You are on page 1of 35

ROMAN

BOSTON

MEDALLIONS

MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:51 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

57- Vei 2.3

PREFACE

THIS catalogue includes all the Roman me-

dallions and contorniates in the Museum of

Fine Arts. In addition, a few coins of exceptional

rarity and prime artistic merit are described. The

balance of the Roman Republican and imperial

coins will be published in another volume or in

special articles. The Roman collection, more than

the Greek, is practically entirely that of Miss The-

odora Wilbour. In 1934 she made her first gift of

medallions and coins, and each year thereafter her

collection in the Museum was enriched by pieces

of great artistic merit. The purchases made during

the decade 1950 to 1961 have been entirely from

the funds Miss Wilbour bequeathed in memory

of her sister Zoe Wilbour.

Before Miss Wilbour began her series of gifts,

the principal Roman coins were those of the

Catharine Page Perkins Collection, acquired in

1895, 1897 and 1901 through the intermediary of

Edward Perry Warren. These coins are described

on pp. 100 f. of Matthew Prichard's Guide to the

Catharine Page Perkins Collection of Greek and

Roman Coins (Boston and New York, 1902).

With a few exceptions, the other source of ac-

quisition in recent years is a series of anonymous

gifts in memory of Professor George H. Chase,

Acting Curator until his death in 1952, and in

memory of Mr. Leonard Forrer Sr., the much-

esteemed classical numismatist of Spink and Son

in London. Included in this group are medallions

secured by exchange with the British Museum.

The list of Museum accession numbers and sources

gives details of acquisition for each medallion and

coin. As with the Greek coins in Mrs. A. B. Brett's

catalogue of 1955, these accession numbers give

the date of entry into the permanent collections.

The proveniences where known are listed after

each piece. Most medallions and coins were ac-

quired by Miss Wilbour at European sales in the

1930's or from her bequest at similar sales during

the past decade. Mr. Forrer was her numismatic

advisor. In Miss Wilbour's lifetime the Prince

Waldek Sale (Miinzhandlung Basel, 1935) was a

particularly rich source for medallions, gold aurei,

silver denarii and rare aes or bronzes. For the

Wilbour Bequest, the Mazzini collection once in

Italy has provided important imperial medallions

in all metals. One group of medallions and coins

comprises the Museum's share in the great hoard

of Tetrarch gold found in the Mediterranean in

recent years and published preliminarily by R. A.

G. Carson, "The Greatest Discovery of Roman

Gold Pieces Since the Great Find at Arras, In-

cluding Unique Medallions of the Emperor Max-

entius," The Illustrated London News, 14 Novem-

ber 1959.

Since the aim of this catalogue is to emphasize

the artistic significance of these medallions and

coins, some concessions to historical accuracy

have been made in arranging the pieces. For

many years the British Museum catalogues have

reminded us that medallions or coins struck by

one emperor for his colleagues or heir apparent

(Caesar) or female relatives should be listed under

his output, because of reverse die links and similar

chronological considerations. Thus, the first coins

of Domitian as Caesar would fall under his father,

Vespasian (emperor 69 to 79), and the second

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:52 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

The format is designed to match A. B. Brett's

Catalogue of Greek Coins (Boston, 1955). It is

hoped a supplemental volume on Greek coins can

be prepared in the near future, to include those

acquisitions made since Mrs. Brett's work went

to press. This catalogue of Roman medallions re-

flects the work of those who have looked after the

collections in years past, the late Mr. L. D. Cas-

key, the late Professor G. H. Chase and Miss

Hazel Palmer. The plates were made from direct

photographs by Mr. Edward J. Moore. Miss

Mary B. Comstock collaborated in preparing the

catalogue and plates.

CORNELIUS C. VERMEULE III

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:52 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

THE PURPOSE OF ROMAN MEDALLIONS

MUCH has been written in years past about

the exact nature of Roman medallions.* It

is agreed that they were commemorative and ar-

tistic in purpose, and that sometimes they con-

stituted larger units of the ordinary coinage. Close

to medallions stood special strikings of the regular

coins, either trial or souvenir issues. Farther re-

moved from medallions were especially large

coins of artistic nature, such as the silver cis-

tophoric tetradrachms (3 Denarii pieces) struck

from Augustus through Hadrian in the Greek im-

perial East. Most remote from medallions among

the items illustrated here are the coins of certain

rulers which are so rare as to merit attention wher-

ever included. Such is the case with the sestertius

of Plautilla (no. 48), the Antoninianus of Pacati-

anus (no. 64) or the aureus of Uranius Antoninus

(no. 68).

The true series of medallions can be divided

into two parts. There are the bronzes from Trajan

through the fourth century which look like mul-

tiples of the coins but which were purely decora-

tive in that they conformed to no standards of

numismatic weight. By contrast there are the

gold and silver medallions from the middle of the

third century on which are multiples of the aureus

or solidus, denarius or siliqua but which were

certainly intended more for commemorative pres-

entation than for everyday circulation.

Ten contorniates comprise the last plate of this

volume. They are tokens in the accepted numis-

*The literature is collected in M. Grant's "The Border-

line between Roman Coins and Medallions," Congris Inter-

national de Numismatique, Paris 6-11 July 1953, Actes (Paris,

1957), pp. 167-174. Part 1 (Chapters I to m) of J. M. C.

Toynbee's Roman Medallions gives the basic, detailed explana-

tion of what constitutes a Roman medallion.

matic sense of the word. They had no relation to

the coinage either in weight, style or subject mat-

ter. Their age is the century from 350 to 450.

Many, if not all contorniates, seem to be related

to entertainment, whether the chariot races or the

low theatre, and they are often said to have been

distributed at events in these categories. Their

subjects are often mildly pagan, and they have

been taken as instruments of propaganda on the

part of Roman noble families opposed to the uni-

versal triumph of Christianity. The choice of em-

perors revived in contorniates is interesting. Those

rulers remembered as patrons of the games seem

to have been favored. Types were often mixed

up, and thus in no. 100 an obverse copied from a

sestertius of Trajan is paired with a reverse from

a similar coin of Nero. Inclusion of Alexander the

Great and the late Republican historian Sallust

forms an interesting footnote to the archaeology

of these contorniates.

