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Vol. 2 No. 4

May-June 2009

Are all religious rituals equal? Does God care how we...

Worship The Lord!
All religions have their forms of worship. Go to an assembly of those who worship Allah, or any of the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Or the myriad worship forms within the Christian religion. Each is distinctive. Indeed the form of worship is almost a "badge" which sets each apart from one another. Each has recognizable regalia - like the Christian "dog-collar" or cross, the Muslim crescent, the Buddhist tonsure. Each has its unique holy days. The Muslim community, for example, worships weekly on Fridays and also on specific festival days - such as during Ramadan. Christians choose Sunday - and Easter, Christmas etc., while in Judaism there is the weekly seventh-day Sabbath and various holy days throughout the calendar year. Worship can be defined as "reverent homage or service paid to God", the word deriving from the root signifying worthiness. Surely, the Creator of all that exist merits devout worship. But does the (Continued on page 7…)

Counting to

When does Pentecost occur? What day of the week? What day of the year? Does it always occur on Sunday? In the history of the Churches of God, controversy arose during the 70’s as to whether the day should be observed on Monday or on Sunday.
In Leviticus 23:15-21 it says "You shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall you number fifty days; . . . And you shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: you shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations" At that time everything hinged on that word from in verse 15. When counting, do you include Sunday or do you start with Monday. Whichever day you start out on is the day you end up on. For example, if you start counting on Monday, Pentecost will be Monday seven weeks later. If you start counting on Sunday, Pentecost will be on Sunday, seven weeks later. So the question to answer was do you count ‘inclusively' or ‘exclusively'?


To find this out, some leaders in the Church, even went to the Jewish community to enquire on how they dealt with the word ‘from'. Does it include the day they start with or does it start the next day? Well, as it turned out, they include the day. For example if one started counting from the day after the Sabbath, you would include that next day, ‘Sunday' as the 1st day. Up until that time the Church observed Monday as Pentecost. It always fell on Monday as the day the church began counting from always started out on ‘the morrow after the Sabbath' counting from (exclusively) and ended up on Monday, fifty days later. So when it was discovered that the Jewish community counted ‘inclusively' the Church changed from observing Pentecost on Monday to that of keeping it on Sunday. But which Sabbath? Which Sabbath do you start counting from. This is also a big question. The understanding back then, as well as now with most major corporation ‘churches of God' is that the Sabbath you count from is the weekly Sabbath that falls within the week of the ‘Days of Unleavened Bread'. This answer usually settled it with most members, although, some continued to question and have doubts about that part. In 2001 this writer observed some of the confusion over this issue when the 1st Day of Unleavened Bread fell on Sunday (April 8) and the 7th Day of Unleavened Bread occurred on the following weekly Sabbath (April 14). If one uses the logic described above, the church should have begun counting from the Sunday following April 14. That would have put Pentecost on Sunday, June 3, but

most major corporation groups didn't. Instead they started counting from Sunday (April 8) which put Pentecost on Sunday (May 27). Some groups did, however, observe Pentecost on June 3. (See Figure 1) Was June 3 the correct day? Was May 27 the correct one? Were either one of them correct? Some claim you must go to the land of Palestine to find out when they begin the barley harvest to know which Sabbath is the closest and the one to begin counting ‘from'. Is that the way we must proceed? Why all this confusion?

assemblies to be kept year by year, forever, would he leave it to chance? Not likely. To this writer there are sure principles, sure guidelines, that the scriptures give to assure accuracy on this issue. It is not a chance thing and one can have full confidence in it being correct. One other thing, as our pioneers in our church taught us the principle in Bible study-if one starts off to prove something true or false, one must not begin on an assumed premise. One must first start off on firm solid ground with that beginning premise rooted and provable beyond question. Else, any conclusion following will have questions surrounding it and more than likely be a wrong one. To this writer this teaching is still valid and correct today. Sure guideline number one is that Christ came to fulfill the prophecies written about him. Notice what he said in Matthew 5:17. "Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill." In the past as well as presently, the Church has used this verse to show God's commandments are as much in force today as when he gave them. This is true, but sometimes do we consider the second part of this sentence as much as we should? He says he didn't come to destroy the law or the prophets. This is not meaning the prophets themselves, but what the prophets wrote. He said he didn't come to undo that, but to ‘fulfill' it. (Mat. 5:17) Therefore if Jesus fulfilled the prophecies of himself as written down 2

Does God expect us to sort of guess when to keep these days or figure it out the most logical way we see it. Is this something he leaves up to us? In 1 Corinthians 14:33 it says "God is not the author of confusion", therefore there must be an explanation. If God would have us keep His Holy Days, which he commands as sacred

by Moses and the other prophets, he fulfilled them exactly at the right times. So we must first start with the Old Testament Scriptures for the basis of when and how we are to do things. When we do it this way we can see how he fulfilled them perfectly, and if we follow them as he did we will be on track and will not go astray. The second sure guideline is given in Mat. 23:1-3. "Then spoke Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples saying, ‘The Scribes and Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do. . ." All of the things Moses wrote about, concerning the Passover, Pentecost and the other Holy Days, he says the Scribes and Pharisees were doing correctly. Jesus went on to say "but do not you after their works". The works that they were involved with or what they were doing was a totally different thing. Notice what Eerdman’s Bible Dictionary says under the heading ‘Pharisees'. (Emphasis mine) “PHARISEES (Gk. Pharisaioi) One of the parties or movements within Judaism of the late Second Temple period (ca. 150 B.C. - A.D. 70). The Pharisees were noted most for their exact observance, of the Jewish religion, their accurate exposition of the law, their handing down of extra biblical customs and traditions, their moderate position with regard to the interplay of fate and free will, and their belief in the coming resurrection and in angels… During the time of Jesus and the first generation of the Church, the temple was essentially controlled by the Sadducean aristocracy and was the center of the religious life of the Jews. But through Pharisaic scribes the synagogues often became points of Pharisaic influence on the common people. Still the enduring significance of the Pharisees for Judaism lies less in the direct impact on Second Temple Judaism than in their survival as the most viable leadership after the destruction of the temple. Almost all

forms of modern Judaism trace their lineage through the Pharisees. .. In the Gospels "Pharisees" has become one of the generalized designations for the opponents of Jesus (e.g., Mat. 27:62; John 7:32; 18;3) This negative view of the Pharisees can obscure the fundamental agreement of Jesus with them on a number of points, including resurrection (cf. Matt. 22:2333) and the validity of the Pharisees interpretation of the precepts of the Torah although it is likely that the points on which Jesus and the Pharisees agreed are those held in common by all Jews. . . The conflict appears not to have been carried over into the period of the Church's history covered by the book of Acts. Pharisees appear as defenders of the Church (Acts 5:3439; 23;6-9) and as conservative members of the Church (15:5). When Paul speaks of his background as a Pharisee, he does not denigrate Pharisaism per se, even as he regards his former life focused on the fulfillment of the precepts of the law as replaced by his life as apostle to the Gentiles. . ." Again as stated above, the Sadducees were the Aristocracy but it was the Pharisees that really prevailed as the teachers and had sway among the common people. Notice what Eerdman's says: “Most members of the Sanhedrin, the central judicial authority of Jewish people, were Sadducees. Thus the Sadducees were the party of those with political power, those allied with the Herodian and Roman rulers, but they were not a group with influence among the people themselves. The views of the Pharisees prevailed among the common people, so that even though the two groups differed with regard to items in the laws of purity and details of temple procedure during the feasts, the Sadducean priests were compelled to operate according to the Pharisees' views".

Eerdman's Bible Dictionary says this about the "Scribes" “Scribes (Heb. Soper; Gk. Grammateus). Interpreters and teachers of the Mosaic law. . . The model for the teachers of the law was Ezra. His designation as Heb. Soper "secretary, scribe, learned person" (Ezra 7:6) became the standard Hebrew designation for the teachers of the Torah. In the New Testament these teachers are called primarily Gk. Grammateus "scribe, one learned in the Scriptures," but also nomodidaskalos "teacher of the law" and nomikos "lawyer." . . . Most of the scribes were adherents of the Pharisees' interpretation of the Torah. It was the Pharisees, as opposed to the Sadducees, whose concept of "oral Torah" gave the greatest respect of the development of legal traditions in the teachings of the scribes. So with these two broad principles in mind we can proceed to see how Pentecost as well as the other Holy Days were observed. Again, Jesus was a Jew. He came from the lineage of Judah, (Heb. 7:14) and during his young life growing up, followed the teachings of his parents, observed the Passover (Luke 2:41 & 51) and kept all the teachings of the Scribes & Pharisees of the law was passed down from Moses and the Prophets. Jesus had no conflict with that at all. So when did Jesus observe Pentecost? Well, he observed it the same time as his countrymen did. Which followed the instruction laid down in the Old Testament scriptures, particularly Leviticus 23. Therefore, let's look closely at the verse. "And you shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering;seven Sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall you number fifty days;" When were they to bring the sheaf of the wave offering? What Sabbath is the verse referring to? This is the big 3

question. There are at least two schools of thought on this issue. That of the Pharisee's interpretation and that of the Sadducees. Notice what Eerdman's Bible Dictionary says under the heading ‘Weeks - Feast of'. "The determination of a precise date for the beginning of the festival has remained a matter of long standing debate in rabbinic writings. The crucial phrase ‘The morrow after the Sabbath' (mimmah rat hassabbat; Lev. 23:15) has been subjected to two major interpretations: That of the Sadducees, who understood the Sabbath as a normal weekly one and began counting the seven weeks the day after (thus the counting could begin anytime during the passover week, depending upon where the normal Sabbath fell after the first day of Passover), and that of the Pharisees, who interpreted the Sabbath of Lev. 23:15 in a more restrictive sense as the first day of the Passover Feast, whereby the counting of the seven weeks always began on the second day of Passover. (Emphasis mine throughout) The New Catholic Encyclopedia says this under the heading "Date of Pentecost". “There was fixed, in Lev. 23:11,15-16, a period of 50 days from "the day after the Sabbath" of the massot, counting 7 weeks to "the day after the seventh week" on which the Pentecostal feast was to be observed. Later, the Pharisees identified the Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread with the feast-day itself on the 15th of the 1st month (Nisan) and, computing the 50-day period from the 16th, they celebrated Pentecost on the 6th day of the 3rd month. The Boethuseans (a sect of the Sadducees), interpreting the Sabbath as the ordinary Sabbath that fell during the week of the massot between the 15th and 21st day of Nisan, kept Pentecost on the Sunday following the 7th Sabbath." The Jewish Encyclopedia states basically the same thing as the other two sources above with some additional insight.

