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Employment and Unemployment Situation Among
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(JULY 2009
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National Sample Survey Office
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Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
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NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
-i-
Highlights
This report is based on the eighth quinquennial survey on employment and unemployment
conducted in the 66
th
round of NSS during July 2009 to June 2010. The survey was spread over
7402 villages and 5252 urban blocks covering 100957 households (59129 in rural areas and
41828 in urban areas) and enumerating 459784 persons (281327 in rural areas and 178457 in
urban areas). In this survey information on religion followed by each household was collected
as part of the household characteristics. The reported religion of head of the household was
considered as the religion of all the household members irrespective of the actual religion
followed by individual members. Seven known major religions viz. Hinduism, Islam,
Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism and Zoroastrianism were explicitly considered for
data collection as a part of the household characteristics. Among these the followers of
Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism formed the four major religious groups. Households
following the religions other than these four religions have been combined together under the
category Others. Some of the highlights of this report are listed below:
In rural India during 2009-10, Hinduism was followed by around 84 per cent of the
households constituting about 84 per cent of the population; whereas 11 per cent of
households followed Islam with about 12 per cent of the population. Christianity was
followed by around 2 per cent of the households constituting about 2 per cent of the
population. In urban areas, the percentages of households and population following
Hinduism were about 81 and 79, following Islam were about 13 and 16 and following
Christianity were about 3 and 3, respectively.
The sex-ratios for Hindus and Muslims in both rural and urban areas showed a decline
between 2004-05 and 2009-10; however those corresponding to Christians showed an
improvement during this period. The overall sex-ratio for the rural as well as for the
urban population showed a decline between 2004-05 and 2009-10.
The average household size, in both rural and urban areas, for Muslims was higher than
those of other religious groups, and the average household size was the lowest among
Christians. The household size in rural areas was higher than that of urban areas for each
of the religious groups.
In rural areas, self-employment was the mainstay for all the religious groups. The
proportion of households with major income from self-employed in agriculture was the
highest among Sikh households (about 36 per cent). The proportion of households
belonging to the household type rural labour was the highest among Muslims (about 41
per cent). In urban India, the proportion of households with major source of earnings as
self-employment was highest for Muslims (46 per cent). The major source of earnings
from regular wage/salaried was the highest for Christians households (43 per cent) in
urban areas.
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
-ii-
Among all the land possessed classes, in rural areas, proportion of households belonging
to the land possessed class 0.005-0.40 hectare was the highest for all the major
religious groups, which was more than 40 per cent.
About 43 per cent of Christian households, 38 per cent of Muslim households and 37
per cent of Hindu households cultivated more than or equal to 0.001 hectare of land but
less than 1.00 hectare of land. The proportion of households cultivating more than 4.00
hectares of land was the highest for Sikhs (6 per cent), followed by Hindus (3 per cent).
For both rural and urban India, average MPCE was the highest for Sikh households,
followed by Christians and Hindus. At the all-India level, the average MPCE of Sikh
household was Rs. 1659 while that for Muslim household was Rs. 980.
The literacy rate among persons of age 15 years and above was the highest for
Christians, for both the sexes in rural and urban areas. The proportion of persons of age
15 years and above with educational level secondary and above was the highest for
Christians, followed by Sikhs.
The current attendance rates in educational institutions were higher among males than
females and also higher in urban areas than in rural areas. The current attendance rates
in educational institutions among persons of age 0-29 years were the highest among
Christians for rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females.
The Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) for male was much higher than female for
all religious groups - the differential being greater in urban areas. The male-female
differential in LFPR was the lowest among Christians. The LFPR for rural male, rural
female and urban female was the highest for Christians while that for urban male was
the highest for Sikhs.
WPR for male was much higher than female for all the religious groups - the differential
being greater in the urban areas. The male-female differential in WPR was the lowest
among Christians. The WPR according to the usual status (ps+ss) was the highest for
Christians for all categories of persons, except urban males, where the WPR of Hindus
was higher than Christians. WPRs for rural male, rural female and urban female among
Christians were about 56 per cent, 33 per cent, 22 per cent, respectively while that for
urban males among Hindus was about 55 per cent.
In rural areas, majority of male workers belonged to the categories not literate (28 per
cent) or literate and up to primary (28 per cent) while majority of female workers
belonged to the category not literate (59 per cent). The proportion of male workers with
general education level secondary & above was the highest for Christians (32 per cent),
followed by Sikhs (30 per cent).
In urban areas, majority of male workers belonged to the education category level
secondary & above (52 per cent). Among urban males, proportion of workers with level
of education secondary & above was 58 per cent each for Christians and Sikhs whereas
those were 56 per cent and 30 per cent, respectively, for Hindus and Muslims.
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
-iii-
In rural areas, the WPR for male of age 15 years and above was the highest for the
educational level literate and up to primary (90 per cent) and the WPR for female was
highest for educational level not literate (43 per cent). Among persons with level of
education secondary & above, the WPR for male (70 per cent) was much higher than
that of female (22 per cent). Among rural male with level of education secondary &
above, the WPR was highest for Hindus (70 per cent), followed by Sikhs (68 per cent).
Among rural female with level of education secondary & above, the WPR was highest
for Christians (32 per cent), followed by Sikhs (28 per cent).
In urban areas, the WPR for male of age 15 years and above was highest for the general
educational level literate and up to primary (84 per cent) and the WPR for female was
highest for educational level graduate and above (26 per cent). Among urban male with
level of education secondary & above, the WPR was highest for Hindus (70 per cent),
followed by Sikhs (68 per cent). The corresponding WPRs for Christians and Muslims
were 67 per cent and 65 per cent, respectively. Among urban female with level of
education secondary & above, the WPR was highest for Christians (32 per cent),
followed by Sikhs (18 per cent).
In rural areas, majority of employed persons belonged to the employment category self-
employment. The proportion of self-employment among male workers was about 54 per
cent and that among female workers was about 56 per cent. In rural areas, a significant
portion of workers among male (38 per cent) and female (40 per cent) were engaged in
casual labour employment. Among the rural male workers, self-employment was the
highest for Sikhs (55 per cent), followed by Hindus (54 per cent). Among Christians in
rural areas, a significant proportion of male (17 per cent) and female (11 per cent)
workers were engaged in regular wage/salaried employment.
In urban areas, the workers were more or less equally engaged in self-employment and
regular wage/salaried employment. The proportion of workers engaged in self-
employment was the highest for Muslims, followed by Sikhs. Among urban Christians, a
significant proportion of male (45 per cent) and female (61 per cent) workers were
engaged in regular wage/salaried employment. Among urban Hindus, about 44 per cent
of male workers and about 40 per cent of female workers were engaged in regular
wage/salaried employment.
The unemployment rate in rural areas is less than that of urban areas. In rural areas,
during 2009-10, unemployment rate was the highest for Christians for both males (3 per
cent) and females (6 per cent). In urban areas, unemployment rate was the highest for
Sikhs for both males (6 per cent) and females (8 per cent).
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NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
Contents
Appendix A
Detailed Tables
Table No. Title Page No.
Table 1 Average monthly per capita household consumer expenditure (MPCE) for
each major household religion
A1
Table 2 Per 1000 distribution of households by household type for each household
religion
A2-A3
Table 3 Per 1000 distribution of households by size class of land possessed for
each major household religion (RURAL)
A4
Table 4 Per 1000 distribution of households by size class of land cultivated for
each major household religion (RURAL)
A5
Table 5 Per 1000 distribution of households by size class of land cultivated for
each major household religion
A6-A14
Table 6 Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general
educational level for each major household religion
A15-A23
Table 7 Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of
age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
A24-A32
Table 8 Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into
consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not
working' in the principal status for each age-group and religion
A33-A86
Table 9 Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above by usual
activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic
status of persons categorised as 'not working' in the principal status for
each general educational level and religion
A87-A140
Page
Chapter One Introduction 1 7
Chapter Two Concepts and Definitions 8 17
Chapter Three Summary of Findings 18 225
Appendix A Detailed Tables: Table 1 to Table 9 A1 - A-140
Appendix B Sample Design and Estimation Procedure B-1 - B-8
Appendix C Population Projection C-1 - C-3
Appendix D Schedule on Employment and Unemployment (Sch. 10) D-1 - D-16
A
Appendix E RSE of WPR by Usual Activity Status E-1
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
NOTES ON TABLES
1. Estimates are provided separately for rural and urban areas and for males and
females.
2. The estimates presented in the report, in general, refer to the mid-point of the
survey period (July 2009 June 2010) of NSS 66
th
round, i.e., 01.01.2010.
3. It may be noted that as the tables are generally presented as per 1000 distribution
or estimates per 1000, the figures are rounded off. Thus, while using the ratios
from the survey results, it is to be noted that the accuracy of these derived aggre-
gates will be limited to the number of significant digits available in the ratio or
percentage estimates presented in the report. The estimated aggregates, wherever
possible, can be used to get ratios with more significant digits.
4. If there are no sample households/persons in a particular category, the
estimates/estimated proportions of households/persons in that category becomes 0.
Estimated numbers per 1000 are also shown as 0, when they are greater than 0 but
less than 0.5.
5. In the detailed tables, in some of the deeper classifications, some sample sizes may
be small and this may have a bearing on the precision of the corresponding
estimates.
6. The cell-level figures in the tables, when added up, may not exactly be equal to the
figure shown against the total column (or line) due to (i) rounding off and/or (ii)
presence of non-response cases.
Chapter One
Introduction
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
1
Chapter One
Introduction
1.1 The report in perspective
1.1.1 The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), as a part of its 66
th
round survey
programme during the period July 2009 - June 2010, carried out an all-India household
survey on the subject of employment and unemployment in India. In this survey, a nation-
wide enquiry was conducted to generate estimates of various characteristics pertaining to
employment and unemployment and labour force characteristics at the National and State
level. Information on various facets of employment and unemployment in India was collected
through the employment and unemployment Schedule (Schedule 10) adopting the established
concepts, definitions and procedures. Along with the collection of information on some
general particulars of household members associated with employment and unemployment
such as age, sex, level of general and technical education attained, current attendance in
educational institutions, vocational training received, etc., information on some
characteristics of the households such as household type, household social group, household
religion was also collected in the survey. Based on the data collected during the entire period
of the survey, estimates pertaining to employment and unemployment in India along with
various characteristics associated with them are presented in a series of reports. This report
gives the estimates pertaining to employment and unemployment situation of the people of
India belonging to different religious groups along with various other characteristics
associated with them.
1.2 Genesis of NSS Employment and Unemployment Survey
1.2.1 The quinquennial survey on employment-unemployment is one of the important
surveys conducted regularly by the NSSO. The first such survey was done during September
1972 - October 1973 corresponding to the 27
th
round of NSSO. The present survey is the
eighth in the series.
1.2.2 Past Quinquennial Surveys: The assessment of the volume and structure of employment
and unemployment using large scale household surveys commenced with the NSS 9
th
round
(May - September, 1955). Subsequently, NSSO conducted a number of surveys on this
subject to firm up the concepts and methods. The core conceptual framework for conducting
such surveys was put in place by an Expert Committee on Unemployment Estimates
(popularly known as the Dantwala Committee), set up by the Planning Commission. The
Expert Committee reviewed these surveys and the indicators generated from such surveys
conducted by NSS in the past. The concepts and definitions recommended by this committee
formed the basis of the first quinquennial survey on employment and unemployment
conducted in the 27
th
round of NSS (September 1972 October 1973). Since then, six
comprehensive quinquennial surveys on employment and unemployment situation in India
have been carried out in the past by the NSSO prior to the present quinquennial survey. These
Chapter One
Introduction
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
2
were carried out during the 32
nd
round (July 1977 - June 1978), 38
th
round (January 1983 -
December 1983), 43
rd
round (July 1987 - June 1988), 50
th
round (July 1993 - June 1994), 55
th
round (July 1999 - June 2000), 61
st
round (July 2004 - June 2005) in which concepts,
definitions and procedures were based primarily on the recommendations of the Dantwala
Committee. The results of these surveys have been brought out in the form of NSS reports. In
NSS 55
th
round, the aspects of enterprise characteristic of employment and in NSS 61
st
round
the qualitative aspects of informal employment were added in the survey module of the
quinquennial round.
1.2.3 Other surveys on employment-unemployment: Apart from these quinquennial surveys
on employment and unemployment, NSSO had also been collecting information on certain
key items on employment and unemployment, as a part of annual series, from a smaller
sample of households in each round since its 45
th
round (July 1989 - June 1990) through the
schedule on Household Consumer Expenditure (Schedule 1.0). The objective of data
collected in the annual series was to measure employment and unemployment indicators in
terms of the usual and current weekly statuses only and study of these indicators in respect of
category of employment, industrial distribution of the usually employed, etc. These
procedures continued till the 59
th
round (January-December 2003) of NSS. In the annual
rounds, only activity status and industry of work according to usual principal status,
subsidiary status and current weekly status approach were collected through a few columns of
the demographic block of the Consumer Expenditure Schedule (Schedule 1.0). Particulars of
employment and unemployment according to the usual principal status and usual subsidiary
status were collected in the annual rounds by following a similar approach as in the
quinquennial rounds. In the quinquennial rounds, particulars of current daily status of the
household members are collected and current weekly status is derived from them, whereas in
the annual rounds, current weekly status has been obtained through a direct query. In the 60
th
round (January-June 2004), a separate schedule on employment and unemployment was
canvassed for the first time in an annual round and particulars on employment and
unemployment was collected in the same manner as those of the quinquennial rounds. In NSS
62
nd
round (July 2005 - June 2006) and in NSS 64
th
round (July 2007- June 2008) also a
separate schedule on employment and unemployment, similar to the one canvassed during
NSS 60
th
round, was canvassed and particulars on labour force were collected in the manner
similar to the quinquennial rounds.
.
1.3 Scope of NSS 66
th
round Survey on Employment and Unemployment
1.3.1 The critical issues in the context of labour force enquiries pertain to defining the labour
force and measuring participation of labour force in different economic activities. The
activity participation of the people is not only dynamic but also multidimensional; it varies
over regions, age, education, gender, industry and occupational categories. In NSS surveys,
persons are classified into various activity categories on the basis of activities pursued by
them during certain specified reference periods. Three reference periods are used in NSS
surveys, viz. (i) one year, (ii) one week and (iii) each day of the reference week. Based on
these three periods, three different measures of activity status are arrived at. The activity
Chapter One
Introduction
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
3
status determined on the basis of the reference period of one year is known as the usual
activity status (US) of a person, that determined on the basis of a reference period of one
week is known as the current weekly status (CWS) of the person and the activity status
determined on the basis of the engagement on each day during the reference week is known
as the current daily status (CDS) of the person.
1.3.2 In NSS 66
th
round Employment & Unemployment schedule, the major features of data
collected in NSS 61
st
round were retained. In addition, some information on Home based
workers was collected. There is another specific importance that is associated with the
period of NSS 66
th
round. The present quinquennial round is the first survey carried out since
the major public intervention in the rural labour market made with the enactment of the
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005. The survey instruments
for NSS 66
th
round appropriately incorporated the assimilation of data on some salient
aspects relating to MGNREGA.
1.3.3 In NSS 66
th
round, data on employment-unemployment characteristics were collected
through Schedule 10. The schedule captured a range of information on the following aspects:
i) Household characteristics, like household size, religion, social group, land possessed,
land cultivated, etc. For rural households information was collected, on whether the
household had Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee (MGNREG) job
card, whether got work in MGNREG works during the last 365 days, number of days got
work in MGNREG works and mode of payment of the wages earned in MGNREG works.
Information on household monthly consumer expenditure was also collected through a
worksheet to study the exact relationship of employment-unemployment characteristics
with the level of living of the population.
ii) Demographic particulars, like age, sex, educational level, status of current attendance
and vocational training.
iii) Usual principal activity status and subsidiary economic activity status of all persons.
iv) Particulars of the enterprise for all the usual status workers (excluding those engaged
in growing of crops and growing of crops combined with farming of animals) viz.,
location of work place, type of enterprises, number of workers in the enterprise etc. and
some particulars of the conditions of employment for the employees, like type of job
contract, eligibility for paid leave, availability of social security benefits, etc. For self-
employed persons in the usual status, some particulars were collected for identification of
home-based workers.
v) Extent of underutilization of the labour time and on the qualitative aspects of
employment, like changes in activity status, occupation /industry, existence of trade
unions/associations, nature of employment (permanent/temporary), etc.
vi) Participation in specified activities by the household members who are classified as
engaged in domestic duties in the usual principal activity status.
Chapter One
Introduction
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
4
1.4 The survey outline of NSS 66
th
round survey
1.4.1 Geographical coverage: The survey covered the whole of the Indian Union except (i)
interior villages of Nagaland situated beyond five kilometres of the bus route and (ii) villages
in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which remained inaccessible throughout the year. However,
all the sample first stage units of both rural and urban areas of Leh, Kargil and Poonch
districts of Jammu & Kashmir became casualty and therefore these districts were outside the
survey coverage.
1.4.2 Sub-round: The fieldwork of the 66
th
round of NSSO started from 1
st
July, 2009 and
continued till 30
th
June, 2010. As usual, the survey period of this round was divided into four
sub-rounds, each with a duration of three months, the 1
st
sub-round period ranging from July
to September 2009, the 2
nd
sub-round period from October to December 2009 and so on. An
equal number of sample villages/blocks (FSUs) was allotted for survey to each of these four
sub-rounds. The survey used the interview method of data collection from a sample of
randomly selected households.
1.5 Sample Design
1.5.1 A stratified multi-stage design was adopted for the 66
th
round survey. The first stage
units (FSU) were the 2001 census villages (Panchayat wards in case of Kerala) in the rural
sector and Urban Frame Survey (UFS) blocks in the urban sector. In addition, two non-UFS
towns of Leh and Kargil of Jammu & Kashmir were also treated as FSUs in the urban sector.
The ultimate stage units (USU) were households in both the sectors. Hamlet-groups/sub-
blocks constituted the intermediate stage whenever these were formed in the sample FSUs.
For the rural sector, the list of 2001 census villages (Panchayat wards in case of Kerala)
constituted the sampling frame. For the urban sector, the list of latest available UFS blocks
constituted the sampling frame. For non-UFS towns, frame consisted of the individual towns
(only two towns, viz., Leh & Kargil constituted this frame). Within each district of a State/
UT, two basic strata were formed as follows: rural stratum comprising all rural areas of the
district and urban stratum comprising all the urban areas of the district. However, within the
urban areas of a district, if there were one or more towns with population 10 lakhs or more as
per population census 2001 in a district, each of them formed a separate basic stratum and the
remaining urban areas of the district were considered as another basic stratum. There was no
sub-stratification in the urban sector. However, to net adequate number of child workers, for
all rural strata, each stratum was divided into 2 sub-strata. These were, sub-stratum 1: all
villages with proportion of child workers (p) >2P (where P is the average proportion of child
workers for the sate/ UT as per Census 2001) and sub-stratum 2: remaining villages.
1.5.2 At the all-India level, a total number of 12784 FSUs was allocated for survey in the
central sample. This sample size was at par with the sample size of NSS 61
st
round. In
addition, 24 State sample FSUs (16 for rural sector and 8 for urban sector) of Leh and Kargil
districts of J & K were included in the central sample. The total number of sample FSUs was
Chapter One
Introduction
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
5
allocated to the States and UTs in proportion to population as per census 2001 subject to the
availability of investigators and ensuring minimum sample allocation to each State/ UT. The
State/ UT level sample size was allocated between two sectors in proportion to population as
per census 2001 with double weightage to urban sector subject to the restriction that urban
sample size for bigger states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, etc. did not exceed the rural
sample size. A minimum of 16 FSUs (to the extent possible) was allocated to each state/ UT
separately for rural and urban areas. Further the State level allocations for both rural and
urban areas were adjusted marginally in a few cases to ensure that each stratum/ sub-stratum
got a minimum allocation of 4 FSUs. Within each sector of a State/ UT, the respective sample
size was allocated to the different strata/ sub-strata in proportion to the population as per
census 2001. Allocations at stratum/ sub-stratum level were adjusted to multiples of 4 with a
minimum sample size of 4 and equal number of samples were allocated to the four sub
rounds.
1.5.3 For the rural sector, from each stratum/ sub-stratum, required number of sample villages
was selected by probability proportional to size with replacement (PPSWR), size being the
population of the village as per Census 2001. For urban sector, from each stratum FSUs were
selected by using Simple Random Sampling Without Replacement (SRSWOR). Both rural
and urban samples were drawn in the form of two independent sub-samples. All households
listed in the selected village/block/ hamlet-groups/sub-blocks were stratified into three second
stage strata (SSS). A total of 8 households was selected from each sample village/block for
canvassing the employment and un-employment schedule. The sample households from each
of the second stage strata were selected by SRSWOR.
1.5.4 Out of the total number of 12,808 FSUs (7,524 villages and 5,284 urban blocks) allotted
for the central sample
1
(including 24 state sample FSUs of Leh and Kargil districts of J & K:
16 for rural sector and 8 for urban sector), 12,654 FSUs (7,402 villages and 5,252 urban
blocks) could be surveyed at the all-India level for canvassing Schedule 10. The number of
households surveyed was 1,00,957 (59,129 in rural areas and 41,828 in urban areas) of which
number of households surveyed for the religious groups Hinduism, Islam, Christianity,
Sikhism and Others were 45559, 6462, 4254, 1382 and 1458 respectively, in rural areas and
31390, 5977, 2694, 771 and 987 respectively, in urban areas. The number of persons
surveyed for Schedule 10 in NSS 66
th
round was 4,59,784 (2,81,327 in rural areas and
1,78,457 in urban areas). The number of sample persons for the religious groups Hinduism,
Islam, Christianity, Sikhism and Others were 213672, 33492, 20334, 6886 and 6891
respectively, in rural areas and 129527, 29884, 11254, 3448 and 4304 respectively, in urban
areas. Others here refers to the combined category of the religious groups Jainism,
Buddhism, Zoroastrianism and the remaining religious groups other than Hinduism,
Islam, Christianity, Sikhism. The sample design and estimation procedure used for the survey
is given in Appendix B of this report.

1
The sample selected for NSS 66
th
round which was surveyed by NSSO is termed Central sample. As is usual in the
regular NSS rounds, most States and Union Territories participated in the survey: the sample surveyed by State Government
officials is termed as State sample.
Chapter One
Introduction
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
6
1.5.5 The domains of rural and urban sector in the survey are co-terminus with the criterion
adopted in census. The urban frame used in the survey is the latest updated UFS that takes
into account the newly declared towns after the last census 2001.Accordingly the rural sector
is the one that is not urban.
1.6 Contents of the Report
1.6.1 As stated earlier, this report deals with various estimates on employment and
unemployment of the people belonging to different religions along with their correlates as
obtained from tables generated from data collected on relevant items for the entire round. We
would like to sound a note of caution at the outset that reported religion of household was a
by-product of a general household sample survey aimed at estimating salient characteristics
of employment and unemployment of the general population and was not specifically
designed for collecting information on economic conditions of specific religious
communities.
1.6.2 For each household surveyed, the reported religion of the head of the household was
considered as the religion of all the members of the household irrespective of the actual
religion followed by individual members. Seven known major religions viz. Hinduism, Islam,
Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism and Zoroastrianism were explicitly considered for
data collection as a part of the household characteristics. Some results like, distribution of
households and population by religious groups, distribution of households by household type,
land cultivated and worker population ratio, proportion unemployed, etc. have been obtained
for each of the major religions (viz. Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism) from the
survey. All discussions in this report are limited to only such items/concepts, based on which
estimates have been generated. A detailed explanation of these is given in the next chapter
entitled Concepts and Definitions.
1.6.3 The sample sizes pertaining to religious groups other than Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
and Sikhism were small even at the all-India level. The estimates based on such small
samples for the smaller religious groups, may not be sufficiently reliable and hence, estimates
relating to these religious groups have not been generated separately. Households belonging
to these religious groups have been combined together and their estimates presented as
Other religious group.
1.6.4 This report contains three chapters including the present introduction and five
appendices. Chapter Two discusses the concepts and definitions of only those terms that are
relevant in connection with various items covered in this report. The main findings on
employment - unemployment situation among major religious groups and their broad house-
hold and population characteristics are discussed in Chapter Three. In Chapter Three,
wherever state level tables have been presented, they have been placed at the end of the
chapter. The detailed tables forming the basis of this report are presented in Appendix A.
Appendix B gives a detailed description of the sample design and estimation procedure used
for the survey. In Appendix C, the Projected Population as on 1
st
March 2009 and 1
st
March
Chapter One
Introduction
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
7
2010 supplied by RGI Office have been presented along with those projected for 1
st
January
2010 using compound rate of growth. The projections have been given for, male and female,
separately, for rural and urban for each State/UT. Appendix D gives a facsimile of the
schedule canvassed in the survey. The RSEs of worker population ratio (WPR) according to
usual status (ps+ss) and current weekly status (CWS) for each of the major states are given in
Appendix E.
1.6.5 All the estimates presented in this report are based on Central sample data only.
Further, the cell-level figures in any of the detailed tables, when added up, may not exactly be
equal to the figure shown against the total column (or line) due to (i) rounding off and/or
(ii) presence of non-response cases.
1.7 Plan for Release of Results
1.7.1 It has been planned to bring out a series of eight reports on the basis of the employment
and unemployment survey results of NSS 66
th
round. The present report the seventh in the
series - deals with the estimates based on the data relating to the employment and
unemployment situation among major religious groups in India according to the usual activity
status(ps+ss). The report gives the results generated at the all-India level and some important
results for different States/Union Territories. In addition to these eight reports planned, a
document on Key Indicators of Employment and Unemployment in India, 2009-10 was
released in June 2011. Of the eight reports, Report no. 537 (Employment and Unemployment
Situation in India, 2009-10), Report no. 539 (Informal Sector and Conditions of Employment
in India), Report no. 543 (Employment and Unemployment Situation among Social Groups in
India), Report no. 548 (Home-based Workers in India), Report no. 550 (Participation of
Women in Specified Activities along with Domestic Duties), Report no. 551 (Status of
Education and Vocational Training in India) have already been released. The tentative title of
the remaining report planned to be released is Employment and Unemployment situation in
Cities and Towns in India.
Chapter Two
Concepts and Definitions
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
8
Chapter Two
Concepts and Definitions
2.0 The concepts and definitions of some important terms used in the survey and relevant to
this report are explained in the following paragraphs.
2.1 Household: A group of persons who normally lived together and took food from a
common kitchen constituted a household. The adverb normally means that temporary
visitors and guests (whose total period of stay in the household was expected to be less than 6
months) were excluded but temporary stay-aways (whose total period of absence from the
household was expected to be less than 6 months) were included. Thus a child residing in a
hostel for studies was excluded from the household of his/her parents, but a resident domestic
servant or paying guest (but not just a tenant in the house) was included in the
employers/hosts household. Living together was given more importance than sharing
food from a common kitchen in drawing the boundaries of a household in case the two
criteria were in conflict. However, in the special case of a person taking food with his family
but sleeping elsewhere (say, in a shop or a different house) due to shortage of space, the
household formed by such a persons family members was taken to include the person also.
Each inmate of a hotel, mess, boarding-lodging house, hostel, etc., was considered to be a
single-member household except that a family living in a hotel (say) was considered one
household only. The same principle was applicable for the residential staff of such
establishments. The size of a household is the total number of persons in the household.
2.2 Religious group: For each household surveyed, the reported religion of the head of the
household was considered as the religion of all the members of the household irrespective of
the actual religion followed by individual members. Seven known major religions viz.
Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism and Zoroastrianism were
explicitly considered for data collection as a part of the household characteristics. The
information recorded in this regard was based entirely on the response of the informant.
2.3 Land possessed by the household as on date of survey: The area of land possessed
included land owned, leased in and land neither owned nor leased in (i.e. encroached) by
the household but excluded land 'leased out'. For a piece of land under the possession of the
household, if the household did not have the title of ownership and also did not have lease
agreement for the use of land transacted, either verbally or in writing, such land was
considered as neither owned nor leased in. In collecting information regarding land
possessed, the actual position as obtained on the date of survey was considered. The area of
land possessed did not include the area of land owned, leased-in, etc. by the servants/paying
guests who were considered as normal members of the household.

2.4 Land cultivated (including orchard and plantation) during July 2008-June 2009: Land
cultivated (including orchard and plantation) during the agricultural year 2008-2009, i.e., July
2008 to June 2009 was recorded considering cultivation of land from the land 'owned', 'land
leased-in' or from 'land neither owned nor leased-in'. Area with field crops and area under
orchards and plantations was counted only once in the same year/ season. It may be noted
that information on land owned, possessed or cultivated as described above was collected in
hectares up to 3 places of decimals.
Chapter Two
Concepts and Definitions
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
9
2.5 Age (years): The age in completed years, as on the date of survey, of the household
members were recorded.
2.6 General educational level: A person was considered as literate if he/she could both read
and write a simple message with understanding in at least one language. For all the
individuals who were found to be literate, the general level of education was collected in
terms of highest level of education successfully completed. Highest level of education
successfully completed by each member of the household was decided by considering his/
her all general/ technical/ vocational educational level and was recorded in terms of 12
categories viz. (i) not literate, (ii) literate without formal schooling: (a) Education Guarantee
Scheme (EGS)/Non-formal Education Courses (NFEC)/ Adult Literacy Centres (AEC), (b)
Total Literacy Campaign (TLC), (c) others; (iii) literate but below primary, (iv) middle, (v)
secondary, (vi) higher secondary, (vii) diploma/certificate course, (viii) graduate, and (ix)
postgraduate and above. The criterion for deciding primary, middle, secondary, etc. levels
were the same that has been followed in the concerned states/union territories. The category
diploma or certificate course meant diploma or certificate courses in general education,
technical education or vocational education, which is below graduation level. Diploma or
certificate courses in general education, technical education or vocational education, which is
equivalent to graduation level, was considered under the category graduate. Similarly,
diploma or certificate courses in general education, technical education or vocational
education, which is equivalent to post-graduation level and above were considered under the
category post-graduate and above.
2.7 Status of current attendance in educational institution: Particulars of current attendance
in educational institution were recorded for persons of age below 30 years. It was first
ascertained whether the person was currently attending any educational institutions
(government or private) or not. For persons who were not currently attending any
educational institutions, reason for not attending viz. (i) school too far, (ii) to supplement
household income, (iii) education not considered necessary, (iv) to attend domestic chores,
and (v) others, was recorded. For those who were currently attending any educational
institution, the course of study pursued by them was recorded in terms of 23 categories viz.
(i) EGS/NFEC/AEC, (ii) TLC, (iii) pre-primary (nursery/Kinder garten, etc.), (iv) primary
(class I to IV/V), (v) middle, (vi) secondary, (vii) higher secondary, (viii) graduate in: (a)
agriculture, (b) engineering/technology, (c) medicine, (d) other subjects; (ix) post graduate
and above, (x) diploma or certificate (below graduate level) in: (a) agriculture, (b)
engineering/technology, (c) medicine, (d) crafts, (e) other subjects, (xi) diploma or certificate
(graduate level) in: (a) agriculture, (b) engineering/technology, (c) medicine, (d) crafts, (e)
other subject; (xii) diploma or certificate in post graduate and above level. Persons who
were registered for any regular correspondence courses or distance education courses for a
stipulated period at the end of which, were allowed to appear in the examination for the
course, was also considered as currently attending. Persons who were awaiting results were
also considered as currently attending.
2.8 Economic activity: The entire spectrum of human activity falls into two categories
economic activities and non-economic activities. Any activity resulting in production of
goods and services that add value to national product was considered as an economic activity
for the employment and unemployment survey. Such activities included production of all
goods and services for market (i.e. for pay or profit) including those of government services,
and, the production of primary commodities for own consumption and own account
production of fixed assets.
Chapter Two
Concepts and Definitions
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
10
2.8.1 The full spectrum of economic activities as defined in the UN system of National
Accounts was not covered in the definition adopted for the NSS 66
th
round survey of
Employment and Unemployment. Production of any good for own consumption is considered
as economic activity by UN System of National Accounts but production of only primary
goods for own consumption was considered as economic activity by NSSO. While the former
considers activities like own account processing of primary products as economic activities,
in the NSS surveys, processing of primary products for own consumption was not considered
as economic activity.
2.8.2 The term 'economic activity' as defined in the employment and unemployment survey
of NSS 66
th
round, therefore, included:
(i) all the market activities performed for pay or profit which result in production of
goods and services for exchange.
(ii) of the non-market activities,
(a) all the activities relating to the primary sector (i.e. industry Divisions 01 to 14 of
NIC-2004) which result in production (including free collection of uncultivated crops,
forestry, firewood, hunting, fishing, mining, quarrying, etc.) of primary goods for own
consumption
and
(b) activities relating to the own-account production of fixed assets, which include
production of fixed assets including construction of own houses, roads, wells, etc.,
and of machinery, tools, etc., for household enterprise and also construction of any
private or community facilities free of charge. A person may be engaged in own
account construction in the capacity of either a labourer or a supervisor.
As per the practice followed in earlier rounds, certain activities like prostitution, begging,
etc., which though fetched earnings, were not considered as economic activities. Activity
status of a person was judged irrespective of the situation whether such activity was carried
out illegally in the form of smuggling or not.
2.9 Activity status: During a reference period, a person could be in any one, or a combination
of, the following three broad activity statuses:
(i) working or being engaged in economic activity (work) as defined above,
(ii) being not engaged in economic activity (work) but either making tangible efforts to
seek 'work' or being available for 'work' if 'work' is available, and
(iii) being not engaged in any economic activity (work) and also not available for 'work'.
Broad activity statuses mentioned in (i) and (ii) above are associated with 'being in labour
force' and the last with 'not being in the labour force'. Within the labour force, broad activity
status (i) and (ii) were associated with 'employment' and unemployment, respectively.
Chapter Two
Concepts and Definitions
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
11
2.9.1 In this report identification of each individual in terms of a unique activity status under
any one of the three broad activity statuses was done according to the usual status approach
by adopting major time criterion. Each of the three broad activity statuses was further sub-
divided into several detailed activity categories. If a person categorised as engaged in
economic activity by adopting the criteria mentioned above was found to be pursuing more
than one economic activity during the reference period, the appropriate detailed activity
status code was connected to that activity in which relatively long time had been spent. A
similar procedure was adopted for assigning detailed activity code for persons categorised as
engaged in non-economic activity and pursuing more than one non-economic activity.
2.9.2 This report discusses various employment and unemployment indicators according to
usual status approach and as such the discussions of the concepts relevant for usual status
approach have only been made. The detailed activity statuses under each of the three broad
activity statuses (viz. employed, unemployed and not in labour force) and the
corresponding codes used in usual status approach are given below:
code description
working (or employed)
self-employed
11 worked in household enterprises (self-employed) as own-account worker
12 worked in household enterprises (self-employed) as an employer
21 worked in household enterprises (self-employed) as helper
regular wage/ salaried employee
31 worked as regular wage/salaried employee
casual labour
41 worked as casual wage labour in public works
51 worked as casual wage labour in other types of works
not working but seeking/available for work (or unemployed)
81 sought work or did not seek but was available for work

neither working nor available for work (or not in labour force)
91 attended educational institutions
92 attended to domestic duties only
93 attended to domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of goods
(vegetables, roots, firewood, cattle feed, etc.), sewing, tailoring, weaving, etc. for
household use
94 rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients, etc.
95 not able to work owing to disability
97 others (including beggars, prostitutes, etc.)
98 did not work owing to sickness (for casual workers only)
99 children of age 0-4 years

Chapter Two
Concepts and Definitions
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
12

2.10 Workers (or employed): Persons who were engaged in any economic activity or who,
despite their attachment to economic activity, abstained themselves from work for reason of
illness, injury or other physical disability, bad weather, festivals, social or religious functions
or other contingencies necessitating temporary absence from work, constituted workers.
Unpaid helpers who assisted in the operation of an economic activity in the household farm
or non-farm activities were also considered as workers. In the usual status relevant activity
status codes 11 to 51 were assigned for workers. Workers were further categorized as self-
employed (relevant activity status codes: 11, 12, 21), regular salaried/wage employee
(relevant activity status codes: 31), and casual wage labour (relevant activity status codes: 41
and 51).
2.11 Seeking or available for work (or unemployed): Persons who, owing to lack of work,
had not worked but either sought work through employment exchanges, intermediaries,
friends or relatives or by making applications to prospective employers or expressed their
willingness or availability for work under the prevailing conditions of work and
remuneration, were considered as those seeking or available for work (or unemployed). In
the usual status, activity status codes 81 were assigned for unemployed.
2.12 Labour force: Persons who were either 'working' (or employed) or 'seeking or available
for work' (or unemployed) constituted the labour force. In the usual status, persons with
activity status codes 11 81 constituted the labour force.
2.13 Not in labour force: Persons who were neither 'working' nor 'seeking or available for
work' for various reasons during the reference period were considered as 'not in labour force'.
Persons under this category are students, those engaged in domestic duties, rentiers,
pensioners, recipients of remittances, those living on alms, infirm or disabled persons, too
young persons, prostitutes, etc. and casual labourers not working due to sickness. Activity
status codes 91-95, 97 and 98 were assigned for persons belonging to category 'not in labour
force'. For the purpose of this report, status code 99 was assigned to children of age 0-4
years.
2.14 Self-employed: Persons who operated their own farm or non-farm enterprises or were
engaged independently in a profession or trade on own-account or with one or a few partners
were treated as self-employed in household enterprises. The essential feature of the self-
employed is that they have autonomy (decide how, where and when to produce) and
economic independence (in respect of choice of market, scale of operation and finance) for
carrying out their operation. The remuneration of the self-employed consists of a non-
separable combination of two parts: a reward for their labour and profit of their enterprise.
The combined remuneration is wholly determined by the revenue from sales after netting out
value of purchased inputs used in production.
2.14.1 Categories of self-employed persons: Self-employed persons were categorised as
follows:
(i) own-account workers: those self-employed persons who operated their enterprises
on their own account or with one or a few partners and who, during the reference
period, by and large, ran their enterprise without hiring any labour. They could,
however, have had unpaid helpers to assist them in the activity of the enterprise;

Chapter Two
Concepts and Definitions
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
13
(ii) employers: those self-employed persons who worked on their own account or with
one or a few partners and, who, by and large, ran their enterprise by hiring labour; and
(iii) helpers in household enterprise: those self-employed persons (mostly family
members) who were engaged in their household enterprises, working full or part time
and did not receive any regular salary or wages in return for the work performed. They
did not run the household enterprise on their own but assisted the related person living
in the same household in running the household enterprise.
2.15 Regular wage/salaried employee: These were persons who worked in others farm or
non-farm enterprises (both household and non-household) and, in return, received salary or
wages on a regular basis (i.e. not on the basis of daily or periodic renewal of work contract).
This category included not only persons getting time wage but also persons receiving piece
wage or salary and paid apprentices, both full time and part-time.
2.16 Casual wage labour: A person who was casually engaged in others farm or non-farm
enterprises (both household and non-household) and, in return, received wages according to
the terms of the daily or periodic work contract, was a casual wage labourer.
2.17 Public works: Public works were those activities which were sponsored by
Government or Local Bodies, and which covered local area development works like
construction of roads, dams, bunds, digging of ponds, etc., as relief measures, or as an
outcome of employment generation schemes under the poverty alleviation programme such
as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee (MGNREG) public works,
Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), National Food for Work Programme
(NFFWP), etc. The coverage of schemes under public works was restricted to those
schemes through which the Government generated wage employment under poverty
alleviation programme, or relief measures. The types of works that were generally undertaken
through these schemes, were watershed development, drought proofing, land levelling, flood
control, laying pipes or cables, sanitation, water harvesting, irrigation canal, development of
orchard, road construction, building construction / repair, running crche, etc. To distinguish
between public works and works not classifiable as public works, some broad
characteristics of public work were identified, viz. the primary objective is generation of
wage employment and poverty alleviation, and creation of community asset as an outcome in
achieving those main objectives.
2.18 Different approaches followed to determine activity status: The persons surveyed
were classified into various activity categories on the basis of the activities pursued by them
during certain specified reference periods. There were three reference periods for this survey.
These are: (i) one year (ii) one week and (iii) each day of the reference week. Based on these
three periods, three different measures of activity status are arrived at. These are termed
respectively as usual status, current weekly status and current daily status. In this report, the
various indicators of employment and unemployment have been presented in the usual status
approach. The procedure adopted to arrive at the usual status is elucidated below.
2.18.1 Usual principal activity status: The usual activity status relates to the activity status
of a person during the reference period of 365 days preceding the date of survey. The activity
status on which a person spent relatively long time (i.e. major time criterion) during the 365
days preceding the date of survey is considered as the usual principal activity status of the
person.
Chapter Two
Concepts and Definitions
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
14
To decide the usual principal activity of a person, first a two stage dichotomous classification
was followed for determining the broad usual principal activity status (employed or
unemployed or not in labour force) of the person. At the first stage, persons were first
categorised as those in the labour force (either employed or unemployed) and those not in the
labour force depending on the major time spent during the 365 days preceding the date of
survey. Persons thus adjudged as not belonging to the labour force were assigned the broad
activity status 'neither working nor available for work' (not in the labour force). At the
second stage, for persons belonging to the labour force, the broad activity status of either
'working' (employed) or not working but seeking and/or available for work (unemployed)
was ascertained based on the same criterion viz. relatively long time spent in accordance with
either of the two broad statuses within the labour force during the 365 days preceding the
date of survey. Within the broad activity status so determined, the detailed activity status of
a person pursuing more than one such activity was determined once again on the basis of the
relatively long time spent on such activities. In terms of activity status codes, codes 11-51
were assigned to persons classified as workers and codes 91-97 to those not in the labour
force. In the usual status approach, a single code 81 was assigned to persons seeking or
available for work (unemployed persons) while two separate codes 81 (sought work) and 82
(did not seek but was available for work) were assigned to unemployed persons according to
current weekly status and current daily status approach.
2.18.2 Usual subsidiary economic activity status: A person whose usual principal status was
determined on the basis of the major time criterion could have pursued some economic
activity for a shorter time throughout the reference year of 365 days preceding the date of
survey or for a minor period, which is not less than 30 days, during the reference year. The
status in which such economic activity was pursued was the subsidiary economic activity
status of that person. Activity status codes 11 to 51 only were used for the subsidiary
economic activity performed by a person. It may be noted that engagement in work in
subsidiary capacity may arise out of the two following situations:
(i) a person may be engaged in a relatively long period during the last 365 days in some
economic (non-economic) activity and for a relatively minor period, which is not less
than 30 days (not necessarily for a continuous period), in another economic activity
(any economic activity). The economic activity, which was pursued for a relatively
minor period but not simultaneously with principal activity, was considered as his/her
subsidiary economic activity.
(ii) a person may be pursuing an economic activity (non-economic activity) almost
throughout the year in the principal status and also simultaneously pursuing another
economic activity (any economic activity) for a relatively short time in a subsidiary
capacity. The economic activity, which was pursued for a relatively short time, was
considered as his/her subsidiary economic activity.
2.18.3 Usual activity status considering principal and subsidiary status taken together: The
usual status, determined on the basis of the usual principal activity and usual subsidiary
economic activity of a person taken together, is considered as the usual activity status of the
person and is written as usual status (ps+ss). According to the usual status (ps+ss), workers
are those who perform some work activity either in the principal status or in the subsidiary
status. Thus, a person who is not a worker in the usual principal status is considered as
worker according to the usual status (ps+ss), if the person pursues some subsidiary economic
activity for 30 days or more during 365 days preceding the date of survey.
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NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
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2.19 Household type: On the basis of the sources of the household's income during the last
365 days preceding the date of survey, the household types were assigned. For this purpose,
only the household's income from economic activities was considered. The income of
servants and paying guests was not taken as the income of the household.
For the rural areas, household types were as follows:
self-employed in non-agriculture; agricultural labour; other labour; self-employed in
agriculture; others.
For urban areas, the household types were as follows:
self-employed; regular wage/salary earning; casual labour; others.
2.20 Manual work: A job essentially involving physical labour was considered manual work.
However, jobs essentially involving physical labour but also requiring a certain level of
general, professional, scientific or technical education were not termed as 'manual work'. On
the other hand, jobs not involving much of physical labour and at the same time not requiring
much educational (general, scientific, technical or otherwise) background were treated as
'manual work'. Thus, engineers, doctors, dentists, midwives, etc., were not considered manual
workers even though their jobs involved some amount of physical labour. But, peons,
chowkidars, watchman, etc. were considered manual workers even though their work might
not involve much physical labour. A few examples of manual workers are cooks, waiters,
building caretakers, sweepers, cleaners and related workers, launderers, dry cleaners and
pressers, hair dressers, barbers, beauticians, watchmen, gate keepers, agricultural labourers,
plantation labourers and related workers.
2.21 Rural labour: Manual labour working in agricultural and /or non-agricultural
occupations in return for wages paid either in cash or in kind (excluding exchange labour)
and living in rural areas, was taken as rural labour.
2.22 Agricultural labour: A person was considered as engaged as agricultural labour, if
he/she followed one or more of the following agricultural occupations in the capacity of a
wage paid manual labour, whether paid in cash or kind or both:
(i) farming,
(ii) dairy farming,
(iii) production of any horticultural commodity,
(iv) raising of livestock, bees or poultry,
(v) any practice performed on a farm as incidental to or in conjunction with farm
operations (including forestry and timbering) and the preparation for market and delivery
to storage or to market or to carriage for transportation to market of farm produce.
Working in fisheries was excluded from agricultural labour. Further, 'carriage for
transportation' referred only to the first stage of the transport from farm to the first place of
disposal.
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NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
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2.23 Wage paid-manual labour: A person who did manual work in return for wages in cash
or kind or partly in cash and partly in kind (excluding exchange labour) was considered as a
wage paid manual labour. Salaries were also counted as wages. A person who was self-
employed in manual work was not treated as a wage paid manual labour.
2.24 Procedure for collecting monthly per capita consumer expenditure (MPCE): For
collection of data on total expenditure of the household from employment and unemployment
schedule (Schedule 10), a worksheet was used in the Schedule 10 of the 66
th
round. The
approximate value of consumer expenditure obtained through the worksheet has been used
for studying employment and unemployment characteristics by different levels of living of
the household members. The worksheet contained 36 different components of household
consumer expenditure. Depending upon the type of item, either of the two reference periods
viz,. 30 days and 365 days, was used to record consumption of different groups of items. The
items of consumption were classified into four groups and three different approaches viz (a)
consumption approach, (b) expenditure approach and (c) first-use approach, were followed
for defining consumption of items. The different groups were (i) food (other than cooked
meals), pan, tobacco & intoxicants and fuel & light, (ii) cooked meals, miscellaneous goods
and services including education, medical, rent, taxes and cess, (iii) clothing and footwear
and (iv) durable goods. The procedure followed for defining consumption of the four groups
were (i) consumption approach, (ii) expenditure approach, (iii) first-use approach and (iv)
expenditure approach, respectively. The definition of household consumer expenditure and
the procedure for evaluating that was the same for both Schedule 10 and Schedule 1.0
(Household Consumer Expenditure).
Chapter Two
Concepts and Definitions
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
17
2.25 Conceptual Framework of Key Employment and Unemployment Indicators
2.25.1 Labour force participation rate (LFPR): LFPR is defined as the number of persons in
the labour force per 1000 persons.
2.25.2 Worker Population Ratio (WPR): WPR defined as the number of persons employed
per 1000 persons.
2.25.3 Proportion Unemployed (PU): It is defined as the number of persons unemployed per
1000 persons.
2.25.4 Unemployment Rate (UR): UR is defined as the number of persons unemployed per
1000 persons in the labour force (which includes both the employed and unemployed).
2.25.5 Key employment-unemployment indicators are derived as follows:
activity profile key indicators
activity
status
(code)
category of
persons
11, 12,
21, 31,
41, 51
workers 1. Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR):
1000 *
. .
population total
persons unemployed of no persons employed of no
2. Worker Population Ratio (WPR):
1000 *
.
population total
persons employed of no
3. Proportion Unemployed (PU):
1000 *
.
population total
persons unemployed of no
4. Unemployment Rate (UR):
1000 *
. .
.
persons unemployed of no persons employed of no
persons unemployed of no

Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
18
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
3.1 Introduction
3.1.1 The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), during the period July 2009 - June 2010, along
with the collection of information on various facets of employment and unemployment in India,
collected information on household religion through the employment and unemployment schedule
(Schedule 10) of 66
th
round. The religion of the head of the household, as reported by the informant,
was considered as the religion of the entire household irrespective of the actual religion followed by
individual members. This chapter primarily deals with the broad indicators of employment and
unemployment situation among persons following different religions viz. Hinduism, Islam,
Christianity, Sikhism and the rest (Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism and others) referred to as
Others. However, before studying their employment and unemployment situation, some broad
indicators pertaining to household and population characteristics of the different religious groups
have been discussed in this chapter. The estimates of key indicators have been given for all-India as
well as for all the States/UTs. The discussion in the text is confined to the estimates of the major
states and all-India estimates developed on the basis of data of all the states and union territories.
Comparison with the earlier survey results has been presented at the all-India level only. All-India
summary results have been presented along with the write-up and the corresponding results at the
State/Union Territory level are given at the end of this chapter. The detailed tables showing the
survey results at the all-India level are given in Appendix A.
3.1.2 The estimates of key employment and unemployment characteristics for different religious
groups have been presented as ratios. It has been observed that compared to the census population
or the projections thereof, population estimates of the surveys of NSSO are, in general, on the lower
side. This difference may be mainly due to the differences between NSSO and Census Operations in
methods and coverage adopted. However, the estimates of ratios obtained from the survey are
expected to be reasonably reliable and to arrive at the estimate of an absolute number in any
category, the users may apply the survey estimates of ratios to the census population or projections
for that category. The estimates presented in the report, in general, refer to the mid-point of the
survey period of the 66th round (July 2009 - June 2010), namely 01.01.2010. To arrive at the
absolute number in any category, the survey estimates of ratios are to be applied to the census
projected populations as on 01.01.2010
1
. The estimates of aggregates given in the detailed tables in
Appendix A are to be used as weights to help combine ratios and should not be used as estimates of
absolute numbers for a given characteristic. It may also be noted that as the tables are generally

1
In Appendix C, the Projected Population as on 1
st
March 2009 and 1
st
March 2010 supplied by RGI Office have been presented
along with those projected for 1
st
January 2010 using compound rate of growth. The projections have been given for, male and
female, separately, for rural and urban for each State/UT.
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
19
presented as per thousand distributions, the figures are rounded off. Thus, while using the ratios
from the survey results, it is to be noted that the accuracy of the derived aggregates will be limited
to the number of significant digits available in the ratios presented in the report. The estimated
aggregates, wherever possible, can be used to get ratios with more significant digits.
3.1.3 It may be noted that the scope of the survey being all households without special focus on
religious groups, the sample sizes pertaining to the religious groups other than Hindus, Muslims,
Christians and Sikhs were either small even at the all-India level or were concentrated only in a few
states. Tables 0.1 and 0.2, appearing at the end of this Chapter, give the number of households and
persons surveyed for the different religious groups in different States/UTs. It may be noted that the
number of sample households for a particular religious group of a State/Union Territory may not be
adequate in providing sufficiently reliable estimates of the various indicators and therefore, the
estimates for the different religious groups for the States/Union Territories are to be used after
taking due account of the sample number of households for different religious groups of the
States/Union Territories. This caution is sounded upfront for the interpretation of state level results
for religious groups.
3.1.4 In the 66th round of NSSO, Schedule 10 was canvassed in 12,654 FSUs (7,402 villages and
5,252 urban blocks) and the total number of households surveyed at the all-India level was 1,00,957
(59,129 in rural areas and 41,828 in urban areas). The number of sample households for the
religious groups Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and Others were 45559, 6462, 4254, 1382
and 1458 respectively, in rural areas and 31390, 5977, 2694, 771 and 987 respectively, in urban
areas. The number of persons surveyed for Schedule 10 in NSS 66
th
round was 4,59,784 (2,81,327
in rural areas and 1,78,457 in urban areas). The number of sample persons for the religious groups
Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and Others were 213672, 33492, 20334, 6886 and 6891
respectively, in rural areas and 129527, 29884, 11254, 3448 and 4304 respectively, in urban areas.
Households following religions other than Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism have been
combined together under the category Others.
3.1.5 The major states are those with population one crore
2
or more as per population Census 2001
in respect of each of rural and urban sectors. As per Census 2001, there are 20 states whose rural
population is more than 1 crore and there are 21 states whose urban population is more than 1 crore.
Accordingly, 20 states have been considered as major states for rural areas and 21 states have been
considered as major states for urban areas. The major states, as per this criterion, are Andhra
Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir,
Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil
Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and urban Delhi.

2
10 million = 1 crore
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
20
3.2 Households and Population
3.2.1 Distribution of households and population by religious group
3.2.1.1 Statement 3.1 gives per thousand distributions of households by major religious groups
separately for rural and urban areas at the all-India level. The corresponding figures for State/UTs
are given in
Statements 3.1.1.
Similar distributions
for persons at the all-
India level are given
in statement 3.2 and
the corresponding
figures for
States/UTs are given
in Statement 3.2.1. It
may be seen that in
rural India during
2009-10, Hinduism
was followed by
around 84 per cent of
the households
constituting about 84
per cent of the
population; whereas
11 per cent of
households followed
Islam with about 12
per cent of the
population.
Christianity was
followed by around 2
per cent of the
households
constituting about 2
per cent of the
population. In urban
areas, the
percentages of
households and population following Hinduism were about 81 and 79, following Islam were about
13 and 16 and following Christianity were about 3 and 3, respectively. It may be mentioned here
Statement 3.1: Per 1000 distribution of households by major religious groups in NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds
all-India
NSS round (year) household religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism Others all
(incl. n.r.)
rural
66
th
round (2009-10) 844 107 23 17 10 1000
61
st
round (2004-05) 843 104 24 18 11 1000
55
th
round (1999-2000) 848 98 24 17 13 1000
urban
66
th
round (2009-10) 806 132 29 14 19 1000
61
st
round (2004-05) 802 134 29 15 20 1000
55
th
round (1999-2000) 793 137 34 15 21 1000
rural + urban
66
th
round (2009-10) 833 114 24 16 12 1000
61
st
round (2004-05) 831 112 25 17 14 1000
55
th
round (1999-2000) 833 109 27 16 15 1000
Statement 3.2: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups in NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds
all-India
NSS household religion
round Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism Others all
(incl. n.r.)
rural
66
th
round (2009-10) 837 116 20 18 10 1000
61
st
round (2004-05) 833 115 21 20 11 1000
55
th
round (1999-2000) 839 109 22 18 12 1000
urban
66
th
round (2009-10) 785 155 26 14 20 1000
61
st
round (2004-05) 774 164 25 15 22 1000
55
th
round (1999-2000) 769 165 28 16 22 1000
rural + urban
66
th
round (2009-10) 823 126 21 17 13 1000
61
st
round (2004-05) 825 122 21 19 12 1000
55
th
round (1999-2000) 821 123 23 17 15 1000
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
21
that, as obtained from NSS 66
th
round survey, about 70 per cent of the households in India belonged
to the rural areas accounting for about 73 per cent of the total population.
3.2.1.2 Statements 3.1 shows that, in rural areas, the proportion of Hindu households remains
somewhat steady whereas the proportion of Muslim households increased by about 1 percentage
point in a span of about 10 years from 1999-2000 to 2009-2010. During this period, in the urban
areas, the proportions of Hindu households showed an increase of about 1 percentage point and the
Muslim households showed a decline of about 1 percentage point. During this span of 10 years,
considering both rural and urban areas together, proportion of households following Christianity
and Sikhism remained almost at the same level. During this period, share of Hindu in the rural
population of India remained almost at the same level whereas that of Muslims increased by about 1
percentage point. During this period, share of Hindu in the urban population of India increased by
about 2 percentage points and that of Muslims decreased by about 1 percentage point.
3.2.1.3 Statements 3.1.1 and 3.2.1 show that there were wide variations in the shares of households
and populations of different religious groups among the major states. In rural areas, the proportion
of Hindu households was more than 96 per cent in Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya
Pradesh and Odisha. In urban areas, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Odisha and Chhattisgarh had more
than 90 per cent of Hindu households. Apart from Jammu & Kashmir (55 per cent), the states with
more than 20 per cent of Muslim households in rural areas were Assam (32 per cent), West Bengal
(31 per cent) and Kerala (21 per cent). In urban areas, the states with more than 15 per cent of
Muslim households were Jammu & Kashmir (48 per cent), Uttar Pradesh (23 per cent), Uttarakhand
(19 per cent), Kerala (19 per cent), Assam (17 per cent) and Karnataka (16 per cent). Among the
major states, Kerala had a large proportion of Christian households. About 21 per cent of the
households in each of rural and urban areas of Kerala were Christian households.
3.2.1.4 The state-wise distributions of persons broadly followed similar orders of magnitudes as
those observed among households for major religious groups. In rural areas, more than 96 per cent
of the population of Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, and Odisha were Hindu. In urban areas, more
than 90 per cent of the population of Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Haryana and Chhattisgarh were
Hindu. The proportion of Muslim population in rural areas was more than 30 per cent in Jammu &
Kashmir (57 per cent), Assam (34 per cent) and West Bengal (32 per cent). In the urban areas, the
states with more than 20 per cent of Muslim population were Jammu & Kashmir (53 per cent), Uttar
Pradesh (26 per cent), Kerala (23 per cent), Uttarakhand (22 per cent), Karnataka (20 per cent).
Among the major states, Kerala had the highest concentration of Christian population - about 19 per
cent in each of rural and urban areas.
3.2.2 Sex Ratio and household size
3.2.2.1 An important indicator of the social condition, particularly with respect to womens status,
of any society is its sex ratio (number of females per 1000 males). Statement 3.3 gives the sex
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
22
ratios for three major religious groups during 1999-2000, 2004-05 and 2009-10. It is seen from
Statement 3.3 that the sex ratio among Christians was higher than those of other religious groups.
The sex-ratio of Hindus was greater than Muslims in rural India and was less than Muslims in urban
India. The sex-ratios for Hindus and Muslims in both rural and urban areas showed a decline
between 2004-05 and 2009-10; however those corresponding to Christians showed an improvement
during this period. The overall sex-ratio for the rural as well as for the urban population showed a
decline between 2004-05 and 2009-10.
3.2.2.2 Statement 3.4 gives the average
household size for the major religious groups
as obtained from NSS 66
th
round. It is seen
from Statement 3.4 that, in both the rural and
urban areas, the average household size
for Muslims was higher than those of other religious
groups. In both the rural and urban areas, the average
household size was the lowest among Christians. The
household size in rural areas was higher than that of
urban areas for each of the religious groups.
3.2.3 Distribution of Households by Household Type
3.2.3.1 In NSS 66
th
Round, each surveyed household was categorised under an appropriate
household type. The type/nature of work that fetched highest income to the household during the
reference period of 365 days preceding the date of survey determined its household type.
Distributions (per 1000) of households by household type for major religious groups in rural and
urban areas are given in Statements 3.5R and 3.5U respectively. The corresponding results at the
State/UT level are presented in Statement 3.5.1 at the end of this Chapter.
3.2.3.2 Statement 3.5R shows that, among different sources of earnings of the rural households
during 2009-10, self-employment in agriculture and non-agriculture together was the major source
of earnings for a large number of households of all religious groups. About 47 percent of rural
households belonged to the household type self-employed in agriculture or self-employed in non-
agriculture. The proportion of households getting major income from self-employment was the
highest among Sikhs (48 per cent). Within self-employed, majority of the households of all the
Statement 3.3: Sex ratios for major religious groups in NSS
55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds
all-India
NSS round household religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity all*
rural
66
th
Round
949 921 1012 947
61
st
round 961 968 994 962
55
th
round 952 990 1018 957
urban
66
th
Round
902 923 1012 909
61
st
round 912 932 1000 920
55
th
round 912 912 1012 914
*includes all the religions
Statement 3.4: Household size among different
religious groups in NSS 66
th
(2009-10)
round
all-India
household
religion
household size
rural urban rural+
urban
(1) (2) (3) (4)
Hinduism
4.5 4.0 4.4
Islam 4.9 4.8 4.9
Christianity 4.0 3.6 3.9
Sikhism 4.8 4.3 4.7
Others 4.6 4.3 4.5
all (incl. n.r.) 4.6 4.1 4.4
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
23
religious groups, other than Muslims, belonged to the category self-employed in agriculture. The
proportion of households with major income from self-employed in agriculture was the highest
among Sikh households (about 36 per cent). The corresponding proportions were 33 per cent for
Hindus and 30 per cent for Christians. About 25 per cent of the Muslim households belonged to the
household type self-employed in non-agriculture. The proportion of households belonging to the
household type rural labour was the highest among Muslims (about 41 per cent). Within the
category of rural labour households, the proportions of households classified under agricultural
labour was the highest for Hindu households (26 per cent), followed by Muslim (23 per cent) and
Christian households (21 percent).
Statement 3.5R: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type
all-India rural
household religion household type
Self employed (SE) in Rural labour (RL) all
agriculture non-
agriculture
sub-
total
agricultural
labour
other
labour
sub-
total
others (incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Hinduism 332 145 477 261 144 405 118 1000
Islam 214 249 463 232 175 407 130 1000
Christianity 295 147 442 209 142 351 207 1000
Sikhism 356 124 480 203 164 367 153
1000
Others 356 86 442 313 123 436 122 1000
all (incl. n.r.) 319 155 474 256 148 404 122 1000
For urban India, the household types were classified as self-employed, regular wage/salaried, casual
labour and others. As seen from Statement 3.5U, during 2009-10, the major source of earnings of a
large number of urban households was regular wage/salaried employment. The proportion of
households belonging to the
household type regular
wage/salaried was the highest
for Christians (43 per cent),
followed by Hindus (41 per
cent). Among the major religious
groups, the proportion of urban
households with major source of
earnings as self-employment was
the highest for Muslims (46 per
cent). It can be observed from
Statement 3.5U that, though
there were noticeable differences
in the proportion of households
belonging to the household types self-employed or regular wage/salaried over the religious
groups, the proportion of households belonging to the household type casual labour were not
substantially different among various religious groups.
Statement 3.5U: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious
groups by household type
all-India urban
household
religion
household type
self
employed
(SE)
regular
wage/
salaried
(RWS)
casual
labour
(CL)
others all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Hinduism 333 412 130 125 1000
Islam 455 304 155 86 1000
Christianity 221 428 180 171 1000
Sikhism 361 357 140 142 1000
Others 348 412 116 123 1000
all (incl. n.r.) 347 397 134 121 1000
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
24
3.2.4 Distribution of households by size class of land possessed and cultivated
3.2.4.1 For the purpose of the survey, land cultivated was defined as the net area sown during the
agricultural year (AY) 2008-09, i.e. July 2008 to June 2009, corresponding to the survey period of
2009-2010. Possession of land by the sample households was collected as on the date of survey. In
rural areas, amount of land possessed or cultivated by a household reflects the economic status of
the household to a
great extent.
Statement 3.6 gives
proportions of
households (per
1000 of rural
households of a
particular religious
group) in seven
different categories
of possession of
land for each of the
major religious
groups. The
corresponding
proportions at the
level of State/UT
are given in
Statement 3.6.1. It
is seen from
Statement 3.6 that,
among all the land
possessed classes,
proportion of
households
belonging to the
land possessed
class 0.005-0.40
was the highest for
all the religious
groups. The
proportion was more than 40 per cent for all the major religious groups. As seen from Statement
3.6, among the four major religious groups, the proportion of households possessing land less than
1.00 hectare was the highest for Muslims (91 per cent), followed by Christians (86 per cent). The
Statement 3.6: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size
class of land possessed as on the date of survey
all-India rural
size class of
land possessed
(hectares)
household religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism Others all
(incl. n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
0.000 82 104 82 57 53 83
0.001-0.004 117 114 83 116 242 117
0.005-0.40 432 562 520 483 317 448
0.41-1.00 166 128 177 67 201 161
1.01-2.00 102 55 87 103 90 97
2.01-4.00 70 26 39 103 78 65
4.01 & above 32 11 13 70 19 30
all 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
Note: The households with size class of land possessed 0.000 hectares comprise
households which possessed land less than 0.001 hectares as well as households which
reported no information on land possessed.
Statement 3.7: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size
class of land cultivated during the agricultural years 2008-09
all-India rural
size class of land
cultivated
(hectares)
household religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism Others all
(incl. n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
0.000 440 539 455 592 457 454
0.001-0.004 7 17 3 1 19 8
0.005-0.40 201 230 273 70 160 203
0.41-1.00 160 130 152 62 197 155
1.01-2.00 100 51 84 99 90 95
2.01-4.00 65 24 25 112 62 61
4.01 & above 26 9 8 64 16 25
all 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
Note: The households with size class of land cultivated 0.000 hectares comprise households which
possessed land less than 0.001 hectares as well as households which reported no information on land
possessed.
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
25
proportion of households possessing land more than 4.00 hectares was the highest for Sikhs (7 per
cent), followed by Hindus (3 per cent).
3.2.4.2 Statement 3.7 gives proportions of households (per 1000 of rural households of a particular
religious group) in seven different categories of land cultivated by the households for each of the
major religious groups. The corresponding proportions at the level of State/UT are given in
Statement 3.7.1. About 43 per cent of the Christian households, 38 per cent of Muslim households
and 37 per cent of Hindu households cultivated more than or equal to 0.001 hectare of land but less
than 1.00 hectare of land. The proportion of households cultivating land more than 4.00 hectares
was the highest for Sikhs (6 per cent), followed by Hindus (3 per cent).
3.2.5 Household monthly per capita consumer expenditure (MPCE)
3.2.5.1 Household monthly per capita consumer expenditure (MPCE), which serves as a proxy for
income, is usually taken to reflect the living standard of household. In the NSS 66
th
round survey
on employment-unemployment, data on
consumption expenditure was collected through a
separate abbreviated work sheet, which was
integrated with the employment and
unemployment schedule. Based on the data on
household consumer expenditure collected
through the worksheet from the sample
households surveyed in the NSS 66
th
round
(2009-10), Statement 3.8 presents the results on
monthly per capita household consumer
expenditure (MPCE) for each of the major
religious groups. Statement 3.8 shows that, for
both rural and urban India, average MPCE was the highest for the Sikh households, followed by
Christians and Hindus. At the all-India level, the average MPCE of Sikh household was Rs. 1659
(Rs. 2180 in urban areas and Rs. 1498 in rural areas) while that for Muslim household was Rs. 980
(Rs. 1272 in urban areas and Rs. 833 in rural areas).
3.2.6 Age distribution of persons
3.2.6.1 The distributions of different categories of persons (viz., rural males, rural females, urban
males and urban females) by age-groups as background information, gives a better understanding of
the employment and unemployment situation of the major religious groups. Statement 3.9 presents
the distributions of persons by 5-year age groups, separately for rural males, rural females, urban
males and urban females belonging to different religious groups. Among the different religious
groups, proportion of children (age: 0-14 years) per 1000 of the total population was the highest for
Muslims. For Muslims, the proportions were 38 per cent, 35 per cent, 32 per cent and 32 per cent
among rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females, respectively. The corresponding
Statement 3.8: Monthly per capita household consumer
expenditure (MPCE) for each of the major religious
groups
all-India
household
religion
MPCE (Rs.)
rural urban rural+urban
(1) (2) (3) (4)
Hinduism 888 1797 1125
Islam 833 1272 980
Christianity 1296 2053 1543
Sikhism 1498 2180 1659
Others 880 2074 1402
all (incl. n.r.) 901 1733 1128
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
26
proportions for the overall population of rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females
were 33 per cent, 31 per cent, 27 per cent and 25 per cent, respectively. The proportion of persons
of the age-group 15-59 years among rural males was the highest for Christians (62 per cent).
The corresponding proportion for urban males was the highest among Hindus (66 per cent). The
proportion of persons of the age-group 15-59 years among females was the highest for Sikhs 65
per cent among rural females and 69 per cent among urban females.
Statement 3.9: Per 1000 distribution of persons by 5 year age group for major religious groups
all-India
age group
(years)
household religion
Hindu-
ism
Islam Chris-
tianity
Sikh-
ism
Others all
(incl.
n.r.)
Hindu-
ism
Islam Chris-
tianity
Sikh-
ism
Others all (incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
rural male rural female
0-4
91 111 75 87 65 93 95 106 68 71 85 95
5-9
116 133 93 103 114 117 104 125 88 80 109 106
10-14
123 139 115 107 124 124 110 119 93 90 118 111
15-19
108 119 98 127 130 109 88 104 88 102 116 91
20-24
78 82 79 85 95 79 86 99 77 102 65 88
25-29
73 72 68 61 57 72 85 81 83 86 64 84
30-34
71 64 61 71 79 70 79 72 75 80 105 79
35-39
71 57 83 67 81 70 77 72 96 75 69 77
40-44
61 52 73 54 46 60 61 54 57 77 74 61
45-49
56 45 59 56 73 55 53 48 65 54 62 53
50-54
41 43 50 48 45 41 41 30 51 44 31 40
55-59
34 27 48 31 39 34 36 30 49 34 35 35
60 & above
79 58 99 100 50 77 83 57 109 105 66 81
total
1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
urban male urban female
0-4
75 92 76 61 51 77 74 97 69 65 73 77
5-9
88 115 85 91 65 91 81 106 75 53 67 84
10-14
100 117 111 91 110 103 90 112 96 76 81 93
15-19
103 126 109 119 112 107 91 121 80 108 97 96
20-24
98 101 83 87 84 98 99 103 80 88 110 99
25-29
89 85 65 92 129 89 95 89 98 93 92 94
30-34
82 77 72 69 65 80 89 80 73 62 66 86
35-39
80 71 71 53 76 78 85 74 103 74 96 84
40-44
67 57 84 63 73 66 66 53 69 85 43 64
45-49
62 48 74 73 49 60 63 49 63 84 78 62
50-54
48 31 45 61 65 46 41 33 48 56 48 40
55-59
33 28 46 38 39 32 36 23 38 37 37 34
60 & above
76 53 78 101 83 73 89 62 109 117 110 86
total
1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
27
3.2.7 Distribution of persons by Education Level
3.2.7.1 Educational attainment represents human capital accumulation and determines, to a large
extent, the employment prospects of an individual. Thus, it is important to study the distribution of
population by educational attainment before taking up a discussion on employment and its
correlates. Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above by their general educational
level has been presented in Statement 3.10, separately for rural males, rural females, urban males
and urban females. The corresponding results for the State/UTs have been given in Statement
3.10.1.
It is seen from Statement 3.10 that among persons of age 15 years and above, the literacy rate was
the highest for Christians. The literacy rates for rural males, rural females, urban males and urban
females of Christians were 86 per cent, 77 per cent, 94 per cent and 88 per cent, respectively while
the over-all literacy rates for these categories of persons were 74 per cent, 50 per cent, 90 per cent
and 76 per cent, respectively. Among Muslims, the literacy rates for rural males, rural females,
Statement 3.10: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above by general education level for major religious
groups
all-India
general
educational
level
household religion
Hindu-
ism
Islam Chris-
tianity
Sikh-
ism
Others all
(incl.
n.r.)
Hindu-
ism
Islam Chris-
tianity
Sikh-
ism
Others all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
rural male rural female
not literate
257 309 142 257 211 260 505 526 232 403 433 498
literate & upto primary
248 307 246 224 228 253 213 260 260 205 210 220
middle
206 191 232 188 270 205 134 124 202 110 196 135
secondary
149 112 184 186 151 147 82 57 152 158 104 82
higher secondary
84 46 87 115 81 80 44 21 72 87 33 42
diploma/certificate
9 8 32 7 22 10 3 3 30 4 4 4
graduate
39 21 63 19 31 37 16 9 43 26 17 16
postgraduate & above
8 6 15 3 8 8 4 1 9 7 3 4
secondary & above
289 193 381 330 293 281 149 91 306 282 161 148
all (including n.r.)
1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
urban male
urban female
not literate
90 190 59 139 55 104 223 345 119 235 154 236
literate & upto primary
148 242 129 146 97 159 166 218 136 153 117 172
middle
169 214 182 114 141 175 149 163 196 100 184 153
secondary
196 175 231 244 206 195 162 133 179 176 174 159
higher secondary
145 95 155 146 177 139 128 76 135 145 137 121
diploma/certificate
31 13 48 12 29 29 13 8 47 7 7 13
graduate
165 56 151 141 223 150 118 48 157 127 168 111
postgraduate & above
53 14 45 57 71 48 40 9 32 56 59 36
secondary & above
590 353 630 600 706 561 461 274 550 511 545 439
all (including n.r.)
1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
28
urban males and urban females were 69 per cent, 47 per cent, 81 per cent and 65 per cent,
respectively. Among the major religious groups, proportion of persons of age 15 years and above
with educational level secondary and above was the highest for Christians, followed by Sikhs.
These proportions for rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females among Christians
were 38 per cent, 31 per cent, 63 per cent and 55 per cent, respectively as against the corresponding
proportions of 28 per cent, 15 per cent, 56 per cent and 44 per cent, respectively for these categories
of persons at the all-India level.
3.2.8 Current Attendance Rates in Educational Institutions
3.2.8.1 The current attendance rates in educational institutions, i.e. the number of persons attending
any educational institution per 1000 persons, along with literacy levels, also gives an idea of the
quality of human capital for the future workforce. The current attendance rates in educational
institutions during 2009-10 for rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females of age 0-
29 years belonging to different religious groups have been presented in statement 3.11. The
State/UT level results have been presented in Statement 3.11.1. It may be seen from statement 3.11
that the current attendance rates in educational institutions were higher among males than among
females and were also higher in urban areas than in rural areas. Statement 3.11 shows that the
current attendance rates in educational institutions among persons of age 0-29 years were the
highest among Christian rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females alike. The
current attendance rates in educational institutions among rural males, rural females, urban males
and urban females of age 0-29 years among Christians were 58 per cent, 52 per cent, 63 per cent
and 56 per cent, respectively. The corresponding rates for Muslims were 46 per cent, 38 per cent, 48
per cent and 42 per cent, respectively. The over-all current attendance rates in educational
institutions for rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females of age 0-29 years were 50
per cent, 42 per cent, 53 per cent and 49 per cent, respectively. As compared to Hindus, the current
attendance rate in educational institutions for persons of age 0-29 years of Sikhs was higher for
rural males and was almost of the same magnitude for rural females, urban males and urban
females.
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
29
3.3 Labour Force, Employment & Unemployment
3.3.1 From the data collected through the quinquennial surveys on employment-unemployment,
four different estimates of employment and unemployment indicators can be generated based on the
three approaches adopted for classification of persons by activity statuses. These are:

