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Guideline of U-Net for WCDMA in XXXX Project


SU Ming 65427, NTS Dept., Malay GSRC, June 28, 2010

1 Create a New Project


Select File->New, select Huawei UMTS HSPA, and click button OK.

2 Set the Coordinates


Select Tools->Options click button of Projection and select WGS 84 / UTM zone 44N; click button of Display, select WGS 84 and set box of Degree Format to xx.xxxxxS. Note: A. Coordinates are shown in digital map folder/heights/projections.txt. B. In India, set Projection to WGS 84 / UTM zone 44N, set Display to WGS 84, and set Degree Format to xx.xxxxxS; Negative format such as - xx.xxxxxS means in southern hemisphere.

3 Import Digital Map


Select File->Import. Find folder clutter, select index, and select Clutter Classes; revision of the legend color is allowed herein. Switch to folder heights, select index, and select Altitudes. Switch to folder vector, select index, select vectors, and select WG84 in the second box; then click button Import. Note: Option Embed means making a copy of the digital map into the project file.

4 Setup Propagation Models


Make a copy of Standard Propagation Model, right-click it and select popup menu Properties; then a popup window appears.

4.1 Change Name in page General


SPM for Chennai is given herein.

4.2 Revise Parameters

Propagation

Models

Parameters

in

page

The calibrated parameters come from the results of CW test (herein set K1=23.2, K2=45.07, and leave others to the default).

4.3 Revise the Clutter Loss Parameters in page Clutter


The following settings are the recommended Clutter Loss Parameters.
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Clutter 1-CBD(0m) 2-urban_high(0m) 3-urban_medium(0m) 4-suburban_high(0m) 5-suburban_low(0m) 6-suburban_with_dense_veg(0m) 7-industrial_low(0m) 8-industrial_high(0m) 9-seasonal_water (0m) 10-water (0m) 11-river (0m) 12-airport (0m) 13-open/parks(0m) 14-quasi_open(0m) 15-buildding_blocks(0m) 16-forest(0m) 17-low_tree_density(0m) 18-agriculture(0m) 19-village(0m) 20-sea(0m)

Losses(dB) 6 6 5 3 2 0 2 4 0 -1 -1 2 0 2 10 14 0 0 2 -1

5 Setup Basic Network Information


5.1 Configure Antenna
Antenna information can export as txt file from the format of planet? Database file, which is convenient for reading and revising.

5.2 Set Frequency Bands Right-click Transmitter, select Network Settings->Frequenies-> Bands->Open Table, edit Bands table if requires, and configure it to the following settings. Name Average Frequency (MHz) First Carrier Last Carrier Band1 2110 0 0 5.3 Set BTS Equipment Right-click Transmitter, select Equipment->BTS Equipment, edit BTS Equipment table if requires, herein add BTS 3900 and set its relative properties in the table. 5.4 Set Sites Equipment 5.4.1 Add Equipment Right-click Sites, select Equipment->Open Table, and add a following line in table Equipment. BTS3900 Huawe 0 1 UL min noise 0 0 False False
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i 5.4.1 Configure CE Consumption Parameter


CE is called NodeB Credit at RNC side and Channel Element at NodeB side. Configure CE Consumption Parameters in the following way: Right-click Sites and select Equipment -> Channel Element Consumption to configure the CE consumption for each type of Radio Bearers.

Equipment BTS3900 BTS3900 BTS3900 BTS3900 BTS3900 BTS3900 BTS3900

R99 Radio Bearer ADPCH-EDPCCH ADPCH-UL64 LCD12 LCD64 UDD128 UDD384 UDD64

No. of UL CEs No. of DL CEs Used Used 2 1 3 1 1 1 3 2 5 4 10 8 3 2

Note: A. Sites Equipment is different from BTS Equipment item as is shown in 5.3 Set BTS Equipment. B. To know specific CE Consumption for each Service, refer to Affixes B. CE Consumption Mapping.

5.5 Set PSC Properties Right-click Transmitter, select Cells->Primary Scrambling Codes>Domains, add BSNL_PSC_DOMAIN in the table. Right-click Transmitter, select Cells->Primary Scrambling Codes>Groups, add BSNL_PSC_DOMAIN in the table. Domain Group Min Ma Step x BSNL_PSC_DOMAIN BSNL_PSC_Group 0 511 1 5.6 Set Feeder Properties Right-click Transmitter, select Equipment->Feeder Equipment, edit Feeder Equipment table if requires; herein leave it to the default.

6 Import Sites Parameter


Right-click Sites, select Open Table, paste Name, Longitude, and Latitude of sites into the Sites Table; set Max No of UL CEs and Max No of DL CEs to 384, Equipment to BTS3900, and leave others to the default. Tip(s): Remember to save the result now.

