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1fi

Nt

20

·•

:

Ul

'

(b) Using Laplace transforms find the current i1 (t) that enters the network of Fig. Q2.(b) when

the switch is closed at t=O with zero initial current in the inductor. Nwnerical values of the

(c)

(a)

(b)

(c)

circuit elements areas shown

Synthesize the followmg dnvmg pomt Impedance In Foster-! and caO ms

z(s)- (S+2)(S+4) ,., +

- (S+l)(S+3)(S+5) '(.)

The core (radius a) of a coaxial cylindrical cable by an insulating sheath of

conductivity o

1

and outer radius b, and a o

2

extending to the

outer metallic conductor of radius c. per unit length of the cable between

the core and the outer conductor.

Plane mono chromatic waves e arallel to the axis in both the positive and

negative directions . .At the origin, dd s !n s are given by

Ex= A cos (rot); Ey = 0

Hx=O ;

Calculate the mean ·; Vradiation in each of the two directions in terms of A, B

and the constants of · .

A parallel pi at2i. to is made with a composite dielectric. A sheet of dielectric of

permittivity S!, · n s d

1

is pi aced on top of a second eli electric sheet (permittivity 92

thickness T mbination is placed between parallel conducting plates which are

(d

1

+d

2

). What is the capacitance per unit plate area of the capacitor?

( t • t of the construction of a cathode-ray osc11lo scope and explam the functions of

1111 The honzontal deflection sensitiVIty of a CRO 1s 0 02 mmN Wan

wn voltage 1s applied to the honzontal plates, the spot sh1fts 4 0 mm honzontally Fmd

e of the unknown voltage

wn m F1g Q 4 (b), an uncompensated electro -dynamic wattmeter has 1ts voltage co1l

connected directly across the load Show that the reading of the mstrument 1s approXImately

(P1+ P2 ±P3), where P1 IS the power diS Sip all on m the voltage co1l c1rcwt, P2 IS that m the load

and P

3

1s an error term due to the presence of mductance 1n the voltage co1l arcu1t.

r.,·

lp I

i

.•. ·- .J I

Fill (!>)

5.

7.

(a) A voltmeter has a sensitivity of I 00 ON and three scales; 50 V, 150 V and 30 0 V. When

connected in the circuit of Fig. Q. 4(c), the voltmeter reads 4.65 Von its lowest (0-50V)

scale. Calculate R..

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Fig.Q . .4(e) &

Answer any three of the followmg

A waveform produced by an electrontc orcutt ts to be attenuated 1Mth form

dtstortlon (maxtmum bandwtdth) Usmg the htgh tmpedance attenuatton c· cutt n m Ftg

Q 5 (a), draw m any addi nona! components requtred to fulfill theo qu ements and

determme dies values of the reqwred components.

II, (l)•

I CJ

.fi&.Q . .S.(a)

A silicon p -n junction diode is om a 0. I 0 -m p-material and 0. 0 20-m n-

material. Calculate the valu!8 o o tial · erfor the unbiased diode at 3 00° K. For silicon,

**sec. Ill'= 0.0 -s , andnt=1.4xl0
**

16

/m

3

(Electronic charge e I 0 c· oltzmann' s constant K = 1.3 8x I o-

23

JK-

1

)

Using NAND gates, 1 the equation:

K = (AB

A 100 kW 250 has a field circuit resistance, including a rheostat of 600

and a tot atjfe circuit resistance of 0.0 65 0. Cal cui ate (i) field circuit current, (ii) full-

load li nt [ owing to the load, (iii) armature circuit current and (iv) full-load generated

v t equired to deliver rated voltage to the load, Ignore armature reaction.

d voltage drop across resistance Ro(=8000) connected in the collector circuit is 0.5V.

= 0.96, determine (i) collector-emitter voltage and (ii) base-current.

A transistor in common -emitter configuration employs a 4 kO I oad and Vee = 13 V. Estimate

the maximum peak to peak value of the input signal for linear operation if = I 0 0. Given:

Vm, = IV and a change of I V in V BE causes a change of 5 mAin collector current.

(c) In a CE transistor amplifier, when the signal changes by 0. 0 2 V. the base current changes by

I 0 IJ.A and collector current changes by I mA. If the collector resistance RC = 5k0 and I oad

resistor fu. = I 00, find

(a)

(i) current gain (ii) input impedance, (iii) ac. load resistance, (iv) voltage gain and (v) power

gam.

The primary of a transformer consists of I 00 0 turns of wire and pro duces a maximum flux of

0.0 3 Wb alternating at 5OHz in the iron core. The secondary winding has 40 turns. Calculate

8.

the r.p .m. values of primary and secondary e.m. f s on the assumption that the flux change us

sinusoidal.

(b) A d. c. series motor supplied from 23 0 V source draws an armature current of 16 A and drives

a load at 1600 r.p.m. The resistance of armature and field is 10. The torque required to drive

the load varies as N

12

, where N is the speed. What should be applied voltage to the motor if

the speed is to be raised to 1750 r.p.m.? Assume that the field is unsaturated.

(c) Calculate the sui tab! e auto -transformation ratio for starling a 3 -phase induction motor with

line current not exceeding three times the full-load current. The short-circuit current with

rated applied voltage is 5 times the full-load current and full-load slip is 5%. Fin the

(a)

(b)

(c)

starting torque in terms of the full-! oad torque, when the auto-transformer is empl

Find the percentage voltage drop for a transformer with a percentage resistanc f 2• d a

percentage reactance of 4%, of rating 550 kV A, when it is delivering 40 0.6 p.f.

lagging.

