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HS Code Ex

Commodity

Type

Country

Details Special emergency (including provisional) tariffs on import surge threatening or causing material injury (Art.12-3 of Customs Act.). Seasonal duties (Art.15-2 of Customs Act.) and Adjustment duties (Art.12-2 of Customs Act.) to protect

10000 20000 20000 20000 20000 Ex 20100 00 20200

Livestock Bovine Meat Bovine Meat Meat Products Bovine Meat Bovine Meat Deboned, deglanded & frozen bovine meat

Safeguard Standards Standards Certification Standards Standards Standards

Korea Iran Russia Russia Thailand EC Indonesia

20200 00 20700 20700 20700 20700

Bovine Meat Poultry Products Poultry Meat Poultry Poultry Products

Certification Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Certification

Ukraine Bangladesh EC Russia Russia

competitively weak domestic industries. More stringent than OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code. Approval of competent EC Directives required. More stringent than OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code. Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Sanitary requirements of Thailand unresolved More stringent than OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code. Ban on buffalo meat due to FMD. GBR status to be revisited. Import ban from India due to FMD list of OIE. However, processed products are free of FMD and permitted for imports. Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Ban despite India regaining avian influenza free status. India not in approved list for export of Poultry Meat products (2005/696/EC) Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Certification wrt swine fever and FMD which are not relevant to poultry. Rejections on basis of antibiotics and pathogenic bacteria not substantiated with technical standards, food safety requirements or approval procedures Non harmonisation of testing procedures standard leads to rejections. UK rejects consignments with cholramphenicol/ notrofuran residues and destroys it. Issue taken up with Food Standards Agency (FSA) Rejection in Italy and France due to presence of Vibrio Parahaemolyticus, without judging the virulence factors namely capacity to produce thermostable

30000 00 30000 00 30000 00

Fish Fish Fish

Standards Standard Standard

China EC EC

30000 00

Fish

Standard

EC

30000 00

Fish

Standard

EC

direct hemolysin (TDH) /thermostable related hemolysin (TRH) Rejections of the Indian sea-caught marine products for the presence of baterial inhiitors/antibiotic residues without specifying the residue through the confirmatory test. EC logic of mere presence of residue beyond threshold limit is hazardous is flawed. Non harmonisation of procedure for lifting Rapid Alerts (Ex: the consecutive checks for same company exports are France-3, Spain -10 , Belgium-5; Italy -

30000 00

Fish

Standard

EC

10 etc.). Non originating EC Members do not lift rapid alert. Despite harmonisation of microbiological criteria under EC Reg 2073/2005 , Members using not internationally accepted/ validated test methods . Health certificates in EC language rather than English Japan's Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) allow the fishery product import into Japan on the basis of Health Certificate issued by EIC/EIA istead of test report issued by an approved lab. Food Safety Commission of Kuwait Municipality hard tested to samples of marine products imported from India found Microbial contamination that causes cholerae. Based on that Kuwait had imposed ban on import of marine products from India with effect from 28.10.2006 Pathogen analysis by NMKL method which is not accepted internationally

30000 30000

Fish Fish

Standards Regulations

EC EC

30000

Fish

Certification

Japan

30000 30000 30000 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00

Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish

Standards Standards Certification Standards Standards Labelling Certification Anti Dumping Regulations

Kuwait

30000 00 30000 30613

Fish Fish Shrimp & Prawn

Labelling Certification Standards

Norway Russia Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Saudi Arabia Ban since 1984 due to India in list of WHO cholera affected countries Saudi Arabia Fish shall comply with the 7 Saudi Standards on fish and sea products The label on all fish consignment shall cover all the information as per the Saudi Arabia standard no. 1/995. Periodic visit and inspection of health procedures in fish farms and the Saudi Arabia exporting countriese shall bear the cost of these visit. US Customs bond requirements Increased inspections under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism and US Response Act of 2002 (Bioterrorism Act 02). Mandatory labelling of country of origin/ whether "farm raised" or "wild" for fresh fish and shellfish under the Country of Origin Labeling Programme (wef September 2004) and Public Law 107-171. Punitive fines of $ 10000 per US violation US has not agreed to recognition of EIC certification on account of the costs US and the complications involved Random checking and FDA rejection based on criteria of Salmonella, Filth and US Decomposition.

