You are on page 1of 12

MTS3000: Automatic system for determining residual stresses

by the strain-gage method

RESIDUAL STRESS
CALCULATION USING
MTS3000 – RESTAN
Automatic system for determining residual
stresses by the strain-gage method
SINT Technology srl

Via Giusti, 229
50041 Calenzano (Florence) – Italy
Tel: +39.055.8826-302 – Fax: -303
Web: www.sintechnology.com
e-mail: info@sintechnology.com

ANALYSIS METHODS UNIFORM STRESSES OVER THE DEPTH NOT UNIFORM STRESSES OVER THE DRILLING DEPTH • ASTM E837-08 • ASTM E837-08 • Integral Method • Kockelmann method .Development of MTS3000 – RESTAN system Calculation method  The main calculation method for hole drilling measurements implemented in SINT EVAL software vers. 5 are: • ASTM E837-08 for uniform stress field • ASTM E837-08 for not uniform stress field • Integral method • Schwarz-Kochelmann method.

SINT Eval software allows to realize an optimized polinomial interpolation of the input strains. MTS3000 system allows to automatically configure the measurement chain using all the HBM rosettes and using the HBM strain gage amplifiers Spider 8. .Development of MTS3000 – RESTAN system  Measurement of the strains The first operation to carry out for obtaining a good calculation of residual stress is the correct acquisition of the strains.30 and MGCPlus.

Standard ASTM E837-08 specifies: • the number of drilling increments required • the numerical coefficients for determining the value of residual stresses • the data processing method • the measurement-related uncertainty. The first version of this standard dates back to 1995.Hole drilling strain gage method to ASTM E837-08 Hole drilling strain gage method to ASTM E837-08  The hole-drilling strain-gage method is the only method for calculating residual stress that is STANDARDIZED at world level (standard ASTM E837-08). .

0 mm) INTERMEDIATE HOLE • Workpiece thickness between 0.Hole drilling strain gage method to ASTM E837-08 Hole drilling strain gage method to ASTM E837-08  THROUGH HOLE • Workpiece thickness < 0. between 2.0 mm and 6. INTERMEDIATE HOLE • Drilling depth: 2 mm • Uniform stress value over 2 mm of thickness 8 drilling steps of 0.4·DGAGE e 1.2·DGAGE (std.1 mm) STRESSES ARE CONSIDERED UNIFORM OVER THE DRILLING DEPTH THROUGH HOLE • • • Drilling depth: entire thickness of the specimen Stresses are assumed uniform over the drilling depth Acquisition of a set of three strains once the through hole is completed.4·DGAGE (std.25 mm) Approximate results. 2.05 · DGAGE (standard 0. • • .

of the Integral .2·DGAGE (std. • 40 drilling steps of 0.05 mm • Evolution method.Hole drilling strain gage method to ASTM E837-08 Hole drilling strain gage method to ASTM E837-08  BLIND HOLE • Workpiece thickness > 1.05 · DGAGE (standard 0.1 mm) UNIFORMITY TEST • Stresses are considered uniform over the drilling depth provided strains do not deviate from the curves provided by ± 3%. 6.25 mm). UNIFORM STRESSES NOT UNIFORM STRESSES • Drilling depth: 2 mm • Drilling depth: 2 mm • Uniform stress value over 2 mm of thickness • Residual stress pattern in 1 mm of depth • 8 drilling steps of 0.

b coefficients for HBM rosettes SINT Technology has realized the calculation of a. 1-RY61-1. you can automatically detect the strain gage rosettes that you are using and perform a correct back-calculation of residual stress.5/120S .5/120S . The standard ASTM E837-08 tales into account hole drilling rosettes with different sizes (like average grid radius.Coefficient b .Coefficient a 1-RY61-1. Using the EVAL software. length and height).Hole drilling strain gage method to ASTM E837-08  Calculation of a. b coefficients for all the types of HBM rosettes.

