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Sheet

Station 6 - Pilecap Type PC4 (Gridline 3/B)


Design code : BS8110 - 1997
Y
750

C12

General design parameters:


Given: dia = 750 mm d' = 101 mm Lo = 3.000 m fcu = 40 MPa fy = 500 MPa

500

X
250

Therefore: 2 2 Ac = pi d /4 = 441786.47 mm diax' = dia - d' = 649 mm diay' = dia - d' = 649 mm

Y
250 500 750 0

Assumptions: (1) The general conditions of clause 3.8.1 are applicable. (2) The section is symmetrically reinforced. (3) The specified design axial loads include the self-weight of the column. (4) The design axial loads are taken constant over the height of the column.

Design approach:

The column is designed using the following procedure: (1) The column design charts are constructed. (2) The design axis and design ultimate moment is determined . (3) The steel required for the design axial force and moment is read from the relevant design chart. (4) The area steel perpendicular to the design axis is read from the relevant design chart. (5) The procedure is repeated for each load case. (6) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the largest steel area about the design axis. Through inspection: Load case 2 (Tension) is critical.

Check column slenderness:

End fixity and bracing for bending about the X-X axis: At the top end: Condition 1 (fully fixed). At the bottom end: Condition 1 (fully fixed). The column is unbraced. x = 1.20 End fixity and bracing for bending about the Y-Y axis: At the top end: Condition 1 (fully fixed). At the bottom end: Condition 1 (fully fixed). The column is unbraced. y = 1.20 Effective column height: lex = x Lo = 3.600 m ley = y Lo = 3.600 m

Table 3.22

Table 3.22

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Sheet

Check if the column is slender: lex/dia = 4.8 < 10 ley/dia = 4.8 < 10 The column is short.

3.8.1.3

Initial moments:

The initial end moments about the X-X axis: M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm M2 = Larger initial end moment = 0.0 kNm The initial moment near mid-height of the column : Mi = -0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 0.0 kNm The column is bent in double curvature about the Y-Y axis: M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 250.0 kNm M2 = Larger initial end moment = 250.0 kNm The initial moment near mid-height of the column : Mi = -0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 250.0 kNm
3.8.3.7 3.8.3.7

Design ultimate load and moment:


Design axial load: Pu = -2500.0 kN

Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the X-X: At the top, Mx = 0.0 kNm Near mid-height, Mx = 0.0 kNm At the bottom, Mx = 0.0 kNm
Moments about X-X axis( kNm) Mxtop=0.0 kNm Mx=0.0 kNm Mxmin=84.0 kNm

Mxbot=0.0 kNm Initial Additional Design

Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the Y-Y: At the top, My = 250.0 kNm Near mid-height, My = 100.0 kNm At the bottom, My = 250.0 kNm

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Sheet

Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm) Mytop=200.0 kNm

My=200.0 kNm Mymin=84.0 kNm

Mybot=200.0 kNm Initial Additional Design


3.8.2.4

Check for miminum eccentricity: Check that the eccentricity excceeds the minimum in the plane of bending: Use emin = 20mm Mmin = -50.0 kNm about the Y-Y axis.

Design of column section for ULS:

Through inspection: The critical section lies at the top end of the column. The column is designed to withstand the uni-axially applied moment about the minor axis. For bending about the design axis:

18E3 16E3 14E3 12E3 10E3


Axial Load (kN)

8000 6000
200 400 600

1000

1200

1400

1600

1800

2000

2200

2400

2600

-2000 -4000 -6000 -8000 -10E3 Bending Moment (kNm)

Reinforcement required about the Y-Y axis: From the design chart, Asc = 8636 = 1.95% For bending perpendicular to the design axis:

2800

800

4000 2000

0%

1%

2%

3%

4%

5%

6%

3000 Moment max = 2440 kNm @ 3240kN

20E3

Column design chart

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Sheet

18E3 16E3 14E3 12E3 10E3


Axial Load (kN)

8000 6000
200 400 600

1000

1200

1400

1600

1800

2000

2200

2400

2600

-2000 -4000 -6000 -8000 -10E3 Bending Moment (kNm)

Reinforcement required about the X-X axis: From the design chart, Asc = 5750 = 1.30% Design chart for bending about any axis:
20E3 18E3 16E3 14E3 12E3 10E3
Axial Load (kN)

8000 6000 4000


200 400 600

0%
800

1%
1000

2%
1200 1400

3%
1600

4%
1800

5%
2000 2200

6%
2400 2600 2800

2000

-2000 -4000 -6000 -8000 -10E3 Bending Moment (kNm)

3000 Moment max = 2440 kNm @ 3240kN

Column design chart

2800

800

4000 2000

0%

1%

2%

3%

4%

5%

6%

3000 Moment max = 2440 kNm @ 3240kN

20E3

Column design chart

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Sheet

Summary of design calculations:


Design results for all load cases:
Load case 1 2 3 Axis X-X Y-Y X-X Y-Y X-X Y-Y N (kN) -2580.0 -2500.0 4200.0 M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design 0.0 200.0 0.0 250.0 0.0 250.0 0.0 200.0 0.0 250.0 0.0 250.0 0.0 200.0 0.0 250.0 0.0 250.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Y-Y Top Y-Y Top Y-Y Top M (kNm) M' (kNm) 0.0 200.0 0.0 250.0 0.0 250.0 200.0 250.0 250.0 Asc (mm 2 ) 8221 (1.86%) 8636 (1.95%) 1767 (0.40%)

Load case 2 (Tension) is critical.

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