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FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY Mechanical, Production and Automobile Engineering 2nd Year 3rd Semester Regulation R 2008 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 2 Mark Questions Units & Dimensions. Properties of fluids Viscosity Compressibility, Vapour pressure and gas laws Capillarity Surface Tension Flow characteristics Concepts of system and control volume Application of control volume to continuity equiation, energy equation, momentum equation and moment of momentum equation.

UNITS & DIMENSIONS, PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS, VISCOSITY, COMPRESSIBILITY, VAPOUR PRESSURE AND GAS LAWS

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Define Fluid Mechanics Define and Differentiate between Fluid Mechanics and Solid Mechanics Define and Differentiate between Fluid and Solid List the various classifications of Fluids Define a Liquid Define a Gas Define a Vapour Define and Differentiate between Liquid, Gas and Vapour List the various Physical Properties of Fluids Define and Differentiate between Density and Unit Weight List the various classifications of Density for the same material Define Specific Volume Define Specific Weight Define and Differentiate between Specific Volume and Specific Weight and Specific Gravity How does the value of Specific Gravity of a material helps to understand its lightness or heaviness? Define Viscosity. What are the practical implications or applications of Viscosity? List the types of Viscosity. Define and Differentiate between Dynamic Viscosity and Kinematic Viscosity. List all the units adopted for expressing the value of Dynamic Viscosity. List all the units adopted for expressing the value of Kinematic Viscosity. State the Newtons law of viscosity. Define Poise Define Stoke. What is the effect of Temperature on Viscosity of liquids and that of gases? List the various types of Fluids Compare and Contrast Ideal Fluid and Real Fluid. Define and Differentiate between Newtonian Fluid and Non- Newtonian Fluid Define and Ideal Plastic Fluid. Describe the role of Viscosity in the choice of Lubricants What are the various forces acting on a body moving within a liquid medium in HORIZONTALLY? Define Thermodynamics Draw the Free Body Force Diagram for a metal plate moving in a liquid column horizontally. Draw the Free Body Force Diagram for a metal plate moving in a liquid columnVertically UPWARDS . Draw the Free Body Force Diagram for a plate moving in a liquid columnVertically DOWNWARDS List the various thermodynamic properties of gases and vapours. What are the effects of Buoyancy on the movement of objects in a liquid column? What are two different ways in which a gas will behave when its temperature is varied? Define and Differentiate between Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes. Define Universal Gas Constant.

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Define Compressibility of a gas. Define Bulk Modulus of a gas How is the Pressure of a gas related to its Bulk Modulus? Prove that compressibility for a perect gas undergoing Isothermal Compression is 1 / p while for a perfect gas undergoing isentropic compression is 1 / wp. Capillarity and Surface Tension

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Define Surface Tension Define Capillary What are the practical applications of Capillarity and Surface Tension? Express the Surface Tension for a Liquid Droplet. Express the Surface Tension for a Bubble. Express the Surface Tension for a Liquid Jet. Flow characteristics Concepts of system and control volume Application of control volume to continuity equiation, energy equation, momentum equation and moment of momentum equation. Define Flow of a liquid Define Kinematics of Flow Define and Differentiate between Kinetics and Kinematics What are the two main methods of describing Fluid Motion? Describe the Lagrangian method of describing Fluid Motion. Describe the Eulerian method of describing Fluid Motion. In which method of fluid flow description, a given single fluid particle is followed duiring its motiion and its characteristics are evaluated? In which method of fluid flow description, a given single POINT in the Flow Field is observed and the flow characteritics at that point are evaluated? What arethe various physical properties of a single fluid particle? What arethe various physical properties of flow that can be measured at a given point? Define and Differentiate between Lagrangian Fluid Motion and Eulerian Fluid Motion. Differentiate between Single Fluid Particle Motion and Fluid Motion Through a Single Point. List the various types of classifications of fluid flow. List the classifications of Fluid Flow based on the variation of fluid and flow properties w.r.t. time? List the classifications of Fluid Flow based on the variation of fluid and flow properties w.r.t. space. List the classifications of Fluid Flow based on the nature of the paths of individual fluid particles. List the classifications of Fluid Flow based on the variation of density of the fluid during its flow.. List the classifications of Fluid Flow based on the ROTATION of the individual fluid particles.. List the Fluid Flow classifications based on variations of fluid and flow properties w.r.t. directions Define Discharge of a Flow State the Continuity Equation.

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UNIT II FLOW THROUGH CIRCULAR CONDUITS Laminar flow though circular conduits and circular annuli. Boundary layer concepts. Boundary layer thickness. Hydraulic and energy gradient. Darcy Weisbach equaition. Friction factor and Moody diagram. Commercial pipes. Minor losses. Flow though pipes in series and in parallel. UNIT III DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS Dimension and units: Buckinghams theorem. Discussion on dimensionless parameters. Models and similitude. Applications of dimensionless parameters. UNIT IV ROTO DYNAMIC MACHINES Homologus units. Specific speed. Elementary cascade theory. Theory of turbo machines. Eulers equation. Hydraulic efficiency. Velocity components at the entry and exit of the rotor. Velocity triangle for single stage radial flow and axial flow machines. Centrifugal pumps, turbines, performance curves for pumps and turbines. UNIT V POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES Recriprocating pumps, Indicator diagrams, Work saved by air vessels. Rotory pumps. Classification. Working and performance curves.

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