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Coordinate Geometry

6

1. (a) AB =

(1 4)2 + (2 6)2

(a 2) + [(a + 1) + 1]2 =

16

= 5 units

(a 2)2 + (a + 2)2

a2 4a + 4 + a2 + 4a + 4

2a2 + 8

a2

a

(b) PQ =

(1 + 3)2 + (2 4)2

=

16 + 36

=

52 units

(c) RS =

(3 + 1)2 + (4 2)2

4.

=

4+4

8 units

=

(p + 1)2 + 16

(p + 1)2

p+1

p

=

25 + 25

(e) CD =

(2 2)2 + (0 5)2

1 + 5 ,

3+7

5. (a) Midpoint of AB =

2

2

= (3, 5)

(f) EF =

(0 3)2 + (4 + 4)2

=

9+0

= 3 units

1 + 9 ,

51

(b) Midpoint of CD =

2

2

= (4, 2)

2

1 4 + (5 + 0.3)2

2 4 ,

3+5

(c) Midpoint of EF =

2

2

= (3, 4)

7 2 + ( 4.7)2

=

34.34

= 5.86 units

8 2 ,

10 6

(d) Midpoint of GH =

2

2

= (5, 8)

AB =

10

(2 1)2 + (y 3)2 =

10

1 + (y 3)2

(y 3)2

y3

y

y

= 16 + 9

=9

= 3

= 3 1

= 4, 2

=

0 + 25

= 5 units

AC = AB

(p + 1) + (2 2)2 =

(3 + 1)2 + (5 2)2

=

50 units

(g) GH =

= 16

= 16

= 16

=4

= 2

(d) UW =

(1 4)2 + (0 + 5)2

2.

16

PQ =

3.

=

9 + 16

0 + 8 ,

42

(e) Midpoint of IJ =

2

2

= (4, 1)

= 10

=9

= 3

= 3 + 3

= 0, 6

1

8

3 ,

0.6 + 6

(f) Midpoint of KL =

2

2

25

= , 3.3

6

6.

7.

12. (a)

Midpoint of AB = (3, 4)

=4

=8

=6

(x, y) = ,

2+1

2+1

10

= 3,

3

10

The coordinates of P are 3, .

3

Midpoint of PQ = (1, 3)

2 + r = 1

2

2 + r = 2

r=0

(c)

+4

1

+

0.2

2

10. (p, q) = ,

2

2

9

= 0.4,

4

9

Hence, p = 0.4, q =

4

1

A(, 4)

2

5 11

The coordinates of P are , .

3 3

(d)

1 0)

B( ,

2

2

1

P(x, y)

A(3, 2)

B(6, 10)

A(2, 4)

(x, y) =

,

m+n

m+n

2(2) + 1(6) 2(4) + 1(10)

= ,

1+2

1+2

10

= , 6

3

1

1

1

1 + (3) 1(0) + (2)

2

2

2

(x, y) = ,

1

1

+1

+1

2

2

2

2

= ,

3

3

P(x, y)

2

2

The coordinates of P are , .

3

3

10

The coordinates of P are , 6 .

3

P(x, y)

5 11

= ,

3 3

1

1(6) + 2

1(3) + 2(4)

2

(x, y) = ,

1+2

1+2

B(6, 3)

2 + y

= 2

2

2 + y = 4

y= 6

and

46

t =

2

= 1

11.

(x, y) = ,

2+3

2+3

3 13

= ,

5 5

3 13

The coordinates of P are , .

5 5

2 + y

1 + x ,

= (4, 2)

2

2

B(3, 1)

P(x, y)

1 + 3 ,

4 6 = (s, t)

2

2

and

A(1, 5)

8. PQ = QR,

that is, Q(s, t) is the midpoint of PR.

1 + x = 4

2

1 + x = 8

x=9

(b)

t4 =3

2

t 4= 6

t = 10

and

1 + 3

s =

2

=1

B(4, 5)

P(x, y)

A(1, 0)

2 + r ,

t 4 = (1, 3)

2

2

9.

= (3, 4)

1 + 5 ,

t+2

2

2

t+2

2

t+2

t

13.

QR

1

=

RS

3

3QR = RS

QR : QS = 1 : 2

2

1

1 1 4 5 1

=

2 3 2 6 3

1

= (2 + 24 + 15) (12 10 6)

2

1

= 41 + 4

2

45

= unit2

2

S(2, 5)

Q(x, y)

R(1, 4)

(x, y) = ,

1+2

1+2

13

= 0,

3

13

The coordinates of Q are 0, .

3

1 0 4 2 0

=

2 1 3 5 1

1

= (0 20 + 2) (4 + 6 + 0)

2

1

= 18 2

2

1

= 20

2

1

= (20)

2

= 10 unit2

14.

1

PS = RS

3

PS

1

=

RS

3

PS : PR = 1 : 2

S(0, 8)

1

2

P(x, y)

1

2(0) + 1

2(8) + 1(4)

2

,

(x, y) =

1+2

1+2

1

= , 4

6

1

The coordinates of P are , 4 .

6

15.

A(1, 5)

B(x, y)

(2, 3) = ,

2+1

2+1

1 1 2 3 2 1

=

2 1 1 5 7 1

1

= (1 + 10 + 21 + 2) (2 3 10 7)

2

1

= 34 + 22

2

= 28 unit2

5 + 2y

= 3

3

y=2

and

7

The coordinates of B are , 2 .

2

1 1 4 3 2 1

=

2 2 5 6 3 2

1

= (5 + 24 + 9 + 4) (8 + 15 + 12 + 3)

2

1

= 42 38

2

= 2 unit2

Q(2, 3)

1 + 2x

= 2

3

7

x=

2

1 1 2 3 1

=

2 2 4 6 2

1

= (4 + 12 + 6) (4 + 12 + 6)

2

= 0 unit2

1 4)

R( ,

2

1 0 1 3 0

16. (a) Area of ABC =

2 4 2 5 4

1

= (0 + 5 + 12) (4 + 6 + 0)

2

1

= 17 10

2

7

=

unit2

2

3

1 0 1 2 3 0

=

2 3 4 1 1 3

1

= (0 + 1 + 2 9) (3 8 + 3 0)

2

1

= 6 + 8

2

1

= 2

2

= 1 unit2

21. (a) y = 2x + 1

When x = 0, y = 2(0) + 1

=1

When y = 0, 0 = 2x + 1

1

x=

2

1

x-intercept = ; y-intercept = 1.

2

(b) 2x y + 3 = 0

When x = 0, 0 y + 3 = 0

y=3

When y = 0, 2x 0 + 3 = 0

1 0 1 2 3 0

=

2 1 3 5 7 1

1

= (0 + 5 + 14 + 3) (1 + 6 + 15 + 0)

2

1

= 22 22

2

= 0 unit2

3

x=

2

3

x-intercept = ; y-intercept = 3.

