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# Practice Questions - Probability 1. A box has 20 screws, three of which are known to be defective.

What is the probability that the first two screws taken out of the box are both defective?

2. The probability of stock A rising is 0.3; and of stock B rising is 0.4. What is the probability that neither of the stocks rise, assuming that these two stocks are independent? 3. The probability of stock A rising is 0.3; and of stock B is 0.4. If stocks A and B are not independent, and the probability of both stocks rising is 0.09, what is the probability that neither stock rises?

A bag has five pearls in it.4 and the probability of B is 0.15.2.4. then the probability that B will occur given that A has occurred is: .45 and the probability of the intersection of A and B is 0. If three pearls are taken out at random. The probability that either A or B (or both) will occur is: 6. what is the probability that the artificial pearl is one of them? 5. out of which one is artificial. We know that the probability of A is 0. If the probability of A is 0. Suppose that two events A and B are mutually exclusive.

P(B) = 0. The probability that I get at least one job offer is: 11. and A and B are independent events.60. If the probability of A is 0. then the P(A U B) is: 8.40. the probability that I get job B is 0. If P(A) = 0. The probability that event A will occur is 0. Assuming that each shot is independent.5 and the probability of B is 0.6.2 and the probability of the union of A and B is 0. my probability of hitting the target at least once is: 10. then: 9.7. I shoot at a target five times and each time my probability of hitting is 0.2.45. The probability that I get job A is 0. and the probability that I get both the jobs is 0.30.7 and the probability that event .7.

How many subcommittees are possible if members are randomly chosen? .7. and the probability that both events will occur is 0. Inc. will remain in his position. Chairman and CEO.B will occur is 0..49. will be placed on a subcommittee that will decide if John Goodhair. Five of the 12 members of the board of directors of Giganticus. The two events are: 12.

Practice Questions – Random variables 1. When two fair six-sided die are tossed. what is the expected value of the sum of the faces? 2. In a random sample of fifteen houses. what is the probability of getting a sum greater than 6? 3. what is the probability that exactly five have broadband Internet access? . Twenty-five percent of all households in a town have broadband Internet access. When two fair six-sided die are tossed.

A fair coin is tossed five times. What is the probability that it lands tails up at least once? 5. Alaska has a uniform distribution with a range from -20 degrees to +10 degrees. what is the probability that x will be greater than zero? 6. The daily temperature in Kodiak. 9]. . In a uniform distribution. [1.4. What is the probability that at least two cars will cross a given intersection in the next half hour. if crossings are poisson-distributed with an average of four cars per half-hour? 7.

From a group of six men and four women. a committee of four is to be chosen. Given the following probability distribution The variance of the random variable is: .What is the probability that the temperature is at least 5 degrees on any given day? 8. What is the probability that this committee consists of exactly two men and two women? 9.

Research has shown that the number of visitors to this booth will be Poisson-distributed an average arrival rate of 3 customers per hour. what is the probability that one-half hour will elapse before the next customer's arrival? .1.05.05.1.2. 5 errors is 0. the probability of 2 errors is 0. 3 errors is 0.10. A thoroughbred horse-racing facility has opened a drive-through wagering booth.2. The average number of errors per page is: 11. 4 errors is 0. and the probability of 6 errors is 0. If a customer has just left this booth. The probability that one error will occur is 0. The probability that no typing errors will occur on a page is 0.3.

The Normal Distribution 1.Practice questions . . such that the probability of the random variable being between them is 0. Find the probability that a standard normal random variable has a value greater than -1.5 < Z < 0.99. 3.56.5). 2. a and b. Find two values. Find P(-0. Let X be a normally distributed random variable with mean 100 and standard deviation 20. symmetric about the mean.

with a standard deviation of 2. A spark plug manufacturer believes that his plug lasts an average of 30.4. The contents of a particular bottle of shampoo marked as 150 ml are found to be 153 ml at an average.000 miles.5 ml. with a standard deviation of 2. What proportion of shampoo bottles contain less than the marked quantity? Assume a normal distribution.500 miles before replacement? 5. with a standard deviation of \$55.500 miles. The accounts receivable are normally distributed. A grocery store has a mean accounts receivable of \$264. . What is the probability that a given spark plug of this type will last 37. 6.

The accounts receivable are approximately normally distributed. Find the value such that 45% of all the accounts exceed this value. That is.45. with a standard deviation of \$55. The IQs of the employees of a company are normally distributed.What proportion of all accounts will be greater than \$275? 7. What is the probability that the IQ of an employee selected at random will be between 120 and 130? . 8. with a mean of 127 and a standard deviation of 11. A grocery store has a mean accounts receivable of \$264. find x such that: P(X > x) = 0.

symmetric if the mean is positive E.9. A normal random variable has a distribution that is: A. never symmetric C. always symmetric B. The GMAT scores of students in a college are normally distributed with a mean of 520 and a standard deviation of 41. sometimes symmetric D. symmetric if the variance is negative . What proportion of students have a score higher than 600? 10.

What is the probability that a normal random variable with mean 15 and standard deviation 5 will have a value of exactly 25? 12. then the probability that X will have a negative value is: . If X is a normal random variable with mean 15 and standard deviation 10.11.