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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

PAGODA CABLES PVT. LTD. 1/58, STREET NO: 3, VISHWAS NAGAR, SHAHDARA, DELHI 110 032. (INDIA) TEL/FAX : 91-11-22392801, 22385391. Email : pagoda @del2.vsnl.net.in

CONTENTS:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. ABOUT PAGODA PRODUCT RANGE SELECTION OF CABLES QUALITY ASSURANCE PLAN DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION FRLS SHEATHED CABLES. TABLES ON TECHNICAL DATA: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 CONDUCTOR RESISTANCE REACTANCE. CAPACITANCE 1.5 SQ.MM. UPTO 61 CORES, ARMOURED/UNARMOURED CONTROL CABLES. 2.5 SQ.MM. UPTO 61 CORES, ARMOURED/UNARMOURED CONTROL CABLES. SINGLE CORE COPPER CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. TWO CORE COPPER CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. THREE CORE COPPER CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. THREE & HALF CORE COPPER CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. FOUR CORE COPPER CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. TWO CORE COPPER CONDUCTOR ARMOURED CABLES. THREE CORE COPPER CONDUCTOR ARMOURED CABLES. THREE & HALF CORE COPPER CONDUCTOR ARMOURED CABLES. FOUR CORE COPPER CONDUCTOR ARMOURED CABLES. SINGLE CORE ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. TWO CORE ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. THREE CORE ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. THREE & HALF CORE ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. FOUR CORE ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR UNARMOURED CABLES. TWO CORE ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR ARMOURED CABLES. THREE CORE ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR ARMOURED CABLES. THREE & HALF CORE ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR ARMOURED CABLES. FOUR CORE ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR ARMOURED CABLES.

RATING FACTORS. OVERLOAD & SHORT CIRCUIT CAPACITY FORMULA FOR CALCULATING VOLTAGE DROP . RECOMMENDATION FOR INSTALLATION. RECOMMENDED "PAGODA" CABLE FOR MO TORS. CURRENT FOR AC MOTORS. CONVERSION TABLE. GLOSSARY OF TERMS

1.

ABOUT PAGODA.
Pagoda Cables Pvt. Ltd. is one of the renowned manufacturers of cables in the Cable Industry in India. Our range encompasses a large variety of wires & cables including Flexible Cables, Control & Power Cables (Unarmoured & Armoured), Telephone Cables (Unarmoured & Armoured), Submersible Cables, Data Flow Cables, Instrumentation Cables, Coaxial Cables, Compensating cables and FRLS cables.

Our Quality Assurance department performs regular checks on quality of cables online & offline to deliver high quality of cables. Pagoda Cables has established a favorable image in the eyes of people for reliability and commitment.

2.

OUR PRODUCT RANGE


*Single Core Unarmoured/Armoured Cables upto 630 Sq.mm conforming to IS:1554 [Pt-I]:88. *Two Core, Three Core, Three & Half Core and Four Core Unarmoured/Armoured Power Cables upto 400 Sq.mm. conforming toIS:1554[Pt-I]:88. *Multicore Unarmoured/Armoured Control Cables upto 61 cores in 1.5 Sq.mm. & 2.5 Sq.mm. conforming to IS: 1554 [PT-I] : 88. * FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound Sheathed Unarmoured/Armoured Cables

SELECTION OF CABLE
The following points should be taken into consideration before selecting any particular size and type of cable.

[1] The System of Power & Voltage Source where the cable are being used. [2] Conditions of Installation at site. [3] Current Carrying Capacity of the cable. [4] Voltage Drop of the cable. [5] Short Circuit Capacity of the cable.

3.

QUALITY ASSURANCE PLAN.


We have a vigorous Quality Manual Plan comprising testing of incoming material , in line checks during production and final testing. The quality manual program is regularly reviewed to upgrade it. Our laboratory is equipped with all the instruments to ensure that the various tests required under different specification are conducted before cables are cleared for despatch. Each consignment of cables is despatched to the customer with test report results of tests conducted in our laboratory. The details of tests conducted on raw material, in process and on final stage are given below:-

TEST ON RAW MATERIALS


Raw materials are procured from approved vendors. Testing on raw material starts from vendor's end. The raw material are received along with the vendor's test report. The following tests conducted to test the raw material/verify the vendor's test report.

1.Conductor:Tests are conducted on conductor as per IS:8130:1984. Apart from these tests, if customers requires any other additional test. Those tests are also conducted. i) Conductor Resistance : 100% with the help of Kelvin Double Bridge for wire up to 0.4mm. diameter. Finer wires by sampling of 10% on lot basis.

ii) Conductor Elongation

100% on Tensile Testing machine for wires upto 0.4mm Diameter. Finer wires by sampling of 10% on lot basis.

iii) Solder Bath/Persulphate


(For Tinned conductors only)

100% for wires up to 0.4mm. Diameter Finer wires by sampling of 10% on lot basis.

iv) Wrapping Test

100% Wrapping is done manually.

(For Aluminium Conductor Only)

v) Tensile Strength

100% on Tensile Testing Machine.

(For Aluminium Conductor Only)

2. P.V.C. Compound.
Tests are conducted on PVC Compound are as per IS:5831:1984. Apart from these tests, if customers requires any other additional tests. Those tests are also conducted. Sample of every consignment is first run on trial basis and following tests are conducted: -

4.

i)

Insulation Resistance

With Mega Ohms Meter.

ii)

Elongation

With Tensile Testing Machine.

iii)

Tensile Strength

With Tensile Testing Machine.

iv)

Spark Testing

With on line Spark Testers.

v)

High Voltage Test

With High Voltage Tester.

vi)

Thermal Stability Test

With Oven & PH Paper.

vii)

Oxygen & Temperature Index

With Oxygen Test Appartus Specification - ASTM -D 2863.

[For FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound]

viii) Smoke Density Test

With Smoke Density Test Appartus Specification -ASTM - D 2843

[For FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound].

ix)

HCL Gas Generation Test

With HCL Gas Emission Test Appartus Specification IEC-754-1.

[For FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound]

TYPE TESTS :i) Bleeding & Blooming : With Bleeding & Blooming tape and HST Oven.

ii)

Ageing

With Ageing Oven.

iii)

Hot Deformation

With Hot Deformation Apparatus.

iv)

Loss of Mass

With Electronic Balance & Additional Ageing Oven with Air Flow.

3. STEEL STRIP/WIRE:We procure ISI marked G.I. wire & Strips conforming to IS:3975. However, the following Tests are conducted

5.

i) ii) iii)

Dimension Tensile Strength Dip Test

: : :

100% with Micrometer and Vernier Callipers. 100% with Tensile Testing Machine. with Dip Tester.

IN PROCESS TESTING
PROCESS
a) CONDUCTOR STRANDING 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5

TESTS
Dimension of Conductor. Lay Length & Direction of Lay. Surface and Shape of Conductor D.C. Resistance. Dimension of Core. Insulation Thickness. Eccentricity of Insulation Wall. Spark Test. Sequence of Cores. Lay Length & Direction of Lay. Laid Up Diameter. Circularity of Cable. High Voltage Test. Conductor Resistance Test. Surface. Concentricity. Thickness. Diameter Over Inner Sheath. High Voltage Test. Conductor Resistance Test. Number & Size of Wire/Strip. Lay Length & Direction of Lay. Dia. Over Armouring. Uniformity & Circularity of Cable. High Voltage Test. Conductor Resistance Test. Surface. Concentricity. Thickness. Overall Diameter. Embossing with requisite Information on outer sheath.

b)

INSULATION [PVC EXTRUSION]

c)

LAYING OF CORES.

d)

INNER SHEATH [PVC EXTRUSION]

e)

ARMOURING

f)

OUTER SHEATH [PVC EXTRUSION]

6.

All the cables drums leaving "Pagoda" works undergo the following tests at final stage of manufacturer:

ROUTINE TESTS
i) ii) iii) Conductor Resistance Test High Voltage Test. Armour Resistance Test (For Mining Cable)

ACCEPTANCE TESTS
i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) xi) Conductor Resistance Test Annealing Test [For Copper] Tensile strength Test [For Aluminium] Wrapping Test [For Aluminium] Thickness of Insulation, Inner sheath & Outer Sheath. Tensile Strength & Elongation Test of Insulation & Outer Sheath. Insulation Resistance Test. High Voltage Test at Room Temperature Test. Oxygen & Temperature Index test [For FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound Insulation & Sheath.] Smoke Density Test[For FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound Insulation & Sheath.] HCL Gas Generation Test[For FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound Insulation & Sheath.]

TYPE TESTS
i) Conductor Resistance Test ii) Annealing Test [For Copper] iii) Tensile strength Test [For Aluminium] iv) Wrapping Test [For Aluminium] v) Thickness of Insulation, Inner sheath & Outer Sheath. vi) Tensile Strength & Elongation Test of Insulation & Outer Sheath. vii) Ageing in air Oven of Insulation & Outer Sheath. viii) Shrinkage Test of Insulation & Outer Sheath. ix) Thermal Stability Test of Insulation & Outer Sheath. x) Hot Deformation Test of Insulation & Outer Sheath. xi) Heat shock Test of Insulation & Outer Sheath. xii) Loss of Mass Test of Insulation & Outer Sheath. xiii) Oxygen & Temperature Index [For FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound Insulation & Sheath.] xiv) Smoke Density Test[For FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound Insulation & Sheath.] xv) HCL Gas Generation Test[For FRLS PVC / FRHF Compound Insulation & Sheath.] xvi) Test for Armouring Wires/strips. xvii) Insulation Resistance Test. xviii) High Voltage Test [Water Immersion & at Room temperature] xix) Flammability Test.

OPTIONAL TESTS
i) ii) Iii) Cold Bend Test. Cold Impact Test. Armour Resistance Test [for other than Mining Cable]

7.

Cable Design & Construction


IS:1554(Pt-I) : 88
Armoured and Unarmoured Single Core, Twin Core, Three Core and Multicore Copper or Aluminium conductor PVC Insulated & Sheathed cables for Electric supply and control purposes for use on AC voltage upto & including 1100 V or DC upto & including 1500 V to earth.

