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FCE Writing

Contents Introduction of the FCE writing paper .......................................................................3 TYPE 1: FORMAL LETTER ....................................................................................5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. How should I approach the task? ..................................................................5 Formal letter structure ...................................................................................5 Useful language .............................................................................................6 Sample letters ................................................................................................6 Exercise .......................................................................................................10 PART I .............................................................................................................10 PART II ............................................................................................................15 TYPE 2: INFORMAL LETTER ..............................................................................18 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. How should I approach the task? ................................................................18 Informal letter structure ...............................................................................18 Useful language ...........................................................................................19 Exercise .......................................................................................................20 How should I approach the task? ................................................................24 Article structure ...........................................................................................24 Useful language ...........................................................................................25 Exercise .......................................................................................................27 How should I approach the task? ................................................................34 Story structure .............................................................................................34 Useful language ...........................................................................................35 Exercise .......................................................................................................37

TYPE 3: ARTICLE ..................................................................................................24

TYPE 4: STORY .....................................................................................................34

TYPE 5: REPORT ...................................................................................................41 AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 1

FCE Writing
1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. How should I approach the task? ................................................................41 Report structure ...........................................................................................41 Useful language ...........................................................................................42 Exercise .......................................................................................................46 How should I approach the task? ................................................................51 Essay structure .............................................................................................51 Useful language ...........................................................................................51 Exercise .......................................................................................................55 How should I approach the task? ................................................................61 Review structure ..........................................................................................61 Useful phrases: ............................................................................................61 Exercise .......................................................................................................63 How should I prepare to write about the set book? .....................................65 How should I approach the task? ................................................................65 Set book structure ........................................................................................66 Useful language ...........................................................................................67 Exercise .......................................................................................................70

TYPE 6: ESSAY ......................................................................................................51

TYPE 7: REVIEW ...................................................................................................61

TYPE 8: SET BOOK ...............................................................................................65

ANSWER KEY........................................................................................................71


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FCE Writing
Introduction of the FCE writing paper The Writing paper is paper 2 of the FCE exam and it lasts 1 hour and 20 minutes. In this paper you have to complete 2 writing tasks. Task 1 is compulsory - you have no choice and you have to write about 120-150 words. This sounds a lot but if we say sentences are about 10 words long then it's only about 12-15 sentences. If you have average handwriting it's also only about 12 lines. A piece of cake. In task 2 you have a choice of 4 possible tasks and you have to write just a bit more 120-180 words. You should try to write at least 150 as it is difficult (but not impossible for a skilled writer) to complete the task and impress the examiner in task 2 if you only write 120 words. Generally time shouldn't be a problem for you in this part of the exam if you have had plenty of practice before the exam. In task 1 you will be asked to write either a letter or an email. They give you some material to read and you must respond to that material with your letter or base your letter on the material given. For example, you might have to respond positively to an invitation, give or ask for information, express an opinion, give reasons for doing or not doing an activity or convey a preference. It's really important to show that you understand the reasons you are writing and to whom. In Task 2 you could be asked to write an article, an essay, a letter, a report, a review or a story in questions 2-4. They are based on general topics such as health and fitness, sport, music and so on. Questions 5a and 5b are based on two set texts. There will be one question on each of the set texts (so question 5a and 5b). You might be asked to write the same kind of piece as in questions 2-4 apart from a story. What are the examiners looking for? The examiners are highly trained and have many criteria for marking your writing. As a general summary they are looking at the following aspects: - Content - have you included what you are asked to include - not just part of the required content, but all of it? This is where writing a plan really helps. It takes just AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 3

FCE Writing
3 minutes but can save you time when you are writing and help you not to miss important information. There's an example at the bottom of the article. - Organisation and cohesion - is it organised? Are all the ideas linked together? Does it read like 1 piece of writing or lots of little bits thrown together? Paragraphs!!! (Generally speaking 3 is minimum and more than 5 would probably be an exaggeration). If you have written a good plan this part shouldn't be a problem for you. - Appropriacy and format - if it's a letter, does it look like a letter? If it's a report, does it look like a report? E.g. A letter starts with Dear, a report doesn't. This also includes 'register' - this means the level of formality of language - if you are writing to a friend you should write more informally, if you are writing to someone in authority you should use a more formal style. - Range - this is the area you really show off in. You must show that you know a variety of grammar structures and vocabulary. This will also make your work more interesting for the reader. - Accuracy - mistakes!! Try not to make them! Spelling, punctuation, wrong vocabulary, grammar mistakes. When you check your work it's a good idea to check at least 3 or 4 times, but each time you check for something different. E.g. many people have problems with a/the - so check your work by looking at the nouns and seeing if you have the right article or no article. Tenses are tough in English, so check through your work by looking at the verbs. Spelling could be another check. What about checking to find ways to improve your range (see the point above)? - Target reader. When he or she is checking your work, the examiner puts himself in the position of the target reader and wants to see what impression you make. Does your letter, email, article, essay etc. have the right effect on the readers? For example if you are asked to write a letter of complaint don't be too critical and aggressive because this would have a rather negative effect on the reader in real life and you may not get what you want - compensation etc. Remember the Brit's are generally a polite lot. So if you do the same in the FCE exam the examiner puts himself in the position of the target reader and will give you a lower mark because of the bad effect on the target reader. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 4

This may include: asking for or giving information. formal linking phrases and set phrases wherever appropriate. or using contractions and colloquial language. such as letters. making complaints. 2. if at all. Formal letter structure Dear…. This will include the task itself. Avoid being too familiar. initiating action or responding to a request. Who will read it? Probably someone who you do not know well. adverts. How should I approach the task? What is the purpose of the letter? The task will tell you exactly what you have to do. and hand written notes. This may be a named individual. Organise all the essential information from the task prompts in a clear and logical way in the main paragraphs of the letter. Use indirect expressions. giving feedback on suggestions.. More ideas Yours……………………. What style should I use? Be polite. or an unnamed representative of an organisation. Say how you expect the other person to respond to your letter if this is appropriate. Clearly state the subject or context. You may need to add some extra ideas of your own. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Say why you are writing. Page 5 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Closing expression(s) Signing off AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS . suggestions. or corrections. possibly a person in a position of authority or responsibility.FCE Writing TYPE 1: FORMAL LETTER 1. plus one or more additional texts. What information should I include? In a transactional letter you will need to read all the information you are given. You must respond to all the questions and points in the texts or notes. memos.

I would like/ be interested to know… Referring to their .Could you…? . . …/Dear Ms. …/Dear Mrs. Useful language Greeting Name unknown: Dear Sir/ Madam. Name known: Dear Mr.As you stated in your letter.Regarding …/ Concerning … .If Dear + name or Dear Sir/Madam: Yours Name Your first name + surname 4. please do not expressions hesitate to contact me. Reason for .If you require any further information. Sample letters  Sample question 1 You have just seen the following advertisement in your local newspaper: AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 6 .I am writing on behalf of.With regard to… Closing ..I look forward to hearing from you.. … letter/points .If Dear Sir/Madam: Yours faithfully.If Dear + name: Yours sincerely .I wonder if you could… . Asking questions . .FCE Writing First name + surname 3. … + surname.I am writing to … writing . Signing off .I would be grateful if… .I am writing with regard to… .

currently studying Math‟s at Warwick University. I am a nineteen year-old student. I have three younger brothers and sisters. I was awarded an A grade in the Cambridge First Certificate in English examination last year. please do not hesitate to let me know. Yours sincerely. or wish me to attend an interview. Green. They also love sports and gamesbasketball.and I would be very happy to organize similar activities for your children. and which hours during the summer I would be expected to work. who I regularly look after when my parents are at work. from the beginning of June until the end of September. I would be very grateful if you could let me know what the rate of pay per hour would be. I could be free everyday if necessary.  Model answer Dear Mrs. I love being with children. hide-and-seek. swimming. I speak English very well. I would be very interested in applying for this position. tennis. If you require any further information. I am writing in response to your advertisement. which I saw in the „Daily News‟ yesterday. Helen Taylor AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 7 .FCE Writing Write your letter of application to Mrs Green. Do not write any addresses.

Last week I bought one of these. or a new stereo. First of all.Batteries It has a recording facility (didn‟t work).Convenient carrying case (zip broken) .Headphones (missing) .FCE Writing  Sample question 2 You bought the personal stereo advertised in a mail order catalogue. and asking for your money back.99 in shop) including cost of postage.99. It comes compete with: . A GREAT LITTLE PERSONAL MUSIC CENTER THAT FITS IN YOUR POCKET! (Very big and too heavy for my pocket) This high-quality stereo comes to you at the unbeatable price of $19. THIS IS A BARGAIN NOT TO BE MISSED! Write a letter to Home Mail Order. and plays all your tapes (destroyed two tapes) with high-quality sound. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 8 .99.99 instead of $19. complaining about the stereo. lower than you will find in any shop. and I am sorry to say that I was very disappointed when I received it. your advertisement stated that the price would be lower than in any shop but I saw the same stereo at a price of $14.  Model Answer: Dear Sir/Madam. (not true – found one for $14. will pick up any radio station. I am writing in connection with a personal stereo which I saw advertised in your mail order catalogue.

