You are on page 1of 2

Brazilian cuisine varies greatly by region, reflecting the country's mix of native and immigrant populations.

This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences.Examples are Feijoada, considered the country's national dish;[280] and regional foods such as vatap, moqueca, polenta and acaraj. Brazil has a variety of candies such as brigadeiros (chocolate fudge balls), cocada (a coconut sweet), beijinhos (coconut truffles and clove) and romeu e julieta (cheese with a guava jam known as goiabada). Peanut is used to make paoca, rapadura and p-de-moleque. Local common fruits like aa, cupuau,mango, papaya, cocoa, cashew, guava, orange, passionfruit, pineapple, and hog plum are turned in juices and used to make chocolates, popsicles and ice cream.[282] Popular snacks are pastel (a pastry), coxinha (chicken croquete), po de queijo (cheese bread and cassava flour / tapioca), pamonha (corn and milk paste),esfirra (Lebanese pastry), kibbeh (from Arabic cuisine), empanada (pastry) and empada little salt pies filled with shrimps or hearth of palm. But the everyday meal consist mosty of rice and beans with beef and salad.[283] Its common to mix it with cassava flour (farofa). Fried potatoes, fried cassava, fried banana, fried meat and fried cheese are very often eaten in lunch and served in most typical restaurants. [284] The national beverage is coffee and cachaa is Brazil's native liquor. Cachaa is distilled from sugar cane and is the main ingredient in the national cocktail,Caipirinha. The most popular sport in Brazil is football (soccer). The Brazilian national football team is ranked among the best in the world according to the FIFA World Rankings, and has won the World Cup tournament a record five times.[286] Basketball, volleyball, auto racing, and martial arts also attract large audiences.Brazil men's national volleyball team, for example, currently holds the titles of the World League, World Grand Champions Cup, World Championship and theWorld Cup. Others sports practiced in Brazil are tennis, team handball, swimming, and gymnastics have found a growing number of enthusiasts over the last decades. Some sport variations have their origins in Brazil: beach football,[287] futsal (indoor football)[288] and footvolley emerged in Brazil as variations of football. In martial arts, Brazilians developed Capoeira,[289] Vale tudo,[290] and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.[291] In auto racing, three Brazilian drivers have won theFormula One world championship eight times.[292][293][294] Brazil has hosted several high-profile international sporting events, including UFC 134, the 1950 FIFA World Cup[295] and has been chosen to host the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[296] The So Paulo circuit, Autdromo Jos Carlos Pace, hosts the annual Grand Prix of Brazil.[297] So Paulo organized the IV Pan American Games in 1963,[298] and Rio de Janeiro hosted the XV Pan American Games in 2007.[298] On 2 October 2009, Rio de Janeiro was selected to host the 2016 Olympic Games, the first to be held in South America[299] and second in Latin America after Mexico. In May 2010 Brazil launched TV Brasil Internacional, an international television station, initially broadcasting to 49 countries. Luiz Incio Lula da Silva, former President of Brazil, described its aim as "presenting Brazil to the world." [300] The core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture, because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese empire. Among other influences, the Portuguese introduced the Portuguese language, Roman Catholicism and colonial architectural styles.[269] The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions.[270][broken citation] Some aspects of Brazilian culture were influenced by the contributions of Italian, German and other European immigrants who arrived in large numbers in the South and Southeast of Brazil.[271][broken citation] The indigenous Amerindians influenced Brazil's language and cuisine; and the Africansinfluenced language, cuisine, music, dance and religion.[272] Machado de Assis, poet and novelist whose work extends to almost all literary genres, is widely regarded as the greatest Brazilian writer.[273] Brazilian art has developed since the 16th century into different styles that range from Baroque (the dominant style in Brazil until the early 19th century)[274][275] to Romanticism, Modernism, Expressionism, Cubism, Surrealism and Abstractionism.

Brazilian cinema dates back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century and has gained a new level of international acclaim in recent years. Brazil's large territory comprises different ecosystems, such as the Amazon Rainforest, recognized as having the greatest biological diversity in the world,[157]with the Atlantic Forest and the Cerrado, sustaining the greatest biodiversity.[158] In the south, the Araucaria pine forest grows under temperate conditions.[158] The rich wildlife of Brazil reflects the variety of natural habitats. Much of it, however, remains largely undocumented, and new species are regularly found.[citation needed] Scientists estimate that the total number of plant and animal species in Brazil could approach four million.[158] Larger mammals include pumas, jaguars, ocelots, rare bush dogs, and foxes; peccaries, tapirs, anteaters, sloths, opossums, and armadillos are abundant.Deer are plentiful in the south, and many species of New World monkeys are found in the northern rain forests.[158][159] Concern for the environment has grown in response to global interest in environmental issues. The Amazon Rainforest, the largest tropical forest in the world. Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil, IPA: [baziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil[8][9] (Portuguese: Repblica Federativa do Brasil, listen(helpinfo)), is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people.[10][11] It is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas and the largest lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country in the world.[10] Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi).[10] It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Surinameand the French overseas region of French Guiana; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by Bolivia and Peru; on the southwest by Argentina andParaguay and on the south by Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz.[10] It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile. Brazil was a colony of Portugal from the landing of Pedro lvares Cabral in 1500 until 1815, when it was elevated to the rank of kingdom and the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was formed. The colonial bond was in fact broken in 1808, when the capital of the Portuguese colonial Empirewas transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, after Napoleon invaded Portugal.[12] The independence from the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was achieved in 1822. Initially independent as the Empire of Brazil, period when it was a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchyand a parliamentary system, the country has been a presidential republic since 1889, after a military coup d'tat proclaimed the Republic, although thebicameral legislature, now called Congress, dates back to 1824, when the first constitution was ratified.[12] Its current Constitution, formulated in 1988, defines Brazil as a Federal Republic.[13] The Federation is formed by the union of the Federal District, the 26 States, and the 5,564 Municipalities.[13][14] The Brazilian economy is the world's seventh largest economy by nominal GDP[15] and the eighth largest by purchasing power parity.[16] Brazil is one of the world's fastest growing major economies[citation needed]. Economic reforms have given the country new international recognition.[17] Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, CPLP, Latin Union, the Organization of Ibero-American States, Mercosul and the Union of South American Nations, and is one of the BRIC countries. Brazil is also home to a diversity of wildlife, natural environments, and extensive natural resources in a variety of protected habitats.[10]

Related Interests