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VA40 - VA45

Technical Datasheet

Variable area flowmeter
• Local indication without auxiliary power • Adaptable to meet customers' requirements • Replaceable mounting parts

© KROHNE 02/2011 - 4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en

CONTENTS
1 Product features

VA40 - VA45

3

1.1 VA40 VA45 Variable-area flowmeters ............................................................................. 3 1.2 Options and variants......................................................................................................... 5 1.3 Functional principle.......................................................................................................... 7

2 Technical data

8

2.1 Technical data................................................................................................................... 8 2.2 Dimensions and weights ................................................................................................ 12 2.3 Measuring ranges........................................................................................................... 14

3 Installation

17

3.1 Intended use ................................................................................................................... 17 3.2 Installation condtitions................................................................................................... 18

4 Electrical connections

19

4.1 VA40 limit switches........................................................................................................ 19
4.1.1 Connection ring type limit switch ......................................................................................... 20 4.1.2 Connection limit switch type MS14....................................................................................... 20 4.1.3 Connection limit switch type TG21 ....................................................................................... 21

4.2 Minimum clearance between two ring initiators ........................................................... 21

5 Notes

22

2

www.krohne.com

02/2011 - 4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en

com 3 .VA40 .1 VA40 VA45 Variable-area flowmeters The VA40 flowmeter is suitable for measuring the flow rate of liquids or gases.VA45 PRODUCT FEATURES 1 1.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www.krohne. The VA45 flowmeter is suitable for measuring gases at low operating pressures. Various process connections can be used 02/2011 .

steel and metal Mining and building materials Oil and gas Pharmaceutical Power plants Mechanical engineering Pulp and paper Water Furnace construction Applications • Measuring gas • Burner controlling • Water circuits 4 www. cooling.1 PRODUCT FEATURES VA40 .krohne. for example: • • • • • • • • • • • • Chemical Food and beverages Heating.com 02/2011 .VA45 Highlights • • • • • • • Consistently used overall length concept Low loss of pressure for gas applications Low maintenance Optional limit switches Simple installation and start-up Simple float guidance Shatter protection Industries Can be used in all industrial sectors. and air conditioning Iron.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en .

Aseptic Ring limit switch Ring type limit switches are used for DN15 devices for small mesurement ranges only.Tube nozzle 3 Connection F . Measuring range water: 0.16 l/h up to max.krohne. 25 l/h Measuring range air: 6 l/h up to max.Screw fitting 2 Connection S .2 Options and variants Types of connection 1 Connection V . 800 l/h 02/2011 .VA40 .Flange version 4 Connection A .4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www.VA45 PRODUCT FEATURES 1 1.com 5 . The NAMUR ring type switches are available with monostable or bistable characteristics.

000 l/h Limit switch TG21 The limit switch type TG21 can be used for the nominal sizes DN25 to DN50. the float contains a magnet to drive the switch mechanism. The reed switch is a dry contact with bistable characteristics. Measuring range water: 1. Measuring range water: 23 l/h up to max. 10000 l/h Measuring range air: 700 l/h up to max.com 02/2011 .VA45 Limit switch MS14 The limit switch type MS14 can be used for all nominal sizes DN15 to DN50.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en . For devices with a MS14 switch. 310. The switch itself has a bistable NAMUR characteristics.3 l/h up to max. the float contains a magnet to activate the magnetic Reed switch. 310.000 l/h 6 www. For devices with a TG21 switch.1 PRODUCT FEATURES VA40 . 10000 l/h Measuring range air: 50 l/h up to max.krohne.

is displayed on a scale.com 7 . which depends on the flow.VA40 . A glass cone is installed in the measuring unit of VA40/45. in which a suitably formed float can move freely up and down.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www.VA45 PRODUCT FEATURES 1 1. The flowmeter is inserted into a vertical pipeline and the medium flows through it from bottom to top. 02/2011 .krohne. The top edge of the float marks the reading line for flow values. The float adjusts itself so that the buoyancy force F1 acting on it. the flow resistance F2 and its weight F3 are in equilibrium: F3 = F1 + F2 The height of the float in the measuring unit.3 Functional principle The flowmeter operates with the principle of variable area flowmeters.

