T R A D A R S H A N


Page 106 of 130
1. You have really overwhelmed me wit h kindness in appreciat ing my services, quit e
limit ed t hough t hey are, so highly as t o elect me in an unbroken succession for t he sixt h t ime
t o t he President ship of t he All-I ndia Hindu Mahasabha, t he highest office of honour and dut y
which lies at t he disposal of Hindudom t oday. I f I t oo on my part do not shirk t o accept t his
responsibilit y for t he present , in spit e of t he most willing resignat ions t endered by me from
t ime t o t ime request ing you t o relieve me of t his post in view of my ailing healt h, it is only
due t o t he fact t hat forces from out side t he camp of t he Hindu Mahasabha have act ually
been conspiring first t o waylay t he Mahasabha and t hen capt ure it by some craft y coup
d’et at . Some of t hem t ry t o browbeat it int o submission, ot hers are scheming t o kill it wit h
kindness and all of t hem want it t o bet ray t hat Hindu ideology and t hose fundament al
principles of independence and int egrit y of Hindust han, t he Holyland and Fat herland of we
Hindus, which alone from bot h t he chart er and t he vindicat ion of it s exist ence apart from and
independent of t he Congress, as t he foremost represent at ive organizat ion of Hindudom as a
whole. I t is consequent ly t he imperat ive dut y of each and all of us Hindu Sanghat anist s, on
whom has fallen in t his generat ion t he dut y t o prot ect Hindudom and t his Mahasabha, t his
holy shrine of our Hindu nat ion. To st and on guard at each of it s gat es and serve t he post
allot t ed t o each wit h unswerving fidelit y. I t is t his special emergency t hat has made me t ake
up t his post which you have all summoned me again t o hold.

2. Before I proceed, I must first t ake a rapid review of some leading event s which
happened during t his year in connect ion wit h t he Hindu Mahasabha so as t o enable us t o
realise more precisely where we st and t oday and what should be our immediat e programme.

This year opened j ust when we were in t he very t hick of t he Bhagalpur Civil
Resist ance Campaign. The most import ant aspect of t he st ruggle which const it ut es an
abiding source of st rengt h and self-confidence t o our people is t he fact t hat we Hindus could
present a Unit ed Hindu Front and demonst rat ed beyond cavil or crit icism t hat in spit e of
cast es or creedsm sect s and sect ions, Hindudom as a whole does st ill pulsat e wit h a common
Nat ional Being. That Pan-Hindu consciousness, which t he Hindu Mahasabha has so long been
st riving t o creat e, has at last become a living realit y forceful and organized enough t o resist
and at t imes even t o cow down t he ant i-Hindu forces, which held t heir sway unchallenged for
such a long t ime in t he past . From our est eemed leader Dr.Syama Prasad Mookerj i down t o
t hose heroic souls, who laid t heir lives unknown t o fame by name, t housands and t housands
of Hindu Sanghat anist s-Raj as and Raises, Millionaires and Millhands, Ex-minist ers and
M.L.A.’s, Sanat anist s, Sikhs, Jains and Aryans-all rushed t o Bhagalpur from every corner of
I ndia animat ed by t he common urge t o defend t he honour of t he pan- Hindu flag. The
st ruggle was not rest rict ed t o Bhagalpur alone, but ult imat ely spread all over t he six dist rict s
of Bihar which came under t he ban and it s shocks were felt t hroughout I ndia. They faced
lat hi charges which were t he order of t he day. The armed mount ed forces of t he
Government charged t he processionist s and civil resist ers at various places t rampling men,
women and children under t he hoofs of t heir horses. Organised firing was rest ored t o in
cit ies and t owns and even villages. The Hindu civil resist ers faced it all wit h unabat ed zeal in
defending t he honour of t he Hindu colours and in winning t he goal which was t he obj ect ive
at issue. There can be no exaggerat ion in proclaiming t hat t he 23
rd
Session of t he Hindu
Mahasabha held at Bhagalpur despit e t he Government ban proved t o be t he most
moment ous and t he most successful one of all t he annual Sessions held t ill t hen by any all-
I ndia organisat ion including t he Congress in t he modern hist ory of I ndia.

I shall be failing in my dut y, if I as t he President do not express on behalf of t his
Session our deepest grat it ude t o all t hose who t ook part in t he Bhagalpur Dharma Yuddha as
soldiers in t he spirit of crusaders, alt hough t he Hindu Mahasabha has not hing else t o offer t o
mark it s appreciat ion of t heir services but t he crown of t horns of mart yrdom t o t hose heroes,
who laid down t heir lives in t he st ruggle and t heir very wounds t o t hose t housands of
soldiers who were wounded as t he ‘I ron Crosses’ t hey won.
H I N D U RA S H T R A D A R S H A N


Page 107 of 130

The second aspect of t he st ruggle which must be not ed here is t he fact t hat it was
fought in defence of Hindu right s as Hindu right s and under t he unalloyed Hindu colours.
The Nizam Civil Resist ance Movement and t his Bhagalpur campaign wherein millions of
Hindus rose in prot est against t he humiliat ion of t he Hindu flag drove t he last nail in t he
coffin of t hat Pseudo-Nat ionalism which kept dominat ing t he Hindu mind for t he last 30
years or so, had penalised any agit at ion t o uphold any special right s of t he Hindus as a
‘Nat ional’ sin, t hrot t led t he Hindu voice, suppressed t he Hindu spirit , reduced t he Hindus t o
polit ical orphans in t his land.

These st ruggles did also prove t o all concerned t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha was not
only powerful enough t o raise a mass movement of legit imat e resist ance on all- I ndia scale in
defence of Hindu right s but had a bet t er t act ical sense of t iming t hem and conduct ing t hem
st rat egically t o an assured success.

3. Wit hin a couple of mont hs of t he cessat ion of t he Bhagalpur st ruggle, t he All-I ndia
Commit t ee of t he Mahasabha was held in February in Lucknow and passed off successfully in
spit e of t he riot ous opposit ion st aged by t he Moslem t here.

4. Then came t he Cripps Mission at t he end of March. The Brit ish Government had
been for years feigning t o believe t hat t he Congress represent ed t he Hindus, t he Moslem
Leauge represent ed t he Moslems and consequent ly t he polit ical equat ion followed inevit ably
t hat t he Congress and t he League t oget her represent at ive all I ndia. But in t he meanwhile
t he Hindu Mahasabha had est ablished it self so firmly as a new polit ical power in t he land
challenging bot h t he Congress and t he League, whenever Hindu int erest demanded it , t hat
t he Brit ish Government had t o recognise t he Mahasabha, by t he t ime Crippe Mission came,
as one of t he t hree out st anding All-I ndia Organizat ions and as t he foremost addredit ed
represent at ive body of Hindudom as a whole. To t he Congress and many ot her part ies and
leaders, t he Cripps scheme seemed at first sight sufficient ly alluring t o undert ake a hopeful
survey t o discover confident ly some oasis in t hat polit ical Sahara. I t was t he Hindu
Mahasabha alone which publicly declared j ust at t he first glance of t he scheme t hat Sir
St rafford want ed really t o play t o t he American gallery and carried on t hose endless
negot iat ions wit h t he I ndian polit icians j ust t o make t hem play t he t une he called. Not only
t hat but t he Mahasabha unerringly and immediat ely discerned and point ed out t he cloven
foot concealed under a heap of roses on which t he scheme rally st ood. I t was t he clause
laying down t he condit ion t hat t he declarat ion of freedom of I ndia could be made by Great
Brit ain only if t he Hindus admit t ed t he principle t hat provinces should be allowed t o have t he
right of self-det erminat ion by t heir own maj orit y t o secede from t he Cent ral I ndian
Government and even t o set t hemselves up as St at es independent of it . This clause
const it ut ed a verit able dagger aimed at t he heart of t he int egrit y of Hindust han as an
indivisible Nat ion and a cent ralised St at e. The Hindu Mahasabha rej ect ed it unceremoniously
and in rej ect ing t he clause, it had t o rej ect t he scheme in t ot o. While all ot her part ies
including t he Congress had t acit ly accept ed t he clause and swallowing t hat camel, kept
st raining at t he gnat s of port folios here and t here, t his t ot al rej ect ion of t he scheme by t he
Hindu Mahasabha cent ralised at a st roke t he at t ent ion of t he whole Nat ion in general and t he
Hindus in part icular on t he real point t hat mat t ered most ,-while t he independence of I ndia
was st ill float ing in t he hazy clouds of promises alone, t he int egrit y of I ndia was in imminent
danger of being st abbed in t he back. The lead t hat t he Mahasabha
gave by rej ect ing t he scheme at a st roke on t his issue was followed aft er some fuss of
negot iat ions by almost all part ies in t he land under t his or t hat excuse.

The Working Commit t ee which was immediat ely held regarding t he Cripps scheme
reassert ed in it s resolut ion t hat in view of t he rapid development s in t he polit ical sit uat ion in
t he world not hing short of an immediat e and uncondit ional declarat ion of I ndia’s
H I N D U RA S H T R A D A R S H A N


Page 108 of 130
independence could animat e and ent huse t he whole count ry t o mobilise it s full and willing
fight ing st rengt h bot h in men and t he mat erials t o fight out t he war which t hen would have
been our own concern as t ruly as it was in t he case of t he Brit ish people.

5. I t was necessary t o demonst rat e t hat t he Hindu Sanghat anist s world was solidly
behind t he Hindu Mahasabha on t hese t wo fundament al point s which compelled t he
Mahasabha t o rej ect t he Cripps scheme. I t was, t herefore, decided t hat an ant i-Pakist an day
should be observed t hroughout I ndia by t he Hindus under t he pan-Hindu colours on t he 10
t h

of May 1942, which being t he anniversary of t he Nat ional rising of 1857, had been annually
celebrat ed by t he Hindu Mahasabha as t he I ndependence Day. Accordingly, t his day was
observed t hroughout I ndia under t he auspices of t he Hindu Mahasabha wit h int ense
ent husiasm on an unprecedent ed scale. Jammu, Peshawar, Poona, Amrit sar, Lahore, Delhi,
Lucknow, Pat na, Calcut t a, Bombay, Nagpur down t o Madras almost all capit al cit ies and
hundreds of t owns and villages held innumnrable meet ings which were alt oget her at t ended
on t hat evening by millions and millions of Hindus who t ook up a public pledge t o support t he
Hindu Mahasabha and t o st and by t he t wo fundament al principles on which it has t aken it s
st and, t he independence and t he int egrit y of Hindust han. Alt hough t he Moslems were
conduct ing wit hout let or hindrance a pro-Pakist an campaign and men like Mr.
Raj agopalachari were allowed t o preach vivisect ion of Hindust han as freely as t hey liked, an
illiegit imat e and one-sided ban was placed on t he ant i-Pakist an demonst rat ions at places like
Pat na, Arrah and ot hers on t his all-I ndia ant i-Pakist an day. But t he Hindu Mahasabhait s
defied t hose unj ust bans, t ook out t heir processions and held meet ings even t hough
hundreds of t hem got arrest ed for t he only fault of assert ing t heir basic civic right s. The
det erminat ion wit h which Hindudom as a whole expressed on t his day it s uncompromising
opposit ion t o any scheme which involved t he grant ing t o t he Provinces t he right of secession,
proved once more t he st rengt h of t he hold t he Hindu Mahasabha had come t o exercise on
Hindu mind and how it had t hus est ablished it s right t o represent genuine Hindi feeling far
more correct ly and effect ively t han t he self-st yled I ndian Nat ional Congrress could ever do.

6. The Congress, in t he meanwhile, was rapidly on t he ot her hand yielding t o t he
pressure of t he Moslems and had already got it self commit t ed t o t he promise t hat it would
not oppose t he grant t o provinces t o secede if t he Moslems insist ed on it . As if t he Moslems
had not already insist ed on it uncompromisingly enough t o brow-beat t he Congress it self int o
submission-Mr. Raj agopalachari in part icular got simply possessed of t he Pakist ani spirit . He
act ually planned a t riumphal t our t o convert t he benight ed Hindus all over I ndia t o his new
fait h. He left Madras and select ed his own presidency at t he out set t o infect wit h t he
Pakist ani epidemic, but t he Mahasabhait s were alert everywhere and gave him a hot chase
t hroughout his t our from Madras t o Bombay. Dharmaveer Dr. Moonj e and Prof.
Deshpande,-t he indomit able champion of t he Hindu cause who has only recent ly been
arrest ed under t he Defence of I ndia Act ,-were deput ed t o t our t he Madras Presidency and
t here along wit h t he vet eran Hindu Mahasabhait s leader Dr. Varadraj alu Naidu, t hey
dislodged Raj aj i so complet ely from every plat form t hat like t he proverbial hare ‘whom
hounds and horns pursue,’ even t he redoubt able Raj aj i, in spit e of t he obliging blessings and
public sympat hies of Gandhij i himself, had t o ret urn discomfit ed ‘back t o t he place from
whence at first he flew.’ Since t hen he seems t o have left t he forum and t aken t o his t able
t o busy himself wit h t he more congenial t ask of issuing st at ement s aft er st at ement s t o
convince t he benight ed Hindus t hat t he Moslem demands were j ust , t he Pakist an was t he key
t o Swaraj ; t wo and t wo do not make four but five !