Development of MTS3000 – RESTAN system  Integral method Integral method for residual stress analysis was proposed by G. Schajer in 1988 in order to overcome the limits of ASTM standard regarding the constant stress field. The maximum calculation depth is 0. The integral method should be chosen when residual stresses are expected to vary significantly with depth. while in the Non-Uniform Stress Method these parameters are fixed by the ASTM standard. S. however. . it also has the highest sensitivity to test errors.5 times the mean radius of the strain rosettes used for the test. The system’s software allows you to select number and distribution of the depth increments.

600 0.2 429.300 0.5 -639.3 -164.4 78.8 1094.4 724.6 842.4 1035.8 58.0 207.1 -84.Development of MTS3000 – RESTAN system Integral method  Integral method: computation of non-uniform stress Integral method: computation of non-uniform stress σMIN [MPa] -130.0 344.200 0.6 -331.4 -74.1 308.0 386.8 309.3 744.0 -18.4 -1077.9 205.3 265.5 -471.4 -634.1 560.9 52.000 -1300.0 -100.095 0.2 -123.185 0.8 558.5 152.7 781.7 -679.0 Depth [mm] Head of residual stresses area Ing.025 0.2 -433.1 651.245 0.7 688.8 -526.7 -826.0 -688.8 48.5 222.0 -900.0 0.5 -1147.4 -253.900 1.2 -845.155 0.7 -983.725 0.000 β [°] -57.625 0.7 34.8 68.7 -516.0 -111.6 89.5 -668.4 416.4 -884.9 81.4 6.0 -100.6 57.3 748.2 -429.7 -786.3 -52.2 415.1 523.7 256.7 677.525 0.4 -396.0 -1176.775 0.1 649.1 -954.7 -650.7 Depth [mm] 0.9 -1237.0 -699.4 -430.6 213.4 568.263 0.0 741.1 408.0 389.6 1059.7 -1242.5 -1166.3 259.245 0.3 25.6 -143.0 -420.2 -931.4 -484.3 -1219.2 -717.0 538.0 0.0 0.0 -164.800 0.5 -1021.1 149.487 0.1 480.5 61.4 204.6 543.6 -639.9 -727.7 85.3 -690.9 446.2 -584.7 -999.1 967.6 -42.225 0.035 0.9 -103.0 -698.4 -522.3 47.5 77.1 80.6 16.0 0.085 0.9 273.1 -984.1 54.5 322.6 0.1 57.2 230.6 435.463 0.0 -65.600 0.2 -420.388 0.000 0.6 728.2 51.437 0.1 -189.0 -653.1 1004.5 1082.0 Depth [mm] Test Owner Ing.2 677.100 0.9 384.8 911.1 252.4 599.9 -88.000 -500.287 0.3 -1234.3 228.4 165.4 -325.300 0.2 -71.9 -272.9 379.3 -1025.5 -85.1 -849.7 -108.7 -1051.388 0.400 0.8 -150.3 -877.0 -794.6 -273.2 -230.3 673.8 -1134.4 -187.3 1056.6 -691.4 -632.2 103.0 -100.1 360.1 -369.0 Depth [mm] Residual stresses [MPa] σy (TANGENTIAL) [MPa] -94.3 -54.045 0.4 56.1 52.5 -1006.2 -205.195 0.100 0.700 0.9 -587.235 0.263 0.5 524.6 86.0 -161.2 -1000.165 0.8 748.1 24.625 0.4 300.0 645.2 789.5 -1246.800 0.9 -427.7 -921.9 815.2 79.2 571.1 45.8 -81.2 785.5 87.4 -900.2 502.5 -783.9 -660.2 -995.8 -1200.2 -138.8 -472.8 920.6 76.5 -45.6 -626. Lorenzo Bertelli Head of residual stresses area Ing.9 τxy [MPa] 25.2 -667.4 -687.0 -614.9 -71.975 σMAX [MPa] 21.215 0.0 -1300.135 0.5 14.6 -8.4 339.0 679.8 -790.0 1075.4 -24.7 Depth [mm] 0.0 300.6 438.9 84.2 -73.4 247.1 59.900 1.9 15 mm Point 1 Point 2 σx (AXIAL) [MPa] -14.2 -422.6 -623.9 -904.1 46.525 0.6 81.0 Residual stresses [MPa] 1100.6 -693.3 468.8 -887.7 -1040.675 0.8 -97.2 247.0 700.500 0.5 43.7 -624.500 0.5 -573.3 5.5 -243.975 1100.4 -689. Alessio Benincasa σx (AXIAL) σy (TANGENTIAL) τxy -1300.6 926.8 42.6 -665.600 0.8 -1060.4 -609.6 -176.2 -557.0 -900.463 0.1 626.1 -743.5 -146.575 0.0 55.5 -384.8 47.800 0.2 -710.8 86.3 1096.4 -958.2 -348.1 -657.600 0.5 -54.2 348.6 23.0 980.6 18. Lorenzo