2

x

y

(c) + = 2

2

3

x

y

+

=1

4

6

x-intercept = 4; y-intercept = 6

1 1 2 3 1

18. Area of PQR =

2 3 6 9 3

1

= (6 + 18 + 9) (6 + 18 + 9)

2

= 0 unit2

Since the area is zero, therefore the points P, Q and

R are collinear.

64

22. (a) Gradient =

23

= 2

25

(b) Gradient =

43

= 3

4 2

(c) Gradient =

3 (1)

6

=

4

3

=

2

13

Area of OBC =

2

x

0

3

0

13

1

=

2

2 0 2 5 0

19.

(0 + 15 + 0) (0 + 2x + 0) = 13

15 2x = 13

3 0

(d) Gradient =

4 (5)

= 3

15 2x = 13

or 15 2x = 13

2x = 15 13

2x = 15 + 13

x= 1

x = 14

y-intercept

23. (a) Gradient =

x-intercept

3

=

2

2

(b) Gradient =

3

2

=

3

4

(c) Gradient =

2

3

3

= 4

2

= 6

1 0 1 2 3 0

=

2 1 4 7 10 1

1

= (0 + 7 + 20 + 3) (1 + 8 + 21 + 0)

2

1

= 30 30

2

= 0 unit2

Since the area is zero, therefore P, Q, R and S are

collinear.

(d)

x

y

=2

2

5

x

y

=1

4

10

y5

2 5

=

x (1)

0 (1)

y5

= 7

x+1

y 5 = 7(x + 1)

= 7x 7

7x + y + 2 = 0

10

Gradient =

4

5

=

2

(e)

x

y

1

+=

4

3

2

x

y

1

2 + = 2

4

3

2

x

2y

+ = 1

2

3

3

2

Gradient =

2

3

=

4

x

y

+ = 1

x-intercept y-intercept

y

x

+

=1

3

4

y

x

(b) + = 1

3

1

x

y=1

3

y

x

(c) + = 1

1

2

y

x=1

2

y 2 = 4(x 1)

y = 4x 4 + 2

y = 4x 2

y

x

(d) + = 1

1

2

y

2x = 1

4

y 3 = 4(x + 1)

y = 4x 4 + 3

y = 4x 1

(c) The equation of the straight line is

1

y + 6 = (x 2)

4

1

1

y = x 6

4

2

1

13

y = x

4

2

27. (a) y = 3x + 1

Gradient, m = 3

y-intercept = 1

When y = 0, 0 = 3x + 1

1

x=

3

1

x-intercept =

3

(b) 2y = 4x 3

3

y = 2x

2

Gradient, m = 2

3

y-intercept =

2

3

When y = 0, 2x =

2

3

x=

4

3

x-intercept =

4

(c) 2x + y = 5

y = 2x + 5

Gradient , m = 2

y-intercept = 5

When y = 0, 2x = 5

5

x=

2

5

x-intercept =

2

y1

41

=

32

x2

=3

y 1 = 3(x 2)

= 3x 6

3x y 5 = 0

(b) The equation of line AB is

y (3)

5 (3)

=

1 (2)

x (2)

y+3

= 2

x+2

y + 3 = 2(x + 2)

= 2x 4

2x + y + 7 = 0

y = 4x + 5 .......................

1

(d) 2y x + 5 = 0

2

1

2y = x 5

2

1

5

y = x

4

2

1

Gradient, m =

4

5

y-intercept =

2

1

5

When y = 0, x =

4

2

x = 10

x-intercept = 10

= ,

Substitute x = 6 into ,

y = 3(6) 1

= 19

Point of intersection = (6, 19)

(b) x + 2y = 1 ...................................

x

4 = 3y..................................

2

2,

y

x

(e) + = 1

2

3

(b)

=0

= 4

4

=

4

(c)

=1

(c) 2x + 3y = 5 ..................................

6x 2y = 1 ................................

3, 6x + 9y = 15 ................

,

11y = 16

16

y =

11

16

Substitute y = into ,

11

16

2x + 3 = 5

11

48

2x = 5

11

7

=

11

7

x =

22

7 16

Point of intersection ,

22 11

2

x

6

2

3x

3x 2y 6

y

=+1

3

y

=6 +1

3

= 2y + 6

=0

x+1

3

4(x + 1)

4x + 4

4x 3y + 4

y

=

4

= 3y

= 3y

=0

7

y=

8

11

7

Point of intersection = ,

4

8

2y = 3x 1

3x 2y 1 = 0

8y = 7

7

Substitute y = into ,

8

7

x+2 =1

8

7

x=1+

4

11

=

4

12

Gradient, m =

8

3

=

2

x-intercept = 8

y-intercept = 12

28. (a)

x 8 = 6y

x 6y = 8 ....................

,

3

Gradient , m =

2

x-intercept = 2

y-intercept = 3

1

1

(f) x y + 4

2

3

1

1

x y

2

3

1

1

x

y

2

3

4

4

y

x

+

8

12

3x 1 = 4x + 5

4x 3x = 1 5

x = 6

30. (a) y = 2x 1

Gradient = 2

2y = 4x + 3

3

y = 2x +

2

Gradient = 2

Hence, the two lines are parallel.

3y kx 4 = 0

3y = kx + 4

k

4

y = x +

3

3

k

Gradient =

3

Since the two lines are parallel,

k

= 2

3

k = 6

(b) 3x y + 4 = 0

y = 3x + 4

Gradient = 3

3x + y 5 = 0

y = 3x + 5

Gradient = 3

Hence, the two lines are not parallel.

y

x

(c) + = 1

2

3

3

Gradient =

2

2y = 3x 5

3

5

y = x

2

2

3

Gradient =

2

Hence, the two lines are parallel.

32. (a) y = 3x 6

Gradient = 3

The equation for the parallel line is

y 2 = 3(x 1)

y = 3x 3 + 2

y = 3x 1

(b) 2y = 4x + 3

3

y = 2x +

2

Gradient = 2

31. (a) y = 3x 1

Gradient = 3

y 3 = 2(x + 1)

y = 2x + 2 + 3

y = 2x + 5

y = kx + 4

Gradient = k

Since the two lines are parallel,

k = 3

(c) 4x y + 1 = 0

y = 4x + 1

Gradient = 4

(b) y = 4x + 3

Gradient = 4

k

y = x 5

2

k

Gradient =

2

Since the two lines are parallel,

k

=4

2

k= 8

y + 2 = 4(x 0)

y = 4x 2

y

x

(d) = 1

2

6

6

Gradient =

2

=3

(c) x + 2y = 4

1

y = x + 2

2

1

Gradient =

2

y 2kx + 3 = 0

y = 2kx 3

Gradient = 2k

y + 3 = 3(x + 1)

y = 3x + 3 3

y = 3x

33. (a) y = 4x 1

Gradient = 4

1

2k =

2

1

k=

4

y

x

(d) + = 0

2

4

4

Gradient =

2

= 2

1

y = x + 3

4

1

Gradient =

4

1

m1 m2 = (4)

4

= 1

The two lines are perpendicular.

