This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
(b) Using Laplace transforms find the current i1 (t) that enters the network of Fig. Q2.(b) when
the switch is closed at t=O with zero initial current in the inductor. Nwnerical values of the
circuit elements areas shown
Synthesize the followmg dnvmg pomt Impedance In Foster-! and caO ms
z(s)- (S+2)(S+4) ,., +
- (S+l)(S+3)(S+5) '(.)
The core (radius a) of a coaxial cylindrical cable by an insulating sheath of
and outer radius b, and a o
extending to the
outer metallic conductor of radius c. per unit length of the cable between
the core and the outer conductor.
Plane mono chromatic waves e arallel to the axis in both the positive and
negative directions . .At the origin, dd s !n s are given by
Ex= A cos (rot); Ey = 0
Calculate the mean ·; Vradiation in each of the two directions in terms of A, B
and the constants of · .
A parallel pi at2i. to is made with a composite dielectric. A sheet of dielectric of
permittivity S!, · n s d
is pi aced on top of a second eli electric sheet (permittivity 92
thickness T mbination is placed between parallel conducting plates which are
). What is the capacitance per unit plate area of the capacitor?
( t • t of the construction of a cathode-ray osc11lo scope and explam the functions of
1111 The honzontal deflection sensitiVIty of a CRO 1s 0 02 mmN Wan
wn voltage 1s applied to the honzontal plates, the spot sh1fts 4 0 mm honzontally Fmd
e of the unknown voltage
wn m F1g Q 4 (b), an uncompensated electro -dynamic wattmeter has 1ts voltage co1l
connected directly across the load Show that the reading of the mstrument 1s approXImately
(P1+ P2 ±P3), where P1 IS the power diS Sip all on m the voltage co1l c1rcwt, P2 IS that m the load
1s an error term due to the presence of mductance 1n the voltage co1l arcu1t.
.•. ·- .J I
(a) A voltmeter has a sensitivity of I 00 ON and three scales; 50 V, 150 V and 30 0 V. When
connected in the circuit of Fig. Q. 4(c), the voltmeter reads 4.65 Von its lowest (0-50V)
scale. Calculate R..
Fig.Q . .4(e) &
Answer any three of the followmg
A waveform produced by an electrontc orcutt ts to be attenuated 1Mth form
dtstortlon (maxtmum bandwtdth) Usmg the htgh tmpedance attenuatton c· cutt n m Ftg
Q 5 (a), draw m any addi nona! components requtred to fulfill theo qu ements and
determme dies values of the reqwred components.
.fi&.Q . .S.(a)
A silicon p -n junction diode is om a 0. I 0 -m p-material and 0. 0 20-m n-
material. Calculate the valu!8 o o tial · erfor the unbiased diode at 3 00° K. For silicon,
sec. Ill'= 0.0 -s , andnt=1.4xl0
(Electronic charge e I 0 c· oltzmann' s constant K = 1.3 8x I o-
Using NAND gates, 1 the equation:
K = (AB
A 100 kW 250 has a field circuit resistance, including a rheostat of 600
and a tot atjfe circuit resistance of 0.0 65 0. Cal cui ate (i) field circuit current, (ii) full-
load li nt [ owing to the load, (iii) armature circuit current and (iv) full-load generated
v t equired to deliver rated voltage to the load, Ignore armature reaction.
d voltage drop across resistance Ro(=8000) connected in the collector circuit is 0.5V.
= 0.96, determine (i) collector-emitter voltage and (ii) base-current.
A transistor in common -emitter configuration employs a 4 kO I oad and Vee = 13 V. Estimate
the maximum peak to peak value of the input signal for linear operation if = I 0 0. Given:
Vm, = IV and a change of I V in V BE causes a change of 5 mAin collector current.
(c) In a CE transistor amplifier, when the signal changes by 0. 0 2 V. the base current changes by
I 0 IJ.A and collector current changes by I mA. If the collector resistance RC = 5k0 and I oad
resistor fu. = I 00, find
(i) current gain (ii) input impedance, (iii) ac. load resistance, (iv) voltage gain and (v) power
The primary of a transformer consists of I 00 0 turns of wire and pro duces a maximum flux of
0.0 3 Wb alternating at 5OHz in the iron core. The secondary winding has 40 turns. Calculate
the r.p .m. values of primary and secondary e.m. f s on the assumption that the flux change us
(b) A d. c. series motor supplied from 23 0 V source draws an armature current of 16 A and drives
a load at 1600 r.p.m. The resistance of armature and field is 10. The torque required to drive
the load varies as N
, where N is the speed. What should be applied voltage to the motor if
the speed is to be raised to 1750 r.p.m.? Assume that the field is unsaturated.
(c) Calculate the sui tab! e auto -transformation ratio for starling a 3 -phase induction motor with
line current not exceeding three times the full-load current. The short-circuit current with
rated applied voltage is 5 times the full-load current and full-load slip is 5%. Fin the
starting torque in terms of the full-! oad torque, when the auto-transformer is empl
Find the percentage voltage drop for a transformer with a percentage resistanc f 2• d a
percentage reactance of 4%, of rating 550 kV A, when it is delivering 40 0.6 p.f.
