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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection
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Posted: Jan 21, 2008 License:

arte.sano (/member /arte.sano/)


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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection
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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

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You can run pretty much anything on Cat5, VGA, Usb, Sound Signals, S-Video and so on. I'm planning in using my web cam as a security cam at my front door and I was thinking in using a pc downstairs to see my web cam over the net, but I have keep both pcs running at the same time and the need of extra software as well, so i decided to use a Cat5 to run a Usb connection over at least 25', I've been searching a little over the web and I found a couple of ideas to connect Usb peripherals over Cat5 successfully and I went over the subject, but I realize that i didn't want to cut the cat5 and solder the usb connections to the cable, so I decide to build a couple of Usb dongles (female and male) to cat5 and the cool thing is that they can be used on existing Ethernet network wall connections as well. I know that I might be pushing the limits but it's worth the try.

I wouldn't use this devices for Data tho, I understand the there are plenty of connectors out there that have baluns (which I don't quite know how they work), to send and receive Data signal, so I wouldn't risk the try but for peripherals such as web cams, mouse or keyboard, and sound signals would do just fine (even S-video). I would highly recommend using a powered Usb hub for the distance mentioned above, in regards of some of the limits for this type of configurations: Usb limits are up to 15' (4.5 meters) S-Video up to 50' (15' meters) I got very useful information from Tony's Cafe blog, on distances limits and some other valuable info, you may want to take a look at his site: (

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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection by arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) Easy Network Diagrams
Download (/id/Usb-Dongles-for-USB-over-CAT5-connection/?download=pdf)

Network Diagram Software See Examples. Free Download!

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Step 1: Materials and Instructions



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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection
by arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) + Collection Favorite

Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

Download (/id/Usb-Dongles-for-USB-over-CAT5-connection/?download=pdf)


The Dongles or connectors are very easy to build, I gather all the material from salvaged hardware Materials: 2 Ethernet Hubs (8pin RJ45 - salvaged from network cards) 1 Usb Male Plug Type A (any standard Usb cable) 1 Usb Female Plug Type A (from a Pc) Solder Gun, wire and electric tape. and of course a CAT5 Ethernet Cable Instructions: The hardest part was desoldering the Hubs from the salvaged PCB board, after that it was just a matter (/files/deriv/FZ3/9AM7/FBPF3JS8/FZ39AM7FBPF3JS8.LARGE.jpg) of selecting which cables of the CAT5 use to solder the Usb plugs and the RJ45 Hubs. I select the pins in the following order: RJ45 hub = USB plug pin No. 2 = Green Cable pin No. 4 = White Cable pin No. 6 = Black Cable-Ground pin No. 8 = Red Cable I test the configuration at the other end and test the web cam (my work very well) later I isolate each soldered connection with electric tape (with yellow tape) and cover the hole thing (black tape), and voila!. 25' of video cable (plus the hubs) and working. Easy and extremely cheap.

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tech1337 (/member/tech1337/) says:

Mar 13, 2013. 9:52 AM


(/member /tech1337/)

Tis a shame that usb traffic cannot be routed! Think of the possibilities just plugging in a usb to a network port in a school or office and receiving a file with just a button press! Thought of using the other way around? Male jack on usb to female/female extension? (less common I know, but available!)

mast3rbug (/member/mast3rbug/) says: It seem that peoples here know nothing about electronics and USB specification... So I will let you know why USB can't work over 5 meters.

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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

May 31, 2010. 9:25 PM This is all about timing. at Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection 5 meters, the delay
(/member propagation in the cable is Download (/id/Usb-Dongles-for-USB-over-CAT5-connection/?download=pdf) /mast3rbug/) maximum 26 nS(Nano
Reply (C9KK7I1G9S0ZQX1)

by arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) + Collection Favorite

Seconds). This is the time the USB transceiver will wait after a packet transmission for an ACKnowledge answer. So if your cable is longer, the ACK will be received too late, and the USB transceiver will be already in the timeout processus. It's for that reason that if you want longer cable, you need Active USB repeaters. These Active cables Are real relays that send ACK signals and re-transmit the data over another 5 Meters cable. There is nothing about voltage drop or crosstalk here.

