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TECHNICAL AIRWORTHINESS MANAGEMENT MANUAL
SECTION 1 LEAFLET 1

MANAGEMENT OF STATE TECHNICAL AIRWORTHINESS AND ITS REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
References: A. B. C. Civil Aviation Act 1996 Mesyuarat Lembaga Menteri Pertahanan Siri 02/06 dated 05 Sep 2006 Waran Perjawatan K68/2010 dated 28 Jun 2010 OVERVIEW 1. The concept of Single State Airworthiness Authority was endorsed by the Minister of Defense vide Reference B and in conjunction with this endorsement, the Chief of Air Force (Panglima Tentera Udara) was appointed as State Airworthiness Authority (SAA) for state registered aircraft. The SAA has established an Airworthiness Management System (AMS) to regulate and control the use of state aircraft and associated aeronautical products. The AMS consists of operational and technical regulatory frameworks which are independent of each other but reports to the SAA. 2. The establishment of the Directorate General Technical Airworthiness (DGTA) was approved by the Government on 28 Jun 2010 (Reference C). The Director General of DGTA, as Technical Airworthiness Authority (TAA), is responsible to SAA for all matters related to technical airworthiness of state registered aircraft and has the authority to interpret technical airworthiness regulations in the context of specific aircraft design and maintenance processes. On the other hand, in the absence of a regulatory framework for operational airworthiness, Operational Airworthiness Authority (OAA) still remains with the respective Service Chief/Head of State Aircraft Operators (SAO). 3. DGTA as Technical Airworthiness Regulator (TAR) is directly responsible to SAA for the purpose and conduct of the technical airworthiness management for all state registered aircraft. DGTA is to perform the necessary regulatory functions pertaining to the compliance of airworthiness requirement. 4. The policies and regulations prescribed in this manual is guided by the cardinal principle that airworthiness-related activities and functions are executed based on accepted standards, approved procedure, performed by qualified and authorized individual from accredited organizations.

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MALAYSIAN STATE AIRWORTHINESS CONCEPT GENERAL 5. Airworthiness is a concept, the application of which defines the condition of an aircraft and supplies the basis for judgment of the suitability for flight of that aircraft, in that it has been designed, constructed and, maintained and is expected to be operated to approved standards and limitations by competent and approved individuals, who are acting as members of an approved organization and whose work is both certified as correct and accepted on behalf of SAA. OPERATIONAL AIRWORTHINESS 6. Operational airworthiness is a component of airworthiness concerning the operation of an aviation system within approved roles and environmental parameters, by qualified, competent and authorized personnel, according to approved limitations and instructions under a system of checking, with an acceptable risk of; loss of life or injury to aircrews and passengers, or damage to the aircraft, and equivalent loss to other personnel or property as a direct consequence of the aviation activity. It ensures the suitability of flight of state aircraft through implementation of regulations and processes so that aircraft are operated in approved roles with correct mission and equipment by competent and authorized operator according to approved procedures. 7. The management of operational airworthiness lies under the responsibility of each service, headed by the respective Operational Airworthiness Authority (OAA). However, in the absence of a centralized and independent regulatory framework for operational airworthiness, OAA still remains with the respective Service Chief/Head of State Aircraft Operators (SAO). TECHNICAL AIRWORTHINESS 8. Technical airworthiness covers the design, build, maintenance and support of aircraft. It is another component of airworthiness concerning the regulation, authorization and management of all aspects of the design, manufacture and maintenance of aircraft and associated aeronautical products as described in this manual. CONCEPT AND SCOPE OF REGULATORY FRAMEWORK 9. The fundamental concept of technical airworthiness regulatory framework is driven by the need to have a unified regulatory function for ensuring that State Aircraft Operators and commercial organizations engaging in state aircraft design, maintenance and training activities are in full compliance with technical airworthiness requirement. The overriding aim of the www.dgta.gov.my 1.1 - 2 of 9 TERHAD Rev 1 July 2013

UNCONTROLLED IF PRINTED TERHAD PU 2103 regulatory framework is to ensure that state registered aircraft and its associated aeronautical products are designed, constructed and maintained:

a. b. c. d.

To approved standards, By competent and approved individuals, Who are acting as members of an approved organization; and Whose work is certified as correct, and accepted.

