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The Great Revealed Scriptures The Vedas
It is believed that the Vedas belong to sruti or revealed literature. Radhakrishnan writes: “The Vedas were composed by the seers when they were in a state of inspiration. He who inspires them is God. Truth is impersonal, apauruseya and eternal, nitya. Inspiration is a joint activity, of which man’s contemplation and God’s revelation are two sides. The Svetasvatara Upanishad says that the sage Svetasvatara saw the truth owing to his power of contemplation, tapah-prabhava, and the grace of God, deva-prasada . The dual significance of revelation, its subjective and objective character, is suggested here.” At another place he writes that “The Naiyayikas maintain that the Vedas were composed by God, while the Mimamsakas hold that they were not composed at all either by man or by God, but have existed from all eternity in the form of sounds. It is perhaps a way of saying that the timeless truths of eternity exist from everlasting to everlasting. Aristotle too regards the fundamental truths of religion as eternal and indestructible. With reference to the Prophets, Athenagoras says:
While entranced and deprived of their natural powers of reason by the influence of the Divine Spirit, they uttered that which was wrought in them, the spirit using them as its instrument as a fluteplayer might blow a flute. A POL . IX.”
We have already proved the true identity of that Divine Spirit, which was not only responsible for the
revelation of Vedas but several similar revealed scriptures in all parts of the world. Be it Aristotle or Athenagoras, or the sages of ancient Mesopotamia, China, India and Egypt, at all places it has been these devas, who together comprise the spirit, who used the pious and pure bodies of sages as instruments, as a flute player uses a flute, at all times endeavouring to lead mankind and all other creatures to one path, that of worship of the Absolute God. You may say that there is no proof that the devas or the Divine Spirit had any role in revelation of the Vedas and Upanishads. Fact is that proof does exist and it can be derived from the words of Athenagoras and Svetasvatara. It is to be noted that the Svetasvatara Upanishad states that the sage Svetasvatara saw the truth owing to his power of contemplation, tapah-prabhava , and the grace of God, deva-prasada . The original word was deva-prasada , which has been wrongly translated as ‘grace of god’. We are sure that by now you already know a lot about the real identity of these devas or the Divine Spirit of God. You want more proof. Read these words of Jesus:
Cp. Howbeit, when he the Spirit of truth is come he shall guide you unto all the truth; for he shall not speak from himself, but whatsoever things he shall hear, these shall he speak. J OHN XVI, 13.
It is the universal belief of Muslims that Mohammad never spoke unless it was the will of God. We have already shown in Book 2 that by ‘Spirit of truth’, it is the Prophet Mohammad and his Ahlebayt who are meant. Individually, neither Prophet Mohammad nor Ali nor Husain forms the spirit, as they are all parts
of that One Spirit created by God as His Manifested Self. We know now that this spirit divided into 14 parts. However, Jesus is right in saying that the spirit of truth would come on earth, as not one, not two, but all the fourteen parts would take birth in human form one after another. From this it is evident that the devas, who took birth in human form as Mohammad, Ali, Fatima, Husain, etc. to lead us to the worship of one God, had a role in revelation of Vedas and at least some, if not all, of the Upanishads as well. Vedas are the most sacred of the divine books for Indians. We invite you now to study the Vedas with us and see what they contain. As usual, we again forewarn you to be attentive and prepared for certain conclusions that may not be in your wildest imagination. However, we wish to tell in advance that our conclusions are not concocted theories, but are based on hard facts, and substantiated by the Upanishads and the Gita, not at a place or two, but in their entirety. In fact, if you remain patient, and continue to read further, you will find that all those mysteries related to the Vedas, the Upanishads and even the Gita, which have confounded the minds of commentators till date, are getting solved, by relying on our theory.
Conflicting Interpretations of Vedic Text
Rishi Dayanand Saraswati (RDS), the founder of Arya Samaj, has categorically stated that the Vedas are original and the word of God, containing eternal and true knowledge. Devi Chand endorses the same view in his introduction of the commentary of The Yajur Veda. He writes: “Vedas are the word of God, revealed in the beginning of creation, for the moral, spiritual, and physical guidance and uplift of humanity. They are replete with the eternal truths and throw a flood of light on various aspects of life to make a man perfect and ideal. God
the Gita. as was intended by God. Throughout the course of this book. fulfillment of its thirst for truth and making its journey of life successful. If the remaining part was revealed later in the form of Taurait. Zuboor. Agni. now that we know it is to be the word of God. in a situation like this. that most commentators have done. In fact. God is the source of all knowledge and it is not His Nature that He performs errors of speech. are the real source of all information that we possess . Surely. adequate for the requirements of the soul. which is sin in our view and need to be severely condemned. we will cite innumerable instances where the commentators have raised a finger at The Word of God. even though it is of the degree of a useless matra or for the purpose of rhetoric alone. this became the reason that prompted us to go deeper into the real content of the Vedas and the Upanishads. Vayu. We are all aware that the Vedas are replete with mention of Indra. we should humbly accept our lack of knowledge and pursue with renewed vigour to get to the real meaning. The Vedas. its spiritual satisfaction. we are nobody to doubt the text or point errors in it. Injeel and Quran. We do not doubt a word of what RDS or Devi Chand says above. In fact.” as per Devi Chand.out of His infinite source of knowledge reveals in the beginning of creation a part of it. or for that matter. etc.” “A part of knowledge was revealed at the beginning of creation. we should not doubt it. neither the God nor His devas stopped working from that time onwards. our view is that not even a matra or vowel in Vedas can be without a meaning or significance. Any where during our study of the Vedas. In fact. if we are able to find a verse that does not gel with our understanding. in actuality.
or devas. and nothing else. This was done with the purpose of making these scriptures fit for the thinking mind. he re-wrote the entire commentary. we were of the opinion that if it is God’s revealed text. Vayu. by most commentators. RDS is considered one of the greatest commentators of Vedas. then it must be of the nature of a torchbearer. etc. that would show that path to the human beings. and which have been taken as divine persons. saying that the names of Indra. air. which no longer had any living truth or force for the thinking minds and were therefore fit to be put away among the relics of the past as an antique record of semi-barbarous worship. along with Sayanacharaya. which were to find place in later period works like Puranas.about these names and also formed the basis of all the myths and legends that came into existence subsequently. it was apparent that this could not be digested. To tell you the truth. cars and steam engines. It is RDS’s commentary that we took up for study and hence would like to talk about it first. In the course of this. fire. Therefore. where Vayu and Agni were mentioned together. that would lead them to the worship of One God and save them from the scourge of sin and troubled existence. to be sun. etc. and which you will read in a short while. as it is beyond reason that . RDS was perhaps distressed at the allegations raised by various Western scholars that the Hindu scriptures were merely mythology and ritual. when we picked up the Vedas for study. Ramayana and Mahabharata. without realizing that we were only leading to further deviation. RDS concluded that the Vedas talked of airplanes. who shared RDS’s view. This distress is also visible in the writing of Aurobindo Ghosh. A true reformist that he considered himself to be. he concluded them to be steam engines and so on. that were so often used in the Vedas. The moment we started reading it. Agni.
Our view was further substantiated when we read Manu. But have we ever thought that the same Vedas. in case we were to translate them in such a manner. who is largely believed to be the first lawgiver after the Vedas. Would any person . religion. say that people of that period were aware of steam engines and electric cars. those very people who talk of the scientific and logical nature of Vedas. electricity. would become redundant for the man of the period when they were revealed. (M ANUSMRITI 2-6) It is unfortunate that the later day translators of the Vedas inferred the value of Vedas from the value given to them by revered sages of earlier times. singing the glory of the Vedas in such un-ambiguous terms as: The Veda is the source of all Dharma i.e. They are of the view that people of the time knew the art of making airplanes and steam vehicles. To counter this argument. of whose universal nature we are boasting of. and so on. to tell that in future there would be airplanes and steam-engines to carry us or tell us what oils to put in ritual fire. righteousness and good conduct. steam engines and airplanes in the Vedas. The fact that several Vedic hymns talk in the future tense and carry words like Vayu and Agni. what kind of ladle to use during such oblations. but forgot the true meaning of the Vedas. morality. they found rites and rituals.God would use His energy and time. Instead of what Manu described Vedas to be. that made us conclude this. How foolish of us that we claim Vedas to be having a universal appeal due to the reason that they talk about future when steam engines would role and electric gadgets would be part of our life. which was lost with time. send Prophets and emissaries.
As we have said. from the days of steam engines and airplanes? We are sure your curiosity is aroused! Some of you may be thinking that only a handful of commentators like RDS have translated the Vedas with steam-engines and airplanes in them. and the people of the past were merely reciting the hymns so that they are remembered and reach us without any change? We are sure you won’t agree to this as Vedas truly are God’s own words and are for all times. if there were cars and airplanes. no trace of engine or airplanes is found and only things to be found are crude utensils. Maharshi Patanjali writes in the Mahabhasya. cars and airplanes have become common knowledge. traditional instruments of warfare and life bereft of all the so-called modern luxuries and modes of quicker transportation? Even for a moment. if we suppose that there were indeed such vehicles existing during the time. where have they disappeared? Why is it that in the excavations. then what about the middle ages.with a scientific and logical bent of mind ever believe this? Did we ever unearth a plane while digging or ever found a picture of it on the walls of a cave or a mention of it in any of the historical or religious books? Hanuman’s visit from Lanka to Himalaya in a very short time is cited but we will prove later that his visit was not owing to a fast-moving vehicle but to something that is far loftier than the flight of our materialism-inflicted minds. With such an explanation. whereas the rest of the commentators have certainly not done so. when airplanes were surely not plying? Were the Vedas redundant during that time period? Or were they only for our times. that there are 101 . Vedas would also become redundant in the 21 st century. Why should we look at the Vedas now when we gave gone far ahead in terms of progress. when steam engines.
101 are surely wrong and not carry the meaning that God intended. But what if the right path was one amongst the 95 schools of thoughts that are lost? Are we groping in the dark then? And the light of illumination that we consider to be from God.522) has been understood with at least 102 meanings. even if He had to send His Messages through various Apostles and emissaries. 110 th or any such version but certainly not lesser than the 102 nd. We must have accepted that since He is Creator and Knower of . Here we would like to say that since we believe the Vedas to be God’s words. is from other source. We should have kept complete faith in God that each and everything He says has to be correct and based on certain reason and then made the translations with utmost sincerity. without getting into a sort of inferiority complex. then what is the real meaning that God intended? God surely must have talked about one straight path. you will have to agree that out of the 102 Schools of Thoughts. If this is so. Kathak and Kapishthala.shakhas (schools of thoughts) of the Yajur Veda. All these commentaries are not available at present except the Kanva. Since commentaries or schools of thoughts are based on the understood meaning. Madhyandini. we must be prepared to accept it as it is. this would amount to saying that Yajur Veda alone (containing merely 1984 verses in comparison to Rig Veda’s 10. Only one may be the right path that God truly intended to show us. and not diverse ones as the various Schools of Thoughts suggest. From this reasoning. perhaps has its source in Satan (devil) itself. Maitrayani. Only six available to us out of the 101 versions! It can therefore be inferred that RDS’s commentary is either 105 th. Taittiriya. The fact that we faced this problem only highlights our lack of faith in God.
The problem of accepting this argument in the way it is presented is that it seems to give a ritual. to mean divine persons or devas. as Nature Gods residing somewhere in the heavens. etc. etc. then we must accept God’s Word as final. The Western scholars too have interpreted Indra. That is why. after a sincere study. . and what was there that was unacceptable to RDS. if we believe that not a single leaf falls without His wish. sincere endeavours to understand that Word in the true sense should be an endless pursuit. we will also find later that RDS’s view is misleading and baseless. Yes. whose meaning is taken as god. Agni. Nothing. whatever it is. all should be checked and rechecked on the basis of our reasoning.. which surely won’t be acceptable to any one of us. His words cannot be termed as lacking foresight or wisdom. not even the arguments carried in this book itself. On the other hand. Agni. If we believe that God has created us and it is He who has made arrangements for showing us the right path. before we come to believe them. should be accepted until we find them based on logic and reason. Commentators like Sayana and others (there are several) have taken Indra. Aurobindo Ghosh and others. Whether truth is in RDS’s inference or in that of commentators like Sayana and other Western scholars. mythological and polytheistic interpretation. Let us now see how Sayana and others had interpreted the Vedas. and if we believe that we are like scrap in the smelting unit of an iron or steel factory that keeps moving on a chain towards inevitable destruction of its material form. Vayu. we wish to see God’s word in the way we want it to be. all those people who sat with preconceived notions to prove something have erred. Vayu.all that will transpire till the end of this world.
but say that it is meant for the One God. have given several reasons to justify their stand but adherents of other school have always found them as baseless. and then it becomes of supreme importance to us to know and to hear its message. a book of divine knowledge. or it is what the European scholars say it is. oblations. who otherwise justifies RDS’s view. Aurobindo Ghosh had no choice but to fall back on RDS’s commentary. especially in his dealing with the names of god-heads (devas).” Even RDS and Aurobindo Ghosh are unable to discount that Vedas hymn the One Deity of many names and powers. even though it is apparent from his writing that he is not accepting it because he perfectly agrees with it. agrees that a large many people object upon RDS’s view. but has no choice in the face of other existing translations which are far more non-acceptable. and then we have to leave it behind for ever as the document of a mythology and ritual or which have no longer any living truth or force for thinking minds. steam engines. They are confounded to .Unable to digest this. Those adhering to RDS’s school. when puzzled by that One God’s name being described as a mortal human being. or two or more such names described together. Either the Veda is what Sayana says it is. cars and what not. He says: “In any case we have to make one choice or another. However. Says he: “People at all times have raised objections to the philological and etymological method by which RDS arrived at his results. and then we have to put it away among the relics of the past as an antique record of semi-barbarous worship or else it is indeed Veda. airplanes.” Objections to RDS’s Version Devi Chand. they take the literal meaning of fire or air or sun and carry on the discussion to include fire-sacrifice.
Arjuna sees various devatas in the revealed image of God shown to him. is interpreted as meant for wind. In order to endorse RDS’s commentary. Instead. Not just the Vedas.such an extent that the same word that at one point stands for the One God. Saraswati. etc. Puranas go to the extent of associating myths and legends to their names. Rama is said to have given Sita in the custody of Agnideva. Saraswati is worshipped as Goddess and Indra is prayed to. as instructive speech elsewhere and knowledge and learning at some other place. It is clear from our study of various Upanishads and Puranas that people worshipped Indra as a superior . Agni. Vayu.. Hanuman is Vayuputra. we find Indra. at yet another place. Aurobindo Ghosh writes: “According to etymological formation of the Nirukta. out of her one hundred names enumerated in the first chapter of the Satyartha Prakash. For instance. but interprets the word as wife when discussing marriage. as per Gita and is also believed to have received weapons and training from devatas. so much so they are talked about as siring children. air. all so-called historical names denote ordinary things according to science of rhetoric. but Upanishads are full of their mention. at a place RDS takes Saraswati as God. Perplexed indeed must he be but at no instance did he confess that his understanding and not God were the cause of this confusion. as per Mahabharata. And even today. mentioned in almost all scriptures of Hindus.” We might have accepted this logic as true had the “so-called historical names” were of ordinary nature. Why can’t he give one meaning to the word ‘Saraswati’ that is accepted throughout? This is so because one meaning would not have fitted everywhere. Krishna in Gita talks of ‘Indra’s Heaven’. when too less or too much of rain comes. fire or sun at another place and for learned sages or even common men like us.
We were of opinion that each hymn must be pertaining to a particular subject and were expecting some sort of continuity in meaning. Kashyap. as per RDS or Aurobindo Ghosh. if you have seen any of the translations of Vedas. With such profound literature abounding on them. though the ideal approach would have been to stick to the real translation and then write whatever they wanted . Devas. Parashara. in imparting of God’s Message. without giving clear indications that it is meant for the material sun.devata. Parasara may be denoting some ordinary thing. We were unable to digest this as we had expected God to stick to some logic or subject. Viswamitra. Gautama. Bharata. to oblations by the fire. how could the commentators ignore all this? In the backdrop of all this literature. and vice versa. you must have seen that each Veda comprises of several hymns. but are sure to have some significance. They have given their own translation. Lest you have forgotten. which is believed to be a word of God. are not just mere historical persons. It may move from a religious sacrifice to an airplane and from there to subject of God. and talked of Vayu reverentially. Bharadwaja. Angiras. Agni was chief deity of all sacrifices. And it is not that there are only a few names. etc. prior to Gita and during the time. What we find from RDS’s translation though is that there is no continuity and the subject keeps changing so much so that it is better to treat every verse separately. Urvashi. Vasishtha. but we must remember that it is Parasara who teaches the entire Vishnu Purana. Jamadagni. to cars. Moreover. There is no denying the fact that most commentators including RDS have tried to mould the translation as per their liking. Bhrigu. it is seems illogical that even Vedas would have used the terms like Indra as meaning the material sun. we remind you that we are talking of Vedas.
Mantra 14: May your house be comfortable. This should have meant that the meanings of the two should have been similar. reside in the vast space. Mantra 19: The yajna is the giver of happiness. then half or at least a portion of the translation should have same meaning. See for yourself.in the commentary that followed. the embodiment . and receive water from air. This has led to gross errors in translation. Clouds receive moisture from forests. he gave altogether different meanings. The proper recitation of the Vedic hymns is the yajna itself. while keeping in mind that first half of both the mantras is identical. May all persons acquire such a house through the grace of God. A very clear example of our claim that RDS has not relied on the real meaning but devised his own meanings can be seen from RDS’s translation of Mantra 14 and 19 in Chapter I of Yajur Veda. The second half is different but it has several common words. May the learned understand the building of houses. May the performer of the yajna realize its significance. May your house serve on as skin of the Earth. But since the meaning that RDS derived for the first half of Mantra14 was not fitting with his meaning of the second line of Mantra 19. which serve as skin of the earth. The yajna performed on special occasions also protects truth as skin protects the body. May God impart you this knowledge of clouds and building houses. In the Sanskrit text. And since the Mantra consists of only 2 lines. It should afford no shelter to the wicked and the uncharitable. The yajna is the sustainer of the illustrious sun. thereby clouding the entire work. the first half of both the Mantras is exactly the same. puts an end to the selfish and miserly habits and protects the mid-regions as skin protects the body.
Various languages have been derived from it. . carry their authority within themselves. Even Mahatma Buddha who is erroneously considered to be an atheist or opposed to the Vedas has stated in Sutta Nipata. including the authors of the Six Systems of Philosophy known as Darshan Shastras. attains a steady position. and the giver of spiritual knowledge.of Vedic lore. 292: He who attains true knowledge of Dharma or righteousness through the Vedas. Jain Acharya Kumudendu said on the Vedas: The Rig Veda is eternal and the word of the Omniscient in the beginning. It is derived from the root (Vid) to know. The meaning of the word Veda is knowledge. the Vedas were revealed by the Omniscient God in the beginning of the human creation. True Content of the Vedas Writes ADDVM (Acharya Dharma Deva Vidya Martanda) in his commentary of RDS’s translation of Rig Veda: “According to the unanimous opinions of the seers and sages of India. The message of the Omniscient Supreme being is and the same for the speakers of all languages.” Fact is that even the learned and wise authors of Upanishads have regarded Vedas as Revealed Scriptures. (S ANKHYA S HASTRA 5-5-1). May we realize the yajna as the bringer of rain. He does not waver. By Veda we mean the knowledge given by the Omnipotent and Omniscient Lord of all Creation for the harmonious development and guidance of mankind. Sage Kapila says: The Vedas having been produced by His (God’s) own power.
There are already so many misleading paths in front of us. We are sure that all those in sincere pursuit of spirituality and the consequent salvation would agree that God cannot be expected to teach us mundane things. it is surely difficult to trace the true path that would lead man to God. we would like you to keep this book aside for a while and ponder that if God was to directly give you some knowledge. knowledge imparted by God must surely talk about the shortest path to reach God. How are we to know what God wants from us unless . But before we do so. God’s books have to light the true path that leads us to God. like Krishna. airplanes. Therefore. Now we are close to revealing the true content of the Vedas. stress was given to leave all and seek recluse in hermitage. Rather than this. ingredients for sacrifice and similar other subjects. that have little significance in our spiritual life. then Narada had to tell people to come back to social life. When materialism had corrupted the thinking and rites and rituals had permeated the society. which has got blurred with time due to deviations and man’s nature to mould the shown path as per his own whims and likings. and in the confusing haze. Therefore. It is this reason that we discounted RDS’s commentary the moment we saw it talking of steam engines. they both shared the view that the followers of Vedas had got deviated from the original teachings. both Krishna and Buddha tried to propagate teachings as per the needs of time and their stress depended on the social life and belief of the people. agreed to the sanctity of the Vedas and its content and knew its importance as part of Dharma (religion).This shows that the content of the Vedas was as much regarded by Buddha as by Krishna. However. what it would be. When evils of sannyas grew so extensively that people left all chores of life to live in forest. it is to be noted that that Budha too.
All this should be mentioned in the God’s book. . what was the need of identifying them in the beginning? Why didn’t’ they took birth on earth right at the beginning? This was so because the man of earlier times was not prepared to accept them. it should be either as sign to indicate their position in relation to God or because of their perfect knowledge of all sciences and spirituality. how to worship Him and how to treat relations. It is to them that we should look at our hour of crisis and find solutions to our problems only through making an access to them. therefore. humans and animals. so that none of us can say that God’s path cannot be treaded. if they show certain superhuman characteristics. You might say. when we all know that each of us is governed by material senses and modalities of nature and. who show us the true path always and show how to lead that path in practicality. In their lives as humans. These are men who are identified by God as devatas in the Vedas so that we recognize them when they come to show us the way in future. Who will be the teacher in such a case? Who will be the guide? Are we to consider ordinary human beings or apparently pious sages as our guides. What if we are unable to understand God’s book. each one of us is fallible? Surely. we have seen that several books written by humans are so complex that they cannot be understood without a teacher or a guide. or confusion arise as regard to their understanding and interpretation. what the Almighty expects from his creation. the guides to God’s teachings must be those who are identified by God Himself.we hear from Him Himself? Either He should Himself tell or appoint Divine Representatives to tell the purpose of creation. They should be ones who are not fallible. However. Such divine beings should take birth as humans. live as humans and die as humans. friends.
Secondly. God is identifying them by telling us the incidents that would happen in their lives. It is they who pervade inside our atma. when they come in human form to live in this world. it was located at the centre of all major civilizations. This ensured that it was always possible to know the authenticity of narrations. Also Arabia was chosen for them as the place for various reasons. More importantly. They came when the language had developed and man was somewhat prepared to receive them. Arabs had a language that was far more developed than all the languages of the time. devatas are those who are being identified by the Vedas. if they had come at the time when Vedas were revealed. Arabs had an elaborate method of narrating incidents and even mentioned the chain of narrators. How would we identify them when they come to live in this earth? This is exactly what the God is doing in the Vedas. we tried to do a fresh translation . Yes. Mere mention of them in the Vedas astounded them so much so that they assigned divinity to them. there was a greater chance that modern man would have discounted the incidents of their life as myths of prehistoric men. To come to the conclusion ourselves. in spite of all the evils that they carried. They are described as rulers of our organs of action and senses. They are the saviours. They were to be our saviours and it is them that those who believed in the Vedas were being told to wait for. We knew that it is beyond God’s Nature to talk about mere historical characters or about material things like steam engines. They are going to be those who would be the real guides. etc. What if the devas were physically present in front of them? Moreover.because of his inferior mental capabilities. First. airplanes. It is they who would conclude the God’s teachings and show us the right path and also how to tread on it.
you will find our conclusion perfectly fitting not only with the entire Vedic literature. Chinese and Greek literature. At the end of 1000 feet. and after some gap of time. the Christians and the Jews – all have digressed from one common source. there were deviations within deviations. the others are doing in the name of God. Muslims too are far deviated from the true path and not one of their sects today is strictly practicing the religion that was intended by God. But you must be prepared to make certain compromises with your existing beliefs. Then draw another straight line with half-degree deviation from this straight line and touching it at one point. all tried to identify the devas but we didn’t . Mesopotamian. God’s religion or the true path to God is far different from all that the Muslims. as we will conclude that not only the present day Hindus. the Christians. draw a straight line on a piece of paper. Now suppose that the two lines continue stretching for about 1000 feet each.of few select verses of Vedas that were chosen randomly. This will become clearer when you proceed with this book. If you are receptive to reason. on all sides. all of them are following certain religion but none is following God’s religion. they appeared as distinct religions. The source of all of them is one. the Hindus. but also confirming to the Upanishads and Gita and also with other revealed books like the Old Testament and the Quran. you will find that all of us were in dark. The seemingly small deviations from the straight path occurred. The same has happened with our religions. but the ancient Egyptian. the Jews. To understand what we are saying. As we proceed. but the Muslims. you will find that the two lines are separated so much so that they appear to be too different lines. Not only the Vedas. And we came to such startling conclusions that at first we ourselves couldn’t believe what we had found.
As Quran says: No misfortune strikes the earth nor your selves unless it has been written in a book before We bring it into existence.understood. that it is easy for God (QURAN : LVII. In fact. 22) And Vedas are nothing but a living proof of this claim of God! . we understood and then got deviated.
and as Prana (Life) in us. and then became five and fourteen. are more commonly referred to. as His Manifested Selfs. seven. etc. Indra is described as the king of devas. The Upanishads talk of One Self. We have also described how people remembered these Divine Personalities by various names. Vayu. Moreover. The sole subject being discussed by them is to narrate the importance of the fourteen Divine Persons created by God.Study of the Rig Veda The Holy Rig V eda Veda You have seen how our study of various Upanishads had shown that they mostly talk of only one subject. that is through knowing them. Also. All creatures – moving and non-moving . As per Upanishads.were created out of their power and for the purpose of worshiping God. Various terms like the 12 Adityas. twelve and fourteen. The One Self in its original state is described as Brahma or Prajapati and Indra is also referred to as Vaisvadeva during certain stage of his creation. Agni. though some like Indra. the sacred syllable ‘Aum’ is said to . one attains salvation through realization of the Self and the Self comprises of none other but these fourteen devas. it is stated that there is only one path to reach God. how it was divided into two. They even say that the light of Divine Beings comprise a part of our Souls. When man deviates. the 11 Rudras and the 14 Devas or Divine Lords are used along with the relationship between five. They are described as the fourteen rulers of the fourteen spheres created by God and also as the rulers of our organs of sense and action. it is these Divine Persons. who took upon them the task of leading all creatures to the worship of One God. Saraswati.
However. Also. Hasan and Husain. thereby making it five. Prophet Mohammad on several occasions said that Ali would be his Caliph and successor and Imam (vicegerent) and there would be 11 more Imams in Ali’s progeny. thereby making two. Ali was married to the daughter of Mohammad. we have shown from Quran in Book 2 that it states of the seven names who became seven and seven – fourteen. thereby making it fourteen Ahelbayt (People of the House) who are also believed to be Masooms or God’s pure creations. nine illustrious sons were born in Husain’s progeny. Also. Prophet Mohammad was the last of the countless Prophets who came on earth to lead us to the right path. a moment prior to it. Our study of the beliefs of the Shia sect of the Muslims showed that an exactly similar relationship is found in the fourteen Ahlebayt (People of the House). and they themselves have claimed at times that God created the world and the entire beings because of them. one reaches Vishnu – the God. Allah (God) in Quran and Mohammad in his traditions narrated to us. believed to be Masooms (Pure persons kept pure by God himself). It was explicitly stated that there would be no more Prophet in future. thereby making it a total of 12. The light (noor) of Mohammad was created in the beginning. Mohammad . Ali has been described being created from the division of the noor of Mohammad by none other than Mohammad. Subsequently.refer to these devas alone. meditating on whom. the time when God asked Prophet Mohammad to announce that the teachings have been completed was the same when. with ‘Aum’ start all sacred work. both have extensively talked about the importance of these five. it is prescribed that they meditate on Aum alone to attain unity with God. from whom there were two sons. Remember there are 12 Adityas or Suns. Hindus.
The Dictionary gives the meaning of Rudra as follows: ‘Name of a group of gods. if they wished to achieve salvation. also known as Parvati. which we will be giving later in this book. A sect of Muslims believe that Mahdi has already taken birth about 1200 years back and is presently awaiting God’s command to appear.had announced that: Of whoever am I the Lord. as you proceed with Vedas that Parvati is the name used for Fatima and Rudra has been used for Ali. Ali too is the Lord. to get rid of all the evil and injustice from the world. who naturally is the chief Rudra. At the same time. Mohammad informed that the last of these Imams will also be named Mohammad and will be remembered by the people as Mahdi. which states that ‘Rudrani’ is the name of wife of Rudra. shed tears. lament or mourn them.’ The word ‘Rud’ means ‘to cry. The term ‘Rudra’ is also used for Siva as per the dictionary.’ Perhaps they were called Rudra because we had to eventually cry. You will find. mourn. A large part of their respective descriptions is similar. who would appear towards the end of this world. because of being the first Imam. supposed to be inferior manifestations of Siva or Sankara. These are enough similarities to show that the fourteen refers to Mohammad and the rest of the . weep. weep. various Puranas talk about the Kalki avatar. Muslims were instructed on countless occasions to hold them dear and to cling to the Quran and Ahlebayt tightly. as eleven of the twelve Adityas (the twelfth being still alive) were brutally killed by the people. but will appear towards the end of the age. Mahdi would disappear from public view at a young age. eleven in number. who is said to be the head of the group. lament.
Indra is none other than Mohammad. lest we forget them. or various other reasons related to their attachment with the world and worldly things. We picked up ‘The Holy Veda’ translated by Acharya Dharma Deva Vidya Martanda (ADDVM) with Rishi Dayananda Saraswati’s (RDS) commentary and The Yajur Veda. . Despite all these evident proofs. earth. all the Upanishads also talked about the importance of Vedas on countless occasions.d. While talking about the importance of devas. Ali. Upanishad say that five who constitute Life or Prana are sky. Hasan and Husain. 1824 . Mohammad. Therefore.D. as the Manifested form of God. Mantra I of Sukta I starts with the mention of the Self. The importance of the Vedas was talked about on several occasions. viz. air and water. fire. which we know from our study of Vedas. and it was said that it is the Vedas that show the way. They are the five Panjetans (Five Persons) of Shias. The Rig Veda too commences with Aum. Such persons could still call all these as lacking evident proofs.A. we picked up the Vedas to see if we find some more proofs of our claim in them. Hymn 1 As a rule followed at the beginning of all the sacred literature.) We will recount our views on various verses as we proceed with the reading of the English translation. translated by Devi Chand M. we are sure that there would still be a few who would not like to believe it. either out of their egos or false pride. through which the fourteen devas originated. and cited a direct relationship between the Divine Self that created the devas to the Vedic knowledge. so as to reach the God.Ahlebayts in the Upanishads. based on the commentary of RDS (b. which we have mentioned was used to meditate on the Divine Persons of God. Fatima.1884 A.
which would then mean there are more than one god. It is this meaning that we would use at various places.’ It is evident from this that the word deva comes very close to the Quranic ‘noor ’ meaning light. the only object of adoration in all seasons and the most Bounteous and the Greatest Bestower of splendid wealth. instruction is imparted by God regarding His own self and the physical signification of the word agni (fire). but since our view is that there is only One God. Yaskacharya says ‘the word deva is derived from the root of the word ‘daan’ i. as on many occasions. ‘The Giver’. ‘deepan’ or ‘ghotan’ ‘illuminator’. We request you to read the translation again. we have also discarded this. more than one deva is being mentioned. the Illuminator of all noble activity. devas would mean ‘the givers of knowledge’ or ‘illuminators of true path’.” The Sanskrit text had used the word ‘devam’ which ADDVM has translated as Self-effulgent. which is wrong. In the commentary. created by God as rulers of the fourteen spheres. RDS writes: “There in the first verse. the Eternal Support of the Universe. as it . and few have also concluded that ‘deva’ cannot be reference to God. ‘deepan’ also suggesting light.e. Deva would therefore mean ‘Divine Light’ or ‘Divine Lord’. Some commentators have translated ‘deva’ as ‘god’ which too is wrong. which too is not far from our interpretation of devas. Various commentators have tried to clarify the meaning of the term ‘devas’. As per Yaskacharya’s interpretation.See how this has been translated by ADDVM: I glorify the Self-effulgent (Devam or my deva) the Supreme Leader. We know from Upanishads and Puranas that there are fourteen devas or ‘Divine Lords’ or ‘Divine Lights’. Some also say that they are lesser gods.
Taking both the . they are preparing ground for the future.1. which would amount to saying that the material fire is also ‘full of wisdom’. if we can give such simple logic to prove that material fire cannot be meant here. One probability is that Agni could be reference to God. it is stated that ‘Agni the Self-effulgent Lord (this is the translation given by RDS here) is the protector of the enlightened persons. both are meant here? Reason is simple.2-5. the word ‘vipashchitam’ is used with ‘Agni’. God and the material fire (agni) are being talked about. However. Fire may be an important creation of God but not so important to be called the all-important. But RDS and ADDVM knew that if they take only God as the implied meaning.1. We do not understand how RDS came to the conclusion that two different subjects. a person who is referred to as Agni. Even in Shatapath 1. Therefore. the eternal support of the universe.’ Can fire be a protector of the enlightened persons? Has any enlightened person said that fire has protected him against vices or helped him reach the right path? Therefore. The fact is that in this verse. the adjectives used for the deva can also be taken to mean God. it is clear that Agni is not material fire as RDS has taken. by saying that God and material fire both are meant here.clearly appears that only one deva is being talked about who is the supreme leader. lest they get into trouble in explaining. the only object of adoration in all seasons and the most bounteous and the greatest bestower of splendid wealth. Agni surely means something else. What word is there in the verse that makes him think that the material fire is mentioned? Fire is clearly ruled out as it is beyond logic to consider material fire as the Supreme Leader and the illuminator of all noble activity. they would face problems in describing some of the later mantras. the illuminator of all noble activity. Moreover. why is it that RDS says that fire and God.
55. God was not fitting into the meanings of Mantra 3. then this carrier of learned passenger like a bull or a horse swiftly conveys the learned people sitting in the conveyances to distant places. Also see how RDS while talking of Shatpath verse 1. He is the wisest seer. And in no way can the material fire be the meaning. even this translation is absurd and incorrect. taken as meaning here is totally out of place. at a later stage. See how. However.125.” This has been taken as the meaning despite the Rig Veda saying in 3. it was only this preparation that helped them. But would they explain what word was there that they translated it as mechanical engineers and also mechanized transport vehicles. therefore energy or fire is taken as meaning. RDS had no choice but to take fire as the meaning.’ Note that seer and not God is used. refers to the “thermic energy (Agni) being the plier of conveyances to their destinations and quick in motion is called the quick carrier of transport.3.14). ‘Agni is full of all knowledge. thereby .188.8.131.52.14 of Rig Veda.6 that ‘Agni knows the actions of all beings’ or in 3. However.5.meanings here would enable them to conveniently shift from God to material fire and back to God if one or the other does not fit properly. We accept that the word Agni was there so they had every right to translate it as fire or energy. wherefore men concerned with mechanized traffic eagerly desire for their business this thermic energy (Agni) quick like a horse to be employed in transport. this thermic energy (Agni) is installed and set ablaze in the engines of mechanized transport vehicles. But since it was not possible to stick to taking Agni as God in the aforementioned verse (3. Look at their meaning: When by mechanical engineers. it is evident that material fire.
Who would read all that we already know in this age.” Now see what Shatapath 1.1.1. then the Lord with the appellation ‘Agni’ is meant. Isn’t it a proof of our view? . Also. For a moment replace Agni with the name of one of the devas in the first verse. as if this is what we expect God to tell us. and not fire or God. it should be expected that God’s teachings should reveal the right path. See this mantra now: “I glorify the illuminator (of my path) Agni deva.enhancing the comic nature and incomprehensibility of the translation. In fact. we won’t have to fall in difficulties of translation as is happening with RDS and ADDVM. RDS’s translation seems to be talking of elementary Physics. Take this meaning as true and it will fit in all the mantras of the Vedas. the illuminator of all noble activity. the Supreme leader. including the ones in which we are living. the eternal support of the universe. Our view is that since Sanskrit text has used the word devam. the only object of adoration in all seasons and the most bounteous and the Greatest Bestower of splendid wealth. This explains why people today only regard the Vedas as sacred but no longer stick to their reading. ‘My Lord’. owing to taking birth in this period. Eventually. the Rig Veda would become far more meaningful. who were believed to be living in heaven during those times and people prayed that they would come to earth at sometime in future.2-5 says: Agni is the Protector of the vows of the enlightened. far more contemporary for all times. following which we attain enlightenment and freedom from continuous cycle of life and death. rather than movement in fast-moving vehicles that we already know of. and since it is evident from reading of the mantra that it refers only to one Person.
who is the creator of the devas. May He bestow on us from all sides all divine virtues like learning and wisdom. Can it be true that two meanings are meant by a single sentence? Is the God trying to confuse us. Despite these attempts. not in the view of mortal human beings. The comic situation is further enhanced in the commentary of verse 2. so that it may be the source of innumerable desirable objects of rightful enjoyment for all. is ever fit to be investigated into and harnessed in works of arts and crafts. one in which Agni is taken as god and the other in which it is taken as electricity. either due to some adverse circumstances in the intervening period or due to willful sabotage by some people. we lost this vital link. The same is mentioned in Upanishads repeatedly thereby revealing that people knew the true knowledge of the verses of Rig Veda during the past. sages like Yajnavalkya and others are described in various Upanishads going to places where the rituals were being performed and telling the people including the priests of the true reason why each ritual was performed or who were the people being invoked through each ritual. See the two meanings yourself: (1)God the Self-effulgent and Omniscient Supreme Leader should be glorified and sought after by both the experienced sages and preceptors and by the students of the Vedic Lore.So we see that the translation of Vedas itself begins with absurdities and deva is a person who enjoys very important position. RDS gives two different meanings to the verses. When people started forgetting their true meaning. by . (2) Fire in the form of electricity etc. but in the view of the God. beneficent seasons and appreciable means of legitimate enjoyments. perfectly healthy limbs.