1 (/member /pcooper2/)

pcooper2 (/member/pcooper2/) in reply to mast3rbug Jan 15, 2012. 6:27 PM You're right. A person would be lucky to get USB 1.0 speeds out of a hack like this, if it works at all.


It can not be that critial, since its working! (/member Once I ran RS232 over a 300 /gurr/) meters telephone cable! (max=16 m?) It was working constantly for more than one year. Sometimes we may test the "impossible" and it works.

gurr (/member/gurr/) in reply to mast3rbug Oct 13, 2010. 11:01 AM

Reply (CBZ8L4GGF80DYC8)

DGeneral02 (/member/DGeneral02/) says: Dec 18, 2011. 6:07 PM


(/member any help will be appreciated /DGeneral02/)

Is there any possibility of this working on a router, am looking forward to connecting a 3g usb dongle to the rj45 wan port of my router running a linux distro so i can establish a dialup connection. Pease

jtoomey (/member/jtoomey/) says:

May 20, 2011. 4:50 PM


(/member a switch or PC Ethernet jack, the 5-volts could fry something. /jtoomey/)

Three things on running USB over Cat-5 wiring: 1. On the RJ-45 8-pin jack, you want to avoid pins 1,2,3,6 because if it accidentally gets plugged into

2. You want the power (+5v,ground) on the same color (blue,blue-stripe) so it doesn't make an electronic field that can ruin the valuable data lines. the phone company runs 24V to our homes on one twisted pair of wires and it works fine. 3. Twisting the two data lines on one color (brown,brown-stripe) will keep data integrity over a longer run of lines. Ethernet lines do that and it works just fine. I suggest the following from the USB to the Cat-5 jack: 1. usb pin 1 (+5v,red) goes to RJ-45 pin 5 (blue-stripe) 2. usb pin 2 (d-,white) goes to RJ-45 pin 8 (brown) 3. usb pin 3 (d+,green) goes to RJ-45 pin 7 (brown-stripe)

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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

4. usb pin 4 (ground,black) goes to RJ-45 pin 4 (blue)

Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection by arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) Using this configuration, you could simultaneously run Ethernet to a hub AND your USB extension
with splitters and all. Download (/id/Usb-Dongles-for-USB-over-CAT5-connection/?download=pdf) + Collection Favorite

AaronOfRuston (/member/AaronOfRuston/) in reply to jtoomey Reply (CTBRFPRGTQVP2DA) Oct 17, 2011. 9:30 AM Lke!
(/member /AaronOfRuston/)

ogad_80 (/member/ogad_80/) in reply to jtoomey Sep 22, 2011. 10:54 AM I actually used this configuration for a USB web cam. Just a note, some (/member USB's have an wire insulation that /ogad_80/) has nothing to do with making the connection just a tip for noobz like myself. I also had to cut down my Cat5 cable to about 3 meters because I was getting an error of non-recognized hardware. Thanks awesome Instructables and awesome tips!


flame boyyyy (/member/flame+boyyyy/) says: Oct 8, 2011. 4:24 PM


Why does it tell me that my USB device is unrecognized when i pplug it into the cable?
(/member /flame+boyyyy/)

supadhyay1 (/member/supadhyay1/) says: Sep 12, 2011. 9:45 AM


try this one out hope thats help

(/member /supadhyay1/)

gerneio (/member/gerneio/) says:

Jul 21, 2011. 1:36 PM

Reply (CY5796TGQBCIE6A)

just curious, is this whole instructable about extending your usb cable using an ehternet cable (cat 5)? Thats pretty neat, but what i was curios about was if it was to be possible to instead of making an (/member extension, to convert or merge a usb cable and ethernet cable to work together. Its kinda far /gerneio/) stretched, but the only hard part in this is figuring out which wires to connect or pair. So on the usb side, which has four wires (red,green,white,black) to the ethernet cable by connecting the wires together in the right way.... Possible or impossible?