"Shavuot (Heb., "weeks," Pentecost, "the 50th day"), the festival celebrated on the sixth of Sivan (and also on the seventh outside Israel). The biblical names for the festival are "Hag Shavuot" ("Feast of Weeks," Ex. 34:22; Deut. 16:10); "Yom haBikkurim" ("The Day of the Firstfruits," Num. 28:26), and "Hag ha-Kazir" ("The Harvest Feast," Ex. 23:16). The rabbinic name is "Azeret" (RH 1,2 Hag.2,4). . . This Feast, one of the three "pilgrim festivals (Deut. 16:16), marked the end of the barley and beginning of the wheat harvest. . . It is stated in Leviticus: "From the day after the Sabbath, the day that you bring the sheaf of wave-offering you shall count (until) seven full weeks have elapsed: you shall count fifty days, until the day after the seventh week: then you shall bring an offering of new grain to the Lord: (Lev. 23:15-16 and to 21). Leviticus 23:11 states that the sheaf was waved on the day after the Sabbath on the festival of Passover. Thus Shavuot falls 50 days after this day. The "Sadducees (and later the Karaites) understood the term "Sabbath" in these verses literally, hence, for them Shavuot always falls on a Sunday. The Pharisees, however, interpreted "Sabbath" as the first day of Passover (which was a Sabbath, "day of rest") so that, for them Shavuot always falls on the 51st day from the first day of Passover. (Sifra Emor Perek 12; Men. 65a-66a). . .” It is possible the Pharisees insisted the Shavuot be observed on a fixed day because they wished to affirm that the festival commemorated the Sinaitic theophany which occurred on the 50th day after the Exodus (following the general Pharisaic belief in the oral Torah reaching back to Moses which the Sadducees denied)." Continuing on in Leviticus 23:15 it says "from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh

Sabbath shall you number fifty days; " ... The word Sabbath here can also be rendered ‘week' or ‘weeks'. Notice Numbers 28:26. "Also in the day of firstfruits, when you bring a new meat offering unto the Lord, after your weeks be out. . ." In Deuteronomy 16:16 it says, "three times in a year shall all your males appear before the Lord your God. In the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, in the feast of weeks, in the feast of tabernacles: . . ." In Exodus 34:22 it says, "And you shall observe the feast of weeks . . ." The Hebrew word for weeks here in all three places is ‘Shabua' meaning ‘A seven, a week'. (Young's Concordance) Throughout the Old Testament the festival is known as the ‘Feast of Weeks' and in the New Testament it is called ‘Pentecost'. Young's Concordance says this, "Pentecost Feast on fiftieth day after Passover". The festival represents the end of a period of time known as the first-fruit harvest. It celebrates the end of that harvest. Therefore the Pharisaic view of this term ‘Sabbath' in Leviticus 23:15 is more appropriately rendered week instead of Sabbath. Reading it this way is as follows: "And you shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath" (the first day of unleavened bread), "from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven weeks shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh week shall you number fifty days…" Pentecost in the New Testament The Acts account of the first Pentecost after Jesus' resurrection says a great deal more when we consider some of the foregone discussion. That particular Pentecost was looked forward to with great anticipation by Jesus disciples. However, this anticipation was 4

probably occurring in more than the disciples only. Jesus' resurrection was an event that caused a great deal of excitement and interest. No doubt, word of it reached far and wide, including the secular world. It's quite possible that the word of others being resurrected at the same time was ‘noised' abroad as well. It's quite likely then, that many were beginning to take notice what was happening, particularly the scattered Israelites in the northern regions of Asia Minor. So when Pentecost occurred that year in 31 A.D. it seems to indicate that a great deal of interest was also there. It says, "there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven" (Acts 2:5) Were these people there just because they lived there, or were they there to keep this festival? It doesn't say. Let's read the account in Acts 2. "And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. . ." Now it doesn't say that this pertained only to the disciples, but from the amounts of people that are talked about later, indications are that there was a multitude of people in the area. If they were all there mainly to observe the day of Pentecost, how was it that they were all there at the same time? Pentecost was not a hit and miss thing. People were not observing it at different times. They were all there at the very same time under the same understanding of when it should occur. Notice again

Acts 2:5. "They were all with one accord in one place". The only answer appears to be that people at that time were not in a quandary as to when Pentecost was to be observed. Everyone knew. As stated above under the inserted article titled ‘Pharisees', the common people all knew and followed the established teaching on this subject. And with Jesus' own support (Matt. 23:2-3) it lent greater credence.

here at least, Jesus intent was to show who was following the correct teaching. It was not something hidden or intended only for his disciples, as was the case in some instances. This was for everyone to know. After his resurrection, Jesus' words no doubt took on a greater level of importance and maybe explain why the Pharisee's teaching survived after the destruction of the 2nd Temple in 70 AD, as Eerdman's Bible Dictionary says. Pentecost in Church Today the

Most Church of God groups count to ‘Pentecost' according to the way the Sadducees did at the time of Christ. They observed the ‘wave sheaf offering' as occurring on the day after the weekly Sabbath, that fell within the days of Unleavened Bread, and not the way the Pharisees did. They observed this event to take place immediately following the 1st Day of Unleavened Bread, which was also a Sabbath. (See Figure 2) The Church today takes its cue from John's account, where Jesus told Mary, "touch me not for I am not yet ascended to my Father; . . ."(John 20:17) Today the Church leadership assumes Jesus is fulfilling the ‘wave sheaf offering' at that time, when he did it the year he died and was resurrected. But is this assumption correct? Was that Sunday morning the proof that we are now to begin counting to ‘Pentecost' from that day? If so, then he changed the day. But that can't happen because he said he did not come to "destroy. . . the prophets" (Matt. 5:17) and he 5

Notice again when Jesus said the words in Matthew 23:2-3, it says he spoke these words to the multitude as well as his disciples. Sometimes Jesus spoke in parables or he spoke to his disciples in private but not this time. "Then spoke Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples, Saying, The Scribes and Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do;" It's quite evident,

followed the teaching of when the Scribes and Pharisees observed these things. (Matt. 23:2-3) So what's the answer? The only answer that can be is the same as what happened with the Passover the year of Jesus’ death. Most present day ‘Church of God' groups believe Jesus changed the observance of this event from the end of the 14th, as outlined in the Old Testament, to the beginning of the 14th in the New Testament. They take their words from what the apostle Paul said in 1st Corinthians 11:23. "For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread; . . ." Yes, Jesus delivered the symbols of the bread and wine the night before the actual Passover. But that's the point. Jesus, that year fulfilled the meaning of the 1st Passover in Exodus. That year he was killed at the very same time as all the other Jews were slaughtering their lambs. He could not, in the same way observe this event with all his countrymen, as he had done prior to that time. That year he would fulfill it's meaning exactly and perfectly as it had been foretold centuries before. He had to deliver the symbols at some time prior to that time and he chose the night before. In 1 Corinthians 11:23 it is simply a statement of when Jesus delivered the symbolism of the bread and wine. It does not say he changed the Passover observance to that time, a day earlier than the Scribes and Pharisees were teaching it. The same is true with the ‘wave sheaf offering', that year. Jesus couldn't possibly ascend to the Father on the day after the 1st Day of Unleavened Bread, as he was still in the grave. But again, like the Passover, that was a unique year. But does it mean he was not accepted of the Father on the proper time, fulfilling the scripture? Jesus physical life on this earth was a perfect example of how we should all live. He obeyed the will of his Father

in everything and submitted himself totally even to the point of dying a hideous death. Notice the words of John 19:28, "Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished that the scripture might be fulfilled, said, I thirst. . . when Jesus therefore had received the vinegar he said it is finished." Notice again the words, "all things… accomplished… scripture… fulfilled… it is finished". It's done. It's completed. Jesus' mission to this earth was over. He finished the job his Father gave him. His Father said of him when he was baptized, "This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased." (Matt. 3:17) Jesus said, "And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him." (John 8:29) Do we think for a moment his acceptance as the ‘wave sheaf' was not assured? Was it necessary in his fulfilling the ‘wave sheaf offering' to be able to ascend to his Father? To this writer his acceptance did not depend on that. He was accepted the moment he died. His acceptance was a sure thing. It's true, Jesus may have ascended to the Father on the day after his resurrection. But it only shows his complete determination to follow through to the very completeness that he did. But it no way says here that was the day the ‘wave sheaf offering' was now to be reckoned. No indeed, Jesus did fulfill the Scripture, and for us to assume this is now the day we are to start counting to Pentecost is to say he changed the day from what the Old Testament scriptures say and from what the Scribes and Pharisees were teaching. Conclusion So there you have it. From the Bible and other sources we can distinguish the difference between the way the Sadducees and Pharisees counted to Pentecost. The Sadducees method counted from where the ordinary Sabbath fell during the 7 days of Unleavened Bread, whereas the