Bertelli τxy .4 -89.7 -662.9 -1217.235 0.3 464.1 -558.5 53.6 σVonMises 1100.2 207.6 -190.6 -39.6 -948.9 -271.3 -486.3 385.6 1019.5 232.1 -1213.095 0.8 221.0 82.8 -53.5 -96.0 0.4 157.9 Axial direction 40 mm 700.412 0.215 0.2 -1176.2 -459.005 0.0 -1247.5 -34.6 77.3 190.195 0.8 876.9 -705.6 27.4 -357.8 56.015 0.4 -70.145 0.2 -380.8 83.125 0.8 -2.2 -182.1 433.1 558.0 288.4 320.9 -263.5 0.675 0.2 -141.4 747.9 -724.6 -138.3 609.205 0.205 0.9 -265.9 372.338 0.400 0.3 -127.7 1076.0 -491.7 -77.8 -130.0 -169.5 -175.0 -1039.1 -943.6 419.025 0.0 -231.0 -66.312 0.8 107.6 -1009.0 656.4 -5.8 -678.4 -1109.4 879.100 σx (AXIAL) [MPa] -281.2 223.2 -758.5 σVonMises [MPa] 249.7 734.3 46.6 -587.165 0.7 -191.0 -629.6 1029.9 -187.0 300.5 -1153.6 -13.4 546.1 610.1 -1011.175 0.3 -180.0 -1251.5 -581.5 55.5 -121.4 -494.4 991.8 -10.4 719.7 -631.4 -1109.6 717.0 0.0 -496.1 816.7 248.3 617.145 0.1 -7.3 -145.9 -269.7 951.2 -1048.7 38.437 0.9 25.925 0.8 -779.2 -1249.9 -703.5 735.4 217.8 -765.8 -1219.2 -73.4 385.1 -162.4 88.2 744.6 1092.5 -272.412 0.0 -900.575 0.3 881.0 87.6 674.7 -11.5 288.9 -555.1 960.9 -747.9 83.005 0.135 0.5 338.6 76.2 -405.3 -66.9 628.3 471.0 -187.7 -292. Alessio Benincasa σx (AXIAL) σy (TANGENTIAL) Test Owner Ing.9 -152.4 725.000 -500.4 -139.0 -768.1 832.1 77.035 0.055 0.1 238.5 -1006.3 15.0 532.7 -157.7 -1217.725 0.7 -189.055 0.8 -824.9 140.9 -691.6 -725.875 0.1 525.2 -583.6 659.9 Residual stresses [MPa] Residual stresses [MPa] Tangential direction β [°] 74.6 39.875 0.2 621.8 -558.6 46.6 55.1 -6.5 16.4 359.7 -193.500 σy (TANGENTIAL) [MPa] -149.3 117.7 -216.4 278.9 -575.0 45.3 -1055.3 -961.8 -811.200 0.1 -977.0 0.5 74.800 0.7 -99.300 0.4 951.2 -19.2 170.115 0.0 811.2 56.000 -500.1 -765.1 49.9 911.3 15.5 227.5 -283.2 -994.5 -841.0 749.065 0.5 -883.7 -36.925 0.8 -602.6 -1239.1 957.5 -788.0 999.7 58.4 219.0 247.0 -183.1 465.4 -7.1 214.7 -691.155 0.0 1081.5 238.8 -598.175 0.8 91.9 -868.9 588.4 -1173.8 657.5 -781.3 -426.7 205.9 77.100 0.5 176.362 0.7 -404.0 700.1 σVonMises [MPa] 142.825 0.9 53.1 325.4 623.2 -790.3 321.900 1.5 -840.9 94.8 799.500 0.4 329.1 -247.0 -166.045 0.4 9.3 543.000 0.0 -711.2 -546.8 88.9 -39.4 224.7 -378.5 79.3 -551.3 106.6 -133.4 -518.0 496.0 324.6 39.125 0.7 498.825 0.1 -923.105 0.3 -313.4 475.3 -12.075 0.3 -1048.7 -149.4 884.8 -1039.4 -10.8 769.8 1045.900 1.6 283.5 61.9 866.4 -943.9 -90.2 5.5 -1138.8 -966.2 347.300 0.6 32.9 350.0 -100.6 -254.2 1083.3 1020.6 431.2 -681.2 76.3 -822.3 -1223.8 84.3 -263.0 σMAX σMAX [MPa] -142.1 -182.1 -183.8 -379.5 -955.2 -371.9 574.0 700.7 -597.0 -497.9 206.7 661.0 -1300.1 1.2 814.185 0.3 -983.8 37.4 -224.2 834.0 σMIN σMIN [MPa] -287.312 0.6 675.3 -556.0 63.9 -176.9 -234.287 0.338 0.362 0.9 -1097.8 -193.200 0.2 -336.3 816.0 -597.6 -885.2 116.2 -459.065 0.7 -192.200 0.7 -86.7 173.085 0.2 -12.9 221.6 538.700 σMIN Depth [mm] 1100.5 748.2 333.0 -1216.8 -997.1 -193.1 -26.8 75.700 0.7 48.2 75.9 1063.8 -740.487 0.0 -676.000 -500.7 440.8 185.6 -1190.2 -666.4 883.075 0.400 0.7 τxy [MPa] -74.105 0.3 -757.115 0.400 0.775 0.2 760.7 -686.8 -44.5 60.1 -52.5 1065.2 -1194.6 -1120.5 63.8 38.8 -494.2 -1192.7 -527.0 -900.9 -126.3 551.2 -182.2 68.0 σMAX σVonMises 300.5 725.7 -704.3 451.0 81.0 -215.700 0.2 -199.4 -792.2 516.4 -1097.9 -338.8 -916.6 599.5 -468.7 159.9 -170.6 -1050.225 0.015 0.0 555.

