# Mathematics 17: College Algebra and trigonometry

Sample exercises: Exponential and Logarithmic equations
General Direction: Use black or blue ballpen. Show neat and clean solutions to obtain full points.
I.

Solve for the value of π₯. Discard any values that would not fit into the equation.
1.
2.
3.

23π₯+1 = 4π₯+5
2
25π₯ +π₯ = 5π₯+1
2
82π₯ = 45π₯+2

4.

9π₯β1 β

1 4π₯β1
3 π₯
β2

3π₯

=0

5.
6.

9 β 27
=0
7π₯ π₯+4 β 7 = 0

7.

32π₯+1 =

8.

3 9π₯
(π₯ 2 )

1

2 β4π₯

2βπ₯

16

= 81βπ₯

9.

8
27π₯

21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.

log 3 2π₯ 2 β 15π₯ = 3
log 3 4π₯ β 1 + log 3 π₯ + 1 = 2
log 2 π₯ 3 + 1 β 2 log 2 π₯ 2 β 1 = 0
log π₯ + 2 β log π₯ = log 12
log 4 π₯ 2 β 3π₯ β log 4 5 β 4π₯ = β1
log 2 π₯ + 3 + log 2 π₯ β 1 = 1
log 2 11 β π₯ β 3 = log 2 π₯ + 1
4βπ₯
log 3 π₯ + 7 β log 3
=2 π₯

log 2 2π₯ β 3 + log 2 π₯ β 1 = 3 + log 2 (1 + 3π₯)
log 3 2π₯ β 1 β log 3 (5π₯ + 2) = log 3 π₯ β 2 β 2
log π₯ + log π₯ β 200 β log 4 = 5 β log 5

=

1
4

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

32π₯+1 = 53π₯β1
42π₯β1 β 5π₯β1 = 0 π
2π₯ + 4 = 5π π₯
3π 2π₯ β 4 + π π₯ = 0 π
2π₯ β 5π π₯ β 6 = 0 π
2π₯ + π = π π₯+1 + π π₯
2π 2π₯ β π π₯ + π βπ₯ = 2
4π₯+1 β 6 2π₯ + 2 = 0
25 52π₯ + 24 5π₯ β 1 = 0
32π₯ + 3π₯+1 β 18 = 0
32π₯+1 + 2 3π₯ = 1

32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

ln π 3π₯ + 27 β ln 4 = ln(π 2π₯ β 3π π₯ + 9)
ln π₯ 2 β ln(π₯ 2 ) = 8
3 ln π₯ 2 β 4 ln(π₯ 2 ) + 4 = 0
log 4 10 = log 4π₯ π₯
+ ln 5 = ln(7 β 2π 2π₯ ) π₯
= ln π 2π₯ β 3 β ln 2
ln 2π 2π₯β3 = (ln 5) + π₯
1
2
3
99 π₯
= (log ) + (log ) + (log ) + β― + (log )
2
3
4
100 π₯
= (log 2 3) β (log 3 4) β (log 4 5) β β― β log 99 100

Mathematics 17: College Algebra and trigonometry
Sample exercises: Exponential and Logarithmic equations
General Direction: Use black or blue ballpen. Show neat and clean solutions to obtain full points.
I.

Solve for the value of π₯. Discard any values that would not fit into the equation.

1.
2.
3.

23π₯+1 = 4π₯+5
2
25π₯ +π₯ = 5π₯+1
2
82π₯ = 45π₯+2

4.

9π₯β1 β

1 4π₯β1
3 π₯
β2

3π₯

=0

5.
6.

9 β 27
=0
7π₯ π₯+4 β 7 = 0

7.

32π₯+1 =

8.

3 9π₯

9.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.

2
8(π₯ )

27π₯

2 β4π₯

=

1

2βπ₯

16

= 81βπ₯

1
4

log 3 2π₯ 2 β 15π₯ = 3
log 3 4π₯ β 1 + log 3 π₯ + 1 = 2
log 2 π₯ 3 + 1 β 2 log 2 π₯ 2 β 1 = 0
log π₯ + 2 β log π₯ = log 12
log 4 π₯ 2 β 3π₯ β log 4 5 β 4π₯ = β1
log 2 π₯ + 3 + log 2 π₯ β 1 = 1
log 2 11 β π₯ β 3 = log 2 π₯ + 1
4βπ₯
log 3 π₯ + 7 β log 3
=2 π₯

log 2 2π₯ β 3 + log 2 π₯ β 1 = 3 + log 2 (1 + 3π₯)
log 3 2π₯ β 1 β log 3 (5π₯ + 2) = log 3 π₯ β 2 β 2
log π₯ + log π₯ β 200 β log 4 = 5 β log 5

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

32π₯+1 = 53π₯β1
42π₯β1 β 5π₯β1 = 0 π
2π₯ + 4 = 5π π₯
3π 2π₯ β 4 + π π₯ = 0 π
2π₯ β 5π π₯ β 6 = 0 π
2π₯ + π = π π₯+1 + π π₯
2π 2π₯ β π π₯ + π βπ₯ = 2
4π₯+1 β 6 2π₯ + 2 = 0
25 52π₯ + 24 5π₯ β 1 = 0
32π₯ + 3π₯+1 β 18 = 0
32π₯+1 + 2 3π₯ = 1

32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

ln π 3π₯ + 27 β ln 4 = ln(π 2π₯ β 3π π₯ + 9)
ln π₯ 2 β ln(π₯ 2 ) = 8
3 ln π₯ 2 β 4 ln(π₯ 2 ) + 4 = 0
log 4 10 = log 4π₯ π₯
+ ln 5 = ln(7 β 2π 2π₯ ) π₯
= ln π 2π₯ β 3 β ln 2
ln 2π 2π₯β3 = (ln 5) + π₯
1
2
3
99 π₯
= (log ) + (log ) + (log ) + β― + (log )
2
3
4
100 π₯
= (log 2 3) β (log 3 4) β (log 4 5) β β― β log 99 100