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Indian English literature


Indian English literature
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Graham Greene and Narayan remained close friends till the end. As a category.K. Kiran Desai. Similar to Thomas Hardy's Wessex. this production comes under the broader realm of postcolonial literature. Early Indian writers used English unadulterated by Indian words to convey an experience which was essentially Indian. It is also associated with the works of members of the Indian diaspora. publisher and essayist. Mahomet's travel narrative was published in 1793 in England. It is frequently referred to as Indo-Anglian literature. such as V. a very different writer. . it is only one and a half centuries old. Dhan Gopal Mukerji was the first Indian author to win a literary award in the United States. translator. Some criticise Narayan for the parochial. such as Graham Greene. class and religion. a poet. Others. S. (Indo-Anglian is a specific term in the sole context of writing that should not be confused with the term Anglo-Indian). Rabindranath Tagore wrote in Bengali and English and was responsible for the translations of his own work into English. is best known for his The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian where he relates his life experiences and influences. He was discovered by Graham Greene in the sense that the latter helped him find a publisher in England. Chaudhuri. P.the production from previously colonised countries such as India. Jhumpa Lahiri and Salman Rushdie. but his stories were harsher. a writer of non-fiction. Raja Rao's Kanthapura is Indian in terms of its storytelling qualities. In its early stages it was influenced by the Western art form of the novel. titled Travels of Dean Mahomet. and engaged. who are of Indian descent. however. Nirad C. R. Narayan is a writer who contributed over many decades and who continued to write till his death recently. was similarly gaining recognition for his writing set in rural India. Writers Workshop. Narayan's evocation of small town life and its experiences through the eyes of the endearing child protagonist Swaminathan in Swami and Friends is a good sample of his writing style. founded a press in the 1950s for Indian English writing. Naipaul. Simultaneous with Narayan's pastoral idylls. 2 • • • History IEL has a relatively recent history. with divisions of caste. Mulk Raj Anand. Lal. detached and closed world that he created in the face of the changing conditions in India at the times in which the stories are set. feel that through Malgudi they could vividly understand the Indian experience.Indian English literature Vietnamese Australasia Australian New Zealand Europe Related topics • • • • • History of science fiction Literature by nationality History of theater History of ideas Intellectual history Literature portal Indian English literature (IEL) refers to the body of work by writers in India who write in the English language and whose native or co-native language could be one of the numerous languages of India. The first book written by an Indian in English was by Sake Dean Mahomet. Narayan created the fictitious town of Malgudi where he set his novels. sometimes brutally.

He used a hybrid language – English generously peppered with Indian terms – to convey a theme that could be seen as representing the vast canvas of India. As for the history of the gradual development of Indian drama in English. but its own historical quest. born in India.Indian English literature 3 Later history Among the later writers. and Best of the Bookers 2008) ushered in a new trend of writing. He is usually categorised under the magic realism mode of writing most famously associated with Gabriel García Márquez. Some of these arguments form an integral part of what is called postcolonial theory. follows a story-telling (though in a satirical) mode as in the Mahabharata drawing his ideas by going back and forth in time. one may consult Pinaki Roy's essay “Dramatic Chronicle: A Very Brief Review of the Growth of Indian English Plays”. Rushdie with his famous work Midnight's Children (Booker Prize 1981. Ltd. non-linear narrative and hybrid language to sustain themes seen as microcosms of India and supposedly reflecting Indian conditions. is to be represented by a handful of writers who write in English. but the deciphering of meaning needs cultural familiarity. Rushdie's statement in his book – "the ironic proposition that India's best writing since independence may have been done in the language of the departed imperialists is simply too much for some folks to bear" – created a lot of resentment among many writers. Vikram Seth's outstanding achievement as a versatile and prolific poet remains largely and unfairly neglected. its details and its twists and turns.Vikram Seth is notable both as an accomplished novelist and poet. imitative/creative. Shashi Tharoor. In his book. edited by Abha Shukla Kaushik. his attention is on the story. the most notable is Salman Rushdie. shallow/deep. who live in England or America and whom one might have met at a party?" Chaudhuri feels that after Rushdie. The very categorisation of IWE – as IWE or under post-colonial literature – is seen by some as limiting. IWE started employing magical realism. 272-87). elitist/parochial and so on. whatever that infinitely complex thing is. Vikram Seth. its reinterpretation of itself". Key polar concepts bandied in this context are superficial/authentic. in 2013. critical/uncritical. He further adds "the post-colonial novel. complex and problematic entity. He contrasts this with the works of earlier writers such as Narayan where the use of English is pure. Amitav Ghosh made his views on this . now living in the United Kingdom. Amit Chaudhuri questions – "Can it be true that Indian writing. including writers in English. His work as UN official living outside India has given him a vantage point that helps construct an objective Indianness. Being a self-confessed fan of Jane Austen. and published by the New Delhi-based Atlantic Publishers and Distributors Pvt. author of A Suitable Boy (1994) is a writer who uses a purer English and more realistic themes. He also feels that Indianness is a theme constructed only in IWE and does not articulate itself in the vernacular literatures. bagginess. that endlessly rich. becomes a trope for an ideal hybridity by which the West celebrates not so much Indianness. The views of Salman Rushdie and Amit Chaudhuri expressed through their books The Vintage Book of Indian Writing and The Picador Book of Modern Indian Literature respectively essentialise this battle. in his The Great Indian Novel (1989). Booker of Bookers 1992. included in Salman Rushdie Indian Drama in English: Some Perspectives (ISBN 978-81-269-1772-3) (pp. Debates One of the key issues raised in this context is the superiority/inferiority of IWE (Indian Writing in English) as opposed to the literary production in the various languages of India.