(b) 2y = 6x + 5

5

y = 3x +

2

Gradient = 3

34. (a) y = kx 1

Gradient = k

y = 4x + 3

Gradient = 4

1

y = x 4

3

1

Gradient =

3

m1 m2 = 1

(4)(k) = 1

1

k=

4

(b) 2x + ky = 1

ky = 2x + 1

2

1

y = x +

k

k

2

Gradient =

k

1

y = x 1

6

1

Gradient =

6

m1 m2 = 1

2 1

= 1

k 6

1

= 1

3k

3k = 1

1

k=

3

(c) 2y + 4kx = 3

2y = 4kx + 3

3

y = 2kx +

2

Gradient = 2k

1

m1 m2 = (3)

3

= 1

The two lines are perpendicular.

(c) x + 2y = 5

2y = x + 5

1

5

y = x +

2

2

1

Gradient =

2

2y 4x = 7

2y = 4x + 7

7

y = 2x +

2

Gradient = 2

1

m1 m2 = (2)

2

= 1

The two lines are perpendicular.

(d) x y = 8

y=x8

Gradient = 1

2x + y = 1

y = 2x + 1

Gradient = 2

y

x

+=1

2

6

6

Gradient =

2

= 3

m1 m2 = (1)(2)

= 2

The two lines are not perpendicular.

m1 m2 = 1

(2k)(3) = 1

6k = 1

y

x

(e) = 1

2

4

4

Gradient =

2

=2

1

k=

6

1

(d) kx + 2y = 5

2

1

2y = kx +

2

1

y = kx +

4

1

Gradient = k

4

4x + 3y = 6

3y = 4x + 6

4

y = x + 2

3

4

Gradient =

3

3y = x + 6

1

y = x + 2

3

1

Gradient =

3

1

m1 m2 = (2)

3

2

=

3

The two lines are not perpendicular.

5

5

m1 m2 = 1

y + 5 = 3(x + 2)

y = 3x + 6 5

y = 3x + 1

1

4

k = 1

4

3

k

= 1

3

k = 3

37. 2x y = 4

y = 2x 4

Gradient = 2

35. (a) y = 4x 1

Gradient = 4

y 2 = 2(x + 1)

y = 2x + 2 + 2

y = 2x + 4

1

y 3 = (x 1)

4

1

1

y = x + + 3

4

4

1

13

y = x +

4

4

6 (3)

38. Gradient of AB =

5 (1)

9

=

6

3

=

2

2

Gradient of PQ =

3

1

(b) y = x + 4

2

1

Gradient =

2

The equation of the perpendicular line is

y 2 = 2(x + 1)

y = 2x + 2 + 2

y = 2x + 4

2

y 6 = (x 5)

3

2

10

y = x + + 6

3

3

2

28

y = x +

3

3

(c) 2x y = 2

y = 2x 2

Gradient = 2

The equation of the perpendicular line is

1

y + 3 = (x 0)

2

1

y = x 3

2

y

x

(d) + = 1

3

4

4

Gradient =

3

The equation of the perpendicular line is

3

y + 2 = (x + 1)

4

3

3

y = x + 2

4

4

3

5

y = x

4

4

(x 0)2 + (y 0)2 = 2

x2 + y2 = 4

2

x + y2 4 = 0

(b) The equation of locus is

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = 3

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = 9

x2 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4 9 = 0

x2 + y2 2x 4y 4 = 0

(c) The equation of locus is

(x + 1)2 + (y 3)2 = 4

(x + 1)2 + (y 3)2 = 16

x2 + 2x + 1 + y2 6y + 9 16 = 0

x2 + y2 + 2x 6y 6 = 0

36. y = 2x 1............................................

y = 4x + 3 ...........................................

40. (a)

PA

= 1

PB

PA = PB

= , 2x 1 = 4x + 3

2x = 4

x = 2

(x 0)2 + (y 1)2 =

(x 2)2 + (y 3)2

Substitute x = 2 into ,

y = 2(2) 1

= 5

Point of intersection = (2, 5)

x2 + y2 2y + 1 = x2 4x + 4 + y2 6y + 9

4x + 4y 12 = 0

x+y3=0

Hence, the equation of locus is x + y 3 = 0.

Substitute x = 10 into ,

y = 10

1

PA

=

PB 2

PB = 2PA

(b)

(x + 2)2 + (y 3)2 = 2

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2

(x + 2)2 + (y 3)2 = 4[(x 1)2 + (y 2)2]

x + 4x + 4 + y2 6y + 9 = 4(x2 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4)

= 4x2 8x + 4 + 4y2 16y + 16

3x2 + 3y2 12x 10y + 7 = 0

44.

5 units

0

3x2 + 3y2 12x 10y + 7 = 0.

2

PA =

PB 3

3PA = 2PB

(c)

45.

(x + 2)2 + (y + 3)2

3

9[(x + 1)2 + (y 4)2] = 4[(x + 2)2 + (y + 3)2]

y

P(x, y)

9(x2 + 2x + 1 + y2 8y + 16)

= 4(x2 + 4x + 4 + y2 + 6y + 9)

A(1, 2)

PA = y

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = y

5x + 5y + 2x 96y + 101 = 0

The equation of locus is

5x2 + 5y2 + 2x 96y + 101 = 0.

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = y2

x2 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4 y2 = 0

x2 2x 4y + 5 = 0

The equation of the locus of P is x2 2x 4y + 5 = 0.

x2 = 4

x = 2

The points of intersection are (2, 0) and (2, 0).

42.

PA = PO

1.

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 =

x2 + y2

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = x2 + y2

x2 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4 = x2 + y2

2x + 4y 5 = 0

The equation of locus P is 2x + 4y 5 = 0.

2

3

R(t, 2t)

Q(r, s)

P(2r, 5s)

(r, s) = ,

3+2

3+2

When x = 0, 4y 5 = 0

5

y=

4

5

y-intercept =

4

When y = 0, 2x 5 = 0

5

x=

2

5

x-intercept =

2

4r + 3t 10s + 6t

= ,

5

5

4r + 3t

r =

5

5r = 4r + 3t

r = 3t .............................................

10s + 6t

and s =

5

5s = 10s + 6t

6t = 5s

5

t = s ....................................

6

Substitute into ,

5

r = 3 s

6

5

r = s

2

y x = 0 .................................

From , y = x ....................................