Pharisees method always started counting on the second day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Which is correct? If we are to follow the advice of Jesus we need to observe the day the Scribes and Pharisees started counting. He said they are the ones who sit in ‘Moses seat'. They were the teachers of the Law (Torah) at that time. Nowhere does he say the Sadducees sit in ‘Moses seat'. When we look at all the evidence, both from Scripture and other secular sources, we can see the ‘sure guidelines' mentioned in the beginning of this study, stand up to the test, (1) Jesus fulfilled what the prophets wrote (2) The Scribes and Pharisees were observing the proper times when it all occurred. But to see it all in it's proper perspective we must view it as how Jesus fulfilled the scriptures. We must first read and follow the Old Testament directions, for they are exactly as Jesus did. But if we start with the New Testament, on the surface it appears Jesus changed the date of the Passover as well as the ‘wave sheaf offering'. Doing it this way is like putting the cart before the horse and it doesn't work. You cannot take the time frames of Jesus observance of the Passover symbolism and his ascension to the Father and make it fit into the Old Testament Scriptures. It just doesn't work that way, but it works perfectly when we see how Jesus actually fulfilled all the things written about him. The important thing is to believe what Moses wrote about Jesus. If we do this we will see how he fulfilled the scriptures and will be more inclined to believe what he said. Notice what he said in John 5:46-47, "For had you believed Moses, you would have believed me: for he wrote of me. But if you believe not his writings, how shall you believe my words?" So where does all this study on the subject leave us? To this writer it indicates we should make the necessary corrections as we are led to understand. God looks at each 6

heart. He does not condemn us or judge us on the basis of what we don't know. But Pentecost, like all other subjects ought to be studied by each person individually. Like it was commonly said by church leaders in the early going, "Don't believe me just because I said it, read it for yourself, check it out, prove it, and then believe it."

The purpose of this study was not to learn ‘some new thing' or to seek to divide any of the brethren in any way. And it is our hope that it will only lead to a better understanding of the Old and New Testaments and how they fit together. Many brethren may see things differently than what is presented here, and if one sincerely has points of disagreement and would

like to discuss them, we of this newsletter, encourage your response. If proof can be presented to the contrary of what this study shows, we also must be ready to make the necessary changes. by Arlan Weight
(Bismarck, North Dakota)

From Page 1...

spontaneously religious at times of crisis!

Why? Why this seeming irrational urge to look to supreme God - the God revealed in the Bible - accept all "Someone" beyond our own world? And why such diversity forms of homage? Is He equally pleased with worship on of belief? Does the belief in a Being beyond us - who can any day of the week, any time of year? Are Ramadan or comfort us, intervene for us, give life a purpose - simply Christmas and Easter or the Hindu Divali festivals all stem from human insecurity? acceptable to the Creator? The concept of a weekly rest day - common in many The Bible, of course, gives a firm The Bible claims that the God who ancient civilizations - is supernaturally revealed. It response: we worship because we inspired it is "jealous". Indeed His cuts across all time frames set by the sun or moon. were created as "sons of God" jealousy not infrequently flamed For example, it is not based on a quarter of the out in anger in the matter of month, which has twenty-nine or thirty days, - mankind is a direct creation of the worship! In this Lesson we will astronomically. one God who created all things by examine the reasons for this and Jesus Christ ... Genesis 2:4-7, see what He requires of His people. Colossians 1:13-17, Luke 3:38 Why Worship? Fewer than ten percent of the British nation, it has been estimated, ever darkens the door of a church. But around the world religious worship is at the heart of daily life of the vast majority of mankind. Indeed it has been suggested by psychologists that the "urge to worship" is in the hearts of all of us. It has been described as "humankind's natural religiosity". Worship is joyful and stems from a heart thankful to the sovereign God,for all His abundant mercies to us. But it is foolish to perceive God as a Being we can worship lightly and without due respect for His awesome majesty! I Chronicles 29:10-13 - the earliest human records depict man as a worshipping being ... Genesis 4:4 - God, as Creator of mankind and of all things, is sovereign. He commands. He reigns. He intervenes in human affairs to further His plans for us ... Genesis 2:16, Daniel 4:25, Genesis 6 - as such He commands and deserves our worship ... Psalm 95:1-7, Psalm 100 Diverse Worship The diversity of religious form is a vast worldwide "tourist attraction"! The colorful spectacle of religious parades in Ceylon or Bali or China draws millions. But are all doing obeisance to the same God? Is the One God pleased with such

Worship The Lord!

Even in the former communist nations - supposedly atheistic - the trappings of religion were evident, though secular on the surface. And when the restraints on religion were "In man's relation to God the act of zeal eased, millions flocked to the [KJV=jealousy] is more positively viewed as the churches. In Britain whose advancement of God and His glory over against philosophers, scientists - even substitutes.... His holiness does not tolerate religionists - have over the last competitors" Vine: Expository Dictionary hundred and fifty years spawned irreligion, the urge to worship has diversity" not been totally eliminated. Instead, worship has largely been perverted into consumerism - the worship of inanimate objects, like cars, homes. Indeed even religious nations like - The Scriptures reveal the United States are consumed with the material! Others turn to philosophies or to "fringe" religions These heavenly bodies are for signs (e.g., Jeremiah or to "cults". And everyone is 10:2, Acts 2:19), for seasons (Heb. moed = festivals Leviticus 23:2) and for days and years - i.e., to determine the calendar.

God as "jealous" ... Exodus 20:5, 34:14, Deuteronomy 4:24, 5:9, 6:15


- His jealousy includes the way we worship Him. Through Moses, God expressed to His selected nation of Israel His uncompromising insistence that He alone must be worshipped, and in His way ... Deuteronomy 32:12; 12:2932 - but Israel "lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation" and turned to other beings which, though called "gods" were not so. In fact, the gods of the surrounding nations were "devils" ... Deut. 12:15-20, I Corinthians 10:20

- Abraham was diligent to observe all that God had revealed, even to being known as God's friend ... Genesis 26:5, James 2:23 - through his son Isaac and his descendants, the knowledge of God was preserved after the Flood and in times of apostasy from God's known and revealed way ... Galatians 4:28 - Israel, however, strayed from the way of God

King Jeroboam I moved the existing autumn festival from the seventh month to the eighth month. In Israel ever after, heinous sin, especially idolatry, was often described as "after the way of Jeroboam who caused Israel to sin" ...I Kings 22:5153, II Kings 3:1-3

- no matter how superficially attractive the religious display, unless it reflects God's revealed form it is the worship of demonic powers. God Doesn't Change It's a relief to know that the Creator God is constant in all His ways. We can depend on His enduring love for all mankind. We can depend on Him to be unchanging in character, to be consistent in how we will attain salvation. His constancy also holds in the form and times for His worship! - when God had created everything and pronounced it "good" He set apart a time for man to rest, to recuperate weekly from his daily activities and to communicate with his Creator in a "holy assembly" ... Genesis 2:1-3, Exodus 20:8-11, Leviticus 23:3, Deuteronomy 5:12-15

- within months of their deliverance from Egypt under Moses, they reverted to idolatrous worship ... Exodus 32:1f, Acts 7:40 - through centuries of luke-warm adherence to God's way, the nation finally divided in two after the death of Solomon - and became known as the House of Judah and the House of Israel. Judah remained faithful for another four hundred years while Israel immediately rejected God's specified time for worship ... I Kings 12:25-32 - this action usurped God's prerogative to set the times for His worship ... Daniel 7:25, 2:21 - the result of Judah's later desecration of the Sabbaths was a captivity of seventy years in Babylon ... II Chronicles 36:24-31, Ezekiel 20:12-26, 39

The inspired writers time-and-again echoed the warning of Jesus himself, that we must constantly be on guard against destructive heresies in the church. Unless a vital doctrine can be explained from the Scriptures it is to be rejected. Later traditions must reflect the Bible teaching.

- we also find that, before the creation of man, He established astronomical laws which were geared to His worship plan ... Genesis 1:14-18

Love For God And Man

Written by God, into Israel's Constitution was the document we know as The Ten Commandments. This, originally carved in stone by God's own hand, outlines human - God set the earth, sun and moon into orbits which would relationships with God (the sustain life on earth. They first four) and with man (the also would serve to mark the vast majority of us are "born into" our religion - Hindu, Muslim, last six commandments) out the times when He Methodist, Roman Catholic, etc. For most Christians, the teachings of asked for formal annual their church are simply accepted without any investigation of the Exodus 20:1 God said to worship ... Acts 2:14 source of Christianity - the Bible. Are your core beliefs mere tradition the people of Israel: I am or can you provide evidence for them from Scripture? ... Mark 7:6-9 the LORD your God, the - the divinely-appointed one who brought you out of times for worship have from earliest civilizations been linked Egypt where you were slaves. to the harvest seasons. This seasonal plan is a pattern for the unchanging purpose which God has for mankind. Some details of this plan will unfold in the next lesson. The Ten Commandments 1. Do not worship any god except me. 2. Do not make idols that look like anything in the sky or on earth or in the ocean under the earth. Don't bow down and worship idols. I am the LORD your God, and I demand all your love. If you reject me, I will punish your families for three or four generations. But if you love me and obey my laws, I will be kind to your families for thousands of generations. 8

In sum, there is a pattern for worship which God initiated before man set foot on the planet. Decadent forms of it are detectable in the worship of ancient nations - even among the Canaanites whom Israel succeeded in Palestine. But it is among the descendants of the patriarchs Shem and Abraham that the true worship was preserved.

