Reply to Ryckman Author(s): George Dickie Source: The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Vol. 47, No.

2 (Spring, 1989), p. 177 Published by: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of The American Society for Aesthetics Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/431831 Accessed: 01/04/2009 15:35
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" When B returnsto find the driftwood wherehe andA last saw it. he will have been informedthatA has gone sailing. 2. unmovedobject is used to serve a purpose. for Dickie has not told us what this special way of using might be." The change in name is meant to indicate a broadening in scope of this forum for the discussion of issues in theoretical aesthetics and art criticism. I should be ready to specify that purpose. Assuming. 3.4 THOMAS C.untouchedobjectsareused to servea purpose. the object in E5 is not used in this special way until it is resting on the wall. Even if there is a special way of using. 2. All quotationsare from this work. keeping footnotes to an absolute minimum. of course. Chicago Editor's Note The Discussion section of the Journalreplaces "Afterwords:Criticism and Countertheses. that it is not simply in virtue of being used but in virtue of fies as an artifactand complex object.Moving and hanging on a wall are not necessary to using in whatever special way Dickie might have in mind. and NE1 throughNE7 suggests that any attempt to do so would not save Dickie's analysis. I've gone to town. but may extend to issues raised in otherjournals and books. . Objectregarded(or used) as a workof art. If. El throughE6 are presentedon pages 44 through46. and careful being used in some special way that an object quali- 177 reflectionon E5. Moving and hanging are merely ways of making such use more convenientandpractical. 3. Artand the Aesthetic(Cornell University Press. One mightobject that a crucialelementof Dickie's analysis of artifactualityis absent from A. "Note that piece of driftwood. The Art Circle (New York: Haven. Workof art. Objectused to distractor worry philosophersof art. E7 is my own summaryof an examplethatDickie cites throughoutthe chapterwhere he gives El through E6." then it too is a "complex object" of one of the above "complexobject" types. RYCKMAN LawrenceUniversity 1. but only thatthey havejust as much a claim to artifactualityas the object in E5. NE9: A uses the cliff in NE1 as a markerso that she knows whatpartof the beachto returnto when her sailing is over. Authorsshould follow the regularinstructionsfor the preparationand submission of manuscripts(see page 2 of this issue). Dickie's views about artifactuality are problematic and we shouldrefrainfrom acceptingAC. Unless I am mistaken. Anyone of the following three "complexobject"types will do: 1." GEORGE DICKIE University of Illinois. 1974). I have not arguedthatthe object in E7 or any of the objects in NE1 through NE7 are artifacts. I did not give an analysis of artifactuality. and if not. Of course. Dickie has made this an easy task. P will do as the purposefor which the objectsin the new examples and the object in E7 were used. In each of NE8.' Nor are the rocks used in any way similar to the way in which driftwood may be used to dig a hole in the sand or the like or the way in which Duchampused the famous urinal.Discussion to conceive of examples outside the realm of art whereunmoved. Submissions need not be restrictedto critical comments on previous articles in the Journal(althoughwe continue to welcome these). We expect to be able to publish discussion entries within a few monthsof their acceptance. I did not speak in a general way of "used to serve a purpose" or "the intention that it might be used to serve a purpose. It is not at all unreasonableto claim that the objects in E7 and NE1 through NE7 may be used in exactly the same special way even thoughthey are not transported. E7. This objection seems wide of the mark. and we look forwardto receiving your submissions. Finally. for. Dickie mightdemandthatI say what "complex object" they became as a result of the artists' behavior. George Dickie. 4. It seems likely that if the object in E5 is now a "complex object. 1984). NE8: A says to B. Reply to Ryckman 1. since I contend that the objects in NE1 throughNE7 and the object in E7 are being used to serve a purpose." I spoke in a specific way of Dali's rocks: "The rocks are not altered in any way by the 'pointing and calling. Here are three such examples. We are also willing to consider self-containedessays that are not of article length (up to 10 manuscriptpages). I wish to thankan anonymousJAAC referee for helpful commentson an earlierdraft. where P is the purposefor which the object in E5 was used. and indicatingin a cover letterthatthe submission is intendedfor the Discussion section of the Journal. 2. then I've gone sailing. NE9 and NE10 an untouched. NE10: B uses a large maple tree nearthe beach as shade so that he can wait for A without getting even more sunburnedthan he alreadyis. when you returnlatertodayit is gone. thatthe object in E5 was used to serve a purpose. George Dickie. since I hold thatthe objects in E7 and NE1 as throughNE7 arejust as qualified for artifactuality the object in E5.

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