1) number of persons employed/unemployed or in the labour force according to the usual
status (ps) i.e. by considering usual principal activity only,
2) number of persons employed/ unemployed or in the labour force according to the usual
status (ps+ss) i.e. by considering usual principal and subsidiary activity together,
3) number of persons employed/ unemployed or in the labour force according to the current
weekly status approach, and
Statement 3.11:Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons by age-group for major
religious groups
all-India
age group
(years)
household religion
Hindu-
ism
Islam Chris-
tianity
Sikh-
ism
Others all
(incl.
n.r.)
Hindu-
ism
Islam Chris-
tianity
Sikh-
ism
Others all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
rural male rural female
0-4 78 43 126 181 108 76 65 79 185 124 63 69
5-9 849 831 940 946 859 850 839 776 916 863 856 833
10-14 899 850 955 909 860 893 862 764 964 832 876 852
5-14 875 840 949 927 860 872 851 770 941 846 867 842
15-19 600 481 757 582 622 587 486 353 647 509 561 473
20-24 192 120 291 233 204 186 83 52 198 165 81 82
0-24 573 514 661 598 591 568 494 431 615 497 552 488
25-29 25 16 20 13 43 24 13 9 62 33 27 14
0-29
505 459 578 535 537 501 422 377 523 422 492 419
urban male
urban female
0-4 175 107 278 88 227 165 158 102 219 278 229 151
5-9 917 870 975 917 968 910 914 851 949 799 962 902
10-14 926 850 949 927 921 913 930 854 967 877 949 916
5-14 922 860 960 922 938 912 922 853 959 845 955 909
15-19 714 552 824 731 737 688 716 450 869 783 766 669
20-24 349 198 381 297 340 325 256 146 342 307 241 240
0-24 634 542 713 637 681 620 597 493 691 611 606 580
25-29 53 37 69 45 93 52 39 13 34 61 166 38
0-29
540 475 634 536 543 531 497 424 562 505 528 487
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
30
4) number of person-days employed/ unemployed or in the labour force according to the
current daily status approach
For the purpose of this report, estimates of employment and unemployment indicators for major
religious groups have been generated with respect to the usual status (ps+ss) where the activity
status of a person for a long reference period of 365 days preceding the date of survey has been
determined on the basis of the usual principal activity and usual subsidiary economic activity of the
person taken together.
3.3.2 Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) of major religious groups
3.3.2.1 Labour force, or, in other words, the economically active persons refers to the population
which supplies or seeks to supply labour for production of goods and services and therefore,
includes both the employed and the unemployed. The number of persons in the labour force per
1000 persons gives the measure of labour force participation rate (LFPR). Statement 3.12 presents
the labour force participation rate (LFPR) according to the usual status (ps+ss) among different
categories of persons of the major religious groups as obtained from NSS 55th (1999-2000), 61st
(2004-05) and 66th (2009-10) rounds. The LFPRs for different categories of persons of the major
religious groups at States/UTs level are given in statement 3.12.1. Figure 1 shows LPFRs at the all-
India level for persons belonging to the major religious groups.
3.3.2.2 It can be seen from Statement 3.12 that the rural-urban differentials exist in the LFPRs for
all the religious groups. Statement 3.12 also depicts that the LFPRs for males were much higher
than those for females for all religious groups - the differentials being greater in urban areas where
the LFPRs of females were very low. The male-female differential in LFPR was the lowest among
Christians. During the period 2009-10, among the major religious groups, the LFPR for rural males,
rural females and urban females were the highest for Christians while that for urban males was the
highest for Sikhs. During this period, the LFPRs for rural males, rural females and urban females
among Christians were about 57 per cent, 35 per cent, 23 per cent, respectively while that for urban
males among Sikhs was about 57 per cent. The over-all LFPRs for rural males, rural females, urban
males and urban females at the all-India level were about 56 per cent, 27 per cent, 56 per cent and
15 per cent, respectively. During the period 2009-10, the LFPRs for rural males, rural females,
urban males and urban females among Muslims were about 53 per cent, 15 per cent, 54 per cent and
10 per cent, respectively. Between 2004-05 and 2009-10, the LFPRs for rural males among Hindus
and Christians were almost at the same level but that for Muslims increased by about 2 percentage
points and that for Sikhs decreased by about 2 percentage points. Between 2004-05 and 2009-10,
the over-all LFPR for urban males declined by 1 percentage point and those for rural females and
urban females decreased by about 7 percentage points and 3 percentage points, respectively.
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
31
3.3.3 Worker Population Ratios (WPRs) of major religious groups
3.3.3.1 The work force according to the usual status (ps+ss) includes persons who (a) worked for a
relatively long part of the 365 days preceding the date of survey, and (b) those who did not work for
the long part of the 365 days but did some work at least for 30 days during the reference period of
365 days preceding the date of survey. The estimate of usually employed population is a
combination of two categories viz. (i) usually employed in the principal status (ps workers) and (ii)
not usually employed in the principal status but employed in the subsidiary status (ss workers). The
number of persons employed per 1000 persons is referred to as the workforce participation rate or
worker population ratio (WPR). The estimates for Worker Population Ratio (WPR) according to
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
RM RF RP UM UF UP
L
F
P
R


p
e
r

1
0
0
0

p
e
r
s
o
n
s
Catergory of persons
Figure 1 : LFPR (per 1000 population) by major religious groups in
NSS 66th Round(2009-10)
Hinduism
Islam
Christianity
Sikhism
Statement 3.12: Labour force participation rates according to usual status (ps+ss) among persons of different categories of the
major religious groups in NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds
all-India
household
religion
rural male rural female rural persons
2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Hinduism 560 561 546 279 350 317 423 457 434
Islam 526 505 489 146 185 164 344 348 327
Christianity 573 577 583 346 385 342 459 481 461
Sikhism 550 569 557 268 369 274 415 473 422
Others 576 579 522 293 476 366 437 528 445
all 556 555 540 265 333 300 414 446 423
urban male urban female urban persons
2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000
Hinduism 563 576 549 151 186 154 368 390 361
Islam 536 546 520 101 128 104 327 345 322
Christianity 540 535 522 226 283 252 382 409 386
Sikhism 568 575 532 167 168 104 380 383 329
Others 573 587 527 184 159 135 379 371 341
all 559 570 543 146 178 147 362 382 354
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
32
usual status (ps+ss) for persons belonging to the major religious groups as obtained from NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds have been presented in Statement 3.13. The
WPRs for different categories of persons of the major religious groups at States/UTs level are given
in statement 3.12.1. Figure 2 shows WPRs at the all-India level for different categories of persons
belonging to the major religious groups.
Statement 3.13: Worker Population Ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) among persons of different categories
of the major religious groups in NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds
all-India
household
religion
rural male rural female rural persons
2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Hinduism 551 553 537 275 344 314 417 451 428
Islam 517 495 478 143 178 162 337 339 321
Christianity 558 562 567 326 359 322 441 461 443
Sikhism 535 550 547 263 355 273 405 457 416
Others 567 568 511 291 475 365 432 522 439
all 547 546 531 261 327 297 408 439 417
urban male urban female urban persons
2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000
Hinduism 547 555 525 142 174 145 355 373 344
Islam 523 526 496 94 121 98 317 331 306
Christianity 528 505 486 215 244 232 371 375 358
Sikhism 536 555 514 153 153 99 356 365 317
Others 562 545 500 182 153 130 373 348 324
all 543 549 518 138 166 139 350 365 337
3.3.3.2 It can be seen from Statement 3.13 that rural-urban differential exists in the WPRs for all
the religious groups. Statement 3.13 also shows that the WPRs for males were much higher than
those for females for all the religious groups - the differentials being greater in urban areas where
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
RM RF RP UM UF UP
W
P
R

p
e
r

1
0
0
0


p
e
r
s
o
n
s
Catergory of persons
Figure 2 : WPR (per 1000 population) by major religious groups
Hinduism
Islam
Christianity
Sikhism
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
33
the WPRs of females were very low. The male-female differential in WPR was the lowest among
Christians. During the period 2009-10, among the major religious groups, the WPR according to the
usual status (ps+ss) was the highest for Christians for all categories of persons, except urban males,
where the WPR of Hindus was higher than that for Christians. During this period, the WPRs for
rural males, rural females and urban females among Christians were about 56 per cent, 33 per cent,
22 per cent, respectively while that for urban males among Hindus was about 55 per cent. The over-
all WPRs for rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females at the all-India level were
about 55 per cent, 26 per cent, 54 per cent and 14 per cent, respectively. During the period 2009-10,
Muslims registered the lowest WPR for both the sexes in both rural and urban areas. The WPRs for
rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females among Muslims were about 52 per cent,
14 per cent, 52 per cent and 9 per cent, respectively. Between 2004-05 and 2009-10, the WPRs for
rural males among Hindus and Christians remained almost at the same level but that for Muslims
increased by about 2 percentage points and that for Sikhs decreased by about 1 percentage point.
Between 2004-05 and 2009-10, the over-all WPR for urban males declined by about 1 percentage
point and those for rural females and urban females decreased by about 7 percentage points and 3
percentage points, respectively.
3.3.4 Distribution of usually employed persons of age 15 years and above by educational level
3.3.4.1 The distribution of the employed persons across educational levels for a given section of
population at a given point of time reflects the quality of its workforce at that time. Per 1000
distributions of usually employed (ps+ss) persons of age 15 years and above by general educational
level for the major religious groups as obtained from NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and
66
th
(2009-10) rounds are presented here, separately, for rural and urban areas in statements 3.14R
and 3.14U, respectively. In these statements, the workers of age 15 years and above have been
classified into 6 categories of level of general education, viz., not literate, literate and up to
primary, middle, secondary, higher secondary and graduate and above and a combined category
secondary & above.
3.3.4.2 It is observed from statement 3.14R that during 2009-10, in rural areas, majority of male
workers belonged to the categories of not literate (28 per cent) or literate and up to primary (28 per
cent) while majority of female workers belonged to the category of not literate (59 per cent). About
24 per cent of male workers in rural areas had attained the general education level of secondary &
above whereas the corresponding proportion for female workers was only 9 per cent. Among rural
males, proportion of workers with level of education not literate or literate and up to primary were
43 per cent, 52 per cent, 55 per cent and 67 per cent for Christians, Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims,
respectively. Among rural females, proportion of workers with level of education not literate were
26 per cent, 47 per cent, 59 per cent and 59 per cent for Christians, Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims,
respectively. In rural areas, the proportion of male workers with general education level secondary
& above was the highest for Christians (32 per cent), followed by Sikhs (30 per cent). The
corresponding proportions for female workers among Christians and Sikhs were as high as 23 per
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
34
cent while those for Hindus and Muslims were 9 per cent and 6 per cent, respectively. Between
1999-2000 and 2009-10, proportion of literates in the workforce has increased for both rural males
and rural females.
3.3.4.3 Statement 3.14U shows that during 2009-10, in urban areas, majority of male workers
belonged to the level of education category secondary & above (52 per cent) whereas only 38 per
cent of the female workers belonged to that category. Among urban males, proportion of workers
with level of education secondary & above was 58 per cent each for Christians and Sikhs whereas
those were 56 per cent and 30 per cent, respectively, for Hindus and Muslims. Among Christians,
about 62 persons of urban female workers were with level of education secondary & above. The
Statement 3.14R: Per 1000 distribution of usually employed (ps+ss) persons of age 15 years and above by general
educational level for major religious groups in NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds
all-India rural
household
religion
round general education
not
literate
literate & upto
primary
middle secondary higher
secon-
dary
graduate &
above
secondary
& above
all
rural male
Hinduism 66 277 275 199 129 66 46 249 1000
61 334 289 184 94 49 41 193 1000
55 393 268 165 94 45 35 174 1000
Islam 66 332 336 176 89 35 24 155 1000
61 399 342 153 59 24 20 107 1000
55 437 313 133 72 24 20 116 1000
Christianity 66 153 279 247 155 59 76 321 1000
61 210 311 239 119 45 38 241 1000
55 262 328 221 123 34 31 188 1000
Sikhism 66 267 254 179 179 93 20 300 1000
61 344 251 136 168 55 25 268 1000
55 418 217 128 161 49 27 237 1000
all* 66 280 281 198 126 63 44 241 1000
61 338 294 181 93 46 38 187 1000
55 394 273 163 94 43 33 170 1000
rural female
Hinduism 66 589 221 104 47 20 15 85 1000
61 677 178 85 34 14 8 60 1000
55 746 152 61 27 8 6 40 1000
Islam 66 592 258 95 30 11 12 55 1000
61 683 202 74 25 7 6 42 1000
55 749 156 62 17 10 5 32 1000
Christianity 66 259 317 197 104 45 49 227 1000
61 357 313 161 74 23 38 169 1000
55 482 270 116 72 28 30 130 1000
Sikhism 66 471 205 90 139 51 35 232 1000
61 495 234 106 106 35 12 166 1000
55 581 228 62 89 33 6 128 1000
all* 66 578 226 106 49 21 16 89 1000
61 664 184 87 36 14 9 64 1000
55 736 157 62 28 9 6 44 1000
*including all the religions
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
35
corresponding proportions among Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims were 48 per cent, 39 per cent and 22
per cent, respectively. Between 1999-2000 and 2009-10, proportion of literates in the workforce has
increased for both urban males and urban females.
Statement 3.14 U : Per 1000 distribution of usually employed (ps+ss) persons of age 15 years and above by
general educational level for major religious groups in NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10)
rounds
all-India urban
household
religion
general education
round not literate literate &
upto
primary
middle secondary higher
secondary
graduate &
above
secon-
dary &
above
all
urban male
Hinduism 66 99 169 173 176 116 234 558 1000
61 115 215 195 155 99 183 475 1000
55 145 207 186 176 99 186 461 1000
Islam 66 207 273 219 160 60 69 301 1000
61 240 311 193 115 50 74 256 1000
55 282 300 182 120 57 59 237 1000
Christianity 66 66 153 199 213 93 223 583 1000
61 60 180 226 171 92 178 534 1000
55 68 155 220 249 110 197 557 1000
Sikhism 66 155 159 108 231 137 202 579 1000
61 95 185 135 203 127 230 585 1000
55 166 195 115 235 97 193 524 1000
all* 66 114 183 179 176 108 211 524 1000
61 131 227 194 150 93 169 448 1000
55 163 218 186 171 93 168 432 1000
urban female
Hinduism 66 298 193 125 85 62 212 385 1000
61 373 204 117 74 52 149 306 1000
55 451 168 103 85 49 144 278 1000
Islam 66 401 238 149 50 50 102 219 1000
61 494 221 126 32 29 69 159 1000
55 544 237 78 50 35 57 142 1000
Christianity 66 111 120 155 100 87 310 615 1000
61 136 176 145 149 90 220 543 1000
55 135 145 162 177 150 230 558 1000
Sikhism 66 291 147 77 145 51 285 484 1000
61 193 147 65 132 78 319 595 1000
55 276 81 84 144 73 343 559 1000
all* 66 298 193 128 84 62 207 382 1000
61 373 203 119 73 51 147 305 1000
55 442 174 103 86 53 141 281 1000
*including all the religions
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
36
3.3.5 Worker Population Ratio (WPRs) among persons of age 15 years and above for different
levels of general education
3.3.5.1 The education level - specific worker population ratios among persons of age 15 years and
above, as obtained from NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds, are
presented for rural and urban India in statements 3.15R and 3.15U respectively. Among persons of
age 15 years and above, the number of persons who were usually employed (ps + ss) per 1000
persons of a particular level of general education has been considered as the education level-specific
worker population ratio. For working out such education level - specific worker population ratios,
the persons of age 15 years and above have been classified into 6 categories, viz., not literate,
literate and up to primary, middle, secondary, higher secondary and graduate and above and a
combined category secondary & above.
3.3.5.2 It is seen from Statements 3.15R that during 2009-10, in rural areas, the WPR for males of
age 15 years and above was highest for the general educational level literate and up to primary (90
per cent) and the WPR for females was highest for educational level not literate (43 per cent).
Among persons with level of education secondary & above, the WPR for males (70 per cent) was
much higher than that of females (22 per cent). Among rural males with level of education
secondary & above, the WPR was highest for Hindus (70 per cent), followed by Sikhs (68 per cent).
Among rural females with level of education secondary & above, the WPR was highest for
Christians (32 per cent), followed by Sikhs (28 per cent). Between 1999-2000 and 2009-10, the
WPRs for rural males have increased for the educational categories literate and up to primary and
middle while those have decreased for the remaining educational categories. During this period, the
WPR for rural females has increased marginally for the educational category middle while the
WPRs for the remaining education categories, excepting graduate and above have decreased
sharply.
3.3.5.3 Statements 3.15U shows that during 2009-10, in urban areas, the WPR for males of age 15
years and above was highest for the general educational level literate and up to primary (84 per
cent) and the WPR for females was highest for educational level graduate and above (26 per cent).
Among persons with level of education secondary & above, the WPR for males (69 per cent) was
much higher than that of females (16 per cent). Among urban males with level of education
secondary & above, the WPR was highest for Hindus (70 per cent), followed by Sikhs (68 per cent).
The corresponding WPRs for Christians and Muslims were 67 per cent and 65 per cent,
respectively. Among urban females with level of education secondary & above, the WPR was
highest for Christians (32 per cent), followed by Sikhs (18 per cent). Between 1999-2000 and 2009-
10, the WPRs for urban males have increased for the educational categories literate and up to
primary and middle while those have decreased for the remaining educational categories. During
this period, the WPRs for urban females have increased for the educational categories literate and
up to primary and middle while those have decreased for the remaining educational categories.
*including all the religious groups.
NSS 66th round: 2009-10 NSS 61
st
round: 2004-05; NSS 55th round: 1999-2000
Note: for 61
st
round, figures for diploma/certificate are included in higher secondary
________________________________________________________________________________________________
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
37
Statement 3.15R: WPR according to the usual status (ps+ss) among persons of age 15 years and above for different level
of general educational in NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds
all-India rural
household ro- general education
religion und not
literate
literate &
upto
primary
middle second-
dary
higher
second-
dary
graduate
& above
second-
dary &
above
all
rural male
Hinduism 66 876 902 787 702 640 802 700 813
61 891 899 807 735 717 859 757 848
55 897 885 770 730 711 841 745 840
Islam 66 879 897 753 647 617 717 654 817
61 908 876 767 663 608 757 669 842
55 902 874 736 738 666 788 729 845
Christianity 66 832 884 828 653 524 759 653 776
61 858 865 819 707 616 836 723 814
55 886 872 804 694 572 745 676 816
Sikhism 66 786 857 718 725 610 684 684 755
61 847 874 741 782 733 781 773 817
55 862 831 735 800 701 940 790 819
all* 66 874 900 784 697 634 793 695 812
61 892 895 802 732 709 851 752 846
55 895 882 768 733 706 829 742 839
rural female
Hinduism 66 458 407 303 226 183 293 225 392
61 577 475 384 306 257 329 304 508
55 534 423 298 262 198 311 246 470
Islam 66 235 207 161 111 116 245 128 209
61 323 231 201 176 119 362 184 279
55 301 209 185 140 258 347 183 267
Christianity 66 482 528 421 297 274 404 322 433
61 575 544 421 341 234 529 369 491
55 579 464 312 260 257 401 282 444
Sikhism 66 398 341 277 301 201 366 282 341
61 530 532 443 423 283 360 388 490
55 427 420 269 334 327 296 330 396
all* 66 432 384 294 222 183 297 224 372
61 550 449 371 305 252 345 306 485
55 510 403 286 253 208 293 252 449
*including all the religions
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
38
3.3.6 Distribution of usual status (ps+ss) workers by status in employment
3.3.6.1 In Statement 3.16, the per 1000 distribution of usually employed persons (ps+ss) by status
in employment are given for rural males, rural females, urban males and urban females belonging to
the major religious groups. It is seen from Statement 3.16 that majority of persons employed in
rural areas belonged to the employment category self-employment. In rural areas, the proportion of
self-employment among male workers was about 54 per cent and that among female workers was
about 56 per cent. In rural areas, a significant portion of workers among males (38 per cent) and
females (40 per cent) were engaged in casual labour employment. Among rural male workers, self-
employment was the highest for Sikhs (55 per cent), followed by Hindus (54 per cent). Among
Statement 3.15U: WPR according to the usual status (ps+ss) among persons of age 15 years and above for different level of
general educational in NSS 55
th
(1999-2000), 61
st
(2004-05) and 66
th
(2009-10) rounds
all-India urban
household ro- general education
religion un
d
not
literate
literate &
upto
primary
middle second-
dary
higher
second-
dary
graduate
& above
second-
dary &
above
all
urban male
Hinduism 66 815 841 755 663 591 788 696 738
61 827 858 765 674 609 794 708 760
55 842 829 734 670 614 803 703 750
Islam 66 829 862 778 699 481 760 651 763
61 851 869 754 710 596 810 714 797
55 851 855 720 685 613 770 687 781
Christianity 66 803 853 790 666 434 822 668 722
61 740 712 761 572 501 740 641 683
55 760 737 673 630 531 728 638 667
Sikhism 66 785 765 665 668 658 723 681 706
61 775 808 675 613 690 827 709 727
55 817 807 606 721 588 843 728 738
all* 66 816 844 760 667 576 788 691 740
61 831 855 760 673 608 795 708 763
55 840 829 729 673 609 801 701 752
urban female
Hinduism 66 250 217 157 98 90 250 156 187
61 328 249 163 126 129 283 194 235
55 298 181 130 119 110 267 164 203
Islam 66 156 146 122 50 88 239 107 134
61 214 160 133 55 91 277 132 171
55 185 146 84 83 119 256 127 151
Christianity 66 263 249 223 158 183 463 316 282
61 401 305 251 246 239 468 339 323
55 332 275 244 240 310 462 325 301
Sikhism 66 232 181 145 155 66 292 178 188
61 194 193 106 129 118 348 220 197
55 142 80 91 88 88 313 157 134
all* 66 231 206 154 97 94 259 159 183
61 304 234 161 123 129 290 195 227
55 273 176 128 120 121 274 168 197
*including all the religions
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
39
Christians in rural areas, a significant proportion of male (17 per cent) and female (11 per cent)
workers were engaged in regular wage/salaried employment.
3.3.6.2 The Statement 3.16 shows that workers in urban areas were more or less equally engaged in
self-employment and regular wage/salaried employment. In urban areas, proportion of workers
engaged in self-employment was the highest for Muslims, followed by Sikhs. Among Muslims,
about 50 per cent of urban male workers and about 60 per cent of urban female workers were
engaged in self-employment. The corresponding proportions for urban male workers and urban
female workers among Sikhs were 44 per cent and 52 per cent. Among Christians in urban areas, a
significant proportion of male (45 per cent) and female (61 per cent) workers were engaged in
regular wage/salaried employment. Among Hindus in urban areas, about 44 per cent of male
workers and about 40 per cent of female workers were engaged in regular wage/salaried
employment.
3.3.7 Unemployment Rate (UR)
3.3.7.1 Unemployment rate (UR) is defined as the number of persons unemployed per 1000 persons
in the labour force. This gives the unutilised portion of the labour force. It is a more refined indicator of
the unemployment situation in a population than the proportion unemployed (PU), which is merely the
Statement 3.16: Per 1000 distribution of usually employed (ps+ss) persons by status of employment for major
religious groups during 2009-10
all-India
household
religion
rural male rural female
status in employment status in employment
self-
employed
regular
employee
casual
labour
all
employed
self-
employed
regular
employee
casual
labour
all
employed
Hinduism 537 83 379 1000 547 41 411 1000
Islam 528 79 393 1000 649 39 312 1000
Christianity 500 168 332 1000 554 114 332 1000
Sikhism 545 123 333 1000 789 86 125 1000
Others 436 114 450 1000 438 60 502 1000
all (incl. n.r.) 535 85 380 1000 557 44 399 1000
urban male urban female
status in employment status in employment
self-
employed
regular
employee
casual
labour
all
employed
self-
employed
regular
employee
casual
labour
all
employed
Hinduism 397 441 161 1000 393 404 203 1000
Islam 496 298 205 1000 597 216 187 1000
Christianity 294 450 256 1000 284 607 109 1000
Sikhism 444 352 204 1000 515 367 118 1000
Others 414 440 146 1000 336 451 213 1000
all (incl. n.r.) 411 419 170 1000 411 393 196 1000
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
40
number of persons unemployed per thousand persons in the population. It may be noted that the
unemployment rate, as estimated from the surveys, happens to be very much lower in the population
compared to the worker population ratio (WPR). Therefore, estimates of unemployment rate obtained
from the surveys are subject to higher margin of sampling fluctuations than those of the WPRs. One
may use the estimates of unemployment rate cautiously in interpreting them, particularly at the state
and union territory level. To form an idea about the reliability of these estimates, the number of
sample unemployed persons for major religious groups are also given in Statement 3.18 for the
years 2009-10 and 2004-05.
3.3.7.2 It is seen from Statement 3.17 that the unemployment rates in rural areas are less than those
of urban areas. Among different categories of persons, unemployment rate was the highest for urban
females (6 per cent). In rural areas, during 2009-10, unemployment rate was the highest for
Christians for both males (3 per cent) and females (6 per cent). In urban areas, unemployment rate
was the highest for Sikhs for both males (6 per cent) and females (8 per cent). Between 2004-05 and
2009-10, the unemployment rates among rural males and rural females remained almost at the same
level while those for urban males and urban females decreased by 1 percentage point.
Statement 3.17: Number of estimated persons unemployed per 1000 persons in the labour force (UR) according to usual
status (principal & subsidiary taken together) among persons of different categories of the major religious
groups during 2009 - 2010, 2004 - 2005 and 1999 - 2000
all-India
household
religion
rural male rural female rural persons
2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Hinduism 15 14 16 14 14 9 15 15 14
Islam 19 20 22 20 38 18 19 23 21
Christianity 26 26 27 60 68 58 39 44 39
Sikhism 27 33 20 17 38 4 24 35 14
Others 15 18 21 6 29 3 12 11 13
all 16 16 18 16 18 11 16 16 15
urban male urban female urban persons
2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000 2009-10 2004-05 1999-2000
Hinduism 29 36 46 58 70 52 34 44 47
Islam 25 37 46 68 55 67 32 41 50
Christianity 22 56 69 46 141 79 29 86 73
Sikhism 56 34 34 83 90 48 61 46 36
Others 19 72 51 9 35 44 17 64 50
all 28 39 46 57 67 57 34 45 48
Chapter Three
Summary of Findings
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
41
Statement 3.18: Number of unemployed persons surveyed according to usual status (ps+ss) for the
major religious groups
all-India
category
religion
2009-10 2004-05
Hindu
ism
Islam Christi
anity
Sikh
ism
all* Hindu
ism
Islam Christi
anity
Sikh
ism
all*
rural
male 1211 212 179 43 1693 1794 303 119 117 2382
female 646 102 193 14 971 1194 175 154 78 1617
persons 1857 314 372 57 2664 2988 478 273 195 3999
urban
male 1203 253 108 47 1641 1794 383 131 60 2418
female 647 112 75 23 866 1200 197 155 32 1605
persons 1850 365 183 70 2507 2994 580 286 92 4023
*includes all the religions
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
42
Statement 0.1: Number of households surveyed in NSS 66
th
round by major religious groups for States and Union
Territories
rural
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh
3531 260 133 - 2 3926
Arunachal Pradesh 239 14 235 2 550 1042
Assam 1738 783 88 2 3 2616
Bihar
2808 478 6 - 4 3300
Chhattisgarh 1450 16 25 1 3 1495
Delhi
56 2 - 1 - 59
Goa
113 2 45 - - 160
Gujarat 1576 136 3 - 5 1721
Haryana
1316 46 - 75 3 1440
Himachal Pradesh 1560 9 4 9 78 1660
Jammu & Kashmir
503 920 1 24 - 1448
Jharkhand 1396 170 76 1 116 1759
Karnataka
1837 183 16 - 2 2038
Kerala
1435 563 607 - 1 2606
Madhya Pradesh 2609 107 3 2 14 2735
Maharashtra
3591 184 13 - 229 4017
Manipur 612 113 619 1 29 1376
Meghalaya 42 27 744 3 48 864
Mizoram
3 - 532 1 95 632
Nagaland
17 1 684 - 2 704
Odisha
2883 33 60 - - 2976
Punjab 344 28 23 1157 8 1560
Rajasthan 2381 146 2 46 5 2582
Sikkim
374 6 30 - 198 608
Tamil Nadu 3047 96 173 1 2 3319
Tripura
1157 101 10 - 44 1312
Uttarakhand 953 70 1 23 1 1048
Uttar Pradesh 5073 808 4 17 1 5903
West Bengal
2442 1090 30 - 14 3576
A & N Islands
174 14 82 - 1 271
Chandigarh
15 - 1 16 - 32
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
95 - 1 - - 96
Daman & Diu
64 - - - - 64
Lakshadweep
5 50 1 - - 56
Puducherry
120 6 2 - - 128
all -India 45559 6462 4254 1382 1458 59129
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
43
Statement 0.1 : Number of households surveyed in NSS 66
th
round by major religious groups for States and Union
Territories
urban
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 2419 418 115 2 9 2963
Arunachal Pradesh 266 21 79 2 230 600
Assam
719 102 7 - 4 832
Bihar
1087 174 - 3 2 1268
Chhattisgarh 662 40 28 3 2 735
Delhi 766 106 1 15 10 898
Goa 170 29 88 - - 287
Gujarat 1427 233 5 3 36 1704
Haryana 1080 41 4 52 3 1180
Himachal Pradesh 353 20 2 7 1 383
Jammu & Kashmir 446 764 6 58 4 1278
Jharkhand 802 102 44 3 40 992
Karnataka 1616 337 66 - 17 2036
Kerala
1114 430 305 - 0 1849
Madhya Pradesh 1672 230 15 3 49 1970
Maharashtra 2972 615 46 13 342 3988
Manipur
960 97 35 - 89 1182
Meghalaya
88 4 303 - 13 408
Mizoram 22 1 868 1 4 896
Nagaland 26 4 290 - - 320
Odisha
997 43 15 - - 1055
Punjab 973 37 14 525 8 1557
Rajasthan
1212 272 - 20 51 1556
Sikkim
104 13 5 - 38 160
Tamil Nadu 2803 275 233 1 8 3320
Tripura
515 20 4 - 5 544
Uttarakhand 591 130 3 6 1 732
Uttar Pradesh 2178 877 13 15 7 3090
West Bengal 2385 334 12 3 14 2748
A & N Islands
216 37 35 - 288
Chandigarh
224 12 1 36 - 273
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
93 2 1 - - 96
Daman & Diu
53 9 2 - - 64
Lakshadweep
9 118 1 - - 128
Puducherry 370 30 48 - - 448
all -India 31390 5977 2694 771 987 41828
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
44
Statement 0.2: Number of persons surveyed in NSS 66
th
round by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
rural
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh
13486 1125 514 - 2 15127
Arunachal Pradesh 1046 60 1392 13 2859 5378
Assam 8286 3996 404 8 12 12713
Bihar
14724 2554 25 - 21 17339
Chhattisgarh 6945 73 103 6 12 7139
Delhi
237 2 - 12 - 251
Goa
537 19 182 - - 738
Gujarat
7947 704 12 - 23 8687
Haryana
6861 284 - 369 15 7529
Himachal Pradesh 7027 51 12 42 290 7422
Jammu & Kashmir
2581 5245 5 119 - 7950
Jharkhand 6891 965 337 6 579 8778
Karnataka
8549 997 60 - 6 9612
Kerala
5614 2651 2300 - 8 10573
Madhya Pradesh 13687 596 13 9 67 14372
Maharashtra 16672 965 55 - 1023 18715
Manipur 2874 559 3503 6 143 7097
Meghalaya 200 133 3809 18 252 4412
Mizoram
6 - 2440 6 437 2894
Nagaland
62 5 3521 - 9 3597
Odisha
12595 156 246 - - 12997
Punjab 1687 141 114 5758 52 7752
Rajasthan 12628 828 11 239 20 13730
Sikkim
1588 14 122 - 789 2513
Tamil Nadu 11252 411 619 8 7 12297
Tripura 4821 479 32 - 195 5527
Uttarakhand 4521 417 5 99 2 5044
Uttar Pradesh 28191 4961 21 85 6 33264
West Bengal 10094 4763 124 - 57 15038
A & N Islands
671 56 338 - 5 1070
Chandigarh
57 - 4 83 - 144
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 516 - 7 - - 523
Daman & Diu
289 - - - - 289
Lakshadweep
5 263 1 - - 269
Puducherry
525 19 3 - - 547
all -India 213672 33492 20334 6886 6891 281327
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
45
Statement 0.2: Number of persons surveyed in NSS 66
th
round by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
urban
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 8658 1942 417 6 32 11055
Arunachal Pradesh 1096 75 324 10 1039 2554
Assam 3042 419 26 - 21 3508
Bihar 5232 881 - 19 5 6150
Chhattisgarh 2982 224 102 13 7 3328
Delhi 2813 429 1 58 35 3336
Goa 694 149 326 - - 1169
Gujarat 6184 1101 14 15 161 7475
Haryana 5083 219 25 264 14 5605
Himachal Pradesh 1266 72 7 29 6 1380
Jammu & Kashmir 1999 4009 26 278 16 6328
Jharkhand 3571 471 141 11 173 4371
Karnataka 6158 1588 230 - 86 8062
Kerala 4262 2094 1132 - - 7488
Madhya Pradesh 7844 1218 51 11 231 9358
Maharashtra 11998 3100 157 40 1465 16760
Manipur 4489 502 145 - 436 5578
Meghalaya 393 13 1465 - 64 1935
Mizoram 82 9 3871 6 14 3982
Nagaland 105 19 1344 - - 1468
Odisha 4025 183 52 - - 4260
Punjab 4178 141 79 2369 44 6811
Rajasthan 5691 1560 - 85 243 7580
Sikkim 327 23 14 - 87 451
Tamil Nadu 9635 1166 849 1 25 11676
Tripura 1870 87 11 - 13 1981
Uttarakhand 2445 668 15 22 6 3159
Uttar Pradesh 10961 5138 59 71 31 16260
West Bengal 8840 1284 32 6 50 10212
A & N Islands 757 137 131 - - 1025
Chandigarh 853 45 1 134 - 1033
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 394 9 4 - - 407
Daman & Diu 221 57 10 - - 288
Lakshadweep 26 691 1 - - 718
Puducherry 1353 161 192 - - 1706
all -India 129527 29884 11254 3448 4304 178457
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
46
Statement 3.1.1: Per 1000 distribution of households by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
rural
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 916 56 28 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 297 11 204 1 487 1000
Assam 650 321 28 0 0 1000
Bihar 855 141 2 0 2 1000
Chhattisgarh 970 11 19 0 0 1000
Delhi 871 128 0 0 0 1000
Goa 736 4 260 0 0 1000
Gujarat 926 72 1 0 1 1000
Haryana 923 29 0 46 2 1000
Himachal Pradesh 967 7 4 5 17 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 440 545 1 14 0 1000
Jharkhand 800 82 31 0 87 1000
Karnataka 899 93 7 0 0 1000
Kerala 581 208 211 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 963 33 2 1 2 1000
Maharashtra 892 40 4 0 64 1000
Manipur 455 81 439 1 24 1000
Meghalaya 44 36 840 2 78 1000
Mizoram 2 0 818 1 178 1000
Nagaland 20 1 973 0 6 1000
Odisha 969 13 18 0 0 1000
Punjab 253 16 20 701 10 1000
Rajasthan 925 52 1 19 2 1000
Sikkim 643 22 38 0 297 1000
Tamil Nadu 933 24 43 0 0 1000
Tripura 892 67 4 0 37 1000
Uttarakhand 916 55 1 28 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 863 133 1 3 1 1000
West Bengal 685 306 6 0 3 1000
A & N Islands 631 46 320 0 3 1000
Chandigarh 699 0 74 227 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 998 0 2 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 173 803 24 0 0 1000
Puducherry 907 75 17 0 0 1000
all -India 844 107 23 17 10 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
47
Statement 3.1.1 : Per 1000 distribution of households by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
urban
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 840 116 42 1 1 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 431 36 161 3 365 1000
Assam 819 172 4 0 4 1000
Bihar 846 152 0 1 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 914 56 18 5 7 1000
Delhi 842 139 0 8 11 1000
Goa 625 127 247 0 0 1000
Gujarat 847 120 4 1 28 1000
Haryana 928 39 3 29 1 1000
Himachal Pradesh 935 40 6 17 2 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 437 484 4 73 1 1000
Jharkhand 845 94 22 6 34 1000
Karnataka 796 156 38 0 10 1000
Kerala 597 192 212 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 852 123 6 0 19 1000
Maharashtra 757 146 12 4 81 1000
Manipur 814 86 31 0 69 1000
Meghalaya 241 17 699 0 43 1000
Mizoram 22 1 970 3 4 1000
Nagaland 136 34 830 0 0 1000
Odisha 928 56 17 0 0 1000
Punjab 623 28 9 336 3 1000
Rajasthan 797 156 0 19 27 1000
Sikkim 747 63 17 0 173 1000
Tamil Nadu 860 69 69 0 2 1000
Tripura 945 40 5 0 10 1000
Uttarakhand 800 186 2 6 1 1000
Uttar Pradesh 763 227 4 2 4 1000
West Bengal 866 129 3 1 2 1000
A & N Islands 752 122 126 0 0 1000
Chandigarh 767 38 3 192 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 970 23 7 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 823 152 25 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 96 891 12 0 0 1000
Puducherry 875 33 93 0 0 1000
all -India 806 132 29 14 19 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
48
Statement 3.1.1: Per 1000 distribution of households by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
rural + urban
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 894 73 32 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 328 17 194 1 458 1000
Assam 671 303 25 0 1 1000
Bihar 854 142 2 0 2 1000
Chhattisgarh 960 19 19 1 1 1000
Delhi 844 138 0 7 10 1000
Goa 702 42 256 0 0 1000
Gujarat 893 92 2 0 12 1000
Haryana 924 32 1 41 2 1000
Himachal Pradesh 964 10 4 6 15 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 439 530 2 29 0 1000
Jharkhand 809 85 29 1 76 1000
Karnataka 859 117 19 0 4 1000
Kerala 585 204 211 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 935 55 3 1 6 1000
Maharashtra 833 86 8 2 71 1000
Manipur 553 83 327 1 36 1000
Meghalaya 79 33 815 2 71 1000
Mizoram 11 1 885 2 100 1000
Nagaland 53 10 932 0 4 1000
Odisha 963 19 18 0 0 1000
Punjab 392 20 16 564 8 1000
Rajasthan 892 79 1 19 9 1000
Sikkim 658 28 35 0 278 1000
Tamil Nadu 900 45 55 0 1 1000
Tripura 902 62 4 0 32 1000
Uttarakhand 891 84 1 23 1 1000
Uttar Pradesh 841 154 1 3 1 1000
West Bengal 733 259 5 0 2 1000
A & N Islands 678 76 244 0 1 1000
Chandigarh 756 31 15 198 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 988 6 4 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 924 64 10 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 135 838 18 0 0 1000
Puducherry 885 46 68 0 0 1000
all -India 833 114 24 16 12 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
49
Statement 3.2.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
rural male
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 905 69 26 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 258 10 229 1 502 1000
Assam 629 346 24 0 0 1000
Bihar 846 151 1 0 1 1000
Chhattisgarh 972 10 18 0 0 1000
Delhi 924 75 0 2 0 1000
Goa 750 10 240 0 0 1000
Gujarat 921 77 0 0 1 1000
Haryana 916 35 0 48 2 1000
Himachal Pradesh 970 7 4 6 13 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 418 568 1 14 0 1000
Jharkhand 780 87 32 0 101 1000
Karnataka 896 98 6 0 0 1000
Kerala 576 229 195 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 959 38 1 1 1 1000
Maharashtra 885 50 6 0 60 1000
Manipur 417 77 484 1 21 1000
Meghalaya 44 39 835 1 81 1000
Mizoram 1 0 815 1 181 1000
Nagaland 10 1 984 0 5 1000
Odisha 968 15 17 0 0 1000
Punjab 253 14 22 697 14 1000
Rajasthan 924 55 2 18 1 1000
Sikkim 645 11 36 0 308 1000
Tamil Nadu 934 26 40 0 0 1000
Tripura 885 70 3 0 42 1000
Uttarakhand 882 80 0 37 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 854 141 0 4 1 1000
West Bengal 671 322 5 0 2 1000
A & N Islands 612 45 339 0 4 1000
Chandigarh 650 0 36 314 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 997 0 3 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 81 907 11 0 0 1000
Puducherry 938 58 4 0 0 1000
all -India 836 117 19 18 10 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
50
Statement 3.2.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
rural female
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 906 64 30 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 263 11 230 1 495 1000
Assam 642 329 28 0 0 1000
Bihar 854 142 2 0 2 1000
Chhattisgarh 969 12 19 0 0 1000
Delhi 999 0 0 1 0 1000
Goa 742 8 250 0 0 1000
Gujarat 922 76 1 0 1 1000
Haryana 921 27 0 49 3 1000
Himachal Pradesh 968 10 3 4 15 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 418 568 1 13 0 1000
Jharkhand 785 93 28 0 94 1000
Karnataka 891 102 7 0 0 1000
Kerala 570 237 193 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 960 36 1 2 2 1000
Maharashtra 890 42 3 0 65 1000
Manipur 414 83 477 1 24 1000
Meghalaya 43 30 847 3 77 1000
Mizoram 0 0 817 3 179 1000
Nagaland 15 1 980 0 5 1000
Odisha 970 14 16 0 0 1000
Punjab 259 14 21 690 16 1000
Rajasthan 922 53 2 21 2 1000
Sikkim 669 2 44 0 286 1000
Tamil Nadu 929 29 41 0 0 1000
Tripura 875 79 4 0 42 1000
Uttarakhand 893 80 1 25 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 852 146 0 2 1 1000
West Bengal 675 315 6 0 4 1000
A & N Islands 601 37 359 0 3 1000
Chandigarh 560 0 100 339 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 998 0 2 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 0 1000 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 944 48 9 0 0 1000
all -India 838 114 21 17 10 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
51
Statement 3.2.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
rural male + female
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 906 66 28 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 260 10 230 1 499 1000
Assam 635 338 26 0 0 1000
Bihar 850 147 2 0 1 1000
Chhattisgarh 971 11 18 0 0 1000
Delhi 963 36 0 1 0 1000
Goa 746 9 245 0 0 1000
Gujarat 921 77 1 0 1 1000
Haryana 918 31 0 49 2 1000
Himachal Pradesh 969 8 4 5 14 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 418 568 1 13 0 1000
Jharkhand 782 90 30 0 98 1000
Karnataka 894 100 6 0 0 1000
Kerala 573 233 194 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 959 37 1 1 1 1000
Maharashtra 887 46 4 0 62 1000
Manipur 416 80 481 1 23 1000
Meghalaya 44 35 841 2 79 1000
Mizoram 1 0 816 2 180 1000
Nagaland 12 1 982 0 5 1000
Odisha 969 14 16 0 0 1000
Punjab 256 14 22 694 15 1000
Rajasthan 923 54 2 19 2 1000
Sikkim 656 7 40 0 298 1000
Tamil Nadu 931 28 41 0 0 1000
Tripura 880 74 3 0 42 1000
Uttarakhand 888 80 1 32 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 853 143 0 3 1 1000
West Bengal 673 319 5 0 3 1000
A & N Islands 607 41 348 0 3 1000
Chandigarh 604 0 69 327 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 998 0 2 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 42 953 6 0 0 1000
Puducherry 941 53 6 0 0 1000
all -India 837 116 20 18 10 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
52
Statement 3.2.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
urban male
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 814 148 37 1 1 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 438 34 139 4 382 1000
Assam 829 159 4 0 7 1000
Bihar 824 174 0 1 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 910 64 17 5 4 1000
Delhi 832 151 0 7 10 1000
Goa 648 156 197 0 0 1000
Gujarat 844 123 2 2 29 1000
Haryana 919 41 5 34 1 1000
Himachal Pradesh 928 49 1 19 4 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 382 534 5 77 2 1000
Jharkhand 844 102 15 6 33 1000
Karnataka 769 193 28 0 10 1000
Kerala 573 230 197 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 835 139 4 0 21 1000
Maharashtra 743 162 11 3 81 1000
Manipur 801 101 28 0 68 1000
Meghalaya 243 17 691 0 50 1000
Mizoram 20 3 969 4 4 1000
Nagaland 125 37 837 0 0 1000
Odisha 923 66 12 0 0 1000
Punjab 611 20 12 352 5 1000
Rajasthan 781 181 0 16 22 1000
Sikkim 760 43 12 0 185 1000
Tamil Nadu 842 83 74 0 2 1000
Tripura 942 45 3 0 10 1000
Uttarakhand 764 223 2 5 2 1000
Uttar Pradesh 741 252 2 3 3 1000
West Bengal 854 142 2 0 2 1000
A & N Islands 729 148 123 0 0 1000
Chandigarh 802 53 2 144 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 969 25 6 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 789 183 28 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 59 941 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 848 38 114 0 0 1000
all -India 788 154 24 15 19 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
53
Statement 3.2.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
urban female
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 807 153 38 1 1 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 387 25 160 6 419 1000
Assam 813 181 4 0 2 1000
Bihar 831 166 0 2 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 899 80 11 5 5 1000
Delhi 849 132 0 9 10 1000
Goa 576 156 268 0 0 1000
Gujarat 829 134 4 1 32 1000
Haryana 917 40 4 38 1 1000
Himachal Pradesh 934 31 8 23 4 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 388 531 3 78 0 1000
Jharkhand 834 115 19 5 27 1000
Karnataka 739 210 37 0 14 1000
Kerala 580 235 185 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 842 131 5 0 21 1000
Maharashtra 733 158 11 4 95 1000
Manipur 813 88 24 0 74 1000
Meghalaya 224 9 721 0 46 1000
Mizoram 16 1 977 4 3 1000
Nagaland 121 31 847 0 0 1000
Odisha 935 49 16 0 0 1000
Punjab 609 15 11 360 5 1000
Rajasthan 769 191 0 17 23 1000
Sikkim 809 5 34 0 152 1000
Tamil Nadu 841 85 72 0 1 1000
Tripura 953 42 2 0 4 1000
Uttarakhand 774 214 2 6 2 1000
Uttar Pradesh 727 264 3 2 3 1000
West Bengal 870 126 2 0 2 1000
A & N Islands 745 124 131 0 0 1000
Chandigarh 746 57 0 197 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 944 48 8 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 763 205 32 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 16 979 5 0 0 1000
Puducherry 850 48 102 0 0 1000
all -India 782 156 27 14 21 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
54
Statement 3.2.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
urban male + female
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 811 150 37 1 1 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 414 30 148 5 399 1000
Assam 821 170 4 0 5 1000
Bihar 827 171 0 1 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 905 72 14 5 4 1000
Delhi 839 143 0 8 10 1000
Goa 611 156 234 0 0 1000
Gujarat 837 128 3 1 31 1000
Haryana 918 41 5 35 1 1000
Himachal Pradesh 931 40 4 21 4 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 385 533 4 78 1 1000
Jharkhand 839 108 17 5 30 1000
Karnataka 755 201 33 0 12 1000
Kerala 576 233 191 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 838 135 5 0 21 1000
Maharashtra 738 160 11 4 87 1000
Manipur 807 95 26 0 71 1000
Meghalaya 232 12 707 0 48 1000
Mizoram 18 2 973 4 3 1000
Nagaland 123 35 842 0 0 1000
Odisha 929 57 14 0 0 1000
Punjab 610 18 11 355 5 1000
Rajasthan 775 186 0 16 22 1000
Sikkim 782 26 22 0 170 1000
Tamil Nadu 841 84 73 0 1 1000
Tripura 947 44 2 0 7 1000
Uttarakhand 769 219 2 6 2 1000
Uttar Pradesh 734 258 3 2 3 1000
West Bengal 862 134 2 0 2 1000
A & N Islands 737 137 126 0 0 1000
Chandigarh 775 55 1 170 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 959 35 7 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 777 193 30 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 37 960 2 0 0 1000
Puducherry 849 43 108 0 0 1000
all -India 785 155 26 14 20 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
55
Statement 3.2.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
rural + urban male
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 879 92 29 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 294 15 211 2 477 1000
Assam 650 327 22 0 1 1000
Bihar 843 154 1 0 1 1000
Chhattisgarh 961 20 18 1 1 1000
Delhi 837 147 0 7 10 1000
Goa 723 48 229 0 0 1000
Gujarat 890 95 1 1 12 1000
Haryana 917 37 1 43 1 1000
Himachal Pradesh 967 10 3 7 12 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 409 560 2 29 0 1000
Jharkhand 792 90 29 1 88 1000
Karnataka 849 133 14 0 4 1000
Kerala 575 230 195 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 930 61 2 1 6 1000
Maharashtra 824 98 8 1 69 1000
Manipur 517 83 366 0 33 1000
Meghalaya 76 35 812 1 76 1000
Mizoram 9 1 882 2 104 1000
Nagaland 41 11 945 0 4 1000
Odisha 962 22 16 0 0 1000
Punjab 380 16 18 574 11 1000
Rajasthan 890 85 1 17 6 1000
Sikkim 658 15 33 0 294 1000
Tamil Nadu 891 52 56 0 1 1000
Tripura 894 66 3 0 37 1000
Uttarakhand 852 116 1 29 1 1000
Uttar Pradesh 830 164 1 4 1 1000
West Bengal 716 278 4 0 2 1000
A & N Islands 657 84 257 0 2 1000
Chandigarh 773 43 8 177 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 989 7 3 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 908 79 12 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 70 925 6 0 0 1000
Puducherry 876 44 79 0 0 1000
all -India 823 127 21 17 12 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
56
Statement 3.2.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
rural + urban female
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 878 89 32 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 288 14 216 2 479 1000
Assam 660 314 26 0 0 1000
Bihar 852 145 1 0 1 1000
Chhattisgarh 957 24 17 1 1 1000
Delhi 861 122 0 8 9 1000
Goa 693 52 255 0 0 1000
Gujarat 887 98 2 0 13 1000
Haryana 920 31 1 46 2 1000
Himachal Pradesh 965 12 4 5 14 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 411 560 1 28 0 1000
Jharkhand 794 97 26 1 81 1000
Karnataka 838 140 17 0 5 1000
Kerala 573 237 191 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 933 58 2 1 6 1000
Maharashtra 825 90 6 2 77 1000
Manipur 517 85 360 1 37 1000
Meghalaya 78 26 823 2 71 1000
Mizoram 7 1 890 3 98 1000
Nagaland 42 9 946 0 4 1000
Odisha 965 18 16 0 0 1000
Punjab 376 15 18 580 12 1000
Rajasthan 886 86 1 20 7 1000
Sikkim 684 2 43 0 270 1000
Tamil Nadu 891 54 55 0 1 1000
Tripura 889 73 3 0 35 1000
Uttarakhand 865 112 1 21 1 1000
Uttar Pradesh 826 170 1 2 1 1000
West Bengal 724 268 5 0 3 1000
A & N Islands 657 71 270 0 2 1000
Chandigarh 707 45 21 227 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 985 12 4 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 892 93 15 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 8 989 3 0 0 1000
Puducherry 881 48 71 0 0 1000
all -India 823 125 22 16 13 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
57
Statement 3.2.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons by major religious groups for States and Union Territories
rural + urban male + female
State/UT religion
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism
Others
all*
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Andhra Pradesh 878 90 31 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 292 14 213 2 478 1000
Assam 655 321 24 0 1 1000
Bihar 847 150 1 0 1 1000
Chhattisgarh 959 22 18 1 1 1000
Delhi 847 136 0 7 9 1000
Goa 709 50 242 0 0 1000
Gujarat 889 97 1 1 13 1000
Haryana 918 34 1 45 2 1000
Himachal Pradesh 966 11 4 6 13 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 410 560 1 28 0 1000
Jharkhand 793 93 28 1 85 1000
Karnataka 844 136 16 0 4 1000
Kerala 574 233 193 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 931 60 2 1 6 1000
Maharashtra 825 94 7 1 73 1000
Manipur 517 84 363 1 35 1000
Meghalaya 77 31 817 2 74 1000
Mizoram 8 1 886 3 101 1000
Nagaland 41 10 945 0 4 1000
Odisha 964 20 16 0 0 1000
Punjab 378 15 18 577 12 1000
Rajasthan 888 86 1 19 6 1000
Sikkim 670 9 38 0 283 1000
Tamil Nadu 891 53 55 0 1 1000
Tripura 892 69 3 0 36 1000
Uttarakhand 858 114 1 25 1 1000
Uttar Pradesh 828 167 1 3 1 1000
West Bengal 720 273 5 0 3 1000
A & N Islands 657 78 263 0 2 1000
Chandigarh 741 44 14 201 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 987 9 3 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 901 85 13 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 39 957 4 0 0 1000
Puducherry 879 46 75 0 0 1000
all -India 823 126 21 17 13 1000
* includes all religious groups
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
58
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism rural
State/UT
household type
self employed in rural labour all
agriculture non-agr. all
agr.
labour
other
lab.
all others
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 213 136 349 385 110 496 155 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 405 149 554 45 13 58 389 1000
Assam 426 201 627 158 72 230 143 1000
Bihar 273 217 490 313 95 408 102 1000
Chhattisgarh 259 85 344 497 59 556 100 1000
Delhi 1 91 92 13 328 341 568 1000
Goa 130 105 235 92 124 216 550 1000
Gujarat 403 97 500 314 97 410 90 1000
Haryana 342 149 490 117 182 299 210 1000
Himachal Pradesh 379 128 508 13 275 289 203 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 332 198 530 2 165 167 303 1000
Jharkhand 387 174 561 47 282 329 108 1000
Karnataka 303 137 439 388 97 485 76 1000
Kerala 107 166 273 178 329 507 220 1000
Madhya Pradesh 419 86 505 347 93 440 54 1000
Maharashtra 351 95 446 331 105 436 119 1000
Manipur 447 309 755 26 27 53 190 1000
Meghalaya 359 135 494 210 10 220 285 1000
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Nagaland 31 352 383 0 11 11 606 1000
Odisha 330 149 479 238 122 360 161 1000
Punjab 121 195 316 167 283 450 234 1000
Rajasthan 502 154 657 52 213 265 78 1000
Sikkim 379 110 489 6 227 233 277 1000
Tamil Nadu 181 110 291 365 225 590 119 1000
Tripura 227 213 440 85 322 407 153 1000
Uttarakhand 347 115 462 24 149 173 365 1000
Uttar Pradesh 475 144 618 106 183 289 93 1000
West Bengal 198 228 426 382 97 479 95 1000
A & N Islands 225 231 456 69 190 259 284 1000
Chandigarh 0 111 111 8 718 726 163 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 339 92 431 268 233 502 68 1000
Daman & Diu 70 78 148 232 290 522 330 1000
Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 390 390 610 1000
Puducherry 101 119 220 224 422 646 134 1000
all India
332 145 477 261 144 405 118 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
59
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each State/UT
household religion: Islam rural
State/UT
household type
self employed in rural labour all
agriculture non-agr. all
agr.
labour
other
lab.
all others
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 103 339 443 165 246 411 146 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 101 676 777 7 0 7 216 1000
Assam 531 201 733 79 131 211 57 1000
Bihar 201 215 416 390 88 478 105 1000
Chhattisgarh 4 828 832 94 54 148 21 1000
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Goa 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Gujarat 206 230 436 234 182 416 148 1000
Haryana 260 227 487 43 279 321 192 1000
Himachal Pradesh 176 553 728 0 92 92 180 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 341 263 603 81 118 199 197 1000
Jharkhand 168 275 443 18 434 452 95 1000
Karnataka 96 201 297 366 108 474 229 1000
Kerala 87 253 340 72 275 348 312 1000
Madhya Pradesh 268 160 428 319 182 500 72 1000
Maharashtra 119 312 431 209 228 436 133 1000
Manipur 357 335 692 14 31 45 262 1000
Meghalaya 181 340 520 215 134 349 131 1000
Mizoram - - - - - - - -
Nagaland 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Odisha 239 361 600 98 176 274 126 1000
Punjab 234 219 453 46 410 455 92 1000
Rajasthan 236 318 553 29 361 389 57 1000
Sikkim 0 41 41 0 959 959 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 52 330 382 131 313 443 175 1000
Tripura 343 233 575 80 191 271 154 1000
Uttarakhand 277 265 542 43 307 350 108 1000
Uttar Pradesh 262 272 534 158 177 335 132 1000
West Bengal 139 231 371 392 149 541 89 1000
A & N Islands 0 306 306 305 181 486 208 1000
Chandigarh - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 358 47 405 0 229 229 367 1000
Puducherry 0 50 50 0 0 0 950 1000
all India
214 249 463 232 175 407 130 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
60
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural
State/UT
household type
self employed in rural labour all
agriculture non-agr. all
agr.
labour
other
lab.
all others
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 6 176 182 481 173 654 164 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 709 77 787 10 11 21 191 1000
Assam 431 130 561 345 47 393 47 1000
Bihar 0 879 879 0 0 0 121 1000
Chhattisgarh 116 175 291 429 87 516 193 1000
Delhi - - - - - - - -
Goa 8 151 159 7 61 68 773 1000
Gujarat 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Haryana - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 0 93 93 587 321 907 0 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Jharkhand 651 31 683 169 100 268 49 1000
Karnataka 617 30 648 0 239 239 113 1000
Kerala 292 149 442 105 203 309 250 1000
Madhya Pradesh 545 455 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Maharashtra 0 250 250 58 173 231 519 1000
Manipur 623 171 794 15 11 26 180 1000
Meghalaya 387 141 528 221 45 266 206 1000
Mizoram 654 117 770 46 22 69 161 1000
Nagaland 600 80 680 1 5 6 314 1000
Odisha 465 78 544 240 71 311 145 1000
Punjab 0 65 65 264 671 935 0 1000
Rajasthan 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Sikkim 77 50 126 0 567 567 307 1000
Tamil Nadu 191 162 353 319 146 465 182 1000
Tripura 555 340 895 0 0 0 105 1000
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Uttar Pradesh 0 24 24 349 0 349 627 1000
West Bengal 55 37 91 693 167 861 48 1000
A & N Islands 257 53 310 188 205 393 297 1000
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000
Puducherry 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000
all India
295 147 442 209 142 351 207 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
61
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural
State/UT
household type
self employed in rural labour all
agriculture non-agr. all
agr.
labour
other
lab.
all others
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 0 290 290 0 0 0 710 1000
Assam 0 753 753 0 0 0 0 1000
Bihar - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Goa - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - -
Haryana 324 288 612 25 272 298 90 1000
Himachal Pradesh 157 365 521 0 117 117 361 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 331 268 599 39 0 39 362 1000
Jharkhand 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Karnataka - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 717 283 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Maharashtra - - - - - - - -
Manipur 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Meghalaya 0 85 85 0 798 798 117 1000
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Nagaland - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - -
Punjab 334 116 450 220 159 379 170 1000
Rajasthan 368 50 418 307 270 577 5 1000
Sikkim - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Tripura - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 547 175 721 116 76 192 87 1000
Uttar Pradesh 886 74 960 0 0 0 40 1000
West Bengal - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 112 121 233 0 0 0 767 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - -
all India
356 124 480 203 164 367 153 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
62
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural
State/UT
household type
self employed in rural labour all
agriculture non-agr. all
agr.
labour
other
lab.
all others
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 0 436 436 0 0 0 564 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 688 132 820 4 9 12 166 1000
Assam 0 150 150 648 202 850 0 1000
Bihar 0 61 61 911 28 939 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 0 239 239 0 447 447 314 1000
Delhi - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 90 624 714 0 286 286 0 1000
Haryana 437 563 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Himachal Pradesh 550 143 693 0 174 174 134 1000
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 688 44 731 25 150 175 94 1000
Karnataka 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Kerala 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Madhya Pradesh 106 795 901 79 0 79 20 1000
Maharashtra 167 65 233 496 134 630 137 1000
Manipur 442 268 710 73 13 86 204 1000
Meghalaya 475 79 554 363 30 393 52 1000
Mizoram 712 90 801 13 72 85 114 1000
Nagaland 868 0 868 0 0 0 132 1000
Odisha - - - - - - - -
Punjab 255 0 255 312 164 476 269 1000
Rajasthan 638 163 801 0 21 21 179 1000
Sikkim 457 124 581 39 157 196 224 1000
Tamil Nadu 323 0 323 0 677 677 0 1000
Tripura 340 365 705 0 183 183 112 1000
Uttarakhand 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000
West Bengal 388 116 505 446 44 490 6 1000
A & N Islands 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Chandigarh - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - -
all India
356 86 442 313 123 436 122 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
63
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each State/UT
household religion: all rural
State/UT
household type
self employed in rural labour all
agriculture non-agr. all
agr.
labour
other
lab.
all others
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 201 149 350 376 120 495 155 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 600 132 733 17 10 27 238 1000
Assam 460 199 659 138 90 228 113 1000
Bihar 261 218 479 324 94 418 102 1000
Chhattisgarh 254 94 348 491 60 551 101 1000
Delhi 1 79 80 11 285 297 623 1000
Goa 98 120 218 69 107 176 606 1000
Gujarat 388 107 496 307 103 410 94 1000
Haryana 339 158 497 110 189 299 204 1000
Himachal Pradesh 378 133 511 15 272 287 202 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 336 235 571 46 137 182 246 1000
Jharkhand 403 167 570 46 278 324 104 1000
Karnataka 286 142 428 383 99 482 90 1000
Kerala 142 180 322 141 292 432 245 1000
Madhya Pradesh 414 91 505 345 95 440 55 1000
Maharashtra 328 102 431 336 112 447 122 1000
Manipur 516 249 766 22 20 41 192 1000
Meghalaya 384 143 527 231 47 278 195 1000
Mizoram 661 111 772 40 31 71 156 1000
Nagaland 590 85 675 1 5 7 319 1000
Odisha 331 151 482 237 122 358 160 1000
Punjab 271 136 407 206 205 411 183 1000
Rajasthan 485 162 648 56 221 276 76 1000
Sikkim 383 110 493 16 235 251 256 1000
Tamil Nadu 178 118 296 357 224 581 123 1000
Tripura 240 221 461 81 307 388 151 1000
Uttarakhand 349 125 474 27 156 183 343 1000
Uttar Pradesh 447 160 607 113 181 295 98 1000
West Bengal 180 227 407 387 113 501 92 1000
A & N Islands 224 179 404 118 194 312 284 1000
Chandigarh 25 105 131 5 502 507 362 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 338 94 432 268 233 501 67 1000
Daman & Diu 70 78 148 232 290 522 330 1000
Lakshadweep 288 37 325 0 275 275 400 1000
Puducherry 92 112 204 220 383 603 193 1000
all India
319 155 474 256 148 404 122 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
64
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each
State/UT