Just t hen t he Congress had almost made it clear t hat it meant t o st art some kind of
civil resist ance movement , under t he usual non-violent dict at orship of Gandhij i. The
Hindusabhait s form all part s of I ndia grew nat urally anxious t o know what at t it ude t hey
should adopt t owards t his Congressit e movement which was meant t o order Great Brit ain
st raight way t o ‘Quit I ndia’ fort hwit h. Now, it was t he dut y of every I ndian pat riot and
H I N D U RA S H T R A D A R S H A N


Page 109 of 130
t
especially of a Hindu pat riot t o j oin a movement which had for it s goal t he absolut e polit ical
independence of Hindust han. But t he quest ion of t iming and t he ways and means were also
of out st anding import ance. Even leaving it all aside, t he goal t o be achieved by any
movement was t he quest ion of quest ions which must be decided t o begin wit h. You must
know before you go t o fight t he obj ect ive for which you have t o fight . The Congress had
made it cryst al clear by t hat t ime t hat it was ready t o agree even t o vivisect I ndia as an
organic and cent ralised St at e in order t o placat e t he Moslems and t o persuade t hem t o j oin
t he movement . Then again ‘Quit I ndia’ was not t he only demand which t hey advanced; but
inconsist ent ly enough t hey added t o it a rider which demanded of Great Brit ain t hat t hough
t he Brit ish should leave I ndia yet t hey must ret ain t heir Brit ish forces and even t he American
forces behind t o prot ect I ndia against t he axis powers invading her. I n short , t he war- cry
of t he Congress movement came t o ‘Quit I ndia but keep t he Bri ish army here and t he
Americans t o boot ! ! ’ And t he price of t he movement for I ndian I ndependence was t he
vivisect ion of I ndian int egrit y ! ! Under such circumst ances, it became quit e necessary t o
clear up t he issue before t he Hindu Mahasabha got commit t ed t o any such movement , even
t hough it was primarily meant for freedom of I ndia which was t he proclaimed demand of t he
Hindu Mahasabha it self on it s own init iat ive. Consequent ly, I laid down t he following
condit ions in my speech in a mammot h meet ing in Poona on t he Baj irao Maidan on t he 2
nd
of
August , t he report of which was broadcast and published not only in t he I ndian press but by
t he foreign press also, before t he A.I .C.C.met in Bombay.

The leading condit ions were as follows : - (a) The Congress should guarant ee t he
int egrit y of Hindust han from t he I ndus t o t he Seas as an organic nat ion and an int ernal
cent ralised St at e. (b) The Congress should, t herefore, openly repudiat e t he grant ing of any
right t o t he provinces t o secede. (c) Represent at ion in t he legislat ures, et c. should be in
proport ion t o t he populat ion of t he maj orit y and t he minorit ies. (d) Public services should go
by merit alone. (e) That t he Hindu Mahasabha should be recognized as t he represent at ive
body of Hindudom and consequent ly no st ep shoud be t aken affect ing Hindu right s wit hout
it s consult at ion and sanct ion. (f) All minorit ies should be given effect ive safeguards t o
prot ect t heir language, religion, cult ure, et c. but none of t hem should be allowed t o creat e ‘a
st at e wit hin a st at e’ as t he League of Nat ions put it , or t o encroach upon t he legit imat e
right s of t he maj orit y as defined above. ( g) The residuary powers should be vest ed in t he
Cent ral Government .

Had t he Congress agreed t o t hese condit ions t he Hindu Mahasabha could have
considered whet her t o co-operat e wit h it on any reasonable lines of act ion. These condit ions
were so indisput ably nat ional t hat ‘t he I ndian Nat ional Congress’ in fact ought t o have been
t he first inst ead of t he Hindu Mahasabha, t o proclaim t hem if it was genuinely and j ust ly
represent ing t he I ndian Nat ion as a whole. But t he Congress refused st ubbornly t o have
anyt hing t o do wit h t hese condit ions. Nay, in t heir resolut ion at Bombay, t he A.I .C.C.
act ually declared t hat t he residuary powers shall be vest ed in t he Provincial Government
inst ead of t he Cent ral, in addit ion t o t he concession t he Congress had already made t o t he
Pakist anees of t he principle of provincial self-det erminat ion t o secede. The climax came
when Gandhij i, aft er being proclaimed as t he de fect o dict at or of t he Congress, wrot e an
aut horit at ive let t er t o reassure Mr. Jinnah of his readiness t o hand over t he whole
Government of I ndia including t he I ndian St at es t o t he Moslem League. I quot e t he relevant
passage from t he let t er it self : -

‘I n all sincerit y, let me explain it again t hat if t he Moslem League co-operat ed
wit h t he Congress for immediat e independence, subj ect of course t o t he provision
t hat I ndependent I ndia will permit t he operat ions of t he allied armies in order t o
check Axis aggression and t hus t o help China and Russia, t he Congress will have no
obj ect ion t o t he Brit ish Government t ransferring all t he powers t oday exercises t o t he
Moslem League on behalf of t he whole of I ndia including t he so-called I ndian I ndia.
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The Congress will not only not obst ruct any Government which t he Moslem League
may form on behalf of t he people, but will even j oin t he Government . This is meant
in all serioiusness and sincerit y.’

- M. K. Gandhi

Comment s are superfluous. The bet rayal of Hindu right s or genuine Nat ionalit y could
have gone no furt her. Such a let t er would have been burnt in prot est from t housand
plat forms t hrought out I ndia by t he enraged Hindu Sanghat anist world, had not rest raining
counsel prevailed in view of t he pat riot ic obj ect ive at issue and had we not been passing
t hrough abnormal t imes. Were t he Hindu Mahasabhait s deliberat ely t o j oin a fight whose
price and inevit able consequence was t he vivisect ion of t heir own Mot herland and Holyland ?
Then again t here were t he t act ical quest ions which were also of no less import ance regarding
t he t iming, t he ways and t he means and above all t he effect iveness which we could depend
upon on sane calculat ions. This was t he crucial and fundament al issue which made t he
Mahasabhait s in general feel dut y-bound not t o ident ify t hemselves ent irely wit h t he
Congress movement as it was t hen vaguely cont emplat ed.

Since t hen, of course, t he Congressit es t hemselves have been disowning avowedly
t heir connect ion wit h t he present wave of violent dist urbances passing over t he count ry.
Consequent ly we need not t ake upon ourselves t he responsibilit y of labeling it all as a
Congress movement and t he quest ion of j oining it or ot herwise does not arise at all so far as
t he point under discussion is concerned.

7. Then all of a sudden several hundreds of pat riot ic Congress leaders including
Mahat ma Gandhij i were arrest ed and lat er on a violent wave of popular discont ent and
government al repression of it t hrew t he whole count ry int o t urmoil. Today t housands of our
Hindu bret hren, Congressit es and non-Congressit es have already suffered or are suffering
unt old calamit ies from det ent ion t o deat h. They are all our kit h and kin and our deepest
sympat hies cannot but go out t o t hem in great ful appreciat ion of t he fact t hat t hey have
faced t hese sufferings from a pat riot ic mot ive or as t he result of t he pat riot ic st ruggle.
Unscrupulous goondaism which is inevit ably let loose in such great commot ions cannot of
course deserve any sympat hy. But even t he Brit ish Government or t he Brit ish public could
not but admit t hat t he st ruggle was essent ially t he st ruggle of t he people for t he freedom of
t heir count ry. I f t hat be a guilt , t hen we have all been part icipat ing in it and are proud t o be
guilt y of it .

8. But pat riot ism it self demands t hat it is a nat ional dut y of all of us Hindus t o see t o
it t hat sympat hy wit h pat riot ic sufferings must bot be allowed t o get t he bet t er of our
j udgement and drive us headlong and blindfolded on a pat h which we conscient iously believe
t o be det riment al t o t he best int erest of our Hindu Nat ion. To make a common cause on a
wrong issue or a line of act ion which is bound t o lead t o nat ional disast er, simply t o present a
‘Unit ed Front ’ is not t he essence of pat riot ism, but amount s t o a bet rayal of nat ional dut y. I t
will be well of t hose who crit icise t he Hindu Mahasabha eit her t hrough indiscret ion or
impudence for not following t he Congress right ly or wrongly for t he sake of Unit y and
because t he Congress was act uat ed by pat riot ic mot ives, would do well t o remember t hat
pat riot s also are no except ion t o t he general rule t hat it is human t o err. Those who
sincerely t hink t hat a part icular line of act ion is det riment al t o t he Nat ion and t herefore rej ect
it and choose t o serve it in t he ways and wit h t he means t hey are convinced t o be more
effect ive under t he given circumst ances t o realise a common ideal, cannot be deemed on
t hat ground only as less pat riot ic t hat t hose who act ed ot herwise. I t is regret t able, however,
t hat forget t ing t his fact , t he Congressit e press day in and day out have been t rying t o bring
t he Hindu Mahasabha int o disreput e. Their crit icism when reasonable and decent could be
met by reasons given above. But t he larger part of t he Congressit e press and propaganda
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has t hrown decency of crit icism t o t he winds and is growing malicious and mad. I n right eous
defence of t he Hindu Mahasabha such crit icism must be challenged and checked. Some of
t hese crit ics seem t o be irrit at ed at t he t hought t hat t he leaders of t he Hindu Mahasabha did
not j ump over t he walls of t he j ail t he very day Gandhij i and ot hers were arrest ed for raising
such a moment ous cry as ‘Quit I ndia but keep your army here.’ So far as t he ‘Quit I ndia’ is
concerned, it is enough t o point out t hat some of t he out st anding Mahasabha leaders and
followers t oday had been amongst t hose handful of revolut ionist s, who publicly raised t he
st andard of I ndian I ndependence for t he first t ime in current Hist ory and rose in an armed
revolt when Gandhij i and some of t he present leaders of t he Congress were singing Halle-
luj ahs t o t he Brit ish Empire, ext olling it s blessings and t hinking it t heir dut y as loyal cit izens
and subj ect s of t hat Empire t o t ake it s side against Zulus and t he Boer who were fight ing for
t heir freedom. When furt her on as a consequence of t heir revolut ionary act ivit ies, t hese
Hindusabhait s of t oday had some of t hem t o st and under t he shadow of t he gallows and
ot hers were under-going t he sent ences of t ransport at ion for life, rot t ing in Andamanese
dungeous for decades on decades if we reason as you do now, were not t he present
out st anding Congress leaders including Gandhij i ‘guilt y’ for not making a common cause wit h
t he revolut ionist s merely for t he sake of ‘Unit ed front ’and for not seeking t he gallows or
get t ing t hemselves locked in t he cellular j ails in t he Andamans ? Coming nearer, what have
you t o say regarding t he Congress when it not only kept it self at a respect able dist ance from
imprisonment but act ually j oined hands wit h t he Nizam and t ook up a pledge ‘not t o
embarrass His Exalt ed Highness’ while t housands of Hindu Sanghat anist s were carrying on a
deadly st ruggle wit h t he Nizam for t he most legit imat e right s of t he Hindus and were facing
lat hi charges, imprisonment and t ort ures at at t he hands of t he Nizam’s Government ? Far
from sharing t hese sufferings wit h t he Hindu Sanghat anist s, were not t he leaders and
followers of t he Congress st rut t ing about as Minist ers of provinces under t he Brit ish Crown,
some drawing fat pays, ot hers rolling in t he lap of luxury ? And what about Bhagalpur ?
When for t he defence of fundament al civil libert ies of freedom of speech and freedom of
associat ion not less t han one hundred t housand Hindu Sanghat anist s carried on an act ive
st ruggle wit h t he Government of Bihar t hroughout t he six dist rict s which came under t he
ban, against all t he forces which t he Bihar Government could draw upon, firings,
bayonet t ing, cavalry charges, not t o speak of whippings, imprisonment s et c.-did not t he
Congressit es st and t ot ally unconcerned and aloof wit hout ut t ering a word of sympat hy wit h
t he st ruggle for civic libert y which t he Hindu Sanghat anist s were carrying on against t he
foreign Government or of condemnat ion of t hat Government ?