If you require data that is more relevant to your specific application. • Additional information (certificates.DN15.+100°C / -4.1 Technical data • The following data is provided for general applications.krohne. DN25 VA40 . gases and vapors Flow measurement of gasses Variable area measuring principle Operating conditions Temperature Max. Measuring system Application range VA40 Application range VA45 Operating method / measuring principle Measured value Primary measured value Secondary measured value Measuring accuracy Directive VA40 VA45 VDI / VDE 3513. special tools. software. operating temperature Pressure Max.0% 2.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en .com 02/2011 ... PS at TS = 100°C Test pressure PT VA40 .DN40 VA40 ..2 TECHNICAL DATA VA40 .5% Float position Operating and standard volumetric flow Flow measurement of liquids.) and complete product documentation can be downloaded free of charge from the website (Download Center).. please contact us or your local representative.+212°F Installation conditions Inlet run Outlet run 1 other pressures upon request ≥ 5 x DN ≥ 3 x DN 8 www... sheet 2 (qG = 50%) 1.5 psig 1 -20. permitted operating press.VA45 2.DN50 VA45 Pressure equipment directive 97/23/ EC Pressure equipment directive 97/23/EC or AD 2000-HP30 10 bar / 145 psig 1 9 bar / 131 psig 1 7 bar / 102 psig 1 1 bar / 14..

./PV Housing Screw cap Measuring cone Float VA45 Float VA40 (also for use with food) Float VA40 (not for use with food) Float and insert Seals Stainless steel 1.+100°C 1 -20. These can be found in the separate instructions... electropolished Aluminum / powder coated option: Stainless steel Borosilicate glass Aluminum Stainless steel.4404 (316 L) Stainless steel 1..4404 (316 L) PVDF Stainless steel 1. measuring temperature Tm (standard) Max.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www. FPM Temperatures For devices to be used in hazardous areas.4571 (316 Ti)..+100°C -4. Aluminum...+212°F -4.+212°F 02/2011 . EPDM. ambient temperature Tamb.. 1./R Threaded connection VA..com 9 . galvanized and chromatized Stainless steel 1. PTFE/insert TFM (PTFE)..4404 (316 L) Steel. Hastelloy® C2000.VA45 TECHNICAL DATA 2 Materials Threaded connection VA. special temperature ranges apply. Max.4301 (304)../R Threaded connection / tube nozzle VA..VA40 .. 1 higher temperatures on request -20. Polypropylen (PP) PVDF (conforms to FDA) NBR./ST Tube nozzle Flange connection VA...krohne..

21 10 www.10 N 51.09 N 19.25 Limit switch MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A TG21 TG21 TG21 TG21 TG21 TG21 TG21 TG21 TG21 TG21 DN40 N 41.07 G 15.08 G 17.19 N 19.07 N 18.12 G 17.13 N 19.09 N 18.06 G 14.08 G 15.12 N 18.18 N 21. G 13.13 N 19.09 N 21.VA45 Limit switches (only VA40) Type I7R2010-N RC10-14-N0 I7R2010-NL RC10-14-N3 I7R2015-N RC15-14-N0 I7R2015-NL RC15-14-N3 RB15-14-E2 MS 14/I TG 21 Switching function monostable bistable monostable bistable bistable bistable bistable Connection Two-wire NAMUR Two-wire NAMUR Two-wire NAMUR Two-wire NAMUR 3-wire open collector Two-wire potential-free Two-wire NAMUR Shape Ring type Ring type Ring type Ring type Ring type Reed contact Slot-type Note Non Ex Non Ex Non Ex Non Ex Non Ex float with magnet required float with magnet required Use of the limit switch Nominal width DN15 Cone No.09 N 41.19 DN50 N 51.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en .15 N 51.13 N 21.09 G 15.08 G 16.12 G 16. N 21.13 N 41.2 TECHNICAL DATA VA40 .krohne.com 02/2011 .11 G 14.26 Limit switch ring ø10mm ring ø10mm ring ø10mm ring ø15mm ring ø15mm ring ø15mm ring ø15mm MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A MS14/A Nominal width DN25 Cone No.

