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Bicol University College of Science Legaspi City

LABORATORY REPORT: Hess’s Law

Bs Chem 1 Group 3 Rizza May Bendicio Mary Joy Perez Victor Angelo Cirujales

ABSTRACT

In this experiment, we applied the Hess’s law which states that if a chemical change takes place by several different routes, the overall enthalpy change is the same, regardless of the

We emptied our calibrated calorimeter.0g of NaOH pellets. Next we measured 50. We heated 60. We then added the HCl to the NaOH in the calorimeter and recorded the highest stable temperature asT4. MATERIALS 2 syrofoam cups 2 graduated cylinders Thermometer Balance Hot plate Beaker (250ml) watch glass water 1.route by which the chemical change occurs (provided the initial and final condition are the same).0 mL tap water in a graduated cylinder and placed it in the calorimeter recording its temperature as T1 to compute for the heat of solution of NaOH. to determine the heat of reaction between sodium hydroxide and HCl in two ways.0 mL of hot water in a graduated cylinder. Next we weighed 2. we measured the highest temperature rise and recorded it as T3. INTRODUCTION The objective of this experiment was for us to calibrate an improvised calorimeter for its heat capacity. We used sodium hydroxide and 1.0 ml water in a beaker to about 70*C.2M HCl NaOH(s) EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE First we calibrated our improvised calorimeter which was two Styrofoam cups nested in each other. For computing for the heat of reaction between NaOH(s) and HCl(aq) we measured 50. determine the heat of solution of sodium hydroxide. then we measure 50. And recorded its temperature asT2 and immediately poured it in our calorimeter containing the tap water. swirled the cup and recorded the highest obtained temperature as T2. to calculate the enthalpy from experimental parameter by using Hess’s Law.0 . We then took its temperature. For computing the heat of reaction between NaOH(aq) and HCl we measured 50. After this.0 mL of tap water and placed it in the inner cup and measured its temperature as T1 in our data sheet.2M HCl to apply this law. After this we measured again 50. We added the NaOH pellets in the calorimeter with water.0mL HCl in a graduated cylinder and recorded its temperature as T3.

15 J/g E.0 mL Volume of NaOH (aq) 50. RESULTS A.0*C 2246.2*C Heat of reaction 1355.0 mL tap water after swirling we recorded the temperature as T3.000g 100.5*C 47. Then added another 50.2M HCl (T3) 31. Calibration of the improvised calorimeter.000 g 29.23 J/*C B.2M HCl(aq) 50.mL of 1.15699 KJ/g .1*C 67. Temperature of cold water(T1) Temperature of hot water (T2) Final temperature on mixing (T3) Heat capacity of Calorimeter 30. Measurement of heat of solution of NaOH(s) Volume of tap water Mass of NaOH Temperature of tap water (T1) Final temperature after adding NaOH (T2) Heat of dissolution of NaOH(s) 50. Then we weighed 2.0*C (T5) 40.0mL (T3) 30.74 J/g D.5*C 31. Measurement of heat of reaction between NaOH(aq) and HCl(aq) Volume of 1.12 J/g C. Measurement of heat of reaction between NaOH(s) and HCl(aq) Mass of NaOH Volume of HCl + water Temperature of HCl Temperature after mixing Heat of reaction 2.1*C Temperature of NaOH (T2) 38. Summary table of data Heat Effects Values (J/g) Heat of solution NaOH 1.0 mL 2.0*C 38.7*C Temperature after mixing (T4) 41.12512 KJ/g Heat of reaction between NaOH(aq) + HCl (aq) 1.7*C 1165. we recorded the highest temperature as T5.0 mL Temperature of 1.0g solid NaOH and added it to the HCl solution in the calorimeter.2M HCl in a graduated cylinder and placed it in a calibrated calorimeter. After the pellets had been dissolved.

52086 Kj/g 2. It was so because I waited a little time to get the temperature which allowed much heat from the experiment to already escape.Indirect method Direct method: heat of reaction between NaOH(s) + HCl (aq) 2. But overall the hess’s law proved to be efficient in getting the heat of reaction by indirect methods CONCLUSION We almost obtained the same amount of energy from the direct and indirect method proving Hess’s law to be a easier way to obtain data that are not possible to do in the lab.24615 KJ/g DISCUSSION The percent error of our experiment was more than 10%. .