household religion: Hinduism urban
State/UT household type
self-
employed
wage/
salaried
casual
labour
others all (incl. n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Andhra Pradesh 285 411 137 166 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 298 591 25 86 1000
Assam 382 413 47 158 1000
Bihar 483 173 97 246 1000
Chhattisgarh 297 412 150 140 1000
Delhi 385 505 10 100 1000
Goa 208 678 67 46 1000
Gujarat 366 448 128 58 1000
Haryana 326 510 110 54 1000
Himachal Pradesh 210 435 52 303 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 329 493 89 87 1000
Jharkhand 330 417 167 79 1000
Karnataka 295 407 147 151 1000
Kerala 251 312 284 153 1000
Madhya Pradesh 362 334 166 134 1000
Maharashtra 291 540 81 89 1000
Manipur 548 310 15 125 1000
Meghalaya 317 573 51 32 1000
Mizoram 93 762 145 0 1000
Nagaland 586 309 73 32 1000
Odisha 302 383 148 167 1000
Punjab 396 446 96 62 1000
Rajasthan 390 382 101 127 1000
Sikkim 408 498 2 92 1000
Tamil Nadu 267 384 224 125 1000
Tripura 340 355 112 193 1000
Uttarakhand 345 409 144 102 1000
Uttar Pradesh 401 335 116 147 1000
West Bengal 382 387 101 130 1000
A & N Islands 147 515 63 275 1000
Chandigarh 200 532 80 188 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 326 672 1 1 1000
Daman & Diu 267 442 233 58 1000
Lakshadweep 126 289 585 0 1000
Puducherry 233 476 203 88 1000
all India 333 412 130 125 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
65
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each
State/UT

household religion: Islam urban
State/UT household type
self-
employed
wage/
salaried
casual
labour
others all (incl. n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Andhra Pradesh 460 301 152 86 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 449 272 96 183 1000
Assam 340 381 116 162 1000
Bihar 584 134 136 146 1000
Chhattisgarh 573 364 21 42 1000
Delhi 408 536 5 52 1000
Goa 431 449 120 0 1000
Gujarat 492 349 108 51 1000
Haryana 449 438 113 0 1000
Himachal Pradesh 219 416 81 284 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 483 364 88 64 1000
Jharkhand 390 261 307 42 1000
Karnataka 457 306 175 62 1000
Kerala 367 126 254 254 1000
Madhya Pradesh 448 264 168 100 1000
Maharashtra 374 439 124 63 1000
Manipur 634 245 0 121 1000
Meghalaya 396 604 0 0 1000
Mizoram 1000 0 0 0 1000
Nagaland 799 0 0 201 1000
Odisha 537 376 39 48 1000
Punjab 261 502 183 55 1000
Rajasthan 492 268 155 86 1000
Sikkim 557 441 2 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 383 334 190 93 1000
Tripura 450 80 266 204 1000
Uttarakhand 605 143 251 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 551 186 161 102 1000
West Bengal 417 277 252 54 1000
A & N Islands 311 637 0 52 1000
Chandigarh 658 77 169 96 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 45 955 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 605 395 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 299 473 82 145 1000
Puducherry 260 368 220 152 1000
all India 455 304 155 86 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
66
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each
State/UT

household religion: Christianity urban
State/UT household type
self-
employed
wage/
salaried
casual
labour
others all (incl. n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Andhra Pradesh 175 407 121 297 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 127 605 17 247 1000
Assam 719 281 0 0 1000
Bihar - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 263 309 79 348 1000
Delhi 0 1000 0 0 1000
Goa 174 533 20 273 1000
Gujarat 819 181 0 0 1000
Haryana 700 90 0 210 1000
Himachal Pradesh 127 0 0 873 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 97 850 0 53 1000
Jharkhand 165 115 320 397 1000
Karnataka 183 505 172 140 1000
Kerala 297 334 167 201 1000
Madhya Pradesh 389 521 0 90 1000
Maharashtra 171 624 10 194 1000
Manipur 641 181 73 105 1000
Meghalaya 166 586 111 133 1000
Mizoram 408 448 77 68 1000
Nagaland 241 602 2 151 1000
Odisha 170 549 65 216 1000
Punjab 394 383 222 0 1000
Rajasthan - - - - -
Sikkim 0 730 0 270 1000
Tamil Nadu 168 409 311 112 1000
Tripura 0 102 0 898 1000
Uttarakhand 0 801 199 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 79 441 480 0 1000
West Bengal 171 559 0 270 1000
A & N Islands 73 531 25 371 1000
Chandigarh 0 1000 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 1000 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 1000 0 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 0 1000 0 0 1000
Puducherry 124 619 122 135 1000
all India 221 428 180 171 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
67
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each
State/UT

household religion: Sikhism urban
State/UT household type
self-
employed
wage/
salaried
casual
labour
others all (incl. n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Andhra Pradesh 134 0 0 866 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 225 0 775 0 1000
Assam - - - - -
Bihar 1000 0 0 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 546 454 0 0 1000
Delhi 405 506 0 88 1000
Goa - - - - -
Gujarat 725 275 0 0 1000
Haryana 545 301 14 140 1000
Himachal Pradesh 523 0 0 477 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 271 588 4 136 1000
Jharkhand 290 290 0 421 1000
Karnataka - - - - -
Kerala - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 440 458 0 0 1000
Maharashtra 668 265 0 67 1000
Manipur - - - - -
Meghalaya - - - - -
Mizoram 1000 0 0 0 1000
Nagaland - - - - -
Odisha - - - - -
Punjab 322 368 168 142 1000
Rajasthan 421 198 380 0 1000
Sikkim - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 1000 0 0 1000
Tripura - - - - -
Uttarakhand 580 420 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 716 259 0 25 1000
West Bengal 639 361 0 0 1000
A & N Islands - - - - -
Chandigarh 168 416 10 406 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - -
all India 361 357 140 142 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
68
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each
State/UT

household religion: Others urban
State/UT household type
self-
employed
wage/
salaried
casual
labour
others all (incl. n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Andhra Pradesh 776 112 0 112 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 257 501 19 223 1000
Assam 167 833 0 0 1000
Bihar 249 0 751 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 0 264 736 0 1000
Delhi 580 283 0 137 1000
Goa - - - - -
Gujarat 813 105 10 72 1000
Haryana 708 292 0 0 1000
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 177 282 0 541 1000
Jharkhand 0 295 197 502 1000
Karnataka 493 507 0 0 1000
Kerala - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 659 244 0 97 1000
Maharashtra 228 495 162 115 1000
Manipur 536 288 98 77 1000
Meghalaya 73 702 225 0 1000
Mizoram 752 248 0 0 1000
Nagaland - - - - -
Odisha - - - - -
Punjab 921 0 79 0 1000
Rajasthan 416 270 21 282 1000
Sikkim 267 586 5 143 1000
Tamil Nadu 218 604 178 0 1000
Tripura 159 466 0 375 1000
Uttarakhand 1000 0 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 525 432 43 0 1000
West Bengal 406 491 65 39 1000
A & N Islands 0 0 0 0 0
Chandigarh - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - -
all India 348 412 116 123 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
69
Statement 3.5.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by household type for each
State/UT

household religion: all urban
State/UT household type
self-
employed
wage/
salaried
casual
labour
others all (incl. n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Andhra Pradesh 301 398 138 163 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 260 546 27 165 1000
Assam 375 409 59 158 1000
Bihar 498 167 103 231 1000
Chhattisgarh 311 407 145 137 1000
Delhi 390 507 9 94 1000
Goa 228 613 62 96 1000
Gujarat 395 426 122 57 1000
Haryana 338 499 107 55 1000
Himachal Pradesh 217 423 52 308 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 398 439 82 80 1000
Jharkhand 321 391 184 99 1000
Karnataka 318 396 151 135 1000
Kerala 283 281 253 183 1000
Madhya Pradesh 378 325 162 129 1000
Maharashtra 298 521 92 89 1000
Manipur 557 299 21 120 1000
Meghalaya 203 588 99 101 1000
Mizoram 404 452 78 66 1000
Nagaland 307 541 12 136 1000
Odisha 313 385 140 162 1000
Punjab 369 419 124 88 1000
Rajasthan 407 357 112 123 1000
Sikkim 386 513 2 98 1000
Tamil Nadu 268 383 228 122 1000
Tripura 341 344 117 199 1000
Uttarakhand 394 358 162 86 1000
Uttar Pradesh 435 302 127 135 1000
West Bengal 386 374 120 120 1000
A & N Islands 158 532 51 260 1000
Chandigarh 211 494 70 226 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 317 681 1 1 1000
Daman & Diu 336 424 192 48 1000
Lakshadweep 279 462 130 129 1000
Puducherry 224 485 196 95 1000
all India 347 397 134 121 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
70
Statement 3.6.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land possessed
for each State/UT

household religion: Hinduism rural
State/UT size class of land possessed (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 68 170 446 146 84 64 23 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 263 21 294 95 132 159 36 1000
Assam 107 12 352 214 193 111 11 1000
Bihar 202 68 499 130 62 30 9 1000
Chhattisgarh 202 86 304 169 152 67 20 1000
Delhi 479 301 220 0 0 0 0 1000
Goa 231 161 512 30 47 18 0 1000
Gujarat 51 160 344 208 75 100 62 1000
Haryana 18 163 447 86 123 111 53 1000
Himachal Pradesh 59 50 514 270 74 23 9 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 11 25 456 315 97 85 11 1000
Jharkhand 60 37 529 253 80 30 11 1000
Karnataka 76 149 337 183 136 83 35 1000
Kerala 65 32 795 70 25 11 2 1000
Madhya Pradesh 120 142 229 123 139 153 95 1000
Maharashtra 79 186 258 154 128 132 63 1000
Manipur 265 4 351 283 85 10 4 1000
Meghalaya 0 0 712 220 21 21 25 1000
Mizoram 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Nagaland 590 0 410 0 0 0 0 1000
Odisha 77 120 382 226 142 47 6 1000
Punjab 34 250 561 46 73 21 14 1000
Rajasthan 35 75 245 172 193 161 120 1000
Sikkim 66 272 312 238 86 26 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 24 235 546 110 53 26 8 1000
Tripura 84 20 643 214 30 8 0 1000
Uttarakhand 248 80 521 111 27 11 3 1000
Uttar Pradesh 42 66 480 233 112 52 14 1000
West Bengal 68 79 706 113 27 8 0 1000
A & N Islands 25 223 476 107 125 36 9 1000
Chandigarh 0 206 794 0 0 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 57 62 504 72 294 12 0 1000
Daman & Diu 0 744 168 78 10 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 610 390 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 0 538 343 38 28 27 26 1000
all India 82 117 432 166 102 70 32 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
71
Statement 3.6.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land possessed
for each State/UT

household religion: Islam rural
State/UT size class of land possessed (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 120 172 543 128 10 23 4 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 449 34 283 28 117 90 0 1000
Assam 25 8 368 289 222 83 6 1000
Bihar 187 43 648 81 29 12 1 1000
Chhattisgarh 318 573 100 9 0 0 0 1000
Delhi 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Goa 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Gujarat 89 204 411 115 86 26 69 1000
Haryana 0 89 616 95 19 178 3 1000
Himachal Pradesh 0 24 872 0 54 0 50 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 44 1 557 370 24 3 0 1000
Jharkhand 142 116 586 73 67 16 0 1000
Karnataka 142 325 362 38 40 75 18 1000
Kerala 94 49 803 43 5 5 1 1000
Madhya Pradesh 193 155 216 208 95 31 102 1000
Maharashtra 139 238 376 51 108 61 27 1000
Manipur 264 22 411 224 55 6 19 1000
Meghalaya 0 0 839 16 124 16 5 1000
Mizoram - - - - - - - -
Nagaland 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000
Odisha 1 16 615 369 0 0 0 1000
Punjab 0 386 537 33 0 13 31 1000
Rajasthan 5 127 240 177 207 133 110 1000
Sikkim 280 705 15 0 0 0 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 12 243 690 35 19 0 1 1000
Tripura 129 8 654 202 7 0 0 1000
Uttarakhand 30 171 590 142 65 3 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 106 120 571 142 38 21 2 1000
West Bengal 104 128 646 90 26 2 5 1000
A & N Islands 12 0 850 15 0 12 110 1000
Chandigarh - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 3 74 923 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 0 963 37 0 0 0 0 1000
all India 104 114 562 128 55 26 11 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
72
Statement 3.6.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land possessed
for each State/UT

household religion: Christianity rural
State/UT size class of land possessed (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 112 202 483 196 3 2 1 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 261 0 111 67 220 281 60 1000
Assam 22 108 387 124 193 45 122 1000
Bihar 214 0 784 0 0 0 2 1000
Chhattisgarh 557 85 4 351 0 0 3 1000
Delhi - - - - - - - -
Goa 12 123 753 27 85 0 0 1000
Gujarat 0 0 975 25 0 0 0 1000
Haryana - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 0 110 211 679 0 0 0 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Jharkhand 5 0 365 334 116 178 2 1000
Karnataka 0 15 352 596 1 37 0 1000
Kerala 55 14 670 151 81 24 4 1000
Madhya Pradesh 6 455 0 0 0 538 0 1000
Maharashtra 229 290 458 0 23 0 0 1000
Manipur 163 0 249 364 171 45 7 1000
Meghalaya 69 23 619 142 97 42 9 1000
Mizoram 247 23 179 420 109 21 1 1000
Nagaland 80 0 96 257 361 175 32 1000
Odisha 5 167 305 339 184 0 0 1000
Punjab 165 271 564 0 0 0 0 1000
Rajasthan 0 0 0 35 0 0 965 1000
Sikkim 3 104 529 336 28 0 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 5 231 580 94 53 34 3 1000
Tripura 65 0 383 522 30 0 0 1000
Uttarakhand 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 35 0 941 24 0 0 0 1000
West Bengal 263 0 734 0 3 0 0 1000
A & N Islands 0 192 557 147 104 0 0 1000
Chandigarh 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000
all India 82 83 520 177 87 39 13 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
73
Statement 3.6.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land possessed
for each State/UT

household religion: Sikhism rural
State/UT size class of land possessed (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0 710 0 0 290 1000
Assam 247 0 0 0 753 0 0 1000
Bihar - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Delhi 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Goa - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - -
Haryana 32 109 544 39 16 120 140 1000
Himachal Pradesh 0 0 734 117 50 0 98 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 52 0 580 228 140 0 0 1000
Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000
Karnataka - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Maharashtra - - - - - - - -
Manipur 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Meghalaya 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Mizoram 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Nagaland - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - -
Punjab 51 123 499 65 98 98 67 1000
Rajasthan 93 111 413 29 116 123 115 1000
Sikkim - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000
Tripura - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 6 151 520 10 295 10 8 1000
Uttar Pradesh 37 0 77 283 264 320 19 1000
West Bengal - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 353 0 535 106 6 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - -
all India 57 116 483 67 103 103 70 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
74
Statement 3.6.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land possessed
for each State/UT

household religion: Others rural
State/UT size class of land possessed (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 0 564 0 436 0 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 269 23 100 79 200 179 151 1000
Assam 0 0 850 0 150 0 0 1000
Bihar 0 911 88 1 0 0 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 0 239 761 0 0 0 0 1000
Delhi - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 286 532 54 38 0 90 1000
Haryana 0 0 563 226 210 0 0 1000
Himachal Pradesh 47 98 398 305 77 73 2 1000
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 45 12 281 431 113 118 0 1000
Karnataka 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Kerala 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 79 0 576 0 0 177 169 1000
Maharashtra 32 398 328 88 79 67 7 1000
Manipur 88 0 296 431 164 21 0 1000
Meghalaya 28 0 614 158 156 22 23 1000
Mizoram 323 35 278 363 2 0 0 1000
Nagaland 0 0 868 132 0 0 0 1000
Odisha - - - - - - - -
Punjab 164 492 51 47 92 0 154 1000
Rajasthan 0 185 0 638 21 157 0 1000
Sikkim 49 134 394 372 49 2 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000
Tripura 60 9 391 433 107 0 0 1000
Uttarakhand 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
West Bengal 0 0 544 408 39 10 0 1000
A & N Islands 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Chandigarh - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - -
all India 53 242 317 201 90 78 19 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
75
Statement 3.6.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land possessed
for each State/UT

household religion: all rural
State/UT size class of land possessed (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 72 171 452 147 77 60 21 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 268 18 162 81 183 192 97 1000
Assam 78 13 358 235 203 100 12 1000
Bihar 200 66 520 123 57 27 8 1000
Chhattisgarh 210 92 296 171 148 65 19 1000
Delhi 418 263 320 0 0 0 0 1000
Goa 173 154 573 29 57 13 0 1000
Gujarat 54 163 349 201 76 95 62 1000
Haryana 18 158 456 84 115 113 55 1000
Himachal Pradesh 57 51 514 270 74 24 10 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 30 11 514 344 57 39 5 1000
Jharkhand 63 40 507 256 83 41 9 1000
Karnataka 82 165 340 172 126 82 34 1000
Kerala 69 32 770 82 33 13 2 1000
Madhya Pradesh 123 143 228 125 137 150 95 1000
Maharashtra 79 202 268 145 124 124 58 1000
Manipur 216 4 309 317 122 25 7 1000
Meghalaya 61 19 631 142 99 38 10 1000
Mizoram 261 25 199 408 90 17 0 1000
Nagaland 90 0 107 250 352 170 31 1000
Odisha 75 119 384 230 140 46 6 1000
Punjab 50 166 512 58 88 74 53 1000
Rajasthan 34 78 247 170 191 159 120 1000
Sikkim 63 234 338 277 71 17 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 23 235 550 107 52 26 7 1000
Tripura 86 19 633 223 32 7 0 1000
Uttarakhand 229 87 525 110 36 10 3 1000
Uttar Pradesh 50 72 492 221 103 49 13 1000
West Bengal 80 93 687 106 26 6 2 1000
A & N Islands 16 202 520 115 112 23 11 1000
Chandigarh 80 144 751 24 1 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 57 62 505 72 293 12 0 1000
Daman & Diu 0 744 168 78 10 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 108 127 765 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 0 578 314 35 25 25 24 1000
all India 83 117 448 161 97 65 30 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
76
Statement 3.7.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land cultivated
for each State/UT

household religion: Hinduism rural
State/UT size class of land cultivated (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 641 5 101 102 77 56 17 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 483 16 86 107 175 131 3 1000
Assam 279 4 197 232 195 84 8 1000
Bihar 497 6 269 124 66 28 10 1000
Chhattisgarh 271 1 206 228 191 79 25 1000
Delhi 995 4 1 0 0 0 0 1000
Goa 605 0 100 223 32 16 23 1000
Gujarat 412 6 151 195 96 86 53 1000
Haryana 592 0 48 75 127 104 53 1000
Himachal Pradesh 165 2 582 196 41 13 1 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 218 3 405 245 108 17 3 1000
Jharkhand 298 16 403 209 42 21 10 1000
Karnataka 488 10 84 173 131 84 30 1000
Kerala 386 30 501 61 18 4 1 1000
Madhya Pradesh 304 20 117 177 149 160 75 1000
Maharashtra 431 8 125 131 128 128 48 1000
Manipur 282 7 280 340 85 5 0 1000
Meghalaya 351 21 479 124 0 20 4 1000
Mizoram 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Nagaland 901 0 5 94 0 0 0 1000
Odisha 376 2 238 203 133 42 5 1000
Punjab 779 10 88 13 74 16 20 1000
Rajasthan 288 2 96 200 168 146 100 1000
Sikkim 456 1 270 223 33 18 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 762 6 81 84 48 15 3 1000
Tripura 650 0 174 170 2 4 0 1000
Uttarakhand 434 7 434 94 21 7 3 1000
Uttar Pradesh 286 4 296 239 112 50 13 1000
West Bengal 569 12 291 99 23 3 0 1000
A & N Islands 648 0 146 149 38 16 4 1000
Chandigarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 677 0 24 85 202 12 0 1000
Daman & Diu 909 13 8 70 0 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 871 0 26 33 21 32 16 1000
all India 440 7 201 160 100 65 26 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
77
Statement 3.7.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land cultivated for
each State/UT

household religion: Islam rural
State/UT size class of land cultivated (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 820 9 35 96 15 21 4 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 848 0 17 18 117 0 0 1000
Assam 233 7 199 302 188 66 5 1000
Bihar 538 5 312 80 42 23 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 578 67 343 9 0 0 4 1000
Delhi 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Goa 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Gujarat 649 8 66 115 97 18 46 1000
Haryana 705 0 22 73 19 178 3 1000
Himachal Pradesh 360 24 511 54 50 0 0 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 104 1 614 260 17 4 0 1000
Jharkhand 550 64 237 88 48 14 0 1000
Karnataka 685 120 37 36 29 80 14 1000
Kerala 462 28 465 34 5 5 1 1000
Madhya Pradesh 403 20 98 273 68 71 68 1000
Maharashtra 679 52 51 37 115 52 16 1000
Manipur 233 7 407 296 33 4 19 1000
Meghalaya 245 53 549 148 0 0 5 1000
Mizoram - - - - - - - -
Nagaland 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000
Odisha 536 0 102 361 1 0 0 1000
Punjab 922 0 33 0 4 13 28 1000
Rajasthan 371 0 71 269 124 77 89 1000
Sikkim 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 883 0 64 34 19 0 1 1000
Tripura 538 0 173 288 1 0 0 1000
Uttarakhand 567 0 219 147 67 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 470 25 272 157 51 20 5 1000
West Bengal 685 2 199 91 18 2 4 1000
A & N Islands 781 0 96 0 12 110 0 1000
Chandigarh - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 171 122 707 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
all India 539 17 230 130 51 24 9 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
78
Statement 3.7.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land cultivated
for each State/UT

household religion: Christianity rural
State/UT size class of land cultivated (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 755 0 140 99 3 2 1 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 101 0 129 287 296 113 74 1000
Assam 276 0 265 116 278 66 0 1000
Bihar 614 0 383 0 0 0 2 1000
Chhattisgarh 339 0 439 84 92 12 34 1000
Delhi - - - - - - - -
Goa 854 0 52 50 44 0 0 1000
Gujarat 975 0 25 0 0 0 0 1000
Haryana - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 321 0 587 93 0 0 0 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Jharkhand 198 0 220 310 93 176 2 1000
Karnataka 382 0 234 367 1 16 0 1000
Kerala 317 7 446 135 83 9 4 1000
Madhya Pradesh 462 0 0 0 0 538 0 1000
Maharashtra 966 0 11 0 23 0 0 1000
Manipur 214 0 210 361 162 40 14 1000
Meghalaya 368 7 392 114 87 25 7 1000
Mizoram 206 0 150 531 101 7 5 1000
Nagaland 125 0 231 375 227 33 9 1000
Odisha 322 0 238 268 173 0 0 1000
Punjab 943 0 57 0 0 0 0 1000
Rajasthan 0 0 0 35 0 0 965 1000
Sikkim 486 0 372 142 0 0 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 785 0 46 84 50 35 0 1000
Tripura 168 0 633 139 30 0 30 1000
Uttarakhand 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 941 35 0 24 0 0 0 1000
West Bengal 903 0 94 0 3 0 0 1000
A & N Islands 628 0 170 129 73 0 0 1000
Chandigarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
all India 455 3 273 152 84 25 8 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
79
Statement 3.7.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land cultivated
for each State/UT

household religion: Sikhism rural
State/UT size class of land cultivated (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 710 0 0 0 290 1000
Assam 0 0 247 0 753 0 0 1000
Bihar - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Delhi 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Goa - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - -
Haryana 665 0 22 39 72 62 140 1000
Himachal Pradesh 283 0 462 50 0 106 98 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 227 0 405 238 130 0 0 1000
Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000
Karnataka - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 283 0 0 717 0 0 0 1000
Maharashtra - - - - - - - -
Manipur 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Meghalaya 915 0 85 0 0 0 0 1000
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000
Nagaland - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - -
Punjab 619 1 57 63 91 110 60 1000
Rajasthan 593 0 24 29 116 134 104 1000
Sikkim - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000
Tripura - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 266 0 411 10 295 10 8 1000
Uttar Pradesh 40 0 320 19 233 357 31 1000
West Bengal - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 862 0 85 51 2 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - -
all India 592 1 70 62 99 112 64 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
80
Statement 3.7.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land cultivated
for each State/UT

household religion: Others rural
State/UT size class of land cultivated (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 564 0 436 0 0 0 0 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 157 15 141 281 209 111 86 1000
Assam 202 0 648 0 150 0 0 1000
Bihar 999 0 0 1 0 0 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Delhi - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 286 0 532 54 38 0 90 1000
Haryana 563 0 0 226 210 0 0 1000
Himachal Pradesh 173 0 508 196 86 33 2 1000
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 139 0 214 428 107 111 0 1000
Karnataka 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Kerala 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 173 0 295 241 20 165 106 1000
Maharashtra 673 35 81 64 86 53 9 1000
Manipur 118 14 207 473 186 3 0 1000
Meghalaya 196 0 459 255 67 0 23 1000
Mizoram 255 4 337 366 38 0 0 1000
Nagaland 132 0 868 0 0 0 0 1000
Odisha - - - - - - - -
Punjab 837 0 0 9 0 0 154 1000
Rajasthan 362 0 0 638 0 0 0 1000
Sikkim 282 0 373 316 29 0 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Tripura 446 0 117 379 58 0 0 1000
Uttarakhand 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000
West Bengal 117 0 391 386 97 10 0 1000
A & N Islands 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Chandigarh - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - -
all India 457 19 160 197 90 62 16 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
81
Statement 3.7.1: Per 1000 distribution of households of different religious groups by size class of land cultivated
for each State/UT