Could you please arrange for me to receive a new one or refund my money in full? I look forward to hearing from you. Peter Petrov. As well.FCE Writing Furthermore. when I received it. However. you also promised that it would be a compact and portable device. the recording facility did not work. the stereo was so big and heavy that it could not be carried in a pocket. Don‟t miss dolphin feeding What time? time!  Model answer Dear Sir or Madam. Finally. However. Yours faithfully. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 9 . the headphones were missing and there was a broken zip on the carrying bag.  Sample question 3 SEA CREATURES – a fun sea life How much? centre for the whole family. and I have already destroyed two tapes that contained my favourite musical compositions. your advertisement promised that it would be a high-quality stereo complete with all necessary accessories. Visit one Where in Dorset? of Dorset‟s finest attractions and meet some of the sea‟s most amazing creatures.

Finally. I am writing to ask for some more information. and is the style appropriate? AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 10 . I would be grateful if you would send me this information as soon as possible. write a suitable letter to the leisure center. Exercise PART I 1. Is the relevant information included. Write between 120 and 150 words in an appropriate style. What is the main purpose of the letter? b. Using this information. Read this example of a part I task and answer the questions. 2. pointing out the differences between their publicity and what you have found. My friend and I are all fifteen.FCE Writing I recently saw an advert for the Sea Creatures and would like to visit the sea life centre with some friends. Read the leaflet and the notes you have made. How formal or informal should the style be? You have recently joined a leisure center which has not lived up to your expectations. dolphin feeding is mentioned in your advert. a. so please could you let me know the price of tickets for this age group? Your advert does not say exactly where Sea Creatures is. You decide to complain to the management. Yours faithfully Joe Hall 5. Please let me know what time of day this usually happens. What key fact should be included? c. Read this letter written in answer to the task. Could you send me a map or give me details of your website so that I can find out.

I got up and went to work as usual. More than one answer may be possible. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 11 . I went for a run. There are two each in paragraphs 2 and 4. He went to work by car. b. Find and underline five phrases in the letter which express a contrast. --------it was raining.FCE Writing 3. -------the fact that I felt terrible. Underline and correct any errors in spelling. grammar and punctuation. ---------I couldn‟t get a reply. I enjoy playing golf. 4. The first has been underlined in the letter. c. Which of the five words or phrases cannot be used to join contrasting ideas within one sentence? 6. ---------. Jon usually beats me at tennis. e. and one in paragraph 3. I tried to ring you yesterday. Complete these sentences with appropriate contrasting phrases. f. a. -------I‟m not very good at it. d. 5. Then rewrite any parts that are in an inappropriate style. yesterday I beat him easily. -------he knew the traffic would be very heavy.

c. 8. What key points should be included? When you write. ---------. d. I‟ve never been to Australia. Although I learn to swim when I was quite young. use contrasting language to highlight good and bad points or to point out the difference between your expectations and your actual experience. Complete these sentences with your own ideas. You are going to write a formal transactional letter. Despite the fact that she couldn‟t drive. However. Read the information and the task. 9.--------. b.FCE Writing 7. but---------------. ------------. --------------. First. e. Remember to use informal language and some of the useful expressions. I enjoy watching sport on TV. read the task and the other information provided. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 12 . a. Then use the writing guide to help you write the letter. Even though I take regular exercise.

FCE Writing Your parents have offered to pay for a climbing course for you and a friend. Write a letter to your friend inviting him or her to do the course. Remember to use linking words and some of the useful expressions. Then use the writing guide to help you write the letter. Paragraph one Paragraph two ask how your friend is and tell him/ her what you‟ve been doing invite him/ her to go on the course and give details. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 13 . Read the information and the task. Paragraph three explain how much you want your friend to come 10. Look at the advert and the notes you made.

FCE Writing You went to see the band Storm. and then write a letter of complaint to the manager of the Octagon explaining what happened. Read the advert and your notes. some things went wrong. Unfortunately. Paragraph one Paragraph two Paragraph three explain why you are writing describe what happened say what you want AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 14 .




The task will tell you exactly what you have to do. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Begin by asking some personal questions or making some personal comments Say why you are writing. such as to give information or make suggestions. 2. Informal letter structure Dear…. Page 18 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Closing expression(s) AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS . Add some more details of your own if you like. and your hand-written notes. to request information or invite somebody to do something. You must answer all the questions in the texts or notes and make reference to any other comments. if you are writing to a friend. for example. Like paragraph 3 Finish your letter with an appropriate comment. What information should I include? In a transactional letter you will need to read information which is included in a variety of texts. letters. Who will read it? The person or people you have been asked to write to. give reasons. but not if you don‟t know the person.FCE Writing TYPE 2: INFORMAL LETTER 1. for example. Contractions are always appropriate. What style should I use? An informal style. If you need to change agreements or turn someone down. for example. How should I approach the task? What is the purpose of the informal letter? To respond to a request for action from somebody else. it could be to initiate action. Alternatively. Slang and colloquial expressions are sometimes appropriate. memos. adverts. Give the information that you have been told to give.

AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 19 . ……………………………….. Useful language Greeting Asking about them Referring to their news Giving news Making suggestions Closing expressions Signing off Name  Sample question: Dear + first name Hi! How are things? How are you? How‟s it going? Great news about … Glad to hear that… Sorry to hear about… Listen. Your first name Your Italian pen friend. got to go now. Antonia. did I tell you about … You‟ll never believe that… Oh. Lots of love. wrote and asked about your lifestyle in England. Read part of Antonia‟s letter and reply. Your first name 3. Give my love to… Say hello to… See you soon! Love. Why don‟t you…? Maybe you could… How about…? Well. Yours.FCE Writing Don‟t just stop abruptly. and another thing.

I like doing exercise. I eat a lot of fruit and I get a lot of fresh air. Last weekend. My family lives near the mountains. Read this example of a Part I task including the email and handwritten notes. I did a snorkeling course at our local swimming pool.FCE Writing I think I have a very healthy lifestyle. so we often go walking. I saw a lot of wildlife and I took a lot of photos. a. I decide to do something different. but we were all in the same boat! I‟d love to visit you one day. What information should be included in the reply to the email? b. I‟m quite good at tennis and I often go swimming with my friends. but I‟d love to try it. we went rock climbing. Your lifestyle sounds really interesting! We don‟t live near the mountains so I‟ve never been rock climbing. I think I‟m quite healthy too. Thanks for your letter. I think we‟d get on really well! Please write soon! Love Kate 4. What kind of lifestyle do you have?  Model answer Dear Antonia. I sleep for about eight hours every night and I eat a lot of fruit and vegetables. You asked me about my lifestyle. What style will the reply be written in? Why? AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 20 . I met some really great people! The course was hard. Last month. and answer the questions. Exercise 1. While I was doing the course.

Write your email in 120150 words. 2. In the email. who is coming to stay in your town. Read Sam‟s email and the noted you have made. using all your notes. has asked you for some information and suggestions. Then write an email to Sam. Read this reply written in answer to the task. and is the style appropriate? AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 21 .speaking friend. Sam.FCE Writing You have received an email from an English. Sam. who is coming with a friend. Is the relevant information included.

You are going to write an email.FCE Writing Formal and informal language 3. To have an impersonal tone? c. To use very simple words or slang? 4. How many of the informal features from the list a-h above can you find in the sample answer? Read the letter again and check. To leave out certain words such as pronouns? h. Which kind of writing is more likely…? a. Read the task below and decide what styleformal or informal – is more appropriate. Answer the questions with F (formal) or IFM (informal). To use phrasal verbs rather than single-word verbs? g. To use passive verbs? f. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 22 . Think. To use contractions (shortened verb forms)? d. To have short sentences? b. To include polite phrases? e. plan. and write 5.

7.time work. read through your letter. You have received an email from an English. using all your notes. Then write an email to Jo. 9. Paragraph 2 Answer the questions about the part. Here is a paragraph plan: Paragraph 1 Greeting/ react to friend‟s news. learning your language and doing some part. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 23 . checking grammar.time work Paragraph 3 Answer the questions about language classes Paragraph 4 Suggest where your friend could look for accommodation. who is planning to spend a year in your country. Read Jo‟s email and the notes you have made. Write your email in 120.speaking friend.FCE Writing 6. Jo. End the letter appropriately. 8. Decide in detail what information you can give your friend. spelling and punctuation. Finally.150 words.

are often written in a light-hearted style. What style should I use? The style can be light or serious. How should I approach the task? Who will read the article? Readers choose articles that interest them and ignore those that look dull.Think of an interesting title which will make people want to read your article. .g.Should be clearly defined. What is the purpose of the article? To inform readers about a particular topic in an entertaining way.Articles usually have a title. Magazine articles. 2. . You could ask the reader a question or make a strong statement. Article structure Title . . The title and opening paragraph should try to capture the reader‟s attention.There should be some examples. depending on who the target reader is. especially for young adult readers.Start your article in an interesting way. We may use some rhetorical questions: e. Can you imagine a school where every student enjoys themselves? What language should I use? Probably some use of descriptivelanguage and language of opinion. The title should be informative (give the reader an idea of the subject) and attractive (make the reader want to read the article). What information should I include? You may have to describe personal experiences or express opinions and ideas which people of young age can identify with.FCE Writing TYPE 3: ARTICLE 1. Page 24 Opening AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS . What you write need not be true. not too long and clearly linked.