Conductor:
The most acceptable metals for conductors are Copper or Aluminium due to their high conductivity and ductility. Therefore, Conductor material normally employed in PVC Cables are O, H2, or H4 EC grade Aluminium or high conductivity annealed copper or annealed tinned copper conforming in all respect to IS: 8130:84. As Copper gets higher affinity with Sulphur, it corrodes in the atmostphere where Sulphur fumes are present. In these conditions, tinned copper shall be used. Power Cables are mostly manufactured with Aluminium .Use of Copper has been restricted to Control Cables, Signalling Cables and Mining Cables as per Govt. Directives. The most economic construction for conductor is solid conductor. As area of conductor increases, solid conductor becomes more stiff and hence difficult to handle. In this connection Stranded Construction is adopted i.e.made of number of strands, arranged in spiral layers in 1+6+12+18+24......formations. Shaping of conductor is necessary in making Multicore Cables sizes above 10.0 Sq.mm. In aluminium & 6.0 mm in copper conductor to obtain compact and economic design. Here, Stranded Conductors are shaped into a segment of a circle so that when all cores are laid , they form a complete circle.

Insulation:
The PVC covering over conductor is called "INSULATION". It is a specially formulated best quality, high grade of Poly Vinyl Chloride conforming to IS 5831:84 and is applied by Extrusion process only. It is resistant to moisure, oils, alkalies, good dielectric and having high Insulation Resistance values, Fire Retarding, Permanent Colours .

Properties of General Purpose PVC Compound:


S.No. 1. 2. Properties Specific Gravity 2 Tensile Strength(N/mm ) 8. Values 1.3 - 1.45 16.0to18.5

CompressionStrength 0.75-1.25 Elongation % 220-300 HardnessRockwell(ShoreA) 50-100 4 ThermalConductivity10 3-4 0 Cal/Sec/Sq.Cm./1( C/Cm.) 7. SpecificHeat,Cal/0C/gm. 0.3-0.5 0 8. ThermalResistitvity, C.Cm./W 600-650 9. DielectricConstant,50-60Cycle 5-6 10. DielectricStrengthKV/mm. 20-40 12 11. VolumeResistivity10 Ohm-Cm. 10-1000 12. DissipationFactor,50-60Cycle 0.10-0.15 ___________________________________________________________________________

3. 4. 5. 6.

PVC Compound is made of PVC resin, blended with Plastisizers, Stablizers, fillers, Lubricants, Antioxidant and certain special purpose additives to improve processability Electrical, Mechanical, Thermal and Chemical Propertiesandalsootherspecial requirements. We also provide Heat Resistance (H.R.) PVC Compound Flame Retardent low smoke (FRLS) PVC Compound & Flame Retardent Halogen Free (FRHF) Compund insulation on special requirement.

IdentificationofCores:
TheInsulatedcoresareidentifiedwithacolourscheme as per IS:1554[Pt-I]-1988as follows: NoOfCores 1 2 3 4 5 CoreColour Red,Black,Yellow Blue or natural (non-pigmented) Red&Black Red,Yellow&Blue. Red,Yellow,Blue&Black. Red,Yellow,Blue,Black&Grey.

In case of cable exceeding five cores, two adjacent [Counting and direction core] in each layer shall be colored Blue, Yellow and remaining cores grey or Cores can also be identified by numbers printed on that of same colour. In case of four cores cables with reduced neutral conductor[Usually termed as 3 Core Cable] three main coresarecolouredRed,YellowandBlueandthereducedneutralcoreshallbeblack.

LayingupofCores:
Thecoresarelaidupwithasuitablelay.Thefinallayerhasalwaysarighthandlay.

9.

InnerSheath:
Inner sheath is provided over laid up of cores. It is provided to give Circular Shape of the cable and it provides beddingfor the armouring. IS:1554(Pt-I) - 88 permits following two methods of applying the Inner Sheath of thermoplastic material i.e. PVC,Polyethyleneetc., Whichisnotharder than insulation. ExtrudedInnersheath : Here the innersheath is provided by extrusion of thermoplastic a) overthelaidupofcores TappedInnersheath : Here theinnersheathis provided by wrapping at hermoplastic tape. (b)

Armouring:
Armouring material is conforming to IS:3975. In order to protect the cable against Mechanical Damages , armouring of steel wire/strip is provided. It provides mechanical protection to inside of cores and it carries earth ReturnCurrent incaseofshortcircuitofacorewitharmour.AsperIS:1554(Pt-I)-88, RoundWirearmouringisprovided incablewherecalculateddiameterunderarmourisupto13mm.Abovethisthearmouriseithersteelwireorsteelstrip of size 4.00X0.80 mm. As strip construction is economical, the manufacture always provides steel strip armouring unlesswirearmouringisspecified. In long run of cable and in case of Mines, the round wire armour is must as strip construction provides, higher resistance to Earthfault Current and some times this current may not be sufficient to operate the circuit breaker in caseofearthfault. In case of cables for use in mines, the resistance of armour shall not exceed that of the conductor of main by more than 33 percent for safety reasons. To achieve this, sometimes tinned hard drawn copper is used along with the galvanised steel Wires/Strips.Sometimes two layers of steel wires are provided to give extra protection. In case of Single core armoured cables used in A.C. System, the material has to be non magnetic for armouring as in this case of return current is not passing through the same cable. Hence it will not cancel the magneticlines producedbycurrent.Thesemagneticlines whichareoscillatingincaseofA.C.systemswillgiveriseto eddy currents in magnetic armouring and hence armouring will become hot, and this may lead to failure of the cable. Generally hard drawn aluminium wires/ strips are used for armouring in this case . In D.C. System, Steel wires/strips armouringisused.

Outer Sheath :
In order to protect the cable from moisure and other chemical erosions, a final covering of PVC compound is applied over armouring in case of armoured cable and over inner sheath in case of unarmoured cable called as "Outer Sheath". Sometimes this outer sheath is required to be special compound to resist from termites, acids, fungis,rodentetc.,weprovidethesame. IS:1554(Pt-I)-88specifiesnominalthickness and minimum thickness ofoutersheath for Unarmoured cables and minimum thickness ofoutersheath for Armoured Cables. It permits the following types of PVCcompound for sheathing. 0 [i] Outer Sheath with type ST1 PVC Compound as per IS:5831-84 which is suitable for 70 C continuous operation. 0 [ii] Outer Sheath with type ST2 PVC Compound as per IS:5831-84 which is suitable for 85 C continuous operation.

10.

Instead of above two, we also provide flame Retardent Low Smoke (FRLS) PVC compound &

Flame Retardent Halogen Free (FRHF) Compound sheathed cable on special requirement.

CodesforCableDesignation:
PVC Cables are designed as per the requirement of relevant IS specification. Following is the scheme of nomenclature. A - Aluminium Conductor when first letter of type designation. When type designation does not begin with A the cable has copper conductor. Y - When at first or second place in type designation, it stands for PVC W - Round Steel Wire Armouring. F - Flat Steel Strip Armouring. WW - Steel Double Round Wire Armouring. FF - Steel Flat Double Strip Armouring. YWY means Copper Conductor, PVC insulated, Round Wire Armoured and PVC Sheathed Cable.
AYFYmeansAluminiumConductor, PVCInsulated,SteelStripArmouredandPVCOuterSheathed.

PAGODAFLAMERETARDANTLOWSMOKECABLES

Power Cable
Steel Strip, armoured

TYPICAL EXAMPLES OF DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION AS PER IS:1554


IS Specification Conductor : EC grade Aluminium Insulation : PVC type A or C Inner Sheath : PVC type ST1 nor ST2 Armour : Galvanised Steel strip Outer Sheath : PVC type ST1 or St2 5831 3975 5831 5831 8130 Conductor : High conductivity Grade copper Insulation : PVC type A or C Inner Sheath : PVC type ST1 nor ST2 Armour : Galvanised Steel strip Outer Sheath : PVC type ST1 or ST2

Control Cable
Steel Strip, armoured

CLASSIFICATION OF PVC COMPOUND Type Application Max.Conductor 0 A Insulation 70 C 0 C Insulation 85 C 0 ST1 Sheath 70 C 0 ST2 Sheath 85 C

11.

In modern Power, Chemical, Fertilizers, Cements Plants etc. and Public Places such as Hospitals, Railway Station, High Rise CommercialComplexes, Theatres,Airportsetc.manyPVCcablesarebunchedinacableshaftoronacabletrays.Incaseoffirein thesecables,thefirebecomesselfsustaining.MoreverduetoburningofPVC,adensecorrosivesmokeisemittedwhichmakesfire fighting very difficult, due to poor visibility and toxic nature of gas. HCL contents of the smoke, not only damages other costly equipmentlyingnearby,butalsopenetratestheRCCandcorrodesthesteelreinforcement.Duetothis,thereisextensivedamage totheproperty.Therefore,phenomenonoffirehasalwaysbeenamatterofseriousconcernandbehaviourofcableunderthefire. The phenomenon of fire has always been a matter of serious concern and the performance of electric cables in fire situation is becoming increasingly important, because every year innumberable persons die in fire and causing disasters to human life and property. Investigations have proved that under fire situations PVC emits large quantities of smoke and corrosive fumesmakingvirtuallyimpossibleforfirefightingandrescueoperations.

FRLS PVC SHEATHEDCABLES


FRLScablesincorporatesthefollowingfeatures: 1. No fire propogation. 2. Flame Retardancy. 3. Low Acid Emission - Normal cables smoke when combines with air moisture produces large amount of highly corrosive acids imposing threat to life and property while FRLS cables produces less smoke reducing the threat to life and property. 4. Lowsmokeemission. To overcome these problems, "PAGODA" has also successfully developed, tested and manufactured new generation FRLS[Flame Retardent Low Smoke] Cables. These cables with special PVC formulation material prevents the propagation of flame along the length when exposed to fire. In addition, these cables emit low smoke and halogen emission is also reduced under fire conditions. These properties help immense fire fighting operation and prevention of further loss to costly equipment to which cablesareconnected.

Advantagesof"PAGODAFRLS PVC SHEATHED CABLES" CABLES UnderFireConditions:


i) ii) iii) Increasedresistancetoignitionrelativeofhigheroxygenindexandtemperatureindex. Volume of smoke and corrosive fumes is minimised because of special composition of protective insulation material, having lowestrateofdecompositionandthuspreventsdamagetoproperty. Due to emission of less smoke, low acid emission and low toxic gas emission, damage to property and loss of life is minimised makingfirefightingeasy.

SPECIFICATION

TEST

AIM

TYPICALVALUES FRLS CABLES

ASTM-D 2863

Oxygen Index

To determine at room temp, the % Index of oxygen needed to burn the insulating material To determine temp. At which 21% Oxygen in the air will burn the insulating material.

