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In the network shown in Fig. Q.2 (b), the switch is closed at t=O. At t=t>O, it is found that
i(t)=LOA and =I 0 VI sec. Find C.
0 S H md
resistance 20 0 and the other, capacitance C in sen es etermme C and R
so that the combined impedance shall be independent o ct and have zero phase
A uniform plane wave is described by the phasor H ay, Aim. If the velocity of the
wave is 2 x 10
mls and the relative permeabrz£ . · the frequency, relative
permittivity, wavelength and electric intensity.
A point charge q is situated at a grounded conducting plane of infinite
extent. Obtain the total charge induced ane by direct integration of the surface charge
Two parallel conducting plates od by the distance d and maintained at the potential
difference ll.U. A ·electric constant K and of uniform thickness t<cl. is
inserted between the pi at s. e the field vectors E and 5 in the dielectric and also in
the vacuum between die! · one pi ate. Neglect edge effects due to the finite size of the
A car .-circuit p.d. of 13.4 V and would supply 2000 A when short·
circuited. By d g uivalent circuits in terms of (i) a voltage source and (ii) a current
source, de ine urrent and power in each case in an external load of 0.1 0.
Give an account
5. Answer any three of the following:
(a) In an inverting voltage amplifier circuit using an operational amplifier, the operational
amplifier gain is I 0, 0 00, the input series resistance Rt is I 00 0 and the feedback resistance Rt
is 50 00. If the input voltage is I V, find the exact output voltage and the percentage error that
would be committed by considering an infinite gain for the operational amplifier.
(b) Design a logic circuit whose output is given by the Boolean expression: (A+ B) .AB .
(c) Discuss the advantages of a junction field-effect transistor over a conventional bi-polar
transistor. Calculate the value of drain load resistance, fu. required in the circuit shown in Fig.
Q.5(c) at audio frequencies to obtain a voltage gain of 60. The PET used has g, = 5 x 10-
and rds = I 00 kO.
(d) What are the functions of a commutator m a d c machme? Explat , V ' - · methods of
o btam effect:l ve commutation
gatn Another transt stor T
has current gatn
Estabhs r n h and Io
(b) A transistor used m common- CE) configuration has the following set of h-
p arameters when the d c op9!f tIS Vu = I 0 V and Ic = I mA
h.= 2000 0,
If the a c 'load the tranststorts
rL = 6 00 0, impedance, current gain and voltage gain.
(c) In a single mul tivibrator, emitter biasing resistance RE = I 00 0, RL = I, 0 00 0.
Rt = I 2 = 50 kO, and Vee = 18 V. Find (i) the output voltages Et and and (ii) the
d ase currents for each transistor. Make necessary assumptions and state them.
7. · n how a 2 -winding transformer can be converted into an autotransformer. Two sing! e-
as ransformers T
rated at 250 kVA each are operated in parallel on both sides.
entage impedances forT
are (I+ j6) and (1.2 + j4.8) respectively. Calculate the
load shared by each when the totallo ad is 5 00 kV A at 0. 8 p .f. lagging.
Explain the principle of operation of a polyphase induction motor. A 4-p ole, 50 Hz polyphase
induction motor has a full-load speed of 1440 r.p .m. Estimate the full-load slip.
(c) Two transformers connected in open delta supply a 40 0 WA b a! anced load operating at 0. 86 6
p.f. lagging. The load voltage is 440 V. Calculate the values of kVA and kW supplied by
(a) A 4 -pole, 50 Hz, 3-phase induction motor has motor resistance and standstill rotor reactance
of 0.04 0 and 0.16 0 per phase respectively. Calculate the value of the external rotor
resistance per phase to be inserted to obtain 70% of maximum torque at starting.
(b) Two identical 30 kW, 500 V, 1200 r.p.m. d. c. series motors A and 13 are co!Ulected in series
aero ss a 5 00 V d. c. sup pi y. They drive a common load through reduction gearing of a: I and
b: I respectively. When the load shaft has a speed of 120 r.p.m., motor A has 225 V across it
and runs at I 0 80 r.p .m. Find for this condition the speed of the second motor, the current
taken from the mains and total I oad torque on the shaft. Neglect all losses and saturation
(c) Explain the principle of operation of a synchronous motor. Discuss the various methods of
starting the motor. What is a synchronous capacitor?
Some useful data:
Mass of electron, M = 9 .I x I o-
Electronic charge, e = I. 6 x 10-
Velocity of light, c = 3 x 10
Boltzmann constant, k = 1.3 8 x 10-
Permittivity of free space, sa = 8. 8 5 x 10-
Permeability of free space, ~ o = 4 1t x I o-
Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 300
Candidates should attempt five questions only stiecting at two Questions including the
compulsory question from each of Section A and B or Section A and C.
Asmme suitable data if considered necessary and indicate the same clearly.
The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the md of the quemon.
Qu2stion 1 iS compulsory 6
I Select any three of the followmg statements, read them carefully and entl the correct and
mcorrect ones Justtfy your answer usmg not more than 200 words m each cas
.. + (20x3=60)
(a) The performance of a contort system is affected of the measuring
(b) In a system which uses a gear train to coup! e otor, the equivalent moment of
inertia referred to the motor shaft and t • e load shaft is independent of gear
In the operation of a three-phase full· both in the inverter-mode and converter·
mode, the direction of current and ty voltage must rem am same at different pomts of
Enumerate the m8J or ties good adJ ustabl e-sp eed dnve system
soltd-state de111 ces m2P e s .- ed motor dnves
A half-wave usmg thyn stors feeds a d c sen es motor from a three-phase
w e ctrcwt eli agram and the waveforms showmg motor voltage and armature
c nts for finng (delay) angles 0 f o• and 9 o•
Explain how to find the firing (delay) angle for a particular operating condition of the
motor, assuming continuous conduction, when the a. c. source voltage is given. All the
drops on d.c. side ace to be considered.
