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The Duffer’s Guide to Bogey Golf ByBrianSwarbrick

(c)1973

Moreinformationisavailableinthebooknot

presentedhereinthissummary.

Sum m a r y

What Price Jack Nicklaus

1. Avoid that fatal fascination for the driver.

ofwherethisshothastogoinordertomakethe

nextoneeasier.

4. Remember the good shots, forget the bad

ones.Angerandfrustrationaretheruinofcon-

centration – and you can't hit properly if you're notthinkingproperly. Giveyourselfacheerythought:Byplayingto your own Personal par, even without improving your shot-making ability, you should be able to

break100–whichmaskyoubetterthanfourmil-

lionNorthAmericanGolfers.

Thereare14clubsinyourbag,andit'sjustone

ofthem.Apreoccupationwithtryingtohittheball outofsightalmostalwayscourtsdisaster.

1.Onlyfivefingersgriptheclub:thelastthree

fingersofthelefthandandthemiddletwofingers

hurts. Just by knowing that everything counts

you"psych"yourselfintoplayingthegameseri- 2.Ifyourgripiscorrect,youshouldbeableto

see no more than a peeping view of the first

knucklesofthelefthand;theVsofyourforefin-

gersandthumbsshouldpointtowardyourright shoulder; and the backs of both hands must pointstraighttothetarget.

3.Theleftelbowisstraight,insideoftheelbow

pointing out; the right elbow is slightly bent, in- side of the elbow canting slightly in toward the middleothebody.

4.Don'tworryifanyofthepositionsdescribed

feel at first to be a little awkward or uncomfort-

ablewhenyoustandataddress.What'simpor-

tant is that it will feel right at the moment of impact.

5. Remember, you control the swing with the

lefthand,youhittheballwiththeright–inthat order.

6.Alwaysthinkintermsofagripwhichallows

youtostartthebackswingbyshovingtheclub-

head backward, low, along the grass. Do not allowthegripwhichpermitsyou– infact,invites you – to lift the clubhead straight up and over yourhead. 7.At address, keep both wrists turned down

(firingathisfeet)tominimizeanytendencytoei-

therbreakthestraightlinefromshouldertoback

allytrue:it'snothow,it'showmany.

clubthantheotherfellow.Thatoldsayingisre-

pabilities.There's no dishonor in needing more

choicemightindicate.Berealisticaboutyourca-

ofgettingthejobdone,nomatterwhatyousee others using, or no matter what the routine

Fun and Profit on the Driving Range

2.Counteverystroke,nomatterhowmuchit

oftheright.Everythingelseisalongfortheride.

ously.

3.Usetheclubthatgivesyouthebestchance

4. Take your time with every stroke, and put

thegalleryoutofyourmindwhileyou'remaking yourshot.Itisfantasticallydifficulttogetagood shotawayifyourmindisonthepeoplearound you.And if you run up against a fellow who is doingsomethingreallydistracting,juststepaway

from your ball and look at him. That's usually enoughtoshuthimup.Butremember,oncehe's shutup,forgethimcompletely.

5. Don't preselect your club. Wait till you are

standing at the ball before hauling the weapon

outofthebag.

6.Don'ttrytothreadarecoveryshotthrough

animpenetrableforest.Inthiscase,theshortest

distancebetweentwopointsisusuallyL-shaped.

Whose Par Is Whose

1. We all shoot better than we score. Save

youroldscorecardsandfindoutwhatyourPer- ofhand,ortocockthewristsprematurely.

sonalParreallyis-thengoafterit.

2. Study your course. Learn its good points

andbadpointsastheyapplytoyourowngame.

The Stance: Where and How to Find It

1.Theballisalwayshitofftheleftheel.

right.

3.Don’tgetontoyourtoes,alwayskeepyour

weightonyourheels.

4.Keepingthebackstraight,sagattheknees

slightly as if “sitting down to the ball.”This sets you up for the proper knee action, reduces the tendencytotipforwardontothetoes,andgives your body a little slack to protect against being pulledoffbalanceinthebackswing.

5. Get used to the idea that you are going to

place your feet no wider than shoulder width

apart.Indufferdom,thebigspreaddoesnotpro-

ducepower.

6.Addresstheballbytakingapositionalong

a line drawn from the target to the ball, not the other way around. Start off the lining-up proce- durebyapproachingtheballfrombehind,along thisimaginaryline,ratherthanfromtheside.

You Can’t get Away With Murder

1.Concentrateondevelopingaproperswing

andforgetabouttryingtohittheball.

2. Start the backswing by moving the knees

and hips into the turn; start the downswing the

same way. Do not start either process with the shoulders.

3. Practice your exercises until you can feel

theclubheadweightatthetopofthebackswing, and all the way through the downswing. If you

can’t feel the weight of the clubhead, you have lostyourcrack-the-whipmomentum.

4. With the feet firmly planted, develop a full

bodytwist,whichprovidestheinitialmomentum for the knees and hips to whip into the down- swing.

5.Remember,startyourtake-awaybyshoving

theclubheadbackacrossthegrass,andnotby

liftingitoveryourhead.

