Hot Water System Design Manual

Plumbing schematics for single and multiple Rinnai tankless water heaters in use with domestic systems, recirculation, and storage tanks.

Table of Contents
Certifications............................................................ 3, 4 Rinnai Accessories ..................................................... 4 Model Applicability ...................................................... 5 Water Quality and Scale ............................................. 6 Pump Sizing for Circulation ....................................... 7 Tank Water Heaters in a Circulation Loop ................ 8 Additional Guidelines ................................................. 8 Pump Sizing for Storage Tank Applications ............ 9 Pressure Loss Curves - Non Condensing Models . 10 Pressure Loss Curves - Condensing Models ......... 11

Non-condensing Water Heaters
Drawing WH1 WH2 WH3 WH5 WH6 WH1-F WH2-F WH3-F WH6-F No. Description 1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 6 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 Basic Piping ......................................... 25 Basic Piping ......................................... 26 Basic Piping ......................................... 27 Basic Piping ......................................... 28 Basic Piping ......................................... 29 Optional freeze protection.................... 30 Optional freeze protection.................... 31 Optional freeze protection.................... 32 Optional freeze protection.................... 33 Circulation system ............................... 34 Circulation system - Option.................. 35 Circulation system ............................... 36 Circulation system ............................... 37 Circulation system ............................... 38 Circulation system ............................... 39 Circulation system ............................... 40 Demand circulation system.................. 41 Demand circulation system - Option .... 42 Backup storage and circulation ........... 43 Backup storage and circulation ........... 44 Backup storage and circulation ........... 45 Backup storage and circulation ........... 46 Demand circulation with 1 Rinnai hydronic furnace .................................. 47 Combination system with 1 Rinnai hydronic furnace .................................. 48 Combination system with 2 Rinnai hydronic furnaces ................................ 49

Condensing Water Heaters
Drawing CWH1 CWH2 CWH4 CWH1-C No. Description 1 2 4 1 Basic Piping ......................................... 12 Basic Piping ......................................... 13 Basic Piping ......................................... 14 Circulation system................................ 15 Circulation system - Option .................. 16 Circulation system................................ 17 Circulation system................................ 18 Circulation system................................ 19 Circulation system................................ 20 Circulation system................................ 21 Backup storage and circulation............ 22 Backup storage and circulation............ 23 Backup storage and circulation............ 24

WH1-C WH1-C-O WH2-CP WH3-CP WH4-CP WH5-CP WH6-CP WH1-CD

CWH1-C-O 1 CWH2-C CWH3-C CWH4-C CWH5-C CWH6-C CWH3-BC CWH4-BC CWH6-BC 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 6

WH1-CD-O 1 WH1-BC WH2-BC WH3-BC WH6-BC 1 2 3 6

WH1-A1-CD 1 WH1-A1-CP 1 WH2-A2-CP 1

Maintenance Procedure
M-1-F 1 Maintenance flush procedure .............. 50

2

Certifications
Indoor Water Heaters Trade Name CSA Listing Trade Name Outdoor Water Heaters CSA Listing

V53i ...................... REU-VB2020FFU-US-(N, P) R50LSi .................. REU-VA2019FFUD-US-(N, P) * R75LSi .................. REU-VB2528FFUD-US-(N, P) * R75LSi .................. REU-VA2528FFUD(A)-UC-(N, P) * R75LSi .................. REU-VA2528FFUD(A)-US-(N, P) * R75LSi .................. REU-VA2528FFUD-US-(N, P) * R94LSi .................. REU-VB2735FFUD-US-(N, P) * R94LSi .................. REU-VA2535FFUD-UC-(N, P)* R94LSi .................. REU-VA2535FFUD-US-(N, P)* R98LSi .................. REU-VA3237FFU-US-(N, P) * R98LSiASME........ REU-VA3237FFU-ASME-(N, P) * R53i ...................... REU-V2520FFU-US-(N, P) C53i ...................... REU-V2520FFUC-US-(N, P) * R53i ...................... REU-V2520FFUD-US-(N, P) C53i ...................... REU-V2520FFUCD-US-(N, P) * R85i ...................... REU-V2532FFU-US-(N, P) C85i ...................... REU-V2532FFUC-US-(N, P) * R85iPLUS ............. REU-V2532FFUD-US-(N, P) C85iPLUS ............. REU-V2532FFUCD-US-(N, P) * R98i ...................... REU-V3237FFU-US-(N, P) C98i ...................... REU-V3237FFUC-US-(N, P) * R98iASME ............ REU-V3237FFU-ASME-(N, P) C98iASME ............ REU-V3237FFUC-ASME-(N, P) * RC80HPi............... REU-KA2530FFUD-US-(N, P)* RC98HPi............... REU-KA3237FFUD-US-(N, P)* * authorized for commercial use Energy Star Qualified