I f t hey t ry t o explain and j ust ify t his conduct on t he part of t he Congressit es as not
due t o want of public spirit or t o a lack of courage but due t o an honest difference of opinion
on pat riot ic grounds as t o t he line of act ion and principles which t he Congress had wit h t he
Hindu Mahasabhait s and consequent ly at t empt t o j ust ify t he Congress on not present ing a
‘Unit ed front ’ at t he cost of nat ional good as Congressit es int erpret ed it by j oining t he Hindu
Mahasabha,-t hen t hey should have sense enough t o perceive t hat t hat t heir j ust ificat ion
holds good in t he case of t he Hindu Mahasabha t oo because t hey t oo did not like t o be
dragged as moral slaves by what ever t he Congress resolut ion decreed or movement s
demanded.
Similarly anot her argument which forms t he st ock-in-t rade of t he libellous crit icism
and propaganda of t he Congressit es wit h regard t o t he policy of t he Hindu Mahasabha of
occupying cent res of polit ical power, howsoever limit ed it be, springs back upon t hemselves
and unlike t he boomerang hit s only t hemselves hard. The Hindu Mahasabha t hrough it s
elect ed or support ed represent at ives has now come t o occupy responsible posit ions in
polit ical councils, commit t ees, minist ries, legislat ures, municipalit ies and such ot her cent res of
polit ical power and it is t his fact which has pre-eminent ly cont ribut ed t o t he out st anding
polit ical import ance which t he Mahasabha and t hroughout I ndia as never before. I t is human
t hat some of t he unemployed Congressit es should get irrit at ed t o find t hat so many of t he
‘Jobs’ should have fallen int o ot her hands and should make t hem accuse t he Hindu
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r
t
r t t


Sanghat anist s as mere ‘Job-hunt ers’. We pit y t hem for t heir irrit at ion. But we cannot excuse
t hem for making a virt ue of necessit y and go about posing as so many suffering saint s who
never cared a fig for t hese very worldly and servile ‘Jobs’.

For, was it not only t he ot her day t hat t he Congress from one end of I ndia t o t he
ot her went on such ‘j ob-hunt ing’? They agreed t o act as Minist ers-not as Kings! but servilely
enough as minist ers-t o t he Governors, who in t heir t urn were servant s of t he Brit ish Crown.
They, who now accuse t he Hindusabhait s as helping imperialism t ook oat hs of allegiance t o
t he Brit ish I mperial Crown, accept ed salaries, invit ed whole t roops of t heir followers and
hangers-on t o get t he loaves and fishes of t he Offices, post s and posit ions dist ribut ed only
among t hemselves. They could do only t hose t hings which t he Governors permit t ed at t heir
pleasure in t he last resort . They laboured under t he const it ut ion which t hey had pret ended
t o despise. Whenever t hey failed t o sat isfy t his or t hat sect ion of public t hey eit her point ed
out t o t he limit at ions under which t hey held office or t hey sallied out firing and delivering
lat hi charges on t hose of t heir count rymen who disobeyed t hem or picket ed t hem. I f
anybody fast ed at t heir doors in prot est of t heir act ions t hey t old him blunt ly, ‘You may lie
t here comfort ably t ill you die, I must at t end my office and do my dut y as I choose.’ Did not
Raj agopalachari himself, t he foremost of t hose minist ers, who ‘followed t he Mahat ma’, t ell
t he world in blunt accent s in general j ust ificat ion of t he act ions of t he Congress Government
t hat t he first dut y of t he Government was t o govern !

Do you condemn t he Congress for t his ‘j ob-hunt ing’ and rough-riding? Or do you
j ust ify all t his as pat riot ic ? Do t he Congressit es explain it all away on t he ground t hat larger
public int erest demanded t hat even under limit at ions t he Condt it ut ion should be worked out
t o squeeze what ever public good you can get out of it ? I f you say ‘yes’ t o t he lat t er, t hen in
j ust ifying yourselves you j ust ify t he Hindu Mahasabha t oo in it s policy of capt uring cent res of
polit ical power, limit ed t hough it be t o begin wit h and st anding on t hat point of vant age, t ry
t o leap over and occupy more effect ive cent res of power.

The Hindu Mahasabha holds t hat t he leading principle of all pract ical polit ics is t he
policy of Responsive Co-operat ion. And in virt ue of it , it believes t hat all t hose Hindu
Sanghat anist s who are working as Councillors, Minist ers, Legislat ures and conduct ing
Municipal or any public bodies wit h a view t o ut ilise t hose cent res of Government al power t o
safeguard and even promot e t he legit imat e int erest s of t he Hindus wit hout , of course,
encroaching on t he legit imat e int erest s of ot hers, are rendering a highly pat riot ic service t o
our Nat ion. Knowing t he limit at ions under which t hey wrok, t he Mahasabha only expect s
t hem t o do what ever good t hey can under t he circumst ances and if t hey do not fail t o do
t hat much it would t hank t hem for having acquit t ed t hemselves well. The limit at ions are
bound t o get t hemselves limit ed st ep by st ep t ill t hey get alt oget her eliminat ed. The policy
of responsive co-ope at ion which covers t he whole gamut of pat riot ic act ivit ies from
uncondit ional co-operat ion right up t o act ive and even armed resis ance, will also keep
adapt ing it self t o t he exigencies of t he t ime, esources at our disposal and dic a es of our
nat ional int erest .
I t must be remembered in t his connect ion t hat if t here be any ‘j ob-hunt ers’ it is
precisely t hese penny-a-liners who bet ray such a low t ast e in t heir cirit icism of t he
Mahasabha and happen t o conduct t he maj orit y of Congressit e second rat e sheet s and owing
t o t hat very fact are wit hin easy reach of t he masses. The maj orit y of t hem, we all know,
have not suffered a scrat ch t hroughout t heir life in any pat riot ic movement and would writ e
for any ot her part y if but t hey are more sumpt uously paid. Many of t hem are act ually known
t o have done so. I t becomes inevit able, t herefore, in defence of t he Hindu cause t hat from
t ime t o t ime t hey t oo must be shown t heir proper place.

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But I shall do inj ust ice t o myself if I fail t o make it clear t hat my crit icism against t his
t ype of a Congressit e does not and cannot mean t hat all Congressit es are equally blind t o
reason or are deliberat ely bent on harming Hindu int erest or on humiliat ing Hindu honour
which Hindus as t hey t hemselves are, cannot but be t heir own int erest and honour.

Nay, I know t hat many of t hese pat riot ic Congressit e do act ually appreciat e t he merit s
of t he Hindu Mahasabha as well. Their racial pride as Hindus get s wounded whenever t he
Congress goes wrong and sacrifices t he most legit imat e Hindu int erest s and makes t he
Hindus undergo most cowardly surrenders. The very fact t hat t housands of t he devot ed
workers and several all-I ndia leaders, who have now rallied devot edly round t he Pan-Hindu
St andard had once been act ively and prominent ly working in t he Congress camp, is enough
t o bear out t his t rut h t hat t here are and must be t housand s of Hindus in t he Congress camp
who cannot bear t o see t he Hindu cause anat hemat ised by t he Congress but who
nevert heless have not yet got rid of t he habit ual reluct ance t o get out of t he Congress rut
and come openly out of it .

But t his past experience makes me feel more or less confident t hat t housands
of t hese of my Hindu bret hren who are proud of t heir race, religion and t his t heir
Mot herland of t he Rishees and t he Avat ars, will have t o leave t he Congress before
long t hrough t he very urge of t heir conscience and can find t hem but one pat h t o go
ahead in defence of Hindut va,-t he pat h t hat leads t o t hat Hindu Mahasabha Shrine.
9.
As soon as Congress was removed from t he polit ical field as an open organizat ion under t he
Government al ban, t he Hindu Mahasabha alone was left t o t ake up t he t ask of conduct ing
what ever I ndian Nat ional act ivit ies lay wit hin it s scope. For t o call upon t he Moslem League
t o lead any I ndian Nat ional movement would have right ly enough been t aken as an insult by
it j ust as t o call t he Congress a Hindu body was perversely enough used t o be t aken by it as
an insult . For, I ndia t o t he Moslem League was but a sub-cont inent , no Nat ion at all. But
t he Hindu Mahasabha believes in an int egral I ndian Nat ion even more int ensely t han t he ‘
I ndian Nat ional’ Congress it self. The first Nat ional point t hat required immediat e
at t ent ion at t hat t ime was t o expose t he hollowness of t he Brit ish propaganda which want ed
t he world t o believe t hat t he Cripps scheme failed not so much owing t o t he unwillingness of
t he Brit ish t o part wit h power as t o t he int ernecine conflict s of t he I ndian people. The Cripps
scheme was held dazzling before t he world as a verit able Magna Chart a conferring on I ndia
all t hat could be offered t o liberat e a people from polit ical slavery and point ing out t o it , t he
Brit ish press and propaganda called upon t he world t o wit ness how higher const it ut ions
best owed upon peoples not polit ically developed enough t o deserve t hem serve only t o
worsen t heir condit ion. The glorious Magna Chart a which want ed t o invest I ndia wit h full
freedom proved only an apple of discord. As soon as polit ical power was offered t o t he
I ndians, inst ead of receiving it as a Unit ed Nat ion, t hey sprang at each ot her’s t hroat ,
communit y against communit y and t heir ancient civil feuds inst ead of being healed grew only
fiercer. There was no Unit ed demand and had we not wit hdrawn t hat glorious Magna Chart a
in t ime, t here would have broken up an immediat e and bloody Civil War. Thus t he Brit ish
int erpret ed t he episode t o I ndia and t he world.

That t here was and cont inues t o be communal disunit y in I ndia need not be denied.
Every count ry had t o pass t hrough such phases including England and America. But t he fact
t hat it was t he real cause of t he wit hdrawal of t he Cripps scheme was a lie and it had t o be
nailed t o t he count er, because t he Brit ish had almost succeeded in duping America and China
and even a sect ion in I ndia. The American public and t he press which were sympat het ic t o
some ext ent before t he Cripps Mission changed t heir t one and admit t ed t hat England had
done all she could and in all sincerit y in grant ing full polit ical freedom t o t he I ndians and t hat
it was really t he int ernal discord amongst t he I ndians t hemselves t hat was responsible for t he
failure of t he scheme.
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Above all in I ndia it self t he Congress and t he maj orit y of t he Hindus in part icular
laboured under t his supposit ion t hat if but we could produce as Nat ional demand, a Unit ed
Scheme, t hen it will be simply impossible for England t o refuse t o grant it . That is why t he
Congress oft en and oft en went on it s knees before t he League. That is why so many all-
part y and non-part y conferences had been held. I t was necessary, t herefore even t o cure
t he I ndians t hemselves from t his self-decept ion t hat some st renuous effort on an all-I ndia
scale had t o be made. I t was also advisable t o find out how far t he various part ies in I ndia
did really differ and whet her on t he t wo or t hree quest ions which concerned all alike some
Nat ional demand could be framed. I t was wit h t his obj ect ive in view t hat t he Hindu
Mahasabha decided t o ent er int o negot iat ions wit h all import ant polit ical part ies and
personalit ies on t he t hree out st anding demands which Hindu Mahasabha had already framed.
The immediat e declarat ion of I ndian I ndependence; a Nat ional Government wit h full powers
during t he war wit h t he except ion of t he Milit ary port folio so far as t he operat ive part was
concerned and t he holding of a const it ut ion-framing assembly as soon as t he war ceased :
formed t he leading clauses in t his demand.

A Special Commit t ee was appoint ed t o conduct t hese negot iat ions consist ing of t he
President , Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerj i, Dr. Moonj e, Barrist er N.C. Chat t erj i, Raj a Maheshwar
Dayal Set h, Rai Bahadur Meherchand Khanna and Prof. Deshpande. The response t hat t he
Commit t ee received from different part ies and eminent persons was encouraging and
spont aneous. Under t he able lead of Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerj i on whom fell t he real
burden of carrying t he negot iat ions, t he Commit t ee succeeded in creat ing such a wave of
ent husiasm all over I ndia t hat t he public at t ent ion was cent red on t his t opic only.
Represent at ives of t he English, t he Ameriacan, and t he Chinese press also t ook keen int erest
in t he development and gave a prominent publicit y in t heir count ries t o t hese effort s of t he
Mahasabha.

