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PREFACE

The Intelligent Building is today considered as one which incorporates the best available concepts, materials, systems and technologies, integrating these to achieve or exceed the performance requirements of the buildings stakeholders. These stakeholders include the building’s owners, managers and users, as well as the local and global community. More and more buildings have central communications systems and the Computer Integrated Building is slowly becoming a reality. In recent years the number of office workers has increased significantly in parallel with global urbanisation, whilst more and more people are working from home, which together with the recreational use of the INTERNET also means that many homes have a Web provider for professional use. Failure to consider the impact of the intelligent operation of the buildings can result in poor performance and low occupant acceptance of the design concepts and SMART technologies in Intelligent Buildings. This HANDBOOK addresses the barriers to the effective use of IT for energy management in Intelligent Buildings in order to facilitate the understanding of the relevant design concepts and SMART technologies. Some of the definitions regarding Intelligent Buildings are reviewed and refined, to permit more accurate analysis and understanding of the market for this sector. Within this definition, a methodology for evaluating Intelligent Building performance has been developed from an existing matrix methodology for evaluating IT effectiveness in energy management. The objective was to incorporate the knowledge of the barriers to effective implementation of SMART building technologies into the evaluation process, and to assist market actors in the design and operation of Intelligent Buildings. In order to present methods for overcoming the barriers to effective application an investigation to identify and collate the behavioural, technological, economic and regulative barriers to the adoption of SMART building technologies has been carried out and presented. The Intelligent Building evaluation tool has been applied to Case Studies which are presented in detail in this HANDBOOK. The key to the Intelligent Building is adaptability. The building must be able to respond to political, economic, commercial and technological change, whilst meeting the demands for limited environmental impact and creating a comfortable environment for its occupants. The truly intelligent building must use technology to serve rather than dominate and to provide solutions rather than create a new set of problems. Despite the requirements for strategic and specific actions to accelerate market penetration, the Intelligent Building is today a feasible goal, represented by the large number of buildings proceeding towards fully integrated design. The HANDBOOK has been prepared in the framework of the SAVE Programme: “SMART Accelerate – Acceleration of SMART Buildings technologies and market penetration”. It is the result of a collaborative work undertaken by TSI-TUC (GR), NKUA-IASA (GR), BRE(UK), ENEA (IT) and URL-LEPTAB(FR). The Telecommunications Systems Institute -The Technical University of Crete is a higher educational establishment specializing in telecommunications and technological aspects of buildings and running higher educational courses. The Research Institute, founded by the Greek Ministry of Education has as main objectives to promote graduate education, research/development and dissemination in the broad areas of Telecommunications and Telecommunications Systems. The Institute is involved in the

The Group carries out research. energy performance of buildings and buildings controls. energy efficiency and energy conservation in buildings. indoor air quality. Building Research Establishment is the UK’s leading Centr e for research into all aspects of buildings and construction and the prevention and control of fire.undergraduate studies. postgraduate studies and systems development in the field of advanced telecommunications. application projects. educational and dissemination activities. ventilation. energy and environment which operates nine major research centers. The University of La Rochelle has a significant experience in the field of energy management in buildings and environmental control of inhabited spaces. BRE has a wide range expertise including building energy management. nuclear fission energy and controlled thermonuclear fusion energy. In the energy sector. air conditioning of buildings and other inhabited spaces like cars or urban microclimates Special acknowledgment The authors would like to express their appreciation and gratitude to Gordon Sutherland for reading an early version of the handbook.Institute of Accelerating Systems and Applications (GR) and in particular The Group of Building Environmental Studies is active on the field of solar energy. National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. Introduction to intelligent buildings         Intelligent buildings: the global framework Overview of iintelligent buildings Definition of Intelligent Buildings Historical Overview State of the art in Intelligent Buildings Building facilities Network Services Recearch and development Energy and environmental issues of smart buildings      Energy and urban buildings The impact of the construction sector Energy efficiency and energy conservation in buildings Benefits of adaptive buildings Benefits of vegetation . suggestions and discussions. ENEA is the Italian agency for the new technologies. Leptab has a high expertise in the field of experimental and modeling approaches of indoor climate. best practice and benchmarking. education and dissemination on the above field as well as on topics related to renewable energy sources. is a higher educational establishment specializing in building environmental performance. coordinated from its headquarters in Rome. specialized studies. and beyond his cautious reviewing for very helpful comments. the main fields of activities are : renewable energy sources and efficient use of energy.

                   Thermal comfort Benefits of comfort in the workplace Thermal comfort control Technological individual control Human adaptation Comfort standards Estimation of energy savings due to different thermal comfort standards Degree-days Relation between degree-days and energy consumption Finding degree-days from the probability distribution of monthly temperature Degree days for heating Degree days for cooling Climatic data Estimating the energy reduction Visual comfort High environmental quality approach Targets of HQE® The role of building regulation Examples The market of smart building technologies: barriers and opportunities              Market overview Today's smart building technology market The supply chain The European market Market considerations Barriers to effective market penetration Overview Technological barriers Economic barriers Legislative barriers Behavioural barriers Conclusions and remarks Strategies for the penetration of smart building tehnology Tutorial for matrix tool for assessing the performance of intelligent buildings    Background Scope of assessment Quality Control Application of intelligent building evaluation matrix tool in case studies  The methodology of case studies .

             Summary of the Case Studies Application in office buildings "Avax" Office building "Meletitiki" Office Building "BRE Environmental Building" "Conseil Général de la Charente Maritime" administrative building "Palazzo Sacchetti" Residential building in Corso Mazzini Residential building in Eisenhuettenstadt Residential building in Neu-Isenburg "Harlequin Centre" Shopping center "University of La Rochelle" "Aggelidis. Georgakopoulos" Building .