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LATINOBAROMETRO 1995 2010 Regional Public Good 15 years monitoring the evolution of Latin America societies

Presented at Ministry of Foreign Affairs Oslo, Norway


Marta Lagos June 1st, 2011

Regional Partners of GBS. Global Barometer Surveys


63 countries in five regions of the world

Afrobarometer 18 Latinobarmetro 18 Arab Barometer 7 Eurasia Barometer 6 Asian Barometer 14

GLOBAL COVERAGE EXCEPT FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION


Covers 63 independent nation-states , with six networks in 6 regions of the world. Online databank. www.globalbarometer.org Module: Attitudes towards democracy Trust in Institutions Participation Economic evaluations Social Capital Communications

Global Barometer Surveys: Country Coverage by World Region (N=63)


East Asia BAROMETER (n=9) South Asia BAROMETER (n=5) LATINO BAROMETER (n=18) AFRO BAROMETER (n=18) Middle East ARABAROMETER (n=7) EURASIA BAROMETER (6)

Indonesia Japan Korea Mongolia Philippines Singapore Taiwan Thailand Vietnam

Bangladesh India Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka

Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela Rep.Dominicana

Benin Botswana Cape Verde Ghana Kenya Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mali Mozambique Namibia Nigeria Senegal South Africa Tanzania Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

Algeria Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Morocco Palestine Egipt

Russian Fed. Ukraine Belarus Moldova Armenia Georgia

Attitudes toward Democracy, by World Region


East Asia Meaning of Democracy1 Characteristics of Democracy2 Support for Democracy3 Rejection of Strongman Rule4 Rejection of Military Rule5 Satisfaction with Democracy6 Suitability of Democracy7 80 18 57 72 79 62 78 South Asia 47 29 44 26 53 45 64 28 54 78 63 76 73 46 61 Latin America SubSaharan Africa 75 15 79 78 Middle East GLOBAL MEAN 68 28 52 52 63 46 67

Source: GBS data set posted at www.jdssurvey.net/gbs , with GBS population weight 1. Percentage of respondents who can offer a meaning to the term democracy (first response) 2. Percentage of respondents who associate democracy with the fulfillment of basic needs 3. Percentage of respondents who prefer democracy 4. Percentage of respondents who reject rule by a strong leader who decides everything 5. Percentage of respondents who reject the prospect that the army comes in to govern the country 6. Percentage of respondents who are fairly satisfied or very satisfied 7. Percentage of respondents who think that democracy is a suitable form of government for their country.

DEMOCRACY BY REGION 2010

SATISFACTION WITH DEMOCRACY (GBS)


Vietnam Tanzania Ghana Thailand Namibia Bangladesh Singapore Mozambique India Uganda South Africa Botswana Senegal Mongolia Mali Benin Indonesia Cape Verde Kenya Taiwan Korea, Rep. Costa Rica Japan Sri Lanka Lesotho Pakistan Uruguay Madagascar Venezuela, RB Nepal Argentina Chile Honduras El Salvador Zambia Philippines Panama Nicaragua Colombia Brazil Ecuador Guatemala Malawi Bolivia Mexico Nigeria Zimbabwe Peru Paraguay ,0 ,5 1,0 1,5

1,5

2,8 2,8 2,8 2,8 2,7 2,7 2,7 2,7 2,7 2,6 2,6 2,5 2,5 2,5 2,4 2,4 2,4 2,3 2,3 2,3 2,3 2,3 2,2 2,2 2,2 2,2 2,2 2,1 2,1 2,1 2,1 2,1 2,1 2,0 2,0 1,9 1,9 1,8 1,8
2,0 2,5

3,2 3,1 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,0 3,0

3,3 3,3

3,0

3,5

4,0

Source: GBS data set www.jdssurvey.net/gbs

SATISFACTION WITH DEMOCRACY


EURASIA

ASIA BAROMETER

EUROBAROMETER

AFROBAROMETER LATINOBARMETRO

GLOBAL BAROMETER: New EuropeBarometer (2001); Afrobarometer (1999-2001);


East Asia Barometer (2001-2003,2004); Latinobarmetro (2003), Eurobarometer (2003)

LATINOBAROMETRO REGIONAL PUBLIC GOOD


Latinobarmetro is a Regional Public Good. An annual 18 country study that monitors the evolution of societies in Latin America since 1995, dedicated to Democracy and Development. Every year we apply 20.000 face to face interviews, with samples of 1200 and 1000, cases per country representing the total population of every country. Since 1995 we have conducted 277,406 interviews And accumulated over 1000 variables on the evolution of these societies.

