Kawlkam Consonant Phonemes Burmese Consonants

P.A. M.A. Plosive or Stop: vl. unas. vl. asp. vd. unas. vd. asp. Affricate: vl. vd. Fricative: vl. unas. vl. asp. vd. unas. vd. asp. Nasal: vl. R Bilabial B I Linguo-dental R B I R Alveolar B I Post-Alveolar R B I R Retroflex B I

Taang Zomi

Palatal R B I R

Velar B I R

Glottal B I

p

/p/ /pʰ/ /b/

t ht d

တ /t/ ထ /tʰ/ ဒ /d/ /dʰ/ /ʧ/ /ʤ/ /ʃ/

t ht d dh

ဋ ဌ ဍ ဎ

/ʈ/ /ʈʰ/ /ɖ/ /ɖʰ/

k kh, hk g gh

က ခ ဂ ဃ

/k/ /kʰ/ /ɡ / /ɡʰ/

အ /?/

ph, ဖ hp b bh ဗ

ဘ /bʰ/

dh ဓ

ky က် /ʦ/

ch ခ် gy ဂ်

th သ

/θ/ s hs

/s/

sh ရွ

h

ဟ /h/

ဆ /sʰ/ ဇ စ် /z/ /zʰ/ /n/ ̥ /ɳ̊ /ŋ/ ̊

th သ

/ð/ z zh

hm မွ

/m/ ̥

hn ႏွ

hn

ဏွ

hny

ညွ

/ɲ̊/

hng

ငွ

Wednesday, March 11, 2009

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Taang Zomi
P.A. M.A. vd. Trill Lateralː vl. vd. Semivowel: vl. vd. R Bilabial B I Linguo-dental R B I R Alveolar B I R B I

Kawlkam Consonant Phonemes
Post-Alveolar R Retroflex B I R Palatal B I R Velar B I R Glottal B I

m

/m/

n r

န ရ

/n/ /r/

n

/ɳ/

ny

/ɲ/

ng

/ŋ/

hl l

̥ လွ /l/ လ /l/ lh ဠ /ɭ/

hw ဝွ w ဝ

/w/ ̥ /w/ y ယ, ရ /j/ Lateral = Lateral Approximant Tentative inclusion in this chart: ဆ (hsa-lein), the seventh letter of the Burmese Alphabet, has not yet been assigned a phonetic symbol. စ် (zha-myin-sway), the ninth letter of the Burmese Alphabet, has not been assigned a phonetic symbol.

Legend Color Code: gray background = of Sanskrit, Pali or Hindi origin; rarely pronounced as such in modern Burmese. Abbreviation: R= Romanized Burmese orthography B = Burmese orthography I = IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet), or

something very close thereto P.A. = Place of Articulation M.A. = Manner of Articulation vl. = voiceless vd. = voiced asp. = aspirated unas. = unaspirated Alternative terms: Retroflex = Cerebral Semivowel = Approximant

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Wed, March 11, 2009

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