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) Develop a comparative PEST Matrix for the Philippines with another country (the US, any one of the BRIC economies or a SE Asian country). 2.) All information should be attributed properly to their source.
Government PHILIPPINES Unitary presidential constitutional republic Head of the state/chief executive is President elected by the citizen for a single six year term. Cabinet is appointed by the president. Oil Industry commission (Govern by RA 6173); Foreign investment act ( Govern by RA 7042); Telecommunication Industry (Governs by Act 3436): INDONESIA Unitary presidential constitutional republic Indonesia uses the Direct Election System for the election of both its Legislative Members and its President. These elections are held every five year. The next elections will take place in 2014. Banking Industry (Governs by Law Number 10 of 1998 on Bank); Insurance Industry (Governs by Law Number 2 of 1992 on Insurance Industry); Telecommunication Industry (Governs by Law Number 36 of 1999 on Telecommunication); Mining Industry (Governs by Law Number 4 of 2009 on Mineral and Coal Mining); Plantation Industry (Governs by Law Number 18 of 2004 on Plantation); Et cetera. Foreign Direct Investment; and Local Investment (both governs by Law Number 25 of 2007 on Investment)
Value-Added Tax (VAT) – A 12% VAT for all kinds of product sales, services, and leases. Amusement Taxes –movie houses, cabarets, racing, carnivals etc. Excise Taxes –involves manufacturing of alcohol, tobacco, and petroleum products; importing of automobile or jewelry, and mining must pay special excise taxes. Import Taxes –business involves importation of goods as part of raw material, must pay customs duties.
Corporation Tax “Companies in Indonesia are taxed at a rate of 25%, for both domestic and international sourced income. Resident Indonesian companies are required to withhold tax at a rate of 20% from payments to foreign companies.” Goods and Services Taxation “A Goods and Services Tax (GST) is levied at the rate of approx 10% at point of sale, by major vendors. “
pursuant to relevant criteria for exclusions. and Private Company. Source:http://tnrlawfirm. partnership and corporation.nscb.com/2012/07/ov erview-on-indonesian-company-law.html Type of Business Labour law: Sole proprietorship.com/2012/07/ov erview-on-indonesian-company-law. One day of rest weekly is mandatory. Labour laws Article 28D 7-hour workdays and 40-hour workweeks.blogspot.com/2012/07/ov erview-on-indonesian-company-law. Personal income from all other sources.blogspot. Regional Warehouse or Regional Headquarters Source : http://www.html Land and Constructions Tax “Land Tax and Tax for the buildings constructed there upon must paid annually.com/2635/typesof-taxes-when-you-have-a-business-inphilippines. 442 known as the Labour Code of the Philippines. with one 30-minute rest period for each 4 hours of work is legal in Indonesia. or may be paid via arrangement in ten-year blocks by Indonesian land title deed-holders. “ Vehicles –Owners of Passenger Vehicle must pay tax.ph Under the Company Law. A foreign corporation may do business as a Subsidiary. Share in a partnership business is also taxable as personal income. whose liability under the laws is limited to their individual subscription. Source: http://www. The corporation has a separate and distinct legal personality from its ownerstockholders. majority of whom must be Philippine residents. Representative Office.gov. their heirs pay inheritance taxes on money and property that you are leaving to them. Source:http://tnrlawfirm. Estate or Inheritance Taxes – When someone passed away.” A company is a separate legal entity in which Directors and Commissioners represent the company”. Working age is 14 years under the International Program for the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC).Individual Income Taxes – Income of a sole proprietor must be included in Individual Tax Return (ITR).blogspot. At least 18 years of old. Eight hours per day or 40 hours per week is the minimum period an employee may be required to work at his regular rate of pay. Branch. Organized under Philippine Laws Presidential Decree No.html . Categorized as domestic if created under Philippine laws.millionaireacts.Governs by Law Number 8 of 1995 on Capital Market. Real Estate Taxes – business owns real estate or land. and foreign if formed in the country where it resides. Source:http://tnrlawfirm. Source: Wikipedia Public Listed Company (Tbk) . Corporate Income Taxes –corporation pays its own income taxes. Every company must register their Memorandum of Act under this Company Law.html Company Law: Private corporation formed by a group of at least 5 but not to exceed 15 persons.