As Boston's collection demonstrates, the great

age of artistic medallions in bronze was from Ha-

drian to Commodus, and the last of the Antonine

emperors was the greatest producer of these

pieces. However ill-starred and debased he may

have been as a ruler, Commodus was the fore-

most patron of medallions. His designs were

beautifully conceived in high relief, and his choice

of types formed a perfect record of the imperial

thoughts and acts. This might be said to be the

perfect purpose of Roman medallions. The earli-

est example (no. 35), struck while Marcus Aure-

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:52 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

cult of Hercules-Commodus makes its debut as a

reverse design. In the three medallions of 192, the

year of his assassination, Commodus has gone be-

yond the sober expectations of his years as junior

partner to Marcus Aurelius. No. 43 presents him

juxtaposed with the goddess Roma, whose fea-

tures may be those of his concubine Marcia, and

nos. 44, 45 reveal an emperor identified in ob-

verse portrait and reverse type with Hercules.

The Romans of the period were not yet ready

for such overt manifestations of imperial divinity.

Somewhat over a century later, however, it was

to seem scarcely unnatural that Maximianus (nos.

84, 85) and his son Maxentius (no. 87) proclaimed

themselves as Herculean emperors.

Before the extremely rare bronze medallions of

Trajan (no. 17), medallions in the sense of "mon-

etiform" commemorative pieces do not exist.

The silver cistophori were called medallions in

nineteenth-century catalogues, but they appear

here only because they are beyond the regular

Julio-Claudian coinage both in size and often ar-

tistic qualities of design. A sestertius such as no. 7,

showing the bust of Augustus set on an orb and

crowned by Victoria, was certainly part of a spe-

cial series, distinguished from other aes chiefly by

the artistic quality of this obverse die. The as

struck by the moneyer T. Crispinus Sulpicianus

for Augustus (no. 8) must be classed as a pattern

rather than a medallion. Save for its enormous

flan with concentric circles, it is no different from

an ordinary coin. After this unique piece had

served its purpose as illustration of the potentials

of a new coinage, it was probably retired to the

cabinet of some mint official or friend of the au-

thorities. The medallic sestertius of Nero (no. 13)

is slightly larger and more finely designed in de-

tails of the dies than most sestertii, but the chief

feature setting this rare piece off from the ordin-

ary coinage is the absence of the letters S C ("By

Decree of the Senate") on the reverse. Again, the

piece may have been struck for trial purposes, or

the issue may have been a very limited one for

use by the imperial household without recourse

to the control mark of the Senate. Medallions

proper in the period from Hadrian on are usually

without S C, but the rule is far from fixed, as il-

lustrated here by the spiendid medallion of Lucius

Verus struck in 165 (no. 31).

To say that medallions passed their prime with

the death of Commodus in 192 is not to say the

series in any way diminishes. Septimius Severus,

Severus Alexander, Gallienus and Probus in the

third century were patrons of a prolific medallic

art. The medallions of the years 200 to 290 fol-

low, on a high artistic level, all the stylistic and

compositional changes in the regular coinage.

About the time of Gordian the Third (no. 56), a

certain mastery of the crowded reverse design is

achieved, whole scenes of imperial adlocutio or

triumphal procession being compressed on to an

area about 40 millimeters in diameter. Artistic-

ally, the strongest feature of these medallions, es-

pecially those from Gallienus to Probus, is devel-

opment of a taste for elaborate half-figure busts of

the emperor in full uniform on the obverse (as

no. 75). The weakest artistic feature of this age is

fondness for the Three Monetae, the personifica-

tions of the three metals, as a reverse type. They

begin here with Severus Alexander (no. 49) and

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:52 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

tween East and West became permanent. Con-

servative tendencies, however, are evident in the

bronze medallion of Constantius n (no. 94), for

this piece was one of the last manifestations of a

traditional reverse design. In obverse and especial-

ly reverse, the style recalls the plasticity of third-

century medallions.

After Constantius n the pagan Roman divini-

ties hardly appear on the reverses. Concentration

on the victorious emperor or on general concepts

as reverse designs is the major subjective differ-

ence between the output of the fourth century

and the older medallions. Thus, Victoria on a

bronze of Magnentius (no. 95) is more the spirit

of imperial success than the old Roman divinity,

and on the gold one and one-half solidus piece of

Valentinianus 1 (no. 96) Victoria and an Amorino

are merely decorative vehicles to support the

shield bearing the vows for a decade of successful

imperial rule. The legend about the lordly em-

peror's victory has become a formula rather than

a reference to the goddess or to a specific event.

In short, medallions embrace the chronological

range of Roman imperial art. They are the art of

the Roman medallist at its highest level. They

stand closer than any other surviving works of

art to the year-by-year thoughts of the emperor

and his ministers. Subjects range from purely ar-

tistic or mythological designs to records of the

most official imperial ceremonies. There is some-

thing very appealing in the thought that the big-

gest and the most beautiful Roman medallions

were probably presented to recipients by the em-

peror in person or by major lieutenants at the im-

perial command. The art of the Roman medallion

was to exert great influence in the Italian Ren-

aissance, and this influence has been a prominent

feature in numismatic art down to modern times.

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:53 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

AC Naville-Ars Classica (Dr. Jacob Hirsch). Auction Catalogues.

Alfoldi A. Alfoldi, Die Kontorniaten, Leipzig 1943.

BMCCRE British Museum Catalogue of Coins of the Roman Empire, London 1923-1950.

BMCR British Museum Catalogue of Coins of the Roman Republic, London 1910.

BMCM Roman Medallions in the British Museum, London 1874.

Cohen H. Cohen, Description historique des monnaies frappees sous l'Empire Romain, Paris 1880-1892.

Gnecchi Fr. Gnecchi, I medaglioni romani, Milan 1912.

Hess-Leu A. Hess A.G., Lucerne. Bank Leu and Co. A.G., Zurich. Auction Catalogues.