Data from 1995 to 2008 is available to all publics together with free online friendly processing. Since 2006 we have the first online data bank in spanish . We have reached 1.000.000 visitors in our web site. We are the second most visited site after the World Value Survey. The survey is aimed at public policy and social and political actors following the model of the Eurobarometer. The survey is financed by donnors: Multilateral organizations IDB, CAF, OAS, UNDP. Cooperation Agencies: AECID, SIDA, CIDA, Denmark. Individual countries: US, and some Latin American countries. Latinobarometro is produced by Corporacin Latinobarometro a Chilean based Non profit NGO.

THE MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEM FACING THE COUNTRY

MAJOR PROBLEMS: CRIME AND UNEMPLOYMENT.


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA1995-2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010 FOR CRIME AND UNEMPLOYMENT
Q. In your opinion, which is the most important problem in the country? * Here only 'Unemployment' and Crime.

Source: Latinobarmetro 1995-2010.

PROBLEM OF CRIME AND VICTIMIZATION RATE


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA1995-2010
Q. In your Opinion, which one is the most important problem in the country? * Here only 'crime'. Q. Have you been or relative assaulted, attacked, or victim of a crime in the last twelve months? * Here only 'Yes'.

The difference decreases from 19 points (2009) to 4 points in 2010.

Source: Latinobarmetro 1995-2010.

FEAR OF BEING VICTIM OF CRIME


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2007-2010.
Q. How often are you concerned that you may become victim of a violent crime? Almost all the time, sometimes, occasionally, never? *Here only Never

Source: Latinobarmetro 2007-2010

PUBLIC SAFETY POLICIES MORE EFFECTIVE


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2010
Q. In your opinion, which are the most effective policies in public security? * Multiple question, the percentages total are more than 100%. **Here only Increase the amount of policemen in the streets EFFECTIVE NUMBER

Source: Latinobarmetro 2010

EXPECTATIONS

SUBJECTIVE INCOME
TOTAL LATIN AMERICA1995-2010 - TOTALS BY COUNTRY2010.
Q. Does the salary you receive and your total family income allow you to cover your needs in a satisfactory manner? Which of the following statements describes your situation?*Here only Its not sufficient and we have major problems.

Source: Latinobarmetro 1995-2010.

REDUNDANCY INDEX
TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2002-2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.
Q. How concerned would you say you are that you will be left without work or unemployed during the next 12 months or you dont have job? *Here only Very concerned and concerned.

Source: Latinobarmetro 2002-2010.

IMAGE OF PROGRESS IN THE COUNTRY

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA1995 2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.


Q. Would you say that this country....? Is progressing, Is at a standstill , is in decline. * Here only 'progress'.

Source: Latinobarmetro 1995 2010.

HOW FAIR IS THE INCOME DISTRIBUTION


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA1997-2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010
Q. How fair you think that income distribution is In (country)? *Here only Very fair and fair

Source: Latinobarmetro 1997-2010

SATISFACTION WITH THE ECONOMY

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2002-2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010


Q. In general, would you say that you are very satisfied, quite satisfied, not very satisfied or not at all satisfied with the working of the economy in (country)? * Here only 'Very satisfied' and quite satisfied'

Source: Latinobarmetro 2002-2010

ATTITUDES TOWARDS DEMOCRACY

SUPPORT FOR DEMOCRACY


TOTAL AMRICA LATINA 1995-2010.
P. Con cul de las siguientes frases est Ud. ms de acuerdo? La democracia es preferible a cualquier otra forma de gobierno. En algunas circunstancias, un gobierno autoritario puede ser preferible a uno democrtico. A la gente como uno, nos da lo mismo un rgimen democrtico que uno no democrtico.