God is the All-Supreme and the material fire is just a small and insignificant part of God’s creation – the two having no parallel at all. he is beating around the bush by opening up two paths. The well-known culinary fire. the translator is cleverly hiding his inability to understand the true meaning of the verses. See how he is trying to tread on two ships at a time: “Hence if Omnipotent and Omniscient God is thus worshipped and if the thermic energy or fire in the form of electricity etc. to avoid any embarrassment.000 verses in the Rig Veda. owing to his inability to understand the true meaning. This is how Shri Yaskacharya – the author of ‘Nirukta’ interprets. which would facilitate him in switching from one to the other. Yet he takes two meanings. is harnessed in our daily transactions of life. he has added electricity as the meaning of word ‘Agni’. We will see later how these two meanings too cannot help him much and he will have to give other meanings to the word Agni. Here itself. however. But here is meaning the all illuminating. the most excellent merits and enjoyment of bliss shall fall to our lot. and had there been a few hundred more.” . that is utilized by the general public for the purpose of preparing food is not meant in this Mantra. it would not have made a difference. when He could have easily said them in two different sentences? There are already more than 10. crafts and industry by the term Agni. Here the ancient is known in contrast with the modern and vice verse. self-effulgent and the subliminal thermic force or electricity as the subject of all scientific knowledge and means of all arts. Therefore. if the need be.unnecessarily saying two things in the same sentence. Fact is that through giving two different meanings. The problem is also compounded by the fact that he perhaps does not wish to accept this fact.
if we displease the God by changing His intended meaning. RDS or ADDVM that they willfully tried to lead us in an opposite direction when all the Upanishads and Puranas were clearly talking about devas like Indra and Agni as Divine Beings. when we are confident that Vedas are revealed scriptures? Does that mean that God said something and we can mould it in any way we want? Who are we to change the meaning implied by God. That is why. If this is the reason why this was done. and hence have no relevance in the present times. Why this inferiority complex. Aren’t these people responsible for all this farce? . perhaps. motorcars. would we call such translators as sincere? All these great scholars did not take the meaning as they saw but tried to prove those things that were never intended. they stop reading it. airplanes as part of the translations. fact is that their translations are misleading. then it was the most unfortunate thing to be done. even if He wishes to talk about certain characters of the past? Who are we to raise a finger of doubt on God’s scriptures. However. We have pointed out elsewhere in this book that the Western scholars were ridiculing the Vedas by saying that they talk of mythical personalities of the past. these people decided to make the Vedas more contemporary and brought in electricity. Eventually. that is if we regard them in their original form? In order to please a few Western scholars. In case we do not doubt their integrity.We have no intention of doubting the integrity of Shri Yaskacharya. the only plausible explanation for such translations is that they were done in order to attune the Vedas with modern times. yet continue to maintain them as divine scriptures. they ended up giving a translation that several Hindus find incomprehensible. They read it and when they find it not fitting with their reason.
There may not be any word in the original text which would mean ‘mechanical engineers’ but they used that word in the translation itself. This translation seems closer to reality. (1) By fervent adoration of God who is Self-effulgent Supreme Being. The discussion that started with praising the deva Agni in the first verse. by properly using which for personal benefit. as they liked. thereby showing that the translations too are not exact and what they ought to have said in the commentary has been said in the translations.If they were very sincere. a man obtains much material wealth and fame by utilizing it for charitable purposes. continues here in this prayer which confirms that the deva Agni has remained a respected/celebrated figure during all times. while writing the commentary. 1). (2) The word Agni used in the Mantra also stands for fire. (W ILSON’ S T RANSLATION OF THE R IG V EDA . the bravest and the most accomplished children and other relations. PG . why didn’t they give the exact meanings of the verses? They had all the opportunity to interpret them. Now see how two different translations of Mantra 3 have been given. Wilson has translated this verse differently: May that Agni who is to be celebrated by both ancient and modern sages conduct the Gods (read devas) here. a devotee obtains from Him day by day such excellent possessions as impart happiness through the strengthening of the body. mind and soul possessions which bring great fame and include the strongest. who is prayed to come to this earth and bring other devas too to live in this world. If you have read the Gita. heat and electricity etc. you must have seen .
How are we to know what is the way to adore God? Who would tell us that prostrating in this manner one reaches God? Whether this adoration alone is sufficient. all the prayers are being performed with material benefits in sight. I would have asked from him what is the best way to properly utilize fire.how materialism has been discounted. as means for obtaining material wealth and fame. bravest and the most accomplished children and other relations. If you see this commentary. merely a book is insufficient. as it is believed that there were more than 100 schools of thought in existence of Yajur Veda itself. thereby revealing the mindset of the commentators. How are we to know whether fervent adoration of God is to be done or fire is to be properly utilized or whether the adoration of God is to be done by utilizing the fire. fame and strongest. Moreover. heat and electricity for charitable purposes. you will find that one translator himself is not able to come to one meaning. or whether we need to work as well to achieve wealth? Whether adoration while intoxicated is permissible? Whether being intoxicated itself is permissible? Whether facing east is better than facing west? A lot many questions could come to mind! Clearly. something that several people do through rituals? It is difficult to fathom why God would refer only to material fire. it is said that by fervent adoration of God. in lieu of more apparent means for achieving it like righteousness or good conduct. Had RDS been in front of me. Though majority of them are now lost. heat and electricity for benefit. and how can a man obtain wealth and more importantly fame by utilizing fire. we do not know whether we have lost the one that told us the true meanings. Here. because of differing translations. Does this mean that all the Hindus should give free supply of electricity at all jagrans and religious congregations and . we would get happiness and excellent possessions.
have been taken with different meanings. being Omnipresent. RDS has given two meanings to this verse as well. Clearly. Agni and deva. contrary to the earlier position. Carrying this absurdity further. It is evident from reading of Upanishads that people believed that devas are the ones who are to show us the right path to reach God. not only through words. the book is not sufficient enough to give answers to all our questions and that is one reason why the devas were created by God.also to those who are poor and bear the expense on their pocket rather than connecting the cable to the Corporation’s supply? Or does it mean that electricity is to be utilized in arts and crafts. Did you see how two more meanings have been added for the word ‘deva’? Likewise. Agni is again taken as God in the first meaning and is described as the protector of all sacrifices and in the next. The two meanings are as follows: (1) O Omniscient God. as RDS has said. it is taken as material fire. as well as propagation of arts and crafts by wise scientists and artists. in one of them he has taken ‘deva’ to mean ‘truthful enlightened persons’ while in the second instance the same word has been taken to mean ‘scientists and artists’. but by practice too. said to be instrumental in the very performing and propagation of all Yajnas (non-violent sacrifices). Thou dost protect from all sides the non-violent Yajna (sacrifice) which consists of the contemplation and adoration of Thy Divine Majesty . And the words. to create modern appliances? Whether it is permissible to build electric meters that show less reading? Also RDS is silent on how the people of the time when these Vedas were first revealed utilized electricity in their arts and crafts. RDS again talks of two altogether different subjects in Mantra 4. which appears once each in this mantra. when they come to live in this word at an appropriate time in future.
the unobstructed sacrifice of which thou art on every side the protector. association with the virtuous and charity to the deserving and the needy. It is ordained by Thee that these righteous works should be in the hands of the enlightened for the good of all. . However. electricity etc. Wilson’s commentary as they both have not understood the true identity of Agni and other devas. Wilson’s English translation of Sayanacharya’s commentary on the Mantra: Agni. their inability to understand that the deva Agni is meant here who would come in this earth and give sacrifices. (2) The fire in various forms of heat. Wilson on this Mantra is not correct. Isn’t it apparent that the same deva and his link with various sacrifices or some particular sacrifice is being talked about? Yet the knowledgeable sages take it to mean ‘truthful enlightened persons’ and ‘scientists and artists’ in the two different meanings. ‘Thou art all pervading’ is the attribute of God only. Yet it seems that they are doing a sincere attempt in doing so.and respect for the truthful enlightened persons. We do not intend to justify Sayanacharya’s or Dr. (Such enlightened persons approve of only non-violent. is instrumental in performing the Yajnas (non-violent sacrifices) and beneficial acts and the propagation of arts and crafts by wise scientists and artists. The following is Dr. as they think it applicable to material fire which being inanimate cannot protect the Yajna and is not Omnipresent. The translator of this book writes further: “In detailed commentary on this first hymn Rishi Dayananada stated that the commentary of Sayanacharya and Dr. beneficial acts done in the name of Yajnas). assuredly reaches the Gods.
Skanda Swami concludes that: “Even the animals that are killed in the Yajna are shown mercy or kindness. You must be expecting to find some harmony and continuity within the various mantras comprising a hymn. ADDVM and RDS have tried to invent meanings. They both were unanimous in criticizing Sayanacharya and Dr. However. they do not give the literal. and various other places where they have translated Agni as God and at others where they take Agni as material fire. On the other hand. it is because they have cleverly taken two meanings and dilly-dally between the two. from the meanings that are given. as it is said by the learned that they go to heaven etc. and in the process they have contradicted their own statements. it would have been even more difficult for them to explain sentences like Agni knows the action of all beings. as electricity. particularly so because Vedas are said to be linked with God. the first is said to be describing God’s attributes . Agni is full of all knowledge. but add their own views while giving the meanings. has led them to wrong conclusions. exact meanings. two different meanings are given. Likewise in mantra 5.” See how the great sacrifice by a deva has been reduced to unreasonable and mundane descriptions. Further. Fact is that material fire is never the intended meaning. If RDS and ADDVM have not got in a similar situation. Wilson by saying that material fire which being inanimate cannot protect the Yajna and is not Omnipresent. as steam or by various other meanings.including the sacrifice of his life for the sake of humanity. as there is no apparent consistency in meaning. Had they not done so. in order to avoid embarrassment. we have seen that the subject keeps changing so abruptly that it appears it is wrong to place a group of mantras under one hymn. For instance.
removing the absurdity. But RDS has criticized this commentary of Dr. Wilson by saying: “How can the appellation ‘kavikritu’ which even Wilson translates as ‘attainer of knowledge’ be applicable to material fire?” Despite this statement. However. the Omniscient Creator of the world. Note that RDS has not criticized Dr.while the second is a prayer to comprehend this fire. Therefore. May the Self-effulgent God. it is for the first time that RDS is right in his statement that attainer of knowledge cannot be used for fire. but electricity is the attainer of knowledge. whose glory is most wonderful to hear and know about – the Light that illuminates all-be accessible to . His subject of criticism is that ‘kavikritu’ cannot be used for material fire. and happiness. the attainer of knowledge. RDS has not translated the verse with material fire as the meaning but has used ‘electricity’ instead. RDS is silent on why he himself has taken material fire as the meaning. the Giver of peace. how he too is far of the mark. Can the appellation ‘attainer of knowledge’ be applicable to electricity? Note that the verse does not talk of the person who attains the knowledge of electricity. come hither with the Gods (read devas). renowned and divine. Dr. but is also groping in the dark. which possesses divine attributes itself. but RDS has reversed the meanings. he who is true. without knowing what is actually meant by Agni. thereby. in his view. the Benefactor of the righteous person. Wilson has translated mantra 5 as follows: May Agni the presenter of oblations. The two meanings given are as follows: 1. Dr. But see for yourself. Wilson by saying that ‘attainer of knowledge’ is not the implied meaning. Wilson is surely close to true meaning.
If there was no such word that talked of ‘art and craft’ in his first translation. O Inner Soul of the Universe and the human soul. and feared that people won’t accept that translation. Thou dost confer all good things (including the bliss of emancipation). Friend of all. Even if we accept for a moment that material fire and God are both meant by the term ‘Agni’. May we get the knowledge of this fire which is the principal of arts and crafts and which possesses divine attributes.’ Isn’t it clear that the deva Agni (Husain) and not God or fire are meant? Again Wilson is close yet far away.us – His devotees. when he equates it with ‘a Rishi. where RDS has given only one meaning. this verse had nothing that he could relate it to material fire. if he did it. Wilson and Sayanacharya has translated Angirah as ‘The designation of a Rishi. why is it that nobody ask RDS how altogether different meanings can be derived. This is why we say that the later day Hindu scholars had ceased to apply their reason while studying religious scriptures. O life of our life. while RDS maintains that ‘God is called Angirah because He is the very Life of the worlds and as Inner Self of all beings is Life of our life. Now comes Mantra 6. See his translation: O God. Clearly. the founder of a family or of a school’. the founder of a family or of a school. 2. what word was there by which he came to this conclusion while giving the second translation.’ We have seen in Upanishads that our soul is regarded as being associated with the . To grant such great gifts is quite in accordance with Thy Divine Nature – that is Thy vow. to the person who gives himself up to Thee – offers to Thee everything that he has surrendering himself to Thee completely.
God is not directly inside us. the life of our life. the inner soul of the universe and the human soul. therefore the entire nature and the divine laws that are part of it. the person who gives himself up and offers everything that he has to God. It is he alone who is addressed in Mantra 8 when it is said: We approach you in a spirit of sincere humility. so that you will bless us with the light of true knowledge. And who else can be the protector of our sacrifices than one who has given everything that he possessed. You are the protector of all our sacrifices and righteous persons. Also Self comprises of fourteen devas. including the lives of his near and dear ones and subsequently his own life as sacrifice to God.Self and Self is an extension of the God. It is Agni deva alone who is described as friend of all. It is said: “We approach you day and night with our intellects and good actions. the constant illuminator of truth and the true eternal Vedas. Puranas have referred to their presence in various Manvantaras (creations) prior to this one. It is this deva alone who is referred to in Mantra 7 ‘in a spirit of humility and fervent sincere devotion’ for ‘making obeisance’ to him. you are decay less and in your blissful state there is an end to all miseries. He alone is the protector of all righteous persons.’ Isn’t it been said that the world was commenced from out of these devas. Mantra 9 prays to this Agni deva (who in our view is Husain) to be easily accessible to or attainable by us .” We have mentioned that the purpose of the creation of these devas was to show us the true path and lead us on the way to emancipation. thereby surrendering himself to Him completely. and the eternal divine laws operating in the universe. are owing to the devas? It has also been mentioned in Puranas that they are decay less.
Also it is prayed that he will grant us the grace to be united with him for our happiness and welfare. and has silently removed the second meaning with ‘fire’. who was giving two different meanings of Agni till now but has taken God alone as the meaning in mantras 7 to 9 and due to his inability to relate these verses with material fire. be easily accessible to or attainable by us by bestowing upon us such beneficent knowledge as will enable us to obtain all excellent objects and means necessary to attain happiness here and hereafter.by bestowing upon us such beneficent knowledge as will enable us to obtain the excellent objects and means necessary to attain happiness here and hereafter. as a father is to his son. Our view is that Husain or Agni deva is being prayed. decay less and protector of our non-violent acts and righteousness. See mantra 9: O Omniscient God. due to his being the lord of organs of action and senses. the True Eternal Vedas and the Eternal Divine Laws operating in the universe. as Thou art ever decay less in Thy Blissful State where there is an end of all miseries. See the translation of RDS now. we approach Thee in a spirit of sincere humility. O God. the Protector of all non-violent acts and righteous persons. Self-effulgent. in a spirit of humility and fervent sincere devotion making obeisance to Thee. Do thou grant us the grace to be united with Thee for our . as a father is to his son. so that Thou wilt bless us with the light of true knowledge. the constant Illuminator of Truth. we approach Thee day and night with our intellects and good actions. who is the constant illuminator of truth. See mantra 7 and 8: O God.
We have seen in Upanishads and Puranas that Indra is referred to on several occasions as the Head of the Devas. Vayu or Marut too is highly praised in the Upanishads. Instead. mayest Thou be ever accessible to us – be manifest in our hearts and hear our supplications. RDS has also quoted from Yaskacharya who too has taken this verse also to mean ‘air’. Yet. if not God Himself. O Lord. Hymn II This hymn will further highlight the inconsistency with RDS’s translations as more devatas are introduced here. Mitra and Varuna are described.happiness and welfare. of Grandest Majesty. all the objects of nature are made by Thee accessible to all Thy creatures. The Vishnu Purana has even stated that Indra was the chief of the devas in other Manvantaras as well. RDS has ignored all the great mass of literature in the form of Upanishads and Puranas that clearly defines them as Divine Persons created as Manifested forms of God. persons etc. O Almighty God! Life Principle of all lives. Vayu-Vayu aayahi-aagacchati just to make . We beseech Thee. while making the translation can be understood by this view of the translater ADDVM: “In the case of Vayu as air. he continues to see them by their material interpretations as well as God. Indra. as his intellect becomes sharp to grasp such subtle subjects. Vayu. prior to the creation of this world. Fact that RDS has played with case. enlivening the whole animate world. grammar etc. person. protect their properties befitting them for the daily life of Thy creatures. He praises various virtues of air and says that it is with the help of the air taken in the process of Pranayama that a man can know God. the commentator (RDS) has changed the cases.
If Vedas can talk about this subject.. flowers. one for Vayu as God and other as air and it is said that both the sciences – the science of God and the science of physics should be studied and honoured. but it was not necessary to do so for intelligent persons. rivers. The same is the case with the Grandest Vedic Poetry of the Master Poet-God. Even animate objects are sometimes mentioned as animate.2 achetnanyapi chetanvatstuyante . without even mentioning that he has done so. according to the Vedic Grammar.the meaning clear. This is just a way to express one’s ideas in an impressive manner. as is clearly stated in the Nirukta 7. Wouldn’t it be better if ADDVM had given the exact implied meaning and then explained its inferred meaning in the commentary? Instead. etc. Is it ethically correct? More particularly when you are playing with the God’s text! We notice that two meanings are given again. person etc. which is described in Gita as the best of sciences? Fact is that all our socalled sciences are just the study of the Nature of the Divine Self. RDS has interpreted the verses with changed case. is the study of the nature of the universe. person. are addressed by the poets. he translates the commentary by RDS as if it was the translation of Vedic mantras. It does not mean that they consider these inanimate objects as conscious beings. .” It is clear from this itself that the language used in the Vedas treat them as conscious beings. In poems the mountains. At the same time. It is not explained why this fetish for physics. But Rishi Dayananda thought it proper to explain it clearly by changing the case. etc. like all other sciences. when physics too. why is it that they do not talk on the science of the Self. so that ignorant persons may not think that inanimate objects are being addressed.
So much so that we can find several quotes like those of Mrs. gains control over all material forces so much so that the air can take him to the Himalayas. who comprise the Self. Had RDS been alive today. a person who has attained unity with them too starts showing some or all of these traits. whose study has already been mentioned as the highest science by Krishna in Gita. are being described in the Vedas. and also gain knowledge of past or future happenings. he might have also found a mobile phone to be existing in those times. Radium. and a person who has truly cognized the Self. It is the land of the great Vedas the most remarkable works containing not only religious ideas for a perfect life.We must admit that through these translations. Wheeler Willox – an American lady – who says: “We have all heard and read about the ancient religion of India. These Divine Persons alone. Since the devas comprising the Self possess these virtues. he can cure the mortally sick or even make the dead come to life. he can make a vision appear on the sky itself. Electrons. but also facts which all the science has since proved true. RDS succeeded in depicting the contemporary aspect of Vedas to some extent. Airships. just as they have derived the existence of airplanes from the story of Hanuman traveling from Sri Lanka to Himalayas and back within a night. why is it that nobody has till date succeeded in making an invention on the basis of the teachings of the Vedas. Why has he not found a television or a movie screen when Arjuna was shown the vision of God? Or that of a computer when the detailed accounts were given! Truth is that none of these material devices existed. all seem to be known to the sires who found the Vedas. . from seeing Sanjaya narrate the happenings of the battlefield to Dhritarashtra.” If this is the case. Electricity.
what’s worse is that they have been accepted as true. Isn’t it the case of degrading the sanctified scriptures from God to suit our own taste and meaning? Next verse (no.Mantra 4 heightens the problem of RDS further. it also talks of Indra. it is called Surya. Even Aditya means sun.” The translation given by RDS is as follows: O Omniscient God. where there were two gods. that would have created a still more awkward situation. all beings desire happiness with the food materials and other articles. We wish you to see the translation done by RDS. Naturally. is an appellation for the Head Deva. he decided to shift to the literal meaning. where the material sun is referred to in the Upanishads and Vedas. it was not possible to take Vayu for God as RDS had done in the previous mantra because he would have to show Indra in the company of Vayu. Apart from Vayu. And if he had taken Indra to be God as well. the sun and the air created by Thee uphold . but is used for the twelve shining lights (devas) created by Brahma. and Indra. though also meaning sun. Not for a moment did he realize that at most places. so as to highlight what kind of silly meanings have been given to Vedas. Therefore. who has been described by Upanishads in such great esteem. 5) still compounds the problem further. Yet there is attempt to give still another meaning when it is said: “By Vayu and Indra may be taken in Adhibhautik or social sense enlightened men who like the sun are dispellers of the darkness of ignorance and strong men like the wind. treating Vayu as air and Indra as sun. Vayu is taken as God again while the sun and air as material objects are still there. Such men get wealth (material and spiritual) soon. Because Yajnas producing water with various activities and all attainable enjoyments shine on account of the sun and the air and when they come.
as they accomplish the act of composing water.2. the verse 7 is even interpreted as telling the chemical composition of water.and give to all the objects of universe which Thou makest. They soon come to these objects to make them more useful. Clearly. As if the physics being talked about till now was not enough. this meaning was derived by RDS when the scientists had already found the composition of water. the Prana and apana also preserve and protect the body.) which is the destroyer of various maladies. In the same way. Also a passage from Shatapath 8. If you have read this book from start. you must be remembering how Prana (life) is described as comprising the five devas. RDS is content giving it new meanings! RDS further writes: “As on account of the sun and the air. I who am desirous of acquiring the knowledge of arts and crafts. in the same way. Therefore people should thoroughly acquire the science of the sun and the air. as well as the Science . the water goes to the sky from oceans and it causes rain preserving and protecting all. there was a mention of the devas coming on earth here. Unfortunately. I acquire the science of prana and apana (inhalation and exhalation etc.4 to show that the word ‘Mitra’ stands for the sun.5. In this regard RDS has quoted from Nighantu 5. accept the sun of pure vigour in the sky which gives us happiness in our daily activities on account of his light and the Prana residing in the body which is the devourer of diseases. See how the two terms ‘Mitra’ and ‘Varuna’ are described to be meaning hydrogen and oxygen. which has been in such a manner as above. Yet.6 is cited as per which the word Mitra is used here to denote ‘Prana’ and the word Varuna ‘Apana’.
The word ‘Sadhanta’ is in the dual number indicating that it is two elementary bodies which combine to form water. Mitra is described as an associate of Varuna.of the Prana and apana (vital breaths) in order to do good to all. but that it has strong affinity for Oxygen. Its well-known property is rishadas i. can be formed by the combination of two other substances (ghritachim Sadhanta). in this Mantra. water. nor is it only monovalent. Now it is well known that hydrogen is not only the lightest element known. The first liberal meaning of Mitra is measurer. in many parts of the Veda. ‘This Mantra Mitran huve pootdaksham describes the process or steps (Dhiyam) whereby the well known of liquids.” ADDVM adds: “The Vedic words have got several meanings from the Adhyatmik (spiritual) Adhibhautik (Social) and Adhidaivik or scientific and cosmic points of view. as a measure of density or of value otherwise known as quantivalence. Now. It is the element that every living being needs to live. hence it is described as an associate of Varuna. Pandit Guru Datt MA is a great scientist and a distinguished scholar of the Vedas – the founder and the editor of the ‘Vedic Magazine’ explained the above Mantra in the following manner from the Adhidaivik (Scientific and Cosmic) standpoint. The words used to indicate those two substances are Mitra and Varuna.e. Udana is well characterized by its power to lift up. Mitra for instance occurs as synonymous with Udana. It will be shown how Varuna indicates Oxygen Gas. Varuna is the substance that is acceptable to all. Many other analogies in the properties of Mitra and Hydrogen go to suggest that what is in the Vedic terms styled as Mitra is in fact identical with hydrogen. it eats away . The other meaning of Mitra is ‘associate’. The name is given to a substance that stands as it were. The second element with which we are concerned is Varuna.
” Did you see how wherever there was a mention of the devas and their activities when they would come to live in this earth. Mitra and Varuna on several occasions. Instead. it has been changed by such absurd arguments? And they maintain this absurdity throughout without bringing their intelligence into play. Upanishads have used the names. Daksha means energy. No one will fail to perceive that the substance thus distinctly characterized is oxygen gas. and physiologically purifies the blood by oxidizing it. free from impurities. Putadaksham is a substance pure. cannot see in Putadaksha the properties of gas highly heated? The meaning of the mantra taken as a whole is this – ‘Let one who is desirous to form water by the combination of two substances. Guru Dutt MA in ‘Wisdom of the Rishis’). Who that is acquainted with the Kinetic theory of gases. the importance of these devas in leading us to God and their role in the creation of the universe was discussed. and included these names in the list of 14 devas. all the base metals. Puta is pure. Hydrogen and Oxygen as augmenters of truth and the cause of establishing contact with God.” (Pt. In next verse. possessed of kinetic energy. but it is especially characterized here as rishadas. it burns all the bones etc. Such long interpretations are given when everybody knows that ‘Puta’ means progeny and Daksha is an oftused term in the Upanishads. and thereby keeping the frame alive. It is by these properties Varuna is in general distinguished. take pure hydrogen gas highly heated and Oxygen gas possessed of the property rishadas and let him combine them to form water. Puta Daksha would therefore mean ‘son or grandson of Daksha’. Another word used in the Mantra is Putadaksha . Veda and water is what it has been .or rusts.
Contrary to this view. Also Putadaksha i. free from impurities too was mentioned for the two devas. then there are other things that are equally necessary for survival of the body. Unable to find a proper explanation. Not sticking to their earlier meaning. To think that all this has been said for Hydrogen and Oxygen is ridiculous. Indra. They are augmenters of truth and water and causes of establishing contact with God. Mantra 8 is translated in the following manner: Above mentioned Mitra and Varuna are created by God who is absolute Truth. it is said later by ADDVM that “the word Mitravaruna has been clearly used for the King and the Prime Minister who sit in a thousand pillared Assembly Hall. Mitra and Varuna standing for Prime Minister and King and Hydrogen and Oxygen. Rishi Dayananda also has taken in this sense of teacher and preacher. they have tried to give more than one explanation to a verse. at least when the names are talked about in succession. If this has been said because of their role in the very survival of life. as well as teacher and preacher.” Again we would reiterate what we have already said.taken to mean.e. Veda and the water. At times. commentators like RDS have given one meaning at one place and another in the very next verse. Mitra and Varuna are described as givers of happiness or famous on account of many qualities and refuge of multitude. Sayanacharya has gone to the extent of taking Vayu. Mitra and Varuna as . Later. For ex. The meaning given to a word should remain the same in the succeeding verses. Nobody has explained how are they the causes of establishing contact with God and Veda. They pervade this vast Yajna in the form of the universe. We already know from Paingala Upanishad that the devas were created from pure (sattvik) essence.
the names of gods living somewhere in heaven and according to his interpretation, they are being worshipped and prayed to through these hymns. Our view is that since Sayanacharya was not aware of the true identity of these devas, and he saw through the hymns that neither one God nor oxygen, hydrogen or material fire are being talked about, he had to interpret these verses as prayer to gods. Thus emerged polytheism out of the Vedas, which Rishi Dayanand Saraswati was not willing to accept. Therefore, when he sat down to write the commentary, he might have in his mind that he would not propagate polytheism in any way. Since he already had created a mental block towards accepting the position of Indra, Agni, Mitra, Varuna, etc. as gods, he even overlooked the entire literature of Puranas and Upanishads that confirmed the high and esteemed position of these devas. Consequently, he had no choice but to invent meanings, which only added to the non-comprehensibility of the Vedas. We have said earlier that the problem heightened because of attempt to shape the Vedas in the manner these commentators liked them to be. This was despite the fact that all acknowledged Vedas as sacred literature. Had they not fallen prey to lack of faith in God’s revealed verses and remained sincere in approach, we would have still remained close to the original intended meaning. But when we allowed our own whims and fancies to dictate the translation, the Vedas became way off the mark, a text that is not capable of giving any real guidance in its present form.
Study of the Upanishads and Puranas reveal that Vedas are the most sacred of all literature available to the Aryans, and it is repeatedly said that one who forgets the Vedas gets lost. It is stated that salvation or freedom
from life and birth could be achieved only through adhering to Vedas. And enough hints were given to make us conclude that the fourteen devas and their life when they come to live in this earth would be the subject of the Vedas. Yet, what we have found till now is the mention of electricity, water, air, fire, arts and crafts, prime minister and his cabinet, yet nothing about devas. Though we are highlighting the absurdity of the arguments put forward to reveal to you that the translations are wrongly done, and are also showing you how close the verses are to the description of devas, we are still in search of some conclusive evidence, which would silence few of those who still do not want to accept our derived meaning. We proceed further with our reading of the translation by RDS with hope that there would surely be more conclusive evidence that we may chance upon. In the Upanishads, the two Ashvins are highly praised. We had concluded that Hasan and Husain, the two sons of Ali and Fatima are meant, who are together referred to as Hasnains. Also we had inferred that Agni was meant for Husain. Let’s see how RDS translates this hymn. See mantra 1:
O learned persons! You should make proper use of Ashvinau (fire and water) like the food, which in the Science of arts and crafts manifest divine qualities, which make people touch sky through aeroplanes and other vehicles, which are instrumental in quickening the movements, which are protectors of arts and crafts and which produce various enjoyable objects. You should perform all such acts which may be useful for the science of arts and crafts.
Instead of showing the way to salvation, something that we had expected from Divine Text like the Vedas,
we find them to be talking of progress in science. Here, airplanes and other vehicles is the subject of discussion. This makes us wonder how the people of the time when Vedas were revealed interpreted these verses. Was all this knowledge only for our age and had no use for those people? This cannot be the case, as God’s text ought to be applicable for all times, in particular those very times when this was revealed and chanted by the people extensively. Or was it that they knew of the art of making planes, an art that got lost with time? Some people do believe this and cite Hanuman’s overnight travel from Sri Lanka to Himalayas and back as proof. We have already explained earlier that this is just a small thing that a fully self-realized person can do and it was no wonder that Hanuman moved at such a fast speed. Moreover, if there were airplanes, where have they disappeared? Why is it that no excavation has revealed about them, no book has written about them, and neither the paintings nor statues of the period reveal anything? If Vedas did actually talked of airplanes, why did the mankind have to wait till the Wright brothers flew the first plane. Also, why did the commentators prior to RDS have not taken airplanes or steam engines as the meaning? The same view is maintained in Mantra 2 and 3 as well. Mantra 3 is translated as follows:
O learned people, well-versed in sciences and taking out the essence of the things, mixing and separating articles properly, expert priests in the sacrifice of arts and crafts, when you will make full and proper use of the Ashvinau (water and fire etc.) which affect the Prana or Vital breath, whose attributes are true and destroyer of miseries, and which are instrumental in quick movement of various conveyances, then you will attain material happiness in this world.
This verse had also used the term Rudra. We know from Upanishads that Rudras are eleven in number. Our view is that Rudras are the eleven Imams who were killed, but RDS is altogether silent on commenting on this aspect. The Mantra 4 had clearly stated:
Indrayahi chitrabhano suta ime tvayavah.
This is a clear prayer for Indra to come. People were praying to Indra, through this hymn, to come to live in this world and relieve them of all suffering. Yet this verse too has been translated otherwise. See:
O God of Wonderful light or marvelously Bright Lord, please come i.e. may we attain Thee on all sides as Thou hast made all these objects with subtle causes and they giving various kinds of wealth and being pure are in Thee. They are dependent on Thee for nourishment and support. Enable us to get benefit by their proper use. The second meaning of the word Indra which is the devata or subject matter of this Mantra is the sun. This sun with his rays comes to all objects. It is the sun who gives light to all these objects of the world and purifies them with his rays.
RDS has not stuck to his earlier view of Ashvinau (water and fire) through which one can make airplanes etc. and says that the senses have been compared to the horses, so ashvinau means men and women of selfcontrol. See how his view has changed again because water and fire were not fitting with the meaning that he wanted to give, just as men and women of self-control were not fitting in the earlier mantra. Mantra 5 again is a prayer to Indra in clear words, but RDS has translated Indra as God, saying that realization of God is meant. However, our view is that Indra, the chief of the devas, is being beckoned to come
The Vayu (air) which is of quick motion.(by taking birth) in this world. thus making the text even more misleading. Mantra 6 mentions Indra (Muhammad) and Vayu (Ali) again. it becomes very difficult to take food conveniently). He says: Vayu (air or vital energy) is one of the wonderful creations of God. are the knowers of the Vedas and priests who bring happiness to all by the performance of the Yajnas and spreading of knowledge. as we have said earlier. which is wrong. See. Fortunately. Now see how he has translated Mantra 6. This is how. (without the air. O God (Indra)! Thou art to be attained through intellect full of wisdom and noble deeds. the clear path and guide us on the true path to God. Indrahood is common to God and air or Prana. causes us to hear the Vedic hymns on the occasion of the dealings of the tongue. so as to show us all. sun has not been taken as the meaning or else it would have been a prayer to the material sun to come and show the light on this earth. yet the meaning that is given is too absurd to be expected from God. Mantra 7 mentions the coming of Vishvadevas. Come therefore O Lord to the enlightened persons who have acquired knowledge of science. It also upholds eating the food etc. though. Indra is altogether missing from the translation. RDS has ceaselessly confused the readers. despite the fact that the verse commences with the word Indra. Moreover. Thou art known only by the wise. so its properties are described. Isn’t it a prayer beckoning Indra to come soon? But Indra is taken as god here. who has been described in the Upanishads as all the . RDS even says that Indra is used for Vayu (air and Prana or vital energy).
this verse cannot be for people like you and me. lack of knowledge. Truly. Indra we are aware has a direct link to Brahma and was created as the first two devas.) inside. On the other hand RDS has taken them as enlightened persons. while Griffith has translated it as ‘all the Gods collectively’. entering into noble virtues. lucky. Isn’t the prayer being made in clear words? Wilson has translated Vishvadevas as ‘Universal Gods’. without bringing about any change in the meanings given by RDS. come and impart knowledge to all. giving fearlessness to all. you who are upholders of happiness by giving true instructions.devas together. who later became five and then fourteen. as this would signify darkness. advanced in knowledge. embracing all noble qualities. We do not know whether he had included himself in the list? . etc. listening to all sciences. Gods description of enlightened would include only those who are perfectly enlightened without an iota of darkness (evil. of admirable wisdom. were being beckoned to come. taking great delight in wisdom. Even if this is true. word and deed. active. givers of good virtues. had concluded that some very important persons. O ye enlightened person. O protectors. It is the God who is said to be calling some person as ‘enlightened’ in these prayers. This mantra can directly be taken as the prayer to the deva Indra and rest. destroying all vices. RDS is silent on the identity of these enlightened persons. Thereby showing that they both. truthful in thought. wise men desirous of acquiring knowledge. eager to do good to all. They would be the people who are absolute enlightenment and whose soul is free from all impurities or prone to get affected by the organs of senses or modalities of nature. lovers of delivering sermons. whom they had translated as gods. possessing right knowledge. and also Sayanacharya.
By taking the RDS’s explanation. It is a metaphorical expression. Come to enlighten us regarding various sciences. it is the common man who is praying either to God or to those important personalities described by us. so that all may always enjoy happiness. Whether they are revealed texts from God or not. O enlightened persons. but God is clearly not speaking in the Vedas. Therefore. which would further highlight that these verses are not for common men but some very important persons who would enlighten the mankind and lead them away from darkness. come to give us knowledge as the solar rays come diligently to the days or as milch kine hasten to their stalls.Moreover. somewhere else the learned sages and so on. Note that on a previous occasion (Mantra 5). when the word ‘come’ had been used. In all the hymns. See: O Swift-moving and acting rapidly to diffuse light (of knowledge) in all directions. This is another point that proves RDS’s translation is wrong as we find somewhere it is the God who is doing the talking. we do not know. Mantra 8 also continues with the prayer. This cannot be correct if we see the tone of the Vedas till here and afterwards. he deviates from the earlier meaning and says that “God commands all learned people whether they are in one place like a school or going from place to place to make ignorant people learned. RDS says that God commands all learned people to go place to place to impart knowledge to all. somewhere the common man. it will mean that God has started giving instructions all of a sudden. . RDS had said that “by coming of God is meant the realization of God’s presence in the heart and everywhere else.” It is not possible for RDS to maintain the same view in mantras 7 and 8 in the light of clear words that beckon a person to arrive.
good education and good deeds. Saraswati-speech which is inspirer of acquiring noble virtues and is the instructress of the right minded. to make five. who later became fourteen mentioned above. The Matsya Purana has given more than hundred names by which this devi was known in India. possessing practical wisdom born of all sciences. She is the daughter of Indra (Muhammad) and was married to Vayu (Ali) and gave birth to Hasan and Husain (the two Ashvins). RDS has translated her as speech. 12. but never concede her as devi. Contrary to his view Sayanacharya. helping us to associate ourselves with pure and righteous deeds. Yet. as this is the prayer to Devas. despite all this information available. both are wrong. May it desire and manifest the glory of arts and crafts and noble actions. so as to give monotheistic look to the Vedas.” However. Even RDS has said that the word Saraswati also means a learned lady.possessing knowledge. asking them to come fast. 11. We will find later that RDS won’t stick to this meaning as well and would give more meanings to the word Saraswati. righteousness. Mantra 10 talks of Saraswati. who in our view is the one devi along with thirteen devas. See the following translations of verses 10-12 given by RDS: 10. The Vedic Speech which along with noble actions and . refined by the knowledge of the Vedas upholds the Yajna. be purifier. who form fourteen rulers of the fourteen spheres. Wilson and others have translated it in the form of a goddess and the other in the form of a river. despite two contradictory meanings used by RDS. because of his preconceived notion of discarding the presence of deities. May our speech giver of pure food which enable us to acquire knowledge. Prof.
so useful as first crude material. so erudite and laborious. Eventually. Vayu. Cars were plying on roads. of great learning divorced from sound judgment and sure taste and a faithfully critical and comparative observation. RDS and others sat down to reinterpret the Vedas and the time when they found airplanes or steam engines. they had also criticized the archaic nature of the Vedas and said that they were no longer valuable. till the period of Western scholars like Prof. This explains how they found all these in the translation of Vedas. Therefore. though not so frequently. Faced with this dilemma. Agni. both RDS and Sayanacharya are wrong in understanding the meaning of Saraswati. . the composition of water from hydrogen and oxygen was known and it was nothing new that they had said. gives intellectual brightness. than to term them as gods. who had already decided to shut their eyes to accepting Indra. they had already been invented. while the previous translators didn’t and had nothing else to substitute for Indra. However. it is surely this commentary otherwise so imposing.intellect enlightens that great ocean of the words like the great ocean of water. if anybody sat down with pre-conceived theory. Shri Aurobindo too criticizes Sayanacharya and seems to be favouring RDS’s view: “If ever there was a monument of arbitrarily erudite ingenuity. Likewise. it was RDS and Shri Aurobindo. another renowned scholar. etc. Clearly. etc. Vayu. Wilson and Griffith had translated the Vedic devas as gods residing somewhere in the heavens. from direct seeing and often even from plainest common sense or of a constant fitting of the test into the procrustean bed of pre-conceived theory. Electricity too had been produced.” It is evident from this view of Shri Aurobindo that the earlier writers. left to us by the Acharya Sayana.
