NACE Standard RP0199-2004 Item No.

21087

Standard Recommended Practice Installation of Stainless Chromium-Nickel Steel and Nickel-Alloy Roll-Bonded and ExplosionBonded Clad Plate in Air Pollution Control Equipment
This NACE International standard represents a consensus of those individual members who have reviewed this document, its scope, and provisions. Its acceptance does not in any respect preclude anyone, whether he has adopted the standard or not, from manufacturing, marketing, purchasing, or using products, processes, or procedures not in conformance with this standard. Nothing contained in this NACE International standard is to be construed as granting any right, by implication or otherwise, to manufacture, sell, or use in connection with any method, apparatus, or product covered by Letters Patent, or as indemnifying or protecting anyone against liability for infringement of Letters Patent. This standard represents minimum requirements and should in no way be interpreted as a restriction on the use of better procedures or materials. Neither is this standard intended to apply in all cases relating to the subject. Unpredictable circumstances may negate the usefulness of this standard in specific instances. NACE International assumes no responsibility for the interpretation or use of this standard by other parties and accepts responsibility for only those official NACE International interpretations issued by NACE International in accordance with its governing procedures and policies which preclude the issuance of interpretations by individual volunteers. Users of this NACE International standard are responsible for reviewing appropriate health, safety, environmental, and regulatory documents and for determining their applicability in relation to this standard prior to its use. This NACE International standard may not necessarily address all potential health and safety problems or environmental hazards associated with the use of materials, equipment, and/or operations detailed or referred to within this standard. Users of this NACE International standard are also responsible for establishing appropriate health, safety, and environmental protection practices, in consultation with appropriate regulatory authorities if necessary, to achieve compliance with any existing applicable regulatory requirements prior to the use of this standard. CAUTIONARY NOTICE: NACE International standards are subject to periodic review, and may be revised or withdrawn at any time without prior notice. NACE International requires that action be taken to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw this standard no later than five years from the date of initial publication. The user is cautioned to obtain the latest edition. Purchasers of NACE International standards may receive current information on all standards and other NACE International publications by contacting the NACE International Membership Services Department, 1440 South Creek Drive, Houston, Texas 77084-4906 (telephone +1 [281] 228-6200). Revised 2004-02-12 Approved 1999-01-16 NACE International 1440 South Creek Dr. Houston, Texas 77084-4906 +1 (281)228-6200 ISBN 1-57590-075-0 ©2004, NACE International

It is intended for use by personnel including architect engineers.4. should. fabricators. and personnel from electric utilities and firms in the process industries.9. a component of Unit Committee T-5F on Corrosion Problems Associated with Pollution Control. Paragraph 7. designers. and installation of stainless chromium-nickel steel and nickel-alloy roll-bonded and explosion-bonded clad plate in air pollution control and other process equipment. ________________________________________________________________________ NACE International i . This standard was originally prepared in 1999 by NACE Task Group T-5F-6. 4th ed. In NACE standards. Shall and must are used to state mandatory requirements. welding. and may are used in accordance with the definitions of these terms in the NACE Publications Style Manual. The term may is used to state something considered optional. the terms shall. This Task Group is administered by Specific Technology Group (STG) 45 on Pollution Control. The term should is used to state something considered good and is recommended but is not mandatory.. This standard is issued by NACE International under the auspices of STG 45. must.RP0199-2004 ________________________________________________________________________ Foreword The purpose of this standard recommended practice is to provide technical and quality assurance guidelines for the fabrication.1. It was revised in 2004 by Task Group 199 on the Installation of Stainless Chromium-Nickel Steel and Nickel-Alloy RollBonded and Explosion-Bonded Clad Plate in Air Pollution Control Equipment.