VA45 TECHNICAL DATA 2 Technical data ring type limit switches Limit switch Ring ø Switching function NAMUR Connection technology Rated voltage U0 Current consumption Current consumption Operating voltage Uext.+185°F IP44 Technical data TG21 Rated voltage Current consumption.sphere is in limit switch Technical data MS14 Contact type Switching reproducibility Contact rating Max.39" monostable yes two-wire 8VDC I7R2015-N RC15-14-N0 15mm 0..59" monostable yes two-wire 8VDC 15mm 0. switching voltage Max.com 11 .+85°C / -4.59" bistable yes two-wire 8VDC I7R2010-N RC10-14-N0 10mm 0.+100°C / -13.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www. to EN 60529 / IEC 529 N/C or N/O.5A ..59" bistable no three-wire 10…30VDC 0…100mA 20mA ≤ 1 VDC ≥ Ub –3VDC RB15-14-E2 1mA passage ↓ 3mA passage ↓ - 3mA .VA40 . can be reversed < 2% of the measurement range end value 12VA 30VDC 0. inactive Current consumption.krohne.passage ↓ Output Ua .passage ↑ I7R2010-NL RC10-14-N3 10mm 0.. switching current Ambient temperature Protection class Acc... active Ambient temperature Type of protection according to EN 60529 / IEC 529 8VDC 3mA 1mA -25°C.sphere beyond the limit switch 1mA .39" bistable yes two-wire 8VDC I7R2015-NL RC15-14-N3 15mm 0. Operating current Ib No-load current Output Ua .20°C.+212°F IP 67 (NEMA 6) 02/2011 ....

8 17.8 14.7 2 16.02 1.8 14.Type V c .8 14.41 9.8 14.krohne.26 8.VA45 2.94 1.7 2 16.7 17.42 1.81 2.7 2 14.7 2 16.8 14.41 9.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en .Type F c .8 14.7" 1/2" 1" 1 1/2" 2" 9.44 14.7 17.7 16.com 02/2011 .Type S c .2 Dimensions and weights Dimensions VA40 a EN DN15 DN25 DN40 DN50 b c .8 15.2 TECHNICAL DATA VA40 .8 VA40/V VA40/S VA40/F VA40/A 12 www.Type A ASME 1/2" 1" 1 1/2" 2" 239 239 235 227 26 36 46 62 dimensions [mm] 375 375 375 375 400 450 450 450 425 1 425 1 425 1 425 1 375 375 375 375 dimensions ["] DN15 DN25 DN40 DN50 1 option 500 mm 2 Option 19.

8 9.9 VA40 Type F [kg] 1.0 12.42 1.3 VA45 Type V.. to Type A Pipe Clamp ASME ISO 228 1/2" 1" 1 1/2" 2" 1 G3/8".0 11.7 3.7 6.8 6.G½ " G¾".7 3.3 3.65 4. S.0 13.6 1.8 3.65 4.88 [lb] Process connection Type V Female thread acc.4 1.0 10.Type S ["] [mm] 279 329 329 c . to EN DN15 DN25 DN40 DN50 1 1 only VA40 Type S Type F Flange acc.0 10.49 c .krohne.2 - VA45 Type F [kg] 1.0 10.7 8.1 7.Type F ["] [mm] 304 304 304 ASME ½" 1" 1½" [mm] 118 118 114 [mm] 26 36 46 [mm] 254 254 254 ["] 12.4 15.5 15 28 42 52 1 DN15 DN25 DN40 DN50 1 ½" 1" 1 ½" 2" 1 DIN11851 ISO 2852 SC15 1 SC25 1 SC40 1 SC50 1 17..9 - [lb] 0.VA45 TECHNICAL DATA 2 Dimensions VA45 a EN DN15 DN25 DN40 b ["] 4.0 20.2 4.0 VA45/V VA45/S VA45/F Weights VA40 Type V.0 13.5 1.3 2..2 14..6 4.2 2. S [lb] 0.8 - [lb] [kg] 2.20 ¼" NPT 1" NPT 1 ½" NPT 2" NPT 1 Ø [mm] EN1092-1 ASME B16.0 12.81 c . A [kg] DN15 DN25 DN40 DN50 0.Type V ["] 1.VA40 .02 1.9 5.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www.G1" G1½" G2" 1 ASME B1.2 1 25 1 40 1 51 1 02/2011 .1 2.com 13 .0 8.