He doesn’t explain how God or the material sun can be “the doer of noble deeds” as said in Mantra I. God is taken as the meaning of Indra in Mantra I but in Mantra 2 again material sun is taken. And they are not pre-historic personalities as they are still governing the matters of the world. Indra is talked about again. Being our innermost spirit. inspire us with the knowledge of the True Path and never make us deprived of this boon. Fact of the matter is that all through Vedas. The fact that this Indra is neither God nor material sun can be seen by Mantra 3 that says: O Lord (Indra or the chief deva). the Vedas should be dealing on that subject. and the last of them is supposed to come again as the Kalki avtar or Mahdi towards the end of this age. We know from Upanishads that Indra is the name of the chief deva but RDS has taken Indra to be God and sun. Of course.as some pre-historic personalities. It is said that the sun with its rays is the protector of all objects in this world and it is the means of the use of eyes and other senses. Come to us and be manifest in our souls. made an appearance in this world as human beings. thereby meaning Mohammad and his Ahlebayts are being mentioned here? We had said earlier that since the science of the Self has been described as the highest knowledge. here as well. Isn’t it evident that Indra as the chief deva and his remaining associates. Hymn IV In Hymn IV. people are just doing . only to be killed by the people. they didn’t know that the devas are the masters of the entire universe and also of the creatures that live and breath. let us know thee through the sermons delivered by those noble learned intelligent persons who are nearest to thee.
’ . In 719. As regards to Muslim traditions. We recount only a few here.that when they are praying to the devas as it is they who have been described in the Upanishads as the ones who comprise the Self. Hadees no. and it is in us. He said: ‘Since Allah. And the purpose of the creation of devas is to show us the true path to reach God. to Whom belong Might and Majesty. to whom belong Might and Majesty: Even so We have revealed to thee a Spirit of Our bidding. This state has been described in the Gita as the state of salvation or freedom from cycle of life and death. to Whom belong Might and Majesty: They will question thee concerning the Spirit. it was with the Messenger of Allah. Yet. 718 states: ‘A man from Hit (a town in Iraq) asked him (the Imam) about the words of Allah. Abu Basir says that he asked Jafar Sadiq about the words of Allah. Say: ‘The Spirit is of the bidding of my Lord’ (al-Isra’. Again Indra is being beckoned to come and manifest himself in the soul. it has not ascended to Heaven. Neither God nor material sun gives sermons. it is with the Imams. called Siraat-e-Mustaqeem or the eternal straight path in the Quran. 17:85). He said: ‘(It is) a created thing greater than Gabriel and Mikail. sent this Spirit down on Mohammad. Inspiration is to come from him alone. and it is from the Kingdom (alMalakut). prayer is being made to Indra for enlightenment on the basis of the sermons given by the devas nearest to him. Prayer too is for inspiration with the knowledge of the True Path. that explicitly tell the relationship between Mohammad and Imams with the Divine Spirit. there are several narrations in Usool-e-Kafi. which is directly related to the souls of all beings. Upanishads have also described how Self is responsible for the consciousness in our souls.
Glory be to Him! High be the exalted above that they associate with Him! He sends down the angels with the Spirit (Q. and because He revealed it to him. and you recount from the people of misguidance. Abu Hamzah asked Jafar Sadiq. nor faith?’ I said: ‘May I be made your ransom. to Whom belong Might and Majesty: Even so We have revealed to thee a Spirit of Our Bidding.Hadees no. I don’t know what they say. he was in a state in which he did not know what the Book was. and when He gives it to a slave. 721 relates to the subject of Knowledge and Spirit. Have you not heard the words of Allah. He teaches him understanding.’ Another misconception that is present among the Muslims who regard Gabriel as the spirit is discounted in Hadees no. no-one claims that the Spirit is not Jibril. 16:1-2).’ – and he repeated this to the man – then he (the man) said to him: ‘You have said something very important. Allah Most High has said to His Prophet: Allah’s command comes. nor faith?’ Then he said: ‘What do your companions say about this verse? Do they accept that he (the Messenger) was in a state in which he did not know what the book was. He taught knowledge and understanding through it. and the Spirit is not Jibril. This is the Spirit which Allah Most High gives to whom He wishes. nor faith. the sixth Imam about knowledge: ‘Is it knowledge which the knower gets to know from the mouths of men. Amir al-muminin said to him: ‘You are wrongly guided. an-Nahl. 722: “A man came to Amir al-muminin (Ali) and asked him about the Spirit: ‘Is it not Gabriel?’ Amir al-muminin said to him: ‘Jibril (Gabriel) is one of the angels. Thou knowest not what the Book was. until Allah Most High sent forth Spirit which is mentioned in the Book. see not to hasten it. or (is it) in the book which is with you which you recite and learn from?’ He said: ‘The matter is greater than that and more essential. and the Spirit is not the .’ He said (to me): ‘Indeed.
This is not a dialogue but a prayer to devas. didn’t know this. Says the translator: “The adjectives used in Mantra 4 ‘vigram’. Prof. in the Upanishads and the Vedas? Coming back to Hymn IV. RDS has taken Indra as a learned man possessing the great wealth of wisdom. One who is talking and the one being addressed has altogether reversed. Being our innermost Spirit. God is said to be talking to man. inspire us with the Knowledge of the True Path and never make us deprived of this boon. Wilson. Perhaps RDS wishes to convey that God.” Isn’t it clear that RDS came to translating Indra as a ‘learned man possessing the great wealth of wisdom’ only when his earlier translations of the word Indra were not fitting here? Yet he is just happy calling Indra a learned man. man was praying to God. contrary to his earlier view where Indra was God in Mantra 1 and material sun in Mantra 2. Even an aspiring poet knows that the subject is not to change so abruptly. O Lord: Let us know Thee through the sermons delivered by those noble learned intelligent person who are nearest to Thee. Come to us – be manifest in our souls. See Mantra 3 and 4 together: 3. ‘vishchitam’ clearly denote that here a learned man is meant and his duties are expressly stated. we see that in mantra 4. whereas in Mantra 3. O man desirous of acquiring knowledge: approach a learned . In Mantra 4.’” Is it not clear that the same spirit is being talked time and again. who have interpreted it as a deity who is to be worshipped.angels. This is against the view of Sayanacharya. ‘artratam’. and ignoring words like ‘vishchitam’ meaning the ‘soul of the universe’. who is said to be the creator of Vedas. Griffith and others. 4. may the blessings of Allah be upon them.
and wise person who is truthful in mind.e. may we be always in Thy eternal happiness which consists in the obedience of Thy commands. deliver discourses to us. go away from our residence an also from all places i. Mantra 5 again describes the devas when they would come to live in this earth. Lord is Indra (Mohammad). Let all learned persons teach all good sciences to all of us. so that even our opponents may call us as full of the wealth of happiness. who are in the habit of censuring others unjustly and who are wicked hypocrites. who is being addressed. And it is man who is praying in both. deceitful and selfish. See the verse as translated by RDS: . who observes non-violence and who gives good knowledge to all men of friendly nature. Approach him and get your doubts cleared. which has wrongly been addressed to God by RDS O Decayless Immortal God (read deva). After getting correct answers for your questions and doubts from him preach to others also. Mantra 6 too is addressed to these devas. One brave righteous person is being described. But let those persons who are devoid of knowledge. word and deed. is jealous. let not un-righteous persons remain anywhere. Mantra 8 is very significant to prove our point. The same learned intelligent persons are described in both the Mantras. Let those persons who are devoted to God and who are established (well-versed) in all sciences and firm in the performance of righteous acts and labour. It is truly an indication to Husain’s fight against forces of evil in Karbala. who is engaged in waging war against unrighteous foes. Keep yourself far away from him who is not learned.
In the Upanishads. Accomplisher and Giver of wealth (both material in the form of gold etc. when dying. there is a mention how righteous persons. If you see. Unfortunately. and spiritual in the form of Wisdom). and illuminates all with his light. Country or Nation and its glory while Sayanacharya and others have taken it as sacrificial act. the weather conditions of Karbala too are described when it is said that the heat would be such that the juice of water would be gone. which has been described by the word ‘Yajna’ in previous Mantra. The last Mantra of this Hymn (Mantra 10) again refers to Indra. Kingdom. who is Mighty. O learned people. so you should also destroy all diseases and wicked enemies and should protect a brave righteous person. always worship that Great God (word used is Indra) who being merciful is the Protector. Eventually this deva (Husain) would be sacrificed. as the solid sun takes the juice of the water (rivers. Clearly people were waiting for these devas to take birth and some events of their life history were known to them. seas etc) destroys the clouds and protects the herbs and plants (through rain). who is engaged in waging war against unrighteous foes. this O lion among men would be fighting the war. the . RDS has interpreted the word Yajna as Rashtra. used to call their sons and tell them to be on their (deva’s) side when they would come. Not only the war of this brave righteous person against unrighteous foes is being described but people too are being asked to destroy all the evil and wicked enemies and protect this person. which has been translated as God again. the clouds would be destroyed that protect the herbs and plants. at that moment.O lion among men engaged in doing many works.
How sorry indeed that he translates Indra with air though the literal meaning of Indra is sun. Both originated from the One Self and are inevitable constituent of the universe and our souls. In Mantra 2. He even asks the scientists to utilize the properties of air properly for the benefit of all. RDS repeats the same illogical treatment as earlier. he cites Shatapath Brahmana 4. It is said: “In this Mantra. by giving two different translations to the mantra. The first mantra clearly asks all who desire to become praiseworthy to sit together and sing the glory of Indra and enjoy happiness.1. What he doesn’t realize is the fact that this was intended to portray the equal status of both of them. one with Indra as God and other with Indra as air.Fulfiller of all noble desires. Indra has been put with Vayu (air).3.19 which says: One who is Vayu is Indra and Indra is Vayu. Even Mohammad is reported to have said: First is Mohammad. middle is Mohammad. last is Mohammad.” In this regard. Perhaps this was fitting with his scheme of things. so it means Vayu here. Needless to say. RDS again is found sticking to his digressed view where it is said that all should sit together in the attempt for emancipation. all are Mohammad. arts and crafts and sing the glory of God. the friend of the person who is full of knowledge and righteousness. RDS feels no need to point out why seemingly out of place terms like emancipation and arts and crafts have been used together and how is emancipation related to mastering the art of electricity and air. besides God. master the Knowledge of electricity and Vayu and enjoy happiness. so he never bothered to check the apparent absurdity.” Hymn V This Hymn is also dedicated to Indra. He has not described what words were there that the one who .
the material sun. the giver of all kinds of wealth to righteous persons is also taken to mean air which is means of sustenance. Later in Mantra 4. (2) Praise or describe the properties of the sun whose light and attraction are operating in the universe and whom none can resist. From RDS’s view. we will find that people are praying for steadfastness in providind help to that brave warrior and his associates against whom wicked enemies cannot stand and who are the righteous heroes. which is most acceptable of all elements and which is used for construction of airplanes etc. God is praising an insignificant part of the God’s creation. Rather. to benefit all people. repeatedly. glorify and know the nature of that God (Indra) whose power and force are working in this universe and whose help.is described as dispenser of justice and who gives punishment to unrighteous persons. too is far from truth. we will prove later. is taken to mean the sun and also God and two different meanings with altogether different wordings are given. . the best and therefore the most acceptable. which had been taken to mean air till mantra 3. if we relate this Mantra with verse 8 of Hymn IV. We do not see any reason why the sacred book would talk of all this rather than pointing us the way or showing us the direction where to find that true path. which said that we should protect a brave righteous person who is engaged in waging a war against unrighteous foes. word Indra. who is the Lord of all things from earth to heaven. which. See them yourself (1) O men. wicked enemies cannot withstand us – the righteous heroes in the battles. The word ‘soma’ is taken as anything that is created or manufactured.
wherein all manly powers abide. Mantra 6 to 9 tell us that despite the fact that these persons are so mighty that their power and force are working in the Universe. O learned person endowed with good intellect and noble actions.Subsequently. Wilson and Griffith too have followed Sayanacharya’s line. it is desired that the person becomes the best by acquiring knowledge and other virtues. may these quick somas enter thee.” ADDVM has criticized this view saying that ‘they are obsessed with the idea of the worship of some Gods and Goddesses in the Vedas’. their knowledge is only for the wise. and to do very noble deeds. who drinks Soma Juice. for pre-eminence. whose succour never fails. See RDS’s translation of Mantra 6. Before that. where only one meaning is given. wast born to drink the Soma Juice. (9) Indra. may they bring bliss to thee – the sage. ‘Rishi Dayananda was therefore quite justified in criticizing their interpretation. Strong Indra. This drinking of the Soma juice is described in the sixth. See the translation of Sayanacharya for these three verses: (6) “Thou grown at once to perfect strength. and do noble deeds. he supports RDS’s view by saying. lover of the song. the Lord of other deities in heaven. (7) “O Indra. accept these viands thousand fold. misunderstanding . perhaps either because RDS could not coin another meaning where Indra would stand for sun or air or because he considered one meaning as sufficient. in order to drink the juice of all things of the world. Sayanacharya has taken Indra to mean a particular god. seventh and the ninth mantras. you should become the best by acquiring knowledge and other virtues. Further.
They become glorious. shine. Therefore we should expect life of Mohammad and Imams being described in this Hymn. (2) The Mantra is equally applicable to the sun. as material things. in water and the sky. This implies that in his attempt to . Note that no other commentator prior to the time when these modes of transport had been invented has talked about them. Vayu. all the 12 Imams are referred to as Maruts. Mantra 2 also has been described talking of conveyances for traveling on earth. See the two translations of Mantra 1.” Yes. Those who know the real nature of the sun and the prana. It is Devas who created all things so that they all worship the One God. we know that Marut too is reference to Vayu (or Ali).the very fundamental Vedic teaching of the worship of One God. Contrary to this. but Sayanacharya is also right when he does not interpret Indra. what we find is that RDS has translated Indra not only as god but also as sun. as there is only one God and the devas are the Divine Persons created by the God as His Manifested Form. Though he is wrong to call them gods. shine in Resplendent God. etc. who were designated as Imams by none other than Indra (Mohammad). Prana or vital breaths or fire (Agni). the Prana or vital breaths or fire (Agni). Hymn VI The subject of this Hymn revolves around Indra and Maruts. Sometimes. the fundamental teachings of Vedas are of One God indeed. From our knowledge of Upanishad. (1) Those person who are in communion with Omnipresent God Who is Great are kind and non-violent in their hearts knowing all animate and inanimate objects.
we are still in dark about their identity. See his translation: O learned persons. you should also become famous by keeping company with such wise learned persons.14). which has been translated by Prof. which are means of motion. (V EDIC H YMNS P ART I. This has been translated by Prof. Maxmuller in the following manner: . RDS has falsely brought in those things that were never intended. Know that Merciful God and acquire the knowledge of various sciences by keeping company with the learned who desire to get the knowledge of God and all other objects. Maxmuller in only a few words. making proper use of them in various kinds of conveyances for traveling on earth. Unfortunately. O man eager to learn. owing to the fact that RDS has not done the exact translation. This was the verse where the two Ashvins – Hasan and Husain – were being described. the brown the bold.make the Vedas contemporary. wherein it is said: They harness to the chariot on each side his (Indra’s) two favourite boys. Likewise RDS translates Mantra 3 in this manner: O men! You must know that God who gives the Light of knowledge in order to dispel the darkness of ignorance and Who gives wealth in the form of gold and other articles for the removal of poverty. carrying people far away and are firm. See how many words are used by RDS to translate this small Mantra. Maxmuller’s translation is closer to reality. in water and the sky. or the bright and the dark half of the month. Prof. who can carry the hero.P . harness the two attributes of the Sun or the fire in the form of attraction and speed.
the sun. Then. The names of the devas who were created prior to each Manvantara are described in The Vishnu Purana. hast been born together with the dawns. may apply to these Gods regarded as one host or Company and born at one birth.” See how they are close yet still groping in the dark. be taken to mean the Maruts the words thou making. O men is perhaps an exclamation expressive of admiration. who all converge in God’s Manifested Self at the end of the creation. God rests for the night. and form O men. The Vishnu Purana has given the names of devas in this Manavantara as Indra and Maruts. wast born together with the Dawn. It is this subject that this verse is mentioning.e. They were made the . Brhad-aranyaka Upanishad tells explicitly that they worshipped the God. although in the singular number. wast born. O men! Where there was no form. and Indra is necessarily present in most of the Manvantaras. In the footnote he (Griffith) says: “thou i.Thou who createst light where there was no light and form. and then creates again. Griffith has translated this in the following manner: Thou making light where no light was. Each such creation is called Manvantara. The Upanishads and the Puranas in particular have described at length the process of creation. If Maryah (Men). pleased with which the rest of the objects and beings were created. where form was not. The Vishnu Purana tells how He (God) creates at the beginning of each Divine Day and then the world converges into Him towards the close of each Day. even prior to the time when all the objects of the world – animate and non-animate – were created. Indra and the Maruts were created at the beginning of this Divine Day. and this period is equal to the period of the Divine Day.
and it has been described in the Puranas and Upanishads that they would take birth at a secret place place. and the creation of the material sun. Maxmuller as follows: The Maruts according to their want assumed again the form of new born babes. (V.” Since it has been stated that the Maruts would again take birth in the form of newborn babes. As men carry things and put them in proper places. moon. Maxmuller has translated ‘guha’ as a hiding place. hast found even in their hiding place the bright ones. P AGE 141) This simple translation is criticized by RDS who translates it in the following manner: “After the heat of the sun. .H. (V. Therefore. the winds (monsoons) are full of watery vapours.rulers of the fourteen spheres. Before the rain.P. See Maxmuller’s translation: Thou O Indra. it is these people who are responsible for our creation. stars and all the rest of the things. he places them in the middle region. Instead. The very fact that these Maruts would take birth in this world as human beings is described in Mantra 4 which is translated by Prof. Now see how RDS has used the word ‘middle region’ in his translation. who has also wrongly translated Maruts as Storm Gods. so the sun scatters his rays with his force and attains (touches) all objects. with the Swift Maruts who break through the even strong hold.14). the winds bear the water-carrying form. Then he pierces them and with the winds that break down things. this Mantra describes the region where they would take place.H. RDS himself agrees that the word ‘guha’ used here means the middle region region.
Even after the discovery of American Continents the place where Mohammad was born is known as Middle East.Not comprehensible at all! Truth is that the middle region is the ‘secret’ place where these Maruts would take birth as newborn babes. would again take birth in human form.. who was created at the dawn of this Divine Day. In the words of Griffith: Worshipping even as they list. where Prophet Muhammad was born. RDS says: “Prof. Prof. Maxmuller or Giffith have equated this Makhah with the Makkah (pronounced and written in Arabic as Makkah but written as Mecca in English) in Saudi Arabia. singers laud him who findeth wealth. This was the conclusive proof that we were waiting for. Maxmuller takes Makhah to mean the sacrificer and translates ‘The sacrificer cries aloud’. After talking about the secret place. prior to its discovery it was perfectly situated at the middle of the strongholds of various civilizations. can be inferred form Maxmuller’s translation of Mantra 9. which clearly invites him to come: . Mantra 8 explicitly gives the name of the place as Makhah Makhah. Now comes the great surprise. situated in the Middle Region where this deva Indra. which he was to do at a Middle Region called Makhah Makhah. The far-renowned.” The proof that Indra’s coming to take birth in this world. But Makhah means Yajna which brings about the happiness to and welfare of all beings through the purification of the air and the water. neither RDS nor Prof. Mantra 6 again describes these who would take birth. Maxmuller’s statement that there are two passages where Makhah refers to an enemy of the gods is also erroneous because it is a simile there. the mighty one. However.
the prayer is made to Indra. helps as to distinguish them by his light to be greater than the earth. who is Mohammad as per our view. raises the drops of water from the earth. or from above the earth. While describing this hymn. This has been erroneously translated by RDS as follows: The air which is the cause of all dealings of the speech. Maxmuller writes: We ask Indra for help from here. RDS says that three meanings of ‘Indra’ are used in this hymn. the heaven and other worlds. And he goes on to give three meanings of the first mantra. going every where taking things from this place to that. it is to him that we ask for help. RDS is far off the mark when he translates this Mantra in the following manner: We know this (sun) which divides various things i. carries them upwards and then along with the light of the sun or the clouds. the stars. In Mantra 10. O traveler (Indra) come hither. the moon. yet. or from heaven.From Yonder. or could take birth on earth. All objects are based upon this air which dwells within and out side.” Here again. He could be in heavens as he was in those times. or from the light of heaven.e. irrespective of where he is. Though fact is that RDS or others couldn’t reach this conclusion. or from the “Great sky. . which is even more ridiculous than giving two translations. it rains down water on earth. Hymn VII Hymn VII further tells the importance of Indra. the singers all yearn for it.
Mantra 2 has been translated by RDS in the following manner: As this air which is mixed up with all objects. The reciters of the (Rigvedic) Mantras also praise the same Great God. (2) Let the learned scholars and scientists describe the attributes of the sun with the acts which develop arts and industries. (3) Let the learned scientists describe the attributes of the air and how to utilize it properly. unites its property of taking and removing with all things. the shining sun which possesses heat and is the cause of making the year. ADDVM says that this ‘is not correct in connection with Indra which is to be taken here for the sun or the air. Neither God nor the sun nor the air put on ornaments.” He goes on to give the spiritual interpretation of the Mantra as “God (Indra) is the combiner of kindness and love when sincerely prayed to by earnest true devotees. in the same way. for the benefit of the people. The first meaning is true for Indra the lord of universe. unites its properties of removing and taking which are instrumental in all dealings of the speech. He is the Creator and Lord of the world. the Holder of the thunderbolt of justice or the Light of lights or Absolute Truth.(1) The learned chanters (of Sama Veda) glorify the Great Lord (Indra) only. which has been wrongly translated as god by RDS. with their songs of the Mantras and with the observance of truth etc. Let all the Vedas and the speeches of the wise. glorify the Lord of the Universe (Indra). The two subsequent meanings are just a product of RDS’s imagination. who has interpreted the word ‘hiranyayah’ as ‘hiranmayahsarvahbaran bhupita ityarth’.” God has been . ADDVM has criticized Sayanacharya’s view.
Mantra 9 tells that Indra rules over all men. so that people may see well all objects with his rays. He makes the clouds move hither and thither. so that it may rain. it is said that on the receipt of every gift from the Lord of the Universe (Indra). praises rise in me. Did you notice that again and again the same subject is being repeated about the sun and the air in differing words? It seems that there is nothing else to talk about. Mantra 6 invokes Indra in this manner: O Giver of all gifts. Thou art irresistible O Lord. Mantra 5 tells the same. Now see RDS’s translation of Mantra 3: God Who is the Creator and Lord of the world has placed the sun on high in the sky. otherwise the translation seems correct. Is this subject so important that God does not wish to talk of anything else? It seems Indra was also being invoked for help during the battles that people used to fight in those days. Use air properly. I find no laud worthy of him. to terrorize the opponents. all riches and all worlds . In Mantra 7. Him do we invoke in minor strifes. sun gives light. In mighty great battles we invoke the Lord. But I don’t find an end to it.wrongly taken for Indra. He is the friend who destroys evils and evilminded wicked persons. sometimes falsely. Rainer of happiness and peace! Open the door of emancipation to us who are obedient to Thee and engaged in doing noble deeds. I go on singing the glory of Indra. air takes water to the clouds. leads to rain. Vishnu Purana confirms this when it tells how priests and kings had even started using Indra’s name. and nothing else – all said again and again several times over.
. Likewise. It also tells that the metre is Gayatri and the tune is Shadja. IndraVayu (4-6). Our’s and none other’s may he be. termed as Prana or Life in the Upanishads.5 and 8 of Hymn VIII. Since there is no account that substantiates the presence of five kinds of worlds. Before the commencement of each hymn. and tells that devata described is Vayu (1-3). the introduction to Hymn I tells the seer to be sage Madhu-Chhanda and the devata described is Agni. All these hymns are ascribed to sage Madhu-Chhanda. Hymn VIII We wish to give another proof of the fact that these hymns talk of devatas and not God or material fire or sun. Mitra Varuna (7-9) and the Metre is Gayatri. Prof Wilson translates it as: May he (Indra) be exclusively our own Griffith’s translation is as follows: For your sake from each side we call Indra away from other men. For instance. our view is that this is reference to five devas together. Last verse is translated by Sayanacharya as follows: Let Indra show extra-ordinary favour which is more than that upon others. a few introductory words are given which tell about the devata that is described in each hymn as well as the Rishi to whom that hymn is ascribed. Hymn II is also ascribed to sage Madhu-Chhanda.of five kinds where creatures dwell. Ashvinau. Indra is the devata talked about in Hymn IV and Hymn V and Indra and Maruts are devatas of Hymn VI. Hymn III tells Devata as Indra. Indra is again the devata mentioned in Hymn VII and is the same devata is also mentioned in Mantras 1. Saraswati and Visvedevah. Further.
who was the son of Saraswati. Hymn VIII too is said to be talking about Indra devata. who . However. All these are product of RDS’s imagination and nothing else. If you have read Gita. electricity. it is this that is distributed among the people. that is distributed among the needy. abundant. The first mantra is addressed to Indra deva but RDS translates it as addressed to God. This confirms our view that earlier translations carried the same meanings and never talked about airplanes. cars. while Vedas are said to be words of God. etc. O God Giver of great wealth. most excellent and giver of power of putting up with all troubles. This cannot be expected of text that is regarded as sacred. Evidently. See RDS’s translation of Mantra 1. you must have seen how Krishna emphasizes on karma and talks of non-attachment with worldly things. grant to us from all sides wealth that gives delight. the humbler of foes. daughter of Indra. as well as description of material objects all through. steam engines. Wealth gives delight. is the enjoyable source of victory. it is most excellent and giver of power of putting up with all troubles: if materialism and material benefits are described so positively. the original source that RDS used for his study confirmed these persons as devatas. The entire Gita dwells on this topic. This translation seems to be confirming the materialism that has become the bane of our society. is enjoyable source of victory. it is through this that one humbles his foes.This detail is given at the beginning of each Hymn in Sanskrit in the same book carrying RDS’s translation refuting the position of devas. Can there be so much discrepancy in two texts related to God? Fact is that RDS’s translation is on wrong lines and we can see attachment to material things. Krishna is regarded as an avatar of Vishnu (God). it will also mention Agni’s (Husain’s) sacrifice at Karbala.
swords and other arms wherewith we may entirely conquer our foes in fight. RDS has translated it otherwise. Ali was the greatest and bravest of warriors when it came to fighting in the battlefield He was the hero of all the battles that were fought in selfdefense by Muhammad and his followers. What’s worse. protected and strengthened by Thee. The heat was such that it was said that a grain that fell got roasted.) (We may maintain a strong army with the help of the wealth that we get) so that se may check or destroy unrighteous people. the then Caliph of Muslim world. We are confident that Mantra 3 and the entire Vedas need to be retranslated so as to understand them better. sincerity and ethicality are not visible in the translation! RDS continues with the same meaning in Mantra 2. . Mantra 7 seems to be talking about Husain’s (Agni’s) fight in the desert of Karbala. by the mighty army of Yazid. This has been mentioned in this mantra. Our view is that Vayu’s (Ali’s) valiant fights in the battlefields are being described in this verse as well as the verses 4-6. Not knowing this. water was denied to Husain and his handful of companions. grant us that wealth by which protected by Thee we may repel our enemies who obstruct happiness like the clouds (whether encountering them hand to hand or with the help of the horses and other components of the army. may we lift up for our victory ponderous weapons which destroy the power of our opponents and canons.would put an end to corruption? Doesn’t this tell the mindset of the writer? No wonder. RDS has translated mantra 4 as follows. O Almighty God (Indra). guns. O Lord of the world.
the Pranas or vital breaths fill different parts of the body and the operations of the tongue pronounce words. enablest us to get food and thereby gladdenest us by Thy wonderful Power. RDS would perhaps wish to believe that the four Vedas talk of God. Verse 1 has been translated by RDS replacing Indra with God: As this sun with his force and light gladdens (so to speak) the earth and crops etc. but the fact is that they are a text from God and talk only of the devas (Masooms) when they would come to live in this earth. 7 and 10. 3. being present with all the objects of the world and perfectly knowing them all as Omniscient Supreme Being. shortly afterwards. the last verse of this hymn confirms that Vedas talk of these devas alone and nothing else. See RDS’s translation: Verily the chanted and recited praises of all the four Vedas are meant for thanking the Lord who is the Protector of all objects. RDS has taken fire and water and again brought the subject of scientists in Mantra 2. and protects all objects with his rays. with all the objects. Mantra 10. From taking God as being meant for the word Indra in mantra 1. He fills all earths as the waters fill the ocean.The sun takes the sap of all plants. Hymn IX Devata talked about in Hymn IX is Indra again in Mantras 1. So that we could get to know their importance and recognize them when they would come. being the greatest in measure and extension. We will prove this fact. O learned persons or scientists. so O Omnipresent God (read Indra) Thou art the Greatest and the Best. in order to accomplish many .
Indra being the highest. Mantra 3 reveals that the yajnas were initiated as a remembrance for these devatas.2. ‘Indra atma i.’ Thus most commentators other than RDS have ascribed a physical form to Indra.works. by Indra-soul is meant and these senses are called Indriyas for. and were being awaited. taking him to be some Deity in heaven.e. ADDVM has quoted from Ashtadhyayi 5. who were supposed to take birth in human form. This is interesting as we know that even our senses are called Indriyas. In this regard. wherein he says that by Indra. It mentions the word ‘sushipra’. Mantra 3 says that Indra who is to be attained .13 and says: “In this aphorism of the most prominent Sanskrit Grammatical work named Ashtadhyayi. ADDVM comes close to our view. they point out the existence of a conscious soul. somewhere in future. which comprises of the self of the five devas. which has been translated by RDS as one ‘whose knowledge or attainment is auspicious’ whereas Sayanacharya has translated it as ‘good-cheeked or goodnose’ and Prof. the implied meaning being that we should allow only Indra to govern them. utilize the fire and the water which are prominent among the means of quick transportation for the soul that gladdens all and being industrious desires to get prosperity in this world consistency of various groups of articles. therefore the senses became Indriyas. Therefore it is clearly stated in Kashika. Indra and other devas are described in the Upanishads as rulers of the organs of action and senses. the etymology of Indriyas or senses is given which clearly shows that by Indra. soul is meant. Wilson as ‘Indra with the handsome chin. soul is meant.” Didn’t we see in the Upanishads that consciousness inside us is due to the presence of the Self. for a brief moment.
with right knowledge. Mantra 4 further confirms that Vedic speeches talk of Indra and none else. spiritual and material). that are there in thy universe. O Indra the giver of all means of true happiness. but we are giving the translation given by RDS. In his translation. O most splendid Lord of the manifold wealth of infinite wisdom. Thou art full of all knowledge.showerer of peace and bliss. for better understanding. you are free to consider him as God. What does one gain by Indra’s contemplation is taught in the next mantra. If you have still not concluded that Indra is the chief devata who took birth as Muhammad. please grant us all precious and manifold wonderful riches in the form of knowledge. RDS has translated Indra with God but we have replaced it with Indra. replacing God with the original word Indra. etc. Mantra 4 addresses Indra and says The Vedic Speeches revealed by Thee manifest or reveal Thee well who art our protector . horses and elephants. being praised by us with gladdening Vedic lauds. gold. delight us – who have come together in these Yajnas or non-violent sacrifices. therefore I also glorify thee who art our protector and rainer of blessings. Who is Indra is a matter that remains to be decided. stimulate us who are industrious and glorious. as this is something that is matter of dispute between us. As per RDS. And Mantra 6 is as follows: O Indra innermost soul of our soul. for the acquirement of sublime wealth (internal as well external. but we are sure . for power supreme is only Thine. Our feeling is that Mantra 8 too must be talking about the situation during Indra’s period.
grant riches which bring happiness in a thousand ways and grant that we may have strong armies and many chariots and other conveyances for them. they digressed and subsequently forgot their true identity and their role in the creation of this world. Indra. . which inhabit creatures and who is the Revealer of the Vedic Mantras. Lord of the earth. The True Meaning of the Vedas You must have noticed that we are trying to cite anomalies in the translation of RDS and other writers like Sayanacharya. there is no doubt now that there are fourteen Divine Persons. the sun. the fire. from which this meaning can be derived. Wilson and Griffith so as to prove that they have wrongly translated the verses. Also. who is Omnipresent and Omniscient. Our view is that people of the past knew the exact identity of the devas and were waiting for the time when they would take birth in human form.you will have to accept our view soon. After our study of Upanishads and Puranas. praising Him with the refined Vedic Speech. See Mantra 8 by RDS: O Indra. grant us brilliant knowledge and great renown. the moon and planets etc. Clearly ‘Omniscient and Omnipresent’ are additions by RDS perhaps to prove that Indra is God. we have proved that devatas are truly talked about in the Vedas as well and their esteemed position is forgotten by us during this period. As this period of wait grew longer. Prof. Now see Mantra 9: We invoke for our protection and Lordship. but there is no such word in the Sanskrit mantra. who is the upholder of wealth in the form of wisdom.
there are only two instances that seem to be giving conclusive evidence. how similarities exist between their seven names. as the people who didn’t know the real identity of the devas also didn’t know what the Vedas were talking about. all created even prior to the creation of this world. this already proves that four are wrong. If there are five people doing five different translations. Till this stage. Husain. We had hoped that the study of Vedas would shed light on this relationship. we are sure that there . five. the very fact that translators like ADDVM have given even two to three translations of a single verse prove that he too is not confident about what he is writing.of whom one is a devi (female divine person). we have quoted from an Upanishad to show that the sacred letter ‘Aum’ too actually refers to these fourteen devas. which perfectly rhymes with Makkah (Mecca). and also in the account of the Mahdi or the Kalki avatar who is supposed to come. and further strengthened this with the quotes of Mohammad. and have also shown how two. They give the location where these devas would take birth. However. etc. chiefly because the translations have been done wrongly. It is evident from the manner in which we are proceeding with the hymns of Rig Veda that we are not getting sufficient proofs. we are sure that there would still be some who would regard these proofs as not enough. Though we have shown that similarities exist between the aforementioned account of devas and that of Mohammad and his Ahlebayt. It is said that Indra would take birth as a child in the middle region and then the word Makhah is used. Also. Our view is that all the five are wrong. In this book. Ali. which are exactly in conformity with the account of the Puranas and Upanishads. twelve and fourteen apply equally to both. The anomalies that we have cited here in the first nine Hymns of Rig Veda too confirm our view.
Despite this. The incidents described too seem to have been lifted exactly from the history books written after the sacrifice . Hymn XII This hymn is devoted to Agni (Husain) and is an invocation to remember the devata and his sacrifice. we decided to do the translation of Sanksrit verses ourselves. Saraswati or Parvati being Fatima. And the translation that we came upon is surely going to change your view about devas. and Agni being Husain. You will find that the meaning that you would derive would still be closer to our meaning than the one given by RDS. See for yourself. Owing to our lack of knowledge of Sanskrit grammar. You will find that there is not an iota of doubt remaining about Indra being Mohammad. Therefore. we are confident enough to invite you to pick up a dictionary and translate the verses yourself. if you have still not accepted our conclusion as true. We brought a learner ’s Sanskrit-English dictionary and sat down to translate the verses word by word. we know that the translations done by us won’t be perfect and there is a need for experts of language to sit and retranslate the entire Vedas. Such is the wayward commentary that RDS has done. after they have studied and are fully aware of the incidents of the life of the 14 Masooms. Vayu or chief Marut or Rudra being Ali. You will be amazed to know that one of the very queer translations that dictionary give of Agni is ‘The Number Three’ thereby indicating that he was the third of the 12 Adityas just as Husain is the 3 rd of the 12 Imams.would still be some who would not regard this as conclusive proof. The translations that talk of love for material things or other similar erroneous thoughts too show that the Vedic verses have been wrongly understood.
choose the fire which takes things to distant places and gives them heat. We will strive on your coming O teacher of wisdom and Lord of oblation or sacrifice to stand in attendance to your immovable and stable personality and then surround you (so as to protect you). your praiseworthy life will depart. which gives speed to various articles and which is instrumental in producing various articles by artists and by means of which many things are made in the form of art and industry. This was the same manner in which the Shias pray for Mahdi during this time. This has been translated by RDS in the following manner: We desirous of various actions. It is clear from this verse that Husain’s sacrifice in Karbala was previously told by the Rishis.of Husain. O Messenger of Truth Agni. and people prayed for Husain to come so that they could assist him in his battle against evil. . Mantra 8 tells clearly the prayer that people made during those times as regards to Agni (Husain). Mantra 1 says: We are desirous that we perform pious acts and sacrifices like the good acts and sacrifice performed by you that has saddened the world. you will have to eat the sacrificial fire (give the sacrifice). but have digressed far away from his teachings. Mantra 3 also elaborates on Husain’s sacrifice when it says: We have been born with the knowledge of your sacrifice Agni as per which you will be cut with swords leading to sorrow.
who was a deva at that point of time and had not taken birth as Husain. O Agni (Husain). . Not that our meanings are far different from those of RDS. The desire/fire to sacrifice and also to endeavour/ strive for you is kindled in us. Hymn XIII As an introduction to this hymn. But with certain vital links missing. Now see the last verse. ‘Yagya’ is a sacrifice and it could even be the sacrifice of one’s life. See how he has translated Mantra 10: O Resplendent and Purifier. Be pleased (O Agni/Husain) of our desire/fire to raise arms for Agni who is presently a deva in heaven. he is still far off the mark. let go of your present state of deva. it is mentioned that the devi whom this Hymn addresses is Saraswati. Yet what we see is that it starts with mention of Agni in Mantra 1. son of Fatima (Saraswati). to be lead by the deva Agni who is fit for oblation and sacrifice. This proves that later day scholars have wrongly taken ‘Yagya’ as a particular oblation by the fire. manifest yourself to live so that we can die for you. When you will come in this world to lead and to guide us to sacrifice in the battlefield? The word used is Yagya. We are geared up to stand. yes. bring to us in this world enlightened person and make successful our yajna and grant us all desirable objects. See Mantra 1.Mantra 9 is continuation of what has already been said. honourable lord of sacrifice.
for Agni (Husain) is perfectly legitimate. The dictionary gives the meaning of Manu as: 1) OF A C E L E B R A T E D P E R S O N A G E R E G A R D E D AS T H E REPRESENTATIVE MAN AND FATHER OF HUMAN RACE (SOMETIMES REGARDED AS ONE OF THE DIVINE BEINGS ). which we claim is the name of Fatima. and not necessarily derived from other fire. Even the existing translations talk of enlightened persons but nobody has cared to check who these . ‘son of thyself. Says ADDVM. we have seen at the beginning. is a frequently recurring name of Agni. Therefore. as in the lightening or produced by attribution. O Fatima’ in a hymn dedicated to Saraswati (Fatima). Every hymn was dedicated to some particular deva and was sung on some particular invocation to that deva alone. it is sad that commentators have not regarded Agni and others as devatas or divine beings. so called because fire is sometimes self-generated.” However. Despite such evident proofs. you will find that this is not a ‘fanciful derivation’ as ADDVM has said but has great significance. Is that why we are called Manushya? Griffith has taken the word Manu as a proper noun and translated the last line of this Mantra as: Manu appointed thee (Agni) as priest.1. 14 SUCCESSIVE PROGENITORS OR SOVEREIGNS OF THE EARTH MENTIONED IN M S . “Son of thyself – Tanunapat or descendent of oneself.In Mantra 2 of this hymn. other fanciful derivations are given. the world ‘Tanoonapat’ is used which is translated by Griffith as ‘son of thyself ’ or ‘descendant of oneself ’. This hymn. The hymn further says (Mantra 4) that Mohammad is also known as Manu. THE 2) PARTICULARLY. if you are following the logic given by us till now.63. is devoted to the devi Saraswati.
this is addressed to Saraswati. “Arabia mostly a desert. called Islam. is a vast country along the western marches of Asia. in the seventh century of the Christian era. This is the peculiarity of Arabia. son of Abdullah. This mantra too talks of the prayer seeking the enlightened persons to come on earth. Thou art the Giver of the fruit of action. Also. See how Allama Ali Naqi Naqvi has described Arabia in the Preface of his book ‘Martyr of Humanity’. it is clearly stated that these Divine Beings will be killed. its shores washed by the breakers of the Red Sea. who declared himself a Prophet. Omniscient & Beneficent to all. which has been translated wrongly by commentators as addressed to God. extolled by us. Mantra 5 again attempts to point the place where these Divine Beings would take birth. yet there is a prayer to support them. See how Wilson has translated Mantra 4. which is a barren desert. It was generated by Mohammad. Support those who will be immortal or imperishable even when killed. and imparted to the World a message of the absolute unity of God and took his stand against the worship of idols . In this case. yet is not very far from the Red Sea on its west. Only fault is that the prayer does not addresses God but one of those enlightened persons themselves.enlightened persons are. so that the men of the period recognize them by this. O God. These wise men will cover the land that is devoid of water but connected with water in the front (or back). From this land originated a great revolutionary wave. who are immortal or imperishable. bring the enlightened person in our most pleasant devotional sacrifices which gives happiness.
