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More die in workplace than in war

Work place accidents and illnesses kill more people a year than war1 An average of 6,000 people die every day from ailments or accidents related to their work thats the equivalent of one death every 15 seconds, or 2.2 million per year. 2

Twice as many men as women die at work because they are more likely to carry out dangerous tasks
Accidents kill 350,000 people but five times as many die through sickness contracted on the job through exposure to poisonous chemical
Sources: 1.United Nations labour agency 2.International Labour Organisation (ILO)

Murphys Law
"Anything that can go wrong will go wrong." "If there's more than one way to do a job, and one of those ways will result in disaster, then somebody will do it that way."

ACCIDENTS
Cause & Prevention
By

K.Niraimathi, Deputy director of Industrial safety and health.

Stepping & Striking 4% Falling Persons 5% Falling Materials 6% Hand Tools 9% Molten metals 3% Gasing 2% Fire 7% Explosions 2% Electrical 3% Prime mover 3%

AccidentsCausative Factors
Transmission Machinery 15%

Lifiting Machines 6% Machine Tools 4% Wood working machines 2% Material Handling 29%

Cause of Accident
Unsafe

Conditions
Actions Causes Causes
Green Triangle For Safety

Unsafe

Personal

Proximate

No incident has just one cause.


Cause 1 Cause 2 Cause 3

incident

Cause 4

Cause 5

HEINRICH ANALYSIS
OF ACCIDENTS

ACCIDENT

Never miss the near misses

NEAR ACCIDENT

29

INCEDENTS

300

UNSAFE CONDITIONS
1. 2.

3.
4. 5.

6.
7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Unguarded & inadequately guarded machines Unsafe design & construction Defective machines & tools Hazardous process Improper Illumination High noise levels Hot working environment Dusts, Fumes & Gases Inadequate Ventilation Hazardous Radiations Unsafe Dress

UNSAFE CONDITIONS
12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

20.
21.

Unsafe storage of materials Defective Machines & Tools Unsafe floors & passage Unsafe Electrical wiring & fittings Unsafe Lifting & Transport Machines Unsafe Pressure Vessels Working on Heights Improper Personal Protective Equipments Unsafe House Keeping Unsafe Waste disposal

Caught in the coupling

Unguarded Gear Drive

18 year old girl died on 15-7-2005 getting into the belt drive

Guard

End Roller

Conveyer End Roller Guard

Conveyer

Screw

Fatal accident happened in this Screw Conveyer on 14-1-2007

Both the arms amputated by the Screw Conveyer on 14-1-2007

Clamp the Job properly And Wear Goggles While drilling.

Valve Safety Cap

Gas Cylinders Should be kept in the upright position and Chained to prevent falling down. The nozzle if damaged Will propel the cylinder Like missile.

Exploded Nitrogen Cylinder

19-7-2006

Poor House Keeping

No Hand Rails

Slipping and falling Down into the gutter Has caused a fatal Accident in a Chemical Factory. Always keep the gutters Closed with proper covers

Uncovered Gutter ( Unsafe )

Covered Gutter ( Safe )

Always provide cover for the Gutters to prevent falling of persons into it.

Anaerobic

Sand Blasting System

Sand Blasting

Grit Blasting

Ceramic Grit for Grit Blasting

X-Ray is a dangerous Radiation which can Cause harmful health Effects such as Cancer Mutation of genes etc.

Skin Cancer due to radiations

Skin Cancer

LPG

Oil Barrels stored in Generator Room near Power panel

Sugar bags stacking

2000 cubic meters LPG sphere The accident happened during hydrotest. The sphere legs collapsed over 2 workers, leaving one killed and one seriously injured. At the time of the accident, the sphere was approximately 80% full of fresh water. The last inspection on its legs was dated 1995. It can be noticed by the picture severe corrosion on the legs under the concrete fire protection. The corrosion occurred due to water inside the concrete. The water protective cap located over the concrete was not sufficient to keep the water out. After the accident, it was verified that the legs thickness had reductions of up to 8mm, with pitholes of up to 10 square centimeters.

UNSAFE ACTIONS
1.

2.

3.
4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9. 10.

Disregard to Safety Rules & Procedures Working without authority Unsafe speed of action Making Safety Devices inoperative Sleeping in the work place Playing & Teasing in the work place Quarreling with the co-workers & supervisors Smoking in work place Eating in work place Intoxication with Alcohol or Drugs

UNSAFE ACTIONS
11. 12. 13.

14. 15. 16. 17.

18. 19. 20.

Disregard to Hygiene & Cleanliness Improper work Dress Failure to use Personal Protective Equipments Using improper tools Using tools improperly Joy Ride on material handling machines Working on roofs without Safety Equipments Improper handling of materials & machines Unsafe use of electrical equipments & tools Cleaning & Lubricating machines in motion

Cleaning With Compressed Air

SWL
should be displayed

Once in 12 months

LOAD TEST

Sling Angle

SLING ANGLE SHOULD BE KEPT AS LOW AS POSSIBLE

PERSONAL FACTORS 1. Good Physical condition


( Good Food, Sleep & Habits )

2. Good Mental condition


( Correct thinking, avoid anger, envy, greed & worry )

3. Good Social Relationship


( Good Friends, Social Service etc.)

Proximate Factors
Earth

Quake

Cyclone
Floods

Iceberg Theory
On cost of accidents

Direct Cost Water Level

Indirect Cost

Iceberg

Sea Water

Cost of the ACCIDENT


DIRECT COST
Medical Expense

INDIRECT COST
Loss of production

SUFFERINGS
Physical Suffering

Compensation
Unproductive wage -------------------------------------

Damage to Machines
Loss of Materials Legal Expense Loss of Morale Loss of Reputation 80 %

Mental Suffering
Family Suffering ---------------------------------------Cannot be Compensated

20 %

Thanking you
Design, Photography and editing
by

S. Sundar Atman
Deputy Chief Inspector of Factories (T&S) Salem

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