E_MAN (/member/E_MAN/) in reply to gerneio Aug 26, 2011. 5:30 AM Actually it is possible to run other things over a cat5 cable. Search 1 up "POE pinout" and you will find (/member /E_MAN/) that the brown and blue pairs are not used by a standard networking devices. You SHOULD be able to run the 4 usb wires over the 4 spare wires... but i will warn you, there could be LOTS of interference. If you have any networking equipment that has POE you will probably destroy your networking equipment, usb device and your computer :) but if use disconnect those connections to your devices you should have TOO many issues... have fun!


gerneio (/member/gerneio/) in reply to E_MAN Aug 26, 2011. 10:22 AM So it is possible?? :D but I'll destroy my equipment?? Lol.... That's a hard decision...


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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection
by arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) + Collection Favorite

Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

(/member /gerneio/)

Download (/id/Usb-Dongles-for-USB-over-CAT5-connection/?download=pdf) E_MAN (/member/E_MAN/) in reply to gerneio Reply (C2COK45GRTHSS8B) Aug 26, 2011. 1:03 PM no, as long as you disconnect the blue and brown pairs from the cable 1 and not splice them you should be (/member /E_MAN/) fine. Just put that as a warning......

gerneio (/member/gerneio/) in reply to E_MAN Aug 26, 2011. 2:24 PM Ok so if I'm using a already made ehternet cable, and cut one end of (/member the cable off to expose the wires, it'll /gerneio/) work? By doing what you said, of course

Reply (CP22N8DGRTHP51L)

E_MAN (/member/E_MAN/) in reply to gerneio Aug 26, 2011. 3:31 PM just use a knife and strip off the outer jacket. Then cut only the blue 1 and brown pairs out. do this on (/member /E_MAN/) either end and just be careful not to cut or untwist the green and orange pairs. oh and by the way, keep the power and data connections on different pairs to minimize interference. Doing it this way will help keep your networking equipment intact :D


(/member /gerneio/)

gerneio (/member/gerneio/) in reply to E_MAN Aug 26, 2011. 6:32 PM Thanks for these fast replys, I will defiantly try this when I get time


(/member/%E9%87%91%E7%8E%8B/) says: Jul 19, 2011. 7:41 AM We do develop the new product for surveillance system by USB Cam. Now, we (/member could do 4 ch USB Cam with a great video. It /%E9%87 %91%E7 is also great to read this document. We will try. Thank you those information. %8E%8B/)


lp142 (/member/lp142/) says:

Nov 2, 2009. 8:11 AM


Can a powered hub be put in the middle of this configuration and provide power?
(/member /lp142/)

quaired (/member/quaired/) in reply to lp142 Mar 17, 2010. 6:47 AM hello everyone, this may be offtopic please excuse my comment. i (/member made myself one project very /quaired/) similar to this but instead pulled out an ethernet port together with 2 usb port on a one module from the back end of a destroyed motherboard already. i have been trying to make a very long range ethernet but as i researched usb is really limited to 5 meters only. therefore i compared two cat5 cables with 1 below 5 meters and 2 above 5 meters and gathered the difference between the two: these are my observations:

Reply (CC1RTU5G6MPC95R)

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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

usb power supply pins1 and 4 can supply with a steady 5 volts on both cat5 cables. cable 1 below 5 meters and cable 2 above 5 meters both registered on the tester 5 volts steadily. by arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) + Collection Favorite

while testing on terminal +data and -data i get a drop of .5 when i put the testers over 1x Download (/id/Usb-Dongles-for-USB-over-CAT5-connection/?download=pdf) continuity. this lead to a conclusion that signal from the usb running through a cat5 cable drops after 5m. but the 5v supply from the usb running through a cat5 is a steady power supply. i made this project because i want to use my socket A old cpu as surveilance system of our home using usb webcams. i can connect up to 4 webcams but distributing it around the house is very tricky. im avoiding also of ip cams because of it's high costs any suggestions on how i might solve my problem? thanks for your ideas.