lime.Economic Factor GDP per capita GDP PER 4139.10% 14698.2 billion-2013 1 Indonesian Rupiah = 0. textile and footwear crude palm oil electrical appliances and rubber products petroleum.78 USD INDONESIA 1206. feldspar. nickel.57 % in April of 2013 Source: http://www.00 PHP Million product GDP 224.59 Indonesian Rupiah 1 Indonesian Rupiah = 0.75 USD Billion Foreign direct $1. 116. and marble.00 USD Thousand Products Electronic products.92 USD CAPITA PPP Gross National 2104950. tobacco etc.83 USD Billion 19. guano. silicon.000102691 USD 1 US Dollar =9737. Telecommunication equipment etc. and Electrical Machinery 15003.500. coal.Miscellaneous Grain. bauxite. transport equipment.com/country-list Labour force 37. = 0.00 Indonesian Rupiah 1 Indonesian Rupiah = 0. natural gas. Fruit (primarily soybeans) Machinery. Seed.0243132 USD 1 US Dollar = 41. asbestos.10% DEBT TO GDP Import $4708016.000 23. asphalt.60 % in April of 2013 Source: http://www. cement.96 USD 647685. sulfur. Food Waste and Animal Feed . plastics.99 USD 4667.com/country-list .40 USD Million oil and gas minerals . Source: Source: http://www. cereals. gold. silver NATURAL RESOURCES Gold.00 USD Thousand Sugarcane. Export products 4328766.50 USD Million Aircraft .tradingeconomics. timber.rice. phosphate. coffee. silver.com/country-list PHILIPPINES 1410. fertile soils.13 Philippine Peso 1 Philippine Peso = 236. coconut abaca.60 IDR Billion 846. clay. zinc .tradingeconomics. mineral fuels.94 million GOVERNMENT 40.00423 Philippine Peso 1 Philippine Peso = 236.00423 Philippine Peso Inflation rates: 2. copper. copper. pineapple. tin.00 PHP. iron.59 Indonesian Rupiah 5. talc.tradingeconomics.5 billion-2013 investment Exchange rate: 1. nickel.
341/female 33.com Indonesian 0-14 years: 28. Source: www. 6. Tuberculosis.indonesiamatter.999. 0.React positively to industries like IT.207) 15-64 years: 66% (male 79.279/female 17.15% others Source: Wikipedia Health Pneumonia .1% Irreligious Source: Wikipedia 87.967/ female31. 0. 0.8% Indigenous religions.6% (male 17. 0. Outdoorsy type.968.805/female471.Socio economic Factor Population: Language Age Structure: PHILIPPINES 94. Source: Wikipedia Religion: 80. 1.208/female 7.18% Islam. English 0 -14 years: 34. -they want instant products like cup noodles etc.335.com/country-list INDONESIA 242. Workaholic . nutritional deficiencies HIV/AIDS. Outdoorsy type.6% of their GDP is spent on education. Gamer. Insufficient iron intake during pregnancy and declining rates of breastfeeding are the major health issues.Leptospirosis .91% Roman Catholic.56% Confucianism 0. techno geek.040) 15-64 years: 61. 12.876) Source: http://www.com Computer Nerd.85 million Source: http://www. Workaholic. highly innovative.285. health promoting and energy efficient product.1% (male31. Malaria M.Diarrhea . Telecommunication.162.203) 65 and above: 4.2% Other Christian denominations.103.918.569/female 78.96% Protestant Christianity. 2.30 million Source: http://www.tradingeconomics.3% (male1.4% of its populations are literate. 15 yrs.097.72% Buddhism. Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics.com Education: 93% are literate. 1.tradingeconomics.tradingeconomics. .Filipinos speak good English as their second language. 3.337.69% Hinduism. Cancer Source: Department of Health Life style Family oriented. Old and over can read and write.1% (male34.Nature lover and Family oriented -Health is not priority in purchasing decisions. -positively reacts in food and non alcoholic beverages -patronize local product Class AB B C D E1 E2 Total 7% 11% 14% 22% 26% 20% 100% behaviour Socio economic Class AB C Status Source: Wikipedia .9% Roman Catholic.6% Unspecified. Illegal Drug Addiction.321) 65 years and over: 6% (male 6. D E Total 1% 9% 60% 30% 100% Malnutrition . Heart Disease/Hypertension.tradingeconomics.876. Malnutrition. 5% Islam. Nature lover and Health conscious -Filipinos tend to buy necessities.644) Source: http://www. Source: Wikipedia 90.com/country-list Filipino. Athletic.549.