70 60 50 40
58 61

63

62 57 56 58 53 53 53 54 57

59

61

48

30 20
10 0
17 16 7 17 16 4 18 14 3 18 16 3 19 17 6

21 19 9

22 18

21

19 15

17

20 17

19 16 8

18

16 15 7

15 17
9 6

15 9

16
7

13
7

1995 1996 1997 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Democracia es preferible Gobierno autoritario Da lo mismo NS/NR

Source: Latinobarmetro 1995-2010.

SUPPORT FOR DEMOCRACY AND PIB PER CAPITA 1995 2010


P. Con cul de las siguientes frases est Ud. ms de acuerdo? La democracia es preferible a cualquier otra forma de gobierno. En algunas circunstancias, un gobierno autoritario puede ser preferible a uno democrtico. A la gente como uno, nos da lo mismo un rgimen democrtico que uno no democrtico. *Aqu solo La democracia es preferible a cualquier otra forma de gobierno.

70
Satisfaccin con la Democracia

53

53 4.4

53 4 3

54

50

48 4.7
5.5 3.1 3.8 2.3 4

40 30
20

4 2
0

0.9
-1.3 -2.3

0.4

10
0

-2
-4

1995 1996 1997 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Apoyo en America Latina Crecimiento PIB per cpita

Fuente: Latinobarmetro 1995-2010

Crecimiento PIB per cpita

60

58

61

63

62 57 56 58 57

10
59 61

SUPPORT FOR DEMOCRACY 1996 2010


1996 1997 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Diferencia 2009 - 2010 Average 1996 - 2010 70% 51% 44% 51% 54% 60% 55% 54% 41% Venezuela Ecuador Brasil Colombia Chile Bolivia Per El Salvador Guatemala 62% 52% 50% 60% 54% 64% 63% 56% 51% 64% 41% 50% 69% 61% 66% 60% 66% 48% 60% 57% 48% 55% 53% 55% 63% 79% 54% 61% 57% 54% 40% 39% 30% 50% 36% 57% 45% 62% 54% 64% 62% 63% 25% 45% 33% 75% 49% 37% 39% 50% 56% 57% 40% 45% 67% 46% 35% 46% 51% 50% 52% 45% 33% 74% 46% 41% 46% 57% 45% 45% 50% 35% 76% 43% 37% 46% 59% 49% 40% 59% 32% 70% 54% 46% 53% 56% 62% 55% 51% 41% 67% 65% 43% 47% 46% 67% 47% 38% 32% 82% 56% 47% 62% 51% 68% 45% 50% 34% 84% 43% 55% 49% 59% 71% 52% 68% 42% 84% 64% 54% 60% 63% 68% 61% 59% 46% 0% 21% -1% 11% 4% -3% 9% -9% 4%

Diferencia Media 2010 14% 13% 10% 9% 9% 8% 6% 6% 5%

Paraguay
Honduras Panam Nicaragua Argentina Mxico Costa Rica Repblica Dominicana Uruguay

59%
42% 75% 59% 71% 53% 80% NA 80%

44%
63% 71% 68% 75% 52% 83% NA 86%

51%
57% 71% 72% 73% 51% 69% NA 80%

48% 35%
64% 57% 62% 34% 64% 43% 71% 58% 45% 46% 83% 71% NA NA

45%
57% 55% 63% 65% 63% 77% NA 78%

40%
55% 51% 51% 68% 53% 77% NA 78%

39%
46% 64% 39% 64% 53% 67% 65% 78%

32%
33% 52% 57% 65% 59% 73% 60% 77%

41%
51% 55% 56% 74% 54% 75% 71% 77%

33%
38% 62% 61% 63% 48% 83% 64% 75%

53%
44% 56% 58% 60% 43% 67% 73% 79%

46%
55% 64% 55% 64% 42% 74% 67% 82%

49%
53% 61% 58% 66% 49% 72% 63% 75%

3%
-2% -3% 3% 2% 7% -2% -4% -7%

44%
51% 60% 57% 67% 51% 75% 66% 79%

5%
2% 2% 1% -1% -2% -3% -3% -4%

84% 79%

Source: Latinobarmetro 1996 - 2010

CHURCHILLIAN DEMOCRACY

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2002 2010. TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.