1 0.3 0.0 .ASTM E837-08 for not uniform stress filed 320.9 1.0 305. The regularization can be useful to reduce the influence of the input data errors in the calculation.0 Stress [MPa] 310.Development of MTS3000 – RESTAN system Tikhonov regularization  SINT EVAL software allows to use the Tikhonov regularization of calculated residual stresses for ASTM E837-08 (not uniform) and for the integral method.5 Depth [mm] 0.0 315.7 0.0 ASTM E837-08 with Tickonov 290.0 0.0 Integral method with Tikhonov regolaritation Integral method 300.2 0.0 True stress ASTM E837-08 295.4 0.6 0.8 0. Benchmark integral method .0 0.

Development of MTS3000 – RESTAN system  Schwarz-Kockelmann method This method. It is a method which has little sensitivity to the effects of test errors but it is valid only in a very particular case of rosette diameter and hole diameter (dm/d0 = 3). Kockelmann in 1993 is based on the strain ratio measured during the hole drilling. Recently. proposed by H. . also coefficients for different values of D/D0 have been provided and included in the SINT EVAL software. on the This method uses the numerical coefficients calculated by Kockelmann and allows you to reach a calculation depth equal to the hole diameter. Schwartz – Kochelmann calculation method is centered experimental/numerical evaluation of calibration functions Kx and Ky.

8826-302 – Fax: -303 Web: www.055.MTS3000: Automatic system for determining residual stresses by the strain-gage method RESIDUAL STRESS CALCULATION USING MTS3000 – RESTAN Automatic system for determining residual stresses by the strain-gage method SINT Technology srl Via Giusti.com e-mail: info@sintechnology. 229 50041 Calenzano (Florence) – Italy Tel: +39.sintechnology.com .