V53e ........................REU-VAM1620W-US-(N, P) R63LSe ...................REU-VA2024WD-US-(N, P) * R63LSe2 .................REU-VA2024WD(A)-UC-(N, P) * R75LSe ...................REU-VB2528WD-US-(N, P) * R75LSe ...................REU-VA2528WD(A)-UC-(N, P) * R75LSe ...................REU-VA2528WD(A)-US-(N, P) * R75LSe ...................REU-VA2528WD-US-(N, P) * R94LSe ...................REU-VB2735WD-US-(N, P) * R94LSe ...................REU-VA2535WD-UC-(N, P) * R94LSe ...................REU-VA2535WD-US-(N, P) * R98LSe ...................REU-VA3237W-US-(N, P) * R98LSeASME .........REU-VA3237W-ASME-(N, P) * R42e .......................REU-V1616W-US-(N, P) C42e .......................REU-V1616WC-US-(N, P) * R53e .......................REU-V2020W-US-(N, P) C53e .......................REU-V2020WC-US-(N, P) * R70e .......................REU-V2526W-US-(N, P) R85e .......................REU-V2532W-US-(N, P) C85e .......................REU-V2532WC-US-(N, P) * R85ePLUS ..............REU-V2532WD-US-(N, P) C85ePLUS ..............REU-V2532WCD-US-(N, P) * R98e .......................REU-V3237W-US-(N, P) C98e .......................REU-V3237WC-US-(N, P) * R98eASME .............REU-V3237W-ASME-(N, P) C98eASME .............REU-V3237WC-ASME-(N, P) * RC80HPe ................REU-KA2530WD-US-(N, P)* RC98HPe ................REU-KA3237WD-US-(N, P)*

The models listed above have received the following certifications except where noted: Certified to applicable U.S. standards for appliances using gas or other petroleum fuel. Certified to applicable Canadian standards for appliances using gas or other petroleum fuel. Certified by the Uniform Plumbing Code (UPC) Certified by National Sanitation Foundation (NSF), www.nsf.org (indoor models must use the NSF approved top guard) REU-VAM1620W is not NSF approved Energy efficiency certified by Gas Appliance Manufacturers Association (GAMA), www.ahrznet.org Meets the California Energy Commission (CEC) standards Meets California and Texas NOX emission rules Approved by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Approved for installations in New York City Energy Star Qualified (models indicated with )

3

Certifications
R

R98LSiASME R98LSeASME

R98iASME C98iASME

R98eASME C98eASME

These models are built in accordance with the requirements of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and received the Certificate of Authorization from the National Board. The heat exchanger has the NB and the HLW stamps.

Rinnai Accessories
Multiple Unit Connections (refer to model applicability) MSA Controller: The MSA controllers (Pack A) and cables (Pack B) are optional accessories that electronically connect 2 to 5 water heaters and allows them to function as one hot water source. Two water heaters require one MSA Pack A. Each additional water heater beyond two requires one MSA Pack B. EZConnect: PVA Valves: The EZConnect cable is an optional accessory that electronically connects 2 water heaters and allows them to function as one hot water source. Pressure activated valves that allow each water heater (max 5) to turn on as necessary to meet the demand for hot water. A PVA valve is also useful when dedicating one Rinnai in a multiple Rinnai system for hot water circulation. The PVA valve will allow flow from the cold water supply to the dedicated unit when a differential pressure is exerted on the PVA valve due to domestic demand.

Guidelines for • Do not install both the EZConnect and the MSA packs because they are not designed to operate multiple unit together. connections: • Water heaters connected with the EZConnect Cable or the MSA packs cannot be used for the bathfill function. • Temperature settings can only be changed on the controller for the primary unit. • Do not use the EZConnect or MSA packs with storage tank applications. Rinnai Installation Kits - available with threaded (F) or sweated (C) connections; provides isolation valves, pressure relief valve, and full port drains with easy union installation For models below 200,000 Btuh MRIK-T, Brass, 3/4” - FNPT X FNPT (threaded) MRIK-LF-T, Lead Free, 3/4” - FNPT XFNPT (threaded) MRIK-S, Brass, 3/4” - FNPT X (Sweat) MRIK_LF_S, Lead Free, 3/4” - FNPT X Sweat WRIK-LF-F, Lead Free, 3/4” - E2 version, FNPT X FNPT, (threaded) 104000059 Freeze Protection Solenoid Valve Kit Remote Controllers: MC-91-1US - Controller included with the unit except for the V53e and V53i. MCC-91-1US - For commercial and hydronic applications allowing temperatures above 140º F. MC-100V-1US - Deluxe controller BC-100V-1US - Bathroom controller Recess Boxes: Pipe Covers: Recesses unit into the wall, protecting and hiding the unit from view For security, weather protection, and finished look For models above 200,000 Btuh WRIK-LF-32F, Lead Free, 3/4” - E2 version, FNPTX FNPT, (threaded)

Rinnai is continually updating and introducing new products and accessories. For the latest information, contact Rinnai at 1-800-621-9419, FAX: 1-888-474-6624, or www.rinnai.us.