10. The scope of regulatory framework encompasses three major activities which are most relevant to technical airworthiness namely; design, construction, maintenance and training. Regulatory functions performed by DGTA with respect to these activities are focused on the following major requirements: a. Aircraft Certification. Aircraft certification is mandatory process prior to introduction of aircraft into service or acceptance of design after major changes/modification. This encompasses Type Certificate (TC), Supplementary Type Certificate (STC), Certificate of Airworthiness (COA), Service Release for major changes to type design and Special Flight Permit (SFP). The procedural requirement for aircraft certification is prescribed in Regulation 2 of this manual. b. Organization Approval. Commercial organizations or any organization in the SAO that undertake design, maintenance or training activities are required to be audited and approved by DGTA as Authorized Engineering Organization (AEO), Approved Maintenance Organization (AMO) or Approved Maintenance Training Organization (AMTO) as applicable. The procedural requirement for organization approval is prescribed in Regulation 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of this manual. c. Certification of Staff. The certification of state aircraft licensed engineers ensures that the entitlement of these engineers to “Bayaran Insentif Pemeriksa Kapal Terbang (BIPKT)” is regularly validated and approved. 11. The regulations prescribed in this manual must define clearly the scope of authority delegated to those individuals acting on behalf of the organizations and the regulations must also clearly define how, and the conditions under which, that authority may be exercised. Thus the regulations will generally allow the delegated individual considerable freedom but at the same time places boundaries on discretion. 12. All the regulations pertaining to technical airworthiness management are contained in Section 2 of this manual. This is to ensure that there is a clear distinction and separation www.dgta.gov.my 1.1 - 3 of 9 TERHAD Rev 1 July 2013

UNCONTROLLED IF PRINTED TERHAD PU 2103 between regulations and advisory information. It must be emphasized that regulations in Section 2 always have precedence over any other advisory information in Sections 3 and 4. 13. For all intent and purposes, the regulations are not intended to interfere or contradict with any of the maintenance processes prescribed in the relevant approved maintenance publications used by the SAO or the commercial organizations. In the event that such contradiction occurs, Design Acceptance Representative (DAR) concerned should highlight the issue in writing to the Director General of DGTA. 14. The contents of the regulations principally regulate two basic points: a. Entry Control - whereby design, maintenance and training activities related to airworthiness are limited only to persons and organizations authorized by DGTA, thus providing a measure of control over the manner in which such activities are performed in accordance with regulatory requirement. b. Acceptance - A culmination of the activities performed by the organizations having been accepted by DGTA on behalf of State Airworthiness Authority (SAA). The regulations thus provide a practical application of the relevant requirement which defines the means of establishing and maintaining the quality of aircraft/aeronautical products design, construction, maintenance and training services. 15. Airworthiness Audit. Compliance with technical airworthiness regulatory requirement is essential for SAO and commercial organization to be assigned and retain certification as approved/authorized organizations for design, maintenance and training activities. Hence, DGTA will carry out airworthiness audit on a regular basis to assess the compliance. 16. Deviations & Waivers to Regulations. In exceptional cases, a SAO or commercial organization may request a deviation (prior to the occurrence of non-compliance) or a waiver (after occurrence of non-compliance) with respect to one or more of the Regulations or the certain aspects of the regulatory requirement. Deviations and waivers can be temporary or permanent in nature. It is imperative that such request is to be fully justified and dealt with on a case-by-case basis through thorough discussion between DGTA and the organization concerned. Applications and approval process for deviations and waivers must be properly documented and the authority to approve/disapprove deviations and waivers shall be exercised by the Director General of DGTA.

STATE AIRCRAFT OPERATORS 17. State Aircraft Operators (SAO) are military organizations or government agencies that operate and maintain aircraft which are not registered with the Department of Civil Aviation (DCA). State Aircraft Operators that are currently under the ambit of SAA are as follows: www.dgta.gov.my 1.1 - 4 of 9 TERHAD Rev 1 July 2013

UNCONTROLLED IF PRINTED TERHAD a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF) Malaysian Army Air Wing Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) Air Wing Malaysian Fire and Rescue Services Air wing Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) Air Wing Malaysian Joint Force Hq Organizations that operate state-registered aircraft APPLICABILITY OF THE STATE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