Substitute into ,

x2 + x2 200 = 0

2x2 = 200

x2 = 100

x = 10

= 4x2 + 16x + 16 + 4y2 + 24y + 36

2

x

5 units

10

x = 1

2

2. y = mx c

Gradient = m

2

x=

5

y = (3 c)x + m

Gradient = 3 c

2

Substitute x = into ,

5

2

y = 2 + 1

5

9

=

5

m1 m2 = 1

(m)(3 c) = 1

1

3c=

m

1

c=3+

m

2 9

The coordinates of Q are , .

5 5

3. 2x + 4y 1 = 0

4y = 2x + 1

1

1

y = x +

2

4

1

Gradient =

2

y

x

=1

6

3

y

x

+

=1

6

3

6

Gradient =

3

=2

1

m1 m2 = (2)

2

= 1

The two straight lines are perpendicular to each

other.

1 x1 x2 x3 x1

2 y y y y

1

2

3

1

6.

1 1 4

2 3 h

2 1

0

= 8

= 8

2

h + 6 12 2h

3h 6

3h

3h = 16 + 6 ,

3h = 22

,

22

h =

3

= 8

= 16

= 16

= 16 + 6

3h = 16 + 6

3h = 10

10

h =

3

10

=

3

y

x

7. (a) The equation of PQ is + = 1.

4

8

(b)

1

y

x

4. + = 1

5

4

5

Gradient =

4

5

=

4

Coordinates of P = (4, 0)

Q(0, 8)

S(x, y)

P(4, 0)

(x, y) = , )

3+1

3+1

= (1, 6)

The coordinates of S are (1, 6).

4

y 0 = (x + 4)

5

16

4

y = x

5

5

y

x

(c) + = 1

4

8

5. y = 2x + 1

Gradient of QR = 2

1

Gradient of PQ =

2

The equation of line PQ is

1

y = x + 2 ...................................

2

y = 2x + 1 ...................................

8

Gradient of PQ =

4

=2

1

Gradient of RS =

2

Let the coordinates of R be (x1, 0).

06

1

=

x1 (1)

2

6

1

=

x1 (1)

2

x1 + 1 = 12

x1 = 11

1

= , x + 2 = 2x + 1

2

1

x + 2x = 1 2

2

11

8. (a) (i)

(6 3)2 + (0 2)2

=

9+4

13 units

=

(ii)

Substitute into ,

x + 2(2x 5) 6 = 0

x + 4x 10 6 = 0

5x = 16

16

x =

5

13

PB =

(x 3) + (y 2)2 =

13

2

(x 3)2 + (y 2)2 = 13

x2 6x + 9 + y2 4y + 4 13 = 0

x2 + y2 6x 4y = 0

16

Substitute x = into ,

5

16

y = 2 5

5

7

=

5

16 7

The coordinates of Q are , .

5 5

x2 + y2 6x 4y = 0.

locus,

t2 + 42 6t 4(4) = 0

t2 6t = 0

t(t 6) = 0

t = 0 or t 6 = 0

t=6

(b)

y = 2x 5 ..................

x + 2y 6 = 0...........................

(b)

S(x, y)

3

y

B(3, 2)

O

2

C(6, 0)

16 )

7

Q(,

5 5

R(1, 3)

3(3) + 2y

16 7

3(1) + 2x

, = ,

2+3

5 5

2+3

3 + 2x 2y 9

= ,

5

5

E(0, y1)

20

Gradient of BC =

36

2

=

3

3

Gradient of CE =

2

16

3 + 2x

=

5

5

3 + 2x = 16

13

x =

2

(c)

RM = 3

(x 1)2 + (y + 3)2 = 3

(x 1)2 + (y + 3)2 = 9

x2 2x + 1 + y2 + 6y + 9 = 9

x2 + y2 2x + 6y + 1 = 0

1

Area of COE = 6 9

2

= 27 unit2

x2 + y2 2x + 6y + 1 = 0.

10. (a) Area of ABC

1 0 2 2 0

=

2 3 1 4 3

1

= (0 + 8 + 6) (6 + 2 + 0)

2

1

= 14 + 4

2

= 9 unit2

x + 2y 6 = 0

2y = x + 6

1

y = x + 3

2

1

Gradient of PQ =

2

Gradient of RQ = 2

y + 3 = 2(x 1)

y = 2x 2 3

y = 2x 5

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

2y 9

7

=

5

5

2y 9 = 7

y= 8

13

The coordinates of S are , 8 .

2

y1 0

3

=

2

06

3

y1 = (6)

2

y1 = 9

9. (a) (i)

and

12

(b) D = ,

1+3

1+3

11

= 1,

4

(c) (i)

AB : AC = 1 : 3

AB : BC = 1 : 2

(0, 4) = ,

1+2

1+2

y

x4,

=

3

3

y

x4 =0

=4

and

3

3

x=4

y = 12

The coordinates of C are (4, 12).

PA = 2PC

(x + 2)2 + (y 4)2 = 2

(x 2)2 + (y + 1)2

(x + 2)2 + (y 4)2 = 4[(x 2)2 + (y + 1)2]

x2 + 4x + 4 + y2 8y + 16

= 4[x2 4x + 4 + y2 + 2y + 1]

= 4x2 16x + 16 + 4y2 + 8y + 4

3x2 + 3y2 20x + 16y = 0

substitute y = 0 into the equation of locus.

3x2 20x = 0

x(3x 20) = 0

20

x = 0, x =

3

Hence, the locus intersects the x-axis at two

points.

1 0 5 2 1 0

=

2 3 2 6 1 3

1

= (0 + 30 + 2 + 3) (15 4 6 + 0)

2

1

= 35 + 25

2

= 30 unit2

=

16 + 9

= 5 units

AB = 2BC

5

BC = units

2

AB = 16

(k + 1)2 + (4 3)2 = 16

= 256

= 255

255

=

=

255 1

= 255 1,

255 1

7.

Area of ABC = 16

1

0 k 1

1

= 16

2 2 3 4 2

1 k =

1k=

k=

1 + 7 ,

2+6

E =

2

2

= (4, 4)

32

32

32 or 1 k = 32

31

k = 33

5 (1)

8. (a) Gradient =

3 (3)

=1

4.

2

1

1 0 5 3 0

Area of BCD =

2 3 2 6 3

1

= (0 + 30 + 9) (15 + 6 + 0)

2

1

= 39 21

2

= 9 unit2

1. AB =

(5 1)2 + (5 2)2

(k + 1)2 + 1

(k + 1)2

k+1

k

Gradient of CD = Gradient of AC

y6

61

=

3 (2)

03

y 6 = 3(1)

y=3

3x2 + 3y2 20x + 16y = 0.

2.

C(x, y)

y 5 = 1(x 3)

y= x 3 + 5

y= x + 2

B(0, 4)

A(2, 0)

13

4 + k2 + 2(2) 4k 20 = 0

k2 4k 12 = 0

(k 6)(k + 2) = 0

k 6 = 0 or k + 2 = 0

k=6

k = 2

(b) y-intercept = 2

When y = 0, 0 = x + 2

x = 2

x-intercept = 2

9. (a) Gradient of RQ = 2

1

Gradient of PQ =

2

The equation of PQ is

1

y + 1 = (x + 4)

2

1

y = x + 2 1

2

1

y = x + 1

2

12.