4

Model Applicability (Accessories)
Outdoor
Model V53e RGB-20-U R63LSe2 RGB-25-U or RGB-25U-MSAL (with moisture seal flange) RGB-32 RGB-CTWH PCD01-SM2 (silver) [2] Recess Boxes Pipe Covers PC-20-W (white) Electronic Connection [6] Remote Controllers [1]

R75LSe R94LSe

PCD03-SM2 (silver)

EZ Connect [5], MSA-2

[2]

R98LSe, R98LSeASME RC80HPe, RC98HPe

PC-32-W (white) PC-32-G (gray) PCD07

[2] [2]

Indoor
Model Venting Type Integrated Condensate Collector Electronic Connection Remote Controllers

V53i R50LSi R75LSi R94LSi R98LSi, R98LSiASME

Concentric 3” / 5” [4]

YES EZ Connect [5], MSA-2

[2]

4” for intake and 4” for exhaust [4] Concentric 3” / 5” [4]

NO [3]

[2]

RC80HPi, RC98HPi

YES

[2]

Notes
[1] MC-91, MC-100, BC-100 [2] MC-91, MC-100, BC-100, MCC-91 [3] The Condensate Collector vent piece and the Condensate Trap (224050) for trapping and draining condensate may be required depending on your installation. Refer to the Operation and Installation Manual. [4] Refer to the Operation and Installation Manual [5] The EZ Connect will connect a maximum of 2 water heaters. [6] Electronic connection is not available for this model. Connection can be made using pressure activating Rinnai PVA valves.

5

* BASED ON 10 grains/gal HARDNESS 210 180 * 180°F 170°F 160°F LIME DEPOSITED. Hard water. the rate of scale increases by a factor of 2 (See figure below). unless treated. gal/day *Source 2003 ASHRAE Handbook HVAC Applications 6 . The rate of scaling increases with temperature and usage because calcium carbonate and other scaling compounds lose solubility (fall out of solution) at higher temperatures.Water Quality and Scale A complete water analysis and an understanding of system requirements are needed to protect the Rinnai tankless water heaters and water heating systems from scale. lb/yr 150 120 90 60 30 150°F 140°F 0 300 900 120°F 1500 2100 2700 3300 3900 0 WATER USAGE. will cause scaling or liming of the Rinnai heat exchanger. Reference target water quality levels found in the operation / installation manual and consider water treatment if these levels are exceeded. For example. Water analysis shows whether water is hard or soft. for every 20°F over 140°F.

7 . bronze. 100 ft of 1-1/2 in bare copper tubing results in a heat loss of 5300 Btu/h. or door contact) may also be used. standards.Reference pump manufacturers flow vs. whichever is greater.5 48. Glass Fiber Insulated Copper Tubing. 3/4 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 4 Bare Copper Tubing. The pump should be controlled by an aquastat. For example. For example. pressure curve of the Rinnai model being used) Optional storage tank (reference manufacturer’s information) All building supply and return plumbing in the circulation loop (reference local plumbing codes. Btu/h-ft 30 38 45 53 66 80 94 120 1/2 in. Optional Method (reference drawing WH1-C-O) . or practices) Only use pumps of brass. push button. Based on the above calculations select a pump for the type of circulation system you will be utilizing: A). or practices) B).4 29. pressure specifications to select a pump that can provide 3 gpm of flow or the flow rate calculated above.4 25. or combination of the two.7 20.3 23. pressure specifications to select a pump that can provide the flow rate calculated above while overcoming the pressure loss through: • • Tank water heater (reference manufacturer’s information) All building supply and return plumbing in the circulation loop (reference local plumbing codes. Do not use pumps of iron construction as they will oxidize and clog the inlet filter on the appliance.Reference pump manufacturers flow vs. while overcoming the pressure loss through: • • • NOTE: Rinnai tankless water heater (reference flow vs.4 * Source: 2003 ASHRAE Handbook HVAC Applications 2.6 33. timer. Determine the acceptable temperature drop at the last fixture in the loop. in. Calculate the required pump flow rate using the following formula: FLOW RATE (gpm) = HEAT LOSS (BTU / h) 500 X ACCEPTABLE TEMPERATURE DROP (ºF ) 4.Pump Sizing for Circulation 1.8 39. Use the chart below or one appropriate for your conditions to determine the heat loss in the length of the hot water supply and return piping. or stainless steel construction. 3. Preferred Method (WH1-C) . A demand control (motion sensor. if the supply temperature from the water heater is 120 ºF (49 ºC) and an acceptable temperature at the last fixture is 100 ºF (38 ºC) then the acceptable temperature drop is 20 ºF (7 ºC). Btu/h-ft 17. Approximate Heat Loss from Piping at 140 ºF Inlet. 70 ºF Ambient * Nominal Size. standards.