More than 29 %

ASTM-D 2863 & BICC Handbook Chp. No. 6 ASTM-D 2843

Temperature Index

More than 250 C

Smoke Density

To determine the visibility in case the Insulating Material ever catches fire. (Transmission of Light) To determine the amount of Hydro Chloric, Hydro-Flouric and Halogen Acid Gases produced from burning of Insulating Material.

More than 40%

IEC 754-1

Acid Gas Generation

Less than 20%

12.

TABLE - 1

COMPOSITION & MAX RESISTANCE OF CONDUCTOR, CLASS I (SOLID) & CLASS 2 (STRANDED) FOR SINGLE CORE & MULTICORE CABLES. AS PER IS - 8130/1984
MINIMUM NO. OF WIRES IN THE CONDUCTOR Class 2 (Stranded) Circular Conductor Non-Compacted
Sq. mm. 1.5 2.5 4 6 10 16 25 35 50 70 95 120 150 185 240 300 400 500 630 Cu/AI 1 1 1 1 ------------------------------Cu 3 3 7 7 7 7 7 7 19 19 19 37 37 37 61 61 61 61 91 AI 3 3 7 7 7 7 7 7 19 19 19 37 37 37 61 61 61 61 91

Max. D.C. Resistance at 20 C Ohms/Km. Copper Conductor


Plain wires 12.1 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.83 1.15 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0601 0.0470 0.0366 0.0283 Tinned wires 12.2 7.56 4.70 3.11 1.84 1.16 0.734 0.529 0.391 0.270 0.195 0.154 0.126 0.100 0.0762 0.0607 0.0475 0.0369 0.0286 18.1 12.1 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.91 1.20 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778 0.0605 0.0469

Circular Compacted or shaped


Cu --------6 6 6 6 6 12 15 18 18 30 34 34 53 53 53 AI --------6 6 6 6 6 12 15 18 18 30 34 34 53 53 53

Aluminium Conductor

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TABLE - 2

REACTANCE
APPROXIMATE REACTANCE AT 50 HZ. (Ohm/Km.) 1.1 KV PVC & HR PVC CABLES
NOMINAL AREA OF CONDUCTOR (SQ. MM.) 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0 SINGLE CORE UNARMOURED 0.167 0.156 0.147 0.137 0.126 0.116 0.111 0.105 0.0984 0.0934 0.0914 0.0878 0.0866 0.0852 0.0834 0.0830 0.0815 ARMOURED ------------------0.163 0.152 0.139 0.130 0.122 0.116 0.108 0.105 0.100 0.0962 0.0945 0.0924 0.0908 0.0902 0.0879 0.109 0.105 0.101 0.0949 0.0890 0.0859 0.0842 0.0824 0.0794 0.0764 0.0761 0.0738 0.0738 0.0737 0.0732 0.0729 0.0725 MULTI CORE

14

CAPACITANCE
NOMINAL AREA OF CONDUCTOR (SQ. MM.) 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0

TABLE - 3

APPROXIMATE CAPACITANCE (MICRO FARADS/KM.) 1.1 KV PVC & HR PVC CABLES.


SINGLE CORE UNARMOURED 0.43 0.52 0.57 0.67 0.83 0.97 1.00 1.15 1.26 1.32 1.36 1.49 1.52 1.53 1.54 1.60 1.70 ARMOURED ------------------------------------------------------0.83 0.95. 0.95 1.12 1.17 1.28 1.32 1.30 1.37 1.40 1.50 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.22 0.24 0.24 0.26 0.26 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.29 TWO CORE THREE & HALF & FOUR CORE 0.35 0.41 0.46 0.52 0.63 0.82 0.86 0.98 1.00 1.16 1.18 1.31 1.28 1.30 1.34 1.37 1.43

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TABLE - 4
IS: 1554

TYPE - 1.5 SQ.MM. MULTI CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, ARMOURED/UNARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - YY/YWY/YFY
Number of cores Nominal Thickness of Insulation Min. Thickness of Inner Sheath Nominal Galvanised Galvanised Sheath Flat Round Thickness Steel Steel for Strip Wire UnarmNominal Nominal oured Thickness Diameter mm 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 --------mm -------0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 ARMOUR Minimum Sheath Thickness for Armoured Approx. Over All Diameter Unarmoured Armoured Approx. Weight of Cables Unarm Armou oured red Max. DC Conductor Resistance at 0 20 C

PART - I
Current Ratings Direct in ground In Ducts In Air

No. 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 12 14 16 19 24 30 37 61

mm 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

mm 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.56

mm 10.4 10.9 11.7 12.6 13.4 13.4 16.5 17.0 17.7 19.0 19.9 23.0 24.2 26.0 32.7

mm 12.0 12.7 13.3 14.2 15.0 15.0 18.2 17.3 18.3 19.1 20.0 23.0 24.3 26.6 33.0

Kg/Km 170 195 225 275 325 345 460 520 580 680 780 950 1150 1350 2100

Kg/Km 390 430 480 560 625 645 810 815 885 980 1100 1300 1540 1800 2670

Ohm/Km 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1

Amps. 23 21 21 21 15 14 13 12 11 11 10 9 9 8 7

Amps. 20 17 17 17 13 13 11 10 10 9 9 8 7 7 6

Amps. 20 17 17 17 13 13 11 10 10 9 9 8 7 7 6

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TABLE - 5
TYPE - 2.5 sq.mm. MULTI CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, ARMOURED/UNARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - YY/YWY/YFY
Number oif cores Nominal Thickness of Insulation Min. Thickness of Inner Sheath Nominal Galvanised Galvanised Sheath Thickness Round Flat for Steel Steel UnarmWire Strip oured Nominal Nominal cables thickness Diameter mm 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 --------mm -------0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 ARMOUR Minimum sheath Thickness for Armoured cables Approx. Over All Diameter Unarm oured Armou red Approx. Weight of Cables Unarm oured Armou red Max. DC Conductor Resistance at 20 C mm 11.6 12.2 13.1 14.2 15.2 15.2 19.3 19.8 20.8 21.9 22.9 26.6 28.1 30.8 38.1 mm 13.2 13.8 14.7 15.8 16.8 16.8 19.4 20.0 20.9 21.9 23.0 26.6 28.6 30.8 38.0 Kg/Km 210 254 305 356 415 445 615 710 790 900 1025 1275 1520 1850 2910 Kg/Km 460 515 590 665 740 755 940 1014 1130 1240 1380 1730 2000 2350 3600 Amps. 32 27 27 27 20 20 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 9 Amps. 27 24 24 24 18 17 15 14 13 13 12 11 10 10 8 Amps. 27 24 24 24 18 17 15 14 13 13 12 11 10 10 8

IS: 1554

PART - I
Current Ratings Direct in ground In Ducts In Air

No. 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 12 14 16 19 24 30 37 61

mm 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

mm 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.56 1.56 1.56

Ohm/Km 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41 7.41

17

TABLE - 6
TYPE - SINGLE CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - YY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance AT 20 C 2 Cables Sq. mm 1.5* 2.5* 4.0* 6.0* 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0 500.0 630.0 800.0 1000.0 mm 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.4 mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.8 mm 6.70 7.40 8.00 8.50 9.30 10.80 12.50 13.70 15.80 17.80 19.70 21.80 23.40 25.50 28.60 32.00 36.50 40.20 43.50 50.00 55.00 Kg/Km 55 80 100 130 170 240 260 440 610 840 1090 1300 1600 2000 2550 3200 4200 5250 6400 8200 10200 Ohm/Km 12.10 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.83 1.15 0.727 0.525 0.384 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0601 0.0470 0.0366 0.0283 0.0221 0.0176 Amps. 22 35 46 57 75 94 125 150 180 220 265 300 340 380 420 465 500 540 590 668 733 3 Cables Amps. 22 30 39 49 65 85 110 130 155 190 220 250 280 305 345 375 400 425 470 533 585 2 Cables Amps. 23 31 42 54 72 92 120 140 165 200 230 255 280 305 340 370 405 430 465 527 579 3 Cables Amps. 21 29 38 48 64 83 110 125 150 175 200 220 245 260 285 310 335 355 375 425 467 24 32 43 54 72 92 125 155 190 235 275 310 345 390 445 500 570 610 680 832 879 20 27 35 44 60 82 110 130 165 205 245 280 320 370 425 475 550 590 660 808 853 2 Cables Amps. 3 Cables Amps. Current Ratings Direct in ground In Duct In Air

IS: 1554

PART - I

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

18

TABLE - 7
IS: 1554

TYPE - TWO CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - YY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max DC Conductor Resistance At 20 C

PART - I

Current Ratings
Direct in Ground Amps. 41 50 70 90 115 140 165 205 245 285 320 360 425 480 In Duct In Air

Sq. mm 4*
1.5 6* 2.5 10 4.0 16 6.0 10.0 25 16.0 35 25.0 50 35.0 70 50.0 95 70.0 120 95.0 120.0 150 150.0 185 185.0 240 240.0 300.0 300 400.0

mm 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5

mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.6

mm 13.0 14.5 15.6 16.5 19.4 21.0 23.7 26.3 30.4 32.8 35.8 39.3 44.5 49.1

Kg/Km 297 375 475 562 790 1033 1370 1766 2375 2985 3470 4328 5465 6786

Ohm/Km 4.61 3.08 1.83 1.15 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0601

Amps. 35 45 58 75 97 120 145 180 215 235 270 300 345 385

Amps. 35 45 60 78 105 125 155 195 230 265 305 350 410 465

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

19

TABLE - 8
IS: 1554

TYPE - THREE CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - YY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max DC Conductor Resistance At 20 C

PART - I

Current Ratings
Direct in Ground Amps. 36 45 60 77 99 120 145 175 210 240 270 300 345 385 In Duct In Air

Sq. mm 4*
1.5 6* 2.5 10 4.0 16 6.0 10.0 25 16.0 35 25.0 50 35.0 50.0 70 95 70.0 120 95.0 120.0 150 150.0 185 185.0 240 240.0 300.0 300 400.0

mm 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6

mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.0

mm 13.7 14.8 16.5 17.8 21.2 21.3 26.1 29.7 33.7 36.7 40.6 44.9 51.0 56.5

Kg/Km 393 510 620 735 1095 1355 1850 2500 3400 4200 5200 6200 8000 9900

Ohm/Km 4.61 3.08 1.83 1.15 0.727 0.524 0.384 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0601