FCE Writing Paragraph 1 The first paragraph should involve the reader in some way. Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Ending 3... … I believe (that) … As far as I‟m concerned… In my view. … Making suggestions Giving examples Expressing opinion -  Sample question 1 AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 25 . Build on the interest you have raised in the first paragraph. Finish the article in an interesting way. Useful language Engaging the reader Have you ever…? Do you find that…? Are you one of those people who…? Imagine… Let‟s suppose… Why not…? Have you thought of…? Try. Take… for example/instance… As I see it. Use each paragraph to mark the next stage of your article. Try to end the paragraph in a way which makes the reader want to continue reading. … To my mind. This could be humorous or thought-provoking. This may mean answering the question or telling the next part of the story.

My next goal is to pass my exams!  Sample question 2 You have seen this notice in an international magazine. I didn‟t win any of them.  Model answer MY ACHIEVEMENTS I‟m very proud of some of the things I‟ve done in my life. I don‟t think I‟ll ever be a pop star.FCE Writing Your teacher has asked you to write an article for your school magazine about your professional achievements. two years ago. The best article will be published in the magazine. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 26 . Then my teacher asked me to sing in the school concert. Here are two of my greatest achievements! Every year. IMPORTANT INVENTIONS Inventions have affected all our lives! Write us an article about one invention. we have a sports day at school. explaining why you think it is important and saying how it has affected your own life. but I‟ve never been very confident. I sang a song by AvrilLavigne. Write an article for your teacher. On sports day. I entered three running races. I decide to get fit. I went running three times a week and I joined a karate class. six months ago I started singing lessons. However. but I came second in the 100 metres. I‟m not very good at sports and I don‟t usually win any races. So. People have always said that I‟m good at singing. but I felt it was a real achievement! There are a lot of things I want to achieve in my life. I was really pleased.

Having a car also is needed if I want to get a good job. In what situations do people read magazine articles? 2. I try not to go by car everywhere because I know how important is to take care of environment. However serious the problem is. Why do people choose to read or not to read a particle magazine article 3.FCE Writing  Model answer IMPORTANT INVENTIONS. What would be an appropriate style for this kind of article? An English. Young people are irresponsible and don't really care much about anything. I don't think we can stop using car. cars have become irreplaceable and people cannot stop using them. increasing noise and number of accidents on the roads. Write an article for the magazine in 120-180 words about an activity you are enthusiastic about. Exercise 1.language magazine for students is running a series of articles entitles “I‟m just crazy about…” in which young people write about their personal interests. Not only do we use vehicles to do shopping but we also use them as the way of travelling. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 27 . From my point of view the age of drivers is terrifying low. My life has changed since I collected my driving license. who lives in different town. dependenton traffic. Read this part 2 task and answer the questions. Cars have been invented to improve the quality of our lives but recently we have become addicted to them. There are some disadvantages to having a car such as pollution. Getting to work by using public transport is very difficult sometimes. I can decide the same day when I want to go and visit my uncle. 4. I have become more independent which is very important. I think a car is a good invention but we need to think before using it. The time goes so fast and must be aware of our future. Nowadays. There are some other advantages of having a car such as spending less money on buses and trains. Honestly. 1.

How would you describe the style? Formal or informal? Personal or impersonal? Serious or humorous? d. Which of these are essential features of an article tittle? a. In which paragraph does the writer describe a personal experience? e.FCE Writing 2. How does the writer try to interest the reader? b. What descriptive language does the writer use? 3. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 28 . How interesting does you find the article? c. It should be short. a. Read this article and answer the questions. d. c. b. e. It should tell you exactly what the text is about. It should attract your attention. It should give you an idea of what the text is about. It should make you want to read the article.

” in which young people write an activity they‟d be keen to try. Plan your article.180 words. think of a suitable title and an interesting first sentence. First. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 29 . If possible. 6. choose an activity you would really like to try. b. Which of these opening sentences would make you want to continue reading? Give reasons. 7. 8. work out a paragraph plan.FCE Writing 4. Think particularly about what you will write in your first and last paragraphs. An English. You are going to write a magazine article.language magazine for students of your age is running a series of articles entitled “I‟ve always wanted to…. read the task. Make brief notes as you work through these stages. Write your article for the magazine in 120 . Hoe many paragraphs will you need? Remember to plan a new paragraph for each main idea. Which of these titles would make you want to read an article about the skydiving? Give reasons. 5. a. Decide on an activity to write about and note down some key ideas.

giving details of the following:  What is the best time to visit?  What can tourists see and do there? Write us an article answering these questions. Write your article in 120. 1. can you include your own opinions and personal anecdotes? e. a.FCE Writing c. How can you interest the reader at the beginning of an article? c.informal? Personal? Humorous? 9. who is going to read this article? Think about people of your own age: what kind of things interests them? d. 1. what style and tone would be appropriate. Discuss your ideas about what to include in the article? d. Don‟t forget to check your grammar. Answer the following questions in pairs.180 words. We will publish the most interesting articles next month. spelling and punctuation. you may be asked to write an article. Write an article based on the notes you have made. Think of two or three interesting tittles for your article and share your ideas with the rest of the class.In part 2 of the First Writing test. Look at the following Part 2 question. Read the following statements and in groups decide if they are true (T) or false (F) and correct the false ones. You have seen this announcement in an international magazine. My Favorite Holiday Destination Tell us about a holiday destination you know well. 2. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 30 . What should a good article have? b. PART 2 10. These article should be based on your experiences and include some description.

You can write your article in pencil. You have to write about 100 words. If you do not do this. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 31 .For questions 1-12. 4. You must answer both parts of the question. 10. 6. You should begin with Dear Sir and Madam. You should write your article in a neutral style as it is for an international magazine. 11. There is an example at the beginning (0).You can use subheadings and numbered points. You don‟t need to worry about spelling and grammar mistakes when you write. 8. 7.FCE Writing 2. Use only one word in each space. read the text below and think of a word which best fits each space. 3. and try to connect your ideas clearly. you will lose marks. You should make a plan before writing. 9. You must remember to use paragraphs and make sure the language is suitable for your target audience. 5.

Remember to use linking words and some of the useful expressions. How many paragraphs are there? 2. Write a description for youe school magazine of somebody you get on well with. check its meaning in a dictionary.Write your article. If necessary. 4. Find some interesting vocabulary in the article.FCE Writing Use the text on Portugal above as a model answer and discuss the following questions. Use the writing guide to help you. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 32 . 13. What tense is used throughout the article? 3. using three or four paragraphs. 1. Remember to read through the task again carefully and include all the information needed. Are there any other expressions which you could use in your own article? 12.

FCE Writing Paragraph one Who is the person? Paragraph two What qualities does he/ she have? How does he/ she make you feel? Paragraph three When do you spend most of your time together? AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 33 .

Story structure Title Paragraph 1 …………………………………. -Begin or end your story with the words given. Develop the story: event 2 Add descriptive detail to make it more real. Develop the story: event 1. if this is asked for in the task. Who will read it? Your story may be for a competition or a magazine. What style should I use? Use a neutral style.FCE Writing TYPE 4: STORY 1. Use descriptive language: adjectives and adverbs make a story more dramatic. and give any other important background information. -Unless you are writing in the first person. a middle which maintains our interest and a definite end. Bring the story to an end.. for example.not formal but not too informal either. The task may say who will read it. Add descriptive detail to make it more real. You need to set the scene and choose two or three events to describe in detail. Make your beginning interesting so that people will want to read on. What information should I include? A good story has an interesting beginning. Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 34 . Say where and when the events took place. How should I approach the task? What is the purpose of the story? To entertain and interest the reader. 2. your teacher or other foreign language students. introduce the main characters.

 Model answer JOHN’S TRIP As John got off the train. … „…. … Just at that moment. … Suddenly. The competition rules say that the story must begin with the following words: As John got off the train. he couldn‟t believe how cold it was. “… . … All of a sudden.” said x Tell whisper shout think cry It had all been… After everything that had happened. He quickly put on his warm hat and gloves and walked carefully in the snow. … In the end.‟ said x. … Finally. … Eventually. Useful language Time phrases Dramatic devices Direct speech Verbs with direct/indirect speech Concluding It all began… It was one of those days when… At first… Some time later. … Meanwhile… Later.FCE Writing 3. he couldn‟t believe how cold it was. He looked around AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 35 . …  Sample question 1 You have decided to enter a short story competition. Write your story for the competition.