Q. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with the following statements? ? Democracy may have problems, but it is the best system of government * Here only 'Strongly agree' and agree.

Source: Latinobarmetro 2002-2010.

Indicators of democractic legitimacy Support and Chuchill


Venezuela Bolivia El Salvador Per Costa Rica Guatemala Nicaragua Latinoamrica Uruguay Argentina Colombia Mxico Panam Ecuador Paraguay Honduras Chile
Repblica Dominicana Brasil Source: Latinobarmetro 2010 Apoyo 84 68 59 61 72 46 58 61 75 66 60 49 61 64 49 53 63 63 54 Churchill 88 75 67 72 84 59 73 77 91 83 78 67 79 83 68 74 85 85 81 Diferencia -4 -7 -8 -11 -12 -13 -15 -16 -16 -17 -18 -18 -18 -19 -19 -21 -22 -22 -27

DEMOCRACY SCALE
Uruguay Costa Rica Brasil Chile Venezuela Panam Repblica Dominicana Colombia Latin America Argentina Ecuador El Salvador Nicaragua Per Honduras Mxico Paraguay Guatemala Bolivia COUNTRY 7,9 7,7 7,2 7,1 7,1 7 6,7 6,5 6,5 6,5 6,3 6,1 5,9 5,9 5,8 5,7 5,6 5,5 5,4 VENEZUELA 4,9 3,9 5 4,1 N.A. 4 5 3,6 4,3 4,5 5,1 4,5 5,1 3,2 3,3 4,2 4,3 4,9 4,3 HONDURAS 5,1 4,3 4,8 4,8 5,8 4,7 4,5 4,7 4,8 4,3 4,8 4,6 4,9 4,6 N.A. 4,5 4,7 4,8 4,6 CUBA 3,7 2,9 4,2 2,8 3,1 2,7 3,2 3 3,5 3,2 3,8 4,4 4,6 3,3 3,1 3,7 4 4,5 3,7 SPAIN 7,2 6,6 5,7 6,9 7 6,3 6,7 6,4 6,6 6,5 6,8 6,8 7,2 6,5 7,4 6 6,5 6,4 6,3 USA 7,1 7,3 7 7,4 6,9 7,4 7,4 7,2 7 6,8 7 6,7 7 6,9 7,3 6,6 6,8 6,6 6,1 CANAD 7,4 6,9 6 7,2 7,3 6,2 6,3 6,7 6,7 7 7 6,6 7,4 6,5 7,9 6,4 6,5 6,3 5,9

WITHOUT POLITICAL PARTIES THERE CAN BE NO DEMOCRACY


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 1997 - 2010 - TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010
Q. Some people say that without political parties there can be no democracy, while others say that democracy can work without parties. Which is closer to your view? * Here only 'No political party can not have democracy. "

Source: Latinobarmetro 1997 - 2010.

WITHOUT CONGRESS, THERE CAN BE NO DEMOCRACY


TOTAL LATINA AMERICA 1997 - 2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.
Q. Some people say that no Congress can not have democracy, while there are other people who say that democracy can function without Congress. Which phrase is closer to your thinking? * Here only 'No Congress can not have democracy. "

Source: Latinobarmetro 1997 - 2010.

DEMOCRACY INDEX
Venezuela Uruguay Argentina Costa Rica Chile Repblica Dominicana Honduras Amrica Latina Per Nicaragua Salvador Bolivia Colombia Ecuador
Guatemala
Source: Latinobarmetro 2010.

High 59% 54% 44% 41% 40% 39% 32% 32% 31% 30% 30% 28% 26% 23%
23%

Medium 35% 34% 42% 47% 41% 45% 43% 46% 45% 46% 49% 51% 48% 48%
49%

Low 6% 12% 15% 12% 19% 16% 24% 22% 24% 24% 21% 21% 26% 29%
28%

SATISFACTION WITH DEMOCRACY AND PER CAPITA GDP GROWTH LATIN AMERICA1995 2010
Q. In general, would you say that you are very satisfied, quite satisfied, not very satisfied or not at all satisfied with the working of the democracy in (country)? * Here only 'Very satisfied' and quite satisfied' and 'Not very satisfied' and 'not satisfied'.

