You are on page 1of 6

Surge Arresters

Electrical Apparatus

VariSTAR® Type AZS Normal Duty Distribution Class MOV Arrester
GENERAL
The Cooper Power Systems VariSTAR® Type AZS normal duty distribution class MOV arrester (Figure 1) in ratings of 3 through 36 kV, incorporates the latest in metal oxide varistor (MOV) technology in a porcelain design. With this combination of technologies, Cooper Power Systems can offer reliable and cost effective overhead protection of distribution systems.

235-73

CONSTRUCTION
The VariSTAR Type AZS arrester consists of highly nonlinear metal oxide varistors enclosed in a porcelain housing. The highly nonlinear nature of the MOV disks results in conduction of leakage current of milliamperes at nominal line-to-ground operating voltage. This small amount of leakage current (which is primarily capacitive current with a small component of resistive current) can be tolerated on a continuous basis. The VariSTAR Type AZS design is available with or without an isolator and can be supplied with a variety of mounting brackets to satisfy a wide range of applications.

OPERATION
The operation of the VariSTAR Type AZS is typical of gapless metal oxide arresters. During steady state conditions, nominal line-to-ground voltage is applied continuously across the arrester‘s terminals. When overvoltages occur, the VariSTAR Type AZS arrester limits the overvoltage to required protective levels by conducting the surge current. Upon passage of the overvoltage condition, the arrester returns to a highly nonlinear steady state, conducting minimal leakage current. The superior protective characteristics of the VariSTAR Type AZS arrester provide excellent protection for distribution transformers with lower impulse withstand capabilities. Its superior reliability makes it an ideal choice for areas with moderate isokeraunic levels.
Figure 1. VariSTAR Type AZS Normal Duty Distribution Class MOV Arrester.

PRODUCTION TESTS
A complete production test program ensures a quality product. Each VariSTAR metal oxide varistor receives a series of electrical tests. Quality is further ensured by a series of destructive tests performed on every batch of varistors. Listed are the tests that are performed on the varistors: s 100% Physical Inspection s 100% Discharge Voltage Test s 100% V1mA/cm2 s 100% Leakage Current at 80% of V1mA/cm2 Voltage s Batch High-current, Shortduration Test s Batch Thermal Stability Test s Batch Disk Aging Test Each VariSTAR Type AZS arrester must pass the following production tests: s 100% Physical Inspection s 100% Vacuum over Fluid Seal Test s 100% Leakage Current Test s 100% RIV Test

STANDARDS
The VariSTAR Type AZS arrester complies with the latest revision of ANSI/IEEE C62.11 “IEEE Standard for Metal Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits”.

March 1996 • Supersedes 8/94 • © 1996 Cooper Power Systems, Inc.

1

The impedance of the transformer and the impedance and grounding of supply to the substation all affect the voltage during faults. ISOLATOR™ GROUND LEAD DISCONNECTOR Provides positive isolation and visual identification if arrester becomes damaged internally. whether it has a neutral impedance and whether common primary and secondary neutrals are used. Table 1 provides a general application guide for the selection of the proper arrester rating for a given system voltage and system grounding configuration. 2.BIL of equipment and line insulation. SOLDERLESS CONNECTORS Accommodates No. TOP ELECTRODE Ensures low resistive contact to MOV disk column. excellent washing characteristics.Features and Detailed Description GENERAL APPLICATION RECOMMENDATIONS The rating of an arrester is the power frequency line-to-ground voltage at which the arrester is designed to pass an operating duty-cycle test. HIGH STRENGTH WET PROCESS GLAZED PORCELAIN Withstands thermal and mechanical shocks. protects from mechanical shock. The following information is normally required: 1.Type of construction. B.System grounding conditions. 3. COPPER STRAP Provides a low resistance shunt for surge current discharge.) the following supplementary information is necessary: 1. MOV DISKS Highly nonlinear metal oxide varistors provide exceptional surge protection. For four-wire circuits. length of line. grounding conditions depend upon whether the system is solidly grounded at the source. conductor size. 10 solid through No. high capacitive load. Figure 2. HEAVY STEEL COIL SPRING Maintains high pressure on disks for effective contact surfaces. Cutaway illustration of VariSTAR Type AZS Arrester. 2. grounding conditions depend upon whether the system is multigrounded. voltage rating and year and quarter of manufacture. 4. For three-wire circuits. 2 . INSULATING TERMINAL CAP Polymer cap provides superior wildlife protection. Cooper Power Systems application engineers are available to make recommendations. grounded through neutral impedance at the source transformers or ungrounded. A. provides high creepage distance above and below the hanger bracket. MCOV. 2/0 stranded line and ground leads. IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION Convenient reference for arrester type.The unusual condition. etc. ALUMINUM SPACER Provides additional length for extended creepage porcelain. arc-welding equipment. Where unusual conditions exist (high ground resistance. phase spacing.Phase-sequence components of impedances on the load side of the distribution substation.System maximum operating voltage.

