Finding The Operating Cash Inflows

Interpreting the term After-Tax
The use of any benefits until it has satisfied the government’s tax claims. These claims depend on the firm’s taxable income, so deducting taxes before making comparisons between proposed investments is necessary for consistency when evaluating capital expenditure alternatives.

Cash Inflows
Cash Inflows represent Pesos that can be spent, not merely “accounting profits.” There is a simple technique for converting after-tax net profits into operating cash inflows. The basic calculation requires adding depreciation and any other noncash charges (amortization and depletion) deducted as expenses on the firm’s income statement back to net profits after taxes.

Equation in Finding the Operating Cash Flows
OCF = NOPAT + Depreciation Where NOPAT is Net Operating Profit After Taxes

Interpreting the term Incremental
The final step in estimating the operating cash inflows for a proposed replacement project is to calculate the incremental (relevant) cash inflows. Incremental operating cash inflows are needed because our concern is only with the change in operating cash inflows that result from the proposed project. The following equation can be used to calculate more directly the incremental cash inflow in year t: ICt = ∆EBDITt x (1-T) + (∆Dt x T) Where: ICt = Incremental Cash Flows for the year t ∆EBDITt = Change in Earnings before depreciation, interest and taxes in year t ∆Dt = Change in depreciation in year t T = Tax rate

Finding the Terminal Cash Flow
Terminal cash flow is the cash flow resulting from termination and liquidation of a project at the end of its economic life. It represents the after-tax cash flow, Exclusive of operating cash inflows, that occurs in the final year of the project. the process of evaluating and selecting long-term investments that are consistent with the firm’s goal of maximizing owners’ wealth.Salvage Value .are those whose cash flows are unrelated to (or independent of) one another. Operating Expenditures .is an outlay resulting in benefits received within 1 year.Tax on sale of new asset Less: After-tax proceeds from sale of old asset = Proceeds from sale of old asset . 4.The proceeds from sale of the new and the old asset.Tax on sale of old asset Add/Less: Change in net working capital Terminal cash flow Overview of Capital Budgeting Capital Budgeting . Proposal Generation Review and Analysis Decision Making Implementation 5. less the amount of any removal or clean-up costs expected on termination of the project The Basic Format for Determining Terminal Cash Flow After-tax proceeds from sale of new asset = Proceeds from sale of new asset . an outlay of funds by the firm that is expected to produce benefits over a period of time greater than 1 year. the acceptance of one project does not eliminate the others from further consideration. . Steps in Capital Budgeting 1. Follow-up Basic Terminology Independent Projects . Capital Expenditures .

Ranking approach . Capital rationing . such as the rate of return. .The financial situation in which a firm is able to accept all independent projects that provide an acceptable return.Mutually Exclusive Projects . and numerous projects compete for these pesos.The financial situation in which a firm has only a fixed number of pesos available for capital expenditures. Accept–reject approach .The ranking of capital expenditure projects on the basis of some predetermined measure. Unlimited funds .The evaluation of capital expenditure proposals to determine whether they meet the firm’s minimum acceptance criterion.are those that have the same function and therefore compete with one another. The acceptance of one eliminates from further consideration all other projects that serve a similar function.

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