EIC has implemented the RMP for Milk & Milk Products, approved by EIA and the list of approved establishments has been sent to the EC. Information on approved establishments/ competent authorities has been sent to EC with a 40000 40000 40100 Milk products Milk products Milk Sprayed dried egg yolk powder & whole egg 40800 Ex powder 40800 40800 40800 40811 00 40900 60300 00 60300 60300 70000 70000 00 70700 00 70800 Ex 70990 Ex 80132 10 80132 20 80300 00 80450 80450 Ex 80600 00 80600 00 80610 00 80720 00 81090 10 Egg products Egg Egg Egg Powder Honey Flowers Flowers Flowers Vegetables Vegetables Cucumbers & Gherkins Peas Okra Cashew kernels brokens Cashew kernels wholes Banana Mangoes Mangoes Grapes Grapes Fresh Grapes Papaya Pomegrantes Standards Standards Certification EC Indonesia Russia request for FVO Mission visit thereby permitting exports to EC. Import ban from India due to FMD list of OIE. Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates High food safety standards and bio-security issue

Standards Standards Certification Certification Standards Certification Subsidy Standards Regulations Certification Subsidy Standards Standards Standards Documentation Documentation Subsidy Standards Standards Standards Standards Standards Standards Standards

Australia EC EC Russia EC Russia Colombia Japan Japan China Korea New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Colombia Australia New Zealand EC New Zealand Japan New Zealand New Zealand Non harmonized egg products standards amongsts EU members. Individual approval of production units required. Scanning / prior approval for Indian Egg producing units in EU. Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates New MRL limits without time for adaptation Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Export subsidies Impractical plant quarantine procedures including zero tolerance for the insects/pests. Consignments refumigated despite SPS certificates. Unfair trade practice in items of placing imported flowers in the auctions after domestic supply is auctioned Delay in finalisation of protocol on phyto sanitary measures and certification procedures Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs High food safety standards and bio-security issue High food safety standards and bio-security issue High food safety standards and bio-security issue Legalised invoices & certificate of origin required. Legalised invoices & certificate of origin required. Export subsidies Import ban due to presence of fruit flies and stone weevil. High food safety standards and bio-security issue Non harmonized MRL in EC (Germany has more stringent standards) High food safety standards and bio-security issue Import ban due to reference of oriental fruit fly on grapes in Pakistan (1960). Survey data of 3 years reveals no infestation. High food safety standards and bio-security issue High food safety standards and bio-security issue Pesticide residue varies from country to country and new regulations imposed at short notice despite no validatied analystical methods for determination of

90000 Ex Spices 90100 00 Coffee

Standards Subsidy

EC Colombia

90100 00 90200 00 90200 00

Coffee Tea Tea

Certification Public Procurement Import Restriction

Ukraine Egypt Iran

contaminations in spices. Cost prohibitive and creates undue delay. Export subsidies Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Public sector procurement restricted to Kenya and other African countries (a) importers can import one and half kgs at 4% if they purchase one kg of tea domestically, (b) import of tea in packets < 10 kgs banned Registration with Iranian Health Authorities with a one time registration fee of US$ 6000, compliance with Plant Master File quality requirement (GMP/HACCP). Cumbersome & complex L/C procedures, extensions difficult. Delay in receiving contracts, L/Cs, dischanrging goods from Ports, payments, deduction of approved price by the Importers etc. Procurement through international tender process with mandatory registeration with NASCO. NASCO distributes at heavily subsidised ratesl. Private sector cannot compete in this market. Prior approval from the concerned canalising agency of the General Foreign Trade Organisation. Registration with Tunisia Board of Commerce (OCT) for purchase through international tender is cumbersome and long Other taxes are high Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine.

90200 00 90200 00 90200 00

Tea Tea Tea

Certification Documentation Regulations

Iran Iran Iraq

90200 00 90200 00 90200 00 90200 00

Tea Tea Tea Tea

Public Procurement Certification Public Procurement Customs

Libya Syria Tunisia Turkey

90200 00

Tea

Certification

Ukraine

90300 00 Spices 90411 Ex Black Pepper 90411 Black Pepper

Certification Standards Certification

Ukraine EC Russia

90420 100100 00 100190 00 100600 00 100600 100600 110100 00

Chillies Wheat Wheat Rice Basmati Rice Rice Wheat flour

Standards Standards Minimum Import Price Standards Certification Documentation Minimum Import Price Documentation Regulations Standards Standards