............................................................................................... 10 Appendix C: Procedures for Cleaning Fabricated Clad Plate .......................................... 2 Figure 2: Weld Accessible from Both Sides: Steel-Side Root Pass ............................................................................. 6 Table 3: Recommended Joint Dimension A1 .................................................... 9 References................................................................................ Repair of Defective Welds........50 in........... 9 Appendix A: Procedures for Handling Clad Plates and Fabricated Components Made from Clad Plates.................................. 5 Table 1: Alloy Cladding Identification ............................... 10 Appendix B: Procedures for Attaching Structural Members to Clad Plate...................................... 8 7... 7 4............................. Inspection ...................................................... 8 ________________________________________________________________________ ii NACE International .......... 1 3................................................................................................... Welding Procedure Qualification ....................................................... Welding—General ..................................................................................................................... 7 5............................................................ 6 Table 2: Recommended Weld Filler Metals..RP0199-2004 ________________________________________________________________________ NACE International Standard Recommended Practice Installation of Stainless Chromium-Nickel Steel and NickelAlloy Roll-Bonded and Explosion-Bonded Clad Plate in Air Pollution Control Equipment Contents 1..................................... 8 6....................................................................................... 4 Figure 4: Weld Accessible from Both Sides: Plates 13 mm (0......................................... 3 Figure 3: Weld Accessible from Alloy Side Only.................................................. 10 Figure 1: Weld Accessible from Both Sides: Alloy-Side Root Pass............... Weld Quality ............... Welder Performance Qualification .................... General............) and Greater.......................................................................... 7 Table 4: Maximum Allowable Weld Reinforcement and Undercut of Groove Welds ................. 1 2..................................................................................................................

New York.2 Weld joint preparation of clad plate shall be made by machining.22. OH 43228-1518. and D. AWS B 2. Table 1 identifies the alloys that should be welded with the weld joint designs illustrated in the figures. CH-1121 Geneve 20. ASME material specifications may be used in place of ASTM material specifications.3 Procedures for cleaning fabricated clad plate are presented in Appendix C.9. 1. and oil.3 Figures 1 through 4 illustrate recommended weld joint designs for various clad plate thicknesses welded with accessibility to one or both sides. NY 10016-5900. ducts.6 The following codes and specifications may be useful in the development of a specification for the installation of clad plate for air pollution control and other process equipment that supplements this standard. European. (4) American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT). (5) International Organization for Standardization (ISO). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).20. welding. 1.9 For the purposes of this standard. 1. AWS A 5. References to specific weld designs and techniques in this standard are not intended to preclude the use of newer technology. AWS A 5. 2.1 The appendices in this standard are as follows: 2. Alternative construction techniques.3 It is the responsibility of users of this standard to determine the suitability of the construction materials specified for particular applications. 9 10 11 AWS A 5. Case Postale 56. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. B. the latest revision of the standard shall be used: (2) 3 4 ASTM A 264. American Welding Society (AWS). AWS A 5.1. AWS A 5.4. Three Park Avenue. 13 Parts A. burrs. The use of alternative methods should be mutually agreed on by all contracting parties.1. AWS A 5. ________________________________________________________________________ Section 2: Welding—General 2. Switzerland. such as partial-penetration welds covered by batten strips in accordance with NACE Standard 17 RP0292. All thermal cuts __________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) should be ground back as necessary to remove dross. 4153 Arlingate Plaza.1 ) (5) Applicable ISO. • • • • • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code: Section II. 1 rue de varembe. 5 6 7 8 AWS A 5. Included are flue gas desulfurization (FGD) absorbers. 2. ASTM A 265.7 This standard recommends fabrication procedures incorporating complete joint-penetration welds.2 For the purposes of this standard. and installation of stainless chromium-nickel steel and nickel-alloy roll-bonded (1) and explosion-bonded clad plate conforming to ASTM A 1 2 264 or A 265 in air pollution control equipment. and Table 3 provides recommended dimensions for the figures. plasma-arc cutting. PA 19248-2959. Table 2 provides recommended filler metals. The recommended joint designs are not mandatory but alloy filler metals. AWS A 5. 1.8 New and improved welding techniques as well as new alloys are being developed.10. 1. and regional standards and regulatory documents (3) 12 1.1.4 This standard is only applicable to materials that conform to the following standards or to comparable material specifications as agreed on by contracting parties.17. Columbus.RP0199-2004 ________________________________________________________________________ Section 1: General 1. Care should be taken to ensure that any grinding does not contaminate the weld area and that machined surfaces are clean and free of filings.11. C. such as the types ASTM International. stacks. and other process equipment. FL 33135.2 Procedures for attaching structural members to clad plate are presented in Appendix B. 1.14. 1. and Section IX (4) 14 ASNT SNT-TC-1A ASTM specifications for various metals and alloys AWS specifications for testing procedures (AWS B 15 16 1. commercial.1 This standard provides technical and quality assurance guidelines for the fabrication. It is intended to be the basis for preparation of a specification to be agreed on by contracting parties. AWS A 5. or grinding. It is assumed that users will establish these specifications in accordance with their individual requirements.5 General. Miami. are not addressed in this standard. West Conshohocken. the term alloy is used to describe either the stainless chromium-nickel steel or nickel-alloy portion of the clad-steel plate as well as the equivalent solid stainless chromium-nickel steel or nickelalloy material. NACE International 1 .1. 2.18.1 Procedures for handling clad materials are presented in Appendix A. and safety conditions are beyond the scope of this standard. In all cases. 550 NW LeJeune Road. 2.