A 3300 V, 24 pole, 50 Hz 3-phase star-connected induction mo r 1p-ring rotor
resistance of 0.0 16 0 and stand-still reactance of 0. 2 65 0 per ph as Cal late (i) speed at
obtained at 247 r.p.m. +
A 3-phase synchronous motor, when working on coG t - e mains at constant I oad,
takes a current which varies with the excitation. Exp n t · result. How is the power factor
(b) Discuss the disadvantages of harmonics and suggest methods for reducing a. c. harmonics in a
(c) Explain the working of time delay circuit which may be used to apply power to an industrial
load at a predetermined time after the initiating singal.
(a) Describe with a neat diagram a step up chopper and discuss its merits and demerits.
(b) Describe with a neat di agrarn a static version of theW ordLonard system o
The a. c. supply voltage is 25 0 volt. The motor volta
rafdian/min. For a fimg angle oc = 30° and rated
motor and (ii) motor torque, assuming continuous ee armature current.
any formula used.
With V/f speed con ase induction motor the maximum torque and slip at which
maximum spectively, increases and decreased with increase in frequency.
The higher the f machine, the heavier is the rotor of the machine.
For econ ic oper on, the generator with highest positive incremental transmission loss
will o te t thMowest positive incremental cost of production.
transmission line the string efficiency is 70%. Now if d. c. voltage is supplied
- setup, the string efficiency will be 90%,
principle of operation and applications of an induction generator.
Describe with neat sketches the construction and principle of operation of a fast breeder
(c) A 3 -phase 50 Hz induction motor has equivalent stator and rotor resistance of 0. 05 ohm each
and reactances of 0.3 ohm each. The motor is to be operated at one half of its rated frequency.
Determine (i) the maximum torque at the reduced value of supply as the a fraction of its
normal value (ii) the starting torque at the reduced value of supply as a fraction of its normal
(d) A synchronous motor is connected to an infinite bus and draws I. 0 p. u. current at 0. 9 p .f.
leading. Its synchronous reactance is 1.0 p.u. and resistance is negligible. Determine E, Q, o
and P. If with the same excitation the loading on the motor is increased by I 0%, determine
the new values ofE,Q,I, o, P and cos <j>.
Explain with the he! p of Flowchart the procedure for solution of Coordination Equations.
Explain with neat diagrams the pro cess of current chopping in circuit " st a
sui table method to minimise its effect on power systems.
Explain the carrier system of protection in power systems. With a blo d neat
sketches discuss how the phase comparison scheme can be used foo tin feeder fed
from (i) one end and (ii) both the ends.
Differentiate between a current transformer and a power transform. · ss various errors
associated with a current transformer and the methods to e th'+e errors.
Explain clearly 'Pinch effect' and 'Skin effect'. Comreth:Ger ormance of Ajax Wyatt and
careless mductlon furnaces State the apph of furnaces
What ts regenserattve braking? Explam rnt,p: of (1) d c shunt motor (u) d c senes
motor and (111) mductlon motor when braking
A motor works on 2 mm c ons uted as follows (1) 0 to 15 sec-load nsmg from 0
to 1050kW, (u) 15 to 85 se co ad of 600 kW, (111) 85 to 95 sec-regenerattve brakmg
wtth power retumedi.f! all g o ;hy from 200 to 0 kW, (tv) 95 to 20 sec-motor ts at rest
Deternune the contln u rati f the motor, assunung the rating to depend upon (I) r m s
value of loadmg and value of loading
eff""ed by a locomotive wlul e hauhng a tram on level track at 50 kmph ts
ns. locomotive has to haul the same train on a gradient and the tractive
is 55000 newtons, determine the power required by the locomotive when the
... ""',. (i) d. c. series motors (ii) induction motors.
Question No.9 is compulsory
9. Comment with justification on the correctness of any three of the following statements restricting
your answer to within 2 00 words for each:
(a) For transmission line load matching over a range of frequencies, it is best to use a balun.
(b) The standard reference antenna for the directive gain is the isotropic antenna.
(c) A disadvantage of micro strip compared with stri pline is that microstrip is more likely to
(d) A parametric amplifier is used for low noise high frequency amplificali on.
(a) Explain the basic theory of reactance modulator. Also explain and compare the performance
of some of the reactance modulators for generation of frequency modulation.
(b) Define signal to noise ratio, noise figure and equivalent noise temperature of a receiver.
Under what conditions is equivalent noise temperature a more useful quantity than noise
DofiM md dooaibo pol.,·poOti" modWtii.,. E,.ta, wi• •
from pulse width modulation. Compare the types of modulation.
Differentiate between telex and telegraphy. Describe briefly the systu nes used in
Explam wtth the help of neat dtagrams the pnnctple or two-Ca111ty Klystron
Descnb e wtth a neat eli agram the pnnctple of of Gunn-effect dtode
Surface Acoust:l c Wave devtces
D"ro" md fWruog "'"" """" (IO)
Derive the imp edan property of a quarter transformer and explain some of
h you would measure coupling factor and directivity for a two-hole directional
(c) .. · n h w you would measure the common mode rejection ratio of a differential amplifier.
+30 dt + 200x= 0
x(O) = 5
x(O) = 9.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.