household religion: all rural
State/UT size class of land cultivated (hectare)
0.000 0.001 -
0.004
0.005-
0.40
0.41
1.00
1.01 -
2.00
2.01 -
4.00
4.01 &
above
all
classes
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Andhra Pradesh 654 5 99 102 72 53 16 1000
Arunachal Pradesh 250 12 121 227 215 116 58 1000
Assam 264 5 200 251 195 78 7 1000
Bihar 504 6 276 117 62 27 8 1000
Chhattisgarh 275 1 212 222 187 77 24 1000
Delhi 996 3 1 0 0 0 0 1000
Goa 671 0 87 177 35 12 17 1000
Gujarat 429 6 145 190 96 81 53 1000
Haryana 599 0 46 74 121 104 55 1000
Himachal Pradesh 168 2 579 194 42 13 2 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 156 2 519 253 59 10 2 1000
Jharkhand 302 18 367 222 50 33 8 1000
Karnataka 505 20 81 162 121 83 29 1000
Kerala 387 25 482 71 29 5 1 1000
Madhya Pradesh 307 20 116 181 146 157 74 1000
Maharashtra 458 12 119 122 125 120 44 1000
Manipur 245 4 258 348 117 21 8 1000
Meghalaya 350 8 406 127 78 22 8 1000
Mizoram 216 1 184 499 91 6 4 1000
Nagaland 140 0 231 367 221 32 9 1000
Odisha 377 2 236 207 132 41 5 1000
Punjab 673 3 64 48 82 81 49 1000
Rajasthan 298 1 93 201 164 141 101 1000
Sikkim 417 0 299 243 30 12 0 1000
Tamil Nadu 766 6 79 82 47 16 3 1000
Tripura 633 0 173 185 4 4 0 1000
Uttarakhand 437 6 422 94 31 7 3 1000
Uttar Pradesh 310 7 293 227 104 47 12 1000
West Bengal 606 9 262 97 22 3 1 1000
A & N Islands 649 0 151 135 48 15 2 1000
Chandigarh 969 0 19 12 0 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 677 0 24 85 202 12 0 1000
Daman & Diu 909 13 8 70 0 0 0 1000
Lakshadweep 335 98 567 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 883 0 23 30 19 29 15 1000
all India 454 8 203 155 95 61 25 1000
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
82
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism rural male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 378 213 152 134 70 7 40 7 1000 178040 4934
Arunachal Pradesh 247 222 183 154 88 12 79 16 1000 831 400
Assam 113 286 345 143 72 6 32 2 1000 55202 3068
Bihar 336 215 139 184 81 5 35 5 1000 191372 4658
Chhattisgarh 223 311 189 143 91 3 32 7 1000 58824 2459
Delhi 59 134 255 315 128 1 108 0 1000 2333 102
Goa 51 219 201 297 186 6 21 19 1000 3597 229
Gujarat 224 287 242 134 63 12 28 10 1000 103161 2799
Haryana 197 234 139 213 138 16 51 12 1000 54600 2547
Himachal Pradesh 133 223 180 250 136 17 46 13 1000 19140 2487
Jammu & Kashmir 187 156 292 193 107 7 52 6 1000 9266 938
Jharkhand 344 183 181 171 70 3 45 4 1000 50915 2319
Karnataka 272 208 197 186 80 16 37 3 1000 104874 3122
Kerala 39 238 335 184 80 55 57 12 1000 46961 2045
Madhya Pradesh 273 296 187 129 75 4 31 6 1000 163805 4733
Maharashtra 180 209 234 194 105 21 47 10 1000 176976 6196
Manipur 85 63 204 321 172 16 122 17 1000 2143 1008
Meghalaya 28 307 352 181 104 0 27 0 1000 359 74
Mizoram 0 0 528 0 0 0 380 92 1000 2 3
Nagaland 0 30 597 58 315 0 0 0 1000 30 22
Odisha 261 279 232 114 61 5 43 6 1000 105428 4548
Punjab 243 227 160 232 94 10 33 2 1000 13618 605
Rajasthan 320 251 198 102 77 3 44 5 1000 139247 4079
Sikkim 93 438 203 110 66 2 57 31 1000 1119 604
Tamil Nadu 202 286 199 153 96 20 36 8 1000 117265 4110
Tripura 137 424 278 84 33 8 30 5 1000 8889 1807
Uttarakhand 103 153 243 168 271 5 34 23 1000 21614 1484
Uttar Pradesh 287 205 233 128 91 5 39 14 1000 363031 9009
West Bengal 203 389 195 124 50 2 32 5 1000 142289 3914
A & N Islands 175 335 244 108 62 16 46 16 1000 476 247
Chandigarh 89 249 4 445 194 5 15 0 1000 483 20
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 286 261 333 77 37 1 6 0 1000 587 182
Daman & Diu 11 86 406 273 113 69 37 5 1000 474 119
Lakshadweep 0 195 354 291 0 160 0 0 1000 10 5
Puducherry 122 340 171 169 80 46 68 5 1000 1107 196
all India 257 248 206 149 84 9 39 8 1000 2138071 75072
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
83
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism rural female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 596 190 79 80 35 2 14 3 1000 181699 5087
Arunachal Pradesh 344 289 107 146 69 4 39 0 1000 718 331
Assam 204 362 286 92 43 2 10 0 1000 51629 2875
Bihar 650 157 80 73 32 0 8 0 1000 175891 4253
Chhattisgarh 464 296 108 88 32 0 9 3 1000 56603 2357
Delhi 478 185 117 78 85 0 57 0 1000 2171 79
Goa 344 102 163 167 98 95 13 18 1000 3195 205
Gujarat 510 226 145 64 39 3 11 1 1000 99422 2722
Haryana 462 199 110 124 66 5 22 12 1000 47904 2282
Himachal Pradesh 295 221 153 168 102 7 39 15 1000 20357 2656
Jammu & Kashmir 377 167 190 141 94 7 14 11 1000 9332 919
Jharkhand 643 137 107 70 36 0 5 1 1000 47496 2156
Karnataka 497 183 145 115 45 2 12 1 1000 109114 3220
Kerala 104 249 264 170 97 26 68 24 1000 53343 2350
Madhya Pradesh 553 252 103 59 25 2 5 1 1000 149136 4318
Maharashtra 395 216 188 116 55 7 18 7 1000 174822 6082
Manipur 184 110 291 227 122 6 49 10 1000 2145 998
Meghalaya 37 402 374 137 25 0 24 0 1000 282 64
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 1
Nagaland 3 0 389 124 226 0 0 258 1000 45 24
Odisha 465 227 170 80 35 1 20 2 1000 109473 4616
Punjab 361 209 120 181 91 2 25 12 1000 14162 626
Rajasthan 685 156 83 45 24 1 4 2 1000 135395 4091
Sikkim 195 448 148 94 57 2 41 15 1000 990 543
Tamil Nadu 385 271 141 110 60 9 17 7 1000 129604 4435
Tripura 268 397 238 56 21 6 12 1 1000 8805 1750
Uttarakhand 390 194 181 90 95 0 30 18 1000 20410 1649
Uttar Pradesh 593 145 132 53 48 2 22 5 1000 349010 8771
West Bengal 379 372 144 64 28 0 9 3 1000 133635 3616
A & N Islands 229 277 219 118 76 34 44 3 1000 431 236
Chandigarh 90 538 7 23 99 0 236 7 1000 379 14
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 607 97 179 89 19 2 7 0 1000 569 171
Daman & Diu 67 253 283 236 137 0 24 0 1000 360 112
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry 388 213 160 97 106 4 29 3 1000 1189 191
all India 505 213 134 82 44 3 16 4 1000 2089715 73800
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
84
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism rural male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 488 202 116 107 52 5 27 5 1000 359739 10021
Arunachal Pradesh 292 254 148 150 80 8 60 9 1000 1549 731
Assam 157 322 316 119 58 4 22 1 1000 106831 5943
Bihar 486 187 110 131 58 3 22 3 1000 367264 8911
Chhattisgarh 342 304 149 116 62 1 21 5 1000 115427 4816
Delhi 261 159 188 200 107 0 83 0 1000 4504 181
Goa 189 165 183 236 145 48 17 19 1000 6792 434
Gujarat 364 257 195 100 51 8 20 6 1000 202583 5521
Haryana 321 218 125 171 104 11 38 12 1000 102504 4829
Himachal Pradesh 216 223 166 208 119 12 42 14 1000 39497 5143
Jammu & Kashmir 282 161 241 167 101 7 33 9 1000 18598 1857
Jharkhand 488 161 145 122 54 1 26 2 1000 98412 4475
Karnataka 387 196 171 150 62 9 24 2 1000 213988 6342
Kerala 73 245 297 176 89 39 63 18 1000 100304 4395
Madhya Pradesh 406 275 147 96 51 3 19 3 1000 312941 9051
Maharashtra 287 213 211 155 80 14 32 8 1000 351799 12278
Manipur 135 87 248 274 147 11 85 13 1000 4288 2006
Meghalaya 32 349 362 162 70 0 26 0 1000 641 138
Mizoram 0 0 483 0 0 0 432 85 1000 2 4
Nagaland 2 12 473 98 262 0 0 154 1000 75 46
Odisha 365 253 200 96 48 3 31 4 1000 214901 9164
Punjab 303 217 139 206 92 6 29 7 1000 27780 1231
Rajasthan 500 203 141 74 51 2 25 4 1000 274642 8170
Sikkim 141 442 177 103 62 2 49 23 1000 2109 1147
Tamil Nadu 298 279 168 131 77 14 26 8 1000 246869 8545
Tripura 202 409 258 70 27 7 21 3 1000 17694 3557
Uttarakhand 243 173 213 130 186 3 32 21 1000 42024 3133
Uttar Pradesh 437 176 183 91 70 4 31 9 1000 712041 17780
West Bengal 288 381 170 95 39 1 21 4 1000 275924 7530
A & N Islands 200 308 232 113 68 24 45 10 1000 907 483
Chandigarh 89 376 5 260 152 3 112 3 1000 862 34
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 444 180 257 83 28 1 6 0 1000 1156 353
Daman & Diu 35 157 353 257 123 39 32 3 1000 834 231
Lakshadweep 0 195 354 291 0 160 0 0 1000 10 5
Puducherry 260 274 165 132 93 24 48 4 1000 2296 387
all India 380 229 170 116 64 6 27 6 1000 4227787 148872
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
85
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 135 118 133 194 130 28 193 68 1000 66625 3271
Arunachal Pradesh 52 117 205 273 172 27 138 16 1000 330 400
Assam 24 126 192 206 189 21 218 25 1000 9117 1140
Bihar 136 161 111 221 150 7 163 43 1000 23883 1807
Chhattisgarh 62 159 135 184 191 21 176 72 1000 12473 1052
Delhi 51 116 145 212 208 29 211 28 1000 39661 1202
Goa 23 119 186 230 114 116 179 33 1000 983 278
Gujarat 70 173 187 242 122 37 120 50 1000 66490 2429
Haryana 119 160 146 180 186 50 122 34 1000 24347 1935
Himachal Pradesh 54 147 91 244 186 38 166 74 1000 1675 462
Jammu & Kashmir 66 137 197 248 151 12 148 41 1000 2900 769
Jharkhand 131 125 161 190 136 23 190 44 1000 14559 1320
Karnataka 104 125 144 206 146 41 207 28 1000 55986 2399
Kerala 23 168 286 213 97 64 119 30 1000 17156 1558
Madhya Pradesh 86 167 180 131 173 12 160 89 1000 46715 2915
Maharashtra 39 105 193 232 142 50 183 56 1000 121688 4874
Manipur 38 34 186 241 226 11 225 37 1000 1453 1554
Meghalaya 61 143 246 220 189 0 130 12 1000 331 142
Mizoram 8 250 287 173 194 11 77 0 1000 27 37
Nagaland 0 303 309 238 115 0 35 0 1000 143 45
Odisha 107 170 207 163 91 38 174 50 1000 17344 1504
Punjab 135 168 160 237 119 31 118 31 1000 19806 1697
Rajasthan 102 158 155 186 164 8 146 81 1000 41526 2118
Sikkim 3 259 154 221 177 37 150 0 1000 176 137
Tamil Nadu 99 179 186 211 120 46 118 42 1000 91711 3683
Tripura 53 254 255 185 93 5 133 23 1000 2107 721
Uttarakhand 128 108 125 207 150 17 153 112 1000 6398 908
Uttar Pradesh 126 132 169 150 164 22 158 80 1000 95709 3901
West Bengal 82 225 158 149 136 10 210 30 1000 62515 3610
A & N Islands 108 161 236 130 151 64 121 28 1000 371 291
Chandigarh 110 122 86 136 167 19 248 112 1000 2320 355
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 24 125 412 149 127 40 117 6 1000 272 174
Daman & Diu 37 84 243 376 134 42 73 10 1000 251 82
Lakshadweep 0 210 371 150 155 75 39 0 1000 6 14
Puducherry 38 168 213 182 71 80 160 88 1000 2154 503
all India 90 148 169 196 145 31 165 53 1000 849212 49287
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
86
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 291 165 117 171 108 7 114 26 1000 64030 3294
Arunachal Pradesh 98 210 244 220 151 7 66 4 1000 278 340
Assam 77 178 212 190 184 4 133 24 1000 8282 1096
Bihar 321 168 149 153 99 8 83 16 1000 21070 1571
Chhattisgarh 204 210 120 181 143 5 97 41 1000 12113 1035
Delhi 146 170 104 165 181 13 202 18 1000 30276 925
Goa 112 176 181 223 97 63 124 24 1000 938 274
Gujarat 197 194 169 161 116 13 112 38 1000 60656 2239
Haryana 313 146 111 144 121 11 104 50 1000 19720 1718
Himachal Pradesh 119 121 82 244 207 18 119 89 1000 1731 462
Jammu & Kashmir 201 111 157 194 155 4 133 44 1000 2777 743
Jharkhand 312 152 133 143 134 11 101 13 1000 12775 1180
Karnataka 228 120 151 218 123 20 116 22 1000 49187 2320
Kerala 61 183 246 201 107 52 109 41 1000 19423 1828
Madhya Pradesh 245 177 126 116 170 10 106 50 1000 44744 2712
Maharashtra 153 127 187 193 130 16 147 48 1000 106912 4455
Manipur 149 77 213 243 152 7 146 14 1000 1438 1519
Meghalaya 55 262 237 197 148 0 99 3 1000 338 128
Mizoram 51 194 465 152 43 0 94 0 1000 18 22
Nagaland 108 332 267 182 63 24 24 0 1000 97 32
Odisha 276 168 180 143 98 8 103 23 1000 16896 1480
Punjab 216 142 117 196 144 7 130 48 1000 16635 1462
Rajasthan 312 176 118 114 102 13 93 72 1000 38070 1923
Sikkim 137 263 304 168 123 0 6 0 1000 145 98
Tamil Nadu 210 214 158 177 110 19 92 22 1000 92365 3792
Tripura 133 269 267 127 81 8 96 20 1000 2185 765
Uttarakhand 200 136 103 146 146 1 154 114 1000 5506 851
Uttar Pradesh 296 121 124 118 143 7 121 69 1000 88119 3666
West Bengal 172 231 162 147 131 3 123 32 1000 61618 3434
A & N Islands 171 191 181 114 162 29 96 57 1000 356 297
Chandigarh 232 102 84 100 160 18 196 108 1000 1961 286
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 212 191 185 154 115 0 142 0 1000 188 116
Daman & Diu 160 220 219 226 26 13 132 4 1000 222 80
Lakshadweep 80 80 682 159 0 0 0 0 1000 2 7
Puducherry 175 189 163 139 132 69 95 36 1000 2336 530
all India 223 166 149 162 128 13 118 40 1000 783408 46680
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
87
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 212 141 125 182 120 18 154 48 1000 130655 6565
Arunachal Pradesh 73 159 223 249 162 18 105 11 1000 609 740
Assam 49 150 201 198 187 13 177 24 1000 17400 2236
Bihar 223 163 129 189 126 7 125 31 1000 44953 3378
Chhattisgarh 132 183 127 182 167 13 137 57 1000 24586 2087
Delhi 92 139 127 192 196 22 207 24 1000 69937 2127
Goa 66 147 184 226 106 90 152 28 1000 1921 552
Gujarat 131 183 178 203 119 26 116 44 1000 127146 4668
Haryana 206 154 131 164 157 33 114 41 1000 44067 3653
Himachal Pradesh 87 133 87 244 197 28 143 82 1000 3406 924
Jammu & Kashmir 132 124 177 221 153 8 141 43 1000 5676 1512
Jharkhand 216 137 148 168 135 17 148 30 1000 27334 2500
Karnataka 162 122 148 212 135 31 164 25 1000 105173 4719
Kerala 43 174 265 207 103 57 114 36 1000 36578 3386
Madhya Pradesh 163 172 154 124 171 11 134 70 1000 91459 5627
Maharashtra 92 116 190 214 136 34 166 52 1000 228600 9329
Manipur 93 55 199 242 189 9 185 25 1000 2891 3073
Meghalaya 58 203 242 208 168 0 114 8 1000 670 270
Mizoram 25 227 358 164 134 7 84 0 1000 45 59
Nagaland 44 314 292 215 94 10 30 0 1000 240 77
Odisha 190 169 194 153 95 23 139 37 1000 34241 2984
Punjab 172 157 141 219 130 20 123 39 1000 36441 3159
Rajasthan 203 166 138 152 134 10 121 76 1000 79596 4041
Sikkim 63 261 222 197 152 20 85 0 1000 322 235
Tamil Nadu 155 196 172 194 115 32 105 32 1000 184076 7475
Tripura 94 261 261 155 87 6 114 21 1000 4293 1486
Uttarakhand 161 121 115 179 148 10 153 113 1000 11903 1759
Uttar Pradesh 208 127 148 135 154 14 140 75 1000 183828 7567
West Bengal 127 228 160 148 134 6 167 31 1000 124133 7044
A & N Islands 139 176 209 122 156 47 109 42 1000 727 588
Chandigarh 166 112 85 120 164 19 224 110 1000 4282 641
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 101 151 320 151 122 24 127 4 1000 460 290
Daman & Diu 95 148 232 306 83 28 101 7 1000 473 162
Lakshadweep 17 182 438 152 122 59 30 0 1000 8 21
Puducherry 110 179 187 160 103 75 126 61 1000 4491 1033
all India 154 157 160 180 137 23 143 47 1000 1632619 95967
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
88
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 312 188 147 150 86 13 82 24 1000 244665 8205
Arunachal Pradesh 191 192 189 188 112 16 96 16 1000 1161 800
Assam 100 263 323 152 88 8 59 5 1000 64319 4208
Bihar 313 207 136 188 89 5 50 9 1000 215256 6465
Chhattisgarh 195 285 180 150 109 6 57 18 1000 71297 3511
Delhi 51 116 151 218 204 27 206 27 1000 41994 1304
Goa 45 198 198 283 171 29 55 22 1000 4580 507
Gujarat 164 242 220 177 86 22 64 26 1000 169651 5228
Haryana 173 211 141 203 153 26 73 19 1000 78947 4482
Himachal Pradesh 127 218 173 250 140 18 56 18 1000 20816 2949
Jammu & Kashmir 158 152 270 206 118 8 75 14 1000 12165 1707
Jharkhand 296 169 177 176 85 7 77 13 1000 65474 3639
Karnataka 214 180 179 193 103 24 96 12 1000 160861 5521
Kerala 34 220 322 192 85 57 74 17 1000 64117 3603
Madhya Pradesh 231 268 185 130 96 6 60 24 1000 210520 7648
Maharashtra 123 168 217 209 120 33 102 28 1000 298665 11070
Manipur 66 51 197 289 194 14 164 25 1000 3596 2562
Meghalaya 44 227 301 200 145 0 76 6 1000 691 216
Mizoram 7 233 303 161 181 11 98 6 1000 29 40
Nagaland 0 255 360 207 150 0 28 0 1000 173 67
Odisha 239 263 228 121 65 10 61 12 1000 122773 6052
Punjab 179 192 160 235 109 22 83 19 1000 33424 2302
Rajasthan 270 229 188 121 97 4 68 22 1000 180773 6197
Sikkim 81 414 196 125 81 7 70 27 1000 1295 741
Tamil Nadu 157 238 193 179 107 31 72 23 1000 208976 7793
Tripura 121 391 274 103 44 8 50 8 1000 10997 2528
Uttarakhand 109 141 216 177 243 8 61 43 1000 28011 2392
Uttar Pradesh 253 189 219 133 106 9 64 27 1000 458740 12910
West Bengal 166 338 183 132 76 4 86 13 1000 204804 7524
A & N Islands 145 259 240 118 101 37 79 21 1000 847 538
Chandigarh 107 144 72 190 172 16 208 92 1000 2804 375
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 203 218 358 100 66 14 41 2 1000 860 356
Daman & Diu 20 85 349 309 121 60 50 7 1000 725 201
Lakshadweep 0 201 361 236 60 127 15 0 1000 17 19
Puducherry 67 226 199 178 74 69 129 60 1000 3261 699
all India 210 219 196 163 101 16 75 21 1000 2987283 124359
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
89
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 517 183 89 103 54 4 40 9 1000 245729 8381
Arunachal Pradesh 275 266 146 167 92 5 47 2 1000 996 671
Assam 187 336 275 106 62 2 27 4 1000 59912 3971
Bihar 615 157 87 81 39 1 16 2 1000 196961 5824
Chhattisgarh 419 280 110 104 52 1 25 10 1000 68716 3392
Delhi 168 172 105 159 175 13 192 16 1000 32447 1004
Goa 291 119 167 180 98 87 38 20 1000 4133 479
Gujarat 391 214 154 100 68 7 49 15 1000 160078 4961
Haryana 418 184 110 130 82 7 46 23 1000 67624 4000
Himachal Pradesh 281 214 147 174 110 8 45 21 1000 22088 3118
Jammu & Kashmir 336 154 182 153 108 6 41 19 1000 12109 1662
Jharkhand 572 141 113 85 57 2 26 3 1000 60271 3336
Karnataka 413 164 147 147 69 7 44 7 1000 158301 5540
Kerala 93 231 259 178 100 33 79 28 1000 72766 4178
Madhya Pradesh 482 235 108 72 59 4 29 12 1000 193880 7030
Maharashtra 303 181 187 145 83 10 67 23 1000 281734 10537
Manipur 170 97 260 234 134 6 88 12 1000 3583 2517
Meghalaya 47 326 299 169 92 0 65 2 1000 620 192
Mizoram 51 193 461 150 43 0 103 0 1000 18 23
Nagaland 75 228 306 164 114 16 16 81 1000 142 56
Odisha 439 220 171 88 43 2 31 5 1000 126369 6096
Punjab 283 173 118 189 119 5 82 31 1000 30797 2088
Rajasthan 603 159 91 60 41 3 24 18 1000 173465 6014
Sikkim 187 424 168 103 66 2 36 13 1000 1135 641
Tamil Nadu 312 246 148 138 81 13 48 13 1000 221969 8227
Tripura 241 371 244 70 33 7 28 5 1000 10990 2515
Uttarakhand 350 183 164 102 106 0 57 39 1000 25916 2500
Uttar Pradesh 533 141 130 66 67 3 42 18 1000 437129 12437
West Bengal 314 328 150 90 60 1 45 12 1000 195253 7050
A & N Islands 203 238 202 116 114 31 68 27 1000 786 533
Chandigarh 209 172 71 88 150 15 203 92 1000 2340 300
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 509 120 180 105 43 1 41 0 1000 757 287
Daman & Diu 103 240 259 232 94 5 65 1 1000 582 192
Lakshadweep 80 80 682 159 0 0 0 0 1000 2 7
Puducherry 247 197 162 125 124 47 73 25 1000 3526 721
all India 428 199 138 104 67 6 44 14 1000 2873123 120480
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
90
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism rural + urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 414 185 118 127 70 8 61 16 1000 490394 16586
Arunachal Pradesh 230 227 169 178 103 11 73 9 1000 2158 1471
Assam 142 298 300 130 76 5 43 5 1000 124231 8179
Bihar 458 184 112 137 65 3 34 6 1000 412217 12289
Chhattisgarh 305 282 145 127 81 4 41 14 1000 140013 6903
Delhi 102 141 131 192 191 21 200 22 1000 74441 2308
Goa 162 161 183 234 136 57 47 21 1000 8713 986
Gujarat 274 228 188 140 77 15 57 21 1000 329729 10189
Haryana 286 198 127 169 120 17 61 21 1000 146571 8482
Himachal Pradesh 206 215 160 211 125 13 50 20 1000 42904 6067
Jammu & Kashmir 247 153 226 180 113 7 58 17 1000 24275 3369
Jharkhand 429 156 146 132 72 5 52 8 1000 125746 6975
Karnataka 313 172 163 170 86 16 70 10 1000 319161 11061
Kerala 65 226 288 185 93 44 76 23 1000 136882 7781
Madhya Pradesh 351 252 148 102 78 5 45 18 1000 404400 14678
Maharashtra 210 175 203 178 102 22 85 26 1000 580398 21607
Manipur 118 74 228 261 164 10 126 18 1000 7179 5079
Meghalaya 45 273 300 186 120 0 71 4 1000 1311 408
Mizoram 24 218 363 157 128 7 100 4 1000 47 63
Nagaland 34 243 335 187 134 7 23 37 1000 315 123
Odisha 341 242 199 104 54 6 46 8 1000 249142 12148
Punjab 229 183 140 213 114 14 83 25 1000 64221 4390
Rajasthan 433 195 140 91 70 4 46 20 1000 354238 12211
Sikkim 131 419 183 115 74 5 54 20 1000 2430 1382
Tamil Nadu 237 244 170 158 93 22 60 18 1000 430944 16020
Tripura 181 381 259 87 39 7 39 7 1000 21987 5043
Uttarakhand 225 161 191 141 177 4 59 41 1000 53927 4892
Uttar Pradesh 390 165 176 100 87 6 53 23 1000 895869 25347
West Bengal 238 334 167 112 69 3 66 12 1000 400057 14574
A & N Islands 173 249 222 117 107 34 74 24 1000 1633 1071
Chandigarh 153 157 72 143 162 16 205 92 1000 5144 675
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 346 172 275 102 55 8 41 1 1000 1617 643
Daman & Diu 57 155 309 275 109 35 57 4 1000 1307 393
Lakshadweep 8 189 392 229 55 114 14 0 1000 18 26
Puducherry 160 211 180 150 100 57 100 42 1000 6787 1420
all India 317 210 167 134 84 11 59 18 1000 5860406 244839
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
91
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam rural male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 306 205 182 177 63 3 62 1 1000 13836 407
Arunachal Pradesh 165 242 108 485 0 0 0 0 1000 30 20
Assam 204 410 217 101 54 1 13 0 1000 26102 1350
Bihar 405 259 133 144 43 1 13 3 1000 31471 764
Chhattisgarh 363 157 148 57 18 0 257 0 1000 501 21
Delhi 0 0 500 0 500 0 0 0 1000 259 2
Goa 0 179 106 358 179 0 0 179 1000 31 6
Gujarat 211 350 257 103 43 29 4 3 1000 8733 234
Haryana 275 486 170 48 9 0 13 0 1000 1534 79
Himachal Pradesh 0 590 98 227 52 0 0 33 1000 145 17
Jammu & Kashmir 310 93 257 193 80 2 50 14 1000 13500 2022
Jharkhand 333 222 135 159 106 1 42 2 1000 5849 310
Karnataka 364 254 172 116 48 34 13 0 1000 11005 325
Kerala 45 300 347 161 82 20 43 2 1000 15764 778
Madhya Pradesh 394 310 115 112 47 0 17 5 1000 5991 197
Maharashtra 145 273 284 134 59 43 55 5 1000 9332 350
Manipur 59 17 336 328 161 0 76 24 1000 347 171
Meghalaya 74 578 231 21 72 0 24 0 1000 209 44
Mizoram - - - - - - - - - - -
Nagaland 0 333 333 333 0 0 0 0 1000 3 3
Odisha 287 225 310 114 39 2 22 0 1000 1707 51
Punjab 327 315 50 151 98 40 0 18 1000 752 46
Rajasthan 349 346 223 62 11 0 5 4 1000 7757 249
Sikkim 25 647 329 0 0 0 0 0 1000 28 9
Tamil Nadu 150 390 231 141 53 4 26 5 1000 3049 135
Tripura 138 500 215 91 7 0 49 0 1000 681 161
Uttarakhand 318 320 219 126 6 0 9 0 1000 1745 138
Uttar Pradesh 427 258 168 86 30 8 9 14 1000 52620 1345
West Bengal 300 403 160 77 35 3 17 5 1000 62264 1680
A & N Islands 24 402 112 276 67 8 111 0 1000 41 24
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 32 268 208 320 23 112 38 0 1000 93 103
Puducherry 0 299 200 60 240 200 0 0 1000 85 7
all India 309 307 191 112 46 8 21 6 1000 275464 11048
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
92
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam rural female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 553 254 65 67 28 4 25 4 1000 12489 396
Arunachal Pradesh 283 164 215 181 157 0 0 0 1000 26 18
Assam 383 375 167 55 15 1 4 0 1000 23776 1200
Bihar 744 169 48 32 6 0 1 0 1000 28531 695
Chhattisgarh 286 429 126 151 3 0 0 5 1000 629 27
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 0 0 0 722 278 0 0 0 1000 20 4
Gujarat 484 325 146 42 3 0 0 0 1000 8007 237
Haryana 772 190 27 6 2 0 2 0 1000 1311 70
Himachal Pradesh 207 436 144 70 142 0 0 0 1000 175 19
Jammu & Kashmir 626 83 125 99 47 2 15 4 1000 12371 1848
Jharkhand 589 200 111 75 26 0 0 0 1000 5773 291
Karnataka 513 149 173 103 31 19 12 0 1000 11809 354
Kerala 101 309 327 139 74 11 34 4 1000 20253 1044
Madhya Pradesh 658 247 45 36 13 0 0 0 1000 5189 170
Maharashtra 380 235 207 97 53 5 24 0 1000 8539 328
Manipur 229 143 321 221 77 0 9 0 1000 396 170
Meghalaya 101 601 208 42 35 0 13 0 1000 185 40
Mizoram - - - - - - - - - - -
Nagaland 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1 1
Odisha 384 316 245 39 16 0 0 0 1000 1361 47
Punjab 695 91 61 83 56 0 14 0 1000 701 44
Rajasthan 751 150 76 14 7 0 0 1 1000 7442 242
Sikkim 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 3 2
Tamil Nadu 273 289 273 134 17 3 12 0 1000 3743 156
Tripura 295 406 185 76 33 0 2 3 1000 758 175
Uttarakhand 481 328 143 36 13 0 0 0 1000 1562 123
Uttar Pradesh 688 196 71 22 14 0 7 1 1000 54634 1421
West Bengal 454 374 109 47 7 2 5 1 1000 57114 1550
A & N Islands 158 290 146 323 62 22 0 0 1000 31 23
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 144 243 265 218 56 65 10 0 1000 88 92
Puducherry 0 726 0 274 0 0 0 0 1000 62 7
all India 526 260 124 57 21 3 9 1 1000 266980 10794
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
93
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam rural male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 423 229 127 125 46 3 44 2 1000 26325 803
Arunachal Pradesh 220 206 158 343 73 0 0 0 1000 55 38
Assam 289 394 193 79 36 1 8 0 1000 49878 2550
Bihar 566 216 92 91 25 0 7 2 1000 60003 1459
Chhattisgarh 320 309 136 109 10 0 114 3 1000 1130 48
Delhi 0 0 500 0 500 0 0 0 1000 259 2
Goa 0 109 65 500 218 0 0 109 1000 50 10
Gujarat 342 339 204 73 24 15 2 2 1000 16740 471
Haryana 504 350 104 29 6 0 8 0 1000 2845 149
Himachal Pradesh 114 506 123 141 101 0 0 15 1000 320 36
Jammu & Kashmir 461 87 194 148 64 2 33 9 1000 25871 3870
Jharkhand 460 211 123 117 66 1 21 1 1000 11622 601
Karnataka 441 200 172 109 39 26 12 0 1000 22814 679
Kerala 77 306 336 149 78 14 38 3 1000 36018 1822
Madhya Pradesh 517 281 83 77 31 0 9 3 1000 11180 367
Maharashtra 257 255 247 116 56 25 40 3 1000 17870 678
Manipur 150 84 328 271 116 0 40 11 1000 744 341
Meghalaya 87 590 220 31 55 0 19 0 1000 394 84
Mizoram - - - - - - - - - - -
Nagaland 0 500 250 250 0 0 0 0 1000 4 4
Odisha 330 266 281 81 29 1 12 0 1000 3068 98
Punjab 505 207 55 118 78 21 7 10 1000 1453 90
Rajasthan 546 251 151 38 9 0 2 3 1000 15199 491
Sikkim 22 679 298 0 0 0 0 0 1000 30 11
Tamil Nadu 218 335 254 137 33 3 18 2 1000 6792 291
Tripura 221 450 199 83 20 0 25 2 1000 1439 336
Uttarakhand 395 324 183 83 9 0 5 0 1000 3307 261
Uttar Pradesh 560 227 119 54 22 4 8 7 1000 107254 2766
West Bengal 374 389 136 63 22 2 11 3 1000 119378 3230
A & N Islands 82 354 126 296 65 14 63 0 1000 72 47
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 86 255 236 270 39 89 24 0 1000 181 195
Puducherry 0 479 116 150 139 116 0 0 1000 147 14
all India 416 283 158 85 34 5 15 4 1000 542444 21842
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
94
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 210 146 155 237 129 23 92 8 1000 11113 667
Arunachal Pradesh 84 272 203 300 18 0 92 30 1000 23 32
Assam 98 163 168 90 200 130 151 0 1000 1606 133
Bihar 303 191 116 229 54 0 87 19 1000 4662 284
Chhattisgarh 1 199 210 310 164 44 53 18 1000 909 80
Delhi 183 271 187 129 151 1 71 6 1000 6609 179
Goa 152 154 201 327 94 3 44 25 1000 231 59
Gujarat 140 252 274 154 104 12 36 28 1000 9558 392
Haryana 312 340 129 107 40 0 62 10 1000 971 67
Himachal Pradesh 6 162 164 149 290 148 0 81 1000 84 27
Jammu & Kashmir 246 83 204 170 150 13 109 25 1000 4044 1620
Jharkhand 220 313 157 102 112 3 88 6 1000 1684 153
Karnataka 103 178 181 347 74 21 82 16 1000 13335 551
Kerala 42 209 374 156 127 21 59 12 1000 5888 661
Madhya Pradesh 197 268 232 112 119 4 39 25 1000 7371 426
Maharashtra 97 285 265 195 97 21 30 10 1000 23473 1136
Manipur 54 34 194 399 172 8 122 17 1000 165 164
Meghalaya 0 396 0 248 0 148 208 0 1000 15 4
Mizoram 0 334 500 167 0 0 0 0 1000 5 6
Nagaland 0 235 358 408 0 0 0 0 1000 20 4
Odisha 67 205 429 134 66 14 84 2 1000 1166 73
Punjab 265 507 116 102 2 0 5 2 1000 689 53
Rajasthan 282 260 199 139 61 0 40 15 1000 8554 497
Sikkim 36 614 350 0 0 0 0 0 1000 14 15
Tamil Nadu 82 235 228 214 115 34 71 22 1000 8508 413
Tripura 169 573 88 11 0 0 158 0 1000 81 30
Uttarakhand 286 340 174 108 51 4 15 23 1000 1678 233
Uttar Pradesh 338 228 186 118 76 1 44 10 1000 29379 1613
West Bengal 163 400 211 108 61 4 45 10 1000 9505 507
A & N Islands 0 351 40 234 289 29 18 40 1000 72 54
Chandigarh 110 26 194 389 211 0 69 0 1000 112 14
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 3 2
Daman & Diu 0 263 0 406 331 0 0 0 1000 53 18
Lakshadweep 96 252 325 172 26 64 29 35 1000 91 255
Puducherry 48 234 384 129 90 41 56 17 1000 92 46
all India 190 242 214 175 95 13 56 14 1000 151764 10468
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
95
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 332 215 169 148 85 0 41 9 1000 11029 673
Arunachal Pradesh 121 507 177 107 89 0 0 0 1000 17 19
Assam 224 152 173 115 170 0 167 1 1000 1906 131
Bihar 418 182 86 173 78 9 51 0 1000 4485 247
Chhattisgarh 299 144 189 226 69 0 73 0 1000 1149 83
Delhi 331 135 143 179 94 0 117 0 1000 4051 109
Goa 269 182 107 257 91 0 90 4 1000 257 53
Gujarat 267 271 221 120 57 12 45 7 1000 9465 383
Haryana 612 203 52 69 50 0 14 0 1000 794 55
Himachal Pradesh 243 293 88 58 110 0 208 0 1000 49 21
Jammu & Kashmir 443 81 182 129 83 5 53 25 1000 3931 1499
Jharkhand 396 202 95 199 72 0 34 4 1000 1515 138
Karnataka 273 136 197 242 58 17 76 1 1000 13284 549
Kerala 102 231 302 190 90 15 54 15 1000 7171 797
Madhya Pradesh 373 225 171 74 104 2 48 2 1000 6280 380
Maharashtra 211 267 219 135 92 25 39 13 1000 20016 1025
Manipur 177 95 366 256 57 0 42 8 1000 141 141
Meghalaya 500 0 313 0 0 0 187 0 1000 12 3
Mizoram 0 666 333 0 0 0 0 0 1000 3 3
Nagaland 235 565 201 0 0 0 0 0 1000 20 4
Odisha 430 190 130 134 36 0 80 0 1000 883 64
Punjab 331 351 112 80 77 0 46 3 1000 465 46
Rajasthan 543 210 85 93 21 0 31 15 1000 8533 501
Sikkim 528 178 294 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1 4
Tamil Nadu 174 299 167 152 125 5 64 16 1000 9046 443
Tripura 500 352 140 7 0 0 0 0 1000 73 28
Uttarakhand 453 253 175 45 37 0 26 12 1000 1454 204
Uttar Pradesh 528 169 98 88 72 3 31 12 1000 27551 1563
West Bengal 352 394 126 74 30 0 21 2 1000 7961 417
A & N Islands 42 237 185 113 288 31 85 19 1000 62 53
Chandigarh 455 26 0 43 410 0 0 67 1000 115 11
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 512 488 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 7 3
Daman & Diu 44 264 485 56 151 0 0 0 1000 58 21
Lakshadweep 251 246 291 129 11 32 30 11 1000 102 287
Puducherry 229 262 199 211 81 0 18 0 1000 117 68
all India 345 218 163 133 76 8 48 9 1000 142003 10026
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
96
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 270 181 162 193 107 12 67 9 1000 22143 1340
Arunachal Pradesh 100 372 192 218 48 0 53 17 1000 40 51
Assam 166 156 171 103 184 60 159 0 1000 3511 264
Bihar 359 187 102 201 66 4 69 10 1000 9147 531
Chhattisgarh 167 170 198 263 111 19 64 8 1000 2058 163
Delhi 240 221 170 148 129 0 89 4 1000 10659 288
Goa 214 168 152 290 93 1 68 14 1000 489 112
Gujarat 203 261 247 137 81 12 40 18 1000 19022 775
Haryana 447 278 94 90 44 0 40 5 1000 1765 122
Himachal Pradesh 93 210 136 115 223 94 77 51 1000 133 48
Jammu & Kashmir 343 82 193 150 117 9 81 25 1000 7975 3119
Jharkhand 303 260 128 148 93 1 63 5 1000 3199 291
Karnataka 188 156 189 295 66 19 79 9 1000 26619 1100
Kerala 75 221 334 175 106 18 57 14 1000 13059 1458
Madhya Pradesh 278 248 204 95 112 3 43 15 1000 13651 806
Maharashtra 149 277 244 168 95 23 34 11 1000 43490 2161
Manipur 111 62 273 333 119 4 85 13 1000 307 305
Meghalaya 221 221 138 138 0 83 199 0 1000 27 7
Mizoram 0 444 444 111 0 0 0 0 1000 8 9
Nagaland 117 399 279 204 0 0 0 0 1000 41 8
Odisha 223 198 300 134 53 8 82 1 1000 2049 137
Punjab 292 444 114 93 32 0 22 3 1000 1154 99
Rajasthan 413 235 142 116 41 0 36 15 1000 17088 998
Sikkim 67 587 347 0 0 0 0 0 1000 15 19
Tamil Nadu 129 268 197 182 120 19 67 19 1000 17554 856
Tripura 326 468 113 9 0 0 83 0 1000 153 58
Uttarakhand 363 300 174 78 45 2 20 18 1000 3132 437
Uttar Pradesh 430 199 144 103 74 2 37 11 1000 56931 3176
West Bengal 249 398 172 93 47 2 34 6 1000 17465 924
A & N Islands 19 299 107 178 288 30 49 30 1000 133 107
Chandigarh 285 26 96 213 312 0 34 34 1000 227 25
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 338 323 338 0 0 0 0 0 1000 10 5
Daman & Diu 23 264 251 224 238 0 0 0 1000 111 39
Lakshadweep 178 249 307 150 18 47 30 22 1000 193 542
Puducherry 150 250 280 175 85 18 35 7 1000 209 114
all India 265 230 190 155 86 11 52 12 1000 293767 20494
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
97
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 263 179 170 204 92 12 75 4 1000 24949 1074
Arunachal Pradesh 130 255 149 404 8 0 40 13 1000 52 52
Assam 198 396 214 100 63 8 21 0 1000 27707 1483
Bihar 392 250 131 155 44 0 23 5 1000 36133 1048
Chhattisgarh 130 184 188 220 112 28 126 12 1000 1410 101
Delhi 176 261 199 124 164 1 69 6 1000 6868 181
Goa 135 157 190 331 104 2 39 43 1000 262 65
Gujarat 174 298 266 130 75 20 21 16 1000 18291 626
Haryana 289 429 154 71 21 0 32 4 1000 2505 146
Himachal Pradesh 2 434 122 198 139 55 0 51 1000 229 44
Jammu & Kashmir 295 91 244 188 96 5 64 17 1000 17544 3642
Jharkhand 308 242 140 146 107 1 52 3 1000 7533 463
Karnataka 221 211 177 242 62 27 51 9 1000 24340 876
Kerala 44 275 354 160 94 20 48 4 1000 21653 1439
Madhya Pradesh 286 287 179 112 86 2 29 16 1000 13362 623
Maharashtra 111 282 271 178 86 27 37 9 1000 32805 1486
Manipur 57 22 290 351 164 3 91 21 1000 513 335
Meghalaya 69 567 216 36 67 10 36 0 1000 224 48
Mizoram 0 334 500 167 0 0 0 0 1000 5 6
Nagaland 0 249 354 397 0 0 0 0 1000 24 7
Odisha 198 216 358 122 50 7 47 1 1000 2873 124
Punjab 298 407 81 128 52 21 3 11 1000 1441 99
Rajasthan 314 300 210 102 37 0 23 10 1000 16311 746
Sikkim 28 635 336 0 0 0 0 0 1000 42 24
Tamil Nadu 100 275 228 195 98 26 59 18 1000 11557 548
Tripura 141 508 202 83 6 0 61 0 1000 762 191
Uttarakhand 302 331 197 117 28 2 12 11 1000 3424 371
Uttar Pradesh 395 247 175 97 46 5 21 13 1000 81999 2958
West Bengal 282 402 167 81 39 3 21 6 1000 71769 2187
A & N Islands 9 370 66 249 208 21 52 26 1000 113 78
Chandigarh 110 26 194 389 211 0 69 0 1000 112 14
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 3 2
Daman & Diu 0 263 0 406 331 0 0 0 1000 53 18
Lakshadweep 63 260 266 247 24 88 34 17 1000 184 358
Puducherry 25 265 296 96 162 118 29 9 1000 177 53
all India 267 284 199 135 64 10 34 9 1000 427228 21516
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
98
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 449 235 114 105 55 2 33 6 1000 23518 1069
Arunachal Pradesh 219 299 200 152 130 0 0 0 1000 43 37
Assam 371 358 168 59 27 1 16 0 1000 25682 1331
Bihar 700 170 53 51 16 1 8 0 1000 33016 942
Chhattisgarh 294 246 167 199 45 0 47 2 1000 1778 110
Delhi 331 135 143 179 94 0 117 0 1000 4051 109
Goa 249 169 99 290 104 0 84 4 1000 277 57
Gujarat 367 296 186 84 32 6 24 4 1000 17472 620
Haryana 712 196 36 30 20 0 7 0 1000 2105 125
Himachal Pradesh 215 404 132 68 135 0 46 0 1000 225 40
Jammu & Kashmir 582 82 139 106 56 2 24 9 1000 16302 3347
Jharkhand 549 200 108 100 35 0 7 1 1000 7287 429
Karnataka 386 142 186 177 45 18 46 1 1000 25094 903
Kerala 101 289 321 152 78 12 40 7 1000 27424 1841
Madhya Pradesh 502 235 114 57 63 1 26 1 1000 11469 550
Maharashtra 261 257 215 124 80 19 35 9 1000 28555 1353
Manipur 215 130 333 230 72 0 18 2 1000 537 311
Meghalaya 126 564 214 39 33 0 24 0 1000 197 43
Mizoram 0 666 333 0 0 0 0 0 1000 3 3
Nagaland 222 587 190 0 0 0 0 0 1000 21 5
Odisha 402 267 200 76 24 0 31 0 1000 2244 111
Punjab 550 195 81 82 64 0 27 1 1000 1165 90
Rajasthan 640 183 81 56 15 0 17 8 1000 15975 743
Sikkim 134 791 75 0 0 0 0 0 1000 4 6
Tamil Nadu 203 295 198 146 93 4 48 11 1000 12789 599
Tripura 313 401 181 70 30 0 2 3 1000 831 203
Uttarakhand 467 292 158 40 24 0 12 6 1000 3016 327
Uttar Pradesh 634 187 80 44 33 1 15 4 1000 82186 2984
West Bengal 441 378 112 50 10 2 7 1 1000 65075 1967
A & N Islands 81 255 172 183 212 28 57 13 1000 93 76
Chandigarh 455 26 0 43 410 0 0 67 1000 115 11
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 512 488 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 7 3
Daman & Diu 44 264 485 56 151 0 0 0 1000 58 21
Lakshadweep 201 245 279 170 31 47 21 6 1000 190 379
Puducherry 150 422 130 233 53 0 12 0 1000 179 75
all India 463 245 137 83 40 5 22 4 1000 408983 20820
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
99
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam rural + urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 353 207 143 156 74 7 54 5 1000 48467 2143
Arunachal Pradesh 170 275 172 291 63 0 22 7 1000 95 89
Assam 281 378 192 80 45 5 18 0 1000 53389 2814
Bihar 539 211 94 105 31 1 15 3 1000 69150 1990
Chhattisgarh 221 219 176 209 75 13 82 6 1000 3188 211
Delhi 234 215 178 145 138 0 87 4 1000 10919 290
Goa 194 163 144 310 104 1 62 23 1000 539 122
Gujarat 268 298 227 107 54 14 22 10 1000 35763 1246
Haryana 482 323 101 52 20 0 20 2 1000 4610 271
Himachal Pradesh 108 418 127 133 137 28 23 26 1000 454 84
Jammu & Kashmir 433 87 194 149 77 4 45 13 1000 33846 6989
Jharkhand 426 222 124 124 72 1 30 2 1000 14821 892
Karnataka 305 176 181 209 53 22 48 5 1000 49433 1779
Kerala 76 283 336 155 85 15 43 6 1000 49077 3280
Madhya Pradesh 386 262 149 87 76 2 28 9 1000 24831 1173
Maharashtra 181 270 245 153 83 23 36 9 1000 61360 2839
Manipur 138 77 312 289 117 1 54 12 1000 1050 646
Meghalaya 95 564 215 38 51 5 30 0 1000 421 91
Mizoram 0 444 444 111 0 0 0 0 1000 8 9
Nagaland 106 410 276 208 0 0 0 0 1000 45 12
Odisha 287 239 289 102 38 4 40 0 1000 5117 235
Punjab 410 312 81 107 58 12 13 7 1000 2607 189
Rajasthan 476 244 146 79 26 0 20 9 1000 32286 1489
Sikkim 37 648 314 0 0 0 0 0 1000 46 30
Tamil Nadu 154 285 213 169 96 15 54 14 1000 24346 1147
Tripura 231 452 191 76 18 0 30 2 1000 1593 394
Uttarakhand 380 312 179 81 27 1 12 9 1000 6439 698
Uttar Pradesh 515 217 127 71 40 3 18 9 1000 164185 5942
West Bengal 358 390 141 66 25 2 14 4 1000 136843 4154
A & N Islands 41 318 114 219 210 24 54 20 1000 205 154
Chandigarh 285 26 96 213 312 0 34 34 1000 227 25
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 338 323 338 0 0 0 0 0 1000 10 5
Daman & Diu 23 264 251 224 238 0 0 0 1000 111 39
Lakshadweep 133 252 273 208 28 67 27 11 1000 374 737
Puducherry 88 344 212 165 107 58 20 4 1000 356 128
all India 363 265 169 109 52 7 28 6 1000 836211 42336
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
100
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity rural male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 365 184 85 181 63 20 96 7 1000 5155 195
Arunachal Pradesh 384 166 162 134 66 56 29 1 1000 656 428
Assam 154 318 348 123 32 0 20 5 1000 1813 141
Bihar 480 0 133 252 2 0 133 0 1000 254 7
Chhattisgarh 318 28 24 366 120 62 26 55 1000 1099 35
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 63 92 215 273 235 122 0 1 1000 990 60
Gujarat 0 620 0 0 0 25 355 0 1000 35 3
Haryana - - - - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 587 0 110 0 303 0 0 0 1000 48 4
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 8 1
Jharkhand 348 269 201 60 50 0 70 1 1000 1826 113
Karnataka 459 147 61 307 25 0 1 0 1000 798 22
Kerala 15 217 290 189 89 72 97 31 1000 16381 843
Madhya Pradesh 0 0 981 6 6 0 6 0 1000 178 5
Maharashtra 60 156 176 446 136 0 26 0 1000 1003 21
Manipur 115 130 323 227 137 3 62 3 1000 2571 1252
Meghalaya 56 491 248 121 49 1 34 1 1000 6024 1359
Mizoram 10 338 465 108 35 5 32 6 1000 1229 865
Nagaland 74 212 276 227 107 4 91 9 1000 2854 1289
Odisha 292 218 267 171 24 0 28 0 1000 1746 85
Punjab 589 219 106 76 9 0 0 0 1000 1062 38
Rajasthan 491 0 509 0 0 0 0 0 1000 256 3
Sikkim 166 207 167 379 21 0 60 0 1000 66 46
Tamil Nadu 118 272 123 226 175 32 37 19 1000 5274 220
Tripura 0 652 298 34 8 0 8 0 1000 35 13
Uttarakhand - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttar Pradesh 970 0 0 0 0 0 30 0 1000 101 6
West Bengal 359 352 110 70 101 0 8 0 1000 899 46
A & N Islands 200 242 285 174 28 4 67 0 1000 244 123
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 31 1
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 500 0 500 0 0 0 0 1000 1 2
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1 1
Puducherry 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 6 1
all India 142 246 232 184 87 32 63 15 1000 52645 7228
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
101
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity rural female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 520 179 85 136 55 22 3 0 1000 6333 203
Arunachal Pradesh 534 223 97 75 56 1 13 1 1000 578 417
Assam 321 417 241 21 0 0 0 0 1000 2031 137
Bihar 628 0 285 87 0 0 0 0 1000 391 8
Chhattisgarh 372 339 21 134 66 0 54 13 1000 963 34
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 150 139 52 341 199 50 65 4 1000 937 73
Gujarat 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 108 5
Haryana - - - - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 679 0 0 107 0 0 214 0 1000 42 4
Jammu & Kashmir 500 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 1000 17 2
Jharkhand 599 109 144 89 48 0 10 1 1000 1760 107
Karnataka 408 234 20 58 221 0 60 0 1000 825 28
Kerala 48 205 272 206 84 76 90 19 1000 17917 960
Madhya Pradesh 0 6 456 0 538 0 0 0 1000 178 5
Maharashtra 199 305 274 198 25 0 0 0 1000 734 22
Manipur 258 216 260 169 74 1 22 1 1000 2428 1207
Meghalaya 62 517 235 128 37 0 19 1 1000 5342 1242
Mizoram 25 415 451 77 23 0 9 0 1000 1159 821
Nagaland 116 295 260 165 111 2 48 2 1000 2758 1258
Odisha 530 275 149 27 11 0 10 0 1000 1803 88
Punjab 570 279 103 48 0 0 0 0 1000 1132 40
Rajasthan 18 491 491 0 0 0 0 0 1000 256 3
Sikkim 172 406 225 29 119 0 41 8 1000 79 40
Tamil Nadu 302 224 129 171 105 15 34 20 1000 6307 263
Tripura 145 454 102 0 7 39 253 0 1000 38 13
Uttarakhand 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 19 2
Uttar Pradesh 292 0 708 0 0 0 0 0 1000 57 5
West Bengal 475 396 25 94 9 0 0 0 1000 1285 45
A & N Islands 217 181 247 162 138 19 37 0 1000 248 128
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 500 1000 63 2
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1 1
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry 630 370 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 16 2
all India 232 260 202 152 72 30 43 9 1000 55800 7165
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
102
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity rural male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 450 181 85 156 59 21 45 3 1000 11488 398
Arunachal Pradesh 454 193 132 107 61 30 22 1 1000 1234 845
Assam 242 370 291 69 15 0 9 2 1000 3844 278
Bihar 570 0 225 152 1 0 52 0 1000 645 15
Chhattisgarh 344 173 23 257 95 33 39 35 1000 2061 69
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 105 115 135 306 217 87 32 2 1000 1927 133
Gujarat 0 907 0 0 0 6 87 0 1000 143 8
Haryana 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Himachal Pradesh 630 0 59 50 163 0 99 0 1000 90 8
Jammu & Kashmir 333 333 333 0 0 0 0 0 1000 25 3
Jharkhand 471 191 173 74 49 0 40 1 1000 3586 220
Karnataka 433 192 40 180 125 0 31 0 1000 1623 50
Kerala 32 211 280 198 86 74 93 25 1000 34298 1803
Madhya Pradesh 0 3 718 3 272 0 3 0 1000 356 10
Maharashtra 119 219 217 341 89 0 15 0 1000 1737 43
Manipur 184 172 292 199 107 2 42 2 1000 4999 2459
Meghalaya 59 502 242 124 44 1 27 1 1000 11366 2601
Mizoram 18 375 458 93 30 3 21 3 1000 2388 1686
Nagaland 94 252 268 197 109 3 70 6 1000 5612 2547
Odisha 413 247 207 98 17 0 18 0 1000 3548 173
Punjab 579 250 105 62 5 0 0 0 1000 2194 78
Rajasthan 254 246 500 0 0 0 0 0 1000 511 6
Sikkim 169 316 199 188 75 0 50 5 1000 144 86
Tamil Nadu 218 246 126 196 137 23 35 19 1000 11581 483
Tripura 76 548 196 16 8 20 136 0 1000 74 26
Uttarakhand 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 19 2
Uttar Pradesh 727 0 254 0 0 0 19 0 1000 158 11
West Bengal 427 378 60 84 47 0 3 0 1000 2184 91
A & N Islands 208 212 266 168 84 11 52 0 1000 491 251
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 333 0 0 667 1000 94 3
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 333 333 333 0 0 0 0 1000 2 3
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1 1
Puducherry 459 540 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 21 3
all India 189 253 217 167 79 31 52 12 1000 108445 14393
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
103
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 149 98 97 242 155 9 222 27 1000 2735 145
Arunachal Pradesh 38 87 103 263 270 12 220 8 1000 103 110
Assam 0 149 90 0 0 0 681 81 1000 52 11
Bihar - - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 19 274 185 65 174 0 177 106 1000 266 44
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Goa 34 127 166 256 85 64 207 61 1000 288 111
Gujarat 0 0 0 638 283 0 79 0 1000 190 4
Haryana 749 0 0 176 75 0 0 0 1000 53 5
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1 1
Jammu & Kashmir 0 51 267 423 203 0 55 0 1000 31 10
Jharkhand 362 125 71 140 95 6 148 51 1000 214 45
Karnataka 69 84 219 272 171 52 111 22 1000 1825 84
Kerala 34 171 204 241 111 78 105 56 1000 5838 427
Madhya Pradesh 188 11 126 146 253 0 62 214 1000 250 20
Maharashtra 21 36 137 264 234 63 207 38 1000 1970 67
Manipur 302 22 76 307 219 0 55 18 1000 49 47
Meghalaya 21 126 229 190 198 9 200 26 1000 948 481
Mizoram 2 162 395 197 114 10 107 12 1000 1109 1335
Nagaland 31 82 197 225 248 17 157 41 1000 842 485
Odisha 9 74 365 77 0 312 70 92 1000 189 17
Punjab 249 375 125 82 170 0 0 0 1000 330 31
Rajasthan - - - - - - - - - - -
Sikkim 0 0 69 611 251 0 69 0 1000 4 6
Tamil Nadu 51 147 165 235 154 51 156 42 1000 7585 313
Tripura 0 0 0 123 877 0 0 0 1000 7 3
Uttarakhand 0 209 265 265 105 0 157 0 1000 17 6
Uttar Pradesh 112 77 356 117 58 0 214 65 1000 266 19
West Bengal 0 0 302 211 282 66 115 24 1000 194 16
A & N Islands 48 152 251 177 167 95 72 37 1000 67 54
Chandigarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 6 1
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 2 2
Daman & Diu 0 0 402 65 130 0 402 0 1000 9 5
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry 0 66 74 92 124 42 325 277 1000 331 71
all India 59 129 182 231 155 48 151 45 1000 25773 3976
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
104
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 242 97 129 143 136 9 208 37 1000 2836 157
Arunachal Pradesh 200 115 179 265 194 0 48 0 1000 110 110
Assam 0 307 0 290 97 0 306 0 1000 43 10
Bihar - - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 122 236 128 27 154 0 313 19 1000 185 40
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 6 1
Goa 84 182 101 260 103 25 176 69 1000 433 150
Gujarat 0 0 157 0 241 88 514 0 1000 344 9
Haryana 910 0 0 0 90 0 0 0 1000 45 4
Himachal Pradesh 113 113 0 774 0 0 0 0 1000 10 3
Jammu & Kashmir 64 46 408 368 46 0 68 0 1000 25 9
Jharkhand 231 80 116 123 367 0 83 0 1000 320 55
Karnataka 174 29 237 142 132 133 141 13 1000 2661 98
Kerala 39 161 215 176 158 75 124 51 1000 5688 438
Madhya Pradesh 144 90 73 130 298 0 266 0 1000 291 22
Maharashtra 91 167 31 325 116 33 222 15 1000 1677 66
Manipur 260 43 319 156 99 0 122 0 1000 38 42
Meghalaya 35 181 234 183 163 16 151 36 1000 1139 537
Mizoram 10 238 419 176 97 6 41 11 1000 1166 1399
Nagaland 60 146 217 292 184 13 76 10 1000 838 482
Odisha 314 70 204 303 0 0 110 0 1000 233 18
Punjab 368 139 50 198 168 0 0 77 1000 279 25
Rajasthan - - - - - - - - - - -
Sikkim 0 0 507 232 232 0 30 0 1000 9 7
Tamil Nadu 140 143 218 168 99 37 171 23 1000 7979 331
Tripura 0 0 224 0 776 0 0 0 1000 4 4
Uttarakhand 100 0 0 299 452 0 150 0 1000 17 8
Uttar Pradesh 144 257 46 65 119 0 52 317 1000 320 19
West Bengal 0 146 193 292 250 0 121 0 1000 178 12
A & N Islands 161 144 156 145 139 159 70 25 1000 67 54
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 2 2
Daman & Diu 0 0 463 75 463 0 0 0 1000 8 3
Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1 1
Puducherry 45 90 100 234 139 71 259 62 1000 273 79
all India 119 136 196 179 135 47 157 32 1000 27227 4195
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
105
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 196 98 113 191 145 9 215 32 1000 5571 302
Arunachal Pradesh 121 102 142 264 231 6 131 4 1000 213 220
Assam 0 221 49 132 44 0 510 44 1000 95 21
Bihar - - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 61 259 162 50 165 0 233 70 1000 451 84
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 6 1
Goa 64 160 127 258 96 40 189 66 1000 721 261
Gujarat 0 0 101 227 256 57 359 0 1000 534 13
Haryana 822 0 0 96 82 0 0 0 1000 98 9
Himachal Pradesh 203 101 0 696 0 0 0 0 1000 12 4
Jammu & Kashmir 28 49 330 398 133 0 61 0 1000 57 19
Jharkhand 283 99 98 130 258 3 109 21 1000 534 100
Karnataka 131 51 229 195 148 100 129 17 1000 4486 182
Kerala 37 167 209 209 134 77 114 54 1000 11526 865
Madhya Pradesh 164 53 98 137 277 0 172 99 1000 541 42
Maharashtra 53 96 88 292 180 49 214 27 1000 3647 133
Manipur 284 31 183 241 167 0 84 10 1000 87 89
Meghalaya 29 155 232 187 179 13 174 32 1000 2088 1018
Mizoram 6 202 407 186 105 8 73 12 1000 2275 2734
Nagaland 46 115 207 259 216 15 117 26 1000 1680 967
Odisha 177 72 276 202 0 140 92 41 1000 422 35
Punjab 303 267 90 135 169 0 0 35 1000 609 56
Rajasthan - - - - - - - - - - -
Sikkim 0 0 376 345 237 0 41 0 1000 13 13
Tamil Nadu 96 146 192 201 126 44 164 32 1000 15564 644
Tripura 0 0 80 80 841 0 0 0 1000 11 7
Uttarakhand 51 102 129 282 282 0 153 0 1000 34 14
Uttar Pradesh 130 176 187 89 91 0 126 202 1000 585 38
West Bengal 0 70 250 250 267 34 117 12 1000 372 28
A & N Islands 105 148 204 161 153 127 71 31 1000 135 108
Chandigarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 6 1
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 4 4
Daman & Diu 0 0 430 70 285 0 215 0 1000 17 8
Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1 1
Puducherry 20 77 86 156 131 55 295 180 1000 603 150
all India 90 132 189 204 144 47 154 38 1000 53000 8171
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
106
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 290 153 89 202 95 16 140 14 1000 7890 340
Arunachal Pradesh 337 156 154 152 93 50 55 2 1000 760 538
Assam 150 314 341 120 31 0 38 7 1000 1865 152
Bihar 480 0 133 252 2 0 133 0 1000 254 7
Chhattisgarh 260 77 55 307 131 50 56 65 1000 1364 79
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 57 100 204 269 201 109 47 14 1000 1278 171
Gujarat 0 96 0 539 239 4 122 0 1000 225 7
Haryana 749 0 0 176 75 0 0 0 1000 53 5
Himachal Pradesh 597 0 107 0 296 0 0 0 1000 49 5
Jammu & Kashmir 0 250 211 335 160 0 44 0 1000 40 11
Jharkhand 350 254 188 69 54 1 78 7 1000 2040 158
Karnataka 188 103 171 283 126 36 78 16 1000 2623 106
Kerala 20 206 267 203 95 74 99 38 1000 22219 1270
Madhya Pradesh 110 6 482 88 151 0 39 125 1000 428 25
Maharashtra 34 77 150 325 201 42 146 25 1000 2973 88
Manipur 118 128 318 228 139 3 61 3 1000 2620 1299
Meghalaya 51 442 245 130 70 2 56 4 1000 6972 1840
Mizoram 6 255 432 150 73 7 67 9 1000 2338 2200
Nagaland 64 183 258 227 139 7 106 17 1000 3695 1774
Odisha 265 204 276 162 22 30 32 9 1000 1934 102
Punjab 508 256 111 78 47 0 0 0 1000 1392 69
Rajasthan 491 0 509 0 0 0 0 0 1000 256 3
Sikkim 156 195 162 392 34 0 60 0 1000 70 52
Tamil Nadu 78 199 147 231 162 43 107 32 1000 12859 533
Tripura 0 542 248 49 155 0 7 0 1000 42 16
Uttarakhand 0 209 265 265 105 0 157 0 1000 17 6
Uttar Pradesh 349 56 258 85 42 0 163 47 1000 367 25
West Bengal 295 290 144 95 133 12 27 4 1000 1093 62
A & N Islands 167 222 278 175 58 24 68 8 1000 311 177
Chandigarh 158 0 0 0 0 0 0 842 1000 37 2
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 182 637 182 0 0 0 0 1000 3 4
Daman & Diu 0 0 402 65 130 0 402 0 1000 9 5
Lakshadweep 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1 1
Puducherry 0 83 73 91 122 42 319 272 1000 336 72
all India 115 207 215 199 109 37 92 25 1000 78418 11204
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
107
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 434 154 98 138 80 18 66 11 1000 9170 360
Arunachal Pradesh 481 206 110 105 78 1 19 1 1000 688 527
Assam 315 415 236 27 2 0 6 0 1000 2075 147
Bihar 628 0 285 87 0 0 0 0 1000 391 8
Chhattisgarh 332 323 38 117 80 0 96 14 1000 1148 74
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 6 1
Goa 129 152 67 315 169 42 100 24 1000 1370 223
Gujarat 0 240 119 0 183 67 391 0 1000 452 14
Haryana 910 0 0 0 90 0 0 0 1000 45 4
Himachal Pradesh 565 23 0 241 0 0 171 0 1000 52 7
Jammu & Kashmir 236 28 444 222 28 0 41 0 1000 42 11
Jharkhand 542 104 140 94 97 0 21 1 1000 2080 162
Karnataka 229 78 185 122 153 101 122 10 1000 3486 126
Kerala 46 195 258 199 102 75 98 26 1000 23606 1398
Madhya Pradesh 89 58 218 80 389 0 165 0 1000 469 27
Maharashtra 124 209 105 286 88 23 154 11 1000 2411 88
Manipur 258 212 261 169 74 1 23 1 1000 2466 1249
Meghalaya 58 458 235 137 60 3 42 8 1000 6481 1779
Mizoram 18 326 435 127 60 3 25 6 1000 2325 2220
Nagaland 103 261 250 195 128 5 55 4 1000 3596 1740
Odisha 505 250 155 58 9 0 21 0 1000 2036 106
Punjab 530 251 93 77 33 0 0 15 1000 1411 65
Rajasthan 18 491 491 0 0 0 0 0 1000 256 3
Sikkim 153 363 255 50 131 0 40 7 1000 88 47
Tamil Nadu 211 179 179 169 102 27 110 22 1000 14286 594
Tripura 131 412 114 0 78 36 230 0 1000 42 17
Uttarakhand 308 260 0 143 217 0 72 0 1000 36 10
Uttar Pradesh 167 218 145 55 101 0 44 269 1000 376 24
West Bengal 417 366 45 118 39 0 15 0 1000 1463 57
A & N Islands 205 173 227 158 138 48 44 5 1000 315 182
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 500 1000 63 2
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 3 3
Daman & Diu 0 0 463 75 463 0 0 0 1000 8 3
Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1 1
Puducherry 76 105 94 221 132 67 245 59 1000 288 81
all India 195 219 200 161 92 35 80 17 1000 83028 11360
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
108
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity rural + urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 367 154 94 168 87 17 100 13 1000 17060 700
Arunachal Pradesh 405 180 133 130 86 27 38 1 1000 1448 1065
Assam 237 366 286 71 16 0 21 3 1000 3939 299
Bihar 570 0 225 152 1 0 52 0 1000 645 15
Chhattisgarh 293 189 48 220 107 27 74 42 1000 2513 153
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 6 1
Goa 94 127 133 293 184 74 75 19 1000 2648 394
Gujarat 0 192 80 179 202 46 302 0 1000 678 21
Haryana 822 0 0 96 82 0 0 0 1000 98 9
Himachal Pradesh 581 12 52 124 144 0 88 0 1000 101 12
Jammu & Kashmir 121 135 331 277 92 0 42 0 1000 82 22
Jharkhand 447 179 164 81 76 0 49 4 1000 4120 320
Karnataka 211 89 179 191 142 73 103 12 1000 6109 232
Kerala 33 199 262 201 98 75 99 32 1000 45825 2668
Madhya Pradesh 99 33 344 84 275 0 105 60 1000 897 52
Maharashtra 74 136 130 308 151 33 150 18 1000 5384 176
Manipur 186 169 290 200 108 2 43 2 1000 5086 2548
Meghalaya 54 450 240 134 65 3 49 6 1000 13454 3619
Mizoram 12 290 433 139 67 5 46 7 1000 4663 4420
Nagaland 83 222 254 211 134 6 81 10 1000 7291 3514
Odisha 388 228 214 109 15 15 26 4 1000 3971 208
Punjab 519 253 102 78 40 0 0 8 1000 2803 134
Rajasthan 254 246 500 0 0 0 0 0 1000 511 6
Sikkim 155 289 214 201 88 0 49 4 1000 158 99
Tamil Nadu 148 188 164 199 130 35 109 27 1000 27145 1127
Tripura 66 477 181 24 116 18 118 0 1000 85 33
Uttarakhand 211 244 83 181 181 0 98 0 1000 53 16
Uttar Pradesh 257 138 201 70 72 0 103 159 1000 743 49
West Bengal 365 333 87 108 79 5 20 2 1000 2556 119
A & N Islands 186 198 252 166 99 36 56 7 1000 626 359
Chandigarh 59 0 0 0 314 0 0 627 1000 100 4
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 100 800 100 0 0 0 0 1000 6 7
Daman & Diu 0 0 430 70 285 0 215 0 1000 17 8
Lakshadweep 0 0 690 0 0 310 0 0 1000 2 2
Puducherry 35 93 83 151 126 53 285 174 1000 625 153
all India 156 214 208 179 101 36 86 21 1000 161446 22564
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
109
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Sikhism rural male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 500 112 112 275 0 0 1000 3 6
Assam 0 0 98 301 301 0 301 0 1000 47 4
Bihar - - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 0 0 333 333 333 0 0 0 1000 1 3
Delhi 0 0 0 250 500 0 250 0 1000 3 4
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - - - - -
Haryana 188 278 187 199 108 24 11 5 1000 2893 143
Himachal Pradesh 73 356 61 31 480 0 0 0 1000 108 13
Jammu & Kashmir 101 65 324 378 72 0 36 24 1000 295 47
Jharkhand 0 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 1000 6 2
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 559 0 221 0 0 221 0 0 1000 161 3
Maharashtra - - - - - - - - - - -
Manipur 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 3 1
Meghalaya 0 843 66 0 0 0 91 0 1000 11 6
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1 1
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 263 219 179 199 111 6 20 3 1000 38684 2172
Rajasthan 357 284 155 80 99 1 18 6 1000 2929 82
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 39 3
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 222 431 251 87 8 0 0 0 1000 874 43
Uttar Pradesh 54 66 473 73 334 0 0 0 1000 1412 30
West Bengal - - - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 383 227 91 79 205 16 0 0 1000 187 30
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 257 224 188 186 115 7 19 3 1000 47657 2593
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
110
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Sikhism rural female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 293 120 0 587 0 0 0 0 1000 3 4
Assam 0 247 0 0 753 0 0 0 1000 19 2
Bihar - - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 0 0 500 500 0 0 0 0 1000 1 2
Delhi 250 0 0 250 0 250 250 0 1000 3 4
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - - - - -
Haryana 337 271 121 198 50 0 24 0 1000 2903 137
Himachal Pradesh 0 268 36 467 130 21 76 0 1000 93 15
Jammu & Kashmir 219 107 292 244 93 0 24 22 1000 322 46
Jharkhand 333 333 0 333 0 0 0 0 1000 9 3
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 717 0 0 0 0 0 283 0 1000 125 2
Maharashtra - - - - - - - - - - -
Manipur 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 3 1
Meghalaya 0 714 133 77 77 0 0 0 1000 13 8
Mizoram 0 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 1000 3 2
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 398 201 97 165 99 5 27 8 1000 38461 2114
Rajasthan 592 206 161 36 0 0 3 2 1000 3027 83
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 667 0 333 0 0 0 1000 39 3
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 442 253 218 70 17 0 0 0 1000 695 33
Uttar Pradesh 333 186 277 132 44 0 27 0 1000 1087 29
West Bengal - - - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 154 177 171 439 52 0 7 0 1000 203 30
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 403 205 110 158 87 4 26 7 1000 47009 2518
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
111
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Sikhism rural male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 142 58 258 342 58 142 0 0 1000 7 10
Assam 0 70 70 215 430 0 215 0 1000 66 6
Bihar - - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 0 0 400 400 200 0 0 0 1000 2 5
Delhi 125 0 0 250 250 125 250 0 1000 6 8
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - - - - -
Haryana 263 274 154 198 79 12 17 2 1000 5796 280
Himachal Pradesh 39 316 49 233 318 10 35 0 1000 202 28
Jammu & Kashmir 162 87 307 308 83 0 30 23 1000 617 93
Jharkhand 200 400 200 200 0 0 0 0 1000 15 5
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 628 0 124 0 0 124 124 0 1000 286 5
Maharashtra - - - - - - - - - - -
Manipur 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 5 2
Meghalaya 0 773 102 42 42 0 42 0 1000 24 14
Mizoram 0 333 333 0 333 0 0 0 1000 4 3
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 331 211 138 182 105 5 24 5 1000 77145 4286
Rajasthan 476 244 158 57 49 1 10 4 1000 5956 165
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 333 500 167 0 0 0 1000 77 6
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 320 352 237 80 12 0 0 0 1000 1569 76
Uttar Pradesh 176 118 388 99 208 0 12 0 1000 2500 59
West Bengal - - - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 264 201 133 266 125 8 4 0 1000 390 60
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 330 216 150 172 101 6 22 5 1000 94666 5111
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
112
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Sikhism urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 118 0 0 0 118 764 1000 64 3
Arunachal Pradesh 279 0 0 279 81 0 360 0 1000 5 5
Assam - - - - - - - - - - -
Bihar 0 0 112 112 224 0 553 0 1000 38 8
Chhattisgarh 0 0 143 52 610 0 195 0 1000 107 7
Delhi 0 0 0 294 160 0 393 153 1000 373 25
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 0 0 729 55 0 106 110 1000 142 8
Haryana 150 141 82 222 158 29 146 71 1000 912 94
Himachal Pradesh 39 0 377 313 0 0 135 135 1000 43 12
Jammu & Kashmir 15 38 137 324 357 7 98 24 1000 597 116
Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 408 0 592 0 1000 92 4
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 0 0 70 302 0 0 629 0 1000 21 4
Maharashtra 16 9 0 410 220 0 204 141 1000 414 13
Manipur - - - - - - - - - - -
Meghalaya - - - - - - - - - - -
Mizoram 0 0 333 667 0 0 0 0 1000 6 3
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 158 175 131 238 131 13 104 49 1000 11495 939
Rajasthan 277 120 135 160 41 0 266 0 1000 962 36
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 18 1
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 0 124 3 146 85 0 351 292 1000 51 9
Uttar Pradesh 0 71 12 413 292 0 207 6 1000 372 29
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 12 2
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 31 102 24 133 186 32 333 159 1000 445 54
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 139 146 114 244 146 12 141 57 1000 16168 1372
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
113
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Sikhism urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 134 0 0 0 0 866 1000 56 2
Arunachal Pradesh 304 0 304 0 392 0 0 0 1000 4 4
Assam - - - - - - - - - - -
Bihar 198 0 102 299 401 0 0 0 1000 41 7
Chhattisgarh 167 121 0 273 0 167 273 0 1000 92 6
Delhi 5 0 104 208 263 0 301 119 1000 336 23
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 402 0 500 0 0 98 0 1000 80 4
Haryana 267 175 38 168 135 6 98 113 1000 883 98
Himachal Pradesh 50 117 288 82 176 0 125 162 1000 47 13
Jammu & Kashmir 89 50 94 378 209 0 64 116 1000 595 110
Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 92 4
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 0 0 424 0 282 0 0 294 1000 22 5
Maharashtra 44 294 32 89 293 0 248 0 1000 533 16
Manipur - - - - - - - - - - -
Meghalaya - - - - - - - - - - -
Mizoram 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 2 1
Nagaland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 257 156 118 171 137 7 113 42 1000 10570 887
Rajasthan 487 152 28 204 32 0 98 0 1000 943 33
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu - - - - - - - - - - -
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 0 132 155 93 0 0 308 311 1000 48 9
Uttar Pradesh 196 354 16 119 92 0 57 167 1000 272 22
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 265 735 0 1000 39 4
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 20 93 103 138 317 0 188 141 1000 570 51
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 235 153 100 176 145 7 127 56 1000 15225 1299
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
114
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Sikhism urban male + female
State/ UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 125 0 0 0 63 812 1000 120 5
Arunachal Pradesh 291 0 146 146 230 0 188 0 1000 9 9
Assam - - - - - - - - - - -
Bihar 103 0 107 210 317 0 263 0 1000 79 15
Chhattisgarh 77 56 77 154 329 77 231 0 1000 199 13
Delhi 2 0 49 253 209 0 349 137 1000 708 48
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 144 0 647 35 0 103 71 1000 222 12
Haryana 208 157 60 196 147 17 122 92 1000 1795 192
Himachal Pradesh 45 61 331 193 91 0 130 149 1000 90 25
Jammu & Kashmir 52 44 116 351 283 3 81 70 1000 1192 226
Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 204 0 796 0 1000 185 8
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 0 0 253 146 146 0 304 152 1000 44 9
Maharashtra 32 169 18 229 261 0 229 62 1000 947 29
Manipur - - - - - - - - - - -
Meghalaya - - - - - - - - - - -
Mizoram 0 0 500 500 0 0 0 0 1000 8 4
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 206 166 125 206 134 10 109 46 1000 22065 1826
Rajasthan 381 136 82 182 36 0 183 0 1000 1905 69
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 18 1
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 0 128 77 120 44 0 330 301 1000 99 18
Uttar Pradesh 83 190 13 289 207 0 143 74 1000 643 51
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 205 795 0 1000 51 6
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 25 97 68 136 260 14 251 149 1000 1015 105
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 186 150 107 211 146 9 134 56 1000 31393 2671
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
115
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general education
for each State/ UT
Household religion: Sikhism rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 118 0 0 0 118 764 1000 64 3
Arunachal Pradesh 163 0 209 210 94 115 210 0 1000 8 11
Assam 0 0 98 301 301 0 301 0 1000 47 4
Bihar 0 0 112 112 224 0 553 0 1000 38 8
Chhattisgarh 0 0 145 55 608 0 193 0 1000 108 10
Delhi 0 0 0 293 163 0 392 152 1000 376 29
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 0 0 729 55 0 106 110 1000 142 8
Haryana 179 246 162 205 120 25 43 21 1000 3805 237
Himachal Pradesh 63 254 151 111 343 0 38 38 1000 152 25
Jammu & Kashmir 43 47 199 342 262 5 77 24 1000 892 163
Jharkhand 0 30 30 0 383 0 556 0 1000 98 6
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 494 0 203 35 0 195 73 0 1000 182 7
Maharashtra 16 9 0 410 220 0 204 141 1000 414 13
Manipur 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 3 1
Meghalaya 0 843 66 0 0 0 91 0 1000 11 6
Mizoram 0 0 272 543 185 0 0 0 1000 8 4
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 239 209 168 208 115 8 40 14 1000 50179 3111
Rajasthan 337 244 150 100 84 1 79 4 1000 3891 118
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 57 4
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 210 414 238 90 12 0 19 16 1000 925 52
Uttar Pradesh 43 67 377 144 325 0 43 1 1000 1784 59
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 12 2
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 135 139 43 117 192 28 235 112 1000 632 84
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 227 205 169 201 123 8 50 17 1000 63825 3965
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
116
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Sikhism rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 134 0 0 0 0 866 1000 56 2
Arunachal Pradesh 300 51 176 248 226 0 0 0 1000 8 8
Assam 0 247 0 0 753 0 0 0 1000 19 2
Bihar 198 0 102 299 401 0 0 0 1000 41 7
Chhattisgarh 165 120 4 275 0 165 271 0 1000 93 8
Delhi 7 0 103 208 261 2 301 118 1000 339 27
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 402 0 500 0 0 98 0 1000 80 4
Haryana 321 248 102 191 70 1 41 26 1000 3786 235
Himachal Pradesh 17 218 120 339 145 14 93 54 1000 140 28
Jammu & Kashmir 135 70 164 331 168 0 50 83 1000 917 156
Jharkhand 29 29 0 29 0 0 912 0 1000 101 7
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 608 0 65 0 43 0 240 45 1000 148 7
Maharashtra 44 294 32 89 293 0 248 0 1000 533 16
Manipur 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 3 1
Meghalaya 0 714 133 77 77 0 0 0 1000 13 8
Mizoram 0 288 712 0 0 0 0 0 1000 5 3
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 368 191 102 166 107 5 46 15 1000 49031 3001
Rajasthan 567 193 129 76 8 0 26 1 1000 3971 116
Sikkim 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tamil Nadu 0 0 667 0 333 0 0 0 1000 39 3
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 413 245 214 72 16 0 20 20 1000 743 42
Uttar Pradesh 306 220 225 130 54 0 33 33 1000 1359 51
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 265 735 0 1000 39 4
A & N Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chandigarh 56 115 121 217 247 0 140 104 1000 773 81
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 362 193 108 162 101 5 50 19 1000 62234 3817
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
117
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Sikhism rural + urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 125 0 0 0 63 812 1000 120 5
Arunachal Pradesh 229 24 193 228 158 60 109 0 1000 16 19
Assam 0 70 70 215 430 0 215 0 1000 66 6
Bihar 103 0 107 210 317 0 263 0 1000 79 15
Chhattisgarh 76 55 80 156 328 76 229 0 1000 201 18
Delhi 3 0 49 253 209 1 349 136 1000 714 56
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 144 0 647 35 0 103 71 1000 222 12
Haryana 250 247 132 198 95 13 42 23 1000 7591 472
Himachal Pradesh 41 238 136 220 248 7 64 46 1000 291 53
Jammu & Kashmir 90 59 181 337 215 2 63 54 1000 1809 319
Jharkhand 15 30 15 15 189 0 737 0 1000 199 13
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 545 0 141 19 19 108 148 20 1000 329 14
Maharashtra 32 169 18 229 261 0 229 62 1000 947 29
Manipur 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 5 2
Meghalaya 0 773 102 42 42 0 42 0 1000 24 14
Mizoram 0 113 444 331 113 0 0 0 1000 12 7
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 303 200 135 187 111 6 43 14 1000 99210 6112
Rajasthan 453 218 140 88 46 0 52 3 1000 7861 234
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 271 594 135 0 0 0 1000 95 7
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 301 338 227 82 14 0 20 18 1000 1668 94
Uttar Pradesh 157 133 311 138 208 0 39 15 1000 3143 110
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 205 795 0 1000 51 6
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 91 125 86 172 222 12 183 108 1000 1405 165
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 294 199 139 182 112 7 50 18 1000 126059 7782
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
118
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Others rural male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 275 175 201 166 116 6 56 6 1000 1479 981
Assam 0 0 431 100 369 0 100 0 1000 17 6
Bihar 48 97 782 71 1 0 1 1 1000 313 10
Chhattisgarh 0 0 652 0 348 0 0 0 1000 5 2
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 204 0 728 0 0 45 23 1000 115 9
Haryana 0 608 196 102 94 0 0 0 1000 138 7
Himachal Pradesh 96 251 122 236 166 26 92 10 1000 241 106
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 412 165 319 66 29 0 9 0 1000 7169 210
Karnataka 0 0 0 0 74 926 0 0 1000 22 2
Kerala 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 500 1000 8 2
Madhya Pradesh 81 347 167 31 195 0 126 53 1000 219 23
Maharashtra 123 208 265 215 99 42 34 14 1000 12177 372
Manipur 106 32 216 244 325 0 78 0 1000 113 49
Meghalaya 73 453 363 80 21 0 10 0 1000 596 91
Mizoram 126 398 295 107 40 3 33 0 1000 249 131
Nagaland 0 434 132 434 0 0 0 0 1000 19 4
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 46 561 4 125 245 0 17 0 1000 697 17
Rajasthan 0 554 0 23 135 0 288 0 1000 240 7
Sikkim 97 475 192 102 49 2 72 11 1000 608 312
Tamil Nadu 0 0 192 404 404 0 0 0 1000 36 3
Tripura 98 453 301 67 81 0 0 0 1000 449 68
Uttarakhand 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 7 1
Uttar Pradesh 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 195 1
West Bengal 497 14 305 70 63 15 36 0 1000 530 21
A & N Islands 333 0 333 333 0 0 0 0 1000 4 3
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 211 228 270 151 81 22 31 8 1000 25644 2438
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
119
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Others rural female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 436 564 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 12 2
Arunachal Pradesh 393 212 162 138 73 4 16 1 1000 1245 892
Assam 0 563 130 0 306 0 0 0 1000 13 4
Bihar 54 891 54 0 1 0 1 0 1000 283 7
Chhattisgarh 0 303 162 0 536 0 0 0 1000 10 5
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 249 400 249 67 0 0 35 0 1000 147 9
Haryana 0 788 0 0 212 0 0 0 1000 123 6
Himachal Pradesh 397 133 163 139 70 0 81 17 1000 311 111
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 803 71 67 39 20 0 0 0 1000 5054 163
Karnataka 0 0 861 69 69 0 0 0 1000 24 3
Kerala 0 333 0 333 0 0 333 0 1000 12 3
Madhya Pradesh 162 327 143 82 138 0 75 73 1000 252 23
Maharashtra 355 181 275 129 31 7 22 1 1000 13315 387
Manipur 234 41 298 318 83 0 26 0 1000 103 46
Meghalaya 160 444 266 97 23 0 10 0 1000 534 81
Mizoram 238 507 212 30 14 0 0 0 1000 234 137
Nagaland 0 434 566 0 0 0 0 0 1000 19 4
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 492 137 126 183 61 0 0 0 1000 746 17
Rajasthan 0 722 0 91 0 0 87 100 1000 370 7
Sikkim 229 451 162 92 44 2 21 1 1000 425 262
Tamil Nadu 288 425 0 0 288 0 0 0 1000 50 4
Tripura 210 609 97 75 0 0 0 10 1000 346 59
Uttarakhand 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 7 1
Uttar Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 195 1
West Bengal 272 626 0 63 8 0 18 13 1000 641 20
A & N Islands 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 3 2
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 433 210 196 104 33 4 17 3 1000 24473 2256
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
120
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Others rural male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 436 564 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 12 2
Arunachal Pradesh 329 192 183 153 96 5 38 4 1000 2724 1873
Assam 0 244 301 57 342 0 57 0 1000 29 10
Bihar 51 474 436 37 1 0 1 0 1000 596 17
Chhattisgarh 0 207 317 0 476 0 0 0 1000 15 7
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 140 314 140 356 0 0 40 10 1000 262 18
Haryana 0 693 104 54 150 0 0 0 1000 261 13
Himachal Pradesh 266 185 145 182 112 11 86 14 1000 552 217
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 574 126 215 55 26 0 5 0 1000 12223 373
Karnataka 0 0 446 36 72 446 0 0 1000 46 5
Kerala 0 200 200 200 0 0 200 200 1000 21 5
Madhya Pradesh 124 336 154 58 165 0 98 64 1000 471 46
Maharashtra 244 194 270 170 63 23 28 7 1000 25492 759
Manipur 167 36 255 279 209 0 53 0 1000 216 95
Meghalaya 114 449 317 88 22 0 10 0 1000 1130 172
Mizoram 180 451 255 70 27 1 17 0 1000 483 268
Nagaland 0 434 349 217 0 0 0 0 1000 38 8
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 277 342 67 155 150 0 8 0 1000 1443 34
Rajasthan 0 656 0 64 53 0 166 60 1000 610 14
Sikkim 152 464 180 98 47 2 51 7 1000 1033 574
Tamil Nadu 168 248 80 168 336 0 0 0 1000 86 7
Tripura 147 521 212 70 46 0 0 4 1000 795 127
Uttarakhand 500 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 1000 13 2
Uttar Pradesh 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 389 2
West Bengal 374 349 138 66 33 7 26 7 1000 1170 41
A & N Islands 600 0 200 200 0 0 0 0 1000 7 5
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 319 219 234 128 57 13 24 6 1000 50117 4694
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
121
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Others urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 0 156 148 157 236 0 224 78 1000 107 14
Arunachal Pradesh 144 38 165 230 238 18 148 13 1000 288 340
Assam 0 0 787 165 8 0 39 0 1000 27 5
Bihar 0 0 751 0 0 0 0 249 1000 8 2
Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 59 2
Delhi 0 0 0 88 234 0 591 88 1000 502 16
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 81 44 241 98 10 480 46 1000 2701 61
Haryana 45 309 0 0 264 382 0 0 1000 39 7
Himachal Pradesh 0 500 0 500 0 0 0 0 1000 6 2
Jammu & Kashmir 0 100 54 346 166 333 0 0 1000 16 10
Jharkhand 320 65 87 267 217 0 44 0 1000 687 66
Karnataka 1 17 0 328 84 30 506 34 1000 783 31
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1 29 118 130 181 12 342 187 1000 1164 91
Maharashtra 67 117 180 210 177 41 138 69 1000 13011 570
Manipur 44 46 258 208 143 13 279 9 1000 121 144
Meghalaya 0 187 417 148 136 49 64 0 1000 52 17
Mizoram 310 352 337 0 0 0 0 0 1000 4 6
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 289 282 95 35 70 0 148 81 1000 129 16
Rajasthan 4 65 120 173 254 0 250 133 1000 1289 97
Sikkim 6 250 143 302 60 0 217 23 1000 45 35
Tamil Nadu 0 369 294 148 19 0 148 22 1000 195 12
Tripura 0 0 237 93 221 0 26 423 1000 17 6
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 500 0 500 0 1000 15 2
Uttar Pradesh 50 33 0 90 398 0 340 90 1000 477 15
West Bengal 0 78 359 266 191 0 100 5 1000 136 18
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 55 97 141 206 177 29 223 71 1000 21880 1585
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
122
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Others urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 100 16 112 112 661 0 0 0 1000 75 11
Arunachal Pradesh 196 128 224 188 180 6 73 4 1000 281 339
Assam 0 953 0 8 40 0 0 0 1000 27 4
Bihar 0 0 751 249 0 0 0 0 1000 8 2
Chhattisgarh 0 736 0 264 0 0 0 0 1000 59 2
Delhi 0 0 108 182 0 0 601 108 1000 406 13
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 43 83 172 172 104 0 414 12 1000 2228 68
Haryana 120 354 0 354 0 171 0 0 1000 29 5
Himachal Pradesh 500 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 1000 6 2
Jammu & Kashmir 197 0 197 607 0 0 0 0 1000 1 3
Jharkhand 488 100 153 58 176 0 25 0 1000 393 48
Karnataka 44 42 105 229 208 0 145 228 1000 893 37
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 21 180 94 188 232 0 164 123 1000 1041 81
Maharashtra 189 118 208 166 134 9 132 43 1000 13947 581
Manipur 94 148 311 187 130 0 118 0 1000 139 155
Meghalaya 164 205 210 213 123 0 85 0 1000 79 25
Mizoram 638 362 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 2 3
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 330 401 0 147 34 0 0 87 1000 121 14
Rajasthan 92 105 184 221 171 0 133 94 1000 1305 101
Sikkim 25 361 162 220 73 144 8 8 1000 37 33
Tamil Nadu 28 0 0 28 480 0 93 371 1000 68 8
Tripura 0 0 248 752 0 0 0 0 1000 11 4
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 500 1000 15 2
Uttar Pradesh 209 86 22 238 0 0 240 206 1000 502 10
West Bengal 85 481 197 136 21 0 4 75 1000 182 25
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 154 117 184 174 137 7 168 59 1000 21854 1576
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
123
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Others urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 41 99 133 138 411 0 132 46 1000 182 25
Arunachal Pradesh 170 82 194 209 210 12 111 8 1000 569 679
Assam 0 474 395 87 24 0 20 0 1000 54 9
Bihar 0 0 751 125 0 0 0 125 1000 15 4
Chhattisgarh 0 368 0 132 500 0 0 0 1000 118 4
Delhi 0 0 48 130 130 0 596 97 1000 908 29
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 19 82 102 210 101 5 450 31 1000 4928 129
Haryana 77 328 0 151 151 292 0 0 1000 68 12
Himachal Pradesh 250 250 0 500 0 0 0 0 1000 12 4
Jammu & Kashmir 12 94 63 363 156 312 0 0 1000 17 13
Jharkhand 381 79 111 191 202 0 37 0 1000 1080 114
Karnataka 24 30 56 275 150 14 313 137 1000 1675 68
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 11 100 107 157 205 6 258 156 1000 2205 172
Maharashtra 130 117 195 187 155 25 135 55 1000 26959 1151
Manipur 71 101 286 197 136 6 193 4 1000 260 299
Meghalaya 99 197 292 187 128 19 76 0 1000 131 42
Mizoram 417 356 227 0 0 0 0 0 1000 7 9
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 309 339 49 89 53 0 77 84 1000 250 30
Rajasthan 49 85 152 197 212 0 191 113 1000 2594 198
Sikkim 14 300 152 265 66 65 122 16 1000 82 68
Tamil Nadu 7 274 218 117 138 0 134 112 1000 263 20
Tripura 0 0 241 361 131 0 16 251 1000 28 10
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 250 250 0 250 250 1000 30 4
Uttar Pradesh 131 60 11 165 194 0 289 149 1000 979 25
West Bengal 49 309 266 192 94 0 45 45 1000 319 43
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 105 108 163 190 157 18 195 65 1000 43733 3161
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
124
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Others rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 0 156 148 157 236 0 224 78 1000 107 14
Arunachal Pradesh 253 153 195 176 136 8 71 7 1000 1767 1321
Assam 0 0 652 140 145 0 62 0 1000 43 11
Bihar 47 94 781 69 1 0 1 7 1000 321 12
Chhattisgarh 0 0 50 0 950 0 0 0 1000 64 4
Delhi 0 0 0 88 234 0 591 88 1000 502 16
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 86 42 261 94 9 462 45 1000 2815 70
Haryana 10 541 153 79 132 85 0 0 1000 177 14
Himachal Pradesh 94 257 119 243 162 25 90 10 1000 247 108
Jammu & Kashmir 0 100 54 346 166 333 0 0 1000 16 10
Jharkhand 404 156 298 83 46 0 12 0 1000 7856 276
Karnataka 1 16 0 319 84 55 492 33 1000 805 33
Kerala 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 500 1000 8 2
Madhya Pradesh 14 80 126 114 183 10 308 165 1000 1384 114
Maharashtra 94 161 221 212 139 42 88 42 1000 25189 942
Manipur 74 39 237 225 231 7 182 5 1000 234 193
Meghalaya 67 431 367 86 31 4 14 0 1000 648 108
Mizoram 129 396 296 105 39 2 32 0 1000 253 137
Nagaland 0 434 132 434 0 0 0 0 1000 19 4
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 84 518 19 111 218 0 38 13 1000 826 33
Rajasthan 4 142 101 150 235 0 256 112 1000 1529 104
Sikkim 91 458 189 116 50 2 82 12 1000 653 347
Tamil Nadu 0 312 278 187 79 0 125 19 1000 231 15
Tripura 95 436 299 68 86 0 1 15 1000 466 74
Uttarakhand 0 0 306 0 347 0 347 0 1000 22 3
Uttar Pradesh 35 314 0 64 283 0 241 64 1000 672 16
West Bengal 395 28 316 110 89 12 49 1 1000 666 39
A & N Islands 333 0 333 333 0 0 0 0 1000 4 3
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 139 168 211 176 125 25 119 37 1000 47524 4023
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
125
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Others rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 146 91 97 97 570 0 0 0 1000 87 13
Arunachal Pradesh 357 199 174 147 92 4 26 1 1000 1526 1231
Assam 0 828 42 5 125 0 0 0 1000 39 8
Bihar 52 867 72 7 1 0 1 0 1000 290 9
Chhattisgarh 0 670 24 225 81 0 0 0 1000 69 7
Delhi 0 0 108 182 0 0 601 108 1000 406 13
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 55 103 177 166 97 0 391 11 1000 2375 77
Haryana 23 705 0 68 171 33 0 0 1000 152 11
Himachal Pradesh 399 130 160 146 69 0 79 17 1000 317 113
Jammu & Kashmir 197 0 197 607 0 0 0 0 1000 1 3
Jharkhand 780 73 73 40 31 0 2 0 1000 5448 211
Karnataka 43 41 124 224 205 0 141 222 1000 917 40
Kerala 0 333 0 333 0 0 333 0 1000 12 3
Madhya Pradesh 48 208 103 167 213 0 147 113 1000 1293 104
Maharashtra 270 149 241 148 84 8 78 22 1000 27262 968
Manipur 154 102 306 243 110 0 79 0 1000 243 201
Meghalaya 161 413 259 112 36 0 20 0 1000 613 106
Mizoram 242 505 210 30 14 0 0 0 1000 236 140
Nagaland 0 434 566 0 0 0 0 0 1000 19 4
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 470 174 108 178 58 0 0 12 1000 867 31
Rajasthan 72 241 143 192 133 0 123 95 1000 1675 108
Sikkim 213 443 162 102 46 13 20 1 1000 462 295
Tamil Nadu 138 181 0 16 398 0 53 213 1000 118 12
Tripura 203 589 102 96 0 0 0 10 1000 357 63
Uttarakhand 306 0 0 347 0 0 0 347 1000 22 3
Uttar Pradesh 430 62 16 171 0 0 173 148 1000 696 11
West Bengal 230 595 44 80 11 0 15 26 1000 823 45
A & N Islands 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 3 2
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 301 167 190 137 82 5 88 29 1000 46327 3832
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
126
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: Others rural + urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 65 127 125 130 386 0 124 43 1000 194 27
Arunachal Pradesh 301 174 185 163 116 6 50 4 1000 3293 2552
Assam 0 393 362 76 136 0 33 0 1000 83 19
Bihar 50 462 444 39 1 0 1 4 1000 611 21
Chhattisgarh 0 349 36 117 497 0 0 0 1000 133 11
Delhi 0 0 48 130 130 0 596 97 1000 908 29
Goa - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 25 94 104 217 95 5 429 30 1000 5190 147
Haryana 16 617 82 74 150 61 0 0 1000 329 25
Himachal Pradesh 265 185 142 188 110 11 84 14 1000 564 221
Jammu & Kashmir 12 94 63 363 156 312 0 0 1000 17 13
Jharkhand 558 122 206 66 40 0 8 0 1000 13304 487
Karnataka 23 30 66 269 148 26 305 134 1000 1721 73
Kerala 0 200 200 200 0 0 200 200 1000 21 5
Madhya Pradesh 31 142 115 140 198 5 230 140 1000 2677 218
Maharashtra 186 155 231 179 110 24 83 32 1000 52451 1910
Manipur 115 71 272 234 169 3 129 2 1000 477 394
Meghalaya 112 422 315 98 33 2 17 0 1000 1261 214
Mizoram 183 448 254 69 27 1 17 0 1000 490 277
Nagaland 0 434 349 217 0 0 0 0 1000 38 8
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 282 342 65 145 136 0 18 12 1000 1693 64
Rajasthan 39 194 123 172 182 0 187 103 1000 3204 212
Sikkim 141 453 178 110 48 6 56 7 1000 1115 642
Tamil Nadu 47 268 184 129 187 0 101 84 1000 349 27
Tripura 142 503 213 80 49 0 1 13 1000 823 137
Uttarakhand 153 0 153 173 173 0 173 173 1000 43 6
Uttar Pradesh 236 186 8 118 139 0 206 107 1000 1368 27
West Bengal 304 341 165 93 46 5 30 15 1000 1489 84
A & N Islands 600 0 200 200 0 0 0 0 1000 7 5
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 219 168 200 157 104 15 104 33 1000 93851 7855
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
127
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: all rural male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 372 212 153 138 69 7 43 6 1000 197031 5536
Arunachal Pradesh 289 188 187 159 96 19 56 7 1000 3000 1838
Assam 142 325 305 130 65 4 26 2 1000 83190 4571
Bihar 345 220 139 179 76 4 32 5 1000 223485 5444
Chhattisgarh 226 305 186 146 91 4 34 8 1000 60429 2520
Delhi 53 121 279 283 165 0 98 0 1000 2595 108
Goa 54 191 204 292 196 31 16 16 1000 4618 295
Gujarat 223 291 242 132 61 14 26 10 1000 112078 3046
Haryana 199 243 142 208 133 16 48 11 1000 59166 2776
Himachal Pradesh 132 227 178 248 138 17 46 13 1000 19682 2627
Jammu & Kashmir 258 119 272 195 91 4 51 11 1000 23069 3008
Jharkhand 350 186 192 156 68 2 41 3 1000 65766 2954
Karnataka 282 211 194 180 77 18 35 3 1000 116700 3471
Kerala 35 246 328 181 82 51 63 14 1000 79115 3668
Madhya Pradesh 277 296 185 128 74 4 30 6 1000 170354 4961
Maharashtra 175 213 238 193 102 23 46 10 1000 199488 6939
Manipur 98 92 272 273 157 8 88 10 1000 5178 2483
Meghalaya 56 482 262 117 50 1 31 0 1000 7200 1574
Mizoram 29 346 437 108 37 5 32 5 1000 1484 1002
Nagaland 72 212 279 227 108 4 89 9 1000 2906 1318
Odisha 262 277 233 115 60 5 42 5 1000 108881 4684
Punjab 263 226 169 203 106 7 23 3 1000 54813 2878
Rajasthan 322 256 199 99 74 3 42 5 1000 150447 4422
Sikkim 96 444 200 115 58 2 61 23 1000 1820 971
Tamil Nadu 197 287 197 156 99 20 36 8 1000 125663 4471
Tripura 135 430 275 84 33 7 30 5 1000 10054 2049
Uttarakhand 123 175 241 162 242 5 31 20 1000 24240 1666
Uttar Pradesh 304 211 225 122 84 6 35 14 1000 417359 10391
West Bengal 234 392 184 109 46 2 27 5 1000 205982 5661
A & N Islands 175 307 250 139 51 11 56 10 1000 765 397
Chandigarh 163 231 27 328 188 8 10 45 1000 701 51
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 285 261 332 78 37 1 6 0 1000 589 184
Daman & Diu 11 86 406 273 113 69 37 5 1000 474 119
Lakshadweep 28 256 233 313 21 115 34 0 1000 104 109
Puducherry 112 341 172 161 90 57 63 4 1000 1198 204
all India 260 253 205 147 80 10 37 8 1000 2539622 98396
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
128
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: all rural female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 591 194 79 81 35 3 14 3 1000 200533 5688
Arunachal Pradesh 410 236 133 127 69 3 22 1 1000 2571 1665
Assam 262 367 248 79 34 1 8 0 1000 77479 4220
Bihar 663 159 75 67 28 0 7 0 1000 205190 4968
Chhattisgarh 461 298 106 89 33 0 10 3 1000 58206 2425
Delhi 478 185 116 78 85 0 57 0 1000 2174 83
Goa 298 111 137 209 121 84 25 15 1000 4152 282
Gujarat 507 235 146 62 36 3 10 1 1000 107685 2973
Haryana 461 204 108 125 64 5 22 11 1000 52241 2495
Himachal Pradesh 295 221 152 168 102 7 40 15 1000 20978 2805
Jammu & Kashmir 514 118 155 119 68 4 15 7 1000 22042 2815
Jharkhand 650 137 105 68 34 0 4 0 1000 60092 2720
Karnataka 497 181 147 114 45 3 12 0 1000 121771 3605
Kerala 92 255 279 170 89 32 65 18 1000 91526 4357
Madhya Pradesh 555 251 101 58 26 2 5 1 1000 154881 4518
Maharashtra 391 214 195 116 53 7 19 6 1000 197410 6819
Manipur 224 163 278 201 95 3 32 5 1000 5076 2426
Meghalaya 70 509 243 123 36 0 18 1 1000 6355 1435
Mizoram 61 431 410 69 22 0 7 0 1000 1397 962
Nagaland 113 292 264 163 112 2 47 6 1000 2823 1287
Odisha 465 229 170 78 34 1 20 2 1000 112637 4751
Punjab 397 202 103 166 94 4 25 8 1000 55202 2841
Rajasthan 684 159 85 44 23 0 4 2 1000 146508 4428
Sikkim 203 448 156 90 57 2 35 11 1000 1496 847
Tamil Nadu 378 270 144 114 61 9 17 7 1000 139743 4861
Tripura 268 404 228 58 21 6 11 1 1000 9947 1997
Uttarakhand 398 207 179 85 87 0 27 17 1000 22693 1808
Uttar Pradesh 605 153 124 49 43 2 20 4 1000 404983 10227
West Bengal 402 374 133 59 21 1 7 3 1000 192674 5231
A & N Islands 225 244 225 142 96 28 39 2 1000 712 389
Chandigarh 101 372 58 152 123 0 141 53 1000 645 46
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 606 97 180 89 19 2 7 0 1000 570 172
Daman & Diu 67 253 283 236 137 0 24 0 1000 360 112
Lakshadweep 144 243 265 218 56 65 10 0 1000 88 92
Puducherry 372 240 150 104 100 3 28 3 1000 1267 200
all India 498 220 135 82 42 4 16 4 1000 2484105 96550
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
129
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: all rural male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 483 203 115 109 52 5 28 5 1000 397563 11224
Arunachal Pradesh 345 210 162 144 83 12 40 4 1000 5572 3503
Assam 200 345 277 105 50 3 17 1 1000 160670 8791
Bihar 497 191 109 125 53 2 20 2 1000 428675 10412
Chhattisgarh 341 301 147 118 62 2 22 6 1000 118636 4945
Delhi 247 149 205 190 129 0 79 0 1000 4769 191
Goa 169 153 172 253 161 56 20 15 1000 8769 577
Gujarat 362 263 195 98 49 8 18 6 1000 219763 6019
Haryana 322 226 126 169 100 11 36 11 1000 111406 5271
Himachal Pradesh 216 224 164 207 119 12 43 14 1000 40660 5432
Jammu & Kashmir 383 118 215 158 80 4 33 9 1000 45111 5823
Jharkhand 493 164 151 114 52 1 24 2 1000 125858 5674
Karnataka 392 196 170 146 60 10 23 2 1000 238471 7076
Kerala 66 251 302 175 86 41 64 16 1000 170641 8025
Madhya Pradesh 409 275 145 95 51 3 18 4 1000 325234 9479
Maharashtra 282 214 217 155 78 15 32 8 1000 396898 13758
Manipur 161 127 275 238 126 6 60 7 1000 10254 4909
Meghalaya 63 493 253 120 44 1 25 1 1000 13555 3009
Mizoram 45 387 424 89 30 3 20 2 1000 2880 1964
Nagaland 92 251 271 195 110 3 68 8 1000 5729 2605
Odisha 365 253 201 96 47 3 31 4 1000 221517 9435
Punjab 330 215 136 184 100 6 24 6 1000 110015 5719
Rajasthan 500 208 142 72 49 2 23 4 1000 296955 8850
Sikkim 144 446 180 104 57 2 49 17 1000 3316 1818
Tamil Nadu 293 278 169 134 79 14 26 8 1000 265405 9332
Tripura 201 417 252 71 27 6 21 3 1000 20001 4046
Uttarakhand 256 190 211 125 167 2 29 18 1000 46932 3474
Uttar Pradesh 452 182 175 86 64 4 28 9 1000 822342 20618
West Bengal 315 382 159 85 34 2 18 4 1000 398656 10892
A & N Islands 199 277 238 140 73 19 48 6 1000 1477 786
Chandigarh 133 298 42 244 157 4 73 49 1000 1346 97
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 443 180 257 83 28 1 6 0 1000 1158 356
Daman & Diu 35 157 353 257 123 39 32 3 1000 834 231
Lakshadweep 81 250 248 270 37 92 23 0 1000 192 201
Puducherry 246 289 161 132 95 29 45 4 1000 2465 404
all India 378 237 170 115 62 7 26 6 1000 5023727 194946
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
130
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: all urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 146 121 135 201 131 27 180 59 1000 80644 4100
Arunachal Pradesh 88 86 173 258 206 20 153 14 1000 752 891
Assam 34 131 190 187 190 37 210 21 1000 10802 1289
Bihar 163 165 112 222 135 6 151 39 1000 28606 2104
Chhattisgarh 56 161 141 188 196 22 168 69 1000 13814 1185
Delhi 68 136 148 200 200 24 197 27 1000 47145 1422
Goa 45 126 185 250 106 89 164 37 1000 1502 448
Gujarat 76 179 191 233 119 33 122 47 1000 79081 2894
Haryana 129 166 143 179 180 48 120 35 1000 26322 2108
Himachal Pradesh 52 144 101 242 185 42 157 75 1000 1810 504
Jammu & Kashmir 157 101 196 213 167 13 122 31 1000 7588 2525
Jharkhand 150 140 156 183 138 20 176 39 1000 17237 1589
Karnataka 102 132 151 235 132 37 184 26 1000 71928 3065
Kerala 29 177 287 207 106 58 104 32 1000 28882 2646
Madhya Pradesh 99 177 185 129 166 11 148 83 1000 55537 3458
Maharashtra 49 132 201 226 140 45 157 50 1000 160557 6660
Manipur 47 35 189 255 215 11 214 33 1000 1790 1911
Meghalaya 30 135 238 197 191 10 178 22 1000 1347 644
Mizoram 4 165 392 198 114 10 104 12 1000 1152 1387
Nagaland 26 116 216 231 224 14 137 34 1000 1005 534
Odisha 104 172 222 160 89 39 167 47 1000 18699 1594
Punjab 148 180 148 232 121 23 110 37 1000 32449 2736
Rajasthan 132 171 161 178 147 7 134 70 1000 52353 2749
Sikkim 5 274 162 230 146 28 152 4 1000 239 193
Tamil Nadu 94 181 188 213 121 45 117 40 1000 108017 4422
Tripura 56 262 248 177 93 5 133 25 1000 2212 760
Uttarakhand 161 158 134 185 129 14 125 94 1000 8204 1160
Uttar Pradesh 175 154 172 143 144 17 132 63 1000 126203 5577
West Bengal 92 247 166 144 127 9 188 27 1000 72362 4153
A & N Islands 85 185 211 151 173 63 100 31 1000 510 399
Chandigarh 100 115 81 145 171 20 253 114 1000 2883 424
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 24 122 424 146 125 40 114 6 1000 278 178
Daman & Diu 30 113 206 372 168 34 71 8 1000 314 105
Lakshadweep 90 250 328 171 34 65 30 32 1000 98 269
Puducherry 34 157 201 169 78 74 177 110 1000 2577 620
all India 104 159 175 195 139 29 150 48 1000 1064900 66703
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
131
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: all urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 295 170 125 166 107 6 107 25 1000 78027 4137
Arunachal Pradesh 156 168 225 210 169 5 64 3 1000 692 814
Assam 104 175 203 176 181 3 140 19 1000 10258 1241
Bihar 337 169 138 157 96 8 77 13 1000 25625 1831
Chhattisgarh 210 206 124 183 135 6 99 36 1000 13598 1166
Delhi 164 164 109 167 170 12 198 18 1000 35074 1071
Goa 129 178 148 238 98 43 133 33 1000 1628 477
Gujarat 201 201 176 155 109 13 114 33 1000 72771 2703
Haryana 323 148 106 142 119 11 100 51 1000 21471 1880
Himachal Pradesh 122 125 87 239 202 16 121 88 1000 1843 501
Jammu & Kashmir 321 89 166 174 121 4 84 40 1000 7330 2364
Jharkhand 321 153 129 145 133 10 98 12 1000 15097 1426
Karnataka 233 119 163 220 111 24 109 20 1000 66025 3004
Kerala 67 190 253 194 112 48 100 37 1000 32282 3063
Madhya Pradesh 255 183 131 112 164 9 101 46 1000 52386 3201
Maharashtra 163 147 191 183 125 17 131 42 1000 143085 6143
Manipur 150 83 236 237 141 5 134 12 1000 1759 1859
Meghalaya 49 198 234 186 157 11 137 27 1000 1569 693
Mizoram 12 238 420 175 96 6 41 11 1000 1191 1428
Nagaland 69 174 222 275 168 14 70 9 1000 955 518
Odisha 284 167 178 145 94 8 102 22 1000 18013 1562
Punjab 235 151 116 185 140 7 120 45 1000 28069 2434
Rajasthan 350 179 112 115 89 10 83 61 1000 48852 2558
Sikkim 110 268 287 180 118 28 8 1 1000 192 142
Tamil Nadu 202 215 163 174 110 19 95 22 1000 109457 4574
Tripura 144 268 263 126 80 7 92 19 1000 2273 801
Uttarakhand 249 162 117 125 123 1 128 95 1000 7063 1075
Uttar Pradesh 350 134 117 111 126 6 100 57 1000 116764 5280
West Bengal 191 250 158 139 120 3 111 28 1000 69978 3892
A & N Islands 154 191 178 118 174 47 91 48 1000 485 404
Chandigarh 196 97 84 106 205 14 186 113 1000 2646 348
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 220 199 188 147 110 0 136 0 1000 197 121
Daman & Diu 133 223 279 188 63 10 102 3 1000 288 104
Lakshadweep 246 241 296 129 10 37 29 10 1000 105 295
Puducherry 165 183 158 152 131 67 108 37 1000 2726 677
all India 236 172 153 159 121 13 111 36 1000 989773 63787
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
132
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: all urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 219 145 130 184 119 17 144 42 1000 158671 8237
Arunachal Pradesh 120 125 198 235 189 13 110 9 1000 1445 1705
Assam 68 153 196 182 185 20 176 20 1000 21060 2530
Bihar 245 167 124 191 116 7 116 27 1000 54231 3935
Chhattisgarh 132 184 132 186 166 14 134 53 1000 27412 2351
Delhi 109 147 131 186 187 19 197 23 1000 82219 2493
Goa 89 153 166 244 102 65 148 35 1000 3131 925
Gujarat 136 188 184 196 114 23 119 40 1000 151852 5597
Haryana 216 159 126 162 153 31 111 42 1000 47793 3988
Himachal Pradesh 87 135 94 240 194 29 139 82 1000 3653 1005
Jammu & Kashmir 238 95 181 194 144 8 104 35 1000 14917 4889
Jharkhand 230 146 143 165 136 15 139 26 1000 32334 3015
Karnataka 164 126 157 228 122 31 149 23 1000 137954 6069
Kerala 49 184 269 200 109 53 102 35 1000 61164 5709
Madhya Pradesh 175 180 159 121 165 10 125 65 1000 107923 6659
Maharashtra 103 139 196 206 133 32 145 46 1000 303642 12803
Manipur 98 59 212 246 179 8 175 23 1000 3548 3770
Meghalaya 40 169 236 191 173 11 156 24 1000 2915 1337
Mizoram 8 202 406 186 105 8 72 11 1000 2343 2815
Nagaland 47 144 219 252 197 14 104 22 1000 1960 1052
Odisha 192 169 201 152 91 24 135 35 1000 36712 3156
Punjab 188 167 133 210 130 16 115 41 1000 60518 5170
Rajasthan 237 174 138 147 119 8 109 66 1000 101204 5307
Sikkim 52 271 218 208 133 28 88 3 1000 432 335
Tamil Nadu 148 199 175 193 116 32 106 31 1000 217475 8996
Tripura 101 266 256 152 86 6 112 22 1000 4485 1561
Uttarakhand 202 159 126 157 126 8 127 94 1000 15267 2235
Uttar Pradesh 259 143 146 128 135 11 117 60 1000 242967 10857
West Bengal 141 249 162 141 123 6 150 28 1000 142340 8045
A & N Islands 118 188 195 135 173 55 96 39 1000 995 803
Chandigarh 146 105 82 126 187 17 221 114 1000 5529 772
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 105 154 326 146 119 23 123 4 1000 475 299
Daman & Diu 79 165 241 284 118 22 85 6 1000 601 209
Lakshadweep 171 246 312 149 22 51 30 21 1000 202 564
Puducherry 101 170 179 160 105 70 142 73 1000 5303 1297
all India 167 164 164 177 130 21 131 42 1000 2054673 130490
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
133
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: all rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 306 185 147 157 87 13 83 22 1000 277675 9636
Arunachal Pradesh 249 168 184 178 118 19 75 9 1000 3753 2729
Assam 130 303 292 136 80 8 47 4 1000 93992 5860
Bihar 325 214 136 184 83 4 46 9 1000 252091 7548
Chhattisgarh 195 278 178 154 111 7 59 19 1000 74243 3705
Delhi 67 136 155 204 198 23 192 26 1000 49740 1530
Goa 51 175 199 282 174 45 52 21 1000 6120 743
Gujarat 162 244 221 174 85 22 66 25 1000 191159 5940
Haryana 177 219 143 199 147 26 70 19 1000 85488 4884
Himachal Pradesh 126 221 171 248 142 19 55 18 1000 21492 3131
Jammu & Kashmir 233 115 253 200 110 6 69 16 1000 30657 5533
Jharkhand 309 177 185 161 83 6 69 10 1000 83003 4543
Karnataka 213 182 178 201 98 25 92 12 1000 188628 6536
Kerala 33 228 317 188 89 53 74 19 1000 107997 6314
Madhya Pradesh 233 266 185 128 96 6 59 25 1000 225890 8419
Maharashtra 119 177 222 208 119 33 96 28 1000 360045 13599
Manipur 85 77 251 269 172 9 120 16 1000 6968 4394
Meghalaya 52 428 258 130 73 2 54 4 1000 8546 2218
Mizoram 18 267 418 147 71 7 64 8 1000 2636 2389
Nagaland 61 188 263 228 138 7 101 16 1000 3911 1852
Odisha 239 261 232 121 64 10 60 12 1000 127580 6278
Punjab 220 209 161 214 112 13 55 15 1000 87262 5614
Rajasthan 273 234 189 119 93 4 66 22 1000 202799 7171
Sikkim 86 425 196 129 68 5 72 21 1000 2060 1164
Tamil Nadu 149 238 192 183 109 31 73 23 1000 233680 8893
Tripura 121 400 270 101 44 7 49 8 1000 12266 2809
Uttarakhand 133 171 214 168 214 7 55 39 1000 32444 2826
Uttar Pradesh 274 197 213 127 98 8 58 25 1000 543562 15968
West Bengal 197 355 179 118 67 4 69 11 1000 278344 9814
A & N Islands 139 259 234 144 100 32 74 18 1000 1275 796
Chandigarh 112 138 70 181 175 18 206 101 1000 3584 475
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 201 216 362 100 65 13 40 2 1000 867 362
Daman & Diu 18 97 326 312 135 55 50 6 1000 787 224
Lakshadweep 58 254 279 244 27 91 32 16 1000 202 378
Puducherry 59 215 192 166 82 68 141 76 1000 3774 824
all India 214 225 196 161 98 15 70 20 1000 3604522 165099
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
134
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: all rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 508 187 92 105 55 4 40 9 1000 278560 9825
Arunachal Pradesh 356 222 152 145 90 4 30 1 1000 3263 2479
Assam 244 345 243 90 51 2 23 3 1000 87737 5461
Bihar 626 160 82 77 36 1 15 2 1000 230815 6799
Chhattisgarh 413 279 110 107 52 1 27 10 1000 71805 3591
Delhi 183 165 109 162 165 11 190 17 1000 37248 1154
Goa 251 130 140 217 115 73 55 20 1000 5780 759
Gujarat 383 220 158 100 66 7 52 14 1000 180456 5676
Haryana 421 189 107 130 80 7 44 23 1000 73711 4375
Himachal Pradesh 281 214 147 173 110 8 46 21 1000 22821 3306
Jammu & Kashmir 466 110 158 133 81 4 32 15 1000 29372 5179
Jharkhand 584 141 110 83 54 2 23 3 1000 75189 4146
Karnataka 404 159 153 151 68 11 46 8 1000 187797 6609
Kerala 86 236 272 176 95 36 74 23 1000 123808 7420
Madhya Pradesh 479 234 109 72 61 4 30 12 1000 207267 7719
Maharashtra 295 186 193 144 83 11 66 21 1000 340494 12962
Manipur 205 141 267 211 107 4 59 7 1000 6834 4285
Meghalaya 66 448 241 135 60 2 41 6 1000 7924 2128
Mizoram 38 342 415 117 56 3 23 5 1000 2588 2390
Nagaland 102 263 253 191 126 5 53 7 1000 3778 1805
Odisha 440 220 171 87 43 2 31 5 1000 130650 6313
Punjab 343 186 107 172 109 5 57 21 1000 83271 5275
Rajasthan 600 164 92 61 39 3 24 17 1000 195360 6986
Sikkim 192 427 171 100 64 5 32 10 1000 1689 989
Tamil Nadu 301 246 152 140 83 13 52 14 1000 249200 9435
Tripura 245 380 235 71 32 6 26 5 1000 12221 2798
Uttarakhand 363 196 165 95 96 0 51 35 1000 29756 2883
Uttar Pradesh 548 148 122 63 62 3 38 16 1000 521746 15507
West Bengal 346 342 139 81 48 1 35 10 1000 262652 9123
A & N Islands 196 223 206 132 128 35 60 20 1000 1197 793
Chandigarh 177 151 79 115 189 11 177 102 1000 3291 394
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 507 123 182 104 42 1 40 0 1000 767 293
Daman & Diu 96 239 281 215 104 4 59 1 1000 648 216
Lakshadweep 199 242 282 169 31 50 21 6 1000 192 387
Puducherry 230 201 156 136 121 47 83 27 1000 3993 877
all India 423 205 140 104 65 6 43 13 1000 3473878 160337
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
135
Statement 3.10.1: Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups by level of general
education for each State/UT
Household religion: all rural + urban male + female
State/UT level of general education (code) no. of persons
01 02 to 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 all
(incl.
n.r.)
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
Andhra Pradesh 407 186 120 131 71 8 61 15 1000 556235 19461
Arunachal Pradesh 299 193 169 163 105 12 54 5 1000 7016 5208
Assam 185 323 268 114 66 5 36 3 1000 181729 11321
Bihar 469 188 110 133 60 3 31 5 1000 482906 14347
Chhattisgarh 302 279 144 131 82 4 43 14 1000 146048 7296
Delhi 117 148 135 186 184 18 191 22 1000 86988 2684
Goa 148 153 170 250 145 58 54 21 1000 11900 1502
Gujarat 269 233 190 138 76 15 59 20 1000 371615 11616
Haryana 290 205 126 167 116 17 58 20 1000 159199 9259
Himachal Pradesh 206 218 159 209 126 13 51 20 1000 44313 6437
Jammu & Kashmir 347 112 206 167 96 5 51 16 1000 60028 10712
Jharkhand 439 160 149 124 69 4 47 7 1000 158192 8689
Karnataka 309 171 165 176 83 18 69 10 1000 376425 13145
Kerala 61 233 293 182 92 44 74 21 1000 231805 13734
Madhya Pradesh 351 252 149 101 79 5 45 19 1000 433157 16138
Maharashtra 204 181 208 177 102 22 81 25 1000 700540 26561
Manipur 144 110 259 240 140 6 90 11 1000 13803 8679
Meghalaya 59 437 250 132 66 2 48 5 1000 16470 4346
Mizoram 28 305 416 132 63 5 44 7 1000 5223 4779
Nagaland 81 223 258 210 132 6 77 11 1000 7689 3657
Odisha 340 241 201 104 53 6 46 8 1000 258230 12591
Punjab 280 197 135 193 111 9 56 18 1000 170533 10889
Rajasthan 434 199 141 91 67 3 45 19 1000 398159 14157
Sikkim 134 426 184 116 66 5 54 16 1000 3748 2153
Tamil Nadu 227 243 172 161 96 22 62 18 1000 482880 18328
Tripura 183 390 252 86 38 6 38 6 1000 24487 5607
Uttarakhand 243 183 190 133 157 4 53 37 1000 62200 5709
Uttar Pradesh 408 174 169 96 80 5 48 21 1000 1065309 31475
West Bengal 269 348 160 100 58 3 53 10 1000 540996 18937
A & N Islands 167 241 221 138 113 34 67 19 1000 2472 1589
Chandigarh 143 144 74 149 181 14 192 101 1000 6875 869
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 345 173 277 101 55 8 40 1 1000 1633 655
Daman & Diu 54 161 306 268 121 32 54 4 1000 1435 440
Lakshadweep 127 247 281 208 29 71 26 11 1000 394 765
Puducherry 147 208 173 151 102 57 111 51 1000 7767 1701
all India 317 216 169 133 82 11 57 16 1000 7078400 325436
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate and upto primary- 02 to 06 ( EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, others - 04; literate but below
primary - 05; primary 06); middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12;
postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
136
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism rural
State/UT
male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 944 654 190 503 930 462 72 413 938 570 129 460
Arunachal Pradesh 718 506 119 399 620 413 104 340 666 470 111 370
Assam 874 594 182 481 911 551 125 441 891 574 153 462
Bihar 761 598 189 487 707 468 79 362 737 549 129 428
Chhattisgarh 915 759 243 566 853 676 71 469 884 725 148 518
Delhi 739 813 182 494 714 665 723 438 724 725 388 460
Goa 1000 811 500 512 1000 936 364 468 1000 868 464 493
Gujarat 799 385 92 414 757 220 38 303 781 312 67 362
Haryana 942 750 230 538 917 512 90 428 931 656 165 489
Himachal Pradesh 967 745 201 593 965 722 219 500 966 735 211 547
Jammu & Kashmir 956 745 263 546 933 739 284 511 946 743 274 530
Jharkhand 740 568 165 467 737 596 82 453 739 579 121 460
Karnataka 904 584 114 466 920 423 56 406 911 503 86 437
Kerala 969 762 142 540 954 818 215 521 962 789 181 530
Madhya Pradesh 853 478 145 458 855 375 82 410 854 434 113 436
Maharashtra 940 701 219 548 939 572 107 489 939 640 164 520
Manipur 946 935 442 669 915 853 342 537 934 899 387 608
Meghalaya 1000 889 349 655 1000 1000 184 660 1000 923 298 657
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 500 0 0 500
Nagaland 58 1000 0 648 967 995 1000 974 639 998 799 835
Odisha 928 478 114 485 927 293 53 416 928 385 80 450
Punjab 960 565 165 531 938 620 87 414 951 592 125 475
Rajasthan 869 575 187 509 779 383 59 380 828 490 122 448
Sikkim 995 787 130 615 989 856 252 627 992 821 188 621
Tamil Nadu 986 625 253 566 978 617 88 452 982 621 165 508
Tripura 946 614 141 471 876 615 53 405 914 615 90 438
Uttarakhand 925 765 741 671 921 648 208 529 923 704 588 606
Uttar Pradesh 877 617 198 527 841 523 81 448 860 577 137 489
West Bengal 910 537 128 476 921 469 45 407 915 510 85 444
A & N Islands 991 445 0 554 975 770 66 485 984 573 39 521
Chandigarh 952 746 37 438 454 0 0 115 694 599 13 285
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 676 170 5 373 567 80 7 210 635 114 6 295
Daman & Diu 969 658 212 469 772 865 141 422 881 706 183 452
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry 1000 589 270 502 983 768 129 521 990 673 196 512
all India 875 600 192 505 851 486 83 422 864 550 136 465
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
137
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
Household religion:Hinduism urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 964 720 415 576 945 665 217 489 955 693 323 534
Arunachal Pradesh 831 798 640 702 826 918 264 577 829 841 401 648
Assam 951 821 317 607 944 813 447 610 948 817 375 609
Bihar 840 721 473 610 819 659 223 493 830 697 372 556
Chhattisgarh 891 837 547 630 926 739 294 534 907 794 416 584
Delhi 925 822 368 540 891 779 371 489 911 804 369 519
Goa 997 905 138 527 994 914 290 518 995 910 221 523
Gujarat 894 622 139 469 866 599 117 397 883 613 128 439
Haryana 901 697 267 485 945 687 185 498 922 693 232 491
Himachal Pradesh 930 811 346 651 981 866 459 618 953 841 420 634
Jammu & Kashmir 921 768 375 546 852 792 395 505 890 779 386 526
Jharkhand 845 647 428 545 856 513 148 471 851 591 283 509
Karnataka 941 642 428 500 992 763 181 476 964 696 316 489
Kerala 994 816 310 551 993 926 303 547 993 869 306 549
Madhya Pradesh 890 711 345 554 886 724 368 545 888 717 357 550
Maharashtra 964 776 316 525 980 775 272 504 971 776 297 515
Manipur 949 884 547 658 929 854 330 525 941 872 437 596
Meghalaya 990 692 546 640 627 545 145 385 798 595 377 500
Mizoram 756 1000 797 671 1000 838 0 504 894 965 662 597
Nagaland 1000 721 0 566 967 912 257 839 980 800 72 693
Odisha 910 603 294 502 911 593 256 487 910 598 274 494
Punjab 936 558 270 474 874 679 254 504 907 610 263 487
Rajasthan 859 662 384 545 835 628 259 464 848 648 323 507
Sikkim 999 910 112 542 908 114 535 420 957 561 175 484
Tamil Nadu 988 779 355 573 997 786 190 511 992 782 268 543
Tripura 912 777 212 506 941 707 202 469 927 745 207 487
Uttarakhand 924 694 302 546 932 790 255 551 928 737 285 548
Uttar Pradesh 897 705 403 548 900 711 378 535 898 708 391 542
West Bengal 935 688 354 557 943 707 190 472 939 697 267 515
A & N Islands 952 983 163 539 1000 653 240 476 974 809 198 508
Chandigarh 929 706 422 573 921 570 611 592 925 640 508 582
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 915 707 197 414 790 506 87 302 873 623 166 370
Daman & Diu 954 638 0 533 942 721 0 423 950 666 0 488
Lakshadweep 1000 658 0 431 1000 500 0 500 1000 631 0 442
Puducherry 972 776 329 539 992 946 426 556 981 874 391 548
all India 922 714 349 540 922 716 256 497 922 715 305 520
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
138
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
Household religion: Hinduism rural+ urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 950 670 263 523 934 517 112 433 942 601 188 480
Arunachal Pradesh 763 601 187 488 674 558 133 399 720 585 157 447
Assam 883 628 201 497 915 584 161 461 898 607 181 480
Bihar 769 613 226 500 719 494 90 375 746 569 154 441
Chhattisgarh 911 772 297 577 863 688 107 480 887 737 193 529
Delhi 911 822 361 537 865 769 385 484 892 800 369 515
Goa 999 827 467 515 998 931 345 480 999 876 430 499
Gujarat 830 475 111 435 791 346 73 335 814 420 93 390
Haryana 930 736 242 522 926 565 119 450 928 666 186 489
Himachal Pradesh 964 749 213 597 966 736 247 510 965 743 232 553
Jammu & Kashmir 949 750 292 546 918 752 312 510 935 750 303 529
Jharkhand 757 584 224 481 758 578 97 456 757 582 157 469
Karnataka 914 605 242 478 940 529 103 428 926 568 176 454
Kerala 975 775 189 542 964 845 238 528 969 809 215 535
Madhya Pradesh 860 530 190 477 860 454 147 436 860 498 168 458
Maharashtra 948 727 264 539 952 639 177 494 950 687 223 518
Manipur 947 916 481 665 921 853 338 532 937 889 405 603
Meghalaya 994 830 413 648 803 704 167 503 890 770 327 575
Mizoram 723 1000 797 663 1000 838 0 511 880 965 662 596
Nagaland 871 814 0 581 967 948 532 874 929 874 197 725
Odisha 926 494 144 487 925 340 83 425 926 416 111 456
Punjab 947 561 230 499 901 649 174 462 927 602 204 482
Rajasthan 867 595 239 516 789 431 108 397 831 524 174 459
Sikkim 995 799 127 605 979 797 264 599 987 798 186 602
Tamil Nadu 987 689 297 569 986 688 132 476 986 689 209 523
Tripura 942 651 154 476 887 633 75 416 916 642 110 446
Uttarakhand 925 751 676 645 924 671 217 534 924 710 538 594
Uttar Pradesh 880 634 250 531 849 562 150 463 866 603 198 499
West Bengal 916 572 186 496 926 536 83 425 921 557 133 462
A & N Islands 976 668 96 547 985 706 144 481 980 685 121 515
Chandigarh 933 718 345 546 849 516 395 498 890 632 370 523
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 722 347 67 385 604 156 22 231 679 238 49 315
Daman & Diu 961 652 169 493 846 801 106 422 914 692 143 466
Lakshadweep 1000 658 0 431 1000 500 0 500 1000 631 0 442
Puducherry 981 698 308 526 988 890 348 543 985 801 332 535
all India 885 629 241 514 866 546 132 440 877 592 186 479
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
139
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam rural
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 960 579 84 397 941 282 6 388 950 466 48 393
Arunachal Pradesh 684 655 383 531 505 667 531 458 583 660 448 494
Assam 843 497 203 456 813 401 36 380 830 452 128 422
Bihar 804 507 42 468 651 169 20 325 737 384 30 404
Chhattisgarh 1000 1000 770 952 1000 840 0 751 1000 852 95 831
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 1000 1000 0 327 1000 0 0 455 1000 1000 0 380
Gujarat 790 201 181 381 670 193 0 279 738 197 106 334
Haryana 955 526 0 532 661 36 0 223 875 358 0 425
Himachal Pradesh 1000 1000 0 836 1000 714 410 556 1000 870 376 632
Jammu & Kashmir 934 844 289 577 937 657 234 539 935 756 264 558
Jharkhand 738 374 103 355 821 578 261 448 775 464 210 400
Karnataka 940 359 142 523 881 372 240 426 912 367 198 470
Kerala 991 757 146 580 973 624 84 455 983 695 110 517
Madhya Pradesh 940 543 144 559 829 332 139 457 889 464 141 513
Maharashtra 932 440 272 465 794 481 147 363 883 458 210 423
Manipur 917 725 540 532 949 789 157 570 932 760 321 551
Meghalaya 1000 664 130 560 1000 425 36 609 1000 535 95 578
Mizoram - - - - - - - - - - - -
Nagaland 0 1000 0 1000 1000 0 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000
Odisha 1000 402 0 455 882 0 0 423 927 331 0 439
Punjab 862 926 354 614 898 0 0 426 880 550 171 518
Rajasthan 938 522 3 463 585 6 0 258 762 305 1 368
Sikkim 1000 856 0 162 1000 0 0 1000 1000 856 0 199
Tamil Nadu 898 428 0 573 891 350 0 442 894 383 0 494
Tripura 899 806 1 454 957 734 87 567 936 766 46 515
Uttarakhand 852 715 109 516 850 274 5 429 851 501 64 474
Uttar Pradesh 801 431 87 455 713 297 13 359 760 368 47 408
West Bengal 798 379 98 408 796 367 16 363 797 374 54 387
A & N Islands 1000 1000 0 200 1000 0 81 88 1000 333 72 138
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 1000 882 158 592 1000 705 85 473 1000 802 115 526
Puducherry 1000 0 1000 461 1000 0 0 900 1000 0 1000 625
all India 840 481 120 459 770 353 52 377 809 424 84 420
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
140
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 949 667 227 585 955 468 90 466 952 574 161 526
Arunachal Pradesh 826 915 0 388 764 579 0 358 808 650 0 376
Assam 883 776 817 563 945 303 454 443 911 396 580 496
Bihar 837 573 320 558 779 602 480 560 813 586 383 559
Chhattisgarh 896 710 323 544 872 715 234 500 883 713 267 519
Delhi 671 463 258 369 718 535 412 336 689 482 332 355
Goa 1000 419 0 421 1000 324 230 377 1000 375 172 397
Gujarat 857 539 204 452 818 281 96 393 840 409 156 425
Haryana 840 258 332 396 748 390 0 384 801 299 140 391
Himachal Pradesh 962 0 787 527 1000 448 0 280 973 75 528 429
Jammu & Kashmir 935 862 503 621 913 763 318 535 925 813 409 580
Jharkhand 913 631 74 509 837 161 78 451 872 377 76 479
Karnataka 961 609 345 511 974 669 94 384 967 640 219 444
Kerala 988 806 437 611 963 810 188 506 977 808 304 559
Madhya Pradesh 890 473 129 532 864 356 56 426 878 425 89 484
Maharashtra 909 623 125 467 947 537 195 499 927 583 158 482
Manipur 955 1000 421 661 969 770 39 513 961 931 255 600
Meghalaya 1000 0 0 778 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 525
Mizoram 0 500 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 167
Nagaland 650 0 0 261 461 0 0 128 576 0 0 197
Odisha 754 892 128 547 574 524 172 410 694 721 140 497
Punjab 919 30 6 217 584 172 0 149 838 75 4 194
Rajasthan 719 341 81 388 687 288 72 340 703 317 76 364
Sikkim 1000 0 0 63 1000 0 557 530 1000 0 49 125
Tamil Nadu 985 781 224 570 972 723 221 476 979 755 223 523
Tripura 1000 856 0 613 1000 48 0 429 1000 495 0 515
Uttarakhand 755 429 62 382 710 295 72 352 736 365 66 368
Uttar Pradesh 769 455 122 399 775 313 73 373 772 386 99 386
West Bengal 952 519 161 500 932 376 63 427 943 452 127 468
A & N Islands 1000 629 0 586 1000 972 145 489 1000 740 51 548
Chandigarh 665 0 354 392 435 500 0 366 550 333 262 378
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 333 1000 0 0 600
Daman & Diu 1000 1000 0 417 1000 691 0 493 1000 848 0 449
Lakshadweep 1000 844 195 573 1000 779 91 520 1000 814 151 548
Puducherry 1000 784 333 667 1000 966 385 780 1000 872 359 732
all India 860 552 198 475 853 450 146 424 857 504 173 451
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
141
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
Household religion: Islam rural + urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 954 621 139 484 948 388 41 428 951 522 94 458
Arunachal Pradesh 754 687 301 462 567 629 368 419 667 657 333 442
Assam 844 501 240 460 819 394 90 384 833 449 170 425
Bihar 808 518 88 479 665 266 65 352 746 422 76 422
Chhattisgarh 959 732 346 692 942 758 190 597 950 751 243 636
Delhi 671 463 217 354 718 535 412 336 689 482 302 347
Goa 1000 478 0 399 1000 324 195 389 1000 411 142 394
Gujarat 822 402 193 418 741 247 52 338 787 325 132 380
Haryana 921 429 126 485 701 153 0 291 849 337 57 412
Himachal Pradesh 987 803 614 685 1000 699 354 504 993 760 422 571
Jammu & Kashmir 934 848 337 587 933 680 256 538 933 768 299 563
Jharkhand 775 438 93 386 826 440 233 448 799 439 179 417
Karnataka 949 472 270 516 923 493 158 405 937 484 210 457
Kerala 990 770 233 588 971 674 111 469 981 726 164 528
Madhya Pradesh 916 509 135 545 846 345 91 441 884 445 109 498
Maharashtra 915 569 168 466 918 522 180 465 916 547 174 466
Manipur 929 842 496 575 954 785 127 555 941 815 300 566
Meghalaya 1000 664 125 574 1000 425 34 578 1000 535 90 575
Mizoram 0 500 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 167
Nagaland 650 1000 0 306 521 0 0 158 595 1000 0 235
Odisha 869 556 99 497 802 341 57 419 835 492 79 462
Punjab 883 221 141 397 848 123 0 321 868 188 84 364
Rajasthan 825 421 38 426 637 173 33 301 732 312 36 366
Sikkim 1000 856 0 136 1000 0 557 746 1000 856 43 178
Tamil Nadu 958 694 192 571 941 589 160 465 950 643 171 515
Tripura 919 809 1 472 963 708 76 552 945 753 41 515
Uttarakhand 807 578 87 451 791 284 35 394 800 436 65 424
Uttar Pradesh 792 440 102 437 731 303 35 363 763 374 68 401
West Bengal 815 395 108 418 811 368 20 370 813 383 62 396
A & N Islands 1000 638 0 507 1000 883 111 357 1000 721 57 443
Chandigarh 665 0 354 392 435 500 0 366 550 333 262 378
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 333 1000 0 0 600
Daman & Diu 1000 1000 0 417 1000 691 0 493 1000 848 0 449
Lakshadweep 1000 864 181 581 1000 741 87 495 1000 808 134 537
Puducherry 1000 784 820 583 1000 966 385 809 1000 872 725 698
all India 846 506 150 464 796 389 84 392 823 453 116 430
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
142
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity
rural
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 975 696 299 577 905 444 12 422 945 537 218 496
Arunachal Pradesh 684 585 167 399 769 472 77 422 726 544 123 409
Assam 968 525 225 540 960 305 41 329 965 376 93 425
Bihar 761 1000 0 788 628 1000 0 709 709 1000 0 755
Chhattisgarh 909 109 1000 455 889 526 1000 713 895 188 1000 610
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 980 1000 500 701 1000 951 182 700 989 984 462 701
Gujarat 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 250
Haryana - - - - - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 628 1000 0 1000 698 1000 0 1000 664
Jammu & Kashmir 1000 0 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000
Jharkhand 998 737 76 733 924 205 0 511 972 541 52 645
Karnataka 1000 714 0 596 1000 1000 644 820 1000 754 644 711
Kerala 992 975 536 661 979 894 360 617 985 939 449 638
Madhya Pradesh 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 500 0 459 1000 500 24 718
Maharashtra 1000 965 0 772 1000 94 66 317 1000 831 34 671
Manipur 877 624 314 532 905 615 259 514 890 620 289 524
Meghalaya 938 597 204 504 924 731 159 509 931 657 183 507
Mizoram 946 604 58 454 958 488 66 424 952 549 61 440
Nagaland 981 895 299 606 994 768 224 587 987 833 262 597
Odisha 739 421 0 363 786 168 0 346 760 317 0 355
Punjab 859 603 0 367 1000 573 5 337 910 587 3 353
Rajasthan 1000 0 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000
Sikkim 1000 963 174 464 1000 754 133 434 1000 867 153 449
Tamil Nadu 1000 980 179 637 984 986 272 561 994 983 225 601
Tripura 1000 96 1000 278 1000 0 0 426 1000 96 82 371
Uttarakhand 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 679 0 0 599 1000 0 0 644 710 0 0 605
West Bengal 945 8 0 204 987 345 37 390 970 271 32 301
A & N Islands 989 596 0 584 1000 745 233 457 993 655 110 522
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1000 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 0 333 1000 0 600
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 949 757 291 578 941 647 198 523 945 704 245 551
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
143
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
Household religion: Christianity urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 668 117 611 996 767 273 586 998 708 198 599
Arunachal Pradesh 741 902 926 694 603 576 444 464 675 713 701 572
Assam 0 1000 0 13 1000 1000 240 326 1000 1000 240 146
Bihar - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 1000 1000 0 881 1000 1000 404 612 1000 1000 404 800
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 1000 932 1000 750 1000 724 1000 494 1000 797 1000 595
Gujarat 1000 0 1000 1000 0 0 695 594 1000 0 802 695
Haryana 240 0 0 207 0 0 0 0 130 0 0 115
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 1000 1000 0 928 522 815 0 655 956 936 0 867
Jharkhand 702 957 1000 590 819 886 350 468 742 892 426 513
Karnataka 980 884 236 570 1000 956 435 505 990 916 365 534
Kerala 979 915 347 649 1000 894 386 675 991 906 368 662
Madhya Pradesh 647 0 577 438 836 1000 207 764 753 738 453 588
Maharashtra 978 775 314 615 1000 1000 706 641 989 818 406 623
Manipur 858 668 305 386 789 829 671 535 822 748 481 453
Meghalaya 849 747 546 572 857 759 501 600 854 754 526 588
Mizoram 969 797 326 592 968 835 254 582 968 816 288 587
Nagaland 959 935 680 718 981 921 499 699 968 927 606 709
Odisha 883 0 0 735 731 946 0 418 812 946 0 530
Punjab 1000 755 151 568 1000 1000 0 439 1000 860 71 505
Rajasthan - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sikkim 0 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 980 1000 1000 1000 983
Tamil Nadu 1000 826 347 653 997 914 129 476 999 862 245 572
Tripura 1000 0 0 123 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 434
Uttarakhand 1000 1000 0 669 0 1000 1000 727 1000 1000 1000 694
Uttar Pradesh 1000 893 513 604 930 0 507 308 953 512 509 387
West Bengal 1000 924 634 850 1000 0 1000 711 1000 924 776 812
A & N Islands 933 690 298 466 1000 820 0 361 967 746 205 418
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry 1000 957 993 941 1000 763 890 848 1000 842 982 902
all India 960 824 381 634 959 869 342 562 960 843 362 598
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
144
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural + urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 986 683 244 591 951 525 154 485 970 596 210 538
Arunachal Pradesh 692 634 230 433 746 504 106 429 719 581 171 431
Assam 968 526 225 530 960 311 51 329 965 380 98 421
Bihar 761 1000 0 788 628 1000 0 709 709 1000 0 755
Chhattisgarh 929 509 1000 558 894 616 424 704 907 524 739 639
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 984 993 570 710 1000 883 621 629 992 952 580 675
Gujarat 1000 0 1000 1000 0 0 695 364 629 0 802 523
Haryana 240 0 0 207 0 0 0 0 130 0 0 115
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 632 1000 1000 1000 729 1000 1000 1000 684
Jammu & Kashmir 1000 1000 0 942 914 920 0 875 976 956 0 916
Jharkhand 974 744 97 722 915 459 97 503 954 608 97 629
Karnataka 981 793 236 576 1000 964 503 575 992 847 432 576
Kerala 988 954 486 658 985 894 368 633 986 928 426 645
Madhya Pradesh 896 0 594 699 916 976 45 603 905 730 216 652
Maharashtra 992 866 254 683 1000 629 416 539 995 824 305 643
Manipur 876 625 314 530 903 618 265 515 889 622 291 523
Meghalaya 927 617 256 514 911 737 208 525 919 673 233 519
Mizoram 958 713 169 520 963 691 157 505 960 703 163 513
Nagaland 975 904 389 632 992 810 274 612 983 857 334 622
Odisha 762 421 0 393 777 280 0 357 769 358 0 375
Punjab 892 631 31 410 1000 631 4 360 934 631 12 386
Rajasthan 1000 0 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000
Sikkim 1000 966 190 476 1000 835 235 494 1000 896 214 485
Tamil Nadu 1000 887 272 647 992 948 197 509 997 913 236 583
Tripura 1000 96 1000 236 1000 1000 328 489 1000 233 366 382
Uttarakhand 1000 1000 0 808 1000 1000 1000 908 1000 1000 1000 864
Uttar Pradesh 756 611 446 601 940 0 507 328 822 366 484 445
West Bengal 952 364 241 274 988 345 102 404 972 351 132 339
A & N Islands 984 615 84 562 1000 762 194 441 990 674 132 504
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 914
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1000 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 0 333 1000 0 600
Daman & Diu 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry 1000 957 993 941 1000 763 890 848 1000 842 982 902
all India 952 780 322 596 946 715 246 535 950 750 284 566
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
145
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 0 1000 0 465 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 742
Assam 1000 1000 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 1000 1000
Bihar - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh - - - - - - - - - - - -
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - - - - - -
Haryana 943 615 84 544 660 674 75 459 837 641 79 509
Himachal Pradesh 856 1000 475 762 649 411 219 314 784 584 378 567
Jammu & Kashmir 1000 955 445 813 973 969 132 689 992 964 255 759
Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 500 0 0 500 333
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 0 333 1000 0 317
Maharashtra - - - - - - - - - - - -
Manipur 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 667 1000 0 0 750
Meghalaya 1000 0 0 174 500 789 0 528 525 789 0 461
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 500 1000 0 0 333
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 931 587 233 536 902 508 182 433 919 554 206 489
Rajasthan 786 577 215 500 664 313 7 337 711 476 70 409
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 500
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 1000 461 146 459 972 455 0 416 992 457 136 443
Uttar Pradesh 972 283 348 483 1000 257 441 214 974 275 362 425
West Bengal - - - - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 1000 253 0 680 1000 1000 109 941 1000 741 60 834
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 927 582 233 535 846 509 165 422 893 551 197 483
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
146
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 500
Arunachal Pradesh 0 225 0 126 1000 500 0 667 1000 392 0 433
Assam - - - - - - - - - - - -
Bihar 0 1000 0 200 205 500 0 254 205 667 0 233
Chhattisgarh 0 1000 1000 917 0 1000 818 879 0 1000 892 901
Delhi 1000 1000 557 789 565 1000 500 495 816 1000 555 663
Goa - - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 329 0 0 329 0 0 0 0 329 0 0 197
Haryana 1000 832 435 598 970 566 118 391 988 755 256 505
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 713 554 1000 1000 1000 677 1000 1000 856 636
Jammu & Kashmir 919 981 463 643 1000 948 665 676 941 964 566 658
Jharkhand 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 1000
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 0 1000 0 819 1000 1000 0 694 1000 1000 0 729
Maharashtra 1000 1000 0 611 1000 1000 1000 576 1000 1000 1000 591
Manipur - - - - - - - - - - - -
Meghalaya - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mizoram 0 1000 0 1000 1000 0 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 909 699 231 498 884 754 219 500 899 723 225 499
Rajasthan 1000 826 238 630 121 769 1000 274 628 801 367 464
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 1000 0 632 657 1000 0 225 433 1000 0 380 535
Uttar Pradesh 928 516 777 700 1000 0 597 790 943 516 710 716
West Bengal - - - - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 1000 831 691 659 1000 913 593 738 1000 899 639 709
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 922 731 297 536 845 783 307 505 892 754 302 523
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
147
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural + urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 500
Arunachal Pradesh 0 536 0 278 1000 630 1000 800 1000 589 414 563
Assam 1000 1000 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 1000 1000
Bihar 0 1000 0 200 205 500 0 254 205 667 0 233
Chhattisgarh 0 1000 983 902 0 1000 809 872 0 1000 880 890
Delhi 980 1000 557 777 565 1000 500 495 807 1000 555 657
Goa - - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 329 0 0 329 0 0 0 0 329 0 0 197
Haryana 955 647 140 555 729 665 83 443 870 655 111 508
Himachal Pradesh 870 1000 559 727 729 524 588 438 816 644 571 584
Jammu & Kashmir 958 972 457 707 986 957 424 680 966 964 439 695
Jharkhand 1000 0 0 939 1000 0 1000 880 1000 0 500 919
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 1000 0 989 34 1000 0 50 349 1000 0 345
Maharashtra 1000 1000 0 611 1000 1000 1000 576 1000 1000 1000 591
Manipur 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 667 1000 0 0 750
Meghalaya 1000 0 0 174 500 789 0 528 525 789 0 461
Mizoram 0 1000 0 746 1000 0 0 797 1000 1000 0 774
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 926 612 233 528 899 565 189 446 915 592 210 491
Rajasthan 828 615 224 525 608 396 63 328 699 529 129 419
Sikkim 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tamil Nadu 1000 0 0 590 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 371
Tripura - - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 1000 461 192 466 975 455 159 417 993 457 186 448
Uttar Pradesh 960 360 401 521 1000 257 491 294 964 335 417 473
West Bengal - - - - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 1000 535 589 667 1000 938 517 804 1000 844 551 752
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 926 616 249 536 846 575 194 440 893 598 221 492
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
148
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 704 646 362 492 671 648 202 458 689 646 287 477
Assam 0 1000 0 540 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 370
Bihar 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 30 1000 1000 0 98
Chhattisgarh 1000 0 0 348 1000 1000 0 783 1000 1000 0 674
Delhi - - - - - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 1000 0 0 864 1000 0 0 876 1000 0 0 868
Haryana 0 445 0 369 1000 0 0 534 1000 253 0 473
Himachal Pradesh 960 980 0 658 1000 681 106 727 982 838 88 693
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 730 405 316 481 829 760 156 600 782 489 258 534
Karnataka 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 139
Kerala 1000 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 1000 842 0 709 1000 1000 841 888 1000 926 737 799
Maharashtra 941 856 158 588 996 576 45 476 964 697 120 534
Manipur 1000 757 330 626 921 367 0 596 951 566 330 610
Meghalaya 912 691 16 480 864 757 52 574 892 726 31 524
Mizoram 871 373 0 457 975 181 45 410 916 275 27 434
Nagaland 1000 132 0 233 0 1000 0 868 1000 535 0 531
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 1000 208 0 596 577 0 0 250 832 147 0 426
Rajasthan 1000 1000 0 233 1000 0 0 616 1000 1000 0 508
Sikkim 939 846 238 508 974 815 60 601 958 834 158 549
Tamil Nadu 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000 1000 1000
Tripura 1000 720 0 607 887 556 205 610 939 645 37 608
Uttarakhand - - - - - - - - - - - -
Uttar Pradesh 1000 0 0 333 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 200
West Bengal 928 372 516 508 1000 0 0 403 975 13 385 434
A & N Islands 0 1000 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 1000
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 860 622 204 537 867 561 81 492 863 594 155 516
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
149
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 1000 384 506 1000 1000 506 727 1000 1000 417 599
Arunachal Pradesh 789 797 452 637 845 767 520 695 817 782 487 665
Assam 986 1000 0 919 0 0 0 0 986 1000 0 862
Bihar 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000
Chhattisgarh 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 173
Delhi 1000 1000 1000 850 1000 1000 1000 614 1000 1000 1000 750
Goa - - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 1000 387 523 396 992 590 31 498 996 414 206 441
Haryana 1000 1000 1000 566 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 325 395
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 1000 908 0 915 0 0 0 0 1000 908 0 879
Jharkhand 767 819 497 607 831 479 0 480 810 733 314 556
Karnataka 1000 1000 436 414 972 1000 100 345 988 1000 206 372
Kerala - - - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 992 1000 524 465 879 971 165 698 916 985 346 578
Maharashtra 926 731 297 548 973 755 261 538 946 744 278 543
Manipur 975 996 818 713 990 911 800 665 982 953 807 689
Meghalaya 1000 503 1000 667 1000 1000 218 461 1000 800 407 572
Mizoram 568 0 0 221 1000 0 0 784 832 0 0 468
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 855 286 243 709 638 146 1000 425 804 193 390 577
Rajasthan 1000 893 614 742 957 675 402 597 980 828 439 674
Sikkim 1000 719 386 645 1000 341 87 88 1000 538 142 405
Tamil Nadu 1000 1000 500 332 1000 1000 0 627 1000 1000 500 463
Tripura 1000 1000 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 1000 1000
Uttarakhand 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 500
Uttar Pradesh 1000 0 0 51 1000 0 0 101 1000 0 0 78
West Bengal 1000 1000 0 871 1000 925 500 648 1000 952 252 724
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 938 737 340 543 955 766 241 528 946 751 284 536
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
150
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural + urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 1000 384 506 1000 1000 506 727 1000 1000 417 599
Arunachal Pradesh 719 679 375 516 703 682 256 503 712 681 319 510
Assam 964 1000 0 888 0 0 0 0 943 1000 0 807
Bihar 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 30 1000 1000 0 108
Chhattisgarh 1000 0 0 845 1000 1000 0 128 1000 1000 0 262
Delhi 1000 1000 1000 850 1000 1000 1000 614 1000 1000 1000 750
Goa - - - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 1000 383 523 420 993 590 30 510 996 411 204 460
Haryana 1000 486 277 416 1000 0 0 495 1000 285 121 462
Himachal Pradesh 962 980 0 664 1000 681 106 732 983 838 88 698
Jammu & Kashmir 1000 908 0 915 0 0 0 0 1000 908 0 879
Jharkhand 731 466 332 492 829 715 142 592 783 525 263 535
Karnataka 1000 1000 436 398 972 1000 100 348 988 1000 206 368
Kerala 1000 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000
Madhya Pradesh 995 966 502 513 904 977 330 737 939 972 407 623
Maharashtra 934 799 221 568 985 652 187 508 956 717 206 539
Manipur 986 861 578 672 947 611 800 630 965 737 679 651
Meghalaya 924 682 48 500 878 772 74 562 905 730 59 529
Mizoram 867 359 0 453 976 181 45 414 915 271 27 434
Nagaland 1000 132 0 233 0 1000 0 868 1000 535 0 531
Odisha - - - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 974 213 142 611 583 33 36 272 828 152 57 446
Rajasthan 1000 894 614 717 962 675 402 599 981 829 439 660
Sikkim 946 842 242 516 974 791 64 568 960 822 157 539
Tamil Nadu 1000 1000 896 409 1000 1000 0 679 1000 1000 896 531
Tripura 1000 726 47 626 887 556 205 610 939 649 75 618
Uttarakhand 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 500
Uttar Pradesh 1000 0 0 257 121 0 0 41 544 0 0 160
West Bengal 937 846 350 566 1000 153 293 435 977 228 330 475
A & N Islands 0 1000 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 1000
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - - - -
all India 888 668 259 540 897 643 172 507 892 656 218 524
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
151
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural
State/UT male female person
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 946 649 182 496 930 449 66 412 939 561 123 456
Arunachal Pradesh 702 596 233 446 680 550 140 419 691 578 187 433
Assam 864 561 191 473 876 493 95 416 869 528 144 446
Bihar 768 582 167 485 699 419 69 356 737 521 114 424
Chhattisgarh 917 753 251 568 856 678 71 478 886 723 152 523
Delhi 738 813 119 426 714 665 723 438 724 725 293 433
Goa 992 861 498 552 1000 938 344 511 996 894 459 535
Gujarat 798 372 100 412 749 216 35 301 778 303 70 360
Haryana 942 729 218 538 901 505 87 424 925 640 156 487
Himachal Pradesh 967 748 202 596 965 719 223 504 966 736 214 550
Jammu & Kashmir 945 807 281 567 936 688 255 530 940 754 268 549
Jharkhand 750 532 176 466 758 598 116 467 754 557 144 466
Karnataka 908 560 117 472 916 417 83 411 912 488 100 442
Kerala 980 793 209 571 964 773 194 518 972 784 201 544
Madhya Pradesh 858 483 145 464 851 374 84 412 855 437 114 439
Maharashtra 940 699 216 547 938 567 107 482 939 637 164 516
Manipur 913 754 368 590 914 713 290 531 913 736 330 562
Meghalaya 943 620 198 511 925 738 149 523 934 674 176 517
Mizoram 928 555 49 455 959 410 61 421 942 485 54 439
Nagaland 974 886 298 605 994 778 233 594 984 834 265 599
Odisha 926 474 111 482 924 289 52 415 925 383 78 448
Punjab 937 574 213 533 906 532 148 422 924 555 178 481
Rajasthan 872 572 173 507 764 367 52 374 822 482 111 443
Sikkim 981 812 170 573 985 843 182 612 983 826 175 591
Tamil Nadu 983 635 246 569 975 621 93 455 979 628 163 511
Tripura 947 639 123 475 886 630 56 428 918 634 86 451
Uttarakhand 921 755 690 650 915 610 183 517 918 678 540 590
Uttar Pradesh 865 588 184 516 819 483 72 433 844 543 125 476
West Bengal 868 484 118 451 875 427 34 391 871 460 74 423
A & N Islands 990 505 22 557 983 754 115 460 987 603 74 510
Chandigarh 976 618 33 503 789 791 8 476 868 698 17 489
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 676 176 5 375 563 80 7 210 634 117 6 296
Daman & Diu 969 658 212 469 772 865 141 422 881 706 183 452
Lakshadweep 1000 882 158 592 1000 705 85 473 1000 802 115 526
Puducherry 1000 589 358 500 985 768 129 532 991 673 245 517
all India 872 587 186 501 842 473 82 419 859 537 133 462
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
152
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: all urban
State/UT male female person
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 963 706 382 579 949 629 201 489 957 670 298 536
Arunachal Pradesh 801 808 562 660 799 757 375 604 800 784 458 634
Assam 941 819 411 601 944 701 446 573 942 763 429 587
Bihar 839 689 442 600 811 643 272 504 827 670 374 556
Chhattisgarh 894 839 530 632 922 739 298 529 906 794 405 582
Delhi 886 747 361 515 862 752 383 465 877 749 369 495
Goa 998 770 277 545 996 750 364 485 997 760 327 513
Gujarat 890 601 157 466 862 528 118 399 878 571 138 437
Haryana 890 670 272 482 922 672 172 486 906 671 228 484
Himachal Pradesh 932 794 401 644 982 867 462 612 955 834 440 627
Jammu & Kashmir 929 838 449 596 892 786 367 533 913 813 407 566
Jharkhand 850 665 373 545 853 468 140 470 851 581 256 508
Karnataka 947 646 411 503 988 754 171 454 966 696 298 480
Kerala 989 835 352 587 987 887 281 559 988 859 315 573
Madhya Pradesh 890 675 324 549 882 676 325 531 886 676 325 541
Maharashtra 949 745 285 517 972 727 263 507 959 737 275 513
Manipur 948 906 550 655 933 851 370 535 942 884 459 599
Meghalaya 899 732 546 595 806 727 421 545 848 729 489 568
Mizoram 966 797 334 593 969 835 251 582 967 816 291 587
Nagaland 950 903 579 681 961 920 447 692 955 912 525 686
Odisha 895 634 274 508 889 592 252 482 892 611 263 495
Punjab 926 588 249 478 876 691 235 495 904 631 243 486
Rajasthan 831 616 334 519 793 558 229 437 813 592 282 480
Sikkim 1000 889 121 546 909 318 325 398 963 610 187 477
Tamil Nadu 989 783 341 578 994 788 191 506 991 785 261 543
Tripura 922 781 217 515 945 689 196 468 934 739 206 491
Uttarakhand 879 618 244 505 879 641 202 501 879 628 228 503
Uttar Pradesh 861 636 328 506 861 589 301 485 861 614 315 496
West Bengal 938 662 314 548 941 651 178 466 940 656 246 508
A & N Islands 961 879 155 537 1000 700 207 464 978 792 177 503
Chandigarh 911 674 456 570 882 690 596 607 896 683 520 588
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 921 707 197 429 806 453 87 304 883 594 166 379
Daman & Diu 963 697 38 516 959 713 0 450 961 703 20 488
Lakshadweep 1000 826 170 564 1000 771 91 519 1000 802 139 544
Puducherry 976 806 498 593 993 915 437 592 985 868 463 592
all India 912 688 325 531 909 669 240 487 911 680 284 510
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
153
Statement 3.11.1: Current attendance rates in education institutions per 1000 persons for different age groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural + urban
State/UT male female male + female
5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29 5-14 15-19 20-24 0-29
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Andhra Pradesh 951 665 248 521 936 504 106 435 944 592 178 479
Arunachal Pradesh 725 647 276 489 703 612 177 456 715 633 226 474
Assam 871 589 215 485 882 515 136 431 876 553 176 459
Bihar 775 597 204 497 710 453 86 371 746 542 142 438
Chhattisgarh 913 768 305 579 866 691 114 487 889 736 200 533
Delhi 877 749 349 511 844 746 394 463 863 748 366 491
Goa 994 843 473 551 999 887 351 503 996 863 435 529
Gujarat 830 466 125 433 787 332 73 337 812 408 100 390
Haryana 928 713 236 521 908 554 112 443 919 648 179 486
Himachal Pradesh 964 751 221 600 967 734 251 513 965 744 238 556
Jammu & Kashmir 941 814 322 573 928 711 284 530 935 767 303 553
Jharkhand 765 558 219 480 774 569 121 467 770 562 168 474
Karnataka 921 593 246 484 939 531 119 426 929 563 185 456
Kerala 982 804 250 575 970 804 217 529 976 804 232 552
Madhya Pradesh 865 530 189 482 857 451 144 438 861 497 165 461
Maharashtra 943 718 250 534 951 628 180 492 947 676 217 515
Manipur 922 790 406 606 919 742 307 532 921 769 357 571
Meghalaya 936 635 252 524 901 736 192 527 919 683 225 525
Mizoram 944 680 158 514 964 629 140 495 953 655 149 505
Nagaland 967 891 373 625 986 818 277 618 976 855 327 622
Odisha 922 496 140 486 920 339 81 424 921 418 108 455
Punjab 934 579 227 513 896 586 175 446 918 582 201 483
Rajasthan 864 584 219 509 770 412 101 388 820 509 159 451
Sikkim 984 818 162 570 978 798 194 587 981 809 177 578
Tamil Nadu 986 702 290 573 983 695 138 477 985 698 208 525
Tripura 944 667 139 481 895 639 77 434 920 653 105 458
Uttarakhand 910 720 611 615 906 616 188 513 908 667 478 569
Uttar Pradesh 864 599 225 514 826 508 130 443 847 559 176 480
West Bengal 882 520 162 471 889 478 64 408 885 502 111 441
A & N Islands 980 655 93 549 989 727 151 462 984 686 122 507
Chandigarh 924 656 377 555 858 711 407 576 890 687 392 566
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 727 351 67 391 606 153 22 232 683 237 49 318
Daman & Diu 966 672 166 490 869 786 95 436 925 705 136 469
Lakshadweep 1000 854 166 576 1000 738 87 495 1000 802 128 535
Puducherry 983 730 454 563 990 876 358 571 987 809 402 567
all India 882 615 231 509 858 528 129 436 871 576 180 475
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
154