50 in.RP0199-2004 recommended. Maximum misalignment ½ of alloy clad thickness.) to less than 13 mm (0.50 in. The contractor may develop and qualify alternatives for approval by the purchaser.19 in. are required for all weld beads in Figures 1.) 4. Alloy filler metal required for all weld beads forming the weld joint. NOTE: The numbered weld beads in the following figures indicate the order of weld bead placement.19 in. 1 2 3 Size and number of beads approximate. Root backgouged to sound metal after welding alloy side. They should not be confused with the Alloy Designation numbers in Table 1.) 2 NACE International .063 in.6 mm (0.) Bevel optional prior to welding clad side.8 mm (0. Dimension A1 (See Table 3) Typically 1. and 3. Figure 1: Weld Accessible from Both Sides: Alloy-Side Root Pass Backing plate thickness 4.8 mm (0. 2.) to less than 13 mm (0.

) min.8 mm (0. 2 1 4 3 Size and number of beads approximate.50 in. Alloy filler metal required for all weld beads forming the weld joint.) root face Typically 1.063 in.) NACE International 3 .) to less than 13 mm (0.RP0199-2004 Dimension A1 (See Table 3) Typically 75° 4.) Maximum misalignment ½ of alloy clad thickness 1. Figure 2: Weld Accessible from Both Sides: Steel-Side Root Pass Backing plate thickness 4. Root backgouged to sound metal after welding steel side.19 in.) to less than 13 mm (0.19 in.6 mm (0.063 in.6 mm (0.8 mm (0.50 in.

8 mm (0.) 4 NACE International .6 mm (0 to 0. Figure 3: Weld Accessible from Alloy Side Only Backing plate thickness 4.19 in.8 mm (0.) 4 5 3 1 2 Backing Bar Size and number of beads approximate.063 in.50 in.19 in.) Backing Bar 0 to 1.50 in.) to less than 13 mm (0.RP0199-2004 Dimension A1 (See Table 3) Typically 75° Typically 1.063 in.6 mm (0.) to less than 13 mm (0.) 4. Alloy filler metal required for all weld beads forming the weld joint.

) Typically 1.50 in.063 in.17. AWS A 5.6 mm (0.0 to 0.6 mm (0.5° Radius 4.063 in. 3.063 in.19 in. NACE International 5 . The root face dimension may be increased if appropriate. 2.6 mm (0.) and Greater Notes to Figure 4: 1.1.).) 1. Steel side may be welded with appropriate filler metals of type AWS A 5.18. Alloy side shall be welded with the same type of filler metals as those designated in Table 2.50 in.0 to 1.) Plates 13 mm (0. or AWS A 5. A1 dimension is 0. 4. The first pass on the steel backing side must not penetrate the alloy cladding.RP0199-2004 10° to 20° 30° Typically 35.8 mm (0.) 1. Figure 4: Weld Accessible from Both Sides: Plates 13 mm (0.063 in. Figures 1 to 3 involve welding entirely with alloy filler metal.6 mm (0.) and greater 5 3 1 4 2 Dimension A1 (See Note 2) Backgouge 5 3 1 6 7 8 2 4 Size and number of beads approximate.