Satisfaction with democracy

50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

44

38

41 37 36 27 3,8 2,3 0,9


-1,3

33
25

38 37 5,5 4,7 31 3,1 29 4,4 29 4 3 0,4 -2,3

37

8 6 4 4 2 0 -2
-4

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999- 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2000 Satisfied Per Capita GDP Growth

Source: Latinobarmetro 1995-2010

Per Capita GDP Growth

44

10

TRUST

INTERPERSONAL TRUST
TOTAL LATIN AMERICA1996 2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.
Q. Generally speaking, would you say that you can trust most people, or that you can never be too careful when dealing with others? * Here only "One can trust most people .

Source: Latinobarmetro 1996-2010.

Trust in institutions of democracy 2010


Uruguay Venezuela Costa Rica Brazil Chile Honduras Argentina Panam Latin America Colombia Dominican Rep. Paraguay Bolivia Mexico Salvador Ecuador Nicaragua Guatemala Per CONGRESS 62 49 47 44 41 41 39 37 34 33 32 28 28 28 25 24 21 17 14 POLITICAL PARTIES 45 43 23 24 23 22 21 29 23 23 22 23 17 19 16 20 17 14 13 JUDICIARY 58 38 46 51 38 34 34 34 32 34 28 27 24 28 22 21 22 17 15 ARMED FORCES 41 49 0 63 59 36 37 0 45 58 33 49 38 55 54 53 25 31 35 GOVERNMENT 71 52 45 55 58 41 36 60 45 48 34 47 42 34 57 49 37 24 25

Source: Latinobarmetro 2010.

Trust in institutions of democracy and society, Totals Latin America 1996-2010


1996 Church Television Armed forces Government Large companies Private companies Municipal governments Banks Police Judiciary Congress Political parties 30 33 27 20 36 36 36 28 32 32 27 21 29 34 28 20 30 27 24 19 76 50 41 1997 74 46 42 1998 78 45 38 28 36 1999 2000 77 42 43 2001 72 49 38 2002 71 45 30 25 32 2003 62 36 40 24 30 2004 71 38 42 30 42 2005 71 44 44 36 2006 71 64 51 43 2007 74 47 45 39 200 8 66 51 45 43 2009 68 54 45 45 45 201 0 67 55

38

42

41

41

42

42

31

32 36 33 25 23 14 27 29 20 17 11

34 41 37 32 24 18

37 39 37 31 28 18 37 36 27 22 39 30 29 20

36 45 37 28 31 21

39 44 34 32 34 24

40 44 35 32 34 23

Source: Latinobarmetro 1996-2010.

HOW DO YOU INFORM YOURSELF ABOUT POLITICS?


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA1996 - 2010.
Q. How do you inform yourself about politics? With family, friends, coworkers, my fellow students, on the radio, for newspapers / magazines, Internet, TV, Other or None * Multiple, the percentages total more than 100%.

Source: Latinobarmetro 1996 - 2010.

HOW DO YOU INFORM YOURSELF ABOUT POLITICS? FAMILY LATIN AMERICA1996 2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.
Q. How do you inform yourself about politics? With family, friends, coworkers, my fellow students, on the radio, for newspapers / magazines, Internet, TV, Other or None * Multiple, the percentages total is more than 100%. **Here only With the family.

38 Source: Latinobarmetro 1996 - 2010.

GOVERNMENT AND THE STATE

GOVERNMENT APPROVAL

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2002 2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.


Q. Do you approve or not approve of the government led by President (name) ...? * Here only 'Approves'.

Source: Latinobarmetro 2002 - 2010.

WHO HAS MORE POWER?


LATIN AMERICA 2003 - 2010
Q. Which of the following is the most powerful in (country)?

Source: Latinobarmetro 2003 -2010

WHO HAS MORE POWER?