- the church of God in apostolic times 3. Do not misuse my name. I am the LORD your God, and I will "In the interval between the days of the contended with those Paul called punish anyone who misuses apostles and the conversion of Constantine "false apostles". These men came into my name. [ca. 325 A.D.] the Christian commonwealth the church "under cover" or became 4. Remember that the Sabbath changed its aspect ... Rites and ceremonies of themselves deceived. They peddled Day belongs to me. You have which neither Paul nor Peter ever heard crept their false teachings under the guise six days when you can do into use then claimed the rank of divine of enlightenment, or "new truth", often claiming apostolic authority ... Acts your work, but the seventh institutions" [Dr. Killen: The Ancient Church] 20:28-31, 1 John 3:1-3, Revelation day of each week belongs to 2:2 me, your God. No one is to work on that day--not you, your children, your slaves, your animals, or the foreigners who live in - a subtle deception was to distort the truth but call it by the your towns. In six days I made the sky, the earth, accepted name. An example is falsifying the meaning of the oceans, and everything in them, but on the "soul" [see Lesson 4]. Paul warns about such deception, seventh day I rested. That's why I made the stating that Satan and his servants - angelic and human Sabbath a special day that belongs to me. present themselves as being guardians of truth ... II 5. Respect your father and your mother, and you will Corinthians 4:13-15 live a long time in the land I am giving you. 6. Do not murder. 6000 Years of Christianity! 7. Be faithful in marriage. It's a fallacy to imagine that Jesus Christ was the founder of some new religion! He was descended from Judah - i.e., a "Jew" The New Testament names for believers were brought up in a Jewish home and saints and followers of The Way. The term embedded in a Jewish culture. In him Christian was applied to them by unbelievers were fulfilled the prophecies of a and used by the apostles ... Acts 24:14, 11:26, coming Deliverer - a Messiah [see 1 Peter 4:16 Lesson 3]. It was not his function to do away with the ancient faith, but to restore it and to demonstrate how to fulfill its requirements - Jesus, quoting from the Old Testament, told his hearers not only physically but spiritually that the first four of the ten taught us how to love God, the remainder how to love neighbor ... Leviticus 19:18, - Jesus attended the synagogue on the Sabbath, observed Deuteronomy 6:5, Luke 10:27 the commandments, took part in the annual round of religious observances along with the other religious Jews ... - love for neighbor, as summed up in these last six Luke 4:16, 31; John 7:2, 14, Matthew 5:17-20 commands, is a concept shared by all the major religions and even by humanists and atheists. - if transported back in time as a It is largely practical common sense, contemporary of Abraham they would discoverable from experience As the implications of the death of Jesus sank in, have recognized each other's faith stemming from self-preservation! ... the disciples were led by the Spirit to understand and practice! ... Genesis 26:5, that the typology of the sacrifices were all Romans 2:14-15, 13:8-10 fulfilled in him, that circumcision was Romans 4 superseded by water baptism. The true faith was - love for neighbor is but one aspect no longer for Jews only .... 4:22-24, Acts 10:28; - but the apostasy which began in of God's unchanging true religion, 15 apostolic times distorted the "faith and does not by itself define it. There once delivered to the saints", to the are millions of "good people"of all extent that within a century or so of the death of Jesus religious persuasions, but most reject the religious aspect of Christianity appeared as virtually a new religion ... Jude 3, the one revealed faith - the "one way" Revelation 2, 3 8. Do not steal. 9. Do not tell lies about others. 10. Do not want anything that belongs to someone else. Don't want anyone's house, wife or husband, slaves, oxen, donkeys or anything else. - love for God, however, summed up by the first four of the Ten Commandments, is supernaturally revealed by the one and only supreme God in the writings of the Bible. All other faiths are at best humanly devised. At worst they are counterfeit religions devised by Satan as a part of his plans for world dominion - he works to achieve this by deception and by introducing false doctrines even among believers ... Revelation 12:9, 1 Corinthians 4:14, 1 Timothy 4:1, 1 John 5:19 It was to this ancient religion that Jesus and the apostles called new disciples - a religion free from the traditions which then had a stranglehold on Judaism - the church began on the Festival of Pentecost, some fifty days after the resurrection of Jesus. The momentous outpouring of God's Spirit took place at the heart of Judaism, in Jerusalem ... Acts 2


- on that and the following days many thousands became followers of the Way ... Acts 2:41, 4:4

A Seasonal Plan

The divinely revealed festival year reflects the annual seasonal harvest times. Since the Great Flood of Noah the - these converts were comprised entirely by Jews from earth has had regular growing seasons - spring, summer, many nations, even many of the priests accepted Jesus as autumn ... Genesis 8:22 the Messiah ... Acts 2:5, 6:7 The seven annual Holy Day Sabbaths are: - the significant difference was that Unleavened Bread - first and last day; Pentecost - the Biblical Holy Days relate to they now recognized Jesus as the (Firstfruits, Weeks); Trumpets; Atonement; these three seasons ... Exodus 23:15-17, 34:22 promised Messiah, through whose Tabernacles (Booths) - first day; Closing Day death and resurrection they had forgiveness of sin, and salvation. Otherwise, their religious - these festivals were called Unleavened Bread (spring), practice remained unchanged. Firstfruits (summer - also known as Pentecost and Feast of Weeks), Ingathering (autumn - includes Trumpets, Atonement, Tabernacles and the Closing Day) ... Leviticus - what's important here is that the first to accept the faith of 23 Christ were men and women who already followed the form of the true revealed faith. As devout Jews they were diligent to observe all the Biblical customs of Judaism. They - the dates to observe the festivals were specified by God. continued Temple and synagogue worship, sacrifices, These were according to a calendar that was based on the circumcision, festivals, etc ... Acts 2:46, 21:20-27, 28:17, interaction of sun and moon orbits, and subject to certain 20:6, 16 priestly requirements, the details of which, were preserved by the authorities in Israel. The weekly Sabbath and the three Holy Day seasons were a part of the original At its beginning, then, Christianity appeared to be "reformed Covenant made between God and Israel at Sinai ... Exodus Judaism". It was a continuation of the faith of the patriarchs 19:5 to 24:8 - with the added understanding that Messiah had come and restored the old paths. The implication of Jesus' "On the venerable day of the sun, let the - note well that at this time, Israel ethical teaching was, however, magistrates and people residing in cities rest and let continued the sacrifice of animals "new wine". It required repentance, all workshops be closed." Edict of Constantine, 321 after the pattern was known from faith, baptism, the addition of God's A.D. the time of the expulsion from Eden. mind - the Holy Spirit. It was a However, the formal regulation of "narrow way" which few would choose, said Jesus ... sacrifices attached to the annual Holy Days was not added Matthew 7:13-14, Galatians 3:8, Hebrews 4:2 until Israel had chosen to reject the Covenant. This they did at Sinai "before the ink was dry" on the Covenant ... What Happened Next Genesis 4:4, Exodus 24:5-6, ch.32, Psalm 106:13-26 The apostasy (falling away) from the true faith swelled as the centuries rolled by. After its initial burst of power, the - the sacrificial system was established, about nine months pulls of the flesh, worldly cares, persecution from Jew and after the Covenant, when Moses set up the Tabernacle and Gentile, the lust for power all conspired to dilute the all its fittings. Spectacularly, the Lord sent His Presence to numbers of followers of The Way. In the fourth century A.D., abide in the Tabernacle - visible as a pillar of cloud and fire the state, headed by Emperor Constantine, made this ... Exodus 40:17-38 apostate Christianity the state religion. "Christianity" had arrived. But the true faith was A Divine Pattern marginalized and driven "into the The festivals are times of rejoicing called by God wilderness" "festivals of the Lord" and "My festivals". It has These three Holy Day seasons been erroneously assumed that they are national contain a remarkable symmetrical - Constantine, in a manner, holidays dreamed up by Moses! ... Leviticus 23:2, pattern based on the number seven repeated the "sins of Jeroboam, who made Israel to sin". In his Numbers 10:10 - there are within the three seasons desire to regularize Christianity, he seven annual Sabbaths. These are festival days which were imposed the doctrines of the apostate church on all designated by God as holy convocations and subject to the Christians. These included the requirement to change the restriction that no work should be done on them. Apart from weekly rest day to Sunday. His edict formalized a trend to the Day of Atonement these annual Sabbaths were days for Sunday worship that had developed in the preceding material feasting. All were opportunities for rejoicing, for centuries instruction in God's Word, for fellowship with fellow Israelites and with the Lord ... Leviticus 23:2, Nehemiah - this "exile" in the "wilderness" by the faithful church has 8:1-12 been seen as a fulfillment of the prophecy given to John ... Revelation 12:6 - there are two sets of seven-day festivals, each succeeded by an annual Holy Day 10

- in the spring is Unleavened Bread, the first and last days of which are annual Holy Day Sabbaths, followed within fifty days by the annual Holy Day Sabbath of Pentecost - in autumn is Tabernacles, the first day of which is an annual Sabbath, followed by the annual Sabbath of the Closing Day (sometimes called the Eighth Day). There are further patterns of seven: - every seven years there was a sabbath of rest for the land, during which Israel's agricultural land remained fallow ... Leviticus 25:1-7 - every forty-ninth year (7 x 7) was followed by a special, 50th, year known as the Jubilee (rejoicing) in which land returned to its hereditary ownership ... Leviticus 25:8-13