M. und M. Munzen und Medaillen A.G., Basel. Auction Catalogues.

Maurice J. Maurice, La numismatique constantinienne, Paris 1908-1912.

RIC H. Mattingly, E. A. Sydenham, et al., The Roman Imperial Coinage, London 1927-1952.

Sydenham E. A. Sydenham, The Coinage of the Roman Republic, London 1952.

Toynbee J. M. C. Toynbee, Roman Medallions, New York 1944.

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:53 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

LIST OF ACCESSION NUMBERS AND SOURCES

I. 58.960

2.

3.

4'

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

I*

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

*3.

*4.

*S.

26.

*7.

28.

29.

30.

31.

3>.

33.

34.

35.

58.961

58.517

59.180

59.179

59.5

58.962

61.602

54.568

60.522

61.1194

58.3

59.6

58.4

60.523

60.524

35.1466

60.525

60.517

60.5

58.1006

58.702

59.513

58.1181

58.518

56.140

60.226

58.963

61.1068

58.964

35.1465

60.6

59.182

59.185

58.967

Theodora Wilbour Fund

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:53 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

PLATE I

ANTONIUS (Marcus Antonius, died 31 B.C.)

1. AR Cistophorus. 39 B.C.

Obv.: Conjoined heads of Anthony and Octavia.

M.ANTONTVS.IMP.COS.DESIG. ITER ET TERT.

Rev.: Dionysos standing on cista mystica, between

serpents.

m.viR [r.p.c]

27 mm. 11.78 gm. f

BMCR n, p. 503, no. 137; Sydenham, no. 1198.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 190.

OCTAVIUS (C. Octavius Caepias, 31-27 B.C.)

2. AR Cistophorus. 28 B.C.

Obv.: Head right, laureate.

IMP.CAESAR.DIVI.F.COS.VI.LIBERTA'nS.P.R.VINDEX

Rev.: Pax standing on torch, holding caduceus; at right,

cista with serpent; all in laurel wreath.

PAX

27 mm. 12.05 gm. f

BMCR n, p. 537, no. 248; BMCCRE 1, p. 112, no. 691.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 312.

AUGUSTUS (27 B.C.-A.D. 14)

3. AR Cistophorus. 27 B.C. Pergamon or Chios.

Obv.: Head right.

IMP. CAESAR

Rev.: Six ears of wheat tied together.

AVGV STVS

27 mm. n.93 gm. T

BMCCRE 1, p. 113, no. 699.

ex Hess-Leu 1958, no. 281.

4. AR Cistophorus. 19-18 B.C. Ephesus or Pergamon.

Obv.: Head right.

IMP.IX.TR.PO.V

Rev.: Triumphal arch surmounted by facing quadriga.

On entablature, imp.dc.tr.pot.v.

In archway, s.p.r. signis receptis

28 mm. 11.81 gm. \

BMCCRE 1, p. 114, no. 703.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 354.

5. AR Cistophorus. 19-18 B.C. Ephesus or Pergamon.

Obv.: Head right.

IMP.IX.TR.PO.V

Rev.: Circular, domed tempie on podium of five steps;

in center, a standard; left and right, in field, mart.

vlto

27 mm. n.73 gm. /"

BMCCRE 1, p. 114, no. 704.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 304.

. AE Sestertius. 20 B.C.

6 Obv.: Laureate head right.

CAESAR PONT.MAX

Rev.: Altar of Roma and Augustus at Lugdunum,

flanked left and right by Victoriae on columns.

ROM.ET.AVG

40 mm. 24.70 gm. / Pierced.

Cf. BMCCRE 1, p. 92, no. 548; AC xi (1925) no. 223.

7. AE Sestertius. 5 B.C.

Obv.: Laureate head left, a large globe beneath the bust;

behind, Victoria holds cornucopia in left hand and

touches fillet of wreath with right.

CAESAR.AVGVST.PONT.MAX.TRIBVN IC.POT.

Rev.: M.MAECILrVS.TVLLVS.ra.VTR.A.A.A.F.F.

In center, s.c

34 mm. 23.35 gm. \

BMCR n, p. 105, no. 4682.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 417; V.J.E. Ryan Sale, Part v

(Glendining 1952) no. 2254.

8. AE As, struck on large flan with four concentric circles.

Obv.: avgvstvs triBvnic potest in oak wreath.

Rev.: T.CRISPINVS.SVLPICIANVS.m.VIR.A.A.A.F.F.

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:53 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:53 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Plate i

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:53 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

PLATE II *

37 mm. 25.97 gm. 1

13. AE Medallic Sestertius. a.d. 60.

Obv.: Laureate bust to right, wearing aegis.

NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P

Rev.: Ceres seated left, with torch and ears of wheat;

before her, Abundance standing with cornucopia;

between, altar with garland and prow of ship.

ANNONA AVGVSTI CERES

40 mm. 30.18 gm. j

Gnecchi in, p. 4, no. 8. Cf. AC xn (1926) no. 2765.

D O MITIA N (Titus Flavius Domitianus, 81-96)

14. AR Cistophorus. a.d. 82. Ephesus (?).

Obv.: Laureate head to right.

IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG P M COS VHI (r. tO 1.)

Rev.: Tempie of Jupiter Capitolinus on podium of three

steps; inside, Jupiter seated, between Juno and

Minerva.

CA PIT RESTIT

26 mm. 10.29 gm. 1

Cf. BMCCRE n, p. 351, no. 251.

ex M. und M. xvn (1957) no. 425.

15. AR Cistophorus. Pergamon.

Obv.: Laureate head to right.

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS

Rev.: Bundle of six corn ears.

AVG GERM P below.

27 mm. 9.98 gm. j

Cf. BMCCRE n, p. 351, no. 254.

ex Hess-Leu 1960, no. 314.

NERVA (Marcus Cocceius Nerva, 96-98)

16. AR Cistophorus. a.d. 97.

Obv.: Laureate head to right.

IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR POT P P

Rev.: Bundle of six corn ears.

cos m

26 mm. 10.28 gm. 1/

BMCCRE m, p. 13, no. 81.

ex Hess-Leu 1960, no. 321.