Amps. 30 38 50 64 81 99 125 150 175 195 225 255 295 335

Amps. 30 39 52 60 90 110 135 165 200 230 265 305 355 400

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

20

TABLE - 9
TYPE - THREE & HALF CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION : COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - YY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx Overall Diameter Approx Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor 0 Resistance at 20 C Main Neutral

IS: 1554

PART - I

Current Ratings
Direct in Ground In Ducts In Air

Main Sq. mm. 25 35 50 70 95 120 150 185 240 300

Neutral Sq. mm 16 16 25 35 50 70 70 95 120 150

Main mm 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4

Neurtral mm 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 mm 2.00 2.00 2.20 2.20 2.20 2.40 2.40 2.60 3.00 3.20 mm 23.90 26.20 29.50 33.50 37.50 41.20 43.80 47.70 56.60 62.50 Kg/Km 1313 1600 2230 3020 3975 4960 6020 7420 9440 11670 Ohm/km 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0601 Ohm/km 1.150 1.150 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 Amps 99 120 145 175 210 240 270 300 345 385 Amps 81 99 125 150 175 195 225 255 295 335 Amps 90 110 135 165 200 230 265 305 355 400

21

TABLE - 10
TYPE - FOUR CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - YY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance 0 AT 20 C Current Ratings Direct in ground In Duct In Air

IS: 1554

PART - I

Sq. mm 4* 6* 10 16 25 35 50 70 95 120 150 185 240 300

mm 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7

mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.2

mm 14.8 16.0 17.9 20.3 23.9 26.0 30.1 33.9 38.6 42.5 47.0 52.2 58.9 65.3

Kg./Km 368 488 707 945 1418 1850 2540 3430 4450 5570 6910 7612 10840 13425

Ohm/Km 4.61 3.08 1.83 1.15 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0470

Amps. 36 45 60 77 99 120 145 175 210 240 270 300 345 385

Amps. 30 38 50 64 81 99 125 150 175 195 225 255 295 335

Amps. 30 39 52 66 90 110 135 165 200 230 265 305 355 400

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

22

TABLE - 11
TYPE - TWO CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED GI WIRE/STRIP ARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED. CABLE CODE - YWY/YFY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath ARMOUR Galvanised Round Steel Wire Nominal Diameter mm 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 ----------------------------------------Galvanised at Steel Strip Nominal Thickness mm ----------------0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 Minimum Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance 0 AT 20 C

IS: 1554

PART - I
Current Ratings Direct in ground In Duct In Air

Sq. mm 4* 6* 10 16 25 35 50 70 95 120 150 185 240 300

mm 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5

mm 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.56 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.88

mm 14.50 15.60 17.10 16.50 17.80 19.30 22.00 24.00 27.00 29.00 32.40 35.60 39.60 43.70

Kg./Km 585 655 824 918 1070 1333 1660 2121 2770 3320 3996 4930 6170 7562

Ohm/Km 4.61 3.08 1.83 1.15 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0601

Amps. 41 50 70 90 115 140 165 205 240 275 310 350 405 450

Amps. 35 44 58 75 97 120 145 180 215 235 270 300 345 385

Amps. 35 45 60 78 105 125 155 195 230 265 305 350 410 465

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

23

TABLE - 12
TYPE - THREE CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED GI WIRE/STRIP ARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED. CABLE CODE - YWY/YFY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath ARMOUR Galvanised Round Steel Wire Nominal Diameter mm 1.40 1.40 1.40 --------------------------------------------Galvanised Flat Steel Strip Nominal Thickness mm ------------0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 Minimum Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance 0 AT 20 C

IS: 1554

PART - I
Current Ratings Direct in ground In Duct In Air

Sq. mm 4* 6* 10 16 25 35 50 70 95 120 150 185 240 300

mm 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6

mm 1.24 1.24 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.56 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.72 1.88 2.04

mm 15.2 16.4 18.2 17.8 20.8 22.8 26.0 29.2 33.2 35.7 39.6 43.5 48.7 54.0

Kg./Km 660 740 970 1080 1390 1700 2250 3000 3900 4700 5700 6900 8700 10700

Ohm/Km 4.61 3.08 1.83 1.15 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0601

Amps. 36 45 60 77 99 120 145 175 210 240 270 300 345 385

Amps. 30 38 50 64 81 99 125 150 175 195 225 255 295 335

Amps. 30 39 52 66 90 110 135 165 200 230 265 305 355 400

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

24

TABLE - 13
TYPE - THREE & HALF CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, GI STRIP ARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - YFY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath ARMOUR Galv. Flat Steel Strip Nominal Thickness mm 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 Minimum Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx Overall Diameter Approx Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor 0 Resistance at 20 C Main Neutral

IS: 1554

PART - I

Current Ratings
Direct in Ground In Ducts In Air

Main

Neutral

Main mm 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4

Neutral mm 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6

Sq. mm. Sq. mm 25 35 50 70 95 120 150 185 240 300 16 16 25 35 50 70 70 95 120 150

mm 1.4 1.4 1.56 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.88 2.04 2.20 2.36

mm 23.0 25.3 29.5 32.8 37.2 40.5 45.0 49.5 55.6 61.5

kg/km 1610 1970 2680 3520 4425 5540 6570 8020 10200 12500

Ohm/km 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0601

Ohm/km 1.150 1.150 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124

Amps 99 120 145 175 210 240 270 300 345 385

Amps 81 99 125 150 175 195 225 255 295 335

Amps 90 110 135 165 200 230 265 305 355 400

25

TABLE - 14
TYPE - FOUR CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: COPPER CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED GI WIRE/STRIP ARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED. CABLE CODE - YWY/YFY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath ARMOUR Galvanised Round Steel Wire Nominal Diameter mm 1.40 1.40 ------------------------------------------------Galvanised Flat Steel Strip Nominal Thickness mm --------0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 Minimum Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance 0 AT 20 C

IS: 1554

PART - I
Current Ratings Direct in ground In Duct In Air

Sq. mm 4* 6* 10 16 25 35 50 70 95 120 150 185 240 300

mm 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7

mm 1.24 1.24 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.88 1.88 2.04 2.36 2.52

mm 16.3 17.6 18.4 20.8 24.5 27.0 31.8 35.4 40.0 44.0 48.5 53.9 60.6 2.52

Kg./Km 749 878 1050 1275 1748 2350 3040 3930 5050 6240 7363 8122 11424 16680

Ohm/Km 4.61 3.08 1.83 1.15 0.727 0.524 0.387 0.268 0.193 0.153 0.124 0.0991 0.0754 0.0470

Amps. 36 45 60 77 99 120 145 175 210 240 270 300 345 385

Amps. 30 38 50 64 81 99 125 150 175 195 225 255 295 335

Amps. 30 39 52 60 90 110 135 165 200 230 265 305 355 400

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

26

TABLE - 15
TYPE - SINGLE CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - AYY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance AT 20 C Current Ratings Direct in ground Direct in Duct

IS: 1554

PART - I

Direct in Air

2 Cables Amps. Sq. mm 1.5* 2.5* 4.0* 6.0* 10.0* 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0 500.0 630.0 800.0 1000.0 mm 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.4 mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.8 mm 6.70 7.40 8.00 8.50 9.30 10.80 12.50 13.70 15.80 17.80 19.70 21.80 23.40 25.50 28.60 32.00 36.50 40.20 43.50 50.00 55.00 mm 55 65 75 90 105 140 190 225 300 400 500 560 665 855 1070 1345 1710 2150 2564 3270 4060 Ohm/Km 18.10 12.10 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.91 1.20 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778 0.0605 0.0469 0.0367 0.0291 21 28 36 44 54 75 97 120 145 170 205 230 265 300 335 370 410 435 485 525 570

Cables Amps.

2 Cables Amps.

3 Cables Amps.

2 Cables Amps.

3 Cables Amps.

17 24 31 39 51 66 86 100 120 140 175 195 220 240 270 295 325 345 390 440 490

19 25 33 42 56 71 93 110 130 155 180 200 220 240 270 295 335 355 395 420 445

17 24 30 37 51 65 84 100 115 135 155 170 190 210 225 245 275 295 320 380 380

18 25 32 41 56 72 99 120 150 185 215 240 270 305 350 395 455 490 560 650 735

15 21 27 35 47 64 84 105 130 155 190 220 250 290 335 380 435 480 550 640 720

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

27

TABLE - 16
TYPE - TWO CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - AYY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance AT 20 C Current Ratings Direct in ground In Duct In Air

IS: 1554

PART - I

Sq. mm 1.5* 2.5* 4.0* 6.0* 10.0* 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0

mm 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6

mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.8

mm 10.4 11.6 13.0 14.0 15.6 16.5 19.4 21.0 23.7 26.3 30.4 32.8 35.8 39.3 44.5 49.1 54.8

Kg./Km 140 200 250 300 350 370 480 600 750 900 1200 1500 1620 2040 2500 3100 3900

Ohm/Km 18.10 12.10 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.91 1.20 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778

Amps. 18 25 32 40 55 70 90 110 135 160 190 210 240 275 320 355 385

Amps. 16 21 27 34 45 58 76 92 115 140 170 190 210 240 275 305 345

Amps. 16 21 27 35 47 59 78 99 125 150 185 210 240 275 325 365 420

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

28

TABLE - 17
TYPE - THREE CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - AYY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance AT 20 C Current Ratings Direct in ground In Duct In Air

IS: 1554

PART - I

Sq. mm 1.5* 2.5* 4.0* 6.0* 10.0* 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0

mm 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7

mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.0 3.2

mm 10.9 12.2 13.7 14.8 16.5 17.8 21.2 23.1 26.1 29.7 33.7 36.7 40.6 44.9 51.0 56.5 63.1

Kg./Km 160 221 320 400 420 440 630 710 900 1200 1650 1950 2400 2750 3500 4350 5500

Ohm/Km 18.10 12.10 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.91 1.20 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778

Amps. 16 21 28 35 46 60 76 92 110 135 165 185 210 235 275 305 335

Amps. 14 18 23 30 39 50 63 77 95 115 140 155 175 200 235 260 290

Amps. 13 18 23 30 40 51 70 86 105 130 155 180 205 240 280 315 375

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.