This earned him the opposition of those to whose power this teaching posed a threat. when they will take birth as human beings.and of pelf and power. Mantra 6 talks of the relationship of Saraswati and Agni as mother and child. However. cover properly the middle region where the water is seen and where it is at the back (so to speak). “Whatever Ghee (Clarified butter) etc. the Devi has not been talked about. which was situated at the centre of all great civilizations of the world? It has been described earlier that this hymn is in praise of devi Saraswati.” Mantra 5 perfectly fits with the description of Arabia in Allama’s words. against the worship of everything other than God. that goes to the middle regions and purifies the water that is there. They endeavoured to stem the tide of this revolution. That covers all articles with fragrance. RDS has tried to ignore it. is put in the fire. makes all people happy and healthy. but RDS has misled the readers again by the purport. what place can more aptly describe the middle region than Arabia. We have translated mantra 6 as follows: Asunder from the talk of immortality. the hymn started with Agni and apart from a mention of her by referring Agni as ‘son of thee’. Perhaps it was not fitting with his scheme of things. This confirms our translation that a particular region is being described. This verse has been translated by RDS as follows: O wise men. he will grow . It is astonishing that despite the word ‘devi’ being clearly present in the mantra. and the Prophet had to suffer greatly at their hands.” Even if this translation is true. in fine. That is why he decided to talk of yajna and says in his translation that the doors of the yajna should be properly designed.
It is a well-known fact that Fatima was killed within six months of the death of her father. and for earth or land. speech and the motherland. who was standing inside the house and close to the door. the child in her womb was killed. People. attacked the house of Ali and put the door on fire. Mantra 9 clearly refers to Saraswati but RDS interprets it with speech and ADDVM says that the word Saraswati may be taken for culture. She too died of this a few days afterwards. who will give birth to them and feed them when hungry. Prophet Mohammad. That it was to happen in the heart of Islamic domain shows how Mohammad and his teachings had been forgotten in such a short duration. Mantra 7 mentions the manner in which Saraswati died. The burning door fell on the abdomen of Fatima. That this happened to the daughter of the Prophet Mohammad within six months of his departure shows how there were many who had accepted Islam only for the namesake and had never imbibed its teachings. Consequently. Verily indeed is she also worthy of worship. led by several of the so-called respected figures of the time. for speech. Unfortunately this too is grossly misinterpreted. Here is the truth. she will be attacked not outside (of her home). the Mantra enjoins up on all people to have love for the good culture. See what has been said: Night and day one should extol that one devi (word ‘sa’ is used for Lakshmi or Parvati but we have seen in The Matsya Purana that they are synonyms of Saraswati) who too will have to give a painful sacrifice. O devi.at the doorstep of you. Not that Saraswati’s name is not clearly mentioned anywhere in this hymn. And goes on to say: “Thus from the social and national point of view.” Then he .
Now see what Mantra 10 has to say: Here (‘ih’ refers to a time of place) the sacrificial fires of three kind are present which are worldly forms of embodied souls dispatched exclusively to convey. Mantra 1 says: O protector Agni come! The world is going in the direction of being slaughtered. through sword. two.” All this treatment has been done when Saraswati is truly regarded as a devi by a lot many Indians and worshipped. In this Mantra. as the nine Imams were killed. through your sacrifice of life (drinking soma stands for sacrifice of life). Mantra 3 of this Hymn further clarifies the relationship between Indra of Veda and Mohammad of Quran. the commentator says that in this house of Saraswati. Indra. One. and the third manner is one in which Fatima was killed. The manner in which Saraswati (Fatima) died was mentioned only a little earlier.misleads the readers by saying that “these three should be treated as devis or divine. as Ali and Husain were killed. you will provide complete protection indeed and this sacrifice will also guard the world for future. the inhabitants would be killed in three manners. by poison. and to lead. This hymn will clearly reveal that Agni is none other but Husain. Vayu and Brhaspati are friends of Agni. We have also seen how yajna means sacrifice of life or martyrdom. to be always borne in mind. . between Brihaspati or Vayu and Ali. Hymn XIV This hymn too starts with invocation to Agni (Husain) but later goes on to include all the devas (Imams). and between Agni and Husain.
The twelfth Imam too was born at Samarrah in present Iraq. where they had lived. The above description is an attempt to identify Makkah and Medina. He forms part of Adityas and Maruts. Mantra 7 again talks of Agni and tells the people to be prepared for the appointed time when Agni will rise along with his wife and also sons. who is buried at Mashhad in present Iran.’ The second division of six Imams lived mostly in present-day Iraq. Ali too lived in Makkah and Medina for most of the period of his life. when he was made the caliph. who all deserve to be praised. . it comprises of water in that direction. Second Imam too is buried at Jannatul Baqi. the ‘first division comprising six (Imams)’ lived at place where ‘onwards reaching till end. How important is this verse can be seen from the fact that fourth. Mantra 4 seems to be notifying the place of their birth again: Onwards (moving) reaching till end. and shifted base to Kufa only for a short while. fifth and sixth Imams are buried at Jannatul-Baqi in present-day Saudi Arabia.who is like one of the 12 forms of sun. who will be regarded in high esteem. Relate this information with that and you will find that they are not different. where they lived – the first division comprising of six. Most of them are buried in Iraq. And it is said: Regard and imbibe this as a pleasant wording about future. Thus. it comprises of water in that direction. Husain too lived at Medina all through and it was only during last six months of his life that he was forced to leave Medina and consequently travel to Iraq. You have already read the description of Karbala in Book 2. with the exception of the eighth Imam.
Such translation can easily be derived while RDS has laboured hard to give the following meaning: The Sun which is the cause of the division of Time. When people died in the battlefield (became shaheed or attained martyrdom). drinks or draws the juice of the herbs in every season. Varuna and Ashvins are mentioned in this. the life of the second member of the devas (Indra is first owing to his first creation. as he progressed with his worship. The first mantra describes how Ali would be killed. In Mantra 2. His house (person) will be devoid of jealousy. it was said that they drunk from the bowl of Kausar or achieved shahadat. Agni. Mitra. thereby meaning that they died while being witness to the Unity of God. Soma means martyrdom or getting killed while on the right path. when he will be struck hurt. The Mantra starts with the word Marut and also refers to ‘pautra’ which means ‘the son . Again. envy. It is akin to Aab-e-Kausar (water of Kausar. wickedness or anger.Hymn XV This hymn is a prayer to Indra. The Mantra says: I Indra. which scholars have translated as some intoxicating drink. In fact. the Upanishads have stated how this Self divided into two and Marut or Ali was created) will be brought to an end. All these cheering waters settle there among the rays of the sun according to the spring and other seasons. Drinking soma is also reference to attaining shahadat (being killed while witnessing to the Unity of God) and is reference to the stream of Kausar in heavens. the word used is drinking Soma. RDS is again seen digressing from the true translation. Kausar is said to be a stream in heavens). though Maruts.
They by their purifying properties. he was struck hurt but his son again went ahead with (prayer). When utilized properly. while Ali lay with his skull split into two. Ali was lying mortally wounded but the prayer continued. As Ali fell to the side. Logical reason for this act is that he was the head of men (the second marut) who knew that prayer was the best offering to give. Rig Veda gives the reason for this act by telling that Hasan was now the head of people who knew that prayer was the best offering to give to God. right in front of Hasan. It is a well-known fact that Ali was killed in the month of Ramazan while leading the morning prayers in the mosque. he signaled his son. which says that Ali used to tremble in fear when going to offer prayers. but there is nothing in his translation to show that he has brought to use the word ‘pautra’. while Hasan lead the prayers to finish. they accomplish various acts. There are other instances recorded by history. Perhaps. These Masooms preached the worship of God with such intensity. It is written that once he became motionless in the prayers. See RDS’s translation below: These airs take all the sap of the herbs and the plants etc. As he bent down to prostrate to God. RDS has taken Marut to be air. because they are givers of happiness and health. And they showed it with example. so much so that people thought he was dead.or the son’s sons’. Now see the meaning that we derived from the dictionary: As the Marut moves in progress (of his prayer). Ibn-e-Muljim struck on his head with sword dipped in poison. purify the Yajna. When people told . Hasan to continue with the prayers. Ali too was reciting the prayer alongside Hasan.
His head was severed of the body. he had fallen down from horseback. has been interpreted as ritual oblations and description of steam engines. etc. sa standing for Lakshmi or Parvati) and the one who was struck while he adorned himself in prayer. by which he was to severe Husain’s head away from his body. the next Mantra (No. Mantra 4 describes the relationship between Agni and the person who was mortally wounded while praying. while Husain was still alive. who is referred to as the first Marut. airplanes. with innumerable wounds on his body. when they would come to live in this earth as human beings. she said that Ali usually attains this state while praying. Husain offered prayers to God in the rain of arrows. Shimr from Yazid’s army moved towards Husain. Ali died two days later from this wound. When the time for the next prayer came. One name of this Marut is Neshtra. Unmindful of Shimr’s intentions. Mantra 3 refers to the wife of this Marut (which we know is Saraswati or Lakshmi or Parvati) who gets mortally wounded while praying. Leading us to the birth of Agni. 5) describes how One Self created by God divided . Husain kneeled down to offer prayers to God. while he prostrated to God.Fatima that Ali had died. The mantra says that this Marut and his wife alone can recommend our sacrifices to the God. Likewise. The mantra says: Deva Agni in this world will be born through the womb of Lakshmi or Parvati (another name for Saraswati. Is there any doubt that God created the world when he was pleased with the worship of these devas? How unfortunate that such lofty description of the life of future devas. electricity. holding a blunt dagger in his hand.
the 9 th and the last of whom is still believed to be alive and will make an appearance close to the end of the world. Even if we take the meaning of Radha as wealth. the Mantra also talks of the nine devas who would be born as successive descendents of Husain. The 100-odd names that The Matsya Purana has given of devi Sati include all of these (See Book-IV). that of Mohammad and Ali. (Brhad-aranyaka Upanishad). See what Mantra 5 says: Brahman. This clearly says that Radha too was the name of the devi. who has also been referred to by Saraswati. Mohammad’s daughter was married to Ali. thereby leading to the creation of immortal. the ray of light. was born to the two. They would give birth to the ray of light (Agni). Rig Veda leaves no doubt that Prophet Mohammad and his progeny are those Divine Persons who took birth on earth. Lakshmi and Parvati. with the Kalki avatar of the Hindus. just as there are innumerable Lakshmis. whose parallel we have drawn in this book. Brahman created the One Self and it divided into two. Parvatis. We have seen in Book I that even Krishna has confirmed the esteemed position of these devas. so it is.into two through whom a marriage resulted leading to the creation of the rest. as RDS has taken. the first in time created Indra from whom Radha would be born who would be wife of one who was struck hurt while praying. who was mortally founded while offering prayers in a mosque. This makes us conclude the name of Radha (Krishna’s wife) was kept on the name of this devi. learned alliance of men in existence. this would mean that the wealth of Indra in the form of 11 Adityas was to be born from . Saraswatis and Indras in India. Not this alone. Husain.
He is the friend Varuna who will suffer from pain. while bending down in honour (of God) you got killed. we have said. See what he writes: The air takes the sap of the substances according to the seasons which are means of taking the same from the wealth in the form of the earth etc. the friend of Indra. Brahmana and Indra are clearly mentioned in this Mantra. It says: While bending down in honour (of God) you exposed yourself to trouble. who was mortally wounded while praying.this head Aditya also known as the chief Marut or Ali. Since our present knowledge is based on the study of only a few hymns of Rig Veda. it appear to be the name of Hasan. The Mantra says: From the time he attained youth. He will be struck hurt while performing Yagya. We wish to confess that we are not very sure about the identity of Varuna. made by the Supreme Being uninterrupted or inviolable is the friendship of the air in the form of the Prana or vital energy. Unmindful of the mysteries that Rig Veda carries. seem to be another appellation for Ali. we are sure this doubt would get clear when the entire Vedas are translated afresh. it seems it is another name for Vayu or Ali. Deva (Lord) . something that he was always desirous of. RDS has stuck to his line of describing material air and other similar things. You always held a determination away from uncertainty. From this verse. at places. Mantra 7 of this hymn further elaborates on Varuna being killed. he was chosen to support (Indra). The person is Varuna. However. who. Mantra 6 clears again who that person is who was mortally wounded while offering prayers.
See for yourself: While bending down in honour (of God) you exposed yourself to trouble. all through his life. One who reaches God through the right path. We have seen in Mantra 3 that Neshtra was referred to as the first Marut. Mantra 9 again takes the name of Neshtra. Ali. Ali’s elder son. It is this Marut and his wife who can commend our sacrifice. Neshtra’s wish was granted when he was struck hurt and divided. Then there is no rebirth for such a person as he attains union with God. What association Krishna had with this Vasu. That made us conclude that Neshtra was perhaps another name for Vayu i.e. Vasu endured the pain as well as endured his succession. Mantra 8 says: While bending down in honour (of God) you exposed yourself to trouble but the donation to God (prayer) was not discontinued and Vasu stepped forth to lead prayers after moment of discontinuance. Mantra 10 gives a reason why the concept of rebirth has not been dealt in Islam. The ‘best yagya’ is nothing but the five times obligatory prayer that each Muslim has to perform daily. as per Gita.e. Mantra 8 gives another major revelation. O excellent deva (Lord) who succeeded him. See what Mantra 10 says: . because of which he too was called Vasudeva is hard to tell. verily your name is true (i. that Vasu is used for none other than Hasan. Vasu meaning wealth or jewel). We have already mentioned earlier that Ali was killed while offering the morning prayers. i. through the path shown by Prophet Mohammad and Ali attains salvation.e.is praiseworthy who got killed while performing the best yagya.
fine or subtle of causal. See what their commentary says: God is fourth as He is distinct from the Universe of three kinds namely gross. WHO ARE REPRESENTED AS THE TWIN SONS OF THE SUN BY A NYMPH IN THE FORM OF A MARE . None should worship anyone else but God who is Omnipresent Innermost Spirit. None should be worshipped or adored in His place. died due to being divided (or cut) while bending down in honour (of God). It is unfortunate that both RDS and ADDVM. The word used here is ‘turiya’ whose meaning as per dictionary is clearly written as the ‘4 th state of soul where it becomes one with the Supreme Soul’. translated by various people as the suns. Likewise. There is none except God Who gives the fruits of actions done by the souls. which as per dictionary means THE TWO PHYSICIANS OF THE GODS .You reached the fourth state of soul which means getting one with the Supreme Soul. After coming till this stage. have taken it differently. Support of all and Adorable. Never goes one to hell who supplicates to Him. perhaps because they too are the . the commentators and translators have given the same explanations again and again. it can be safely taken that the two Ashwins or ashvinau are the two sons of Ali and Fatima – Hasan and Husain – who were also called son by Indra. the next mantra uses the term ‘ashvinau’. otherwise great professors of the unity of God. Did you understand why the present translations of Vedas seem to be repetitive in nature? Unable to understand the true meaning. and particularly since the term ‘ashvinau’ is used at several places in the Vedas.
whose acts are pure. He was struck hurt while the yagya (prayer) progressed. Thus the two are the physicians of faith as well. mostly around fire and the true purpose why these rituals were initiated by the learned rishis was forgotten. Such profound. It is said that Dua-e-Mashlool.Adityas (twelve suns). gave a new life to the teachings of Islam through the sacrifice of his life and there are enough indications which show that Hasan was aware of the future tragedy of Karbala and was in full support of Husain’s actions. Husain. they had deviate. The pure Ashvinau were full of grief and sorrow when he who was struck hurt tasted the sweet death. which cause us attain the oblations put in the Yajnas (nonviolent sacrifices) and which drink the sweet sap with seasons. Sad. It is sad that while men in the post-Vedic period knew of the true identity of terms like yagya. in particular. Hasan and Husain are the physicians of faith. at some stage in the progress of time. which are bright with flame and rays. you should know the sun and the moon. Mantra 11 tells the state of Ashvinau (Hasan and Husain) when Ali died after he was struck hurt on the head. isn’t it? For instance. cures the most grievous of illnesses. Mantra 12 uses the term ‘garhpatye’ whose . who lead men back to the true path. Husain is mentioned in narrations as even curing the angel Pitrus. Ironically. meaningful verses of the Vedas have been translated as meaningless and noncomprehensible. Hasan and Husain together are referred to as Hasnain by the Muslims. Karbala was one such example. Also. yagya came to seen as a ritual exercise. if read with sincerity. Mantra 10 has been translated by RDS as follows: O learned persons.
even those who performed the rituals forgot why they were being performed. The Mantra says: One of the three eternal lasting fires is for the person who was struck hurt while performing prayers and the wound was tied to stop blood. WHICH HE RECEIVES FROM HIS FATHER AND TRANSMITS TO HIS DESCENDENTS . but had forgotten the true purpose of their worship. make us believe that even the fire-worshippers (the Majians) at the time of the Prophet. AND FROM WHICH FIRES FOR THE SACRIFICIAL PURPOSES WERE LIGHTED . enables an artist to unify divine dealings. They had not anticipated that people would forget even the simple meanings of the hymns and evolve such complex non-comprehensible meanings that it would become almost impossible to come to the true meanings. Truly speaking.meaning in the dictionary is as follows: O NE OF THE THREE SACRED FIRES PERPETUALLY MAINTAINED BY A HOUSEHOLDER . See how RDS translates this: The fire which is useful for various domestic and other works is the main cause in the performance of Yajnas. who were also mostly Aryans. Most unfortunately. The fact that even rituals by the fire were initiated in remembrance of these Divine Persons. worshipped the same Divine Persons through fire. We should attempt to worship all the devas (lords). did not get to know when Indra took birth as Mohammad and departed. Consequently those who even knew that it was Indra who brought rain. this mantra confirms that the rituals were adjoined with the Vedic hymns by the learned sages so that people remember the hymns and do not digress till these Persons come to take birth on this earth. initiated hundreds of year back by their ancestors so that people would identify .
The term ‘drinking from Hauz-eKausar’ (the Pond of Kausar) is so commonly used that even now the zakirs who tell the incidents of Karbala during the month of Moharram talk about Hauz-e-Kausar.them when they come. they have been successful. they will kill your satisfaction of the eye (Agni). By God. The rays manifest him (the sun). Soma is another name for Kausar . and myths arose how Indra was drunk with Soma. martyrdom or shahadat). This terminology was very common even in the earlier days. It is said that the denizens of heaven are offered water from this pond. attributed to Indra (Mohammad). refers to Agni on several occasions. so much so that certain soldiers from Yazid’s army are quoted as using this. It is apparent that the true purpose of all these rituals was not the performance of rituals itself but through them the learned sages of yore wanted to ensure that the valuable hymns are not forgotten with time. Hymn XVI Be prepared to read more about Husain and his sacrifice at Karbala as the hymn. . We have talked about Kausar earlier. The Quran is testimony that Kausar is the name of a stream in the heavens. you should know that the mighty sun is praised by persons as the bright sun for the protection of the articles made by God. Mantra 1 says: Ah. With time. Soma got associated with a particular intoxicating drink. Now see how such an important mantra has been translated by ADDVM: O learned persons. he will be killed while in journey where he will have to drink soma (water from Hauz-e-Kausar. Let all artists praise the Agni (fire) from all sides. Indra. at all times.
how good are the riders?” Even that seemingly insignificant event was revealed to the Vedic seers. isn’t it? Mantra 3 further describes this very incident at Karbala: O Indra. many of them would start crying. “How good is the vehicle?” and the Prophet retorted: “Why don’t you say.” What a great thing to say. the Prophet was walking when somebody commented. See what the mantra says: Ah! Under the influence of hatred and opposition. it is translated in such a manner by ADDVM: It is the bright and dark fortnight in this world that bring to us the sun and its bright and water-producing rays in a chariot (so to speak) that gives pleasure. Even today mothers tell this story to their children where Hasan and Husain (as kids) were sitting on each shoulder of the Prophet while holding on to Prophet’s manes. The pathos in this mantra is such that if it were told (along with the translation) in the gathering of the Shia Muslims.Mantra 2 tells exactly the scenario of Karbala where Husain and his companions were killed after having denied access to food and water for several days. Also it is known to all that Mohammad loved Hasan and Husain to such an extent people were amazed at this extraordinary show of love. this grand offering to God will be . They did this to Agni for whom Indra delighted in becoming the chariot or vehicle even so when he fatigued himself doing so. centuries prior to the time when it actually took place. It is something that is accepted by all the sections of Muslims that Husain was killed without water and food. Yet. the people denied you of grain (good) and water when the river flowed nearby. In this manner.
therefore we take it in our activities connected with non-violent sacrifice. ‘Somasye peetye’ has been translated as ‘drinking the juice of peace’. This has been translated by RDS as follows: Because the Vayu (air) comes to the articles prepared by us with the speedy rays of the fire. When we looked in dictionary. The daughter of your mother will promote your grand offering. ‘drinking the juice of various articles’ and ‘taking the sap of various substances. Keeping with his habit of giving several translations. once taking Indra as God. you – the one who held on the long hair (manes) of Indra. Fact is that the propagation of the news of Husain’s sacrifice was the consequence of Zaynab’s bold and fearless speeches in the gatherings of people. he will depart (killed) as he moved forward in his journey. O Indra.’ Mantra 4 even brings in the subject of Zaynab. it says that Gauri was wife of . Mantra 5 introduces the name of Gauri. in cities and marketplaces. arts and crafts etc. as she was marched as prisoner of war from Karbala to Kufa (in Iraq) and then to Damascus (in present Syria). O Indra. Husain’s sister who took up his cause after the death of his brother. Mantra 4 says: Agni! Your near ones will be tied or bound including the daughter of your mother and your wife after you will be cut (with swords) into parts. next taking Indra as fire in the form of electricity and also taking Indra as the non-violent sacrifice. electricity and sun.commenced at day break. RDS has given three different versions of translations of this mantra. he will drink the soma juice (attain martyrdom to reach heaven).
Truly speaking. was known by Parvati at one place and Saraswati at another. daughter of the mother (of Husain) spoke praise of (Husain’s) sacrifice to those present. We believe that God is the best knower of all languages and He cannot commit mistake. If the Vedas . as was the one who was struck hurt (Husain). etc. RDS has translated this mantra as follows: This Indra (Sun) comes with his rays to our Yajna (nonviolent sacrifice) where hymns of praise to God are uttered and to our practical workshops etc. it was Zaynab. To confirm this. Gauri should have been another name of Parvati or Saraswati or Fatima. we looked in The Matsya Purana which has given the 100-odd names of the devi Sati. if somebody was able to turn the sacrifice of Husain against Yazid.. He drinks the sap of the herbs. It is well known that it was Zaynab who propagated the sacrifice and hardships that Prophet’s grandson had to undergo at Karbala. Those who witnessed Zaynab speak said that it was as if Ali was speaking.Varuna. The names also include Gauri as one of the names of the devi and it is mentioned that she was known as Gauri in a region or place called Kanyakubja. she was desirous of gains (out of the sacrifice). Our translation of this mantra is as follows: As they moved tied and bound together. This was despite the fact that Zaynab was tied to the rope along with other relatives and also the sick Ali b. We are of the opinion that not even a single sign or mark of exclamation in a text from God can be without a purpose. it is said. Therefore. plants. Husain (Zainul Abidin) – the fourth Imam. who. where wealth is acquired like a thirsty stag to a tank. Also the one born of Gauri. She spoke of the tortures meted out to the members of Prophet’s household and his friends.
the Vyatyaya (change of case and person etc. if we take the use of case as proof.” All these arguments now fall to the ground! ADDVM has himself confessed that animate beings are being talked about. the person has been used accordingly.” See there is an attempt to prove you as less intelligent if you do not corroborate his view. so that there may not be any misunderstanding in the minds of less intelligent persons that the sun is considered as a living being. there cannot be errors in it as RDS and others have mentioned. Fact is that the change of case in this mantra is due to the fact that while the earlier verse was talking of Agni (Husain). person etc. RDS has to change both the case and person etc. to which much exception is taken by some critics is of the same kind. according to Vyayatyo bahulam. In almost 90 percent cases. It is further written in a very scholarly style: “As according to the general rule given in the Nirukta Daivata Kanda ‘achetnanyapi chetanvat stuyante’ i. It is beyond our comprehension why a great-learned scholar of Sanskrit had to resort to this.) just to avoid misunderstanding. This point should be clearly understood by all scholars. even inanimate objects are praised or addressed like animate objects as poets very often do.) mentioned by him in his commentary. The fact that he did this is mentioned in The Translators Notes written by ADDVM. this verse is talking of Husain’s sister. since the human beings are being talked about.are God’s revealed text. Zaynab.e. who says: “Rishi Dayananda has used Vyatyaya (change of case and person etc. Also. But he has preferred to resort to Vyatyaya (or change of case. To come to the aforementioned meanings. otherwise there was not much need to do so for intelligent persons. But to translate it as the . and it is description of animate objects. which it surely is.
In contrast see RDS’s version: Men should behave like the air that drinks the sap of all things and then whose glory is excellent and which touches the heart. is the giver of happiness and peace. Thereby the death (martyrdom) due to the strike (by Yazid’s army) is brought forth. a sacrifice that was chosen . Ah. surpassing the period of one who was blinded and intoxicated by pride and might (reference to Yazid). RDS had no choice but to change the case as well as the person. when they heard Zaynab speak.e. after the killing. out in the open. We have already said that there are various instances in the books that narrate the incidents of the period that people were reminded of the speeches of Ali.” Mantra 7 further elaborates on Zaynab’s act. The Rig Veda is referring to the same! Now see how RDS has understood this mantra: The air takes every moment the sap of various substances created by God under the sky. Ali) will make speeches like her father. How are we to behave like air is not told. Now we come to Mantra 6. It says: On the entire route you sung praises and eulogies so that killing is not left concealed. The dearest of Indra will be struck hurt and made to die by the powerful and the mighty.material sun. the daughter of number one (first Marut or Imam i. It says: O. Mantra 8 says: The world-renowned sacrifice will become known with time.
With time. seman means Indian rose) . There is a hint that even these verses will be more clearly understood at a later age.the country that has enjoyed singing your praises from centuries. Husain was actually moving in the direction of India. which was not granted to go to the ancient and renowned cow country (India. Saad that he wanted to meet him. has given me a promise that he will return to the place which he came from. (When) Umar b. when he was stopped at Karbala by Yazid’s forces. Saad at Ninawa in order to do battle against him. in that direction would have meant a sure entry into India. Now see what Shaykh Mufid (died 1022 A. “When Husain saw the extent of the number of troops encamped with Umar b. The two men met at night and talked together for along time.) has written in Kitab al-Irshad about this incident. or he will go to one of the border outposts – he . This can be more clearly understood from the next verse. which clearly refers to India. he wrote to Ubayd Allah b. What’s more. and set right the affairs of the community. Saad went back to his camp. Husain. This man. he sent to Umar b.D. Moving out of Yazid’s dominion. Mantra 9 says: He expressed a wish. more and more people will get to know of this sacrifice. word).by you! This verse not only foretells the events till Husain’s period but even beyond that period. It is a well-known fact that Husain expressed a wish to go to India but this wish was not granted. Ziyad (governor of Kufa): “God has put out the fire of hatred. united (the people) in one opinion (lit. as Yazid’s empire stretched up till Kabul and Sindh during those times.
In this (offer) you have the consent (to what you have demanded) and the community gains benefit. Rather let him and his followers submit to your authority. “when he has encamped on your land nearby? By God if he was a man from your land and he would not put his hand in yours. nor to promise him peace and preservation . (it will be because) you are the (person) most appropriate to punish.” Then he wrote to Umar b. he said: “This is the letter about a sincere man who is anxious for his people. Saad) acts (according to) my instructions. Then if you punish them.” “What you have suggested is good. Take this message to Umar b. and offer him his hand and see (if the difference) between them (can be reconciled). he should fight them. whether he was in a position of power and strength (or) whether he was in a position of weakness and impotence you would not give this concession.Jawshan jumping up. Saad: I did not send you to Husain for you to restrain yourself from (fighting) him. with the same rights and duties as them. If he (Umar b. and if you forgive them. However if he refuses to fight them then you are the commander of the army (lit. people). or he will go to Yazid. If they do that. nor to idle the time away with him. you have the right (to do so).” demanded Shimr b. If they refuse. for it would be (a mark) of weakness. attack him.” replied Ibn Ziyad. thenlisten to him and obey him. “Your view is the correct view. Dhi al. let him send them to me in peace.” When Ubayd Allah read the letter. the Commander of the faithful. cut his head off and send it to me.” “Are you going to accept this from him.will become like any (other) of Muslims. Saad and let him offer Husain and his followers (the opportunity of) submitting to my authority.
mrida is an epithet of Parvati). Dhi al-Jawshan. we will give you the reward due to one who is attentive and obedient. though it appears that Varuna is reference to Ali. If Husain is killed.(of his life). and I do not consider that this will be in any way wrong after death. If you carry out your command concerning him. were brought to ground. Therefore. make the horses trample on his body. From that. Hymn XVII The subject or devata of Hymn XVII of the Rig Veda are Mitra-Varuna. be prepared to hear some new incidents from the lives of the Prophet’s household (Ahlebayt). both front and back. Therefore see that if Husain and his followers submit to my authority and surrender. We have expressed earlier that we are unsure about the identity of Varuna. Mantra 1 says: When Varuna (Ali) quit this world to get united with Indra (Mohammad). nor to make excuses for him. for he is a disobedient rebel. it can be undertaken that Mitra is none but Mohammad. you send them to me in peace. Ah! By consuming (poison). a blow that had no equal for the praiseworthy house of Parvati (Fatima. a similar tragedy was caused by one from the fairer sex in the residence. But it is my view that you should do this to him if you kill him. then we withdraw (the command of) our province and army from you and leave the army to Shimr b. nor to be an intercessor on his behalf with me. and come to India.” Thus the peace formula presented by Husain and his wish to move out of the dominions of the Muslim world. If they refuse. We have given him our authority. then march against them to fight them and to punish them. . for they deserve that. Greetings. If you refuse.
You will be amazed to know that the meaning of the word ‘rashni’ in dictionary is ‘hair bound together’. ordered the killing of Husain. It was Hasan who was chosen as the Caliph by Muslims after the martyrdom of Ali. It was Muawiya’s son Yazid. We invite you to look at the meaning of ‘Joada’ in an Arabic-English dictionary. who then became the Caliph.Hasan was the elder brother of Husain. the same subject of Hasan being . It is well-known that Hasan was poisoned to death in his house. Mantra 2 even gives the name of Hasan’s wife as Rashni.” In Mantra 3 too. The two meanings are similar. Muawiya was only a Muslim by name and committed all acts that were against the principles and teachings of Islam. It is further stated by ADDVM: “There is clear reference to the Vehicles like the modern Railways or Steam Engines which with the proper use of fire and water and with the force of steam. They are guardians of mankind when yoked in sacrifice and machines. Hasan had to sign truce with Muawiya. The same is mentioned in Mantra 1. poisoned by his wife bearing the name Rashni. under the influence of Muawiyah. Joada. Now see RDS’s translation of this mantra: These fire and water when used properly help a wise man like me to accomplish the non-violent sacrifice and artistic activities. Mantra 2 states: Gone forever is the pupil of the eye Vasu on whom we bestow all praises. who upon ascension. The sage sacrificed his life. Therefore I utilize them for the accompaniment of various activities. Hasan was actually poisoned by his wife. carry men and goods put therein to distant places. However.
She extinguished the life of one nearest to her (Hasan being her husband).K. Arabic and Islamic Studies. Before we move forward. they would revile them saying: “Sons of a woman who poisons her husbands. who said: ) Muawiya sent to Joada daughter of al-Ashath b. It says: Out of greed and to serve and please His Majesty’s orders (the king’s order) she poisoned (Vasu). Mantra 4 states: Gave the girl in marriage as a weapon and not to bear fruit. gave the girl in marriage not with good intention. who . (Muawiyah) gave her the money but did not marry her to Yazid. Instead he gave her a man from the family of Talha as a substitute. al-Sabbah told us: Jarir told us on the authority of Mughira. University of Edinburg. The latter gave her children.). Indra and Varuna cried in anguish. on condition that you poison Hasan. also sent her a hundred thousand dirhams.) which has been translated in English by IKA Howard (Lecturer.poisoned to death is continued. indeed. Ishaq. and which describes the incident of the death of Hasan b. Yazid. U. Whenever any argument occurred between them and the clans of Quraysh. “Isa b. Mihran reported: Ubayd Allah b. He existed for a period of three hours only during which he battled conflagration.D. Ali.” (Isa b. Qays: “I will arrange for you to marry my son. She did that: she poisoned Hasan. it is better to read a small passage from Shaykh Mufid’s book Kitab al-Irshad (died 1022 A. Mihran reported: Usman b.” He. Umar told me: Ibn Awn told us on the authority of Umar b.
Hasan. came in from outside and then went out again. Therefore by the right I have with regard to you. (Abd Allah b. “and what do you want for him? Do you want him killed? If he may remain as he is. My brother.” “Who gave you the poison to drink. Fatima daughter of Asad. Ibrahim reported on the authority of Ziyad al-Makhariqi. so that I may renew my covenant with him. then God will be more terrible in His vengeance than you. say nothing about that and wait for what God. the Mighty and High. then I should like to be free of any blame.” Husain asked him. He said: “I have been given poison to drink several times but I have never been given poison like this. will decide concerning me. the Mighty and High.” Now see this description which is described in various books as Hasan’s will at the time of his death. in the house. and bury me there. I will oppose him before God.said: ) I was with Hasan and Husain. I am leaving you and joining my Lord. Read this carefully as shortly you will find Vedas too talking of a will by Vasu (Hasan). A bit of my liver has come out of my mouth and I began to turn it over with a stick I had. wash me and shroud me. who said: ) When death was close to Hasan. After that take me to the grave of my grandmother. the people . I am aware of the person who poisoned me and from where I have been made a subject to this deceitful action. When I have died. shut my eyes. I have been given poison to drink and have spewed my liver into a basin. he summoned Husain. the Apostle of God. If he may not remain as he is. Then carry me on my bier to the grave of my grandfather. and said: “My brother.
” (Then he went on: )”Should Usman be buried in the outskirts of Medina and Hasan be buried alongside the Prophet? That will never be while I carry a sword. battle is better than ease. and set him up as their sign-post after himself.will think that you intend to bury me with the Apostle of God. Marwan and those of the Banu Umayya who were with him had no doubt that they would try to bury him beside the Apostle of God. Then he carried him on his bier. When he passed on his (final) journey. had declared him worthy to occupy his position. Aisha had joined them on a mule and she was saying: “What is there between you and me that you should allow someone I don’t want to. They gathered together and armed themselves.” Then he made his testamentary bequests to his family and his children. Ibn Abbas hurried to Marwan and said to him: “Go back to where you came from. But we want him to be able to renew his covenant with him by visiting him. to enter my house?” Marwan began to recite: “O Lord. they came towards them with their group. When Husain approached the tomb of the Apostle of God with (the body of Hasan) so that he might renew his covenant with him. (He gave him) his heirlooms and the things which the Commander of the faithful had bequeathed to him when he had made him his successor.” Discord was about to occur between the Banu Umayya and the Banu Hashim. Indeed we do not intend to bury our companion wiht the Apostle of God. I swear by God that you should not shed even your blood into the cupping-glass in (carrying out) my command. . and had indicated to his Shia that he was his successor. Husain washed and shrouded his (body). they will gather to prevent you from doing it. Marwan. For that reason.
to commit such a lowly act with the better half – the husband – a person of great intellect. O Varuna (Ali). Varuna (water. destroy her name from existence. who poisoned her husband when lured by Muawiyah. surround her (Rashni) with thousand conflagrations. .Then we will take him back to his grandmother. With their help. Hashim b. he. and bury him alongside her according to his last instructions concerning that. Fatima. electricity.” Then they went on with (the body of) Hasan and they buried him in (the cemetery of) al-Baqi beside his grandmother. This verse has been translated by RDS as follows: Indra (fire. you know that you would be the least able to deter us from that. The subject continues in Mantra 5: O Indra. air or moon) is to be praised among those that deserve laudation. Abd Manaf. Now see Mantra 6 in its true meanings: To become an enemy and killing one with whom she resided. The poison that she gave was the result of (Hasan’s) breath to depart. sun) is a giver among the givers of thousand kinds of wealth.” Let’s come back to the Rig Veda which was talking of Rashni (Joada). Fatima daughter of Asad b. O (Rashni) you did what His Majesty said. However. the wife of Hasan. much can be accomplished. was much too aware of God and His Apostle and the sacredness of his tomb to bring bloodshed to it as others have done (who) have entered it without his permission. If he had enjoined that he should be buried alongside the Prophet.
after the . thereby confirming that wherever seven or fourteen have been used in the Upanishads. Husain. Now we come to Mantra 7 that refers to the 14 embodied souls. may we gain great store of wealth and enjoy much happiness. (Confirm this appointment of Husain as Imam). increase the life of instantaneous appointee (i. enough still to spare be ours for proper utilization. the one who is your intimate and of the same body. and heap up that wealth. as your will at the time of your death. Now see Mantra 9: Before you go to unite with the invisible Indra and Varuna. on the like of the description in Paingala Upanishad and Brhad-aranyaka Upanishad. make the will. See what Mantra 8 says: Indra and Varuna certainly praises as well as desire that you choose the succeeding odd number (fifth number i. After talking of fourteen and their relationship with Hasan. Husain) of the seven symbolical intellectuals (dheeshwa) to maintain uninterrupted continuance (of Imamate). See for yourself: Indra (Mohammad) as well as Varuna (Ali) hold in great esteem this sacrifice by one star of the fourteen embodied souls and are pleased with your performance.e. it refers to these people only. O one who is a pleasure and delight. while RDS and ADDVM continue harping on the same old subject: Through the knowledge of Indra and Varuna as explained above. the next mantra even gives the number seven. O God. and also five for that matter.See how such serious subjects are being talked about.e.