TRAJAN (Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus, 98-117)

17. AE Medallion. a.d. 114.

Obv.: Laureate, draped bust to left.

IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P

COS V P P

Rev.: Trajan on horseback to right, followed by Mars

with helmet, spear and shield; preceded by Fortuna

pointing forward. Two soldiers in the background.

ADVENTVS AVG SPQR OPT PRINCIPI

Gnecchi n, p. 3, no. 1. Cf. AC xi (1925) no. 498.

ex Prince Waldek Collection (Munzhandlung Basel Sale

No. 3, 1935) no. 308.

Two other examples are known, in Paris and Vienna.

18. AR Cistophorus. Ephesus (f).

Obv.: Laureate head to right.

IMP CAES NERVA TRAI AN AVG GERM P M

Rev.: Woman (Tyche) with cornucopia crowning em-

peror (in field dress) in a distyle tempie. roma et

AVG on entablature.

tr pot cos n com asi (in exergue).

29 mm. 10.26 gm. \

BMCCRE m, p. 146, no. 711.

ex Hess-Leu 1960, no. 324.

HADRIAN (Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus, 117-138)

19. AE Medallion, set in a copper frame.

Obv.: Head to right.

HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS

Rev.: Sol (Helios) in flowing robes, galloping a biga to

the right.

68 mm. 93.40 gm. t

Found in Egypt.

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:53 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

PLATE III

22. AE Medallion.

Obv.: Laureate head to right.

IMP CAESAR HADRI ANVS AVG COS fflPP

Rev.: Hadrian and a companion in military dress on

horseback, galloping to the right, both holding

lances; at the right, a soldier on foot, carrying a

shield.

40 mm. 38.07 gm. \ Pierced.

Gnecchi n, p. 8, no. 47.

The specimen from the Recamier and V. J. E. Ryan Col-

lections (no. 2590) appears to be a modern cast after this

medallion. The British Museum specimen is badly tooled.

23. AE Medallic Sestertius.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS

Rev.: Emperor standing in toga, holding a scepter in the

left hand and rudder on a globe in the right.

cos m

32 mm. 22.03 gm. T

A. Magnaguti, Hadrianus in Numrnis, London 1934, p.

120, no. 2.

ex Mazzini (no. 1750) and Giorgio Giorgi Collections

(M. Ratto Sale, Milan 1955, no. 586).

24. AE Medallic Sestertius.

Obv.: Draped bust to right.

HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P

Rev.: Pax standing to left, holding branch in extended

right hand and cornucopia in left.

PAX AVG s c

34 mm. 23.99 gm. |

Toynbee, p. 32, pi. 1, no. 4 (this piece).

ex M. und M. xvn (1957) no. 451; Trau Collection (Hess,

Lucerne, 1935) no. 1267.

Another specimen from the same dies was Ryan Collec-

tion no. 2548 and AC n (Vautier, 1922) no. 732.

25. AR Cistophorus. Smyrna.

Obv.: Head to right.

HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P

Rev.: Two draped women (Nemeses) facing; the left

holds an elaborate double fillet (?) and the right a

scepter; both hold up part of their costumes with

their right hands.

cos ra

28 mm. 10.28 gm. ! Overstruck.

Cf. BMCCRE ra, p. 389, no. 1074, pi. 73, 9.

ex Hess-Leu 1958, no. 325; Magnaguti Collection (Santa-

maria Sale ra, 1950) no. 663.

26. AR Cistophorus.

Obv.: Laureate head to right.

HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P

Rev.: Roma seated to left on a cuirass; she holds a Vic-

toriola on the right hand and a spear in the left.

cos m

31 mm. 10.57 gm. i

Cf. BMCCRE ra, p. 390, no. 1076, pi. 73, 11.

27. AR Tetradrachm. Bithynia.

Obv.: Head to right.

IMP CAES TRA HADRIANO AVG P P

Rev.: Octastyle temple, with rom s p avg on entablature.

com BIT

27 mm. 10.66 gm. \

Cf. BMCCRE m, pp. 396 f, no. 1099; Pinder, Ober die

Cistophoren, 1855, no. 101.

ANTONINUS PIUS

(Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus, 138161)

28. AE Medallion. 140-143.

Obv.: Laureate head to left.

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS HI

Rev.: Jupiter, half-draped and holding thunderbolt and

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:54 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Plate 3

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:54 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Plate 4

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:54 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

*<? PLATE IV

37 mm. 52.17 gm. t

33. AE Medallion. 165.

Obv.: Bust to left, with scaled cuirass seen from the back.

L AVREL VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS IMP IITRPV COS II

Rev.: Lucius standing in military dress, holding staff and

patera over altar; at left, column with statue of

Minerva; at right, Victoria crowning the emperor

and holding a palm.

37 mm. 39.30 gm. t

Gnecchi n, p. 49, nos. 38 (rev.), 39 (obv.).

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 2977.

L UC ILL A (Annia Lucilla, wife of Lucius Verus, died 183)

34. AE Medallion.

Obv.: Draped bust to right.

LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F

Rev.: Venus standing facing, scepter in left hand, right

arm around shoulders of Cupid; at right, a lighted

altar.

VENVS

41 mm. 42.91 gm. T

Gnecchi n, p. 50, no. 5.

COMMODUS (Lucius Marcus Aelius Aurelius Com-

modus Antoninus, Caesar 175-180, Emperor 180-192)

35. AE Medallion. 177.

Obv.: Youthful bust to right, laureate, draped and

cuirassed.

IMP CAES L AVREL COM MODVS GERM SARM

Rev.: Marcus Aurelius and Commodus, each holding

branch of olive, driving quadriga to left, led by

Virtus; above, Victoria flying to left, carrying a

trophy.

tr pot cos in exergue.

39 mm. 51.87 gm. t

Gnecchi n, p. 67, no. 140.

36. AE Medallion. 183.

Obv.: Bust to right, laureate, with scaled cuirass seen

from the back.

M AVREIIVS COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG

Rev.: Jupiter standing facing, scepter in right hand and

fuhnen in left; at left, Minerva with spear and

shield; at right, Juno with patera and scepter-staff.

p m tr p vm IMP VI

cos nn p p in exergue.