With him were John‟s cousins. The boys started talking loudly and began to walk towards the car. her space. The train left the station and John came up to his relatives. suddenly. „They‟re on the train!‟ They all looked. with a round. Your story must begin with the following words: Alice knew that it was going to be a very special day for her. John stopped. bald head. she felt she didn't fix there any more as she was bored with the same things all the time. „ Oh no.‟ he cried. John?‟ asked Uncle Bill. „It‟s okay. Suddenly. John felt so foolish. He was still short and fat. Write your story.  Model answer Alice knew that it was going to be a very special day for her. The most confusing thing was that even though it had been her room.‟ They all smiled and John knew it was going to be a great holiday. Alex and Tony. In the distance.‟he explained. but he hadn‟t changed. after all. He came back a second later.  Sample question 2 Your English teacher has asked you to write a story for the college magazine. sadly. „ Where are your bags. the train was slowly disappearing.She moved as she never did before. He hadn‟t seen his uncle for a long time. „They are going to send them back from the next station. she hasn't any idea about what was going on in that external world and AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 36 .FCE Writing excitedly and saw his Uncle Bill at the end of the platform. That day she felt really strange. She knew her name as she had been hearing it for the last nine months. They all said hellp nervously and then they laughed and kissed each other. she started hearing people shouting like in a real rush but happy at the same time. Uncle Bill quickly found a guard and spoke to him. She thought it was a beautiful name and she felt very happy each time somebody said her name.

Find out what makes your partner feel bored. Exercise 1. Reads the part 2 task and tell your partner about a situation when you got very angry. It was like a shock but a great adventure and she just cried and cried Now she is at home with her parents who take care of her all the time. Complete the text by putting them into the most appropriate spaces. Work in pairs. Certainly it was a very special day. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 37 . Write your story in 120-180 words.FCE Writing her desires of getting out of that unbearable place were increasing each time. Your language school is running a short story competition. The following adverbs have been removed from story. She had to work very hard for it but finally she succeeded. she was out. 3. Besides she has brought a lot of happiness to many other people. ignoring the gaps. she did. The first one has been done for 3. 2. excited and nervous. 4. Put them in the correct order. The sentences in the answer to the question have been jumbled. The story must begin or end with the following word: I had never been so angry in my whole life.

You are going to write a short story. She walked slowly through the park arm in arm. He walked upstairs very quietly. She shouted very loudly. She told me the answer very quietly c. Make it more dramatic by adding the adverbs in italic at appropriate places in the graph. e. Read this answer to the same question. First. 5. He ran across the road very quickly. making any other necessary changes. b. 6. Crawl creep dash stroll whisper yell a. The traffic moved slowly through the town center. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 38 . d. read the task.FCE Writing Carefully furiously noticeably patiently politely 4. Replace the parts in italic in each sentence with more descriptive verbs from this list. “Look out!” f.

Before you write.Conclude the story (what was in the envelope? a letter? happy news? sad news?). Choose one of the answers given or use your own.Give any necessary background information (what happened before?) .FCE Writing 7. Write your ideas into a story.Set the scene (where and when did it take place?) . Use the questions below to help you. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 39 . Remember to use time words and phrases and some of the useful expressions. 8. Remember to . Answer the questions below before you begin. Imagine you were the witness to a burglary at your school. spend some time thinking of some ideas to include in the story. 9. Write a story.

FCE Writing When did you first see the burglar? What did the burglar look like? Did the police catch him/ her? How? Why not? AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 40 .

g.FCE Writing TYPE 5: REPORT 1. avoiding overuse of the pronoun “I”. Give essential information and recommendations. Page 41 Paragraph 2: AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS .  Use heading: Introduction Normally we state the aim or purpose of the report at the beginning. Heading:………………………………….  Avoid repeating exactly the words of the question.. …………………………………. What information should I include? Make a number of points in answer to the question. The report says how these could be made better. An impersonal style is often appropriate. Report structure Reports should have a clear factual heading and may also have subheadings which divide the writing into shorter sections. Give some description and explanation. with a short introduction explaining the aims of the report and how the information was obtained and a suitable conclusion. ………………………………….. Who will read it? The people who are asking for the report will read. This may be an official group or somebody in authority. To: From: Subject: Introduction ………………………………….. e. like a boss or a college principal. summing up the information and making recommendations if necessary. Conclude with a personal recommendation. or make suggestions and recommendations. evaluate something. How should I approach the task? What‟s the purpose of the report? You may be asked to give information. The information should be organised and presented as clearly and logically as possible. What style should I use? Be clear and avoid unnecessary detail. 2. the question says recommend improvements.

3. Make points clearly and directly. Having visited/spoken to… My findings are outlined/presented below..  Give reasons for your recommendations. Useful language Initial inforation Headings Introduction Reporting an observation Quoting To: From: Subject: or Re: Date Introduction conclusion Recommendation As requested. The aim of this report is + infinitive The purpose of this report is + infinitive It seems/appears that The majority / minority of It was found that It was felt that According to As X said Page 42 AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS .FCE Writing Paragraph 3: Paragraph 4: Conclusion Heading:……………………… Heading:……………………………….  Use your conclusion to summarize briefly.. Make sure that you express your personal recommendation if this is asked for in the question.… This involved visiting/ speaking to… This report is intended to This report looks at / describes It is based on It draws on It uses.

FCE Writing In the words of It may / could / might (well) be that In general On the whole In the main Interestingly Surprisingly As might be (have been) expected Curiously Predictably Oddly Strangely It is interesting that Speculating Generalising Commenting Recommending Summing up Having considered the options.… I would lik eto suggest/recommend… I therefore suggest/recommend… You may wish to consider… I recommend that…… I would recommend+ v-ing… I suggest that… It would be agreat idea (for somebody)+ infinitive… It is recommended that (Perhaps) it would be advisable for X to (do) (Perhaps) X might /should consider To sum up / To summarise On balance In short  Sample question 1 AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 43 .

What I want is some first-hand information about what it‟s like to live i n your town from the point of view of the two different age groups.  Modal answer LEISURE FACILITIES IN GRIMTHORPE Introduction The aim of this report is to describe and assess the leisure facilities available in Grimthorpe. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 44 . it seems that the Kings Theatre is more popular with the older members of the community while the Little appeals more to people in their teens and twenties. and on views expressed by local people who were interviewed. Theatres There are two theatres in town. ten people in each category on the main topics of public transport. fencing and other activities. You would need to interview. It is based on information made available by the Grimthorpe Tourist Office. and shopping and write me a brief report. The public swimming pool on the outskirts of the town is older. entertainment. Membership costs £150 a year. which offers mainly “serious” drama and has a good reputation for its productions of Shakespeare. and the Little Theatre in Sea Street which specialises in lighter entertainment and the occasional pop concert. which was felt to be rather expensive. There is a large modern leisure centre in the High Street and facilities include a swimming pool. She has written asking for your help and this is an extract from her letter. say. both public and private. but a special temporary membership is available to visitors. but entry is only £1. In general. and tennis courts. Could you also include a short introduction about your town and give a little summing up at the end? Write your report in about 250 words.50. the Kings Theatre in Bee Street. a sports hall for judo.FCE Writing Look at this task: An English friend of yours is working on a series of articles called “Young and Old around the World” which looks at different towns and cities through the eyes of teenagers and senior citizens. Sport Grimthorpe has a wide range of sports facilities. The centre runs courses in all these sports and these tend to be very popular. less attractive and often overcrowded.

it is situated by the sea. young people have to take the train or bus to Nantes. In your report. Beauvoir.FCE Writing Museums and Art Galleries The City Museum has an extensive collection of maps. you should mention what free-time facilities there are and recommend improvements. As a result.  Model answer REPORT ON FREE-TIME FACILITIES IN MY AREA Introduction The aim of this report is to outline what young people do in my area in their free time. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 45 . Write your report. Interestingly. which is about 30 kilometers away if they want these things. so many young people spend their free time on the beach or doing water sports. so it does not have a cinema or theatre and there is only one club for young people. Free time activities My town. The attendants are said to be very friendly and helpful. few of the local people interviewed had ever been to the museum but it was recommended highly by several tourists. Sport seems to be the most popular leisure activity.  Sample question 2 Your teacher has asked you to write a report on things for young people to do in their free time in the area where you live. what facilities exist for them and how these could be made better. and there is also a small café with reasonably priced homemade snacks. is quite small. Conclusion Grimthorpe is well provided with leisure facilities for a town of its size and these are well used by the townspeople on the whole. while cultural activities like visiting the museum or art gallery appeared to be the least popular among the Grimthorpians who were interviewed. pottery and other articles connected with Grimthorpe‟s history. On the other hand. Perhaps the City Council should consider launching a publicity campaign to show how much these facilities have to offer.

This would encourage young people to stay in the town at weekends and improve their social life. What is wrong with the clause in blue? AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 46 . especially young people. 2. There are also a number of cases where young people normally go to meet each other and spend their free time. Exercise 1. What features of the layout make this report clear to follow? d. a football pitch and a swimming pool.FCE Writing Other facilities Beauvoir has a sports center with tennis courts. a. Who is going to read the report? b. Read the report and answer the questions. a. 4. Recommendations I recommend that the town council should set up a youth club where young people could meet. do other activities and also see films. What information is it essential to include in the report? Your town would like to attract more foreign visitors. Write your report in 120180words. How formal and informal should the style be? c. Is it written in an appropriate style? b. Does it contain everything that is asked for in the task? c. The local council has asked students to write reports suggesting how the town might update its image to attract more young visitors. Read this example of a Part 2 task and answer the questions below.