The younger generation of poets writing in English include Smita Agarwal. Their contemporaries in English poetry in India were Jayanta Mahapatra. Arundhathi Subramaniam. calls herself a "home grown" writer.[1] Prakalpana fiction is a fusion of prose. Other early notable poets in English include Derozio. Ramanujan. winner of the Hawthornden Prize at the age of 19 for his first book of poems A Beginning went on to occupy a pre-eminent position among Indian poets writing in English. Sri Aurobindo. A. Sheila Murphy and many others worldwide and their Indian couterparts. Vattacharja Chandan is a central figure who contrived the movement. Dilip Chitre. Naipaul.S. An example of a Prakalpana work is Chandan's bilingual Cosmosphere 1 (2011). Toru Dutt. Romesh Chunder Dutt. rootlessness and his own personal feelings towards India in many of his books. Arun Kolatkar. 1969) from Maharashtra. and pictures. Eunice De Souza. Yuyutsu Sharma and Vikram Seth. The title of this book is grammatically correct and makes a sense about the theme of the book. Naipaul evokes ideas of homeland. who came from India's tiny Bene Israel Jewish community. Kamala Das. P. Don Webb. Kersy Katrak. and Arvind Krishna Mehrotra. Alternative writing India's experimental and avant garde counterculture is symbolized in the Prakalpana Movement. and her brother Harindranath Chattopadhyay. such as Paigham Afaqui with his novel Makaan in 1989. Sarojini Naidu. In modern times. Davidar sets his The House of Blue Mangoes in Southern Tamil Nadu. poetry. It was published on 28th March. Gieve Patel. Jaydeep Sarangi. Shreekumar Varma touches upon the unique matriarchal system and the sammandham system of marriage as he writes about the Namboodiris and the aristocrats of Kerala. created a voice and place for Indian poets writing in English and championed their work. Arundhati Roy. Richard Crasta. Lal. a third generation Indian from Trinidad and Tobago and a Nobel prize laureate. Jhumpa Lahiri.. Dom Moraes. Mani Rao. a Pulitzer prize winner from the U. is a writer uncomfortable under the label of IWE. S. Nissim Ezekiel. The renowned writer V. Some bilingual writers have also made significant contributions. Indian poetry in English was typified by two very different poets. Hemant Mohapatra. 4 Poetry An overlooked category of Indian writing in English is poetry. Makarand Paranjape. In his novel Lament of Mohini (2000). among several others. A generation of exiles also sprang from the Indian diaspora. This book has title in 355 words. among others. Abhay K . essay. Recent writers in India such as Arundhati Roy and David Davidar show a direction towards contextuality and rootedness in their works. Nandini Sahu.Indian English literature very clear by refusing to accept the Eurasian Commonwealth Writers Prize for his book The Glass Palace in 2001 and withdrawing it from the subsequent stage. Her award winning book is set in the immensely physical landscape of Kerala. Jerry Pinto. Jeet Thayil. Vattacharja Chandan. play. 2010. John M. In both the books. geography and politics are integral to the narrative. Sudeep Sen. Meena Kandasamy. During the last four decades this bilingual literary movement has included Richard Kostelanetz. Bennett. Michael Madhusudan Dutt. Rabindranath Tagore wrote in Bengali and English and was responsible for the translations of his own work into English. Sujata Bhatt. a trained architect and the 1997 Booker prize winner for her The God of Small Things. K. Among these are names like Agha Shahid Ali. is a person who belongs to the world and usually not classified under IWE. Ranjit Hoskote. [2][3][4] . Shripad Krishnarao Vaidya (born on 05th May. India has created a record by writing a Poetry book with the longest title.