The weekly Sabbaths and annual Festivals were God's chosen way for His people to worship Him. Time and again God expresses His outrage that other forms of worship - all "idolatry" - were practiced by Israel. He waited patiently for nearly three centuries for the northern House of Israel to repent. They didn't, and were expelled from the Land, the vast majority never to return. The House of Judah, too, profaned God's Holy Days and they, too, were exiled - for seventy years. All who claim to worship the God of the Bible must compare the form of their worship with God's! James McBride, Church
of God Outreach Ministries

Keep in mind that God's Word is also the text of the Old Testament. These inspired Scriptures are the foundation for the teaching of Jesus and the apostles, and are "able to make you wise unto salvation" ... II Timothy 3:15-17

- the symbolic seven thousand years of physical human civilization ends with the Millennial sabbath rest of Christ's reign on earth ... Rev. 20:4. This period of human life is followed by the "sabbath rest" of eternity. This concept is based on the seven-day week, each day of which represents a thousand years of human civilization ... Psalm 90:4, II Peter 3:8

The House of 1000 Mirrors
Long ago in a small, far away village, there was a place known as the House of 1000 Mirrors. A small, happy little dog learned of this place and decided to visit. When he arrived, he bounced happily up the stairs to the doorway of the house. He looked through the doorway with his ears lifted high and his tail wagging as fast as it could. To his great surprise, he found himself staring at 1000 other happy little dogs with their tails wagging just as fast as his. He smiled a great smile, and was answered with 1000 great smiles just as warm and friendly. As he left the house, he thought to himself, “This is a wonderful place. I will come back and visit it often.” In this same village, another little dog, who was not quite as happy as the first one, decided to visit the house. He slowly climbed the stairs and hung his head low as he looked into the door. When he saw the 1000 unfriendly looking dogs staring back at him, he growled at them and was horrified to see 1000 little dogs growling back at him. As he left, he thought to himself, “That is a horrible place, and I will never go back there again.” All the faces in the world are mirrors. What kind of reflections do you see in the faces of the people you meet?

I often visit newcomers in town and find them to be church shopping. They want to know what they can get out of church. Churches are one more consumer commodity. Worship services are not a place for us to serve God and neighbor but a place where people expect to purchase the best: Inspiring worship, good music, moving sermons, quality child care. As if we buy God and not vice versa. Arthur Boers in The Other Side.


Nagbigay Wakas Ba o Sumira Sa Kautusan At Ng Mga Propeta?
Maraming mangangaral ng Salita ng Diyos o Bibliya sa kasalukuyan ang nagdadala ng katuruan na ang pagdating ni HesuKristo sa ating daigdig ay may layuning ipawalang bisa ang mga Kautusan na ibinigay kay Moises at ng mga propeta kasama ang kabuuan ng Sampung Utos, upang palitan ng bagong mga Kautusan. Ang isa sa mga patibay na ginagamit nila ay mula sa Heb.8:13 doon ay sinasabi, “isang Bagong Tipan, ay niluma Niya ang una. Datapuwa’t ang nagiging luma at tumatanda ay malapit nang lumipas.” Ang isa pa na ginagamit na katibayan ay sa Roma 6:14, “Sapagkat ang kasalanan ay hindi makapaghahari sa inyo, sapagkat wala na kayo sa ilalim ng Kautusan, kundi sa ilalim ng biyaya (grace).” Bago natin talakayin ang mga patibay na wala nang bisa ang Lumang Tipan, ang mga Kautusan ni Moises at ng mga propeta, kasama ang kabuuan ng Sampung Utos, alamin muna natin mula sa Banal na Kasulatan, kung ano ang sinasabi ni HesuKristo tungkol sa mga Kautusan sa Lumang Tipan. “Huwag ninyong isipin Ako’y naparito upang sirain ang Kautusan o ang mga propeta, Ako’y naparito hindi upang sirain, kundi upang ganapin” (Mateo 5:17). Kung sinabi ni HesuKristo na naparito Siya hindi upang sirain o ipawalang bisa ang Kautusan, bakit marami ang nagsasabi na pinawalang bisa Niya ito? Malinaw na sinabi ni HesuKristo na naparito Siya upang tuparin hindi upang sirain. Ang salitang “tuparin” ay “to fulfill” sa wikang Ingles. Sa wikang Tagalog ang tuparin ay gawin o ganapin, at sa wikang Griyego ay “pleroo”. Hindi ibig sabihin ng salitang “ganapin” ay magbigay wakas. Ang pakahulugang ito ay sinasangayonan sa Isaias 42:21: “Kinalulugdan ng Panginoon dahil sa kanyang katuwiran, na dakilain ang Kautusan at gawing marangal.” Ito ay isang propesiya o pagpapahayag ng mga bagay na magaganap patungkol sa mga gawain na gagampanan ni HesuKristo. Ang ibig sabihin ng salitang dakilain (“megas” sa wikang Griyego) sa wikang Ingles ay “to magnify” “to enlarge” o “to make great.” Sa malinaw na kahulugan sa salitang Filipino ay palawakin, pahalagahan o bigyan ng kahalagahan. Maling pagpapakahulugan kung ang ating pagkaunawa sa salitang “ganapin” ay wakasan. Suriin nating mabuti ang mga sumunod na pagpapahayag ni HesuKristo. “Sapagkat katotohanang sinasabi ko sa inyo, hanggang sa mangawala ang langit at lupa, ang isang tuldok o isang kudlit, sa ano mang paraan ay hindi mawawala sa Kautusan, hanggang sa maganap ang lahat ng mga bagay” (Mateo 5:18). Malinaw ang sinasabi na mawawala ang langit at lupa sapagkat magkakaroon ng bagong langit at lupa. “…at sa bagong langit at lupa ay mananatili ang Kautusan.” (II Pedro 3:10,13). “Kaya’t sinumang sumuway sa isa sa kaliit-liitang mga utos na ito, at ituro ang gayon sa mga tao ay tatawaging kaliit-liitan sa kaharian ng langit. Datapuwa’t ang sino mang gumanap at ituro, ito ay tatawaging dakila sa kaharian ng langit” (Mateo 5:19).

Ang Mga Turo ni Pablo Ba Ay May Pagkakasalungatan?
“Ano nga ang ating sasabihin, magpapatuloy ba tayo sa pagkakasala (breaking the law) upang ang biyaya ay makapanagana? Huwag nawang mangyari. Tayo’y mga patay na sa pagkakasala (dahil sa paglabag sa Kautusan). 12

Papaano pa tayong mabubuhay nga roon?” (Basahin ang Roma 6:1-21). Ang isang tunay na nagbalik-loob sa Panginoong Diyos ay kinakailangan na hindi muling lumabag sa Kautusan. Samakatuwid ang Kautusan ay hindi nagwakas sa kamatayan ni HesuKristo. Kung ang Kautusan ay lumipas na noong mga nakaraang panahon at hindi na kailangn pa sa mga mananampalataya sa Bagong Tipan, bakit sinabi ni Pablo na, “Kaya nga ang Kautusan ay banal at ang mga utos ay banal, at matuwid at mabuti” (Roma 7:12) at “ang Kautusan ay espiritual” (v.14). Pansinin na ang tinutukoy ni Pablo ay ang Lumang Tipan.

Ang tipan sa Exo.19:5-6 na pinaiingatan sa pagiging bayan (‘banal na bayan’) ng Panginoong Diyos ay ang Tipan na Walang Hanggan na nagmula pa kay Abraham. “At aking pagtitibayin ang Aking Tipan sa iyo at sa iyong binhi pagkamatay mo, sa buong kalahian nila na Tipang walang hanggan na Ako’y iyong magiging Diyos at ng iyong binhi pagkamatay mo. At ibibigay Ko sa iyo at sa iyong binhi pagkamatay mo ang mga lupaing iyong pinaglakbayan. Ang buong lupain ng Canaan, para sa pagaaring walang hanggan at Ako ang magiging Diyos nila” (Genesis 17:7-8). Ang tipan na ginawa sa lugar ng Horeb ay bukod sa tipan na ginawa sa Moab (Deuteronomio 29:1). Apatnapung taon (v.5) ang nakaraan mula nang pumasok sila sa tipan ng mga handog (Exodo 24:4-8) sa paanan ng bundok Sinai. Pagkatapos na masakop nila ang kaharian ni Sehon at ni Og (Deuteronomio 29:7-8), sila ay pumasok sa isa na namang tipan sa lupain ng Moab, upang mula sa araw na iyo ay itatatag sila na bayan ng Banal na Diyos at Siya ang kanilang Panginoong Diyos, gaya ng isinumpa Niya kay Abraham (Deuteronomio 29:12-13). Maraming tipan ang ginawa noon ng Banal na Diyos sa Israel. “Na pawang mga Israelita; na sa kanila ang pagkukupkop at ang kaluwalhatian at ang mga tipan at ang pagbigay ng mga Kautusan at ang paglilingkod sa Diyos at mga kapangakuan” (Roma 9:4). Ang mga Tipan na ginamitan ng dugo ng hayop (Exodo 24:4-7), kasama na rito ang iba pang handog na harina (pagkain) na ginamitan ng asin ay tinatawag din na tipan. Sa Levitico 2:13, ito ay tinatawag na ‘asin ng tipan’. (“And every sacrifice will be seasoned with salt”. –Marcos 9:49; Ezekiel 43:24). Ang mga naganap sa unang pagdating ng Mesiyas ay pinagtibay Niya ang Tipan na Bago sa pamamagitan ng Kanyang dugo. “Sapagkat ito ang Aking dugo ng Tipan na nabubuhos dahil sa marami at ikapapatawad ng kasalanan.”(Mateo 26:28) “at sa kalahati ng sanglinggo Kanyang ipatitigil ang handog at iaalay” (Daniel 9:27) Bakit ? Sapagkat ayaw na ng Panginoong Diyos ng mga handog patungkol sa kasalanan at pinalitan ng handog ni HesuKristo. Ang Tipan na mga handog na hayop ang siyang malinaw na pinalitan ng Bagong Tipan na pinagtibay ng dugo ni HesuKristo (Hebreo 10:4-7). “Inyong susundin ang Aking tinig at inyong isasagawa ayon sa lahat ng iniuutos Ko sa inyo, sa gayo’y magiging bayan Ko kayo at Ako’y inyong magiging Diyos” (Jeremias 11:4). Hindi sapat na sabihing “Ang Panginoon ang aking Diyos” kundi mayroon kang batas na susundin bilang katunayan na Siya nga ang iyong Panginoong Diyos at kikilalanin ka rin Niya. “Ang sino mang nananahan sa Kanya (Diyos) ay hindi nagkakasala ay hindi nakakita sa Kanya ni hindi man nakakilala sa Kanya” (I Juan 3:6). Ang pagkakaroon ng ibang mga diyos ay pagsira sa Tipan. (Jeremias 11:10) “Sapagkat ang sino mang 13