Tell Yourself What Not to Do

1. When you’re trying to correct a fault, work

at it from both directions simultaneously. Tell

yourselfwhatyouhavetodo–butalsotellyour-

selfwhatnottodo.

2.Thischaptercontainstwolists:whyitwent

right,andwhyitwentwrong.Learnbothofthem.

Aftereveryshotyoushouldbeabletosay,“be-

causeIdidsuchandsuch,soandsohappened.”

It will strengthen your strong points and make youawareofyourweaknessesinaconstructive way.

3. Become practiced in the forward press. It

makesforamuchsmoothertake-awaythantry-

ingitcold,fromanabsolutelystationaryposition.

4. Slow down your backswing.That ball isn’t

goinganywhereuntilyouhitit.

5.Whenyoureachthetopofthebackswing,

don’tstarttohittheball.Turnyourhipsinstead. It’s the only way to get back down again smoothly.

The List:

Firstlet’sreviewthepropergolfingstrokeand

howitisachieved.

Thehandsgriptheclubinsuchawaythatthe back of the left hand and the palm of the right pointdirectlytowardthetarget. The left arm is straight, with the inside of the elbow pointing out from the body, and there is verylittlebendinthelinefromtheleftshoulder to the clubhead.The right arm is bent, relaxed, withtherightelbowheldcomfortablyclosetothe body.Bothhandsareturneddownatthewrists, asiffiringsix-shootersintothegroundinfrontof you. Becausetheleftarmisstraightandthehand isturneddown,youcannotpicktheclubheadoff thegrass.Allyoucandoisshoveitbackward. Because the left side controls the backswing inthissweepingorshovingmotion,theclubhead isforcedtotakethelongwayroundtothetopof theswing.Andbecausetheleftsidewillcontrol

mostofthereturntrip,savethelast12inchesof

theimpactarea,theclubheadwillbenefitfroma

verylongarcinitsdownwardpath,therebypick-

ingupmoreandmorespeed.

Becausethedownswingisinitiatedatthehips,

withtheclubheadbeingthelastsegmentofthe

chaintogetthemessage,theinertiacausedby

theclubhead’sweightresistingthereversalofdi-

rectionwillcausetheshafttobend. Becausethegolfer’swristsarethesecondlast segment of the chain to experience the crack- the-whipeffectandbecausetheyexperiencethis effectjustastheyentertheimpactarea,theywill beforcedtouncockwithgreatpower.

theintendedlineofflightonitswayinside. Because this outside-in downswing allowed theclubfacetoslideacrossthebackoftheball atthemomentofimpact(ratherthanmeetingthe backoftheballsquarely),theballstartedoffwith aclockwisespin,onit.

ment,thebowedshaftwillbeforcedtostraighten

outwithavicioussnap,whichwilltremendously

increasethespeedoftheclubheadasitencoun-

ters the back of the ball. Because the speed of the clubhead is so great, and because there is still momentum in the body, the clubhead will shoot out toward the target until it reaches the limit of the golfer’s extended arms, eventually bringing the whole body around into what is knownasthehighfinish. Thegolfer’snavelwillbeaimeddirectlyatthe

Becauseitisspinningupandtotheright,the

target, and the ball will go rocketing toward its goalasiffireddirectlyfromthebellybutton. The ball will go straight because the golfer’s feetwereproperlypositionedtosenditstraight, andbecausethegolfer’shandsbroughttheface

oftheclubheadintothebackoftheballinaper- 1.Nevertrytohittheballashardasyoucan.

fectlysquareposition. Hurray!Now,let’sseewhathappenswhenwe doitwrong. Firstthehandsgriptheclubinapositionwhich makesiteasiertolifttheclubheadupratherthan move the clubhead around the body, they con- tinuetodosobybendingtheelbows,takingthe lineofleastresistance. Becausethebentarmsnolongerneedtheleft hip to help shove the clubhead into its arc, the hipsareleftvirtuallystationary,stillattheposition ofaddress. Because the whole body has not been em- ployed in the big, extended arc of a full back- swing the swing is more of loop than an arc, moreofacirclethananellipse,andtheclubhead issent–notaroundtheturnedshoulders–but overandbehindthehead. Becausethereisalmostnoturnedbodytoturn back(itremainedmoreorlessatthepositionof address),thegolferhasnootheralternativethan tostarthittingtheballfromthetopoftheswing, using only his arms and shoulders, producing forceratherthanmomentum.

2. In the first 12 inches of take-away you

extra smoothness, which will make the ball go furtherinthelongrun.

Bysavingalittlesomething,you’rebuyingalittle

Becausethewristsuncockatthisprecisemo-

Because the clubface cannot be effectively kept square with this kind of swing, it was al-

lowedtofallopen,increasingtheloftoftheclub-

faceandincreasingtheclockwisespin,andalso

addingbottomspin.

ballwillgoupandtotheright.

Becausewewillprobablyneverseeitagain,I

hopeyoubroughtplentyofspares.

Putting It All Together

shouldbeable(outofthecornerofyoureye)to see the clubhead begin to curve inside the in- tended line of flight. If you can’t see it by then,

it’s unlikely it’s going to happen later – which means you’ll be hitting outside-i – and that meansaslice.