7 Import Transmitters Parameter


Right-click Transmitter, select Open Table, Paste Site, Transmitter,
Antenna Type, Height, Azimuth, Mechanical Downtilt, Additional Electrical
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Downtilt, Transmission Feeder Length, Transmission Loss, Reception Loss, and Main calculation radius. Set BTS Equipment to BTS 3900, Feeder Equipment to 7/8" at 2100 MHz respectively, Main propagation model to SPM for Chennai, Main resolution(m) to 6 herein, Frequency band to Band1, and Cell Edge Coverage Probability(%) to 75. Note: A. Do not set DX(m), DY(m)! B. Active means on-air or not.

8 Configure the Cells Parameter


Right click Transmitters, then select Cells->Open, import the following cells parameters: Name, Transmitter, Carrier, Scrambling Code Domain, Primary Scrambling Code, Max Power (dBm), Pilot Power (dBm), SCH Power (dBm), Total Power (dBm), SC Reuse Distance (m)(set to 15000), Max Number of Intra-carrier Neighbours(set to 30), Max UL Load Factor (%)(set to 50),UL Load Factor(set to 40%), Max DL Load (% Pmax) (set to 50), HSPA Support(or HSDPA, HSUPA in U-NET 2.2), Max Number of HS-PDSCH Codes per DL TS (set to 5), SC reuse distance(set to 15000). Note: Copy Name, Transmitter together from Table Transmitter directly; or else may cause failure.

9 Calculate Losses and Noise Figures


Right-click Transmitter and select Equipment->Recalculate losses and Noise Figures to calculate the Noise Figures. Right-click Transmitter and select Calculations->Force Path Matrix Calculations to calculate the Path Losses. Note: Its time-consuming especially for high resolution map herein.

10 Define Computation Zone and Focus Zone


The digital map usually is very large and has no site in some place. To ensure accuracy and save time, we define Computation Zone and Focus Zone firstly, esp. for Monte-Carlo Simulation that may repeat hundreds of times. Define Computation Zone in the following way: Switch to Page Geo, right-click Zones->Computation Zone, select Draw to start define a Computation Zone, ensure the drawn line be closed to make a separated Zone.
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Define Focus Zone in the following way: Switch to Page Geo, right-click Zones->Focus Zone, select Draw to start define a Focus Zone within the Computation Zone defined previously, ensure the drawn line be closed to make a separated Zone. Tip(s): Remember to save the result so far.

11 Conduct Predictions
The former three predictions items are based on static coverage only. Simply follow the steps: Right-click Predictions, select New, select any of Coverage by Transmitter/Coverage by Signal Level/Overlapping Zones, and click OK. Now we can see Coverage by Signal Level 0 under folder Predications. Right-click Coverage by Signal Level 0 to start calculation. After calculation stops, right-click Coverage by Signal Level 0, and select Histogram. Now we can get statistics as follows.

We can change Area to Percentage and get the following statistics chart.
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In this step, we should pay attention to the coverage and the overlap zones. If they are not good, usually we should optimize the engineering parameters to improve the coverage. Note: A. Step 1~11 are similar to GSM. For GSM we can have a rest presently, whilst its just a start for UMTS. B. After define Traffic Modeling in UMTS Parameters, other items can be done herein. Tip(s): If you can get correct result herein after run the calculation, you are qualified as a junior user of U-NET for WCDMA, and can start your medium-level course now. Go on!

12 Configure the Traffic Modeling


Traffic Modeling is configured within the Menu UMTS Parameters by default. Its the major difference between UMTS and GSM in U-NET. Mobility Types are independent of Terminal and vice versa. Whilst Services depend on Mobility Types that defines Eb/Nt for users at various speed. User Profiles depend on Mobility Types and Services, and Environments depend on User Profiles and Mobility Types.
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In general, configure five elements of Traffic Modeling with the following procedures.

12.1 Configure Mobility Types Name Min Ec/Io (dB) Average Speed (km/h) Pedestria -15 n 50 km/h -14 90 km/h -13 12.2 Configure Terminals
Refer to the default configuration.

HS-SCCH Ec/Nt Threshold (dB) 3 -10 50 90 -9 -8

12.3 Configure Services


Configure R99 Radio Bearers, HSDPA Radio Bearers and HSUPA Radio Bearers firstly in the following way: Right-click UMTS parameters->Services and select R99 Radio Bearers/ HSDPA Radio Bearers/ HSUPA Radio Bearers, and modify the table if requires. After modifying the Radio Bearers, configure Services if requires.

12.4 Configure User Profiles Name Business User Standard User 12.5 Configure Environments Name Clutter weight Dense 5 Urban Rural 10 Suburban 10 Urban 75

13 Create Traffic Map


Switch to Page Geo, right-click Traffic and select New Map, and select an option among 6 options. Herein we select Map based on Environments(Raster) or other option such as Map based on Traffic Densities, then click button Create Map.

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The following shows the example when choose Map based on Environments(Raster). Now a box appears at the up-left position of the window. We use this tool to draw Traffic Map that defines the traffic distribution.