The town should provide better sports facilities for foreign visitors. The beginnings of the new sentences have been given. The words in italic in the introduction to the answer are too informal. The passive may be used in reports to express ideas in an impersonal way. Rewrite these words using the website------------------------------------------------. Adverts-------------------------------------------------------------------. Underline all the uses of the passive in the answer above? b. Better sport facilities---------------------------------------------------. An up. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 47 . The town should get someone to design an up. We could put adverts in the local papers asking for the host families where foreign students could stay. a. e. We could open more of Writing 3. More language schools------------------------------------------------. d. Rewrite these sentences using the passive to make them more appropriate for website. a.fashioned hotels with youth hostels The old. 4. We should replace the old.fashioned hotels---------------------------------------------. c. b. Lots of foreign students come to our language schools.

Remember: you are making recommendations about a school.180 words. You are going to write a report. 6. He/ She has asked you to write a report making your recommendations on how this might be achieved. Plan what you are going to suggest in your report and make some notes. First. Think about: g. read the task and decide a. The classrooms.not a leisure center. Write your report in 120. Are these areas warm and welcoming? Is there always a receptionist to welcome visitors? h. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 48 . Who is going to read the report? b. the entrance and the reception area. What information is it essential to include in the report? The director of the language school you attend is considering making improvements to the general appearance of the school. The approach to the school.FCE Writing 5. and about the school‟s appearance – not what happens there.

? i. etc. Read the task. 7. like a video machine. Write about where to go.FCE Writing Are they lights. Remember to use appropriate adjectives and some of the useful expressions A group of English students are coming to visit your school. Paragraph one Paragraph two Paragraph three Paragraph four Paragraph five recommend a place to go suggest how to spend the day recommend how to get there suggest how much money students will need write a conclusion Page 49 AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS . computers. spacious and well. Then use the writing guide to help you write the report. You have been asked by your teacher to write a report recommending a suitable day trip. how to get there and the cost. don‟t forget to include all the information required in the task.decorated? Are they comfortable to work in? Are they well equipped with learning aids. what to do. Make sure the layout and style are appropriate. Is the café or dining room a pleasant place to spend time? Are the menus interesting? Are the notice boards kept up to date? Is it easy for students to find the information they need? When you write. Other areas.


How should I approach the task? What is the purpose of the essay? Essays are usually set by teachers for students. They give students the opportunity to express their opinions on subjects which may be controversial. conclusion 3. argument for or against only. arguments against. but possibly other students in your class do. … Introducing a further Second(ly). one argument for.… To start with.… First of all. Use discourse markers to make clear how your different points are related.FCE Writing TYPE 6: ESSAY 1. … To begin with. Your opinions should be expressed in a clear and logical way.… point in a list of points Third(ly). There is more than one way of structuring this essay: • Introduction. What style should I use? Essays are formal pieces of writing. Who will read it? Probably only the teacher will read. Introducing the first First. conclusion • Introduction. arguments for. What information should I include? A good essay includes clearly –stated opinions supported by well-chosen examples and convincing reasons.… point in a list of points Firstly.… AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 51 . Essay structure The opening paragraph should establish the general topic of the composition and the conclusion should give a balanced personal comment on the topic. 2. several arguments against and obvious conclusion (as in the sample essay 3) • Introduction. Useful language Stating an aim I will discuss both point of view and express my own opinion.

… As a result. … On the other side of the argument.… in a list of points Lastly.… To my mind. … Thus.… Therefore. … Another point to be made is that… Introducing a final point Finally.… Expressing contrast However but Although Though Even though In spite of Despite Nevertheless In contrast to this.… What‟s more.… Also. … In addition. … on the other hand.… Presenting two …not only… but … also … (dis)advantages together Presenting two opposing On one hand. … AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 52 . … Apart from that.… Furthermore.… points of view Expressing results For this reason. Giving examples For example for instance such as like Expressing your opinion In my opinion … As I see it.… Because of this.FCE Writing Moreover.

earning a high salary allows you to do the things you want. It enables you to have holidays in exotic places.… In my view. however. Unfortunately...… In summary. own the house of your dreams and AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 53 . Introducing a To conclude. it is interesting to reflect on which is more important to us: job satisfactory or money.… conclusion In conclusion. Nevertheless.  Model answer “It is better to have a low-paid job you enjoy than a highly-paid job you dislike” Many of us would like to have a job which is both well paid and enjoyable.… To sum up. On the one hand.FCE Writing I believe (that)… As far as I‟m concerned.… I do believe that … On balance.… Conclusion The advantages of … outweigh the disadvantages.  Sample question 1 Your teacher has asked you to write an essay giving your opinions on the following statement: It is better to have a low-paid job you enjoy than a highly-paid job you dislike. Write your essay. monotonous and badly-paid work is the reality for most people. it seems to me that … Expressing someone Some people believe (that)… else‟s opinion According to … It is said (that)… Scientists argue/claim/ say that.

As a result. But can we. as individuals. Write your composition. In my opinion. Mankind has caused the world‟s environmental problems. we can use our cars as little as possible. do anything to help? There are many environmental problems that only governments and businesses can solve. Secondly. This will also reduce pollution.FCE Writing buy the latest technology. Nevertheless. at least you will be happy in your free time. a satisfactory job may not make you rich. with little free time to enjoy your wealth. If we do this. By contrast. On the other hand. and only man can solve them. For example. and car manufacturers to produce cars which do not give out damaging exhaust fumes. explaining your reasons clearly. a well-paid job would mean working long hours. Finally. Your teacher has asked you to write a composition about the following statement: Everybody can help to protect the environment. factories will not have to produce so much. You should state whether you agree or disagree with this statement. there are things that individuals can do. the ideal solution would be to spend several years earning a large salary. one of the causes of global warming is pollution from factories and cars. we can recycle our used plastic. but it might give you more control over your time and make you more contented with your life. Even if you do not like your job. and then find a job you really want to do and live on your savings. Governments must persuade factories to take responsibility for reducing their pollution.  Sample question 2 You have been doing a class project on the environment.  Model answer There is no doubt that the environment is in danger. there will be less pollution. glass and paper. Firstly. we can raise awareness AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 54 .

Then people would have fewer holidays because of the more work that has to be done. There are some times when we want something suddenly. it would be very convenient for us. and how nice it would be if we could get that exact thing immediately! But think about the other aspect of it. Contrary. What is more. if we work together. If shops had to be open all the time. before meeting our selfish and individual demands.  Sample question 3 You have had a class discussion on shopping. needless to say.  Model answer Should shops be open 24 hours a day. and it would not be good for our mental health. I think we‟d better consider about our environment first. and it is not environmental at all. we can all make the world a cleaner place. what we should do is to cut down our energy as much as possible to protect our earth. To sum up.FCE Writing about environmental issues. someone would have to work for those shops. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 55 . 4. and put pressure on governments and businesses to act responsibly. However. Exercise PART 1 1. to open the shops even at night. if shops were open all day all time. Of course. seven days a week Write your essay. giving your opinions on the following statement: Shops should be open 24 hours a day. seven days a week? I totally disagree with it. In conclusion. one individual has little effect on protecting the environment. Your teacher has now asked you to write an essay. seven days a week. we would have to consume much more electric energy. shops should NOT be open 24 hours a day. Read the following Writing Part 2 task and underline the key words.

180 words. Think of as many ideas as possible either in support of Facebook or against Facebook. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 56 . Reasons in favor of Facebook Reasons against Facebook 3. Your teacher has now asked you to write an essay giving your opinion on the following question: Is Facebook good for friendship? Write your essay in 120.FCE Writing You have had a class discussion about social networking websites. In pairs decide if each one is for or against Facebook. The following statements are all about Facebook. 2.

FCE Writing Are any of the ideas similar to yours? Which of the above points would you include in your essay? PART 2 1. Read the model answer below. What is the purpose of each of the four paragraphs? AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 57 .

What is the purpose of each of the four paragraphs? n. Introduce a conclusion PART 3 1.FCE Writing 2. it is important to link your ideas. In an essay. List/add points k. Where are the writer‟s opinions expressed? p. Read this discursive essay. What are the main points made in the second and third paragraphs? o. Look at the underlined linking expressions in the model answer and say which ones are used to: j. m. Then answer this question. Show contrast l. Is the style appropriate? AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 58 . ignoring the gaps.

c. b. to introduce additional information b. Complete the essay using appropriate words and phrases from this list. a. To summarize or conclude an argument 4. Match each phrase in the list below with its purpose a. To introduce information which contrasts with that has gone before c.FCE Writing 2. More than one answer may be possible. read the task AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 59 . You are going to write an essay. First. 3.