See a narration from Usool-e-Kafi: In Hadees no. by which he accepts the faith and acts justly. Stress on will is being given for the people to know who is the succeeding Imam. Then.’ Hymn XIX It is stated right in the beginning of this Hymn that Agni and Maruts are the devatas who would be subject of discussion.the sixth Imam . and the ruhu’l-qudus (the Pure Spirit). by which he moves and comes and goes. The Hymn is attributed to the Seer Kanva Medhatithi and the meter is various forms of Gayatri. by which he eats and drinks and comes to women lawfully. Jafar Sadiq . 716.tells the reason how the Imam knows what is all over the earth when he is in his house with the curtain lowered. The Pure Spirit does not sleep nor does it become neglectful. He (the Prophet or the Imam) sees (everything) by the Pure Spirit. by which he rises and struggles. the Blessed. the ruhu’l-quwwah (the Spirit of Power).death of Hasan). has put five arwah (spirits) in the Prophet: the ruhu’l-hayat (the Spirit of Life). He said: ‘O Mufaddal! Allah. nor does it falsely display. the ruhu’sh-shahwah (the Spirit of Desire). by which he bears the prophethood. But the (other) four arwah (spirits) sleep. This last verse confirm that Imamate instantaneously get transferred after the death of departing Imam on the succeeding Imam. Needless to say. RDS and ADDVM have interpreted this . otherwise all the knowledge. We have already mentioned it before. it is not diverted. and the ruhu’l-iman (the Spirit of Faith). all the powers that God has given to an Imam gets transferred immediately. when the Prophet is taken away. are neglectful. the Sublime. falsely display themselves and are diverted. The mention of the will too is worth noting. the Pure Spirit is transferred and reaches the imams.
scientists. Till then Husain was silently living in Medina. confining himself to prayers and worship. and he was left with no other alternative. However. In the meantime. Yet he remained quiet as he knew the state of the Muslims and didn’t want to start a confrontation. After Hasan’s death. This hymn starts with describing Agni’s movement to a desolate place. he asked his governor in Medina to seek unconditional allegiance from Husain. When the question of allegiance was put forward to Husain.hymn to be talking about electricity. Husain’s representative to Kufa. Kufa’s situation changed upon appointment of a very cruel governor by Yazid. Therefore. Muslim b. Husain got to know that mercenaries were sent there as well in the garb of Hajis. When he had reached a place called Naineva or Karbala. Aqeel was killed while the Kufans watched. upon the death of his father Muawiya. All this while he was accompanied by his friends and relatives and also the women and children of the household. Muawiya was astute enough not to pressurize allegiance from this household. etc. the Kufans had deluded Husain with invitations to come to Kufa. However. Husain changed his route towards wilderness. Yazid was not even that foresighted. he decided to leave Medina in the wee hours of night and went to Makkah – the harem where it is prohibited to kill even the insects. Husain left Makkah and started moving to Kufa. In the meantime. he was forced to disembark and prevented from moving . We have already described in the section on Husain that when Yazid became the Caliph of the Muslim world. yajnas. Even when his brother Hasan was poisoned to death under the instructions of Muawiya. Husain continued to remain quiet. Hundreds of them had signed inviting him to come. at public places. ten years had passed during which Husain’s friends and companions were imprisoned or even butchered to death.
Husain refused to pay allegiance to a sinner. Even against this small band. On Husain’s side. it was only too good for them. and consequenly choosed death over life. The situation remained so till the 10 th morning. To them.e. Yazid.000 and 1. (Putting prohibition on water is a glaring example). including young boys and very old men. The battle-started on the morning of 10 th Moharram. The little provisions that they had lasted till the 7 th of Moharram. all norms of the battle were forsaken by Yazid’s forces. If death came while on that path.00. this brave group inflicted casualties many times more than their numbers. They knew that they have to bear the standard of humanity. which was one-sided right from its start. This shows to what extent evil was afraid of good. if they had wanted and proceeded further. Husain tried level best to find a peaceful exit but the governor of Kufa Ibn Ziyad rejected all these and left him with no choice but to pay allegiance or die. Their stand is exactly the one described in Gita.further. they were faced with a group of 100-odd men. some of whom were the Companions of the Prophet. His camps from close to the river were forcefully uprooted. But Husain kept abiding to his stand that he was not going to start the fight at any cost. truthfulness. Consequently. justice and piety at all cost and in the most adverse of circumstances. 30. i. Then there was no water or food to eat. Even we are to take the minimum number of people mentioned in various narrations to be true.000 or even more. . From 2 nd of Moharram. the small group of men was afraid of nothing. Husain’s companions could have easily killed the small band of about 1000 horsemen. Despite this. yet he didn’t start the war. Yazid’s forces prohibited Husain’s companions from gaining access to water.000. it didn’t matter that death was staring at them. more forces arrived which is said to be anywhere between 30. In the meantime.
Yes! Agni (Husain) has come to the wilderness (of Karbala). Safa and Merwah are the sacred mountains). The mantra says: Moving away from and after abandoning the beloved and pleasant most precious mountains that guard (the city of Makkah. which defines Husain’s stand in perfect conformity with the path shown by the Absolute God. He is courageous and confident. enough with the adversaries. (a nature that is) conducive to vigour and energy. he has decided to give himself as sacrifice. Mantra 4 says: He is moving towards savage heat (of violence) lest mankind is not robbed (of its values). Yes! Agni (Husain) has come to the wilderness (of Karbala). Now see Mantra 2. It says: By no means is the Deva’s (Lord’s or Divine Person’s) stand undivided (in fact it is identical) with the path of the Master Lord. after leaving the sacred mountainous place (Makkah).Mantra 1 of this hymn starts with describing Husain’s movement to the wilderness of Iraq. he moves onward and approaches a distant land (that will) lead (his friends and family) into trouble. Yes! Agni (Husain) . See what it says: The honourable Divine Person who is presently living (Imam of the time) is moving towards gloom and dust. Mantra 3 talks of the firmness and fortitude of Husain’s mind in adhering to his stand at all cost. Yes! Agni (Husain) has come to the wilderness (of Karbala). distant from every one and looking firm in his mind.
has come to the wilderness (of Karbala).
Now see Mantra 5:
This handsome man has sought to drink a violent and frightful (death) through (being on) the right path; opting for an armed combat with one who will kill him and who will surely go to hell. Yes! Agni (Husain) has come to the wilderness (of Karbala).
Mantra 6 says:
This person is not moving but approaching the Chief/ Supreme bright heaven where the devas (other Divine Persons or Lords of the World) dwell. Yes! Agni (Husain) has come to the wilderness (of Karbala).
Mantra 7 says:
Praiseworthy is your restraint which is as solid as the mountain and your endurance which is as deep as an ocean at the time when you are on point of death. Yes! Agni (Husain) has come to the wilderness (of Karbala).
Mantra 8 states:
Ah! You are like a rope without which no aid is possible, and very much like an ocean conducive to vigour and energy. Yes! Agni (Husain) has come to the wilderness (of Karbala).
The subject of these Divine Persons akin to rope has been talked about on more than one occasion in the Upanishads and Puranas. Our assumption is that the sacred thread worn by the Brahmans in India too was perhaps in remembrance of these Divine Lords. Just as the rituals were initiated by the seers and associated with the various hymns of the Vedas, likewise various other customs were initiated lest people forget the people
who are associated with the Vedas. The thread too seems to be initiated in remembrance of the rope that these devas signify between man and God. Likewise, seven pheras were initiated where the bride and groom are made to take oaths in the name of Siva and Parvati (Parvati is undisputed name of Fatima, therefore Ali has to be Siva in his deva state). What’s more important, even Mohammad equated the Ahlebayt with rope, holding which one would never astray. Mantra 9 takes pathos to the limit when it says:
Facing excessive drought (shortage of water), you produced water by drinking the soma juice (the water from Hauz-e-Kausar or Aab-e-Kausar). Yes! Agni (Husain) has come to the wilderness (of Karbala).
This concludes the hymn no. XIX. You must have noticed that one line is repeated again and again in all the 9 mantras. The second line of each mantra says ‘marudbhiragn aa gahi’ which we have translated as ‘Yes! Agni (Husain) has come to the wilderness (of Karbala).’ Now we wish you to see the translation of the nine mantras, done by RDS and ADDVM. Surely, since the same line is repeated as the second line of all the couplets, it is but natural that the meaning of the second half of each mantra remains the same. Unfortunately, such learned commentators ignore even these basic things in their attempt to prove their version as true. See for yourself.
Mantra 1: The fire in the form of electricity which comes with the winds, is invoked or used by the learned scientists to the fair yajna (of various works of art) for the protection of the earth and senses etc. Mantra 2: Translation (1): Omniscient God, kindly come to us (be known to us) through deep contemplation and practice
of Pranayama. Thy glory is great. Neither an enlightened wise person nor an ordinary mortal can comprehend Thy knowledge or action. Translation (2): The material fire which leads one to great glorious life, can not be perfectly known by either a wise enlightened person or an ordinary person. Mantra 3: Translation (1): The enlightened persons only, devoid of malignity who know the great worlds along with fire and airs, enjoy happiness. Translation (2): O Self-effulgent God, Thou art realized with the help of the Maruts (Pranas) and hast created fire. This fire becomes of great use along with air. Mantra 4: With the winds which are terrible and un-surpassed in strength and which manifest the sun – (the Agni fire or electricity) comes i.e. is helpful in the accomplishment of various works. Mantra 5: Agni (fire) accomplishes works with the help of those Maruts (airs or winds) which are brilliant on account of their attributes, which are fierce in their form, devourers of diseases, rulers of the middle regions or mighty. Mantra 6: The worlds like the earth and moon depend upon or are illuminated by the brilliant sun. The fire leads to much happiness with the help of the airs. Mantra 7: Agni (fire in the form of electricity or lightning) comes with those winds which scatter the clouds and agitate the middle region or the sea (both waves). Mantra 8: The fire comes with the subtle airs named Dhananajaya which with their force spread themselves in the
middle region, agitate the ocean and with the rays of the sun, extend their scope. Mantra 9: I prepare the sweet juice of various substances for great enjoyment of happiness and bliss with the gases by whose association, the fire accomplishes many works of arts.
The very fact that the second half of each translation is not identical or similar is proof of it being wrong.
This hymn too is related to the Seer Kanva Medhatithi. It is very important hymn as it describes the creation of the 14 Divine Persons, something that is the subject of talk of the Upanishads as well as the Puranas and other Vedas. See Mantra 1:
There was one bodiless Supreme Spirit which was divided to make the most excellent Supreme Beings, praiseworthy enlightened persons who took birth to live on this earth.
That formless (akari) or the bodiless spirit which got divided is Hari of Mantra 2 used as an epithet for Vishnu. Vishnu, we have maintained is not an individual God but the name of a process of creation of these Supreme Beings. He is a stage in the process in which the Absolute God created one Supreme Spirit which got divided into 14 through a process of creation described in Brhad-aranyaka and Paingala Upanishads. The Supreme Spirit initially got divided into two, then became five and then fourteen. Indra is the name of the head of the fourteen devas. But the seers have given names of the same process at various stages. For instance, they have given names of the spirit when it was one, separate names of the two when they got divided into equal parts, individual names when the two became five, seven and fourteen. That is actually the reason
. We ought to offer respect and oblation to this mother of creation and consider It as friend. these existed as a cumulative force form where these devas (Divine Lords) were created. who was the delight of Indra married the Marut (Vayu). Mantra 2 says: O Indra. Mantra 6: Not long ago. Mantra 5: The auspicious lady. Mantra 4 says: The United (or One Self) father (of creation) bestowed once again the truthful and upright (Divine Persons) for the betterment of this world.for confusion. These divinities surround (are the cause of) all that is created. who eventually became fourteen and took birth as the fourteen Masooms in this world. Brahma. Brhaspati. the one Supreme Spirit Hari (or Vishnu or the original Manifested Self) with whom you were united with. Siva etc. one can earn a thousand kinds of wealth and happiness. are names of the same process at various stages. Vayu. Prajapati. Visvadevas. The 12 divinities (or Adityas) were divided to be Chiefs of Men at various times. was divided (solely) for the purpose of worshipping the Absolute God. Remembering and paying obeisance to this mother of creation (Vishnu or original self). Indra. Mantra 3 states: One who knows this creator of heaven and earth is free from fear and their followers/worshippers earn respect and honour and drive in the carriage of happiness and bliss.
I would have told them that I had more knowledge than them. On another occasion. and I would have informed them of what was not then present to them. He said: ‘Does anyone have their eyes on us?’ We turned to the right and to the left. 678): We. and by the Lord of this building (the Kaaba). so he said: ‘I have learnt (all this) from the Book of Allah. We recount two narrations from Usool-e-Kafi to show that Imams were supreme to all. and I know what has been and what will be. including the prophets prior to Mohammad. I know what is in the Fire (Hell). for Musa and Khizr were given the knowledge of what was. were in the company of Husain at Hijr (a place close to the Kaaba in Mecca).The four quarters (all things in the world) stand dwarfish (insignificant) and were created due to them. Truly Allah.’ Then he said: ‘By the Lord of Kaaba. to Whom belong Might and Majesty. and then he saw that this was too difficult for those who heard it from him. but were not given the knowledge of what would be and what will be till the Hour (of Judgement) will come.” He (the narrator) said: “Then he paused for a moment. to Whom belong Might and Majesty. but did not see anyone.’ – three times (he said this) – ‘if I had been with Musa and Khizr. I know what is in the heavens and what is in the earth. Bihar-al-Anwar even mentions that Husain said on . says: “In it is the classification of all things”. I know what is in Paradise. and we said: ‘No-one has his eyes on us. Al-Kafi quotes (Hadees no. Al-Kafi states (Hadees no. 679) that Husain said: “Verily. a group of Shia. and we indeed have inherited this from the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Mohammad). This verse tells clearly that the Divine Lords are the cause of our creation.
as well as expectations or purpose of our creation are all enumerated in this verse. Even Adam. This is one of the most important of the Rig Vedic hymns as it solves all the mysteries that we are trying to unearth. was trained in the heavens. before the world is wound up. and all such things were created because of him. the moon. we have proved from Quran in Book 2. the seven names beautiful and identical (directed towards one point) and worthy of praise. the fact that they would have seven names only. their eulogies enable us to perform noble deeds.an occasion that the earth. Mantra 7 states: These jewels are not perishable and are everlasting holding all the virtues and merits. and their relationship with us. This mantra also proves that the names of the 14 Divine Lords are seven. They continued in this pursuit even when they were in heavens. They are making one more attempt to lead us back to God. had there not been truth in it? This also is a proof of the fact that the purpose of our creation is only worship of God. Do we need to tell more? The entire relationship between the One Manifested Self with the fourteen devas who would take birth on earth. Let us hasten towards the bright devas (Divine Lords) for whom are meant all our good acts. How could Husain have made such tall claims. Mantra 8 says: They are the support of the entire world. Our challenge to you is still there: make your own translation from the . the names being repeated among the devas. and the purpose of the Divine Lords is to lead us to the worship of One Absolute God. and make us feel secure.
Mantra 1 states: Indra holds Agni extremely dear. it must be understood that the person is really very important. says: . In fact. cars and such other useful works. And the singers of yore have sung thy praise in the Vedic hymns of gayatri metre.dictionary and see whether you are closer to our translation or that of RDS’s. who was killed offering prayers to God and eulogizing Him. We do not find any merit in giving the translation given by RDS and ADDVM here. praise well Indra and Agni (air and fire) in all the Yajnas consisting of study and teaching or arts and crafts etc. Mantra 2 says: Your sacrifice was praised and extolled beforehand by Indra and spoken of by the Supreme Spirit. Sink their praise through the Vedic hymns consisting of Gayatri and other metres and chant them in Shadja and other tunes. as per our translation. Your sacrifice (O Agni) of drinking soma was indeed given willingly for the welfare of all. The first mantra tells of the love and proximity that exist between Indra and Agni. the entire hymn reveals the importance of Agni (Husain) in this world. Hymn XXI This hymn again talks of the subject of Indra (Mohammad) and Agni (Husain) and his sacrifice at Karbala. Illuminate them or utilize them properly in the manufacture of various conveyances. See how much RDS is close to our meaning and how far indeed is he! He says: O leaders. the words of God are absolutist in nature and if someone’s importance is described. Mantra 3. Remember. as this would only lessen the seriousness of the subject.
for the great sacrifice that he drunk willingly for the welfare of all. Mantra 5 goes like this: You are the Lord of the superior most abode (heaven). Childless pray to you here in this world. And RDS translates this as follows: As learned men invoke Indra and Agni (air and fire) for the benefit and admirable delight of the friend and benefactor of all. let wicked . As they invoke the protectors of all articles for the protection of various objects. Indra and Agni should be remembered all through the life! Now see how RDS and ADDVM have treated this mantra: We invoke and instruct about Indra and Agni (air and fire) which are strong and mighty and which help to perform all transactions where many articles are accomplished in this act. This has been translated by RDS and ADDVM in this manner: Why should not all men properly utilize Indra and agni (air and fire) which when used methodically or scientifically are mighty. so we also do. In our view. Instead of drinking water. you drank the soma drink (of heaven).Your friends praise and laud Agni. Mantra 4 says: We pay our respect to the great sacrifice where soma drink was ferociously and savagely made to drink. protectors of various articles possessing many qualities and destroyers of wicked dealings. By their use. O Indra. consisting of various arts and industries. O Indra protect Agni from being subdued. so we also do following their footsteps.
It is interesting that the subject of the childless. There is another very interesting opinion. It is evident therefore that RDS has changed the meanings of the various terms. Thus he became the father of 9 devas (Masooms) and this became the reason why the childless started to pray to God through Agni’s intercession. Even now. We will show later how Rudra or Ali’s personality got mixed with that of Siva . when the same divided into two equal halfs. and when the five became fourteen. there was name to each of the two. praying to Agni has been talked about in the aforementioned verse Fact is that if we ask for child from God through any of the devas. we are sure.foes who are devourers of men be destitute of progeny. even these fourteen were given different names. if God wills so and if it is beneficial for the couple and mankind. that if any childless couple sincerely prays to God through Husain. the fourteen Divine Lords). We have said that the ancient seers had given names to all the stages of God till the creation of fourteen guardians of the fourteen quarters (viz. Indra does not mean air. he will surely be granted a child.the God . The One Non-Manifested God had a name. rather it means sun. God willing. It is not comprehensible how RDS has taken Indra to mean air here. in order to suit his viewpoint and has not been ethical in adhering to the same principles. the prayer would be heard. This was done for the purpose of understanding. then it became five then there was name to each of the five. then the power (or noor) created by him was given a name.at some time . Then why is Agni praised for by the childless? This is so because Agni (Husain) is the fifth of the five devas who became fourteen because of 9 more devas who were successively born to Agni (Husain). Even if we take the literal meaning.
we have also proved that God identified the devas not only among the Vedic-Aryans but also among other great civilizations of the period. the Sama Veda singers sing thy praise. and since it was also known that Rudra or Marut had a role in the creation of all things. Consequently. a respected person. Knowers of all the four Vedas extol thee with the reverence that men have for the heads of their family. The Rig Veda chanters worship thee who art adorable. with several children peeping through her large-sized womb. the line between Rudra and Siva got blurred. Can the God be regarded as the head of family? . Egyptian and Greek civilizations. like the Mesopotamian. Mantra 1 confirms that all Vedas are only in his praise. Did you notice that no word is there that would prove Indra is God? Instead. In this book. Since Rudra was the father of all the devas. possessing infinite knowledge and power of action. See how RDS has translated it: O Lord. he is regarded as the head of a family. a stage came when Siva became associated with phallus.during the past. and it was in his progeny that the remaining 11 Imams were to be born. we find the presence of a demi-god. Hymns Citing the Miracle of the Return of the Sun Hymn X Indra is the addressee in this prayer. twelve such lingas are worshipped by the Hindus. who deserves all the respect. Also we find paintings of a devi holding a child in hand and suckling another. What is most interesting is that even in the Egyptian civilization. holding an extremely large sized phallus.
God gives him power to know more and more along with all objects that give happiness. the light covers peak to peak. the miracle performed by Mohammad is being described. and both offered the evening prayers together. It so happened that Prophet Mohammad had to go on a six-day journey from Medina. He was at a place where a mosque named Masjid-eShams (Mosque of the sun) is located presently. Now see what this verse says. as per our translation: As the rays of light of the sun. The Prophet asked Ali to make the sun return. See for yourself whether you understood anything. See for yourself: As the rays of the sun along with the airs go from one peak to another. which moves from peak to peak along with a man who touches things and move them. Imam Ali offered his evening prayers without moving and with the action of his eyes. for the sake of indicating how great a soul he is. when he made the setting sun come up in the sky and it started shining brightly. But RDS has translated it in a largely non-comprehensible manner. He slept from before noon till the time when it was very close to sunset. the Prophet woke up and asked Imam Ali as to how he had prayed. this man makes that not clear visible sun to return and that fading sun shines due to Indra. who pointed his finger at the setting sun and it came up again on the horizon.Mantra 2 talks of the miracle performed by Indra. We . When it was near sunset. so also the man who goes from action to another and who touches things and moves them. get lost and the light gets obstructed by the going sun. Imam Ali explained. Clearly. Prophet rested his head in the lap of Ali and fell asleep. How absurd seems the comparison between the sun’s rays and air. moving from peak to peak.
come to us or manifest Thyself in our hearts and listen to . Our challenge is open to you. after coming up from its hiding place. Pick up a dictionary and see for yourself. the commentators have maintained that Vedic language is too complex to be understood easily. Contrary to this. since we have come to this meaning through the use of dictionary. which cause rain. O Indra.request you to ask any knower of Sanskrit or just open a good dictionary and see for yourself. We have tried to give only the literal meaning. prompt us for the acquirement of all knowledge and listen to our earnest prayer. in the same way. Now see how RDS has translated this verse: O God the protector of all good articles. Mantra 3 is also in continuity. Let’s see what the mantra 4 has to say. what we are finding is that Vedas just narrate the future events in a simple. who understands the properties of all objects and impart their knowledge properly to others. Since long. the God has made you a highly learned person well-versed in various sciences. in exactly the same manner you will be universally acknowledged and surely these words foretell of future when you will move in person. O Vasu. Our translation is not based on hypothetical assumptions. while commentators like RDS have beaten the bush so as to make the Vedas ‘philosophical’ treatises that borders on becoming absurd and lacking sense. as in the sun made by thee there are two forces of pervading and taking away the sap. which of the two meanings is closer to yours. it is in your honour that the sun will shower down its golden rays. Thou O Omnipresent Lord art the support of all. non-complex manner.
But commentators like Wilson who have tried to give the literal meaning while translating.” Such differences in various commentaries further prove our claim. have restrained themselves from use of flowery words to supplement their inferred meaning. which is severally criticized by the commentator ADDVM. even if the other meaning is so clear. the elder brother of Husain. Mantra 5 is further addressed to Vasu and cites his relationship with the 14 devas. Without the knowledge of these missing links. Wilson too is unable to explain the term ‘Vasu’. Even Sayanacharya agrees to Wilson’s interpretation. See the Wilson’s translation: Come Vasu to this our site. It says: . people translated the hymns in the manner they understood them to be true. answer to our praises and respond to our prayers. In spite of making a near exact translation. We are sure that more comprehensive and logical commentaries will now be made. used in this verse. Enlighten us about the real import and secret of all Vedic mantras. Reply to our hymns. as in the present case. that we are unearthing here. RDS has taken this verse addressed to God. as per the Upanishad. which is wrong.our praises and prayers. the son of Fatima and Ali and grandson of Mohammad – who is one of the five who comprise Prana (Life). who says: “Sayanacharya seems to be in the habit of generally taking words in material sense. in the light of these fresh discoveries. We have already seen before that ‘Vasu’ used in the above verse is Hasan. No final commentary has yet been done and all commentators have criticized each other. Wilson feels that this verse is not for the God but for a particular deity.
and for heroic might. Mantra 6 of this hymn again makes a prayer to the 14 devas to come in this world. They sought power and courage to remain steadfast on their path. RDS has translated this verse as follows: We pray to the almighty Indra (God) who is able to give us knowledge. to protect us. Also. evils and enemies and to accept his righteous devotees fro friendship for wealth in the form of wisdom. protector. truthfulness and benevolence and likewise all 14 will lead an identical life. it is clear that they knew that it wouldn’t be easy to remain their friends. health and gold etc.He will lead a life of virtuousness. Devas wanted to show that true path of God where . It is clear from these verses that people were waiting for the devas to come and used to pray so as to advance their early coming. We pray to Indra’s 14 jewels who are giver. for he alone can bestow all this upon us. This verse has been translated by RDS in the following manner: As a man is benevolent to his children and friends. (‘shakr’ means 14) And will bestow results through fighting (against evil). to destroy all miseries. destroyer of evils and miseries to give us power to be friends when you grant our wish to have your chivalrous presence on earth. omnipotent God being kind gives to the soul that desires to get prosperity and is friendly to all. the teaching which makes it grow and is admirable.. How sorry that the section of Muslims who claim nearness to Ali and Husain think that mere love of these persons is enough to lead one to heavens! In contrast to these significant meanings.
Jafar Sadiq said (Hadees no. And RDS. Like mantra 5 above. your fame is unsurpassed. through his translation. Now read the translation of mantra 7: As you all are equally united (without any trace of duality) in excellence. We quote from al-Kafi about Imam’s narration regarding this subject. If you recall. it is because of translations like this. We are ready to fight. It seems whenever people were faced with an increase in evil. and their seed followed them in belief. as per which ‘The first is Mohammad. O all! Who are as one as Indra. as we prepare for the commendable deed of warding off the increase of evil (under your guidance). position and approach.a man is so devoted to Him that he performs all actions without bothering about the results. This signifies that all the fourteen are identical in power. despite you are yet to come your fame is unsurpassed. Manifest your excellent shining form to destroy the evil and to ward off increase (of evil). we had quoted a tradition from Mohammad in Book 2. The word used is ‘adriva’ which stands for ‘unity in diversity’. and We . and despite the fact that you are yet to come. which also boasts of an increasing number of devotees. is confirming the materialist tendencies of humans to acquire wealth. O all who are united as one. middle is Mohammad and all are Mohammad’. 726): “He (Allah) said: Those who believed. the prayers to these devas intensified. Krishna too has dwelled on this subject in detail in Gita. Gold and material wealth is of no value to the true worshipper of God. If corruption is at its peak in present-day India. We shall join their seed with them. last is Mohammad. do mercy on us. mantra 7 too confirms that they were all similar to Indra.
they digressed. and what is lawful and what is unlawful”. RDS’s translation can at best be utilized for some light reading: As this solar universe is full of clouds. When this wait became too long.’ And in Hadees 728. We have seen in the Upanishads how people prayed for their early arrival. Jafar Sadiq quotes the Prophet by saying: ‘The Prophet of Allah said: “We are exactly the same as regards command. Jafar Sadiq said: “We are equal in knowledge and courage. rains water that is . The Proof for them (all) is the same. Vayu and Agni be justified that belittle their position. and not diminish for ‘their seed’. In stark contrast to the aforementioned serious prayers for adherence to right path and fight evil. and in bestowing to the extent we are commanded. while the innocent common people believed them to be true.” As per another narration (Hadees no. and the submission of them (all) is the same. may Allah bless them. and to the rest of the devas. Indra especially was portrayed in bad light. 727). how can all those myths regarding Indra. in spite of the fact that they were introduced long back. but the Messenger of Allah and Ali have their own excellence.shall not defraud them of aught of their work” (Q. ‘We shall join with them’. All the illgotten children in the family of kings and high priests of the period were ascribed to him.’ Another point worth highlighting is that the mantra explicitly states that the devas were yet to come. understanding. He said: “`Those who believed’ are the Prophet and Amir al-muninin and his ‘seed’ the Imams and the successors. They used to wonder when and where they would take birth. the Proof which Mohammad brought concering Ali. had not come on earth till the time they took birth in the Arabian peninsula. 52:21). atTur. Since it is clear that the devas.
while few others started an institution that bordered on a full-fledged university with around 6000 students seeking knowledge. purified by thy knowledge and which accomplishes all works. at other times they were slaughtered in the cruelest fashion. Just as a song is composed of various beats brought together.easily accessible and purified by it and by its light illuminates vast wealth. the wealth in the form of wisdom and gold etc. They taught knowledge and righteousness. They were the highest epitome of worship and selflessness. is happily manifested in all dealings. The last is yet to come and he will fill the earth with . is vast. When the need arose. O praise-worthy distributor of all articles with justice. If you have read in detail about the Masooms in Book II. Some of them spent their lives in prison. You will get victory over the opposition owing to the song (unity) of your mixing of solutions. there is none who is worthy of worship as you. they waged the fiercest of wars against their opponents. through your alliance you will give a mixture of various doses of medicines. At times they were victorious. Mantra 8 has been translated by us as follows: In both heaven and earth. one accepted the offer of second highest position in the government. O Admirable on account of the clouds and other objects made by thee please open to us the doors of knowledge. kindly bestow upon us the wealth which increases our reputation. and signed few peace treaties when victory was certain that even their followers couldn’t digest. spreading the group the rays to give light to the world. in the same manner. you will realize that this statement too perfectly fits with their collective stance. were all for peace. of the mind and other senses grasping their subjects and the kine.
righteousness. You need to study more about them to realize that their alliance gave a perfect mixture of various doses of medicines. RDS has translated mantra 8 as follows:
O All pervading God! The heaven and earth contain Thee not. Who art worthy of worship. Thou conquerest to get victory over the actions which bring about the welfare of all. Prompt our senses well.
And we have translated mantra 9 in this manner:
O Indra, the one who is accepted, come! Our intelligence is hoarded together in the same manner as dear friend united with dearest friend invoke love and affection. One of you would offer a lovable oblation or sacrifice to purify very much like a screen between united until actual time arrives. The other person too is united and joined and he too performs a sacrifice to purify.
This seems like an invocation to Hasan and Husain, who both were united in approach, yet the circumstances were such that one had to sign a peace treaty while the other had to stand up to fight Yazid’s force. Eventually, Husain died a martyr. This verse clearly states that the two were united and if death had not served as screen and separated Hasan from the incident of Karbala, people would have seen that he too would have acted in the same manner as Husain. Also, the mantra clearly states that despite Hasan opting for peace, he too had to sacrifice his life. How sad that words like ‘yajna’, which have been used for sacrifice of life or martyrdom have been understood to mean ritual oblations and sacrifices of animals in front of deities? During later period, rituals were initiated with these mantras forming the base.
Mantra 9 has been translated by RDS in following words:
O Lord! Thou Whose ears hear all things, listen quickly to my invocation, hold in Thy heart my praise, keep near to thee, as it were (the words of a friend.)
Likewise, he has translated mantra 10 as follows:
We know Thee, the liberal Rainer of blessings, the Hearer of our call in battles. We ask for the thousandfold Profitable Protection, attainment and knowledge of Thee, the Showerer of bounties.
We did not take the trouble of translating verse 10 to 12 as the meaning is more or less evident. Mantra 11, as per RDS, says:
O God (read Indra) All Bliss, Instructor of all true knowledge and sciences, being praised by us, listen to our sweet words of praise and prayer. Kindly prolong the life that merits commendation. Create among us a Rishi who is the teacher of various sciences, is a seer of the Vedic verses, being a man of self control is always instructor of noble virtues and a man of realization.
And mantra 12 is as follows:
O God (read Indra) to be worshipped by the hymns of the Vedas and learned persons, may all praises on every side encompass Thee Who deservest all praise. May they spread Thy Kingdom (increase the number of Thy devotees) Who art present from all eternity and being agreeable to Thee, may yield delight to us.
It is evident from this that the verse cannot be talking about God. God is not dependent on our worship. Even if this prayer is addressed to God, RDS has not explained
who those ‘learned persons’ are who would spread His kingdom and who are present from all eternity. Surely, this cannot be taken to mean for RDS and his type of scholars as we have always maintained that God’s text has to be absolutist in nature. Griffith has translated this last verse as follows:
Lover of song, may these our songs on every side encompass thee.
And Professor Wilson states:
May they (our praises) augment the power of thee, who art long lived, and being agreeable to thee, may they yield delight (to us).
This hymn was given by seer Jeta and is dedicated to Indra devata. As has been the case in the past, RDS has continued giving two or even more meanings to the same verse, which are of altogether different meanings. Once you go through this hymn, alongside our translation, you would realize what kind of lofty thoughts the Vedas carry and what mysteries they have unveiled, that had been denied to us till now. The first mantra states:
Indra, our invocations are directed at you - the bestower of this world as well as oceans. Those who get on the chariot whose charioteer is you, always remain on the virtuous path.
Here too, RDS has given two different meanings to this verse and says that there is a shleshalakar or paronomasia in this Mantra. The two different meanings are as follows:
All our hymns extol the Lord who is diffused on every
side like the ocean. Who is the Supreme Charioteer and Master of the souls possessing the chariots in the form of the bodies, who is Lord of all strength and Protector of all righteous persons. 2. It is also applicable to a noble and just king, who is the master of the chariot in the form of body and who is mighty and protector of all good people. In the case of a noble king, the word ‘rathinam rathitamam’ may also mean the master of those who possess aeroplanes and other speedy vehicles.
He repeats the same for Mantra 2 and gives two meanings here as well:
1. O Lord of strength! In Thy friendship, being mighty, let us never fear. We bow before Thee and glorify Thee O Almighty, Who art conqueror of the world, but Thyself unconquered. 2. It is also applicable to a noble mighty king. We should praise him as conqueror of his enemies and unconquered.
We are not expert on grammar, not the least Sanskrit grammar. However, our view is that the presence of shleshalankar in mantra 1, that RDS says is there, could be because Ali is meant as the charioteer of Indra (Mohammad). Verse two refers to Ali directly. In our view, the translation of this mantra would be somewhat like this:
O lord of strength who is also the commander of the Indra’s forces. There is no fear as he is undefeatable once his horse starts moving. O Indra, your friend conquers over the enemies and in no manner can he be separated from you.
Those who have read the Islamic history would know that most of the battles during the Prophet’s time were won because of Ali’s chivalry. Those on
going for battle of Siffin. Mantra 3 again refers to the miracle in which the sun was made to return. Before. You would agree that death could have come. If we think about it. or . That the miracles are not just an eyewash but the phenomenon actually takes place. In Quran. it was Ali who carried the battle to a victorious conclusion. All prophets were given miracle as signs of their prophethood. we go ahead with the translation. there is some illness or some accident that becomes its cause. Therefore. Several years later. if the moon got divided into two. Yusha b. Prophet Mohammad also divided the moon in two equal parts. Noon is another person for whom the sun returned. won’t allow a situation in which His act or the act of his messengers defy the scientific principles of nature. our view is that God. when he had gone to sleep and was thus unable to offer his prayer. Ali did the same in front of an entire army. The Prophet showed this miracle. even birth of a child itself is a miracle of God that is performed so many times each day. who has given so much stress on reason and knowledge. Each time. Moradabad and Rajasthan are the three places where it is reported to have been seen. Moreover. we would like to comment on this. People saw this as far as India. There were several occasions when defeat was glaring in the face.Mohammad’s side were outnumbered on most occasions. was not a phenomenon witnessed only by the Arabs to whom it was shown. We have seen in books that the division of moon into two. Yet it always follows a natural process. On one occasion. This description of the moon proves one point. Malabar. But whenever a person dies. Death is a case in point. without a cause. Krishna is stated to have returned the sun in the Mahabharata.
For instance. Moreover. There is a chance that the sun came up just enough so that Prophet and Ali were able to offer prayers and then got set. Vedas explicitly state that the sun came up so much that it was visible in Sindh (part of present Pakistan). lesser still in Iran and Iraq. This shows that the sun must have raised enough to effect a change of about two hours. then there is no chance that people in India would have seen this phenomenon. all the regions east of Arabia must have been in darkness. particularly those written around the Indus. . where it must have surely become dark by the time the sun rose again. it is possible that the great crater near Pune in Maharashtra would have been created on that day. West of Arabia. it must have been between two to three hours since sunset. there is not much chance of people witnessing the event at it was day time. In parts of present Pakistan and Afghanistan. there must have been a solid reason for it. We invite all the scientists to find out the circumstances that led to these events. it must have been close to two hours. If that is true. that can satisfy the curiosity of the learned. when it was twilight in Arabia. The ground is open for historians to search for the event in books of the period. because of a fall of a large-sized asteroid.the sun came back. so much so that they were afraid. and in Afghanistan and Iran. The greatness of Vedas is evident from the fact that they are even solving this dilemma. People who have narrated the coming back of the sun at Siffin have said that it was accompanied by a great screeching noise. twilight might have returned to Iran or Iraq and then faded into darkness. In India. We are sure you would agree that such an impact could reverse the course of earth’s rotation for some time. unless somebody noticed an extraordinary longer day or sudden shift of the shadow on the ground. At best.
Mantra 5 describes the event of the setting sun again. wealth which gives happiness and consists of noble speech. kine and senses. His saving succours never fail. for getting absorbed in mediation (prayer). This event occurred when Ali was also the 4th caliph of the Muslim world. Mantra 5 states: O one who is united with Indra. The commander of the army (of faithful) is born as a crusher of enemies’ cities.Since friend of Indra (Mohammad) is addressed in these verses. That is why. The mantra 3 says: When it starts looking like darkness in the eastern sky and the sun starts setting on the western mountain. in the battlefield. the sustainer of all pious acts. a land. The young. See the translation given by RDS. the wise. if their intentions were right. we should not be critical of the earlier scholars. You will realize that it is not possible to understand this mantra without reading a page from Ali’s life. the wielder of the thunderbolt (Zulfiqar is said to be the sword from heaven) and other destructive weapons and much extolled. who was the commander of this army. of unbounded strength. mark that it will be he who will perform the reverse action and the setting sun will get exchanged with the shining one. when the sky is . we have reason to believe that event performed by Ali is being described here. You must keep in mind that during the period of his caliphate Ali was largely addressed as ‘Ameerul-momineen’ (Commander of the faithful). This has been translated by RDS as follows: The gifts of God from eternity. if He grants to the righteous devotee who praise Him and the attributes of creation. Mantra 4 praises Ali.