Source: Scribd. Source: www. Land transportation vehicles are imported.CBN and GMA are the two main TV channel and AM and FM for the radio Radio broadcast stations AM 369.org Communication Sims in use=103 million (2012) system: Internet Service Providers= 320 (2011) Internet Users=29. HF radio police net and domestic satellite communications system coverage which makes its communication system better.ph INDONESIA 139 airports.33 millions Cellular mobiles users=83.org landlines users=17.ph http://en.wikipedia. FM 583.3 million internet users=13 million It has interisland microwave system.” Source: Scribd.wikipedia. goods and services by motorized vehicles. boats and planes. except for the jeepney and tricycle which are locally created.nscb.gov.com . railways with 8529 km and water ways covering 21579 km and It has one of the largest merchant moraine with 971 in which 114 is already registered in foreign country. Source: http://www.gov. Similarly it has 54 local TV stations (11 national TV networks. shortwave 5 (2003) Television broadcast stations 233 + 1373 CATV networks (for list of television stations in the Philippines http://en.com Broadcasting technology: ABS.8 million (2010) Have high technology telecommunications facilities with sufficient and continuous power supply it can become the IT zone of the Asia.nscb.Technological factor Transport system: PHILIPPINES Transport of people. http://www.org According to Hitesh Goyal “It has 678AM and 43 FM channels.doingbusiness. each with its group of local transmitters).
and information and communication technology (ICT) services. “In 2012. logistics. identify at least 5 business opportunities in the Philippines and 5 in the other country you chose PHILIPPINES INDONESIA 1. The tourism campaign was launched domestically first before being promoted globally. Mining-The country is rich with mineral and mobile internet market and cellular services offer thermal energy resources. IT-enabled economy. 4. human resources.” Wikipedia Filipino often travels around d their country to spend time together and they Fast food Restaurant need a place to stay in every place they will go. monitoring systems. malls. Other services offered by the BPO companies include support services for businesses like customer service. computer security and building producer of these products. 2. The 2. and maintenance of regional procurement systems. Filipinos love to eat and travel. for tourism industry.Indonesian wants to spend quality time with their 6. movie houses etc. BPO . Filipinos’ excellence proficiency in the English 1. They love food tripping. as well as complete office 5. The Filipinos’ proficiency in the English language has been the main consideration of foreign companies to transfer their BPO business in the Philippines. Telecommunications technology and satellites services in specialized IT zones)good for remain excellent. systems integration. digital animation. Online shopping etc.)Identify specifically which industries/businesses are well positioned to take advantage of the opportunities identified – create a separate matrix for this. Services offered include software development. telecommunication. and have the highest industries. restaurant. TELECOMMUNICATION There is an increase need to be connected not only in the Philippines but around the world. food. It is Filipino culture to taste different cuisine. proportion of Twitter users in the world. call centers. 6. manufacturing and warehousing country.3. Rice and coffee remains the major product of the 5. the Philippines recorded 4. 7. Arroyo administration approved the tourism law to support tourism in the country. purchasing locally-produced products is of 4Has many beaches and beautiful sceneries good great importance for most Indonesian consumers). huge opportunities.(There are ready to occupy offices. engineering design and development.Filipno is family oriented nation they spent family good they go to different places like malls. after the Department of Tourism launched a widely publicized tourism marketing campaign titled "It's More Fun In the Philippines". Indonesians are the second largest users in the language has opportunity in Education and BPO world of Facebook. hyper market and supermarket(shopping for opportunity for hotel and restaurant business. good 3.27 million tourist arrivals. 4.their life style is workaholic so they are very busy people who need instant food good for fast food restaurants. making it the world’s fourth biggest facilities. TRAVEL AND TOURISM In 2009.) Using the matrix . finance and accounting. opportunities to earn money by selling gadget 3. together outdoor giving opportunity for movie houses.
they save time and money to shop online because they can avoid traffic jam. tablet.INDONESIA Supermarket and Hypermarket MALLS Majority of Indonesia is in lower class status and isolate community. has poor infrastructure and don’t have the ability to generate higher income. Philippines telecommunications is expensive. “ Indonesians are shopping online more frequently. One popular way for parents to spend time with their children is by shopping. . don’t need to park their car and save petrol at the save time meaning less stress. with the daily minimum wage set at about $8 per day. Newly graduated employees with college degrees from reputable schools can be hired at about $300 per month. Internet infrastructure is constantly being upgraded. English-speaking talent and conducive business environment The Philippines owes its rapidly growing BPO industry for providing local opportunities to workers that would otherwise have to leave their homeland. especially through portable gadget like Smartphone. ONLINE shopping industry PHILIPPINES BPO PHILIPPINES POLITICAL ECONOMICAL SOCIAL TECHNOLOGICAL Government set up a special economic zones and established a Philippine Economic Zone Authority Grant fiscal and non-fiscal incentives such as a 4. Philippines is a very low-cost country compared to other country Salaries in the Philippines are a fraction of those in the Western world. The fast rising trend of Internet and mobile penetration will result in another new sensation in the country: genuine time information is important for consumers as they interact and share information. Increasingly.to 8-year income tax holiday to BPO players. arcades and cinemas in addition to the usual stores. via social networking and other sites. so they spend a lot of household expenditure toward food alone “Indonesians have strong family values and like to spend time together. Connections in the Philippines are still very slow compared to countries like Japan and South Korea. The Jakarta Post reported that online grocery shopping is becoming popular for busy Indonesians who want to choose their products without sacrificing precious time in markets. laptop etc. modern retail formats are adding a recreational solution for families by providing one-stop shopping-and-entertainment centers with restaurants.
