Tedim Zomi and Burmese Consonant Phonemes Tedim Zomi and Burmese Consonants P.A. M.A.

Plosive or Stop:

Taang Zomi

Bilabial Z R B I

Labio-dental Z R B I

Linguo-dental Z R B I Z

Dental or Alveolar R B I Z

Post-Alveolar R B I Z

Retroflex R B I Z R

Palatal B I

Velar B I

Glottal Z R B I

vl. unas. vl. asp. vd. unas. vd. asp.
Affricate:

p ph b (b)

p ph, hp b bh

ပ ဖ ဗ

/p/ /pʰ/ /b/

t th d (d)

t ht d dh

တ ထ ဒ ဓ

/t/ /tʰ/ /d/ /dʰ/

t th d

t ht d

ဋ ဌ ဍ

/ʈ/ /ʈʰ/ /ɖ/ /ɖʰ/

k (kh) g (g)

k kh, hk g gh

က ခ ဂ ဃ

/k/ /kʰ/ /ɡ/ /ɡʰ/

– –

/?/

ဘ /bʰ/

(d) dh ဎ /ʧ/ /ʤ/

vl. vd.
Fricative:

c

ky

က်

/ʦ/

ch –

ch gy

ခ် ဂ်

vl. unas. vl. asp. vd. unas. vd. asp.
Nasal:

f –

/f/

– th

/θ/

s s

s hs z zh

စ ဆ ဇ စ်

/s/ /sʰ/ /z/ /zʰ/

sh

ရွ

/ʃ/

kh

(kh)

/x/

h h

/h/

v –

/v/

– th

/ð/

z –

vl. vd. Trill
Lateral

– m

hm m

မွ မ

/m/ ̥ /m/

– n –

hn n r

ႏွ န ရ

/n/ ̥ /n/ /r/

n n

hn ဏွ n ဏ

/ɳ̊ /ɳ/

– hny ညွ /ɲ̊/ – ny ည /ɲ/

– ng

hng ng

ငွ င

/ŋ/ ̊ /ŋ/

vl. vd.
Semi-vowel:

– l

hl l

လွ လ

/l/ ̥ /l/ – lh ဠ / ɭ/

vl. vd.

– –

hw w

ဝွ ဝ

/w/ ̥ /w/ – y ယ /j/ ရ Wednesday, March 11, 2009 Page 1 of 2

Tedim Zomi and Burmese Consonant Phonemes Legend Color Code: red = exclusively Tedim Zomi blue = exclusively Burmese black = common to both Tedim Zomi and Burmese gray background = of Sanskrit, Pali or Hindi origin; rarely pronounced as such in modern Burmese. Abbreviation: Z = Zokam orthography R= Romanized Burmese orthography

Taang Zomi Semivowel = Approximant Lateral = Lateral Approximant Absent from this chart: w /w/ in Tedim Zomi phonemics is considered to be a component of a monophthong /ɔ/ (aw) rather than a separate consonant. Tentative inclusion in this chart: ဆ (hsa-lein), the seventh letter of the Burmese Alphabet, has not yet been assigned a phonetic symbol. စ် (zha-myin-sway), the ninth letter of the Burmese Alphabet, has not been assigned a phonetic symbol.

B = Burmese orthography I = IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet), or something very close thereto P.A. = Place of Articulation M.A. = Manner of Articulation vl. = voiceless vd. = voiced asp. = aspirated unas. = unaspirated Alternative terms: Retroflex = Cerebral

Wednesday, March 11, 2009

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