(x 3)2 + (y + 2)2

3

2

2

9[(x 1) + (y 4) ] = 4[(x 3)2 + (y + 2)2]

9(x2 2x + 1 + y2 8y + 16)

= 4(x2 6x + 9 + y2 + 4y + 4)

9x2 18x + 9 + 9y2 72y + 144

= 4x2 24x + 36 + 4y2 + 16y + 16

(b) For y = 2x + 1,

when y = 0, 0 = 2x + 1

1

x=

2

1

The x-intercept of RQ is .

2

The equation of the locus of point P is

5x2 + 5y2 + 6x 88y + 101 = 0.

10. (a) 2x y = 4

y = 2x 4

Gradient of CD = 2

Gradient of AB = 2

1 + k2 = 4

k2 = 3

3

k =

y 5 = 2(x 2)

y = 2x 4 + 5

y = 2x + 1

(b)

3 0

(b) Gradient of OA =

10

3

=

1

Gradient of tangent at A =

3

The equation of the tangent at A is

1

3 = (x 1)

y

3

1

1

y = x + +

3

3

3

4

1

y = x +

3

3

y = x 2 ............................

2x y = 4 ....................................

Substitute into ,

2x (x 2) = 4

2x + x + 2 = 4

3x = 2

2

x=

3

2

Substitute x = into ,

3

2

y= 2

3

8

=

3

2 + x 2 + y

(4, 0) = ,

2

2

2 + y

2+x

= 4 and = 0

2

2

x=6

y= 2

The coordinates of C are (6, 2).

2

8

The coordinates of D are , .

3

3

11. (a)

PA = 5

(x + 1)2 + (y 2)2 = 5

0 (2)

(b) Gradient of BC =

42

=1

Gradient of AD = 1

(x + 1)2 + (y 2)2 = 25

2

x + 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4 25 = 0

x2 + y2 + 2x 4y 20 = 0

y 0 = 1(x 4)

y = x + 4

x2 + y2 + 2x 4y 20 = 0.

AP : PB = 2 : 3

AP

2

=

3

PB

3AP = 2PB

14

4 (8)

=

3 (1)

=3

be E(0, y).

Gradient of BD = Gradient of BE

y (2)

1 =

02

2 = y + 2

y = 4

The y-intercept of line BC is 4.

y 6 = 3(x + 3)

= 3x + 9

y = 3x + 15

(c) Let the coordinates of D be (x, y).

Midpoint of BD = Midpoint of AC

3 + (1) 6 + (8)

3+x 4+y

, = ,

2

2

2

2

= (2, 1)

1 3 2 6 3

=

2 5 3 1 5

1

= (9 2 + 30) (10 + 18 + 3)

2

1

= 37 11

2

= 13 unit2

3+x

= 2

2

x = 7

S(0, y1).

Gradient of PS = Gradient of PQ

y1 5

53

=

3 (2)

03

2

y1 5 = (3)

5

6

y1 = + 5

5

19

=

5

19

The y-intercept of line PQ is .

5

1

(c)

QM = MR

2

QM : MR = 1 : 2

Q(2, 3)

2 7

= ,

3 3

Substitute into ,

x 2(x 2) + 4 = 0

x + 8 = 0

x=8

0 (3)

=

2 (1)

=1

The equation of line BC is

y 0 = 1(x 2)

y = x 2 .........

Equation of AB, x 2y + 4 = 0 ...............

R(6, 1)

4+y

= 1

2

4 + y = 2

y = 6

and

1 3 3 7 1 3

=

2 4 6 6 8 4

1

= (18 + 18 + 56 4) (12 42 + 6 24)

2

1

= 88 + 72

2

= 80 unit2

(x, y) = ,

1+2

1+2

1

M(x, y)

Substitute x = 8 into ,

y=82

=6

2 7

The coordinates of M are , .

3 3

16. (a) Let the intersection of line BC and the y-axis be

E(0, y).

Gradient of BE = Gradient of BC

4 (8)

y4

=

03

3 (1)

12

y 4 = 3

= 9 4

(b)

B(8, 6)

3

C(1, 3)

E(x, y)

y = 5

The y-intercept of line BC is 5.

15

3x + 2(8) 3y + 2(6)

(1, 3) = ,

2+3

2+3

3x + 16 3y + 12

= ,

5

5

3y + 12

3x + 16

= 1 and = 3

5

5

3x = 21

3y = 27

x = 7

y = 9

Use y-coordinate,

(3)n + 2m

m+n

2m 3n

2m

m

=0

= 3n

3

=

2

CE : EB = 3 : 2

(c)

Area of BCF

1 0 1 8 0

=

2 2 3 6 2

1

= (0 6 + 16) (2 24 + 0)

2

1

= 10 + 26

2

= 18 unit2

19. (a)

18. (a) y = 2x + 6

Gradient of AB = 2

Gradient of CD = 2

k = 2(2) + 6

k=2

Gradient of CE = Gradient of BC

0 (3) 2 (3)

=

p1

21

3 = 5(p 1)

3

p1=

5

8

p=

5

3x2 + 4x = 0

x(3x + 4) = 0

x=0

or 3x + 4 = 0

4

x=

3

4

The points of intersection are (0, 0) and ( , 0).

3

B(2, 2)

8 0)

E(,

5

3y2 8y = 0

y(3y 8) = 0

y = 0 or 3y 8 = 0

8

y=

3

Since there are values for y-coordinate, then the

locus intersects the y-axis.

C(1, 3)

PA : PB = 1 : 2

1

PA

=

2

PB

PB = 2PA

(x 2)2 + (y 0)2 = 2

(x 0)2 + (y 1)2

(x 2)2 + y2 = 4[x2 + (y 1)2]

x2 4x + 4 + y2 = 4(x2 + y2 2y + 1)

= 4x2 + 4y2 8y + 4

2

2

3x + 3y + 4x 8y = 0

4

(b) Substitute x = and y = 0 into

3

3x2 + 3y2 + 4x 8y = 0,

LHS = 3x2 + 3y2 + 4x 8y

4 2

4

= 3 + 3(0)2 + 4 8(0)

3

3

16

16

3

3

=0

= RHS

4

Hence, the point , 0 lies on the locus of P.

3

y + 3 = 2(x 1)

= 2x + 2

y = 2x 1

(c)

1 0 1 2 0

(d) Area of BOC =

2 0 3 2 0

1

= (0 + 2 + 0) (0 6 + 0)

2

1

= 2 + 6

2

= 4 unit2

x 2y + 4 = 0

When x = 0, 2y + 4 = 0

y=2

F(0, 2)

=0

16

5

4

k = h ................................