3 1.8 20.2Y/7.62 13.8 6.4 1.08 12.7 1.2 13.2 23 24.0 22.86Y/13. the arresters remain thermally stable as verified by: s Continually decreasing power values during a thirty minute power monitoring period.3Y/16.4 4.7 24.TABLE 1 Commonly Applied Voltage Ratings of the VariSTAR Type AZS Arrester System Voltage (kV rms) Recommended Arrester Rating (kV rms) Four-Wire Wye Three-Wire Wye Multi-Grounded Solidly Grounded Neutral Neutral –– 3 –– –– –– 6 9 9 10 10 –– 15 18 –– 18 21 27 36 –– 6 –– –– –– 9 12 15 15 15 –– 21 24 –– 27 30 36 –– Delta and Ungrounded Wye 3 6 6 6 9 –– –– –– –– –– 18 –– –– 30 –– –– –– –– TEMPORARY OVERVOLTAGE (TOV) CAPABILITY The Temporary Overvoltage (TOV) capability of the VariSTAR Type AZS arrester is shown in Figure 3. s No evidence of physical or electrical deterioration. No prior duty – 60° C ambient. Nominal 2.1 1 10 100 1000 10000 Per Unit MCOV Per Unit Arrester Rating Time Duration in Seconds Figure 3. Long-duration Discharge: 20 current surges of 75 A crest 2000 µs rectangle wave duration.8Y/5.89 36.24 29. 3 .92 46Y/26.93 34.6 1.5Y/21.8Y/7. Short-duration Discharge: 2 current surges of 65 kA crest 4/10 µs waveshape.5Y/19.7Y/7.5 1.08 48. Temporary overvoltage curve. s The 5 kA (8/20 µs) discharge voltages measured after each test changed by less than 10% from the initial values.94Y/14.2 1.52Y/8.0Y/6.34 26.9 0.4Y/15. Following each of these tests.32Y/4.4Y/2.33 13.3Y/28 PERFORMANCE TEST CHARACTERISTICS The VariSTAR Type AZS arrester consistently withstands the following design tests as described by ANSI/IEEE C62. s Low-current.87 24.26 8.52 22Y/12.4 27.54 4.11: s Duty Cycle: 22 current surges of 5 kA crest 8/20 µs waveshape.07 14.97Y/8.97 13.4 4.6Y/15.62 13.08 7. s High-current.2Y/7.78Y/12.16Y/2.54 4.1 1 0.8 12.16 4. 1.93 12.47Y/7.6 Maximum 2.9 8.38 14.4 5.2Y/13.

