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Computational Techniques and Programming-II(PH-518)

Assignment No.1 (B)


Numerical Differentiation using Newtons Backward Formula
(Submission date: 11-02-2010)
Solve following problems using Newtons Backward Difference Formula for tabulated
and non-tabulated points (corrected up to 5 decimal places). Also write a computer code
for this formula and compare the program output with calculated results.

Numerical differentiation at tabulated point


Problem:1) A function is given according to the table below, find first and second order
derivative at x = 1.25
x 1.00
1.05
y 1.00000 1.02470

1.10
1.04880

1.15
1.07230

1.20
1.09540
[

Problem:2) From the following table, find


X
Y

0.1
0.2
1.10517 1.22140

0.3
1.34986

1.25
1.11800

1.35
1.14010

d2y
dy
= 0.44280 & 2 = -0.5200]
dx
dx

d2y
dy
and
at x = 0.4
dx 2
dx

0.4
1.49182
[

d2y
dy
= 1.49133 &
= 1.47700]
dx 2
dx

Problem:3) A function is given according to table below , find first & second order
derivative at x= 1.6
X
Y

1.0
7.98900

1.1
8.40300

1.2
8.78100

1.3
1.4
9.12900 9.45100
dy
[
= 2.7510 &
dx

1.5
1.6
9.75000 10.03100
d2y
=0.0072]
dx 2

Problem:4) From the following table ,find


X
Y

1.0
2.71830

1.2
3.32010

d2y
dy
and
at x= 2.2
dx 2
dx

1.4
4.05520

1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
4.95300 6.04960 7.38910 9.02500
d2y
dy
[ = 9.02290 &
= 8.9950]
dx 2
dx

Problem:5) The distance(s) covered as a function of time (t) by an athlete during his run for
50 m race is given in following table, determine the speed of athlete at t = 5 sec.
X
Y

0
0.00000

1
2.50000

2
8.50000

3
4
5
6
15.50000 24.50000 36.50000 50.00000
d2y
dy
[
= 13.13300 &
= 1.08400]
dx 2
dx

Numerical differentiation at non- tabulated point


Problem:6) Find the first & second order derivative at x =117 from the table given below
X
Y

60
75
90
105
120
28.20000 38.20000 43.20000 40.90000 37.70000
d2y
dy
[
= -0.11062&
= -0.00214]
dx 2
dx
d2y
dy
Problem:7) A function is given according to table below , find
and
at x = 0.35
dx 2
dx
X
Y

0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
1.10517 1.22140 1.34986 1.49182
d2y
dy
[
= 1.41907&
= 1.48300]
dx 2
dx

Problem:8)The distance(s) covered as a function of time (t) by an athlete during his run for
a race is given in following table, determine the speed of athlete at t = 5.2 sec
X
Y

1
2
3
4
5
6
1.00000 8.00000 27.00000 64.00000 125.00000 216.00000
d2y
dy
[
= 81.12000 &
= 31.20000]
dx 2
dx

Problem:9) From the given table, find

X
Y

1.2
0.9320

1.3
0.9636

1.4
0.9855

d2y
dy
and
at x =1.58
dx 2
dx

1.5
0.9975

1.6
0.9996

d2y
dy
[
= -0.40811 &
= -0.97700]
dx 2
dx

Problem: 10) A slider in a machine moves along a fixed straight road & its distance x along
the road is given below for various values of time (t) in sec, find velocity and acceleration
of slider when t = 7.5
Time(t)
3
4
5
6
7
8
Distance(x) 4.00000 6.60000 7.70000 9.00000 10.50000 12.20000
d2y
dy
[
= 1.70000 &
= 0.20000]
dx 2
dx