40 mm. 61.02 gm. \

Gnecchi n, p. 58, no. 63.

ex Sir Arthur Evans Collection.

37. AE Medallion. 183.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to left.

M AVREL COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG

Rev.: Pomona seated to right, holding corn ears and

poppy in left hand, right raised to grapevine,

below which are two children in a tub and a third

with a basket at the feet of the goddess.

p m tr p vm imp vi cos nn p p

temporvm felicitas in exergue.

Cf. Gnecchi n, p. 68, no. 150 (obv.), p. 66, no. 133 (rev.).

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 3180. Another specimen was

AC xvm (1938) no. 292 = Hirsch Sale xvra (1907) no.

1031.

38. AE Medallion. 185.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

M COMMODVS ANTO NINVS AVG PIVS BRIT

Rev.: Herakles crowning himself with right hand and

holding club and lion skin in left. At left, apple tree

on which hangs a quiver; at right, lighted and

garlanded altar.

p m tr p x imp vn cos nil p p

40 mm. 50.23 gm. f

Gnecchi n, p. 60, no. 78.

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:54 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

+9 PLATE V

43. AE Medallion, bimetallic. 192.

Obv.: Conjoined busts of Commodus (laureate, draped,

cuirassed) and Roma (helmeted, cuirassed with

aegis) to right.

L AELTVS AVRELIVS COM MODVS AVG PIVS FELIX

Rev.: Pietas enthroned to left, holding scepter in her left

hand and extending right hand to naked child

standing before her.

PMTRP xvn 1mp vm COS VDPP

45 mm. 63.78 gm. I

Gnecchi n, p. 64, no. 117.

Cf. also D. H. Cox, Coins from Curium, no. 234.

44. AE Medallion. 192.

Obv.: Head to left, wearing lion skin.

L AELTVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS AVG PIVS FELLX

Rev.: Hercules-Commodus, carrying lion skin and club,

driving oxen yoked to a plow to the left.

HERC ROM CONDITORI P M TR P XVHI

cos vn p p in exergue.

41 mm. 70.69 gm. '

Gnecchi n, p. 54, no. 24.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 3056, and Vierordt Collection,

no. 1732.

45. AE Medallion, bimetallic. 192.

Obv.: Head to left, wearing lion skin.

L AELTVS AVRELIVS COMMODVS AVG PTVS FELLX

Rev.: Hercules-Commodus standing to right, right hand

on hip; left holds bow and rests on pile of rocks

with lion skin and club.

HERCVLI ROMANO AVG P M TR P XVm COS \TO P P

42 mm. 62.63 gm. T

Cf. Gnecchi n, p. 54, no. 30; p. 55, no. 33 (rev.).

ex Hess-Leu 1958, no. 348.

CLODIUS ALBINUS (Decimus Clodius Septimius

Albinus, Caesar 193-196, Emperor 196-197)

46. AE Medallion, bimetallic.

Obv.: Draped, cuirassed bust to left.

D CLODTVS SEPTLMIVS ALBINVS CAES

Rev.: Minerva standing to left, holding an olive branch

and a shield, a spear resting against the left arm.

MINER PA OF COS II

51 mm. 89.82 gm. 1/

Cf. Gnecchi n, p. 73, no. 3.

ex Earl Fitzwilliam Collection, no. 358A.

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (Lucius Septimius Severus

47. AE Sestertius. 211. Pertinax, 193-211)

Obv.: Head to right.

DTVO SEPTIMIO SEVERO PIO

Rev.: Funeral pyre consisting of a base and four tiers,

adorned with wreaths and statuary in niches, and

with facing quadriga on top.

CONSECRATIO

s c in exergue.

36 mm. 27.85 gm. T

BMCCRE v, p. 428, nos. 49 f.

PLAUTILLA (Fulvia Plautilla, wife of Caracalla, died

48. AE Sestertius. 202-205. 212)

Obv.: Draped bust to right.

PLAVTLLLA AVGVSTA

Rev.: Plautilla standing to right, scepter in her right hand

and child on her left arm.

PIETAS AVGG S C

34.5 mm. 23.85 gm. T

BMCCRE v, p. 323, note; cf. pi. 48, 7.

ex Mazzini (no. 3882) and Ryan Collections (no. 2684),

and the coin quoted by Cohen (no. 17) from the Schwing

Collection (sold in Paris, 1932). Cf. Trau Sale (Hess, 1934)

no. 2325.

SEVERUS ALEXANDER (Marcus Aurelius

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:54 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Plate 5

Gnecchi ra, p. 42, no. 39.

ex Prince Waldek Collection, no. 776 (also Munzhand-

lung Basel Sale no. 8, 1937, no. 931).

53. AE Medallion. 230.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right, facing

diademed, draped bust of Julia Mamaea to left.

IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG IVLIA MAMAEA AVG

mater avg in exergue.

Rev.: Emperor seated to left in curule chair, holding orb

and scroll; Victoria crowns him; Felicitas stands in

front; and a woman (Mamaea?) appears at his right.

FELICI TAS TEMPORVM

28 mm. 10.65 gm. 1

Gnecchi ra, p. 44, nos. 15 (obv.), 16 (rev.).

ex Mazzini (no. 4398) and Prince Waldek Collections (no.

780).

Similar pieces are inscribed vot x (Toynbee, p. 81).

54. AE Medallion. 230.

Obv.: All as no. 53.

Rev.: Alexander standing to right in military dress, sacri-

ficing to Jupiter at a tripod; at the left, Virtus holds

shield and crowns the emperor.

FIDES MILI TVM

26 mm. 9.83 gm. T

Gnecchi in, p. 45, no. 18.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 4399. Cf. Giorgi Collection no.

972 and Consul Weber Collection no. 2045.

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:57 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Plate 6

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:57 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

PLATE VI

55. AE Medallic As. 226.

Obv.: All as nos. 53, 54.

Rev.: Nymphaeum of Severus Alexander, adorned with

statues and trophies within and, including a quad-

riga, above.