413 BTU) Gas Tank Water Heater When using a gas style water heater. (Refer to the piping schematics in this manual. Exhaust gases from beauty salon applications and fume hoods of commercial dish washers with chemical sanitizers can be highly corrosive and may cause premature failure of water heater components. this can be expressed as: Electric Tank Input (Kw) > Circulation loop heat loss (Btuh) 3413 (1 Kilowatt = 3. the piping systems should be designed with a hot water circulation loop having a minimum circulating flow rate of 3 gpm. If the intended installation is located in a hard water area. unless a booster heater capable of producing 180º-195º F water is provided at the dishwasher. a hot water circulation loop feeding the dishwasher is required. the efficiency of the tank must be taken into account. a hot water circulation loop feeding the head wash stations is highly recommended.000 x .) Insulation of circulation piping is also recommended for heat retention. This provides instant hot water to the head wash stations and reduces the possibility of cold bursts at the stations. 8 . Perform routine maintenance as necessary.600 available Btuh output Additional Guidelines Rinnai water heaters not recovering a storage tank: In applications involving a commercial dishwasher. Step 1 on calculating heat loss).Tank Water Heaters in a Circulation Loop The following applies when using a tank water heater (gas or electric) to provide heat for a circulation loop. Also review the pressure drop curves for the Rinnai water heater when sizing circulators. An uncontaminated supply of combustible air m ust be maintained for optimum performance of the unit. Rinnai water heater recovering a storage tank: In applications involving a commercial dishwasher. For any applications requiring temperatures above 140º F. a hot water circulation loop feeding the dishwasher may be required depending on the distance between the dishwasher and the storage tank. Available Btuh output = (Btu input of tank) x (efficiency) > Circulation loop heat loss (Btuh) Example: 30. The Rinnai water heater is not to be used as a booster water heater in these applications. (Reference page 7. an MCC-91 temperature controller must be purchased separately. For beauty salon applications. Drawing WH1-C-O is an example.62 = 18. a softener or alternate water treatment system must be used. When using the Rinnai water heater as the heat source for circulation loop. Refer to local codes when determining the need for circulation loops to dishwashers.000 Btuh input gas tank 0. The heat output of the tank must be equal to or greater than the calculated circulation loop heat loss. Care must be taken to ensure that the water heater and vent termination are installed away from that area. Rinnai water heaters cannot be used in applications requiring 180º-195º F water at a DISHWASHER. Electric Tank Water Heater Since the input and output are the same for an electric tank water heater.62 Efficiency 30.

Please contact the engineering department with any questions on pump sizing. bronze. The specified pump size is to provide maximum recovery of the storage tank. but could result in longer recovery time of the tank. NOTE: Only use pumps of brass. Do not use pumps of iron construction as they will oxidize and clog the inlet filter on the appliance. Reference the pressure loss curve for the Rinnai model being used to determine the pump size for the desired recovery rate.Pump Sizing for Storage Tank Application The following applies when using Rinnai tankless water heaters to recover a storage tank. Additional pressure losses in plumbing between the Rinnai(s) and the storage tank must also be taken into consideration. A smaller pump size may be used. Drawing WH1-BC is an example. Rinnai Tankless water heaters have a pressure loss which must be considered in the system design. or stainless steel construction. Pump Flow Requirements R94LSi/e R/C53i(PLUS) R70e R75LSi/e V53e R50LSi R63LSe2 Number of Rinnai Water Heaters R98LSi/e(ASME) RC80HPi/e RC98HPi/e 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 6 gpm @ 30' head 12 gpm @ 30' head 18 gpm @ 30' head 24 gpm @ 30' head 30 gpm @ 30' head 36 gpm @ 30' head 42 gpm @ 30' head 48 gpm @ 30' head 54 gpm @ 30' head 60 gpm @ 30' head 66 gpm @ 30' head 72 gpm @ 30' head 78 gpm @ 30' head 84 gpm @ 30' head 90 gpm @ 30' head 5 gpm @ 25' head 10 gpm @ 25' head 15 gpm @ 25' head 20 gpm @ 25' head 25 gpm @ 25' head 30 gpm @ 25' head 35 gpm @ 25' head 40 gpm @ 25' head 45 gpm @ 25' head 50 gpm @ 25' head 55 gpm @ 25' head 60 gpm @ 25' head 65 gpm @ 25' head 70 gpm @ 25' head 75 gpm @ 25' head 4 gpm @ 25' head 8 gpm @ 25' head 12 gpm @ 25' head 16 gpm @ 25' head 20 gpm @ 25' head 24 gpm @ 25' head 28 gpm @ 25' head 32 gpm @ 25' head 36 gpm @ 25' head 40 gpm @ 25' head 44 gpm @ 25' head 48 gpm @ 25' head 52 gpm @ 25' head 56 gpm @ 25' head 60 gpm @ 25' head 9 . For recommended pump sizes use the table below.

Pressure Loss Curves .Non Condensing Models R50LSi R63LSe R75LSi/e R94LSi/e R98LSi/e R98LSi/eASME 45 40 35 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 Pressure Loss (psi) 30 25 20 15 30 10 5 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 20 10 0 Water Flow (gpm) 45 100 40 35 30 25 20 90 80 70 60 50 40 Pressure Loss (psi) 15 V53e 10 30 V53i 20 10 0 5 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Water Flow (gpm) 10 Pressure Loss (ft head) Pressure Loss (ft head) .

Pressure Loss Curves .Condensing Models RC80HP Pressure Loss (psi) ) RC98HP Water Flow (gpm) 11 Pressure Loss (ft head) .