The result also was not quit e incommensurat e wit h t he t roubles t aken by t he
dist inguished members of t he Hindu Mahasabha Commit t ee and of t hose I ndian
organizat ions and leaders who co-operat ed wit h t hem. First ly, it was full of significance
from t he const ruct ive point of view. For, t he Commit t ee succeeded in producing a Nat ional
demand on t he most crucial issues referred t o above which could not but convince everyone
but t hose who found it inconvenient t o get convinced t hat I ndia as a Nat ion demanded wit h
a unit ed will and voice t he declarat ion on t he part of t he Brit ish Parliament t hat she should
be recognized here and now as an independent Nat ion. When t he Hindu Mahasabha-t he
second great all-I ndia Hindu organizat ion t o quot e Lord Devonshire, t he present Under-
secret ary of St at e for I ndia,-wit h t he foremost leaders of our Sikh brot herhood, t he President
of t he Momin Conference, and ot her Moslem organizat ions, t he President of t he Christ ian
Federat ion, t he Nat ionalist League, t he Liberal Federat ion, along wit h t he t hen Provincial
Minist ers of Sind and Bengal and scores of ot her eminent polit icians who had been
legislat ures and administ rat ors and held most responsible posit ions in t he Government ,-have
signed or support ed t he demand t hat it had every right t o claim for it self and t o be
recognised as being not hing short of a Nat ional demand. When you add t o it t he fact t hat
t he Congress resolut ion t oo had more or less emphasized t he very it ems, it s nat ional
charact er becomes unassailed. I f it even be pret ended t hat such a demand also falls short of
a nat ional demand only because t he League or some such sect ion chose t o remain aloof t hen
no demand ever made by any nat ion could deserve t o be called a nat ional one.
I t must be remembered t hat even t he nat ional plebiscit es on t he st rengt h of whose
demand t he Canadian or t he African or t he American Fedrat ions were formed were not and
could not be considered nat ional or univocal on t he sole ground t hat t here was not a single
cit izen or single part y opposed t o t hem. Nay, t he fact is t hat in all such nat ional demands or
plebiscit es t hose who vot ed against t hem could also count t heir st rengt h in t housands. A
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nat ional demand must always mean t he demand of overwhelming maj orit y of cit izen or
part ies forming t hose nat ions,-irrespect ive of t he dissent ient minorit ies.
When t he Mahasabha succeeded in producing a definit e demand signed by such an
overwhelming maj orit y it served t o explode t he Brit ish pret ext and had a very salut ary effect
not only on t hat large sect ion of I ndians t hemselves but even on t he Chinese, t he American
and t he pro-Brit ish foreign press in general which had first acquit t ed t he Brit ish t o
wit hholding freedom from I ndia and believed t hat t he chaot ic disunit y in I ndia it self was
really responsible for t he wit hdrawal of t he Cripps scheme. Many of t hem changed t heir
opinion, saw t hrough t he game and came t o t he correct j udgement t hat it was really t he
unwillingness on t he part of Great Brit ain t o let go her hold on I ndia.

As t he President of t he Hindu Mahasabha, I forwarded t his nat ional demand by a
cable t o t he Brit ish Prime Minist er, t he Rt . Hon’ble Mr.Winst on Churchill. I received an
acknowledgement from him in which t he Prime Minist er wrot e t hat he not ed wit h
appreciat ion t he endeavours of t he Hindu Mahasabha t o promot e unit y among t he several
element s in I ndian life, but observed t hat t hey had not so far result ed in any specific and
const ruct ive proposals enj oying t he support of all t he maj or part ies.

Comment s need not be made on t his reply as t he quest ion is already exhaust ively
dealt wit h above. Only one point needs t o be t ouched. The only part y in I ndia wort h
ment ioning as a maj or part y t hat did not support t he demand was t he Moslem League,-not
Moslems because we had large Moslem organizat ions signing t he demand. I f t hen, t he
failure, of t he League t o see eye t o eye wit h all ot her part ies in t he land is t o disqualify a
demand from being nat ional, t hen it only amount s t o invest a fract ion of a minorit y,wit h a
power t o vet o t he will of t he overwhelming maj orit y of t he nat ion ! Of course, even t he
League must be knowing t hat t he Prime Minist er must have been t alking wit h his t ongue in
his cheek when he referred t o t he League wit h such an awful indispensabilit y ! I f ever t he
League asks anyt hing or support s anyt hing which goes against t he Brit ish int erest s even t he
League cannot be doubt ing t hat t he Prime Minist er will quest ion it s right t o speak for t he
Moslems t hemselves.

The negot iat ions were also useful t o prove t he falsit y of t he dishonest crit icisms of t he
opponent s of t he Hindu Mahasabha including t he Congressit es t hat it being a communal
organizat ion could have no nat ional programme or policy or could t ake no nat ional lead. I t
was made clear t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha was more nat ional in it s programme and yet less
liable t o fall a vict im t o weak-kneed vagaries like t he Congress or t o perverse communalism
like t he League. I n pract ical polit ics also t he Mahasabha knows t hat we must advance
t hrough reasonable compromises. Wit ness t he fact t hat only recent ly in Sind, t he Sind-
Hindu Sabha on invit at ion had t aken t he responsibilit y of j oining hands wit h t he League it self
in running coalit ion Government . The case of Bengal is well known. Wild leaguers whom
even t he Congress wit h all it s submissiveness could not placat e grew quit e reasonably
compromising and sociable as soon as t hey came in cont act wit h t he Hindu Mahasabha and
t he Coalit ion Government , under t he premiership of Mr. Fazlul Huq and t he able lead of our
est eemed Mahasabha leader Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerj i, funct ioned successfully for a year
or so t o t he benefit of bot h t he communit ies. Moreover furt her event s also proved
demonst rat ively t hat t he Hindu Mahasabhait s endeavoured t o capt ure t he cent res of polit ical
power only in t he public int erest and not for t he loaves and fishes of t he office. Wit ness t he
bold and eloquent st at ement issued by Dr. Mookerj i when he t hrew away t he port folio t he
moment he saw t hat t he Governor had made it impossible for him t o serve t he public and
cont inue in t he minist ry wit h any degree of self-respect .

10. Even t hough we do not cont ribut e in t he least t o t he forlorn hope t hat Americans,
Russians or any ot her foreing nat ion will risk it s own int erest and t ake up cudgels t o free
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I ndia on account of polit ical j ust ice or a high sense of humanit y alone, st ill we cannot
alt oget her dispense wit h ut ilit y of foreign propaganda, for t he very pract ical reasons, t o
acquaint t he independent nat ions wit h t he polit ical sit uat ion in our count ry and combat any
propaganda set on foot by ant i-Hindu part ies t o mislead t heir j udgement or t o secure t heir
sympat hies. The very self-int erest of each of t he nat ions in t he world is so int ert wined and
got mixed up wit h t he self-int erest s of ot hers t hat each of t hem requires t o know and let
know t he real polit ical sit uat ion t o t he ot her. Coalit ions and count er-coalit ions even t hough
t hey be based on nat ional self-int erest of each nat ion could be advant ageously formed if
each nat ion knows t he correct polit ical sit uat ion in all ot her count ries in t he world. Ever since
t he war began England launched a world wide propaganda t hat she was fight ing for freedom
and democracy all over t he world, t he Hindu Mahasabha believed not a word of it and openly
said so in it s resolut ions. England, t herefore, had t o prove t o Americans and ot hers t hat if
she could not free I ndia here and now it was due t o I ndia’s own fault . American int erest on
t his and several ot her grounds require t hat if I ndia is sat isfied it will be an inexhaust ible
source of men and mat erials for t hem t o win t he war. So t hey grew more anxious t o st udy
t he I ndian sit uat ion. Before t he war broke out America had some hazy not ion t hat t here was
a Nat ional Congress and t he Moslem League. The first was a Hindu Body in t he main and
t he League represent ed t he Moslems. Consequent ly, t hey t hought t hat t he Congress and t he
League meant t he unit ed opinion of t he Hindus and t he Moslems. They heard now and t hen
somet hing about t he Hindu Mahasabha but t hey did not know how t o squeeze it in bet ween
t he t wo. They had not t he slight est not ion t hat t he Mahasabha had come t o occupy an
out st anding posit ion as an all-I ndia body.

But since my cablegram t o President Roosevelt which was feat ured prominent ly
t hroughout t he Americal press and t hrough it t he world press, t he at t ent ion of t he Americal
public and t he press was drawn more point edly t o t he Mahasabha and a curiosit y grew in
foreign count ries t o know more closely it s ideology, posit ion and policy. Several press
represent at ives and public men who came t o st udy I ndian posit ion in general in t he year,
from America, England and China int erviewed t he Hindu Mahasabha leaders also. Some of
t hem wrot e back t o t heir respect ive presses, acquaint ing t heir public wit h t he ideology and
t he out st anding posit ion of t he Hindu Mahasabha as t he represent at ive all I ndia body of t he
Hindus, j ust as t he Moslem League was t he represent at ive of Moslem int erest . A number of
cables sent from t he President ial office and ot her Mahasabha cent res on several occasions
got good publicit y as t he American press represent at ives assured me. Even American film-
men got t he President ial office and t he rout ine work phot oed personally for a movie and I am
t old t hat t he news reels are shown on t he American screens. At t he t ime of t he negot iat ions
also t he foreign press-agent s t ook keen int erest and did considerable propaganda t o make
t he voice of t he Mahasabha heard out side I ndia. The cont act we have t hus succeeded in
est ablishing wit h American, Chinese and even Brit ish public men who int erviewed personally
t he President and several ot her leaders and wit h t he public press overseas, has already
grown int imat e enough in making t hem realise t hat any pact signed by t he Congress alone
cannot bind t he Hindus, unless and unt il it is agreed t o and sanct ioned by t he Hindu
Mahasabha t he foremost represent at ive body of t he Hindus nor can any agreement
bet ween t he Congress and t he League alone be t aken as an I ndian Nat ional agreement if t he
Hindu Mahasabha is not a part y t o it . This fact will st and us in good st ead at t he end of t he
war when t he Powers sit t oget her t o reshape t he map of t he world, and if t he polit ical
const it ut ion of I ndia does form an it em on t heir agenda at all.

11. I t was imperat ive for reasons indicat ed above t hat we should send a delegat ion
on behalf of t he Hindu Mahasabha t o America, England and China at any rat e, t o defeat t he
Brit ish propaganda which was carried on a government al scale and also t o acquaint t he
American public wit h t he ideology and t he policy of t he Hindu Mahasabha. That sect ion at
any rat e which t ook int erest in I ndian affairs and knew somet hing of t he Congress and t he
League in t hese foreign count ries must be kept well inforemed of t he Hindu Mahasabha
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-
, t
t
t
act ivit ies also. Consequent ly, a delegat ion under t he lead of Dr. Moonj e and Babarao
Khaparde was t o be sent t o America. Anot her delegat ion was t o go under t he lead of
Dr.Varadraj alu Naidu t o England t o count eract any mischief likely t o be done by t he move on
Raj agopalachari’s part , who also want ed t o go t o England. But as Raj aj i was not allowed or
did not ask for any facilit ies, t here was no part icular point in pressing on for a passport t o Dr.
Naidu as t hey were quit s. Ot her out st anding leaders also from Bengal, Punj ab and Unit ed
provinces were consult ed in t his connect ion and facilit ies being denied t o Babarao Khaparde
and ot hers, at t he very out set t he quest ion was left furt her unpursued. The reasons
advanced by t he Government were various. But t he most amusing part of t he public crit icism
in non- Mahasabhait camp was t hat t hey condemned along wit h t he Government t he very
idea of t aking out delegat ions t o foreign lands as t hat would reduce t he prest ige of our public
life and support t he Brit ish plea t hat t here were dissensions in I ndia. I t is bad indeed t o
wash one’s dirt y linen in a public square. But t he point is who did it first ? Did not t he
Brit ish press propaganda go round t he globe at t he failure of t he Cripps Scheme t hat t here
were incurable communal dissensions in I ndia wit h a t housand-t ongued voice ? Then again
do you t hink t hat t he t housands of Americans and Chinese at present in I ndia have left t heir
eyes and ears in America ? And t he Germans, and t he Japanese ? The whole world knows
t hat t here are communal dissensions but t he whole world must also know and does know
t hat no nat ion in some or t he ot her phases of it s hist ory was wit hout it s own communal
dissensions, wars of secessions or wars of Roses. The point is t hat j ust as in spit e of t he
dissensions England has best owed t he curse of slavery of I ndia in spit e of her will, so also
England can and t herefore ought t o best ow a blessing of freedom in spit e of her dissensions.
Just as she is guarding slavery wit h bayonet s she should guard t he freedom t oo. Or she
should openly say t hat she does not want t o free I ndia because of t he Brit ish imperialist ic
designs and not owing t o our dissensions. I f t he Hindu Mahasabhait s were allowed t o go t o
America our dissensions could not have been a news t o t he Americans but by acquaint ing
t hem why t hese dissensions arose and what is t he solut ion of t he Hindu Mahasabha for
t hem, t he delegat ion would have enabled t he foreign public t o j udge bet t er bet ween t he
black sheep and t he grey wolf.