06 0.6 2.8 2.09 G 15.8 2.5 Polypropylen (PP) Materials → Cone ↓ G 13.12 N 18.21 DN50 DN40 DN25 DN15 1 2 3 1 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 Flow.08 G 16.08 G 17.13 N 41.3 Measuring ranges Measuring ranges VA40 Measuring span 10 : 1 Reference condition: Float materials: Flow values 100% Water 20°C / Air 20°C .15 N 51.13 N 21.1 0.8 1.19 N 51.2 PTFE .25 0.10 N 51.4 Aluminium .8 4.2 1.04 0. air [m3/h] 0.025 0.02 0.06 0.11 1 G 14.5 11 18 28 2 42 2 28 45 2 76 2 70 110 2 170 2 0.18 N 21.12 G 16.3 9 14 22 36 56 90 0.5% 2 only possible with guided float 14 www.95 1 reduced accuracy 2.7 1.08 G 15.04 0. pressure loss [mbar] 2 3 4 4 5 6 6 7 7 8 9 9 9 13 16 21 27 22 23 26 33 32 34 38 43 47 55 6 7 8 9 11 14 17 14 17 25 40 18 20 24 25 30 42 2 3 3 4 4 5 6 6 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 2 3 3 4 5 5 6 6 7 3 3 4 5 5 7 10 8 8 10 12 11 12 15 15 16 20 1 2 2 2 2 3 4 3 4 6 9 5 5 8 7 7 10 2.2 TECHNICAL DATA VA40 .4 0.6 1. 1 Stainless Steel or Hastelloy® .5 2.5 4 6.4 0.5 0.25 N 41.09 N 41.2 3. water [l/h] 0.14 0.013 bar abs.19 N 19.1.26 N 21.2 0.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en .012 0.8 1.VA45 2.09 N 21.krohne.12 G 17.06 G 14.3 0.13 N 19.com 02/2011 .03 0.07 G 15.07 N 18.63 1 1.09 N 18.13 N 19.2 0.16 0.3 TFM .5 3 5 8 18 2 28 2 49 2 70 2 45 70 2 128 2 120 2 190 2 310 2 Flow.007 0.2 1.5 0.3 10 16 25 40 63 100 160 250 400 630 630 1000 1600 2500 1600 2500 4000 4000 6300 10000 25 40 63 100 160 250 400 400 630 1000 1600 1000 1600 2500 2500 4000 6300 13 22 35 55 85 140 230 230 350 600 950 600 900 1500 1500 2400 3500 0.09 N 19.016 0.09 0.8 7 12 17 2 26 2 18 28 2 46 2 45 70 2 118 2 Max.

