13 views

Uploaded by mpecth

Solution to question 2 of the IPhO 2013 theory questions

- Bangladesh Astronomy Olympiad 2012
- Phy1004w Buffler m&Ie&m3
- IOAA 2015 Data Analysis Problems Final SINhala&Eng SRI
- IPhO 2013 Theory 1 Solution
- Problem 1 WoPho
- IPHO 2014
- IPhO 2015 Problems
- IOAA Syllabus
- 2014 IPhO Solution to Theory Problem 1
- Problem Set #2
- MHTCET
- 2014 IPhO Solution to Theory Problem 2
- Onkyo TX Sr309
- IOAA 2007, Thailand (Problems)
- Illinois Capacitor PPB
- PHYSICS test demo
- lab5
- Final exam SP2009.pdf
- Appendix C
- Capacitores UL

You are on page 1of 3

Volume of the nanoparticle: Mass of the nanoparticle: Number of ions in the nanoparticle: 2.1 Charge density Electrons concentration Total charge of free electrons Total mass of free electrons , charge density . . . . . . . 0.7

T2

For a sphere with radius and constant charge density , for any point inside the sphere designated by radius-vector ) Gauss's law yields directly , where is the unit radial vector pointing away from the center of the sphere. Thus, . Likewise, inside another sphere of radius and charge density the field is , where is the radius-vector of the point in the coordinate system with the origin 1.2 2.2 in the center of this sphere. Superposition of the two charge configurations gives the setup we want with . So inside the charge-free region | | the field is or with pre-factor

With and inside the particle is produced 2.3 we have from above that approximately the field induced . The number of electrons on the particles border that 1.0

is negligibly smaller than the number of electrons inside the particle, so (note the antiparallel attractive force shift it is

is proportional to the displacement that it is similar to Hookes law). The work done on the electron cloud to ( )

Inside the metallic particle in the steady state the electric field must be equal to 0. The 2.4 induced field (from 2.2 or 2.3) compensates the external field: , so 0.6

Page 1 of 3

. Charge displaced through the radius and height : -plane is the total charge of electrons in the cylinder of .

T2

The electric energy 2.5a of a capacitor with capacitance holding charges is 0.7 . The energy of such capacitor is equal to the work (see 2.3) done to separate the charges (see 2.4), thus 2.5b Equivalent scheme for a capacitor reads: capacitance from (2.5a) gives . . Combining charge from (2.4) and . 0.4

The kinetic energy of the electron cloud is defined as the kinetic energy of one electron multiplied by the number of electrons in the cloud ( ). 2.6a 0.7 The current is the charge of electrons in the cylinder of area and height divided by time (or simply the time derivative of charge ), thus . The energy carried by current in the equivalent circuit with inductance is 2.6b is, in fact, the kinetic energy of electrons . Taking the energy and current from 0.5 (2.6a) gives .

From the LC-circuit analogy we can directly derive . 2.7a Alternatively it is possible to use the harmonic law of motion in (2.3) and get the same 0.5 result for the frequency. 2.7b rad/s, for light with angular frequency . the wavelength is 0.4

The velocity of an electron kinetic energy on the electron 2.8a ( . The time-averaged . During time each electron is 1.0

hits an ion one time. So the energy lost in the whole nanoparticle during time . Time-averaged Joule heating power ).

The expression for current is taken from (2.6a), squared and averaged

Page 2 of 3

( ) .

T2

The average time between the collisions is , so each electron oscillates many times before it collides with an ion. The oscillating current 2.8b , 1.0 produces the heat in the resistance equal to that together with results from (2.8a) leads to . For equivalent scattering resistance and for harmonic oscillations we can . 1.0

2.9 average the velocity squared over one period of oscillations, so Together it yields

. At the resonance

( )

. . and 1.2

, we calculate 0.3

Total number of nanoparticles in the vessel: Then the total time-averaged Joule heating power: kW. This power goes , with 2.11a into the steam generation: . Thus the mass of steam produced in one second is: . The power of light incident on the vessel , and the power directed for steam production by nanoparticles is given in 2.11b 2.11a. Efficiency of the process is = 0.498.