But nevert heless t he Government had done well in invit ing Rai Bahadur Meherchand
Khanna, President , N.W. Front ier Hindu Sabha t o j oin t he delegat ion t o t he Pacific Relat ions
Commit t ee. The Delegat ion has already reached it s dest inat ion. Rai Bahadur Khannaj i is
bound t o have ringing publicit y t o his t hesis ‘Pakist an and t he Hindu view’ t o enable you t o
j udge how rapidly, t hough not sufficient ly rapidly, t he Hindu Mahasabha has assert ed it s
posit ion in England and t he ot her count ries, I give below a couple of ext ract s from t he
brochure published by t he Oxford Universit y Press recent ly and writ t en by R. Coupland who
had many occasions t o observe t he I ndian affairs at close quart ers when he was t ouring
I ndia, as well as when at t ched t o t he Mission of Sir St afford Cripps, for what t hey are wort h
: -

(1) ‘St ill more vociferous was t he Mahasabha t he milit ant Hindu organizat ion
which has always maint ained t hat all I ndia is Hindust han and belongs t o t he Hindus.
For somet ime past it s leaders have denounced as a vice t hat very non communalism
which Congress boast s as a virt ue. Congress, t hey say, is an unfait hful servant of
Hinduism, and it is one more proof of t he exist ing communal t ension t hat t he
Mahasabha which no very long ago had lit t le weight in I ndian polit ics, has been
growing fas in membership and influence. I t s policy is quit e frankly communal.
‘Our Moslem count rymen should realise, ‘says it s fiery President , Mr. Savarkar, ‘t hat
even in t heir own affairs t hey should accep t he inevit able.’ Et c. page 16.
(2) ‘Milit ant Hinduism, t rue t o form, was more out spoken. ‘The basic principle
of t he Hindu Mahasabha’, said it s Working Commit t ee, ‘is t hat I ndia is one and
indivisible, and it cannot be t rue t o it self or t o t he best int erest s of Hindust han if it is
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a part y t o any proposal which involves t he polit ical part it ion of I ndia in any shape or
form.’ Page 37.

Lord Devonshire, t he Under-Secret ary of St at e for I ndia, referred t o t he Mahasabha
as, ‘The second great all-I ndia Hindu organizat ion’. I f t he Congressit es were anxious t o
secure credent ials from t he Governors, t here is no impropriet y if we refer incident ally t o
some references j ust t o know in what light ot hers view our act ivit ies.

12. Till a couple of years ago it were only t he Moslems, who were fight ing for
Pakist an and all our argument s, we had t o address t o t hem; but since t he Cripps Mission and
t he Congressit es yielding t o t he Pakist an demand in it s worst form as I have shown in
paragraph 7 of t his speech, a prepost erous posit ion has arisen. There has sprung up,
polit ically speaking, a hybrid of pro-Pakist ani Hindus and t hey have been infect ing t he Hindu
mind as rapidly as a cont agious and loat hsome disease would do. Some of t hese Congressit e
are good Hindus, but t hey have been duped int o believeing t hat it is in t he int erest of t he
Hindus also t o allow t he Moslem provinces t o secede and bring about a final and everlast ing
unit y. Then t here are very st at esmanly Hindu personalit ies who recognise no affiliat ion t o
any part y or body as it behaves st at esmanship but whose commit ment s,views and vot es are
nevert heless bound t o be count ed as Hindu ones. I t is regret t able t hat many of t hese
est eemed persons should have been ready t o admit t he principle of provincial secession and
t hus ‘st at esmanly’ enough bet ray not only t he Hindu cause but what t hey worship like a
fet t ish, t he Nat ionalism as well . How t hese pro-Pakist ani Hindus are working t o persuade
t he Hindus and even t o persuade t he Government t o compel t he Hindus t o get persuaded
can best be illust rat ed by t he unt iring effort of Mr. Raj agopalachari. This ‘Archarya’ has really
been exert ing himself wit h more sincerit y and perverse fanat icism t han any mad-Mullah
known t o hist ory. Consequent ly, t he real danger t o t he int egrit y of I ndia rises now more
eminent ly from t he ment alit y of t he Pakist ani Hindus t han from t he effort s of t he Pakist ani
Moslems. I deliberat ely choose some of t hese point s t o argue, which I know from personal
knowledge t o weigh heavily on t he minds, especially on t hat sect ion of out Hindu brot heren
who st ill belong t o t he Congress persuasion but who nevert heless have a Hindu heart .

(a) I t must be not ed first of all very carefully t hat t here is a fundament al difference
bet ween a provincial re-dist ribut ion and provincial self-det erminat ion t o secede.
The lat t er forms t he essence of Pakist an what ever it s ot her aspect s or ext ent s
may be. There is no fundament al obj ect ion from Hindu point of view t o any re-
dist ribut ion of provinces, whet her on linguist ic, milit ary, financial or any ot her
reasonable ground, provided it does not weaken t he nat ional st rengt h or
cohension and does not involve any underlying ant i-Nat ional and ant i- Hindu
deisgns. But t he quest ion of provincial secession from t he Cent ral St at e must be
alt oget her ruled out in as much as it means not hing short of breaking up
Hindust han int o pieces before a cent ury passes away.

(b) Again, t he grant ing of t he right t o provinces t o secede from t he
t he Cent ral Government at t heir own sweet will and allow t hem t o set
up as separat e st at es, ent irely independent of t he Cent ral I ndian Government is
far more dangerous t han t he demand for Pakist an menaing t hereby freedom t o
cut off definit e number of provinces, because t hey cont ain Msolem maj orit y.
The lat t er case,-of a Pakist an demand int olerable as it is and which also we must
oppose wit h all our might , does st ill come t o t he loss of a definint e number of
provinces. But t he principle of self-det erminat ion cannot but form a verit able
sword of Damocles kept hanging on t he head of t he Cent ral St at e. I t will be
pract ically an invit at ion and inst igat ion t o any province t o secede and blow upat a
st roke t he whole ground on which t he I ndian St at e has t o st and. The maj orit y of
t he Moslems, is t he only ground in Pakist nai demand for secession; but in
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admit t ing t he principle of provincial secession, we shall have t o face t he demand
on t he part of any province at any t ime on any economicl and any ot her
conceivable ground t o secede from t he Cent ral Government . Remember t hat
t he polit ical cent ralisat ion in I ndia is still passing t hrough a phase of format ion.
The I ndian Cent ral St at e and t he polit ical int egrit y and cohesion are st ill st anding
on a fissury rock. We cannot be cocksure against t he change t hat somet ime or
ot her even some of t hose provinces, where t here is not a Moslem maj orit y may
be caught up by disint egrat ing forces and rise against t he Cent ral Government
and carried away by t he provincial or even sub-provincial egoist ic fever, may
demand secession and set t hemselves int o separat e st at es. America, Russia and
several ot her nat ions can serve as danger signals t o us in t his connect ion. I n
fact , even t hose nat ions, which t oday are st rongly unit ary, had t o pass t hrough
t his phase and it was only a powerful cent rifugal Force which kept t he cent ripet al
t endencies on t he part of t heir component s, effect ively suppressed, t ill t hey got
slowly eliminat ed alt oget her.

(c ) Those who t hink it mat t ers not much t o allow t he Moslems t o form t heir
independent federat ion on t he Nort h-West Front ier Province, in which t here is already
an overwhelming maj orit y of t he Moslems, should t ake int o considerat ion t he Milit ary
aspect which makes such a surrender simply suicidal on our part . Can you ever find
such a nat ion on t he surface of t he eart h which would willingly hand over t heir
st rongest possible front iers int o t he hands of t hose very people, who seceded from
t hem and had been cherishing a heredit ary desire t o dominat e over it ? Then again,
remember t hat on t he heels of Pakist an, t here comes t reading t he demand for
Pat hanist han. Those Front ier Provinces, if t hey get ent irely free from t he cont rol of
t he Cent ral Government are sure wit hin measurable t ime t o j oin hands wit h t he t ribals
and form a cont iguous Pat hani St at e from Hindukush t o t he very banks of Zelum.
There can be no real unit y unless and unt il t his t heir design which for t he very
exist ence of ‘Hindust han’ we can never willingly allow t o fruct ify, is not cowardly
allowed by let t ing go our hold on t hose mount ain ranges, which form our Nat ional
front iers and front ier guards at once, t hroughout hist orical t ime. But why should we
do it at all ? To avoid rupt ure wit h our Moslem friends ? But what guarant ee have
you t o believe t hat t his rupt ure inst ead of get t ing lessened by our handing over our
front ier t o t hem as a free gift will not only get int ensified ? For, is it not more likely
t hat t hose, who are now relat ively weak and yet are t alking of civil war, once t hey get
an independent foot ing as a St at e, sufficient t ime and libert y t o organize t hemselves
and ent renched on t he powerful front ier-ranges, grown st ronger precisely in t he
proport ion your posit ion grows weaker by t he wit hdrawal of your front ier ? Unit y,
when it lays our nat ion exposed t o more dangerous posit ion is worse t han open
host ilit y.

(d) Some of our learned Hindu leaders aft er most complicat ed calculat ions maint ain
t hat t here is no harm in allowing t he Moslems t o sucede and form Pakist ani independent
st at es in t he Nort h-West ern part s and even in Bengal because t hey are bound t o be so
crippled financially and economically t hat t hey will soon t hemselves be compelled t o repent
for secession and go down on t heir knees. But t his financial weakness need not lead t o
repent ance alone, as our learned Hindu economist s expect . So long as we cont inue t o be so
cowardly as t o yield t o any prepost erous demand on t he part of t he Moslems t o keep up t he
show of unit y and so t erribly aft aid of Moslems discont ent as t o allow even t he int egrit y of
our Mot herland t o get broken up int o pieces-is it not more likely t hat t his very financial and
economical st arvat ion of t hese would-be Moslem st at es may goad t hem on t o encroach once
more on our Hindu provinces and inst igat ed by t he religious fanat icism, which is so
inflammanle in t he front ier t ribes even now and urged on by t he ideal of a Pat hanist an under
t ha lead of t he organised forces of t he Ameer, may t hreat en t o invade you if you do not
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handover t o t hem t he remaining part s of t he Punj ab right up t o Delhi t o make t hem
financially and economically self-support ing ? The example of t he Tribes is before your eyes
already. They carry out incursions almost every year int o t he I ndian provinces and loot ,
kidnap, murder, hold t o ransom only t he Hindus in part icular as a rule. Alt hough t hey are
goaded on by Moslem fanat icism in t he main, yet several Congressit e Hindus were not found
want ing in disgracefully condoning t hese nefarious act ivit ies of t he t ribal Pat hans on t he
ground of ‘financial and even sexual st arvat ion’ from which t hose ‘Poor souls’ ( ! ) had t o
undergo inordinat e sufferings. I am referring t o fact s howsoever disgraceful t hey may be
and not t o fict ions. What guarant ee t here could ever be t hat given t his cowardly and ever-
yielding inferiorit y complex on t he part of t he Hindus and t his monomania for Hindu-Moslem
Unit y ‘at all cost ’-t hat in case t hese financially st arved Pakist nai provinces invade t he Hindu
provinces on t heir borders wit h far great er st rengt h t han t hey can now-ever command-a
t roop of Hindus of such ment alit y would not similarly condone t heir encroachment s,
sympat hise wit h t heir demands and t o vot e for handing over even Delhi t o t hose invading
Moslems before a shot is fired in order j ust t o make a show before t he world of a genuine
Hindu- Moslem unit y or alliance ? The ‘poor’ Moslems in east ern Bengal are even now
making t heir povert y a sufficient excuse and t heir fanat icism a merit , t o loot and harass t he
Hindus whenever t hey find an opport unit y t o do so. When once you allow t hem t o get
organized int o government al st rengt h as a separat e Moslem Raj ,-do you t hink t hat t his very
financial st arvat ion which you admit will cripple t heir would-be St at e, would provide t hem
wit h a compelling cause t o invade or harass t he Hindus in West ern Bengal and unless you
are cured of t his unit y-mania, would you not be faced again wit h t he same bogey-an
alt ernat ive of handing over some rich slices of Bengal t o save t he Moslem St at e from
perpet ual st arvat ion or be prepared t o resist t heir perpet ually growing demand ?

(e) But some of my Pakist ani Hindu friends whisper in my ear, ‘We know all t hese
t hings, but our yielding for t he t ime being is a craft iest st roke of policy. When we once get
rid of t hese t roublesome Moslem provinces and are left free t o organise unhindered by t hem
t he unalloyed part of Hindust han, t hen we shall consolidat e our Hindus and raise t hem int o
such a might y milit ary power so rapidly, t hat t he Pakist ani provinces of t he Moslems would
be simply brow-beat en int o submission.’ The only quest ion t hat should be put t o t hem by
t hemselves is, ‘Have you not count ed wit hout t he host -t he Brit ish ?’ Have you got any
definit e guarant ee from t he Brit ish t hat as soon as you yield t o t he Pakist ani demand, t hey
would clear out and leave you t o organise your Hindust han as you choose ?
Secondly, even if t hat is done where is t he magic wand t hat shall raise
t he Hindus int o such a milit ary power, while Congress ment alit y cont inues t o dominat e a
t housand of t hem ? We t hank you for your inner int ent ion of raising t he Hindus int o an
independent and st rong power and for feeling as a Hindu of Hindus, but do you not t hink
t hat t he Moslems t oo would ut ilise t hat int erval wit h a vengeance t o st rengt hen t heir posit ion
and amalgamat ing t hemselves wit h t heir kit h and kin across t he front ier grow quick int o a
powerful Pat hanist han here or a Pakist an t here ? Mind you, t hey have not a single
Congressit e among t hem and on t he ot her hand, t he Moslem minorit y in every province of
your would-be Hindust han would be dominat ing even Congressit e Hindus here as t hey are
doing t oday creat kng t he same t roubles over again and demanding t hat you must come t o
t erms wit h t hePakist ani St at es by sacrificing some more Hindu provinces on t he alt er of t he
fet t ish of Hindu- Moslem unit y as our ‘prt riot ic’ ‘Azad’ and ‘Allis’ have been purposively doing
t oday. And if you as a st aunch Hindu realise t hat , in t hat case somewhere or t he ot her, we
shall have t o resist t hem t oday by flat ly refusing even t o list en t o t heir insult ing and
int olerable demand, when t hey are relat ively weaker and when we can prove relat ively
st ronger by simply changing our yielding ment alit y and replacing it by t he Hindu
Sanghat anist I dology, point ing out t o t he aggressive t endency of t he Moslems t heir right
place and command t hem ‘t hus far and no furt her.’