29

TABLE - 18
TYPE - THREE & HALF CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - AYY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Nominal Thickness of Inner Sheath Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx Overall Diameter Approx Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor 0 Resistance at 20 C Main Neutral

IS: 1554

PART - I

Current Ratings
Direct in Ground In Ducts In Air

Main Sq. mm. 25 35 50 70 95 120 150 185 240 300 400

Neutral Sq. mm 16 16 25 35 50 70 70 95 120 150 185

Main mm 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6

Neutral mm 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 mm 2.00 2.00 2.20 2.20 2.20 2.40 2.40 2.60 3.00 3.20 3.40 mm 23.90 26.20 29.50 33.50 37.20 41.20 43.80 47.70 56.60 62.50 69.80 kg/km 750 850 1150 1500 1900 2300 2800 3400 4244 5176 6700 Ohm/km 1.200 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778 Ohm/km 1.91 1.91 1.20 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 Amps 76 92 110 135 165 185 210 235 275 305 335 Amps 63 77 95 115 140 155 175 200 235 260 290 Amps 70 86 105 130 155 180 205 240 280 315 375

30

TABLE - 19
TYPE - FOUR CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - AYY
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Sq. mm 1.5* 2.5* 4* 6* 10* 16 25 35 50 70 95 120 150 185 240 300 400 Nominal Thickness of Insulation mm 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 Nominal Thickness of Outer Sheath mm 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.6 Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance 0 AT 20 C Ohm/Km 18.10 12.10 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.91 1.20 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778 Current Ratings Direct in ground Amps. 16 21 28 35 46 60 76 92 110 135 165 185 210 235 275 305 335 In Duct Amps. 14 18 23 30 39 50 63 77 95 115 140 155 175 200 235 260 290

IS: 1554

PART - I

In Air Amps. 13 18 23 30 40 51 70 86 105 130 155 180 205 240 280 315 375

mm 11.7 13.1 14.8 16.0 17.9 20.3 23.9 26.0 30.1 33.9 38.6 42.5 47.0 52.2 58.9 65.3 72.9

Kg./Km 180 225 269 340 460 550 800 980 1300 1700 2100 2600 3200 3900 4900 6000 8000

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

31

TABLE - 20
TYPE - TWO CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, GI WIRE/STRIP ARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - AYWY/AYFY.
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath ARMOUR Galvanised Galvanised Rond Flat Steel Wire Steel Strip Nominal Nominal Diameter Thickness Minimum Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance 0 AT 20 C Direct in ground In Duct

IS: 1554

PART - I
Current Ratings In Air

Sq. mm 1.5* 2.5* 4.0* 6.0* 10.0* 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0

mm 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5

mm 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 ------------

mm ------0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

mm 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.56 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.88 2.00

mm 12.00 13.50 14.50 15.60 17.10 16.50 17.80 19.30 22.00 24.00 27.00 29.00 32.40 35.60 39.60 43.70 49.00

Kg/Km 400 425 535 580 700 720 760 900 1040 1255 1595 1835 2140 2640 3200 3850 4700

Ohm/Km 18.10 12.10 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.91 1.20 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778

Amps. 18 25 32 40 55 70 90 110 135 160 190 210 240 275 320 355 385

Amps. 16 21 27 34 45 58 76 92 115 140 170 190 210 240 275 305 345

Amps. 16 21 27 35 47 59 78 99 125 150 185 210 240 275 325 365 420

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

32

TABLE - 21
TYPE - THREE CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, GI WIRE/STRIP ARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - AYWY/AYFY.
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath ARMOUR Galvanised Galvanised Rond Flat Steel Wire Steel Strip Nominal Nominal Thickness Diameter Minimum Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance AT 20 C Direct in ground In Duct

IS: 1554

PART - I
Current Ratings In Air

Sq. mm 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0

mm 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6

mm 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 ------------

mm -----0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

mm 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.56 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.88 1.88 2.04 2.36

mm 12.5 13.5 15.2 16.4 18.2 17..8 20.8 22.8 26.0 29.2 33.2 35.7 39.6 43.5 48.7 54.0 61.0

Kg./Km 440 500 580 620 750 780 920 1050 1300 1700 2100 2500 2900 3450 4250 5150 6600

Ohm/Km 18.10 12.10 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.91 1.20 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778

Amps. 16 21 28 35 6 60 76 92 110 135 165 185 210 235 275 305 335

Amps. 14 18 23 30 39 50 63 77 95 115 140 155 175 200 235 260 290

Amps. 13 18 23 30 40 51 70 86 105 130 155 180 2105 240 280 315 375

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

33

TABLE - 22
TYPE - THREE & HALF CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, GI STRIP ARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - AYFY.
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath ARMOUR Galvanised Flat Steel Strip Nominal Thickness Minimum Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance AT 20 C Direct in ground

IS: 1554

PART - I
Current Ratings In Duct Main Neutral In Air

Main

Neutral

Main

Neutral

Sq. mm. 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0

Sq. mm. 16 16 25 35 50 70 70 95 120 150 185

Sq. mm. 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6

Sq. mm. 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7

mm 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

mm 1.4 1.4 1.56 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.88 2.04 2.20 2.36 2.52

mm 23.0 25.3 29.5 32.8 37.2 40.5 45.0 49.5 55.6 61.5 69.5

Kg./Km 1050 1220 1600 2000 2350 2900 3350 4000 5100 6060 7900

Ohm/Km 1.200 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778

Ohm./Km 1.91 1.91 1.20 .868 0.641 0.443 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164

Amps. 76 92 100 135 165 185 210 235 275 305 335

Amps. 63 77 95 115 10 155 175 200 235 260 290

Amps. 70 86 105 130 155 180 205 240 280 315 375

34

TABLE - 23
TYPE - FOUR CORE, VOLTAGE - 1100 VOLTS CONSTRUCTION: ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR, PVC INSULATION, PVC INNER SHEATHED, GI WIRE/STRIP ARMOURED & OVERALL PVC SHEATHED CABLE CODE - AYWY/AYFY.
Nominal Cross Sectional Area Nominal Thickness of Insulation Minimum Thickness of Inner Sheath ARMOUR Galvanised Rond Steel Wire Nominal Diameter Galvanised Flat Steel Strip Nominal Thickness Minimum Thickness of Outer Sheath Approx. Overall Diameter Approx. Weight of Cables Max. DC Conductor Resistance AT 20 C Direct in ground In Duct

IS: 1554

PART - I
Current Ratings In Air

Sq. mm 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0

mm 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6

mm 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

mm 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 --------------

mm ----0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

mm 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.88 1.88 2.04 2.36 2.52 2.68

mm 13.3 14.7 16.3 17.6 18.4 20.8 24.5 27.0 31.8 35.4 40.0 44.0 48.5 53.9 60.6 64.0 72.0

Kg./Km 478 568 650 730 750 880 1130 1480 1800 2200 2700 3070 3653 4410 5484 6780 8340

Ohm/Km 18.10 12.10 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.91 1.20 0.868 0.641 0.443 0.320 0.253 0.206 0.164 0.125 0.100 0.0778

Amps. 16 21 28 35 46 60 76 92 110 135 165 185 210 235 275 305 335

Amps. 14 18 23 30 39 50 63 77 95 115 140 155 175 200 235 260 290

Amps. 13 18 23 30 40 51 70 86 105 130 155 180 210 240 280 315 375

* If required, Cables can be made with stranded conductor also.

35

CURRENT RATING in PVC Cable:


Current Rating e.g. Current Carrying Capacity of the cable is determined by the maximum permissible conductor temperature and the ambient conditions as far as they are for the dissipation of the heat. Current Rating in various types and size of cable are given in various tables, have been derived IS:3961 (Pt-II) 1967. The values are dependent on so many conditions like method of laying, ground and ambient temperature, Soil conditions extra.One or all conditions may vary from installation to installation. It is necessary to define all these parameters and to know their effects on current rating quantitatively to work out current rating to any set of conditions: The current ratings given in relevant table are based on the following assumptions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Max. Conductor Temperature Ground temperature AmbientTemperature ThermalResistivityofSoil ThermalResistivityofPVCCompound Depth ofLaying[To highest point of cable laid direct in ground or to top surface of ducts] 70 C 0 30 C. 400C. 1500C.Cm/W. 6500C.Cm/W. 750C
0

6. MethodOfInstallation:
Cable Type Single Core Cable Type of Installation I] Laid direct in ground Method of Installation. 1. Three cables in closed trefoil formation, or 2. Two touching in horizontal formation 1. Three in trefoil formation, or 2. Two in horizontal formation. 1. Three Single Core Cables are installed in trefoil formation touching. 2. Two installed one above the other fixed to a vertical wall. Installed Singly.

Ii] In ducts

Iii] In air

Twin & Multi core Cables

7. SIZEOFDUCT

InnerDiameterofduct

100mm/125mm.

8. EFFECT OF GROUPING OF THE CABLES IN AIR - When more than one cable circuit are run simutaneously, there is no
effect on current rating upto cable size of 70.0 Sq.mm., provided the minimum clearance between two circuits is 75 mm. The same will apply for higher than 70.0 Sq.mm. cable size if minimum clearance is kept at 150 mm and provided that numberofcircuitsexceedsfour,theyareinstalledinahorizentalplane. The current rating gives in various tables are based on certain assumed condition described above. In actual practice, these conditions may be defferent. Therefore, to determine the current rating at different installation conditions,, the tabulated rating should be multiplied with appropriate 'rating' factors. These rating factors are as follows:

36.

RATING FACTORS

A) CABLE LAID DIRECT IN GROUND :i) DEPTH OF LAYING

DEPTH OF LAYING CMS. SQ.MM.

UPTO 25.0 SQ.MM.

SIZE ABOVE 25 SQ.MM. UPTO 300 SQ. MM. 1.00 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.94 0.94

ABOVE 300 SQ.MM.

75 90 105 120 150 180 OR MORE

1.00 0.99 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.95

1.00 0.97 0.96 0.95 0.92 0.91

ii)

FORVARIATIONINGROUNDTEMPERATURE (FOR CABLES LAID DIRECT IN GROUND) GROUND TEMPERATURE IN DEGREE C RATING FACTOR 15 1.17 20 1.12 25 1.06 30 1.00 35 0.94 40 0.87 45 0.79

iii)

FORGROUPRATINGFACTORS. a) GROUPRATINGFACTORSFORTWINANDMULTICORECABLESIN HORIZENTALFORMATION,LAIDDIRECTIN THE GROUND Numbers OF CABLE 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 SPACING OF CABLES [ CENTRE TO CENTRE] 0.80 0.68 0.62 0.58 0.55 0.52 0.50 0.48 0.46 0.45 0.44 0.84 0.74 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.55 0.54 0.53 0.52 0.87 0.79 0.75 0.72 0.69 0.67 0.66 0.65 0.64 0.63 0.62 0.90 0.83 0.80 0.77 0.75 0.73 0.72 0.71 0.70 0.70 0.69 0.91 0.86 0.83 0.80 0.78 0.77 0.75 0.75 0.74 0.74 0.73
GROUP RATING FACTOR

1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 NUMBER OF CABLES IN GROUP

TOUCHING

15CM. 30CMS.