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18. Some SAO have the capability to undertake design or maintenance activities based on a specified scope while others outsource such activities to commercial organizations. Whatever the case may be, any design or maintenance activities carried out by SAO or commercial organizations involving state registered aircraft or associated technical equipment shall be subjected to the regulations prescribed in this manual. NON-COMPLIANCE WITH REGULATORY REQUIREMENT 19. There may be cases where commercial organizations undertakes design, maintenance or training activities as contractual obligations with the state but without any valid organization approval from DGTA. In such cases, the SAO involved (as a party to that contractual obligations) shall be held accountable for the non-compliance of Malaysian technical airworthiness regulatory requirement and for any technical failure which may arise as a result of the non-compliance. 20. In cases where organizations within the SAO undertake design, maintenance or training activities without any valid organization approval from DGTA, the Head of Engineering (Aviation) of respective SAO shall be held accountable for the non-compliance of Malaysian technical airworthiness regulatory requirement and for any technical failure which may arise as a result of the non-compliance. 21. Pursuant to paragraph 18 above and in the context of aircraft certification and organization approval, there is no distinction between commercial organizations and SAO with regards to the degree of regulatory compliance. Pursuant to paragraph 19 and 20 above, the Director General of DGTA is required to highlight to the appropriate agencies any noncompliance with airworthiness requirement which have been brought to the attention of DGTA. DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY TO DGTA 22. Directorate General Technical Airworthiness (DGTA) is responsible to SAA for all matters related to technical airworthiness of state registered aircraft. To perform its task www.dgta.gov.my 1.1 - 5 of 9 TERHAD Rev 1 July 2013

UNCONTROLLED IF PRINTED TERHAD PU 2103 effectively, DGTA is delegated with certain authorities by the SAA as specified in paragraph 23 and 24. Technical Airworthiness Authority 23. SAA has delegated the responsibility of Technical Airworthiness Authority (TAA) to the Director General of DGTA. In this context, the Director General of DGTA is responsible for the management of technical airworthiness for all state registered aircraft and has the authority to interpret technical airworthiness regulations in the context of specific aircraft design and maintenance processes. Technical Airworthiness Regulator 24. DGTA is also the delegated Technical Airworthiness Regulator (TAR) and is directly responsible to SAA with regards to the development and management of regulatory framework for state technical airworthiness and the enforcement of regulatory compliance. DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY BY DGTA Design Acceptance Representative 25. Design Acceptance Representatives (DAR) are individuals within the SAO organizations or designated Authorized Engineering Organization (AEO) who has been delegated by DGTA to undertake the design acceptance function and manage the design acceptance process on behalf of DGTA. In the event that a SAO does not has an individual who has been delegated the authority as DAR for whatever reason, the design acceptance function can be undertaken by DGTA. In doing so, DGTA shall appoint on behalf of the SAO an officer from DGTA to perform the design acceptance task. The conceptual understanding of design acceptance process is described in detail in Section 1 Leaflet 2 of this manual. 26. The appointment of DAR from within the SAO shall only be valid after the Certificate of Authority for the said appointment as prescribed in Regulation 1 of this manual has been issued by the Director General of DGTA. 27. Commercial Authorized Engineering Organizations (AEO) can, under special circumstances, apply for one of its staff to be appointed as DAR if eligible and meet the requirement in Regulation 2. The Director General of DGTA can approve such application if appointment of the said DAR does not contradict any of the technical airworthiness regulatory requirements. In such case, the Director General of DGTA shall give his approval through the issuance of Certificate of Authority as stipulated in the Regulation 2 of this manual.

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28. For RMAF, DGTA has delegated the function of Airworthiness Standard Representative (ASR) to the Director of Centre for Aerospace and Engineering Services Establishment

(CAESE) and as ASR, he is responsible for ensuring that RMAF technical airworthiness standard meets the means of compliance.