2 13.8 28.7 32.0 10 kA 10.0 63.7 95.1 119.4 27.1 11.5 55.5 85.2 115.00 24.3 34.4 54.5 13.8 22.4 10.9 43.0 32.8 143.5 Maximum Discharge Voltage (kV crest) 8/20 µs Current Wave 1.5 16.0 MCOV (kV rms) 2.3 42.4 26.5 36.1 55.3 42.2 65.6 (cm) 27.5 17.) 10.5 45.6 89.) 2.6 10.4 33.8 3 kA 9.6 127.6 125.8 52.0 1.7 83.7 8.2 20. AZS101M and AZS103M series* Arrester Rating (kV rms) 3 6 9 10 12 15 18 21 24 27 30** 36** Creepage (in.6 44.7 10.6 60.6 149.8 77.4 10.6 77.8 25.2 20 kA 12.6 36.5 13.10 7.65 8.4 26.235-73 PROTECTIVE CHARACTERISTICS The protective characteristics of the VariSTAR Type AZS arresters are shown in Table 2.4 43. TABLE 3 Insulation Characteristics Characteristics for AZS100M. INSULATION CHARACTERISTICS The insulation characteristics of the VariSTAR Type AZS arresters are shown in Table 3.4 17.5 44.6 16.2 71.8 6.7 63.1 Strike (in.2 18.3 34. 4 .4 39.2/50 µs 1 min 10 sec Impulse Dry Wet (kV crest) (kV rms) (kV rms) 125 125 150 150 150 175 175 70 70 80 80 80 90 90 60 60 70 70 70 80 80 *Refer to pages 5 and 6.4 34.4 32.8 51.2/50 µs 1 min 10 sec Impulse Dry Wet (kV crest) (kV rms) (kV rms) 45 60 75 75 95 95 125 125 150 150 200 200 15 21 27 27 35 35 42 42 70 70 95 95 13 20 24 24 30 30 36 36 60 60 80 80 Creepage (in.0 51.8 76.1 67.8 26.0 61.4 14.1 187.8 79.4 10.1 16.6 (cm) 22.7 34.7 115.2 67.7 111.4 97.3 80.8 68.40 29.70 15.5 kA 8.9 21.2 51.3 100.0 7.7 40.4 12.1 5 kA 9.55 5.4 26.5 30.1 67.2 Characteristics for basemount (AZS100C series) Strike (in.6 29.) 8.7 27. **Not applicable to AZS103M Series.8 46.9 10.0 58.1 55.9 47.2 25.6 22.6 17.0 4.9 107.6 12.2 42.6 33.50 22.5 35.4 108.9 85.5 7.1 26.8 19.4 88.6 30.6 97.0 8.5 45.8 17.9 17.) 2.0 14.00 *Based on 5 kA current impulse that results in a discharge voltage cresting in 0.9 8.9 12.4 91.5 72.7 40 kA 15.00 19.4 (cm) 7.1 22.4 32.30 17.7 26.6 30.5 38.4 17.2 100.5 (cm) 5.8 21.5 36.5µs. TABLE 2 Protective Characteristics Arrester Rating (kV rms) 3 6 9 10 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 36 Front-of-wave Protective Level* (kV crest) 10.9 31.2 49.9 101.5 1.3 64.1 91.9 13.1 75.7 21.0 12.8 158.4 26.2 17.1 126.4 30.20 12.4 13.40 10.5 33.

20” 2.2 14.5 10. A CAUTION: The values shown in ! Figures 4.20 Figure 5.12 4.1 0.56” 1.8 16.97 24.00” 2.00 11.20 5.7 40.3 53.79 27.2 14.25 20.2 12.38 (cm) 10.2 Phase-toPhase (in.1 11. Dimensions Minimum Recommended Clearances* D E (cm) 27.5 8.5 40.1 9. 5 and 6.1 13.7 12.97 20.4 4.1 61.5 10.67 14.8 53. and 6 are the minimum clearances recommended by Cooper Power Systems.4 16.1 61.12 4.3 21.2 33.6 52.68 7.0 8.77 17.9 17.69 23.77 17.2 13.4 17.6 9.22.5 10.6 5.4 16.25 17.1 Phase-to-Ground (in.25” (23.3 61.4 cm) and for 27 kV is 9.7 40.25 15.1 36.20 5.06 7.17 32.0 31.6 9.00” DIA.6 31.9 (in.5 37.2 13.12 4.30 (cm) 13.5” (6.4 17.235-73 DIMENSIONS AND CLEARANCES The dimensions and clearances of the VariSTAR Type AZS arresters are shown in Figures 4.6 70.3 20.6 5.12 4.0 36.5 46.8 43.2 14.) 9.00 12.6 11.5 19.97 20.0 44.4 7. However.25 20.59 20.7 9.69” B A 2.5 10.96 18.0 40.2 28. TO 5.1 (in.2 14. Dimensions for AZS100M and AZS101M series.44 21.52 11.9 19. Dimensions for AZS103M series.1 43.12 4.34” 3.3 61.86 15.3 18.06 7.07 27.44 6.9 19. Minimum Recommended Clearances* B (cm) 23. C 3. D 2. *All clearances are measured from centerline of arrester per IEEE C62.4 7.5 43.8 53.5 43.9 32.2 14.73 17.5 19. These clearances may be revised to meet local or system requirements for spacing or energized equipment.4 28.) 5.5 10.1 36.1 11.) 9.0 8.68” TO 4.2 (cm) 13.5 10.19 11. C.6 11.6 58.2 14.) 3.8 (in.) 5.25 17.06 7.67 14. & D are calculated with the bracket located at the top of the bellyband region NOTE: Mounting Lug Spacing for 3 through 24 kV is 2.1 24.8 16.6 (in.12 4.12 4.5 21.) 5.6 11.2 12.0 36.7 9.4 4.2 17.00” 3.12 4.8 43.3 Phase-to-Phase (in.8 14.2 16.) 4.6 37.7 44.44 7.3 53.4 33.3 22.20 5.4 5.22.7 Dimensions A Arrester Rating (kV rms) 3 6 9 10 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 36 (in.2 16.3 20.1 21.2 28.) 10.1 24.5 20.06 7.3 22.) 3.1 70.82 6.1 36.68 8.96 15.2 14.2 16.12 4.4 24.0 8. 5.0 24.5 (in.82 5.5 8.5 10.1 (cm) 8.0 31.9 17.5 cm).) 6.4 28.77 14.44 6.06” DIA.7 12.04 8.2 28.0 8.44 7.59 17.1 11.3 29.68 7.68 B (cm) 13.6 31.19 11.1 9.5 11. safe operating procedures must always be followed.6 27.1 Phase-toGround (in.2 6.6 11.07 (cm) 23.07 24.2 14.22 C (cm) 15.6 6.2 14.2 (cm) 13.5 20.8 14.4 24.6 6.73 15.82 5.9 81.3 18.97 24.2 14.20 5. B E TOP VIEW SIDE VIEW 5 .86 12.5 37.6 37.75" REF.2 16.7 32.1 (cm) 8.0 24.82 6. NOTE: Columns B.69 20.) 5.20” A Arrester Rating (kV rms) 3 6 9 10 12 15 18 21 24 27 (in.4 14.07 24.2 6.77 14.79 0.77 13.5 5.7 52.30 8.3 29.5 10.06” 4.87” Figure 4.9 27. *All clearances are measured from centerline of arrester per IEEE C62.8 53.