3

3

Substitute into ,

5

4

3h + 5 h = 50

3

3

25

20

3h + h = 50

3

3

25

20

3 3h + h = 3(50)

3

3

9h + 25h 20 = 150

34h = 170

h=5

1 1 8 4 1

=

2 2 3 7 2

1

= (3 + 56 + 8) (16 + 12 7)

2

1

= 61 21

2

= 20 unit2

AC.

Distance of AC =

[(8 (1)]2 + (3 2)2

=

81 + 1

=

82 units

Substitute h = 5 into ,

3(5) + 5k = 50

k=7

Area of ABC = 20

1

82 = 20

d

2

40

d =

82

= 4.417 units

1

PA

=

2

PB

PB = 2PA

21. (a)

(x 0)2 + (y + 2)2 = 2

(x 0)2 + (y 1)2

(b)

x + y2 + 4y + 4 = 4(x2 + y2 2y + 1)

= 4x2 + 4y2 8y + 4

3x2 + 3y2 12y = 0

x2 + y2 4y = 0

Q(h, k)

P(1, 3)

x2 + y2 4y = 0.

1 + h ,

3 + k

Midpoint of PQ =

2

2

Since the midpoint of PQ lies on the perpendicular

1 + h and

bisector, so we substitute x =

2

3 + k into 3x + 5y 16 = 0,

y =

2

1 + h + 5

3 + k 16

3

2

2

3

+

3h

15

+ 5k 16

+

2

2

3 + 3h 15 + 5k 32

3h + 5k

3x + 5y 16 = 0

5y = 3x + 16

16

3

y = x +

5

5

LHS = x2 + y2 4y

= 22 + 22 4(2)

=0

= RHS

Hence, C(2, 2) lies on the locus of point P.

=0

21

(c) Gradient of AC =

20

1

=

2

=0

=0

= 50 .........

1

Equation of AC, y = x + 1....................

2

Equation of locus, x2 + y2 4y = 0 ..........

Substitute into ,

2

1

1

x2 + x + 1 4 x + 1 = 0

2

2

1

2

2

x + x + x + 1 2x 4 = 0

4

5 2

x x 3= 0

4

2

5x 4x 12 = 0

(5x + 6)(x 2) = 0

5x + 6 = 0

or

x2=0

6

x=

x=2

5

3

Gradient of perpendicular bisector =

5

5

Gradient of line PQ =

3

The equation of line PQ is

5

y + 3 = (x + 1)

3

5

5

= x +

3

3

5

4

y = x

3

3

17

6

Substitute x = into ,

5

6

1

y= +1

5

2

3

=

+1

5

2

=

5

16

x2 + 16y2 100 = 0.

9

16

(ii) Substitute y = 0 into x2 + 16y2 100 = 0,

9

16

x2 100 = 0

9

9

x2 = 100

16

900

x =

16

30

=

4

15

=

2

15

The x-coordinate of R is .

2

6 2

The coordinates of D are , .

5 5

1

(d) Gradient of AC =

2

2

(2)

5

Gradient of BD =

6

0

5

12

5

=

6

5

= 2

52 t2

= 1

14 r4

t2

(1) = 1

r4

t2=r4

t=r2

(b) Area of PQR

1 1 r 4 1

=

2 5 t 2 5

1

= (t + 2r + 20) (5r + 4t + 2)

2

1

= (t + 2r + 20 5r 4t 2)

2

1

= (3t 3r + 18)

2

3

3

= t r + 9

2

2

3

= 9 (r + t)

2

(c) Given the area of rectangle PQRS = 30 unit2

Area of PQR = 15 unit2

3

9 (r + t) = 15

2

3

(r + t) = 6

2

r + t = 4 ................

From (a),

t = r 2 ............

1

Gradient of AC Gradient of BD = (2)

2

= 1

Hence, lines AC and BD are perpendicular to each

other.

22. (a)

PQ = 10

(q 0) + (0 p)2 = 10

2

p2 + q2 = 100

(b) (i)

RQ = 3PR

PR : RQ = 1 : 3

Q(0, q)

3

1

R(x, y)

P(p, 0)

3p + 0 0 + q

(x, y) = ,

1+3 1+3

3p q

= ,

4 4

3p

q

= x

and = y

4

4

q = 4y

4x

p =

3

4x

Substitute p = and q = 4y into

3

q2 + p2 = 100,

4x 2

(4y)2 + = 100

3

16

16y2 + x2 = 100

9

16 2

x + 16y2 100 = 0

9

Substitute into ,

r + r 2 = 4

2r = 2

r = 1

Substitute r = 1 into ,

t = 1 2

= 3

The coordinates of R are (1, 3)

18

Substitute x = 2 into ,

y=2

22 + t2 = 16

t2 = 12

12

t =

Area of trapezium PQRS

12

12 0

Gradient of OA =

20

12

=

2

3

2

=

2

=

3

12 =

43

=

4

3

= 2

3

1

Gradient of tangent AB is

3

3. Gradient of AC

k (2)

h (1)

k+2

h+1

k+2

k

Equation of tangent AB is

1

12 = (x 2)

y

3

2

1

y = x + +

12

3

3

2

1

3

= x + + 2

3

3

y (1)

42

=

x (1)

0 (2)

=1

y+1 =x+1

y = x ............................

=3

=3

= 3h + 3

= 3h + 1 ....................

= 1

= 1

= 1

= 1(h 3)

= h + 3

= h + 15.........

Substitute into ,

2(3h + 1) = h + 15

6h + 2 = h + 15

7h = 13

13

h =

7

mPS mPQ = 1

=3

Gradient of AB Gradient of BC

6 (2)

k6

h3

3 (1)

k6

2

h3

2(k 6)

2k 12

2k

2. Let P(x, y)

Gradient of PQ = Gradient of RS

y+1

y4

x+1

x0

y4 y+1

x+1

x

(y 4)(y + 1)

y2 3y 4

y2 3y + x2 + x 4

1 0 2 1 2 0

=

2 4 2 1 2 4

1

= [(0 + 2 2 + 8) (8 2 2 + 0)]

2

1

= [8 (12)]

2

1

= (20)

2

= 10 unit2

= 1

= 1

13

Substitute h = into ,

7

13

k = 3 + 1

7

39

= + 1

7

46

=

7

= x(x + 1)

= x2 x

= 0......................