12 CWH1 .

13 CWH2 .

14 CWH4 .

Timer or Combination Aquastat and Timer. It is intended only as a guide and not as a replacement for professionally engineered project drawings. Drawing Number: CWH1-C 15 . Components of the condensate drainage shall be CPVC or PVC material. Condensate drain line Cold Water Supply Line NOTE: For residential and commercial applica tions. Tank Water Heater to be Sized for Heat Loss of Circulation Loop. Pump to be sized to maintain circulation loop temperature. It is the responsibility of the contractor/engineer to ensure installation is in accordance with all local building codes. Building Supply Electric Water Heater Building Fixtures Expansion Tank KEY 3/4" Ball Valve 3/4" Union Check Valve Pressure Relief Valve S Pressure Regulator Circulating Pump Boiler Drain Valve Solenoid Valve This is not an engineered drawing. This drawing does not imply compliance with local building code requirements. Condensate must be disposed of accord ing to local codes. It is up to the contractor/engineer to determine the necessary components and configuration of the particular system being installed. NOTE: Consult with the manufacturer of the electric water heater to confirm that it can be used for this application.) QTY 1 1 3/4" Gas Connection Gas Supply Condensate drain IMPORTANT: Connect the building return line to the hot water supply line as close as possible to the Rinnai Water Heater. 2 Ball Valves. 2 Drain Valves and 1 Pressure Relief Valve. Pump Sizing for Circulation. This drawing is not intended to describe a complete system.For this application: Condensate piping shall be CPVC or PVC material and shall not be smaller than the drain connection on the appliance. All components shall be selected for the pressure and temperature rating of the installation. the pipe or tubing shall be sized in accordance with an approved method as dictated by local codes. this piping arrangement maintains full warranty. Confer with local building officials before installation. and supply and return plumbing. Reference the Rinnai Hot Water System Design Manual. Pump to be of bronze or stainless construction. Pump should be controlled by an Aquastat. Rinnai Equipment List Rinnai Water Heaters RIK-KIT (Optional) (3/4" Fittings Include: 2 Unions. The pump should be sized to overcome the pressure loss through the tank water heater. Where the drain pipes from more than one unit are manifolded together for condensate drainage.

Confer with local building officials before installation. 2 Ball Valves.) QTY 1 1 3/4" Gas Connection Gas Supply Condensate drain Hot Water Supply Line (Optional) 2-6 Gallon Storage Tank (To eliminate cold water sandwich effect caused by frequent On/Off operation) Cold Water Supply Line Expansion Tank Aquastat connection Building Fixture Outlets Note: Water heater outlet temperature cannot be adjusted when circulation pump is running. Condensate must be disposed of accord ing to local codes. Reference the Rinnai Hot Water System Design Manual. and supply and return plumbing. This drawing is not intended to describe a complete system. KEY 3/4" Ball Valve 3/4" Union Check Valve Pressure Relief Valve S Pressure Regulator Circulating Pump Boiler Drain Valve Solenoid Valve This is not an engineered drawing. Components of the condensate drainage shall be CPVC or PVC material. Where the drain pipes from more than one unit are manifolded together for condensate drainage. Timer or Combination Aquastat and Timer. Pump to be sized to maintain circulation loop temperature. Drawing Number: CWH1-C-O 16 . Pump should be controlled by an Aquastat. the pipe or tubing shall be sized in accordance with an approved method as dictated by local codes. Pump Sizing for Circulation. 2 Drain Valves and 1 Pressure Relief Valve. All components shall be selected for the pressure and temperature rating of the installation. It is intended only as a guide and not as a replacement for professionally engineered project drawings. It is the responsibility of the contractor/engineer to ensure installation is in accordance with all local building codes.For this application: Condensate piping shall be CPVC or PVC material and shall not be smaller than the drain connection on the appliance. Refer to the manual for complete warranty information Rinnai Equipment List Rinnai Water Heaters RIK-KIT (Optional) (3/4" Fittings Include: 2 Unions. The pump should be sized to overcome the pressure loss through the tank water heater. This drawing does not imply compliance with local building code requirements. It is up to the contractor/engineer to determine the necessary components and configuration of the particular system being installed. Pump to be of bronze or stainless construction.

Circulation Unit 17 CWH2-C .

18 CWH3-C .

19 CWH4-C .

20 CWH5-C .

21 CWH6-C .

Building Hot Water Supply Line Rinnai Equipment List M For this application: QTY 3 Condensate piping shall be CPVC or PVC material and shall not be smaller than the drain connection on the appliance. All components shall be selected for the pressure and temperature rating of the installation. . It is the responsibility of the engineer or contractor to ensure that the installation is in accordance with all local building codes. The drawing does not imply compliance with local building code requirements. It is up to the contractor or engineer to determine the necessary components and configuration of the particular system to be installed. Storage Tank Condensate must be disposed according to local codes. reference the section on Tank Application Cold Water Supply Line Pump / Aquastat Control Wire Expansion Tank 22 Building Circulation Pump Building Hot Water Return Line (optional) Drawing Number: CWH3-BC Domestic Hot water .Backup Storage/Circulation 3 Rinnai Condensing Water Heaters Preferred Piping Installation Drawing Date: June 25. This drawing is not intended to describe a complete system. GA 30269 This is not an engineering drawing. Set water heater at 20 F above storage tank aquastat Rinnai Water Heaters Components of the condensate drainage shall be CPVC or PVC material. Where the drain pipes from more than one unit are manifolded together for condensate drainage. Confer with local building officials before installation. the pipe or tubing shall be sized in accordance with an approved method as dictated by local codes. it is intended only as a guide and not as a replacement for professional engineering project drawings. (No Burner or Heating Element) Condensate Drain Line Do not use EZ Connect or MSA pack with storage tank applications Submersible Aquastat (set @ 20F below Rinnai Temperature HotWater Supply Line Gas Supply Setting) Pump Sizing for storage. 2010 Key 3/4" BallValve 3/4" Union Check Valve Pressure ReliefValve S Pressure Regulator Circulating Pump Boiler DrainValve SolenoidValve 103 International Drive Peachtree Cit y.