O. Waukesha.5 5.VariSTAR® Type AZS Normal Duty Distribution Class MOV Arrester Quality from Cooper Industries Minimum Recommended Clearances* Enclosure Application Arrester Rating (kV rms) 3 6 9 10 12 15 18 Phase-toGround (in.0 16.2 7.5 20.2 7.8 19.1 15.6 (cm) 9.4 9.6 19.1 10.4 25. *All clearances are measured from centerline of arrester per IEEE C62.6 4.9 12. ORDERING INFORMATION To order a Cooper Power Systems VariSTAR Type AZS arrester.7 17.9 (cm) 12.9 30.8 24.1 8. WI 53187 6 .7 17.7 7.7 (in.7 8.1 11. Box 1640.0 33.0 13.0 13. Dimensions for AZS100C series.2 13. (Example: AZS101M503R) VariSTAR® is a registered trademark of Cooper Industries. Inc.2 Outdoor Application Phase-toGround (in.4 28.9 6.0 9.1 8.0 7.2 5.9 Phase-toPhase (in.0 33.3 23.4 15.7 15.4 33.7 14.) 4.9 15. P. Specify the appropriate catalog number from Table 4.0 38.4 11. determine the voltage rating for the intended application using Table 1.0 15.) 3.7 6. change 0 after M in catalog number to 5.0 14. Contact the Cooper Power Systems sales engineer in your location for applications not listed. TABLE 4 Ordering Information Catalog Numbers: VariSTAR Type AZS Arrester Arrester Rating (kV rms) 3 6 9 10 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 36 With NEMA Crossarm Bracket* AZS101M003R AZS101M006R AZS101M009R AZS101M010R AZS101M012R AZS101M015R AZS101M018R AZS101M021R AZS101M024R AZS101M027R AZS101M030R AZS101M036R Without NEMA Crossarm Bracket* AZS100M003R AZS100M006R AZS100M009R AZS100M010R AZS100M012R AZS100M015R AZS100M018R AZS100M021R AZS100M024R AZS100M027R AZS100M030R AZS100M036R Transformer Mounting Bracket* AZS103M003R AZS103M006R AZS103M009R AZS103M010R AZS103M012R AZS103M015R AZS103M018R AZS103M021R AZS103M024R AZS103M027R Base Mounted (Without Isolator) AZS100C503 AZS100C506 AZS100C509 AZS100C510 AZS100C512 AZS100C515 AZS100C518 *Protective terminal cap option available.6 20.5 6.0 15.1 6.8 9.6 22. Inc.5 38. Isolator™ is a trademark of Cooper Industries.7 19.5 8.8 10.5 A Dimension A Figure 6.5 (cm) 8.1 31.2 6.2 7.) 11.1 (cm) 28.22. To order option.8 26.5 (cm) 13.) 3.1 Phase-toPhase (in.2 11.) 5.6 21.2 4.