Modern Indian Poetry in English: Revised Edition. Talking Poems: Conversations With Poets.).. 1992. Jayanta & Sharma. 2003.). New Delhi. 1990.uniqueworldrecords. 2002. • Hoskote. Rashmi.. • Sadana. Madras: Oxford University Press.. 2004. The Golden Treasury of Writers Workshop Poetry.)." in The Cambridge Companion to Modern Indian Culture. May. 4 Jun 2012 – Longest Poetry Book Title Shripad Krishnarao Vaidya (born on 05th May. ("the standard work on the subject and unlikely to be surpassed" — Mehrotra. Ten: The New Indian Poets. • Mehrotra. "Writing in English. Eunice . Contemporary Indian Poetry.Times Of India articles. • King. Oxford University Press. Calcutta: Oxford University › Collections › Guinness 13 Jun 2010 – City-based environmentalist Shripad Vaidya (40).). 1997.).. World Record 2012 . 2003). • Srikanth.. (India) www. Rubana (ed. (ed. rev. R. Rashmi. Kaiser (ed. The Oxford India Anthology of Twelve Modern Indian Poets. • Parthasarathy. Ten Twentieth-Century Indian Poets (New Poetry in India). Delhi. A K Ramanujan. Philadelphia: Temple UP.indiatimes. Dom Moraes.Indian English literature 5 Notes [1] Songs of Kobisena by Steve Leblanc in Version 90. Columbus: Ohio State University Press. India has created a record by writing a .Unique World Records™ . Hindi Heartland: the Political Life of Literature in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Reasons for Belonging: Fourteen Contemporary Indian Poets. • Haq.. PMS Cafe Press. 1969) from Maharashtra.timesofindia. [4] 1. References • Haq.. Viking/Penguin Books India. Yuyutsu (ed. • Souza. publication 'Who's Who In The World' as the first record holder in the field of . 2012. • King. 2001.. Berkeley: University of California Press. USA./world-record-2012-longest-poe. The World Next Door: South Asian American Literature and the Idea of America'. • Souza.Ansari Road. Kolkata: Writers Workshop.. English Heart. New Delhi. Alston. New York: Columbia University Press.. Bruce Alvin. 2008.).. • Sadana. A History of Indian Literature in 1991. India has created a record by writing a Poetry book with the longest title. 1976. 2005. New Delhi: Nirala Publications.. did the . • Mahapatra. Early Indian Poetry in English: An Anthology : 1829-1947. • Mehrotra. Three Indian Poets: Nissim Ezekiel... 2012. Arvind Krishna (ed. 1987. • Souza. Eunice de.Registrar of The Records. 1993. MS. Arvind Krishna (ed. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. uniqueworldrecords.blogspot. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Environmentalist-poet eyes Guinness record . 1969) from Maharashtra. Eunice de. [2] 1. [3] Biggest . Rajini.Longest Poetry Book Title | Unique World . Asian American History and Culture.). Ranjit (ed. Bruce Alvin.html World's Largest Footprint Painting by an Individual . New Delhi: Oxford University Press. 1999. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Distributed in India by Doaba Books Shanti Mohan House 16. "Nine Indian Women Poets"..

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