You are on page 1of 5

TAGMEEXERCISE

TAGMEEXERCISE

Whattagswouldyougivetothefollowingevidence? HintAlloftheevidencesupportstheaffirmative,usethe titlesonthetopofthepagetohelpyou! Usethespaceonthesideofthepagetotakenotesand writedraftsofyourtag,thefirstexercisehassomepossible questionsabouttheevidencethatyoumightwantto remember.

TAGMEEXERCISE

Your Notes

EconomyAdvantage
_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Ramos2013
KristianRamosisNewDemocracyNetworksPolicyDirectorofthe21stCenturyBorderInitiative,Realizing theStrategicNationalValueofourTrade,TourismandPortsofEntrywithMexicoTheNewPolicyInstituteis theeducationalaffiliateoftheNDN,athinktankbasedinWashington,DC.May2013 http://ndn.org/sites/default/files/blog_files/NPI%20U%20S%20 Mexico%20Trade%20Tourism%20POE%20Report_0.pdf
InvestmentinportsofentryiskeyKeypoliciesandinfrastructurecaneitherhelporhinderthisenormouseconomic

Is the Author qualified?

exchange.FortysevenU.S.MexicolandportsofentryfacilitateseveralhundredsofbillionsdollarsinU.S. Mexicotradeeveryyear.Ideally,portsofentryshouldactasmembranes,facilitatinghealthyinteractions (suchaslegitimatetradeandtravel)andpreventingunhealthyones(suchasillicitdrugs,firearmsand humansmuggling).Andideallymuchoftheactualinspectionandclearanceshouldoccurupstreamfromtheports.Broad bipartisanagreementhasdevelopedontheneedtoimproveourlandportsofentrywithMexico.Thisis becauseoverseventypercentofNAFTAtradeflowsthroughtheseportsofentryaswellasanenormousflow ofvisitorswhohaveamajoreconomicimpactontheUnitedStates.TwentythreestateshaveMexicoastheirnumber oneornumbertwotradingpartner,multiplyingjobsinbothcountries.Significantinvestmentsofvarioustypesarebadly neededforoursharedlandportsofentrywithMexico.GreatlyincreasedsecurityattheportsofentrysinceSeptember 11,2001coupledwithinadequatestaffingandinfrastructurehavesignificantlyincreasedborderwaittimes.And
withcontinuedCongressionalgridlockonfundingandU.S.CustomsandBorderProtectionprojectinga$6billionshortfallin infrastructureinvestmentonbothoursouthernandnorthernborders,wemaybeheadedforadebilitatingslowdownin NorthAmericantrade.Theregionalborderinfrastructuremasterplanningprocessisastepintheright directionofformallyrecognizingthevastbottomupnatureofinteractionattheborderbythousandsofkeystakeholders.Butthis

What's the best line from the evidence?

Does the evidence answer arguments that the negative might bring up?

moreinclusiveinfrastructureplanningsystemhasnotbeenmetwithincreasedfundingforportsofentry staffingorinfrastructure.TheNorthAmericanDevelopmentBankmayofferamodelforfundingborderinfrastructureprojects.

What are the weaknesses of the evidence?

TAGMEEXERCISE

EconomyAdvantage

_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ USChamberofCommerce,11."Stepstoa21stCenturyU.S.MexicoBorder|U.S.Chamberof


Commerce."U.S.ChamberofCommerce:StandingUpforAmericanEnterprise|U.S.ChamberofCommerce. N.p.,n.d.Web.9July2013.<http://www.uschamber.com/reports/steps21stcenturyusmexicoborder> TheUnitedStatesandMexicoshareaborderofnearly2,000miles,aculturalheritage,andadesiretogrowboth oureconomiesthroughcooperationandhardwork.Thetwonationsalsoshareanobligationtoaddressaseries ofcomplexissues.Ofcourse,itisimmigrationand,morerecently,drugrelatedviolencethatsooften dominateanyconversationrelatedtotheU.S.Mexicoborder.However,economicconsiderations,suchas tradefacilitation,travelandinfrastructure,areequallyimportant.SincethepassageoftheNorthAmericanFreeTrade
Agreement(NAFTA),MexicohasbecomethethirdlargestU.S.tradingpartnerbehindCanadaandChina.However,itisthesecond largestexportmarketforU.S.businesses,andsome22statesdependonMexicoastheirNo.1orNo.2exportmarket.Thetrade