Pump Sizing for storage. reference the section on Tank Application 23 Pump / Aquastat Control Wire Cold Water Supply Line Expansion Tank Building Circulation Pump Building Hot Water Return Line (optional) CWH4-BC .

2009 .Building Hot Water Supply Line 24 Building Hot Water Return Line (optional) CWH6-BC October 6.

Rinnai Equipment List QTY 1 Rinnai Water Heaters Rinnai Water Heater 25 G as S upply 3/4" Hot Water Supply Line 3/4" C old Water S upply Line WH1 June 11.Standard Installation 1 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater Preferred Piping Installation . 2007 Domestic Hot Water .

26 Gas Supply Cold Water Supply Line Hot Water Supply Line WH2 Domestic Hot Water .Rinnai Equipment List QTY 2 Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Electronic Connection * Rinnai Water Heaters Primary Sub 1 * Refer to Rinnai Accessories and Model Applicability for electronic connection details.Standard Installation 2 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heaters Preferred Piping Installation February 27. 2008 .

Rinnai Equipment List QTY 3 Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heaters Electronic Connection * Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Primary Sub 1 Sub 2 * Refer to Rinnai Accessories and Model Applicability for electronic connection details. 2008 . Gas Supply 27 Domestic Hot Water .Standard Installation 3 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heaters Preferred Piping Installation Cold Water Supply Line Hot Water Supply Line WH3 February 27.

Rinnai Equipment List Rinnai Water Heaters Electronic Connection * QTY 5 Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Sub 4 Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Primary Sub 1 Sub 3 Sub 2 * Refer to Rinnai Accessories and Model Applicability for electronic connection details. 2008 . Gas Supply 28 Domestic Hot Water .Standard Installation 5 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heaters Preferred Piping Installation Cold Water Supply Line Hot Water Supply Line WH5 February 27.

2008 .Rinnai Equipment List QTY 6 Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heaters Electronic Connection * Sub 2 Rinnai Water Heater Sub 1 Sub 2 Primary Sub 1 Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Primary * Refer to Rinnai Accessories and Model Applicability for electronic connection details.Standard Installation 6 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heaters Preferred Piping Installation February 27. Gas Supply Pressure Regulator Set to 5 PSI Below Street Pressure 29 Cold Water Supply Line Hot Water Supply Line WH6 Domestic Hot Water .

S Normally Open Solenoid Valve C old W ater S upply Line The vacuum breaker line should be located inside the building structure. When the electrical power to the water heater fails. when protected from direct wind exposure. any wind or circulation of the air on the unit will reduce its ability to freeze protect. Gas Supply Line 30 S Hot Water Supply Line Ensure swing check valve is used for drain down NOTE: Freeze protect all water pipes and fittings located outside building structure. stopping the flow of water into the heater. These are indicated by being above the dashed line. the cold water supply solenoid valve closes. Normally Closed Solenoid Valve All pipes and fittings shown below the dashed line should be located inside the building structure. NOTE: The electrical connections for the two solenoid valves should be tied to the 120 V power terminals provided on the PC Board of the water heater.Optional Freeze Protection 1 Non-Condensing Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Preferred Piping Installation June 11. The unit may be drained manually or through the installation of the Optional solenoid valves as shown. IMPORTANT! Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater With electrical power supplied. In the event of a power failure at temperatures below freezing. Ensure that you run the drain for the solenoids per local codes. allowing the water heater and associated piping to drain. Rinnai water heaters will not freeze when the outside air temperature is as cold as –22ºF (-30ºC) for indoor models or is as cold as –4ºF (-20ºC) for outdoor models. the water heater should be drained of all water to prevent freezing damage. Route drain per local codes WH1-F Domestic Hot Water . 2007 . and the drain down solenoid valve opens. Pipes and fittings can be installed inside a pipe enclosure or recess box and packed with insulation for additional protection. Because of the“wind-chill” effect.NOTE: Vacuum Breaker QTY 1 Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Equipment List This drawing is for non-condensing models only.