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(f) Some of our wise men also are labouring under t he misconcept ion t hat t he
quest ion of Pakist an is j ust like t he Ulst er phase in I reland. But t he fact is t hat t hey are
commit t ing a grievous error in comparing t he t wo and suggest ing t hat j ust as t he I rish
accept ed an Ulst er we Hindus should accept t he Pakist an. I n I reland t here was a quest ion of
only a small corner t o be set aside as Ulst er. But t he Pakist ani demand seeks t o break up
I ndia int o a number of separat e Moslem St at es and insist t hat t here should be no Cent ral
Government of I ndia at all; worst t han t hat t he principle of provincial secession at t he sweet
will of provinces was never raised in t he I rish negot iat ions. Had t his principle been not
accept ed or t olerat ed by t he I rish t here would have been no int egral I reland t oday. This
principle of provincial secession if accept ed by t he Hindus would sound t he deat h-knell of our
nat ional cohesion, int egrit y and unit y.

(g) The chain of reasoning which has succeeded over t hese Pakist ani Hindus comes
t o t his : - We want Swaraj . England is not going t o best ow Swaraj unless and unt il t here is a
Unit ed demand and univocal const it ut ion framed by Hindus and Moslems t oget her. Moslems
have made it clear t hat t hey will not j oin t he Hindus in producing a unit ed demand unless
and unt il t hey are not allowed t o break up int egrit y of I ndia and t he Pakist ani St at es are
allowed t o be set up wit h no connect ion wit h any Cent ral Government . Therefore we must
sat isfy t he Moslems, yield t o t heir Pakist ani demands and get Swaraj .
Now almost every word in t his chain of reasoning is fallacious and t he whole chain of
reasoning is based on a foolish hope. Alt hough we want Swaraj , yet t hat Swaraj must mean
t he Hindust hani Swaraj in which Hindu, Moslem and all ot her cit izens all have equal
responsinilit ies, equal dut ies and equal right s. Such a Swaraj would not even t olerat e a
part icular communit y on religious grounds t o get it self cut off from t he Cent ral Government ,
demand port ions of our count ry which is t he inalienable basis on which t his our nat ional
Swaraj st ands and any such aggressive claim on t he part of a communit y would be
immediat ely put down as an act of t reachery by t he unit ed st rengt h of t he Cent ral
Government . Secondly, it is silly t o believe t hat England is only wait ing for a Unit ed demand
and would walk out of I ndia as t hat rag, signed by t he Hindus and Moslems, is handed over
t o t hem. I emphat ically assert t hat even if t he Congress, Hindu Mahasabha and t he League
produce a Unidt ed demand signed by all t he crores of I ndian cit izens and ask univocally for
I ndependence, Brit ain will never give it for t he mere asking. The superst it ion t hat if but t he
Congress and t he League demanded wit h one voice anyt hing in t he world t he demand would
immediat ely prove irresist ible, is responsible for making t he real asset s of t he League inflat ed
beyond all proport ions. As soon as t he League does j oin t he Congress and even t he whole of
I ndia goes t o England wit h a common demand, England will say, ‘well boys, you have
behaved wonderfully. Hindus, Moslems, all unit ed in a common demand for I ndependence.
But as, all of you unit ed, are st ill unit edly helpless, disarmed and unable t o prot ect yourself,
Great Brit ain must cont inue t o rule over you even for t he moral obligat ion t o save you from
t he foreign aggression and your own int ernal anarchy.’ So, on t he whole, all t hat you do in
t his bargain is t o pay t he price knowing perfect ly or rat her foregoing wit h open eyes t hat t he
subst ant ial t hing for which you paid t he price can never be delivered over t o you. And aft er
all what is t he price ? Vivisect ion of your Mot herland and of your Holyland-t he liquidat ing
alt oget her of t he spirit ual, reacial and above all t he polit ical unit y and of t he cert ain chances
of it s rapid consolidat ion.

And above all, if we grant for t he sake of argument t hat paying such a t remendous
price for your racial honour and fut ure you are handed over a Swaraj by t he Brit ish on
condit ion laid down by t he Moslems : - What kind of Swaraj and whose Swaraj it can possibly
be ? I t can in no ways be a Swaraj in which ‘Swat va’ of t he Hindus is safeguarded for
reasons which I have already shown above at some lengt h. Any independence which is
achieved at price of admission of and t he brit t le basis of t he principle of t he provincial
secession is bound t o be like a house raised on a crat er of a living volcano.

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(h) I appreciat e in t his connect ion t he emphasis t he Viceroy has laid at least on
t he geographical unit y of I ndia and t he fervent appeal His Excellency has made, in his recent
Calcut t a speech, t o maint ain t he int egrit y of our count ry on t he grounds of pract ical polilt ics
also. Reasonable safeguards t o t he monorit ies must be given and t he League of Nat ions has
already shown us t he way in one of t he world-famous document s formulat ing what
reasonable safeguards t o minorit ies really mean. But t he Viceroy, perhaps inadvert ent ly,
used t he t erm ‘fully sat isfact ory t o t he minorit ies, inst ead of qualifying t he safeguards as
‘reasonable’. Fort unat ely our count rymen belonging t o t he Parsi, Jew and Christ ian
communit ies have ext ended t heir readiness t o abide by t he safeguards laid down as
reasonable for t he minorit ies which t he Hindu Mahasabha also is ever willing t o guarant ee.
The fact is t hat it is not a quest ion of minorit ies, but of one minorit y, t he Moslem minorit y
alone. To say t hat t he safeguards must be fully sat isfact ory t o t he Moslem minorit y is t o
j ust ify t he whole st at ement because t he only safeguard which can be sat isfact ory t o t he
Moslem minorit y is, as definit ely t old by t hem, t o lay an axe at t he root of I ndian int egrit y.
Thus we are caught in a vicious circle. The self-dest ruct ive solut ion t hat , t o save t he
int egrit y of I ndia as a nat ion let us kill it out right in order t o sat isfy t he Moslems, is like t hat
of some clans who, t o save t heir daught ers from dishonour when t hey grew used t o kill t hem
as soon as t hey were born.

(i)Consequent ly t aking all t hese above reasons int o considerat ion it will be cryst al
clear t o t he Hindus who have st ill kept an open mind on t his quest ion t hat even yielding t he
principle of provincial secession or Pakist an in cert ain provinces could never bring about t he
Hindu-Moslem Unit y but such a move will t hrow Hindus alone int o a hopeless predicament .
There is no chance what soever for t he cowardly hope even t hough t hey feel t hat it is a craft y
one, t o be realised t hat t his or t hat concession t o t he Moslems is bound t o prove final and
ushering in as permanent and amicable alliance bet ween t he t wo people, so long as it is you
who yield, so long as t he Moslems who would be fools t o give up t heir aggrandisat ion on
Hindust han and t he Mohammedans are cert ainly no fools in so far as t his ambit ion is
concerned. I nvasions against t he Kafirst hans is in t heir grain. They are fed on real or
boost ed up st ories of t heir past conquest s; and t he only way t o hold t hem in check is t o
make t hem realise t hat any such mad dreams would cost t hem much more t han it would, t o
t heir opponent s. That is why, Mr. Jinnah, who speaks in t he accent s of an Alexander t he
Great , t he conqueror of t he world when he addresses some local meet ings of his admirers
brandishing a present ed sword here or t here, t hreat ening t he Hindus alone, has never
displayed t he courage of t hreat ening an armed revolt against t he English who in fact are
comfort ably seat ed on t he very Gadi of t he Moguls and left no t race of t he Moslem Empire
t hroughout I ndia for he knows t hat t he consequences would be immediat ely t errible.

(j ) The only organised body t hat had t he courage t o t ell t he Moslems t hat t he
consequences of t heir effort s t o dest roy I ndian int egrit y would be in t he long run as t errible
had been t he Hindu Mahasabha alone. Oh ! Hindu Sabhait s and Hindu Sanghat anist s you
form t he last cit adel in which t he Hindu Hope and Hindu Fut ure have come t o seek refuge
and t ake it s last st and for t he sake of honour, if not for immediat e success and among t he
fait hless crowd of Hindus t hemselves, you form t he last fait hful army which has rallied round
t o defend and hold up t he Pan-Hindu colours as our ancest ors did under such t rying
circumst ances at Chit or ! I f you at any rat e, Oh ! Hindu Sanghat anist s, do not bet ray
yourselves and t hat t radit ion of Chit or, t hen rest assured you will in near fut ure be able t o
sally out or by your falling in t he st ruggle as indomit able and uncompromising warriors
enable your Race t o sally out of t he Chit or of Mart yrdom-t o t he Raigad of Vict ory ! Come out
t hen t o assert boldly and uncompromisingly on behalf of Hindudom-t hat

Just as in America, Germany, China and every ot her count ry not excluding
Russia, so also in Hindust han, t he Hindus by t he fact t hat t hey form an overwhelming
maj orit y are t he Nat ion and Moslems
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Are but a communit y because like all ot her communit ies t hey are unchallengeably in a
minorit y. Therefore t hey must remain sat isfied wit h what ever reasonable safeguards
ot he minorit ies in I ndia get and accept as reasonable in t he light of t he world formula
framed by t he League of Nat ions. We may adapt it t o I ndian circumst ances by
concessions more or less on minor quest ions but no minorit y in I ndia shall be allowed
t o demand t o break up t he very int egrit y of Hindust han from I ndus t o t he Seas as a
condit ion of t heir part icipat ion in t he Cent ral Government or Provincial ones. No
province what soever, by t he fact t hat it is a province shall be allowed t o claim t o
secede from t he Cent ral St at e of Hindust han at it s own sweet will. Hindust han as a
nat ion can have a right of self-det erminat ion but a Province or a Dist rict or a Taluka
can have no right t o run count er by t he st rengt h of t heir own maj orit y t o t he law and
t he will of t he Cent ral Government of Hindust han. All we can in fairness promise is
t o grant a represent at ion t o all I ndian cit izens on t he general principle of ‘one man
one vot e’ or if t hat is not found t o t he t ast e of t he Moslems we may go a st ep furt her
and base all represent at ion st rict ly on populat ion proport ion. We know for cert ain
t hat t hose minorit ies like Parsis, Christ ians and ot hers who have expressed
unmist akably t heir loyalt y t o unit ed, undivided and indivisible I ndian Nat ion and t he
I ndian St at e wit h reasonable safeguards are wit h t he Hindus and willing t o work
shoulder t o shoulder for I ndian independence. I t will be well for t he Moslems even in
t heir own int erest t o bear fait hful allegiance t o t he I ndian nat ion on t he same
condit ions offered t o ot her minorit ies. But if t he Moslems mist aking t he pseudo-
nat ional yielding at t it ude of Congress for t he at t it ude of Hindudom as such persist in
t heir out rageous and t reacherous demand for Pakist an or t he principle of provincial
self-det erminait on t hen it is t ime, you Oh ! Hindu Sanghat anist s, t hat you must
proclaim your formula from t he very t ops of t he Himalayas. ‘We don’t want Hindu-
Moslem unit y at all on such condit ions.’ ‘I f you come, wit h you, if you don’t wit hout
you, and if you oppose, in spit e of you, we shall fight as best as we can do secure
independence and defend t he int egrit y of Hindust han !
Hindust han shall and must remain an int egral and powerful nat ion and a Cent ral St at e
from t he I ndus t o t he Seas, t reat ing any movement on t he part of any one t o vivisect
it , as t reacherous and st rongly suppress it j ust as any movement of Negrost han would
be prompt ly punished by t he American nat ion ! !

