Mathematics 17: College Algebra and trigonometry

Sample exercises: Exponential and Logarithmic equations
General Direction: Use black or blue ballpen. Show neat and clean solutions to obtain full points.
I.

Solve for the value of π‘₯. Discard any values that would not fit into the equation.
1.
2.
3.

23π‘₯+1 = 4π‘₯+5
2
25π‘₯ +π‘₯ = 5π‘₯+1
2
82π‘₯ = 45π‘₯+2

4.

9π‘₯βˆ’1 βˆ’

1 4π‘₯βˆ’1
3 π‘₯
βˆ’2

3π‘₯

=0

5.
6.

9 βˆ’ 27
=0
7π‘₯ π‘₯+4 βˆ’ 7 = 0

7.

32π‘₯+1 =

8.

3 9π‘₯
(π‘₯ 2 )

1

2 βˆ’4π‘₯

2βˆ’π‘₯

16

= 81βˆ’π‘₯

9.

8
27π‘₯

21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.

log 3 2π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 15π‘₯ = 3
log 3 4π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 + log 3 π‘₯ + 1 = 2
log 2 π‘₯ 3 + 1 βˆ’ 2 log 2 π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 1 = 0
log π‘₯ + 2 βˆ’ log π‘₯ = log 12
log 4 π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3π‘₯ βˆ’ log 4 5 βˆ’ 4π‘₯ = βˆ’1
log 2 π‘₯ + 3 + log 2 π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 = 1
log 2 11 βˆ’ π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 = log 2 π‘₯ + 1
4βˆ’π‘₯
log 3 π‘₯ + 7 βˆ’ log 3
=2 π‘₯

log 2 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 + log 2 π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 = 3 + log 2 (1 + 3π‘₯)
log 3 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 βˆ’ log 3 (5π‘₯ + 2) = log 3 π‘₯ βˆ’ 2 βˆ’ 2
log π‘₯ + log π‘₯ βˆ’ 200 βˆ’ log 4 = 5 βˆ’ log 5

=

1
4

10.
11.
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17.
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20.

32π‘₯+1 = 53π‘₯βˆ’1
42π‘₯βˆ’1 βˆ’ 5π‘₯βˆ’1 = 0 𝑒
2π‘₯ + 4 = 5𝑒 π‘₯
3𝑒 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 4 + 𝑒 π‘₯ = 0 𝑒
2π‘₯ βˆ’ 5𝑒 π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 = 0 𝑒
2π‘₯ + 𝑒 = 𝑒 π‘₯+1 + 𝑒 π‘₯
2𝑒 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 𝑒 π‘₯ + 𝑒 βˆ’π‘₯ = 2
4π‘₯+1 βˆ’ 6 2π‘₯ + 2 = 0
25 52π‘₯ + 24 5π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 = 0
32π‘₯ + 3π‘₯+1 βˆ’ 18 = 0
32π‘₯+1 + 2 3π‘₯ = 1

32.
33.
34.
35.
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40.

ln 𝑒 3π‘₯ + 27 βˆ’ ln 4 = ln(𝑒 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 3𝑒 π‘₯ + 9)
ln π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ ln(π‘₯ 2 ) = 8
3 ln π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4 ln(π‘₯ 2 ) + 4 = 0
log 4 10 = log 4π‘₯ π‘₯
+ ln 5 = ln(7 βˆ’ 2𝑒 2π‘₯ ) π‘₯
= ln 𝑒 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 βˆ’ ln 2
ln 2𝑒 2π‘₯βˆ’3 = (ln 5) + π‘₯
1
2
3
99 π‘₯
= (log ) + (log ) + (log ) + β‹― + (log )
2
3
4
100 π‘₯
= (log 2 3) βˆ— (log 3 4) βˆ— (log 4 5) βˆ— β‹― βˆ— log 99 100

Mathematics 17: College Algebra and trigonometry
Sample exercises: Exponential and Logarithmic equations
General Direction: Use black or blue ballpen. Show neat and clean solutions to obtain full points.
I.

Solve for the value of π‘₯. Discard any values that would not fit into the equation.

1.
2.
3.

23π‘₯+1 = 4π‘₯+5
2
25π‘₯ +π‘₯ = 5π‘₯+1
2
82π‘₯ = 45π‘₯+2

4.

9π‘₯βˆ’1 βˆ’

1 4π‘₯βˆ’1
3 π‘₯
βˆ’2

3π‘₯

=0

5.
6.

9 βˆ’ 27
=0
7π‘₯ π‘₯+4 βˆ’ 7 = 0

7.

32π‘₯+1 =

8.

3 9π‘₯

9.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.

2
8(π‘₯ )

27π‘₯

2 βˆ’4π‘₯

=

1

2βˆ’π‘₯

16

= 81βˆ’π‘₯

1
4

log 3 2π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 15π‘₯ = 3
log 3 4π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 + log 3 π‘₯ + 1 = 2
log 2 π‘₯ 3 + 1 βˆ’ 2 log 2 π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 1 = 0
log π‘₯ + 2 βˆ’ log π‘₯ = log 12
log 4 π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3π‘₯ βˆ’ log 4 5 βˆ’ 4π‘₯ = βˆ’1
log 2 π‘₯ + 3 + log 2 π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 = 1
log 2 11 βˆ’ π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 = log 2 π‘₯ + 1
4βˆ’π‘₯
log 3 π‘₯ + 7 βˆ’ log 3
=2 π‘₯

log 2 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 + log 2 π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 = 3 + log 2 (1 + 3π‘₯)
log 3 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 βˆ’ log 3 (5π‘₯ + 2) = log 3 π‘₯ βˆ’ 2 βˆ’ 2
log π‘₯ + log π‘₯ βˆ’ 200 βˆ’ log 4 = 5 βˆ’ log 5

10.
11.
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13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

32π‘₯+1 = 53π‘₯βˆ’1
42π‘₯βˆ’1 βˆ’ 5π‘₯βˆ’1 = 0 𝑒
2π‘₯ + 4 = 5𝑒 π‘₯
3𝑒 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 4 + 𝑒 π‘₯ = 0 𝑒
2π‘₯ βˆ’ 5𝑒 π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 = 0 𝑒
2π‘₯ + 𝑒 = 𝑒 π‘₯+1 + 𝑒 π‘₯
2𝑒 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 𝑒 π‘₯ + 𝑒 βˆ’π‘₯ = 2
4π‘₯+1 βˆ’ 6 2π‘₯ + 2 = 0
25 52π‘₯ + 24 5π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 = 0
32π‘₯ + 3π‘₯+1 βˆ’ 18 = 0
32π‘₯+1 + 2 3π‘₯ = 1

32.
33.
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35.
36.
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39.
40.

ln 𝑒 3π‘₯ + 27 βˆ’ ln 4 = ln(𝑒 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 3𝑒 π‘₯ + 9)
ln π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ ln(π‘₯ 2 ) = 8
3 ln π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4 ln(π‘₯ 2 ) + 4 = 0
log 4 10 = log 4π‘₯ π‘₯
+ ln 5 = ln(7 βˆ’ 2𝑒 2π‘₯ ) π‘₯
= ln 𝑒 2π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 βˆ’ ln 2
ln 2𝑒 2π‘₯βˆ’3 = (ln 5) + π‘₯
1
2
3
99 π‘₯
= (log ) + (log ) + (log ) + β‹― + (log )
2
3
4
100 π‘₯
= (log 2 3) βˆ— (log 3 4) βˆ— (log 4 5) βˆ— β‹― βˆ— log 99 100

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