Ant1Xr1st (/member/Ant1Xr1st/) says:

Mar 15, 2010. 12:36 PM


(/member webcam on the one side and to the male-A usb connector on the other side. /Ant1Xr1st/)

My USB2.0 Webcam works perfect via 12.2Meters CAT5e cable. But 15.5Meters long cable isnt working. I used one pair for data (D+, D-) and tree others for power. Cat5 cable is directly soldered to

(/member /BlackHatCracker/)

BlackHatCracker (/member/BlackHatCracker/) says: Mar 2, 2010. 9:06 PM Nice idea, instead of spending 30.00 + for this.. :-D Lovin it!

Reply (CCPOKI2G68GXA01)

tinnyjl (/member/tinnyjl/) says: Can Use The Cables With Out The Ethernet
(/member /tinnyjl/)

Sep 14, 2009. 7:57 AM


arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) (author) in reply to tinnyjl Sep 14, 2009. 9:17 AM It depens for what, I've had luck using a usb webcam over 25ft but 14 witha powered usb, but no luck with (/member mouse or keyboard, maybe /arte.sano/) adapting some sort of additional power like a battery or power via ethernet using the remaining cables, or using capacitors? good luck

Reply (C46P905FYTCHOAK)

milsorgen (/member/milsorgen/) in reply to arte.sano Jan 10, 2010. 9:43 PM Yeah your probably going to need to clean and boost the signal for (/member extreme lengths on pins 2-3.

Reply (C2X45LDG43EBSOF)

krahoc (/member/krahoc/) says:

Sep 16, 2009. 12:49 PM


(/member /krahoc/)

Tried it with a 20m long cat5 shielded cble. 5V between +5 and ground is ok, but data +/- fails (tried webcam, keyboard, joystick). Guess I will have to find an ethernet webcam.

Your problem is most likely a power sag induced by too long a (/member cable. With a cable that long and /Lee+Wilkerson/) that small I can imagine you're going to drop at least .5 volt. Test your voltage at the end farthest from the computer with the load attached. You need at least 4.75 volts. Try using the unused wires in the Cat 5 cable in parallel for the +5 and ground wires. If your voltage didn't sag that far, then you have crosstalk issues. If

Lee Wilkerson (/member/Lee+Wilkerson/) in reply to krahoc Reply (C5GAGX0G1ZGGRKM) Nov 14, 2009. 12:08 AM

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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

Download (/id/Usb-Dongles-for-USB-over-CAT5-connection/?download=pdf) krahoc (/member/krahoc/) in reply to Lee Wilkerson Nov 14, 2009. 11:09 AM The +5V has been tested and is ok. Checked the connections with (/member a continuity tester for the data /krahoc/) cables and the other cables were not connected. Seems the problem is not power (the hardware is powered) but data transmission (un-recognized by computer). Anyway, I used another solution (optic fiber). Thanks

this is the case, ground all the unused wires at the COMPUTER END ONLY (hook 'em to the black wire). by arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) + Collection


qou2600 (/member/qou2600/) says:

Feb 28, 2009. 1:11 PM

Reply (CKR285GFROA59TV)

Can I use this to get internet or a lan connection?

(/member /qou2600/)

dejan4ence (/member/dejan4ence/) in reply to qou2600 May 21, 2009. 9:53 AM for USB FLASH MEMORY is work but for w-fi USB not. Wi-fi its working (/member only 2meters leng in 3meters hi dont /dejan4ence/) recognize . salute


no u would have to use something like this: 7 (/member /PCfreak/) /US/en/products/USB300M ( /US/en/products/USB300M)