EC Brazil Chile Brazil Russia Russia Chile Russia EC EC EC

120200 Groundnuts 130190 Ex Paprika oleoresin 130190 Ex Oleoresins 130190 Ex Oleoresins

130190 Ex Oleoresins Fish - Prepared/ 160000 00 Preserved 170000 00 190000 00 220300 00 220400 00 220800 00 220830 240110 10 240110 40 240110 10 240110 40 240120 10 240120 40 240120 10 240120 40 252400 270000 00 280000 280000 Sugar Food products Beer Wines Spirits Whiskey FCV Tobacco - not stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-not stemmed or stripped FCV Tobacco - not stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-not stemmed or stripped FCV Tobacco - partly stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-partly stemmed or stripped FCV Tobacco - partly stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-partly stemmed or stripped Asbestos Cement Petroleum products Agro chemicals Chemicals

Standards Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Customs Customs Customs Customs Standards Environmental Environmental Subsidy Subsidy Environmental Environmental Subsidy Subsidy Registration Public Procurement Certification Certification

EC Argentina Chile Syria Chile Chile Chile EC China

Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Stringent health and hygiene rules on imports Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates The EC standards on aflatoxin levels on chilly powder (namely 5 ppb) is more stringent that necessary and acts as an unnecessary barrier to trade. The standards are not based on scientific principles, are being maintained without sufficient scientific evidence and the assessment of risk does not seem to have been carried out. Both governments working on establishing phytosanitary requirements Price band with floor and ceiling prices to be adjusted downwards by 2% per year from 2008 to 2014 and then reviewed by President Both governments working on establishing phytosanitary requirements Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Stringent requirement about documentation by individual farmers regarding use of pesticides Price band with floor and ceiling prices to be adjusted downwards by 2% per year from 2008 to 2014 and then reviewed by President Stringent requirement about documentation by individual farmers regarding use of pesticides EU flavouring regulation does not clarify whether it is a colour and food Permitted level of MRL for oleoresins and extracts is high A concentration factor needs to be fixed to estimate MRL for spice extracts since raw materials are extracted for manufacturing oleoresins Despite absence of Rhodamine during testing in Indian (Spice Board) labs, preence of 11 -15 ppb shown when done in EU (EUROFINS) lab. Residue limit is also not known resulting in cancellation of export orders. If price below Minimum Import Price (MIP), importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Price band with floor and ceiling prices to be adjusted downwards by 2% per year from 2008 to 2014 and then reviewed by President Fixed commission of 5% of the value of the total import. Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% Additional ad-valorem tax of 27% Definitional problem since Indian whiskey is based on mollases Risk analysis and quarantine permission required. Risk analysis and quarantine permission required.

China Subsidy to EU farmer of 2.98 Euros per kg. EC Subsidy to EU farmer of 2.98 Euros per kg. EC Risk analysis and quarantine permission required. China Risk analysis and quarantine permission required. China Subsidy to EU farmer of 2.98 Euros per kg. EC Subsidy to EU farmer of 2.98 Euros per kg. EC EC Colombia Armenia Colombia

"Buy National" campaign, first auction to domestic companies Registration, permission for importation Strict Registration procedures Registration/ testing & certification under REACH (wef June, 2007) costs around Euro 85000 - 325000 per chemical, about 30000 chemicals covered. REACH mandates gathering of information by manufacturers and importers on properties of chemcial substances for safe handling and register this

280000 00 280000 280000 00 280000 280000 284400 290000 290000

Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Nuclear material Agro chemicals Chemicals

Registration Immigration Customs Documentation Regulations Certification Certification Certification

EC Middle East Syria UAE UAE Armenia Armenia Colombia

information in a central database rune by European Chemical Agency, Helsinki Fixed commission of 5% of the value of the total import. Attestation of documents by UAE which is costly /time consuming Enquiries through middlemen wherein product specifications are vague Authorisation issued by the Government Registration, permission for importation Strict Registration procedures