This sun is attained by trembling and rotating earth etc. in the same way. when these Vedas were revealed. The same would be applicable when the sun returned for Mohammad. No doubt. day. It is by the gravitation of the sun that the earth and other worlds regularly rotate in their circumference by which are made the season and day and night etc. We have said earlier that we must look for some accident at the time when the sun rose up again. See: When the sun opens the cave of the clouds covering his rays. In the latter case.covered by mass multitude of clouds. Is it that the axis on which the earth revolves altered on the same fateful day? If you read RDS’s translation. It would be interesting if some scientist can unearth this mystery. you break the darkness by retreating the rotation of earth by bending to put destruction off limit resulting in the sun becoming visible. you will notice that about 2000 years prior to Christ. you would find that he too is talking about sun. the earth and other worlds rotating separate the mass of water. which is done by making the earth to move before everyone’s eye. they are still talking about the rotation of earth and seem to know that for sun to come back.” If you have noticed the description above. it is the rotation of earth that needs to be altered. the commander of an army should behave. . the verse is explicitly stating that this particular miracle averted a major mishap. the Vedas too are a miracle from God. In the purport he writes: “The sun breaks into pieces the solid cloud by his rays and makes it fall down upon the earth. night and the behaviour of the commander of an army. earth and its revolution.
The word ‘sindhu’ is clearly mentioned in this verse. you will be led to worship when the day will return that had elapsed. ready to strike. it is said – O hero. celebrating thy liberality while addressing thee who art deep like the ocean and source of happiness. Attracted by thy bounties. this mantra gives ample proof that whoever performed this miracle must have been at a place west of River Indus. . He writes: Addressing the President of the council or the commander of the army. On account of putting yourself up for sacrifice in front of the drawn out swords. Mantra 7 too is important as it states in one line what we had described in several pages in Book 2. This mantra gives a reason why Ali is the rightful successor of Prophet Mohammad (‘Uttir’ meaning ‘right to heir ship’). I again come to thee. there is no mention of this word in RDS’s translation. O respectful worshippers! Don’t remain stable but go and discover. However. O praise-worthy. I know thee to be a true and munificent hero. O Indra you were parched by jugglers and deceitful men with drawn swords. find out the reason for this heroic deed in neighbouring region. due to which you rescued the great sage with your strong powers and proved your right to his heir ship.Mantra 6 goes on describe that the event was also witnessed in regions west of the Indus. O learned men! When you see that night will come due to setting of sun in the country around Indus. This delightful incident is about to happen. which explains why he is way off the true meaning. Also. the performer of the works of the state and industries.
each and every Upanishad. Hebrew. Chinese. several of the Muslims would undertake the study of Sanskrit and then the Vedas in detail and each and every hymn of the Vedas. Purana and other ancient books of the Indo-Aryans would be freshly translated and later commented upon. Roman. as that itself is a subject of book of several volumes.Is it still possible for Muslims to negate Ali’s right as the rightful successor of Prophet Mohammad? You are aware that it is not possible for us to translate the entire Rig Veda and give it here. The hymns translated by us here are just a sample to reveal to you the true content of the Vedas. . We expect similar studies by Muslims in regard to the ancient Greek. We are sure that in the near future. Egyptian and Mesopotamian scriptures.
Also see that it is clearly said that the rest of the excellent beings would be born from the belly of part (daughter) of Indra. Upanishads and Vedas solve this mystery. Chapter I This chapter starts with a prayer to Vayu (Rudra or Ali) to appear fast as human being on this earth. because as devi. Here we undertake the study of few chapters of Yajur Veda to know what it contains. You must be surely aware that it was not possible for us to translate the entire Rig Veda. we are not going to rely on the translation of anybody else. we will be giving the translations done by others. particularly RDS. Ali’s sons. People thought that Mohammad was saying this because he was exceedingly in love with his daughter. in future. and do our own translation. However. existing as deva (in heaven) to give birth to the excellent beings (rest of the devas). to reveal to you the difference. her noor or self emanated from the one Self of Mohammad that God created in the beginning. See verse 1: Please come fast O Vayu.Study of the Yajur Veda You have seen the sample translation of a few of Rig Vedic hymns. We have mentioned in Book 2 how Mohammad repeatedly stressed that Fatima was part of him. Vasu (Hasan) and Agni (Husain) too are invoked. Fatima is a part of Mohammad. Our purpose was to indicate to you about the real content of Rig Veda. Surely. who was the wife of Indra’s brother (Ali was Mohammad’s cousin brother). now we leave it to scholars of Sanskrit to retranslate all the hymns. However. like spokes of a wheel from the belly of one who is part of Indra and the .
wife of his brother (i.e. you), as leaders in our battles from evil with those who have usurped the kingdom that rightfully belonged to Indra. I will guard you eternal beings from being killed as you are a vehicle that will lead our minds towards discharging all beastliness.
If you recall, we have mentioned a verse from an Upanishad earlier which also compared the devas as spokes or streams of a river. Mention of Vayu (Ali) and the reference to those who usurped Indra’s (Mohammad’s) kingdom leaves no doubt that Ali was the rightful successor of Mohammad. We are sure you will agree that this one line of Veda carries far more weight than all the pages that we have devoted to the subject in Book 2. If we say that Vedas are those great scriptures that even help us understand Quran and Islam, are we wrong? The subject moves to Vasu and Agni, who are the two Ashwins or Hasnain in verse 2.
You, O Vasu, are perfectly pure, born of one self as Agni, you will come to live on this earth as son of Vayu from his marriage. Most excellent and honourable is your dwelling place/residence. Excellent is your mother who gave birth to you along with one who instituted the most praiseworthy sacrifice.
Isn’t it the fact that the relationship between the five, when they would come to live on earth, is being clearly defined? It is also said in the aforementioned verse that the one who would give the most praiseworthy sacrifice (Husain or Agni) would be the brother of Vasu (Hasan) and son of Vayu (Ali or Rudra or Marut). After Mantra 2, there is discussion of the purity of Vasu followed by a Mantra devoted to the daughter (part)
of Indra, viz. Lakshmi or Parvati. This indicates clearly that Lakshmi or Parvati is the name of the wife of Vayu. Lakshmi or Parvati are therefore Fatima, and the hundred odd names of devi in Matsya Purana are of none but her. Naturally you must be expecting that it would be followed by the mention of Agni, who sacrificed his life while on truth; yes, the same is going to happen. This is extremely extraordinary that everything that was to happen in future is mentioned in the Vedas. After the death of Ali, Muawiya’s rebellion intensified. Supporters of Ali chose Hasan as the caliph. However, these supporters were fed up with fighting and many of them had been covertly won over by Muawiya. When confronted with the forces of Muawiya, Hasan was willing to fight, but when he saw the condition of his own supporters and Muawiya put forward the offer, he accepted a peace treaty. Hasan opted for truce after putting certain conditions in front of Muawiya, to which he agreed. However, Muawiya violated the terms of treaty and had Hasan poisoned to death. When Muawiya’s son Yazid got to the throne (something that was itself contrary to the conditions of treaty), he ordered Husain to pay obeisance to him in the form of bayat (a form of paying obeisance that was common in Arabia), to which Husain didn’t agree and steadfastly opposed all the tortures inflicted on his supporters. Husain was later killed in the battle that lasted less than a day. There are few who say that Hasan and Husain were of contrary nature, which is reflected in one opting for truce and the other deciding to oppose Yazid’s move, even though he got killed in the battlefield of Karbala. However, those who know the truth say that both would have acted in the same manner, if similar conditions confronted them. Moreover, when the peace treaty was signed, Husain was at his brother’s side. When Husain went to fight in Karbala, Hasan had died by the time,
but his son Qasim produced a will from his father that stated that Qasim should be allowed to fight alongside his uncle, Husain, when such a calamity strikes him. This is evident proof that both acted differently because the circumstances were different. Otherwise, they all were exactly the same: “First is Mohammad, last is Mohammad, middle is Mohammad, all are Mohammad.” Muawiya was wise enough not to press for Hasan’s bayat . Therefore Hasan kept certain conditions to safeguard religion, his followers and family; he had seen that his followers were not trustworthy and were hatching conspiracies. And since Muawiya apparently agreed to abide by the treaty, he was to be given a chance. If he had gone for a fight without opting for a way out, the same detractors would have blamed him for this. Husain too tried his best to avert war. It was Yazid who left Husain with just two options – either to pay obeisance or to die. Husain preferred to die but not once did the thought of bayat of Yazid came to him. Yazid symbolized evil and injustice, and was actually the usurper of the Caliphate that rightfully belonged to Husain. The two seemingly different actions of Hasan and Husain too did not escape the eyes of the Vedas, about 2000 years prior to the actual event. Mantra 6 says:
The approach of the two was same and undivided. One drank from the vessel whereas the other was chopped to death. Your deeds are as though you entered the house from opposite directions.
Can there be a better example to show the oneness in the apparent duality of their approach. Mantra 7 gives another example. See:
Like the daybreak seems to protect the night by clinging to it; which (night) is further clings to it (used for day). (Yet) in the wide expanse of time,
they are weaved as one day. You (both), who are the cause of the day, will be killed by the enemy. You defend day from night. In the wide expanse of time, (both) are weaved as one.
It seems as if, while revealing this verse, whoever composed it also had the Quranic verse in mind. See how the first part of the following verse from Quran has been used to explain the point:
Thou makest the night to pass into the day and Thou makest the day to pass into the night, and Thou bringest forth the living from the dead and Thou bringest forth the dead from the living, and Thou givest sustenance to whom Thou pleasest without measure. Q URAN . 3:27
Verse 8 gives a new name for the first time, viz. Dhruva. However, upon reading the verse, it becomes clear that this refers to Ali Asghar, the six-month old child of Husain, who was surely choked to death when the arrow split his tender neck. It so happened that Husain took Ali Asghar in front of the enemies to show the condition of the child who too was without food or water for the past three days. He even made the child lie on ground and stepped back, so that the enemies could themselves give him some water. He did so lest they feared that Husain was demanding water for himself in the pretext of the child. Yet nobody gave any water. Husain picked up the child in hand. Shimr from Yazid’s army ordered Hurmula to shoot the three-pointed arrow. Hurmula did so and the arrow pierced the child’s neck when he was in the hands of his father, Husain. The same is told in verse 8:
You were afflicted O Dhruva when you were still regarded as immature. Deva, I would indeed like to know why he was choked to death. The most
sent as prescribed. Also. the house of Agni was honoured through procreation by those who were away from fear. (Out of these two). she came to the Kaaba to pray. it is clear that they are the sons of the sun. which was a fact acknowledged by all. Yet even from this. it tells of the supremacy of Ali in the battlefield. The next verse still talks further about Agni (Husain). Aditya means ‘sun’. At that time. Let us tell you about it. Dictionary says that Ashwinau means: T HE TWO PHYSICIANS OF GODS WHO ARE REPRESENTED AS THE TWIN SONS OF THE SUN BY A NYMPH IN THE FORM OF A MARE . It seems several myths arose. she is called Fatima binte Asad or Fatima daughter of Asad. Ali’s mother too was named Fatima and in order to distinguish between Fatima. It is clear from this verse how 5 became 14.dearest was made to choke/suffocate at their command when the deva asked for water. However. It so happened that when she was in the last days of her pregnancy. Mare and nymph seem to be the consequence of that. See: The wife of this deva. who are meant by the term ‘Ashwin’. Hasan and Husain. and the 9 devas (Imams) who were to take birth in his progeny. because of people’s inability to understand the Vedic verses to the full. it also cites Husain’s relationship with Vayu and shows that it is these two. We know that there are 12 Adityas (or 12 Imams) and have shown how Ali was referred to as Aditya. and her. Verse 12 too is very important for our study because it talks of Ali’s birth. . daughter of Mohammad. who is verily like a sun with hands and arms that were a terror for all. to his house. gave birth to the two Ashwinau.
As Fatima binte Asad drew near the Kaaba. verily like a sun. this was 10 years before the Prophet announced his Prophethood. Upon opening his eyes. verily. is none but God. as per the belief of Muslims. While as regards to Siva.Kaaba was under the control of Quraish. And as she hastened towards it. Ali and his mother remained inside Kaaba and came out when Mohammad and others came to open the door. Remember. Either Siva too was the name of God earlier but during the later period . It is mentioned that Ali opened his eyes for the first time only when Mohammad had taken him in his arms. Nobody prior to him or after him got this distinction. Ali was born inside the Kaaba. will give immense sacrifices thereby given the epithet of yagyapati (the lord of sacrifice). Young sons of this (lord of sacrifice) will be in possession of Sudha (the beverage of heaven). its wall split in two and she went inside. was yet to be revealed on Prophet Mohammad. Vishnu. who had kept their idols inside it and used to keep it locked. we know now. the pure place of Vishnu’s worship split into two. The wall closed behind her. therein giving birth to a male child. Let’s see how Yajur Veda deals with the subject. The door was opened on ceremonial occasions when the idols were worshipped. The devi delivered/gave birth to one who will be the chief protector and first to embrace and foremost in boldness and worship. It is the virtue of Ali that he was born inside what is called the House of God. recited verses from Quran that. there is surely some confusion. the child that was merely a few days old. As we have said that this is a very important verse. See verse 12: The mother came to the pure structure where Vishnu is worshipped prior to the delivery of the child.
which is a pure structure. In Ali’s case. Note that the meaning of the word ‘yagya’ in dictionary is as follows: ‘ AN ACT OF WORSHIP . which is synonymous with the term ‘Imam’ and there are 12 Adityas or Imams. Remember. This shows clearly that yagya was never meant for ritual oblations that later got associated with the word. Parvati. Quran has used the word ‘pure’ for Kaaba and mentions a verse wherein God asked Ibrahim (Abraham) and (Ishmael) – the two Prophets – to keep it pure. PITRA . THEIR NAMES ARE : BHOOTYAGYA . Ali has been described as the chief protector.YAGYA AND BRAHMA -YAGYA . which has been attributed to Hasan and Husain. ANY PIOUS OR DEVOTIONAL ACT ’. or the stream of Kausar of Quran. we have seen is the name of Fatima. HAS TO PERFORM FIVE SUCH DEVOTIONAL ACTS EVERY DAY . and Rudra has been used for Ali. BUT PARTICULARLY A BRAHMANA . and people were mistaken all through. there were several traditions of Mohammad that explicitly say that Hasan and Husain are the heads of the youths of heaven. But when talking about Ali’s worship. who gave immense sacrifices. ‘EVERY HOUSEHOLDER . so much so that he was given the epithet of the lord of sacrifice. The verse also tells that Kaaba is the house of Vishnu. What’s more.YAGYA. MANUSHYA -YAGYA . It seems Sudha is another name of Soma. the first to embrace and foremost in boldness and worship. prayer (namaz) is offered 5 times a day by Muslims! Verse 14 refers to Aditya.this name got combined with Rudra of the Vedas or it was never the name of God. it means the extensive prayers that he offered to God. Dictionary describes Aditya as follows: . DEVA . WHICH ARE COLLECTIVELY CALLED THE FIVE ‘ GREAT SACRIFICES ’). he is referred to as yagyapati.
The fruits (children) that had blossomed in the house of Ira (goddess of Speech. It is also said that this Aditya was a sage (remember the mention of seven sages in Gita). Saraswati) were directed (by force) towards a rocky desert so as to carry forward the enmity with Aditya.‘ADITYA IS THE SON OF ADITI/NAME OF 12 DIVINITIES (SUNS) TAKEN COLLECTIVELY . it has been clearly stated that the 12 imams would come towards the end. and who was a sage. It is evident from this that Aditya has been used for Husain and since there are 12 Adityas we have reasons to believe that it refers to the 12 Imams. or for that matter. at the end of which the life of this world will end. is about to come! There is no doubt that the verse 14 talks about the events in Karbala. Since these verses were written around the time when the world was in its initial stage of development.’ See. What we never knew that the destruction is so near that eleven of them have already taken birth (shined) and have been put to death (life on earth eclipsed) by man. in Kaliyuga – the last of the four ages. Dictionary gives the meaning of Aditi as: . thereby indicating that it was a fight between good and evil. A NAME OF VISHNU IN HIS FIFTH OR DWARF INCARNATION. ( THESE 12 SUNS ARE SUPPOSED TO SHINE ONLY AT THE DESTRUCTION OF THE UNIVERSE ( SUN ). and how the progeny of Fatima was forced to a rocky desert. Only one. The ruler’s enmity was because of opposition to Aditya in whom knowledge resided. even the dictionary maintains that Adityas would shine close to the destruction of the universe. who was a sage. the last of the twelve. because of the enmity with the Imam (Aditya). See the verse 14 yourself: This house was insulted.
The mention of Husain’s sister. We have given other proofs to show that Indra and Daksha are the names of the same person. the member’s of the Brahma’s household will be taken. . This was the deva to be put to sacrifice. who was married to Kasyapa.‘ EARTH . when we talked about Rig Veda.’ IN In Book-IV. we have shown that Aditi is also one the names of Devi. the Caliph). leaving no opening to the river that flowed. ‘mother of the devas’. Verse 17 further gives a description of the events that happened at Karbala. MOTHER OF MYTHOLOGY REPRESENTED AS THE MOTHER OF A DITYAS . See verse 17: Out of rivalry. therefore Kasyapa is another name of Ali. which shows that she was the daughter of Indra. troops put prohibition on water so that Agni could not drink. If you remember the content of the chapter on the events of Karbala in Book 2. has already been done. it is evident that she is the daughter of Daksha and one of her names is Deva-matri. No doubt. In order to present before the supreme ruler (Yazid. As per Dowson’s description. THE GODDESS A DITI . including the lady who will be chained and imprisoned after her brother’s death. Zaynab. G ODS . See those who are being mentioned here are the members of Brahma’s household and also progeny of Varuna. She is called Dakshayani because of being the daughter of Daksha. This was the fate of the honourable descendants of Varuna. Aditi is also the name of the devi who took birth as Fatima. This verse also refers of the same subject. Another of her name is Indrayani. we are sure that you would agree that these verses exactly define that calamity on the house of Fatima.
These five devas became the fourteen devas. believed to be 1. Brahmanda (Brahma’s egg) was created.We have repeatedly marveled at the intellect of the people of the time of Vedas. Vishnu. In fact two devas were created out of Brahmanda. Last Chapter of Yajur Veda. All jivas (beings) were created consequent to it. The marriage between the one created out of Vaisvadeva with Marut gave birth to the Ashwinau. can be called Vishnu’s avatars. In another book. thereby completing the family of five. Indra was the name of Mohammad when he came down to live on this earth. From this logic. Verse 19 too talks of the events at . prior to the 6 th century A.000 in number. Brahma was created out of Vishnu. from the wombs of unmarried women. (See Brhadaranyaka Upanishad and Paingala Upanishad). In the next stage. the non-manifested God created a Manifested form. Brahma too is the noor of Mohammad. each a ruler of one of the fourteen spheres.24. prior to its division into two. which was kept inside Adam and then successively passed among the various Apostles and Prophets till it finally reached back to him. all the Apostles and Prophets that God sent on earth. tells us that they were the lights (noor) of Mohammad – referred to as Vaisvadeva – and Ali – referred to as Marut. Thus.D. Indra never came down on earth. we proceed with our study of Yajur Veda. we hope to show from the Puranas itself that these were concocted stories. It is unfortunate that Puranas have included several stories about Indra producing children. and is also known as Prajapati. We concluded these from the Muslim’s believe that Mohammad was the first of the noors (light) that was created. This family of five is called Panjetan by the Shias and revered the most. who had given different names to understand the various stages through which God created this world. Leaving this subject here.
The ruler’s enmity was because of opposition to Aditya. Aditya (Husain) was an epitome of knowledge and righteousness and opposite him were the men many of whom dwelt on the mountains. Since it is widely believed that Parvati was the wife of Siva. in whom knowledge resided and who was a sage. are one and the same. and the fight ended within a day. This was the speech of Parvati against those who dwelt on the mountains. talked about in Manusmriti and at various other places.Karbala and tells explicitly that Husain was Parvati’s son. devoid of water. this Manu who was heading for final emancipation (sacrifice) had been unable to bestow even a semblance of moisture to sprinkle. that confirms that Siva is Ali and those who deified him later were on the wrong. but he too did not get water. This included the newly born child. thus establishing the link between Ali and Siva. Verse 20 clarifies that the 14 devas and the 14 Manus. Parvati’s son’s speech against those who lived on the mountains gave true knowledge about Aditya who was killed in a day’s time. (water) was more precious than gold. IT IS THE ‘N AME OF A CELEBRATED PERSONAGE REGARDED . See the verse 19: This house was insulted. where the battle occurred. whom he took on his hands in front of the enemies and laid him on ground. This also tells how Husain was killed without water. See: Surely there may not have been any grain left in possession of the deva to support the life. in the present Syria. Yazid’s capital was Damascus. is mostly plains. For long duration. We all know that Syria is a mountainous country while Iraq. Now see what ‘Manu’ means as per dictionary.
who is verily like the sun. Keeping in mind the description of creation of the universe in the Upanishads.63). for long life full of happiness and prosperity. The word Manu is clearly mentioned in the Sanskrit text. for activities. whom Husain laid down on the ground. but the enemies gave no water to him. This verse clears any doubt that the 14 Masooms (pure persons) of the Muslims and the 14 devas of the Upanishads. with hands and arms that were a terror for all.AS THE REPRESENTATIVE MAN AND FATHER OF THE HUMAN RACE ( SOMETIMES REGARDED AS ONE OF THE DIVINE BEINGS . 1.’ We have seen that the 12 Imams were called the Adityas. are called Manus. is one of the Adityas and also one of the Manus. May we resort to yajna for sound health. They. together . blesses us for the discrimination of true sublime knowledge. We would like you to see RDS’s translation here: The foodstuffs and water purified by the performance of yajna strengthen the body and sense organs. But since RDS has not understood what it means. Now we come to verse 21: The wife of this deva. through His perfect Omnipresence. P A R T I C U L A R LY T H E 14 S U C C E S S I V E P R O G E N I TO R S O R SOVEREIGNS OF THE EARTH MENTIONED IN M S . there is no doubt that they can be regarded as celebrated personages or as the representative men and fathers of the human race. and had to live in that manner for several days. he has silently removed its mention altogether. for vitality. therefore. Ali Asghar too is mentioned. gave birth to the two Ashwinau. The verse portrays the sorry picture of Karbala where Husain and his companions were without water or grain. The glorious Creator and Emancipator of the universe. Husain.
Vayu or Ali. We have also revealed the identity of those enemies of Ali who converged on his door and set the . First line of verse 10 too was the same. The fact that this door had several sharp edges might not be known to the Muslims too. Just as River Reva (Narmada) divides the earth or just as a Madhumati divides another Madhumati. Yet. the intention of both was to cure the evils prevalent in society with the medicine of right path. Here is our translation of verse 24: The wife of this deva. One was slaughtered by sword while the other was poisoned to death. They did this because of their hatred for the husband of this devi. Now we come to verse 24. The door (or her house) that was blazing with a thousand flames and had hundred sharp edges fell on her right side because of violent hatred and hostility that enemies of Vayu had with him. We have mentioned earlier how Fatima died within six months of Mohammad’s death. whose first line is identical with the first line of verse 21. which fell on her abdomen. gave birth to the two Ashwinau. once again Husain’s relationship with Ali and Fatima is talked about and it is shown that Hasan and Husain were actually united in approach. Here. they are ever united. who is verily like the sun with hands and arms that were a terror for all. one medicine was through being cut asunder (by sword) and the second medicine was through drinking juice/water. we have stated the causes why people hated Ali so much. they loathed/ abhorred him. In Book 2.offer sacrifices or oblations to God. Ah! It is regretful that the wife had to face multitude of pains after separation with Indra (after his death). The door of her house was put on fire.
who blessed the earth by producing the most excellent living beings. Ali had to bear all kinds of tortures. the latter was always the law-abiding citizen of the state. distressed her in mind and body so much so that it cannot be described. How could somebody. A noose was tied to Ali’s neck and he was being dragged on the lanes of Medina. We have seen in history that apart from a few initial attempts by Fatima to tell the people to support Ali. but never paid allegiance. who was appointed as vicegerent by God even prior to the creation of the man.door on fire. which further narrates the events of the day when the door to her house was put on fire. who controlled our organs of sense and action bow down in front of mortal human beings. we would know for the first time a correct justification for this stand of Ali. it is also a part of history that he never paid allegiance to the Caliphs and always maintained that his right has been usurped. At another point people advanced towards him to tie him so as to effect his breathing on earth (kill him). out of their hostility/enmity towards them. See verse 26: Boundless were the bounties of this deva. Yet. who was responsible for the creation of man. some of which are narrated in verse 26. which was being demanded. A hundred sins they committed including using a noose as a weapon and others that had never been committed before with Vayu as well as his wife. They choked/suffocated her. He was sacrificed in a unique manner as he was engaged in meditation in group (mosque) and was progressing with the rituals of the assembly. Fatima used to say: ‘The amount of hardships that . After this study. This was because they wanted Ali to acknowledge their Caliphate and pay obeisance to them. Ali is also the subject of discussion in verse 26.
PAGE 125 PUBLISHED IN 1349 H IJRA FROM E GYPT ). Allah has cursed them in this world and the hereafter. and He has prepared for them a disgraceful punishment. and not independent conviction. The Quran says: Verily. their envy and grudge against the Holy Prophet and his holy Ahlebayt came into the open.’ Aga Mehdi Puya writes in his commentary of Quran: “Circumstances and lure of worldly gains. had they fallen on the sun. For example in Vol. under the strict commands of Allah. A HZAB : 57 The Holy Prophet says: Fatima is my flesh and blood. after his (Prophet’s) death. He who has pained me in fact has pained Allah. motivated many an early convert to come into the camp of the Holy Prophet. the doings and sayings of the messenger of Allah. and indeed. (S AHIH B UKHARI : V OL . whosoever opposes and subverts the authority of the Holy Prophet. PAGE 206 PUBLISHED IN 1355 HIJRA FROM EGYPT . 1. In the light of verse 80 of Chapter al Nisa of Quran. Q URAN. began to make clear that authority to guide and administer the society belonged to the Holy Prophet and his Ahlebayt. Whosoever causes suffering to her in fact causes suffering to me. page 64 of Tarikh Abul . 2. those who cause suffering to Allah and His messenger. he is a disbeliever. the thoroughly purified. as the fulfillment of the divine will according to the verse 33 of al Ahzab. When. it would have turned black. in fact disobeys Allah. Many books of history and traditions clearly mention the disgraceful attitude of the companions towards the dearest daughter of the Holy Prophet. S AHIH M USLIM : V OL .I had to face after passing of Mohammad. 4.
He is waiting for the day when there would be enough supporters in this world. Vishnu Purana too talks of a Kalki avatar. Also Abi Fat-ha Shahrastani in Al Milal Wan Nahal on page 25 and 26 mentions the events which took place at the house of Bibi Fatima.Fida. Judging by the number of Shias there are in this world. Shias are already waiting for their 12th Imam – the Mahdi . we should not wait for him to come. and the teachings of the straight path will be imparted by the last of the praiseworthy living on this earth. Shortly afterwards. Shia Muslims wrongly believe that they qualify to be his supporter. justice and truthfulness and he will return the world to the worship of Absolute God. He is surely going to come in future. Some time onward. sound/uproar will be heard when an enemy will kill this respectful person.” The verse 28 is clearly meant for people of the 21 st century. The coming of Mahdi would be followed by a rule of righteousness. all the cruelty and wickedness that has crept into our society will be put to end. The following verses too are about a future that is yet to come true. be steadfast and bold along with showing us the way to worship. he would have . We never knew they were the same. However. the glorified Moon. The last of the 12 Imams (Adityas) who is also the last of the 14 Masooms (Manus) will surely come to relieve us of cruelty and wickedness that has crept in our society. who through his courage and determination will lead us towards the path of eulogizing God. later in this book. it is written that the two caliphs were among those who went to the house of Fatima for setting it on fire. published from Egypt.to come and deliver them of all sufferings. See about the two in a separate chapter on Mahdi.
when Brahma’s day would be put to an end.already come by now. The flame (of these devatas) will be bartered/exchanged with an excellent/beautiful abode. Just as people killed the 11 Imams. where they will reside fearlessly. This description of the beginning and end of the world has also been dealt in detail by Puranas. this world will sink into decay by means of Vishnu’s sound as soon as the sacrifice is obtained by Vishnu. dwelling place. Why this repetition? No logic can explain this repetition except that during the entire . ‘Dhamne’ means ‘abode. See verse 29: (Brahma’s) Day! You who is the cause of the day will be killed by the enemy. It is you who defend the day from night. and we have included it in the chapter on Mahdi. who are as steadfast in calamity and as lofty in worship as Husain’s supporters at Karbala. That sacrifice would put an end to the history of this world. in lieu of their sacrifice. house’ while ‘yajushe’ means sacrifice. Ceaselessly. That last day when the world would collapse is dealt with in this verse: There will be great uproar as the sun will go towards destruction and water will begin to flow everywhere with great energy as a consequence of Vishnu’s disgust over seeing of the killing of the last of his instructor in sacred science whose existence had protected the world from destruction. somebody would commit the mistake of killing this last representative of Vishnu on earth. The end of the world will follow his advent. It is interesting to note that the word ‘dhamne’ is repeated twice in this mantra as also the word ‘yajushe’. Narrations have stated clearly that there would be only a handful of supporters from each country.
Let’s now come to verse 31. when he said: Hold the chord of Allah (God) tightly and don’t allow discord or disunity to come between you. in which the two sacrifices are juxtaposed. A clear indication that the same devas will again be instrumental in creation of the next world. God reserves an equally lofty abode for both types of sacrificers as an exchange of their sacrifices. Worth noting is the verse earlier that deals with the sacrifice of Hasan and Husain. You will be glad to know that Prophet Mohammad too referred to them together as a chord. two types of sacrifices are being mentioned. The names of these beloved devas have not been taken so that they are not challenged/destroyed or treated with indignity and the devas are not put to death (owing to this). either by sword as in the case of Ali and Husain. It is interesting to note that the devas together have been described as a pure chord. after an year’s time Vishnu will create again. During the entire discussion. Vayu. Indeed. you must have surely wondered why names like Agni. as in the case of the rest of them. All the Adityas who are described as Vishnu’s “instructors in sacred science” were killed.hymn. Indra have been . or by poison. The purpose of repeating these words twice is perhaps to indicate that Vishnu (the God) values both these sacrifices equally. See about various Manvantaras in the chapter on Mahdi. one from being poisoned and the other by inflicted wounds. With his desire the pure chord of sun will again be divided into individual rays. The glow of these imperishable/immortal beings will be the essence of the new dwelling place. The next world too will be created because of them.
taken. Clearly three reasons are taken for not mentioning the true names of the devas. Sitas and Radhas. and if God knew everything that would happen in advance. Surely. Lakshmis. First is that there was a fear that the names would be destroyed. and devas had indeed being sent by Him as ‘instructors of His sacred science’. Yet. We know from Matsya Purana that Sita and Radha were the names of the devi. If Vedas are God’s own words. Second reason is that people would treat the names with indignity. But . It is unfortunate that we forgot everything with time. they all tried ceaselessly to remind us of their worth. had the names been taken earlier. Hasans and Husains. you would be wondering why He didn’t present their real names for us. as this is the subject of an entire book. Upanishads are replete with incidences where Yajnavalkya walked into various gatherings of the priests and tried to tell them what was the real meaning of the verses they were reciting and who were the people who were meant by these. The answer to this too has been given by God Himself who says that their names have not been taken so that they are not challenged/destroyed or treated with indignity by the people. We do not wish to get into this subject here. so that none could identify them. just as there’s no dearth of Saraswatis. Jesus called Mohammad as ‘Paraclete’ or ‘spirit of truth’. We must note that it is this reason why sages like Yajnavalkya and others too never talked about them in clear words. Parvatis. even prior to the time they came. Soon we intend to write on the subject which would show how attempts were made on several occasions to destroy the names of the devas. and to show us the true path. who is Fatima. Let’s confine ourselves to the fact that destroying of the names is very much a possibility. this world would have been full of Alis. or put to death before they are able to impart His teachings.
Third point that is given is that the devas might be put to death. who was surely not an avatar. See mantra 1: The greatest evil and most cruel/contemptible person. I erect thee and consecrate thee with ghee. will be responsible for your killing at a place away from homes. if they had known that he was to change their religion. It’s possible that some would say that Sita and Radha were actually the avatars of devi. Surely. Even then fact remains that there is no dearth of these names in our history or even present society. so do I carefully cleanse the oblations to be put into . Just as water in the space contributes to the purification of the material objects. Vasudeva was the father of Krishna. each of the devas was put to death. if their names are known. You will be compelled to go out of doors along with the womenfolk of your household who too will have to bear sacrifices. just as Rama and Krishna were avatars of Vishnu. See how RDS has translated this mantra. It is the most sordid part of history that in spite of all the care undertaken by Vedas and preceding prophets. thou art being performed in a well dug place. Oh yajna. O Agni. For the sake of Havan I consecrate the oblation agreeably rectified by ghee.Sita was also the name of Rama’s wife and Radha of Krishna’s. It is evident that the names were being given to daughters all over India. Thou art an altar for taking the oblations high up into the space. Quraish might not have waited for Mohammad to grow up. with the exception of one who has been saved by God till today. Chapter II Chapter II starts with the mention of Agni (Husain) and the events of Karbala. thou art rarefied by fire and attracted by the air.
Subject of Karbala continues in verse 2: O Aditya. darkness’. and with time. which could either be for Lord Krishna or should be taken in its literal meaning as ‘blackness. even in this age. the word ‘krishna’ has come in the beginning. he was preparing the ground for the salvation of all people – including us. commentators thought that ‘swaha’ was reference to the ritual oblations of putting ghee. But RDS translates it as ‘yajna’. and who is the Lord of all living beings who will give himself in offering to God. Also. This word ‘swaha’ is repeated time and again in the same context. when it seems to us that there are no prophets? Even when the man was in infancy of development. who is the Lord of heavens who will give himself in offering to God. in the fire. Can there be any doubt now that God is always concerned about our well being. they will eventually kill you. Since the word ‘krishna’ is followed by ‘akharva’ (not small) and then ‘raip’ (contemptible) is used. Unable to understand this. an entire institution developed . etc. you will throw aside/reject (the world) and will prefer Vishnu’s praise/eulogies more than to being killed by those surrounding you. I with firmness and fortitude eulogize this fearless deva who is the lord of the earth. Slowly.the fire ladles. we have taken it by the literal meaning. who will give himself in offering to God. something that we have not understood. Isn’t RDS’s translation an open case of molding the meanings in the way we desire them to be. It is evident from this how the great teachings of Vedas about future have got transformed into acts of ritual worship. The word ‘swaha’ is used for giving oneself in offering to God.
the praiseworthy Agni from injury form a wall around him. May those scholars sing the praises of God. the near and dear ones of Vishvavasu (the jewel among men) will rally around him with swords. the World’s Lord. ‘Swaha’ actually means sacrificing oneself while steadfastly remaining on the path of the God. the Earth’s Lord. the praiseworthy Agni. . enter into the dwelling and to protect the head of the family. As time passed. form a wall around him. Now see. the acts that were started only as a remembrance to these great sacrifices that are being mentioned in the Vedas. We wish to confess we have doubts about whether we have understood verse 3 correctly. form a wall around him. Indra and one with powerful arms will come from south. how RDS has translated this mantra: Yajna showers water on the earth. so that people remember the great devas. the praiseworthy Agni from injury.that thrived on the offerings that you and me made by the fire. turned ritualistic and people forgot the reason why they were introduced. It is possible though that initially the fire sacrifices and other oblations were started with good intent. the Lord of Kings. Mitra and Varuna will come from the south to form a wall around the one permanently attached to religion. I prepare the altar for the learned to sit on. enter into the dwelling and to protect the head of the family. will enter into the dwelling and to protect the head of the family. Mortar is the chief receptacle of the yajna. This is the sacrifice that Vedas are talking about. Let’s see what it says first: Consequently.
His sign is a fish.“The grandest cosmical functions are ascribed to Varuna. In the Vedas. which speaks of his importance. Indra and one with powerful arm. Husain. possessor of illimitable knowledge.It mentions Mitra and Varuna. but there are passages in which he is associated with the element of water both in the atmosphere and on the earth. See how Dowson has described Varuna: “Similar to Ouranos of Greek. Mitra and Varuna has been used elsewhere and we have seen how Varuna has been used for Ali.’ One of the oldest of the Vedic deities. that of Mitra only seldom. As such he is king of the universe. We request you to be selective as this description also includes myths that are attributed to him. the supreme deity to whom especial honour is due. this divine being has meted out (or fashioned) and upholds heaven and . Therefore. a personification of the all-investing sky. and later still he became a sort of Neptune. king of gods and men. Mitra has to be Mohammad. the all-embracer. This character he still retains. surround the head of the family. but his name frequently occurs alone. in such a way as may account for the character and functions ascribed to him in the later mythology. Varuna is not specially connected with water. Possessed of illimitable resources (or knowledge). ‘The universal encompasser. Dowson has given a long description of Varuna. Muir thus sums up in the words of the hymns the functions and attributes of Varuna: . He was in a way the father of the sage Vasishtha. In later times he was chief among the lower celestial deities called Adityas. a god of the seas and rivers. who would enter the dwelling. He is often associated with Mitra. he being the ruler of the night and Mitra of the day. Dr. the maker and upholder of heaven and earth. and form a wall around him with drawn swords. who rides upon the Makara.
Mitra and Varuna conjointly are spoken of in one passage as being barriers against falsehood. and is supplicated to show his wide and deep benevolence and drive away evil and sin.earth. Through the operation (of his laws) the moon walks in brightness. They rest on him unshaken as on a mountain. He witnesses men’s truth and false secrets and those of Mitra are not to be revealed to the foolish. Indra and Varuna are described as binding with bonds not formed of rope.” “He has unlimited control over the destinies of mankind. His messengers behold both worlds. to untie sin like a rope and remove it. which the hostile mortal cannot surmount. He knows the flight of birds in the sky. the paths of ships on the ocean. . in another place. but to prolong life. No creature can even wink without him. nor the rivers in their ceaseless flow can attain a knowledge of his power or his wrath. He has opened out boundless paths for the sun. By his wonderful contrivance the rivers pour out their waters into the one ocean but never fill it. On the other hand. and. and beholds all things that have been or shall be done. furnished with many nooses. he dwells in all worlds as sovereign ruler. and has hollowed out channels for the rivers. and to spare the suppliant who daily transgresses his laws. His ordinances are fixed and unassailable. The wind which resounds through the atmosphere is his breath. which flow by his command. He is the wise guardian of immortality. Varuna is said to be gracious even to him who has committed sin. the course of the far-traveling wind. He has a hundred thousand remedies. He made the golden and revolving sun to shine in the firmament. He is entreated not to steal away. indeed the three worlds are embraced within him. Neither the birds flying in the air. In many places mention is made of the bonds or nooses with which he seizes and punishes transgressors. and the stars which appear in the nightly sky mysteriously vanish in daylight.
and called Abhoga. Varuna supplied him with the thousand fleet white horses which the brides’s father had demanded of him. Variloma. . and one of his accompaniments is a noose. ’the surrounder. but “the parallel will not hold in all points. Varuna is also called Prachetas. His favourite resort is Pushpa-giri. as Ouranos is by the Greek poet. Varuna is sovereign of the waters. Pulakanga. ‘flower mountain. He also possesses an umbrella impermeable to water. formed of the hood of a cobra. reigning in blessedness.” (Muir’s Texts.” This is a long narration that we have recounted . which the Vedic deity also carried for binding offenders: this is called Naga-pasa.’ Viloma. Ambu-raja.” The correspondence of Varuna with Ouranos has been already noted. ‘the noose-carrier. nor is Varuna represented in the Veda.’ Pasabhrit. Kesa. ‘watery hair. or Viswajit. Manu also refers to Varuna as “binding the guilty in fatal cords.58). except in the general way in which he is said to have formed and to preserve heaven and earth. ‘lord of the water. At the marriage of the sage Richika. shall be beheld in the next world by the righteous.’ Yadahpath. as the progenitor of Dyaus (Zeus).and a hope is held out that he and Yama. Jala-pati. as there is between Ouranos and Gaia in the theogony of Hesiod. His son is named Agasti. ‘king of aquatic animals.’ Uddama.” In the Puranas.’ and his city Vasudha-nagara or Sukha. v.” “The attributes and functions ascribed to Varuna impart to his character a moral elevation and sanctity far surpassing that attributed to any other Vedic deity. The Vishnu Purana mentions an incident which shows a curious coincidence between Varuna and Neptune. There is not in the Vedic mythology an special relation between Varuna and Prithivi (the earth) as husband and wife.