Ano ang Lumang Tipan (Old Covenant)?
Ang sabi ni Pablo tungkol sa kasulatan ng Lumang Tipan, “Doon sa sinasabi Niya, isang Bagong tipan, ay niluma Niya ang una. Datapuwa’t ang nagiging luma ay tumatanda at malapit nang lumipas” (Hebreo 8:13). Bakit si HesuKristo ay dumating bilang Kinatawan (Messenger) ng Bagong Tipan? Ano ang mga pagkakamali sa Unang Tipan? Ito ba ay may depekto o kasiraan? May pagkakamali ba ang Panginoong Diyos? Ang lumang Tipan ba ay mabagsik, malupit o napakahigpit? Ang mga salansang batas nito ba ay magulo o masalimuot na napakahirap na pasanin lalo na sa mga mahihirap? Ang “tipan” (contract) ayon sa ating talatinigan (dictionary) ay [1] kasunduan (compact) sa pagitan ng dalawang tao o mga grupo tungkol sa mga dapat gawin na mga bagay. [2] batas (law), maayos na kasunduan na naaayon o alinsunod sa batas lalo na kung ito ay may legal na tatak o seal. Ang tipan ba ay batas? Ang tipan ay kasunduan at hindi batas. Ang Panginoong Diyos ay nag-alok o nagmungkahi sa pagitan ng kanyang sarili at ng sangkatauhan. Ang tipan ay isang kasunduan tungkol sa isang tungkulin o pananagutan na dapat gawin o ‘di dapat gawin. Ang tipan ay isang maayos na kasunduan tungkol sa mga pagsasagawa o pagtupad at hindi batas. Ang Lumang Tipan ay may dalawang bahagi, ang pag-aalok at pagsangayon. Kung ang tao ay sumang-ayon, ang Panginoong Diyos ay tutupad, kung ang tao ay lumabag sa kasunduan, ang Panginoong Diyos ay walang sagutin o pananagutan. Nakapaloob sa Kasunduang (Tipan) ito ay ang mga biyaya at sumpa. Ang Sampung Kautusan ang bumubuo ng batayan o saligan ng Kasunduan (Tipan). Ang mga Kautusan na bahagi ng kasunduan na dapat tuparin ng Israel ay mababasa sa Deuteronomio 5:6, 15 at ang mga pangako ay sa Deuteronomio 28:1-14. Ang mga sumpa sa hindi pagtupad sa kasunduan ay mababasa sa Deuteronomio 28:15-44. Sa bawat karanasan na masama na ating ginawa ay may mga bagay na pinagbatayan sa pag-sira o paglabag sa Kautusan.

Ang Tipan Na Walang Hanggan

gumanap ng buong Kautusan at gayon man ay natisod o nadapa (stumbled) sa isa ay nagiging makasalanan (guilty) sa lahat.” (Santiago 2:10). Ang lupa naman ay nadumhan sa ilalim ng mga nananahan doon; sapagkat kanilang sinalansang ang Kautusan at Tipan. (Isaias 24:5) Ang Sampung Utos ay bahagi ng walang hanggang Tipan. Ito ay upang maingatan ang Tipan na walang hanggan at ang relasyon na walang hanggan na ang Panginoon ang kanilang Diyos at ang mga tao ang Kanyang Bayan. “At narinig ko ang isang malakas na tinig mula sa luklukan na nagsasabi, narito, ang Tabernakulo ng Diyos ay nasa mga tao at Siya’y mananahan sa kanila at sila’y bayan Niya, at ang Diyos din ay nasa kanila at magiging Diyos nila” (Pahayag 21:3, Deuteronomio 26:17-19, Deuteronomio 29:12-13).

paglabag (Hebreo 8:7-8). Dahil sa mga paglabag, ang dugo ng mga baka at ng mga kambing ay hindi makapag-aalis ng kasalanan. Ang mga hain na ito ay ginagawa lamang bilang pag-alaala sa mga kasalanan taun-taon. Ito ay isang uri ng pagdidisiplina (Hebreo 10:3-4). Ang mga Kautusan sa paghahandog ay mabigat gawin sa araw-araw at taun-taon (I Samuel 1:3). “Subalit ang pagsunod sa Kautusan (Sampung Utos) ay tanglaw at liwanag” (Kawikaan 6:23). Ito ay hindi mabigat o mahirap (I Juan 5:3). Ito ay kaaaliwan (Mga Awit 119:77). Ang mga Kautusan sa paghahandog ay idinagdag (added law) dahil sa paglabag sa mga Kautusan (Sampung Utos) at nagsisilbing tagapagturo (ang mga handog) sa tao upang ihatid sila kay HesuKristo. Ang tunay na Handog ay katawan ni HesuKristo para sa katubusan ng mga kasalanan ng tao (Galacia 3:19,24). Ang pagtuturo sa katubusan sa mga kasalanan ay sa pamamagitan ba ng mga handog na hayop? “At dahil dito’y Siya ang Tagapamagitan ng Bagong Tipan upang sa pamamagitan ng isang kamatayan na ukol sa ikatutubos ng mga pagsalangsang na nasa ilalim ng Unang Tipan, ang mga tinawag ay magsitanggap ng pangako na manang walang hanggan” (Hebreo 9:15). “Upang matubos Niya (Kristo) ang mga nasa ilalim ng Kautusan, upang matanggap natin ang pagkukupkop bilang mga anak” (Galacia 4:5). ”Sapagkat ang kasalanan ay hindi makapaghahari sa inyo sapagkat wala na kayo sa ilalim ng Kautusan, kundi sa ilalim ng biyaya” (Roma 6:14). Ang pagtubos ni HesuKristo sa mga tao sa kasalanan ang nagpawala sa tao sa ilalim ng Kautusan. Hindi sinabi na wala na tayo sa Kautusan, kundi wala na tayo sa ilalim ng Kautusan. Wala rin sinabi na wala na ang Kautusan. “Sa sumpa ng Kautusan ay tinubos tayo ni Kristo, na naging sumpa sa ganang atin; sapagkat nasusulat, sinusumpa ang bawat binibitay sa punong kahoy” (Galacia 3:13). “Sapagkat ang lahat na sa mga gawang ayon sa Kautusan ay nasa ilalim ng sumpa, sapagkat nasusulat; sinusumpa ang bawat hindi nananatili sa lahat ng mga bagay na nasusulat sa aklat ng Kautusan upang gawin nila” (Galacia 3:10). Tinubos tayo ni HesuKristo sa lahat ng mga kasamaan at walang kabuluhang paraan ng pamumuhay (Titus 2:14; I Pedro 1:18-19). Ang mga tradisyon at salitsaling sabi ay paglabag sa Kautusan at nasa ilalim ng sumpa ng Kautusan (Mateo 15:3,6). Ang pagtubos ay biyaya ng Panginoong Diyos; “na hindi dahil sa mga gawa sa katuwiran na sarili nating gawa, kundi ayon sa kanyang kaawaan ay Kanyang iniligtas tayo, sa pamamagitan ng paghuhugas sa muling kapanganakan at pagbabago ng Espiritu Santo” (Titus 3:5). 14