Registration/ testing & certification under REACH (wef June, 2007) costs around Euro 85000 - 325000 per chemical, about 30000 chemicals covered. REACH mandates gathering of information by manufacturers and importers on properties of chemcial substances for safe handling and register this 290000 00 290000 00 290000 290000 300000 00 300000 00 Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Registration Customs Documentation Regulations Registration Certification EC Syria UAE UAE Argentina Armenia information in a central database rune by European Chemical Agency, Helsinki Fixed commission of 5% of the value of the total import. Attestation of documents by UAE which is costly /time consuming Enquiries through middlemen wherein product specifications are vague ANMAT (Drug regulatory authority) has not visited Ranbaxy's facilities despite fees having been paid Registration, permission for importation Clearances from Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA), , inspection by ANVISA, registration of products, issuance of licences for sale, reports of bio equivalence and procedural delays Registration takes 11-12 months, Colombian Drugs Control & Certification Authority (INVIMA) undertakes physical inspection, certifies Spanish translated documents. 10% price preference for French Pharma companies due to bilateral agreement Strict Registration procedures, 11-12 months timelag, inspection to ensure environmental compliance. Import restrictions under the recently amended German Code of Medical Law requiring permission for microbiologically produced active pharmaceuticals ingredients (API) Quality control guidelines and complexities of product registration inflate costs. Non harmonized maximum residue limit (MRL) Delayed registration Delayed registration Cumbersome registration process Delayed registration Delayed registration even upto 18 months Import Licences regulated by Cabinet of Ministers and granted by Ministry of Economic Relations Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Delay and rejection of applications Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Registration, permission for importation Non harmonized maximum residue limit (MRL) If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Conditionalities on PET customers in Manaus Free Trade Zone If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents

300000 00

Pharmaceuticals

Registration

Brazil

300000 00 300000 00 300000 00

Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals

Registration Public Procurement Certification

Colombia Colombia Colombia

300000 00 300000 00 300000 00 300000 00 300000 00 300000 300000 00 300000 00 300000 00

Pharmaceuticals Herbal Medicines Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals

Import Restriction Standards Standards Registration Registration Registration Registration Registration Import Restriction

EC EC EC El Salvador Honduras Indonesia Nicaragua Panama Ukraine

300000 00 300000 00

Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals

Certification Registration

Ukraine Venezuela

330000 00 360000 00 380000 00 380000 380800 390000 00

Cosmetics & Toiletries Matches Insecticides/ Fungicides Agro chemicals Pesticides Plastics

Certification Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Certification Standards Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Argentina Argentina Armenia EC Argentina

390000 00 390760 00 400000 00 420000 00

Plastics & Linoleum Certification Poly Ethylene Terphtalate Import Restriction (PET) Minimum Import Rubber Price Minimum Import Leather Articles Price

Ukraine Braziil Argentina Argentina

420000 00 440000 00

Leather products Wood products

Certification Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Argentina

Special emergency (including provisional) tariffs on import surge threatening or causing material injury (Art.12-3 of Customs Act.). Seasonal duties (Art.15-2 of Customs Act.) and Adjustment duties (Art.12-2 of Customs Act.) to protect 440000 Forestry Products Packings/ cable drums/ pallet/ box pallet. Load boards of wood Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Cotton Cotton Yarn Cotton Fabrics Cotton Fabrics Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Fabrics Cotton Yarn Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Fabrics Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Man made filament synthetic Man made staple fibres Carpets Special Woven fabrics Special Woven fabrics Special Woven fabrics Special Woven fabrics Special Woven fabrics Safeguard Korea competitively weak domestic industries. ISPM No 15 standard is followed for heat treatment and fumigation of wood packaging material but wooden pallets regain moisture and are affected by fungus If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements Cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Cash subsidy for use of local cotton yarn MIP In Brazil MIP in Czech Republic EC EC EC EC Japan Korea Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico Nigeria Pakistan US US US US Argentina Argentina Chile Argentina Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Dyes and carcinogenic chemicals to be eco friendly, Environmental safeguards under REACH

441500 480000 00 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 520000 00 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 540000 00 550000 00 570000 00 580000 00 580000 00 580000 00 580000 00 580000 00

Standards Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Minimum Import Price Subsidy Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Environmental Labour Customs Labelling Labelling Labelling Rules of Origin Documentation Customs Import Restriction MFN Labelling Rules of Origin Documentation Customs Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Customs Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price

Switzerland Argentina Canada Canada Canada Canada EC EC EC EC Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand Uruguay Uruguay Uruguay Uruguay US US US US Argentina Bangladesh Brazil

Voluntary labelling increases cost, time and efforts Mandatory labelling, composition and composites

