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MODULE 12

MATEMATIK SPM “ENRICHMENT”


TOPIC : MATRICES
TIME : 2 HOURS

3  2  4 n
1. (a) The inverse matrix of   is m  
5  4  5 3 

Find the value of m and of n.

(b) Hence, using matrices, solve the following simultaneous equations :


3x – 2y = 8
5x – 4y = 13

Answer :

(a)

(b)
Given that G = 
m 3 1  4  3
2. (a)
  and the inverse matrix of G is  ,
 2 n  14   2 m 
find the value of m and of n.

(b) Hence, using matrices, calculate the value of p and of q that satisfies the
following equation :
 p  1 
G    
 q    8

Answer :

(a)

(b)
 1 2 1 0
3. (a) Given that A    , find matrix A.
  3 5   0 1 

(b) Hence, using the matrix method, find the value of r and s which satisfy the
simultaneous equations below.

-r + 2s = -4
-3r + 5s = -9

Answer :

(a)

(b)
 4 5 1 0
4. Given matrix P =   and matrix PQ =  

 6 8   0 1 
(a) Find the matrix Q.
(b) Hence, calculate by using the matrix method, the values of m and n that
satisfy the following simultaneous linear equations :
4m + 5n = 7
6m + 8n = 10

Answer :

(a)

(b)
 4  3
5. Given the matrix P is   ,
 
 8 5 
1 0
(a) Find the matrix Q so that PQ =  
 0 1 

(b) Hence, calculate the values of h and k, which satisfy the matrix equation:

 4  3  h    7 
     
 8  5   
k  11 
Answer :

(a)

(b)
 k 6
6. (a) Given matrix M =  , find the value of k if matrix M has no inverse.
 
 4 2 

(b) Given the matrix equations


 7  6  x    4   x 1  8 6   4 
      and    
 y  h  5 7  1 
  5 8  y   1      

(i) Find the value of h


(ii) Hence, find the value of x and y.

Answer :

(a)

(b)
2 5 
7. It is given that matrix P =   does not have an inverse matrix.
 
 k 2 

(a) Find the value of k.


(b) If k = 1, find the inverse matrix of P and hence, using matrices, find the
values of x and y that satisfy the following simultaneous linear equations.

2x + 5y = 13
x - 2y = -7

Answer :

(a)

(b)
 2 4  2 4
8. (a) Find matrix M such that   M   

 1 3   1 3 
(b) Using matrices, calculate the values of x and y that satisfy the following
matrix equation.

 2 4  x   6 
     
 1 3  y   5 

Answer :

(a)

(b)
3 1
9. (a) Find the inverse of matrix   .
 
 5 2 

(b) Hence, using matrices, calculate the values of d and e that satisfy the
following simultaneous equations :

2d – e = 7
5d – e = 16

Answer :

(a)

(b)
1  2
10. Given matrix M =   , find

 2 5 

(a) the inverse matrix of M


(b) hence, using matrices, the values of u and v that satisfy the following
simultaneous equations :

u – 2v = 8
2u + 5v = 7

Answer :

(a)

(b)
MODULE 12 - ANSWERS
TOPIC : MATRICES

1
1. (a) m=  1m
2
n =2 1m

(b)  3  2  x  8 
   =  
 4   y  13 
1m
5

 x  1  4 2  8  1m
     
 y 2  5 3 13 
x=3 1m
1
y=  1m
2

2. (a) n =4 1m
m=5 1m

(b)  5 3  p   1 
     
4  q 
1m
2   8

 p  1  4  3  1 
      1m
 q  14   2 5   8 
p=2 1m
q = -3 1m

5  2
3. (a) A=  2m
3  1 

  1 2  r    4
(b)        1m
 3 5  s    9

 r  1  5  2   4 
      1m
 s  1  3  1   9 

r = -2 1m

s = -3 1m
1  8  5
4. (a) P=   1m
32  30   6 4 
1  8  5
 
=
2   6 4  1m

 4 5  m   7 
(b)       1m
 6 8  n  10 

 m  1  8  5  7 
      1m
 n  2   6 4 10 

m=3 1m

n = -1 1m

1   5 3  1m
5. (a) P   
 20  (24)  8 4 
1   5 3
   1m
4  8 4 

(b)  4  3  h    7 
     
 8  5  k    11
 h  1   5 3   7 
      1m
 k  2  8 4   11
1 2 
  
2   100 
1m

h=1 1m
k = -50 1m

6. (a) k = -12 1m

(b) (i) h = 26 1m

 x 1  8 6   4 
     
 y  26  5 7  1 
1   26 
  
26   13 
(ii) 1m

1m

x = -1 1m
1
y=  1m
2

7. (a) - 4 – 5k = 0 1m

5k = -4
4
k=  1m
5

(b)  2 5  x   13 
      1m
 1  2  y    7 

 x 1   2  5  13 
       1m
 
y 9   1 2   7 

x = -1 1m
y=3 1m

1 0
8. (a) M=   2m

0 1
(b)  x 1  3  4  6 
      1m
 y  6  4   1 2  5 
1  3  4  6 
   
2   1 2  5 
1   2
   1m
2 4 

x = -1 1m
y=2 1m
9. (a) 1   2 1
 
 6  5   5 3 
1m

1   2 1
  
 1   5 3 
1m

(b)  2  1  d   7 
      1m
 5  3  e  16 
 d  1   3 1  7 
      1m
 e   1   5 2 16 
1   5
  
 1   3 
 5
  
 3

d=5 1m
e=3 1m

10. (a) 1  5 2
 
5  (4)   2 1 
1m

1  5 2
  
9   2 1 
1m

(b)  1  2  u   8 
 2 5  v    7 
1m
    
 u  1  5 2  8 
      1m
 v  9   2 1  7 
1  54 
  
9   9
6
  
  1
u6 1m
v  1 1m