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LIGHT AND SOUND UNIT STUDY

GRADE 4

Resource Books: 1. Light, Sound, Electricity Usborne (recommended for grades 4+) 2. Pan Canadian Sound and Light Scholastic 3. The Science of Light 4. Parent Guide 5. 2 Prisms 6. 2 Convex Lenses 7. 2 Concave Lenses 8. Primary colored cellophane 9. The Wonder of Gods World Light (recommended for grades 1-3, not in all kits) Additional Resources: The student pages and Parent guide (with clickable links), are available for download from the library website: http://www.onlineschool.ca/rooms/library/resource_kits/index.php -The Magic School Bus Gets A Bright Idea -The Magic School Bus Makes A Rainbow The Secrets of Colors (video is good) -Bill Nye Videos (Light and Electricity) -Physical Science: Light & All About Light (videos from the public library that have a young female adult explaining light)

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Here are some options to use to record your childs learning and to submit for portfolios. There are many websites and yahoo groups which have a lot of information as well as free resourcesjust do a search!

Big Book of Books and Activities: an illustrated guide for teachers, parents, and anyone who works with kids! by Dinah Zike is available from the HCOS library
http://www.dinah.com/ About Lapbooks and Lapbooking Lapbooking is the term for taking a paper file folder and refolding it so that there are two covers on the front. It is held vertically, with the 11 inch long side being held in a vertical position. It is refolded so that one cover opens to the left and the other cover opens to the right. This lapbook is dedicated to one topic of study. The child then makes miniature books and little folded flaps about content of that subject area. Those little books are glued to the inside of this lapbook. Extensions can be made, with card stock paper or tag board paper, to make the lapbook have more surfaces in which to place books. The cover can be decorated. About Notebooks and Notebooking The big difference between notebooks and lapbooks is that in lapbooking the information is made into tiny books which are glued inside of a file folder. With notebooking a child may make little books but they are glued into pages which are 3 hole punched and put inside of a 3 ring binder notebook. With notebooking, regular pages can be added as well as pressed leaves or other objects. In other words the notebook pages might just be flat and not have "mini books" in them. Also some people use notebooks like scrapbooks and can add in things like pressed flowers, real dried leaves, photographs your family took, et cetera. Notebooking can cover a whole subject such as Ancient History and may hold an inch thick stack of papers, while lapbooking is smaller/thinner and holds less information. Subjects for lapbooking may cover smaller topics such as Ancient Egypt or Pyramids. Sites for lapbooks & notebooking: Homeschool share has many free resources! http://www.homeschoolshare.com/lapbooking_resources.php
www.knowledgeboxcentral.com Lapbooking 101

http://lapbooking.wordpress.com/ Lapbook lessons http://www.lapbooklessons.com/

Flapbooks http://www.unitstudies.com/books/index.aspx

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Grade Four Physical Science: Sound and Light BC Ministry of Education Learning Outcomes Grade Four Identify sources of light and sound Explain properties of light (e.g., travels in a straight path, can be reflected) Explain properties of sound (e.g., travels in waves, travels in all directions) Portfolio Submission Guidelines Students will submit three samples from the list below for each portfolio. Please submit at least one experiment log in each portfolio. A chart or graph showing the students observations, experiences, or thinking. A chart that classifies objects, events, or organisms based on criteria determined by the student. Written notes or observations including the students ideas about what the outcome of an experiment would be An oral recording of the student discussing any of the above content. A photograph of the student doing an experiment or a photograph of a project Any artwork the student has created as he made observations. A written (or oral) summary of any reading the student has done on the above topics. A list of questions the student asks about the above content, especially if those questions lead to exploration or experimentation. A labeled diagram An experiment log Multi-Age Teaching: This unit of study is intended for Grade Four Science but like many homeschool families when we tackle a science unit, we are all absorbed in to the study and it becomes a family affair. Looking at the books included in this kit: The Usborne book is for the older student to read and gain a knowledge base for the topic, the activities/experiments are to reinforce the concepts and the journal or lapbook is where he demonstrates his understanding. Both Sound and Light and The Science of Light are filled with hands-on learning activities and many of the experiments can be conducted independently by the older student. The Wonder of Gods World Light has many simple experiments that explain the same concepts that the older student is also studying, so the discovery can be simultaneous or it can be a joint effort! Where the primary student may be making simple shadow shapes (The Wonder of Gods World Light lesson 2); the older student can do a quick experiment, (Day 1), and then continue to reinforce the concept through online activities/quizzes. Then the students can together perform a shadow show for the family (The Wonder of Gods World Light lesson 3) or create silhouettes of their family. Often an older sibling will teach a younger child and demonstrate his understanding of the topic being studied!

