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TT hhee AAppppllee aanndd tthhee VVaall ddii NNoonn

TT he typical ag ricultural for m in Val di Non is a small land own- ership: the ter ritor y is mostly mountainous with little arable

land and poor soil fer tility. Between the eighteenth and nineteenth centur y, the main crops were wheat and r ye, followed by maize (cor n), wheat or buckwheat “for menton”, and potatoes. T he land- scape was characterized by a variety of plant species g rowing wild next to fr uit trees such as apricot, walnut, fig, chestnut, cher r y, peach, pear, apple. At the edg e of the forest there were strawber ries, bramble bushes, camomile, mallow, oreg ano, evening primrose, violet, yar row and other herbs. T hey were hedg es: field: barber- r y and privet, blackthor n, hawthor n, elder and pink car. Until the beginning of '900, there were abundant vine- yards, especially in areas of Revò, Tavon, Nanno and Denno. T hroughout the nineteenth centur y until the early twentieth centur y, the Val di Non pursed the culti- vation of cereals, vineyards and the mulber r y tree for the production of silk. When devastating diseases str uck these plants, there emerg ed the critical need to chang e. Hence, in the 1840s and 1850s, most of these crops were abandoned to make way for pear and apple orchards. T he apple tree was introduced in the years around 1800 in the area of Revò, favored by the mild climate and fer tile soil. After 1870, g rowers succeeded in the production of a specific apple, the Renetta. T he Renetta was popular beyond the valley and remained at the top of the pro- duction until substituted by the Golden Delicious.

In 1929, the cultivated fields in Val di Non apples were a total of 116 acres, compared with 208 acres vineyards. Between 1920 and 1940, apple and pear production increased, due to their profitability as crops.

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nineteenth centur y and the thir ties of the twentieth centur y were built the most impor tant work of collecting and channeling of water, with the aim of bringing ir rig ation in r ural areas. One of the most impor tant aqueducts was built in Val di Tovel , finished in 1852. At the beginning of the twentieth centur y, there e m e r g e d t h e C o o p e r a t ive m ove m e n t begun by Don Guetti, which g ave rise to some wineries, t h e s y n d i c a t i o n o f t h e f r u i t g r owe r s t o Fa m i l y

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Cooperatives food stores and Casse Rurali, cooperative

banks..

T he first Fr uit cooperative was founded in Revò,

followed in 1910 and Denno and Nanno in 1912. T he cooperatives also beg an to manag e the stores containing fr uit, which were bor n after 1924 and developed par tic- ularly in the fifties. In 1989, the Melinda Consor tium was founded, in order to cer tify the origin and the pro- duction of apples. Today, the Consor tium brings tog eth- er more than 4,000 fr uit g rowers, who g row to 54% of the apple production..

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In the thir ties, apple and pear production counted for 40% of the province’s area. At that time, however, the practice that still prevailed in the Val di Non was the meadow-orchard. On one side of the field were planted fr uit trees to trees that are g eog raphically distant and another par t was planted with g rass to obtain the fodder intended for animals. After World War II, the cultivation of fr uit brought wealth and chang ed the appearance of the Val di Non. Surely, the improvement of ir rig ation systems g ave a significant contribution, as well as the cre- ation of cooperatives. Between the mid-

Associazione Pro Loco Cles e Associazione Pro Cultura Centro Studi Nonesi

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