45CMS. 60CMS.

37.

B)

GROUPRATINGFACTORSFORTWINANDMULTICORECABLESIN TIERFORMATION,LAIDDIRECTIN THE GROUND


No. of CABLES 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 No. of TIERS 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 0.80 0.68 0.60 0.55 0.51 0.48 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.41 0.40 SPACING OF CABLES (CENTE TO CENTRE)
1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4

0.84 0.74 0.66 0.61 0.57 0.54 0.51 0.48 0.47 0.46 0.45

0.87 0.79 0.73 0.68 0.63 0.59 0.56 0.53 0.52 0.50 0.49

0.90 0.83 0.77 0.71 0.67 0.63 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.54 0.53

0.91 0.86 0.79 0.83 0.69 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.55 0.54

GROUP RATING FACTOR GROUP RATING FACTOR GROUP RATING FACTOR

TOUCHING

15 CM.

30 CMS.

45 CMS. 60 CMS.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
NUMBER OF CIRCUITS IN GROUP

c)

GROUPRATINGFACTORSFOR CIRCUIT OF TWOSINGLECORECABLES SIDEBYSIDE TOUCHING,HORIZENTALFORMATION,LAIDDIRECTIN THE GROUND


No. of CABLES 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 SPACING OF GROUPS OF CABLES (CENTRE TO CENTRE) TOUCHING 15 CM. 0.80 0.70 0.64 0.59 0.55 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.48 0.47 0.46 0.85 0.78 0.73 0.70 0.67 0.65 0.64 0.63 0.63 0.62 0.61 30 CMS. 45 CMS. 60 CMS. 0.90 0.85 0.81 0.79 0.77 0.76 0.75 0.74 0.74 0.73 0.73 0.92 0.88 0.86 0.84 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.81 0.81 0.80 0.80 0.95 0.91 0.89 0.88 0.87 0.86 0.86 0.85 0.85 0.84 0.84

1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
NUMBER OF CIRCUITS (OF THO CABLES) IN GROUP

D)

GROUPRATINGFACTORSFORCIRCUITOFTHREESINGLECORE CABLESINTREFOILANDTOUCHING,HORIZENTALFORMATION, LAIDDIRECTINGROUND


No. of CABLES 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 SPACING OF GROUPS OF CABLES (CENTRE TO CENTRE) TOUCHING 0.77 0.67 0.61 0.57 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.47 0.45 0.44 0.43 15 CM. 0.81 0.74 0.64 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.53 0.52 0.51 0.50 0.49 30 CMS. 45 CMS. 0.86 0.78 0.72 0.69 0.669 0.64 0.63 0.62 0.61 0.60 0.59 0.88 0.81 0.76 0.74 0.72 0.70 0.59 0.68 0.67 0.66 0.65 60 CMS. 0.89 0.83 0.80 0.77 0.75 0.74 0.73 0.73 0.72 0.72 0.71

1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
NUMBER OF CABLES IN GROUP (OF THREE CABLES)

38.

iv)

FORVARIATIONINTHERMALRESISTIVITYOFSOIL a) RATING FACTOR FOR VARIATION IN THERMAL RESISTIVITY OF SOIL [TWIN&MULTICORECABLESLAIDDIRECTINGROUND]


FOR VALUE OF THERMAL RESISTIVITY OF SOIL IN C m/W 100 120 150 200 250 300
0

Nominal Area of Conductor in Sq. mm. 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0

1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.12 1.14 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.17 1.17 1.18 1.18 1.18 1.19

1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.10

1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.10 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89

0.86 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.85 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.83 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.81 0.81 0.81 0.81

0.81 0.81 0.81 0.81 0.80 0.79 0.78 0.77 0.77 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75

b) RATING FACTOR FOR VARIATION INTHERMAL RESISTIVITY OF SOIL [TWO & THREE CORE SIGNLE CABLES LAID DIRECT IN GROUND]
Nominal Area of Conductor In Sq. mm. 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0 Two Cables Touching, For Value of 0 Thermal Resistivity of Soil C cm/W 100 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.17 1.18 1.18 1.18 1.19 1.19 1.21 1.21 1.21 1.21 1.21 1.21 120 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 150 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 200 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.88 250 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.83 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.81 0.81 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 300 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.77 0.77 0.76 0.75 0.75 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.74 Three Cables in Trefoil Touching, for 0 Value of Thermal Resistivity of Soil Soil C cm/W 100 1.18 1.18 1.18 1.18 1.18 1.19 1.19 1.20 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.24 120 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.11 150 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 200 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.89 0.89 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 250 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.81 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.79 300 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.75 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.74 0.73 0.73 0.73 0.72 0.72

39.

B) CABLE INSTALLED IN DUCT :i) RATING FACTOR FOR DEPTH OF LAYING (TWIN & MULTICORE CABLES IN SINGLE WAY DUCTS)
DEPTH OF LAYING [CM.] 75 90 105 120 150 180 270 360 450 540 or more RATING FACTOR 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.95 0.92 0.91 0.90 0.89

ii) FOR VARIATION IN GROUND TEMPERATURE [FOR CABLES IN DUCTS]


GROUND TEMPERATURE IN DEGREE C RATING FACTOR 15 1.17 20 1.12 25 1.06 30 1.00 35 0.94 40 0.87 45 0.79

iii) FOR VARIATION IN THERMAL RESISTIVITY OF SOIL a) RATING FACTOR FOR VARIATION IN THERMAL RESISTIVITY OF SOIL (TWIN & MULTICORE CABLES SINGLE WAY DUCT)
Nominal Area of Conductor in Sq. mm. 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0 FOR VALUE OF THERMAL RESISTIVITY OF SOIL IN C cm/W 100 150 250 200 250 300
0

1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.09 1.09 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.11

1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.06

1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.92 0.92 0.92

0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.89 0.89 0.88 0.87 0.87 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.86

0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.87 0.86 0.85 0.84 0.84 0.83 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.81 0.81 0.81 0.81

40.

b)

RATING FACTOR FOR VARIATION IN THERMAL RESISTIVITY OF SOIL [TWO & THREE SINGLE CORE CABLES LAID DIRECT IN DUCTS] Two Cables in two way ducts, For Value of O Thermal Resistivity of Soil C cm/W
100 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.08 1.08 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.12 120 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.06 150 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 200 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.93 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.91 250 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.90 0.89 0.88 0.87 0.87 0.82 0.86 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 300 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.85 0.84 0.83 0.83 0.83 0.83 0.82 0.81 0.81 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.79

Nominal Area of In Sq.mm.


In Sq. mm. 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0

Three Cables in Trefoil Ducts, For O Value of Thermal Resistivity of Soil C cm/W
100 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.12 1.13 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.16 120 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 150 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 200 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.93 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.90 0.90 250 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.86 0.86 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.83 0.83 0.83 300 0.83 0.83 0.83 0.83 0.82 0.81 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.79 0.79 0.78 0.78 0.77 0.77 0.76 0.76

iv)

RATING FACTORS FOR MULTIWAY DUCTS (i) [FOR USE WHEN A MULTI WAY DUCT DOES NOT CONTAIN THE FULL NUMBER OF LOADED ARMOURED CABLES] 3 WAY DUCT NUMBER OF LOADED CABLES RATING FACTOR 1 2 6 WAY DUCT 4 5 9 WAY DUCT 7 8

1.15

1.07
0.85 0.80 0.75 0.70 0.65 0.60 0.55 0.50 0

1.10

1.04

1.10

1.05

(To Be Applied rating of Corresponding cables in single way duct to obtain rating for cables in multiway duct)

GROUP RATING FACTOR

(ii) RATING FACTORS FOR WIRE ARMOURED CABLES IN MULTIWAY DUCTS

100

200 300 400 500 SIZE OF CONDUCTOR IN SQ mm.

600

41.

v)

RATING FACTOR FOR DUCTS IN TIER FORMATION a) GROUP RATING FACTORS FOR TWIN & MULTICORE CABLES IN SINGLEWAY STONEWARE DUCTS AND IRON PIPES IN TIER FORMATION [Formation of Ducts (Pipes)]

SPACING

Spacing of Ducts (Pipes)

SPACING

Ducts (Pipes) approximately touching 30 cm 45 cm

0.76 0.79 0.81

0.67 0.71 0.74

0.58 0.61 0.63

0.54 0.57 0.60

b)

GROUP RATING FACTORS FOR SINGLE CORE CABLES IN TREFOIL STONEWARE DUCTS IN TIER FORMATION [Formation of Ducts]

Spacing of Ducts

SPACING

Ducts (Pipes) approximately touching 45 cm

0.76 0.78

SPACING

0.70 0.75

0.64 0.67

0.61 0.64

C) CABLES INSTALLED IN AIR i) RATING FACTOR FOR VARIATION IN AMBIENT AIR TEMPERATURE :

AIR TEMPERATURE IN DEGREE C RATING FACTOR ii)

25

30 1.25 1.16

35 1.09

40 1.00

45 0.90

RATING FACTOR FOR THREE SINGLE CORE CABLES (AC) IN FLAT FORMATION IN AIR (To be applied to the corresponding rating for trefoil groups in air) NOMINAL AREA OF CONDUCTOR MM UPTO & INCLUDING 185 240 300 400 500
2

RATING FACTOR 1.07 1.10 1.08 1.04 1.00

iii) a)

RATING FACTOR FOR MULTICORE LAID ON RACK IN AIR WITH SPACING BETWEEN CABLES EQUAL TO DIAMETER OF CABLE.

ARRANGEMENT

NO. OF RACKS

NO. OF CABLES PER RACK

1 2 3 6

1 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00

2 0.98 0.95 0.94 0.93

3 0.96 0.93 0.92 0.90

6 0.93 0.90 0.89 0.87

9 0.92 0.89 0.88 0.86

25 mm

b)

WITH CABLE TOUCHING

ARRANGEMENT

NO. OF RACKS

NO. OF CABLES PER RACK

30 cm.
1 2 3 6

1 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00

2 0.84 0.80 0.78 0.76

3 0.80 0.76 0.74 0.72

6 0.75 0.71 0.70 0.68

9 0.73 0.69 0.68 0.66

25 mm

43.