A 3300 V, 24 pole, 50 Hz 3-phase star-connected induction mo r 1p-ring rotor

resistance of 0.0 16 0 and stand-still reactance of 0. 2 65 0 per ph as Cal late (i) speed at

obtained at 247 r.p.m. +

A 3-phase synchronous motor, when working on coG t - e mains at constant I oad,

takes a current which varies with the excitation. Exp n t · result. How is the power factor

affected? ~

~ ~

•

4.

5.

6.

(30)

(b) Discuss the disadvantages of harmonics and suggest methods for reducing a. c. harmonics in a

converter circuit.

(20)

(c) Explain the working of time delay circuit which may be used to apply power to an industrial

load at a predetermined time after the initiating singal.

(I 0)

(a) Describe with a neat diagram a step up chopper and discuss its merits and demerits.

(b) Describe with a neat di agrarn a static version of theW ordLonard system o

(c)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

d.c. drive.

The a. c. supply voltage is 25 0 volt. The motor volta

rafdian/min. For a fimg angle oc = 30° and rated

motor and (ii) motor torque, assuming continuous ee armature current.

any formula used.

(25)

With V/f speed con ase induction motor the maximum torque and slip at which

maximum spectively, increases and decreased with increase in frequency.

The higher the f machine, the heavier is the rotor of the machine.

For econ ic oper on, the generator with highest positive incremental transmission loss

will o te t thMowest positive incremental cost of production.

....

transmission line the string efficiency is 70%. Now if d. c. voltage is supplied

- setup, the string efficiency will be 90%,

principle of operation and applications of an induction generator.

(I 0)

Describe with neat sketches the construction and principle of operation of a fast breeder

reactor.

(15)

(c) A 3 -phase 50 Hz induction motor has equivalent stator and rotor resistance of 0. 05 ohm each

and reactances of 0.3 ohm each. The motor is to be operated at one half of its rated frequency.

Determine (i) the maximum torque at the reduced value of supply as the a fraction of its

normal value (ii) the starting torque at the reduced value of supply as a fraction of its normal

value.

(20)

7.

8.

(d) A synchronous motor is connected to an infinite bus and draws I. 0 p. u. current at 0. 9 p .f.

leading. Its synchronous reactance is 1.0 p.u. and resistance is negligible. Determine E, Q, o

and P. If with the same excitation the loading on the motor is increased by I 0%, determine

the new values ofE,Q,I, o, P and cos <j>.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(15)

Explain with the he! p of Flowchart the procedure for solution of Coordination Equations.

(I 0)

Explain with neat diagrams the pro cess of current chopping in circuit " st a

sui table method to minimise its effect on power systems.

(I 0)

Explain the carrier system of protection in power systems. With a blo d neat

sketches discuss how the phase comparison scheme can be used foo tin feeder fed

from (i) one end and (ii) both the ends.

Differentiate between a current transformer and a power transform. · ss various errors

associated with a current transformer and the methods to e th'+e errors.

(15)

Explain clearly 'Pinch effect' and 'Skin effect'. Comreth:Ger ormance of Ajax Wyatt and

careless mductlon furnaces State the apph of furnaces

(15)

What ts regenserattve braking? Explam rnt,p: of (1) d c shunt motor (u) d c senes

motor and (111) mductlon motor when braking

(15)

A motor works on 2 mm c ons uted as follows (1) 0 to 15 sec-load nsmg from 0

to 1050kW, (u) 15 to 85 se co ad of 600 kW, (111) 85 to 95 sec-regenerattve brakmg

wtth power retumedi.f! all g o ;hy from 200 to 0 kW, (tv) 95 to 20 sec-motor ts at rest

Deternune the contln u rati f the motor, assunung the rating to depend upon (I) r m s

value of loadmg and value of loading

(20)

eff""ed by a locomotive wlul e hauhng a tram on level track at 50 kmph ts

ns. locomotive has to haul the same train on a gradient and the tractive

is 55000 newtons, determine the power required by the locomotive when the

... ""',. (i) d. c. series motors (ii) induction motors.

(I 0)

SECnONC

Question No.9 is compulsory

9. Comment with justification on the correctness of any three of the following statements restricting

your answer to within 2 00 words for each:

20x3=60

(a) For transmission line load matching over a range of frequencies, it is best to use a balun.

(b) The standard reference antenna for the directive gain is the isotropic antenna.

(c) A disadvantage of micro strip compared with stri pline is that microstrip is more likely to

radiate.

10.

11.

12.

(d) A parametric amplifier is used for low noise high frequency amplificali on.

(a) Explain the basic theory of reactance modulator. Also explain and compare the performance

of some of the reactance modulators for generation of frequency modulation.

(15)

(b) Define signal to noise ratio, noise figure and equivalent noise temperature of a receiver.

(c)

(d)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(a)

(b)

Under what conditions is equivalent noise temperature a more useful quantity than noise

figure?

DofiM md dooaibo pol.,·poOti" modWtii.,. E,.ta, wi• •

from pulse width modulation. Compare the types of modulation.

0

(15)

Differentiate between telex and telegraphy. Describe briefly the systu nes used in

telegraphy.

(15)

Explam wtth the help of neat dtagrams the pnnctple or two-Ca111ty Klystron

amphfier "-/

(20)

Descnb e wtth a neat eli agram the pnnctple of of Gunn-effect dtode

(15)

of

Surface Acoust:l c Wave devtces

(15)

D"ro" md fWruog "'"" """" (IO)

Derive the imp edan property of a quarter transformer and explain some of

its •

'(.1 (15)

couple +

(I 0)

h you would measure coupling factor and directivity for a two-hole directional

(c) .. · n h w you would measure the common mode rejection ratio of a differential amplifier.

(I 0)

time scaling:

(25)

d

2

x dx

2 dt

2

+30 dt + 200x= 0

x(O) = 5

x(O) = 9.

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