As new alloys are introduced.RP0199-2004 Table 1: (A) Alloy Cladding Identification Alloy Designation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7. Warrendale. (B) Recommended Weld Filler Metals Alloy (C) 1. 7. PA 15096. N08926. superaustenitic stainless chromium-nickel steels recommend that welding product without niobium be used to avoid the formation of niobium nitride precipitates. a joint publication of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the Society of Automotive Engineers Inc. 5 W80276 (ENiCrMo-4) W86022 (ENiCrMo-10) W86026 (ENiCrMo-14) W86059 (ENiCrMo-13) 6. Table 2: (A). Alloy manufacturers should be consulted for specific welding recommendations. S31266. (B) The manufacturers of some high-nitrogen. S31703 N08031. 400 Commonwealth Dr. 6 NACE International . S34565 N06625 N10276 N06022 N06059 N06200 N06686 (B) This list of alloys is not intended to be all-inclusive. they may be added by the user. (SAE). the use of overmatching filler metals should be considered. (C) Alloy designation numbers refer to those indicated in Table 1. They are not to be confused with the numbered weld beads in Figures 1 through 4. Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (latest revision). Alloy manufacturers should be consulted for specific welding recommendations.14) N06022 (ERNiCrMo-10) N06059 (ERNiCrMo-13) N06625 (ERNiCrMo-3) N06686 (ERNiCrMo-14) N10276 (ERNiCrMo-4) N06022 (ERNiCrMo-10) N06059 (ERNiCrMo-13) N06686 (ERNiCrMo-14) N10276 (ERNiCrMo-4) N06059 (ERNiCrMo-13) N06686 (ERNiCrMo-14) N06200 (ERNiCrMo-17) (A) To offset the effects of the iron dilution and elemental segregation. 8 (A) (B) UNS Number S31726. N08367. 3 W80276 (ENiCrMo-4) W86022 (ENiCrMo-10) W86026 (ENiCrMo-14) W86059 (ENiCrMo-13) W86112 (ENiCrMo-3) 4.. S32654.11) GMAW/GTAW UNS (AWS A 5. 2. S31254. 8 W86026 (ENiCrMo-14) W86059 (ENiCrMo-13) W86200 (ENiCrMo-17) SMAW UNS (AWS A 5.