"PAGODA" OVERLOAD & SHORT CIRCUIT RATING


PVC Insulated Cables should not been operated even for comparatively short duration, at a temperature appreciably higher than that permissible for continuous operation, since the PVC insulation is liable to soften at higher temperature and sustain serious damage. It is therefore essential that such cables should be continuously operated at the rated currents given in the tables only if they are suitably protected against excess currents arising out of fault conditions. It is assumed that duration of such faults does not exceed four hours and protection is considered to be adequate if minimum current at which the protective device is designed to operate does not exceed 1.5 times the tabulated rating for cables laid in air and 1.3times the tabulated rating for cables laid direct in ground. If by the nature of the circuit protection, It is not possible to operate the cables at the rated current under the foergoing provisions, the cable required for a given continuous load current should be so chosen as to have that rating of the tables, which will not less than :a) b) The given continuous current, and for cables in air and in ducts, 67% of the minimum current at which the excess current protection is designed to operate. or For cables laid direct in ground, 77% of the minimum current at which excess protection is designed to operate.

Short Circuit Rating


The Conductor Size in a cable for an installation is also governed by its abilities to carry short circuit current of the system. Short Circuit Rating are based on the assumption that duration of the short circuit is to small and apparently that there is no transmission of heat, produced during short circuit, through the insulation and the whole of it is absorbed by the conductor. With a high increase in KVA, capacity in power distribution system, cables are expected to carry short circuit to carry short 0 0 circuit current of high magnitude. Normally rated at 70 C,Ourinsulationmaterial permitashort circuittemperature of160 C. With high interrupting capacity expected of a cable under short circuit , it is essential that protective fuses in the system are designedtominimisethedurationasfaraspossible. TheShortCircuitRatingcanbecalculatedasunder:Ish = K X A T Ish: ShortCircuitCurrentinr.m.s.KiloAmps. A ; AreaofConductorinSq.mm. K ; aConstant ForAluminiumwithgeneralpurposePVCInsulationForCopperwithgeneralpurposePVCInsulationForAluminiumwithHeatResistingPVCInsulationForCopperwithHeatResistingPVCInsulation0.0760 0.115 0.0686 0.104

T : DurationofShortCircuitinseconds.

44.

SHORT CIRCUIT RATING


SHORT CIRCUIT RATING FOR ONE SECOND.
ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR CONDUCTOR SIZE WITH GENERAL PURPOSE INSULATION K. AMPS. 0.114 0.190 0.304 0.456 0.760 1.220 1.900 2.660 3.800 5.320 7.220 9.120 11.40 14.10 18.20 22.80 30.40 38.00 47.90 60.80 76.00 WITH HEAT RESISTING INSULATION K. AMPS. 0.103 0.172 0.274 0.412 0.686 1.100 1.720 2.400 3.430 4.800 6.520 8.230 10.30 12.70 16.50 20.60 27.40 34.30 43.20 54.90 68.60 COPPER CONDUCTOR WITH GENERAL PURPOSE INSULATION K. AMPS. 0.173 0.288 0.460 0.690 1.150 1.840 2.880 4.030 5.750 8.050 10.90 13.80 17.30 21.30 27.60 34.50 46.00 57.50 72.50 92.00 115.0 WITH HEAT RESISTING INSULATION K. AMPS. 0.156 0.260 0.416 0.624 1.040 1.66 2.60 3.64 5.20 7.28 9.88 12.50 15.60 19.20 25.00 31.20 41.60 52.00 65.50 83.20 104.00

SQ.MM. 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0 35.0 50.0 70.0 95.0 120.0 150.0 185.0 240.0 300.0 400.0 500.0 630.0 800.0 1000.0

45.

FORMULA FOR CALCULATING VOLTAGE DROP IN A BALANCED 3 PHASE AC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM:VoltageDrop[rms]PerKm.PerPhase[volts] = 3 x K T x K AC X [Max. Continuous Current Rating] X [D.C. Resistance Per phase Per Km.(Ohm/Km.)] Where KT = a = a = TC = To = 1+a[TC- To] 0.00393 for Copper 0.004 for Aluminium Max. Conductor Resistance [Degree C] 20 Degree C Standard Temperature.

KAC= Factor For Converting DC Resistance to AC Resistance.

APPROXIMATE VALUES OF KAC FOR 1100 VOLTS CABLES ARE GIVEN BELOW:NOMINAL CONDUCTOR AREA IN SQ.MM. 1.5 to 95.0 120 150 185 240 300 400 500 COPPER CONDUCTOR ALUMINIUM CONDUCTOR

1.000 1.010 1.015 1.022 1.038 1.062 1.100 1.150

1.000 1.003 1.005 1.008 1.014 1.020 1.038 1.060

46.

Recommendations For Storage & Installation Of Cables


For easy and convenient installation conditions and desired performance, following recommendation are made:
i) ii) iii) iv) No drum should be stored one above the other. Drum should be stored in perfectly ground without having any projected surface. The drums should be stored preferably in the shed. Drums should be stored and kept in such a way that bottom cable does not get damaged. Drum should be always rotated in the "Direction Arrow Of Rotation"mark on the drum. In the absence of any such mark, the drum should be rolled in the direction in the direction same as inside the cable end and opposite that of outside end. v) vi) vii) viii) ix) Loading and Unloading should be done with material handling equipment Only. While laying the cable in a trench the cable ends should be pulled with pulling eye only after the drum on the jacks. 100% drums should be checked for continuity and cross continuity tests to ensure that there is no internal damage to the cable during transportation. Insulation Resistance should be measured with 500 V Meggar between cores and all the cores to earth [Armour]. After the cables are installed, before commissioning, it should be test for high DC Voltage test. The recommended volts and duration of the test between each core mettalic armour [Earth] at 3KV DC is for 5 minutes. During high voltage test all electrical equipments related to the cable installation must be earthed and adequate clearance should be maintained from the other equipment and from work to prevent flash over. x) Where the cable to be joined with an existing cable, the sequence of cores at two ends to be joined should be in opposite direction i.e. if at one ends it is clockwise direction, at the other end it should be in anticlockwise direction . This is necessary to avoid the crossing of cores during jointing. This will also decide the direction in which the cable is to be pulled. xi) xii) xiii) xiv) Avoid excessively high temperature when sealing of the cable joint of cable. Cool the sealing to avoid 100 C beforepuring. The cable should be paid off from the top of the cable drum, held in the normal position. Sufficient care should betakentoprevent twists,accutebendsetc.whilelaying. Thedispositionofcablesupportitsspacingshouldbesuch,astopreventunduestrainordamagetothecable. TheminimumBendingRadiusforCablesshouldnotbelessthanthevaluesshown. Wherererpossible25%highervalueshouldbeadopted. i) 8XDiamerterforSingleCoreCable. ii) 12XDiameterformultiCoreCable xv) MaximumPullingTensionduringInstallation: CablehavingAluminiumConductor CablehavingCopperConductor -30N.Sq.mm.Max. -50N.Sq.mm.Max.
0

hard stones on the ground

mounting of

47.

RECOMMENDED "PAGODA" CABLE SIZES FOR MOTORS WITH START-DELTA STARTER 3 Phase 415 V HP 415 V 50Hz KW Approx. full load current in Amps 5 7.5 11 14 18 21 28 35 40 47 55 60 66 80 87 94 100 120 135 165 200 230 275 320 323 360 385 500 Typical Cable Size Aluminium Phase Current in Amps Supply Side 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 2.5/4 4 4 6 10 16 16 25 25 35 35 50 70 70 70 95 95 120 185 240 300/400 300/400 400 500 500 630 Motor Side 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 2.5 2.5 4 6 6 10 16 16 16 25 35 35 35 50 50 70 70 120 150 185 185 185 240 300/400 Typical Cable Size Copper Supply Side 1.5/1.5 1.5/1.5 1.5/1.5 2.5 2.5 4 6 10 10 16 16 25 25 35 50 50 50 70 70 95 120 185 240/300 240/300 240/300 300/400 300/400 400/500 Motor Side 1.5/1.5 1.5/1.5 1.5/1.5 1.5/1.5 1.5 1.5 2.5 4 4 6 10 10 10 16 25 25 25 35 35 50 50 95 120 150 150 150 185 240/300 3 Phase 415 v 50Hz HP 0.50 0.75 1.0 1.5 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.5 10 12.5 15 17.5 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 75 90 100 150 200 225

RECOMMENDED "PAGODA" CABLE SIZES FOR MOTORS WITH DOL STARTERS 415 V, 50Hz KW 0.40 0.55 0.75 1.1 1.5 2.2 3.0 3.75 4.5 5.5 7.5 9.3 11 13 15 18.5 22 26 30 33.50 37 44 55 67.5 75 110 150 168 Approx full load current in Amps 1.2 1.6 1.8 2.6 3.5 5 6.2 7.5 9 11 14 18 21 24 28 35 40 47 55 60 66 80 100 120 135 150 175 200 Typical Cable Size

Aluminium (sq. mm.) 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 1.5/2.5 2.5 2.5 4 4 6 6 10 10 16 25 25 25 35 35 50 70 95 95 185 300/400 300/400

Copper (sq. mm.) 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.5 2.5 4 4 6 6 10 16 16 16 25 25 35 50 70 70 150 240/300 240/300

3 5 7.5 10 12.5 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 65 70 75 90 100 125 150 175 200 240 250 275 300 400

2.2 3.75 5.50 7.50 9.30 11.0 15.0 18.50 22.0 26.0 30.0 33.5 37.0 44.0 48.5 52 55 67.5 75.0 90 110 132 150 175 187.5 204 225 300

2.88 4.32 6.34 8.10 10.02 12.10 16.0 20.20 23.0 27.0 30.30 34.6 35.0 45.0 50 54 57.5 69 78 95 115 133 159 184.50 185 206 222 300

CURRENT FOR A/C MOTORS


Approx. Amps per phase taken by modern induction motors, allowing reasonable efficiencies and power factors
B.H.P . of Motor 1/8 1/4 1/2 3/4 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 5 7 10 12 15 20 30 40 50 Single Phase 230 Volts 1.0 1.8 3.5 4.8 6.2 7.4 8.7 10.0 11.8 14.0 17.5 20.0 24.0 36.0 47.0 59.0 70.0 91.0 135.0 183.0 227. 400 Volts 0.6 1.1 2.0 3.0 4.0 4.8 5.7 6.3 7.0 8.2 9.5 12.0 14.0 21.0 27.0 34.0 40.0 53.0 78.0 105.0 130.0 Two Phase 230 Volts 0.6 1.3 2.5 3.3 4.0 4.8 5.5 6.8 7.0 8.5 10.0 12.0 14.0 21.0 26.0 32.0 38.0 51.0 75.0 100.0 120.0 400 Volts 0.3 0.7 1.2 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.2 3.5 4.3 5.0 6.5 7.0 10.0 13.0 15.0 19.0 25.0 38.0 50.0 60.0 346 Volts 0.4 0.8 1.5 1.9 2.2 2.7 3.0 3.5 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.5 9.0 13.0 17.0 21.0 25.0 33.0 48.0 63.0 79.0 Three Phase 400 Volts 0.3 0.7 1.2 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.8 3.2 3.5 4.3 5.0 6.5 8.0 12.0 15.0 19.0 22.0 29.0 42.0 56.0 71.0 440 Volts 0 0.6 1.0 500 Volts 0.3 0.6 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.9 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.6 4.2 5.5 7.0 10.0 13.0 16.0 19.0 25.0 36.0 47.0 58.0

1.7 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.2 4.0 4.5 6.0 7.0 11.0 14.0 18.0 21.0 28.0 39.0 53.0 66.0

49.