PCfreak (/member/PCfreak/) in reply to qou2600 Apr 8, 2009. 2:03 PM


cornflaker (/member/cornflaker/) in reply to qou2600 Apr 8, 2009. 4:43 AM ... just use the cat 5 cable by itself without doing anything lol this is to (/member extend your usb cable way beyond /cornflaker/) the normal limits


qou2600 (/member/qou2600/) in reply to cornflaker Apr 8, 2009. 6:48 PM I understand. My friend has a laptop with a broken network card an I was (/member hoping for a cheap solution to his /qou2600/) problem. I'm sure he can find a good deal on something though thank you both


sarkeizen (/member/sarkeizen/) says:

Jan 22, 2009. 1:04 PM


Actually what I found easiest of all is buying a USB Extension cable. Which has one Male "A" connector and another Female "A" connector. Cut it in half. Strip the wires. Then crimp an RJ-45 (/member connector on each end (making sure to pair the data+ and data- leads). I have it on a short run (8ft) /sarkeizen/) and it works fine for USB 1.1 devices. Even data can be transferred at that speed. I've played 720p video back over that connection. It even can handle a single USB 2.0 device. I'm working on getting USB 2.0 to work through a hub. I'd like to connect a USB Blu-Ray drive this way.

ggiihh1 (/member/ggiihh1/) says: Can this be used simply as a usb extension cable?

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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

Jan 8, 2009. 1:14 PM

Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

5 Download (/id/Usb-Dongles-for-USB-over-CAT5-connection/?download=pdf) (/member /ggiihh1/)

by arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) + Collection Favorite

I have a cord used to hook a computer to internet it has 8 wires. 4 white wires 1 orange (/member wire 1 brown wire 1 green wire 1 blue wire /help+me+please %21%21 and on the usb cord it has 1 white wire 1 red %21%21/)wire 1 green wire 1 black wire and a bunch of little silver wires over to the side without and covering. How do I connect them?

help me please!!!! (/member/help+me+please%21%21%21%21/) says: Reply (CSECI1FFP9CT07O) Dec 30, 2008. 5:41 PM

Ok, I see, you have an old network cable, you can either discard the 14 white cables or you can pair them (/member with the color ones. If you do this /arte.sano/) bear in mind that at the other end of your network cable you will need to have the same configuration that the other end. lets try this: Cat5 = USB Cable White /Green = Green Cable White /Brown = White Cable White /Blue = Black Cable-Ground White /Orange = Red Cable Let me know if it works. cheers

arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) (author) in reply to help me please!!!! Reply (CZ7HZE0FPBKYLHH) Jan 1, 2009. 12:11 PM

Sk8erCk4Life (/member/Sk8erCk4Life/) says: Dec 22, 2008. 4:40 PM I get exactly how to use this now with the hubs. You can take the Usb with the hub on (/member it and use the ethernet cable for something /Sk8erCk4Life/) else then later you can hook it back up easily. :-)


Sk8erCk4Life (/member/Sk8erCk4Life/) says: Dec 21, 2008. 11:42 AM My Ethernet cord has eight wires. If I don't want to use the ethernet hubs, how do I (/member wire the ethernet cord the the USB's and /Sk8erCk4Life/) which color wires do I use?


check this: 14 /id/S1QTA9GFBPF3JZ6/, (/member ( /arte.sano/) /id/S1QTA9GFBPF3JZ6/,) it's good if you read the whole instructable, I did the next wire configuration: RJ45 hub = USB plug pin No. 2 = Green Cable pin No. 4 = White Cable pin No. 6 = Black Cable-Ground pin No. 8 = Red Cable

arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) (author) in reply to Sk8erCk4Life Reply (CKU0MWAFOWZODVO) Dec 21, 2008. 1:23 PM

instead of using the pin numbering, select a specific color from the cat5, lets say green and white stripes to match the green

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Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

Usb Dongles for USB over CAT5 connection

from the USB cable, red and white stripes for the red in the USB and so on, make sure that the other end of your cable has the same scheme and I'll be fine; you can also try to use the by arte.sano (/member/arte.sano/) cat5 cables as doubles, ie, combine 2 wires from the cat5 to match one of the USB, it will increase the flow of current from the USB port to the device. Download (/id/Usb-Dongles-for-USB-over-CAT5-connection/?download=pdf) cheers.

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