1995: 7925.Fast food restaurant POLITICAL ECONOMICAL SOCIAL TECHNOLOGICAL Prohibited use of plastics and tyros Weight Measure ACT Trade description ACT SALES of good Act Unequal income distribution. Globe) Inclination toward internet formation Increase need for communication Internet at home Changing population Demographic Wireless and mobile communication Real time and on demand communication TECHNOLOGICAL . An act providing for the installation. An act to promote and govern the development of Philippine telecommunications and the delivery of public telecommunications services ECONOMICAL SOCIAL Current economy of the Philippines Rising competition (PLDT. March 1. The meal must be affordable Must have a good understanding of the Filipino culture and taste. Mix of Filipino and western food Awareness of a healthy life style Innovative products. 1989: 6849. appropriating funds therefor and for other purposes. modern and update machineries TELECOMMUNICATION PHILIPPINES POLITICAL Telecommunication Industry (Governs by Act 3436) Over radiation of mobile telephone Internet regulation December 21. Smart. operation and maintenance of public telephones in each and every municipality in the Philippines.
” ECONOMICAL According to Farid Firdaus “the value of e-commerce transactions in Indonesia in 2012 was around Rp 120 trillion ($12. 55 percent came from home computers. People wants to window shop Spend quality time with their family outdoors. Fast internet connection. and limited police coverage. barcodes scanned by mobile devices. 3D movies. Elevator. outdoor weather. The product is directly delivered to their house. limited parking. SOCIAL TECHNOLOGICAL Mall POLITICAL ECONOMICAL SOCIAL One displacement of traditional main streets. Cheaper price for old or unused stuff. poor maintenance. 43 percent came from mobile web browsers and 2 percent were from mobile applications.” People can save time and money. private security guards. that’s why these establishments are continuously developed. Shopping malls greatly contribute to a city’s trade and tourism. The ministry also said that of all online shopping transactions in the country in 2012. updated machineries. Etc.Online shopping industry Indonesia POLITICAL Ministry of Communication and Information(government Agency Internet governance and regulation “Registration requirements is that electronic system providers must use Indonesian domain names. New gadget such smartphone can be used in shopping online. a significant increase from the previous year’s total of Rp 63 trillion. controlled environments. Online shopping make sending gifts easy. they are free services od delivering the item. They tend to eat outside. People tend to go to malls to see movies People spent time in malls when they are bored and when there is hot temperature Wi-Fi. Escalator.3 million). TECHNOLOGICAL . Avoid traffic jam and no need for parking slot.
Because young population of both countries gadget became a huge success this new generation of people is the often the user of new technology . camcorders. -they need gadget to be globalized and compete for the economy. games. -For report purposes and many more. call. portable media players and other similar item. such as mobile telephones. -Many features for entertainment like viewing of videos. an electronic application that makes people lives simple and easy.) -One reason why Indonesian used gadget is to shop online it saved their time and money. Gadget have gained much popularity in Philippines and Indonesia so as today it became relevant part for Filipinos and Indonesians they cannot imagine life without gadget as if gadget invader their lives. . camera etc. digital cameras. Every now and then new gadgets are invented and launched to the market to fully serve it users.. -Communication purposes for both countries to keep in touch for the family abroad. The industry chiefly encompasses several companies that design and manufacture consumer electronics.Today teens go crazy over the gadgets for possessing them and whenever they find something new they don’t find peace till they are able to check out the features in them. -From living room to kitchen there are gadget perform many task. -Both countries are family oriented nation they used gadget to spent time together with their family. The electronics industry has extensively grown and become a global business due to a number of advancements in modern technology.5. sending files(email. Why gadgets become trend? -Gadgets are important because they increase our efficiency of work and save a lot of time. What relevant trends are emerging from the Philippines and the other country? Identify at least 1 and expound your choice Electronic Gadgets Industry -Electronic gadget industry is a worldwide trend. Parent relate with their children by the used of gadget. social network etc.
gov.doingbusiness.com/country-list en.tradingeconomics.wikipedia.html http://www.org/data/exploreeconomies/indonesia/ http://www.gov.ph/ncs/10thNCS/papers/invited%20papers/ips-02/ips02-03.References http://www.wikipedia.dlsu.millionaireacts.ph/research/centers/aki/participant/trainings/policyBriefs/TullaoFernandezCabua ySerrano.edu.com/2635/types-of-taxes-when-you-have-a-business-in-philippines.org http://www.pdf www.org/wiki/Shopping_mall .ph https://en.pdf http://www.nscb.nscb.
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