Ban on Imported Fabrics Non extension of MFN status to India

If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry

590000 00 590000 00 590000 00 590000 00 590000 00 600000 00 600000 00 600000 00 600000 00 600000 00

Certification Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Kniited/ crocheted fabrics Price Kniited/ crocheted fabrics Import Restriction Kniited/ crocheted fabrics Import Restriction Kniited/ crocheted fabrics Certification Minimum Import Kniited/ crocheted fabrics Price

Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics

Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Import Restriction

Argentina Colombia

If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced

Colombia Screening / prior approval for imports Colombia Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry Colombia Argentina Colombia Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Colombia Screening / prior approval for imports Colombia Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry Colombia Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. INEN Certification of complaince with the Ecuadorian technical regulations Application of JIS standards If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced

600000 610000 00 610000 00 610000 610000 610000

Textiles Knitted/ crocheted made ups Clothing Clothing Clothing Clothing

Certification Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Argentina Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia

610000 610000 610500 610600 620000 00 620000 00 620000 620000 620000

Clothing Textiles & Clothing Men/ boy shirts (knitted or crocheted) Women/ girl blouses, shorts, shirt blouses Made ups not knitted/ crocheted Clothing Clothing Clothing Clothing

Certification Certification Standards SPS Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Ecuador Japan

Chemicals used are considered harmful Japan Argentina Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. INEN Certification of complaince with the Ecuadorian technical regulations If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents INEN Certification of complaince with the Ecuadorian technical regulations If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced TRQ pooled quota of 12.019 million pairs with in quota duty of 17.3 -24% and out of quota rate of 30%. Japanese buyers tend to limit import within quota. If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% Luxury tax If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry

620000 620000 630000 00 630000 640000 00 640000 00 640000 00 640000 00

Clothing Textiles & Clothing Textiles furnishing products Textiles & Clothing Footwear Furnishings Footwear Footwear

Certification Certification Minimum Import Price Certification Minimum Import Price Customs Import Restriction Import Restriction

Ukraine Ecuador Argentina Ecuador Argentina Chile Colombia Colombia

640000 00 650000 00 690000 00 710000 00 710000 00

Footwear Headgear Ceramic products Gems & Jewellery Gems & Jewellery

Import Restriction Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Customs Customs

Japan Argentina Argentina Chile Chile

720000 00 720000 730000 00 730000 00 730000 00 730800 00 732500 810000 00 820000 00

Stainless Steel Bars Steel Articles of iron and steel Industrial, Municipal & Sanitary Castings Industrial, Municipal & Sanitary Castings Scaffolding Systems Steel & Castings Heavy Metals Tools. Cutlery or parts of base metal

CVD Anti Dumping Minimum Import Price Public Procurement Standards Certification Standards Standards Minimum Import Price

Brazil Korea Argentina US US EC EC EC Argentina

M/s Viraj Group is looking at initiating a mid term review of CVD Initiated on 21.06.07 If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents 1933 Buy American Clause used in North Carolina and maybe in Virginia in the future Zero tolerance on radioactive contamination caused by Cobalt 60 sought by US Customs which is unreasonable Each EC member has a separate certification for quality which makes entry difficult and expensive. Radioactive contamination caused by Cobalt 60 New proposal for MRL on heavy metals based on technology development & not risk assessment If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Denial of non-local production certificate which results in difficulty to obtain foreign exchange (Super Max brand of M/s Vidyut Metallics Pvt Ltd) If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Simplifed duty drawback, loan (upto 73% of customs duty on imported CG) on domestically procured CG with no repayment/obligations if CG use for exports. Deference of import duties upto 7 years on imported CG or equivalence subsidy for domestically produced CG. VAT reimbursement for CG purchased and used for exports Exporters < $ 16.7 million annual sales have 80% credit guaranteed s.t. limit of $132,000 CEMEP standards, machinery tolerance increases cost of compliance, CE marking, Low Voltage Directive and Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive lack of harmonised customs and trade administration in terms of classification, valuation, origin and customs procedures Testing and certification regimes adopted by them are highly restrictive in terms of procedures, time frames and cost of compliance. Inspection procedure for detection of bugs which is cost prohibitive (5-7% of the CIF value of US imports) If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Simplifed duty drawback, loan (upto 73% of customs duty on imported CG) on domestically procured CG with no repayment/obligations if CG use for exports. Deference of import duties upto 7 years on imported CG or equivalence subsidy for domestically produced CG. VAT reimbursement for CG purchased and used for exports Exporters < $ 16.7 million annual sales have 80% credit guaranteed s.t. limit of $132,000 Germany's export control policies lead to delays in issuance of licences Compliance with CEMEP standards , machinery tolerance requiring use of CNC machines, "Low Voltage" & Electromagnetic compatibility" directives raises costs for SMEs.. (Euro 1200-1500 for certification i.e. 4-5% of total fob value) Product liability insurance, preference to deal with ISO 9000 accredited companies CE marking raises the costs of exports especially for SMEs. They are normally design based and not performance based. Prior Approval required Label on voltage and frequency of appliances INEN Certification of complaince with the Ecuadorian technical regulations Excessive packaging standards, quality criteria Delay in issuance of hygiene certificate by Health Department Export subsidy and low energy costs If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Luxury tax @ 70-80% if CIF > $ 15,740. Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Authorisation issued by the Government