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Daily Activities for Sound and Light Unit Study Notes: Some lessons include more activities than youll need; feel free to omit and/or modify as necessary. Not all activities will be suitable for all age levels, so choose the ones that are most suitable for your childs level of understanding. Experiments follow the daily lessons (Parent Guide) You will need to get the passwords from your to teacher for BrainPop and Enchanted Learning The Wonder of Gods World- Light is intended for primary students and the activities/experiments are outlined in the lessons found in the daily reading. You will need to download student pages from the library website: http://www.onlineschool.ca/rooms/library/resource_kits/index.php Ongoing Unit Activities: You may want to have your child keep a journal for the unit, recording the different experiments. Digital photos accompanied by a 1-3 sentence explanation are another good way to remember/record activities. Each lesson is broken down into four sections: Bible, daily readings, experiments and journal/lap book work

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Day 1: What is Light and How Does Light Travel? Bible: Look into the story of creation and find out what the Bible says about light and darkness. Also read Psalm 112. Reading: Light, Sound, Electricity, pgs. 20 Sound and Light, pgs. 30-33 The Science of Light pgs. 5-7 The Wonder of Gods World Light pgs. Introduction and lessons 1-3. Activities/Experiments: 1. Light Up the Light (pg. 30 in Sound and Light) 2. Predict Shadows (pg. 32 in Sound and Light) 3. Do activity at http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ (Science, Physical Processes, Light and Dark and/or Light and Shadows) 4. You can also check out Light and Dark at http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ scienceclips/ages/9_10/changing_sounds.shtml 5. Activity: the Transparent, Translucent, and Opaque chart in the Parent Guide Journal: In your own words explain what light is and then draw a diagram (simple sketch) of how light travels. Choose a scripture verse that talks about light and either handwrite (cursive) or illustrate it. Day 2: Reflection and Refraction of Light Bible: Who are we to reflect? Reading: Light, Sound, Electricity pgs. 24-25 Sound and Light pgs. 34-35 The Science of Light pgs. 8-13 The Wonder of Gods World Light lessons 7-9 & 13 Activities/Experiments: 1. Reflection Activity in the Parent Guide 2. Now You See It (pg. 34 in Sound and Light) 3. Seeing Double (The Science of Light pg. 13) Journal: Diagram/label the Law of Reflection. Explain in your own words reflection and refraction.

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Day 3: Colour Bible: Find and read the passage in the Bible that discusses the rainbow. What is the meaning of this rainbow? Reading: Light, Sound, Electricity pgs. 22-23 Sound and Light pgs. 36-37 The Science of Light pgs. 14-21 The Wonder of Gods World Light lessons 4-6 Activities/Experiments: 1. Prism Activities in the Parent Guide 2. Make Lenses (pg. 37 in Sound and Light) Optional Art Activities: 1. Peacock Color Wheel in the parent Guide 2. Try four-colour printing (see pg. 23 in Light, Sound & Electricity) 3. Make a colour spinner 4. Mix the primary colours to make secondary colours and create a painting. 5. Create a rainbow using any medium (paints, pastels, tissue paper, recycled materials) 6. Make a Kaleidoscope activity in Parent Guide Journal: Why is the sky blue? (http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ is a great website with activities, quizzes and the answers questions like this one!) Day 4: Lenses & Eyes Bible: What does the Bible say we should we see or view with our eyes? Reading: Light, Sound, Electricity pgs. 26-27 Sound and Light pgs. 38-41 The Science of Light pgs. 22-23 The Wonder of Gods World Light lesson 12 Activities/Experiments: 1. Learn about and label the eye. (Also in Parent Guide) 2. http://members.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/anatomy/eye/label/ labeleye.shtml 3. Shine Light on Different Surfaces (pg. 38 in Sound and Light) 4. Exploring with Lenses and /or Looking through Lenses in the Parent Guide
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Journal: Explain the difference between a convex and a concave lens with words or a diagram. Day 5: Topics of Interest History of Light: 1. http://discoveryeducation.ca - The Nature of Light talks about the three theories of light with Bill Nye and The Elements of Light explains light bulbs (tungsten, neon and other gases) 2. http://members.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/edison/lightbulb.shtml 3. http://s4.brainpop.com/ -great movie clips and optional quizzes 4. Create a timeline with the information on page 30 from The Science of Light Optical Instruments: 1. Light, Sound & Electricity pages 28-31(microscopes, telescopes, periscopes) 2. http://members.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/page/t/telescope.shtml telescope activity Lasers: 1. http://s4.brainpop.com/ - movie on lasers 2. What are lasers used for? Cameras: 1. Can you explain how a camera works? 2. Create a movie flick book (pg. 31 of Light, Sound & Electricity) Research a topic related to light that interests you and comment on your discoveries in your journal. Day 6: What is Sound and How Does it Travel? Bible: List/describe some of the sounds you think about when you think of the stories of the Bible. Reading: Light, Sound, Electricity Sound and Light pgs. 12 pgs. 6-9

