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Outline of Presentation (Cont.)
Dr. Vicente C. Handa West Visayas State Universit
Lecture presented at the PASUC Intensive Training on Social Science Research, Banga, Aklan, May 24-28, 2010

• Review: Positivism and Its Influence in the Research Design • Continuation of the Lecture on Research Design
– – – – Experimental Correlational Causal-Comparative Survey

Outline of Presentation (Cont.)
• Positivism and Its Influence on Instrumentation • Other Research Paradigms: Symbolic Interactionism, Phenomenology, Hermeneutics • Qualitative Research Methodologies
– Ethnography – Phenomenology – Action Research --Historical Research --Narrative Inquiry

Outline of Presentation (Cont.)
• Data Collection Tools in Interpretative Research
• • • • • Interviews Focus Group Discussion Observation (Participant/Nonparticipant) Unobtrusive Measures: Artifacts, Documents Other data sources: portfolio, pictures, videos, etc.

Ask the audience
• • • • What did you learn yesterday? Insights? Questions? Confusions?

Positivism: A Review


weight. flowchart. aptitude test.5/25/2010 Research Designs Informed By Positivism • • • • Experimental Research Correlational Research Causal Comparative Research Survey Research Instrumentation • What is the role of instruments in quantitative/positivist research? • How to develop a valid and reliable instrument? • What possible instruments we can develop? Examples? What is the role of instruments in (quantitative/positivist) research? • To generate data –valid and reliable data “Data refers to the kinds of information researchers obtain on the subjects of their research. hieght) Possible Data Collection Instruments (Fraenkel & Wallen.. projective devices.. pp. 144) Important Characteristics of Instruments • Valid • Reliable • Objective (absence of subjective judgment—scoring) • Usable—practical use. 119-136) • Researcher-completed instruments (e. rating scale. anecdotal record. product rating scale. observation form. scores) – Ratio (posses actual/true zero point—temp. 2006. p. selfchecklist. time-and-motion log) • Subject-completed instrument (e. personality inventories. performance test.” “Instrumentation refers to the entire process of collecting data in a research investigation” (Fraenkel & Wallen 2006. sociometric devices) • Unobtrusive measures • • 2 . easy to use) Consider this • What can kind of data your instrument generate? Four types of measurement scales: – Nominal/categorical – Ordinal/Rank – Interval (equal difference bet. behavior rating scale. interview schedule.g.g. attitude scale. achievement test. tally sheet. questionnaires.

5/25/2010 CONSTRUCTIONISM ONCE YOU HAVE THE DATA. STATISTICS CAN NOW TAKE CARE. Interpretivism: Symbolic interactionism Phenomenology Hermeneutics Research Methodologies Informed by Interpretivism • • • • • • Ethnography Grounded theory Phenomenological research Narrative inquiry Action research Historical research Sources of Data/ Data Collection Tools • Interview/ Focus group interview • Observation: Participant and otherwise • Unobtrosive measures Interview • What is interview? What are its types? • How to prepare for interview? • What is an interview guide? Why openended questions are desirable? • What to do before the interview? • What to do during the interview? • What is focus group interview? • What to do after the interview? Observation: Participant and Otherwise 3 .

5/25/2010 Other Sources of Data Portfolio Artifacts Documents Internet Resources Photographs Videos Journals 4 .