13. All laws are but generalisat ions primarily based on det ailed observat ions. The
det ailed onservat ion of t he hist ory of Hindus t hrough cent uries on cent uries point s
incont rovert ibly t o t he fact t hat t he Hindu Nat ion is imbused inherent ly wit h such an amazing
capacit y of resurrect ion, of renaissance, of rej uvenat ion t hat t he moment , which finds t hem
complet ely overwhelmed by ant i-Hindu forces is precisely t he moment which ushers in t he
day of Deliverance-t o quot e t he Pouranic st yle-of t he birt h of an Avat ar. I t was in t he
darkest hour of t he Night t hat Shri Krishna was born. I t is t his indomit able spirit of t he
inherent vit alit y t hat enabled our
Nat ional Being t o prove almost immort al in relat ion t o ot her races or nat ions-ancient or
modern-and invest ed it wit h t hat st rengt h which ult imat ely demolished and swept away all
ant i-Hindu forces, which raised t heir head from t ime t o t ime against us. This is no mere
rhodomont ade I am indulging in. Leaving aside even t he Pouranic period, and t he Huns,
Shakas or even t aking int o considerat ion t he Moslems who came as conquerors, t his is t he
gist of well-aut hent icat ed Hindu Hist ory.

The Moslems came as conquerors, but st ayed t oo long t o be conquered by t he Hindus
and beat en t o a chip in a t housand and one bat tlefields t ill at last t he might y Moslems Empire
which rose like a rocket , fell like a st ick, t ill event ually Hindu horse of Vict ory rode off
unchallenged from At t ak t o Rameshwar, from Dwarka o Jagganat h.

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To validat e t his hist orical fact , only look at t hese t wo following pict ures : - Just t ake up
t he map of I ndia about 1,600 A.D. The Moslems ruled all over Hindust han unchallengeably.
I t was verit able Pakist an realized not only in t his province or t hat but all over I ndia-
Hindust han as such was simply wiped out .

Then open out t he map of I ndia about 1700 t o 1798 A.D. and what do you see ?
The Hindu forces are marching t riumphant ly t hroughout I ndia. The very Mogul t hrone at
Delhi is smashed t o pieces lit erally wit h a hammer by Sadashivrao Bhau, t he Generalissiomo
of t he Marat ha ! Our Hindu-Sikh brot herhood does ult imat ely deliver Punj ab from t he
Moslem yoke and rule supremely from t he borders of Tibet t o t he banks of Kabul river; t he
Gurkha-Hindus rule in Nepal. While t he Marat has from Delhi t o Rameshwar have plant ed t he
t riumphant Hindu flag from capit al t o capit al, from t emple t o t emple. The Pakist an act ually
realised by t he Moslems was ent ombed and out of it rose up once more Hindust han-
resurrect ed and t riumphant . The conquering Moslem had t o eat t he humble pie in t he long
end and got so complet ely crushed and weaned of his dominat ing dreams t hat even t oday in
his heart of heart s he shudders t o t hink of his fat e as soon as he sees t he probabilit y of t he
consolidat ed st rengt h of t he overwhelming Hindu maj orit y in t he land.

I t would be good t o t he Moslem t hemselves if t hey once realise t he import of t his
hist orical t rut h. The fat e which overt ook t hem even when t hey had succeeded on t ranslat ing
whole of Hindust han int o an act ual living and might y Pakist an, ought t o warn t hem of t he
miserable fut ure t hey would have in st ore if t hey persist ed in dreaming wildly of a Pakist an
which is t oday but an airy not hing, a forlorn hope !

14. The Hindu Mahasabhait s should remember t hat as is very probable t hey will be
called upon t o fight out any at t empt on t he part of t he Moslems t o t hrust t he Pakist an on us,
whet her by resort ing t o t he ‘revolt ’ what ever t he Leaguers may mean t hereby, t hen t he
ent ire burden, responsibilit y and consequent ly t he merit also will be yours in facing t he
st ruggle single-handed. The Congress-minded Hindus, t he worshippers of pseudo-Nat ionalit y
would not only be of no use t o you, but would act ually t ry t o combat you and t ry t o put you
int o a false posit ion by t heir willing surrender t o t he Moslem demands as Hindus. You
should, t herefore, t ry t o mobilise your Forces and reserve what ever st rengt h you can
command for t his defence of t he int egrit y of I ndia, which no one else but you alone may
defend. You are t he salt of Hindudom; but if t he salt loses it s flavour, wit h what shall it be
salt ed ? I ndependence of Hindust han has no meaning at t he cost of it s fundament al int egrit y
as a st at e and a nat ion. I t may be t hrust on us even as t he Brit ish rule is t hrust on us but
j ust as t hat does not deprive us of t he right of st ruggling for our freedom wit h England, even
so id we but do not bet ray our own conscience and sign willingly any or all schemes,
proposing percent ages, plebiscit es, which are growing in abundance like mushrooms eit her
out of panic or pusillanimit y you will find yourself soon in a posit ion t o press on bot h t he
demands regarding independence and int egrit y and t oget her get t hem realised t hrough your
own st rengt h.

So far as t he most det ermining fact or of all secondary movement s t he world war is
concerned, neit her part ies of eit her t he Axis or t he allies has as yet secured any result so
decisive as t o invest it wit h an unquest ionable superiorit y. Consequent ly, t he best policy for
all nat ions sit uat ed as we Hindus are, is t o cont inue so sit on t he fence and wat ch t he result s,
keeping ourselves all t he while as well-organised, as well-informed and as t act fully ready t o
t ake as much advant age of t he last result s, when t he war ends.

15. I n view of t his indecisive aspect of t he war and t he necessit y for t he Hindu
Sanghat anist s t o keep mobilised t heir forces for t he resist ance which t hey are very likely t o
be called upon t o offer and cont inue fight ing t he ant i-Pakist ani st ruggle single-handedly and
owing t o our inabilit y howsoever regret t able but which must be recognized as an act ualit y, t o
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ent er t he world combat on our own account t o win back our I ndependence, t he most far-
sight ed and pract icable programme which, if carried on fait hfully and handicapped t hough we
are, while t he war cont inues wit hout arriving at any decisions, is as follows –

(a) To cont inue a hundred t imes more int ensely t he Hindu Milit arizat ion Movement
and t ry t o get recruit ed and enlist ed as many Hindus as possible in t he Army, Navy, t he Air
Forces, Ammunit ion Fact ories, War Technicians, et c. The result s of t his movement are
already so encouraging as t o make it quit e superfluous now on my part t o marshal out all t he
argument s I had been doing so oft en. When t he war began, t he percent age of t he Moslems
had so dangerously gone high in t he Army as 62 percent . This was t he result of t he
Gandhist policy denouncing t he soldier as sinner and t he spinner as t he great est spirit ual
warrior, who alone was t he real liberat or of t he land and was sure wit h t he music of his
spinning wheel t o win over t he heart s of all Hit lers, St alins, Churchills and Toj os. But ever
since t he Hindu Mahasabha found t hat t he war had made it incumbent on t he Government t o
t hrow t he doors of t he Army, Navy, t he Air Forces open t o t he Hindus, it whipped up milit ary
ent husiasm amongst t he Hindus and conduct ed an organised campaign t o send t housands
and t housands of Hindus t o all branches of t he milit ary forces of t he land. The result as has
recent ly been declared is t hat t he percent age of t he Moslems in t he Army has gone from 62
t o 32 per cent . This must also be reduced t o some 25 in j ust accordance wit h t he populat ion
proport ion of Hindus and Moslems. The Hindu Mahasabha branches all over I ndia must st art
Milit arizat ion Boards t o send t o t he forces of t he land t he best and t he bravest of t he Hindus.
I f any province or a dist rict want s t o st udy an organizat ion board which has proved most
compet ent in t his respect it should do well t o st udy personally t he working and t he result s
achieved by t he Milit arizat ion Mandal at Poona under t he able lead of our est eemed
Hindusabhait s leader Sj t . L.B. Bhopat kar. Hundreds of promising Hindu yout hs have already
secured King’s Commissions, Viceroy’s Commissions and are leading t he forces wit h efficiency
and merit and get t ing an up-t o-dat e knowledge and pract ice of warfare in different
bat t lefields. The same can be said of t he Air-forces. Believe me t hat not hing can st and t he
Hindus in bet t er st ead even aft er t he war, as t his Hindu Milit arizat ion will do. I assure every
Hindu soldier and officer, who are now serving in t he I ndian Army, Navy, t he Air Forces, et c.
t hat t hey are doing as pat riot ic a service t o t heir Nat ion as t hose who went t o j ail at
Bhagalpur, if not more. The immediat e defence of our heart hs and homes does also make it
incumbent t o make a common cause wit h t he Brit ish forces, t ill t hey are in t he field.

(b) Cont inue t o capt ure all cent res of polit ical power from t he Cent ral Execut ive
Council, Legislat ures, Defence Commit t ees and Councils, Municipalit ies, Minist ries in t he Civic
part of t he Government j ust as on t he milit ary side. The men who come t o occupy t hese
cent res of power must be eit her elect ed by t he Hindu Mahasabha or support ed by it as
I ndependent Hindu Sanghat anist s. But in no case should a Hindu be t rust ed wit h any such
cent re of power who by persuasion belongs t o be Pseudo-Nat ionalist ic Congress School and
glorifies more in bet raying Hindu right s t o t he Moslems t han in defending t hem against
Moslem encroachment .

(c) Do not frit t er away your energies or keep you Sanghat anist s forces shackled down
in any unt imely and t act less movement which pursuing high sounding slogans loses more
t han gains in t he long run. Remember it is not t he slogan but t he st rengt h t hat count s.
Under t he war fever only arms speak and can dict at e, not slogans howsoever high sounding.

(d) But you must , because you can, give fight on det ailed quest ions, in defence of t he
civic right s of t he Hindus when t hey are locally at t acked or humiliat ions deliberat ely offered
t o t he Hindu honour or any j ust grievance or t o face any ant i-Hindu riot s, as we have already
been doing year in and year out . Only t hose issues which are beyond our power t o t ackle
and are t o be fought out on an all-I ndia scale against armed forces overwhelmingly more
powerful t han t hose we can rally, disorganised and disarmed as we relat ively are, should not
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be t aken up j ust now. Time and st rat egy demand t hat we should leave t hem t ill we are in a
bet t er posit ion.
(e) I n t he meanwhile, in order t o mobilise our forces and keep t hem prepared for any
emergency such as t he Pakist ani st ruggle, we should cont inue t he const ruct ive act ivit ies t o
make our Hindu Mahasabha organizat ion as st rong as possible. The general and suicidal
error which makes us under-value const ruct ive programme, which we could easily carry out
even during t he war t ime, must be immediat ely correct ed. Even t he war-t ime must be
ut ilised all t he more int ensely by enlist ing as many members, st art ing branches at as many
places down t o Talukas and villages and keeping t hem well organized and working, is a dut y
which t he Hindu Mahasabha must cont inue t o do and can do even now wit h a hundredfold
speed and act ivit y.

(f) Remember also t hat t he removal of unt ouchabilit y is a t ask as easy t o be t ackled
as it is bound t o st rengt hen Hindu consolidat ion. I t will be not hing short of a vict ory won in
t he bat t lefield if we, wit hin five year’s t ime, can sweep out unt ouchabilit y from t he face of
our count ry by killing t he very idea of not t ouching our co-religionist s on ground of birt h in a
part icular cast e alone, and removing aut omat ically t he special disabilit y, some economical
and some social, from which t hose of our religious brot hers are suffering most unj ust ly at
t his hour. I t is only a change of ment alit y and not hing more t han t hat can achieve t his
seemingly insuperable t ask. I f everyone of t he Hindu Sanghat anist s simply says and begins
t o act on it ‘I would not look upon anyone of my co- religionist s as unt ouchable simply on
account of birt h in a part icular cast e’-t he quest ion will be solved wit hout a fart hing’s cost or
t he least measure of suffering and we shall have a verit able army of some t hree crores of our
co- religionist s fight ing shoulder t o shoulder wit h us under Pan-Hindu flag on behalf of
Hindudom.

(g) So long as t he war cont inues wit hout reaching any decisions, t his is t he most
profit able and t he most t act ical programmme which t he Hindu Mahasabhait s and t he Hindu
Sanghat anist s can work our and must work out before t he war int roduces any revolut ionary
fact or, concerning our own count ry so as t o demand our first at t ent ion and compels us t o
adapt ourselves t o it fort hwit h.

16. All our present programmes, it need not be ment ioned, are based on t he
assumpt ion t hat Brit ain comes out at any rat e so successful, of t his World War, as t o
cont inue t o be t he Sovereign power in I ndia. Not hing has happened so far, so cat aclysmic as
t o undermine t he probabilit y of t his assumpt ion. But t hen t he forces of Japan are hanging
on so persist ent ly on our east ern borders undislodged t o any appreciable measure and on
t he ot her hand t he Axis powers have been surrounded at any rat e for t he moment by a
verit able bornet of irrit at ed nat ions, t hat no one even among t he most opt imist ic st at esmen
or commanders or dict at ors is in a posit ion t o predict wit h any cert aint y or definit eness t he
result s of t he war. Till t hat along wit h t hose nat ions who cannot but helplessly wat ch t heir
dest inies t ied up wit h t he fort unes eit her of t he powerful combat ant s on bot he sides, I ndia
t oo disarmed as it is must bide her t ime and t ide.