Activities/Experiments: 1. Be a Sound Detective (pg. 6 of Sound and Light) 2. Draw a sound (pg. 8 of Sound and Light)

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This exploration can be adapted to listening and drawing to a variety of music. Listen to different styles of music, as well as different beats/tempos and volumes. Also try drawing with different colours. 3. Watch a movie about sound at BrainPop. http://s4.brainpop.com/ 4. Do the Screaming Balloon Experiment in the Parent Guide (you will need your own balloon and hex nut) Journal: For two different sounds draw and label the sounds waves. Day 7: Measurement of Sound Bible: Read Matthew 11:15 and talk about the meaning of this passage. Reading: Light, Sound, Electricity Sound and Light pgs. 12 pgs. 10-13

Activities/Experiments: 1. Turn it up (pg. 10 of Sound and Light) 2. Play it high and low (pg. 12 of Sound and Light) 3. Do activity at http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ (Science, Physical Processes and then Changing Sounds) 4. Do the activity at http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienceclips/ages/9_10/ changing_sounds.shtml (Sounds and Hearing) Journal: Have some fun and create music with water and glasses and/or try the Glass Xylophone and Glass Xylophone II activity in Parent Guide. Day 8: Sounds Travel Through Air, Water, and Solids Bible: Read Revelations 1:3 and discuss who is blessed? Reading: Light, Sound, Electricity Sound and Light pgs. 13 pgs. 14-17

Activities/Experiments: 1. Do What can sound travel through? activity in parent activity guide and complete the accompanying worksheet in the Parent Guide. 2. Try making a string telephone of two cups joined by a string. What kind of string makes the best telephone? Why do you think that is? Journal: Explain in words and/or with a diagram what it means to transmit sound and to reflect sound.

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Day 9: How do Humans Hear? Bible: What should we let our ears hear? Find three passages that talk about what we should be hearing. Reading: Light, Sound, Electricity Sound and Light pgs. 14-15 pgs. 22-25

Activities/Experiments: 1. Learn about and label the ear. (Also in Parent Guide) http://members.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/anatomy/ear/label/label.shtml 2. Do Auditory Acuity and In the Middle activities in the Parent Guide. Journal: List some animals that hear exceptionally well and sketch their ears. What do these creatures have in common? Day 10: How are Sound and Light Alike and Different? Bible: Our senses enable us to interpret the world God created. Thank God for the things you are blessed to both see and hear. Reading: Light, Sound, Electricity Sound and Light pgs. 16-17 pgs. 26-29

Activities/Experiments: 1. Create a Venn diagram showing five attributes of sound, five attributes of light, and three attributes that are shared.

Prisms
http://home.howstuffworks.com/science-projects-for-kids-spectrum-of-colors.htm 8/1/2013 Revised

White light is composed of all the rainbow colors. You can break light down by using prisms.

2007 Publications International, Ltd.

Try the Reflection and Refraction experiment.

What You'll Need: Scissors Cardboard Prism White paper Cut a slit in a large piece of cardboard. Place the cardboard in a sunny window so that a shaft of sunlight shines through the slit. In one hand, hold a prism in front of the cardboard so that the sunlight passes through it. With your other hand, hold a sheet of white paper so that the light passing through the prism shines on it. You will see a rainbow of colors on the paper.

Make a Kaleidoscope
http://home.howstuffworks.com/science-projects-for-kids-spectrum-of-colors.htm

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A kaleidoscope is an ideal science project that teaches kids how to reflect the spectrum of colors and make beautiful images. In a kaleidoscope, mirrors reflect multiple images off of one another. What You'll Need: 3 small mirrors of the same size Tape Waxed paper Pencil Scissors Construction paper

2007 Publications International, Ltd.

Make a kaleidescope with your kids, and teach them about the color spectrum.

How to Make a Kaleidoscope: Step 1: To make a kaleidoscope, tape together 3 small mirrors in a triangle shape with the mirror-sides facing inward. Step 2: Stand the mirrors up on a piece of waxed paper, and trace around the bottom of the mirrors. Cut out this triangle shape, and then tape the piece of waxed paper in place at the bottom of the 3 mirrors. Step 3: Cut out many small pieces and shapes from colored sheets of construction paper, and drop them inside the mirrors. Step 4: Give your kaleidoscope a shake, then look inside. You will see some interesting patterns. The mirrors will reflect interesting shapes and colors. Help kids Discover Hidden Leaf Colors while participating in this innovative science project. Find out how to bring fall colors out of spring leaves on the next page of science projects for kids: spectrum of colors.

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