Make a list of two or three points on each side of the argument: AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 60 . Discuss some of these questions in pairs. 11. Would you prefer to write only your own opinions on the subject or both sides of the argument? 5. think about the topic. What is your first reaction to the statement about advertising? b. Before you write.FCE Writing a.

Review structure Title Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 State the name of the film. Introduce the topic of the review Give the positive features Give the negative features Finish with a final recommendation. Say what you like and didn‟t like about the performances..This show stars… . What style should I use? Use a style similar to an article which is likely to interest the reader. Make a recommendation to the reader about whether or not they should go. 2. How should I approach the task? Who will read the review? Your review will be read by readers of a magazine.It‟s set in………. reviewing . book…etc) I would like to review is…. band members.The (film. etc.The film is about… .. Giving background . cast. ..FCE Writing TYPE 7: REVIEW 1....It‟s about….The play is directed by… . .) …. .There are many memorable characters including ….The last Film I saw / book I read was……. play. .The story is based on (a book.The main theme of the film is…. Useful phrases: Say what you are . What is the purpose of the review? The review is intended to give information to the reader which will help them decide whether to attend the event themselves. What information should I include? Give essential information about the story. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 61 . concert. ect. 3.

… On the one hand. I would not recommend it for….FCE Writing - Expressions which introduce a contrast Recommending - . Write your review. We will use your reviews to help us decide which books to buy. I am glad that I decided to go. explaining why you liked it and why you think it would be a good choice for the school library.  Model answer THE THIEVES OF OSTIA AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 62 . the film was… I wouldn‟t hesitate to recommend… I wouldn‟t encourage anyone to … I would recommend this film to anyone. Although I am not normally keen on (musicals).… On the down side..… Overall.What the film is saying is….  Sample question You have seen this notice in your school library: REVIEWS NEEDED We want to buy some new books for the library. Have you read a good book in English recently? Write us a review of a book you enjoyed. It‟s one of the best (shows) I‟ve ever seen.… On the other hand. I‟d recommend… All in all. The (film) lifts you out of your everyday life. On the plus side. Although I enjoyed it.

students will want to borrow further books from the series. so readers learn about history as well as improving their language skills. telling other readers what the restaurant and its food is like? All reviews published will receive a free meal at the restaurant. Exercise 1. which make you want to keep reading. then. but it is very popular with older children and would be ideal for teenagers studying English. 3. 5. It‟s full of mystery and excitement.language newspaper. it gives a fascinating insight into life in Roman times.FCE Writing „The thieves of Ostia‟ by Caroline Lawrence is the first in a series of books entitled „The Roman Mysteries‟ and I think it‟s an absolute must for the school library. Write a review. By buying it. The type of restaurant The writer‟s general opinion of the restaurant A description of its design and surroundings A description of the food A description of the other customers A description of the service An explanation of how to get there Page 63 AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS . and their attempts to discover who has been killing the dogs of Ostia and why. and the plot has many twists and turns. the library would be doing a lot to encourage students to read more in English. It tells the story of Flavia and her three friends. Have you eaten at a local restaurant recently? If so. 4. What‟s more. 2. 6. 4. 7. Which of these elements do you think a restaurant review should contain? Yes/ no/ maybe 1. The book is aimed at ten – to twelve – year –old native English speakers. You have seen this announcement in your local English. The book is set in the Roman port of Ostia nearly two thousand years ago. why not write a review for our Food section. After finishing „The Thieves of Ostia‟.

An indication of the price 10. Write 120. Write a review.The location 2. Paragraph 2: Particular dishes the restaurant serves + your opinion: the décor. You can write some adjectives in more than one column.… Paragraph 3: Things you particularly like + price(s) Paragraph 4: A general recommendation AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 64 . telling other readers what the establishment is like and giving us a recommendation? The three best reviews will receive a prize of 50. Airy cozy fresh friendly modern reasonable Satisfying tasty wonderful informative The waiters The interior The food The price 3. You have read this announcement in your college magazine. your overall opinion of it. A review is a good opportunity to show your range of vocabulary. Read the following writing task. A recommendation 9. Write each of the adjectives below in the appropriate column. Do you have a favorite restaurant in town? If so. why not write a review for our Free time section. Write a plan for your review. Your plan could include: Paragraph 1: Introduction: name and type of restaurant + where situated.180 words. service.FCE Writing 8.

Think about adjectives to describe the story.If it is set in the past. Make notes about their appearance and personality. Make notes about the differences.g. How should I approach the task? What is the purpose of the task? You may be required to express an argument in an essay or an article. etc.Make a list of the main characters. . What adjectives could you use to describe them? .Write notes about why you like the book. think about any differences there are with the modern world. The story . AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 65 . a report or a review.Make a list of the main events. unusual. What happens? Why do you like it? . The characters .FCE Writing TYPE 8: SET BOOK 1. The time and place . the set books are: William Thackeray: Vanity Fair (Black Cat or any edition) Mary Stewart: This Rough Magic (OUP) Watch a film version. .Make notes about the most important relationship in the book.Make notes about where and when the story is set.Write about anything you don‟t like about the book. or to give your opinion of the book in a letter. 2. How should I prepare to write about the set book? Get to know the book   Read it several times. Your opinion . e. For 2013. exciting.Write about your favorite part. .Write a short summary of each chapter.

 Give reasons for your opinions. Set book structure Letter Dear…. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Closing expression(s) Your first name Essay Introduction Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Conclusion Introduce the subject of your composition in your first paragraph Refer back to the question Make a number of points for one side of the argument Make a number of points for the other side of the argument Refer back to the question. An informal letter is likely to be to a friend. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 66 .  Answer part 2 of the question. 3.. Don‟t be tempted to retell the story or to give unnecessary details. An article or a review would be read by the readers of a magazine.  Give reasons for your opinions ……………………………….FCE Writing Who will read it? An essay or a report would be written for your teacher or for someone in authority. What information should I use? In each case.  Refer to the book you want to talk about early on. only include information about the book which is relevant to the question. Begin with suitable expressions  Answer part 1 of the question. What style should I use? Follow the notes given on writing styles in the relevant Writing Guides.

Chapter: Most novels are divided into chapters. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 67 . and half in the twentieth century. generous . uninteresting/boring Key words: Author: the writer of a novel or short story Example: The author manages to bring the past and the present together by setting half the novel in the eightteenth century. exciting. unexciting/dull. cowardly Adjectives to describe Positive: mysterious. clever. Useful language Nouns used in books Main character villain opening minor characters setting ending hero/heroine plot main event(s) Adjective to describe Positive: kind. be set in: Most stories are set in a certain time and place. sensitive. interesting the story Negative: ordinary. original. ending: the end of the story Example: this novel does not offer a traditional happy ending. unoriginal. brave characters Negative: unkind/cruel. she is lonely and poor. one of the two main characters. mean. Example: When we are introduced to Kose in the first chapter. is a working-class flower-seller who does not speak English in an educated way. stupid. Example: The novel is set in eighteenth century London.FCE Writing 4. insensitive. These are usually numbered and sometimes have a title. main/central character: a very important character in the story Example: Eliza Doolittle.

 Sample Question 1 A J Cronin – The Citadel You have received a letter from a friend asking about books you would recommend reading. Describe your favourite or least favourite part. Example: In the short story „The Devil‟. twist: a sudden plot development which the reader was not expecting Example: The twist in the final chapter.  Model answer Dear Ben. is totally unexpected. Thanks for your last letter.FCE Writing minor character: a character who does not play a central role in the story. short story: Sometimes. he greatly affects how Angela views relationships. explaining what you liked or disliked about The Citadel. the set book will be a collection of short stories. Example: Although Tom is only a minor character. we see that humans do not always have control over their actions. Write a letter to your friend. so we see everything that happens through his eyes. novel: a book which tells one long story. narrator: the person telling the story Example: The narrator of the story is Ishmael. It‟s always great to hear from you! AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 68 . These stories are much shorter than novels. Davenport is in fact Helen‟s long-lost father. Example: The plot revolves around five members of a family sailing across the Pacific Ocean. where we discover that Mr.

helps to save the life of a miner trapped underground. he has more experience of the world than Fogg.FCE Writing I want to tell you about a really good book I‟ve read. Manson. Their different experiences of travel provide the novel Around the World in Eighty Days with some of its most fascinating moments. Passepartout gets into many difficulties. My favourite part of the story is the part where the doctor. I like it because it shows the difficult decisions people face in real life situations. if the journey continued. These developments make the story really interesting. Later. It also illustrates the terrible working conditions in the early twentieth century. Write an essay saying which character learns most from their journey. ending the journey a different person to how he started. Fogg learns most. In this sense. Simon  Sample Question 2 Jules Verne – Around the world in Eighty Days Phileas Fogg and Passepartout travel around the world together experiencing various adventures on the way. It‟s called The Citadel. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 69 .  Model answer Phileas Fogg and Passepartout are unusual travelling companions. we learn that Passepartout has lived a very varied life. It‟s about a doctor who works first in a mining area. It shows the qualities of bravery and intelligence that a good doctor should have. However. he uses his medical skills to make money from richer patients. I think that. when he and his wife move to London. he would carry on having experience like these. Read the book! It‟s fantastic! See you soon. From these experiences. he starts with strong moral ideas about helping poor people get good health care. While there. When we meet the two characters. such as when he is drugged in Hong Kong or kidnapped by indians in America.