relationshipbetweenourtwonationsisvast,with$397billionworthofproductsbeingtradedlastyear alone.Eightypercentofitiscarriedacrosstheborderbytruck.Thismeansthatmorethan$1billionincrossborder
commerceistakingplaceeveryday$45millionanhourandvirtuallyallofittarifffreeunderNAFTA.Mexicopurchased$163billion inU.S.goodsin2010alone.MexicoisalsotheUnitedStatesthirdlargestforeignproviderofpetroleumandthelargestforeign supplieroffreshfruitsandvegetables.Thetradingrelationshipisstrong,andeachcountryhasafundamentalstake inthesuccessoftheother.TradebetweentheUnitedStatesandMexicocreatesandsupportsjobsfor millionsofAmericansandMexicans.In2010,13%ofallU.S.exportsweredestinedtoMexicanmarkets.Overall,nearly31 millionAmericanjobsaresupportedbytrade.ThattranslatesintomorethanoneineveryfiveU.S.jobslinkedtotheimportandexport ofgoodsandservices.Furthermore,exportsgeneratednearlyhalfofU.S.economicgrowthin2010,addingwelloverapercentage pointtoGDPgrowth.TheU.S.manufacturingindustrydependsonNAFTA,sendingmorethanhalfofitsexportstoeitherCanadaor Mexico.SinceNAFTAbegan,U.S.manufacturershaveboostedtheiroutputbymorethan50%.Contrarytopopularbelief,97%ofall exportersaresmallandmediumsizebusinesses.Consideringthatthesesamecompaniescreatethevastmajorityofjobgrowth,itis imperativetoimprovetheirabilitytocompeteinglobalmarkets.DespitethesignificanceoftheU.S.Mexicorelationship, delaysandotherinefficienciesatthebordererodemuchofthecompetitiveadvantagethatwasaccruedfrom NAFTA.AccordingtoSANDAG,congestionanddelaysatbordercrossingsbetweenSanDiegoCountyandBaja CaliforniacosttheU.S.andMexicaneconomiesanestimated$7.2billioninforegonegrossoutputandmorethan 62,000jobsin2007.InPresidentObamas2010StateoftheUnionaddress,heexpressedagoaltodoubleexportswithinthenextfive years.Reachingthisgoalisgoingtorequireactionfromboththeprivateandpublicsectors.NAFTAhasalreadyremovedmanyofthe statutoryandregulatoryimpedimentstotradeacrosstheU.S.Mexicoborder.Thismeansthattheborderrepresentsabetter opportunityfortradebetweentheUnitedStatesandMexico,translatingtojobgrowthinbothcountries.

TAGMEEXERCISE

Solvency

_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ONeil2013


ShannonO'NeilisSeniorFellowforLatinAmericaStudiesattheCouncilonForeignRelations(CFR),Mexico MakesIt:ATransformedSociety,Economy,andGovernmentMarch/April2013ForeignAffairs http://www.cfr.org/mexico/mexicomakes/p30098 BORDERBUDDIESSinceNAFTAwaspassed,U.S.Mexicantradehasmorethantripled.Wellover$1billionworthofgoods crossestheU.S.Mexicanbordereveryday,asdo3,000people,12,000trucks,and1,200railcars.Mexicois
secondonlytoCanadaasadestinationforU.S.goods,andsalestoMexicosupportanestimatedsixmillionAmericanjobs,accordingto areportpublishedbytheWoodrowWilsonInternationalCenter'sMexicoInstitute.Thecompositionofthatbilateraltradehasalso changedinrecentdecades.Approximately40percentoftheproductsmadeinMexicotodayhavepartsthatcomefromtheUnited States.Manyconsumergoods,includingcars,televisions,andcomputers,crossthebordermorethanonceduringtheirproduction. Admittedly,thisprocesshassentsomeU.S.jobssouth,butoverall,crossborderproductionisgoodforU.S.employment.