Ang Unang Tipan At Ang Bagong Tipan
Sa Lumang Tipan o Unang Tipan ang sistema ng pagsamba ay pisikal. Sa pisikal na tabernakulo ay may dalang mga handog o hain na dugo ng hayop. Sa unang tabernakulo ay may alituntunin tungkol sa laman at ang mga tumutupad sa mga katungkulan ay mga Saserdote. Subalit sa ikalawang tabernakulo ay pumapasok na nag-iisa ang Dakilang Saserdote, minsan isang taon na may dalang dugo na inihahandog na patungkol sa Kanyang sarili at sa kamalian ng mga bayan (Hebreo 9:1-10). “Ngunit pagdating ni Kristo na higit na Dakilang Saserdote ng mabubuting bagay na darating sa pamamagitan ng lalong malaki at lalong sakdal na tabernakulo, na hindi gawa ng mga kamay, samakatuwid baga’y hindi sa paglalang na ito” (Hebreo 9:11). “Si Kristo ang Tagapamagitan ng Bagong Tipan” (Hebreo 9:15). Ang Unang Tipan ang naging luma. “Doon sa sinasabi Niya, isang Bagong Tipan, niluma Niya ang una. Datapuwa’t ang nagiging luma at tumatanda ay malapit nang lumipas” (Hebreo 8:13). Kaya’t ang una mang tipan ay hindi itinalaga nang walang dugo. Sapagkat nang salitain ni Moises ang bawat utos sa buong bayan ayon sa Kautusan, ay kumuha siya ng dugo ng mga bulong baka at ng mga kambing at may tubig at balahibong mapula ng tupa, isopo at winisikan ang aklat at gayon din ang buong bayan, na sinasabi, “ito ang dugo ng tipan na iniutos ng Diyos tungkol sa inyo” (Hebreo 9:18-20, Exodo 24:4,6-8). Sa Bagong Tipan ang pagsamba ay espiritual na. “Ang ating mga katawan ang ating ihaharap na haing buhay sa pamamagitan ng ‘di pakikiayon sa sanlibutang ito o lipunan at magbago ng pag-iisip at tuwina ay magsuri sa sarili” (Roma 12:1-3). “Sambahin ang Diyos sa espiritu sapagkat ang Diyos ay Espiritu” (Juan 4:24). Nagkaroon ng ikalawang tipan o Bagong Tipan sapagkat nagkaroon ng kakulangan sa mga tao dahil sa mga

Ang pagtubos ng Banal na Diyos ay dahil sa Kanyang habag at awa, hindi dahil sa mga mabuti nating gawa. Ang katubusan ay sa sumpang kamatayan, samakatuwid baga’y nasa ilalim na nga biyaya. Si HesuKristo ay naging lingkod ng mga Hudyo upang ipakilala na tapat ang Panginoong Diyos sa Kanyang mga pangako sa mga patriyarka. At ang mga Hentil nama’y magpuri sa Panginoong Diyos dahil sa Kanyang habag (Roma 15:7-12). Ang mga Hentil na nakapasok sa Bagong Tipan na sumasampalataya kay HesuKristo ay isinanib sa mabuting puno ng olibo [Israel na sumasampalataya, idinugtong ang sanga ng olibong ligaw (Hentil)] upang makabahagi sa dagta ng punong kumakandili. Ang Kautusan para sa Israel at ng Hentil ay iisa (Roma 11:17, 24-25).

daan (Deuteronomio 32:4; Pahayag 15:3; 2 Samuel 22:3). Ang mga batas (statutes) na tinutukoy ay matatagpuan sa kabuuan ng Levitico 18:1-30. Ang tinutukoy na “kahubaran” sa Levitico 18 ay “nakedness” sa wikang Ingles. Ang malinaw na kahulugan nito ay pagsisiping, pakikipagtalik o seksuwal na relasyon. (Basahin ang “Magandang Balita Biblia” ukol sa malinaw na paliwanag o pagpapahayag.) Ang halimbawa ng pagpapahayag ay ganito sa “Aking Biblia”: “Ang kahubaran ng iyong ama o ang kahubaran ng iyong ina ay huwag mong ililitaw;siya’y iyong ina;huwag mong ililitaw ang kahubaran niya” (Levitico 18:7). Sa “Magandang Balita Bibliya” ay ganito ang pagkasalin: “Huwag mong sisipingan ang iyong ina, iyan ay pagyurak o pagpupugay sa puri ng iyong ama. Ang iyong ina ay di mo dapat halayin” Levitico 18:7). Ang iba pang mga alituntunin ay matatagpuan sa Levitico 19:11-18; Deuteronomio 19;9-16 at Deuteronomio 22:1-30. Ang mga kahulugan ay matatagpuan sa Deuteronomio 13:11-10; Deuteronomio 24:1-4; Roma 6:23 at Pahayag 20:14.


Pag-ibig, Pagtupad Sa Kautusan
Ang una hanggang sa ika-apat na Kautusan ay nauukol sa pag-ibig sa Panginoong Diyos. Ang lima hanggang sampu ay ang pag-ibig sa kapuwa. “At sinabi sa kanila, ibigin mo ang Panginoon mong Diyos, nang buong puso mo at nang buong kaluluwa mo at nang buong pag-iisip mo. Ito ang dakila at pangunahing Utos. At ang pangalawang katulad ay ito, ibigin mo ang iyong kapuwa na gaya ng iyong sarili. Sa dalawang Utos na ito’y nauuwi ang buong Kautusan at ng mga propeta” (Mateo 22:37,40). Ang salitang nauuwi ay “hang” sa King James Version na ang ganap na kahulugan ay nananangan, nananatili o nakahawak. Sa unang dakila at pangunahing Kautusan, at sa pangalawang Kautusan, at sa pangalawang Kautusan ay nananangan, nananatili o nakahawak ang buong Kautusan. At ang pag-ibig ay mahalagang sangkap sa pagtupad sa Kautusan. Malinaw na ang pag-ibig ay hindi pangpalit sa Kautusan. Paano ipinahayag ni HesuKristo ang turo tungkol sa pag-ibig sa Panginoong Diyos? “Ang may taglay ng Aking mga Utos at tinutupad ang mga iyon ay siyang umiibig sa Akin. At ang umiibig sa Akin ay iibigin ng Aking Ama at siya’y iibigin Ko at Ako’y magpapakilala sa kanya” (Juan 14:21). Ang pag-ibig kay HesuKristo ay pagtupad sa Kanyang Utos. Ganyan din ang pag-ibig sa Panginoong Diyos ay pagtupad sa Kanyang mga Utos. ”Sapagkat ito ang pag-ibig sa Diyos na ating tuparin ang Kanyang mga Utos at ang Kanyang mga Utos ay hindi mabibigat” (1 Juan 5:3). Mababasa sa Deuteronomio 30:16 na ang pagibig sa Panginoon mong Diyos ay hindi lamang ang pagsunod sa Kanyang mga Utos (commandments). May mga nakasabit pa na batas (statutes) at may mga kahatulan na bahagi rin ng Kautusan na lumakad sa Kanyang mga

Paano Naman Ang Pag-ibig Sa Kapuwa Tulad Sa Iyong Sarili?
“Huwag kayong magkaka-utang ng ano pa man kanino man, maliban na sa mangag-ibigan kayo; sapagkat ang umiibig sa kanyang kapuwa’y nakaganap na ng Kautusan. Ang mga Utos gaya ng Huwag kang mangangalunya, Huwag kang papatay, Huwag Kang magnanakaw, Huwag kang mananangkin (maling paghangad) at kung mayroon pang ibang Utos ay nauuwi sa salitang ito, samakatuwid baga’y ibigin mo ang iyong kapuwa na tulad ng iyong sarili. Ang pag-ibig ay hindi gumagawa ng masama sa kanyang kapuwa. Ang pagibig nga ay ang siyang katuparan ng Kautusan” (Roma 13:8-10; Levitico 19:18; Galacia 5:14). “Ang hindi umiibig ay nananahan sa kamatayan. Ang sino mang napopoot sa kanyang kapatid ay mamamatay tao at nalalaman ninyong sino mang mamamatay tao ay hindi pinanahanan ng buhay na walang hanggan” (I Juan 3:14,15). Ang pag-ibig sa kapuwa maging sa kaaway ay hindi naghihintay ng ano mang kapalit (Lucas 6:31-36). Ang pagibig sa kapuwa ay hindi nagkukunsinti. Ang isang tao na ayaw gumawa ay huwag magsikain (2 Tesalonica 3:6-10). “At kapag gagapas kayo ng mga uhay sa inyong lupain ay huwag ninyong pagagapas ang mga sulok ng inyong bukid, ‘ni huwag ninyong pamulutan ang inyong lupang ginapasan. At huwag ninyong sisimutin ang inyong ubasan, ‘ni huwag ninyong pupulutin ang bungang nahulog sa inyong ubasan; sa dukha at sa mga taga ibang bayan, pabayaan ninyo: Ako ang Panginoon ninyong Diyos” (Levitico 19:9-10, Ruth 2:15,16) 15

Bakit pa iiwan at hindi na lang anihin o ipaani ng may-ari ng lupa at ibigay sa mga mahihirap? Bakit ang mga nangangailangan pa ang kailangang pumulot? Sapagkat isa sa mga bahagi ng batas (statutes) at kahatulan ay ang huwag maging tamad. ”Balang araw ang masikap ang mamamahala, ngunit ang tamad ay mananatiling alila” (Kawikaan 12:24). Ano sa madaling salita ang pag-ibig sa kapwa na tulad ng iyong sarili? “At kung ano ang gusto ninyong sa inyo’y gawin ng mga tao, gayon din ang gawin ninyo sa kanila” (Lucas 6:31). (Basahin ang kabuuan ng Lucas 6:27-36) Ang pagpapahiram at hindi umaasa ng ano mang kabayaran (v.35). “Ang pag-ibig sa kapuwa ay matiyaga o mapagtiis, matulungin, magandang loob, hindi nananaghili o naiinggit, hindi nagmamapuri sa kanyang sariling kalagayan o hindi mayabang, hindi mapagmataas sa sariling kalagayan, may galang sa kapuwa, hindi bastos o magaspang ang paguugali, hindi maramot o hindi sakim, hindi madaling magalit, hindi nagtatanim ng galit sa sarili at ng galit sa kapuwa, hindi ikinatutuwa ang gawang masama ngunit nagagalak sa katotohanan. Ang pag-ibig ay mapagbata, mapagtiwala, puno ng pag-asa at nagtitiyaga hanggang wakes.” (Basahin ang kabuuan ng I Mga Taga-Corinto 17). Ang pag-ibig ang siyang katuparan ng Kautusan (Roma 13:10).