By the end of the novel. 4.Phileas Fogg learns to become a warmer and more sensitive character by the end of the story. Write your essay.FCE Writing On the other hand. Clare Write your letter.speaking friend Clare: I‟ve finished reading “Phantom of the Opera” now. 5. 3. Exercise Answer the following question based on one of the tittles below. At the end. Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux This is part of a letter from your English. Great Expectations by Charles Dickens What are Pip‟s “Great Expectations”? Give your opinion on whether he was what he expected by the end of the book. He starts off as a very typical Englishman. Write an article describing Miss Havisham in Great Expectations. under the influence of a woman. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 70 . How did you feel about him? Write and tell me. Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux Who was the Phantom of the Opera and what information is given in the story about his past life? Write your essay. with a slightly cold exterior. Fogg breaks his usual lifestyle by accepting the bet to travel around the world. Great Expectations by Charles Dickens You have seen a notice in an English language magazine asking for articles about strange characters in books. however. explaining why she is so strange. 1. he has fallen in love. To sum up. 2. I felt sorry for Erik.

3. The style is also very aggressive. especially in the final graph. although Paragraph 3: Despite Paragraph 4: However. 2. The styles is too informal. The main purpose is to get a written explanation or full refund of the membership fee. didn‟t have a clue. I am furious. This was only my second visit. The style should be formal. despite the fact that it was a cold evening.m.FCE Writing ANSWER KEY TYPE I. I thought one of the staff might be able to help. c. Key However AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 71 . The letter should include the specific examples of how the leisure centre disappointed the member. when I got there it was closed. I decided to go to the café for a hot drink. but it took me ten minutes to find someone. I became a member two weeks ago having seen you publicity leaflet which was very impressive. Although he was very friendly. However. Next. Key a. Key All the information has been included. b. Unfortunately. As you can imagine. he did not know anything about the machines. I went for a workout in a gym and found that two of your machines were out of order. Key Paragraph 2: But. the water was not heated. Yours 4. I‟m writing to complain about Centre 2K. First of all. I am extremely disappointed. Possible answer Dear Sir. which I visited yesterday evening. even though it was only 10:45 p. specifically the phrases pretty impressive. I went for a swim. FORMAL LETTER PART I 1. even though 5. I would like to a full explanation in writing form you within seven days or I will cancel my membership and request a refund of my membership fee. Finally.

which sounds really good. but that includes all the equipment. Example answer Dear Katy. I am still overweight. I get scared when I go in the sea. Therefore I wish to make a complaint. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 72 . the course costs £200 per person. It‟s been great! What are you doing on the second weekend of July? Do you fancy doing a three-day climbing course? The course is at Snowy Peak Mountain. so you can tell your parents we‟d be very safe! Anyway. I‟d love to go. Key a Although/even though b However c even though d but e even though/although f Despite 7. My parents have said they‟ll pay for us both because it‟s my birthday next month! I reckon it will be fantastic. c Despite the fact that she couldn‟t drive. but I don‟t like taking exercise. Possible answers a Even though I take regular exercise. e Although I learnt to swim when I was quite young.FCE Writing 6. Sue bought a car with her first salary. It has a games room with table tennis. 9. d I‟ve never been to Australia. However. How are you? I‟ve been going to the cinema a lot recently. so I really hope you can come! Emma 10. I saw Storm in concert. Example answer Dear Sir or Madam. We can stay in a local youth hostel. b I enjoy watching sport on TV. I think you‟d love it! The instructors are all experienced. On Saturday 29 July. I was disappointed about some things that happened. which is about two hours away on the train.

FCE Writing Firstly. but there was no answer. the tickets were £40. Key b. I have been told that I am a…person AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 73 . she is interested in the history of Palermo. Yours faithfully. The style will be formal. Secondly. I would like you to refund the cost of my ticket and also send me some free tickets for another concert. proof of organizational skills and reliability. I phoned several times to complain. 3. Key I would like to apply for … … as advertised in … I have just finished … I am looking for … I would be available to work for … With regard to your requirements. As a result of this bad experience. Dear Sir/Madam. However. 2. You should include details of knowledge of local history. John Reeves PART II 1. also any qualifications.30 pm. which is very expensive. d. Key b. Yours faithfully c. languages and relevant experience (although not a requirement). Thirdly. they have: she has studied English for five years. Yes. I believe I meet all of them. they didn‟t come on until 10. she has been responsible for organising sports and games. it said on the ticket that the band were playing at 8. but I had a terrible view. she is a reliable person.30 pm.

but I had (but is used to join two sentences and is normally preceded by a comma when the second sentence has its own subject) c. I am available (If-clauses which come at the start of a sentence are followed by a comma) e. 4. although (clauses beginning with although. my school. In an interview.FCE Writing I was responsible for … I look forward to hearing from you and wish to advise you that I am available for interview at any time. I am interested Your („) 5. references? (Questions always require a question mark) j. so this (clauses beginning with so are normally part of the same sentence) i. university. referee („) s (plural nouns do not require an apostrophe before the„s‟) AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 74 . Wednesday. and in spite of are preceded by a comma) g. Last year. when I attend (a comma must be used before a non-defining relative clause) f. twenty – two – year-old (this phrases needs hyphens when it occurs before the noun) h. I can (These are two sentences which must be separated by a full stop) d. Key Dear Sir or Madam. Studying English Organizing activities. good. Key b. Last summer … said („) he would be happy to employ me again („) Palermo. despite.

that she can bring a friend. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 75 . that she needs to reply (RSPV). f Phrasal verbs – I‟ve come up with a few ideas g Words left out – Look forward to seeing you (missing I) h Simple words or slang – the kind of thing eF f INF g INF h INF TYPE 3: ARTICLE PART 1. and that the wedding list can be found on the Internet. The writer has used an impersonal tine occasionally (She has requested that an invitation be passed on to you). They‟re not too expensive. ect. The wedding‟s at. the time and place of the wedding. passive verbs (be passed on to you). The writer has also forgotten to give details of the location of the wedding. The style is too formal in places. single –word verbs (purchasing). Key a.FCE Writing TYPE 2: INFORMAL LETTER 1. b. She‟d love. and polite phrases (yours sincerely). The letter must mention that Nicky is invited to the wedding. c Contractions – She‟s sent. Formal and informal language 3 Key a INF bF c INF dF 4 Key a Short sentences – Alice is getting married.

dense and possibly dull. Possible answers AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 76 . it is about a light. Possible answers The title No. 2. personal. when they are relaxing. paragraph 3 e. in doctors‟ or dentists‟ waiting rooms. Key It should attract your attention. It gives no idea what the article is going to be about but suggests that it is something unusual. 4.hearted subject and the title I‟m just crazy about… is an informal expression. in the bath. So you‟d like to sky-diving. It may depend on whether they are interested in the subject. e. 5. on the train/bus.g. serious d. although it might attract somebody who wants to learn about sky-diving. terrifying Creating interest 3. Sky-diving for beginners-This title is fairly bland. Key b. 2. fantastic. It should make you want to read the article. although it is intended as a question directed at the reader. Informal. 3. extreme adjectives. which might attract attention. whether the writing style is accessible. informal.FCE Writing 1. Possible answers 1. A complete history of sky-diving –This title suggests something that is serious.This is also fairly bland. I‟m not completely mad is the most likely to make somebody want to read on because it creates an element of mystery. Readers may be curious to find out what that is. It should give you an idea of what the text is about. or how well the article is presented on the page.the article is intended for young people. by talking about it from a personal viewpoint c.

 A final paragraph that summaries the main points.e. PART 2.  One(or two) central paragraph(s) where students can go on to expand their opinion and experience. The other sentences in comparison are not so interesting. Students can also use questions in their article to involve i.FCE Writing Have you ever wondered what it would be like to fall out of an aero plane? This sentence immediately engages the reader by asking a dramatic question. „speak to‟ the reader as if they are having a conversation. 4.  An introductory paragraph linked to the title. 7.) T T AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 77 .e. i. a powerful description. Often a question works well as a title.) T F(You must use a pen in the writing paper. T T F(This would be relevant to formal letters. or about yourself „I‟.) F(Your writing for Part 2 should be between 120-180 words. what tourists can do and see there. a controversial or funny statement. 2. the best time. ect c) Here are some suggestions:  Same place by the pool again this year?  When did you last go on an adventurous holiday?  Why not head for ( the name of a country or city)!  Sun. 8. dialogue. 5. students could use „My Favourite Holiday Destinantion‟ as their title but they could also think of a more direct and attractive title to interest the reader. 6. 3. b) You could use: a question. speak directly to the reader „you‟. Exercise 1 a) A good article shpuld have:  A title. In this task they should focus on the two questions. sand and sea! Exercise 2 1.