821200 00 830000 00 840000 00

Razor Blades Miscellaneous articles of base metal Machinery/ mechanical appliances

Regulations Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price

Venezuela Argentina Argentina

840000 00 840000 00 840000 00

Capital goods Capital goods Capital goods

Subsidy Customs Banking

Chile Chile Chile

840000 840000 840000 840000 850000 00

Engineering Goods Engineering Goods Engineering Goods Engineering Goods Electrical machinery

Standards Customs Certification Inspection Minimum Import Price

EC EC Korea US Argentina

850000 00 850000 00 850000 00 850000 00

Capital goods Capital goods Capital goods Equipment

Subsidy Customs Banking Import Restriction

Chile Chile Chile EC

850000 00 850000 00 850000 00 850000 00 850000 00 850000 854500 854500 854600 870000 00 870000 00 870000 00 870000 00 870000 00 900000 00 920000 00 930000 00

Motors/ Generators/ Engines Motors/ Generators/ Engines Engineering Goods Telecommunication Electronic products Electrical machinery Graphite Electrodes Graphite Electrodes Electrical Insultators Bicycles/ motorcycles Automobiles Automobiles Automobiles Automobiles Optical / photographic equipment Musical Instruments Weapons

Standards Regulations Standards Certification Labelling Certification Standards Documentation Subsidy Minimum Import Price Customs Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Certification

EC EC EC Korea Ukraine Ecuador Russia Russia China Argentina Chile Colombia Colombia Colombia Argentina Argentina Armenia

930000 00 940000 00 950000 00 960000 00

Arms & ammunition Furniture Toys Miscellaneous manufactured articles

Customs Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price

Chile Argentina Argentina Argentina

1000000 1000000 6000000 6030000 7090000 8000000 10030000 10060000 12074000 12112000 24011010 24011040 24012010 24012040 27100000 28000000 29000000

Live Animals Live Animals Plant products Flowers Kimchi Fruits Barley Rice Sesame seeds Ginseng FCV Tobacco - not stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-not stemmed or stripped FCV Tobacco - partly stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-partly stemmed or stripped Petroleum products Chemicals Chemicals

Standards Subsidy Standards Subsidy Subsidy Subsidy Import Restriction Import Restriction Import Restriction Subsidy Import Restriction Import Restriction Import Restriction Import Restriction Customs Certification Certification

Korea Korea Korea Korea Korea Korea Korea Korea Korea Korea US

Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Quarantine arrangements, Animal import plan, health and vaccination certificates, on board inspections, prior to unloading, laboratory testing and epidemiological investigations. Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs Phytosanitary Certificate, inspection by National Plant Quarantine Service (NPQS) Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs Additional markup on in quota tariffs by STE Minimum market access quota of 408,698 MT in 2014 TRQ at 40% with out of quota tariff at 630% Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs TRQ of 3000 tons with 350% out of quota duty on FCV / Burley tobacco TRQ of 3000 tons with 350% out of quota duty on FCV / Burley tobacco

US TRQ of 3000 tons with 350% out of quota duty on FCV / Burley tobacco US TRQ of 3000 tons with 350% out of quota duty on FCV / Burley tobacco US Korea Korea Korea Import surcharge for ensuring adequate supply and price stability (Petroleum Business Act, 1977) Prior Approval required Prior Approval required Prior Approval by Korean FDA. Involves extensive clinical testing, submission of detailed pharma ingredient data, quality control test for each imported batch prior to market release, retention of locally issued Certificate of Analysis (COA)

