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LESSON NOTES

Absolute Beginner S1 #1 Is Your Coee as Strong as Your German Apologies?

CONTENTS
2 2 3 4 5 5 6 German English Vocabulary Sample Sentences Vocabulary Phrase Usage Grammar Cultural Insight

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GERMAN
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(A spills his water onto the next passenger's lap) A: D: A: D: A: D (grins): A: D: A: D: Oh! Entschuldigung! Entschuldigung, es tut mir wirklich leid. Es ist schon okay. Sind Sie sicher? Ja. Es ist okay. Sind Sie wirklich sicher? Ja. Es ist nur Wasser. Kein Problem? Nein, kein Problem. Ich bin Joe Cardigan, und Sie? Ich bin Anke Lwen.

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ENGLISH
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(A spills his water onto the next passenger's lap) A: D: Oh! Excuse me! ... Excuse me, I'm really sorry. It's okay.

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CONT'D OVER
GERMANPOD101.COM ABSOLUTE BEGINNER S1 #1 - IS YOUR COFFEE AS STRONG AS YOUR GERMAN APOLOGIES?

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A: D: A: D (grins): A: D: A: D:

Are you sure? Yes. It's okay. Are you really sure? Yes. It's just water. No problem? No, no problem. I'm Joe Cardigan, and you? I'm Anke Lwen.

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VOCABULARY
Ge r man wirklich ich nein Wasser nur ja sicher Sie schon English really I no water only, just yes sure you (formal) already C lass adverb personal pronoun expression; Yes is "Ja" noun adverb adverb adjective personal pronoun adverb Yes is "Ja" plural can be the same or Wsser Ge nde r

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ABSOLUTE BEGINNER S1 #1 - IS YOUR COFFEE AS STRONG AS YOUR GERMAN APOLOGIES?

es

it

personal pronoun ich bin, du bist, er ist, wir sind, ihr seid, sie sind

sein und

to be and

verb conjunction

SAMPLE SENTENCES
D i e se S ta d t i st w i rkl i ch g ro . This city is really big. Ich h a tte l e tzte Wo ch e so vi e l zu tu n ! I was so busy last week! N e i n , i ch bi n n i ch t a u s K l n . No, I am not from Cologne. U n d d e r Ka h n so l l u n s w i rkl i ch h e i l be r d a s Wa sse r bri n g e n ? And this barge is really supposed to bring us savely over the water? Ei n G l a s Wa sse r o h n e Ko h l e n s u re bi tte ! A glass of water without carbonation please! N a sch n , d u h a st j a R e ch t. Fair enough, you're right. (In the sense of "I'm giving in.") Bi st d u d i r si ch e r? Are you sure? J a , d a s sti m m t. Yes, that's right. Ich e sse n u r G e m se . I only eat vegetables. D a s w a r w i rkl i ch l e cke r. This was really yummy. Ich bi n Li sa . I am Lisa.

H a be n S i e e i n e a n d e re Kre d i tka rte ? Do you have another credit card?

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ABSOLUTE BEGINNER S1 #1 - IS YOUR COFFEE AS STRONG AS YOUR GERMAN APOLOGIES?

S pre ch e n S i e En g l i sch ? Do you speak English? Bi st d u sch o n m d e ? Are you tired already? Es i st fr h a m Mo rg e n . It is early in the morning. Ich bi n S tu d e n t. I am a student.

S i e si n d H e rr S m i th You are Mr Smith. Es i st sch n , d a ss S i e d a si n d . It's nice that you're there. D a s ka n n d o ch n i ch t w a h r se i n ! That can't be true! Th o m a s u n d Li sa . Thomas and Lisa.

VOCABULARY PHRASE USAGE

Sie = you, formally. There is a notion of formality in German, just like in French, Spanish, Italian and other languages. If you're addressing somebody by their family name, you should also call them Sie and use the corresponding form of the verbs. If you're addressing somebody by their first name, you will usually use another pronoun, du. The formal address is the default in German unless you're talking to children or people who explicitly asked you to switch to an informal address. As a foreigner, you'd do well to address everybody as Sie initially.

GRAMMAR
Th e fo cu s o f th i s l e sso n i s th e ve rb "se i n " (to be ) Ich bi n J o e . "I a m J o e ."

In this lesson we've seen three forms of the verb sein, to be. This verb is irregular in almost all languages, and German is no exception. Here are the forms we've seen; sein to be

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ABSOLUTE BEGINNER S1 #1 - IS YOUR COFFEE AS STRONG AS YOUR GERMAN APOLOGIES?

ich bin I am es ist it is Sie sind you are (formally) We've also seen that German word order corresponds to English so far. When you're asking a question, the verb moves to the front of the sentence in German, just like in English. Sind Sie Joe? = Are you Joe? Sind Sie sicher? = Are you sure?

CULTURAL INSIGHT
Apo l o g i zi n g a n d re a cti n g The most general word of apology in German is Entschuldigung. This literally means apology, and it's used in most situations:
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when you've accidentally done

something bad

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when you want somebody's attention when you want people to make room

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It is NOT used when somebody tells some sad news about themselves, because that is not something you should apologize for unless you had any stake in it. If you need something stronger than Entschuldigung, use Es tut mir leid (literally it does me harm). And you can make it even stronger by adding an adverb before the leid. Es tut mir wirklich leid. - I'm really sorry. Es tut mir sehr leid. - I'm very sorry. To accept an apology informally, say; Es ist (schon) okay. - It's okay (now). Kein Problem. - No problem.

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ABSOLUTE BEGINNER S1 #1 - IS YOUR COFFEE AS STRONG AS YOUR GERMAN APOLOGIES?