PMIRPV cos n P P s c

27 mm. 11.62 gm. t

RIC rv, 2, p. 123, no. 615; Cohen rv, p. 483, no. 14.

ex Prince Waldek Collection, no. 782 (also Miinzhand-

lung Basel Sale no. 8, 1937, no. 936).

GORDIANUS III (Marcus Antoninus Gordianus,

56. AE Medallion, bimetallic. 238-244)

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

IMP CAES M ANT GORD1ANVS AVG

Rev.: Gordian standing to left on platform with prefect

behind him, addressing four praetorians who stand

with standards, spears and shields.

ADLOCVTIO AVGVSTI

38.5 mm. 53.22 gm. t

Cf. Gnecchi n, p. 89, no. 19 (obv.), p. 88, no. 8 (rev.).

ex Mazzini (no. 4551) and Giorgi Collections (no. 1003).

TRANQUILLINA (Furia Sabinia Tranquillina, wife

57. AE As. 241. of Gordianus m)

Obv.: Diademed, draped bust to left.

SABINIA TRANQVILLINA AVG

Rev.: Gordian and Tranquillina standing in formal attire,

facing each other and clasping hands.

CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM

s c in exergue.

26 mm. 9.91 gm. T

RIC rv, 3, p. 53, no. 341 (b); Cohen v, p. 89, no. 7.

Ex Hesperia Art, Bulletin x1, no. 140, and Fauvel Collec-

tion. Found in Asia Minor.

PHILIP I (Marcus Julius Philippus "Arabs", 244-249)

58. AR Medallion (10 Denarii).

Obv.: Laureate, cuirassed bust to right.

IMP CAES M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae (as no. 49).

AEQVITAS AVGVSTI

38 mm. 30.378 gm. t

Cf. Gnecchi 1, p. 48, no. 4; Cohen v, p. 96, no. 14.

Greek and Roman Portraits, Boston 1959, no. 65.

ex Prince Waldek Collection, no. 838.

OTACILIA SEVERA (Marcia Otacilia Severa, wife

59. AE Medallion. of Philip 1)

Obv.: Diademed, draped bust to right.

MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae (as nos. 49, 58).

AEQVITAS PVB LICA

36 mm. 32.67 gm. T

M. und M. Sale xvn (1957) no. 543.

M.F.A., Annual Report for 1957, p. 30.

Workmanship and design suggest this piece was a trial for

a medallion in silver or gold.

PHILIP II (Marcus Julius Severus Philippus, Caesar

60. AE Medallion. 244-247, Emperor 247-249)

Obv.: Draped bust to right.

M IVL PHILIPPVS NOBTL CAES

Rev.: The Caesar standing in military dress, flanked by

Virtus with a shield and standard, and crowned by

Mars, similarly equipped at the right.

PRINCIPI IW EN TVTIS

37 mm. 53.IO gm. t

Gnecchi n, p. 97, no. 6.

TRAIANUS DECIUS (Caius Messius Quintus

61. AE Double Sestertius. Traianus Decius, 249-251)

Obv.: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.

IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECTVS AVG

Rev.: Felicitas standing to left, holding caduceus-staff

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:57 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

PLATE VII

TREBONIANUS GALLUS (Caius Vibius

65. AE Medallion. Trebonianus Gallus, 251-253)

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG

Rev.: Gallus and Volusianus sacrifice at an altar in front

of a hexastyle tempie, in which there is a statue of

Fortuna with rudder and cornucopia. Genius Sena-

tus (?) and Victoria (?) crown the rulers, and three

figures assist the ceremonies.

FORTVNAE R ED VCI

38.5 mm. 51.08 gm. T

Gnecchi n, p. 102, no. 3.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 4934.

VOLUSIANUS (Caius Vibius Volusianus, 252-254)

66. AR Medallion, with traces of gilding.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae.

MONETA AVGG

31 mm. 24.63 gm. T

Gnecchi 1, p. 50, no. 2.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 4975.

67. AE Medallion. 252 or 253.

Obv.: Opposed busts of Gallus and Volusian, both

laureate, draped and cuirassed.

IMP GALLVS AVG IMP VOLVSIANVS AVG

Rev.: The emperors on horseback galloping to right,

cloaks flying behind; they carry lances.

ADVENTVS AVGG

37 mm. 42.37 gm. T

Gnecchi n, p. 103, no. 1; Cohen v, p. 262, no. 1.

ex AC xv (1930) no. 1849 and Horsky Collection (no.

4072).

URANIUS ANTONINUS (Lucius Julius Aurelius

Sulpicius Uranius Antoninus, 253-254)

68. AV Aureus. Emesa.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

L IVL AVR SVLP VRA ANTONINVS

Rev.: Fortuna standing to left, holding rudder and

cornucopia.

FB CVND ITAS AVG

21 mm. 5.53 gm. /"

RIC rv, 3, p. 205, no. 3; Delbrueck, Numismatic Chroni-

cle 1948, p. 18, B 1.

ex M. und M. Sale xn (1953) no. 846.

VALERIANUS (Caius Publius Licinius Valerianus,

69. AR Medallion. 253-260)

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae.

MONETAE AVGG

31 mm. 19.28 gm. T

BMCM, p. 61, no. 2 (this piece).

Cf. Gnecchi 1, p. 51, no. 7; Jameson n, no. 251 (same dies).

GALLIENUS (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus,

70. AR Medallion, gilded. 260-268. 253-268)

Obv.: Laureate head to right.

IMP GALLIENVS P F AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae.

MONETA AVG

34 mm. 22.80 gm. i

Gnecchi 1, p. 52, no. 5.

ex Mazzini Collection, no. 5178.

71. AE Medallion, bimetallic. 258.

Obv.: Bust to right, wearing cloak held by double baldric

passing across the chest and holding caduceus on

left shoulder.

IMP G ALLIENVS PIVS FELIX AVG

Rev.: Emperor standing in military costume, holding

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:57 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Plate 7

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:57 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Plate 8

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:58 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

*? PLATE VIII **

P R O B U S (Marcus Aurelius Probus, 276-282)

75. AE Medallion.

Obv.: Half-figure bust to left, laureate, holding Victori-

ola on orb and, in left hand, an eagle-headed sword

or scepter.

