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Mehaal ur Rahman 12004
[PAKISTAN ECONOMIC POLICY ASSINGMENT]
55 0. International Human Development Indicators 2012 Bangladesh Education index Health index Human Development Index (HDI) value Income index Life expectancy at birth (years) 0. SriLanka (92). Pakistan and Bangladesh stand at equal levels (146).356 0.47 0.58 5 7 9 9 2 65.35 0.51 0.71 4 8 3 5 5 0. It was created by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and the Indian economist Amartya Sen in 1990 and was published by the United Nations Development Programm.77 0.56 0.1 69.72 9 9 8 7 3 0. ranked higher than Nepal only (157).415 0.7 75.777 0.HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy. and income indices used to rank countries into four tiers of human development namely (very high.46 0.72 0.585 67. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX RANKING OF SAARC COUNTRIES Sri Lanka Maldives India Bhutan Pakistan Bangladesh Nepal 92 104 136 140 146 146 157 Among the SAARC countries. Bhutan (140) and the Maldives (104) are all doing better than Pakistan.51 0.538 0.90 0.2 Bhutan 0.63 0. Medium and low).72 0. High.87 2 1 4 1 0.8 77. education.6 IndiaMaldivesNepal Pakistan Sri Lanka 0.35 0.68 0.39 0. India (136).1 .425 69.1 65.515 0.75 0.45 0.
all of whom have a higher health index than Pakistan.74 per cent for Pakistan which is higher than all other SAARC countries.358 and 0. . Meaning that people are better off in income related issues in Pakistan than Bangladesh and Nepal. Srilanka’s education index stands at a staggering 0.515 which is higher than Nepal only which has the HDI value of 0. India and Bhutan are ahead by a meager difference. This shows that we have the ability to improve our HDI ranking. being 77. The other countries are ahead of Pakistan with Maldives toping in the region with 0. The other countries are just a little ahead.1 for both respectively.46.425 and 0.87 and 0. EDUCATION INDEX Pakistan’s education index stands at 0.356 respectively. LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH (YEARS) Pakistan has the lowest life expectancy in the entire region being 65. The other countries fall between 67 and 70.1 and 75.901 respectively.7 years only following India closely which has a life expectancy of 65.637. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (VALUE) In the human development index Pakistan and Bangladesh stand at the same level being 0. Srilanka and Maldives are ahead by a long shot being 0. INCOME INDEX Pakistan has an income index of 0. HEALTH INDEX The health index clearly proves that the health related issues are lagging behind in Pakistan compared to the other countries. Even India and Bangladesh have quite higher education index than Pakistan.359 respectively.479 which is better than both Bangladesh and Nepal who stand at 0. 1.8 years. A country with vast natural resources and a huge potential for development is lagging behind due to foreign influence and incompetent governments. Bangladesh.76 per cent respectively.723 being the highest in the region.463. CONCLUSION Pakistan is below par by the standards of SAARC countries on the whole.5 and 0.ANNUAL HDI GROWTH RATE Average annual HDI growth rate for 2000-2012 is marginal at 1. India and even Sri Lanka have made slower progress with annual average HDI growth rates of 1.397 which is higher than Nepal and Bhutan who are at 0. Srilanka and Maldives once again are on a high lead than the rest of the countries. Maldives and Srilanka have life expectancies over 75 years.