0.6

0.2

Total

12.0

Page 3 of 3

- Bangladesh Astronomy Olympiad 2012Uploaded byScience Olympiad Blog
- Phy1004w Buffler m&Ie&m3Uploaded byHawksmoor1888
- IOAA 2015 Data Analysis Problems Final SINhala&Eng SRIUploaded bySaman Aravinda
- IPhO 2013 Theory 1 SolutionUploaded bympecth
- Problem 1 WoPhoUploaded byIonel Chiosa
- IPHO 2014Uploaded byMohomed Athif
- IPhO 2015 ProblemsUploaded byScience Olympiad Blog
- IOAA SyllabusUploaded byScience Olympiad Blog
- 2014 IPhO Solution to Theory Problem 1Uploaded bySouseiseki Chrome
- Problem Set #2Uploaded byfranklinreypacquiao
- MHTCETUploaded byPradeep Singh
- 2014 IPhO Solution to Theory Problem 2Uploaded bySouseiseki Chrome
- Onkyo TX Sr309Uploaded bykeithwilcox
- IOAA 2007, Thailand (Problems)Uploaded byScience Olympiad Blog
- Illinois Capacitor PPBUploaded bykp
- PHYSICS test demoUploaded bymohits822
- lab5Uploaded byjobertacuna
- Final exam SP2009.pdfUploaded byAlfred Miro
- Appendix CUploaded byKelly Hoffman
- Capacitores ULUploaded byJeremy Arce
- Auto Power Supply From Three Different SourcesUploaded byRajesh Lenka
- Syabbus Physics puc IIpUploaded bydnageshm4n244
- C.V.TUploaded byzaidnawayseh
- Chapter 19 Review[1]Uploaded byJustin B
- Pulsed Powered Plasma Blasting for Lunar Materials ProcessingUploaded bybaltazarme
- [25] Finite State Model-based Predictive Current Control With Two-step Horizon for Four-leg NPC ConvertersUploaded bynhatvp
- TPCMUploaded byKritin Agarwal
- 9702_s18_qp_52Uploaded byJohn
- Final Unit 6Uploaded bySrinivasulu Pudu
- TDA6101QUploaded byPravin Mevada

- Apho2018 Experiment SolutionUploaded bympecth
- Apho2018 Theory Q1 Optical Trap Solution & Marking SchemeUploaded bympecth
- APhO 2017 Theory 3Uploaded bympecth
- Apho2018 Theory Q3 Thermoelectricity QuestionUploaded bympecth
- Apho2018 Theory Q2 Space Elevator Solution & Marking SchemeUploaded bympecth
- APhO 2017 Theory 2Uploaded bympecth
- APhO 2017 Theory 1 SolutionUploaded bympecth
- Apho2018 Theory Q1 Optical Trap QuestionUploaded bympecth
- APhO 2017 Theory 2 SolutionUploaded bympecth
- APhO 2018 Exam Experiment Question1 English _OfficialUploaded bympecth
- Apho2018 Theory Q3 Thermoelectricity Solution & Marking SchemeUploaded bympecth
- Apho2018 Theory Q2 Space Elevator QuestionUploaded bympecth
- APhO 2017 Theory 3 SolutionUploaded bympecth
- Exam Sheet Experimental FinalUploaded bympecth
- APhO 2017 Theory 1Uploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam Theory QuestionsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam Theory QuestionsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam-Theory Questions Answer SheetsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam-Theory Questions Answer SheetsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam-Experimental Questions Answer SheetsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam-Experimental Questions Answer SheetsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2016 MCQUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2016 MCQUploaded bympecth
- Ijso2014exam Experimental QuestionsUploaded bympecth
- Ijso2014exam Experimental QuestionsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2016 Theory ExamUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam-Multiple Choice Questions Answer SheetsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam-Multiple Choice Questions Answer SheetsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam-Multiple Choice QuestionsUploaded bympecth
- IJSO 2014 exam-Multiple Choice QuestionsUploaded bympecth

- Avago Layout GuideUploaded byTran Ba Quynh
- Electrostatic Boundary ValueUploaded byMohd HelmiHazim
- Multiferroic Nanocapacitors [Comsol and Contributions Equations]Uploaded byCarlos Andrés
- Tesys Contactors for Switching 3 Phase Capacitor BanksUploaded byKais Abichou
- TI902PENUploaded byKaruna Avatara Dasa
- Manual Ameritron AL-811Uploaded byYudi Wiseno
- EPDU 3.0 PresentationUploaded byManoj Samarakoon
- M&I Two Marks With Answer-All UnitsUploaded byVijay KM
- Technical Information TMM55 TMS TMM88 Inclination Sensor en IM0064852Uploaded byRaam
- Digital Lab Projects Circuits DiagramsUploaded byHimanshu Tyagi
- Advanced PFC-PWM Con Bi Nation ControllersUploaded byAngelo Araujo
- DIY-TaserUploaded byLord_Darth_Vader
- en_pfc6xfw_3 APPLICATION CONTROL ACS ABB.pdfUploaded byDoDuyBac
- IntermediateUploaded byvenkat2122
- CMOS Phased Array Transceiver Technology for 60 GHz Wireless ApplicationsUploaded byhuyhoangece
- INSUCOATUploaded byiyilmaz1
- TPC8103Uploaded bydreyes3773
- LME49810 - Drive Para Pro AmpsUploaded byEdu Blumer
- TP125_Full_Content.pdfUploaded byDJNikola
- Plecs Lithium Ion AdvUploaded byMartin Moreno
- Capacitor ValuesUploaded byFidel Silassie
- 2012-07-Practice of UHVDC in China.pdfUploaded byLê Thị Phương Viên
- B1660NUploaded bychipquangdt
- Motor Starter AnalysisUploaded byKeerrthanaa Kumaravelu
- 54ABT16244 datasheetUploaded byWilton Campos Marcelino
- best of allUploaded bydeng
- Shunt Cap Energization With VI's - A Possible Source of OVUploaded byeeng8124
- 37XR a Professional Digital Multimeter ManualUploaded byShazmania
- Amp RegenClampUploaded byElectromate
- Capacitor Bank DischargingUploaded bymajidsalih1