IMP C PRO BVS P F AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae.

MO NETA AV G

38 mm. 22.20 gm. t

Gnecchi n, p. 118, no. 26, pi. 120, no. 6 (same dies); Del-

brueck, Munzbildnisse, pi. 27, no. 23.

Cf. Toynbee, p. 149, no. 25, pi. 47, no. 5; M. und M. Sale

(IQ54) no. 751. Greek and Roman Portraits, no. 69.

ex Vierordt Collection (Schulman Sale, Amsterdam 1923)

no. 2481 and Santamaria Sale 1907 (Martinetti and Ner-

vegna Collections, Sangiorgi Catalogue) no. 2842.

On Probus's medallions in general, see also K. Pink,

Numismatische Zeitschrift 1955, pp. 16 ff.

76. AE Medallion.

Obv.: Laureate bust to left, wearing aegis and seen from

the back; spear to left, behind.

PROBVS IN VICT P AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae.

MO NETA A VG

37 mm. 33.62 gm. T

Gnecchi n, p. 118, no. 30, pi. 120, no. 8.

77. AE Medallion.

Obv.: Laureate, cuirassed bust to left, holding spear and

shield on which Victoria and Virtus accompany

the equestrian emperor.

IMP PROBV S P F AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae.

MONETA A VG

34 mm. 29.07 gm. T

Cohen v1, p. 290, no. 376. Cf. AC vm (1924) no. 1421.

ex AC xv (1930) no. 1880.

78. AE Medallion.

Obv.: All as no. 77.

Rev.: Also as no. 77.

33 mm. 16.15 gm. I

Gnecchi n, p. 118, no. 24, pi. 120, no. 5. Cf. AC xvn

(1934) no. 1798.

79. AE Medallion.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

IMP C M AVR P ROBVS P F AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae.

MONETA A VG

33 mm. 20.68 gm. T

Cf. Gnecchi n, p. 117, no. 15.

DIOCLETIAN (Caius Valerius Diocletianus, 284-305)

80. AV Medallion (2 Aurei). 305. Alexandria.

Obv.: Laureate, robed bust to right, holding olive branch

and rotulus.

D N DIOCLETIANO BAEATISSIMO SEN AVG

Rev.: Jupiter standing with scepter-staff and Victoriola,

eagle at feet.

iovi con servatori ale in exergue. a in field.

26 mm. 10.74 gni. T

Cf. Gnecchi 1, p. 12, no. 4 (Maximianus); Trau Collection,

no. 3636 (Hess Sale, Lucerne 1935).

Greek and Roman Portraits, no. 70.

8oa. AE Medallion. 284-286.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae.

MONETA AVG

38 mm. 28.44 gm. 1

Gnecchi n, pp. 124 f., no. 10, pi. 124, no. 5.

ex E. Gans List no. 3 (Dec. 1950) no. 665.

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:58 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

+e PLATE IX

MAXIMIANUS (Marcus Aurelius Valerius

Maximianus "Herculeus", 286-305-310)

84. AV Medallion (4 Aurei). 306-307. Rome.

Obv.: Head of Maximianus to right, wearing lion skin.

IMP C M AVR MAXIMIANVS P F AVG

Rev.: Hercules standing facing, looking left, lion skin on

left shoulder, quiver at back, bow in extended left

hand, club downward in right.

HERCVLI COMITI AVGG ET CAES N

p r in exergue.

33 mm. 20.76 gm. T

Illustrated London News, 14 Nov. 1959, fig. 3.

M.F.A., Calendar of Events, Feb. 1960, p. 2.

Cf. Gnecchi 1, pi. 5, nos. 5, 7, 8.

85. AV Medallion (4 Aurei). 306-307. Carthage.

Obv.: Head to left, wearing lion skin.

IMP MAXIMIANVS SEN AVG

Rev.: Mars in full uniform marching to right with spear

and shield.

MARTI CONSER V AVGG ET CAES N

p k in exergue.

33 mm. 20.11 gm. T

Illustrated London News, 14 Nov. 1959, fig. 2.

The two Augusti are Maximianus and Maxentius, and the

Caesar is Constantinus Magnus, who became Augustus

on 31 March 307.

MAXENTIUS (Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius,

86. AV Medallion (2 Aurei). Rome. 306-312)

Obv.: Radiate head to right.

IMP MAXENTIVS P F AVG

Rev.: Hercules standing facing, looking to right, lion skin

over left arm, bow in left hand, club downward

in right.

HERCVLI C OMITI AVG N

p r in exergue.

27 mm. 10.70 gm. T

Illustrated London News, 14 Nov. 1959, fig. 7.

M.F. A., Calendar of Events, Feb. 1960, p. 2.

87. AV Medallion (2 Aurei). Rome.

Obv.: Head of Maxentius to left, wearing lion skin.

IMP MAXENTIVS P F AVG

Rev.: Emperor in military costume standing to the right

holding scepter-staff and receiving orb from Dea

Roma, who is seated to the left with scepter-staff

in left hand and shield beside her. On shield, Lupa

Romana beneath a tree.

CONSERVA TO R VRBS SVAE

p * r in exergue.

26 mm. 10.83 gm. t

Illustrated London News, 14 Nov. 1959, fig. 9.

M.F.A., Calendar of Events, Feb. 1960, p. 2.

CONSTANTINE THE GREAT (Flavius Valerius

Constantinus, Magnus, 306-337)

88. AV Medallion (iH Solidi). 1 March 325. Nicomedia.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

D N CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG

Rev.: Emperor (?) on horseback to right, hand raised in

greeting.

EQVIS ROMANVS

s m n in exergue.

24 mm. 6.72 gm. T

Gnecchi 1, p. 16, no. 9, pi. 6, no. 12; Cohen vn, p. 244, no.

139; Maurice in, p. 58, pi. 12.

Cf. A. Bellinger, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 12 (1958) no.

5 and references.