13.1 Define No data within Focus Zone


Pick No data from the down-list box in the Traffic Map tool; enclose an area within Focus Zone area previously defined in 10 Define Computation Zone and Focus Zone.

13.1 Define Rural within No data


Pick Rural from the down-list box in the Traffic Map tool; tightly enclose an area within No data area.

13.2 Define Suburban within Rural


Pick Suburban from the down-list box in the Traffic Map tool; enclose an area within Rural area.

13.3 Define Urban within Suburban


Pick Urban from the down-list box in the Traffic Map tool; enclose an area within Suburban area.

13.4 Define Dense Urban within Urban


Pick Dense Urban from the down-list box in the Traffic Map tool; enclose an area within Urban area. Now we can see a traffic map Environment Map 1 under folder Traffic.

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Tip(s): Sometimes its unnecessary to define Dense Urban if theres no area belonging to Dense Urban.

14 Start Monte-Carlo Simulations


Herein it considers the impacts of Traffic and named as Monte-Carlo Simulation for UMTS system in industry. It especially shows the simulation difference between GSM and UMTS system. Simply follow the steps: Right-click UMTS Simulations, select New, then change Number of Simulations from 1 to any positive integer such as 100 ; switch to Page Source Traffic and select a traffic map (herein it is Environment map 1); change the Convergence Parameter at page Advanced is possible if requires, and click OK to start calculation. When the difference between two consequent calculations is less than the given convergence, the simulation calculation ends, and the result is kept. Or else it requires some adjustment for the settings. After calculation stops, right-click Simulation 0 under Group 0, and now we can get statistics as follows.

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15 Cell-level Network Planning 15.1 PSC Planning


PSC planning equals to BCCH&BSIC planning in GSM and we can conduct this task in U-NET. After defines detailed network basic information as is mentioned above, continue the following steps to start PSC Planning: Right-click Transmitter and select Cells->Primary Scrambling Codes>Automatic Allocation. Change Default Reuse Distance from 2000 to 6000; then click Run to get the recommended PSC Planning result. If good, click Submit to update it.

15.2 Neighbor Cell Planning


Neighbor Cell Planning is similar as it in GSM and we can conduct this task in U-NET. After define detailed network basic information as is mentioned above, continue the following steps to start Neighbor Cell Planning: Right-click Transmitter and select Cells->Neighbors->Automatic Allocation. Change some Parameter if requires; then click Run to get the recommended Neighbor Planning result. If good, click Submit to update it.

16 Automatic Cell Planning (Option)


This part is dedicated to get recommendable cell planning result, such as Cell Type, Antenna Height, Azimuth, etc. It requires additional license of ACP, hereby we can treat it as an option of U-NET training. For details, login U-NET Server given in Affixes A. Access Available U-NET Server Tip(s): Its truly challenging if you can get correct result based on real-life network
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parameters in each step above shown. You are a qualified medium-level user of U-NET for WCDMA presently. It means you can tackle with almost all routine network planning issues as a Huawei RF engineer regards of U-NET for WCDMA. Congratulations!

Affixes:
A. Access Available U-NET Server 10.82.100.36 szxgsc06-nt username/password in China Domain 10.69.24.10 student_umts/Unet_234 @ this computer (do not login in Domain) B. CE Consumption Mapping CE is called NodeB Credit in RNC, and Channel Element at NodeB side. To configure the CE Consumption, we should make clear of the necessary CE Consumption for each Radio Bearers. Affixed herein is the present function definition. For DCH Service, RNC calculate SF(CE) based on MBR. The SF(CE) is shown in the following Table 1. For HSUPA Service, RNC calculate SF(CE) based on GBR if HsupaCeScheduleSwitch is ON, or else based on MBR. The SF(CE) is shown in the following Table 2. For HSDPA Service, theres no definition of the consumption of HS-DSCH in 3GPP TS 25.433, thus some resource reserved for HSDPA RAB. Therefore for HSDPA Service, theres no CE consumption admission. Table 1 DCH CE Consumption Speed( kbit/s) 3.4 13.6 8 16 32 64 128 144 256 384 UL SF 256 64 64 64 32 16 8 8 4 4 UL No of CE Consumpti on 1 1 1 1 1.5 3 5 5 10 10 UL No of NodeB Credits 2 2 2 2 3 6 10 10 20 20 DL SF 256 128 128 128 64 32 16 16 8 8 DL No of CE Consumption 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 4 8 8 DL No of NodeB Credits 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 4 8 8

Table 2 HSUPA CE Consumption


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Directio n UL

Speed(kbit/s) 8 16 32 64 128 144 256 384 608 1450 2048 2890 5760

SF 64 64 32 32 16 16 8 4 4 2SF4 2SF2 2SF2 2SF2+2SF4

No of CE Consumptio n 1 1 1 1 2 2 4 8 8 16 32 32 48

No of NodeB Credits 2 2 2 2 4 4 8 16 16 32 64 64 96

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