3.Everyonceinawhile,stopatthetopofthe

backswingandtrytoturnthetoeofyourclubto-

ward the sky. It’s a good check to see if you’re keeping your clubface square throughout the swing (toe up, clubhead square, toe down or

back,clubheadopen).Yourlefthandshouldbe on top of the shaft at the top of the backswing, andyourrighthandshouldbeundertheshaft.

4.Don’ttrytocureaslicebyaimingleftortoe-

ing in the clubhead. Correct your grip and your swing,notthecourseortheequipment.

5. Don’t try to get the shaft parallel to the

ground at the top of the backswing at the ex- penseofthepropergrip.Anoverswingismuch worsethanaslightlyshortenedbackswing.

6.Strivetoachievealatehit,bygettingallof

yourbodythroughtheshotbeforetheclubhead

getsthere.Itshouldhelptopracticeaimingthe

buttoftheshaftattheballaslongasyoucanin

thedownswing.

Because the clubhead was over and behind thegolfer’sheadatthetopoftheswing,itreturns along the same path, finally meeting the ball along a line known as “outside-in” – which means that the clubhead crossed the down- swing,andthenmettheballasitagaincrossed

7. Keep your head steady – but not rigid –

overtheball.Theshouldersturnunderthechin,

whilethechinremainsasstationaryaspossible.

8. Don’t try to swing while you’re still worried

aboutsomethingelse.Confidenceisrequiredin concentration, and concentration is required in everyshot.

short.

6. If you tend to tense up when faced with a

delicate little chip, start your practice sequence

by“hittingittoobig,”andthensystematicallyre-

duce the swing to the right weight.The shorter theshot,thesmootheritmustbe.

7. If you can’t judge weight easily, imagine

you’relobbingtheballunderhand,thenstrokeit

withwhatfeelslikethesmaeamountofeffort.

8. When you get in the sand, remember that

thefirstrequirementistogetout–anywayyou can.

9.Remember,the“explosionshot”fromsand

is exactly that, an explosion of sand caused by yourclubbitinginacoupleofinchesbehindthe ball and then carrying through. It’s the follow- throughwhichmakesitanexplosion;otherwise it’s just an earth tremor, and that won’t get the ballout.

What’s So Tough About Bogey?

1.Getyourdefinitionsstraight.Whenyou’rein

trouble you’re in the rough, or the trap, or the water; when you’re in danger, those are the placesyou’regoingtobeinifyourpresentshot goes wrong. Recognize a dangerous lie when yougettoit,andthenheadforsafetybeforeyou getintomoretrouble.

2. Use your scorecard to keep a three-way

runningcheckonyourgame:howmanystrokes

you’ve played, how many strokes you’ve lost through inexperience, and how many strokes you’velostbecauseyoudidn’tthink.Itmaytake youawholeseasontostopslicing,butyoucould stopmakingbaddecisionstoday,ifyoutried.

Happiness Is a One-Putt Green

1.Approacheachputtwithconfidence.Ifyou

thinkyoucanmakeit,frequentlyyou’reright.If

3.Spendfiveminutesadayongettinginphys- youdon’tthinkyoucanmakeit,chancesareyou

won’teventry.

2. The proper putting stroke sweeps the ball

into the cup, it doesn’t swoop down and try to

knockitin.

3.Followthroughwitheveryputt;neverjabat

theball. 4.Adopt any grip or stance or body position youwantto,aslongasitallowsyoutokeepyour body steady and does not restrict a smooth, straightstroke.

5.Ataddress,positionyourhandsjustatrifle

low,sothatyoudon’thavetoconsciouslyliftthe

clubtofreethebladefromthegrass.

6. Keep your eyes on the ball until you hit it,

thenkeeplookingatwheretheballwasuntilyou

hear it drop into the cup. Never lift your head,

neverlookatthecupuntiltheballcompletelydis-

appearsfromyourfieldofvision.

7.Learnhowtoreadthegreenbackward,from

Those Last Few Yards to Glory

ical shape for golf. You’ll feel better, you’ll live longer, and it will speed up the time it takes to getyourgameinshape.

1.There’s a big difference between going for the green and going for the cup. Go for the

smallertargetassoonasyoucan.Oftentheduf-

ferwillbewellwithinrangeforaprecisionshot,

andwastetheopportunitybynotrecognizingit.

Hefailstohitthetargetbecausehefailedtotry.

2. Take a few practice swings before every

shot,particularlybeforetheprecisionshots:the approachesandtheputts.Youshouldbeableto trimthegrassinpracticebeforeyoutrytohitthe ball.Don’ttrytohitituntilyoucan.

3.Nevertrytohittheballsoftly.Everyshotin

therepertoiremustbecrispandauthoratative.

4. When in doubt about distance, over-club

yourself and swing easily, rather than trying to strainafewextrayardsbyoverswinging. 5.Always be willing to go a shade long.Ac- cording to the old saying, “If it’s not up, it will never go in.” Duffers are notorious for shooting

the cup back to the ball. Figure out where your ball has to get to roll into the cup, then worry abouthowtogetitthere.