The unit may be drained manually or through the installation of the Optional solenoid valves as shown. Cold Water Supply Line Route drain per local codes WH2-F Domestic Hot Water . Because of the“wind-chill” effect.NOTE: Vacuum Breaker This drawing is for non-condensing models only. Ensure that you run the drain for the solenoids per local codes. Primary Sub 1 * Refer to Rinnai Accessories and Model Applicability for electronic connection details. when protected from direct wind exposure. In the event of a power failure at temperatures below freezing. NOTE: Pipes and fittings can be installed inside a pipe enclosure or recess box and packed with insulation for additional protection. S Normally Open Solenoid Valve Hot Wa ter Supply Line Normally Closed Solenoid Valve (Full size of supply line) All pipes and fittings shown below the dashed line should be located inside the building structure. allowing the water heater and associated piping to drain. Rinnai water heaters will not freeze when the outside air temperature is as cold as –22ºF (-30ºC) for indoor models or is as cold as –4ºF (-20ºC) for outdoor models. These are indicated by being above the dashed line. stopping the flow of water into the heater. the water heater should be drained of all water to prevent freezing damage. The vacuum breaker line should be located inside the building structure. When the electrical power to the water heater fails.Optional Freeze Protection 2 Non-condensing Outdoor Rinnai Water Heaters Preferred Piping Installation February 27. 2008 . The electrical connections for the two solenoid valves should be tied to the 120 V power terminals provided on the PC Board of the water heater. and the drain down solenoid valve opens. any wind or circulation of the air on the unit will reduce its ability to freeze protect. Gas Supply Line 31 Ensure swing check valve is used for drain down NOTE: S Freeze protect all water pipes and fittings located outside building structure. the cold water supply solenoid valve closes. QTY 2 Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Outdoor Water Heaters Electronic Connection * Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Equipment List IMPORTANT! With electrical power supplied.

and the drain down solenoid valve opens. Rinnai water heaters will not freeze when the outside air temperature is as cold as –22ºF (-30ºC) for indoor models or is as cold as –4ºF (-20ºC) for outdoor models. NOTE: Pipes and fittings can be installed inside a pipe enclosu re or recess box and packed with insul ation for additional p rotection. S Normally Open Solenoid Valve The vacuum breaker line should be located inside the building structure. stopping the flow of water into the heater. when protected from direct wind exposure. Gas Supply Line Normally Closed Solenoid Valve (Full Size of Cold Water Supply Line) S Ensure swing check valve is used for drain down NOTE: Hot Water Supply Line 32 Domestic Hot Water . The electrical connections for the two solenoid valves should be tied to the 120 V power terminals provided on the PC Board of the water heater. The unit may be drained manually or through the installation of the Optional solenoid valves as shown. Because of the“wind-chill” effect. These are indicated by being above the dashed line. any wind or circulation of the air on the unit will reduce its ability to freeze protect. Cold Water Supply Line All pipes and fittings shown below the dashed line should be located inside the building structure. * Refer to Rinnai Accessories and Model Applicability for electronic connection details. 2008 .NOTE: Vacuum Breaker This drawing is for non-condensing models only. Route drain per local codes WH3-F February 27. In the event of a power failure at temperatures below freezing. Outdoor Rinnai Water He ater Rinnai Outdoor Water Heaters Electronic Connection * Primary Su b 1 Su b 2 Rinnai Equipment List QTY 3 Outdoor Rinnai Water He ater Outdoor Rinnai Water He ater IMPORTANT! With electrical power supplied.Optional Freeze Protection 3 Non-condensing Outdoor Rinnai Water Heaters Preferred Piping Installation Freeze protect all water pipes and fittings located outside building structure. the cold water supply solenoid valve closes. Ensure that you run the drain for the solenoids per local codes. the water heater should be drained of all water to prevent freezing damage. When the electrical power to the water heater fails. allowing the water heater and associated piping to drain.

Optional Freeze Protection 6 Non-condensing Outdoor Rinnai Water Heaters Preferred Piping Installation February 27. Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Outdoor Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Equipment List Rinnai Outdoor Water Heaters Electronic Connection * QTY 6 IMPORTANT! Primary Sub 1 Sub 2 Primary Sub 1 Sub 2 With electrical power supplied. NOTE: S S Cold Water Supply Line Normally Closed Solenoid Valve (Full Size of Cold Water Supply Line) Normally Open Solenoid Valve Route drain per local codes Freeze protect all water pipes and fittings located outside building structure. allowing the water heater and associated piping to drain. All pipes and fittings shown below the dashed line should be located inside the building structure. The electrical connections for the two solenoid valves should be tied to the 120 V power terminals provided on the PC Board of the water heater. any wind or circulation of the air on the unit will reduce its ability to freeze protect. 33 Hot Water Supply Ensure swing check valve is used for drain down When the electrical power to the water heater fails. These are indicated by being above the dashed line. Gas Supply Line The unit may be drained manually or through the installation of the Optional solenoidvalves as shown. Rinnai water heaters will not freeze when the outside air temperature is as cold as –22ºF (-30ºC) for indoor models or is as cold as –4ºF (-20ºC) for outdoor models. the water heater should be drained of all water to prevent freezing damage. and the drain down solenoid valve opens. stopping the flow of water into the heater. Pressure Regulator Set to 5 PSI Below Street Pressure NOTE: Pipes and fittings can be installed inside a pipe enclosu re or recess box and packed with insul ation for additional protection. In the event of a power failure at temperatures below freezing. Ensure that you run the drain for the solenoids per local codes. The vacuum breaker line should be located inside the building structure. Because of the “wind-chill” effect. * Refer to Rinnai Accessories and Model Applicability for electronic connection details. the cold water supply solenoid valve closes. 2008 . WH6-F Domestic Hot Water .NOTE: Vacuum Breaker This drawing is for non-condensing models only. when protected from direct wind exposure.

and supply and return plumbing in the circulation loop. Gas Su pply L in e Minimum 3/4 “ Hot Water Supply Line Minimum 3/4 “ Cold Water Supply Line 34 Gas or Ele ctric Tank Water Heater Impo rtant: Install return line to the hot supply line as close as possible to the Rinnai water he ater Building Supply NOTE: Consult with the manufacturer of the tank water heater to confirm that it can be used for this application. Reference the section Pump Sizing for Circulation. Timer or CombinationAquastat and Timer.Circulation Systems 1 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater with Gas or Electric Tank Preferred Piping Installation February 27. Pump to be of bronze or stainless construction. Pump should be sized to maintain circulation loop temperature. 2008 .For this application: Rinnai Equipment List QTY 1 Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Pump should be controlled by an Aquastat. Expansion Tank WH1-C Domestic Hot Water . The pump should be sized to overcome the pressure loss through the tank water heater.