LATIN AMERICA 2003 - 2010
Q. Which of the following is the most powerful in (country)? Name three. * Multiple, the percentages total more than 100%. **Here only Government

GOVERNMENT

Source: Latinobarmetro 2003 -2010

THE STATE CAN SOLVE ALL PROBLEMS


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA1998-2010
Q It is said that the state can solve the problems of our society because it has the means to do it. Would you say that the state can solve ...? All problems, Most problems, Enough problems, Only a few problems, The state can not solve any problem?

Source: Latinobarmetro 1998-2010

THE STATE CAN SOLVE ALL PROBLEMS TOTAL LATIN AMERICA


1998-2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010
Q It is said that the state can solve the problems of our society because it has the means to do it. Would you say that the state can solve ...? All problems, Most problems, Enough problems, Only a few problems, The state can not solve any problem? * Here only All problems.

Source: Latinobarmetro 1998-2010

PUBLIC POLICY

TAX MORAL
TOTAL LATIN AMERICA1998 - 2010 TOTAES BY COUNTRY 2010.
Q. On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 means "not at all justifiable" and 10 means "totally justifiable", how justifiable do you believe it is to evade paying taxes? *Here only Average.

Source: Latinobarmetro 1998 2010.

WORK ETHICS

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 1998 2010 - TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.


Q. On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 means "not at all justifiable" and 10 means "totally justifiable", how justifiable do you believe it is to pretend to be ill in order not to go to work? *Here only Average

Source: Latinobarmetro 1998 - 2010

SOCIAL MORAL

TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2002 2010 - TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.


Q. On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 means "not at all justifiable" and 10 means "totally justifiable", how justifiable do you believe it is to buying something you know is stolen? *Here only Average

Source: Latinobarmetro 2002 - 2010

ACTS OF CORRUPTION
TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2001- 2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010
Q. Have you, or any relative, heard of any act of corruption in the last twelve months? Here only Yes

Source: Latinobarmetro 2001 - 2010

USE OF SOCIAL NETWORK


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2010. TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.
Q. Do you use any of these social networking services if you use one? *Here only Facebook

Source: Latinobarmetro 2010.

PRIVATE COMPANY IS NECESSARY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2004-2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.
Q. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with each of the phrases that I will read? Private enterprise is indispensable to the development of the country *Here only Strongly agree and Agree

Source: Latinobarmetro 2004 - 2010

PRIVATIZATION HAS BEEN BENEFICIAL TO THE COUNTRY


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 1998-2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010.
Q. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with each of the phrases that I will read. Privatization of State enterprise has been beneficial for the country Here 'Strongly Agree' and agree'

Source: Latinobarmetro 1998 - 2010

LEADERS

EVALUATION OF LEADERS
TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2010.
Q. I am going to list a number of leaders of foreign countries. I want you to evaluate them on a scale from 0 to 10, in which 0 means "very bad" and 10 is very good, or do you not know the person well enough to respond? * Here only 'average'.

Source: Latinobarmetro 2010.

EVALUATION OF LEADERS: BARACK OBAMA


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2009 2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010
Q. I am going to list a number of leaders of foreign countries. I want you to evaluate them on a scale from 0 to 10, in which 0 means "very bad" and 10 is very good ". * Here only 'average'.

Source: Latinobarmetro 2009 - 2010.

EVALUATION OF LEADERS: FIDEL CASTRO


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2005-2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010
Q. I am going to list a number of leaders of foreign countries. I want you to evaluate them on a scale from 0 to 10, in which 0 means "very bad" and 10 is very good ". * Here only 'average'.

Source: Latinobarmetro 2005-2010.

EVALUATION OF LEADERS: HUGO CHVEZ


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2005-2010 TOTALS BY COUNTRY 2010
Q. I am going to list a number of leaders of foreign countries. I want you to evaluate them on a scale from 0 to 10, in which 0 means "very bad" and 10 is very good ". * Here only 'average'.

Source: Latinobarmetro 2005-2010.

VALUES

VALUES FOR THE NEXT GENERATION


TOTAL LATIN AMERICA 2002 - 2010
Q. Thinking about the qualities that can be encouraged in kids within the household, if you would have to pick one, which one do you consider is particularly important to be taught to the kids? * Multiple, the percentages total more than 100%. **Here only Obedience

Obedience

Source: Latinobarmetro 2002 - 2010.