6 Welding may be done by any of the following processes: • • • • • Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) Flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) Submerged arc welding (SAW) A combination of welding processes may be used for a single weld joint. 4. Section IX.25 in. Unless otherwise agreed on.13 in.) total thickness except as required to prevent condensation during welding.19 in. or infrared heating. they should be stored and reconditioned as recommended by the electrode manufacturer.8 mm (0.75 to 1.). 2.063 to 0. NACE International 7 .75 in. Weld tests shall be made and the results recorded in a procedure qualification record (PQR).) GMAW/GTAW 1.8 to 6. ________________________________________________________________________ Section 3: Welding Procedure Qualification 3.063 to 0.2 mm (0. Preheating is not required for plates of up to 19 mm (0.19 in.1 The contractor or fabricator shall have a welding procedure specification (WPS) for each type of weld to be made.2 Test specimens shall meet the weld quality requirements given in Section 5 in addition to those of AWS B 2. 2. the surface of the cladside alloy weld should have an amount of corrosion-resistant elements equivalent to or greater than that of the alloy cladding. 2.4 to 3.7 All welding materials should be stored in a clean. as in the case of some nickel alloys. and PQR may be in accordance with those provided by AWS B 2.5 Tack welds that are used for the purpose of fit-up should be made only to the backing steel.4 For welding alloy-clad plates for corrosion-resistant services such as air pollution control.5 in.6 mm (0. natural gas.13 to 0.4 mm (0. The WPS format. or as agreed on between contracting parties.19 in.6 to 4. the use of multiple weld layers and/or careful control of weld bead placement should be considered.094 to 0.6 to 4.1 or ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. rules regarding essential variables. a wider opening may be appropriate.2 Welding should not be done when the ambient temperature is lower than -18°C (0°F).) Figure 3 (A) SMAW 4.) Figure 2 SMAW 2. Acceptable heating techniques are indirect.3 Consideration should be given to the extra time and quantity of material needed to perform welder qualification.1 All welders and welding operators should be qualified by the contractor as agreed on by the contracting parties.19 to 0.25 in.1 or ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.8 to 6. If a “higher-alloy” filler is not practical. ________________________________________________________________________ Section 4: Welder Performance Qualification 4. provided that each process is qualified in the qualification test weld. Damaged materials should not be used. 2. the performance qualifications shall be in accordance with AWS B 2.19 to 0. This may be accomplished with stainless chromium-nickel steel clad alloys by using “higher-alloy” filler metal. Section IX.8 mm (0. propane. Weld joints 19 to 38 mm (0. Fuel oil heaters or oxyfuel heating should not be used. 4.) thick should be preheated to 10°C (50°F) or as appropriate for the steel backing.) (A) GMAW/GTAW 4. 3.) (A) GMAW/GTAW 1. If coated electrodes are used.1 or ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.063 in. Section IX.8 mm (0.RP0199-2004 Table 3: Recommended Joint Dimension A1 Figure 1 SMAW 3.4 mm (0. dry area.2 to 4.) For clad thicknesses above 1.

1 Terminology: (a) Relevant indication: an indication with major dimensions greater than 1.6. certified mill test reports. Table 4: Maximum Allowable Weld Reinforcement and Undercut of Groove Welds Weld Location Plate Thickness Steel Side <25 mm (1. Care must be taken while surface grinding or conditioning the alloy-side welds so that the alloy cladding thickness is not reduced. 3.0 in.094 in.4 Visual inspection of weld joint preparation and weld joint fit-up shall be made for dimensional conformance to the applicable drawings and to the cleanliness requirements of Paragraph 2.).2 mm (0. overlaps. or as a result of welding on the reverse side of the plate.RP0199-2004 ________________________________________________________________________ Section 5: Weld Quality 5. 6. (b) Linear indication: an indication having a length greater than three times its width. and cracks that can be detected by visual inspection. 6.78 mm (0.031 in. Damage involving either more than 10% of the alloy thickness or 0.188 in.25 mm (0.2 The maximum allowable weld reinforcement and undercut of groove welds shall be as shown in Table 4. (c) Rounded indication: an indication of circular or elliptical shape with the length equal to or less than three times its width. 6. This is necessary to avoid future misunderstandings or disagreements and to facilitate quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) operations during erection and fabrication.3 The alloy side of the clad plate shall be completely visually inspected for handling.).) Weld Reinforcement 2. 5.) max.010 in. rounded indication greater than 4. and workmanship shall be subject to inspection by the purchaser.3 For the purposes of this standard.063 in.13 in.4 mm (0.094 in. and/or contamination damage.0 in.) max.).2 Acceptance Standards: The weld shall be judged unacceptable if the examination exhibits any indication in excess of the limits specified below: (a) Relevant.80 mm (0.1 All liquid. whichever is less ties. in the heataffected zone (HAZ). 5. linear indication.4 Workmanship surface standards and weld quality should be defined and agreed on by all contracting parties prior to construction.) max. (b) Relevant. halide-free liquid penetrant examination of 18 welds shall be in accordance with ASTM E 165. Procedures for cleaning fabricated steel plate are in Appendix C. shall be repaired as agreed on by the contracting parties.80 mm (0. erection. 2.1 Methods of inspection. 6. whichever is less 0. Heat tint can occur on the weld face.031 in. Undercut 10% of steel-side thickness or 0. Heat tint may vary in color from a light straw to a dark blue or black but is not the result of burnthrough. whichever is less.4 mm (0.6 mm (0. heat tint may affect the corrosion resistance of the alloy surface exposed to a corrosive environment. Visual inspection may be supplemented by liquid penetrant examination. 6.25 mm (0.or vapor-containment butt welds shall be fullpenetration and shall be free of cold laps. In stainless chromium-nickel steels.).2 Material.6 If performed.010 in. 5. The need for removing heat tint and the particular technique used for removal shall be agreed on by all contracting par- ________________________________________________________________________ Section 6: Inspection 6. 6.) 10% of alloy-side thickness or 0.).6.2. extent of inspection. heat tint refers to the oxide formed on alloy surfaces resulting from welding or thermal cutting. 6.) Steel Side Alloy Side >25 mm (1. 8 NACE International . and qualification of inspectors should be agreed on by contracting parties before the job begins.5 Visual inspection of completed welds for conformance to Section 5 shall be made.

