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Presenting the facts

Information and statistics /


INTRODUCTION
Wikipedia Following a peaceful march on 6 August 2011 in
relation to the police response to the fatal shooting of Mark
Duggan by Metropolitan Police Service frearms offcers on
4 August 2011, a riot began in Tottenham, North London.
In the following days, rioting spread to several London
districts and eventually to some other areas of England,
with the most severe disturbances outside London occurring
in Bristol and cities in the Midlands and NW of England.
The riots were characterised by rampant looting and
arson attacks of unprecedented levels. PM David Cameron
returned early from his holiday to attend to the matter.
All police leave was cancelled and Parliament was recalled
on 11 August to debate the situation.
Police action was blamed for the initial riot, and the
subsequent police reaction was criticised as being neither
appropriate nor suffciently effective.
RIOTERS PROFILE
AGE:
BBC News graph
About a ffth were aged between
10 and 17 and 31% were between
18 and 20.
An average age of 22 years and
9 months.
52.1% were aged 1824.
GENDER:
91.6% of rioters were male.
Only 22 women in court so far,
two of whom were 16 or under.
** FdA Illustration
Unit 5
Assignment 1:
Information
Design

08/11/11 15/11/11
PREVIOUS:
BBC News incl graphs
The statisticians say that 45% of
juveniles who have appeared have
had no recorded criminal history.
Weve also found out that 73% of all
of those brought before the courts have
criminal histories. Each defendant with
a criminal record has committed an
average of 15 offences. Roughly
a quarter of them have committed
10 or more offences and about 15%
had between six and 10 crimes on
their record.
All these previous crimes total 16,598
offences. Just under a quarter were
for theft-related offences, but almost
40% were for less serious summary
and breach offences (incl one in 10 for
drugs offences and more than one in
20 for violence)
Mirror
Two in three of those involved in the
riots who had a criminal record had
never been to jail, despite amassing an
average of 15 previous offences each,
fgures have shown.
One in four people charged over the
violence and looting that swept through
English cities had committed more than
10 previous offences, with one in 20
having more than 50.

Four in 10 of males aged 1017
who were brought before the courts
over the riots had at least one previous
conviction, compared with just one
in 50 of those aged 1017 in the
general population.
OFFENCES
The key offence was burglary
(BBC News).
Daily Mail (not graph)
30,000 people are suspected to have
been involved.
Guardian The accused have been
charged mainly with burglary or violent
disorder, we have not yet identifed a
single charge of riot.
Wikipedia As of 15 August, about
3,100 people had been arrested,
over 1,000 of those charged.
3,443 crimes across London linked
to the disorder.
Five people died and at least 16 others
were injured as a direct result of related
violent acts.
Telegraph
Breakdown of names, ages and
charges for all suspects: http://www.
telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/
LOCATION
London (1,051 arrested), Birmingham
(218 arrested, 445 for West Midlands),
Manchester (47 arrested, 174 for
Greater Manchester). Bristol
(24 arrested).
RESULTS/RESPONSE
Guardian 09 August
POLICE:
16,000 police deployed in London.
Emergency calls to police on Mon night: 20,800,
compared to 5,400 normally. A 400% increase.
Emergency calls to the London Fire Brigade on Monday
night: 2,169 15 times the normal amount.
Police offcers injured on Mon night: 44.
Places where extra police in London came from on Mon
night: Thames Valley, Kent, Essex, Hampshire, Surrey,
Northamptonshire, Cambridgeshire, Suffolk, Sussex.
DAMAGE:
Estimated minimum cost of the riots: 200 (Wikipedia).
2,500 shops and businesses targeted.
The number of stolen items recorded on auction sites
has tripled from two to six thousand since the riots began
until 15 August (Tech Digest).
CLEAN UP:
@riotcleanup followers: 85,615.
Members of the public cleaning up Clapham Junction: 350.
Notes from residents having their say via 'Love Wall` in
Manchesters Arndale shopping centre: over 4,000.
CONVICTIONS
The Mirror (15 August)
A total of 1,715 people had appeared before the courts
by midday on Monday, with two in three of these being
remanded in custody.
Some 315 have been sentenced so far, with more than one
in two (176) being jailed with an average custodial sentence
of 11.1 months. 79 jail sentences have been handed down
so far, with nine in 10 of those appearing in crown courts
being sent to prison, compared with one in three for similar
offences last year.
For those dealt with in magistrates courts, 97 have been
sent to jail four in 10 of those who have been sentenced
compared with one in 10 of those who appeared before
magistrates for similar offences last year.
Those involved in the riots being jailed for an average of
10.4 months for violent disorder, compared with an average
of 5.3 months last year.
For burglary, the average for those involved in the riots was
14.1 months, compared with 8.8 months last year.
RACE
Telegraph (not CCTV graph)
More than half of those charged with
offences were from a black or ethnic
minority background, compared with
42% who were white, the Ministry of
Justice fgures showed.
In some areas of the country the
proportion of black rioters were more
than fve times the local population.
However, fears that gangs had
spearheaded the disturbances were
dismissed as the analysis showed only
13% of offenders belonged to one.
In terms of ethnicity, 46% of those
appearing in court were from black or
mixed black backgrounds, 42% were
white and seven per cent were Asian.
POVERTY
Guardian and Telegraph
The majority of areas where suspects
live are deprived and 66% of them got
poorer between 2007 and 2010, when
the last survey was published.
41% of suspects live in the 10% most
deprived places in England.
More than a third of youngsters
involved had been excluded from
school in the previous year.
One in three adults were claiming
unemployment benefts, compared
with a 12% national average, and 160
rioters were in receipt of disability or
incapacity allowances.
TECHNOLOGY
social media observatory
60% increase in broadband internet
traffc caused by interest in the riots
and looting.
Twitter has been the biggest benefciary
of the unrest, according to web
analytics. The social information
network accounted for 1 in every
170 UK Internet visits on August 8.
Approximately 3.4 million people from
the UK visited Twitters homepage.
The social media impact of the London
Riots seems to be limited to Twitter,
though. Facebook didnt receive a
similar traffc spike. Hitwise attributes
this anomaly to the fact that Twitters
most prolifc users are located in
London postal codes, while Facebook
is more dominant in the northern UK.
News and media websites also
gained traffc as a result of the London
riots. Traffc to UK news and media
sites increased by 14% between
Mon and Tues. The BBC was the
biggest benefactor, garnering a third
of all Internet visits to UK news and
media websites.
Social media and mobile technology
have been playing a major role in
the riots. Rioters have been using
BlackBerry Messenger to organize
their activities, while other citizens
have utilized Twitter and Facebook
to organize riot cleanups.