Another point that we wish to raise is that Mitra and Varuna (i. First is that this refers to the presence of the spirits of Mohammad and Ali at Karbala. The noose that was used to torment and offend him became a weapon to bind the offenders.e. That Ali is Varuna is now established.People’s inability to understand the true content of Vedas has led to several myths. Sad indeed! Another interesting point mentioned by Dowson is that Varuna seems to be Ouranos of the theogony of Hesiod with the only difference that Varuna and Prithivi (the earth) are not husband and wife in Vedas. there remains no doubt that Ouranos and Gaia are Ali and Fatima. For instance. unlike Ouranos and Gaia. Then why are they described as protecting Husain with drawn swords. you might hear similar narrations in events related to Karbala. noose that was tied to Ali’s neck and he was consequently dragged on the lanes of Medina. was understood as Varuna’s accompaniment with which he binds the offenders. If you attend any of the mourning congregations of Shias. Ground is now open for researchers to find the rest. verse 1 and 2 are not talking of events that happened on that fateful day in Karbala when all were killed but of events that . our view is that the event being described is not from Karbala. who would have surely wished to protect Husain from the swords of the enemies. Moreover. their name has been used with Indra and one with powerful arms. which too seem to be referring to Mohammad and Ali. but occurred a few months prior to Husain’s arrival in Karbala. We have two explanations to give. Mohammad and Ali) were surely not present in Karbala or the events which preceded it. In that case. If you note. Secondly. who are married to each other. In book-I as well as in book-IV we have proved that earth has been used for Fatima.
Husain had named all his three sons as Ali. two of whom were old enough to accompany him to Waleed’s house. who had waited outside Waleed’s dwelling with drawn swords. See how similar is the description of men with swords entering into the dwelling.H. We recount that event from Kitab al-Irshad and Martyr of Humanity. One with powerful arms could be reference to Abbas. who was in Medina (acting) on behalf of Muawiya. Both were in the prophet’s mosque when they received the . Eventually. he landed up at Karbala where he was surrounded and put to death. Utba b. prior to Husain’s departure from the city. (Waleed) sent a youth. He decided to choose death over life and left Medina in the wee hours of the morning one day later.led to that situation. while Husain had gone inside to talk to him. (680 A. Husain knew that day itself that the time to choose between life (possible only after paying allegiance or gaining victory over Yazid) and death (in case of refusal) had come. when Waleed had called him to announce Yazid’s demand for allegiance. When Waleed summoned Husain. with that described in verse 3. That there were several persons by the names of Mohammad and Ali among the Hashimides is well known. instructing him to get Husain to pledge allegiance to him and to allow him no delay in (doing) that. Usman at once to summon Husain and Abdullah b. Abi Sufyan.D. We are of the opinion that a particular incident from Medina is being described. Abdullah b.) Yazid wrote to Waleed b. There is mention of Husain leaving Medina with family members and Husain refusing the allegiance and thereby choosing death instead of life. Zubair. “When Muawiya died – and that was halfway through the month of Rajab in the year 60 A. he had taken several young men of the Hashimides along with him. Ama b.
only the portion relation to Muawiya’s death in all probability. who found Marwan and Waleed peacefully confabulating with each other. They. reassured him that he had calculated the odds. contrary to their usual behaviour. Waleed read over Yazid’s letter to him. Zubair. therefore. They could see that it was an unusual time for a summon like the one they had received. sent back the emissary telling him that they would follow. to Him we verily return” and added. however. uttered on calamitous occasion. “May God give you patience in this misfortune. Abdullah b. Husain told Abdullah b. Husain repeated the phrase. Hakam was with him. Abdullah shared this view and enquired about the steps to be taken.invitation. When Husain went to Waleed. Husain collected his relations and other chosen friends and went to Waleed. and then made the request for the oath of allegiance to Yazid. Husain. Marwan b. “We are surely for God. “Accord and harmony are better than dissent and conflict. saw in these preparations danger to Husain’s life. that apparently Muawiya had breathed his last. and that they were wanted simply in order that the oath of loyalty be secured from them. leaving his followers at the latter’s door. as Waleed did not receive visitors at that hour. I should think you would not deem it sufficient for a man . Zubair.” To this no answer was made and Husain sat down. said. Husain. Husain told him that he would collect the strong men of his family and take them along with him to hold themselves in readiness at Waleed’s door. and would manage to preclude all danger to himself. instructing them to enter into Waleed’s residence if called by him or when they heard Waleed raise his voice. As regards the oath. and would himself go to see him. May your relations with each other grow in cordiality. so that before the news of Muawiya’s demise gained currency they should have been bound over.
By God.” suggested Husain. he was relieved. if Husain leaves you now without giving the pledge of allegiance. you are a liar. You had suggested a course which would have spelt the destruction of my faith. Upon hearing Husain’s mild reply. “So see what you think about that in the morning. and agreed that Husain might go back and see him again with all others. Marwan warned Waleed that he would never again get a like opportunity.” agreed Waleed. God be praised.” At that. I believe that Husain’s murderer would be pronounced a great loser on the day of judgment. he . or you have executed him. Husain would at once voice his opposition and make a sharp response and that he would then be confronted with the problem of deciding the manner in which compliance of Yazid’s behest might be made. “Reserve your advice for others. Waleed replied. I do not like to kill Husain even though all the wealth of the east and west be laid at my disposal. and noticing the accommodating attitude of Waleed cried out: “By God.like me to take it privately instead of publicly. Husain departed for his residence with his friends and relations. Imprison the man and don’t let him leave you until he has paid homage (to Yazid). Waleed had probably anticipated that even upon a mention being made to him of taking the pledge for Yazid.” Having said so. Marwan sat silently watching the proceedings.” Marwan told Waleed that if that was his belief. you will never have the same power over him until there is a great number of slain men between you and him. would you or he kill me? By God.” “Indeed. shall I murder Husain for merely disagreeing to take the oath? By God. Husain jumped up and said: “O son of foreign woman.
excellent Agni (his sacrifice) will increase with time. It says that the knowledge of Agni’s sacrifice is sure to increase with time. Husain’s lofty position in the very cosmos is already known to the Shias. Husain returned to his house with them. The sufi saint that lies buried in Ajmer Sharief had said: .’ Likewise.had done well in acting as he had done. Saeed ul Ashdaq. It is quite likely that Marwan might have acquainted Yazid with the whole episode. it will surely be! The knowledge of the pleasant. In this regard. A great sacrifice. 4 of Chapter II says: The compositions/praises (by poets) on your sacrifices will continue to survive till the end of the world. This very fact is amply reflected in a verse from Iqbal: ‘Insaan ko bedaar to he lene do. In India. Now see. we are sure.” This account does not tell the happenings when Husain’s voice was raised. No subject. Yajur Veda is giving another prophecy. Poets have sung the praises of the martyrs of Karbala in all languages. Some accounts tell that the men who had accompanied Husain did enter Waleed’s house with drawn swords. And it was possibly this which entailed Waleed’s replacement in the governorship of Medina by Umar b. revered poets like Anees and Dabeer have written elegies (marsiyas). the prophesy of Yajur Veda has already come true. picking at Waleed’s handling of the situation. Thereafter. Let’s now return to Yajur Veda. is as much written about as the tragedy of Karbala. though most of them have forgotten the ideals he died for. Verse no. Har qaum pukare gee hamare hain Husain. which form part of Urdu literature.
deen ast Husain. Mantra 5 continues with the narration of Karbala: You are like the sun (Agni) who will stand up to fight those who will fall down to such a state that they will collect/assemble for the punishable offence of killing you. how better it would be for us and our prayers. haqqa ke binae la ilah ast Husain. that gave Khwaja the status that our prayers are heard at his grave. Chandrama and Nakshatra. Prithvi.’) It is ironical that we continue to line up at the Dargah in Ajmer Sharief. along with Vasu. badshah ast Husain. He gave his head.Shah ast Husain. Your progeny with powerful arms that will surround to protect you will be slayed along with you who will certainly be killed. Vayu. Husain is the protector of religion. but did not give his hand to Yazid (in bayt). Eventually. (Husain is the king. Aditya. Verily. deen panah ast Husain. Antriksha. ah. with firmness and fortitude eulogize the fearless deva. Husain is the religion. RDS has mentioned Vasus as Agni. Sardaad na daad dast dar daste Yazid. I. If a common man can become so elevated that prayers at his grave get heard. Dyaus. Husain is the reason for the sustenance of teaching of One God. where the wishes are granted. but pay no heed to the golden words of this saint. Rudra Aditya at all times. as all living objects dwell and reside in these eight Vasus. Rudras and Adityas have been translated by some commentators as deities and by others as learned persons who take part in the yajna (sacrifice). . if we prayed to God through Husain. it was the remembrance of Husain and worship of God through the way taught by Husain. Husain is the emperor. Devi Chand says that ‘Vasus.
material fire. Our view is that Rudras are the 11 Imams. Rudras and Adityas are helpful in the performance and promotion of the yajna. they translate them with electricity. The 12th Imam is still alive and will continue to remain so till the end of this world. from a narration that described their role inside our bodies. Vyan. but never as deities or learned persons. The 12 months of the year are called Adityas. They maintain that it is they who take part in performance and promotions of sacrifices. Prithvi. etc. Since these are very much the names of the same devas. Udan. . Dhananajaya and Jeeva (soul). we have seen that Hasan has been addressed as Vasu. RDS seems to have picked up the names Pran. Vayu. What is certain though is that Vasus too are somehow related to the Masooms. and the names include Agni.’ RDS has not mentioned why Siva is called Rudra. Krikal. RDS has translated Rudras as Pran. He surely has a way of silently ignoring the rest of literature. Devadutta. etc. Apan. What is important to note is that even Devi Chand and RDS agree that Vasus. Nag. who were killed. steam engines. Vasus. Unfortunate thing is that when the names of individual Rudras. Vasus are eight. The Vasus. Saman. Adityas are taken. These are the 12 Imams.Rudra means one who makes us weep. Apan. But since Vasus are 8 in number. Vasus could have been the seven names that were repeated among the 14 devas. Adityas are 12 in numbers as we have already mentioned before. He further says: “These eleven vital breaths are called Rudras. as they make all relatives weep when they leave the body at the time of death. Kurma. and hence have made their friends and relatives weep at different points of time. we are not in position to give any valid explanation. Rudras and Adityas are deities or learned persons who take part in the yajnas (sacrifices).
this will not be in such a manner! Request for water by you will lead to the killing of the child named Dhruva. may Thou protect those articles. Always. may Thou protect the worshipper. thy name is space. thy name is sky. O God. may Thou protect one the conductor of the Yajna! Our view is that when people like RDS sat down to translate. Devi Chand’s English rendering of RDS’s translation of this verse is this: Oh yajna. who was initially in Yazid’s forces but came to Husain’s side later and was killed while fighting with his former employers. thou art full of butter. thou art the giver of longevity. thou art full of water. be confirmed in this decorated place with thy lovely glory. May necessary articles be placed in the holy yajna. may Thou protect the Yajna. be confirmed in this decorated space with thy lovely glory. they name is Earth. To honour a visitor named Hur. Dhruva who has just moved out of womb and who belong to Vishnu will be thirsty to drink. will be thirsty when he will be killed. who will be killed and so will be the beloved members of the family. be confirmed in this decorated place with thy lovely glory.We now come to verse 6. the lord of sacrifice too will be thirsty when he will be sacrificed while controlling his urge for water. which is very important as it clearly states the name of a character in Karbala. you granted water out of kindness to him preferring over dear members of your family. Oh yajna. Always this will not be in such a manner! Request for water will put to trouble the young child who is so young that his name itself is ‘upbhroona’ or one who has just come out of the womb. Oh yajna. they already had this notion that yajna stood .
for ritual sacrifices with havan. which no body touches. which they have described as certain instruments associated with various components of ritual worship. In this mantra. These prebuilt notions didn’t allow them to look for any other meaning. or how to kindle fire? Does this make the Vedas as eternal teachings? Fact is that the Vedas are eternal because they have given a solution to the man of all times through identifying certain beings. after knowing whom and following whose footsteps. etc. RDS writes in the commentary: “In yajna there are three ladles. which is repeated again in this verse. Suppose we take RDS’s commentary as true for the moment.” Three names mentioned here have been taken to mean the names of three ladles. Three names have come in this mantra viz. from being mere hymns of praise in simple Sanskrit. we have already mentioned the account of Ali Asghar ’s death earlier. we will get to know the ideal path to reach God and to live life on this earth. As regards to this verse. Upbhroona and Dhruva. Antriksha and Prithvi. Will it ever stand the test of reason? Is God be expected to tell us the names of various ladles through which one has to put ghee in fire.. Hur. another to offer water. Now read how the book Martyr of Humanity describes the event when Husain fed his enemy (Hur and his 1000 soldiers) with all the water in his possession. Whether anybody ever uses three ladles and whether they are referred to by these names is subject of inquiry? This is a perfect example how. Upabhrut means space and Dhruva means Earth. ghee. named Juhu. “Noticing that forces of the enemy were heading . Juhu means sky. Vedas have come to be known as complicated teachings. These three are named in the universe as Dhya. Upabhrit and Dhruva.
it transpired that Haseen whose troops had been stationed around Qadisia. Husain. This was promptly done. so that they might not get encircled on all sides. Hur’s soldiers and their horses made their appearance. A companion of Hur. himself twisted the mouth of a goat skin of water and gave it to him to enable him to satisfy his own thirst as well as that of the horses. so that their thirst should get entirely quenched. Husain asked his friends if there was in the vicinity a safe place to afford him protection against an attack from rear. The mount of Zu Jasm. all that could be heard from Husain’s camps were shouts of the thirsty children for water. was in such deep distress on account of thirst that his senses were completely stupefied and he could not drink water which he spilled every time he tried to drink it. therefore. Husain and his friends had to remain without water and food for three days. When the opposing forces also arrived there. Full of human sympathy as Husain was he could not bear to see the enemy in such extremity of distress and he bade his men to give the soldiers and their horses water to drink as plentifully as their hearts desired. if he could make it before the enemy. Basins of water were put before the horses and removed only after the beasts had refused four or five times to have any further drink.” Water was banned on the same Husain merely a few days later. Yet.for them. which lay on Husain’s left was pointed out to him as answering the purpose he had in mind. While Husain and his companions stood turbaned and with swords slung across their shoulders. Ali b. . Taan Maharabi. the last to arrive. panting and gasping on account of thirst. Husain succeeded in getting to it earlier than the advancing forces of the enemy. had deputed Hur at the head of 1000 soldiers to obstruct Husain’s progress. Young children too had to remain without water so much so that by the 9th of Muharram.
and resolved to repay their opponents in their own coin and deprive them of the use of the river.water was denied to them. Even the milk in the breasts of her mother had dried.” Ali’s behaviour taught that howsoever degraded in behaviour and removed form humane conduct one’s opponent may prove himself. saying. Husain’s treatment of Hur and his army had a drastic effect on Hur’s conscience. agree to this measure. On the morning of 10th of Muharram. Hur came to Husain’s side along with his son to seek forgiveness. too was without water. succeeded in wresting control over the Euphrates. and cut off supplies of water to Ali’s forces. under Abul Awar Salmi. A little later he and his son were both killed defending Husain. let them have all the water they want without any let or hindrance. the six-month old son. and that it was obligatory for one . You should not deprive them of the use of water. a little before the fight commenced. “They acted in the manner they thought appropriate for themselves. Verse 7 still talks of the control over water and recounts another incident from Ali’s life. Ali Asghar. There are reports of several children from Husain’s camps getting killed on the 10th of Muharram. Some of them got killed when excessive thirst made them wander out of the camps. His army succeeded in throwing back the forces of Abul Awar Salmi from the banks of the river. Ali did not. and was subsequently killed in Husain’s arms through an arrow that split his neck. This has been narrated by Allama Ali Naqi Naqawi in these words: “During the course of the war (of Siffin) the vanguard of Muawiya’s army. He was denied water even when Husain asked for water exclusively for him. however. Ali was thus forced to resort to hostilities to obtain supplies of water. one should not conduct oneself towards him in like manner. where Ali’s forces were denied access to the river.
to maintain human dignity. But fear of death do not deter the righteous to forsake their duty and from acting righteously. in disregard to the respect and regards that you deserve. sacrificed you. Vasu and Agni realized of the consequences of being without water and the position reversed in favour of Indra’s heroic warriors who lifted the control over water. would be responsible for their own killings in future. the fearless deva won an exhilarating victory. Ah! Such lowly men. Now we present to you RDS’s version of translation: May I today for the acquisition of comforts collect through . If they knew the future. When they marched towards the river and took possession of water out of their aversion for Vishnu (God) as the rivals looked helplessly at the cruel act. the habit of conquering the opponents by means of controlling a river and killing them after curbing/restraining water on them has its antecedents in the past. Despite this sinful activity of opponents. they must be aware that the same persons who were being let off at that time. We bow down to the praiseworthy fearless deva who is the father of this brave (Agni) who lifted the check/control that he got after fighting with determination and courage. after the control of water was released. Verse 8 further elaborates on the same subject. That is why they ordered the control of water to be lifted.” The same incident is described in verse 7: Agni. Vasu and Agni (Hasan and Husain) were present as soldiers in Ali’s army when he ordered the control over water to be lifted.
” Verse 9 returns to the subject of Husain in Karbala: Agni! You will sacrifice your body after it has been afflicted with great pains to check/restrain the selfcentred passions of people and also to fight in order to defend the world and also to encounter them while aspiring to protect the teachings of the fearless deva Indra from getting corrupt. in his obsession with violence. Through it (yajna) sun and air gain strength. etc. This yajna resides in space and fire. as it takes to sky. sun. This fire is the abode of Yajna. benumbed sensibilities would get aroused with such vehemence as to make oppression recoil upon and destroy itself. Husain was supremely confident that in order to succour and defend righteousness. O God may I never violate it (yajna).Yajna butter and other articles which contribute to happiness. This is in the light of what is destined for in the future. “Yazid was piling oppression upon oppression against Husain in order that the later ’s miserable end should act as a warning to others inclined to oppose him. This verse can be better understood by the following account by Allama. Yazid failed to recognize the limits to which people could possibly put up with oppression. And see what Devi Chand says of Agni: “Agni is the messenger of the forces of nature. air. O Lord may I obtain thy refuge. in a rarefied form the oblations put into it. and beyond which their dormant. abounding in store of riches. but Husain confronted all the cruelties and inhumanities employed against him with such unruffled serenity and patience that. he would face . You will be engaged in a battle in which you will be sacrificed in the path of God.
when Ibn Ziyad showed disrespect to Husain’s head. No sooner had Husain and his father. Falsehood and untruth came to be openly challenged and provoked spontaneous dissent. but history bears it out that the result was entirely at variance with his hopes. but the Christian ambassador of the king of Rome also berated him roundly. Yazid Riyahi fell form Yazid’s army just before the battle of Karbala. Arqam. This was Husain’s victory. It was in order to terrorize the potential opposition and warn off all resistance to his deeds that Yazid caused the survivors of Husain to be led out form place to place and from city to city. On the third day of the slaughter of Husain and his supporters. Ali b. showing that the spirit to speak out one’s mind was not crushed by the inhumanities practiced at Karbala. an old companion of the prophet stoutly remonstrated against it. been irreverentially mentioned in the principal mosque at Kufa before an assembly of those loyal to Yazid got together to hear Ibn Ziyad proclaim the victory over Husain. and even Non-Muslims began to express themselves freely and frankly about the lapses of the powers that be. When Yazid tried to repeat Ibn Ziyad’s hideous incivility to Husain’s head at Damascus not only Abu Barza Aslami. but strengthened. Hur b. Before the battle of Karbala. than the quiet orderliness of the proceedings was disturbed and rang out voice of the old and blind Abdullah b. Abu Talib. Afif to censure Ibn Ziyad in words of memorable candour and courage. who could dare refer to Husain with respect in the court of Yazid? After Husain’s ruined and plundered survivors had been presented in his court as prisoners. Zaid b. Yazid had to listen quietly to praise .calamities in so extraordinary a fashion that his powers of endurance would maim and incapacitate the powers of repression themselves.
” Now we come to verse 10: Calmness. You. Deprive them of their attempt to put curb on Agni getting water and protect Agni from sacrifice. That is why it is said. had foretold of the sacrifice that Husain would give and had even said that he would be killed without water.” This is why Husain is called the Martyr of Humanity. Move forward against those who have attempted to put curb on Agni getting water and protect Agni from sacrifice.lavished on Husain. tranquility. restraint: these are the qualities that belonged to Indra. possess the same qualities as of the respectful Indra. but what are sure to happen in future. . O Agni. O deva. in his life. who will already inform in advance about his anxiety regarding you. the progeny from the descendants of the mighty armed Ashwinau have powerful arms. It is a well-documented fact that Mohammad. “This is in the light of what is destined for future. The last line of this verse is a clear indicator that Yajur Veda is not narrating the incidents that happened in the past. They are heading towards the direction of being sacrificed and also towards tasting it. That they will make you go without water! You (O men) pray in his honour that if you are living you will march alongside him towards war and pray in his honour to invite the world against those who will put prohibition on their worlds (life). Rest of the things are clear and need no elaboration. See what verse 11 has to say: We call/invite all to encounter those who will put guards on water and advance towards those who have put guards on water.
then the son should sacrifice himself on behalf of the father. Muslims are of the view that the noor of Mohammad was created right at beginning.It is evident that people used to pray that when the devas would come. Verse 12 is self-explanatory except for the fact that it uses the term Brahma for Mohammad. thereby confirming our observation earlier. He extracted a promise from the son that if they come in his lifetime. when they got to know that Husain was in trouble. Only then did they return. Mohammad says that Ali and he were created from the same noor. the Creator of the Universe. They reached there when Husain was already dead. you are mine. RDS translates this as: Oh Lord. It is apparent from this verse that the One Self of Mohammad divided to produce two: Brhaspati (Ali) and Brahma (Mohammad). We have already mentioned earlier how both Mohammad and Ali had foretold the events that were to take place in Karbala. Brhaspati and Brahma previously know the knowledge of this sacrifice. you are the Lord of Sacrifice. the Vedas and the learned . We have even mentioned a narration from Brhad-aranyaka Upanishad as per which a dying man lamented to his son that since they didn’t come in his lifetime. It seems that promises like this were being taken from succeeding generations till the time when the devas did actually arrive at a far off land in Arabia. They stayed there and played a vital part in taking the revenge for Husain’s martyrdom. Upanishads tell that there was One Self of Brahma which divided into two. Even then they didn’t return back. You are to give this sacrifice (O Agni). they would sacrifice their life to them. he could not sacrifice his life for them. History has recounted that an entire contingent of Saraswat Brahmans went to Karbala.
But then he says that the yajna was performed for Brihaspati and Brahma. How can it be possible? It is clear therefore that the word ‘deva’ has not been used for ‘God – the Creator’. Vedas and the learned’. can a ritual oblation be so important that God repeatedly talks about it in the Vedas and prayers are sung to protect it? Won’t it imply. so that we recognize those divine creatures. If this is the kind of knowledge we expect God to give us through Vedas. RDS is close to our translation but says that the word ‘deva’ used in this mantra stands for the Creator (God). As per him. RDS’s translation that this mantra talks of a forementioned yajna too is wrong. then it is better not to comment on those who believe in it. the visible proofs of His teachings. There remains no doubt that Vedas foretell the events from the life of devas. and pay due respect to them. when they would come to take birth. Neither are Brihaspati or Brahma Gods. which signify that Brihaspati and Brahma enjoy higher position than the Creator of the Universe. protect thou me! Here. protect the performance of the yajna. unless we accept that by yajna some big sacrifice is meant.proclaim this forementioned yajna of Thine for Brihaspati and Brahma. but are creations out of the manifested form of God. the best time to light the fire for oblations and the ingredients to be put in it. as per RDS’s translation. it stands for ‘the Lord’ who is the ‘Creator of the Universe. as in the case of the sacrifice by Husain. that all these pains were being taken by God to make us aware of the kind of ladle to be used. Through (that) sacrifice protect my yajna. Otherwise. Now see verse 2: (We are) to pay our respects to one who fought .
which is a kind of yajna. This is followed by ‘ih’. It has already been mentioned before that Kaaba is the house of Vishnu. May all the learned persons in the world rejoice. The word ‘ih’ therefore signifies that either the time is being given when they would come or the place is being identified. Fact is that Brihaspati’s conquests are being talked about here. From this. we give you how RDS translates the verse 13. See verse 14: O Agni. Vishvadeva in this world will bless the place where there is this extreme point of land. who fought to establish the doctrine of Vishnu. to protect the indigent/poor by the wicked/cheats/proud/ haughty thieves. as you move to be cut to death. which means ‘where the land ends’ and this is followed by ‘umpratishth’ meaning ‘where Aum is situated/housed’.with speed and who was an object of terror in the battlefield. is meant for the first of the Created Beings – Brahma or Mohammad. and proceeds towards (water) that itself wearies itself toward the ocean. our translation is entirely different! He writes: May my active mind enjoy the yajna’s provision. Then comes the word ‘Vishvadeva’ which. where Aum is housed/situated. so as to accomplished the worship with speed. This is Brhaspati. For your curiosity. we will get to know in the Last Chapter. which refers to time or direction or for the entire world. Brihaspati is surely Ali. ‘Ih’ is followed by ‘maadyantamo’. This doctrine of worship will be established through sword. May God expand and preserve this unabandonable acquisition of knowledge. it is becoming evident that syllable Aum (that is identified with Vishnu) is or will be situated at a place where the land ends. Of course. In order to . May Aum be seated in our hearts.
If we move from India. All historical books tell us that Husain was killed at Karbala. We know from various historical accounts. Indicators are given so that we recognize them when they come. which was not situated on the Euphrates. why the place has not been identified more clearly. (This will be) the battle to conquer or subdue each other (and also) kill/ slaughter one another. the region was not unknown to people at that time. Verse 14 describes the location of Husain. There is no doubt that it is that region that is meant. who lived mostly in the region known as Sindh were actively involved in trade with the West. that the Aryans of the period. which states that names are not being taken lest the people kill these people or use their names for other gains. Therefore. he was definitely moving towards southeast. The answer is already given in the Chapter I. it will be only upon crossing the desert of Arabia that we are likely to encounter the Red Sea. It was said in the previous verse that Aum is situated at a place towards the land’s end. Agni. when he was killed. You may say. Caravans were even going from cities like Banaras in central India to Arabia. towards west. in the direction . Husain was moving When Husain was forcefully stopped from proceeding onwards at the place called Karbala. Or whenever we try to find the truth. Syria and other regions even during the time of Buddha. but on an ingress of a tributary of Euphrates that flows from mountains in the north and goes on to meet the Persian Gulf towards the south-east.cut the desire of thieves wishing to obtain honour/ respect as well as to prohibit water on you so as to slaughter a honourable person like you. this battle to try to subjugate you will take place at an ingress/opening/passage as you move alongside it towards ocean.
wearily approaching the sea. You are the best O Agni but alas they will inflict pains on you and kill the one who is created by one who is worthy of worship – Vishnu – and thereafter as a consequence of birth in the house of Lakshmi. the fearless Adityas are the masters of heaven and earth. without any regard to his high birth (both from being created by Vishnu and from taking birth from the womb of Lakshmi). The word ‘wearies’ indicates that it has already traveled a long-distance after its descent from the mountains and the water is now slowly. The land where they would take birth too is described as one lacking plenty of water. Rudras and Adityas and calls them masters of heaven and earth. The situation of Arabia at the time of their advent is being described. Verse 15 too is self-explanatory and describes Husain’s lofty position in the eyes of Vishnu (God). as it ought to be when it comes down from the mountains.of the southern coast of Iraq. Mitra . Rudras and Adityas. We are all aware that people used to bury their daughters alive. The state of the river too is described clearly. See verse 16: The fearless Vasus. You are the best O Agni but they will exhaust you without water. Verse 16 again refers to Vasus. Note the word ‘thief ’ is significant – the theft they had committed was of Husain’s rights as successor of Mohammad. showing their relationship with the terms Vasus. The respected one who donated his water to the enemy will be hated/ disliked by the thieves to the extent that they will lead him to battle. the fearless Rudras. Mitra and Varuna too are mentioned again. It is not a fast-flowing river.
This would amount to saying that we perform yajna for Agni. Aditya. Kurma. Oh fire thou protects the eye from darkness. Chandrama and Nakshatra. Krikal. Agni will go without water to shower us with the rain of spiritual teachings. Rudras and Adityas. Apan. The desired oblation (Ahuti) reaches the space. Udan. and also for Pran. Krikal. Saman. which . In his commentary of this mantra. Devi Chand writes: We perform the yajna for Vasus. Prithvi. They dwell up in heaven. Prithvi. comes in contact with air and the light of the sun. Likewise Rudras were described as Pran. Antriksha. Vyan. Nag. Aditya. Antriksha. so let us daily go to the yajna reciting Gayatri mantras. Just as birds go their nests. Dyaus. Leaving that they will come to a stretch of land destitute of water at a time when young female children will be sent to heaven (killed) and at a period when there will be no messenger to lead. Chandrama. Vyan. Vayu.. etc. Nag. The light of the sun and earth bring thee (yajna) to light. which fills streams and stalks of plants and flowers.& Varuna are those who shower down in the form of avatars (or showers down to protect/defend us from desire/distress). Saman. we had seen that RDS described Vasus as Agni. And now it is being said that the yajna is performed for Vasus. Dhananjaya and Jeeva while Adityas were described as the 12 months of the year. etc. Rudras and Adityas. Apan. The Pran (external air) and Udan (internal air) protect thee through rain. Vayu. may thou protect my physical and spiritual eye! From RDS’s and Devi Chand’s version itself it is clear that it contains certain elementary errors? In our commentary of verse 5. Devadutta. It thence brings down rain for us. Udan.
giving material connotations to all the names. RDS translates the same word as . To diffuse (kill) this ray of Manu. a large number of people marched towards the most excellent leader/teacher and in order to melt his stand put barriers on the dear Agni from having water. This would also mean that the yajna is performed for the 12 months of the years. ah. If you recall Upanishads too describes the devas as rays of light. How can it be performed for fire and other things? It is evident from this that all the time when RDS and Devi Chand were denying the presence of devatas in Vedas. No other explanation but that of ours gives the true meaning of these terms. I have secured in Thy Creation! Different commentators have translated these verses differently. They will surround Agni deva from all sides and pleased to barter their lives (with material riches) they rushed swiftly towards the respectful/ honourable Agni. I realize that greatness of Thine in my heart. extolled by the praises of the learned. Oh God. Griffith has translated the word ‘panibhi’ as ‘demons of darkness who steal the gods’ cows. We know that yajna is performed by fire. This mantra is translated by RDS as follows: Oh Omnipresent God. the rays of light.are the names of internal body processes in all beings. thereby suggesting that either all of them or at least ‘one minus all’ are wrong. Thou attainest to greatness through those lovely panegynes. Verse 17 still adheres to the subject of Husain. somewhere in their minds. May I. and hide them in caverns’. never abuse the pleasant and invigorating food. For instance. May I never disobey Thee. it existed that they are people worth reverence and worship.
The enclosure was completely burnt. The tents of Husain. friends. Husain was forced to disembark at Karbala on the 2nd of Muharram. and ‘sanveshpati’ as ‘God who is the Lord of earth. sleeping on the same couch’ while RDS translates it as earth. compelled Husain to camp at Karbala where water was scant and told Husain that as he had orders for doing so from his superiors. ladies .‘praises’ sung by the learned unto Gods. You were forced to go to a rocky/flat/plain surface where a fence/moat was created. friends and even small children had been envisioned in fact from the second day of Muharram in the letter sent by Ibn Ziyad to Hur b. Yazid Riyahi directing that Husain be treated with severity and compelled to camp where water may be scarce. Paridhi has been translated by Griffith. You made a speech Agni facing all the enemies for water but alas you were put to death. Read the verse first: O Vishnu! To move you from your better dwelling was further with the intention of leading you to death.’ Verse 18 again recounts an incident from Karbala. But arrangements for the stoppage of the supply of water to Husain. Initially he camped close to the river. Mahidhar and Ubbat as stick. which is put into fire. in mantra 20. therefore. they advanced towards your dwellings and without any pity/compassion/sympathy put fire from outside. his relations. Likewise. RDS translates it as greatness. his relations. he had been left with no choice. Hur. Thereafter. Compliance of this order was so punctually and peremptorily demanded that the messenger who had brought the letter was directed not to leave Hur till all the directions had been fully carried out. sun and the other worlds. Griffith translates ‘sanvesh’ as ‘cohabitation by the husband and wife.
Allama Ali Naqi Naqvi. asses and even wolves partake of it.” Omar b. The imposition of this embargo on the supply of water intensely aggravated the severity of thirst among members of Husain’s party. Sometimes these attempts occasioned small skirmishes as well. “Cut off the supply of water from Husain and his friends so that they might not get a drop of it as was the case with Usman b. wounds were inflicted by hurling verbal darts.” “Husain. On the 7 th of Muharram. writes: “It is likely that Yazid’s armies might have entertained the notion that actual war with Husain would be superfluous . the intense heat seriously trying the inmates of the tents. there is water here. who had in their full view the flowing river and the forces of the enemy comfortably encamped beside it. fetching the water from the river was an unpleasant experience right from day one. This was three days before the martyrdom of Husain. As if this was not enough. Omar b.and children were erected far from the river on a sandy patch of land which almost burned under the scorching sun of Arabia. Since the enemies were encamped near the river and Husain’s camps were situated at a considerable distance. do you see this bluish water running so plentifully here? You shall not get a single drop of it even at the time of your death. Saad received another letter from Ibn Ziyad saying. as are contained in expressions like this: “Husain. Affan. immediately after giving the aforementioned description about water. Dogs dip their mouths in it and swine. Hajjaj Zubedi with 500 mounted soldiers to guard the banks of the river with strict orders that not a drop of water be allowed to reach Husain’s camp. Saad deputed Amr b. but by God.” The verse above also mentions a speech by Husain. you cannot taste a drop of it.
Accordingly once when Husain addressed them and dwelt on the close relationship which he bore to the prophet so as to possibly make the socalled Muslims alive to their duty towards him. he said obeisance/salutations and also paid oblations to Siva as gift to one under whose control our life is. flower who is greatly exhausted and distressed. . Mantra 19 too is extremely important as it talks about a very important aspect of Karbala. “We know all this. Let all seekers after truth. This exceedingly important verse has been translated by RDS as: Oh fire and air. but would not spare you till you quit this world due to thirst. ye are the bringers of rain. wise. The flower will stand throughout the night. attain to happiness. See the translation: At night the leader/man of business will stand constantly till morning. justice loving. they replied. Ye protect the yajna.” There is so much of pathos in the aforementioned mantra. so should you. As offering. bring comfort to me. become supreme through knowledge. that brings all kinds of joys.since the torments of thirst in themselves would be more than sufficient to kill him. preachers of the knowledge of the Vedas. and conduce to our comfort. Preach My noble word. Just as I derive happiness by the performance of yajna. To perspire for God and exchange life for his favour. as they are for thine. But RDS has translated it as follows: May ye thriving. being without water. God and humility are near me for my good. devotees of learning and action. learned persons.
nor to await the arrival of help from any quarter. Namaz and other prayers to God continued all through the night. we would like to present to you the verse in Sanskrit itself.” Historian’s account says that Husain and his friends spent the entire night in worship. soliciting God’s indulgence and mercy. Before we comment on this verse. f’kos lfUr”Blo fLo”Vs es a lfUr”BloAA The word that is used for Husain’s worship on the night of 10th Muharram. nor to acquaint those who would survive him with Husain’s last wishes nor to make any provision for their safety after him.KL. This clarifies that the word ‘yagya’ means offering of prayers.We do not agree to RDS’s version and have given it only for your interest. kS Z a ikrA lq E us LFk% lq E us ek /kre~ A . Yet none tried to flee in the wee hours of the night. All knew death was certain. to spend the night in prayers. be it in the form of namaz or in the form of remembering God through chanting . So what did Husain do throughout the night? See Allama Ali Naqi Naqawi’s account: “The respite for the night preceding the 10 th Muharram had been obtained at the expense of so much effort neither to make any special preparation for the battle next day. The only reason for suing for the truce was that given out by Husain viz. fully aware that this was the last night they had. Accordingly Husain and his comrades spent the night in ceaseless prayers. ?k‘rkph LFkks /kq . like the buzzing sound from a beehive. is ‘yagya namasch’ and ‘yagasya shive’. The Veda says that yagya of namasch (namaz) and the yagya of Shiva was performed all through the night. when he was martyred. It is written that all through the night the voice of the chanting of prayers could be heard.K ue’p r mi p . No body was harbouring chances of even a chance win. in tearful supplication.