Describe the variable-voltage variable· frequency method of speed control of a. c. motors.
(d) Explain what is meant by the tum off time of a thyristor and the factors on which it depends
3. You are given the following components of a position control System:
• Two potentiometers including one for yielding the error signal,
• One armature controlled d. c. motor,
• One amplifier,
• Gear train having gear ratio of I I 0.
The field of the d. c. motor is excited from a constant voltage source while the error signal is
amplified and applied to the armature circuit.
Assume appropriate numerical values for the system constants and answer (a) to (e).
(a) Draw a diagram showing the scheme of connection to form a p o si tiona! servomechanism
with the above components, indicating the load on the motor.
(b) Write down the equations describing the operation of (i) the error detect e
(c) Obtain the transfer function relating armature voltage and angular d.
In connection wtth d c lam what IS a chopper and how 1t controls the speed
G1ve the s1mpl8 i agrarn for a chopper controlled drive scheme usmg ad c senes
motor and sk \ !h oltage and current waveforms Define "pulse rat1o' and "pulse
w the hm1ts of current puis all on are detemuned
5 ent Wl th JUsllfi calion on the correctness or otherwtse of any three of the followtng statements,
ctmg your answer to wtthtn 2 00 words for each
(a) Induction motors, whether three-phase or sing! e-phase, must always run at a slip.
(b) The excitation e.m.f. of a loaded synchronous motor working at lagging power factor must be
greater than the terminal voltage.
(c) Protection techniques have failed to devise means for protection of alternators against inter-
(d) The limitations of the concept of ABCD constants in transmission line calculation is that it
may be applied only to the line itself.
(a) What are the specific fields of application of two -phase induction motors? State the special
requirements for such uses and discuss the design considerations making the motor sui tab! e
for those uses.
(b) Explain why starters are to be used for starting three-phase induction motors. Mention the
factors to be considered before selecting a method for starting a three-phase squirr -cage
induction motor. Compare the avail able starting torque in the case of auto-tr s
starting with that in the case of stator-reactor starting for the same value of li
A high -voltage alternator g up of four synchronous motors through a transformer
low- voltage side. mo s grounded through a reactance (current limiting). The
bank connected in I ounded neutral on the alternator side and in delta on the
alternator neutral is so 1 nded. A single line-to-ground fault occurs on the low-tension
side of the transffilJ>i .
(i) Draw a diagram of the system showing the point of fault.
·fy the sequence network showing the proper connections when the
ces computed on the selected base are given as:
rnator : Sub -transient reactance= 15%
Zero -sequence reactance= 6%
Transformer Bank: Leakage reactance= 12%
Motor group : Sub -transient reactance= 2 0%
Zero -sequence reactance= 9%
Current limiting reactance per each motor= 12%
(iii) Neglecting the pre-fault current determine the sub-transient fault current if the p. u.
voltage behind the sub -transient reactance for the alternator is I + j 0. Make
appropriate assumptions regarding negative sequence reactances of the machines.
(c) Name a d. c. machine in which the troublesome armature reaction has been put to advantage.
Draw a schematic representation of the machine. Describe its constructional features with
necessary sketches and draw curves to show the nature of its external characteristics.
Explain the functions of:
(i) Pumped Storage Plant (ii) Lightning Arrestor (iii) Phase Advancer (iv) Peterson Coil
Draw the speed-time curve for the following traction service on level track without any free-
running period, and estimate the maximum power input to the traction motors:
The train having a dead weight of 400 tonnes accelerates for 30 seconds attaining a maximum
speed of 70 km per hour. It takes 2 0 sees to bring it at dead stop, the brake being at
the speed of 55 km ph when the coasting ends. Before starting again it is all owe eck r
2 0 sees. Assume the train resistance to be 4 0 Nw/tonne and all ow I 0% of de we
Given: efficiency of the transmission gear is 9 0% and efficiency of
Give brief answers to the following:
(1) What ts the data used m load-flow studtes? (u) What y+swmg Bus? (111) How
ts an A-C Calculatmg Board set up? (tv) What mo o >n obtatned from load-flow
Qu2stion 9 is compulsory.
Select any three of the followmg stftj e an dtcate wtth JUst:lftcat:lon whether they are correct
or wrong Your answer must not ex e 0 rth for each statement
(a) There wtll be no h blem m an ampltfiertf 1 ts mput can be made harmorucs free
(b) The charactens0 ennas, whether of resonant type or of non -resonant type, are
(c) In designi for d.c. amplifiers it is necessary to ensure proper damping.
(d) Fillers used in a Visual M adulator, a component of TV transmitter.
account of the sampltng theorem
Describe the Noise-generator Method for the measurement of Noise Figure. Explain why this
method is most desirable.
(d) In connection with a two-conductor transmission line defines 'characteristic (surge)
impedance' and 'propagation constant'. Express the values of the characteristic impedance
for co -axial lines, and for parallel-wire lines in terms of line dimensions, as well as for a
usual radio-frequency line in terms ofline parameters.
(a) What is a Radar? Draw a block diagram showing the components on which radar systems are
based. Explain function of radar as a navigational aid.
(b) A standing wave indicator used with a square law detector the wave guides having internal
dimensions of width 3. 75 em and depth I. 25 em (the electrical field being parallel to depth)
shows adjacent minima at a distance of 2. 5 em hom each other.
Assuming that the guide walls are perfectly conducting calculate (i) the free space
wavelength of the sin gal in the wave guide and (ii) the reflection co-efficient and
load impedance when the I oad impedance is 75 + j 0 ohm and the guide impedance . +
j 23.7ohm. '
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