30000000 39076020 40115000 40132000 54023300 55032000 56050000 73071900 84710000 87020000 90180000

Pharmaceuticals PET Bicycle tyres Bicycle tubes Polyester texturised yarn (PTY) Polyester synthetic staple fibre Metallised yarn Fittings Computers Commercial Vehicles Medical Equipment

Certification Anti Dumping Anti Dumping Anti Dumping Anti Dumping Anti Dumping Anti Dumping Anti Dumping Certification Import Restriction Certification

Korea Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey

for subsiquent batch and use of local testing facility etc. 6.5% Anti-dumping duty 20% anti-dumping duty 64% anti dumping duty 6.8% -20.3% Anti Dumping duty 16.5% - 23.9% Anti Dumping duty

Turkey Turkey Turkey Korea Turkey Korea

All All used goods Food Products (canned/packaged) Food Products All Food products

Banking Import Restriction Labeling Certification Customs Certification

Brazil Brazil Chile Colombia Colombia Colombia

$ 2.2 per kg.Anti Dumping duty $ 305-400 per ton anti-dumping duty Prior Approval required Import restriction for commercial vehicles of Mahindra & Mahindra despite technical scrutiny. Prior Approval required Concessional credit interest @ 6-8% for procurment from domestic suppliers against @14-15% fro those from foreign suppliers. No credit lines between Exim Bank and Bank Bradesco. Restrictions and delay in imports of used goods Labels in Spanish, ingredients (including additives), manufacturing & expiration dates, producer, importer, size/weight in metric system. 30-60 days for certification Cumbersome clearance procedures, high fees, delays upto 8-10 days Strict Registration procedures Rapid Alert SFF Notification for rejection by one Member. Non uniform standards on bacteriological parameters that leads to subjective rejections No consolidation of information which leads to delay in lifitng of alerts Detailed labeling requirements with extensive products/content description Non harmonisation of standards / procedures applied by EU countries and stringency of standards. Non harmonized maximum residue limit (MRL) No VAT refunds for Indian companies in Germany. Lack of harmonised customs and trade administration in terms of classification, valuation, origin, customs procedures, tribunals, administrative review, referals of ECJ decisions etc.

Food products Food products Food products

Standards Customs Labelling

EC EC EC EC EC EC

Other agricultural products Standard Animal products Standards All Customs

All

Customs

EC

Special emergency (including provisional) tariffs on import surge threatening or causing material injury (Art.12-3 of Customs Act.). Seasonal duties (Art.15-2 of Customs Act.) and Adjustment duties (Art.12-2 of Customs Act.) to protect Agricultural products All All All All Food products All Food products Food products All All Food products Food products Food products All All All All All Safeguard Rules of Origin Labelling Regulations Environmental Standards Public Procurement Certification Standards Customs Public Procurement Labelling Labelling Regulations Certification Customs Import Restriction Public Procurement Banking Korea Korea Korea Korea Korea Standards and Conformity Assessment Procedures more restrictive than Korea internationally recognised, non transparent / unco-ordinated Peru 20% price preference for local companies Saudi Arabia Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Restrictive standards, burdensome regulations and individual assessment of Saudi Arabia units for each certification Harassing and customer specific customs procedures Turkmenistan Non transparent and unfair tendering process with stipulations of Turkmenistan Tukrmenistan registered companies with minimum operating experience Label in Ukranian on manufacturer, ingredients, expiry date, hazardous Ukraine material Detailed labeling requirements with extensive products/content description US Production, storage & handling facilities to be registered with FDA and US advance notice to FDA of imports. Uzbekistan Cumbersome procedure for registration and certification Uzbekistan Customs processing fee @ 0.7% of value Lengthy procedure for conversion to hard currency / profit repatriation/ service Uzbekistan fees Uzbekistan Non transparent unless funded by ADB Problem in getting foreign exchange through the Regulatory agency CADIVI Venezuela competitively weak domestic industries. Non preferential rules of origin for all imports Non transparent and burdensome labelling Non transparent, non specific, discretionary and inconsistent application of laws and regulations Environmental waste charges for processing waste (domesticaly applicable)