ThereisevidencethatU.S.companieswithoverseasoperationsaremorelikelytocreatedomesticjobsthan thosebasedsolelyintheUnitedStates.UsingdatacollectedconfidentiallyfromthousandsoflargeU.S. manufacturingfirms,thescholarsMihirDesai,C.FritzFoley,andJamesHinesupendedtheconventionalwisdomina2008 study,whichfoundthatwhencompaniesrampuptheirinvestmentandemploymentinternationally,they investmoreandhiremorepeopleathome,too.Overseasoperationsmakecompaniesmoreproductiveand competitive,andwithimprovedproducts,lowerprices,andhighersales,theyareabletocreatenewjobs everywhere.WashingtonshouldwelcometheexpansionofU.S.companiesinMexicobecauseincreasingcrossborder productionandtradebetweenthetwocountrieswouldboostU.S.employmentandgrowth.Mexicoisa ready,willing,andableeconomicpartner,withwhichtheUnitedStateshasclosertiesthanitdoeswithany otheremergingmarketcountry.FamilialandcommunaltiesalsounitetheUnitedStatesandMexico.ThenumberofMexican
immigrantsintheUnitedStatesdoubledinthe1980sandthendoubledagaininthe1990s.Fleeingpooreconomicandemployment conditionsinMexicoandattractedbylabordemandandfamilyandcommunitymembersalreadyintheUnitedStates,anestimated tenmillionMexicanshavecomenorthoverthepastthreedecades.Thisflowhasrecentlyslowed,thankstochangingdemographics andeconomicimprovementsinMexicoandaweakeningU.S.economy.Still,some12millionMexicansandover30millionMexican AmericanscalltheUnitedStateshome.Forallthesereasons,theUnitedStatesshouldstrengthenitsrelationshipwith itsneighbor,startingwithimmigrationlawsthatsupportthebinationalindividualsandcommunitiesthatalreadyexistintheUnited StatesandencouragethelegalimmigrationofMexicanworkersandtheirfamilies.U.S.PresidentBarackObamahaspromisedtosend suchlegislationtoCongress,butastrongantiimmigrantwingwithintheRepublicanPartyandtheslowU.S.economicrecoverypose significantbarrierstoacomprehensiveandfarreachingdeal.Nevertheless,theUnitedStatesandMexicourgentlyneedto

investinborderinfrastructure,standardizetheircustomsforms,andworktobetterfacilitatelegaltrade betweenthem.Furthermore,gettingAmericanstorecognizethebenefitsofcrossborderproductionwillbeanuphillbattle, butitisoneworthfightinginordertoboosttheUnitedStates'exports,jobs,andoveralleconomicgrowth.

TAGMEEXERCISE

Solvency

_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Olson&Lee2012


EricLOlsonservesasAssociateDirectoroftheMexicoInstituteattheWoodrowWilsonInternationalCenter forScholarsinWashington,DC.ErikLeeservesasAssociateDirectorattheNorthAmericanCenterfor TransborderStudies(NACTS)atArizonaStateUniversity.TheStateofSecurityintheU.S.MexicoBorder RegionWorkingPaperSeriesontheStateoftheU.S.MexicoBorderAugust2012 http://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/State_of_Border_Security_Olson_Lee.pdf LastingprogressinU.S.Mexicobordersecuritycanonlycomefromincreasedbilateralcollaborationand
independentdomesticprogressonkeyissuesaffectingsecurityintheUnitedStatesandMexico.Significantprogresshasbeenmadein increasingandimprovingbilateralsecuritycollaborationbetweenfederalagenciesonbothsidesoftheborder.Whileawelcome development,theseadvancescan,insomecases,weakenedthelongstandingcooperationbetweenlocalU.S.andMexicanlaw enforcementagencies.Whileitisimportanttocontinuestrongfederalcoordination,encouraginglocalcollaborationcanalsoyield significantandimportantdividendsinfightingcrimeaffectingcrossbordercities.Improvedbordermanagement,achallenge duringnormalfiscaltimes,isparticularlydifficultintheUnitedStatesconstrainedfiscalenvironmentandthus requiresincreasedattentionandcreativesolutions.Forexample,thetwogovernmentsinclosecollaborationwith bordercommunitiesshouldfocustheireffortsonmakingthelandportsofentryfromSanDiegotoBrownsville assafeandefficientaspossibletoenhancebothourphysicalandeconomicsecurity.Onesuchefforthasbeenthe highlycontroversialexperimentaldeploymentoftheSBInetsystemontheArizonaSonoraborder.Whilethistechnologyhasbeen deployedontheborderbetweentheportsofentry,thegovernmentshavenotdeployedtechnologyinagame

changingwaythatcouldconverttheportsofentrythemselvesintotrueplatformsforeconomicsecurity ratherthanhighlycongestedandbureaucratizednodesinourNorthAmericancommercialnetwork.