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism rural
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 605 597 8 459 454 4 532 526 6
Arunachal Pradesh 616 604 13 251 247 4 446 437 9
Assam 594 567 27 199 185 14 406 386 21
Bihar 498 486 11 70 70 1 294 287 6
Chhattisgarh 517 513 5 374 374 0 447 444 3
Delhi 581 569 12 28 28 0 281 275 5
Goa 593 587 6 168 150 18 395 384 11
Gujarat 586 581 5 328 325 2 463 459 4
Haryana 536 527 10 255 253 2 406 400 6
Himachal Pradesh 567 555 11 474 469 6 520 512 8
Jammu & Kashmir 587 577 10 434 414 20 512 497 15
Jharkhand 507 485 22 150 147 3 336 323 13
Karnataka 637 634 3 382 380 2 509 507 2
Kerala 618 600 18 301 254 46 452 420 33
Madhya Pradesh 564 559 5 286 285 1 432 429 3
Maharashtra 584 580 5 412 411 1 500 497 3
Manipur 502 477 26 173 161 12 344 325 19
Meghalaya 535 535 0 265 265 0 408 408 0
Mizoram 915 915 0 0 0 0 783 783 0
Nagaland 413 413 0 222 222 0 299 299 0
Odisha 596 579 17 247 240 7 421 409 12
Punjab 526 507 19 197 188 10 366 351 15
Rajasthan 514 511 3 358 358 0 438 436 2
Sikkim 567 545 22 279 271 9 431 416 16
Tamil Nadu 615 606 9 419 413 6 514 506 8
Tripura 614 583 31 242 195 47 433 394 39
Uttarakhand 465 452 13 432 431 1 449 442 7
Uttar Pradesh 518 512 6 186 185 1 358 354 4
West Bengal 624 615 9 156 151 5 402 394 7
A & N Islands 618 590 28 248 230 18 448 424 23
Chandigarh 669 513 156 336 165 170 510 347 163
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 587 557 30 42 42 0 327 312 16
Daman & Diu 601 574 27 202 198 4 433 416 17
Lakshadweep 1000 1000 0 - - - 1000 1000 0
Puducherry 663 636 27 366 361 5 504 489 15
all India 560 551 9 279 275 4 423 417 6
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
155
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 561 547 14 201 192 9 387 375 12
Arunachal Pradesh 464 456 7 87 84 2 299 294 5
Assam 557 533 24 108 93 15 346 326 20
Bihar 464 432 32 53 46 7 271 251 20
Chhattisgarh 491 479 12 139 135 3 320 312 8
Delhi 550 534 16 66 65 2 342 333 10
Goa 623 605 18 87 74 14 363 348 16
Gujarat 570 561 9 151 147 4 379 372 7
Haryana 573 560 13 131 126 4 370 362 9
Himachal Pradesh 572 553 19 175 156 19 373 354 19
Jammu & Kashmir 583 571 12 149 139 10 371 360 11
Jharkhand 521 492 29 91 82 9 316 296 19
Karnataka 601 589 12 189 180 9 408 398 11
Kerala 597 580 17 281 236 45 431 399 32
Madhya Pradesh 513 498 15 134 130 3 331 322 10
Maharashtra 601 582 18 177 166 11 403 389 15
Manipur 512 483 29 168 161 7 345 326 19
Meghalaya 543 539 3 183 167 15 358 349 9
Mizoram 560 560 0 137 137 0 373 373 0
Nagaland 597 597 0 52 37 15 345 338 7
Odisha 598 574 24 131 124 7 369 353 16
Punjab 604 581 23 119 112 7 383 367 16
Rajasthan 521 514 7 121 115 6 330 324 7
Sikkim 587 586 1 138 138 0 378 378 0
Tamil Nadu 591 577 14 217 206 11 407 394 13
Tripura 619 559 60 192 111 81 399 328 71
Uttarakhand 552 536 16 124 123 1 351 342 9
Uttar Pradesh 513 498 16 78 74 4 308 298 10
West Bengal 605 583 22 157 146 11 386 370 17
A & N Islands 589 570 19 228 176 52 415 380 35
Chandigarh 582 567 15 144 137 7 378 367 11
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 599 575 24 18 6 11 365 346 19
Daman & Diu 592 572 20 98 98 0 378 366 11
Lakshadweep 702 683 18 588 520 69 678 649 29
Puducherry 605 592 13 230 215 14 414 400 14
all India 563 547 16 151 142 9 368 355 13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
156
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism rural + urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 593 583 10 392 386 6 493 486 8
Arunachal Pradesh 570 559 11 206 202 3 403 395 8
Assam 589 563 27 187 173 14 398 378 21
Bihar 494 481 13 69 67 2 291 284 8
Chhattisgarh 513 507 6 334 333 1 425 422 3
Delhi 552 536 16 63 62 1 338 329 9
Goa 600 591 9 148 131 17 388 375 12
Gujarat 580 574 7 265 262 3 432 427 5
Haryana 547 537 11 218 215 3 395 388 7
Himachal Pradesh 567 555 12 451 444 7 509 499 9
Jammu & Kashmir 586 576 10 371 353 17 481 467 14
Jharkhand 510 487 23 138 134 4 332 318 14
Karnataka 625 619 6 323 319 4 477 472 5
Kerala 612 594 18 295 249 46 447 414 33
Madhya Pradesh 553 546 7 254 252 2 411 406 4
Maharashtra 590 581 10 326 321 5 463 456 7
Manipur 506 479 27 171 161 10 344 325 19
Meghalaya 539 537 2 219 211 8 381 376 5
Mizoram 581 581 0 135 135 0 389 389 0
Nagaland 566 566 0 96 85 11 335 329 5
Odisha 596 578 18 232 225 7 414 402 13
Punjab 571 550 21 155 147 9 375 360 15
Rajasthan 515 511 4 310 308 2 416 413 3
Sikkim 569 550 19 261 253 8 424 411 14
Tamil Nadu 605 593 11 336 327 9 469 459 10
Tripura 614 579 36 232 179 53 426 382 44
Uttarakhand 485 471 14 366 365 1 427 420 8
Uttar Pradesh 517 509 8 167 165 1 348 344 5
West Bengal 619 605 13 156 150 7 397 387 10
A & N Islands 606 581 24 239 206 33 434 405 28
Chandigarh 596 559 37 176 141 34 399 363 36
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 590 562 28 36 34 3 337 321 17
Daman & Diu 598 573 24 161 159 3 412 397 15
Lakshadweep 871 863 8 588 520 69 842 828 14
Puducherry 625 607 18 279 268 11 446 431 14
all India 561 550 11 246 241 5 408 400 8
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
157
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam rural
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 614 602 12 296 291 5 462 453 8
Arunachal Pradesh 483 483 0 47 47 0 271 271 0
Assam 536 529 7 94 93 1 334 329 5
Bihar 455 448 7 34 33 0 262 258 4
Chhattisgarh 502 502 0 125 125 0 299 299 0
Delhi 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0
Goa 451 451 0 0 0 0 258 258 0
Gujarat 634 631 3 257 257 0 456 454 2
Haryana 404 404 0 283 283 0 356 356 0
Himachal Pradesh 629 629 0 282 282 0 420 420 0
Jammu & Kashmir 565 554 11 210 205 6 392 384 8
Jharkhand 542 496 46 166 166 0 357 334 23
Karnataka 547 538 9 276 274 1 408 403 5
Kerala 469 447 22 109 82 27 277 253 25
Madhya Pradesh 481 479 1 221 221 0 360 360 1
Maharashtra 534 534 0 175 171 3 374 372 2
Manipur 486 460 26 146 140 7 315 299 16
Meghalaya 509 509 0 387 387 0 458 458 0
Mizoram
Nagaland 333 333 0 0 0 0 200 200 0
Odisha 598 493 105 190 190 0 402 347 54
Punjab 536 536 0 345 345 0 442 442 0
Rajasthan 486 486 0 339 339 0 415 415 0
Sikkim 900 900 0 664 664 0 873 873 0
Tamil Nadu 571 567 4 205 203 2 370 367 3
Tripura 581 553 28 155 114 41 360 325 35
Uttarakhand 520 511 9 68 68 0 302 298 5
Uttar Pradesh 467 462 5 111 111 0 292 289 3
West Bengal 606 593 13 149 148 1 392 384 8
A & N Islands 694 694 0 423 406 18 581 574 7
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 643 623 20 326 245 81 480 429 52
Puducherry 560 532 28 0 0 0 289 275 14
all India 526 517 10 146 143 3 344 337 7
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
158
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 526 513 13 100 90 10 315 303 12
Arunachal Pradesh 546 546 0 108 108 0 374 374 0
Assam 526 519 6 103 98 5 311 306 6
Bihar 440 424 16 74 56 19 274 256 17
Chhattisgarh 537 477 60 140 140 0 321 294 27
Delhi 545 537 9 9 9 0 335 330 5
Goa 666 624 42 77 77 0 364 343 20
Gujarat 557 550 8 136 130 6 355 348 7
Haryana 579 572 7 250 246 4 431 425 6
Himachal Pradesh 589 589 0 308 264 44 480 463 17
Jammu & Kashmir 559 531 28 127 116 11 350 331 20
Jharkhand 493 485 7 112 74 38 299 276 23
Karnataka 550 527 23 117 113 3 334 320 13
Kerala 466 448 18 106 65 41 276 246 30
Madhya Pradesh 533 526 8 160 144 16 361 350 11
Maharashtra 566 557 10 81 81 0 342 336 5
Manipur 405 398 7 44 40 3 243 238 6
Meghalaya 457 457 0 307 307 0 402 402 0
Mizoram 667 667 0 1000 1000 0 778 778 0
Nagaland 462 462 0 0 0 0 264 264 0
Odisha 498 492 6 15 15 0 298 295 4
Punjab 666 666 0 60 60 0 432 432 0
Rajasthan 504 487 18 128 125 3 318 308 10
Sikkim 973 954 19 200 200 0 905 888 18
Tamil Nadu 550 532 18 69 59 10 309 295 14
Tripura 560 555 5 13 9 4 291 286 5
Uttarakhand 526 519 7 85 74 12 325 316 9
Uttar Pradesh 518 506 13 93 93 0 311 304 7
West Bengal 608 596 12 114 110 3 384 376 8
A & N Islands 614 593 22 234 230 4 450 436 14
Chandigarh 374 335 39 63 25 38 217 179 38
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 344 344 0 0 0 0 148 148 0
Daman & Diu 478 478 0 50 50 0 277 277 0
Lakshadweep 518 472 46 268 264 4 390 366 24
Puducherry 509 505 4 29 29 0 237 235 2
all India 536 523 14 101 94 7 327 317 10
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
159
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam rural+ urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 573 560 13 201 193 7 392 382 10
Arunachal Pradesh 513 513 0 71 71 0 316 316 0
Assam 535 528 7 95 93 2 333 328 5
Bihar 454 445 8 39 36 3 263 258 6
Chhattisgarh 523 487 36 134 134 0 312 296 16
Delhi 557 549 8 9 9 0 346 341 5
Goa 633 597 36 68 68 0 349 332 18
Gujarat 594 589 6 194 191 3 404 399 5
Haryana 463 461 2 270 269 2 383 381 2
Himachal Pradesh 613 613 0 288 278 9 438 433 5
Jammu & Kashmir 564 549 15 192 185 7 383 372 11
Jharkhand 532 494 38 154 145 9 344 321 23
Karnataka 549 533 16 193 190 2 369 359 9
Kerala 468 447 21 108 77 31 277 251 26
Madhya Pradesh 508 504 5 189 181 8 361 355 6
Maharashtra 557 550 7 107 106 1 351 346 4
Manipur 460 440 20 118 113 6 294 281 13
Meghalaya 505 505 0 382 382 0 454 454 0
Mizoram 667 667 0 1000 1000 0 778 778 0
Nagaland 455 455 0 0 0 0 261 261 0
Odisha 556 492 64 129 129 0 362 327 35
Punjab 595 595 0 246 246 0 437 437 0
Rajasthan 495 486 9 229 227 2 365 360 5
Sikkim 925 919 7 534 534 0 884 878 6
Tamil Nadu 556 542 14 111 104 8 327 316 11
Tripura 579 554 25 141 103 37 352 321 32
Uttarakhand 523 515 8 76 71 5 313 306 7
Uttar Pradesh 483 476 8 105 105 0 298 294 4
West Bengal 606 593 13 145 144 1 391 383 8
A & N Islands 641 626 14 294 285 9 493 481 12
Chandigarh 374 335 39 63 25 38 217 179 38
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 344 344 0 0 0 0 148 148 0
Daman & Diu 478 478 0 50 50 0 277 277 0
Lakshadweep 578 544 33 296 255 41 433 396 37
Puducherry 530 516 14 19 19 0 256 250 6
all India 530 519 11 131 127 4 338 331 8
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
160
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 636 631 5 431 431 0 526 523 2
Arunachal Pradesh 517 515 1 389 387 2 458 456 2
Assam 550 545 5 327 327 0 435 433 3
Bihar 279 279 0 0 0 0 134 134 0
Chhattisgarh 453 453 0 413 413 0 433 433 0
Delhi - - - - - - - - -
Goa 400 338 62 66 62 3 240 206 34
Gujarat 447 447 0 429 429 0 435 435 0
Haryana - - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 460 460 0 333 288 45 399 377 22
Jammu & Kashmir 500 500 0 0 0 0 200 200 0
Jharkhand 439 405 34 237 237 0 349 330 19
Karnataka 564 564 0 529 529 0 545 545 0
Kerala 617 598 19 325 277 47 464 431 34
Madhya Pradesh 520 520 0 371 371 0 455 455 0
Maharashtra 397 397 0 522 522 0 441 441 0
Manipur 541 527 14 272 266 5 412 402 10
Meghalaya 583 581 2 376 374 2 483 481 2
Mizoram 615 605 9 442 435 7 532 524 8
Nagaland 555 499 55 365 321 44 462 412 50
Odisha 615 593 23 461 461 0 540 528 12
Punjab 568 568 0 182 182 0 389 389 0
Rajasthan 333 333 0 12 12 0 173 173 0
Sikkim 469 456 13 551 539 12 511 498 12
Tamil Nadu 581 569 13 378 373 5 476 467 9
Tripura 867 671 197 541 353 187 681 490 191
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uttar Pradesh 597 597 0 61 61 0 467 467 0
West Bengal 642 640 2 305 202 103 456 399 58
A & N Islands 586 561 25 220 123 98 411 351 60
Chandigarh 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 250 250 0
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 250 250 0 0 0 0 143 143 0
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0
Puducherry 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0
all India 573 558 15 346 326 21 459 441 18
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
161
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 545 542 3 205 198 7 376 371 5
Arunachal Pradesh 456 456 0 178 178 0 316 316 0
Assam 649 424 225 56 56 0 380 257 123
Bihar - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 395 380 16 277 277 0 350 340 10
Delhi 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0
Goa 458 443 15 171 171 0 289 283 6
Gujarat 664 664 0 289 289 0 429 429 0
Haryana 616 616 0 389 389 0 515 515 0
Himachal Pradesh 500 500 0 0 0 0 53 53 0
Jammu & Kashmir 389 365 24 308 308 0 360 345 15
Jharkhand 514 485 29 130 130 0 303 290 13
Karnataka 524 524 0 316 314 1 410 409 1
Kerala 582 569 12 246 227 18 411 396 15
Madhya Pradesh 685 673 11 314 314 0 491 485 5
Maharashtra 565 564 0 253 239 14 424 418 6
Manipur 512 512 0 61 61 0 315 315 0
Meghalaya 466 449 17 252 227 25 350 328 21
Mizoram 533 519 14 301 291 10 415 403 12
Nagaland 445 411 34 186 151 35 322 288 34
Odisha 599 540 59 139 139 0 340 314 26
Punjab 526 526 0 113 113 0 340 340 0
Rajasthan - - - - - - - - -
Sikkim 680 680 0 29 29 0 222 222 0
Tamil Nadu 530 518 13 189 183 7 363 354 10
Tripura 110 110 0 0 0 0 69 69 0
Uttarakhand 581 581 0 349 349 0 476 476 0
Uttar Pradesh 724 718 6 137 137 0 347 345 2
West Bengal 505 353 151 87 87 0 310 229 81
A & N Islands 640 575 65 315 244 71 480 412 68
Chandigarh
1000 1000 0 - - - 1000 1000 0
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1000 500 500 0 0 0 500 250 250
Daman & Diu 333 333 0 51 51 0 199 199 0
Lakshadweep - - - 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0
Puducherry 390 390 0 191 185 7 295 291 3
all India 540 528 12 226 215 10 382 371 11
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
162
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural+ urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 602 598 5 356 353 2 473 470 3
Arunachal Pradesh 509 507 1 357 355 2 437 436 2
Assam 552 542 9 323 323 0 434 430 5
Bihar 279 279 0 0 0 0 134 134 0
Chhattisgarh 443 440 3 397 397 0 421 420 1
Delhi 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0
Goa 413 361 52 98 96 2 253 226 27
Gujarat 604 604 0 332 332 0 431 431 0
Haryana 616 616 0 389 389 0 515 515 0
Himachal Pradesh 461 461 0 277 240 38 365 345 20
Jammu & Kashmir 417 399 18 161 161 0 304 294 10
Jharkhand 446 413 33 222 222 0 344 326 18
Karnataka 534 534 0 369 369 1 444 444 1
Kerala 607 590 17 305 265 40 451 422 29
Madhya Pradesh 603 597 6 337 337 0 475 472 3
Maharashtra 498 498 0 334 325 9 430 426 4
Manipur 541 527 14 268 263 5 410 400 10
Meghalaya 567 563 4 355 349 6 463 458 5
Mizoram 576 564 12 371 362 9 475 465 10
Nagaland 528 478 50 324 282 42 429 383 46
Odisha 614 587 26 419 419 0 517 504 13
Punjab 559 559 0 167 167 0 378 378 0
Rajasthan 333 333 0 12 12 0 173 173 0
Sikkim 478 465 12 504 493 11 491 480 12
Tamil Nadu 550 538 13 269 263 6 409 400 9
Tripura 739 575 163 495 324 171 606 438 168
Uttarakhand 401 401 0 110 110 0 213 213 0
Uttar Pradesh 672 668 4 128 128 0 377 376 2
West Bengal 622 599 23 281 189 92 438 378 60
A & N Islands 596 564 32 238 146 92 424 362 61
Chandigarh 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 284 284 0
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 600 367 234 0 0 0 322 196 125
Daman & Diu 333 333 0 51 51 0 199 199 0
Lakshadweep 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0
Puducherry 399 399 0 225 219 6 314 311 3
all India 562 548 14 307 290 17 434 418 16
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
163
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 348 101 247 333 333 0 341 220 121
Assam 333 333 0 0 0 0 250 250 0
Bihar - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 500 250 250 0 0 0 333 167 167
Delhi 375 375 0 0 0 0 250 250 0
Goa - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - - -
Haryana 549 502 47 186 166 20 379 344 34
Himachal Pradesh 542 542 0 403 403 0 488 488 0
Jammu & Kashmir 496 496 0 181 161 20 347 338 9
Jharkhand 1000 1000 0 500 500 0 667 667 0
Karnataka - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 500 500 0 317 317 0 388 388 0
Maharashtra - - - - - - - - -
Manipur 500 500 0 0 0 0 167 167 0
Meghalaya 864 864 0 129 129 0 367 367 0
Mizoram 500 500 0 0 0 0 167 167 0
Nagaland - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 553 538 15 267 263 4 416 406 10
Rajasthan 570 566 4 417 417 0 488 486 2
Sikkim - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 600 600 0 0 0 0 375 375 0
Tripura - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 568 568 0 297 297 0 463 463 0
Uttar Pradesh 466 466 0 8 8 0 325 325 0
West Bengal - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 487 487 0 0 0 0 227 227 0
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - -
all India 550 535 15 268 263 5 415 405 10
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
164
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 0 134 134 0 59 59 0
Arunachal Pradesh 360 360 0 0 0 0 164 164 0
Assam - - - - - - - - -
Bihar 888 888 0 0 0 0 322 322 0
Chhattisgarh 429 429 0 273 273 0 357 357 0
Delhi 703 703 0 111 111 0 418 418 0
Goa - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 499 330 168 0 0 0 351 233 119
Haryana 443 423 20 87 56 32 270 244 26
Himachal Pradesh 733 733 0 136 136 0 403 403 0
Jammu & Kashmir 587 497 90 372 279 93 482 391 92
Jharkhand 469 469 0 0 0 0 260 260 0
Karnataka - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 641 641 0 449 449 0 533 533 0
Maharashtra 501 501 0 139 139 0 321 321 0
Manipur - - - - - - - - -
Meghalaya - - - - - - - - -
Mizoram 333 333 0 0 0 0 167 167 0
Nagaland - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 578 543 35 160 148 12 385 360 24
Rajasthan 581 581 0 273 273 0 427 427 0
Sikkim - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0
Tripura - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 574 574 0 290 165 124 436 375 61
Uttar Pradesh 564 553 10 71 71 0 386 380 7
West Bengal 1000 1000 0 437 437 0 566 566 0
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 584 563 20 163 163 0 348 339 9
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - -
all India 568 536 32 167 153 14 380 356 23
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
165
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural + urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 0 134 134 0 59 59 0
Arunachal Pradesh 355 245 110 137 137 0 239 188 52
Assam 333 333 0 0 0 0 250 250 0
Bihar 888 888 0 0 0 0 322 322 0
Chhattisgarh 430 426 3 271 271 0 356 355 2
Delhi 699 699 0 110 110 0 417 417 0
Goa - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 499 330 168 0 0 0 351 233 119
Haryana 525 484 41 162 139 23 353 320 32
Himachal Pradesh 583 583 0 312 312 0 465 465 0
Jammu & Kashmir 554 496 57 305 238 67 434 372 62
Jharkhand 491 491 0 48 48 0 287 287 0
Karnataka - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 512 512 0 326 326 0 399 399 0
Maharashtra 501 501 0 139 139 0 321 321 0
Manipur 500 500 0 0 0 0 167 167 0
Meghalaya 864 864 0 129 129 0 367 367 0
Mizoram 385 385 0 0 0 0 167 167 0
Nagaland - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 558 539 19 245 239 6 409 396 13
Rajasthan 573 569 3 389 389 0 476 474 2
Sikkim - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 687 687 0 0 0 0 468 468 0
Tripura - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 568 568 0 296 288 9 461 458 3
Uttar Pradesh 484 482 2 22 22 0 336 335 1
West Bengal 1000 1000 0 437 437 0 566 566 0
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 551 538 14 112 112 0 308 302 6
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - -
all India 554 535 19 244 238 7 407 394 13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
166
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh - - - 436 436 0 436 436 0
Arunachal Pradesh 447 439 8 280 278 2 370 365 5
Assam 304 304 0 0 0 0 170 170 0
Bihar 835 835 0 442 442 0 592 592 0
Chhattisgarh 500 500 0 292 292 0 363 363 0
Delhi - - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 580 580 0 306 306 0 446 446 0
Haryana 797 797 0 321 321 0 520 520 0
Himachal Pradesh 596 588 8 625 610 14 611 600 11
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 576 561 15 229 229 0 417 409 8
Karnataka 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 465 465 0
Kerala 250 250 0 0 0 0 125 125 0
Madhya Pradesh 440 440 0 223 223 0 329 329 0
Maharashtra 586 583 3 334 332 1 458 456 2
Manipur 473 463 10 297 297 0 382 377 5
Meghalaya 627 625 2 401 401 0 522 521 1
Mizoram 568 568 0 269 269 0 427 427 0
Nagaland 876 876 0 132 132 0 516 516 0
Odisha - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 565 554 11 108 108 0 330 324 5
Rajasthan 850 850 0 0 0 0 333 333 0
Sikkim 622 580 42 378 362 16 514 484 31
Tamil Nadu 596 596 0 0 0 0 248 248 0
Tripura 683 614 69 214 183 32 455 404 51
Uttarakhand 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 0
Uttar Pradesh 250 250 0 0 0 0 167 167 0
West Bengal 755 738 17 403 403 0 550 543 7
A & N Islands 0 0 0 500 500 0 200 200 0
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - -
all India 576 567 9 293 291 2 437 432 5
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
167
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 670 670 0 74 74 0 403 403 0
Arunachal Pradesh 435 403 32 210 200 10 325 304 21
Assam 253 253 0 0 0 0 194 194 0
Bihar 571 571 0 0 0 0 364 364 0
Chhattisgarh 791 791 0 481 481 0 621 621 0
Delhi 474 474 0 96 96 0 317 317 0
Goa - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 684 684 0 108 107 1 406 405 1
Haryana 643 643 0 415 415 0 550 550 0
Himachal Pradesh 667 667 0 667 667 0 667 667 0
Jammu & Kashmir 132 132 0 803 803 0 172 172 0
Jharkhand 394 343 51 208 208 0 314 285 29
Karnataka 704 704 0 56 56 0 344 344 0
Kerala - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 495 495 0 47 47 0 280 280 0
Maharashtra 567 552 15 224 222 2 393 384 8
Manipur 453 444 9 126 126 0 288 284 4
Meghalaya 429 395 33 209 209 0 316 299 16
Mizoram 763 763 0 0 0 0 438 438 0
Nagaland - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 496 496 0 0 0 0 282 282 0
Rajasthan 516 516 0 167 167 0 344 344 0
Sikkim 574 574 0 240 240 0 440 440 0
Tamil Nadu 713 713 0 199 199 0 531 531 0
Tripura 397 397 0 616 616 0 461 461 0
Uttarakhand 667 667 0 0 0 0 333 333 0
Uttar Pradesh 812 812 0 142 142 0 468 468 0
West Bengal 681 681 0 19 19 0 308 308 0
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - -
all India 573 562 11 184 182 2 379 373 6
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
168
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural + urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 670 670 0 113 113 0 404 404 0
Arunachal Pradesh 445 433 12 268 264 3 362 355 8
Assam 260 260 0 0 0 0 189 189 0
Bihar 825 825 0 436 436 0 587 587 0
Chhattisgarh 757 757 0 449 449 0 584 584 0
Delhi 474 474 0 96 96 0 317 317 0
Goa - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 678 678 0 119 118 1 408 407 0
Haryana 760 760 0 334 334 0 525 525 0
Himachal Pradesh 597 590 8 625 611 14 613 601 11
Jammu & Kashmir 132 132 0 803 803 0 172 172 0
Jharkhand 563 546 18 228 228 0 410 401 10
Karnataka 711 711 0 55 55 0 347 347 0
Kerala 250 250 0 0 0 0 125 125 0
Madhya Pradesh 485 485 0 82 82 0 289 289 0
Maharashtra 576 568 9 278 277 2 425 420 5
Manipur 463 453 9 209 209 0 333 328 5
Meghalaya 606 601 5 377 377 0 498 496 3
Mizoram 571 571 0 266 266 0 427 427 0
Nagaland 876 876 0 132 132 0 516 516 0
Odisha - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 553 544 9 95 95 0 323 318 5
Rajasthan 565 565 0 131 131 0 342 342 0
Sikkim 619 580 39 370 354 15 509 480 29
Tamil Nadu 697 697 0 143 143 0 476 476 0
Tripura 670 604 66 222 192 31 455 406 49
Uttarakhand 742 742 0 227 227 0 485 485 0
Uttar Pradesh 474 474 0 83 83 0 310 310 0
West Bengal 741 727 14 335 335 0 506 501 6
A & N Islands 0 0 0 500 500 0 200 200 0
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - -
all India 575 565 10 245 243 2 412 406 6
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
169
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 606 598 8 447 443 4 527 521 6
Arunachal Pradesh 507 499 8 295 293 2 409 404 5
Assam 573 553 20 168 158 9 383 368 15
Bihar 491 481 11 66 65 1 289 283 6
Chhattisgarh 516 511 5 372 371 0 445 442 3
Delhi 612 601 11 28 28 0 306 301 5
Goa 545 526 19 141 127 14 356 339 17
Gujarat 590 585 5 322 320 2 462 459 4
Haryana 533 522 11 252 250 3 403 396 7
Himachal Pradesh 567 556 11 474 468 6 520 512 8
Jammu & Kashmir 573 563 10 303 292 12 442 431 11
Jharkhand 515 491 24 161 159 2 346 333 13
Karnataka 627 624 3 372 370 2 499 497 2
Kerala 583 564 19 260 218 42 414 383 31
Madhya Pradesh 560 556 4 284 282 1 429 426 3
Maharashtra 581 576 4 397 396 1 491 488 3
Manipur 519 499 20 221 212 8 375 361 14
Meghalaya 582 580 2 373 371 2 482 480 2
Mizoram 606 598 8 410 404 6 512 506 7
Nagaland 555 500 55 362 319 43 460 411 49
Odisha 596 578 19 249 243 7 423 410 13
Punjab 546 531 15 246 240 5 401 391 11
Rajasthan 513 510 3 357 357 0 437 436 2
Sikkim 584 556 28 320 309 11 462 442 20
Tamil Nadu 613 603 9 411 405 6 509 501 8
Tripura 615 583 32 235 188 46 429 390 39
Uttarakhand 473 461 13 399 399 1 438 431 7
Uttar Pradesh 510 504 6 175 174 1 348 344 4
West Bengal 619 608 11 156 152 4 399 392 8
A & N Islands 608 583 26 245 199 46 439 404 35
Chandigarh 624 522 102 188 93 95 399 301 98
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 586 556 30 42 42 0 327 311 16
Daman & Diu 601 574 27 202 198 4 433 416 17
Lakshadweep 676 658 18 326 245 81 505 456 49
Puducherry 658 631 27 354 349 5 496 481 15
all India 556 547 9 265 261 4 414 408 7
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
170
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 555 542 14 186 176 9 375 364 12
Arunachal Pradesh 454 438 15 153 148 5 313 302 11
Assam 550 528 22 107 93 13 339 322 18
Bihar 461 431 29 56 47 9 272 252 20
Chhattisgarh 493 478 15 143 140 3 322 313 9
Delhi 550 535 15 60 58 1 342 333 9
Goa 597 576 21 108 100 8 346 332 14
Gujarat 572 563 9 148 143 5 377 370 7
Haryana 569 557 13 135 130 5 370 361 9
Himachal Pradesh 576 559 18 178 159 19 377 359 18
Jammu & Kashmir 569 542 27 155 138 17 369 347 22
Jharkhand 514 486 27 97 85 12 313 294 20
Karnataka 590 576 14 177 170 7 393 382 11
Kerala 564 547 16 233 194 39 391 363 28
Madhya Pradesh 517 503 14 136 131 5 335 326 10
Maharashtra 592 575 16 167 159 8 392 380 13
Manipur 497 472 25 152 146 6 331 315 16
Meghalaya 483 468 14 235 214 21 351 333 18
Mizoram 534 521 14 298 288 10 415 403 12
Nagaland 465 436 29 164 132 31 323 293 30
Odisha 592 568 24 126 119 7 365 350 15
Punjab 595 568 26 132 124 9 383 365 18
Rajasthan 519 510 9 126 120 6 330 323 7
Sikkim 602 601 1 150 150 0 399 398 1
Tamil Nadu 584 569 14 202 191 11 395 383 13
Tripura 612 556 57 186 108 78 394 327 67
Uttarakhand 546 530 16 116 113 4 346 336 10
Uttar Pradesh 516 501 15 83 80 3 309 300 9
West Bengal 605 584 21 151 141 10 386 370 16
A & N Islands 599 574 25 240 191 49 428 392 36
Chandigarh 572 555 17 143 135 7 365 352 12
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 595 569 26 17 6 11 358 339 20
Daman & Diu 564 548 16 86 86 0 353 344 9
Lakshadweep 529 485 44 276 271 5 402 378 25
Puducherry 577 566 11 216 203 13 393 381 12
all India 559 543 16 146 138 8 362 350 12
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
171
Statement 3.12.1: Labour force participation rate (LFPR), Worker population ratio (WPR), proportion unemployed
(PU) according to usual status (ps+ss) for persons of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural + urban
State/UT
male female male + female
LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU LFPR WPR PU
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Andhra Pradesh 591 582 10 373 368 6 483 476 8
Arunachal Pradesh 496 487 9 266 263 3 389 383 6
Assam 570 551 20 161 151 10 378 363 15
Bihar 488 475 13 65 63 2 287 280 7
Chhattisgarh 512 505 7 331 330 1 423 419 4
Delhi 553 539 14 57 56 1 340 331 9
Goa 559 539 20 131 119 12 353 337 16
Gujarat 583 576 6 256 253 3 429 424 5
Haryana 544 532 12 217 214 4 393 385 8
Himachal Pradesh 568 556 11 450 443 7 508 499 9
Jammu & Kashmir 572 558 14 269 256 13 424 411 13
Jharkhand 515 490 24 149 145 4 340 326 15
Karnataka 614 607 7 304 301 4 461 456 5
Kerala 578 560 18 253 212 41 408 377 30
Madhya Pradesh 550 543 7 249 247 2 407 403 4
Maharashtra 585 576 9 303 298 4 450 443 7
Manipur 513 492 21 203 195 8 363 349 15
Meghalaya 566 562 4 346 341 5 459 454 5
Mizoram 575 565 10 358 350 8 469 460 9
Nagaland 530 483 47 311 271 40 424 380 44
Odisha 596 576 19 233 226 7 415 402 13
Punjab 564 544 19 208 202 6 395 382 13
Rajasthan 515 510 5 303 301 2 412 409 3
Sikkim 586 562 24 301 291 10 455 437 18
Tamil Nadu 599 588 12 320 312 8 458 448 10
Tripura 615 578 36 226 174 52 423 379 44
Uttarakhand 492 478 13 331 330 2 415 407 8
Uttar Pradesh 512 504 8 156 155 1 340 335 5
West Bengal 616 602 13 155 149 6 396 386 10
A & N Islands 605 579 25 243 196 47 435 399 36
Chandigarh 582 549 33 152 127 26 371 342 29
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 588 560 29 36 33 3 335 318 17
Daman & Diu 585 563 22 149 147 2 397 384 13
Lakshadweep 601 569 31 300 259 42 452 415 36
Puducherry 603 586 16 263 253 10 427 414 13
all India 557 546 11 233 228 5 400 392 8
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
172
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism rural male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 853 940 832 582 594 606 695 615 604 804
Arunachal Pradesh 974 826 804 619 945 1000 905 1000 796 848
Assam 793 921 790 673 604 544 807 925 669 797
Bihar 907 866 629 704 755 864 788 793 731 805
Chhattisgarh 856 875 621 594 739 649 755 866 668 766
Delhi 983 465 843 881 555 1000 906 0 810 782
Goa 297 794 954 807 137 648 733 1000 574 684
Gujarat 871 930 854 815 591 766 870 971 768 859
Haryana 761 881 600 697 658 661 821 888 703 742
Himachal Pradesh 787 914 758 714 776 834 752 805 743 790
Jammu & Kashmir 883 874 829 759 747 954 769 983 764 823
Jharkhand 862 878 700 714 509 850 719 578 665 778
Karnataka 885 960 891 782 750 789 914 630 788 871
Kerala 639 781 904 719 491 818 857 902 712 790
Madhya Pradesh 949 892 834 698 672 488 787 927 704 851
Maharashtra 827 934 806 722 677 759 828 865 728 807
Manipur 682 841 653 778 666 508 796 685 742 725
Meghalaya 0 742 612 684 887 0 1000 0 779 687
Mizoram 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000 1000 1000
Nagaland 0 1000 172 957 1000 0 0 0 993 503
Odisha 847 933 824 661 588 620 773 796 665 824
Punjab 732 796 717 731 672 808 647 1000 712 737
Rajasthan 904 877 760 652 529 410 659 854 614 801
Sikkim 892 927 596 661 618 1000 898 581 694 794
Tamil Nadu 834 947 891 688 454 803 743 822 633 815
Tripura 855 893 743 651 562 1000 775 994 685 813
Uttarakhand 781 873 737 700 226 1000 815 983 468 628
Uttar Pradesh 889 867 764 737 723 443 812 943 748 817
West Bengal 895 923 753 659 745 886 828 926 713 840
A & N Islands 760 889 824 666 869 883 860 1000 788 826
Chandigarh 903 1000 1000 572 45 1000 500 0 419 608
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 952 1000 816 760 771 0 1000 0 768 897
Daman & Diu 821 722 575 913 520 961 1000 935 837 721
Lakshadweep 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Puducherry 973 836 984 784 468 893 743 1000 724 837
all India 876 902 787 702 640 718 787 872 700 813
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
173
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism rural female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 674 624 487 270 214 193 297 228 256 594
Arunachal Pradesh 301 458 506 253 273 107 146 1000 241 353
Assam 268 298 235 162 153 339 121 433 159 254
Bihar 139 115 20 24 24 0 199 0 37 114
Chhattisgarh 650 589 392 310 331 0 169 742 315 559
Delhi 90 0 2 0 0 0 109 0 28 49
Goa 67 15 44 94 179 1000 478 335 359 172
Gujarat 514 494 358 170 64 763 97 409 146 443
Haryana 391 372 289 301 251 412 139 337 275 349
Himachal Pradesh 609 724 611 629 609 641 531 532 607 634
Jammu & Kashmir 608 691 576 429 399 309 130 480 402 561
Jharkhand 272 197 109 82 254 0 598 81 163 232
Karnataka 592 529 446 271 188 241 363 726 257 501
Kerala 363 370 307 250 232 416 337 513 288 321
Madhya Pradesh 520 379 263 274 107 114 155 88 216 430
Maharashtra 636 703 472 318 301 195 255 299 303 552
Manipur 356 263 218 131 171 168 310 233 167 227
Meghalaya 33 515 345 54 952 0 571 0 243 383
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nagaland 1000 0 28 14 0 0 0 1000 427 274
Odisha 430 318 209 130 70 236 279 664 146 328
Punjab 307 241 255 185 181 220 0 553 183 248
Rajasthan 631 442 284 195 61 686 118 353 156 537
Sikkim 570 410 206 323 153 0 489 949 350 398
Tamil Nadu 635 618 491 258 218 334 139 653 253 533
Tripura 338 273 166 213 122 374 193 207 201 259
Uttarakhand 641 728 566 479 470 0 207 742 461 602
Uttar Pradesh 345 229 184 144 101 57 320 141 157 282
West Bengal 255 171 140 154 138 1000 220 529 171 198
A & N Islands 386 272 287 95 240 748 386 919 272 301
Chandigarh 878 121 0 527 0 0 0 1000 52 163
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 73 0 76 0 0 0 949 0 60 65
Daman & Diu 299 432 127 249 98 0 19 0 183 238
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry 725 535 520 57 213 0 35 933 135 511
all India 458 407 303 226 183 339 264 400 225 392
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
174
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism rural male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 742 789 712 464 466 502 591 485 483 698
Arunachal Pradesh 606 631 703 454 673 782 677 1000 578 618
Assam 463 583 548 481 442 501 651 841 490 534
Bihar 415 564 419 523 560 838 684 764 556 474
Chhattisgarh 718 738 540 488 635 628 628 829 556 665
Delhi 195 203 592 716 342 1000 645 0 599 429
Goa 100 565 574 570 150 977 641 693 489 443
Gujarat 626 742 672 613 393 765 651 910 572 655
Haryana 512 663 473 563 538 602 634 630 567 558
Himachal Pradesh 662 816 689 679 702 774 647 655 684 710
Jammu & Kashmir 698 779 729 619 584 640 635 650 611 691
Jharkhand 487 597 490 540 426 834 707 514 533 515
Karnataka 693 753 698 582 544 735 777 644 597 682
Kerala 431 558 622 479 341 679 559 631 487 541
Madhya Pradesh 671 668 643 574 539 356 702 823 579 650
Maharashtra 696 818 658 572 549 623 669 635 581 681
Manipur 459 474 397 509 461 412 657 511 517 476
Meghalaya 17 627 490 450 898 0 823 0 609 553
Mizoram 0 0 1000 0 0 0 804 1000 836 915
Nagaland 1000 1000 101 241 486 0 0 1000 593 367
Odisha 576 651 558 438 395 546 610 760 465 571
Punjab 474 525 515 486 426 686 362 620 465 488
Rajasthan 720 713 622 514 420 451 616 700 503 671
Sikkim 683 681 443 516 415 511 740 692 553 608
Tamil Nadu 699 778 716 498 358 648 539 739 475 667
Tripura 514 595 478 476 389 731 615 895 504 537
Uttarakhand 672 794 666 626 287 1000 539 879 466 615
Uttar Pradesh 527 607 560 568 514 339 639 739 564 555
West Bengal 487 568 502 493 536 905 705 771 541 529
A & N Islands 557 625 583 382 540 794 640 987 530 577
Chandigarh 892 447 406 571 32 1000 38 1000 308 413
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 361 735 562 359 514 0 971 0 425 488
Daman & Diu 392 522 420 650 318 961 675 935 590 512
Lakshadweep 0 1000 1000 1000 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Puducherry 781 715 752 507 317 824 518 971 482 668
all India 602 676 599 536 486 620 639 710 541 605
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
175
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 817 895 777 695 507 744 692 838 672 732
Arunachal Pradesh 698 859 631 558 624 903 892 1000 676 689
Assam 741 795 724 501 627 916 860 944 686 708
Bihar 948 876 571 539 442 724 676 934 584 679
Chhattisgarh 778 820 658 587 487 908 848 921 677 703
Delhi 701 841 780 691 643 396 721 744 675 711
Goa 610 746 803 752 662 705 920 1000 785 780
Gujarat 784 864 799 749 672 749 822 873 759 786
Haryana 806 839 788 694 696 806 822 811 739 770
Himachal Pradesh 581 859 654 772 654 566 825 917 758 753
Jammu & Kashmir 830 914 731 709 638 543 692 899 697 742
Jharkhand 753 778 692 504 616 259 859 971 671 699
Karnataka 816 935 808 721 580 747 754 873 708 762
Kerala 647 733 848 660 438 876 779 913 686 740
Madhya Pradesh 770 808 635 541 596 663 748 827 664 692
Maharashtra 772 785 748 685 647 751 839 848 738 746
Manipur 752 807 635 675 699 905 857 863 750 730
Meghalaya 701 949 877 657 677 0 826 763 706 782
Mizoram 1000 912 846 508 330 1000 696 0 476 695
Nagaland 0 914 641 688 713 0 1000 0 723 756
Odisha 779 866 819 678 443 610 764 938 685 754
Punjab 878 790 760 764 640 714 811 736 742 772
Rajasthan 864 851 735 597 530 645 766 832 654 719
Sikkim 353 953 610 810 833 1000 994 0 876 854
Tamil Nadu 792 881 840 654 583 785 762 823 686 760
Tripura 787 745 739 557 593 581 703 753 619 690
Uttarakhand 854 781 658 700 635 900 783 860 738 747
Uttar Pradesh 850 771 691 599 551 700 773 799 665 707
West Bengal 817 865 724 641 630 705 767 694 692 746
A & N Islands 623 855 676 609 754 836 905 1000 777 749
Chandigarh 922 940 580 782 437 345 748 873 688 735
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 856 1000 781 727 790 1000 849 1000 807 821
Daman & Diu 562 666 737 862 832 1000 1000 1000 883 817
Lakshadweep 0 896 552 1000 1000 1000 1000 0 1000 812
Puducherry 737 800 877 760 534 728 827 752 745 782
all India 815 841 755 663 591 731 774 833 696 738
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
176
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 357 316 200 102 88 398 250 444 164 249
Arunachal Pradesh 79 212 71 34 87 526 316 1000 110 119
Assam 85 120 66 172 156 657 83 156 147 120
Bihar 122 39 29 16 33 273 121 153 57 71
Chhattisgarh 260 278 190 24 98 70 240 409 126 193
Delhi 113 87 45 10 36 383 164 169 85 85
Goa 6 87 124 56 63 264 149 42 103 93
Gujarat 245 191 166 102 101 442 224 372 166 186
Haryana 211 243 123 80 81 646 224 302 156 182
Himachal Pradesh 358 209 182 124 122 469 258 350 186 209
Jammu & Kashmir 164 235 145 158 90 332 263 374 184 179
Jharkhand 184 94 28 53 106 335 175 186 114 121
Karnataka 372 212 215 94 122 699 237 625 182 234
Kerala 241 271 302 240 189 269 443 617 306 295
Madhya Pradesh 246 215 101 66 119 167 159 340 141 175
Maharashtra 242 250 164 128 121 463 297 428 210 211
Manipur 269 310 187 134 201 353 365 610 227 231
Meghalaya 744 278 335 190 48 0 129 500 132 252
Mizoram 0 345 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 475 204
Nagaland 0 58 0 220 0 0 0 0 136 59
Odisha 284 204 110 34 29 646 117 168 78 162
Punjab 163 166 103 76 123 105 187 375 144 147
Rajasthan 200 115 119 115 66 139 164 354 158 159
Sikkim 29 187 262 36 591 0 384 0 273 214
Tamil Nadu 361 336 239 138 92 372 286 421 183 262
Tripura 159 142 69 120 27 148 370 397 187 140
Uttarakhand 239 172 181 41 142 817 159 294 152 175
Uttar Pradesh 159 78 64 47 35 47 84 212 78 100
West Bengal 235 228 164 89 80 34 183 389 134 178
A & N Islands 159 289 102 72 222 591 382 439 269 223
Chandigarh 275 273 0 117 42 24 246 234 159 184
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 3 0 0 51 0 0 0 0 19 8
Daman & Diu 135 0 113 92 0 1000 311 0 186 121
Lakshadweep 0 1000 767 0 0 0 0 0 0 602
Puducherry 458 177 302 139 122 267 434 376 231 272
all India 250 217 157 98 90 372 215 354 156 187
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
177
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 507 564 512 423 321 676 531 733 468 496
Arunachal Pradesh 319 469 350 346 397 839 727 1000 464 429
Assam 251 416 395 351 406 880 583 578 457 428
Bihar 391 475 277 341 292 499 504 742 399 394
Chhattisgarh 383 515 442 312 324 750 635 741 449 452
Delhi 296 442 520 437 401 393 486 559 445 440
Goa 112 360 476 417 394 555 614 607 492 445
Gujarat 396 523 512 505 406 674 548 668 514 500
Haryana 401 587 535 453 484 782 578 535 519 507
Himachal Pradesh 426 559 427 442 369 534 584 602 473 477
Jammu & Kashmir 333 618 477 473 366 487 494 632 462 467
Jharkhand 369 424 414 325 380 282 641 808 461 429
Karnataka 523 603 523 419 385 733 584 772 491 515
Kerala 342 478 579 443 300 587 607 732 487 503
Madhya Pradesh 387 510 420 324 365 440 520 656 437 439
Maharashtra 361 511 479 450 413 687 615 666 519 496
Manipur 368 464 397 405 500 701 665 793 526 482
Meghalaya 722 511 609 434 397 0 521 703 446 514
Mizoram 186 720 410 322 415 1000 831 0 476 501
Nagaland 0 549 404 529 521 0 679 0 525 474
Odisha 425 542 493 381 231 616 527 696 433 462
Punjab 468 532 511 482 380 617 511 532 472 486
Rajasthan 374 479 482 424 361 347 544 617 464 451
Sikkim 36 605 395 512 745 1000 974 0 698 565
Tamil Nadu 499 584 563 418 347 664 552 684 465 510
Tripura 333 430 390 375 324 311 561 582 429 410
Uttarakhand 501 464 460 451 410 897 493 596 486 483
Uttar Pradesh 378 453 439 367 321 558 488 538 416 416
West Bengal 425 545 443 369 362 553 553 538 443 464
A & N Islands 343 553 432 365 485 763 679 629 539 492
Chandigarh 508 663 319 527 260 200 547 585 466 483
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 124 487 596 446 487 1000 461 1000 498 490
Daman & Diu 223 201 460 594 711 1000 578 756 633 490
Lakshadweep 0 905 624 774 1000 1000 1000 0 905 767
Puducherry 505 457 616 479 258 505 673 636 504 517
all India 422 524 487 419 367 633 552 638 470 474
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
178
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 848 932 818 622 558 688 693 792 636 784
Arunachal Pradesh 952 832 750 594 805 953 900 1000 746 803
Assam 791 912 784 640 611 679 835 937 674 784
Bihar 909 867 624 683 696 843 748 867 703 791
Chhattisgarh 852 870 625 593 662 809 805 904 671 755
Delhi 720 817 786 706 640 397 727 744 682 715
Goa 331 788 923 798 212 696 865 1000 628 705
Gujarat 857 911 836 780 636 755 835 897 763 830
Haryana 770 871 660 696 672 747 821 845 717 750
Himachal Pradesh 780 911 754 719 763 790 769 842 745 787
Jammu & Kashmir 877 883 812 745 714 812 733 925 741 803
Jharkhand 851 862 699 663 547 434 796 884 667 760
Karnataka 874 954 867 760 666 765 795 831 747 833
Kerala 641 771 891 701 475 835 823 907 703 776
Madhya Pradesh 935 880 791 663 642 570 764 845 688 815
Maharashtra 820 896 785 705 663 754 836 852 734 783
Manipur 698 832 646 743 681 637 830 792 746 727
Meghalaya 466 804 716 670 756 0 858 763 734 733
Mizoram 1000 912 864 508 330 1000 775 1000 512 715
Nagaland 0 916 505 702 818 0 1000 0 769 711
Odisha 843 927 823 665 559 614 770 880 671 814
Punjab 797 793 743 751 651 731 784 748 732 757
Rajasthan 900 873 755 633 530 518 712 836 631 782
Sikkim 890 929 597 697 682 1000 926 581 741 803
Tamil Nadu 822 925 870 671 518 792 757 823 664 791
Tripura 850 874 742 619 575 949 738 871 659 789
Uttarakhand 800 857 727 700 284 951 797 909 542 655
Uttar Pradesh 885 853 753 704 668 576 792 856 718 794
West Bengal 883 911 746 653 682 762 782 758 702 811
A & N Islands 715 880 760 639 794 847 890 1000 782 792
Chandigarh 919 958 583 697 360 380 745 873 643 713
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 948 1000 803 744 783 948 863 1000 792 873
Daman & Diu 656 703 614 892 640 971 1000 968 856 754
Lakshadweep 0 957 821 1000 1000 1000 1000 0 1000 927
Puducherry 883 819 908 767 510 766 812 759 740 801
all India 869 891 779 689 620 726 779 844 698 792
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
179
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 628 552 389 198 148 298 262 387 207 504
Arunachal Pradesh 279 404 302 172 188 262 213 1000 188 287
Assam 258 285 217 164 154 420 95 187 155 235
Bihar 138 106 21 22 26 233 157 138 42 109
Chhattisgarh 616 548 353 223 218 65 219 496 234 495
Delhi 108 81 41 9 35 383 163 169 84 83
Goa 61 39 64 83 153 880 237 254 286 154
Gujarat 463 390 278 128 88 534 206 374 160 346
Haryana 351 343 240 230 178 518 195 315 223 301
Himachal Pradesh 601 701 593 573 538 612 474 471 545 601
Jammu & Kashmir 547 616 491 351 297 313 229 423 321 473
Jharkhand 262 174 89 72 180 329 244 172 139 209
Karnataka 554 456 372 190 152 628 261 630 215 418
Kerala 342 349 306 247 220 354 376 553 294 314
Madhya Pradesh 488 351 219 197 115 144 159 326 171 371
Maharashtra 561 583 356 222 194 356 290 404 246 423
Manipur 325 278 208 132 185 245 347 413 195 229
Meghalaya 487 411 341 140 160 0 204 500 160 311
Mizoram 0 345 0 0 1000 0 904 0 459 202
Nagaland 14 58 11 170 0 0 0 1000 279 127
Odisha 418 307 195 109 58 445 208 347 126 306
Punjab 247 208 174 124 143 132 160 406 157 193
Rajasthan 582 363 237 161 64 207 158 353 157 454
Sikkim 519 392 219 263 257 0 487 949 337 375
Tamil Nadu 558 516 379 194 146 357 256 492 212 420
Tripura 318 255 145 179 76 321 312 373 194 235
Uttarakhand 592 640 515 346 374 817 179 461 340 511
Uttar Pradesh 324 203 161 109 73 53 183 196 119 246
West Bengal 251 184 148 120 99 263 187 415 147 192
A & N Islands 299 278 212 85 229 683 383 471 270 266
Chandigarh 317 196 0 135 38 24 200 243 147 181
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 66 0 57 18 0 0 130 0 38 51
Daman & Diu 201 281 123 191 87 1000 244 0 184 193
Lakshadweep 0 1000 767 0 0 0 0 0 0 602
Puducherry 600 307 375 118 148 260 380 402 211 353
all India 429 363 260 171 134 359 227 365 188 336
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
180
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Hinduism rural + urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 710 743 655 448 400 602 551 677 476 644
Arunachal Pradesh 581 599 572 411 550 808 697 1000 531 565
Assam 453 572 533 453 430 631 612 645 480 520
Bihar 414 556 401 496 504 751 611 751 523 465
Chhattisgarh 693 713 525 444 522 708 632 767 517 627
Delhi 281 426 526 455 399 393 490 559 450 440
Goa 101 523 552 537 192 830 621 667 490 443
Gujarat 584 674 614 552 401 704 570 710 535 595
Haryana 488 645 492 531 517 704 602 574 548 543
Himachal Pradesh 654 804 677 657 660 734 633 638 657 691
Jammu & Kashmir 653 749 683 577 515 599 555 639 558 639
Jharkhand 474 564 473 481 407 409 666 748 504 496
Karnataka 664 718 646 515 462 733 628 755 541 627
Kerala 415 542 611 468 329 646 578 673 487 531
Madhya Pradesh 641 644 591 505 453 399 579 680 513 603
Maharashtra 638 738 592 515 477 662 627 660 545 608
Manipur 430 471 397 470 479 514 661 669 521 478
Meghalaya 476 583 539 441 539 0 575 703 500 533
Mizoram 186 720 445 322 415 1000 826 1000 497 519
Nagaland 14 554 302 493 505 0 679 1000 546 448
Odisha 565 641 549 427 355 583 576 721 456 556
Punjab 471 528 513 483 396 630 488 542 470 487
Rajasthan 683 668 591 481 394 384 573 629 484 621
Sikkim 642 675 435 515 505 795 789 692 586 603
Tamil Nadu 643 711 650 456 352 658 549 697 469 600
Tripura 496 573 461 441 361 657 584 696 473 512
Uttarakhand 645 739 639 577 310 949 513 706 472 586
Uttar Pradesh 511 583 539 512 444 448 557 604 505 526
West Bengal 477 563 484 442 431 659 586 592 485 509
A & N Islands 481 602 520 374 504 775 666 709 535 539
Chandigarh 546 577 320 540 224 225 500 588 443 471
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 341 673 574 395 497 868 519 1000 468 488
Daman & Diu 290 410 431 627 427 972 612 832 607 504
Lakshadweep 0 959 812 933 1000 1000 1000 0 962 895
Puducherry 656 570 658 487 277 550 648 647 499 568
all India 577 644 569 492 432 628 581 656 507 568
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
181
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam rural male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 884 977 830 727 357 856 322 586 569 797
Arunachal Pradesh 712 1000 204 686 0 0 0 0 686 715
Assam 907 961 756 653 838 1000 943 1000 736 868
Bihar 893 799 706 616 846 0 884 840 683 801
Chhattisgarh 804 1000 1000 600 333 0 1000 0 894 894
Delhi 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000
Goa 0 1000 1000 1000 0 0 0 1000 750 821
Gujarat 931 974 968 785 201 1000 1000 1000 689 911
Haryana 919 792 360 971 1000 0 1000 0 980 766
Himachal Pradesh 0 912 214 908 404 0 0 1000 834 819
Jammu & Kashmir 911 825 668 620 520 579 732 944 626 744
Jharkhand 974 918 710 559 342 138 566 1000 488 775
Karnataka 718 904 836 755 586 404 1000 0 675 776
Kerala 477 819 772 594 406 520 534 898 532 699
Madhya Pradesh 904 846 444 478 758 0 1000 1000 613 781
Maharashtra 682 908 744 906 777 996 369 712 789 793
Manipur 635 819 781 806 735 0 981 1000 817 794
Meghalaya - - - - - - - - - -
Mizoram 1000 1000 915 731 377 0 1000 0 567 930
Nagaland 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333
Odisha 764 778 459 702 860 0 1000 0 766 673
Punjab 853 810 538 877 339 542 0 1000 669 767
Rajasthan 852 901 625 563 851 0 1000 1000 649 802
Sikkim 1000 1000 736 0 0 0 0 0 0 913
Tamil Nadu 649 940 828 591 682 1000 1000 172 656 805
Tripura 908 946 452 518 559 0 1000 1000 682 796
Uttarakhand 896 939 644 439 280 0 1000 1000 471 794
Uttar Pradesh 883 846 748 589 753 863 568 1000 676 821
West Bengal 906 932 785 657 582 952 732 979 665 864
A & N Islands 1000 595 1000 973 1000 1000 1000 0 984 830
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 315 831 917 571 964 853 1000 0 686 761
Puducherry 0 1000 0 504 165 1000 0 0 540 570
all India 879 897 753 647 617 763 651 960 654 817
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
182
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam rural female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 458 418 267 42 225 989 40 0 112 391
Arunachal Pradesh 267 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 76
Assam 145 149 101 35 326 0 183 1000 104 136
Bihar 64 48 0 0 0 0 859 1000 30 57
Chhattisgarh 164 322 153 0 0 0 0 0 0 204
Delhi - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gujarat 436 301 254 110 289 0 0 0 122 352
Haryana 381 510 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 391
Himachal Pradesh 306 530 440 1000 193 0 0 0 460 456
Jammu & Kashmir 301 387 200 180 141 0 388 581 195 278
Jharkhand 316 200 90 282 0 0 0 0 210 257
Karnataka 394 361 483 87 8 0 760 0 111 357
Kerala 154 166 70 61 24 114 325 187 90 113
Madhya Pradesh 402 289 222 373 17 0 0 1000 285 360
Maharashtra 241 287 195 10 81 16 51 0 37 206
Manipur 289 119 233 119 331 0 451 0 182 214
Meghalaya 173 759 385 271 820 0 1000 0 591 607
Mizoram - - - - - - - - - -
Nagaland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Odisha 414 280 216 0 0 0 0 0 0 301
Punjab 648 28 647 271 0 0 0 0 148 515
Rajasthan 531 337 324 173 0 0 0 0 113 477
Sikkim 0 856 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 856
Tamil Nadu 507 236 217 148 0 1000 0 0 136 288
Tripura 255 161 11 190 0 0 0 1000 155 160
Uttarakhand 77 135 187 117 0 0 0 0 87 112
Uttar Pradesh 184 166 144 233 336 0 122 0 244 180
West Bengal 220 207 158 154 11 0 230 180 138 203
A & N Islands 0 500 153 695 681 1000 0 0 709 456
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 310 430 260 390 0 349 794 0 332 334
Puducherry 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
all India 235 207 161 111 116 124 245 248 128 209
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
183
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam rural male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 620 683 692 552 319 935 247 109 444 605
Arunachal Pradesh 445 627 74 517 0 0 0 0 426 416
Assam 427 592 486 448 733 355 786 1000 553 519
Bihar 375 520 534 513 747 0 882 858 585 447
Chhattisgarh 486 474 561 139 284 0 1000 0 559 510
Delhi 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000
Goa 0 1000 1000 435 0 0 0 1000 395 500
Gujarat 595 664 724 602 206 1000 1000 1000 585 644
Haryana 539 721 317 871 840 0 883 0 869 593
Himachal Pradesh 306 732 359 933 242 0 0 1000 665 620
Jammu & Kashmir 515 630 524 479 387 344 657 873 492 521
Jharkhand 556 579 432 471 276 138 566 1000 421 518
Karnataka 523 695 652 429 349 253 880 0 417 560
Kerala 237 447 388 314 201 354 429 343 301 370
Madhya Pradesh 607 619 388 455 619 0 1000 1000 550 586
Maharashtra 371 635 525 549 463 908 279 712 522 513
Manipur 353 184 496 508 593 0 916 1000 580 485
Meghalaya 547 885 681 436 511 0 1000 0 577 779
Mizoram - - - - - - - - - -
Nagaland 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250
Odisha 583 515 365 552 652 0 1000 0 615 508
Punjab 717 644 596 672 222 542 0 1000 505 646
Rajasthan 636 735 551 492 529 0 1000 866 540 643
Sikkim 1000 980 736 0 0 0 0 0 0 908
Tamil Nadu 551 604 466 353 487 1000 635 172 412 520
Tripura 448 573 236 361 86 0 951 1000 438 461
Uttarakhand 425 555 475 374 102 0 1000 1000 381 472
Uttar Pradesh 445 546 563 513 619 853 367 956 574 494
West Bengal 508 598 544 477 492 536 629 862 511 548
A & N Islands 168 561 579 842 869 1000 1000 0 874 668
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 311 646 558 500 297 674 958 0 544 553
Puducherry 0 361 0 116 165 1000 0 0 386 329
all India 478 585 525 472 467 598 535 847 491 518
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
184
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 893 931 752 672 468 582 676 873 618 742
Arunachal Pradesh 1000 1000 1000 830 829 0 1000 1000 877 946
Assam 869 1000 899 637 413 1000 457 0 594 738
Bihar 872 732 600 433 575 0 939 1000 594 705
Chhattisgarh 1000 663 762 673 534 1000 594 305 640 671
Delhi 849 795 576 872 623 1000 936 1000 782 759
Goa 894 1000 640 939 712 1000 589 0 817 821
Gujarat 731 908 770 730 677 0 835 1000 721 783
Haryana 851 940 936 1000 0 0 1000 0 772 875
Himachal Pradesh 1000 1000 1000 1000 487 1000 0 1000 778 852
Jammu & Kashmir 826 864 631 571 579 582 703 720 613 690
Jharkhand 711 740 795 488 719 1000 820 1000 680 723
Karnataka 667 871 841 689 426 431 566 1000 634 717
Kerala 459 760 830 559 289 490 622 795 482 669
Madhya Pradesh 840 897 754 677 348 123 771 966 576 757
Maharashtra 761 895 823 788 529 839 866 909 730 805
Manipur 730 858 725 637 402 1000 921 1000 642 670
Meghalaya 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000
Mizoram 0 1000 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 667
Nagaland 0 1000 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Odisha 687 962 681 391 383 1000 832 1000 545 698
Punjab 656 916 865 989 500 0 1000 1000 981 848
Rajasthan 851 751 741 663 624 1000 496 1000 648 747
Sikkim 1000 968 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 980
Tamil Nadu 744 867 797 763 378 739 654 963 657 745
Tripura 884 887 439 598 0 0 1000 0 973 862
Uttarakhand 865 868 616 621 726 1000 718 1000 706 791
Uttar Pradesh 861 839 784 687 402 831 736 928 619 782
West Bengal 892 916 799 726 425 1000 699 1000 656 828
A & N Islands 0 996 1000 343 914 1000 1000 1000 707 820
Chandigarh 496 1000 646 1000 0 0 0 0 582 596
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 0 630 0 798 771 0 0 0 785 744
Lakshadweep 348 707 662 413 602 920 1000 1000 643 637
Puducherry 0 796 833 516 434 1000 605 1000 593 704
all India 829 862 778 699 481 674 716 935 651 763
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
185
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 189 96 115 73 50 0 176 390 92 129
Arunachal Pradesh 35 315 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 164
Assam 65 164 182 0 0 0 322 0 119 124
Bihar 123 71 12 0 0 232 288 0 54 82
Chhattisgarh 311 261 0 165 0 0 271 0 155 188
Delhi 3 30 31 23 0 0 0 0 10 13
Goa 7 79 333 0 485 0 0 0 100 96
Gujarat 122 217 286 18 0 363 130 858 77 173
Haryana 470 483 0 0 0 0 53 0 6 386
Himachal Pradesh 480 157 0 0 1000 0 667 0 662 411
Jammu & Kashmir 119 77 213 66 69 371 237 719 159 145
Jharkhand 156 87 36 203 0 0 131 0 146 127
Karnataka 189 256 125 23 261 231 241 1000 112 155
Kerala 83 94 59 23 107 0 369 314 106 87
Madhya Pradesh 256 178 340 92 12 1000 18 989 55 206
Maharashtra 143 88 68 38 159 349 234 959 165 119
Manipur 230 0 41 33 0 0 0 0 23 64
Meghalaya 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500
Mizoram 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Nagaland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Odisha 0 0 0 136 0 0 20 0 79 20
Punjab 33 35 0 20 21 0 1000 0 238 72
Rajasthan 190 327 159 30 54 0 0 187 43 192
Sikkim 557 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 294
Tamil Nadu 137 58 101 0 58 241 158 118 56 78
Tripura 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14
Uttarakhand 128 70 114 0 0 0 260 0 56 102
Uttar Pradesh 139 210 57 125 91 48 176 189 123 140
West Bengal 195 101 168 82 121 0 508 1000 176 152
A & N Islands 0 201 173 160 216 1000 829 1000 375 281
Chandigarh 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 83 43
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Daman & Diu 0 0 0 0 423 0 0 0 309 64
Lakshadweep 257 307 324 247 0 797 1000 1000 462 332
Puducherry 90 18 80 0 0 0 0 0 0 41
all India 156 146 122 50 88 272 196 459 107 134
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
186
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 463 434 421 443 302 582 522 622 426 437
Arunachal Pradesh 503 603 608 658 179 0 1000 1000 660 613
Assam 281 562 505 253 206 1000 380 0 363 405
Bihar 445 416 355 251 241 232 704 1000 359 400
Chhattisgarh 313 471 357 430 348 1000 389 305 426 401
Delhi 404 616 402 482 451 1000 466 1000 473 476
Goa 307 476 526 501 595 1000 178 0 459 440
Gujarat 332 551 555 420 439 175 445 971 453 480
Haryana 616 790 704 655 0 0 848 0 517 655
Himachal Pradesh 501 566 761 814 581 1000 667 1000 749 689
Jammu & Kashmir 376 485 437 357 400 527 553 719 440 421
Jharkhand 367 501 527 306 456 1000 643 641 428 441
Karnataka 320 605 469 416 354 340 409 1000 414 436
Kerala 178 378 448 239 205 262 489 505 278 349
Madhya Pradesh 480 597 594 466 204 382 386 967 370 503
Maharashtra 359 537 511 509 364 591 534 936 491 489
Manipur 363 255 303 423 313 1000 714 698 455 391
Meghalaya 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 584 0 803 779
Mizoram 0 1000 750 0 0 0 0 0 0 778
Nagaland 0 294 641 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 500
Odisha 117 565 553 280 270 1000 492 1000 365 406
Punjab 371 635 524 654 40 0 1000 483 569 536
Rajasthan 416 562 567 410 476 1000 280 591 414 470
Sikkim 780 949 947 0 0 0 0 0 0 937
Tamil Nadu 324 401 492 435 207 673 413 601 383 402
Tripura 263 570 181 374 0 0 1000 0 937 460
Uttarakhand 439 555 382 456 446 1000 440 684 484 471
Uttar Pradesh 432 581 544 455 256 255 514 550 403 471
West Bengal 443 546 588 491 337 1000 645 1000 503 520
A & N Islands 0 703 340 290 592 1000 863 1000 564 571
Chandigarh 94 500 646 1000 0 0 0 0 360 315
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 338
Daman & Diu 0 302 0 695 656 0 0 0 675 392
Lakshadweep 280 498 493 337 410 876 1000 1000 566 476
Puducherry 77 338 533 167 202 1000 426 1000 271 332
all India 406 534 505 429 313 528 485 753 422 459
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
187
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 887 960 798 698 425 616 514 845 597 773
Arunachal Pradesh 793 1000 676 733 829 0 1000 1000 765 815
Assam 906 962 763 652 759 1000 738 1000 712 860
Bihar 891 793 694 581 803 0 911 923 663 789
Chhattisgarh 806 764 828 667 522 1000 889 305 701 750
Delhi 849 795 616 872 666 1000 936 1000 793 768
Goa 894 1000 663 946 569 1000 589 487 806 821
Gujarat 847 945 861 751 546 679 849 1000 710 844
Haryana 891 837 547 988 258 0 1000 0 841 808
Himachal Pradesh 1000 924 601 933 468 1000 0 1000 803 831
Jammu & Kashmir 895 833 661 610 541 581 721 867 622 732
Jharkhand 932 866 731 548 430 486 662 1000 531 763
Karnataka 705 889 839 703 482 415 616 1000 644 744
Kerala 472 807 789 584 363 511 564 822 516 691
Madhya Pradesh 880 872 665 587 448 123 831 970 588 767
Maharashtra 731 899 800 814 577 909 655 876 745 802
Manipur 664 839 769 744 623 1000 955 1000 753 754
Meghalaya 1000 1000 915 856 377 1000 1000 0 686 935
Mizoram 0 1000 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 667
Nagaland 0 1000 868 882 0 0 0 0 882 906
Odisha 753 849 567 564 605 824 879 1000 648 683
Punjab 769 873 760 920 342 542 1000 1000 747 806
Rajasthan 852 833 682 634 656 1000 543 1000 648 773
Sikkim 1000 989 830 0 0 0 0 0 0 936
Tamil Nadu 707 894 805 730 421 750 693 905 657 761
Tripura 905 939 451 520 559 0 1000 1000 717 803
Uttarakhand 881 903 632 521 674 1000 831 1000 606 792
Uttar Pradesh 877 844 762 631 547 861 691 979 648 807
West Bengal 905 930 787 669 549 960 723 984 663 859
A & N Islands 1000 837 1000 597 924 1000 1000 1000 791 824
Chandigarh 496 1000 646 1000 0 0 0 0 582 596
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Daman & Diu 0 630 0 798 771 0 0 0 785 744
Lakshadweep 340 771 763 516 777 877 1000 1000 669 700
Puducherry 0 907 562 512 242 1000 605 1000 562 639
all India 866 887 762 671 544 719 689 946 653 798
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
188
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 365 280 162 63 98 989 121 270 98 268
Arunachal Pradesh 217 210 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 110
Assam 142 149 107 30 172 0 292 820 109 135
Bihar 69 51 3 0 0 214 347 1000 43 60
Chhattisgarh 260 299 41 121 0 0 271 0 126 194
Delhi 3 30 31 23 0 0 0 0 10 13
Goa 7 79 333 0 393 0 0 0 85 89
Gujarat 312 259 275 39 12 363 130 858 83 255
Haryana 410 500 0 0 0 0 43 0 5 389
Himachal Pradesh 349 471 376 812 338 0 667 0 527 446
Jammu & Kashmir 268 313 204 147 115 176 309 675 182 246
Jharkhand 292 176 80 250 0 0 131 0 181 230
Karnataka 317 308 282 41 180 117 304 894 112 250
Kerala 135 151 68 49 49 75 341 256 95 106
Madhya Pradesh 343 231 319 173 13 1000 18 990 90 276
Maharashtra 186 142 105 32 143 324 196 959 139 145
Manipur 276 97 178 94 262 0 174 0 135 175
Meghalaya 375 759 351 271 820 0 518 0 521 600
Mizoram 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Nagaland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Odisha 240 202 161 94 0 0 20 0 59 190
Punjab 500 33 293 173 10 0 692 0 191 339
Rajasthan 376 331 232 47 42 0 0 180 50 325
Sikkim 557 807 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 713
Tamil Nadu 283 109 148 39 55 385 147 118 69 140
Tripura 223 148 11 188 0 0 0 1000 154 147
Uttarakhand 101 107 148 54 0 0 260 0 65 107
Uttar Pradesh 171 179 108 162 158 45 159 171 159 166
West Bengal 218 193 160 141 51 0 336 351 146 197
A & N Islands 0 315 168 477 262 1000 829 1000 468 339
Chandigarh 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 83 43
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Daman & Diu 0 0 0 0 423 0 0 0 309 64
Lakshadweep 274 363 296 332 0 513 954 1000 386 333
Puducherry 90 7 80 0 0 0 0 0 0 27
all India 215 188 145 77 98 215 209 419 115 183
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
189
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Islam rural + urban male
+female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 565 583 552 490 308 673 400 509 433 528
Arunachal Pradesh 459 614 322 561 57 0 1000 1000 511 498
Assam 421 592 487 431 593 895 554 917 511 512
Bihar 381 508 508 447 604 158 776 927 517 441
Chhattisgarh 402 473 413 376 345 1000 691 258 455 440
Delhi 404 616 442 482 498 1000 466 1000 490 488
Goa 307 509 546 491 478 1000 178 447 449 445
Gujarat 489 611 626 479 391 606 469 973 488 556
Haryana 566 744 456 729 143 0 856 0 614 617
Himachal Pradesh 356 707 485 903 404 1000 667 1000 705 640
Jammu & Kashmir 489 598 503 450 391 452 613 803 476 498
Jharkhand 527 559 453 429 326 486 601 817 423 501
Karnataka 455 652 550 419 352 293 465 992 414 493
Kerala 222 432 404 292 202 325 450 441 293 364
Madhya Pradesh 557 608 543 461 280 382 476 971 418 540
Maharashtra 364 564 515 518 383 689 450 916 498 496
Manipur 355 200 446 479 510 1000 822 903 537 458
Meghalaya 615 888 653 570 511 1000 824 0 626 779
Mizoram 0 1000 750 0 0 0 0 0 0 778
Nagaland 0 318 584 882 0 0 0 0 882 475
Odisha 438 531 444 409 441 824 586 1000 465 467
Punjab 608 638 551 665 177 542 725 906 527 597
Rajasthan 535 646 559 429 484 1000 320 627 437 551
Sikkim 868 971 813 0 0 0 0 0 0 918
Tamil Nadu 413 468 483 417 234 695 434 582 387 435
Tripura 423 573 233 361 86 0 964 1000 474 461
Uttarakhand 432 555 431 413 384 1000 558 689 444 472
Uttar Pradesh 441 557 556 484 384 720 472 777 478 486
West Bengal 502 591 551 479 455 584 634 893 509 544
A & N Islands 117 648 433 551 622 1000 919 1000 654 605
Chandigarh 94 500 646 1000 0 0 0 0 360 315
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 338
Daman & Diu 0 302 0 695 656 0 0 0 675 392
Lakshadweep 289 570 520 440 334 747 982 1000 553 513
Puducherry 77 351 413 148 182 1000 426 1000 325 331
all India 459 570 517 450 378 561 502 787 453 497
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
190
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 906 1000 703 862 261 825 763 556 725 839
Arunachal Pradesh 954 825 587 601 689 954 805 1000 713 804
Assam 986 973 843 930 352 0 254 1000 755 891
Bihar 389 0 0 991 1000 0 1000 0 994 571
Chhattisgarh 449 223 467 686 1000 1000 1000 898 808 669
Delhi - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 0 72 679 433 429 701 0 1000 484 457
Gujarat 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 1000
Haryana - - - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Jharkhand 874 756 505 679 556 0 982 1000 765 748
Karnataka 878 1000 1000 77 589 0 1000 0 117 650
Kerala 495 839 886 643 479 773 696 969 664 764
Madhya Pradesh 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 333 987
Maharashtra 94 1000 1000 565 91 0 1000 0 479 629
Manipur 780 940 788 725 639 485 807 772 708 772
Meghalaya 900 916 765 625 720 1000 862 1000 690 831
Mizoram 337 918 893 705 677 1000 966 1000 761 871
Nagaland 950 804 672 527 574 913 574 500 551 667
Odisha 937 944 835 678 1000 0 1000 0 752 870
Punjab 1000 1000 989 297 0 0 0 0 264 936
Rajasthan 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 509
Sikkim 89 964 894 546 170 0 916 0 577 629
Tamil Nadu 816 855 977 687 505 340 327 1000 584 733
Tripura 0 964 263 1000 0 0 1000 0 840 749
Uttarakhand - - - - - - - - - -
Uttar Pradesh 954 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 956
West Bengal 911 1000 773 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 943
A & N Islands 958 885 847 609 958 1000 1000 0 746 851
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
all India 832 884 828 653 524 744 717 934 653 776
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
191
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 642 804 448 146 118 0 141 0 123 542
Arunachal Pradesh 699 540 396 384 462 500 781 0 449 598
Assam 429 769 210 44 0 0 0 0 44 510
Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chhattisgarh 463 981 698 918 611 0 0 1000 661 696
Delhi - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 0 0 63 31 16 1000 164 1000 120 82
Gujarat 0 600 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600
Haryana - - - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 679
Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jharkhand 269 622 296 675 664 0 123 0 630 365
Karnataka 926 542 26 0 601 0 1000 0 569 697
Kerala 173 296 393 363 271 411 385 732 373 353
Madhya Pradesh 0 1000 0 0 988 0 0 0 988 538
Maharashtra 253 945 877 0 1000 0 0 0 111 603
Manipur 367 463 448 271 243 403 247 1000 264 381
Meghalaya 366 682 570 190 396 0 692 801 287 563
Mizoram 297 666 600 471 390 1000 686 0 473 606
Nagaland 273 583 480 309 276 719 236 601 292 425
Odisha 686 541 658 555 0 0 0 0 315 625
Punjab 266 243 0 489 0 0 0 0 489 243
Rajasthan 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 18
Sikkim 376 842 619 338 780 0 177 500 578 660
Tamil Nadu 594 514 424 275 121 853 124 460 250 435
Tripura 837 557 629 0 0 1000 0 0 131 477
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uttar Pradesh 272 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 79
West Bengal 369 161 259 96 0 0 0 0 87 255
A & N Islands 74 141 170 219 235 79 433 0 240 169
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
all India 482 528 421 297 274 418 355 627 322 433
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
192
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 738 893 563 519 187 343 741 556 473 676
Arunachal Pradesh 813 671 521 530 592 949 798 689 631 707
Assam 596 852 566 786 352 0 254 1000 672 689
Bihar 129 0 0 648 1000 0 1000 0 740 225
Chhattisgarh 456 914 567 742 874 1000 355 916 768 682
Delhi - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 0 29 565 215 245 785 164 1000 302 275
Gujarat 0 667 0 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 698
Haryana - - - - - - - - - -
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 522 851
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333
Jharkhand 497 718 419 677 608 0 882 528 706 560
Karnataka 901 715 758 64 600 0 1000 0 348 674
Kerala 243 562 636 490 373 579 539 876 512 549
Madhya Pradesh 0 1000 683 1000 976 0 0 0 965 763
Maharashtra 207 968 934 427 198 0 1000 0 401 618
Manipur 499 649 641 537 506 462 668 803 544 582
Meghalaya 635 803 676 414 590 941 806 861 511 705
Mizoram 309 783 753 611 567 1000 908 1000 658 742
Nagaland 542 677 580 437 425 855 459 518 442 548
Odisha 773 717 770 661 685 0 735 0 674 745
Punjab 627 564 487 374 0 0 0 0 348 578
Rajasthan 35 0 509 0 0 0 0 0 0 263
Sikkim 248 878 724 529 702 0 580 500 577 646
Tamil Nadu 649 686 669 491 344 527 220 694 431 571
Tripura 837 788 363 1000 0 1000 28 0 224 607
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uttar Pradesh 856 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 641
West Bengal 557 483 648 405 882 0 1000 0 587 538
A & N Islands 494 563 530 419 357 239 796 0 458 507
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 333 333
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
all India 610 695 632 487 408 583 565 812 501 599
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
193
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 930 911 852 749 474 0 922 1000 743 798
Arunachal Pradesh 530 925 808 461 547 1000 888 1000 627 668
Assam 0 1000 897 0 0 0 250 1000 330 481
Bihar - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 134 458 99 154 931 0 392 1000 665 494
Delhi - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 211 580 723 474 375 792 663 817 581 592
Gujarat 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 0 717 717
Haryana 782 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 1000 837
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 1000 390 185 0 1000 0 379 577
Jharkhand 999 1000 493 759 664 0 599 876 688 825
Karnataka 1000 891 845 887 273 798 786 1000 699 767
Kerala 687 737 897 607 472 818 824 963 682 735
Madhya Pradesh 1000 1000 1000 1000 567 0 0 1000 745 828
Maharashtra 1000 1000 882 756 320 246 931 645 629 685
Manipur 831 1000 290 821 858 0 1000 1000 856 808
Meghalaya 743 731 625 506 546 780 721 961 611 632
Mizoram 759 880 814 565 535 926 845 777 639 748
Nagaland 473 669 383 543 601 621 808 843 644 589
Odisha 1000 1000 821 1000 0 1000 1000 0 832 842
Punjab 503 1000 1000 147 929 0 0 0 675 795
Rajasthan - - - - - - - - - -
Sikkim 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 0 730 680
Tamil Nadu 674 958 750 637 408 983 770 980 665 722
Tripura 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 123 123
Uttarakhand 0 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 497 735
Uttar Pradesh 1000 898 1000 442 0 0 1000 1000 729 869
West Bengal 0 0 178 543 188 1000 1000 0 499 402
A & N Islands 1000 773 541 638 657 720 1000 1000 730 702
Chandigarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 500
Daman & Diu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 0 782 467
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry 0 858 818 403 328 513 521 243 391 453
all India 803 853 790 666 434 798 807 871 668 722
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
194
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity urban
female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 200 219 185 326 390 445 308 411 343 276
Arunachal Pradesh 378 40 138 70 415 0 445 0 238 225
Assam 0 205 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 63
Bihar - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 542 312 180 843 68 0 397 0 307 321
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Goa 318 198 114 31 157 181 347 801 229 219
Gujarat 0 0 0 0 0 1000 390 0 343 289
Haryana 769 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 700
Himachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 0 898 0 0 0 0 684 330
Jharkhand 282 10 95 354 118 0 189 0 179 179
Karnataka 0 425 323 280 222 939 600 1000 519 380
Kerala 376 247 372 136 138 483 445 747 300 310
Madhya Pradesh 0 898 744 0 381 0 593 0 391 406
Maharashtra 338 250 0 4 0 1000 775 0 291 279
Manipur 126 182 0 58 473 0 0 0 148 97
Meghalaya 262 320 293 149 240 689 606 617 348 327
Mizoram 191 542 392 254 306 725 634 932 348 411
Nagaland 165 311 147 174 144 0 340 400 187 195
Odisha 340 899 12 177 0 0 0 0 130 226
Punjab 414 0 0 72 0 0 0 0 32 167
Rajasthan - - - - - - - - - -
Sikkim 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 60 30
Tamil Nadu 349 175 74 149 174 744 374 338 284 232
Tripura 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uttarakhand 1000 0 0 333 0 0 1000 0 277 349
Uttar Pradesh 315 0 0 700 143 0 0 437 364 247
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 786 0 143 95
A & N Islands 0 6 209 395 212 723 382 1000 471 287
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Daman & Diu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 139 75
Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Puducherry 0 218 57 0 101 369 460 908 282 241
all India 263 249 223 158 183 705 445 550 316 282
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
195
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 473 561 465 588 434 229 620 658 560 532
Arunachal Pradesh 401 409 373 259 490 1000 805 1000 467 439
Assam 0 498 897 0 0 0 182 1000 188 291
Bihar - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 469 403 125 310 602 0 395 887 520 423
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Goa 295 319 431 206 234 569 486 807 375 368
Gujarat 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 439 0 491 442
Haryana 776 0 0 1000 500 0 0 0 769 774
Himachal Pradesh 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 101
Jammu & Kashmir 0 578 447 600 156 0 500 0 490 466
Jharkhand 649 515 211 529 198 0 412 876 352 438
Karnataka 214 732 525 625 246 909 666 1000 597 538
Kerala 522 502 631 411 278 657 621 861 494 525
Madhya Pradesh 529 907 897 492 459 0 493 1000 552 601
Maharashtra 480 404 739 372 225 480 857 481 484 498
Manipur 549 510 68 605 758 0 365 1000 623 497
Meghalaya 421 471 442 314 394 719 666 748 476 466
Mizoram 295 675 592 414 426 844 785 854 510 575
Nagaland 270 441 259 335 407 350 656 755 436 393
Odisha 354 946 491 318 0 1000 340 0 495 501
Punjab 454 761 749 96 505 0 0 0 290 507
Rajasthan - - - - - - - - - -
Sikkim 0 0 0 531 0 0 1000 0 360 225
Tamil Nadu 432 561 356 428 314 879 558 743 493 471
Tripura 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 86 80
Uttarakhand 1000 1000 1000 181 181 0 1000 0 356 537
Uttar Pradesh 584 179 867 545 102 0 774 520 512 529
West Bengal 0 0 112 239 104 1000 895 0 333 255
A & N Islands 230 399 413 528 455 722 696 1000 602 494
Chandigarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 250
Daman & Diu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 0 500 285
Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Puducherry 0 519 417 130 219 429 497 347 345 357
all India 436 534 488 438 314 751 618 733 499 496
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
196
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 910 980 759 815 381 664 851 861 734 825
Arunachal Pradesh 947 833 607 568 634 956 850 1000 687 785
Assam 986 973 843 930 352 0 252 1000 709 879
Bihar 389 0 0 991 1000 0 1000 0 994 571
Chhattisgarh 445 387 227 664 982 1000 622 931 784 635
Delhi - - - - - - - - - -
Goa 28 218 687 442 423 713 663 822 507 488
Gujarat 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000 1000 0 736 761
Haryana 782 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 1000 837
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 1000 390 185 0 1000 0 379 665
Jharkhand 888 769 504 696 576 0 906 900 748 756
Karnataka 909 938 861 619 292 798 786 1000 589 732
Kerala 582 816 888 632 477 786 732 966 669 756
Madhya Pradesh 1000 1000 1000 1000 557 0 0 1000 737 894
Maharashtra 463 1000 929 668 268 246 935 645 587 666
Manipur 782 940 786 727 645 485 810 794 712 773
Meghalaya 891 909 748 601 653 879 794 966 664 804
Mizoram 412 907 859 618 571 953 875 853 678 813
Nagaland 897 790 622 531 585 756 653 692 581 650
Odisha 937 946 833 693 1000 1000 1000 0 769 867
Punjab 942 1000 992 259 788 0 0 0 460 902
Rajasthan 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 509
Sikkim 89 964 872 587 98 0 921 0 594 632
Tamil Nadu 762 900 828 657 451 788 708 985 636 727
Tripura 0 964 263 1000 0 0 1000 0 264 643
Uttarakhand 0 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 497 735
Uttar Pradesh 965 898 1000 442 0 0 1000 1000 735 893
West Bengal 911 1000 551 819 695 1000 1000 0 771 847
A & N Islands 961 868 787 615 772 757 1000 1000 740 819
Chandigarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 1000
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 1000 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 500
Daman & Diu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 0 782 467
Lakshadweep 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Puducherry 0 888 818 403 328 513 521 243 391 463
all India 827 877 818 658 482 766 766 896 659 758
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
197
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 566 690 342 204 261 69 303 411 239 460
Arunachal Pradesh 677 495 329 258 443 500 645 0 365 538
Assam 429 761 210 34 0 0 0 0 26 500
Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chhattisgarh 467 902 418 916 443 0 209 783 565 636
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Goa 65 75 87 31 43 849 266 823 153 125
Gujarat 0 600 0 0 0 1000 390 0 343 364
Haryana 769 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 700
Himachal Pradesh 960 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 542
Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 0 898 0 0 0 0 684 200
Jharkhand 270 550 270 611 347 0 163 0 443 336
Karnataka 390 508 316 249 352 939 647 1000 527 455
Kerala 215 286 389 314 221 428 403 739 352 342
Madhya Pradesh 0 902 154 0 700 0 593 0 583 456
Maharashtra 296 559 696 3 85 1000 775 0 269 378
Manipur 364 462 439 268 248 403 227 1000 261 377
Meghalaya 355 657 521 180 321 672 638 647 310 521
Mizoram 266 620 500 319 322 741 643 932 379 508
Nagaland 258 548 413 262 232 229 270 482 255 371
Odisha 661 553 561 330 0 0 0 0 216 579
Punjab 286 216 0 278 0 0 0 0 171 228
Rajasthan 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 18
Sikkim 376 842 487 172 633 0 242 500 459 592
Tamil Nadu 503 362 186 205 150 771 340 388 272 322
Tripura 837 557 514 0 0 1000 0 0 104 433
Uttarakhand 155 0 0 333 0 0 1000 0 277 167
Uttar Pradesh 304 0 0 700 143 0 0 437 364 221
West Bengal 369 153 124 67 0 0 786 0 113 235
A & N Islands 62 117 176 253 230 530 416 1000 308 194
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Daman & Diu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 139 75
Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Puducherry 447 367 57 0 101 369 460 908 282 282
all India 438 471 358 246 231 543 413 579 319 383
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
198
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Christianity rural + urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 691 824 524 545 322 324 656 642 517 629
Arunachal Pradesh 795 649 498 449 552 950 802 822 577 668
Assam 596 847 568 751 328 0 212 1000 595 680
Bihar 129 0 0 648 1000 0 1000 0 740 225
Chhattisgarh 457 789 297 725 799 1000 378 908 719 635
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Goa 54 129 530 213 243 753 386 823 322 300
Gujarat 0 667 0 1000 0 1000 473 0 505 496
Haryana 776 0 0 1000 500 0 0 0 769 774
Himachal Pradesh 980 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 405 765
Jammu & Kashmir 0 894 310 600 156 0 500 0 490 426
Jharkhand 509 704 403 646 428 0 747 768 592 544
Karnataka 588 723 539 484 329 909 692 1000 555 574
Kerala 321 550 635 470 341 599 563 870 507 543
Madhya Pradesh 529 911 719 499 662 0 487 1000 640 665
Maharashtra 339 696 845 391 220 480 862 481 466 537
Manipur 501 649 635 539 512 462 658 820 546 581
Meghalaya 617 785 641 393 506 769 730 765 499 668
Mizoram 305 746 679 482 458 886 813 884 553 661
Nagaland 507 649 520 408 418 556 525 653 440 512
Odisha 753 724 732 593 685 1000 588 0 621 719
Punjab 605 609 537 269 461 0 0 0 314 563
Rajasthan 35 0 509 0 0 0 0 0 0 263
Sikkim 248 878 616 529 542 0 610 500 544 610
Tamil Nadu 568 631 459 455 327 781 512 728 471 513
Tripura 837 788 342 1000 0 1000 28 0 164 538
Uttarakhand 155 269 1000 181 181 0 1000 0 356 345
Uttar Pradesh 748 179 634 545 102 0 783 520 517 553
West Bengal 557 468 425 349 501 1000 910 0 470 497
A & N Islands 462 536 510 442 390 604 769 1000 504 504
Chandigarh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 333 373
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 1000 219 0 0 0 0 0 0 275
Daman & Diu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 0 500 285
Lakshadweep 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Puducherry 447 615 417 130 219 429 497 347 345 379
all India 577 662 589 469 363 655 596 764 500 565
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
199
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 225 0 0 0 0 0 0 112
Assam 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 0 333 399
Bihar - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 333
Delhi 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 750 750
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - - - -
Haryana 754 787 538 534 664 1000 634 1000 616 675
Himachal Pradesh 1000 1000 1000 1000 726 0 0 0 743 869
Jammu & Kashmir 527 1000 810 626 733 0 1000 1000 685 730
Jharkhand 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 779
Maharashtra - - - - - - - - - -
Manipur 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Meghalaya 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 1000
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 770 850 733 730 620 847 655 988 694 755
Rajasthan 972 954 282 941 258 0 67 1000 530 770
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Tripura - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 742 874 853 783 1000 0 0 0 801 832
Uttar Pradesh 832 1000 930 1000 664 0 0 0 724 846
West Bengal - - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 447 1000 398 893 995 1000 0 0 968 724
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 786 857 718 725 610 782 631 991 684 755
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
200
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 413
Assam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bihar - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - - - -
Haryana 217 217 272 175 0 0 0 0 128 200
Himachal Pradesh 0 739 1000 161 586 1000 1000 0 359 484
Jammu & Kashmir 0 404 428 113 0 0 0 0 72 196
Jharkhand 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 667
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 1000
Maharashtra - - - - - - - - - -
Manipur 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Meghalaya 0 264 0 0 1000 0 0 0 500 265
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 378 355 308 327 214 646 335 506 300 343
Rajasthan 766 449 133 204 0 0 1000 0 254 578
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tripura - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 278 330 486 499 0 0 0 0 401 347
Uttar Pradesh 0 0 32 0 0 0 0 0 0 9
West Bengal - - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 398 341 277 301 201 648 334 486 282 341
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
201
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 1000 1000 225 0 0 0 0 0 0 258
Assam 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 0 250 285
Bihar - - - - - - - - - -
Chhattisgarh 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 200
Delhi 0 0 0 0 1000 0 500 0 429 375
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat - - - - - - - - - -
Haryana 410 506 433 355 454 1000 200 1000 401 437
Himachal Pradesh 1000 897 1000 222 700 1000 1000 0 536 691
Jammu & Kashmir 157 617 621 414 305 0 584 500 410 451
Jharkhand 1000 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 800
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 0 500 876
Maharashtra - - - - - - - - - -
Manipur 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 500 500
Meghalaya 0 632 297 0 1000 0 1000 0 667 602
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 333
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 534 613 584 548 429 762 473 639 509 550
Rajasthan 842 738 205 708 258 0 210 748 483 672
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 750 500
Tripura - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 458 701 703 672 365 0 0 0 632 617
Uttar Pradesh 145 316 651 417 602 0 0 0 523 482
West Bengal - - - - - - - - - -
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 310 540 130 127 780 1000 0 0 345 346
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 550 612 556 532 435 737 461 651 501 549
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
202
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 500 360
Assam - - - - - - - - - -
Bihar 0 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 888
Chhattisgarh 0 0 1000 1000 383 0 0 0 333 429
Delhi 0 0 0 578 760 0 1000 1000 838 838
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 0 0 308 1000 0 1000 500 441 441
Haryana 519 559 392 399 769 1000 608 759 609 571
Himachal Pradesh 0 0 902 598 0 0 1000 1000 784 798
Jammu & Kashmir 1000 475 489 756 528 1000 767 786 660 634
Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 1000 0 500 0 704 704
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 500 0 662 686
Maharashtra 1000 0 0 755 1000 0 1000 710 855 850
Manipur - - - - - - - - - -
Meghalaya - - - - - - - - - -
Mizoram 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 333
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 793 763 687 710 643 501 697 679 683 715
Rajasthan 867 1000 615 403 564 0 678 0 574 712
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Tripura - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 0 1000 1000 1000 1000 0 584 500 666 708
Uttar Pradesh 0 1000 1000 616 1000 0 1000 1000 827 842
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 1000
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 679 851 1000 581 193 0 938 838 663 690
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 785 765 665 668 658 543 740 681 681 706
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
203
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 134
Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Assam - - - - - - - - - -
Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 383 273
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 362 219 152 135
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haryana 5 115 175 133 0 1000 0 152 87 73
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 0 225 218 169
Jammu & Kashmir 0 176 462 319 213 0 409 819 373 338
Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 1000 1000 576
Maharashtra 278 0 0 0 0 0 686 0 270 183
Manipur - - - - - - - - - -
Meghalaya - - - - - - - - - -
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 227 189 145 140 77 65 183 496 163 181
Rajasthan 431 393 0 224 0 0 235 0 206 338
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu - - - - - - - - - -
Tripura - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 968 0 0 376 0 290 206
Uttar Pradesh 0 46 0 0 0 0 0 403 155 84
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 595 0 437 437
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 494 519 0 251 0 0 264 403 180 199
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 232 181 145 155 66 94 236 420 178 188
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
204
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 63
Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 333 188
Assam - - - - - - - - - -
Bihar 0 0 0 254 337 0 1000 0 536 423
Chhattisgarh 0 0 1000 182 383 0 546 0 354 357
Delhi 0 0 0 353 307 0 739 678 532 505
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 0 0 223 1000 0 659 500 330 283
Haryana 193 318 325 287 421 1000 368 390 376 326
Himachal Pradesh 581 0 495 686 0 0 500 563 500 471
Jammu & Kashmir 144 306 478 521 412 1000 626 814 521 487
Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 1000 0 186 0 352 352
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 0 0 133 1000 1000 0 500 1000 797 629
Maharashtra 434 0 0 590 368 0 808 710 589 474
Manipur - - - - - - - - - -
Meghalaya - - - - - - - - - -
Mizoram 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 250
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 454 506 441 484 366 357 441 599 451 459
Rajasthan 591 664 511 304 319 0 561 0 422 527
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Tripura - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 0 500 19 988 1000 0 490 250 503 465
Uttar Pradesh 0 251 506 509 813 0 833 431 654 522
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 712 0 566 566
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 594 672 153 393 61 0 656 607 401 415
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 445 475 430 460 372 385 508 555 457 455
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
205
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 225 0 0 0 1000 0 334 257
Assam 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 0 333 399
Bihar 0 0 0 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 888
Chhattisgarh 0 0 1000 941 381 0 0 0 331 428
Delhi 0 0 0 574 766 0 1000 1000 837 837
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 0 0 308 1000 0 1000 500 441 441
Haryana 707 756 520 499 698 1000 613 802 614 650
Himachal Pradesh 823 1000 930 678 726 0 1000 1000 756 849
Jammu & Kashmir 636 713 662 709 546 1000 804 856 666 666
Jharkhand 0 1000 1000 0 1000 0 500 0 704 722
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 0 1000 1000 0 0 500 0 236 769
Maharashtra 1000 0 0 755 1000 0 1000 710 855 850
Manipur 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Meghalaya 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 1000
Mizoram 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 254 457
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 773 834 725 725 626 715 681 731 690 746
Rajasthan 950 959 356 727 295 0 576 1000 549 755
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Tripura - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 742 876 853 803 1000 0 584 500 754 825
Uttar Pradesh 832 1000 930 770 727 0 1000 1000 762 845
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 1000
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 484 923 629 643 446 176 938 838 702 700
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 785 841 709 708 624 698 709 726 683 743
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
206
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 134
Arunachal Pradesh 414 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 175
Assam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 381 271
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 360 219 151 134
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haryana 176 200 264 167 0 1000 0 152 113 170
Himachal Pradesh 1000 607 202 229 351 1000 550 225 319 379
Jammu & Kashmir 0 298 441 265 171 0 341 743 309 288
Jharkhand 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 59
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 935
Maharashtra 278 0 0 0 0 0 686 0 270 183
Manipur 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Meghalaya 0 264 0 0 1000 0 0 0 500 265
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 355 326 267 286 176 475 254 500 259 308
Rajasthan 698 439 126 217 0 0 305 0 219 521
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tripura - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 278 319 463 538 0 0 376 0 361 338
Uttar Pradesh 0 15 32 0 0 0 0 403 54 24
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 595 0 437 437
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 134 309 0 117 0 0 261 403 147 147
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 372 310 247 262 153 444 273 438 243 303
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
207
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for
persons of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Sikhism rural + urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 63
Arunachal Pradesh 261 1000 126 0 0 0 1000 0 196 217
Assam 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 0 250 285
Bihar 0 0 0 254 337 0 1000 0 536 423
Chhattisgarh 0 0 978 178 381 0 546 0 352 355
Delhi 0 0 0 351 313 0 738 678 532 504
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 0 0 223 1000 0 659 500 330 283
Haryana 367 477 421 339 442 1000 315 437 392 411
Himachal Pradesh 858 826 622 347 621 1000 690 563 525 623
Jammu & Kashmir 152 462 560 488 397 1000 620 768 496 475
Jharkhand 1000 1000 1000 0 1000 0 186 0 346 385
Karnataka - - - - - - - - - -
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 0 795 1000 1000 0 864 1000 593 843
Maharashtra 434 0 0 590 368 0 808 710 589 474
Manipur 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 500 500
Meghalaya 0 632 297 0 1000 0 1000 0 667 602
Mizoram 0 0 373 0 1000 0 0 0 254 278
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 522 594 555 532 412 621 455 611 491 530
Rajasthan 791 727 249 504 270 0 509 748 452 637
Sikkim - - - - - - - - - -
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 815 594
Tripura - - - - - - - - - -
Uttarakhand 458 697 689 700 483 0 490 250 586 608
Uttar Pradesh 129 297 650 456 645 0 634 431 571 490
West Bengal 0 0 0 0 0 0 712 0 566 566
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh 367 613 143 278 173 176 652 607 392 396
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 534 587 532 511 415 611 492 575 484 526
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
208
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh - - - - - - - - - -
Arunachal Pradesh 808 706 550 513 584 344 810 938 588 662
Assam 0 0 0 1000 365 0 1000 0 588 334
Bihar 0 1000 938 316 1000 0 0 1000 329 854
Chhattisgarh 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000
Delhi - - - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 1000 0 971 977
Haryana 0 1000 482 0 1000 0 0 0 482 797
Himachal Pradesh 791 1000 574 928 939 1000 867 1000 926 889
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 949 811 752 710 164 0 989 0 580 825
Karnataka 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 1000 1000
Kerala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 500
Madhya Pradesh 0 880 81 1000 1000 0 1000 1000 1000 724
Maharashtra 820 879 849 741 514 966 643 1000 710 795
Manipur 1000 1000 355 566 800 0 805 0 712 675
Meghalaya 1000 957 815 394 757 0 1000 0 517 860
Mizoram 801 951 845 883 1000 1000 1000 0 931 897
Nagaland 0 1000 500 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 934
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 907 1000 1000 1000 595 0 0 0 699 879
Rajasthan 0 991 0 1000 1000 0 1000 0 1000 995
Sikkim 678 927 576 387 763 0 564 963 543 744
Tamil Nadu 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 500 596
Tripura 929 996 503 485 999 0 1000 0 768 807
Uttarakhand 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
West Bengal 1000 1000 928 1000 654 1000 1000 0 882 956
A & N Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 895 888 787 724 540 957 744 983 700 807
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
209
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 436
Arunachal Pradesh 554 466 266 218 280 712 140 823 243 417
Assam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bihar 0 912 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 813
Chhattisgarh 0 1000 0 0 397 0 0 0 397 515
Delhi - - - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 334 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 382
Haryana 0 640 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 504
Himachal Pradesh 778 933 836 869 1000 0 968 414 899 845
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 452 246 92 402 49 0 0 0 282 403
Karnataka 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kerala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Madhya Pradesh 763 518 254 0 0 0 0 0 0 329
Maharashtra 500 650 436 116 79 9 29 0 96 433
Manipur 852 0 780 99 191 0 1000 0 172 505
Meghalaya 629 656 503 94 590 0 234 0 193 551
Mizoram 305 472 296 639 912 0 0 0 725 406
Nagaland 0 0 233 0 0 0 0 0 0 132
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 177 0 32 215 641 0 0 0 322 170
Rajasthan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sikkim 617 579 136 602 624 0 595 1000 602 520
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tripura 202 233 513 745 0 0 0 500 716 295
Uttarakhand 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
West Bengal 744 635 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600
A & N Islands 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 469 544 399 173 174 46 106 60 160 421
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
210
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 436
Arunachal Pradesh 670 584 435 391 479 476 683 926 465 550
Assam 0 0 0 1000 223 0 1000 0 416 189
Bihar 0 922 884 316 500 0 0 1000 321 834
Chhattisgarh 0 1000 652 0 536 0 0 0 536 669
Delhi - - - - - - - - - -
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 523 1000 893 0 0 500 0 833 642
Haryana 0 807 482 0 333 0 0 0 245 659
Himachal Pradesh 780 973 740 903 961 1000 920 600 915 864
Jammu & Kashmir - - - - - - - - - -
Jharkhand 661 679 667 619 126 0 989 0 495 651
Karnataka 0 0 0 0 500 1000 0 0 870 482
Kerala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 333 200
Madhya Pradesh 532 692 167 245 551 0 594 386 488 513
Maharashtra 577 767 630 493 405 824 394 943 502 606
Manipur 901 458 592 312 685 0 850 0 509 594
Meghalaya 754 816 691 238 675 0 626 0 351 714
Mizoram 483 690 624 832 979 1000 1000 0 893 659
Nagaland 0 500 283 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 533
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 236 793 62 521 605 0 0 0 547 513
Rajasthan 0 329 0 141 1000 0 681 0 510 391
Sikkim 640 788 413 470 710 0 569 965 562 652
Tamil Nadu 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 333 248
Tripura 477 608 505 606 999 0 1000 500 752 584
Uttarakhand 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Uttar Pradesh 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500
West Bengal 898 642 928 476 563 1000 628 0 527 761
A & N Islands 333 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 200
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 613 727 628 506 438 824 523 715 514 619
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
211
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 0 1000 1000 500 668 0 695 1000 676 775
Arunachal Pradesh 814 971 481 445 573 479 811 932 587 618
Assam 0 0 1000 952 1000 0 1000 0 963 992
Bihar 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 1000
Chhattisgarh 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000
Delhi 0 0 0 0 274 0 930 0 614 614
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 964 1000 761 97 1000 944 975 801 823
Haryana 0 1000 0 0 1000 333 0 0 606 701
Himachal Pradesh 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 755 0 0 0 0 0 0 141
Jharkhand 724 547 679 134 0 0 1000 0 150 406
Karnataka 1000 1000 0 867 604 1000 854 1000 846 849
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 1000 604 872 344 518 1000 740 883 667 690
Maharashtra 625 788 846 601 683 782 702 854 685 722
Manipur 232 568 611 537 644 1000 978 0 751 683
Meghalaya 0 660 1000 1000 130 1000 0 0 541 755
Mizoram 1000 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 696 1000 632 1000 1000 0 783 1000 904 845
Rajasthan 1000 589 625 746 236 0 935 824 657 651
Sikkim 1000 525 1000 826 956 0 902 1000 873 805
Tamil Nadu 0 1000 500 1000 500 0 935 1000 943 834
Tripura 0 0 607 1000 0 0 0 1000 676 660
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000 1000
Uttar Pradesh 1000 1000 0 1000 773 0 902 1000 865 877
West Bengal 0 1000 922 811 333 0 1000 1000 684 794
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 660 807 828 620 561 786 825 850 700 726
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
212
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100
Arunachal Pradesh 483 265 291 131 276 279 397 873 240 302
Assam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bihar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chhattisgarh 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 736
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 122 108
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 35 136 0 77 184 0 238 117 189 145
Haryana 500 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 415
Himachal Pradesh 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 803
Jharkhand 532 650 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 324
Karnataka 0 0 0 0 0 0 306 130 91 74
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 465 8 101 0 107 0 69 97 68 69
Maharashtra 334 467 203 182 200 267 285 513 246 280
Manipur 327 239 117 109 170 0 231 0 160 172
Meghalaya 0 203 496 0 402 0 1000 0 319 280
Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rajasthan 0 38 325 374 12 0 180 308 222 201
Sikkim 130 0 148 846 604 0 1000 1000 544 273
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 382 371
Tripura 0 0 0 819 0 0 0 0 819 616
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uttar Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 642 0 225 154
West Bengal 0 0 106 0 0 0 0 0 0 21
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 309 348 178 154 156 248 252 355 208 234
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
213
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 933 654 333 226 0 695 1000 380 497
Arunachal Pradesh 625 426 373 305 447 429 676 920 446 462
Assam 0 0 1000 909 167 0 1000 0 788 498
Bihar 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 1000 500 500
Chhattisgarh 0 1000 0 0 1000 0 0 0 791 868
Delhi 0 0 0 0 274 0 511 500 408 388
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 35 585 237 507 137 1000 651 825 557 517
Haryana 333 1000 0 0 1000 250 0 0 377 578
Himachal Pradesh 1000 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 1000
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 803 106 0 0 0 0 46 183
Jharkhand 635 595 337 119 0 0 752 0 117 376
Karnataka 21 260 0 483 158 1000 719 230 480 436
Kerala - - - - - - - - - -
Madhya Pradesh 501 100 552 150 298 1000 538 592 412 397
Maharashtra 406 621 490 409 466 681 491 718 487 493
Manipur 300 310 324 319 402 1000 734 0 494 410
Meghalaya 0 374 781 312 287 1000 671 0 404 468
Mizoram 500 667 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 673
Nagaland - - - - - - - - - -
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 336 428 632 203 686 0 783 500 517 436
Rajasthan 46 247 443 537 145 0 671 609 468 425
Sikkim 315 239 589 833 780 0 905 1000 747 564
Tamil Nadu 0 1000 500 939 52 0 768 1000 662 715
Tripura 0 0 353 847 0 0 0 1000 734 642
Uttarakhand 0 0 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 500 500
Uttar Pradesh 184 270 0 264 773 0 791 294 584 506
West Bengal 0 109 577 481 291 0 950 50 438 352
A & N Islands - - - - - - - - - -
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 402 556 461 406 384 686 579 627 486 480
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
214
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 0 1000 1000 500 668 0 695 1000 676 775
Arunachal Pradesh 809 716 540 498 581 394 810 936 588 654
Assam 0 0 748 965 386 0 1000 0 730 742
Bihar 0 1000 940 316 1000 0 0 1000 380 858
Chhattisgarh 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 0 0 1000 1000
Delhi 0 0 0 0 274 0 930 0 614 614
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 0 968 1000 788 97 1000 944 955 807 829
Haryana 0 1000 482 0 1000 333 0 0 542 775
Himachal Pradesh 791 1000 574 932 939 1000 867 1000 928 892
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 755 0 0 0 0 0 0 141
Jharkhand 933 801 750 548 96 0 993 0 440 788
Karnataka 1000 1000 0 867 613 1000 854 1000 850 853
Kerala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 1000 500
Madhya Pradesh 80 795 706 372 599 1000 756 889 694 695
Maharashtra 748 845 848 670 625 872 691 877 694 758
Manipur 764 736 499 552 750 1000 942 0 732 679
Meghalaya 1000 947 832 478 535 1000 640 0 523 851
Mizoram 809 952 848 883 1000 1000 1000 0 931 899
Nagaland 0 1000 500 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 934
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 794 1000 704 1000 616 0 479 1000 727 874
Rajasthan 1000 835 625 752 304 0 947 824 689 705
Sikkim 680 912 598 465 779 0 625 968 595 749
Tamil Nadu 0 1000 553 1000 104 0 935 1000 808 797
Tripura 929 996 506 511 907 0 179 1000 753 802
Uttarakhand 0 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000 1000
Uttar Pradesh 1000 1000 0 1000 773 0 902 1000 865 912
West Bengal 1000 1000 927 906 513 1000 1000 1000 795 923
A & N Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 852 866 800 668 554 866 814 865 700 770
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
215
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 146
Arunachal Pradesh 547 442 272 198 278 600 272 849 242 396
Assam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bihar 0 912 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 791
Chhattisgarh 0 1000 0 0 397 0 0 0 105 702
Delhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 122 108
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 25 184 87 75 184 0 237 117 187 160
Haryana 500 674 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 487
Himachal Pradesh 783 933 836 878 1000 0 968 414 902 848
Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 1000 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 803
Jharkhand 456 286 78 361 29 0 0 0 210 398
Karnataka 0 0 0 0 0 0 306 130 91 72
Kerala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Madhya Pradesh 660 165 142 0 93 0 62 85 60 119
Maharashtra 440 576 333 154 178 163 251 504 205 355
Manipur 667 198 393 103 177 0 339 0 165 314
Meghalaya 546 627 502 71 507 0 652 0 234 516
Mizoram 297 469 296 639 912 0 0 0 725 402
Nagaland 0 0 233 0 0 0 0 0 0 132
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 159 0 32 191 588 0 0 0 274 146
Rajasthan 0 13 325 335 12 0 152 237 197 157
Sikkim 612 541 137 644 621 0 608 1000 591 500
Tamil Nadu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 313 213
Tripura 202 233 473 764 0 0 0 500 740 305
Uttarakhand 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 306
Uttar Pradesh 0 0 0 0 0 0 642 0 225 111
West Bengal 682 521 106 0 0 0 0 0 0 471
A & N Islands 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 430 479 298 161 160 168 237 337 196 333
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
216
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: Others rural + urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 1000 679 654 333 226 0 695 1000 380 493
Arunachal Pradesh 665 572 424 372 469 461 680 924 459 534
Assam 0 0 707 933 217 0 1000 0 545 389
Bihar 0 922 867 291 500 0 0 1000 346 826
Chhattisgarh 0 1000 652 0 949 0 0 0 768 845
Delhi 0 0 0 0 274 0 511 500 408 388
Goa - - - - - - - - - -
Gujarat 25 575 289 539 137 1000 650 811 564 523
Haryana 333 828 482 0 473 250 0 0 303 642
Himachal Pradesh 785 974 740 908 961 1000 920 600 917 867
Jammu & Kashmir 0 1000 803 106 0 0 0 0 46 183
Jharkhand 660 675 653 501 75 0 899 0 379 628
Karnataka 21 260 0 481 162 1000 719 230 487 437
Kerala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 333 200
Madhya Pradesh 523 348 461 157 335 1000 542 576 419 417
Maharashtra 515 710 569 448 449 749 475 742 492 548
Manipur 698 344 438 315 561 1000 755 0 501 494
Meghalaya 685 795 700 253 520 1000 647 0 366 688
Mizoram 484 690 628 832 979 1000 1000 0 893 659
Nagaland 0 500 283 1000 0 0 0 0 1000 533
Odisha - - - - - - - - - -
Punjab 252 740 126 492 610 0 479 500 543 501
Rajasthan 46 300 443 508 192 0 673 541 472 418
Sikkim 638 761 424 534 717 0 622 970 594 646
Tamil Nadu 0 773 553 958 29 0 768 1000 581 600
Tripura 477 608 499 643 907 0 179 834 749 586
Uttarakhand 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 1000 0 500 653
Uttar Pradesh 73 830 0 264 773 0 791 294 584 505
West Bengal 867 539 807 478 445 1000 731 32 490 674
A & N Islands 333 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 200
Chandigarh - - - - - - - - - -
Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - - - - - - - - -
Daman & Diu - - - - - - - - - -
Lakshadweep - - - - - - - - - -
Puducherry - - - - - - - - - -
all India 566 676 565 450 400 749 572 635 494 554
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
217
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 856 944 830 605 571 628 661 613 606 804
Arunachal Pradesh 889 773 623 562 691 850 847 976 671 744
Assam 849 938 784 672 660 563 820 879 685 821
Bihar 904 855 642 694 762 849 794 797 726 804
Chhattisgarh 845 874 623 598 745 753 774 870 676 765
Delhi 983 465 871 880 691 1000 907 0 828 804
Goa 222 721 892 734 211 693 733 1000 553 636
Gujarat 876 934 864 814 570 805 872 969 765 863
Haryana 766 872 588 690 659 687 820 890 701 739
Himachal Pradesh 790 916 756 718 777 838 755 810 747 792
Jammu & Kashmir 901 853 740 676 630 835 750 954 685 775
Jharkhand 883 871 705 699 471 817 724 613 645 782
Karnataka 865 954 886 773 740 721 917 630 776 860
Kerala 585 800 873 680 471 782 761 934 671 766
Madhya Pradesh 947 890 825 691 675 462 792 930 701 848
Maharashtra 820 930 806 727 666 802 795 873 727 805
Manipur 744 911 738 755 665 504 811 748 734 752
Meghalaya 892 917 765 617 725 1000 875 1000 687 830
Mizoram 669 925 886 734 743 1000 972 1000 791 875
Nagaland 950 807 659 533 587 913 574 500 558 667
Odisha 847 931 816 662 594 616 778 796 668 823
Punjab 773 844 732 731 626 811 646 991 696 756
Rajasthan 900 881 746 654 526 406 660 864 614 800
Sikkim 770 929 602 566 653 692 767 642 641 774
Tamil Nadu 830 943 892 687 461 773 730 830 631 811
Tripura 861 902 714 636 610 1000 800 994 688 811
Uttarakhand 800 882 736 687 227 1000 819 983 470 647
Uttar Pradesh 888 865 764 724 724 519 804 951 742 817
West Bengal 900 926 763 660 709 912 811 943 704 848
A & N Islands 826 867 831 667 894 900 928 1000 787 829
Chandigarh 618 1000 454 593 320 1000 500 1000 540 657
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 952 1000 816 749 771 0 1000 0 761 896
Daman & Diu 821 722 575 913 520 961 1000 935 837 721
Lakshadweep 315 843 934 610 964 873 1000 0 715 788
Puducherry 973 849 903 776 411 920 743 1000 707 819
all India 874 900 784 697 634 730 774 883 695 812
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
218
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 661 613 475 252 210 217 268 213 241 579
Arunachal Pradesh 536 476 338 247 305 480 232 688 268 436
Assam 218 265 207 134 175 262 130 558 148 224
Bihar 127 111 18 22 23 0 211 237 36 107
Chhattisgarh 644 592 390 320 340 0 154 748 323 558
Delhi 90 0 2 0 0 0 109 0 28 49
Goa 59 11 46 69 117 1000 292 374 277 151
Gujarat 508 474 351 166 65 763 96 409 146 436
Haryana 383 367 286 290 238 412 130 337 265 343
Himachal Pradesh 612 722 614 626 608 646 542 530 607 635
Jammu & Kashmir 394 569 400 303 289 232 276 488 302 396
Jharkhand 295 210 114 141 243 0 568 75 191 253
Karnataka 574 515 450 254 190 108 422 702 248 488
Kerala 293 303 262 243 201 391 349 538 278 281
Madhya Pradesh 516 377 261 276 126 114 188 84 223 428
Maharashtra 610 682 458 290 284 177 226 297 279 530
Manipur 368 379 334 185 209 208 304 273 204 305
Meghalaya 401 676 543 177 439 0 669 801 284 554
Mizoram 302 627 573 483 446 1000 674 0 491 571
Nagaland 273 577 466 306 268 719 236 866 296 420
Odisha 434 322 215 132 70 236 277 664 146 332
Punjab 361 316 284 286 208 576 248 523 269 316
Rajasthan 628 430 277 193 60 686 126 307 155 532
Sikkim 576 481 217 404 325 0 487 932 421 447
Tamil Nadu 631 603 474 256 208 380 135 629 250 521
Tripura 328 264 163 234 108 391 173 446 211 253
Uttarakhand 582 646 542 469 462 0 207 742 454 560
Uttar Pradesh 319 217 180 148 111 57 309 138 160 268
West Bengal 245 184 145 153 125 299 220 483 163 201
A & N Islands 272 250 239 204 250 601 401 919 284 263
Chandigarh 457 103 0 48 0 0 0 75 24 96
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 73 0 76 0 0 0 949 0 60 65
Daman & Diu 299 432 127 249 98 0 19 0 183 238
Lakshadweep 310 430 260 390 0 349 794 0 332 334
Puducherry 731 464 520 50 213 0 35 933 128 492
all India 432 384 294 222 183 339 269 407 224 372
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
219
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 735 784 707 473 448 502 562 475 480 691
Arunachal Pradesh 695 619 515 434 544 801 694 956 526 602
Assam 450 593 535 478 503 488 668 823 506 533
Bihar 408 559 434 522 573 822 694 773 559 470
Chhattisgarh 712 737 540 495 641 736 638 835 564 663
Delhi 195 203 646 715 482 630 645 0 626 460
Goa 86 478 573 474 177 912 476 715 435 406
Gujarat 623 734 676 613 386 797 655 910 573 654
Haryana 509 657 467 551 534 626 624 634 559 553
Himachal Pradesh 665 817 688 680 703 778 653 657 686 711
Jammu & Kashmir 569 715 620 538 488 555 647 774 545 590
Jharkhand 513 605 508 540 399 803 710 544 524 530
Karnataka 676 747 693 567 533 619 784 641 582 670
Kerala 365 530 570 452 321 618 536 694 465 506
Madhya Pradesh 669 667 638 571 543 343 708 816 578 648
Maharashtra 675 806 650 564 537 665 633 653 572 668
Manipur 484 575 536 516 496 421 677 600 532 531
Meghalaya 634 800 665 406 615 941 806 861 510 701
Mizoram 427 764 739 640 638 1000 919 1000 692 728
Nagaland 542 675 567 440 427 855 459 643 447 545
Odisha 580 650 558 443 399 543 614 760 469 573
Punjab 524 594 561 530 429 730 435 641 497 535
Rajasthan 717 711 608 516 419 447 615 684 503 668
Sikkim 647 726 452 503 507 372 678 723 557 626
Tamil Nadu 694 769 704 494 358 642 522 730 471 659
Tripura 508 594 465 472 413 734 629 876 507 534
Uttarakhand 636 759 656 615 287 1000 545 879 466 605
Uttar Pradesh 513 597 561 563 520 410 628 762 564 547
West Bengal 496 576 514 489 531 736 691 790 535 535
A & N Islands 524 605 561 442 484 693 719 987 527 556
Chandigarh 559 465 151 430 200 1000 37 519 320 388
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 361 736 561 357 514 0 971 0 423 487
Daman & Diu 392 522 420 650 318 961 675 935 590 512
Lakshadweep 311 660 605 528 297 704 958 0 570 580
Puducherry 785 685 720 481 304 865 518 971 474 651
all India 586 664 592 529 481 620 626 722 535 595
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
220
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 836 901 774 693 500 716 700 833 668 735
Arunachal Pradesh 756 900 604 509 589 769 865 976 636 664
Assam 795 834 751 512 594 960 808 945 672 712
Bihar 925 849 576 523 452 724 703 939 586 683
Chhattisgarh 775 795 657 595 506 920 825 913 673 696
Delhi 757 829 744 703 637 399 743 738 685 718
Goa 701 762 762 735 624 719 844 838 748 750
Gujarat 772 873 796 747 653 717 840 884 757 786
Haryana 798 839 785 689 694 804 816 799 734 767
Himachal Pradesh 578 868 702 775 642 637 829 925 760 760
Jammu & Kashmir 828 879 664 651 588 554 703 815 650 704
Jharkhand 752 768 701 485 592 268 849 969 653 691
Karnataka 791 919 817 719 554 719 742 892 698 755
Kerala 601 740 850 632 409 832 770 922 654 724
Madhya Pradesh 791 825 659 555 570 644 746 837 658 701
Maharashtra 754 821 770 693 634 751 832 848 732 752
Manipur 731 793 638 667 677 920 872 857 742 723
Meghalaya 722 793 715 569 567 857 734 934 635 678
Mizoram 849 883 815 552 526 928 842 777 629 745
Nagaland 473 773 456 581 609 621 815 843 656 621
Odisha 776 874 802 665 440 650 767 919 682 751
Punjab 830 794 741 744 646 672 773 712 722 754
Rajasthan 860 826 732 606 523 647 757 837 651 721
Sikkim 758 882 720 822 818 1000 969 1000 871 849
Tamil Nadu 784 884 829 662 552 798 758 841 683 757
Tripura 798 756 734 560 565 581 715 785 621 695
Uttarakhand 843 807 648 690 647 906 780 860 735 752
Uttar Pradesh 856 795 716 617 538 702 773 805 662 726
West Bengal 834 876 735 649 614 726 765 707 689 756
A & N Islands 651 883 663 556 779 824 917 1000 759 753
Chandigarh 893 928 605 776 375 260 779 866 679 723
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 856 1000 782 727 790 1000 849 1000 807 821
Daman & Diu 562 652 695 851 793 1000 1000 1000 861 795
Lakshadweep 348 717 654 447 722 926 1000 1000 673 649
Puducherry 700 803 871 728 488 718 753 589 678 737
all India 816 844 760 667 576 730 773 836 691 740
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
221
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 326 274 184 105 97 400 250 428 165 233
Arunachal Pradesh 345 216 166 76 226 406 369 941 184 210
Assam 77 126 85 150 128 657 135 155 141 120
Bihar 122 45 27 13 28 265 141 153 56 72
Chhattisgarh 267 288 166 40 93 56 263 406 133 197
Delhi 87 81 42 11 34 392 150 231 81 78
Goa 60 116 146 39 152 251 203 467 142 127
Gujarat 222 194 180 92 96 450 224 383 162 184
Haryana 225 252 122 81 76 640 214 288 150 187
Himachal Pradesh 378 200 162 134 132 469 270 344 194 214
Jammu & Kashmir 127 156 199 156 99 355 263 597 204 174
Jharkhand 196 102 29 79 97 335 162 180 115 128
Karnataka 317 224 197 82 138 684 258 564 184 222
Kerala 201 219 248 176 162 309 434 621 272 251
Madhya Pradesh 248 207 140 66 114 190 155 331 135 178
Maharashtra 235 224 152 121 131 442 305 457 211 206
Manipur 265 270 158 123 197 353 340 576 210 211
Meghalaya 391 302 308 150 207 689 538 614 306 310
Mizoram 160 541 385 250 310 725 646 932 350 408
Nagaland 127 240 126 177 139 0 328 400 184 177
Odisha 264 196 105 43 29 646 111 168 78 156
Punjab 189 167 117 98 104 90 190 407 150 158
Rajasthan 202 162 132 120 63 139 155 344 153 169
Sikkim 46 138 226 224 536 0 623 1000 328 217
Tamil Nadu 344 296 211 128 94 422 290 402 183 245
Tripura 144 136 67 140 27 148 370 397 193 138
Uttarakhand 198 135 159 44 132 817 169 276 149 160
Uttar Pradesh 151 117 63 62 43 48 96 212 86 110
West Bengal 226 204 164 87 81 32 193 391 136 175
A & N Islands 131 245 124 138 220 688 435 509 316 240
Chandigarh 252 321 0 170 24 24 250 273 162 181
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 3 0 0 51 0 0 0 0 19 8
Daman & Diu 126 0 69 96 203 1000 311 0 198 108
Lakshadweep 255 310 342 242 0 831 1000 1000 471 341
Puducherry 424 169 275 109 116 278 437 464 232 259
all India 231 206 154 97 94 393 224 365 159 183
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
222
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 498 542 495 432 323 658 535 717 467 488
Arunachal Pradesh 501 459 366 323 433 701 727 970 460 447
Assam 263 438 415 341 373 938 547 580 442 424
Bihar 404 463 287 325 287 470 526 758 394 395
Chhattisgarh 376 512 428 323 339 746 619 739 450 449
Delhi 327 476 496 437 403 397 489 572 447 445
Goa 216 370 475 381 388 558 545 657 459 426
Gujarat 382 528 514 498 398 647 555 688 511 498
Haryana 413 591 535 450 477 780 573 521 512 506
Himachal Pradesh 437 555 450 453 374 589 583 610 482 485
Jammu & Kashmir 363 545 454 433 387 506 527 694 459 444
Jharkhand 389 441 419 318 366 288 624 805 445 428
Karnataka 470 604 509 425 373 706 571 754 482 500
Kerala 313 457 552 398 275 582 596 751 455 475
Madhya Pradesh 406 521 452 334 351 445 514 664 433 447
Maharashtra 366 524 487 453 410 673 607 680 514 495
Manipur 378 426 373 407 489 731 669 782 520 469
Meghalaya 503 483 497 349 391 762 641 745 470 480
Mizoram 319 678 589 408 426 847 786 854 507 574
Nagaland 225 461 293 366 414 321 656 755 447 405
Odisha 405 546 498 375 232 649 525 687 431 459
Punjab 459 531 489 481 375 556 489 554 464 477
Rajasthan 392 497 496 423 357 349 536 616 460 455
Sikkim 84 555 430 591 707 554 956 1000 695 567
Tamil Nadu 483 563 540 421 332 686 546 685 462 499
Tripura 325 438 386 383 313 311 572 612 435 412
Uttarakhand 475 491 438 452 415 903 494 589 486 478
Uttar Pradesh 398 492 464 385 317 544 495 535 417 430
West Bengal 429 544 461 378 359 571 557 549 446 470
A & N Islands 322 569 423 378 505 768 693 708 552 503
Chandigarh 481 663 309 533 192 170 566 584 447 464
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 116 465 595 446 487 1000 461 1000 498 484
Daman & Diu 211 231 348 612 641 1000 608 756 636 466
Lakshadweep 279 510 500 356 544 890 1000 1000 590 489
Puducherry 469 453 600 426 250 503 629 556 472 491
all India 418 526 488 421 361 631 550 643 467 472
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
223
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural + urban male
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 853 935 815 638 540 681 686 788 636 784
Arunachal Pradesh 880 786 619 547 655 833 854 976 660 728
Assam 847 933 781 647 642 775 814 919 682 808
Bihar 905 855 635 671 704 831 760 872 699 791
Chhattisgarh 841 866 628 597 666 848 801 898 675 752
Delhi 766 812 756 716 639 400 748 738 691 722
Goa 324 728 862 734 272 706 819 931 607 664
Gujarat 856 916 839 777 618 750 847 903 760 831
Haryana 773 864 649 690 672 755 818 837 713 748
Himachal Pradesh 783 913 753 723 763 800 772 850 748 790
Jammu & Kashmir 889 858 725 669 614 693 729 887 673 758
Jharkhand 870 854 704 648 513 434 790 887 648 763
Karnataka 852 944 864 749 644 719 783 853 733 820
Kerala 589 788 867 666 451 797 764 928 666 755
Madhya Pradesh 930 880 784 658 631 548 764 853 683 812
Maharashtra 808 893 791 711 649 771 822 853 730 782
Manipur 742 898 719 733 669 636 839 806 736 745
Meghalaya 877 911 757 605 659 906 802 941 669 806
Mizoram 685 913 857 627 590 955 879 854 686 818
Nagaland 897 801 616 546 596 756 658 692 591 655
Odisha 843 926 814 663 562 635 773 870 672 812
Punjab 787 828 735 736 634 720 740 745 709 755
Rajasthan 895 870 743 636 525 517 711 842 631 780
Sikkim 770 925 613 619 694 893 817 651 692 782
Tamil Nadu 817 922 864 674 508 790 751 839 662 786
Tripura 856 885 717 611 593 949 758 880 663 790
Uttarakhand 813 865 722 688 291 953 797 907 546 674
Uttar Pradesh 883 852 755 696 660 605 787 866 713 796
West Bengal 892 917 756 656 662 803 779 789 697 824
A & N Islands 783 872 771 620 815 840 922 1000 771 799
Chandigarh 815 952 594 711 363 325 776 877 656 710
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 948 1000 803 739 783 948 863 1000 790 872
Daman & Diu 656 689 605 884 655 971 1000 968 848 750
Lakshadweep 340 783 775 555 818 891 1000 1000 698 720
Puducherry 866 826 880 743 461 771 751 596 684 763
all India 866 889 777 686 610 730 773 849 693 791
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
224
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural + urban female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 606 527 364 186 149 296 254 374 200 482
Arunachal Pradesh 518 435 284 194 273 458 293 832 238 388
Assam 211 257 195 137 156 345 133 210 146 212
Bihar 126 103 19 20 24 229 171 163 42 103
Chhattisgarh 608 549 342 229 219 53 230 501 239 490
Delhi 87 76 39 11 33 391 149 231 80 76
Goa 59 52 76 60 125 875 232 417 234 144
Gujarat 448 372 274 120 85 530 209 385 157 334
Haryana 348 340 239 223 167 518 185 305 215 297
Himachal Pradesh 604 698 592 571 538 616 485 466 545 601
Jammu & Kashmir 348 486 348 255 219 266 267 559 263 341
Jharkhand 284 186 94 120 171 329 224 165 154 228
Karnataka 522 439 355 166 160 566 286 570 210 394
Kerala 275 286 259 223 189 363 379 573 276 274
Madhya Pradesh 480 343 224 193 118 157 159 316 169 365
Maharashtra 523 530 331 200 187 350 292 431 235 394
Manipur 348 362 294 167 204 262 325 418 206 281
Meghalaya 399 643 498 170 318 672 583 644 293 506
Mizoram 282 599 485 324 339 741 651 932 386 496
Nagaland 248 520 391 259 224 201 267 713 256 359
Odisha 419 309 200 112 57 445 202 347 125 308
Punjab 321 275 223 218 163 347 207 438 214 263
Rajasthan 566 356 233 159 61 207 152 340 154 442
Sikkim 542 456 218 367 369 0 491 933 404 421
Tamil Nadu 546 485 350 186 141 406 261 471 209 400
Tripura 308 247 143 203 71 335 301 408 203 232
Uttarakhand 519 546 478 336 362 817 185 444 331 465
Uttar Pradesh 295 197 155 114 80 52 184 197 123 233
West Bengal 242 188 150 123 96 164 197 410 146 194
A & N Islands 227 248 199 180 234 647 422 533 300 253
Chandigarh 275 215 0 138 21 24 211 253 140 165
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 65 0 56 18 0 0 130 0 38 50
Daman & Diu 193 253 102 190 126 1000 244 0 189 180
Lakshadweep 273 365 307 329 0 545 954 1000 391 338
Puducherry 581 281 350 95 142 271 394 483 213 333
all India 400 342 250 168 136 370 236 374 189 318
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
225
Statement 3.16.1: Worker population ratio (WPR) according to usual status (ps+ss) for different level of general education for persons
of age 15 years and above of different religious groups for each State/UT
household religion: all rural + urban male +female
State/UT level of general education
not
literate
literate &
up to
primary
middle secon-
dary
higher
secon-
dary
diploma/
certificate
graduate post
graduate
& above
secondary
& above
all
(incl.
n.r.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
Andhra Pradesh 699 730 641 456 388 590 544 664 473 633
Arunachal Pradesh 679 597 479 401 503 779 708 961 504 570
Assam 442 585 525 452 461 704 599 651 487 521
Bihar 408 549 415 490 511 725 624 764 522 462
Chhattisgarh 684 710 521 449 526 742 627 769 521 623
Delhi 312 461 509 453 406 397 493 572 454 446
Goa 107 450 548 450 216 808 526 689 442 412
Gujarat 574 666 612 547 394 698 573 725 533 590
Haryana 487 641 488 522 512 712 595 565 541 539
Himachal Pradesh 657 804 676 658 661 743 637 641 659 693
Jammu & Kashmir 534 679 584 508 450 535 586 729 514 554
Jharkhand 500 574 490 480 386 409 658 750 493 509
Karnataka 636 709 629 499 447 674 617 742 525 608
Kerala 354 515 565 436 307 607 558 718 462 498
Madhya Pradesh 636 641 588 500 443 396 574 685 507 598
Maharashtra 608 712 583 508 465 670 613 675 537 593
Manipur 466 555 502 487 493 524 673 694 528 515
Meghalaya 619 779 637 391 512 797 712 761 494 661
Mizoram 413 738 674 494 481 890 820 885 565 659
Nagaland 495 640 507 417 422 528 527 698 447 510
Odisha 566 640 549 429 358 602 576 715 458 557
Punjab 508 575 536 511 407 625 474 572 481 515
Rajasthan 672 664 580 478 391 384 566 626 481 614
Sikkim 622 713 449 521 553 489 730 729 585 620
Tamil Nadu 632 693 629 454 344 670 541 696 466 587
Tripura 490 575 451 443 372 661 598 710 479 512
Uttarakhand 603 701 621 568 312 950 515 697 472 574
Uttar Pradesh 497 577 542 509 442 474 554 612 504 520
West Bengal 487 570 500 448 434 642 590 617 488 518
A & N Islands 466 594 512 417 497 742 704 760 541 535
Chandigarh 496 583 292 500 193 216 527 577 427 449
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 339 666 573 394 497 868 519 1000 467 486
Daman & Diu 280 396 396 633 450 972 630 832 611 493
Lakshadweep 289 584 545 465 392 772 982 1000 578 534
Puducherry 636 555 635 441 266 562 615 566 472 542
all India 560 633 563 487 425 627 575 663 502 559
Appendix A
Detailed Tables
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-1
Note : Household religion Others includes all the households with religion Jainism, Buhhdism, Zoroastrianism and others
Table (1): Average monthly per capita household consumer expenditure (MPCE) for each major household religion
all-India
household
religion
rural urban rural + urban
average MPCE
(Rs.)
estd. no of
households
(00)
sample
number of
households
average
MPCE
(Rs.)
estd. no of
households
(00)
sample
number of
households
average
MPCE
(Rs.)
estd. no of
households
(00)
sample
number of
households
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Hinduism 888 1374841 45559 1797 550519 31390 1125 1925360 76949
Islam 833 173848 6462 1272 90223 5977 980 264072 12439
Christianity 1296 36729 4254 2053 19679 2694 1543 56408 6948
Sikhism 1498 27195 1382 2180 9307 771 1659 36502 2153
Others 880 15583 1458 2074 12962 987 1402 28544 2445
all (incld. n.r.) 901 1628347 59129 1733 682755 41828 1128 2311102 100957
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-2
Table (2): Per 1000 distribution of households by household type for each major household religion
all-India rural
household religion household type no. of households
self-employed in agricul-
tural
labour
other
labour
sub-
total
(col. 5
+ col. 6)
Others n.r. total per
1000
dist.of
hhs.
estd.
(00)
sample
agriculture non
agri-culture
sub
total
(col.2+
col. 3)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Hinduism 332 145 477 261 144 405 118 0 1000 844 1374841 45559
Islam 214 249 463 232 175 407 130 0 1000 107 173848 6462
Christianity 295 147 442 209 142 351 207 0 1000 23 36729 4254
Sikhism 356 124 480 203 164 367 153 0 1000 17 27195 1382
Others 356 86 442 313 123 436 122 0 1000 10 15583 1458
n.r. 323 43 366 0 0 0 0 634 1000 0 151 14
all 319 155 474 256 148 404 122 0 1000 1000 1628347 59129
estimated households (00) 519601 252657 772258 416961 240461 657422 198312 355 1628347
x x x
sample households 16837 14330 31167 6453 10215 16668 11270 24 59129
x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-3
Table (2): Per 1000 distribution of households by household type for each household religion
all-India urban
household religion
household type per
1000
dist.
of
hhs.
no. of households
self-
employed
regular
wage/
salary
earning
casual
labour
Others n.r. total
estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Hinduism 333 412 130 125 0 1000 806 550519 31390
Islam 455 304 155 86 1 1000 132 90223 5977
Christanity 221 428 180 171 0 1000 29 19679 2694
Sikhism 361 357 140 142 0 1000 14 9307 771
Others 348 412 116 123 1 1000 19 12962 987
n. r. 0 9 0 667 325 1000 0 65 9
all 347 397 134 121 1 1000 1000 682755 41828
estimated households (00) 236675 271239 91827 82672 343 682755
x x x
sample households 15597 15849 5548 4786 48 41828
x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-4
Table (3): Per 1000 distribution of households by size class of land possessed for each major household religion
all-India rural
size class of household religion no. of households
land possessed
(hectares)
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism Others n.r. all estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
0.000 82 104 82 57 53 309 83 135592 4912
0.001 - 0.004 117 114 83 116 242 0 117 190061 5600
0.005 - 0.40 432 562 520 483 317 408 448 728903 26273
0.41 - 1.00 166 128 177 67 201 224 161 261423 9407
1.01 - 2.00 102 55 87 103 90 58 97 157402 5944
2.01 - 4.00 70 26 39 103 78 0 65 106374 4063
4.01 & above 32 11 13 70 19 1 30 48592 2930
total 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1628347 59129
per 1000 distribution of hhs. 844 107 23 17 10 0 1000 x x
average land possessed
(hectare 0.00)
0.69 0.34 0.49 0.99 0.63 0.42 0.65 x x
estimated households (00) 1374841 173848 36729 27195 15583 151 1628347 x x
sample households 45559 6462 4254 1382 1458 14 59129 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-5
Table (4): Per 1000 distribution of households by size class of land cultivated for each major household religion
all-India rural
size class of household religion no. of households
land cultivated
(hectares)
Hinduism Islam Christianity Sikhism Others n.r. all estd.
(00)
sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
0.000 440 539 455 592 457 174 454 738750 25087
0.001 - 0.004 7 17 3 1 19 0 8 13635 430
0.005 - 0.40 201 230 273 70 160 458 203 330739 12713
0.41 - 1.00 160 130 152 62 197 281 155 252519 9081
1.01 - 2.00 100 51 84 99 90 83 95 154048 5643
2.01 - 4.00 65 24 25 112 62 3 61 98561 3607
4.01 & above 26 9 8 64 16 1 25 40094 2568
total 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1628347 59129
per 1000 distribution of hhs. 844 107 23 17 10 0 1000 x x
average land cultivated
(hectare 0.00)
0.66 0.32 0.41 1.01 0.56 0.53 0.62 x x
estimated households (00) 1374841 173848 36729 27195 15583 151 1628347 x x
sample households 45559 6462 4254 1382 1458 14 59129 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-6
Table (5): Per 1000 distribution of persons by age-group for each major household religion
all-India
rural male
household
age-group (years) per no. of persons
religion 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 & total
1000
estd. sample
above dist. of (00)
persons
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 91 116 123 108 78 73 71 71 61 56 41 34 79 1000 836 3185834 109382
Islam 111 133 139 119 82 72 64 57 52 45 43 27 58 1000 117 446045 17277
Christianity 75 93 115 98 79 68 61 83 73 59 50 48 99 1000 19 73441 10350
Sikhism 87 103 107 127 85 61 71 67 54 56 48 31 100 1000 18 67906 3610
Others 65 114 124 130 95 57 79 81 46 73 45 39 50 1000 10 36845 3602
n.r. 56 424 16 21 0 57 208 9 45 13 1 120 31 1000 0 280 28
all 93 117 124 109 79 72 70 70 60 55 41 34 77 1000 1000 3810350 144249
estimated
persons (00)
352691 445447 472589 417020 300185 275773 265773 266031 227097 208746 156977 128215 293805 3810350 x x x
sample
persons
13033 15852 16968 15648 11835 10795 10013 10228 8918 8267 6220 5125 11347 144249 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-7
Table (5): Per 1000 distribution of persons by age-group for each major household religion
all-India
rural female
household
age-group (years) per no. of persons
religion 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 & total
1000
estd. sample
above dist. of (00)
persons
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 95 104 110 88 86 85 79 77 61 53 41 36 83 1000 838 3024195 104290
Islam 106 125 119 104 99 81 72 72 54 48 30 30 57 1000 114 410838 16215
Christianity 68 88 93 88 77 83 75 96 57 65 51 49 109 1000 21 74341 9984
Sikhism 71 80 90 102 102 86 80 75 77 54 44 34 105 1000 17 61936 3276
Others 85 109 118 116 65 64 105 69 74 62 31 35 66 1000 10 35576 3289
n.r. 66 18 26 3 109 410 125 97 19 0 60 0 66 1000 0 143 24
all 95 106 111 91 88 84 79 77 61 53 40 35 81 1000 1000 3607030 137078
estimated
persons (00)
341944 382389 398592 327322 315726 304707 284099 278306 219779 190990 145135 126851 291189 3607030 x x x
sample
persons
12001 13821 14706 13102 12357 11623 10855 10709 8541 7601 5766 4846 11150 137078 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-8
Table (5): Per 1000 distribution of persons by age-group for each major household religion
all-India
rural male + female
household
age-group (years) per no. of persons
religion 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 & total
1000
estd. sample
above dist. of (00)
persons
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 93 110 116 98 82 79 75 74 61 55 41 35 81 1000 837 6210028 213672
Islam 109 129 129 112 90 77 68 64 53 46 37 28 57 1000 116 856883 33492
Christianity 72 90 104 93 78 76 68 90 65 62 50 48 104 1000 20 147783 20334
Sikhism 79 92 99 115 93 73 75 71 65 55 46 32 103 1000 18 129842 6886
Others 75 112 121 123 80 60 92 75 60 68 38 37 58 1000 10 72421 6891
n.r. 59 286 20 15 37 176 180 39 36 8 21 80 43 1000 0 423 52
all 94 112 117 100 83 78 74 73 60 54 41 34 79 1000 1000 7417380 281327
estimated
persons (00)
694636 827837 871181 744342 615911 580480 549872 544337 446876 399736 302112 255066 584994 7417380 x x x
sample
persons
25034 29673 31674 28750 24192 22418 20868 20937 17459 15868 11986 9971 22497 281327 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-9
Table (5): Per 1000 distribution of persons by age-group for each major household religion
all-India
urban male
household
age-group (years) per no. of persons
religion 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 & total
1000
estd. sample
above dist. of (00)
persons
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 75 88 100 103 98 89 82 80 67 62 48 33 76 1000 788 1150411 67260
Islam 92 115 117 126 101 85 77 71 57 48 31 28 53 1000 154 224474 15395
Christianity 76 85 111 109 83 65 72 71 84 74 45 46 78 1000 24 35426 5552
Sikhism 61 91 91 119 87 92 69 53 63 73 61 38 101 1000 15 21367 1814
Others 51 65 110 112 84 129 65 76 73 49 65 39 83 1000 19 28275 2193
n.r. 0 54 31 466 189 0 67 46 13 20 46 0 67 1000 0 114 20
all 77 91 103 107 98 89 80 78 66 60 46 32 73 1000 1000 1460066 92234
estimated
persons (00)
112001 133274 149891 155887 142827 129713 117110 113728 96343 88154 66819 47390 106928 1460066 x x x
sample
persons
7040 8737 9754 10003 8506 7414 7070 7073 6278 5850 4378 3201 6930 92234 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-10
Table (5): Per 1000 distribution of persons by age-group for each major household religion
all-India
urban female
household
age-group (years) per no. of persons
religion 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 & total
1000
estd. sample
above dist. of (00)
persons
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 74 81 90 91 99 95 89 85 66 63 41 36 89 1000 782 1037662 62267
Islam 97 106 112 121 103 89 80 74 53 49 33 23 62 1000 156 207139 14489
Christianity 69 75 96 80 80 98 73 103 69 63 48 38 109 1000 27 35838 5702
Sikhism 65 53 76 108 88 93 62 74 85 84 56 37 117 1000 14 18895 1634
Others 73 67 81 97 110 92 66 96 43 78 48 37 110 1000 21 28070 2111
n.r. 183 10 153 61 61 0 329 17 26 61 0 99 0 1000 0 86 20
all 77 84 93 96 99 94 86 84 64 62 40 34 86 1000 1000 1327689 86223
estimated
persons (00)
102724 111132 124060 127301 131240 124698 114782 111564 84957 81836 53680 45385 114329 1327689 x x x
sample
persons
6456 7538 8442 8527 7858 7710 7223 7273 5869 5267 3700 3013 7347 86223 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-11
Table (5): Per 1000 distribution of persons by age-group for each major household religion
all-India
urban male + female
household
age-group (years) per no. of persons
religion 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 & total
1000
estd. sample
above dist. of (00)
persons
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 74 84 95 97 98 92 85 82 67 63 45 34 82 1000 785 2188072 129527
Islam 94 111 114 124 102 87 78 72 55 48 32 25 57 1000 155 431613 29884
Christianity 73 80 104 94 81 81 72 87 77 68 46 42 94 1000 26 71264 11254
Sikhism 63 73 84 114 87 93 66 63 74 78 59 38 108 1000 14 40261 3448
Others 62 66 96 105 97 111 65 86 58 64 57 38 97 1000 20 56345 4304
n.r. 79 35 84 291 134 0 180 34 19 37 26 43 38 1000 0 200 40
all 77 88 98 102 98 91 83 81 65 61 43 33 79 1000 1000 2787755 178457
estimated
persons (00)
214725 244406 273951 283188 274067 254411 231892 225293 181300 169990 120499 92775 221257 2787755 x x x
sample
persons
13496 16275 18196 18530 16364 15124 14293 14346 12147 11117 8078 6214 14277 178457 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-12
Table (5): Per 1000 distribution of persons by age-group for each major household religion
all-India
rural + urban male
household
age-group (years) per no. of persons
religion 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 & total
1000
estd. sample
above dist. of (00)
persons
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 87 108 116 106 83 77 74 74 62 58 43 34 78 1000 823 4336244 176642
Islam 105 127 131 121 89 76 68 61 54 46 39 27 56 1000 127 670519 32672
Christianity 76 90 114 101 80 67 64 79 77 64 48 47 92 1000 21 108868 15902
Sikhism 81 101 104 125 86 68 71 64 56 60 51 33 100 1000 17 89273 5424
Others 59 93 118 122 90 88 73 79 58 63 54 39 64 1000 12 65120 5795
n.r. 40 317 21 149 55 41 167 20 35 15 14 86 41 1000 0 393 48
all 88 110 118 109 84 77 73 72 61 56 42 33 76 1000 1000 5270417 236483
estimated
persons (00)
464693 578721 622480 572907 443012 405486 382883 379759 323441 296900 223796 175604 400733 5270417 x x x
sample
persons
20073 24589 26722 25651 20341 18209 17083 17301 15196 14117 10598 8326 18277 236483 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-13
Table (5): Per 1000 distribution of persons by age-group for each major household religion
all-India
rural + urban female
household
age-group (years) per no. of persons
religion 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 & total
1000
estd. sample
above dist. of (00)
persons
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 89 98 105 89 89 88 82 79 63 56 41 36 84 1000 823 4061857 166557
Islam 103 119 117 110 100 84 75 73 54 48 31 28 59 1000 125 617977 30704
Christianity 69 84 94 86 78 88 74 98 61 64 50 46 109 1000 22 110179 15686
Sikhism 70 74 87 103 99 88 76 75 79 61 47 35 108 1000 16 80831 4910
Others 80 91 101 108 85 76 88 81 61 69 39 36 85 1000 13 63646 5400
n.r. 110 15 74 25 91 256 201 67 21 23 38 37 41 1000 0 229 44
all 90 100 106 92 91 87 81 79 62 55 40 35 82 1000 1000 4934719 223301
estimated
persons (00)
444668 493521 522652 454624 446967 429404 398881 389871 304736 272826 198815 172236 405517 4934719 x x x
sample
persons
18457 21359 23148 21629 20215 19333 18078 17982 14410 12868 9466 7859 18497 223301 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-14
Table (5): Per 1000 distribution of persons by age-group for each major household religion
all-India
rural + urban male + female
household
age-group (years) per no. of persons
religion 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 & total
1000
estd. sample
above dist. of (00)
persons
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 88 103 111 98 86 82 78 76 62 57 42 35 81 1000 823 8398101 343199
Islam 104 123 124 116 94 80 72 67 54 47 35 27 57 1000 126 1288496 63376
Christianity 72 87 104 93 79 78 69 89 69 64 49 46 100 1000 21 219047 31588
Sikhism 76 88 96 115 92 78 73 69 67 61 49 34 104 1000 17 170104 10334
Others 69 92 110 115 88 82 80 80 59 66 46 38 75 1000 13 128766 11195
n.r. 66 206 40 103 68 120 180 37 30 18 23 68 41 1000 0 623 92
all 89 105 112 101 87 82 77 75 62 56 41 34 79 1000 1000 10205136 459784
estimated
persons (00)
909361 1072243 1145132 1027531 889979 834891 781764 769630 628177 569726 422612 347841 806251 10205136 x x x
sample
persons
38530 45948 49870 47280 40556 37542 35161 35283 29606 26985 20064 16185 36774 459784 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-15
Table (6): Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general educational level for each major household religion
all-India rural male
household
religion
general educational level (code) per 1000 no. of persons
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 n.r. total dist. of estd. sample
persons (00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 257 4 1 1 96 146 206 149 84 9 39 8 0 1000 842 2138071 75072
Islam 309 4 0 2 124 177 191 112 46 8 21 6 0 1000 108 275464 11048
Christianity 142 2 1 3 76 164 232 184 87 32 63 15 0 1000 21 52645 7228
Sikhism 257 0 1 4 67 152 188 186 115 7 19 3 0 1000 19 47657 2593
Others 211 3 0 0 70 155 270 151 81 22 31 8 0 1000 10 25644 2438
n.r. 515 0 0 2 238 19 79 18 0 0 67 61 0 1000 0 141 17
all 260 4 1 1 97 150 205 147 80 10 37 8 0 1000 1000 2539622 98396
estimated
persons (00)
660493 8966 1399 3653 247438 381809 521309 372336 203981 24574 93613 19868 184 2539622 x x x
sample persons 18766 329 34 172 7898 13711 21255 17181 10161 1362 6097 1419 11 98396 x x x
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate without formal schooling: EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, Others - 04; literate but below primary - 05; primary - 06; middle -
07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12; postgraduate and above -13

NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-16
Table (6): Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general educational level for each major household religion
all-India rural female
household
religion
general educational level (code) per 1000 no. of persons
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 n.r. total dist. of estd. sample
persons (00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 505 3 0 1 89 120 134 82 44 3 16 4 0 1000 841 2089715 73800
Islam 526 8 0 5 103 144 124 57 21 3 9 1 0 1000 107 266980 10794
Christianity 232 1 1 2 77 179 202 152 72 30 43 9 0 1000 22 55800 7165
Sikhism 403 0 0 5 44 156 110 158 87 4 26 7 0 1000 19 47009 2518
Others 433 1 0 0 65 144 196 104 33 4 17 3 0 1000 10 24473 2256
n.r. 787 0 0 2 47 13 7 76 68 0 0 0 0 1000 0 127 17
all 498 4 0 2 89 125 135 82 42 4 16 4 0 1000 1000 2484105 96550
estimated
persons (00)
1237402 8870 813 4432 220495 309378 334333 204305 105313 9592 38936 10133 101 2484105 x x x
sample persons 38350 325 28 207 8156 12598 15839 11101 6209 569 2523 637 8 96550 x x x
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate without formal schooling: EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, Others - 04; literate but below primary - 05; primary - 06; middle -
07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12; postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-17
Table (6): Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general educational level for each major household religion
all-India rural male + female
household
religion
general educational level (code) per 1000 no. of persons
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 n.r. total dist. of estd. sample
persons (00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 380 3 0 1 92 133 170 116 64 6 27 6 0 1000 842 4227787 148872
Islam 416 6 0 3 113 161 158 85 34 5 15 4 0 1000 108 542444 21842
Christianity 189 2 1 2 76 172 217 167 79 31 52 12 0 1000 22 108445 14393
Sikhism 330 0 1 5 56 154 150 172 101 6 22 5 0 1000 19 94666 5111
Others 319 2 0 0 67 150 234 128 57 13 24 6 0 1000 10 50117 4694
n.r. 644 0 0 2 148 16 45 46 32 0 35 32 0 1000 0 268 34
all 378 4 0 2 93 138 170 115 62 7 26 6 0 1000 1000 5023727 194946
estimated
persons (00)
1897895 17836 2212 8085 467933 691188 855643 576641 309294 34167
13254
9
30001 285 5023727 x x x
sample persons 57116 654 62 379 16054 26309 37094 28282 16370 1931 8620 2056 19 194946 x x x
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate without formal schooling: EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, Others - 04; literate but below primary - 05; primary - 06; middle -
07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12; postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-18
Table (6): Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general educational level for each major household religion
all-India urban male
household
religion
general educational level (code) per 1000 no. of persons
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 n.r. total dist. of estd. sample
persons (00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 90 2 0 1 50 95 169 196 145 31 165 53 0 1000 797 849212 49287
Islam 190 4 0 4 85 149 214 175 95 13 56 14 0 1000 143 151764 10468
Christianity 59 0 0 1 39 89 182 231 155 48 151 45 0 1000 24 25773 3976
Sikhism 139 2 1 1 40 102 114 244 146 12 141 57 0 1000 15 16168 1372
Others 55 0 0 0 31 66 141 206 177 29 223 71 0 1000 21 21880 1585
n.r. 222 0 0 0 0 222 0 134 266 0 147 9 0 1000 0 104 15
all 104 2 0 1 54 102 175 195 139 29 150 48 0 1000 1000 1064900 66703
estimated
persons (00)
110276 2233 187 1182 58015 109056 186007 207471 148252 30795 159979 51139 307 1064900 x x x
sample persons 6976 150 18 85 3662 6560 12314 12837 9672 1841 9627 2946 15 66703 x x x
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate without formal schooling: EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, Others - 04; literate but below primary - 05; primary - 06; middle -
07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12; postgraduate and above -13

NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-19
Table (6): Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general educational level for each major household religion
all-India urban female
household
religion
general educational level (code) per 1000 no. of persons
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 n.r. total dist. of estd. sample
persons (00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 223 2 0 1 59 104 149 162 128 13 118 40 0 1000 792 783408 46680
Islam 345 7 0 7 76 128 163 133 76 8 48 9 0 1000 143 142003 10026
Christianity 119 1 0 0 53 82 196 179 135 47 157 32 0 1000 28 27227 4195
Sikhism 235 0 0 0 42 111 100 176 145 7 127 56 0 1000 15 15225 1299
Others 154 0 0 1 36 80 184 174 137 7 168 59 0 1000 22 21854 1576
n.r. 16 0 0 0 93 519 50 93 93 0 0 135 0 1000 0 56 11
all 236 3 0 2 60 107 153 159 121 13 111 36 0 1000 1000 989773 63787
estimated
persons (00)
233620 2496 383 1891 59763 105533 151118 157212 119855 12736 109377 35643 147 989773 x x x
sample persons 14828 183 24 116 4039 6849 10585 10375 7721 769 6289 1999 10 63787 x x x
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate without formal schooling: EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, Others - 04; literate but below primary - 05; primary - 06; middle -
07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12; postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-20
Table (6): Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general educational level for each major household religion
all-India urban male + female
household
religion
general educational level (code) per 1000 no. of persons
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 n.r. total dist. of estd. sample
persons (00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 154 2 0 1 54 100 160 180 137 23 143 47 0 1000 795 1632619 95967
Islam 265 6 0 5 80 139 190 155 86 11 52 12 0 1000 143 293767 20494
Christianity 90 1 0 0 46 85 189 204 144 47 154 38 0 1000 26 53000 8171
Sikhism 186 1 1 1 41 106 107 211 146 9 134 56 0 1000 15 31393 2671
Others 105 0 0 1 34 73 163 190 157 18 195 65 0 1000 21 43733 3161
n.r. 150 0 0 0 33 327 17 120 206 0 95 53 0 1000 0 160 26
all 167 2 0 1 57 104 164 177 130 21 131 42 0 1000 1000 2054673 130490
estimated
persons (00)
343896 4729 570 3074 117778 214589 337124 364683 268107 43531 269355 86782 454 2054673 x x x
sample persons 21804 333 42 201 7701 13409 22899 23212 17393 2610 15916 4945 25 130490 x x x
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate without formal schooling: EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, Others - 04; literate but below primary - 05; primary - 06; middle -
07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12; postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-21
Table (6): Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general educational level for each major household religion
all-India rural + urban male
household
religion
general educational level (code) per 1000 no. of persons
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 n.r. total dist. of estd. sample
persons (00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 210 3 0 1 83 132 196 163 101 16 75 21 0 1000 829 2987283 124359
Islam 267 4 0 3 110 167 199 135 64 10 34 9 0 1000 119 427228 21516
Christianity 115 1 1 2 64 139 215 199 109 37 92 25 0 1000 22 78418 11204
Sikhism 227 1 1 3 61 139 169 201 123 8 50 17 0 1000 18 63825 3965
Others 139 2 0 0 52 114 211 176 125 25 119 37 0 1000 13 47524 4023
n.r. 391 0 0 1 137 105 46 67 113 0 101 39 0 1000 0 245 32
all 214 3 0 1 85 136 196 161 98 15 70 20 0 1000 1000 3604522 165099
estimated
persons (00)
770769 11199 1587 4835 305453 490865 707316 579807 352233 55369 253591 71007 491 3604522 x x x
sample persons 25742 479 52 257 11560 20271 33569 30018 19833 3203 15724 4365 26 165099 x x x
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate without formal schooling: EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, Others - 04; literate but below primary - 05; primary - 06; middle -
07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12; postgraduate and above -13

NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-22
Table (6): Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general educational level for each major household religion
all-India rural + urban female
household
religion
general educational level (code) per 1000 no. of persons
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 n.r. total dist. of estd. sample
persons (00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 428 3 0 1 80 115 138 104 67 6 44 14 0 1000 827 2873123 120480
Islam 463 7 0 6 93 139 137 83 40 5 22 4 0 1000 118 408983 20820
Christianity 195 1 1 1 69 147 200 161 92 35 80 17 0 1000 24 83028 11360
Sikhism 362 0 0 4 44 145 108 162 101 5 50 19 0 1000 18 62234 3817
Others 301 0 0 1 52 114 190 137 82 5 88 29 0 1000 13 46327 3832
n.r. 550 0 0 1 62 168 20 82 76 0 0 42 0 1000 0 184 28
all 423 3 0 2 81 119 140 104 65 6 43 13 0 1000 1000 3473878 160337
estimated
persons (00)
1471022 11366 1195 6324 280258 414911 485451 361518 225168 22328 148313 45776 248 3473878 x x x
sample persons 53178 508 52 323 12195 19447 26424 21476 13930 1338 8812 2636 18 160337 x x x
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate without formal schooling: EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, Others - 04; literate but below primary - 05; primary - 06; middle -07;
secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12; postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-23
Table (6): Per 1000 distribution of persons of age 15 years & above by general educational level for each major household religion
all-India rural + urban male + female
household general educational level (code) per 1000 no. of persons
religion 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 10 11 12 13 n.r. total dist. of estd. sample
persons (00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
Hinduism 317 3 0 1 82 124 167 134 84 11 59 18 0 1000 828 5860406 244839
Islam 363 6 0 4 102 153 169 109 52 7 28 6 0 1000 118 836211 42336
Christianity 156 1 1 2 67 143 208 179 101 36 86 21 0 1000 23 161446 22564
Sikhism 294 0 1 4 52 142 139 182 112 7 50 18 0 1000 18 126059 7782
Others 219 1 0 1 52 114 200 157 104 15 104 33 0 1000 13 93851 7855
n.r. 459 0 0 1 105 132 35 73 97 0 58 40 0 1000 0 428 60
all 317 3 0 2 83 128 169 133 82 11 57 16 0 1000 1000 7078400 325436
estimated
persons (00)
2241791 22565 2782 11159 585711 905777 1192767 941324 577401 77698 401904 116783 739 7078400 x x x
sample persons 78920 987 104 580 23755 39718 59993 51494 33763 4541 24536 7001 44 325436 x x x
Description of codes: not literate - 01; literate without formal schooling: EGS/NFEC - 02, TLC - 03, Others - 04; literate but below primary - 05; primary - 06;
middle -07; secondary - 08 ; higher secondary -10; diploma/certificate course -11; graduate - 12; postgraduate and above -13
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-24
Table (7): Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
all-India rural male
household
religion
age-group (in years) estimated persons
sample
persons
currently
attending
(0-29 yrs.)
0-4 5-9 10-14 5-14 6-11 15-19 20-24 6-9 0-24 25-29 all
(0-29 yrs.)
total
(00)
currently
attending
(00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Hinduism 78 849 899 875 911 600 192 905 573 25 505 1872085 945934 32461
Islam 43 831 850 840 881 481 120 884 514 16 459 292328 134222 5485
Christianity 126 940 955 949 958 757 291 951 661 20 578 38730 22381 3400
Sikhism 181 946 909 927 949 582 233 949 598 13 535 38804 20772 1070
Others 108 859 860 860 916 622 204 897 591 43 537 21599 11605 1123
n.r. 0 1000 904 996 997 276 0 1000 860 595 834 161 134 10
all 76 850 893 872 909 587 186 904 568 24 501 2263707 1135047 43549
estimated persons (0-29 yrs.) (00) 352691 445447 472589 918037 540527 417020 300185 357575 1987933 275773 2263707 x x x
estd. persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.) (00)
26841 378633 422192 800825 491132 244881 55897 323143 1128443 6604 1135047 x x x
sample persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.)
1186 13814 15363 29177 17830 10220 2616 11770 43199 350 43549 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-25
Table (7): Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
all-India rural female
household
religion
age-group (in years) estimated persons
sample
persons
currently
attending
(0-29 yrs.)
0-4 5-9 10-14 5-14 6-11 15-19 20-24 6-9 0-24 25-29 all
(0-29 yrs.)
total
(00)
currently
attending
(00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Hinduism 65 839 862 851 894 486 83 887 494 13 422 1719974 725534 25977
Islam 79 776 764 770 846 353 52 843 431 9 377 260905 98236 4281
Christianity 185 916 964 941 963 647 198 958 615 62 523 37024 19360 2985
Sikhism 124 863 832 846 900 509 165 905 497 33 422 32876 13880 774
Others 63 856 876 867 894 561 81 912 552 27 492 19812 9751 977
n.r. 0 1000 123 473 69 0 0 1000 94 0 33 90 3 4
all 69 833 852 842 889 473 82 883 488 14 419 2070681 866764 34998
estimated persons (0-29 yrs.) (00) 341944 382389 398592 780981 460153 327322 315726 310682 1765974 304707 2070681 x x x
estd. persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.) (00)
23655 318448 339416 657864 408959 154881 26006 274219 862406 4358 866764 x x x
sample persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.)
1061 11844 12911 24755 15135 7352 1585 10053 34753 245 34998 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-26
Table (7): Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
all-India rural male + female
household
religion
age-group (in years) estimated persons
sample
persons
currently
attending
(0-29 yrs.)
0-4 5-9 10-14 5-14 6-11 15-19 20-24 6-9 0-24 25-29 all
(0-29 yrs.)
total
(00)
currently
attending
(00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Hinduism 72 845 882 864 903 550 136 897 536 19 465 3592059 1671468 58438
Islam 60 806 812 809 865 424 84 865 475 12 420 553232 232459 9766
Christianity 154 928 959 945 960 704 245 954 639 43 551 75754 41741 6385
Sikhism 157 912 875 893 930 551 197 931 553 24 483 71680 34652 1844
Others 83 858 868 863 906 594 155 904 573 35 516 41412 21355 2100
n.r. 0 1000 550 971 947 257 0 1000 722 127 545 251 137 14
all 73 842 874 859 899 537 133 894 530 19 462 4334387 2001811 78547
estimated persons (0-29 yrs.) (00) 694636 827837 871181 1699018 1000680 744342 615911 668257 3753907 580480 4334387 x x x
estd. persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.) (00)
50496 697081 761609 1458690 900091 399761 81903 597362 1990850 10961 2001811 x x x
sample persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.)
2247 25658 28274 53932 32965 17572 4201 21823 77952 595 78547 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-27
Table (7): Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
all-India urban male
household
religion
age-group (in years) estimated persons
sample
persons
currently
attending
(0-29 yrs.)
0-4 5-9 10-14 5-14 6-11 15-19 20-24 6-9 0-24 25-29 all
(0-29 yrs.)
total
(00)
currently
attending
(00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Hinduism 175 917 926 922 945 714 349 945 634 53 540 634824 342614 20032
Islam 107 870 850 860 916 552 198 922 542 37 475 142813 67817 4779
Christianity 278 975 949 960 970 824 381 974 713 69 634 18748 11879 1941
Sikhism 88 917 927 922 961 731 297 942 637 45 536 11570 6205 554
Others 227 968 921 938 966 737 340 970 681 93 543 15554 8450 744
n.r. 0 853 376 678 0 564 1000 0 688 0 688 84 58 8
all 165 910 913 912 941 688 325 941 620 52 531 823594 437024 28058
estimated persons (0-29 yrs.) (00) 112001 133274 149891 283165 161457 155887 142827 105309 693880 129713 823594 x x x
estd. persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.) (00)
18474 121266 136910 258176 151914 107242 46404 99109 430295 6729 437024 x x x
sample persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.)
1024 7918 8875 16793 10060 7007 2815 6601 27639 419 28058 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-28
Table (7): Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
all-India urban female
household
religion
age-group (in years) estimated persons
sample
persons
currently
attending
(0-29 yrs.)
0-4 5-9 10-14 5-14 6-11 15-19 20-24 6-9 0-24 25-29 all
(0-29 yrs.)
total
(00)
currently
attending
(00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Hinduism 158 914 930 922 941 716 256 942 597 39 497 549604 273403 16490
Islam 102 851 854 853 901 450 146 893 493 13 424 129894 55125 3949
Christianity 219 949 967 959 962 869 342 958 691 34 562 17849 10023 1848
Sikhism 278 799 877 845 849 783 307 814 611 61 505 9144 4619 423
Others 229 962 949 955 980 766 241 989 606 166 528 14624 7717 671
n.r. 0 1000 932 936 495 1000 1000 1000 587 0 587 40 24 7
all 151 902 916 909 934 669 240 932 580 38 487 721155 350910 23388
estimated persons (0-29 yrs.) (00) 102724 111132 124060 235192 138189 127301 131240 90784 596458 124698 721155 x x x
estd. persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.) (00)
15563 100225 113674 213900 129002 85198 31561 84613 346222 4689 350910 x x x
sample persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.)
908 6750 7614 14364 8614 5822 1977 5684 23071 317 23388 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-29
Table (7): Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
all-India urban male + female
household
religion
age-group (in years) estimated persons
sample
persons
currently
attending
(0-29 yrs.)
0-4 5-9 10-14 5-14 6-11 15-19 20-24 6-9 0-24 25-29 all
(0-29 yrs.)
total
(00)
currently
attending
(00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Hinduism 167 915 928 922 943 715 305 943 617 46 520 1184428 616017 36522
Islam 105 861 852 857 909 504 173 908 519 25 451 272707 122943 8728
Christianity 250 963 958 960 966 843 362 966 702 48 598 36597 21902 3789
Sikhism 180 877 906 892 917 754 302 896 626 53 523 20715 10824 977
Others 228 965 933 946 973 751 284 980 643 124 536 30178 16167 1415
n.r. 0 872 814 831 180 603 1000 495 656 0 656 124 82 15
all 159 906 915 911 937 680 284 937 602 45 510 1544749 787934 51446
estimated persons (0-29 yrs.) (00) 214725 244406 273951 518357 299646 283188 274067 196094 1290338 254411 1544749 x x x
estd. persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.) (00)
34036 221491 250584 472075 280916 192441 77965 183722 776517 11417 787934 x x x
sample persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.)
1932 14668 16489 31157 18674 12829 4792 12285 50710 736 51446 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-30
Table (7): Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
all-India rural + urban male
household
religion
age-group (in years) estimated persons
sample
persons
currently
attending
(0-29 yrs.)
0-4 5-9 10-14 5-14 6-11 15-19 20-24 6-9 0-24 25-29 all
(0-29 yrs.)
total
(00)
currently
attending
(00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Hinduism 101 864 905 885 919 629 241 914 588 34 514 2506909 1288549 52493
Islam 62 843 850 846 891 506 150 895 523 24 464 435140 202040 10264
Christianity 176 951 953 952 962 780 322 958 678 35 596 57479 34260 5341
Sikhism 165 940 912 926 951 616 249 947 606 23 536 50374 26977 1624
Others 153 892 885 888 933 668 259 919 625 75 540 37153 20054 1867
n.r. 0 993 672 973 950 535 1000 985 797 595 784 245 192 18
all
98 864 898 882 916 615 231 912 581 33 509 3087300 1572071 71607
estimated persons (0-29 yrs.) (00) 464693 578721 622480 1201201 701984 572907 443012 462884 2681814 405486 3087300 x x x
estd. persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.) (00)
45314 499899 559102 1059001 643046 352123 102301 422252 1558739 13332 1572071 x x x
sample persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.)
2210 21732 24238 45970 27890 17227 5431 18371 70838 769 71607 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-31
Table (7): Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
all-India rural + urban female
household
religion
age-group (in years) estimated persons
sample
persons
currently
attending
(0-29 yrs.)
0-4 5-9 10-14 5-14 6-11 15-19 20-24 6-9 0-24 25-29 all
(0-29 yrs.)
total
(00)
currently
attending
(00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Hinduism 85 855 877 866 904 546 132 898 518 20 440 2269577 998937 42467
Islam 86 799 793 796 863 389 84 859 451 10 392 390799 153362 8230
Christianity 196 925 965 946 963 715 246 958 639 52 535 54873 29383 4833
Sikhism 157 852 841 846 891 575 194 889 521 40 440 42020 18499 1197
Others 130 891 902 897 925 643 172 938 574 101 507 34436 17468 1648
n.r. 0 1000 752 793 211 923 253 1000 370 0 204 131 27 11
all 88 848 867 858 899 528 129 894 512 21 436 2791836 1217674 58386
estimated persons (0-29 yrs.) (00) 444668 493521 522652 1016173 598342 454624 446967 401466 2362432 429404 2791836 x x x
estd. persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.) (00)
39218 418673 453090 871764 537961 240079 57567 358832 1208628 9046 1217674 x x x
sample persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.)
1969 18594 20525 39119 23749 13174 3562 15737 57824 562 58386 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-32
Table (7): Current attendance rates in educational institutions per 1000 persons (of age 0 - 29 years) by age-group and household religion
all-India rural + urban male + female
household
religion
age-group (in years) estimated persons
sample
persons
currently
attending
(0-29 yrs.)
0-4 5-9 10-14 5-14 6-11 15-19 20-24 6-9 0-24 25-29 all
(0-29 yrs.)
total
(00)
currently
attending
(00)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (13) (14) (15) (16)
Hinduism 93 860 892 877 912 592 186 906 555 27 479 4776486 2287485 94960
Islam 73 822 824 823 879 453 116 878 489 17 430 825939 355401 18494
Christianity 186 939 959 950 962 750 284 958 659 44 566 112352 63643 10174
Sikhism 161 905 882 893 927 598 221 925 569 32 492 92394 45475 2821
Others 140 892 893 892 929 656 218 928 600 87 524 71589 37522 3515
n.r. 0 993 726 949 895 570 632 986 694 127 582 375 218 29
all 93 857 884 871 908 576 180 904 549 27 475 5879136 2789745 129993
estimated persons (0-29 yrs.) (00) 909361 1072243 1145132 2217374 1300326 1027531 889979 864350 5044245 834891 5879136 x x x
estd. persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.) (00)
84532 918572 1012193 1930765 1181007 592202 159868 781084 2767367 22379 2789745 x x x
sample persons currently attending
(0-29 yrs.)
4179 40326 44763 85089 51639 30401 8993 34108 128662 1331 129993 x x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-33
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India rural household religion: Hinduism male
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 2 22 129 265 323 342 339 370 390 412 442 406 186 320 218 693682 22111
10-45 0 0 2 13 34 41 52 49 46 44 32 43 25 22 36 24 77847 4034
50-93 0 0 2 23 61 104 114 117 102 97 95 82 53 39 80 54 171605 9613
01-93 0 3 26 165 360 468 507 506 518 530 539 567 484 247 436 296 943134 35758
31 01-05 0 0 0 2 4 9 8 6 10 4 4 3 3 3 5 4 11229 362
10-45 0 0 0 6 25 29 27 27 20 22 20 17 2 14 19 13 40012 1779
50-99 0 0 1 11 45 60 60 58 60 57 67 63 7 26 44 30 94971 6451
01-99 0 0 1 19 75 98 95 91 89 83 92 83 12 43 68 46 146212 8592
41 x 0 0 0 5 11 7 6 9 6 5 5 3 4 7 6 4 13665 469
51 01-05 0 0 7 102 179 237 246 246 243 260 240 223 119 135 198 134 427332 6687
10-45 0 0 3 52 117 127 113 126 122 95 84 53 29 79 91 62 196014 7668
50-99 0 0 1 9 22 19 22 14 16 11 10 6 2 15 13 9 29146 1115
01-99 0 0 12 164 318 383 380 386 380 365 334 282 151 229 303 205 652493 15470
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 12 168 330 390 386 395 387 370 339 285 155 236 309 209 666157 15939
11-51 01-05 0 3 29 233 449 569 596 591 623 655 657 669 529 323 524 356 1132642 29168
10-45 0 0 5 76 188 204 197 211 194 164 141 115 59 123 152 103 327139 13942
50-99 0 0 4 44 128 183 195 189 178 164 173 151 62 79 138 93 295723 17179
01-99 0 3 39 353 765 956 988 992 994 983 970 935 650 526 813 551 1755503 60289
81 x 0 0 2 30 45 17 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 36 12 9 27577 1211
11-81 x 0 3 41 383 810 973 991 993 995 984 970 936 650 562 826 560 1783080 61500
91 x 0 858 917 581 171 13 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 409 115 289 920419 31650
92 x 0 0 4 7 5 3 2 0 1 1 1 2 6 6 3 3 8251 259
93 x 0 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 1 0 3 0 4 3 2 2 4911 177
94 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 6 20 101 0 14 9 29737 1477
95 x 0 8 4 5 7 7 4 4 2 12 16 26 91 6 18 13 41990 1265
97 x 0 129 32 20 6 2 1 0 1 1 4 16 145 14 22 34 108179 3182
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 91 289267 9872
91-99 x 1000 997 959 617 190 27 9 7 5 16 30 64 350 438 174 440 1402753 47882
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 3185834 109382
per 1000 distn 91 116 123 108 78 73 71 71 61 56 41 34 79 186 671 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 289267 368101 390395 343563 248362 232398 224829 227141 193172 177751 129390 109296 252168 591925 2138071 3185834 x x
sample persons 9872 11816 12622 11528 8811 8203 7836 7865 6757 6344 4745 3979 9004 20339 75072 109382 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-34
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India rural household religion: Hinduism female
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 4 20 84 146 178 206 227 244 245 243 227 127 115 182 128 388272 13995
10-45 0 0 1 12 22 28 20 26 23 16 9 13 10 16 19 13 39202 1619
50-93 0 0 1 5 7 13 14 18 15 21 17 18 12 6 13 9 27366 1506
01-93 0 4 22 100 175 219 239 271 281 282 270 258 149 137 214 150 454840 17120
31 01-05 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 2 0 1 1 1 2554 103
10-45 0 0 0 3 6 2 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 4 2 2 5165 177
50-99 0 0 0 3 12 21 18 19 15 15 14 7 2 8 13 9 26686 1614
01-99 0 0 1 6 20 24 22 22 18 21 17 11 3 13 16 11 34405 1894
41 x 0 0 0 2 7 12 15 15 14 13 12 9 5 4 10 7 20744 893
51 01-05 0 0 9 70 101 139 146 185 176 176 181 137 75 85 132 92 279152 5412
10-45 0 0 0 10 11 18 25 29 26 22 21 14 3 11 18 12 36855 1330
50-99 0 0 0 3 2 1 1 3 3 5 2 2 3 2 2 2 5020 180
01-99 0 0 10 83 114 158 172 217 205 202 204 153 81 98 152 106 321027 6922
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 10 85 121 170 187 232 219 215 216 162 86 102 162 113 341770 7815
11-51 01-05 0 4 30 154 249 319 353 413 423 426 428 367 203 201 316 222 671732 19565
10-45 0 0 2 27 46 58 62 72 63 52 41 37 18 36 48 33 100211 3964
50-99 0 0 1 10 21 36 33 40 32 41 34 27 17 15 28 20 59072 3300
01-99 0 4 33 191 315 413 448 526 518 519 503 431 238 252 392 275 831016 26829
81 x 0 0 1 10 19 12 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 14 6 4 11947 646
11-81 x 0 4 33 201 334 424 451 527 518 519 503 431 238 267 397 279 842962 27475
91 x 0 849 881 485 75 5 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 283 72 236 712536 25540
92 x 0 2 27 193 366 338 302 267 259 280 276 302 253 278 284 199 602447 22544
93 x 0 1 19 103 216 229 243 201 212 191 194 201 152 159 193 135 408788 13637
94 x 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 4 7 10 13 65 1 11 7 22284 1024
95 x 0 5 4 4 2 1 1 2 6 2 7 23 84 3 14 10 31151 1098
97 x 0 139 35 15 5 1 1 0 1 2 10 28 207 10 30 39 118204 3846
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 285823 9126
91-99 x 1000 996 967 799 666 576 549 473 482 481 497 569 762 733 603 721 2181233 76815
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 3024195 104290
per 1000 distn 95 104 110 88 86 85 79 77 61 53 41 36 83 175 691 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 285823 315736 332921 267457 260623 257414 240066 234258 185725 161033 124947 107439 250754 528081 2089715 3024195 x x
sample persons 9126 10446 10918 9568 9299 8908 8348 8121 6515 5805 4512 3774 8950 18867 73800 104290 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-35
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India rural household religion: Hinduism male + female
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 3 21 109 204 247 272 282 308 321 329 336 267 152 252 174 1081954 36106
10-45 0 0 2 13 28 34 35 38 35 31 21 28 17 20 27 19 117049 5653
50-93 0 0 1 15 33 56 62 67 59 61 57 50 33 23 47 32 198971 11119
01-93 0 3 24 137 265 337 369 387 402 413 407 414 317 195 326 225 1397974 52878
31 01-05 0 0 0 1 3 5 5 3 5 4 3 2 2 2 3 2 13783 465
10-45 0 0 0 5 16 15 14 15 11 12 11 9 1 10 11 7 45177 1956
50-99 0 0 1 8 28 39 38 38 38 37 41 36 4 17 29 20 121657 8065
01-99 0 0 1 13 47 59 57 56 54 53 55 47 7 29 43 29 180617 10486
41 x 0 0 0 4 9 9 10 12 10 9 8 6 5 6 8 6 34409 1362
51 01-05 0 0 8 88 139 185 194 215 210 220 211 180 97 111 166 114 706484 12099
10-45 0 0 2 34 63 70 68 77 75 60 53 34 16 47 55 37 232869 8998
50-99 0 0 1 6 11 10 11 8 9 8 6 4 3 9 8 6 34166 1295
01-99 0 0 11 128 214 265 273 300 294 288 270 218 116 167 228 157 973519 22392
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 11 132 223 274 283 312 304 297 278 224 121 173 236 162 1007928 23754
11-51 01-05 0 4 30 198 346 438 470 501 525 546 544 519 366 266 421 291 1804374 48733
10-45 0 0 4 55 115 127 127 141 129 111 92 76 39 82 100 69 427350 17906
50-99 0 0 3 29 73 105 111 113 106 106 105 90 40 49 83 57 354795 20479
01-99 0 4 36 282 535 670 709 755 761 762 741 685 445 397 605 417 2586519 87118
81 x 0 0 1 21 32 14 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 26 9 6 39524 1857
11-81 x 0 4 37 304 566 685 712 756 761 763 741 685 445 423 614 423 2626042 88975
91 x 0 854 901 539 122 9 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 349 94 263 1632954 57190
92 x 0 1 14 88 190 179 157 136 127 134 136 151 129 134 142 98 610698 22803
93 x 0 1 9 47 112 121 126 102 104 91 97 99 78 77 96 67 413700 13814
94 x 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 4 8 17 83 0 12 8 52021 2501
95 x 0 6 4 5 4 4 3 3 4 7 12 25 87 4 16 12 73141 2363
97 x 0 134 34 18 5 1 1 0 1 1 7 22 176 12 26 36 226383 7028
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 93 575089 18998
91-99 x 1000 996 963 696 434 315 288 244 239 237 259 315 555 577 386 577 3583986 124697
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 6210028 213672
per 1000 distn 93 110 116 98 82 79 75 74 61 55 41 35 81 180 681 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 575089 683837 723315 611020 508985 489811 464896 461399 378897 338784 254337 216735 502922 1120005 4227787 6210028 x x
sample persons 18998 22262 23540 21096 18110 17111 16184 15986 13272 12149 9257 7753 17954 39206 148872 213672 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-36
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India urban household religion: Hinduism male
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 0 1 8 21 21 29 25 34 39 50 62 52 15 30 22 25762 1864
10-45 0 1 2 14 42 72 80 76 93 91 86 68 35 28 62 46 52761 3057
50-93 0 0 5 43 133 195 274 293 290 273 261 237 146 87 201 149 171485 10658
01-93 0 1 8 65 196 288 384 393 417 404 396 367 233 129 293 217 250008 15579
31 01-05 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 3 3 3 4 1 1 1 2 1 1395 126
10-45 0 0 1 26 102 181 152 149 121 128 127 110 21 63 109 81 92838 3977
50-99 0 0 6 40 175 280 293 273 304 307 314 297 34 106 215 159 183435 10505
01-99 0 0 7 66 278 462 445 425 428 438 444 408 56 170 326 241 277668 14608
41 x 0 0 0 1 4 4 6 3 2 3 3 2 2 3 3 2 2575 187
51 01-05 0 0 1 5 9 13 17 18 21 21 14 18 16 7 14 11 12208 798
10-45 0 0 3 55 84 103 95 103 89 80 67 42 19 70 76 56 64889 3810
50-99 0 0 3 12 27 33 26 42 29 34 23 17 8 19 25 19 21833 1295
01-99 0 0 7 72 120 149 138 162 139 135 103 77 44 96 116 86 98931 5903
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 7 74 124 153 144 166 141 137 106 79 46 98 119 88 101506 6090
11-51 01-05 0 0 1 14 31 35 48 46 58 63 67 81 69 22 46 34 39369 2789
10-45 0 1 7 97 233 360 332 331 305 302 281 221 78 163 250 185 213059 11030
50-99 0 0 13 95 334 508 592 608 623 614 598 552 189 212 442 327 376753 22458
01-99 0 1 22 205 598 903 972 984 986 979 946 854 335 397 738 547 629181 36277
81 x 0 0 2 33 68 41 14 7 2 2 2 7 0 50 22 16 18636 1203
11-81 x 0 1 23 238 666 944 986 992 988 982 948 861 336 447 760 563 647817 37480
91 x 0 931 947 731 314 41 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 527 149 286 328537 19502
92 x 0 1 1 5 5 3 2 1 2 1 4 13 9 5 4 3 3654 258
93 x 0 0 1 3 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 4 2 2 1 1434 75
94 x 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 2 19 76 414 0 48 36 41044 2389
95 x 0 3 4 6 6 7 5 4 5 12 16 23 76 6 15 12 13329 819
97 x 0 63 24 18 6 2 3 2 3 3 13 27 159 12 23 25 28717 1784
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 75 85879 4953
91-99 x 1000 999 977 762 334 56 14 8 12 18 52 139 664 553 240 437 502594 29780
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1150411 67260
per 1000 distn 75 88 100 103 98 89 82 80 67 62 48 33 76 201 738 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 85879 100678 114641 117925 112910 102790 94074 92040 77179 71745 55112 37638 87798 230836 849212 1150411 x x
sample persons 4953 6188 6832 7003 6114 5489 5289 5291 4695 4361 3331 2429 5285 13117 49287 67260 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-37
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India urban household religion: Hinduism female
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 0 1 4 8 11 14 15 20 27 23 24 10 6 14 10 10847 803
10-45 0 0 4 15 23 31 44 62 33 36 21 26 13 19 31 24 24417 1340
50-93 0 0 2 7 16 26 38 41 45 35 56 27 18 12 29 22 22714 1489
01-93 0 0 7 26 46 68 96 118 97 98 99 78 41 37 73 56 57979 3632
31 01-05 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 282 20
10-45 0 0 0 9 22 13 16 16 17 8 4 9 0 15 12 9 9353 377
50-99 0 0 1 15 67 84 79 89 85 89 71 64 12 42 64 48 50005 2948
01-99 0 0 1 24 89 97 94 105 103 97 75 73 13 58 76 57 59640 3345
41 x 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 587 41
51 01-05 0 0 1 5 6 11 19 22 22 11 17 22 9 5 13 10 10593 653
10-45 0 0 1 8 15 17 21 26 19 14 19 14 3 12 15 12 12136 719
50-99 0 0 1 2 4 7 13 11 14 11 11 14 5 3 8 6 6625 420
01-99 0 0 3 15 25 34 53 59 54 36 47 50 18 20 37 28 29353 1792
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 3 15 26 35 54 60 56 36 48 50 18 21 38 29 29940 1833
11-51 01-05 0 0 2 9 14 22 33 39 42 39 41 46 19 12 28 21 21722 1476
10-45 0 0 5 32 60 61 82 105 70 59 45 49 17 47 59 45 46493 2477
50-99 0 0 4 25 86 117 130 140 144 134 137 106 35 57 101 76 79344 4857
01-99 0 1 11 65 161 200 244 284 256 232 223 201 72 115 187 142 147559 8810
81 x 0 0 0 9 38 28 9 4 2 1 1 0 0 24 11 9 9004 647
11-81 x 0 1 11 74 199 227 253 288 258 233 224 201 72 139 198 151 156563 9457
91 x 0 926 949 727 252 27 3 1 3 0 0 0 0 480 125 255 264128 16067
92 x 0 1 15 151 452 620 605 570 614 616 635 622 460 307 515 390 405039 23447
93 x 0 0 4 34 91 120 132 136 119 136 102 83 46 63 99 75 77719 5193
94 x 0 0 1 1 2 0 4 3 4 10 20 40 111 1 18 14 14449 992
95 x 0 4 2 3 2 3 3 3 2 4 6 22 84 2 13 11 11111 658
97 x 0 68 18 10 3 2 1 0 1 2 12 33 226 6 31 31 31706 1917
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 74 76948 4536
91-99 x 1000 999 989 926 801 773 747 712 742 767 776 799 928 861 802 849 881099 52810
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1037662 62267
per 1000 distn 74 81 90 91 99 95 89 85 66 63 41 36 89 190 755 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 76948 83582 93724 94656 102360 98333 92511 88428 68701 65726 42814 37572 92305 197016 783408 1037662 x x
sample persons 4536 5252 5799 5803 5615 5689 5324 5399 4339 3880 2754 2298 5579 11418 46680 62267 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-38
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India urban household religion: Hinduism male + female
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 0 1 6 15 16 22 20 27 33 38 43 30 11 22 17 36609 2667
10-45 0 0 3 15 33 52 62 69 65 65 57 47 24 24 47 35 77178 4397
50-93 0 0 4 27 77 113 157 169 174 159 171 133 81 52 118 89 194199 12147
01-93 0 1 7 48 125 181 241 258 267 258 266 223 135 87 188 141 307986 19211
31 01-05 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 0 1 1 1677 146
10-45 0 0 1 18 64 99 84 84 72 71 73 59 10 41 63 47 102191 4354
50-99 0 0 4 29 123 184 186 182 201 202 207 181 23 77 143 107 233440 13453
01-99 0 0 4 47 188 284 271 269 275 275 283 241 34 118 206 154 337308 17953
41 x 0 0 0 1 3 2 4 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 3161 228
51 01-05 0 0 1 5 8 12 18 20 21 16 15 20 12 6 14 10 22801 1451
10-45 0 0 2 34 51 61 58 65 56 48 46 28 11 43 47 35 77025 4529
50-99 0 0 2 7 16 20 20 27 22 23 18 16 7 12 17 13 28458 1715
01-99 0 0 5 47 75 93 96 112 99 87 79 64 30 61 78 59 128284 7695
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 5 48 77 95 99 114 101 89 81 64 32 63 80 60 131445 7923
11-51 01-05 0 0 1 12 23 29 40 42 51 51 55 63 43 17 37 28 61091 4265
10-45 0 0 6 68 151 214 208 220 194 186 178 135 47 110 158 119 259552 13507
50-99 0 0 9 63 216 317 363 379 397 385 396 329 110 140 278 208 456096 27315
01-99 0 1 17 143 390 559 611 641 642 622 630 528 200 267 474 355 776740 45087
81 x 0 0 1 22 54 35 11 6 2 2 2 3 0 38 17 13 27640 1850
11-81 x 0 1 18 165 444 594 623 647 644 624 631 531 200 305 490 368 804379 46937
91 x 0 929 948 729 285 34 3 0 1 0 0 0 1 505 137 271 592665 35569
92 x 0 1 7 70 218 305 301 280 290 295 280 317 240 144 249 187 408692 23705
93 x 0 0 2 17 44 60 66 67 56 65 45 42 26 30 48 36 79153 5268
94 x 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 2 3 6 19 58 259 1 34 25 55494 3381
95 x 0 4 3 5 4 5 4 3 3 8 12 22 80 4 14 11 24439 1477
97 x 0 65 21 15 4 2 2 1 2 2 12 30 194 10 27 28 60423 3701
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 74 162827 9489
91-99 x 1000 999 982 835 556 406 377 353 356 376 369 469 800 695 510 632 1383693 82590
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 2188072 129527
per 1000 distn 74 84 95 97 98 92 85 82 67 63 45 34 82 196 746 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 162827 184260 208366 212581 215270 201123 186585 180468 145881 137472 97926 75210 180103 427852 1632619 2188072 x x
sample persons 9489 11440 12631 12806 11729 11178 10613 10690 9034 8241 6085 4727 10864 24535 95967 129527 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-39
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India rural + urban household religion: Hinduism male
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 2 17 98 189 231 250 249 274 289 304 345 315 138 238 166 719444 23975
10-45 0 0 2 14 37 50 60 57 59 57 48 49 27 24 43 30 130608 7091
50-93 0 0 2 28 83 132 161 168 156 148 145 122 77 52 114 79 343090 20271
01-93 0 2 22 140 309 413 471 473 490 494 497 516 419 214 395 275 1193141 51337
31 01-05 0 0 0 1 3 6 6 5 8 4 4 2 3 2 4 3 12624 488
10-45 0 0 0 11 49 76 64 62 49 52 52 41 7 28 44 31 132850 5756
50-99 0 0 2 19 86 127 129 120 129 128 141 123 14 48 93 64 278406 16956
01-99 0 0 2 31 138 209 198 187 186 185 197 166 23 78 141 98 423880 23200
41 x 0 0 0 4 9 6 6 8 5 4 4 3 4 6 5 4 16239 656
51 01-05 0 0 6 77 126 168 178 180 179 191 173 170 92 99 146 101 439541 7485
10-45 0 0 3 53 107 120 107 119 113 90 79 50 27 77 87 60 260903 11478
50-99 0 0 2 10 23 23 23 22 19 18 14 9 4 16 17 12 50980 2410
01-99 0 0 11 140 256 311 309 321 311 299 265 229 123 191 250 173 751424 21373
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 11 144 265 317 314 329 317 303 269 232 127 197 255 177 767663 22029
11-51 01-05 0 3 23 177 318 406 434 434 462 484 481 518 410 239 388 270 1172011 31957
10-45 0 0 6 82 202 252 237 246 225 204 183 142 64 135 180 125 540198 24972
50-99 0 0 6 57 192 282 312 310 305 294 300 254 95 116 224 155 672475 39637
01-99 0 3 35 315 712 940 984 990 992 982 963 914 569 490 792 550 2384684 96566
81 x 0 0 2 31 52 25 6 3 1 1 1 2 0 40 15 11 46213 2414
11-81 x 0 3 37 346 765 964 989 993 993 983 964 916 569 530 807 561 2430897 98980
91 x 0 874 924 619 215 22 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 442 125 288 1248956 51152
92 x 0 0 3 6 5 3 2 0 1 1 2 4 7 6 3 3 11904 517
93 x 0 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 4 3 2 1 6345 252
94 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 10 35 182 0 24 16 70781 3866
95 x 0 7 4 5 6 7 4 4 3 12 16 25 87 6 17 13 55319 2084
97 x 0 115 30 19 6 2 2 1 1 2 7 19 149 13 23 32 136896 4966
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 87 375146 14825
91-99 x 1000 997 963 654 235 36 11 7 7 17 36 84 431 470 193 439 1905347 77662
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 4336244 176642
per 1000 distn 87 108 116 106 83 77 74 74 62 58 43 34 78 190 689 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 375146 468779 505036 461488 361272 335187 318903 319181 270351 249497 184502 146934 339966 822761 2987283 4336244 x x
sample persons 14825 18004 19454 18531 14925 13692 13125 13156 11452 10705 8076 6408 14289 33456 124359 176642 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-40
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India rural + urban household religion: Hinduism female
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 3 16 63 107 132 152 169 183 182 187 175 95 85 136 98 399119 14798
10-45 0 0 2 12 22 29 27 36 26 22 12 17 11 17 22 16 63619 2959
50-93 0 0 1 5 9 17 20 24 23 25 27 20 14 7 17 12 50080 2995
01-93 0 3 19 81 138 177 199 229 232 229 226 212 120 110 175 126 512819 20752
31 01-05 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 2 0 1 1 1 2836 123
10-45 0 0 0 4 11 5 6 6 6 4 2 3 0 7 5 4 14518 554
50-99 0 0 1 6 28 38 35 38 34 37 29 22 5 17 27 19 76691 4562
01-99 0 0 1 11 39 44 42 45 41 43 32 27 5 25 33 23 94045 5239
41 x 0 0 0 2 5 8 11 11 10 9 9 6 4 3 7 5 21331 934
51 01-05 0 0 8 53 74 103 110 140 135 128 139 107 57 63 100 71 289744 6065
10-45 0 0 0 10 12 18 24 29 24 20 20 14 3 11 17 12 48990 2049
50-99 0 0 0 2 2 3 5 5 6 7 5 5 3 2 4 3 11645 600
01-99 0 0 9 65 89 124 139 174 164 154 164 126 64 77 121 86 350379 8714
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 9 67 94 133 150 185 175 163 173 133 68 80 128 92 371710 9648
11-51 01-05 0 3 23 116 183 237 264 311 320 314 329 284 153 150 237 171 693454 21041
10-45 0 0 2 28 50 59 68 81 65 54 42 40 18 39 51 36 146705 6441
50-99 0 0 2 14 39 58 60 67 62 68 60 48 22 27 48 34 138416 8157
01-99 0 3 28 158 272 354 391 459 447 436 432 371 193 215 336 241 978574 35639
81 x 0 0 1 10 24 16 5 2 1 1 0 0 0 17 7 5 20951 1293
11-81 x 0 4 28 168 296 370 396 461 448 436 432 371 193 232 343 246 999525 36932
91 x 0 865 896 548 125 11 1 0 1 0 0 2 1 336 87 240 976663 41607
92 x 0 2 24 182 391 416 386 350 355 377 368 385 309 286 347 248 1007486 45991
93 x 0 0 15 85 181 199 212 183 187 175 170 170 124 133 167 120 486507 18830
94 x 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 4 8 12 20 77 1 13 9 36734 2016
95 x 0 5 4 4 2 2 2 2 5 2 7 23 84 3 13 10 42262 1756
97 x 0 124 32 14 4 1 1 0 1 2 11 29 213 9 30 37 149910 5763
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 89 362771 13662
91-99 x 1000 996 972 832 704 630 604 539 552 564 568 629 807 768 657 754 3062332 129625
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 4061857 166557
per 1000 distn 89 98 105 89 89 88 82 79 63 56 41 36 84 179 707 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 362771 399318 426645 362113 362983 355747 332577 322686 254426 226759 167761 145011 343059 725097 2873123 4061857 x x
sample persons 13662 15698 16717 15371 14914 14597 13672 13520 10854 9685 7266 6072 14529 30285 120480 166557 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-41
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India rural + urban household religion: Hinduism male + female
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 2 17 83 148 180 200 208 230 238 248 260 205 113 188 133 1118563 38773
10-45 0 0 2 13 29 39 43 46 43 40 31 33 19 21 33 23 194227 10050
50-93 0 0 2 18 46 73 89 96 91 89 89 71 45 31 67 47 393170 23266
01-93 0 3 20 114 223 292 332 351 365 368 368 365 269 165 287 203 1705960 72089
31 01-05 0 0 0 1 2 4 3 3 4 3 3 2 1 1 3 2 15460 611
10-45 0 0 0 8 30 39 34 34 28 29 28 22 4 18 25 18 147368 6310
50-99 0 0 1 13 57 81 81 79 83 85 88 73 9 34 60 42 355097 21518
01-99 0 0 2 22 89 124 118 116 115 117 119 97 14 53 88 62 517925 28439
41 x 0 0 0 3 7 7 8 10 8 7 6 5 4 5 6 4 37570 1590
51 01-05 0 0 7 67 100 135 144 160 158 161 157 139 75 82 123 87 729285 13550
10-45 0 0 2 34 60 67 65 74 70 57 51 32 15 46 53 37 309894 13527
50-99 0 0 1 7 13 13 14 13 13 12 10 7 4 9 10 7 62624 3010
01-99 0 0 10 107 172 215 222 247 240 230 217 178 93 138 186 131 1101803 30087
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 10 110 179 222 230 257 248 237 224 183 97 143 193 136 1139373 31677
11-51 01-05 0 3 23 150 250 319 347 372 393 403 408 402 281 197 314 222 1865465 52998
10-45 0 0 4 58 126 152 151 163 147 132 116 92 41 90 117 82 686902 31413
50-99 0 0 4 38 116 167 184 188 187 186 186 151 58 74 138 97 810891 47794
01-99 0 3 32 246 492 638 681 723 728 722 710 645 380 361 568 400 3363259 132205
81 x 0 0 1 22 38 20 5 2 1 1 0 1 0 29 11 8 67163 3707
11-81 x 0 3 33 268 530 658 686 725 729 723 710 646 380 390 580 408 3430422 135912
91 x 0 870 911 588 170 16 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 393 106 265 2225619 92759
92 x 0 1 13 83 198 216 198 176 173 180 176 194 158 137 172 121 1019390 46508
93 x 0 1 8 39 92 103 109 92 91 83 82 85 64 64 83 59 492852 19082
94 x 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 3 4 11 27 129 0 18 13 107515 5882
95 x 0 6 4 5 4 5 3 3 4 8 12 24 85 4 15 12 97581 3840
97 x 0 119 31 17 5 1 1 0 1 2 8 24 181 11 26 34 286806 10729
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 88 737916 28487
91-99 x 1000 997 967 732 470 342 314 275 271 277 290 354 620 610 420 592 4967679 207287
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 8398101 343199
per 1000 distn 88 103 111 98 86 82 78 76 62 57 42 35 81 184 698 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 737916 868098 931681 823602 724255 690934 651480 641867 524778 476256 352264 291945 683025 1547857 5860406 8398101 x x
sample persons 28487 33702 36171 33902 29839 28289 26797 26676 22306 20390 15342 12480 28818 63741 244839 343199 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-42
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India rural household religion: Islam male
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 3 38 103 175 218 236 265 257 307 249 300 332 133 222 143 63855 2521
10-45 0 0 10 43 84 71 81 93 92 81 78 73 29 60 70 44 19784 924
50-93 0 1 6 54 102 163 184 150 243 160 184 129 110 74 137 85 38015 1958
01-93 0 5 54 200 361 452 502 508 592 549 511 503 471 266 429 273 121654 5403
31 01-05 0 0 0 1 3 1 3 10 1 11 8 1 2 2 3 2 986 46
10-45 0 0 0 16 24 20 21 22 8 14 10 16 3 19 16 10 4435 174
50-99 0 0 3 17 53 70 43 79 49 54 55 52 16 32 46 29 12785 953
01-99 0 0 4 33 80 92 67 110 58 79 72 68 20 52 65 41 18205 1173
41 x 0 0 0 3 4 11 6 11 9 3 6 12 3 4 6 4 1721 127
51 01-05 0 2 16 92 207 231 248 217 171 193 219 269 97 139 182 115 51237 821
10-45 0 0 6 70 133 144 134 122 134 126 120 70 45 96 109 68 30370 1024
50-99 0 0 2 21 37 43 24 20 26 38 19 10 9 27 26 16 7253 257
01-99 0 2 23 183 377 418 406 359 331 357 358 349 152 262 317 199 88860 2102
41 & 51 01-99 0 2 23 186 381 429 412 370 341 359 364 361 155 266 323 203 90581 2229
11-51 01-05 0 6 54 196 385 450 487 491 428 511 475 570 431 273 408 260 116077 3388
10-45 0 0 16 132 245 246 241 247 243 223 214 172 80 178 201 126 56311 2249
50-99 0 1 10 92 192 276 252 250 319 252 258 191 134 133 208 130 58053 3168
01-99 0 7 80 420 822 972 980 988 990 987 947 932 646 585 817 517 230440 8805
81 x 0 0 3 41 41 12 1 1 2 0 2 1 0 41 15 10 4389 212
11-81 x 0 7 83 461 863 985 982 989 993 987 948 934 646 626 832 526 234829 9017
91 x 0 839 852 486 106 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 330 108 296 132010 5383
92 x 0 0 2 9 14 3 1 1 3 0 2 3 8 11 5 4 1624 55
93 x 0 0 3 3 1 0 2 0 0 0 6 0 2 2 1 1 561 20
94 x 0 0 1 0 0 4 1 1 0 3 17 11 107 0 13 8 3508 148
95 x 0 14 3 7 4 5 14 9 2 9 21 38 111 6 19 14 6284 196
97 x 0 140 57 34 12 0 0 0 2 2 7 14 125 25 21 40 17671 651
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 111 49558 1807
91-99 x 1000 993 917 539 137 15 18 11 7 13 52 66 354 374 168 474 211215 8260
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 446045 17277
per 1000 distn 111 133 139 119 82 72 64 57 52 45 43 27 58 201 618 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 49558 59177 61846 52898 36732 32117 28677 25215 23151 20099 19019 11822 25735 89630 275464 446045 x x
sample persons 1807 2157 2265 2061 1477 1245 1053 1087 987 873 691 497 1077 3538 11048 17277 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-43
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India rural household religion: Islam female
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20)
11,12,21 01-05 0 1 26 47 62 68 95 115 108 119 142 149 52 54 85 58 23956 1014
10-45 0 2 16 49 41 45 34 53 53 23 16 20 23 45 39 28 11378 409
50-93 0 0 1 6 8 10 14 14 17 9 15 2 8 7 10 7 2755 142
01-93 0 3 43 102 110 123 143 182 179 151 172 171 83 106 134 93 38089 1565
31 01-05 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 1 0 0 141 5
10-45 0 0 0 1 2 2 1 0 0 0 3 0 1 1 1 1 265 15
50-99 0 0 0 1 3 5 8 14 21 10 2 6 6 2 7 5 1865 134
01-99 0 0 0 2 5 6 9 14 21 14 5 6 7 4 8 6 2271 154
41 x 0 0 0 3 2 3 9 10 4 11 5 6 1 3 5 3 1344 86
51 01-05 0 0 5 23 25 57 55 40 53 71 81 15 23 24 41 27 11275 264
10-45 0 0 9 20 8 26 28 17 16 8 15 18 7 14 17 12 4944 139
50-99 0 0 0 5 0 1 4 1 5 5 1 0 4 3 3 2 761 38
01-99 0 0 14 48 33 85 87 58 74 84 97 33 34 41 61 41 16980 441
41 & 51 01-99 0 0 14 51 35 88 96 68 78 95 102 40 35 43 66 45 18324 527
11-51 01-05 0 1 31 70 87 125 150 155 162 194 223 164 75 79 127 86 35386 1284
10-45 0 2 25 73 53 76 71 80 74 42 39 45 31 63 62 44 17916 648
50-99 0 0 1 12 10 16 26 29 43 24 18 9 18 11 20 13 5381 314
01-99 0 3 57 155 151 217 248 265 278 260 279 218 124 153 209 143 58684 2246
81 x 0 0 0 7 9 12 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 8 5 3 1220 102
11-81 x 0 3 57 163 160 229 252 265 278 260 279 218 124 161 213 146 59903 2348
91 x 0 776 770 339 48 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 197 62 229 94127 4189
92 x 0 2 58 271 475 439 469 398 364 447 398 417 283 370 394 263 108092 4497
93 x 0 1 42 199 309 315 272 316 345 274 282 290 155 253 274 183 75135 2423
94 x 0 0 0 3 3 11 5 11 6 9 1 17 61 3 12 8 3088 116
95 x 0 11 4 4 1 1 1 0 7 8 13 25 107 3 13 11 4351 182
97 x 0 206 70 21 3 1 0 10 1 1 27 34 270 13 32 55 22548 811
99 x 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 106 43594 1649
91-99 x 1000 997 943 837 840 771 748 735 722 740 721 782 876 839 787 854 350935 13867
11-99 x 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 410838 16215
per 1000 distn 106 125 119 104 99 81 72 72 54 48 30 30 57 203 650 1000 x x
estd. persons (00) 43594 51274 48990 42851 40724 33471 29766 29764 22383 19573 12527 12415 23505 83575 266980 410838 x x
sample persons 1649 1863 1909 1793 1487 1328 1193 1187 936 830 561 476 1003 3280 10794 16215 x x
NSS Report No. 552: Employment and Unemployment Situation among Major Religious Groups in India
A-44
Table (8): Per 1000 distribution of persons by usual activity category taking also into consideration the subsidiary economic status of persons categorised as 'not working' in
the principal status for each age-group and religion
all-India rural household religion: Islam male + female
usual activity age-group (in years) no. of persons
(ps+ss) 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 &
above
15-24 15 &
above
all estd. (00) sample
status industry
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)