The dice of Dest iny are loaded already and recklessly t hrown on a world bat t lefield !
All nat ions are t hrown in t he crucible ! The very seas are on flames, and t he skies are
garrisoned wit h and showering t hunderbolt s day and night . No nat ion aft er t his world war
can emerge j ust as it was. Many of t hose who were at t he pinnacle of t heir power will be
reduced t o t he dust . Many who were t rampled down in t he dust may all of a sudden find
t hemselves in a posit ion t o rise and come t o t heir own. The face of t he eart h is bound t o get
revolut ionised in any case and in t hat revolut ionary upheaval which at present lies in t he lap
of t he War Gods, one t hing only could be said wit h some cert aint y so far as I ndia is
concerned t hat she also cannot but be one of t he fact ors whose fut ure is bound t o get
revolut ionised t hough we cannot and may not point out definit ely t he course and t he
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aspect s of it . One t hing you may rest assured t hat all possible courses and aspect s are
already viewed as carefully as human ingenuit y can and neit her t he cont inuat ion nor t he
t erminat ion of t he war can find t he Hindu Mahasabha unprepared t o t ake full advant age of
every revolut ionary phase t he war passes t hrough, near or far off, so as t o press on t he
Hindu casue. As has happened so many t imes in t he Hindu Hist ory t hat it was precisely in
t he darkest hour t hat t he Avat ar dest ined t o deliver us was born, it is not quit e unlikely, nay,
it is more likely t han not , t hat t he spirit of Renaissance of t he Hindu Race may find an
opport unit y t o assert it self and as if by a miracle similar t o t hose our Puranas sing, Hindudom
emerges t riumphant over all t he forces of evil which are at t acking it t oday.

About possibilit ies and even about probabilit ies wise men should not assert anyt hing
more definit ely in such cases t han pious hopes ! All t hat t hey should do is t o conserve t he
forces of t heir nat ion in t he meanwhile, and wait for t he probable t ime and t ide so t hat t hey
may not be found want ing, if t he probabilit y doe arise all of a sudden.

Hindu Sabhait s and Hindu Sanghat anist s ! Only see t o it t hat on t he eve of such a
probable, miraculous development in near fut ure, do not play coward t o your conscience
under t he weight of t he present or get st ampeded by t he pseudo-nat ionalist ic forces int o any
unbecoming pact s and do not sell you birt h-right s for t he mess of pot t ages, and play coward
t o your own conscience ! Hold fast t o t he programme chalked out above for t he present ,
plain t hough it may seem and get not yourselves t rapped int o any unt imely ourburst , which,
inst ead of bringing you near success may only serve t o find you ent irely disabled, t o cat ch
t he t ide of fort une which in all probabilit y is likely t o reach your shores under t he pressure of
t he war !

I n any case, hold fast t o t he crux of t he Hindu Sanghat anist ideology which shall
serve you in any event , t he Fut ure may infold, namely : -

‘Hinduise all polit ics and Milit arise Hindudom ! ’
Hindu Dharm ki Jaya ! Hindu Rasht ra ki Jaya !
Vande Mat aram
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APPENDIX
Statement on Resignation

The following st at emen was issued by Veer Savarkarj i on 31-7-1943 from his
President ial Office, Savarkar Sadan Bombay :
t
,

I n as much as even t he sixt h year of my President ship of t he Hindu Mahasabha is
rapidly drawing t o it s close, I feel t hat t he t ime has come for announcing my decision t o
resign t he President ship and request t he Mahasabhait elect orat e, wit hout in any way
impudent ly t respassing on it s right of libert y of choice, t o relieve me of t his high office, by
not including my name even in t he first panel of t he elect ion of t he President for t he next
year.

The heavy work involved in discharging my dut ies as t he President cont inuously for
six years has visibly affect ed my healt h and secondly I have also felt t ime and again, as will
be shown in my st at ement s issued on t he occasions of my former resignat ions, t hat I should
myself come forward t o help t he elect orat e t o select some one of our able colleagues t o act
as a President of t he Hindu Mahasabha for t he next year.

I n t his connect ion it should be not ed t hat t his is not t he first t ime I am t endering my
resignat ion alt hough it must definit ely be t he last one now. When I fell seriously ill in August
1940 and when in spit e of it I was elect ed t o preside over t he Madura Session I t endered my
resignat ion for t he first t ime. But owing t o t he most cordial pressure of Hindu Sanghat anist s
public all over I ndia and t he Recept ion Commit t ee in part icular which wrot e t o me t hat t he
session it self would not be held wit h any amount of success if I did not wit hdraw my
resignat ion, I accept ed t he President ship for t he fourt h t ime and could only be t aken on a
st ret cher t o at t end t he session. Next year in 1941, I again resigned for t he second t ime but
was elect ed almost unanimously for t he fift h t ime. Just t hen t he Bhagalpur quest ion came t o
a head and t o defend Hindu honour I t hought my dut y required me t o st ick t o my guns.
Consequent ly, I accept ed even t he dict at orship of t he civil-resist ance campaign and faced
imprisonment at t he head of t housands and t housands of our Hindu Sanghat anist co-
workers who fought out t he st ruggle t o an undeniable success. That t ask over, I t endered my
resignat ion for t he t hird t ime in July 1942. But t he Working Commit t ee refused t o accept it
and would not proceed t o work t ill I wit hdrew it .

Just t hen t he Congress movement of ‘Qut i I ndia But Keep Your Army Here’ was
launched and lat er on it came t o my not ice t hat some of t he leading Congressit es who were
out side t he j ail had act ually conspired t o capt ure t he Hindu Mahasabha it self because it
refused t o serve t he Congress as a handmaid. They want ed t o use it t o t ake t he Congress-
nut s out of fire and make t he Mahasabha accept t he Pakist an at least in principle. What I
t hen foresaw has been proved t o demonst rat ion by lat er event s. I n order t o ward off t his
danger in t ime and t o expose and frust rat e t his conspiracy I resolved not only not t o resign
but cont est t he elect ion. This was t he only t ime when I act ually cont est ed it . Backed up by
t he wisdom and t he overwhelming confidence of t he Hindu Mahasabhait s elect orat e I was
again almost unanimously elect ed for t he sixt h t ime in cont inuous succession t o t he
President ship. The session at Cawnpore passed an uncompromising and emphat ic resolut ion
not only against t he Pakist an scheme but even against t he vicious principle of Provincial self-
det erminat ion t o secede from t he cent ral I ndian St at e. The Hindu Milit arizat ion movement
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received a fillip and all at t empt s t o Congressify t he Hindu Mahasabha were brought t o naught
t o t he great chagrin of t he Congress st alwart s as Mr. Raj agopalachariar who publicly
bewailed-‘Even t hose few leaders of t he Hindu Mahasabha who more or less sympat hized
wit h my formula regarding Hindu-Moslem Unit y fell a prey t o crowd psycholot y at Cawnpore.

This short recapit ulat ion of event s will show t hat I have t ime and again t ried t o lay
down t he reigns of t he President ship for t he very reasons indicat ed above in para t wo for
which I have now definit ely made up my mind t o resign. This clarificat ion is meant t o
forest all any misinformed or mischievous at t empt t o at t ribut e my resignat ion t o any ot her
reason t han t hose indicat ed above. I t is precisely because I feel t hat t he Hindu Mahasabha is
by far t he st ronger and more consolidat ed organisat ion t oday t han ever before t hat I have
chosen t his part icular t ime t o resign. Even an adversely inclined crit ic like Prof. Coupland, a
member of t he ‘Cripps Mission’ has remarked in his recent booklet - The Hindu Mahasabha is
a milit ant organisat ion of Hindus which has been growing fast in membership
and influence.’

I rej oice, while t endering t his resignat ion , t o see t hat I have been able t o do so
while I am in possession of t he fullest confidence and affect ionat e regard of t he Hindu
Sanghat anist world as a whole t hroughout I ndia. Millions of my count ryman and co-
religionist s who part icipat ed in t he celebrat ions of my Diamond Jubilee only last mont h have,
- t hrough t he resolut ions passed at t housand and one meet ings in almost all capit al cit ies,
t owns and villages, t hrough t he addresses given t o me by local bodies, associat ions and
lit erary and religious inst it ut ions, t hrough messages I received from hundreds of most
prominent Hindu leaders including t hose who did not formally belong t o t he Hindu
Mahasabha organizat ion, t hrough t he special numbers of leading periodicals and edit orials in
papers in t he count ry,-given most t ouching expressions t o t heir grat eful appreciat ions of t he
humble services I rendered t o t he Hindu Cause and have assured me of t heir fullest
confidence and t rust in me and t he Hindu I deollogy I advocat e.

I n all humilit y I t hank t he Hindu Sanghat anist public and all my comrades and
colleagues in part icular for t his t heir overwhelming kindness, confidence and even
forbearance t hey showed for what ever short coming t hey might have not iced in me.

I t is needless t o add t hat in spit e of t his resignat ion of it s President ship I shall ever
cont inue as a soldier in it s rank and file amd serve t he Hindu in
furt herance of t he Hindu Cause.

* * * * * * *
Long Live The Hindu Mahasabha! ‘Long Live Hindudom !!’
The following st at ement was issued by Veer Savarkarj i on 17-12-1943 from
his President ial Office, Bombay:
I grat efully acknowledge t he kindness, confidence and appreciat ion of t he work done,
expressed by t he Hindu Mahasabha elect orat e in ent rust ing me wit h t he President ship of t he
Mahasabha for t he sevent h t ime in an unbroken succession, in spit e of my resignat ion
pending before t he Working Commit t ee. But as I have been fearing long since, my healt h has
st eadily declined and I have been confined t o bed for t he last fort -night by an acut e at t ack
of bronchit is. My medical advisers are definit ely against my undert aking any long j ourney
especially t o a part where severe cold prevails. I must , t herefore, request t he Hindu
Sanghat anist public t o excuse my inabilit y t o at t end t he next Silver Jubilee Session of t he
Hindu Mahasabha at Amrit sar.
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t

I have already referred t his mat t er t o t he Recept ion Commit t ee and t o Dharmaveer
Dr. Moonj e, t he General Secret ary of t he Hindu Mahasabha, int imat ing t he lat t er t o call t he
Working Commit t ee as it is laid down in our const it ut ion, t o consider t his quest ion and select
some one of our foremost leaders t o officiat e in my st ead as t he President . My personal view
in t his mat t er is t hat Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerj ee should be unanimously elect ed t o officiat e
in my st ead as t he President , especially in view of t he fact t hat it will be very long for me t o
recoup my healt h and energy t o work wit h full efficiency.

Nevert heless t he decision of t he Working Commit t ee must be held final.

I exhort every Hindu Sanghat anist who can, t o at t end t he Session at Amrit sar. The
Recept ion Commit t ee at Amrit sar has left no st one unt urned t o render t his Silver Jubilee of
t he Mahasabha as grand a success as possible. From my sick-bed I cannot express at lengt h
t he special significance why Hindudom should rally round t he Pan-Hindu Flag on t he occasion
of t his Silver Jubilee Session so as t o demonst rat e t he might y ment al revolut ion t hat has
already come t o sway t he Racial Soul of t he Hindu Nat ion.

All I can say in t his short st at ement is t his t hat if but Hindudom does not bet ray it self
and does rise equal t o t he occasion as it has done a hundred t imes in cent uries gone by-t hen
t he day of t he birt h of t he Hindu Mahasabha is bound t o be marked red in t he Hindu hist ory
before long as t he day of t he birt h of an Avat ar : ‘t he Saviour of t he Hindu Nat ion’-as t he day
of t he birt h of a New Yug : t he Hindu Yug.

* * * * * * *

Telegraphic message dated 1-8-1944 sent by Veer Savarkar
The following Telegraphic message dat ed 1-8-1944 was sen by Veer Savarkarj i t o
Dharmaveer Bhopat kar, t he Chairman of t he Recept ion Commit t ee, t o welcome Dr. Syama
Prasadj i on t he accasion of his visit t o Poona :

‘I j oin you in welcoming Dr. Mookerj i. Hindudom is indebt ed t o him so much for his
monument al services and his recent condemnat ion of Provincial self-det erminat ion t o secede
from t he Cent ral Government and his det erminat ion t o oppose I ndian vivisect ion t hat I for
one wish t hat t he crown of t horns of t he President ship of t he Hindu Mahasabha, t he highest
honour t hat Hindudom can offer be best owed on him next year.’

* * * * * * *

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