11/5.1/5. radiographic inspection of welds shall be performed in accordance with ASME Boiler and Pressure 19 Vessel Code. NY: ASME). FL: AWS). 14.9/5. the steel weld must not fuse into the alloy weld or alloy cladding. 15. 6.6 mm (0. ________________________________________________________________________ Section 7: Repair of Defective Welds 7.22M (latest revision).4/5.7 If performed. 10. “Specification for Bare Stainless Steel Welding Electrodes and Rods” (Miami.1 (latest revision).063 in. “Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding” (Miami.RP0199-2004 (c) Four or more relevant. Section II (latest revision). “Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding and Stainless Steel Flux Cored Rod for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding” (Miami. FL: AWS). ASTM A 264 (latest revision). rewelding with the addition of filler metal. ASNT SNT-TC-1A (latest revision). FL: AWS). FL: AWS). “Recommended Practice No. “Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding” (Miami.20/5. Section IX. AWS A 5.8 All weld defects shall be suitably marked to make them readily apparent for repair. OH: ASNT). NACE Standard RP0292 (latest revision). “Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding” (Miami.22/5.14M (latest revision).) or less. Acceptance standards shall be in accordance with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. “Installation of Thin Metallic Wallpaper Lining in Air Pollution Control and Other Process Equipment” (Houston. FL: AWS). Marking media should not compromise the quality of the repair weld or the corrosion resistance of the alloy material. “Welding and Brazing Qualifications” (New York. 5. its location. TX: NACE).2 Procedures for repair should include a method for documenting the repair made. 18. Sheet. 7. “Standard Test Method for Liquid Penetrant Examination” (West Conshohocken.9M (latest revision). 7. rounded indications in a line separated by a distance of 1. 6. AWS A 5.3 Defects such as cracks or lack of fusion shall be repaired by grinding to remove the defect and. Section V. 2.14/5.1M (latest revision). “Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Welding Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding” (Miami. and the inspector’s approval of the repaired weld. “Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Bare Welding Electrodes and Rods” (Miami.10 (latest revision). 8. The repair shall be re-inspected using the same technique as that used to find the defect. “Materials” (New York. “Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding” (Miami. A steel weld diluted by alloy may contain cracks and have poor mechanical properties.18/5. AWS A 5. 12. AWS A 5.11M (latest revision). AWS A 5. edge-to-edge. 3. PA: ASTM). NY: ASME). ASTM E 165 (latest revision). ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. “Standard Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Base Alloy-Clad Steel Plate” (West Conshohocken. “Standard for Welding Procedure and Performance Qualification” (Miami. FL: AWS). “Standard Specification for Stainless Chromium-Nickel Steel-Clad Plate. 7.1 Weld repair procedures should be developed by the fabricator/erector and approved by the purchaser. NACE International 9 . 11.17/5. ASTM A 265 (latest revision). PA: ASTM).18M (latest revision).17M (latest revision). The developer of the repair procedure should take into consideration the fact that if repairs are made on the steel side using ordinary steel fillers (Figure 4). and Strip” (West Conshohocken. ________________________________________________________________________ References 1. 13. Section IX (latest revision). 9. AWS A 5. if necessary. AWS A 5. AWS A 5. FL: AWS). FL: AWS). 17. 6. “Guide for the Nondestructive Testing of Welds” (Miami. FL: AWS). AWS A 5.4M (latest revision). ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.20M (latest revision). “Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and Rods for Gas-Shielded Arc Welding” (Miami. 4. AWS B 1. Article 2. FL: AWS). PA: ASTM). FL: AWS). 1996” (Columbus. AWS B 2. 16.