Substitute into ,

x2 3x + x2 + x 4 = 0

2x2 2x 4 = 0

x2 x 2 = 0

(x + 1)(x 2) = 0

x = 1 or x = 2

19

t9

= 2

r4

t 9 = 2(r 4)

= 2r 8

t = 2r + 1

Since there are two possible positions for point

C,

1 1 2 k 1

therefore

= 4

2 1 5 2k 1

[(5 + 4k k) (2 + 5k + 2k)] = 8

5 + 3k (2 + 7k) = 8

5 + 3k + 2 7k = 8

7 4k = 8

4k = 7 8

= 7 8 or 7 + 8

= 1 or 15

1

15

k = or

4

4

5 (1)

2k + 1

k1

21

2k + 1

6

k1

6(2k + 1)

12k + 6

13k

(c) If r = 2,

t = 2(2) + 1

= 3

2

PQ =

[4 (2)]2 + [9 (3)]

=

36 + 144

180

=

=

36 5

5 units

= 6

= 1

= 1

6. (a) (i)

= 1

y

D

= 1(k 1)

= k + 1

= 5

5

k =

13

E

F

A(14, 0)

5 (1)

2k (1)

=

21

k1

2k + 1

6 =

k1

6k 6 = 2k + 1

4k = 7

7

k =

4

y + 3x 6 = 0

When x = 0,

y + 3x 6 = 0

y + 3(0) 6 = 0

y= 6

The coordinates of E are (0, 6).

4+r 9+t

5. (a) Midpoint of PQ = ,

2

2

(b)

When y = 0,

y + 3x 6 = 0

0 + 3x 6 = 0

x= 2

Let B = (x, y)

Since E is the midpoint of BF,

x+2

then = 0

2

x = 2

P(4, 9)

A

B

y+0

= 6

2

y = 12

Therefore, the coordinates of B are

(2, 12).

2y + x = 7

Gradient of PQ Gradient of AB = 1

7

t9

2

= 1

r4

7

t9

1

= 1

2

r4

20

7. (a) y = 2x ..........................................

8 ..........................................

y =

x

1

= 0 0 2 14 0

2 0 6 12

0

0

1

= [(0 + 0 + 0 + 0) (0 12 168 + 0]

2

1

= 180

2

= 90 unit2

= ,

8

2x =

x

x2 = 4

x = 2

Based on the diagram, x = 2.

(b)

Substitute x = 2 into ,

y = 2(2)

=4

The coordinates of A are (2, 4).

D(x, y)

3

1(x) + 3(0)

= 2

1+3

x=8

1(y) + 3(0)

= 4

1+3

y = 16

The coordinates of B are (8, 16).

B(2, 12)

A(14, 0)

(1)x + 3(14)

= 2

1+3

x 42 = 2

4

x 42 = 8

x = 34

1

(c) The gradient of the perpendicular line is .

2

The equation of the straight line is

1

y 16 = (x 8)

2

1

= x + 4

2

1

y = x + 20

2

(1)y + 3(0)

= 12

1+3

y = 4 12

= 48

The coordinates of D are (34, 48).

(c) (i)

mAC = mAB

y0

12 0

=

0 + 14 2 + 14

12

y

=

12

14

y = 14

The coordinates of C are (0, 14).

3x2 12 = 0

3(x2 4) = 0

x2 4 = 0

x2 = 4

x = 2

PE = 2PC

(2, 0).

(x 0)2 + (y 6)2 = 2

(x 0)2 + (y 14)2

x2 + (y 6)2 = 4[x2 + (y 14)2]

x2 + y2 12y + 36 = 4(x2 + y2 28y + 196)

= 4x2 + 4y2 112y + 784

2

2

3x + 3y 100y + 748 = 0

0 (19)

Gradient of PQ =

20

19

=

2

The equation of line PQ is

19

y 0 = (x 2)

2

19

y = x 19

2

3y2 100y + 748 = 0

b2 4ac = (100)2 4(3)(748)

= 1024 0

The locus intersects the y-axis.

21

= 32 unit2

2

(b) Gradient of line PS =

19

The equation of line PS is

2 (x 2)

y 0 =

19

2 x +

4

y =

19

19

2 x +

4 .........................

(c) y =

19

19

y = 3x2 12 .................................

= 8 : 32

=1:4

(c) Let B(x, y)

Since P is the midpoint of AB

y + 14

x+8 =6

= 8

and

2

2

y= 2

x=4

= ,

2 x +

4

3x2 12 =

19

19

2 x

232 = 0

3x2 +

19

19

19, 57x2 + 2x 232 = 0

10. (a)

4k2 + k2 = 80

5k2 = 80

k2 = 16

k = 4

Since k 0, therefore k = 4.

2

(2)2 4(57)(232)

x =

2(57)

x = 2 is ignored

52 900

2

=

because it is

114

x-coordinate for

116

= , 2

point P.

57

116

Substitute x = into ,

57

(b) x-coordinate of B = 2k

= 2(4)

=8

4

y-coordinate of B =

2

= 2

116

4

2

y = +

57

19

19

460

=

1083

86

Gradient of PR =

68

= 1

Gradient of AC = 1

2 0

(c) Gradient of OB =

80

1

=

4

1

The equation of OB is y = x.

4

Since PR//AC

y2 = 6x + 9

02 = 6x + 9

6x = 9

9

x=

6

3

=

2

y 12 = 1(x 10)

= x + 10

y = x + 22

(ii) The perpendicular bisector of BC is PR.

Gradient of PR = 1

3

The coordinates of Q are ( , 0).

2

y 6 = 1(x 8)

y 6 = x + 8

y = x + 14

When x = 0,

y2 = 6(0) + 9

y2 = 9

y = 3

The coordinates of P are (0, 3).

1 6 10 8 6

=

2 8 12 6 8

1

= |[(72 + 60 + 64) (80 + 96 + 36)]|

2

= 8 unit2

Given AC : CB

=2:1

116 460

The coordinates of S are , .

57 1083

9. (a) (i)

OA =

80

2

2

(2k) + k = 80

22

Let T(x, y) be the point of intersection of diagonals

PR and QS.

T(x, y) = Midpoint of PR

6+h

x =

2

6

+

7

=

2

13

=

2

2k

5

y =

2

20 5

=

2

15

=

2

Therefore, the point of intersection of diagonals

13 15

PR and QS is T(, ).

2

2

The equation of PQ is

30

y 3 = (x 0)

3

0

2

y 3 = 2x

y = 2x + 3

1

(b) Gradient of QS =

2

The equation of line QS is

1

3

y 0= x +

2

2

1

3

y = x

2

4

(c)

mPQ mQS = 1

1

3

y = x ............................

2

4

y2 = 6x + 9 ...................................

Substitute into ,

12 x 34

1

3

3 2

1 2

x + 2 x +

2

4

4

4

1 2 3

9

x + x +

4

4

16

3

9

1

16 x2 + x +

4

16

4

4x2 + 12x + 9

2

4x + 12x + 9 96x 144

4x2 84x 135

(2x + 3)(2x 45)

2x 45

45

Substitute x = into ,

2

3

1 45

y =

4

2 2

45

3

=

4

4

= 12

= 6x + 9

11 + 5

(c) Gradient of QR =

14 6

16

=

8

=2

= 6x + 9

= 6x + 9

parallel to QR is

13

15

y = 2 x

2

2

= 2x 13

15

y = 2x 13 +

2

11

y = 2x

2

= 16(6x + 9)

= 96x + 144

=0

=0

=0

=0

45

x =

2

3

x = is ignored

2

because it is

x-coordinate of Q.