CONVERSION TABLE
Multiplier Constant Miles to Millimeters (1000 Miles - 1 inch) Inches to Centimetres Yards to Metres Miles to Kilometres Sq. Inches to Sq. Millimetres Circ. Miles to Sq. Millimetres Circ. Miles to Sq. Inches Sq. Yards to Sq. Metres Pounds to Kilogrammes Tons (2240 lbs.) to Kilogrammes Cwt. to Kilogrammes Ounces (Avolr) to Grammes Gallons (Imp.) to Litres Gallons (Imp.) to Cubic Inches lbs./1000 Yards to lbs./Mile lbs./1000 Yards to-gm./Km. 2 lbs./Sq. Inch to-gm./mm Ohms/1000 Yards to Ohms/Mile OHms/1000 Yards to Ohms/Km Horse Power to Ft. Lb./Min... Horse Power to Ft. Kilowatts.. Horse Power to Kg.m./Sec.. Watts Ft. lb./Min. Watts to Kg.m./Sec. Miles/Hour to Ft./Min. Meters/Sec. to Ft./Min. Land Miles to Nautical Miles
Temperature : 0F to 0C : Subtract 32 and Multiply by 5/9;
0

Reciprocal of Constant 39.37 0.3937 1.0936 0.6214 0.00155 1937.5 6 1.273 x 10 1.196 2.2910 0.00098 0.01968 0.0353 0.22 0.003604 0.568 2.016 1422.33 0.568 0.9144 30.10 1.34 0.01316 0.022 10.0 0.01134 0.00508 1.151
-6

0.0254 2.54 0.9144 1.6093 645.16 -6 5.06.7 x 10 -6 0.7854 x 10 0.08361 0.4536 1016.02 50.8 28.35 4.546 277.42 1.76 0.4961 -6 703 x 10 1.76 1.0936 33000 0.746 76.0 44.24 0.1 88.0 197.0 0.868

C to 0F : Multiply by 9/5 and add 32.

50.

GLOSSARY OF TERMS
A AC ABRASION : RESISTANCE ALLOY ACCELERATED AGEING AMBIENT ALTERNATING CURRENT[A.C.] AMPERE : : Ampere Alternating Current

Ability of a Wire or Cable to resist surface wear. : : : : :

A Combination of two or more different polymers or metal. Usually combined to make use of different properties of each polymer or metal. A test that simulates long time environmental condition in a relatively short time.

Condition existing at a test or operating location prior to to energizing equipments. Electric Current that alternates or reverses polarity continuously. The numbers of alternations per seconds are called as "Cycles" [Hertz or Hz.] A standard unit of current and is defined as the amount of current that flows when One volt of emf is applied across one ohm of resistance. An Ampere of current is produced by one coulomb of charge passing a point in one second. To soften and relieve strains in any solid material such as metal by heating to just below its melting point and then slowly cooling it . Annealing generally lowers the tensile strength of the material, while improving its elongation and flexibility. Radius of curvature that a cable can bend without any adverse effect. The Voltage at which the insulation between two conductor or one conductor & the earth will fail and allow the electricity to conduct energy from one point to another. Conductors twisted together with same lay and direction. The opposition of alternating current due to capacitance of a capacitor or cable. It is measured in Ohms. The ability of dielectric or insulation material between the conductors to store energy when a difference of potential exists between conductors. The unit of Capacitance is Farads. Cable Capacitance is usually measured in Picofarads [pF] Per Mtr. A system of different colours used to identify the components of cables such as Conductor or group of conductors. A group of uninsulated wired twisted together and containing a center core with the subsequent layers spirally wrapped around the core with alternating lay direction to form a single conductor. The ability of a material to allow electrons to flow, measured by current per unit of voltage applied. It is the reciprocal of resistivity. A tube of metal or Plastic through which wire or cable can be run, used to protect

ANNEAL

BENDING RADIUS BREAKDOWN VOLTAGE BUNCH STRAND CAPACITIVE REACTANCE CAPACITANCE

: :

: : :

COLOR CODE CONCENTRIC STRANDING CONDUCTIVITY CONDUIT

: :

: :

51.

the wire or cable from surroundings. CONDUCTOR CORD CURRENT LOOP DC DIRECT CURRENT DIELECTRIC DIELECTRIC LOSS DIELECTRIC STRENGTH DIELECTRIC : : : : : : : : : A Substance, usually metal Copper or Aluminium, used to transfer electrical energy from point to point. A very flexible insulated Cable. A two wire transmit/receive interface. Direct Current. Electric Current that flows in one direction only. An Insulating [ non conducting] medium when used in signal carrying design.

The Power dissipation in a dielectric as the result of friction produced by molecular motion when an alternating field is applied. The voltage which an insulation can withstand before it break down.

A number which indicates the quality of a material to resist holding an electrical charge when placed between two conductors. It is based on a vacuum, which has dielectric constant of 1. motion when an alternating field is applied. Pertaining to static electricity, or electricity at rest. Electromotive Force [Voltage] The Capacity of doing work. Loss of energy from a system due to conversion of work energy into undesirable form usually heat. Dissipation of Electric Energy occurs when current flows through a resistance. The increase in length of a wire or cable caused by longitudinal tension. A unit of capacity that will store one coulomb of electrical charge when one volt of electrical pressure is applied. Composed of and/or containg iron. A ferrous metal exhibits magnetic characterstics. The ability of a material not to fuel a flame once the source of heat is removed.

CONSTANT ELECTROSTATIC EMF ENERGY ENERGY DISSIPATION ELONGATION FARADS FERROUS FLAME RESISTANCE FLEXIBILITY : FRLS FREQUENCY GROUND I

: : : : :

: : : :

The ability of a cable to bend in a short radius. : : : : Flame Retardent Low Smoke. The number of times a periodic actions occurs in one second. An electrical connection between the circuit and earth. Symbol used to designate current.

52.

IMPEDANCE

The total opposition that a circuit offers to flow the alternating current or any other varying current at a particular frequency.

INDUCTANCE INSULATION IR DROP LAY

: : : :

The property of a wire which store electrical current in a magnetic field around the wire. It is measured in Henrys. A material having good dielectric properties which is used to separate the conductor from surroundings. The designation of voltage drop in term of current and resistance. The length measured along the axis of wire required for a single strand to make one complete turn about the axis of conductor or cable. In a twisted pair cable, the lay length is the distance it takes for two wires to completely twist around each other. The direction of progreesive spiral twist in a cable while looking along the axis of the cable away from the observer. The lay direction can be left or right. The undesirable passage of current over the surface of or through an insulator. One Thousand [ 10 ] Kilo Volts [ 1000 Volts.] Kilo Volt Ampere. Kilo Watt. Milli Ampere. Prefix Meaning Million. Unit of Conductance equal to reciprocal of unit of resistance [Ohm]. Prefix meaning of One - millionth [ 10 ]
-6 3

LAY DIRECTION LEAKAGE KILO KV KVA KW mA MEGA MHO MICRO MICRON MIL MILLI mV mW NANO NOISE PEAK

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

Millionth of a Meter. A unit of length equal to one thousand of an Inch. Prefix meaning One-thousandth [ 10 ]. Milli Volt. Milli Watt. One Billionth. In a Cable or circuit, any extraneous signal which tends to interfere with the signal normally present in or passing through the system. The maximum instantaneous value of a vaying current or voltage.
-3

53.

POWER POWER LOSS RATED TEMPERATURE RATED VOLTAGE REACTANCE RESISTANCE [DC] RESISTANCE [AC] RMS PVC STRAND STRANDED CONDUCTOR SHEATH THERMAL RATING TENSILE STENGTH TRANSMISSION LINE V VOLTAGE VOLTAGE DROP VOLTAGE RATING VSWR

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

The amount of work per unit of time. It is expressed in Watts. The difference between the total power delivered to a circuit or cable and power delivered by the circuit or cable. The maximum temperature at which an electric component can operate for extended period without loss of its basic properties. The maximum voltage at which an electric component can operate for extended period without undue degration or safety hazards. A measure of combined effect of capacitance and inductance on an alternating current. The amount of such opposition varies with the frequency of current. The opposition offered by a material to flow of current. It is expressed in Ohms. The total opposition that a circuit offers to the flow of alternating current. It is the total effect of resistance, Inductance & Capacitance. It is expressed in Ohms. Root Mean Square. Poly Vinyl Chloride. A Single Uninsulated Wire. A Conductor composed of groups of uninsulated wires.

Pertaining to Twisted Insulated Conductors , the outer protection covering.

The Temperature in which a material will perform its function without undue Degration. The pull stress required to break a bare wire or insulation. An arrangement of two or more conductors used to transfer signal energy from one location to another. Volts. Electrical Potential or electromotive force expressed in volts. A Voltage loss occurring between any two points in a power transmission line. Such drop, Resistance, Reactance & leakage of the line. The highest rating that may be continuously applied to a cable construction in conformance with the standard or specification. Abbreviation for voltage standing wave ratio. It is the ratio of transferred signal voltage as compared to reflected signal voltage measured along with the length of transmission line. The Thickness of Insulation or Sheath. The unit of electrical Power.

WALL THICKNESS WATT

: :

54.