Pagtitibayin ni HesuKristo sa loob ng Bagong Tipan ang banal na tipan, ang sumpa na isinumpa niya kay Abraham (Lucas 1:72-73; Roma 15:8). Si HesuKristo rin ang naging Tagapamagitan sa pagsuway sa mga kasalanan na nasa ilalim ng Unang Tipan upang magsitanggap ng pangakong manang walang hanggan, pangakong unang ibinigay kay Abraham (Hebreo 9:15). Ang sumpa ang naging bunga ng paglabag sa Sampung Utos o salita ng Tipan (Jeremias 11:13; Deuteronomio 29:21). Si HesuKristo ang katubusan sa sumpa ng Kautusan (Galacia 11:14). Sa pamamagitan ng kamatayan ni HesuKristo, nabuong muli ang kaugnayan ng Panginoong Diyos sa Israel. Upang mapatawad ang mga makasalanan, dapat magsisi at magbago ang kaisipan, at lumakad ayon sa mga Kautusan (Roma 5:10). Ang mga pangako sa pag-iingat sa tipan na walang hanggan ay nakapaloob (contained, embodied) din sa Bagong Tipan (Genesis 17:7-8; I Pedro 2:9; Ezekiel 37:24-28; Hebreo 11:8-10,16, 39-40). Ang Tipan na walang hanggan ay napagtibay sa pamamagitan ng kamatayan ni Hesukristo. Ang kaugnayan ng Banal na Diyos sa tao ay pinagtibay na ang Banal na Diyos ang magiging Panginoon ng mga tao at sila’y magiging bayan ng Panginoong Diyos. Ang katuparan nito ay sa pamamagitan ng pakikinig at pagsunod sa salita ng Tipan o “Sampung Utos” (Jeremias 11:14; Hebreo 8:10; 10:16). Ang salita ng Tipan ay ang Sampung Utos (Exodo 34:28). Ang salita ng Tipan o Sampung Utos ay bahagi o nasa loob ng Tipan na walang hanggan. Samakatuwid ang mga ito’y patuloy pa ring umiiral ngayon.

Ano Ang Layunin Ng Bagong Tipan?

God's Holyday Plan reflects ...

The Principle of `SEVEN'
To the modern Christian ear accustomed to Christmas, Easter etc the Biblical festivals have a strange ring. Yet the ancient celebrations follow a simple and logical pattern, and contain truths that have application to this day. The divinely-inspired `feasts of the Lord' (not Moses! See Leviticus 23:1) follow a regular pattern of sevens, beginning with the seven-day week which is based on the Biblical week of creation (Genesis 1, Exodus 20:1011). The Bible calendar is `lunar-solar' using both moon and sun for its calculation, the first month - sensibly beginning in spring. (Did you ever wonder why September, which means "seventh month", is our ninth month? That's because our calendar used to begin in March!) The first seven months of the Bible calendar contain all the festival `high days' of which there are seven. Sevens Within Sevens The first of festival is called Unleavened Bread - a seven-day festival in the first month of Abib (= green ears). This month is also call Nisan (=marching). The first and seventh day of Unleavened Bread are the first two annual high days. Beginning with the Sabbath nearest to the initial ripening of the grain harvest (the Wave-sheaf) in spring, a period of seven weeks are marked off leading to the annual Feast of Firstfruits ('Pentecost'). It occurs fifty days after the Wavesheaf - seven times seven days plus one day - and

marks the closing of the spring festivals. [Pentecost = fiftieth] On the first day of each month a trumpet was blown. At the start of the seventh month, Ethanim or Tishri, is a special Feast of Trumpets. This is observed by Jews as the start of their civil year, Rosh Hashana. On the tenth day of the seventh month is the Day of Atonement - Yom Kippur (a day of fasting). later in the month is the sevenday Festival of Tabernacles and a final closing festival, "The Last Great Day".

Notice there's a further pattern in this: the seven-day spring festival plus one day - Pentecost - at the beginning of the year. Then in the autumn a sevenday festival - Tabernacles - plus one day. But that isn't the end of the sevens! Every seven years there's a 'year of release' which is a Sabbath of the land (Leviticus 25:1-7). And we see the pattern repeat yet again, for after seven release years (7x7) there's another 'plus one' - the fiftieth year being a Jubilee year (vv. 8-13).

To this we can add the grand sweep of prophetic history. God has allocated man a symbolic prophetic week - each day a 'thousand years' long (2 Peter 3:8). Mankind has six 'days' to 'work out his own salvation'. It will be followed by a seventh thousand years of divine rule over human affairs, the Millennium - to restore the original divine plan (Rev. 20:6). Each of these inspired times is of exciting significance, and embrace all the high points of the Biblical Christian year. James F. McBride Church of God, UK.

Biblical Evidence in Support of

a Sivan 6 Pentecost
There was an event that took place on Pentecost both in the Old Testament and the New Testament. The events were when the Children of Israel received the law on Mount Sinai and when the Holy Spirit was given that we would be able to keep that law. Read Exodus 19, paying very close attention to the following verses: Exodus 19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. Exodus 19:10 And the Lord said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes, Exodus 19:16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. If one reads Exodus 19:1 in many versions of the Bible, it becomes apparent that there is mass confusion on what to do with the phrase "the same day". Some indicate it is talking about the day they came out of Egypt (Nelson Study Bible footnotes), and some say the first day of the 3rd month (Catholic Bible), some ignore it, and some say 3 months to the day after they left Egypt. So, then if you go to Strongs and look up the word "same" as used in this verse, the meaning is as follows: hz Zeh (zeh); , Strong #: 2088 1. this, this one, here, which, this...that, the one...the other, another, such a. (alone) 1. this one 2. this...that, the one...the other, another b. (appos to subst) 1. this c. (as predicate) 1. this, such d. (enclitically) 1. then 2. who, whom 3. how now, what now 4. what now 5. wherefore now 6. behold here 7. just now

8. now, now already e. (poetry) 1. wherein, which, those who f. (with prefixes) 1. in this (place) here, then 2. on these conditions, herewith, thus provided, by, through this, for this cause, in this matter 3. thus and thus 4. as follows, things such as these, accordingly, to that effect, in like manner, thus and thus 5. from here, hence, on one side...on the other side 6. on this account 7. in spite of this, which, whence, how If you look up the word accordingly in a dictionary, it says the following: 1. In agreement with what has preceded; correspondingly. 2. therefore (Websters New World Dictionary--College Edition) The word same in Strongs with the meaning of #2088, lists the following verses as having the same usage. They are as follows: Gen. 7:11, Exd. 12:6, Exd. 19:1, Lev. 23:6, Jos. 6:15, I Sam. 17:30, Neh. 6:4, and Psalms 75:8. #1--Genesis 7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. Same day here refers back to seventeenth day. #2--Exodus 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. Same month here refers back to: Exodus 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. #3--Leviticus 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. Same month here refers back to: Leviticus 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the Lord's passover.

#4--Joshua 6:15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times: only on that day they compassed the city seven times. Same manner here means in the same way they did it previously: Joshua 6:14 And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days. #5--1 Samuel 17:30 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner. Same manner here refers to how David previously spoke. #6--Nehemiah 6:4 Yet they sent unto me four times after this sort; and I answered them after the same manner. Same manner here means as previously answered the 4 times before. #7--Psalms 75:8 For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he poureth out of the same: but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall wring them out, and drink them. The same here refers back to the red wine mixture in the cup. Now we come to Exodus 19:1 Exodus 19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. What does "the same day" refer back to? If we say it refers to the 1st day of the 3rd month as some claim, you have the law being received on the 3rd or 4th of Sivan. Doesn't hold water, because your count will be under 50 days. If we say it refers to when they left Egypt and allowing for differing beliefs on that subject, one could have them receiving the law anytime from the 14th of Sivan to the end of Sivan. Doesn't hold water because then your count is way over 50 days. Since it clearly says day, it does not refer to the word month, so the only thing left for "the same day" to refer back to is the word third. The verse could just as well have read as follows:


Exodus 19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, on the third day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. The time line would be as follows: #1--They arrived at Mount Sinai on Sivan 3. (Exd. 19:1) #2--They had 2 days of preparation, Sivan 4 & 5. (Exd. 19:10) #3--They were to be prepared for the 3rd day, Sivan 6, on which they received the law. (Exd. 19:15-16) Over time, we have presented much proof in support of the Hebrew Calendar and the Holy Day Dates which are on that calendar. This is only one more proof in support of the Hebrew Calendar. We are not presenting this proof to cause

division among God's people. We are presenting these proofs to get you, God's people, to dig deeper into your own Bibles. No one will ever work out your Salvation for you. If you do not do it yourself, it will not get done. Biblical evidence always takes precedence above what men say and we find there is enough Biblical evidence here to prove that Sivan 6 was always Pentecost. After all this is a time period way before the time of Christ. Philippians 2:12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. Acts 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. by Laura Lee (Bismarck, North

Who Are We?
The Mustard Seed Newsletter is published free by The Mustard Seed Evangelistic Association –an affiliated association committed to the publishing of the Gospel that Jesus Christ preached and as recorded for us in the Holy Scriptures. This goal is to be within the framework of the Commission set forth to His believers and followers to "go and make disciples of all nations ... teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you" (Matthew 28:19-20). It is our hope that the Mustard Seed and its other publications will become a shared-resource and vehicle for our readers to come to know and understand the Gospel of Jesus Christ—the Kingdom of God. You are invited to join us in this exciting and marvelous work!

"The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field, which indeed is the least of all the seeds; but when it is grown it is greater than the herbs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and nest in its branches."
Matthew 13:31-32

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