1 + 3 ,

8 10

13. (a) A =

2

2

= (2, 1)

(b)

Midpoint of PR = Midpoint of QS

1 + 3 ,

8 10 =

k+5

h 2 4 ,

2

2

2

h 4 ,

k+5

(2, 1) =

2

2

45

Therefore, the coordinates of S are (, 12).

2

12. (a) Since PQRS is a parallelogram,

Midpoint of PR = Midpoint of QS

h4 =2

2

h4 =4

h =8

h + 6 , 2k 5 = 2h 1 , k + 1 + 4

2

2

2

2

k+5

h + 6 = 2h 1 and 2k 5 =

2

2

2

2

h + 6 = 2h 1

2k 5 = k + 5

h =7

k = 10

and

k + 5 = 1

2

k + 5 = 2

k = 7

85

Gradient of PS =

1 ( 4)

3

=

5

23

AB.

Area of AOB = 6

1

(h)AB = 6

2

1

(h)(5) = 6

2

26

h =

5

12

= units

5

parallel to PS is

3

y (1) = (x 2)

5

3

6

y + 1 = x

5

5

3

6

y = x 1

5

5

3

11

y = x

5

5

14. (a) For B, substitute y = 0 into 3y 4x + 12 = 0,

4x + 12 = 0

x=3

15. (a) y 3x 5 = 0

y = 3x + 5 .......................................

(2 + k)x + 4y 6 = 0

4y = (2 + k)x + 6

(2 + k)

3

y = x + .............

4

2

For A, substitute x = 0 into 3y 4x + 12 = 0,

3y + 12 = 0

y = 4

therefore the gradients are the same.

(2 + k)

3 =

4

2 + k = 12

k = 14

1(h) + 2(0)

(b) = 3

1+2

h + 0= 9

h= 9

Substitute x = 1, y = t into y 3x 5 = 0,

t 3(1) 5 = 0

t =8

1(k) + 2( 4)

= 0

1+2

k 8= 0

k= 8

(c)

(b) A(1, 8)

The line which is perpendicular to y 3x 5 = 0

1

has gradient of .

3

The equation of the line is

1

y 8 = (x 1)

3

1

1

y = x + + 8

3

3

1

25

y = x +

3

3

B(3, 0)

A(0, 4)

Area of AOB

1

= (3) (4)

2

= 6 unit2

(c)

AB =

32 + ( 4)2

=

25

= 5 units

24

(2 + k)x + 4y 6

[2 + (14)]x + 4y 6

12x + 4y 6

6x + 2y 3

=0

=0

=0

= 0 ...............................

1

25

y = x + .............

3

3

Substitute into ,

1

25

6x + 2 x + 3

3

3

2

50

6x x + 3

3

3

2

50

3 6x x + 3

3

3

18x 2x + 50 9

20x + 41

5

tt

60

2

=

52

30

3t

=2

3

3t

=6

2

2

t=6

3

=4

x

y

The equation of AD is + = 1.

2

4

(b)

=0

=0

=0

=0

=0

41

x =

20

41

Substitute x = into ,

20

41

25

1

y = +

3

3 20

41

25

= +

60

3

153

=

20

E(x, y)

1

B(5, 6)

41 153

(, ).

20 20

A(2, 0)

3x + 1 2

1+3

3x + 2

3x

x

PB = 2PA

(x 4) + (y 1) = 2

(x 1)2 + (y 3)2

2

(x 4)2 + (y 1)2 = 4[(x 1)2 + (y 3)2]

x2 8x + 16 + y2 2y + 1

= 4(x2 2x + 1 + y2 6y + 9)

= 4x2 8x + 4 + 4y2 24y + 36

=5

= 20

= 18

=6

3y + 1(0)

= 6

1+3

3y = 24

y =8

4x2 + 4y2 8x 24y + 40 x2 y2 + 8x + 2y 17 = 0

3x2 + 3y2 22y + 23 = 0

18. (a)

(b) When y = 0,

3x2 + 23 = 0

23

x2 =

3

23

x =

3

P(x, y)

Q(2, 3)

R(6, 3)

locus does not intersect the x-axis.

When x = 0,

3y2 22y + 23 = 0

(22)2 4(3)(23)

(22)

y =

2(3)

22

208

=

6

= 1.263, 6.070

Therefore, the locus intersects the y-axis at two

points.

Gradient of PQ Gradient of PR = 1

y3 y3

= 1

x2 x6

(y 3)2 = 1(x 2)(x 6)

2

y 6y + 9 = (x2 8x + 12)

= x2 + 8x 12

y2 6y + 9 + x2 8x + 12 = 0

x2 + y2 8x 6y + 21 = 0

25

(b) x2 + y2 8x 6y + 21 = 0 ........................

1

(c) Area of ADC = Area of ABC

3

1

9

=

3

2

3

= unit2

2

x = 2y

1

y = x .....................................................

2

Substitute into ,

1 2

1

x2 + x 8x 6 x + 21 = 0

2

2

1

x2 + x2 8x 3x + 21 = 0

4

5 2

x 11x + 21 = 0

4

4,

5x2 44x + 84 = 0

(x 6)(5x 14) = 0

5x 14 = 0

14

x =

5

20. (a) P(1, 3), Q(5, 9), R(2, 12), S(x, y).

Midpoint of PR = Midpoint of QS

1 + 2 3 + 12

x+5 y+9

, = ,

2

2

2

2

1 + 2 x + 5

3 + 12

y+9

= and =

2

2

2

2

x + 5= 1

y + 9 = 15

x = 4

y= 6

1 14

From , y =

2 5

14

=

10

7

=

5

14 7

Therefore, the coordinates of P are (, ).

5 5

19. (a)

C(4, 6)

12 3

(c) Gradient of PR =

2 (1)

9

=

3

=3

A(1, 3)

1( 4) + 2(4)

p =

1+2

4

=

3

The equation of PR is

y 3 = 3(x + 1)

y 3 = 3x + 3

y = 3x + 6

1(3) + 2(6)

q =

1+2

=5

4

The coordinates of D are (, 5).

3

(b) Area of ABC

1 1 4 4 1

=

2 3 3 6 3

1

2

1

= |9|

2

9

= unit2

2

2

B(4, 3)

1 1 5 2 4 1

=

2 3 9 12 6 3

1

= |[(9 + 60 + 12 12) (15 + 18 48 6)]|

2

1

= |[51 (21)]|

2

1

= (51 + 21)

2

1

= (72)

2

= 36 unit2

Given x 6

D(p, q)

26

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