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1) Car moving along a road, points past points PQR. PQ = 45m QR= 120m 45m PQ= 2 seconds QR = 4 seconds 120m

P

2secs

Q

4 secs

R

Find initial speed and the acceleration of the car? Use simultaneous equations, 2 unknowns a and u 45 = 2u + 2a 165= 6u+18a Solve this simultaneously, I used: 10 = 4a i) ii) u = 20 a = 2.5

TOTAL (7)

2) 2 forces act on a particle F1= (pi +2pj) F2= (i-3j) (a) Find angle between F1 and j axis

Finding this angle

2

x

1 = Tan x = 2/1 = 90 - 63.4349…. = 26.565… (2)

(b) Given that R parallel with i axis, find p = 2p+3 = 0 3/2=P

P=1.5 (4) TOTAL (6)

3) 2 particles P and Q are travelling towards each other. Particles colliding

P: mass= 2m, speed= 2u Q: mass= m, speed = 3u If impulse exerted on each particle during collision is 3.5mu, what are final speeds of P and Q 2U 3U

BEFORE

2m

m

AFTER

2m

m

For P I = m (v - u) 3.5mu = 2m(v-2u) 3.5mu = 2mv - 4mu 7.5mu = 2mv v = 7.5mu/2m = 3.75u (a) A had v = 3.75u (3) (b) B had v = 0.5u (3) TOTAL (6)

For Q I = m (v - u) 3.5mu = m(v - - 3um) 3.5mu = mv + 3um 0.5mu = mv = 0.5u

4) Particle on a slope inclined at arc tan (4/3), Co-efficient of friction 0.5, what is acceleration down slope (a) 5.88…. TOTAL (9) 5) A Particle, weight 15kg is being pulled along by a force, PN at 50 degrees, coefficient of friction = 0.2 Find P (2SF). P (9)

R

50

Fr

15g Resolve horizontally: Fr= Pcos50 Given by question: Fr=0.2R Put 0.2R as Fr in the first equation and Multiply both sides by 5 to get rid of 0.2: R= 5Pcos50 Now make the two R’s equal eachother: 5Pcos50 = 147 - Psin50 5Pcos50 + Psin50 = 147 3.979982492P = 147 P= 36.93483585 = 37N (2SF) TOTAL (9) (9) Resolve Vertically: R= 147 - Psin50

6) A Car is pulling along a car using a tow bar, with a driving force 1200N Trailer: resistance 200N, weight 200kg Car: resistance 400N, weight 800kg 1200N

200

800

200N 400N

(a) Find acceleration of car F=ma 1200-400-200 = 1000a 600/1000=a a=0.6 (3) (b) Find tension in tow bar Isolate the trailer. F=ma T-200= 200 x 0.6 T= 320N (3) (c) Find breaking force if thrust in tow bar is 100N and driving force is removed. Isolate the trailer to find deceleration. F=ma 200+100= 200a 300/200 = a a = - 1.5 (deceleration) Therefore use the whole system again: F + 200 + 400= 1000 x 1.5 F = 900N (7) TOTAL (13)

7) A uniform beam, length 2m, weight 20g is suspended by two strings, P and Q. Such that: 0.7m 0.3m Xm P 20g 50g A gymnast, weight 50g hangs Xm away from point P a) prove = (588-350x)=PN TMA(Q): (0.7 x 20g) + (50g x (1.4 – x) =1.4P b) find equation in terms of x at Q = 364 -488x= QN TMA(P): (X x 50g) + (0.7 x 20g) = 1.4Q = (350X + 98) = QN (3) c) Explanation of what are the maximum and minimum weights at each string? Where 0<x<1.4 Extreme values for Q When x=0 Q=98N When x=1.4 Q=588N 98<Q<588 Extreme values for P When x=0 Q=588 When x=1.4 Q=98 98<P<588 (3) Q 1.4m 0.3m

(3)

d) Find distance of gymnast away from Q given tension at Q=3P Y+3Y = 686 Y= 171.5 (tension at string P) TMA(Q) (50gX) + (0.7 x 20g) = (1.4 x 171.5) 490X = 240.1 X = 0.208… So distance from Q = 1.4 – 0.208… = 1.19…m (3) TOTAL (12)

8) A hiker H starts at 100j from point O, he walks with velocity (1.2I +0.9J) (a) Find speed Speed 1.5 = (2) 2.25

(b) Find equation for position t hours after 100j + t (1.2I+ 0.9j) (2) (c) New Hiker K is also walking from O at a velocity (?I +?j) Prove distance of H from K after t is (?I +?J) Had to do –H + K and this was equal to the distance they gave you. (4) (d) Find the position that they meet = where t is 20. = 100j + 20(1.2i - 0.9j) (24i + 82j) TOTAL (13) TOTAL MARKS (75) (5)

-END-

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