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Reg. No.

Question Paper Code :

53207

B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER./DECEMBER 2010

Mechanical Engineering

ME 2305 APPLIED HYDRAULICS AND PNEUMATICS (Regulation 2008) Time : Three hours Answer ALL questions PART A (10 2 = 20 Marks) 1.

Why are hydraulic systems preferred for heavy work than the pneumatic systems? What is neutralization number of hydraulic fluid? Give its significance. Why are double acting cylinders known as differential cylinders? Draw the ANSI symbols for (a) (b)

2. 3. 4.

a pilot-operated check valve, and a shuttle valve.

5. 6. 7.

Mention few applications where piston motors are employed. What are the functions of accumulators? What do you mean by bleed- off circuit control? Distinguish between meter-in and meter-out circuits with respect to speed control circuits. What is a bistable flip-flop? If an air cylinder produces erratic cylinder action, identify the probable causes and also give remedies for them.

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8. 9. 10.

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Maximum : 100 Marks

Fifth Semester

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PART B (5 16 = 80 Marks) 11. (a) (i) Compare and contrast between hydraulic, pneumatic and electromechanical power systems. (8)

(ii)

List out the applications of fluid power employed in different industries/fields. (8) Or

(b)

(i)

Fluid is flowing through a tapering pipe having diameters 50mm and 25mm at sections 1 and 2 respectively. The discharge through the pipe is 7.5Lps (i.e., liters per second). The section 1 is 3m above datum and section 2 is 1.25 m above datum. If the pressure at section 1 is 200 kPa, find the pressure section 2. The specific gravity of the fluid is 0.9. (8) Write Pascals law. Explain any one applications of Pascals law with neat diagram. (8)

(ii)

(ii)

Find the offset angle for an axial piston pump that delivers 1.25 Lps at 2000 rpm. The pump has nine 12.7mm diameter pistons arranged on a 130mm diameter piston circle. The volumetric efficiency is 94%. (6)

(b)

(i) (ii)

What is the purpose of cushioning cylinder?

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Or

12.

(a)

(i)

Enumerate the working principle of balanced vane pump with neat sketch. Also write the advantages and disadvantages. (10)

A hydraulic motor has a displacement of 150 cm3 and operates with a pressure of 85 bars and a speed of 1800 rpm. If the actual flow rate consumed by the motor is 5 Lps and the actual torque delivered by the motor is 185 N-m, find : (1) (2) (3) (4) volumetric efficiency. mechanical efficiency, overall efficiency, and kW power delivered by the motor. (8)

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(iii) Define the terms used to evaluate the performance of hydraulic motor. (4)

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(4)

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13.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

What is the purpose of pressure compensated flow control valve? (4) Or

(b)

(i)

Take the density of oil is 1000N/m3. (ii)

An accumulator is loaded with 400KN weight. The ram has a diameter of 300mm and stroke of 6m. Its friction maybe taken as 5 percent. It takes two minutes to fall through its full stroke. Find the total work supplied and power delivered to hydraulic appliances by the accumulator, when 0.0075m3/s of liquid is being delivered by a pump, while the accumulator descends with the stated velocity.

Draw and explain a basic hydraulic circuit employing an intensifier for using in a punching press. (8)

14.

(a)

(b)

(i)

Explain with neat sketch the working of semi-automatic control of a double acting pneumatic cylinder. (10) Explain the working of a hydraulic circuit used in drilling machine (6) What are electro hydraulic servo systems? Write the advantages of the electro hydraulic servo systems over hydro mechanical servo system. (8) Draw and explain the construction and operation of proportional pressure relief valve. (8) Or

(ii)

15.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

(b)

(i)

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Draw the block diagram of a PLC and explain the working of major elements. (8)

(ii)

List out any five types of faults that can be found in compressors. Also write the remedial actions for the faults. (8)

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Or

Develop an electro pneumatic circuit by cascade method for the following sequence: A+ B+ B A where A and B stand for cylinders, (+ ) indicates extension and (-) indicates retraction for cylinders. (16)

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(8)

How 4/3 direction control valve is working in hydraulic power circuits? Explain the construction detail with neat sketch. Draw the graphical symbol of the valve. (12)

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