2007 .Circulation Systems 1 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater Optional Piping Installation June 11. Timer or Combination Aquastat and Timer. Rinnai Water Heater Rinnai Water Heater Pump should be sized to maintain circula tion loop temperature. and supply and return plumbing in the circulation loop. The pump should be sized to overcome the pressure loss through the Rinnai water heater. Reference the section Pump Sizing for Circulation. G as S upply 35 Minimum 3/4“ Hot Water Supply Line (Optional) 2-6 Gallon Storage Tank (To elim inate cold water sandwich e ect caused by fre que nt On/O operation) Minimum 3/4“ Cold Water Supply Line Aquastat Connection ExpansionTank BuildingOutlets WH1-C-O Domestic Hot Water .For this application: QTY 1 Rinnai Equipment List Pump should be controlled by an Aquastat. Pump to be of bronze or stainless construc tion. A minimum of 3 GPM flow is recommended for the circulation system. optional storage tank.

PVA to remain at factory default setting. 36 Domestic Hot Water . Pump to be of bronze or stainless construction. Pump should be sized to maintain circulation loop temperature. Timer or CombinationAquastat and Timer. and supply and return plumbing in the circulation loop.For this application: Pump should be controlled by an Aquastat. Circulation unit should not be connected electronically to the MSA-2M controlle r.Circulation Systems 2 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater WH2-CP . The pump should be sized to overcome the pressure loss through the tank water heater. Reference the section Pump Sizing for Circulation.

Circulation Systems 3 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater WH3-CP . The pump should be sized to overcome the pressure loss through the tank water heater. and supply and return plumbing in the circulation loop.For this application: Pump should be controlled by an Aquastat. Timer or CombinationAquastat and Timer. Circulation unit should not be connected electronically to the MSA-2M controlle r. PVA to remain at factory default setting. 37 Domestic Hot Water . Reference the section Pump Sizing for Circulation. Pump to be of bronze or stainless construction. Pump should be sized to maintain circulation loop temperature.

Timer or CombinationAquastat and Timer.Circulation Systems 4 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater WH4-CP . and supply and return plumbing in the circulation loop. Reference the section Pump Sizing for Circulation. Pump should be sized to maintain circulation loop temperature. Circulation unit should not be connected electronically to the MSA-2M controlle r. PVA to remain at factory default setting. Pump to be of bronze or stainless construction. The pump should be sized to overcome the pressure loss through the tank water heater.For this application: Pump should be controlled by an Aquastat. 38 Domestic Hot Water .

Circulation unit should not be connected electronically to the MSA-2M controlle r. Timer or CombinationAquastat and Timer.For this application: Pump should be controlled by an Aquastat. Reference the section Pump Sizing for Circulation. Pump should be sized to maintain circulation loop temperature. 39 Domestic Hot Water . Pump to be of bronze or stainless construction. and supply and return plumbing in the circulation loop. The pump should be sized to overcome the pressure loss through the tank water heater. PVA to remain at factory default setting.Circulation Systems 5 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater WH5-CP .

WH6-CP .For this application: 40 Domestic Hot Water . The pump should be sized to overcome the pressure loss through the tank water heater.Circulation Systems 6 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heaters Pump should be controlled by an Aquastat. PVA to remain at factory default setting. Pump to be of bronze or stainless construction. and supply and return plumbing in the circulation loop. Pump should be sized to maintain circulation loop temperature. Timer or Combination Aquastat and Timer. Circulation unit should not be connected electronically to the MSA-2M controller. Reference the section Pump Sizing for Circulation.

41 Domestic Hot Water .Demand Circulation Systems 1 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater Preferredl Piping Installation WH1-CD .

Demand Circulation Systems 1 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater Optional Piping Installation WH1-CD-O .42 Domestic Hot Water .

43 Domestic Hot Water .Backup Storage / Circulation Systems 1 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater Preferred Piping Installation WH1-BC .

44 Domestic Hot Water .Backup Storage / Circulation Systems 2 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater Preferred Piping Installation WH2-BC .

45 Domestic Hot Water .Backup Storage / Circulation Systems 3 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater Preferred Piping Installation WH3-BC .

46 Domestic Hot Water .Backup Storage / Circulation Systems 6 Non-condensing Rinnai Water Heater Preferred Piping Installation WH6-BC .

47 WH1-A1-CD .

48 WH2-A1-CP .

49 WH2-A2-CP .

50 .

Notes 51 .

R-TRWH-E-02 Rev C © 2010 Rinnai America Corporation 8/2010 .