Why don‟t you come here in the holidays? It would be great to get together! AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 78 . including grammar. I went on a course to improve my basketball skills. but I eat a lot of fruit and I don‟t eat much fast food. Example answer Dear Carlos Thanks for your letter. I don‟t like vegetables very much. It sounds like you have a really healthy lifestyle. It was great fun and I met a lot of really nice people. too.Key 1. Last summer. F(Your writing will be assessed on accuracy. but I‟m really good at basketball and I‟m in the school team. I love sleep! I usually sleep for about nine hours every night. I‟ve been on a sailing course.) PART 2 1.FCE Writing 9. Key 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) for its more are of if 7) which 8) who 9) the 10) around 11) up 12) be 2. F (This would be relevant to reports. spelling and punctuation. It was a long time bef ore I learnt the ropes! I‟d love to try jet-skiing! I think I have a healthy lifestyle. It was great to hear from you. 2.) 10. 3. too. four present tense learners‟ own answers learners‟ own answers 13. I enjoy all types of sport. 4.

E Patiently F carefully 4B 5A 6E 7H 8D AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 79 .FCE Writing Hope to hear from you soon. a. Key A politely B noticeably D Furiously Dramatic effect 5. The traffic crawled through the town centre. c. She whispered the answer. Possible answers Paragraph 1: I shouted angrily:… shrugged her shoulders casually…/walked casually… Paragraph 2:…briskly walked across the road/ walked briskly across the road/walked briskly across the road: hurriedly straightening my tie… Paragraph 3:…looked strangely familiar… Paragraph 4: Reluctantly opening the envelope. Yiannis TYPE 4 STORY 3. Key He dashed across the road. Key 2C 3F 4.…/Opening the envelope reluctantly… 6. b.

Then I gave a description to the police. He was wearing a blue jacket and he was carrying a computer. 9. report is often written in the passive. the headings (Introduction. I remember feeling surprised. b. I couldn‟t believe it! He was wearing the same blue jacket and was carrying another computer. I went to my friend‟s house. It is essential to include ideas for things which would attract young people. „Look out!‟ f. Yes. Key a. That afternoon. but I didn‟t imagine he was a burglar. I ran round the corner and rang the police on my mobile phone. He was tall and thin. He crept upstairs. The report will be read by members of the local council. They strolled through the park arm in arm. 2. I remembered the man I‟d seen and told my teacher about him. It is inappropriate to question the council‟s commitment to actually doing this by saying „if it really wants to attract people…‟ AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 80 . Key a. c. The next morning at school. TYPE 5: REPORT 1. Recommendations. e. c. I saw the man again. She yelled. Example answer I had a strange experience last week while I was walking home from my friend‟s house. and how these people can be made aware of these things. Conclusion) d.FCE Writing d. I saw a man coming out of the gates. They arrived five minutes later and arrested him. Yes. as I walking past the school. On the way home. b. suggestions are given. our teacher told us that somebody had stolen a computer from our school. The style should be quite formal. I had to go past our school and I was walking past the entrance.

d. write 5. Key a. 7. The old-fashioned hotels should be replaced with youth hostels instead. Key a. Adverts could be put in local papers asking for host families where foreign students could stay. Better sports facilities should be provided for foreign visitors. c. plan. 4. Think. Example answer Report: Day Trip for English Visitors Introduction AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 81 . The director of the language school the town‟s image could be updated b.FCE Writing 3. b. An up-to-date website should be designed. e. More language schools could be opened. following ideas should be considered by the local council local council local council rock groups could be invited to play it is not known to foreign visitors accommodation could be provided the town needs to be advertised b. Key a. It is essential to include suggestions to improve the general appearance of the school.

FCE Writing
In this report, I‟m going to recommend a day trip to Athens for our visitors from England. What to do I suggest we travel to Athens early in the morning and visit the Acropolis first. In the afternoon, we can explore the city and go shopping. How to get there Athens is easy to get to by road and is only a one-hour trip, so I suggest we travel by coach. The cost I propose that the cost of travel and the cost of the entrance fee to the Acropolis is paid for by the school. I suggest everybody brings their own picnic, which means that students will only need spending money. Conclusion To conclude, I strongly recommend taking our English visitors to Athens for the day, as it‟s an interesting and historic place to visit. TYPE 6: ESSAY PART 1 Exercise 1, 2 your teacher – essay – your opinion – Facebook – friendship a) Students should decide whether they are going to consider both sides of the complex because of the comparison of positive and negative aspects. Explain that students will get marks in the exam for using a wide range of expressions, so it is good to be ambitious. b) No, because discursive essays are written in a formal style. Exercise 3 FOR a); c);d);g);h);i) PART 2 AGAINST b);e);f);j)


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Exercise 1 Paragraph 1: a general introduction Paragraph 2: positive aspects/advantages of Facebook + examples Paragraph 3: negative aspects/disadvantages of Facebook+ examples Paragraph 4: conclusion/ a balanced summary of the topic Exercise 2 To list/add points Another advantage is Furthermore, Moreover, Finally To start/begin with Secondly In addition (to this) What is more Another disadvantage is Besides this PART 3 1. Key a. A discursive composition should star with an introduction and finish with a conclusion. b. By giving both sides of the argument c. A formal and impersonal style is best, although the conclusion may express a more personal view. 2. Key a. Paragraph 1: introduction Paragraph 2: the opinions of famous people as understood by the writer Paragraph 3: the opinion of newspapers as understood by the writer Paragraph 4: the writer‟s opinion and conclusion To show contrast On the other side, On the negative side On the one hand On the other hand However To introduce a conclusion All things considered To sum up In conclusion To conclude


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b. The second paragraph describes how the relationship between a person and the media changes the more famous they become. The third paragraph describes the argument about a famous person‟s private life. c. The writer‟s opinion are expressed in the last paragraph d. Yes, the argument is presented impersonally and structured appropriately. 3. Key 1. Although/ whereas 2. On the other hand 3. However 4. In fact 5. On the other hand 6. On balance 7. Although 4. Key a. As well as, what is more, furthermore, apart from that, beside this b. Nevertheless, on the contrary, by contrast c. In conclusion, in short, on the whole, to conclude, to summarize, to sum up 5. Key They- the newspapers These different points of view – the views of newspapers and famous people. They- the famous people Their- the famous people They- the newspapers This- the writer‟s opinion that stars deserve some privacy 8. Possible answer In favor of a ban It‟s morally wrong to advertise something that can damage your health. Advertising often makes dangerous products seem glamorous to young people. People are not always fully informed about the bad effects of smoking/ drinking. Against a ban A ban would be against freedom of speech /ideas. People should be allowed to make up their own minds Enough warnings are already given on cigarette packets



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1. Suggested answers 2. Yes 3. Maybe 4. Yes 5. No 6. Maybe 7. Maybe 8. Yes 9. Yes 10. Yes 3. Suggested answers The waiters Friendly informative

The interior Airy cozy Modern

The food Delicious Fresh Satisfying Tasty Wonderful

The price reasonable

4. Alternative writing TYPE 8 SET BOOK Key 1. Content Essay should explain who the Phantom of the Opera was and give information about past life. Organization and cohesion Clear organization of ideas, with suitable paragraphing and linking. Range Language of describing, explaining and expressing opinion. Vocabulary relating to story and characters. Appropriacy of register and format Consistent register suitable to the situation and target reader. 2. Content Article should describe Miss Havisham and explain why she is strange. Organization and cohesion Clear organization of ideas, with suitable paragraphing and linking. Range Language of describing, explaining and expressing opinion. Vocabulary relating to story and characters.


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Organization and cohesion Clear organization of ideas. she decided to revenge to all men in the world by bringing up Estella as a “heartbreaker”. she could not get over and thought about it tragically. After she was deceived by her finance.FCE Writing Appropriacy of register and format Consistent register suitable to the situation and target reader. the author described a variety of lifestyles. Vocabulary relating to story and characters. I can find each of character have their own individuality. Eventually. so he could not live differently. 3. After finishing reading book. I could understand why she became so depressed. I think they also can be understandable. It comes from the fact that nobody had given her love. I realize that a few of them are unique and rather strange. with suitable paragraphing and linking. Appropriacy of register and format Consistent register suitable to the situation and target reader. In conclusion. Example answer: While I am reading a book. 4. explaining and expressing opinion. it is based on our life. Miss Havisham in “Great Expectations” was the strangest character for me. AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 86 . She ruined herself and Estella also became unhappy without any belief of love. Content Letter should say whether or not candidate feels sorry for Erik. However. Sometimes there is strange character like “Miss Havisham”. Content Essay should describe Pip‟s “Great Expectations” and give opinion whether he got what he expected at the end of the book. Range Language of describing.

Range Language of describing. with suitable paragraphing and linking. Appropriacy of register and format Consistent register suitable to the situation and target reader AMA DANANG – CARE & SUCCESS Page 87 . Vocabulary relating to story and characters. explaining and expressing opinion.FCE Writing Organization and cohesion Clear organization of ideas.