10 NACE International . Acid cleaning with nitric-hydrofluoric acid mixtures in accordance with 21 ASTM A 380 is the preferred method for removing heat tint and surface contamination. The need for acid cleaning of stainless steels is to be agreed to by contacting parties. dents. Equipment. which should be handled in accordance with Appendix C of this standard. 20. and if not. care shall be taken that ordinary steel chains. Welded attachments to the steel side of clad plate may create a heat tint on the alloy. shall be stored off the ground and supported with wood stacked in such a way as to promote self-drainage and to prevent damage and contamination of the alloy side with rust. NY: ASME). ________________________________________________________________________ Appendix A: Procedures for Handling Clad Plates and Fabricated Components Made from Clad Plates Clad materials should be stored indoors. After attachment. Section VIII (latest revision). and wire brushes used in contact with the alloy cladding shall be of stainless chromium-nickel steel or another noncontaminating material. Shearing and punching shall be done with the alloy side up so that the burr occurs on the backing-steel side. Descaling. and Systems” (West Conshohocken.g. flapper wheels. PA: ASTM). care shall be taken to ensure that all working surfaces of the forming equipment. All tools such as wedges.RP0199-2004 19. ASTM A 380 (latest revision). ________________________________________________________________________ Appendix C: Procedures for Cleaning Fabricated Clad Plate Studies have shown that the presence of heat tint and iron contamination on the surface of stainless steels can lead to crevice corrosion in the surrounding areas. “Standard Practice for Cleaning. if practical. Abrasives (e. and handling equipment are clean so that contamination of the alloy surface is avoided. Passivation treatments also are not required for NiCrMo alloys. Hot bending and straightening are prohibited. “Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels” (New York. grinding wheels. corrosion protection in the form of weld overlay or other means should be applied to the attachment area. and/or the clad plate manufacturer should be consulted for further guidance. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. Contact between the alloy sides and the steel sides of the plates shall be avoided. NY: ASME). All arc-cut edges shall be ground to bright metal prior to welding. There should be no cantilevered structures where “Z” direction loading may be a consideration. lifting clamps. Section V (latest revision).. Acid cleaning of nickel-chromium-molybdenum (NiCrMo) alloys for the removal of heat tint or surface contamination is neither necessary nor recommended. ________________________________________________________________________ Appendix B: Procedures for Attaching Structural Members to Clad Plate Any attachments of structural members to the alloy side of clad plate should be made directly to the backing plate after first removing the cladding by any appropriate method. and Passivation of Stainless Steel Parts. Plasma-arc cutting and gouging are the only acceptable thermal methods for cutting and gouging. During shipping of fabricated components. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. tie-downs. layout tables. 21. Section VIII. and rough edges. Special attention shall be paid to the condition of the clad plate edges to avoid notches. “Nondestructive Examination” (New York. and banding do not come in direct contact with the alloy surfaces. Sound construction practices should be followed and ASME Boiler and 20 Pressure Vessel Code. When processing clad plates. flexible abrasive disks) that are used on the alloy cladding shall not have been used previously on carbon steel.

RP0199-2004 ISBN 1-57590-075-0 12 NACE International .

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