Perhaps the people of the time knew what the word ‘yagya’ actually meant. it was said that he died while he was performing yagya in a public place. In the previous Chapter. keeps differing.of verses. to the Indo-Vedic people. Oh yajna. Just as water in the space contributes to the purification of the material objects. it is evident that even namasch or namaz too was known as yagya. but the practice is largely forgotten now. Yajna showers water on the Earth. thou art being performed in a well dug place. Thou art an altar for taking the oblations high up into the space. thou art rarefied by fire and attracted by the air. I erect Thee and consecrate Thee with ghee. Mortar is the chief receptacle . while recounting the incident of Ali’s death from a sword wound. But they forgot it and yagya became associated with ritual worship. so as to make you realize how the subject keeps changing and to what extent is there the repetition of topics. See how RDS translates these 19 verses: 1. These are the first 19 mantras of Chapter II out of the total of 34. While what actually Ali was doing was that he was offering the morning namaz in the mosque. From the account here. For the sake of Havan I consecrate the oblation agreeably rectified by ghee. ‘Namaste’ seems to be derived from the same root. Before we proceed. Even the addressee or one for whom that mantra is meant for. we would like to give you the translation of these 19 mantras of Chapter II as done by RDS. We have also mentioned there how Hindus knew of five times of daily yagya. where God is seldom remembered. so do I carefully cleanse the oblations to be put into the fire ladles! 2. first of the five obligatory prayers that a Muslim has to offer to God everyday.
for the happiness of the universe. Rudras. Thy name is sky. and the Preacher of the yajnas! Address got changed form Yajna to God. May those scholars sing the praises of God. the Earth’s Lord. Adorable fire. protect thee (yajna) with firm strength every now and then. being adored in the yajna. Oh yajna. the sun protects Thee from time. May we. Thy name is space. thou art the protector of the worshipper! 4. Adorable fire. being adored in the yajna. the Lord of Kings. pervaded in space. so do I for the acquisition of divine qualities. Thou art diffused the power and potency (the two arms) of the sun. the giver of happiness. Agni has been taken to mean God and physical fire. All-illumining God. in a friendly spirit. Oh Yajna. be confirmed . being adored in the yajna. perform the yajna! 6. for unfolding all objects. the World’s Lord. 5. thou art the guardian of the worshipper. be confirmed in this decorated place with thy lovely glory. the second one to fire also holds good. the sustainer of the world and the holder of the earth. Says Devi Chand: “Swami Dayananda has put two interpretations upon this mantra. Oh yajna. O yajna thou art the inducer of rain through the power of sun for the happiness of the universe. 3. I have accepted the first interpretation. The sun. Adorable fire. Thou art full of butter. spreads the yajna far and wide for the happiness of the universe.of the yajna. Thou art full of water. thou art the guardian of the worshipper. Just as Vasus. Inhalation and exhalation. and Adityas promote the yajna. the Embodiment of effulgence. the giver of great happiness to all. manifest Thy glory Oh Omniscient. Thou art beautiful like the spring. I prepare the altar for the learned to sit on. immemorial.
May I today for the acquisition of comforts collect through Yajna butter and other articles which contribute to happiness. protects the sun and earth. Just as the sun combining light with light through the oblations put into fire. May God bestow on me spiritual power. This yajna resides in space and fire! 9. protects the heaven and earth so God guard us with the light of spiritual knowledge. O Lord may I obtain Thy refuge. so protect us. may Thou protect the worshipper. and food through the seasons that protect us.in this decorated space with thy lovely glory. Oh God protect the sun and earth. Through it (yajna) sun and air gain strength. which protect the yajna. the carrier of all oblations to the sky. may Thou protect me the conductor of the Yajna! 7. May these Earth and knowledge . May we obtain wealth full of various kinds of splendour. the doer of the noble deeds for the learned. Men use this Earth and knowledge (whereby salvation is attained) for the pleasures of kingship. may Thou protect the Yajna. Just as fire acquiring the yajna and acting as an envoy. This fire is the abode of yajna. abounding in store of riches. The fire properly used in the Yajna brings water through the forces of nature. O God. Kindle the fire. may they attain to fruition. and earthly power. O God may I never violate it (Yajna). O Lord. This is thus ordained the Veda! 10. May our desires be fulfilled. may Thou protect those articles. May these (water and food) the givers of strength and power be for my use. and the bringer of victory in war. 8. full of intensity. May necessary articles be placed in the holy yajna. the giver of corn.
Thou art Omniscient and the Bringer of victory in battles. Thou art the embodiment of knowledge. May my active mind enjoy the yajna’s provisions. May we prosper and sing Thy praises. I become pure and holy by following Thy commands! . 12. protect the performer of the yajna. throughout the body. Two verses latter. May the Lord Father accept my prayer. O God thou controllest the activities of all. May God. Through that great sacrifice protect my yajna. All sustaining God. 14. protect Thou one! 13. May God expand and preserve this unabandonable acquisition of knowledge. as my last Refuge and resort instruct me. This is thus ordained in the Veda. Oh Lord. May Thou promote our knowledge. may Thou be glorified by our praises sung through Thy Vedas. may we advance our soul. In this universe created by the All-Blissful God. and the forces of purification and permeation of the invigorating air. the Creator of the Universe. 11. of inhalation and exhalation. May Aum be seated in our hearts. which is a kind of yajna. Oh God. I take that food through the qualities of attraction and retention. May all the learned persons in the world rejoice. it will be God who will be addressed in the second person. Cooking my food in the burnt fire I eat it with my mouth. I have prayed to the Effulgent. the Vedas and the Learned proclaim this fore-mentioned yajna of Thine for Brihaspati and Brahma. Our digestive faculty digests by means of gastric juice the food put into the stomach. God is being talked about in the third person. Oh God.advise me.
May I achieve victory like the victory of Air and lightning. justice loving. May I. preachers of the knowledge of the Vedas. extolled by the praises of the learned. attain to happiness. become Supreme through knowledge. Of fire Thou protectest the eye from darkness. May I achieve happiness through the impulse of knowledge. Rudras and Adityas. comes in contact with air and the light of the sun. which fills streams and stalks of plants and flowers. May I remove that sinful enemy by warlike. May I achieve victory like the victory of Fire and Moon. Let all seekers after truth. I purify this ignorant person by the light of knowledge. used for the acquisition of supremacy. may Thou protect my physical and spiritual eye! 17. May Fire and Moon. learned persons. so let us daily go to the yajna reciting Gayatri Mantras. It thence brings down rain for us.15. drive off the man whom we dislike. never abuse the pleasant and invigorating food. May I speed onward with the materials of war. wise. May I never disobey Thee. I have secured in Thy creation! 18. Oh Omnipresent God. drive off him who hates us. May ye thriving. The desired oblation (Ahuti) reaches the space. military skill and equipment. Oh God. Through those lovely panegyrics I realize that greatness of Thine in my heart. drive of the man whom we detest. The light of the sun and earth bring thee (yajna) to light. 16. Thou attainest to greatness. We perform the yajna for Vasus. drive off him who hates us. Just as birds go to their nests. May air and lightning properly employed. Preach My noble . The Pran (external air) and the Udan (internal air) protect thee through rain. devotees of learning and action.
Gita. and conduce to your effort. Yajur Veda has XXXIX chapters.word. in the light of new facts that have come to knowledge. we expect that the Islamic literature too will be freshly studied. Ye protect the yajna. Puranas. Not only this. as they are for thine. This is just a sample translation to show you what the Vedas really contain. and you would not be satisfied unless you read more about their content. Oh fire and air. We are sure people more knowledgeable in Sanskrit grammar and language will sit down to attempt fresh translations of all our religious scriptures. Unfortunately. We know that your curiosity has risen. etc. and also other Vedas like the Rig Veda which itself is several time more voluminous than any of the Vedas. we have no other option but to stop translating at this moment. we have also inferred from other scriptures like Upanishads. 19. so should you. If we continue to translate all of them. By now we are already apprehensive of the length that it is going to touch. God and humility are near me for my good. In this book. bring comfort to me. Quran and various books of Islamic traditions like Usool-e-Kafi. The Last Chapter On the whole. See how the same subject keeps repeating needlessly and mostly stating things that cannot be proved by logic or science. and presented in more languages than confining mostly . And this book will only be the first book that showed the way. Just as I derive happiness by the performance of yajna. ye are the bringers of rain. We have already given our translation of these 19 mantras. then this book is sure to go into several thousand pages. that brings all kinds of joys.
we just give you an excerpt from the Puya/Ali commentary of Quran. we have taken the first meaning as true. Writing no further. Persian and Urdu. space pays oblations. but the entire Vedas talk of the same subject. worse than stones. . because even a stone follows its nature. air pays oblations. If there is somebody who revolts. sky pays oblations and the sun pays oblations.’ F URTHER . See and compare the two together: “Even after witnessing the soul-stirring event the Bani Israel lost no time in reverting to disbelief. Pay oblations to that fearless Supreme Spirit (Vishnu or God) who made them fearless Lords of kinds. the space. Such is the importance of these Spirits in the scheme of God that He has made the earth. i. It is clear from this verse that everything in the universe pays oblation to these fearless Supreme Spirits. we wish to take up one more chapter. so that you realize that not the first or second chapter alone. the last or the XXXIXth chapter of the Yajur Veda. the fire. that is man. everything obedient to their command.e. Before we wind up this study of the Vedas. ‘oblation or offering’ to the One and Only Absolute God.’ Here. Dictionary says that the word ‘swaha’ means: ‘‘ OBLATION OR OFFERING ’ AND IS ALSO THE NAME OF THE WIFE OF A GNI . They were like stones. Chapter XXXIX Mantra 1. IT IS ‘ AN EXCLAMATION USED IN OFFERING OBLATIONS TO G ODS .to Arabic. the fire pays oblations. the air. The earth pays oblations. It does not rebel.
the stars pay oblations. Therefore the messengers of Allah and the representatives of Allah had demonstrated extraordinary events (miracles) to prove that on account of the divine endowments in them. and die for the truth. . Springs issues out of them. they are recited at the time of cremating the dead body. because by native volition every object yields to the laws operative under the will of Allah. they could make the material phenomena yield to their will in complete submission to the will of Allah. the oceans pay oblations. even inanimate objects. See how RDS has messed up the translation: Swaha to the vital breathings with their controlling lord. To earth Swaha! To Agni Swaha! To firmament Swaha! To Vayu Swaha! To Sky Swaha! To Surya Swaha!” If it had been till here we might have found difficulty in explaining our point of view to those who do not know Sanskrit. “ Let’s study the verse 2 and see what it contains: All quarters pay oblations. he can make use of nature around him. The Quran repeatedly declares that everything. And there is none in the universe who does not sing or celebrate the glory of the Lord. those who are fearless pay oblations.In the thin layers of stones water is stored. As Devi Chand argues about these verses: “All the thirteen verses in this Chapter relate to cremation.to change old habits and be intimate with truth. which seem to be fixed and immovable and unable to do anything of their own accord. the soul. live. volunteer and surrender to their creator. If a man has the required degree of faith in Allah and develops the strength of conviction. The nature of qalb (heart) is to turn . those who are pure pay oblations. which can be drawn out. moon pays oblations.
If swaha means . the end reaction on that man. So if it is Swaha to man. But he has not explained why the word ‘abhay’ is used twice and once with ‘pran’. How is it responsible that the same end reaction will happen to sky.’ RDS is misled to say that it means the cremation of the body. firmament. It is agni which is responsible for the swaha related to the body. so there is no logic to the validation of his view that the disposal of the corpse in ways other than cremation is wrong. Had there been a chance of cremating the pran when still alive. But from no logical reasoning can one explain how a burning of body in fire lead to the burning of the sun. when the man is being cremated by fire. as well as on fire is the same.” Ironically. sun. we would have believed that it is a fearless soul. firmaments and earth. air. Contrary to his view. it is also swaha to sky. earth. RDS is silent on this and nowhere in his translation there is a word that shows that he cognized the presence of word ‘abhay’. How can this be possible? Swaha is used with every word. earth. With words ‘swaha pranaibhay sadhipatikaibhay. sun and even agni. Also. and agni itself? You may say that oxygen in air is burnt so air itself is getting swaha. But how can a dead body be fearless.The dead body should never be interred in the round. thrown in the jungle. air. Cremation is the only remedy against its pollution and spread of diseases from its offensive odour. or a river. firmaments. what Swami Dayananda and Devi Chand are mentioning to be the verses on cremation are not talking about cremation at all. sky. In fact this too deals with the same subject as discussed earlier. we will prove in the course that this Chapter is not about cremation. Swami Dayananda has condemned in strong words the disposal of the corpse in ways other than cremation.
Had there been five core elements alone described here. Subsequent mantras will quash all such beliefs. then the burning of the body leads to cremation of earth. cremation of space. and not five. Does the God means worshipping the navel in the manner Lucknow Times. cremation of firmaments. cremation of fire itself. he won’t be able to clarify why the ‘purifying light’ is used after ‘navel’. moon. Mumbai Times and Delhi Times of Times of India have lately started doing? Navel of the dead! Mantra 3 proves our point with the word ‘vach’ in . Neither can he. We agree though that in case this mantra would have been individually placed. who is said to be God. But there are six things mentioned. all the five elements are getting cremated. some may have said that since the body is composed of these five elements. cremation of sun. all of a sudden ‘navel’ appears as if it too is to be worshipped.cremation. waters. See how RDS has translated the second mantra: To the Quarters Swaha! To the Moon Swaha! To the Stars Swaha! To the Waters Swaha! To the Ocean Swaha! To the Navel Swaha! To the Purifying light Swaha! In between talking about quarters. creation of air. symbolically at least. RDS has not given any logical reasoning to it. stars. RDS could have given a few points that would have appealed to the reasoning of certain rigid minded persons. all by sudden there is this mention of navel. Because even if he says that navel is related to the eye and ear of the man being cremated (that are talked about in mantra 3). it would be more logical? Out of all things that are being worshipped by some sections of society. so naïve that He was not even aware that if he had put the word ‘navel’ after ‘purifying light’. Is the writer of the Veda. oceans and light.
The teachers pay oblations. So the mantra’s translation will be: They all speak swaha or speak oblations.” So this implies that the navel too has to be burnt. Those who burn the dead body with odorous butter and sweet-scented provisions do a virtuous act. Not created through copulation! These (excellent beings) worshipped (Vishnu) thereby leading to creation of all the glories and riches – all of these are created for the purpose of paying oblations or worshipping Vishnu.” This has been translated by RDS as: To Speech Swaha! To Breath Swaha! To Dhananajaya Vayu Swaha! To the right eye Swaha! To the left eye Swaha! To the right ear Swaha! To the left ear Swaha! Devi Chand adds: “All parts of the body should be thoroughly burnt.the beginning meaning to ‘to talk or speak’. The Supreme Spirits pay oblations. See verse 4: Vishnu created these virtuous excellent beings as per his wish/desire for the purpose of worshipping Him. Now relate this to Mantra 19 of Chapter II and you will know that speaking of oblations signify that it is a prayer that is to be verbally spoken/chanted. Isn’t this in harmony with the Brhad-aranyaka Upanishad that says that pleased with the worship of the divine beings (devas). thereby meaning they all speak swaha or speak oblations. that speech too is to be burnt! But this is not meant when we read further. And if the dead is still speaking. The knowledgeable pay oblations. The teachers pay oblations. the God created the rest of the cosmos and all type of beings? Isn’t it a point to . The Supreme Spirits pay oblations. The knowledgeable pay oblations.
at the time of their death. pleased with whose worship the God created the universe. It is not clear at all whether the face of the cattle is expected for the one who is being cremated or for those who are cremating him and chanting these verses. These 5 high or perfect Brahmans will spread through succession from Vayu and then through Agni’s progeny. through truthful speech and virtuous conduct. leading to . may God the Almighty give them the beautiful face of cattle. Since truthful speech and virtuous conduct are not to be expected of the dead. sweet taste of food. fame and grace.ponder over for a while. we are unable to understand? Those who still believe RDS’s line of commentary to be true. How is this related to the cremation of man. as said by God Himself in this verse. is it not our duty as well to start worshipping Him? Now see how RDS translates this verse: The wish and purpose of mind and truth of speech may I obtain. Bestowed on one be cattle’s beauty. the one who began/commenced the religion. Verse 5 will reveal that the excellent beings of the verse 4 are the 14 devas. From out of one of these (two). When all the rest of things are worshipping God day and night. was raised the one who was married to Marut – one who provided feeling of protection/auspiciousness – were born the (two) Ashwins to nourish/foster/support the throbbing religion. if not in this life itself. we conclude that it is for those who are chanting this mantra that the beauty of the cattle’s face is being sought. Verse 5 identifies them clearly: Prajapati caused the respectful lord Vaishvadeva along with another one born of identical/similar/ equal nature.
God desired to have a Manifested form of Himself. timely received soul called Paushan (the light connected with Earth). that Vayu is Ali. The creation of the fourteen devatas that is mentioned in detail in the various Upanishads is being talked about here. See what RDS writes: Worship Him alone who retains the soul called Prajapati. Ali was its greatest protector. It is from Husain’s progeny that the next 9 successive imams were to be born. (filled with luster). Hasan and Husain. the well protected soul called Samrat. This also shows that Vaishvadeva is the name of Mohammad who was created along with Ali – both having identical/similar/ equal nature. the well received soul called Vaishvadeva (connected with all material objects). which was divided into two and from out of one of them.comprise several holy men. the soul separated from the body. thereby making 5 perfect Brahmans or the Panjetan of the Muslims comprising Mohammad. the violent soul . was raised the light that after marriage to the Marut (the chief of Vayu). called Dharma (full of brilliance). gave birth to the two Ashwins. so He created one light (noor of Mohammad as believed by Muslims) of Prajapati or Brahma. his daughter Fatima. and Agni is Husain. We know from our study of Chapter I and II. the soul progressing called Teja (light). (the nourisher of men). the soul well-received in water called Ashvin (connected with Pran and Apan). leading to comprise several holy men. This too is clearly said here that through succession from Vayu and then through Agni’s progeny will the family spread. who was to commence the religion. and their two sons. This too is a well-known fact and can be seen in any of the history books. married to Ali. While Mohammad was the one who commenced the religion.
Ritu as the 6 th . Another way to understand it is through the test of reason. Mantra 6 further quashes all doubts that remain: From progeny through the first (Vayu) will be born Agni as the second. the one in middle and . Varuna as the 10th . or talk of a soul that is received in time by God in comparison to other souls who perhaps go on a mountain trek. the soul invoked called Agneya (burning lustrous like fire). and are not timely received by God. Either we have erred somewhere that we are unable to understand why Agni has been called the second and Vayu the third. the soul reared in water called Maitra (Connected with friendly Pran).called Maruta (the light connected with man’s body). after death. the first. We know that Agni (Husain) is the third Imam. Also. One of the logics can be that since the progeny of nine Imams was to come from Agni (Husain) his name has been taken before. Brihaspati as the eighth. Chandra as the fifth. We hope you have dictionary in hand. It is to be noted that there is a bit of change here from our understanding till now. Frankly. But we inform you in advance that nowhere in our narration will you find Dharma (religion) meaning the ‘soul separated from the body ’. Marut as the seventh. it can be said that since Mohammad has said that all of them. Aditya as the fourth. Mitra as the Ninth. because only through it will you come to know who is closer to the real meaning. Vayu as the third. the attacking soul called Vayavya (full of velocity like air). the soul recognized as head called vak (one that commands and gives orders). we do not know. is the second imam. Indra as the 11 th and Visvadeva as the 12 th . Agni is given precedent here and Vayu is repeated as the third imam. and Vasu (Hasan) who is the elder brother of Husain.
and sometimes a deva is referred to as Aditya. Mohammad and Fatima. that if a saying of one is ascribed to another. Besides. (3) Husain. and another is Ali s/o Musa. Jafar’s Musa’s and Fatima’s once each. Knowing that this would lead to confusion. (2) Hasan. Adityas means Imam. one Imam was referred to as Brahma. Indra or Visvadeva. are Muhammad. Hasan’s 2 times.the last. etc. (11) Hasan. (5) Mohammad. Ali’s 4 times. When we see the names of Imams. Imams who bore the name of Ali. too was given names. Even one of the Imams said on an occasion. (6) Jafar. Greatest confusion is with the names of Mohammad and Ali. were referred to as Vayu. the other as Mitra. It is clear from this account that the names of the 12 Adityas or Imams are given. Mohammad’s name has come 4 times. In the list of fourteen. At the same time. it does not matter. Moon is used for the 12 th Imam in Chapter 1. Their role inside our body. For instance. Second way that they use is to recognize them through their appellations like Ali Raza is the eight Imam. (8) Ali. For instance. Muslims recognize them either with their fathers like one is Ali s/o Abi Talib. In all there are seven names. (9) Mohammad. (4) Ali. it does not matter much whether one is referred to as other. the sages of earlier times tried to find a solution to this. Sometimes. Mohammad’s various names or appellations were used when his name was repeated. (7) Musa. Varuna. all these remained the names of Mohammad. Ali Naqi is the tenth Imam and the 4 th Imam is called Zainul Abidin. as rulers of organs of senses and action. when all these were also the names of Ali. Hope we will know a better reasoning some day. Marut. (10) Ali. Thus they . comprise the fourteen. Husain’s. Likewise. they are in this order: (1) Ali. the other is Ali s/o Husain. certain other characteristics or attributes were used. (12) Mohammad – the Mahdi.
keep passing from womb to womb. If that is not so.became Prana. it appears that the soul first goes to the sun. He does not say what Aditya means. Apana. and then returns to the fire lit for him on earth. which it surely must have passed through while going to the sun and while coming back to Agni. At times. because its literal meaning too is the sun. until they attain salvation. which has created confusion. We are sure. it then goes to Aditya. long-drawn study. states in Gita that the soul of those who have acquired wisdom becomes one with the Absolute. Here it is said that the soul goes to the sun and also to Agni. We hope this confusion will persist for some more time. From his account. noble traits on the 12th. Do you believe that the human soul passes through all these stages? Krishna. thereby meaning that they continue getting born again and again. to Agni on the second. and passing through Vayu. Now see how RDS translates this very important verse: After death. to Marut on the seventh. until a proper study is done on the basis of these names. to Brihaspati on the eighth. on the other hand. 12 of them are called Adityas. these devas are also called Vishnu or Brahma. But here he is confused. a lot many secrets are still waiting to be explored. etc. then we will have to accept that it is the name of certain . to Mitra on the ninth. to Vayu on the third. Vyana. to Chandrama (the moon) on the fifth. This requires a patient. the soul goes to the Sun on the first day. 11 of them are called Rudras. Fourteen are called devas somewhere and Manus at other places. to Aditya on the fourth. This is being said by one who has himself translated Agni as sun on many occasions. to all divine. to Ritu on the sixth. and so on. to Varuna on the tenth. to Indra on the eleventh. and the other souls.
On other hand. Mitra. would be passionate towards those souls who remained ignorant. both behave in the same manner? Therefore. It is this only that we wish to prove Thereafter. but unless we highlight the absurdity of the statements. It will tremble of fear (perhaps of death or fear of getting into another human body). etc. soul becomes ignorant or enlightened. it goes to Moon and then to a friend of Moon. and so on. murders. according to its actions becomes fierce and calm.God or divine person.e. But since they have been personified and are even being killed and kept thirsty. For instance. Wouldn’t RDS have said so. Before we give our translation see what RDS has written: The soul after death. etc. We had no reason to write in such a style about a revered figure like that of RDS. how could we have ever known that man and his soul after death. bewildered. rapes. are inflicted with wounds. he will have to believe that they are Divine Persons only. fierce or calm. passionate and ascetic. steadfast. We must be thankful to RDS that he is giving us all that knowledge which would not have been possible to attain otherwise. i. trembling and steadfast. there may be some who bear the tortures. and a prey to bewilderment. Perhaps. human right violations. if he were to write more on this verse? RDS has no choice to accept that it is either the Divine Persons who are being talked about here or God’s attributes. Inherent absurdities you do not seem to note! . terrible and fearless. there is violence committed by the soul too. are orphans. Now we come to verse 7. it won’t be possible for you to understand it. forbearing. ignorant and enlightened. or met with any injustice or calamity. passionate.
another of the well-known acharya that in order to come to them for learning. to Bhava with the liver. Sharva means the Omniscient God. to Ishana with righteous indignation. while the cremation is being done. to knowable and procurable powers with two lumps of flesh near the heart. to the Fierce God with the rectum.” It seems soul after roaming from sun to heaven to earth to air and elsewhere returns back inside the body. and then attain to fire with the heart. to lightning with the upper part of the heart. Ishana means God the Lord of the Universe and Mahadeva means the Great God. that the Vedas contain? Surely. In between this process. one has to come like a servant goes to a master. you won’t be able to understand it without their able help.Now see what the actual meaning of this verse is: Cruelty will pervade. terrible. Now see how RDS has translated verse 8: The souls after death attain to fire with the heart. then he (Agni/ Husain) will reach the river having a bow. to Bhava with the liver. fearful/dreadful deeds will fill the society. calm. to Pashupati with the whole heart. the sustainer of the universe. to lead his life towards the direction of sacrifice (death due to being killed). Bhava is the omnipresent God. to Pashupati with the whole heart. Says Devichand in his attempt to justify RDS’s view: “Pashupati is God the protector of the cattle. And it is already written by ACBSP . it acquires the fierce. ignorant. to lightning with the upper part of the heart. Isn’t this the philosophical discussion that RDS and other boast of. to handsome chinned person. darkness will prevail. forbearing or any other state. To Sharva with the two cardinal bones. to Mahadeva with the inter costal flesh. and. trembling. .
Also it is said that none can understand the vidya without a guru. owing to his fearless Self. The guru can also return you if you are not able to please him. and then. Now see what this mantra actually contain. The cruel and the savage men from the mountains wished that they on devas side would beg for not killing Vasistha (Agni). But the composure of Agni was like a treasure chest. Mantra 8 says: Agni! Heart sinks at your misfortune! Calamity of the worse kind! Whose heart bowed only in front of Siva even so when those close to his heart and those who were born out of his own liver (his own progeny) were cut off/killed. if only Husain was ready to shake hands with the forces of evil. for as long as he wishes you to serve. Yet he steadfastly stuck to his stand. you will have to serve the guru like a servant. There is no philosophy that even an ignorant cannot understand. if you ask questions. They killed not the Lord of the fishes (Matsya) alone but the Lord of all of us whose soul was not separate from the soul of Mahadeva. On the other hand. if the guru feels so. Husain knew that his negation meant certain death for him as well as his friends and relatives. In such a situation he was sure to have got all the riches of the world that the ruler of a big empire could have given. Isn’t it the narration of that most sorrowful tragedy of Karbala is being narrated here in plain words? The tragedy assumes importance owing to the fact that it was avertable. obediently serve the guru. All through his stay in Karbala. and that is why Husain is called the Martyr of Humanity. and if you wish to attain it. forces of .should not ask any questions. he will pass on the vidya to the one seeking knowledge. Simple words state what God wants us to know and remember. or if he feels so.
for waters the rectum.the army of Yazid (whose seat of power was there in the mountains of Syria) kept testing his patience by inflicting hardships and tortures that have never been given to one person in the history of this world. you are requested to go to any of those worthy disciples of his school of thought. you will have to go to RDS and serve him as his disciple. . noble through spiritual force. and at the same time. who are still imparting this knowledge of the Vedas from their grand ashrams. because the soul will become chastised only through this. supreme through pastime. this is a clear invitation for us to perform ignoble deeds. an invitation to enjoy the life as much as possible so that the soul can become achievers of aims. if you wish it to become noble then acquire a spiritual force while you are still alive. for soul the protector of bodily organs the pericardium. As far as this writer has understood. achievers of aims through enjoyment. If it is not possible to trace which stage his soul is at the moment. lovely through virtuous deed. the more they failed. in the hope that Husain would break down. We request you to keep in mind the statement ‘The cruel and the savage men from the mountains wished that they on deva’s side would beg for not killing Vasistha” as this is going to prove an important point in the near future. To know how spiritual force can be attained through ignoble deeds. chastisable through ignoble deeds. Suitable place for fire is between the ribs. for bile the liver. RDS translates mantra 9 in the following manner: Souls inside or outside the womb become virile through pure blood. yet the more they tried. We hope you have understood the lofty meaning of the Vedas that are being presented in this verse as well.
supposed to be inferior manifestations of Siva or Sankara who is said to be the head of the group.From our standpoint. Unable to understand this distinction. This heavenly being. Siva naturally is the ‘head of their group’. This Rudra was killed. Now see how RDS translates verse 10: . ‘Marut’ and ‘Mahadeva’ have appeared once. We also request you to note that here too it is said that it was expected that the remaining members of Mahadeva’s household would beg to be relieved of hardships.’ Another meaning that the dictionary gives is that Rudra is ‘the name of Siva’ himself. Within a short while. 11 in number. but that was not to happen. the commentators identified Siva with Rudra. His worldly existence became insignificant (to the enemies. despite his enviable association with such revered personalities). Please see the translation of RDS again whether you can find any reference to these names. Vayu or Ali). a cord/noose was tied to those related to Mahadeva (Siva) causing them intense pain. ‘Rudra’ has been used twice in this mantra while ‘Indra’. when the verses specifically state that Rudras died for Siva. Dictionary says Rudra is the ‘name of a group of gods. his grandfather) and played with him (when young) and delighted in the company of powerful/mighty Marut (God of wind as per dictionary. Those who had fallen below the level of animals wished these household members of Mahadeva to beg to be relieved of hardships. Now see how we see its meaning to be: The friend of Siva (Rudra) will be adorned in red (blood). but that was not to happen. who was extremely fond of/attached to Indra (Mohammad.
but thereafter. when they were put to death. Remember. it is RDS’s translations that we are commenting about. Inability to understand the real meaning has led to such gross deviations that information about the cruelties and atrocities that Husain had to bear for our sake has been made into ritual worship. when there was a fear of them getting extinct due to its archaic nature of teachings. Children who were a bit elder were shouting ‘Thirst! Thirst!’ But there were soldiers guarding .To the hair Swaha! To the nails Swaha! Swaha for burning the external skin! Swaha for burning the blood! Swaha for burning the heart’s blood! Swaha for burning the fats! Swaha for burning all the wet parts of the body! Swaha for burning the external fleshy parts! Swaha for burning the internal fleshy parts! Swaha for burning the gross sinews! Swaha for burning the subtle sinews! Swaha for burning the tough bones! Swaha for burning the soft bones! Swaha for burning the marrows! Swaha for burning the internal part of the marrows! Swaha for burning the semen! Swaha for burning the anus! See whether any of this information. From 2 nd of Muharram. allowing us to lead the life at will during the remaining period. who is said to have brought the Vedas back into vogue. Religion has been made into a ritualistic cult where ceremonies and festivals are important. till the 10 th of Muharram. Breasts of the mother’s nourishing their young children got dried of milk. From then onwards. there was no water at all. if true. is of any use in our daily lives. That too in the heat of Karbala’s scorching summer. they did not get even a drop of water to moisten their lips. but there was prohibition on him and his companions to have water. Supply was as it is short till the 7th morning. Imagine. Husain’s camp was barely a stone’s throw distance from the flowing river. this prohibition started.
The skin was given in oblation. The tendons of the brave were given in oblation. yet Yazid failed in his objective and Husain won by remaining sticking to his stand. Bones of the fearless were given in oblation. Men too had become weak and powerless. Marrow of the bones of the fearless was given in oblation. Due to prohibition (of water)! The movement of the limbs of the brave was given in oblation due to prohibition. Even moistening was given in oblation.the river. The blood was given in oblation. The fat of the bodies of the brave was given in oblation. None bowed to Yazid’s wish. The fat of the bodies of the brave was given in oblation. The hairs of the brave were given in oblation. The skin was given in oblation. The blood was given in oblation. It is the condition of the people of Karbala on Husain’s side that has been described in this mantra. None succumbed to the enemy without giving the best of the fights. The skin was given in oblation. Movement of the limbs of the brave was given in oblation. from the age of 6-month old and above. All were killed. Semen-virile was given in oblation. See what is being said: The hairs of the brave were given in oblation. You may ask about the logic of the repetition of each sentence twice. Yazid was of the opinion that inflicting such hardships would break Husain’s fortitude of remaining on the side of truth. The tendons of the brave were given in oblation. Value of both who died on the side of Husain and those who survived and were chained and carried away from city to city is . Answer is simple. The offer of Yazid to say ‘yes’ to bayt and got possession of all the riches including water was right in front. The bones of the fearless were given in oblation.
mental and physical tortures ended for those who got killed. ‘where there is duality. While thirst. All their actions of the world were renounced and given in oblations. Both groups suffered hardships to the equal extent. Twice this wish was described in the previous two mantras. for lofty adventure. All their food was given in oblation.” This is the translation by RDS when the true meaning is as follows: Their arrival itself was oblation.’ Now see RDS’s translation of verse 11: Take nourishing diet for physical exertion. Purification (particularly by the death of relatives) of these people was given in oblation. All the sorrow/grief/lamentation was given in oblation. and were subsequently chained and carried away to Damascus. both saw the departure of their near and dear ones. the sentences are repeated to make us remember the importance of the sacrifices of those who died and also the importance of sacrifices of those who survived in Husain’s camp. As Yajnavalkya once said. and for spiritual power. Their grief/sorrows were given in oblations. which was to inflict so much of hardships that they would break down. one sees the another. It has been used once for those who were killed and once for those who survived. for endeavour by different organs. for physical and mental purity. for concerted effort. Do we need to give any further proofs! . for enterprise.being told. for contemplative soul. Their departure itself was oblation. Separation from near and dear ones was oblation. for expounding nice ideas. they still continued for those who survived. Yet none of the two groups succumbed to the wish of Yazid. Their cleanliness was given in oblation. Both remained without water. Therefore.
and never reach the true path that would lead us to salvation. that it is easy for God (QURAN : LVII. It was but natural that these Manifested forms of God. that are so vital for our comprehension of God’s intended meaning. Betterment of life in this world as well as the next is dependent on identifying this very factor and then putting the lessons learnt. who were the most intense worshippers of God.Conclusion Prior to giving the true meaning of the Vedas. to practice. All. it were . yes all the religions of the world. and including the believers of all the sects that these religions comprise. took upon themselves the task of leading all creatures to God to His worship. we would continue to grope in dark. He had created the devas or Ahlebayts as His Manifested form. 22) We are sure that now you are in a better position to understand the sense that we were trying to convey. are digressed from the path shown by God. There is one and only one path to reach one and only one Absolute God. are manifestations of His Supreme Power. and this entire earth and the creatures that dwell. Later. which says: No misfortune strikes the earth nor your selves unless it has been written in a book before We bring it into existence. But unless we identify the missing links. when need arose. God gave us books that we regard as sacred. the path shown by God was one and the same. He created all things through the light or noor that was theirs. At all times. Pleased with their worship. we had said that they are nothing but a living proof of God’s claim in Quran.
Just as the parents teach their child about the good and bad things of life. Also. though. Unfortunately. the true worship was always between man and God. man took to worshipping these devas as gods. This practice was adopted because it was beyond His virtue of being ‘Just’. Modern teaching procedure entails that a child is made to identify alphabets through the help of pictures. these rituals were appealing to the common illiterate men and served the purpose of drawing them to religious worship. The same procedure was followed in other great civilizations of the period. through the path shown by these devas. the Messengers of later period. With art of reading and writing not developed till then. be it in Greece or in Egypt or India. Greece. This is evident from similar myths that are found at almost all these places.they who were to take birth on earth as Divine Proofs and Torchbearers of the Right Path for all creatures on earth. Yet. Sometimes rituals that were introduced with the purpose . and without any interference from any outside element. were identified through Vedas among the IndoAryans. At all times. rituals were initiated to ensure that the teachings are not forgotten. the teachings grew in the manner a child’s education progresses in school. deviations occurred in various directions. the Divine Proofs or the utmost symbol of God’s teachings being put to practice. proceeded with higher teaching as regards to social ethics and worship of God. that the human beings were left on their own after creation. God too did the same. On the whole. be it in Mesopotamia. including Mesopotamia. Likewise. Just as the knowledge of alphabets lead to words and sentences. including the priest. China and Egypt.
none of these messengers ever claimed that he was the Messenger for the entire world. we have shown how all identified their importance. Though the teachings continued to grow. Without these alphabets. Teachings kept growing with succeeding messengers and they slowly began to cover loftier subjects and began to frame rules for the society. Socrates or Jesus. Even Jesus. whereby they left the social life and started living in forests. If they did not talk about devas so vigorously as Vedas seem to be doing. when the Divine Spirit would arrive at a secret place on earth. that does not mean that the importance of the alphabets has diminished. This must not have been the universal phenomena though. Yajnavalkya or Rama or be it Moses. and there must have been always people who remained on the true path as well as people who were too engrossed in making a living or in the charms of the world that they never bothered to care.C and D.of drawing people towards religion and worship became religion in itself. who came only about 500-600 years prior to the Prophet Mohammad. when the messengers stressed on this. When that form of sannyas was condemned. who was identified as Prophet for all the worlds. It was only Prophet Mohammad. people digressed to the other end. all these messengers from God continued to identify about that future time. they interpreted that it meant ritualistic life was being permitted. Therefore. The core of the complex sentences that the student is taught at a later stage always remains those alphabets that he is taught in the beginning. maintained that he was the Messenger for Bani Israel. Be it Krishna. no sentences can ever by framed. it was because people were already aware of them from previous knowledge. ‘Worlds’ could be interpreted .B. Yet. If no teacher in class VII or VIII talks about A.
000. ‘worlds’ could also be used for prophets among jinns or animals. as per our knowledge. he would so devise the curriculum that it culminates in teachings that are most suited for entrance into one of the IIMs. have maintained the same view. which rose to 1. This view has emanated from our study of Buddhist scriptures. All scholars. Prophet Mohammad was the last of the Prophets of God and one who was the Prophet for all worlds. he would perhaps not include Einstein’s theory of relativity and focus more on subjects related to botany and zoology. Likewise. If the teacher knows that student’s aim is to become a physician. who together comprise the Divine Self or Spirit.000 messengers were sent. and gives their number as 84.24.000 till the time of Prophet. There is another reason why the later devas were identified right at the beginning. It was owing to this high position. if the student wishes to migrate to US. the devas were identified as torchbearers for later generations and it .24. There is no duality as it is possible that till the time of Buddha the number was 84. he would choose those who would facilitate him in the process and also enable him to pass the competitive exams made essential for migration to US.to mean existence of life on other planets in this universe. Also. Therefore.000. Muslims are of the opinion that 1. that all the previous prophets were trying to identify him and the rest. which states Buddha taking birth even among animals like deer. In the same manner. all Prophets were the teachers of dharma or religion of God and not of the religion that we made it out to be. If the teacher knows that the student’s aim is to become an expert on management. They knew that the final goal of their teachings was salvation and henceforth it was essential that they identify the institutions that were most suited to lead us to salvation. when this process was put to end.
Shaytan (Satan) too was playing its games and his attempt always was to corrupt the teachings and deviate us from the true path. God is not going to confine his wrath for the next world. there are rewards waiting for him. God will show the right path to man before this chapter of world is put to close. If man obeys. What’s worse. God has now decided that enough is enough. and God was silent. Satan might have succeeded all through history had devas not been working ceaselessly. If he still not sees the truth. He sinned. corruption.was never meant that man should start worshipping them. anymore! . What he had desired the world to be and what we have made it out to be? Sins. They have given a lot many sacrifices in their attempt to lead us to One God. Now the God has decided to give one last chance to man. and violence – the world is full of them. He has allowed the man to deviate too far. but God kept watching. guiding us towards the right path leading to the worship of God. He filled the world with violence and corruption. evil. he killed 13 of the 14 parts that comprised Divine Spirit. He corrupted His teachings. Man’s nature was such that the material temptations that this world had to offer easily swayed him. but there was no wrath from God. Eventually. it is they who are going to succeed. No more! One last time.
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