36 1.4 2 79.1 0.12 0.09 0.04 0.3 34.1 0.018 0.12 G 17.0 105 166 166 264 423 660 423 660 1057 1057 1664 2642 6.1 0.6 22.5 2 16 2 11 17.93 1.03 0.krohne.17 0.35 0.08 G 16.7 psi 1 Stainless Steel or Hastelloy® .5 2 27.1 0.61 0.9 43.09 N 19.6 26.3 0.VA40 .4 42.037 0.1 0.26 0.1 0.1 0.16 0.64 4. pressure loss [psi] 0.66 2.25 0.2 PTFE .2 0.12 G 16.03 0.025 0.66 1.07 0.3 0.09 0.21 DN50 DN40 DN25 DN15 1 2 3 1 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 Flow.2 0.5% 2 only possible with guided float 02/2011 .7 2.93 1.087 0.9 2 43.4 Aluminium .18 N 21.60 10.09 N 21.23 0.04 0.9 0.43 0.2 0.037 0.08 G 17.4 0.19 0.7 55.37 0.17 0.02 0.5 22.25 N 41.07 0.26 N 21.004 0.36 0.16 0.19 0.13 N 19.48 0.68 0.08 G 15.03 0.8 60.04 0.4 2 28.03 0.04 0.49 0.25 0.09 0.12 N 18.3 TFM .14.6 10.1 0.06 0.07 G 15.007 0.09 0.36 2.3 66.2 0.06 0.09 0.07 0.16 0.03 0.19 N 19.13 0.3 0.6 16.1 4.4 2 43.062 0.5 Polypropylen (PP) Materials → Cone ↓ G 13.6 16.74 1.11 0.01 0.09 0.09 N 18.09 0.07 0.com 15 .05 5.25 0. air [scfm] 0.59 0.3 7.22 0.4 2 30.2 0.19 0.48 0.8 92. water [gph] 0.06 0.26 0.8 11 17 2 26 2 17 28 2 47 2 43.3 0.07 0.62 0.06 0.7 4.1 0.VA45 TECHNICAL DATA 2 Measuring ranges VA40 Measuring span 10 : 1 Reference condition: Float materials: Flow values 100% Water 68°F / Air 68°C .29 0.4 2 118 2 192 2 Flow.1 0.17 0.13 N 19.07 0.29 0.11 1 G 14.23 6.25 14.07 0.5 1.1 1.06 0.68 13.3 66.86 3.3 0.012 0.10 N 51.15 0.056 0.8 0.4 42.5 37 60.025 0.06 0.13 N 21.09 0.8 6.04 0.5 158 251 158 238 396 396 634 925 0.31 0.4 10.17 0.55 0.58 8.19 N 51.42 0.0 106 106 166 264 423 264 423 660 660 1057 1664 3.1 0.22 0.74 1.31 0.1 0.13 N 41.2 2 17.15 1 reduced accuracy 2.96 11.1 0.1 0.4 68 2 105 2 0.4 2 74.06 0.06 0.1 0.8 0.16 0.4 2 27.15 0.03 0.1 0.09 N 41.4 2 73 2 Max.07 N 18.09 G 15.5 0.015 0.44 0.15 N 51.06 G 14.1 0.43 5.02 0.58 0.04 0.04 0.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www.1 0.07 0.13 0.03 0.81 9.06 1.6 26.

.krohne.02 The operating pressure should be at least twice the pressure loss for liquids..608 608.01 N -25..013bar abs.01 N -40. pressure loss Air [gph] 396.044 0. temperature.044 0. Conversion of other media or operating data (pressure.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en ..044 0.2378 2378....058 0...4227 793.14. viscosity) is performed at KROHNE using the calculation method in accordance with VDI /VDE Directive 3513 16 www.. density..044 0.2300 2300…4800 5500…9000 9000…16000 3000…5000 5000…7500 7500…16500 16500…25000 17000…26000 26000…34000 34000…60000 60000…75000 Max.2 TECHNICAL DATA VA40 ....058 0.044 0..02 DN25 N -25... Air 68°F .1.02 DN40 N -40..6604 4491.1981 1981.044 0.7 psi 1 float form C 2 float form D 3 reading line Cone no.058 0.1321 1321. and at least 5 times the pressure loss for gases! The specified pressure drops are valid for water and air at maximum flow rate...15851 15851.044 0.8982 8982..6869 6869.058 DN15 N -15..19813 [mbar] 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 [psi] 0..01 N -15.com 02/2011 .1268 1453.4359 4359. Float form C D C D C D C D C D C D Flow air Air [l/h] 1500. Other flow ranges on request.VA45 Measuring ranges VA45 Measuring span 10 : 1 Reference condition: Flow values 100% Air 20°C ....058 0.