29. The Director General of DGTA shall be responsible for and has the sole authority to prescribe, revise and interpret airworthiness standards in all matters where no ASR delegation has been made. However, DGTA can delegate this responsibility and appoint an ASR within an SAO if that person is deemed eligible as stipulated in Regulation 2 of this manual. TECHNICAL AIRWORTHINESS-RELATED COMMITTEE Airworthiness Board (AB) 30. The Airworthiness Board (AB) is responsible for making recommendations to the SAA with regards to the management of operational and technical airworthiness. The Board is chaired by the Deputy Chief of Air Force who is acting on behalf of the SAA. 31. The Airworthiness Board (AB) serves as an executive body to SAA. The Board convenes as and when required and comprises of the following members: a. b c. d. e. 32. RMAF Deputy Chief of Air Force Air Operation Commander or equivalent Director General DGTA or representative Staff Officer 1 DGTA Member in attendance - Chairman - Member - Member - Secretary

The responsibilities of AB are as follow: a. To ascertain the airworthiness status of a newly procured/leased aircraft type and to approve the issuance of the Type Certificate (TC), Supplementary Type Certificate (STC) and Certificate of Airworthiness (COA). b. To review and approve the application for Service Release and Special Flight Permit as and when the requirement arises.

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c. To conduct airworthiness status review when the airworthiness status of an aircraft type is in doubt, e.g. after an aircraft accident or incident that has significant implication on flight safety. d. To review and approve the registration of aircraft.

LEMBAGA STATE TECHNICAL AIRWORTHINESS (LSTA) 33. Lembaga State Technical Airworthiness (LSTA) is convened at least twice a year or as and when required to review and approve the application for renewal of Certificate of Airworthiness (CoA) by respective SAO and also to validate and approve the certification of Licensed Aircraft Engineers (Jurutera Pemeriksa Kapalterbang) for “Bayaran Insentif Pemeriksa Kapal Terbang (BIPKT). The Board also acts as a forum for SAO and DGTA to discuss issues related to the regulatory compliance of state technical airworthiness. LSTA shall consist of the following members: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. Director General DGTA Director AAER DGTA Director TAQR DGTA Chief of Staff (System) – No.1 Air Div Representative- RMAF Engineering Representative- Army Air Wing Representative- RMN Engineering Staff Officer 2 DGTA - Chairman - member - member - member - member - member - member - Secretary

APPLICATION OF THE REGULATIONS TO OTHER TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT 34. The technical airworthiness regulatory framework and the regulations themselves are tailored for specific application on design, maintenance and training activities related to aircraft. However, many of the activities that DGTA currently regulates are related to a wide spectrum of aircraft related airborne equipment, ground vehicles, radar systems, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and aircraft simulators. The following categories of technical equipment are identified as aircraft related equipment which requires less stringent regulatory compliance: a. Airborne Aircraft Equipment - These are equipment that interfaces with aircraft system during flight for specific operational or technical requirement. This category of equipment includes technical role equipment (excluding cargo or non-technical equipment), life support equipment and explosive ordnance (stowed and loaded). Organizations managing the design and maintenance of this equipment will be certified www.dgta.gov.my 1.1 - 8 of 9 TERHAD Rev 1 July 2013

UNCONTROLLED IF PRINTED TERHAD PU 2103 as AEO or AMO and they must comply fully with all technical airworthiness requirements and are also subjected to audit by DGTA. b. Non-Airborne Technical Equipment - These are equipment not fitted on the aircraft but are required to support aircraft flying operations. In the context of airworthiness regulatory compliance, maintenance standard and design changes on such equipment does not require the same degree of rigour as compared to airborne equipment. Organizations managing the maintenance and design changes of equipment in this category will be assigned a measure of organization approval on the basis that the maintenance or design activities are managed in a controlled and documented manner in accordance with the standards and procedures acceptable to DGTA. TECHNICAL AIRWORTHINESS MANAGEMENT MANUAL (TAMM) 35. Technical Airworthiness Management Manual (TAMM) is an official document issued by DGTA that prescribes the policies, regulations and guidance related to state aircraft technical airworthiness management. Although the TAMM is published as an Air Publication (PU 2103), its contents in the context of single state airworthiness authority shall be applicable to all SAOs and relevant commercial organizations. The TAMM is divided into four sections as described below: a. Section 1 - Introduction. Describes the policies against which the regulations are developed and an overview on the overall regulatory compliance requirement. b. Section 2 - Regulations. Prescribes all the regulations related to the regulatory compliance requirement for aircraft certifications, organization approvals and certification of staffs. c. Section 3 - Guidance For Regulations (Engineering). advisory information for all design related regulations. d. Section 4 - Guidance For Regulations (Maintenance). and advisory information for all maintenance related regulations. Contains guidance

Contains guidance

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