CONSTANTINUS II (Flavius Claudius Julius Victor

Constantinus, Caesar 316-337, Augustus 337-340)

89. AV Medallion (iH Solidi). 333. Treviri.

Obv.: Laureate bust to right, wearing fringed cloak and

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:58 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Plate 9

Rev.: Two Victoriae supporting wreathed votive shield

inscribed vot x mvl xx

VICTORIAE D D N N AVGG

sis. in exergue.

28.5 mm. 8.87 gm. j

Cf. Gnecchi 1, p. 28, no. 16; Bellinger, Dumbarton Oaks

Papers 12 (1958) no. 21 (same dies) and references. The

issue commemorated the Decennalia with Constantius n

(as Augusti).

ex Mazzini Collection.

93. AR Miliarense (2 Siliquae). Thessalonika.

Obv.: Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

FL IVL CON STANS P F AVG

Rev.: Emperor in military costume standing to left and

holding standard in right hand, shield in lowered

left.

TRTVMFATOR GENTIVM BARBARVM TES

23 mm. 4.55 gm. j

Gnecchi 1, p. 63, no. 22, pi. 30, no. 12.

ex M. und M. Sale xvn (1957) no. 609.

CONSTANTIUS II (Flavius Julius Valerius Con-

stantius, Caesar 327-337, Emperor 337-361)

94. AE Medallion. 350-361. Rome.

Obv.: Diademed, draped, cuirassed bust to right.

D N CONST [AN] TIVS P F AVG

Rev.: The Three Monetae.

MONETA [AV]G

r in exergue.

28 mm. 10.23 gm. t

Cf. Gnecchi n, p. 147, nos. 11, 12, pi. 136, nos. 5, 6 (with

small heads); Bizot Collection (Sotheby, Nov. 1902) no.

373.

ex Admiral Lord Anson and Lord Bagot of BUthfield

Collections.

MAGNENTIUS (Flavius Magnus Magnentius, 350-353)

95. AE Medallion.

Obv.: Draped, cuirassed bust to right.

IMP CAE MAGN ENTTVS AVG

Rev.: Victoria running to left, holding a wreath in raised

right hand, a palm in left.

VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM

36.5 mm. 17.36 gm. T

Gnecchi n, p. 154, no. 7, pi. 138, no. 8.

ex M. und M. Sale xrx (1959) no. 271.

VALENTINIANUS I (Flavius Valentinianus, 364-375)

96. AV Medallion (iM Solidi). 368. Thessalonika.

Obv.: Diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust to left, with

spear and shield; on the latter, emperor riding to

the right, over a fallen barbarian.

D N VALENTINI ANVS P F AVG

Rev.: Victoria seated to left, writing on a shield held up

at the left by a winged Amorino.

VICTORIA D N AVGVSTI

vot v mvlt x on shield

tes oB in exergue.

27 mm. 6.735 gm. i

Cf. Gnecchi 1, p. 35, no. 10, pi. 14, no. 11; RIC rx, p. 177,

no. 20.

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:58 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Plate io

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:58 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

PLATE X

CONTORNIATES AND TESSERAE

97. AE Contorniate. Circa 356-395.

Obv.: Draped bust of Alexander the Great to right, lion

skin over the head.

ALEXA NDBR

Rev.: View of the Circus Maxim us with four chariots

racing; the obelisk appears in the center of the

spina, and the metae are visible on either end;

statues and spectators fill the area between.

40 mm. 28.89 gm. i

Cf. Alfoldi, p. 131, no. 19, pi. xxxvm, no. 2; MQnzhand-

lung Basel Sale no. 3 (1935) no. 1068.

98. AE Contorniate.

Obv.: Bust of Sallust to right, draped in a pallium.

SALVSTI VS AVTOR

Rev.: Three entertainers facing, the central one with a

syrinx and the others with flutes.

PETRONI PLACEAS

39 mm. 32.67 gm. T

Alfoldi, p. 136, no. 76, pi. xxxv1, no. 1.

M.F.A., Annual Report for 1957, p. 30.

ex M. und M. Sale xvn (1957) no. 658.

99. AE Contorniate.

Obv.: Laureate head of Nero to right; palm branch in-

cised in the field at the left.

NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P

Rev.: Victoria floating down to left, carrying a shield

on which is inscribed spqs

s c in field, left and right.

38 mm. 28.87 gm. T

Alfoldi, p. 139, no. 100, pi. vn, no. 3.

ex J. Hirsch Sale xxxiu (1913) no. 1530.

100. AE Contorniate. 356-394.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust of Trajan to left.

IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P

COS V P P

Rev.: Ceres seated to left, with ears of wheat in left hand

and right extended over a tall cylindrical altar;

before her, Abundance standing with cornucopia.

ANNON A AVGVSTA CERES

s c in exergue.

36.5 mm. 22.97 gm. I

Cf. Alfoldi, p. 151, no. 201, pi. rx, no. 4 and p. 150, no.

197, pi. x, no. 6.

ex Hotel Drouot Sale, 6 April 1959, no. 198 (Collection

of Madame M. P.).

101. AE Contorniate.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust of Trajan to

right; palm branch incised in the field at the right.

TRAIANVS AVG COS IfflPP

Rev.: Charioteer driving a quadriga to the right; he

holds wreath and palm, and looks to the left.

FL A VIANV S

38 mm. 24.09 gm. T

Cf. Alfoldi, p. 156, no. 248 (obv.) and p. 145, no. 154 (rev.).

102. AE Contorniate.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust of Trajan to

right; at right, flower inlaid in silver.

IMP CAES TRAIANVS AVG P M P P PRO CONS

Rev.: Nude athlete standing between woman and flute

piayer, and holding up a crown in the right hand

and a palm in the left.

FIL INVS

37 mm. 22.50 gm. J,

Alfoldi, p. 159, no. 275, pi. xxxv, no. 4.

ex M. und M. Sale xvn (1957) no. 662.

103. AE Contorniate.

Obv.: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust of Trajan to right.

DIVO TRAIA NO AVGVSTO

Generated on 2013-08-01 08:58 GMT / http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015025914154 Public Domain, Google-digitized / http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use#pd-google

Related Interests