Do not use any abrasive or highly viscous media. vapours and liquids. KG are suitable for measuring gases.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www. The manufacturer shall not be liable for any damage resulting from improper use or use for other than the intended purpose. 02/2011 . These devices are particularly suitable for measuring: • • • • • Liquids Hydrocarbons Water Chemicals with low corrosiveness Industrial gases In case of instruments which are used in explosive endangered areas please consider the supplementary installation and operating instructions mentioned in the Ex-manual. The operator shall bear sole responsibility for the use of the flowmeters with regard to suitability.VA40 .VA45 INSTALLATION 3 3. intended use and corrosion resistance of the materials used to the medium.1 Intended use The variable area flowmeters manufactured by KROHNE Messtechnik GmbH & Co.krohne.com 17 .

krohne. blow or flush out the pipes leading to the device. • If necessary.com 02/2011 . the following points must be observed: • The variable area flowmeter must be installed vertically (measuring principle). • Pipes for gas flow need to be dried before the device is installed. • Before connecting. • Do not lay signal cables directly next to cables for the power supply.3 INSTALLATION VA40 . support the pipeline to reduce vibrations being transmitted to the measuring device. Flow direction from bottom to top.VA45 3.2 Installation condtitions When installing the device in the piping. • Use connectors suitable for the particular device version.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en . For installation recommendations please refer also to VDI/VDE 3513 Sheet 3. 18 www. • Align the pipes centrically with the connection bores on the measuring device so they are free of stresses.

VA40 .VA45 ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS 4 4.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www.1 VA40 limit switches The flowmeter VA40 can be equipped with a maximum of two limit switches: Type bistable (stable changeover from NC to NO contact and vice versa) Type monostable (switching pulse at operating point) Figure 4-1: Types of limit switches 1 Ring type limit switch 2 MS 14/I .krohne. 02/2011 .com 19 .with integrated slot sensor Operation and Technical data of the limit switches see Technical data.potential-free Reed contact 3 TG21 .

Connecting diagram 3-wire transistor type bn .com 02/2011 . The monostable types do not need an EMC filter.2 Connection limit switch type MS14 Figure 4-3: Connection limit switch type MS14 1 Connection Reed-switch 2 Connection Receiver device 3 Terminal connection (potential-free) 20 www.brown supply voltage + bk .VA45 4.4 ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS VA40 .black switch contact bu .blue supply voltage - 4. Figure 4-2: Connection of the limit switch type NAMUR 1 2 3 4 5 Limit switch 2-wire NAMUR Colour coding + Colour coding blue External EMC filter Receiver device EMC filter unit and back rail of the flowmeter must be galvanically connected and grounded.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en .1 Connection ring type limit switch The connecting cables of the limit switch are guided through the long slot on the back.krohne.1.1.

com 21 . 4.77" 02/2011 . The TG21 includes an inductive slot sensor with bistable switching performance. and also where devices with ring limit switch are arranged close together. minimum clearances must be maintained in order to avoid mutual influence of the switches. Minimum clearance 1 16 mm 2-wire NAMUR 0.2 Minimum clearance between two ring initiators Where two limit switches are in one device.VA45 ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS 4 4. A magnet float is required.3 Connection limit switch type TG21 Figure 4-4: Connection limit switch type TG21 1 Terminal 2 Terminal + The type TG21 is adapted to switch amplifiers for intrinsical safe circuits in accordance to EN 60947-5-6 NAMUR.63" 45 mm 3-wire transistor 1.1.krohne. The magnet on the dipping vane is moved by the magnet in the float and follows its movement.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www.VA40 . The slot sensor is actuated by the dipping action of an aluminium vane.

krohne.VA45 22 www.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en .5 NOTES VA40 .com 02/2011 .

com 23 .VA45 NOTES 5 02/2011 .krohne.4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en www.VA40 .

com .:+49 (0)203 301 0 Fax:+49 (0)203 301 10389 info@krohne.K K K KROHNE product overview © KROHNE 02/2011 .4000416902 TD VA40/45 R02 en .de The current list of all KROHNE contacts and addresses can be found at: www.Subject to change without notice. 5 D-47058 Duisburg (Germany) Tel. • • • • • • • • • • • • Electromagnetic flowmeters Variable area flowmeters Ultrasonic flowmeters Mass flowmeters Vortex flowmeters Flow controllers Level meters Temperature meters Pressure meters Analysis products Measuring systems for the oil and gas industry Measuring systems for sea-going tankers Head Office KROHNE Messtechnik GmbH Ludwig-Krohne-Str.krohne.